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Intoduction The three following theories were all designed to calculate different values and retrieve different information

from the object under experiment, however they all have common values which are essential for their findings. All of the theories discussed so far have all used values obtained from the tensile to equate to and more importantly they have all required the principal stresses in order to obtain their specific values. This indicates to us, how important principal stresses are and how much they can influence an object under examination.

Factor of safety Factor of safety is described as a systems structural integrity beyond its loading requirements (unit-less coefficient). This means that the factor of safety is the ability of a system to accommodate its required load plus an additional load for whatever the reason may be. ***UNDER FORMULA *** The factor of safety for a system cannot be less than 1, because if the system is not able to accommodate the load required, the system will fail. For instance if , the system cannot support he required load and will in turn fail. This tells us the F.O.S of a system is required to be at least 1.

Relevance These theories are all relevant in the design process of all mechanical systems we use today because we cannot afford to be unaware of our limits. If critical information such as the shearing stresses and failure points are not calculated, there would no assurance that the system would be not only efficient, but also safe and secure. Without these certainties in a system, the design process would be far from complete and therefore render these certain cases to a state in which they will not be able to be manufactured or produced. These theories are essential for the design process in the sense that without them, we would be unaware of the capabilities, or lack there-of, of these specific systems