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Timeline: 1890 - 1920" FS: Taft and Wilson Bring Progressivism to a a War-torn World." #" Main Idea: While Taft was ambivalent toward Progressivism, Wilson made up for in a reform-oriented presidency."
" CCSS...! " I. Taft Lacked TR’s Determination and Drive (The Progressive View)! "
A. Consolidate rather than Extend Reforms: Despite a lengthy list of legal victories against ‘trusts’, as President he was less energetic." B. Ignored the “Bully Pulpit”: Uncomfortable in presidential role.! C. Feeling of Betrayal: Payne-Aldrich Tariff! D. Republican Party Splits: The “Bull Moose Party” (Theodore Roosevelt) comes to represent Republican Progressives."
II. Wilson Energizes Progressivism" A. Wilson and Democrats win: 1912 election sees the Republican party split and the Woodrow Wilson’s Democrats emerge victorious." B. Trust Busting & Financial Reform: Clayton Anti-trust Act of 1914. Federal Trade Commission Act of 1914. Federal Reserve Act of 1913. 16th Amendment and the Federal Income Tax of 1913." C. Federal Regulations: 1. Railroads and Interstate Commerce Act (birth of the Interstate Commerce Commission). 2. Food & Drugs. (Pure Food and Drug Act). 3. Conservation & the National Park System."
III. Social Progressivism: Civil Rights for Women & African Americans" President Wilson…" A. Similar to Roosevelt and Taft. Non-committal." B. As a Southern-born citizen, he displayed sympathies for the causes of Southern conservatives. " C. Made promises to NAACP supporters during presidential campaigns, but as president he obstructed meaningful changes. (Lynching, Segregation)." D. Onset of WWI claimed much of his attention."
Summary: Why it matters today.! Many advances in the rights of citizens (19th Amendment- Women Suffrage), with glaring omissions (Civil Rights for African Americans).!
" Materials/Sources:#Refer to the course calendar for additional assignments and
pertinent due dates." ! Presentation