Gestalt psychology or gestaltism (German: Gestalt "essence or shape of an entity 's complete form") is a theory of mind and brain of the

Berlin School; the opera tional principle of gestalt psychology is that the brain is holistic, parallel, and analog, with self-organizing tendencies. The principle maintains that the hu man eye sees objects in their entirety before perceiving their individual parts, suggesting the whole is greater than the sum of its parts. Further, the whole i s anticipated when the parts are not integrated or complete. Gestalt psychology tries to understand the laws of our ability to acquire and maintain stable perce pts in a noisy world. Gestalt psychologists stipulate that perception is the pro duct of complex interactions among various stimuli. Contrary to the behaviorist approach to understanding the elements of cognitive processes, gestalt psycholog ists sought to understand their organization (Carlson and Heth, 2010). The gesta lt effect is the form-generating capability of our senses, particularly with res pect to the visual recognition of figures and whole forms instead of just a coll ection of simple lines and curves. In psychology, gestaltism is often opposed to structuralism. The phrase "The whole is greater than the sum of the parts" is o ften used when explaining gestalt theory,[1] though this is a mistranslation of Kurt Koffka's original phrase, "The whole is other than the sum of the parts".[2 ] Gestalt theory allows for the breakup of elements from the whole situation int o what it really is

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful