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9659339 Beyond Budgeting Case Study AES

9659339 Beyond Budgeting Case Study AES

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Published by: suriya8458 on Oct 16, 2009
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10/20/2011

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The notions Theory X and Theory Y was established by Harvard Professor Douglas McGregor who
investigated leadership styles and summed them up in two opposite approaches named Theory Y and
Theory X. Theory X and Theory Y both represent a collection of assumptions held about human nature.
Theory Y represents human's true nature, whereas contrary Theory X describes the traditional view of
people within a command-and-control culture.

Page 36

Attitude
People dislike work, find it boring, and
willavoid it if they can.

Direction
People must be forced or bribed to
make the right effort.

Responsibility
People would rather be directed than
accept responsibility, which they avoid.

Motivation
People are motivated mainly by money
and fears about their job security.
Creativity
Most people have little creativity
- except when it comes to getting round
management rules.

Attitude
People need to work and want to take
an interest in it. Under the right
conditions, they can enjoy it.
Direction
People will direct themselves towards
a target that they accept.

Responsibility
People will seek, and accept
responsibility, under the right conditions.

Motivation
Under the right conditions, people are
motivated by the desire to realize their
own potential.
Creativity
Creativity and ingenuity are widely
distributed and grossly underused

Theory X believes held about
human nature

Theory Y believes held about
human nature

Source: BBTN

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