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2005

Congressional
Voting
Record
Members of Congress Message from the Executive Director
who earned 100% This 2005 Congressional Voting Record lists how each Member of
Raul Grijalva (D-AZ), Barbara Lee (D-CA), Bob Filner (D- Congress voted last year on crucial issues of war and peace: the war in
CA), George Miller (D-CA), Mike Thompson (D-CA), Sam Iraq, torture, the policy of pre-emptive military attack, military recruitment
Farr (D-CA), John Lewis (D-GA), Danny Davis (D-IL), practices, nuclear weapons policy, weapons in space, and funding for
Janice Schakowsky (D-IL), Julia Carson (D-IN), Edward J. the United Nations.
Markey (D-MA), James P. McGovern (D-MA), John
Tierney (D-MA), Martin T. Meehan (D-MA), Betty A few words about our methodology: this voter guide is a review of the
McCollum (D-MN), Frank Pallone (D-NJ), Rush Holt (D- most important votes on peace and disarmament issues in Congress in
NJ), Anthony Weiner (D-NY), Charles B. Rangel (D-NY), a particular year. It is not an overall assessment of a congressperson
Jose E. Serrano (D-NY), Major R. Owens (D-NY), Maurice or senator, and it does not measure leadership on or co-sponsorship of
D. Hinchey (D-NY), Nydia M. Velazquez (D-NY), Dennis J. legislation. It does not track votes in congressional committees, only
Kucinich (D-OH), Sheila Jackson Lee (D-TX), Tammy recorded "floor votes" of the entire House or Senate.
Baldwin (D-WI), Bernard Sanders (I-VT)
We applaud the 27 House members who earned a 100% rating last year.
This guide can only provide a snapshot of what happened You will see no senator earned a 100% rating for 2005. That is because
in Congress last year. Some members who did not receive the Senate voted 99-0 in favor of the $82 billion supplemental
100% deserve honorable mention for supporting Peace appropriation for the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Funds for Indian
Action’s issues by leading their colleagues, introducing Ocean tsunami relief, peacekeeping in Darfur, Sudan and other worthy
or cosponsoring legislation that never made it to the floor purposes were also included. However, those programs can and should
for a vote. have been funded through separate bills, and the lion's share of the
money in the supplemental was to continue to fund wars we oppose.
Peace Action’s Honorable Mention
Senators Members of Congress are accountable; they keep signing the checks
Barbara Boxer (D-CA), Dianne Feinstein (D-CA), Paul S. for the quagmire in Iraq. With an obviously intransigent administration
Sarbanes (D-MD), Edward M. Kennedy (D-MA), Carl in the White House, building congressional support for ending the war
Levin (D-MI), Russ Feingold (D-WI) in Iraq is a top priority, and cutting off funding for the war is a key
Representatives strategy for congressional and activist opponents of the war.
Xavier Becerra (D-CA), Lois Capps (D-CA), Mike Honda
(D-CA), Zoe Lofgren (D-CA), Doris Matsui (D-CA), Grace Use this Voting Record well, to hold your elected officials accountable,
F. Napolitano (D-CA), Linda T. Sanchez (D-CA), Hilda Solis to open dialogue with them on how they could improve, to let your
(D-CA), Fortney H. Stark (D-CA), Maxine Waters (D-CA), friends or neighbors who share your passion for peace know how
Diane Watson (D-CA), Henry A. Waxman (D-CA), Lynn Congress performed last year. The median scores for both the House
Woolsey (D-CA), Cynthia McKinney (D-GA), Neal and Senate were 33%. Even in this time of war, we in Washington, DC
Abercrombie (D-HI), Tom Allen, (D-ME), Michael H. frequently hear that Members of Congress receive relatively little
Michaud (D-ME), Elijah Cummings (D-MD), Michael communication from their constituents about these issues. Please
Capuano (D-MA), William Delahunt (D-MA), Barney Frank consider signing up for our e-alerts (generally only one per week) to
(D-MA), John W. Olver (D-MA), John Conyers (D-MI), receive timely information on congressional legislation and other
Carolyn C. Kilpatrick (D-MI), Wm. Lacy Clay (D-MO), happenings in the peace movement.
Donald Payne, (D-NJ), Carolyn Maloney (D-NY), Michael
McNulty (NY), Walter Jones (R-NC), Sherrod Brown (D- Sincerely,
OH), Marcy Kaptur (D-OH), Stephanie Tubbs Jones (D-
OH), Earl Blumenauer (D-OR), Peter A. DeFazio (D-OR),
Ron Paul (R-TX), Jim McDermott (D-WA), Gwen S. Moore
(D-WI) Kevin M. Martin
Peace Action Education Fund Executive Director
1100 Wayne Ave., Suite 1020
Silver Spring, MD 20910
301-565-4050 E D U C A T I O N F U N D

www.Peace-Action.org
Page 2 PEACE ACTION EDUCATION FUND

Key Senate Votes to protest the war in Iraq. A vote no is gravest security threat facing the U.S.
a (+). Sen. Richard Lugar (R-IN), a key
1. Opposing the Confirmation of leader on this issue since the end of the
Alberto Gonzales 4. Opposing the John Bolton Cold War, introduced Amendment
President Bush nominated Alberto Nomination 1380 to Senate 1042 to strengthen
Gonzales to replace John Ashcroft as “If the UN secretary building in New programs to secure loose nuclear
Attorney General. In his role as White York lost 10 stories, it wouldn’t make weapons. It passed 78-19. A vote
House Counsel, Mr. Gonzales authored a bit of difference.” These were the yes is a (+).
a memo in 2002 that condoned the use words uttered in 1994 by John Bolton,
of torture by the U.S. and called the the man that eleven years later President 7. Opposing U.S. Torture
Geneva Conventions, “outdated.” In Bush would nominate to represent the Amendment 1977 to House
light of the human rights abuses U.S. to the United Nations. These Resolution 2863 would prohibit U.S.
uncovered at Guantanamo and Abu words – along with his extensive track sponsored torture. Sen. John McCain
Ghraib, this made Mr. Gonzales an record of hostility towards the notion (R-AZ), a former POW, introduced
especially troubling and controversial of international cooperation – led many this amendment in response to
choice for Attorney General. The Senators on both sides of the aisle to revelations that the U.S. was sponsoring
Senate confirmed Alberto Gonzales in doubt Mr. Bolton’s commitment to the torture at Guantanamo and other secret
a 60-36 vote. A vote no is a (+). success of the UN. To confirm Mr. prisons. It was sponsored by John
Bolton, Senate Majority Leader Bill McCain and passed 90-9. A vote yes
2. Positive Leadership in the UN Frist (R-TN) introduced a cloture is a (+).
In the past few years, UN motion to cut off debate. Twice Mr.
peacekeepers have prevented large- Bolton’s opponents succeeded in 8. Investigate Secret Detentions
scale violence in Burundi, Indonesia and continuing the debate, and the president In November 2005, the press began
Macedonia, and allowed for a peaceful was forced to make a recess reporting allegations that the CIA was
and free election in Liberia. appointment that will last until January running a system of secret prisons in
Peacekeepers play a critical role in 2007. The motion failed to pass 54- Europe and engaging in the illegal
peaceful resolution of conflicts around 38 (2/3 majority to pass). A vote no practice of “extraordinary rendition.”
the world. Amendment 286 to Senate is a (+). This involves sending criminal suspects
600 would have increased the U.S. – generally suspected terrorists or
financial share of UN peacekeeping 5. No New Nuclear Weapons supporters of terrorist organizations –
operations. It was sponsored by Sen. President Bush has pushed and failed for interrogations outside the U.S. in
Joe Biden (D-DE) and failed 40 to 57. for five years to build a “new family” of countries that permit the use of torture.
A vote yes is a (+). nuclear weapons. Amendment 1085 Amendment 2507 to Senate 1042
to House Resolution 2419 was one of requires classified reports to Congress
3. Stop Funding the War the most aggressive attempts to counter providing a full accounting on any
In the Spring of 2005, the Senate the president’s agenda, and would have clandestine prison or detention facility
approved $80.6 billion in total spending prohibited funds for the Robust Nuclear operated by the U.S. regardless of its
for military operations in Iraq and Earth Penetrator, a.k.a. the “nuclear location. It was sponsored by Sen.
Afghanistan, the global war on bunker buster.” It was sponsored by John Kerry (D-MA), and passed
terrorism, and tsunami disaster relief. Sen. Dianne Feinstein (D-CA). While 82-9. A vote yes is a (+).
This vote was one of the few this amendment failed 43-53, it helped
opportunities to protest the wars that build momentum toward the complete 9. U.S. Accountability in Iraq
members of Congress had last year. cut of funding for this program later in Amendment 2519 to Senate 1042
The administration tried to make it even the year. A vote yes is a (+). called for the administration to produce
harder for members to vote against the “a campaign plan with estimated dates”
Supplemental by including tsunami aid 6. Preventing Nuclear Terrorism for the withdrawal of U.S. troops from
and foreign assistance in the request. In the 2004 presidential debates, Iraq. Is was sponsored by Sen. Carl
Not a single Senator took this chance President Bush and Senator Kerry Levin (D-MI) and failed 40-58. A vote
agreed that nuclear terrorism is the yes is a (+).
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PEACE ACTION EDUCATION FUND Page 3

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 % 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 %
Alabama Hawaii
Sessions R - - - - - - - - - 0 Akaka D + + - + + + + + + 89
Shelby R - - - - - - + + - 22 Inouye D ? + ? + + + + ? + 67

Alaska Idaho
Murkowski R - - - - - + + + - 33 Craig R - - - - - + + + - 33
Stevens R - - - - - + - - - 11 Crapo R - ? - - - + + + - 33

Arizona Illinois
Kyl R - - - - - - + - - 11 Durbin D + + - + + + + + + 89
McCain R - - - - - + + + - 33 Obama D + + - + + + + + + 89

Arkansas Indiana
Lincoln D + + - + + + + + + 89 Bayh D + + - + - + + + + 78
Pryor D - + - - + + + + - 56 Lugar R - - - - - + + ? - 22

California Iowa
Boxer D + + - + + ? + + + 78 Grassley R - - - - - - + + - 22
Feinstein D + + - + + + + + + 89 Harkin D + + - + + + + + + 89

Colorado Kansas
Allard R - - - - - - - + - 11 Brownback R - - - - - + + + - 33
Salazar D - + - + + + + + + 78 Roberts R - - - - - - - + - 11

Connecticut Kentucky
Dodd D + + - + + + + + + 89 Bunning R - - - - ? - + + - 22
Lieberman D - + - + ? + + + - 56 McConnell R - - - - - + + + - 33

Delaware Louisiana
Biden D + + - + + + + + + 89 Landrieu D - + - - + + + + + 67
Carper D + + - + + + + + + 89 Vitter R - - - - - - + - - 11

Florida Maine
Martinez R - - - - - + + - - 22 Collins R - - - - + + + + - 44
Nelson D - + - + - + + + - 56 Snowe R - - - - - + + + - 33

Georgia Maryland
Chambliss R - - - - - - + - - 11 Mikulski D + + - + ? + + + + 78
Isakson R - - - - - - + - - 11 Sarbanes D + + - + + + + + + 89

Massachusetts
Kennedy D + + - + + + + + + 89
Kerry D + + - ? + + + + + 78

Key Michigan
Levin D + + - ? + + + + + 78
+ Supported Peace Action Education Fund’s Stabenow D + + - + + + + + + 89
position
Minnesota
- Opposed Peace Action Education Fund’s positon Coleman R - - - ? - + + + - 33
Dayton D + ? - + + + + + + 78
? Did not vote ( = opposed in %)
Mississippi
Cochran R - - - - - ? - + - 11
/ No vote recorded
Lott R - - - - - + + + - 33

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 % 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 %
Missouri Rhode Island
Bond R - - - - - + - + - 22 Chafee R - - - - + + + + + 56
Talent R - - - - - - + + - 22 Reed D + + - + + + + + + 89

Montana South Carolina


Baucus D ? - - + + + + + + 67 DeMint R - - - - - - + - - 11
Burns R ? - - ? - + + + - 33 Graham R - - - - - + + + - 33

Nebraska South Dakota


Hagel R - - - - - + + ? - 22 Johnson D + + - ? + + + + + 78
Nelson D - - - - - + + + - 33 Thune R - - - ? - + + + - 33

Nevada Tennessee
Ensign R - - - - - - + + - 22 Alexander R - - - - - + + ? ? 22
Reid D + + - + + + + + + 89 Frist R - - - - - ? + + - 22

New Hampshire Texas


Gregg R - - - - - + + + - 33 Cornyn R - - - - - - - + - 11
Sununu R - - - - - + + + - 33 Hutchison R - - - - - + + + - 33

New Jersey Utah


Corzine D + + - + + + ? ? ? 56 Bennett R - - - - - + + + - 33
Lautenberg D + + - + + + + + + 89 Hatch R - - - - - + + + - 33

New Mexico Vermont


Bingaman D + + - + + + + + + 89 Jeffords I + + - + + + + + + 89
Domenici R - - - - - + + ? - 22 Leahy D + + - + + + + + + 89

New York Virginia


Clinton D + + - + + + + + + 89 Allen R - - - - - + + + - 33
Schumer D + + - + + + + + + 89 Warner R - - - - - - + + - 22

North Carolina Washington


Burr R - - - - - - + - - 11 Cantwell D + + - + + + + + + 89
Dole R - - - - - - + + - 22 Murray D + + - + + + + + + 89

North Dakota West Virginia


Conrad D ? + - + + + + + - 67 Byrd D + - - + + + + + + 78
Dorgan D + + - + + + + + + 89 Rockefeller D + ? - + + + + + + 78

Ohio Wisconsin
DeWine R - - - - - + + + - 33 Feingold D + + - ? + + + + + 78
Voinovich R - - - + + + + + - 56 Kohl D + + - ? + + + + + 78

Oklahoma Wyoming
Coburn R - - - - - + - + - 22 Enzi R - - - - - + + ? - 22
Inhofe R - - - - - - - + - 11 Thomas R - - - - - + + ? - 22

Oregon
Smith R - - - - - + + + - 33
Wyden D + + - + + + + + + 89

Pennsylvania
Santorum R - - - - - - + ? - 11
Specter R - - - - ? + + + - 33

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PEACE ACTION EDUCATION FUND Page 5
sponsored by Rep. Ed Markey (D-MA) and Kucinich (D-OH) and failed 124-302. A vote
Key House Votes passed 415-8. A vote yes is a (+). yes is a (+).
1. Force Reserve Officers’ Training
Corps (ROTC) onto Campuses 5. Blackmailing the International 9. A Failed Course in Iraq
Amendment 211 to House Resolution Community Amendment 488 to House Resolution 2601
1815 reaffirmed existing law with the America has the strength and ability to affirms the policy of the U.S. to keep
suspension of funding for any University lend a hand to nations in need. American troops in Iraq indefinitely. It was
which seeks to limit military recruiters and Amendment 316 to House Resolution sponsored by Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-
ROTC programs and additionally requires 2745 would abuse this strength by FL), and it passed 291-137. A vote no is a (+).
the Secretary of Defense to report all blocking U.S. assistance to any country
colleges and universities that are denying that opposed the American position in a 10. Stop Funding the War
access to recruiters and ROTC. This law UN vote. It was sponsored by Rep. Louie In the Spring of 2005, the House of
has a broad impact on students’ free Gohmert (R-TX), and failed 108-297. A Representatives completed its work on the
speech rights and the counter-recruitment vote no is a (+). President's emergency supplemental
movement. It was sponsored by Rep. Cliff spending request for Fiscal Year 2005. The
Stearns and passed 336-92. A vote no is a 6. Preventing Unauthorized Preemptive request is for roughly $82 billion, of which
(+). Attacks $75 billion would support the Pentagon and
In March 2006, The Washington Post cover the costs of military operations in Iraq
conducted a poll that showed 57% of and Afghanistan. This vote was one of the
2. Ending the War in Iraq
Americans feel the Iraq war was not worth few opportunities to protest the wars that
In February 2006, Zogby International
fighting. There has also been growing members of Congress had last year. The
conducted a poll showing that 72% of
concern over the Bush administration’s administration tried to make it even harder
American troops serving in Iraq think the
aggressive rhetoric directed at other for members to vote against the
U.S. should exit the country within a year.
nations. Amendment 331 to House Supplemental by including tsunami aid and
One in four American soldiers in Iraq says
Resolution 2863 would prohibit the foreign assistance in the request. A vote no
the troops should leave immediately.
administration from initiating military action is a (+).
Amendment 214 to House Resolution 1815
against Syria, Iran, North Korea or other
called on President Bush to develop a plan
countries without authorization from 11. Against a Strategy in Iraq
for the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Iraq.
Congress. It was sponsored by Rep. Pete Rep. John Murtha (D-PA), a Vietnam
This was the first vote in the House on an
DeFazio (D-OR), and failed 136-280. A vote veteran and hawk by reputation, caused
Iraq war exit strategy. It was sponsored by
yes is a (+). an uproar in Congress when he called for a
Rep. Lynn Woolsey (D-CA), and failed 128-
plan to withdraw U.S. troops from Iraq. In
300. A vote yes is a (+).
7. No Weapons to Colombia response, Rep. Henry Hyde (R-IL)
The Colombian military has one of the worst introduced House Resolution 612 to
3. Abandoning the UN
human rights abuse records in the western oppose a timetable for the withdrawal of
The United Nations was founded after
hemisphere. The U.S. has pumped billions U.S. troops from Iraq. It passed 279-109
WWII to “save succeeding generations the
of dollars in military supplies, weapons and with 34 abstentions. A vote no or
scourge of war.” Amendment 285 to House
training into the country since 1991 as part abstained is a (+).
Resolution 2862 would prohibit U.S.
of the war on drugs. Amendment 375 to
financial contributions to the United
House Resolution 3957 would reduce U.S. 12. Opposing U.S. Torture
Nations, thereby severing our ties to this
military aid to Colombia by $100 million. It Nearly 40 years ago, Sen. John McCain (R-
international cooperative body. This was
was sponsored by Rep. James McGovern AZ) was held captive and tortured in a
the most radical of many votes in 2005 on
(D-MA) and failed 189-234. A vote yes is a North Vietnamese prison camp. McCain
America’s relationship with the UN. It was
(+). has been one of the Senate’s strongest
sponsored by Rep. Ron Paul (R-TX), and
advocates to stop American use of torture.
failed 65-357. A vote no is a (+).
8. Ban Weapons in Space The Motion to Instruct, House Resolution
Daily life and global commerce rely on the 2863 is the House response in support of
4. Upholding America’s Commitment to
peaceful use of outer space. The U.S. has this cause. It instructs House leaders to
Human Rights
cooperated with allies for over half a century adopt a prohibition against torture as part
Americans were stunned when the
to prevent the weaponization of space. of the Defense Department Appropriations
systematic use of torture on Iraqi detainees
Current U.S. policies, however, are bill. It was sponsored by Rep. John
was uncovered. The Bush administration
endangering civilian space technologies by Murtha and passed 308-122. A vote yes is
distanced itself from the torture at Abu
advocating for the research and a (+).
Ghraib, while quietly permitting its use in
development of space weapons.
Guantanamo and defending its use in “the
Amendment 475 to House Resolution 2601
war on terror.” Amendment 287 to House
rejects the weaponization of space and
Resolution 2862 would prohibit U.S. funds
requires the U.S. to begin negotiations for
for any activities that violate the UN
an international treaty banning weapons in
convention against torture. It was
space. It was sponsored by Rep. Dennis

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Page 6 PEACE ACTION EDUCATION FUND

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 % 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 % 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 %
Alabama Musgrave R - - - + - - - - - - - - 8 Hostettler R - - - + - - - - + - - - 17
Aderholt R - - + + + - - - - - - - 25 Salazar D - - + + + - + - - - - + 42 Pence R - - + + + - - - - - - - 25
Bachus R - - - + + - - - - - - + 25 Tancredo R - - - + - - + - - - - + 25 Sodrel R - - + + - - - - - - - + 25
Bonner R - - - + + - - - - - - - 17 Udall D - - + + + + + + - - - + 58 Souder R - - + + + ? - - - - - - 25
Cramer D - - + + + - - - - - - + 33 Visclosky D - - + + + - + + + - + + 67
Davis D - - + + + - + - - - - + 42 Connecticut
Everett R - - - + + - - - - - - - 17 DeLauro D + - + + + + + - + - + + 75 Iowa
Rogers R - - - + + - - - - - - - 17 Johnson R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33 Boswell D - + + + + + + + - - - + 67
Larson D + + + + + + + + + - + + 92 King R - - - + - - - - - - - - 8
Shays R - - + + + - - + - - - + 42 Latham R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33
Alaska Simmons R - - + + ? - - - - - - + 25 Leach R - + + + + + + + + - + + 83
Young R - - + + - - - - - - - - 17 Nussle R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33
Delaware
Castle R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33 Kansas
Arizona Moore D - - + + + - + - - - - + 42
Flake R - - + + + ? + - - - - + 42 Florida Moran R - - - + - - - - - - - + 17
Franks R - - - + - - - - - - - - 8 Bilirakis R - - - + - - - - - - - - 8 Ryun R - - - + - - - - - - - - 8
Grijalva D + + + + + + + + + + + + 100 Boyd D - - + + + ? + - - - + + 50 Tiahrt R - - + + - - - - - - - - 17
Hayworth R - - - ? - - - - - - - - 0 Brown D - - + + ? ? + - + - + + 50
Kolbe R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33 Brown-Waite R - - + + - - - - - - - + 25 Kentucky
Pastor D + + + + + + + + + - + + 92 Crenshaw R - - + + + ? - - - - - - 25 Chandler D ? - ? + + + + - - - - + 42
Renzi R - - + + + - - - - - - - 25 Davis D - - + + + + - - - - - + 42 Davis R - - - - - - - ? - - - + 8
Shadegg R - - + + - - - - - - - - 17 Diaz-Balart, L R - - + + ? - - - - - - + 25 Lewis R - - - + - ? - - - - - - 8
Diaz-Balart, M R - - + + - - - - - - ? ? 17 Northup R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33
Feeney R - - - - - - + - - - - - 8 Rogers R - - + + + - - - - - - - 25
Arkansas Foley R - - - + - - - - - - - + 17 Whitfield R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33
Berry D - - + + + + - - - - - + 42 Harris R - - + + + ? - - - - - + 33
Boozman R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33 Hastings D + + + + + - + + + + + + 92 Louisiana
Ross D - - + + + - ? - - - - + 33 Keller R - - - + - - - - - - - + 17 Alexander R - - + + - - - - - - - + 25
Snyder D - - + + + - - - + - - + 42 Mack R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33 Baker R - - + + - ? - - - - - - 17
Meek D - - + + + + + - - - + + 58 Boustany R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33
Mica R - - + - - - - - - - - - 8 Jefferson D - + + + + - + - + - - + 58
California Miller R - - - + + - - - - - - - 17 Jindal R - - - + + - - ? - - - - 17
Baca D - + + + + + - - + - + + 67 Putnam R - - + + + - - - - - - - 25 McCrery R - - ? + - - - - - - - + 17
Becerra D + + + + + + + + + - + + 92 Ros-Lehtinen R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33 Melancon D + + + + + - - - - - - + 50
Berman D - - + + + - + - - - - + 42 Schulz D + + + + + ? + + + - + + 83
Bono R - - ? ? ? - - - - - - - 0 Shaw R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33 Maine
Calvert R - - + + + - - - - - - - 25 Stearns R - - - + - - - - - - - - 8 Allen D + + + + + - + + + - + + 83
Capps D + + + + + + + + + - + + 92 Weldon R - - + + - - - - - - - - 17 Michaud D + + + + + + + + + - + + 92
Cardoza D - - + + + - - - - - - + 33 Wexler D + + + + + ? + - + - + + 75
Costa D - - + + + - + - - - - ? 33 Young R - - + + + - - - + - - - 33 Maryland
Cox R - - ? + + - ? - - - / / 17 Bartlett R - - - + - - + - ? - - + 25
Cunningham R - - + + + - - - - - / / 25 Cardin D - - + + + + + - - - + + 58
Davis D - - + + + - + - + - - + 50 Georgia Cummings D - + + + + + + + ? - + + 75
Doolittle R - - - + - - ? - - - - - 8 Barrow D - - + + + - + - - - - + 42 Gilchrest R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33
Dreier R - - + + + - - - - - - - 25 Bishop D - - + + ? + - - - - - + 33 Hollen D - + + + + + + + + - + + 83
Eshoo D + + + + + + + - + - + + 83 Deal R - - - + - - - - - - - - 8 Hoyer D - - + + + - + - - - + + 50
Farr D + + + + + + + + + + + + 100 Gingrey R - - + + ? - - - - - - - 17 Ruppersberger D - - + + + - - + - - - + 42
Filner D + + + + + + + + + + + + 100 Kingston R - - - + - - ? - - - - - 8 Wynn D - + + + + + + + - - + + 75
Gallegly R - - + + + - - - - - - - 25 Lewis D + + + + + + + + + + + + 100
Harman D - - + + + + + - - - + + 58 Linder R - - + + - - - - - - - - 17
Herger R - - - + - - - - - - - - 8 Marshall D - - + + + - - - - - - - 25 Massachusetts
Honda D + + + + + + + + + - + + 92 McKinney D + + ? + + + ? + + + + + 83 Capuano D - + + + + + + + + + + + 92
Hunter R - - - + + - - - - - - - 17 Norwood R - - - + - - - - - - - - 8 Delahunt D - + + + + + + + + - + + 83
Issa R - - + + ? - - - - - - + 25 Price R - - - + - - - - - - - - 8 Frank D + + + + + + - + + + + + 92
Lantos D - - + + + + + - - - + + 58 Scott D - - + + + + + - - - - + 50 Lynch D - + + + + - ? - + - + + 58
Lee D + + + + + + + + + + + + 100 Westmoreland R - - - - - - - - - - - - 0 Markey D + + + + + + + + + + + + 100
Lewis R - - + + + - - - - - - - 25 McGovern D + + + + + + + + + + + + 100
Lofgren D + + + + + + + + + - + + 92 Meehan D + + + + + + + + + + + + 100
Lungren R - - + + + - - - - - - - 25 Hawaii Neal D + + + + + + + + + - + + 92
Matsui D + + + + + + + + + - + + 92 Abercrombie D - + + + + + + + + + + + 92 Olver D + + + + + + + + + - + + 92
McKeon R - - + + - - - - - - - - 17 Case D - - + + + - - - - - - + 33 Tierney D + + + + + + + + + + + + 100
Millender-
McDonald D ? ? + + ? + + - + - + + 58 Idaho Michigan
Miller R - - + + - - - - - - - - 17 Otter R - - - + - - + - - - - + 25 Camp R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33
Miller D + + + + + + + + + + + + 100 Simpson R - - - + + - - - - - - - 17 Conyers D + + + + + + + + + - + + 92
Napolitano D + + + + + + + + + - ? + 83 Dingell D + - + + + + + + + - + + 83
Nunes R - - + + + - - - - - - - 25 Ehlers R - - + + + - + - - - - + 42
Pelosi D + - + + ? + + + + - + + 75 Illinois Hoekstra R - - + + + - - - - - - - 25
Pombo R - - - + - - - - - - - + 17 Bean D - - + + + - - - - - - + 33 Kildee D - - + + + + + - + - + + 67
Radanovich R - - + + + - - - - - - - 25 Biggert R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33 Kilpatrick D + + + + + + + + + - + + 92
Rohrabacher R - - - + - - + - - - - - 17 Costello D - + + + + + + - + - - + 67 Knollenberg R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33
Roybal-Allard D + - + + + + + + + - + + 83 Davis D + + + + + + + + + + + + 100 Levin D + - + + + + + - + - + + 75
Royce R - - + + - - - - - - - - 17 Emanuel D + + + + + + + - - - + + 75 McCotter R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33
Sanchez, Li D + + + + + + + + + - + + 92 Evans D - + + + + + + + + - + + 83 Miller R - - + + - - - - - - - + 25
Sanchez, Lo D - - + + + + + + + - + + 75 Gutierrez D + + + + + + + + + - + + 92 Rogers R - - + ? + - - - - - - - 17
Schiff D - - + + + - + - - - + + 50 Hyde R - - + + + - - - - - ? ? 25 Schwarz R - - + + + ? - - - - - + 33
Sherman D - + + + + - + + + - + + 75 Jackson D + + + + + + + + + - + + 92 Stupak D - - + + + - + + + - + + 67
Solis D + + + + + + + + + - + + 92 Johnson R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33 Upton R - - + + + - + - - - - + 42
Stark D + + + + ? + + + + + + + 92 Kirk R - - + ? + - - - - - - + 25
Tauscher D - - + + + + + + + - + + 75 LaHood R - - + + + - - - - - ? - 25 Minnesota
Thomas R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33 Lipinski D - + + + + - + - - - - + 50 Gutknecht R - - + + + - + - - - - + 42
Thompson D + + + + + + + + + + + + 100 Manzullo R - - - + - - - - - - - + 17 Kennedy R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33
Waters D + + + ? + - + + + + + + 83 Rush D + + + + + + + ? + - + + 83 Kline R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33
Watson D + + + + + + + + + - + + 92 Schakowsky D + + + + + + + + + + + + 100 McCollum D + + + + + + + + + + + + 100
Waxman D - + + + ? ? + + + - + + 67 Shimkus R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33 Oberstar D + + ? ? + + + + + - + + 75
Woolsey D + + ? + + + + + + + + + 92 Weller R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33 Peterson D - - + + + - - - - - - + 33
Ramstad R - - + + + - + - - - - + 42
Colorado Indiana Sabo D - + + + + + + + + - + + 83
Beauprez R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33 Burton R - - - + - - - - - - - - 8
DeGette D + + + + + + + - + - + + 83 Buyer R - - + ? - - - - - - - - 8 Mississippi
Hefley R - - - + - - - - - - - - 8 Carson D + + + + + + + + + - + + 92 Pickering R - - + + - - - - - - - + 25
Chocola R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33 Taylor D - - - + - - + - - - - + 25

www.Peace-Action.org
PEACE ACTION EDUCATION FUND Page 7
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 %
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 % 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 %
Thompson D - + + + + + + - + - + + 75
Wicker R - - + + + - - - - - - - 25 Taylor R - - + + - - - - - - - - 17 Conaway R - - + + - - - - - - - - 17
Watt D + + + + + + + + + - + + 92 Cuellar D - - ? ? ? - + - - - - + 17
Missouri Culberson R - - + + - - - - - - - - 17
Akin R - - - + - - - - - - - - 8 North Dakota DeLay R - - + + - - - - - - - - 17
Blunt R - - + - - - - - - - - - 8 Pomeroy D - - + + + - + - - - - + 42 Doggett D - + + + + + + + + - + + 83
Carnahan D - + + + + + + - - - - + 58 Edwards D - - + + + + - - - - - + 42
Clay D - + + + + + + + + + + + 92 Ohio Gohmert R - - + + - - - - - - - - 17
Cleaver D - + + + + + + + + - + + 83 Boehner R - - + + ? - - - -
- - - 17 Gonzalez D - - + + + + - - - - - + 42
Emerson R ? ? + + - - - - - - - + 25 Brown D + + + + + + + + +
- + + 92 Granger R - - + + + ? - - - - - - 25
Graves R - - + - ? - - - - - - - 8 Chabot R - - + + - - - - -
- - - 17 Green D - + + + - + - + - - - + 50
Hulshof R - - - + - - + - - - - + 25 Gillmor R - - + + ? - - - -
- - - 17 Green D + + + + + + + + + - + + 92
Skelton D - - + + ? - + - - - - + 33 Hobson R - - + + + - - - -
- - - 25 Hall R - - + + - - + - - - - - 25
Jones D + + + + + - + + +
- + + 83 Hensarling R - - + + + - - - - - - - 25
Kaptur D + + + + + - + + +
- + + 83 Hinojosa D - + + + + + ? ? ? - - + 50
Montana
Kucinich D + + + + + + + + +
+ + + 100 Jackson-Lee D + + + + + + + + + + + + 100
Rehberg R - - + + - - - - - - - - 17
LaTourette R - - + + - - - - -
- - + 25 Johnson R - - - + - - - - - - - - 8
Ney R - - - + - - - - -
- - - 8 Johnson D - + + + ? + + + - - + + 67
Nebraska
Oxley R - - + + + - - - -
- - - 25 Marchant R - - + + - - - - - - - - 17
Fortenberry R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33
Pryce R - - ? + + - - - -
- - + 25 McCaul R - - + + - - - - - - - + 25
Osborne R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33
Regula R - - + + + - - - -
- - + 33 Neugebauer R - - - + - - - - - - - - 8
Terry R - - + + + - - - - - - - 25
Ryan D - + + + + - + + +
- + + 75 Ortiz D - - + + + + ? - - - - + 42
Schmidt R - - - 0 Paul R - + - + - + + - + + + + 67
Nevada
Strickland D - + + + + + + + + - + + 83 Poe R - - + + - - - - - - - - 17
Berkley D - - + + + + + + - - - + 58
Tiberi R - - - + - - - - - - - + 17 Reyes D - - + + ? + + - - - - + 42
Gibbons R - - - + - - - - - - - + 17
Turner R - - + + + - - - - - - - 25 Sessions R - - ? ? ? - - - - - - - 0
Porter R - ? + + + - - - - - - + 33
Smith R - - + + - - - - - - - - 17
Oklahoma Thornberry R - - + + + - - - - - - - 25
New Hampshire
Boren D - - + + + - + - - - - + 42
Bass R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33
Cole R - - + + + - - - - - - - 25 Utah
Bradley R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33
Istook R - - + + ? ? - - - - ? - 17 Bishop R - - - + - - - - - - - - 8
Lucas R - - + + - - - - - - - - 17 Cannon R - - - + - - - - - - - - 8
New Jersey
Sullivan R - - + + - - - ? - - - - 17 Matheson D - - + + + - - - - - - + 33
Andrews D - - + + ? + + + - - + + 58
Ferguson R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33
Oregon Vermont
Frelinghuysen R - - + + + - - - - - - - 25
Blumenauer D + + + + ? + + + + + + + 92 Sanders I + + + + + + + + + + + + 100
Garrett R - - - + - - - - - - - - 8
DeFazio D - + + + + + + + + - + + 83
Holt D + + + + + + + + + + + + 100
Hooley D - + + + ? + + + + - + + 75 Virginia
LoBiondo R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33
Walden R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33 Boucher D - - + + + + + - - - - + 50
Menendez D - + + + + + - - - - + + 58
Wu D + + + + + + + + + - + + 92 Cantor R - - + ? - - - - - - - - 8
Pallone D + + + + + + + + + + + + 100
Pascrell D + + + + + + + + + - + + 92 Davis R - - - + - - - - - - ? + 17
Pennsylvania Davis R - - ? + ? - - - - - - + 17
Payne D + + + + + + + + + + ? + 92
Brady D + + + + + - + + + - + + 83 Drake R - - + + - - - - - - - - 17
Rothman D + + + + + + - + + - + + 83
Dent R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33 Forbes R - - - + - - - - - - - + 17
Saxton R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33
Doyle D - + + + + - + + + - + + 75 Goode R - - - + - - - - - - - - 8
Smith R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33
English R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33 Goodlatte R - - + + - - - - - - - + 25
Fattah D - + + + + - + + + - + + 75 Moran D + + + + + + - - + - + + 75
New Mexico
Fitzpatrick R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33 Scott D + + + + + + + + + - + + 92
Pearce R - - + + + - - - - - - - 25
Gerlach R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33 Wolf R - - + + + - - - - - + 33
Udall D + + + + + + + + + - + + 92
Hart R - - + + - - - - - - - - 17
Wilson R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33
Holden D - - + + + - + - + - - + 50
Kanjorski D - - + + + - - - + - + + 50 Washington
Murphy R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33 Baird D - + + + ? + + + - ? + + 67
New York
Murtha D - - + + + - - - + - + + 50 Dicks D - - + + + - + - - - - + 42
Ackerman D + - + + + + + + + - + + 83
Peterson R - - - + - - - - - - - - 8 Hastings R ? ? + + + - - - - - - - 25
Bishop D - - + + + - + + - - + + 58
Pitts R - - + + - - + - - - - + 33 Inslee D - + + + + + + + + - + + 83
Boehlert R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33
Platts R - - - + - - - - - - - + 17 Larsen D - - + + + + + + + - + + 75
Crowley D + - + + + + - + + - + + 75
Schwartz D - + + + + - + + - - + + 67 McDermott D + + + + ? + + + + + + + 92
Engel D - - + + + + + + - - + + 67
Sherwood R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33 McMorris R - - + + - - - - - - - + 25
Fossella R - - + + + - - - - - - - 25
Shuster R - - - + - - - - - - - - 8 Reichert R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33
Higgins D - - + + + + + + - - - + 58
Weldon R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33 Smith D - + + + + + + + + - - + 75
Hinchey D + + + + + + + + + + + + 100
Israel D - - + + + - + - - - - + 42
Rhode Island
Kelly R - - + + - - + - - - - + 33
Kennedy D - - + + ? - - - - - - + 25 West Virginia
King R - - + + + - - - - - - - 25
Langevin D - - + + + - + - - - - + 42 Capito R - - + + - - - - - - - + 25
Kuhl R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33
Lowey D + - + + + - + + + - + + 75 Mollohan D + - + + + - - - + - + + 58
South Carolina Rahall D + + + + + + + + + - + + 92
Maloney D + + + + + + - + + + + + 92
Barrett R - - - + - - - - - - ? - 8
McCarthy D - - + + + - + - - - ? + 42
Brown R ? ? + + - - - ? ? - - - 17 Wisconsin
McHugh R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33
Clyburn D - + + + + + + - - - + + 67 Baldwin D + + + + + + + + + + + + 100
McNulty D + + + + + + + + + - + + 92
Inglis R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33 Green R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33
Meeks D + + + + + + + + + - + + 92
Spratt D - - + + + - + - - - - + 42 Kind D - - + + + + + - - - - + 50
Nadler D + + + + + + + + + - + + 92
Wilson R - - - + - - - - - - - - 8 Moore D + + + + + ? + + + - + + 83
Owens D + + + + + + + + + + + + 100
Rangel D + + + + + + + + + + + + 100 Obey D + + + + + + + + + - + + 92
South Dakota Petri R - - + + + - - - + - - + 42
Reynolds R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33
Herseth D - - + + + ? + - - - - + 42 Ryan R - - + + + - - - - - - + 33
Serrano D + + + + + + + + + + + + 100
Slaughter D + + + + + + + + + - + + 92 Sensenbrenner R - - + + - - + - - - - + 33
Tennessee
Sweeney R - - + + + - - - - ? ? + 33
Blackburn R - - + + + - - - - - - - 25 Wyoming
Towns D - + + + + ? + + + + + + 83
Cooper D - - + + + - + - - - - + 42 Cubin R - - - + + - - - - ? - - 17
Velazquez D + + + + + + + + + + + + 100
Davis D - - + + + - + - - - - + 42
Walsh R - - + + ? - - - - - - + 25
Duncan R - + - + - - + - + + - + 50
Weiner D + + + + + + + + + + + + 100
Ford
Gordon
D
D
-
-
-
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
-
-
+
+
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
+
+
42
50
Key
North Carolina
Jenkins R - - + + - - - - - - - + 25
Butterfield D - - + + + - + - - - + + 50
Tanner D - - + + + - + - - - - + 42
Coble
Etheridge
R
D
-
-
+
-
-
+
+
+
-
+
-
-
-
+
-
-
-
-
+
-
-
-
-
+
25
42
Wamp R - - - + - - - - + - - + 25 + Supported Peace Action Education
Foxx R - - - + - - - - - - - - 8
Texas
Fund’s position
Hayes R - - + - - - ? - - - - - 8
Jones R - + - + - + + - ? - - + 42
Barton
Bonilla
R
R
-
-
-
-
+
+
+
-
-
+
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
?
-
-
-
17
17
- Opposed Peace Action Education
McHenry R - - - + - - - - - - - - 8
McIntyre D - - + + + - ? - - - - + 33
Brady R - - + + - - - ? - - - - 17 Fund’s positon
Burgess R - - - + - - - - - - - - 8
Miller
Myrick
D
R
-
-
+
-
+
+
+
+
+
-
-
-
+
-
-
-
+
-
-
-
+
-
+
-
67
17
Carter R - - + + - - - - - - - - 17 ? Did not vote ( = opposed in %)
Price D - + + + + + + + + - + + 83 / No vote recorded

www.Peace-Action.org
Page 8 PEACE ACTION EDUCATION FUND

The Financial Cost of War in Iraq


When White House economic advisor, Lawrence Lindsay, The terrible loss of life and disabilities suffered by our brave
said in 2002 that the war could cost $100 - $200 billion, the soldiers stationed in Iraq and the Iraqi people has a real effect
Bush administration immediately rejected such a large on our economy.
number, stating that the war would be quick and the Iraqi
economy would pay for the reconstruction. As of today, These costs can never account for the pain and suffering
$251 billion has been appropriated for the war, and the associated with losing so many American and Iraqi lives.
Congressional Budget Office has predicted that the total cost However, they are demonstrative of the true financial costs
of military combat alone could be $500 billion. That total of war.
ignores the cost of reconstruction, the cost of caring for Monthly Cost of Direct Military Combat:
veterans, new recruitment costs and the interest payments $6-$9 Billion
the government now owes for borrowing to finance this costly Total Funds Appropriated to Date:
war. It’s time to start looking at the real cost of the war. $251 Billion
Total Expected Appropriated Funds:
Nobel Prize winning economist and former chief economist $500 Billion
for the World Bank, Joseph E. Stiglitz and the Kennedy Veterans Affairs Costs:
School’s Linda Blimes have estimated the total cost to the $57 Billion***
American economy of the war in Iraq to be between $1 and Total Cost to American Economy:
$2 trillion! $1 - $2 Trillion***
Total Number of Brain and Spinal Injuries in Veterans:
$1 TRILLION is enough to: 3,200
Average Cost to Treat ONE Brain Injured Veteran:
• Keep Social Security solvent for 75 years – twice $2.4 Million***
over* Total Expected Cost of Veterans’ Disability:
• Pay for private college scholarships for 48 million $122 Billion***
Americans* Total Iraqi Casualties:
• Fully fund global anti-hunger efforts for 35 years** 30,000 - 100,000 ****
Total American Soldiers Killed in Iraq:
Special thanks to the National Priorities Project: http://nationalpriorities.org
2,318 (3/20/2006)
*From “War’s High Price: Costs Include Investments Neglected At Home,” Des Moines Register, 1/24/
06.
Expected Loss to Economy for Each Deceased Soldier:
** Extrapolated from the National Priorities Project’s Cost of War. $6 Million***
*** Blimes and Stiglitz, The Economic Costs of the Iraq War: An Appraisal Three Years After the
Beginning of the Conflict, January 2006. Interest on Debt:
**** 30,000: www.iraqbodycount.org and 100,000 from The Lancet
$386 Billion***

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