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Alpha particles, Beta particles, Radio waves C. Gamma rays, Infra Red rays, Beta particles D. Beta particles, Gamma rays, Alpha particles 386. For Industrial Radiography, which is the most penetrating form of radiation? C A. Beta particles B. Neutrons C. Gamma Rays D. Alpha particles 387. One of the effects of Gamma rays is its ability to cause: A A. Ionization B. Air to become energized C. Other objects to become radioactive D. Metal to become magnetized
388. The unit of measurement of radioactivity is referred to as: A A. Curies B. Roentgens C. Roentgens per hour D. REM
389. One curie is the quantity of radioactive material that decays at the rate of: B A. 3.7 X 1010 CPM B. 3.7 X 1010 DPS or TPS C. 3.7 X 1010 XPS D.37 X 10 DPS or TPS
390. Elements are classified in the Chart of Elements by the number of: C A. Electrons in an atom B. Neutrons in an atom C. Protons in an atom D. Includes all the above
391. One curie of cobalt 60 and one curie of IR-192: B A. Have the same dose rate at one yard B. Both have the same number of disentergrations per second C. Will weigh the same amount D. None of the above
392. Gamma rays will penetrate deeper in matter than Alpha or Beta particles Because? C A. It has less mass B. It has a lower frequency C. It will interact less with electrons in matter D. It travels faster than the speed of light
393. Gamma rays are referred to as? B A. Particle radiation B. Electromagnetic radiation C. Scattered radiation D. Primary radiation
394. The two most commonly used isotopes for radiography are: C A. CO-60 and CS-137 B. IR-192 and RA-226 C. IR-192 and CO-60 D. CO-59 and IR-190
When an electron is knocked out of orbit of an atom by a gamma ray: A A. P. All are the same weight of material. D.P. B. S or T. 0 to 200 mr C. 30 curies D. Pair production occurs C. The atom is now radioactive D. None of the above 396. 0 to 200 r\hr 399. The operating range of a pocket dosimeter required for industrial radiographers is ? B A.S. 15 curies B. 7. 90 days B. a 60 ci CO-60 source will have how many curies? B A. All the above 398. 6 months C. All have the same number of D. The half-life of cobalt 60 is a little over 5 years. An Ion-pair is created B. 397.395. One curie of Cobalt 60 and one curie of IR-192: C A. All have the same dose rate at one foot. All are equal in physical size C. Once a year . 0 to 500 mr D. Survey meters must be calibrated every ? B A. 0 to 100 mr B.5 curies C. 3 months D. After 3 half lives.
Film badges should be worn: 3 1. Back pocket 402. No monitoring required . Ion – Chamber 4. Film badge and dosimeter and alarming Rate meter 4. The film badge or TLD badge provides: C A. A film badge. zero mr/hr to 2 R/hr 2. 1 mr/hr to 1000mR 403. Radiation survey instruments shall be able to measure from: 2 1. De-Ionization tube 404. On the belt loop 3. dosimeter. Record of radiation exposure D. 2 mr/hr to 1 R/hr 3. must be monitored with the following items: 3 1. scintillation counter 2.400. Individuals allowed to enter a radiographer’s radiation area. Geiger-Muellier (GM) tube 3. survey meter 3. 0 mr/hr to 1 mr/hr to 1 R/hr 4. All of the above 401. Between the shirt collar & trouser pocket 4. Immediate indication of radiation exposure B. Exposure to Alpha particles C. a survey meter 2. us a? 2 1. In the shirt pocket 2. Most survey meters used to detect radiation in Industrial Radiography operations.
Pigtail assembly 4. Fifty mRems per hour 4. D. Shall cease operations and have film badge exchanged for a new one and then may return to work. 406. Radiation received in a short period of time is referred to as: 1 1. Blood cells 4. “Source assembly” refers to the same thing as a: 3 1. Shall notify the RSO and wait for further instructions after completing job assignment. Five Rems per hour 2. May continue to work if individual determines that dosimeter reading is not correct. the individual: A A. One hundred mRems per hour 409. Chronic radiation exposure 3. Source tube 3. 200 mRems per hour 3. Crankout 2. Bull plug or safety plug . None of the above 408. Acute radiation exposure 2.Shall cease operations and have film badge processed immediately and not return to work until a determination has been made.405. Radiation sickness 407.If an individuals pocket dosimeter is discharged beyond its range (off-scale). C. The area that has a boundary posted “Caution-High Radiation Area” will mean a person could receive a radiation dose of: 4 1. Thermal radiation exposure 4. Nerve cells 2. B. Skin cells 3. Earliest detection of radiation damage may be detected in the: 3 1.
A molecule 3. An alpha particle 2. First Valve Layers . distance. 1. and shielding 4. If a person remains at the certain distance for 3 hours. An atom 413. Lead. barricades. Half Valve Layers. Three 3. ropes. Planetary electrons with protons and neutrons in the nucleus. Cannot reduce to 5 R/hr 412. at a certain distance. and signs 3.96” 411. Using Co-60. time. concrete. 9 mr 2. 1200 mr 4.410. how many half valve layers are required to reduce the levels to 5 R/hr ? 3 1.98” 3. 14. Two 4. Tenth Valve Layers.7” 2. what will be the amount of radiation received? 3 1. The thickness of lead (assuming . the radiation intensity is 600 mr/hr. 1. Three basic ways to lower radiation dose when working with radiography sources are: 3 1. If the radiation intensity at a certain point is 20 R/hr. and steel 2.490” of lead is required for Co-60) needed to reduce the radiation levels to 75 mr/hr is: 3 1. A compound 4.5” 4. 1800 mr 3. . make up of? 4 1. One 2. The radiation dose rate at a certain distance from a source is 400 mr/hr. 120 mr 414.
12..06 R/hr 2. 120 days 4. . 33 mr/hr 418. 14. Type A 4. How much radiation will a person receive standing 100 feet from a source with a dose rate of 20 mr/hr where 4 exposures were made lasting 3 minutes each? 1 1. 90 days 2.059 R/hr 4.75 mr/hr . . 36 mr/hr 3. Type B 2. what will the dose rate be at a distance of 100 feet from the source? 3 1. . 5 R/hr 3. 12 mr/hr 4. 50 mr/hr 4.415. The shipping container for most industrial radiography sources are classified as: 1 1. 4 mr/hr 2. Once a year 416. 6 months 3.05 mr/hr 3. Ir-192 source.5 r/hr 2. Repeat problem #418 except calculate the dose rate at 200’ instead of 100’” : 4 1. Type LSA 3. A leak test must be performed on sealed sources within a period of every: 2 1. Type RAM 417. 52 R/hr 419. If you were using a 100 Ci.
When performing offshore platform or lay barge radiography. Trying to put the source back into the camera after a disconnect. Continue to work and replace your badge when you get back to the office 3.420. Once every sixty days 4. Continue to work since you can use your dosimeter for your radiation exposure 4. 240 Ci. By not using the survey meter as stated in the company procedures and CNSC regulations. 100 Ci. The single and most noticeable factor in the cause of over – exposures to radiographers has been: 3 1. Cease work immediately until the badge is replaced 2. the largest source of Ir-192 that is allowed is: 1 1. Survey meter not working correctly 3. 2. If you lose or damage your film or TLD badge. Only when the RSO decides to change your badge 3. 200 Ci. 3. 421. you will ? 1 1. Work more carefully by using your survey meter and dosimeter . The film badge or TLD badge used in industrial radiography are exchanged: 4 1. Once every quarter 2. 4. 423. 4. Not locking the source in the camera properly 2. Once a month and on the day indicated on the badge 422. 50 Ci.
notify your RSO.424. After each repair 427. Danger – Radioactive 428. 3. Five milli-rem in any one hour 2. If an individual’s pocket dosimeter is discharged beyond its range (off scale). are referred to or classified as: 4 1. Caution – Radioactive 2. Any vehicle transporting radioactive material with a yellow III label must placard the vehicle with signs printed: 3 1. Cease work immediately. Tell the RSO when you get back to the office so he can calculate your exposure for that day. Cease work immediately. Special form material . Once every 6 months 3. 425. Make a note on the area survey report and recharge the dosimeter. Two hundred milli-rems in any one hour 3. 5 milli-rems per hour or a dose in excess of 100 milli-rem in any fire consecutive days 426. and not return to work until results are received and determination of the exposure has been made. turn film badge in for processing. Radioactive Materials 3. the individual shall: 3 1. Normal form material 4. “Radiation Area” means an individual could receive a radiation dose in excess of: 1 1. Pocket dosimeters shall be calibrated for correct response to radiation at periods not to exceed: 1 1. when completing shipping papers. 4. Safe form material 3. Not required to be calibrated 4. Solid form material 2. and obtain a spare badge to use until results of processed film badge is received. 2. 2 milli-rems in any one hour 4. Annually 2. Radioactive 4. Sealed radiography sources.
76-feet 3.Quarterly 3.050 microcuries of Removable Contamination 3.010 microcuries of Removable Contamination 4. Class A package 2. A leaking source must be withdrawn from use if contamination levels exceed: 1 1. Once a day B. A record of inspection and maintenance of radiography equipment and sources are completed by radiography companies : 2 1. Hazardous Materials 4. Ir – 192 source. 100 feet 433. 140 feet 2. . . . Type A package 3.005 microcuries of Removable Contamination 2. The outer package that encloses a Type B container for additional shipping protection is referred to as: 2 1. at what distance will the dose rate be 100mr/hr? 2 1. once every 6 months . 68 feet 4.500 microcuries of Removable Contamination 432. None of the above 431. Special solid form material 4. The dose rate limit at one meter (or 39 inches) from a package containing radioactive material is expressed in terms of a: 1 1. once a week 4. Meter reading at 3 feet 430.429. . Overpack 3. Using a 100ci. Transport Index 2.
All of the above 435. REM 4. Prior to being moved or transported 3. At the beginning of each shift or at least daily or if the dosimeter reaches ¾ scale during the shift 2. the intensity is: 3 1. Off-scale pocket dosimeter 2. The unit of exposure in air is the: 2 1. RAD 2. In the middle of the shift 3. At all times when it is not under direct surveillance of radiographer 4.When must pocket dosimeters be recharged: 1 1. One-fourth as great 4. After each exposure 2. The State Regulatory Agency may order a radiographer to cease operation if the following is found during an inspection: 4 1. All of the above . During each break 436. The inverse square law means that if you move a source twice as far away as before. Leaking source 3. RBE 437. Unsafe camera (lock of camera not working properly) 4. After a Radiographic exposure 4. Half as great 3. Twice as great 2. One-half as great 438. ROENTGEN 3.434.When performing radiography the camera must self lock : 1 1.
439. Vehicles carrying only White 1 or Yellow II warning labeled packages: 3 1. 100 mr at the surface or 50 mr at 6 inches 442. Do not need to display radioactive placards 4. 50 mr/hr 3. The level of radiation from a radioactive source. Not to exceed 50 mr/hr at the surface or 1 mr/hr at 1 meter (39in) 2. 50 mr at the surface of the camera nor more the 1 mR at one meter 4. A radioactive yellow II warning label is applied to packages with a surface dose rate: 1 1. Not to exceed 2 mr/hr at 1 meter (39in) 443. 200 mr at the surface of the camera 2. .6 mr/hr 441. Cosmic and Natural background radiation 3. 100 mr/hr 2. Must be shipped in a Type C container . External radiation 2. in a storage device or camera. One making a radiograph shall display “Caution Radiation Area” signs at what mr/hr level? 3 1. Not to exceed 10 mr/hr at 1 meter (39in) 4. The principal hazard in industrial radiography results from: 1 1. Not to exceed 200 mr/hr at the surface of 10 mr/hr at 1 meter (39in) 3. Alpha and Beta particles 4. 2 mr/hr 4. Are not required to have shipping papers 3. cannot exceed_______ to be classified as a Type B package: 2 1. Concentration 440. 200 mr at the surface nor more than 50 mr at 6 inches 3. Must display placards on all four sides of the vehicles 2.
large unit of charge 2.61 mev per hour 4. such as: 2 1. The weight of the material 2. All of the above 446.000 micro Ci 3. small unit of volume 3. 100 mr in 7 consecutive weeks 4. dependent upon the radioisotope 447.9 roentgens per hour 2. . At a distance of one foot from one curie of a radioisotope. 10. the exposure dose rate would be approximately: 4 1.444. 14.000. 2 mr/hr in any one hour nor more than 100 mr per year 3. 3.000 mCi 4.4 milliroentgens per hour 3. The transport ending 3. Permissible levels of radiation from external sources in unrestricted areas cannot receive a dose in excess of: 2 1. small unit of energy 4. 5. The highest dose rate at the surface and at 1 meter from the surface of the package 4. The type or design of the shipping container 445. The electron volt is a: 3 1. 5 mr/hr in any one hour 2. 1. Angstrom unit 448.7 x 10 DPS 2. The type of warning label that must be applied to the surface of a package containing radioactive material is determined by: 3 1. Both b and c are correct . One curie can be expressed in another way.
Utilization log 450. Applicable Agency Regulations 4. All of the above 451. Appropriate Operating & Emergency Procedures 3. Each time the sealed source is returned and the key removed 4. Before removing a camera with a radioactive source from the storage area. A radiographer shall conduct an inspection and maintenance of equipment: 4 1. When getting ready to return camera and source to the truck for storage 452. Each time the sealed source is returned to its shielded position 2. Dosimeter report 4. With only 35 Ci. After completing the last radiograph before moving camera to next location 3. Of Ir-192 and being unable to use your collimator. Transportation papers 2. Once every week 2. Radiographs must be made of 4” pipe. What is your radiation exposure rate at 25’? 3 1. 200 mr/hr 2. your meter reading is 100 mr/hr at a distance of 50’. You must limit your number of exposures per hour.449. 400 mr/hr 4. The sealed source shall be locked in the radiographic exposure device or source changer: 1 1. 800mr/hr 3. At the beginning of each day of equipment use . Some of the records required at temporary job sites are: 4 1. the radiographer must sign the device out on the: 4 1. After arriving at the job site 4. 40 mr/hr 453. At intervals not to exceed one month 3. The area survey report 3. Appropriate license 2.
Tungsten collimators . 400 to 500 Rem 4. A radiation survey performed to determine that a sealed source is in its shielded position upon job completion is referred to as a: 1 1. Area survey 4. The most practical use of shielding in radiography can be achieved by the use of: 4 1. Depleted uranium 4. “Caution radioactive material” signs 4. and disposal of source of radiation 3. None of the above 455. The focal point of the radioactive source 4. 150 to 250 Rem 2.454. Concrete blocks 2. Transportation survey 456. Name and city of main business office of Company 3. 350 to 450 Rem 458. Lead bricks 3. What is considered to be a fatal dose to radiation if applied to the whole body in a single exposure? 3 1. Radioactive material records of a radiography company are required to show: 2 1. “Radioactive” placards 2. 1000 to 5000 Rem 3. Semi annual inventory of radioactive sources 457. Contamination levels of the shipping containers 2. Lock-out survey 2. Receipt. Radiation survey 3. Vehicles used to transport Yellow II labeled radioactive material for temporary job site use must prominently display” ? 2 1. transfer.
3. 305’ . Cosmic 3. 200 mRem 3. Looking at the survey meter to see if it gives any indication of a radiation dose rate 460. All of the above 461. 500 mRem 4. Humans have always been exposed to radiation occurring from: 4 1. How much distance would be needed for 30 curies of Ir-192 to reduce the dose rate to 2 mr/hr without any shielding? 2 1. 4. If a person recieves a dose of 60 mRems after 15 minutes in a radiation field. 260’ 4. what is the dose rate of the radiation field? 3 1. 300’ 2. Natural background 2. A survey of the radiographic exposure device after each exposure consists of: 3 1. 180 mr/hr 463. Man made 4. 100 mRem 2. The amount of radiation the general public receives from natural back ground radiation and manmade radiation in a year is about: 2 1.459. Surveying the circumference of the device and the entire length of the guide tube. 297. 360 mr/hr 3. Surveying the front of the camera 2. 250 mRem 462. 240 mr/hr 4. Surveying the circumference of the camera 3. 120 mr/hr 2.
Stationary exposure device 2. Five hundred MILLIREMS or more 4. After the restricted area has been established 4. Who uses or operates any source of radiation 4. Alpha. Beta and Gamma radiation only 4. Who enters a radiation area 2. Crankout exposure device 3. All of the above 466. Prior to the first radiographic exposure 3. Three REMS or more 465. X-ray radiation only . An area survey shall be "performed” 1 1. During the first Radiographic exposure or exposures 2. Personal monitoring equipment shall be supplied to appropriate personnel: 4 1. A SPEC 150 and AEA 880 are referred to as what type device: 2 1. Who enters a high radiation area 3. Twenty-five REMS or more 3. Five REMS or more 2. Gamma radiation only 3. During each radiographic exposure 467. Your survey meter is designed to detect: 1 1. Directional beam device 468. X and gamma radiation 2.464. Panoramic device 4. Immediate notification must be made to the Agency of a dose of radiation to the whole body of any individual in excess of: 2 1.
Call to the individual and get their attention to let them know they are in a radiation area and need to receive a film badge. Check survey meter to see if it is still working. he should: 3 1. 471. happens to see an unauthorized person entering into the restricted area.469. with the radiation area well posted. source tube 4. Check your survey meter to see if operable. 3. 3. In case of a vehicle accident carrying radioactive material. you should: 3 1. the metal tubing which allows movement of the source is referred to as the: 2 1. safety tube . Send someone to call your RSO and if the source is secured. 3. To keep the cable of the pigtail from becoming bent and the lock block free from obstacles. 2. Call to the individual to come stand behind you so you can keep him out of the direction of the gamma rays and warn him that he could become sterile if he does not stay out of the area. call for a wrecker to move the vehicle. send for police and send for or inform the RSO of accident and procedures taken. Surrounded by the depleted uranium in a radiography camera. 4. 4. 4. 470. “S” tube 3. To prevent the source from being pulled out the back of the exposure device and to keep source in a locked position. 2. rope off as large an area as possible. Attract the individual’s attention that he is entering into a restricted area and should not enter: if person continues to disregard your warning. Get out of the area of the accident so you will not receive an overexposure and call your Radiation Safety Officer. try to establish location and condition. Refer to the Operating and Emergency procedures manual so you can give it to the civil authorities on what to do. 2. To indicate the source is too far back into the camera lock box 472. The ball stop attached to the pigtail of a radiography source is to: 1 1. return the source to its shielded position until the area is cleared of unauthorized personnel. To act as a guide for the source when it is returned back into the camera. Holler at the individual so he will notice you are working. Set out barrier rope and flares as soon as possible to prevent hazards from oncoming vehicles. Radiographers making an exposure. Look for your certificate of insurance for the vehicle and call the insurance company. Brass source tube 2.
24 mr/hr 3. You note that your pocket dosimeter has picked up 2 mr/hr after a 5 minute exposure. 16 476. The source does not emit neutrons 4. The size of a radiography source is important. The source is contaminated 3. When a radiography source is cranked out of its shielded position in the camera. Half Life 3. A sealed radiography source can make other objects radioactive if: 4 1.473. 40 mr/hr 2. 24’ 3. Using a 28 curie Ir-192 source with a 4 HVL collimator and an exposure time of 18 minutes at what distance will you establish the radiation area boundary: 2 1. Hollow plastic tube 2. The source is left exposed to the object longer than 1 hour 2. 12 mr/hr 4. 30’ 2. Large focal point 2. Electromagnetic energy 4. it travels through a: 3 1. 50’ 4. Source tube 4. Conduit 3. The use of IR-192 is due to its: 4 1. Safety tube 475. What was the radiation dose rate? 2 1. 36 mr/hr 477. High specific activity . No it cannot 474.
On the bill of lading from the shipper 2.478. When transporting a radioactive source. When transporting hazardous materials on public roads 482. . For commercial carriers only 3. 1. The leak test results of a new source.? 1 1. when received by the radiography company. and 1 min. and you will be using a tungsten collimator assuming it has 4 HVL. 134 feet 4. Crossing state lines 4. You have just received a 100Ci. 10mr. 50mr.75mr 4 50mr.1. source at the job site.10mr. Leak test must be performed 6 months after receiving source 481. Each time the source is making a radiograph . 125 feet 3. How much dose would you receive standing at that point for ½ hr. When shall the “reference “ survey be performed: 1 1. Before leaving the shop or beginning a new shift offshore 4. You need to calculate for your 2-mr/hr area. 10mr. Your survey meter reads 100 mr/hr at some point. The Yellow III label is required 2. Before the third radiographic exposure is made at the jobsite 3. On the decay chart received with the source 4. 1. 2. It is not necessary to leak test a new source 3.67mr 2 114mr. 100 feet 2. What is the distance to the 2-mr/hr boundary? 3 1. 10mr 3 25mr.. can be found: 3 1. During the first radiographic exposure or exposures 2.75mr. The source is Ir-192.5mr 480. shipping papers are only needed when: 4 1. 88 feet 479. 6 min.
An individual under the age of 18 (a minor) cannot receive a dose of ionizing radiation in excess of ? B A.Specific Activity is expressed in: C A. 484. 86 feet C.50 % of 5000mR B. the collimator will indicate 2 mr/hr at 60’.. Curies per gram D. a 45 Curie IR-192 source indicates an exposure rate of 8. Always wear the personnel dosimetry provided 3. Roentgen B. Forgetting to retract the source D. Failure to make proper radiation survey 120. Always make proper radiation surveys 4. 78 feet 485.RAD 121. The exposure rate of a 35 curie CO-60 source will also be 2mr/hr at what distance using the same collimator? B A. MR C. The source becomes jammed in the source guide tube C.75 % of 5000mR .483. The majority of overexposures to radiographers can be summed up: D A. 48 feet B.25% of 5000mR D. Record your dosimeter readings after each work shift 2. 68 feet D.296 mr/hr at 1’. With a collimator. Set the survey meter close to the camera during each exposure on the X100 scale. The source was not fully retracted in the camera B. 10% of 5000mR C. What is the most important thing you can do to avoid an over-exposure to radiation? C 1. For this same source.
Authorized users 5.Which cells are more radiation sensitive? A A.Specialized Risk of cancer depends on: A A.same total dose given in many years? Who appoints an RSO? B A.authorized user B.Rapidly dividing B.Authorized users 6.RSO C.activity 3.Radiation damage is more in which case? A A.True B. Who will authorize its purchase? B A.You do not need authorization. Who conducts surveys and maintains records and inventory of radioactive materials? A A. Failure to comply with regulations result in loss of your privilege to work with radioactive materials? A A.dose equivalent B.False 9. Heads of departments B.high dose in a short time B. Vice president C.both Authorized User and RSO D. .Radiation Control Committee C. You want to procure radioactive material.RSO B.
A A. ALARA stands: for As low as readily achievable. energy of radiation C. The survey instrument must be appropriate for the: A A. A A.external exposures 26. Your privilege to work with radioactive materials may be withdrawn if y ou don’t return your dosimetry badge in time.False 15. 18. TLD badges are used to measure: B A.True B.False . Radiation survey instrument must be calibrated annually. at what distance from the source should you work to reduce the dose rate to 2 mR/h? A A. A written notice of radiation exposure received must be given to a worker? A A. both a and b.2 ft B. Dose rate in air from a point gamma source at 1 foot is 8 mR/h.True B.internal exposures B.8 ft.True B.True B.14.False 21. 25. type of radiation B.False 20.4 ft C. B A.
Beta radiation is an example of: A A. For a beta emitter ratio of average energy to maximum energy is about: B A.28.beta B.ionizing radiation B.half B.plastic .one 32. A A.False 31.True B.True B.non-ionizing radiation 34.False 33.lead B. Gloves not only prevent contamination of hands but also reduce beta doses to fingers. A A.one-third C. What is a preferred shielding material for beta particles? B A. Exposure to finger from a beta source can be much higher than from a gamma source of the same activity.gamma 35. Lead is a good shielding material for which radiation? B A.
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