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# Quantitative Applications in Management & Research

ASSIGNMENT
PROGRAM: SEMESTER-I
Subject Name : Quantitative Applications in Management & Research Permanent Enrollment Number (PEN) : Roll Number (SEN) : Student Name : INSTRUCTIONS a) Students are required to submit all three assignment sets. ASSIGNMENT Assignment A Assignment B Assignment C b) c) d) e) DETAILS Five Subjective Questions Three Subjective Questions + Case Study 40 Objective Questions MARKS 10 10 10

Total weightage given to these assignments is 30%. OR 30 Marks All assignments are to be completed as typed in word/pdf. All questions are required to be attempted. All the three assignments are to be completed by due dates (specified from time to time) and need to be submitted for evaluation by Amity University.

## ( ) Tick mark in front of the assignments submitted Assignment A Assignment B Assignment C

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## Quantitative Applications in Management & Research

Assignment A
Ques.1 Comment on Quantitative Techniques is a scientific and for enhancing creative and judicious capabilities of a decision maker , also state the different elements of Decision. Ques. 2 The raw data displayed here are the scores (out of 100 marks) of a market survey regarding the acceptability of a new product launch by a company for a random sample of 50 respondents 40 25 41 43 38 44 45 26 42 44 37 45 41 9 39 36 36 40 45 23 35 27 35 39 45 24 18 32 32 41 30 26 25 28 38 39 29 35 27 40 8 8 40 25 41 48 40 42 26 43

a. Form a frequency distribution having 9 class intervals b. Form a percentage distribution from the frequency distribution (from part a) c. Form a histogram, frequency polygon and frequency curve of the frequency distribution (from part a) Ques.3 Compute the mean, standard deviation and Coefficient of variation of the following data and comment on the result Size 12.5 13.0 13.5 14.0 14.5 15.0 15.5 16.0 Frequency 4 19 30 63 66 29 18 1

Ques.4 Following figures give the rainf all in inches for the year and the production in 00 of Kgs. For the Rabi crop and Kharif crop. Calculate the Karl Pearson s coefficient of correlation, between rainfall and total production and comment on the result. Rainfall 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 Rabi Production 15 18 20 32 40 39 40 Kharif Production 15 17 20 18 20 21 15

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## Quantitative Applications in Management & Research

Ques.5 The marks obtained by Nine students in Physics and Mathematics are given below: Marks in Physics: 35 23 47 17 10 43 9 Marks in Mathematics:30 33 45 23 8 49 12 Compute their ranks in the two subjects and coefficient of correlation of ranks. 6 4 28 31

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## Quantitative Applications in Management & Research

Assignment B
Ques.1 i. Define Binomial, Poisson and Normal distribution. ii. Four cards are drawn at random from a pack of 52 playing cards. Find the probability of getting a. all the four cards of the same suit b. all the four cards of the same number c. one card from each suit d. two red cards and two black cards e. all cards of the same colour f. all face cards Ques.2 The following table gives the aptitude test scores and productivity indices of 10 workers selected at random: Aptitude scores(X) 60 82 Productivity index( Y) 68 60 62 62 65 80 70 85 72 40 48 52 53 62 73 60 65 81

Calculate the two regression equations and estimate a. The productivity index of a worker whose test score is 92 b. The test score of a worker whose productivity index is 75 Ques.3 Discuss the different components of a time series and fit a trend line with the help of following data by using Free hand curve method and Semi-averages method: Year 1993 04 Profit 10 18 (Rs. in lakhs) 94 12 95 16 96 8 97 6 98 14 99 15 2000 10 01 14 02 20 03 13

Case Study
The marks obtained by seven students in Statistics and Accountancy are as follows: Age(X) 56 42 36 47 49 42 60 72 63 55 Blood 147 Pressure(Y) i. ii. iii. iv. 125 118 128 145 140 155 160 149 150

Given the form of the scattered diagram, does it appear that a straight line provides an accurate model for the data? Find the correlation coefficient between Age(X) and Blood Pressure(Y) and discuss its nature. Find the two lines of regression. Estimate the blood pressure of a woman whose age is 45

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## Quantitative Applications in Management & Research

Assignment C
Ques.1 a sequence of interrelated decisions made either simultaneously or over several time periods called dynamic decisions. a. b. c. d. dynamic decisions static decisions Both None

Ques.2 Stocking of an item for sale in a certain trade fair, illustrates a a. Static decision b. Where uncertainly exists c. Nature is opponent. d. All of above Ques.3 Quantitative analysis is also called a. b. c. d. Operations research Management science Quantitative techniques All the above

Ques.4 Quantitative research provides the fundamental connection between a. empirical observation and mathematical expression b. empirical observation and qualitative expression c. empirical observation and social expression d. empirical observation and all expression Ques.5 Most of the business decisions can be made on the basic of a. b. c. d. Rule of thumb Commonsense Snap judgment. Quantitative Techniques

Ques.6 Statistics is a branch of a. b. c. d. applied physics applied mathematics applied commerce Dramatics

## Ques.8 (X/c) = a. ( X)/n c b. ( X)/ c

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## Quantitative Applications in Management & Research

c. ( X)/c d. X/c. Ques.9 Midterm exam scores for a small advanced neuroanatomy class are provided below. Scores represent percent of items marked correct on the exam. 87,99,75,87,94,75,35,88,87,93 The mode of the distribution a. b. c. d. 75 87 88 94

Ques.10 W hich measure of Central tendency is most efficient a. Mean b. Median c. Mode d. All are equal e. Ques.11 Mean Deviation can be calculated from a. Mean b. Median c. Mode. d. All the three Ques.12 Qualitative data are a. b. c. d. Non-numeric Numeric Can be both None

Ques.13 The numeric data that have a finite number of possible values is called a. Continuous data b. Discrete data c. Datum d. None Ques.14 The Coefficient of Variance is expressed as a. CV = .S . X 100 Xmean b. CV = .S . Xmean c. CV = . Xmean . X 100 S d. CV = (X - Xmean ) Ques.15 W hich one is unaffected by extreme scores a. b. c. d. Mean Median Mode Range

## Quantitative Applications in Management & Research

Ques.16 A storeowner kept a tally of the sizes of suits purchased in her store. W hich measure of central tendency should the storeowner use to describe the average suit sold? a. b. c. d. Mean Median Mode None

Ques.17 The correlation coefficient, r = -1, implies a. b. c. d. Perfect negative Perfect positive No correlation Limited correlation

Ques.18 If two variables changes in the opposite direction and in the same proportion, the correlation between the two is a. b. c. d. Perfect positive Limited positive Limited Negative Perfect negative

Ques.19 The value of r gives the magnitude of correlation and its sign denotes its a. b. c. d. Value Direction Both None

Ques.20 By the Rank method the value of R is -0.73 it suggests a a. b. c. d. fairly strong negative relationship fairly strong positive relationship Perfect negative Perfect positive

Ques.21 The range of the correlation coefficient is? a. -1 to 0. b. 0 to 1. c. -1 to 1. d. None of the above. Ques.22 W hen looking at a sequence of monthly postal revenue data, we note that the revenue is consistently highest in December. The high December revenue is an illustration of: a. b. c. d. trend seasonal variation irregular fluctuations a cycle

## Quantitative Applications in Management & Research

a. b. c. d. All trials must be identical. All trials must be independent. Each trial must be classified as a success or a failure. The probability of success is equal to .5 in all trials.

Ques.24.In Regression Analysis the independent variable is also known as a. b. c. d. Regressed variable Regressor variable Random variable All of the above

Ques.25.Given that we have collected pairs of observations on two variables X and Y , we would consider fitting a straight line with X as an explanatory variable if: a. b. c. d. the change in Y is an additive constant. the change in Y is a constant for each unit change in X the change in Y is a fixed percent of Y the change in Y is exponential

Ques.26 In Regression Analysis, a single regression line is obtained in case if a. r = +1 b. r = -1 c. r = +1 d. r = 0 Ques.27 The regression Analysis Studies a. b. c. d. one-way causal effect two-way causal effect interdependence of the variables dependence of the variables

Ques.28 Correlation Coefficient is the ---------------between the regression coefficients a. arithmetic mean b. geometric mean c. harmonic mean d. median Ques.29 Gradual shifting of a time series over a long period of time is called a. periodicity. b. cycle. c. regression. d. trend. Ques.30 The trend component is easy to identify by using a. moving averages b. exponential smoothing c. regression analysis d. the Delphi approach Ques.31 Seasonal components

## Quantitative Applications in Management & Research

a. cannot be predicted. b. are regular repeated patterns. c. are long runs of observations above or below the trend line. d. reflect a shift in the series over time.

1. Ques.32 What probability is shown on the Venn diagram by the shaded region below t probability is shown on the Venn diagram below

a. a. p(A) b. b. p(B) c. p(A and B) d. p(not B) Ques.33 At Sanjay Middle School, 3 out of 5 students make honor roll. W hat is the probability that a student does not make honor roll? a. 65% b. 40% c. 60% d. None of the above Ques.34 In a class of 30 students, there are 17 girls and 13 boys. Five are A students, and three of these students are girls. If a student is chosen at random, what is the probability of choosing a girl or an A student? a. b. c. d. 19/30 11/50 12/30 15/40

Ques.35 In a shipment of 100 televisions, 6 are defective. If a person buys two televisions from that probability that both are defective? a. b. c. d. 3/100 1/330 9/2500 6/100

Ques.36 Find the correlation coefficient r(X, Y) between X and Y,when Cov(X,Y) = -2.45, Var (X) = 8.25 and Var (Y) = 21.49 a. b. c. d. 0.18 0.18 0.36 0.36

Ques.37 A coin is tossed 5 times. What is the probability of getting atleast 3 heads? a. 1/2

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## Quantitative Applications in Management & Research

b. 1/3 c. 1/4 d. 1/5 Ques.38 Normal Distribution is symmetrical about its a. b. c. d. Harmonic mean Mean Range Standard deviation

Ques.39 In Normal Distribution 95% of the observations fall within 2 standard deviations of the mean, that is, between a. b. c. d. - and + - 2 and +2 - 3 and +3 Not defined

Ques.40 Condition for the Applicability of Binomial Distribution: a. b. c. d. There should be a finite number of trials. The trials do not depend on each other. Each trial should have only two possible outcomes, either a success or a failure. All of the above

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