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Official Research, Development and Extension Newsletter of the University of the Philippines Los Baños
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Volume 5 January - December 2013

DOST names thirteen career scientists from UPLB

▲THE 13 NEW DOST CAREER SCIENTISTS brandish their awards in a posterity shot with officials and special guests from UPLB.


hirteen researchers from the University of the Philippines Los Baños were recently conferred the rank of Scientist by the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) Scientific Career System (SCS) last July 19 during ceremonies held at the Richmonde Hotel, Libis, Quezon City. The thirteen joins four more researchers from the UP System and three more productive researchers from the research institutes of the Department of Agriculture in a bumper crop of new scientists since the SCS was organized. The awarding of ranks was presided by no other than Hon. Francisco T. Duque III, Civil Service Commission Chair, and Hon. Mario G. Montejo, DOST Secretary. The awardees from UPLB included researchers from the College of Agriculture's Agricultural Systems Cluster, Crop Science Cluster, Crop Protection Cluster, and from the College of Forestry and Natural Resources Forestry Development Center. They are the following: Dr. Sancho G. Bon, Scientist I, for Plant

Genetic Resources Conservation and Management; Dr. Lolita M. Dolores, Scientist I, for Plant Pathology (Virology); Dr. Senen H. Escamos, Scientist I, for Agronomy; Dr. Romeo V. Labios, Scientist I, for Crop Production and Physiology; Dr. Merdelyn T. CaasiLit, Scientist I, for Host Plant Resistance Entomology and Plant Stress Physiology; Dr. Rodel G. Maghirang, Scientist I, for Plant Breeding and Plant Pathology; Dr. Eufrocinio D. Marfori, Scientist I, for Plant Tissue Culture; Dr. Rosario G. Monsalud, Scientist I, for MicrobiologyEcology and Systematics; Dr. Marcela M. Navasero, Scientist l, for EntomologyBiological Control and Pest Biology; Dr. Mario V. Navasero, Scientist I, for Entomology-Insect Taxonomy, Biological Control, and Pest Management; Dr. Cecilia B. Pascual, Scientist I, for Plant Disease Resistance and Molecular Plant Pathology; Dr. Florencia B. Pulhin, Scientist II, for Climate Change and Environmental Forestry; and Dr. Lolita DC. Valencia, Scientist I, for Plant Breeding and Plant Pathology.
2 3 4 6 7 8 9 25M CHED PHERNET program starts ... Forum on waste management ... New guidelines for research awards ... UP EIDR program holds symposium ... UPLB conducts climate change confab ... 1st UP Systemwide REPS conference ... Personality profile: Dr. Reynaldo Ebora ...

Vice-Chancellor for Research and Extension Dr. Maria Victoria O. Espaldon, who served as the Chair of the university committee that evaluated and endorsed the applications of the awardees was very pleased with the turnout. "The UPLB administration is very happy of the number of researchers which have been granted this prestigious award from DOST," the Vice-Chancellor intimated during the ceremonies. The members of the committee included Assistant to the Vice-Chancellor Dr. Edna A. Aguilar, Prof. Moises A. Dorado (CEAT-IAE), Dr. Reynaldo V. Ebora (BIOTECH) and Prof. Nicolito A. Gianan (CAS-Hum). The SCS is a system of recruitment, career progression, recognition and reward of scientists in the public service as a means of developing a pool of highly qualified and productive scientific personnel. It is administered by the DOST National Academy of Science and Technology (Florante A. Cruz with information from the SCS brochure) ■
10 11 13 13 13 14 16 Personality profile: Dr. Linda Peñalba ... 18 Preserving Makiling Online ... 20 Intercropping banana with coconut ... 21 Researchers combat malnutrition with QPM ... 23 Vetmed promotes better animal welfare ... 24 SUCs trained on research management ... 25 Volume 5 Tech boot January camp held by UPLB CTTE 127 - December 2013


'Up or Out' policy for REPS reviewed ... New basic research leaders trained ... Outstanding RE personnel gets awards ... Prof Emeriti in "Great Minds" lecture ... OVCRE spearheads UPLB stratplan REPS convene on issues, challanges ... Interdisciplinary studies centers formed...


University reviews guidelines on renewal of appointments and giving tenure to REPS
t can be recounted that in 2007, the university crafted a renewal and tenure policy for REPS parallel that of the faculty's. However, a number of REPS faced various difficult situations five years after the policy came into effect. In an effort to help the REPS who faced such difficulties, the Office of the Chancellor ordered a review of the guidelines on renewal of appointments and tenure of REPS in 2012. The UPLB Committee to Review the "Up or Out Policy for REPS" was created last year through OC Administrative Order 165 and had four members: Vice-Chancellor Espaldon, then UPLB REPSS, Inc. President Laida J. Abarquez, BIOTECH Director Dr. Reynaldo V. Ebora and this writer. After conducting consultation meetings with half of the members of the REPS sector in various occassions early this 2013, the committee was able to review the extent of the effects of the current policy on the REPS and has made several recommendations. In its report, the committee found several concerns regarding the implementation of the policy. For example, there are personnel who, by the nature of their work, cannot comply with the publication requirements for tenure. According also to the report, the policy is not applicable to everyone, hence should be revised so that it would enable the use of equivalent measures of performance, or provide exemption of affected REPS from the publication requirement. Hence, the committee recommended that a group be formed to study or



▼(L-R) COMMITTEE MEMBERS Laida J. Abarquez, Vice-Chancellor Maria Victoria O. Espaldon and BIOTECH Director Reynaldo V. Ebora during consultations with REPS at BIOTECH.

create the equivalency system that is being requested by the REPS. The suggestion that the masteral-level degree should only be required for REPS occupying salary grade 15 and above has also been forwarded by the group. "For REPS with positions SG 14 and below, we may try to become more lenient in terms of equivalencies in output or performance," Dr. Espaldon, who chairs the committee, said. Another concern is that newly hired REPS are generally not allowed to study during the first year of employment. This, according to the committee, cuts the number of years for a REPS to earn his masteral degree by one year. "We think it would be better if we will have a discretionary rule which will enable units to allow their REPS to study as soon as possible," Espaldon added. The report also mentioned that the minimum requirements for the REPS

and faculty should be harmonized. Although the Board of Regents have earlier already approved the suspension of the policy from January 1 to December 31, 2013, the committee in its report also recommended that implementation be restarted on January 1, 2015. "By this time, the guidelines can be completely reviewed and revised, and the equivalency system already in place," Dr. Espaldon shared. Regardless of when these changes are instituted, the committee believes that it is a must for all hiring units to orient the new REPS employees on UPLB's renewal and tenure policies. "Units should proactively inform all its REPS constituents, as well as urge and assist those who have yet to complete the requirements," Dr. Espaldon said. The committee has already submitted its full report to the Chancellor last July 1, 2013. It is now circulated among the heads of units for comments. (Florante A. Cruz) ■


University of the Philippines Los Baños Research, Development and Extension Digest


New leaders of UPLB basic research program undergo training on project management


two-day seminar/workshop on R&D project implementation and management was held last April 15 and 16, 2013 at the Office of the Vice Chancellor for Research and Extension (OVCRE) Annex Building. The RDPIM seminar is a continuing professional development program conducted by the OVCRE for university personnel. Thirty faculty and researchers from various units of the university, with newly approved studies under the UPLB Basic Research Program, participated in the said activity. The activity mainly comprised of discussions and lectures on the basic things the selected researchers should know in the UPLB Basic Research Program. These includes six modules that were discussed by resource persons from different offices. The first day of the seminar/workshop consisted of the following modules: Overview of research and extension at

UPLB, Research proposal development and processing/implementation, monitoring and evaluation, Intellectual property rights in R&D and technology commercialization, Writing publishable articles, and Ethics of research. The second day included topics on Procurement systems/Bids and awards, and Financial management. Resource persons included the Vice Chancellor for Research and Extension, Dr. Maria Victoria O. Espaldon; Ms. Ruth M. Almario, OVCRE’s Section Coordinator for Project Development, Monitoring and Evaluation (PDMES); Mr. Elias B. Abao, Jr. of the UPLB Center for Technology Transfer and Entrepreneurship (CTTE); Dr. Evelyn Mae T. Mendoza from the CA-Crop Science Cluster, Prof. Nelson Jose Vincent Querijero from the Supply and Property Management Office, and Ms. Joan E. Mendoza, UPLB Chief Accountant. The participants eagerly listened to the discussions and participated actively

during the open fora. They asked numerous questions on the topics discussed, and these were addressed by the resource persons accordingly. Important details and reminders were reiterated to the participants throughout the whole seminar/ workshop. The resource persons also gave situational examples which the participants might experience during the progress of their researches. These gave the faculty and researchers an outlook on the things they might encounter during their research. During the opening program in the first day, Vice-Chancellor Espaldon expressed that "this will be an interesting year" given the interesting fields of the basic studies approved for 2013. She said that in time, with more funds given through the UPLB Basic Research Program, junior researchers will be able to gain more experience and help contribute to making UPLB a true world-class university comparable
Volume 5 January - December 2013



Outstanding R and E personnel, teams receive awards during UPLB anniversary week
n tradition of the celebration of its founding anniversary, the University of the Philippines Los Baños (UPLB) heralded its outstanding research and extension staff during the Convocation Program and Awarding Ceremonies for Outstanding Personnel last March 6, 2013 at the Seniors Social Garden. Leading the awarding were Chancellor Dr. Rex Victor O. Cruz and ViceChancellor for Research and Extension Dr. Maria Victoria O. Espaldon. The awarding ceremonies was made very special, by the attendance of Hon. Mario G. Montejo, Secretary of the Department of Science and Technology, and UP President Alfredo E. Pascual. The 2013 Outstanding Researcher Award (Senior Category) was given to Dr. Ireneo L. Lit, Jr., Professor 1 at the Institute of Biological Sciences, College of Arts and Sciences and current Director of the UPLB Museum of Natural History. Dr. Lit was cited for for his significant contribution to the body of knowledge on the taxonomy, biology, and ecology of various insects vital to the management of destructive


▲Dr. IRENEO L. LIT, JR., Professor 1, 2013 Outstanding Researcher (Senior Category)

pest species of industrially-important crops such as coconut, lanzones, banana, pineapple, bamboo, and other economic crops; and on the control of household and industrial food pests. On the other hand, Dr. Aimee Lynn A. Barrion-Dupo, Associate Professor 4 at the Institute of Biological Sciences, College of Arts and Sciences was awarded the 2013 Outstanding Researcher Award (Junior Category). She was chosen for her significant

contribution to the body of knowledge, particularly on the taxonomy and ecology of lesser-known groups of insects and spiders, paving the way to building a better understanding of arthropods important in maintaining the biodiversity of agro-ecosystems. The Agricultural Mechanization Development Program based at the Institute of Agricultural Engineering College of Engineering and Agroindustrial Technology won the 2013 Outstanding Research Program Award. The program was cited for its effort in developing, fabricating, and disseminating machinery and implements, which have improved the production and post-processing of major crops and non-conventional plants; for developing technologies that have made farms and communities energy-sufficient and ecologicallyfriendly; and for pursuing research that are helping policy-makers and other stakeholders address the gaps in agricultural mechanization in the country.

▲Dr. AIMEE LYNN A. BARRION-DUPO, Associate Pofessor 4, 2013 Outstanding Researcher (Junior Category)


University of the Philippines Los Baños Research, Development and Extension Digest


▲Agricultural Mechanization Development Program, 2013 Outstanding Research Program

▼CHANCELLOR Rex Victor O. Cruz

▼UP PRESIDENT Alfredo E. Pascual

Finally, the Outstanding Extension Program Award was given to the multiunit Tinig ng Agrikultura sa Barangay Radio Program for disseminating relevant agricultural and development information to several municipalities in Laguna and Batangas through a participatory, community-based weekly radio program; and for demonstrating the power of developmental broadcasting as an effective means of technology promotion and extension to farmers and other stakeholders. (Florante A. Cruz) ■

▼Tinig Ng Agrikultura Sa Barangay Radio Program, 2013 Outstanding Extension Program

Volume 5 January - December 2013



Professor Emiriti share their ideas in UPLB's Great Minds Lecture Series
n her talk entitled "Fusion of Arts and Sciences: The Third Culture?," Professor Emeritus Asuncion K. Raymundo laid out the possibilities for UP in developing the Third Culture -- the fusion of science and the arts. For Raymundo, UP should embrace this fusion as a tool in teaching and in bringing out social issues to the public. Raymundo also said that the Third Culture can be used to create ccording to Professor Emeritus Salcedo L. Eduardo, the University of the Philippines has a very rich collection of biological specimens. "These collections of animal and plant specimens contribute to the discovery, understanding and conservation of Philippine animal and plant biodiversity and therefore are resources


Professor Emeriti Dr. Asuncion K. Raymundo (CAS), Dr. Salcedo L. Eduardo (CVM), Dr. Evelyn Mae T. Mendoza (CA) and Dr. Angel L. Lambio (CA) give UPLB constituents bits of their minds during the first salvo of this lecture series, conceptualized by the UP System in honor of its newly appointed Professor Emeriti, last July 26, 2013 at the UPLB Operations Room. (Florante A. Cruz) ■


public awareness on scientific and technological advances. Should UPLB strive for an academic program on Arts/ Science Fusion? Dr. Raymundo believed so. "A Special Topic Course is a good place to start. We, therefore, need concerted and collaborative efforts to achieve this goal of developing the Third Culture in UP," Raymundo shared.



of national and international biological knowledge," intimated Dr. Eduardo. In his report, Eduardo said that UP should keep, maintain and protect these collections by providing proper housing facilities. Their access should be enhanced by online catalogues and databases. "We must also make people looking after these resources accountable and responsible," he said. rofessor Evelyn Mae T. Mendoza in her talk "Strengthening UP's Culture of Research," shared that the important factors that contribute to the building and strengthening of research culture in any institution are visionary and inspiring leaders, highly motivated and competent human resources, a nurturing environment, and adequate research budget, infrastructure and



facilities. These factors are present already in some of the university's productive research units. "However, we must still do things in order to build and/or strengthen our culture of research. Units must selfexamine; plan to meet targets, and commit themselves to achieving the goal," Mendoza said to the listeners.



hinking out of the box, Professor Emeritus Angel L. Lambio discussed "Offering a Curriculum on Inland Fisheries at UPLB: Why and How?" UPLB is not traditionally a powerhouse in fisheries, but Dr. Lambio offered several reasons why the university should look into the possibility of offering inland fisheries.

"With its strategic location, competent and well-trained technical staff, rich land resources, extensive network of collaborators, and a record of excellence in performance in Licensure exams, UPLB is sure to produce quality graduates who can focus on improving the quality of fisheries education and revitalize the fish farming industry of the Philippines," Lambio said.



University of the Philippines Los Baños Research, Development and Extension Digest


University holds strategic planning for 2014


or the first time, the Office of the Vice-Chancellor for Research and Extension (OVCRE) led the conduct of UPLB's annual strategic planning workshop. This year's workshop was held from October 28-30 at the Development Academy of the Philippines, Tagaytay City. Nearly 70 officials and representatives of various UPLB units participated in the three-day activity. According to the Chancellor, Dr. Rex Victor O. Cruz, the planning process is important in revisiting the plans the administration formulated in 2012 and for taking a look at UPLB's collective accomplishments. "We will particularly draw insights from successful implementation of programs and strengthen our resolve to push key projects to completion and fruition," the Chancellor indicated in a memorandum. Vice-Chancellor for Research and Extension Dr. Maria Victoria O. Espaldon further explained that the

workshop is a way by which university units can formulate concrete directions which shall be pursued by everyone as UPLB pursues to become a top university in the region. During the opening of the workshop, Chancellor Rex Victor O. Cruz presented the plans drawn up by the administration in 2012 and elaborated on the indicators which UPLB should perform well on in the future. During the main portion of the activities, Vice-Chancellors Dr. Oscar B. Zamora, Dr. Maria Victoria O. Espaldon, Dr. Crisanto A. Dorado, Dr. Enrique L. Tolentino and Dr. Fernando A. Sanchez, Jr. provided updates on the accomplishments of UPLB in terms of academic programs and internationalization, scientific productivity, administrative efficiency, public service, and infrastructure development; respectively. Participants were divided into six workshop groups which discussed and raised recommendations on how to further improve the university based on

the following thrusts: a) transforming UPLB into a world-class graduate university, b) rationalize the admissions system and policy, c) modernize pedagogy, d) quality assurance, e) intensify internationalization, f ) transform UPLB into a world-class research university, g) fortify UPLB as a premier public service university, h) improving on administrative efficiency, and i) modernizing infrastructure. Several recommendations were provided by the groups during the concluding portion of the workshop. Most important of these were the following: increasing faculty, staff and student mobility; improvement of administrative systems for appointments; accounting, disbursment and procurement; improving IT, water and power supply; increasing research productivity and strengthening the public service programs. The Ugnayan ng Pahinungod, led by its Director Prof. Katrina Ross Tan gave much-appreciated support by facilitating team-building activities among the officials and representatives. (Florante A. Cruz) ■
Volume 5 January - December 2013



▲UPLB REPS gather for a posterity shot before breaking into workshops groups. ► (L-R) Conference speakers: Chancellor Cruz, Abarquez, Vice-Chancellor Espaldon, Prof. Emeritus Mendoza, and Dr. Mendoza.

UPLB REPS convene on issues and challenges
espite the heavy downpour of monsoon rains and by Typhoon "Maring", nearly 200 research, extension and professional staff (REPS) attended the 2013 UPLB REPS Conference at the Nicolas Lansigan Auditorium, College of Forestry and Natural Resources on August 20, 2013. Sponsored by the Office of the ViceChancellor for Research and Extension (OVCRE) in cooperation with the the UP REPSS, Inc., the 2013 REPS Conference was conducted as the prelude to the upcoming UP Systemwide REPS Conference that will be hosted by UPLB later this year. Plenary speakers during the morning session included Chancellor Rex Victor O. Cruz, Vice-Chancellor for Research and Extension Maria Victoria O. Espaldon, Professor Emeritus and DOST Scientific Career Council Executive Secretary Dr. Eveyln Mae T. Mendoza; and Ms. Laida J. Abarquez and Dr. Danilo M. Mendoza, past and current President of the UPLB REPSS, Inc., respectively. In his welcome and plenary address, Chancellor Cruz acknowledged the


vital contribution of the REPS, both to the university and the society. He said that the administration is doing its best to pursue and sustain university efforts to achieve both academic and operational excellence -things which will bring out to fore the REPS personnel's full potential. "We are working towards several initiatives right now, including enhancing our culture of research and publishing, improving UPLB's scientific journals, pursuing innovative interdisciplinary research, and of course, improving the university's facilities, infrastructure, and utilities," the Chancellor said. The second plenary speaker, Ms. Abarquez, presented several issues and concerns which arose from the discussions during the REPS PreConference held by OVCRE and the UPLB REPSS, Inc. in March 2012. Vice-Chancellor Espaldon then gave a recap on the contribution of the REPS in terms of UPLB's intellectual productivity and the efforts of OVCRE in making research administrative processes become more streamlined.

Meanwhile, Professor Emeritus Evelyn Mae Mendoza, encouraged the REPS to really focus on research work and publishing more scientific journal articles. She suggested ways on how the REPS can become more productive in terms of publications and technology transfer. She also encouraged everyone to apply as Scientists in the DOST's Scientific Career System which would provide additional benefits to researchers. Thirteen REPS were recently conferred ranks as Scientists by the DOST SCS. The last speaker during the plenary, REPSS, Inc. President Danilo Mendoza, discussed on a proposed career path for all REPS in the UP System. Mendoza highlighted on proposals involving changing nomenclature and position titles, unified compensation structure, and tenure and promotion, among others. The remainder of the afternoon was devoted to simultaneous workshops facilitated among the REPS' occupational clusters. The outputs of the workshops will be further discussed on by the Conference Steering Committee so that it can be presentated during the UP System-


University of the Philippines Los Baños Research, Development and Extension Digest


UPLB RDE Committees elevated to Studies Centers


ore than 50 officials, special guests and members of the technical working groups (TWGs) tasked to form the planned UPLB Interdisciplinary Studies Centers (IdSCs) attended a workshop held August 28-29, 2013 at the Tagaytay International Convention Center, Tagaytay. The TWGs were created by the Chancellor to prepare the program of action for the UPLB IdSCs, namely; Food and Nutrition Security and Safety; Alternative Energy Systems; Integrated Natural Resources and Environmental Management; and Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction. During the opening of the activities, Chancellor Rex Victor O. Cruz said that the four studies centers will make the university’s research, development and extension (RDE) programs more holistic, inter- and transdisciplinary. He also reported on the significant accomplishments and directions the administration is heading towards which would support the future activities of the centers.

The Chancellor also expressed hope that with these centers, the university will be able to conduct more researches and make real impacts. “We actually want to make sure that the university’s overall impact is optimized; we can increase these impacts if we have an enhanced focus, a united direction and a sustained corporate and individual commitment,” the Chancellor pointed out. In addition, Vice-Chancellor Maria Victoria O. Espaldon said that the IdSCs are expected to accomplish among other things, the development of an interdisciplinary RDE agenda in support of the attainment of national development goals. “Although the centers will be given seed money for initial operations, they would have to develop, package and propose programs for internal and external funding,” Espaldon added. Dean Domingo E. Angeles (CA), Prof. Rex B. Demafelis (CEAT-ChemEng), Dean Juan M. Pulhin (CFNR) and Dr. Felino P. Lansigan (CAS-INSTAT),

designated as leaders of their respective TWGs presented their group’s program of action. Some of the identified activities of the centers include the following: generation of knowledge and technologies, information dissemination, public awareness and education, capability and capacity building, technical and advisory services, and the crafting of curricular proposals. One exciting recommendation raised during the workshop is for the four groups to identify and adopt a common site of operation near the campus that would serve as a laboratory cum demonstration area where the outputs of centers would be easily seen, felt and evaluated by the stakeholders. The Centers are also expected to conduct international conferences that would be sustained for several years and to come up with authoritative books and other publications in their respective areas. (Florante A. Cruz) ■

Volume 5 January - December 2013



▲VICE-CHANCELLOR MARIA VICTORIA O. ESPALDON (4th from left) discusses with other proponents the program's framework during early inception meetings.

▲COMPONENT PROJECT LEADERS AND STAFF attend an orientation on project management specific to the implementation of the program's studies.

he university was recently awarded by the Commission on Higher Education, through its Philippine Higher Education Research Network program, a generous sum of P25 M to conduct a multidisciplinary research program with focus on UPLB's traditional strengths -- agriculture, biodiversity and climate change. Vice-Chancellor for Research and Extension Dr. Maria Victoria O. Espaldon shared that the program started on June 1, 2013 and is expected to be completed on May 31, 2014. "We are happy to note that this program is a welcome boost to our efforts in staging multi-disciplinary approaches to research," she added. According to Dr. Espaldon, the program tackles the inter-relations of climate change, biodiversity and food security. The program involves four colleges. "Basically now, when we look at the effects of climate change and how to address them, we also expect to study its complex relationship with biodiversity and agricultural resources," Espaldon explained.


UPLB starts P25M CHED-funded research program on food security, biodiversity and climate change
Dr. Espaldon stated that efforts and studies related to climate change visa-vis food security and biodiversity are limited and have yet to be systematized. "So here, we aim to implement a systematized and integrated analyses of the three critical systems affecting food security, namely, agriculture, biodiversity and climate change," she added. The program therefore has three components: 1) Enhancing Food Security through Improved Resilience of Existing Agricultural Systems; 2) Sustainable Conservation of Biodiversity in Natural and Agroecosystems; and 3) Developing Climate Change-resilient Agro-ecosystems and Natural Ecosystems. The program, according to documents, aims to develop and promote alternative and adaptive farming system approaches and technologies; enhance the management of biodiversity and ecosystem services of critical ecosystems in selected watersheds in Southern Luzon; and develop climate changeresilient agro-ecosystems and selected critical natural ecosystems in selected watersheds in Southern Luzon. The outputs expected at the end of the program include the following: • Comprehensive analyses on the identification of synergistic adaptation strategies both in the agriculture and biodiversity sectors relevant to the achievement of food security; • Developed and tested adaptation technologies necessary for the achievement of resilient farming systems; • Conservation approaches for resilient terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in the Mt. Makiling, Mt. Banahaw and Mt. Guiting-Guiting watersheds; • Projections on climate change impacts, adaptation strategies, and costs of adaptation to alternative crops; and, • Developed and tested methodological frameworks and approaches in assessing climate change vulnerability and adaptation of both the agriculture and biodiversity sectors analyzed at the watershed scale. The OVCRE, through its Project Development, Monitoring and Evaluation Section, serves as the Program Management Office. (Florante A. Cruz with information from the program brochure) ■


University of the Philippines Los Baños Research, Development and Extension Digest



1st Offence – P500 2nd Offence – P1,000 3rd Offence – P2,000 4th Offence – P2,500 or imprisonment of 1 day to 6 months

UPCO Housing Forestry Campus Lower Campus

SJN-867 SJN-867 SFK-441



7:00 – 9:00 AM Monday-Thursday 9:30 – 11:30 AM Monday-Thursday 7:00 – 11:30 AM Monday-Thursday

UPLB community participation key to effective waste management



rash bins are not portals to another dimension for wastes – nope, we're very sure that they're not. The magic of losing responsibility of our wastes once we throw them to trash bins does not top the curiosity of our everyday minds. We tend to instantly lose interest to that piece of junk after we shoot that sheet of paper, food wrap or plastic bottle into the bin. What few of us know is that we are spending thousands of pesos to make all these wastes go away. This has been the topic of presentations and discussions in the 27th Talakayan Series on Environment and Development on: Solving the UPLB Waste Problem last September 11, 2013 at the NCAS Auditorium. Around 140 university constituents, with the building administrators forming a large number of the

participants, attended the event. The event took off with Dr. Leonardo Florece, Dean of the School of Environmental Science and Management (SESAM), welcoming everyone. The rest of the five-hour event was spent on presentations on the different kind of wastes which the UPLB community generates and how the way university manages the wastes. Vice-Chancellor for Community Affairs Dr. Enrique L. Tolentino Jr. started the series of presentations with an overview of the UPLB Waste Management Program. This was followed by presentations of Engr. Joseph Pagtananan, UPLB Pollution Control Officer of the Pollution Control Office (PCO), and Engr. Danny Rey Camus of the UPLB Physical Plant Management Services Office who discussed UPLB’s waste profile and the UPLB waste collection system, respectively.

Next was the presentation of Dr. Marilyn P. Reano, Director of the University Health Service (UHS), who shared the UHS' experience in waste management. The last presentation was from Dr. Flocerfida L. Amaya of the Philippine Institute of Chemical Engineers Inc.-Laguna Chapter who delivered a talk on best waste management practices of the industry sector. The event was hosted by the UPLB Environmental Science Society in partnership with the Office of the Vice-Chancellor for Community Affairs (OVCCA), SESAM, CEATDepartment of Chemical Engineering, and the Philippine Institute of Chemical Engineers-Laguna Chapter. Waste managers need help Some of the presentations showed viable solutions for the problems in

Volume 5 January - December 2013



▲DR. LEONARDO FLORECE, Dean of the School of Enviromental Science and Management.

▲DR. ENRIQUE L. TOLENTINO, JR. ViceChancellor for Community Affairs

▲ENGR. JOSEPH PAGTANANAN, UPLB Pollution Control Officer.

▲ENGR. DANNY REY CAMUS from the UPLB Physical Plant Management Services Office

▲DR. MARILYN P. REAÑO, Director of the University Health Service

▲DR. FLOCERFIDA L. AMAYA, Philippine Institute of Chemical Engineers - Laguna Chapter

UPLB's own backyard. But in order to solve waste management problems, the help and active participation of the whole UPLB community is needed. "Think green!" said Engr. Joseph Pagtananan in the start of his presentation. "We are spending over 1.8 million every year on waste disposal," he said. Although the volume of wastes have been significantly reduced by 58% in 2012 from 2010 as a result of new waste management programs and policies, Engr. Pagtananan stressed that this number could still be reduced by just following a simple five-step waste management hierarchy. "The hierarchy is Avoid, Reduce, Reuse, Recycle and Dispose," Pagtananan explains. There would be fewer wastes generated if everyone would dispose their trash only if they can’t execute the first four steps. But knowing how it is with most people, they not only fail to segregate their wastes but also tend to miss the

schedule collection by the garbage trucks. "This is a seemingly trivial matter, but it really leads to a lot of inconveniences," Engr. Danny Rey Camus shared during his presentation. According to Camus, he and his men have become frustrated of the situation. It is not uncommon for them to be at the end of a homeowner's verbal abuse because they missed picking up a bag of garbage, or because the said garbage have been scattered all over by scavenging stray animals. All because the garbage was put out in the road during hours not indicated in the pickup schedule. Operating short of facility, manpower, and equipment, Engr. Camus stressed the importance of the support from the community. According to him, the university shoulders almost 70% of the expenses for garbage collection and disposal. Garbage collection does not start and end with the rounds of garbage

trucks, explained Engr. Camus. Waste management is also a complex process, hence it is important that everyone dispose their wastes properly. The taxing reality of proper waste management does not rest solely on the shoulders of the OVCCA, the PPMSO or any other single institution; it is a shared responsibility of everyone in the community. No one wants to be bothered by unsightly and smelly garbage tumbling around Wild West style. Everyone wants a clean and green UPLB, with its fresh air sustaining the country’s best minds for scientific innovations and nurturing the best and brightest students. “Everyone must act accordingly, follow the implemented waste management programs, segregate wastes, and follow the scheduled garbage collection”, Camus said. (Daniel Dave J. Batayo) ■


University of the Philippines Los Baños Research, Development and Extension Digest


UPLB approves more awards for outstanding researchers

UP EIDR Program highlights initial accomplishments in symposium at UPLB

UPLB and partners hold nat'l confab on climate-change resilient communities

The university has recently approved a new set of guidelines for the selection of Outstanding Researchers, Research Teams, Extension Personnel and Extension Teams. But researchers would be more happy to note that based on Memorandum No. 155 Series of 2013 of the Office of the Chancellor, the Outstanding Researcher Award will now be given to qualified faculty and R&E personnel doing research on two disciplinary areas: Social Sciences and Humanities, and Natural Sciences. Vice-Chancellor for Research and Extension Dr. Maria Victoria O. Espaldon also reported that each disciplinary area may have two awardees – one each for junior and senior researcher category. Furthermore, each category shall have two awardees – one from the REPS sector, and another from the Faculty. The selection of the awardess for the Outstanding Research, Extension and Artist follows a three-stage process. Nominations are initiated at the department/ institute level, followed by further evaluation at the college level. The final selection shall be done by the University committees which shall be constituted by the Chancellor. Nomination forms are available from the OVCRE website (http://ovcre.uplb. (Florante A. Cruz) ■

The Office of the Vice President for Academic Affairs (OVPAA), led by Vice President Gisela P. Concepcion, was in town last November 26, 2013 to hold the 1st Annual Emerging Interdisciplinary Research Symposium at the UPLB Operations Room, AG Samonte Hall. The symposium, according to Vice President Concepcion was a "way to showcase the achievements of UP in cutting-edge, collaborative and multidisciplinary research." During the symposium, proponents of five projects given funding during the EIDR Cycle 1 presented the outputs of their work. The presenters were Dr. Maria Helena Yap, Dr. Armand Mijares and Dr. Genevieve Quintero of UP Diliman; Dr. Agnes Rola of CPAf, UPLB; and Dr. Junie Billones. On the other hand, eight projects funded through the EIDR Cycle 2 were presented as posters. The UP EIDR Program was started by the UP System in 2011 with an allotment of P80M/year for 5 years. Projects funded by the program are monitored and evaluated by a System Committee headed by Dr. Concepcion with members largely composed of Professor Emeriti. For more information on the EIDR program, visit the OVPAA website: (Florante A. Cruz) ■

The UPLB Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction Studies Center, in cooperation with the German-funding agency GIZ, sponsored "Learning from each other: A National Symposium on Building Blocks for Climate-Resilient Local Communities in the Philippines" last November 27-28, 2013 at the Traders Hotel Manila. Nearly a hundred academics, local government representatives and members of the civil society attended the symposium in order to share appropriate and cost-effective tools and methodologies and stories of successes in climate change adaptation. The event was also a venue for strengthening the community of practice in climate change adaptation and mitigation in the Philippines. Congresswoman Maria Leonor Gerona-Robredo of Camarines Sur delivered the keynote speech. Representatives from the LGU of Dumangas in Iloilo, Del Carmen in Surigao del Norte, Batangas City, Sta Rosa, Laguna; Manito, Albay; Marikina City and Buguias, Benguet shared their experiences in climate change adaptation. The symposium was also sponsored by the Economy and Environment Program for Southeast Asia, Climate Change Commission, Asian Development Bank and SEAMEOSEARCA. (Florante A. Cruz) ■
Volume 5 January - December 2013




he first ever system-wide REPS conference themed "Recognizing REPS' Roles, Achievements and Concerns in UP" was held last 12-13 November 2013 at BIOTECH, UPLB. The two-day conference provided a venue for the REPS of various constituent units of the University of the Philippines to echo their concerns and address issues related to their roles, qualifications, tenure and promotion. The conference was also a dialogue and exchange of ideas between the sector and the UP administration, represented by the Vice President for Academic Affairs Dr. Gisela P. Concepcion and Vice President for Administration Dr. Maragtas SV. Amante. Dr. Maria Victoria O. Espaldon, Vice-Chancellor for Research and


First System-wide conference of REPS echoes new hope for sector
Extension delivered the opening remarks of the conference in behalf of UPLB Chancellor Rex Victor O. Cruz. "Bringing together the REPS of all UP units is a dream come true!" she exclaimed. She also encouraged everyone to participate and enjoy each others company while discussing their issues and concerns. In her introduction, Vice President Concepcion pointed out the significance of the conference, saying "it will be a venue by which the administration will be able to hear the views of the REPS". She added that everyone's right is important and every achievement should be recognized. This was supported by Vice President Amante who, in behalf of UP President Alfredo E. Pascual, recognized the role of the 1,094 REPS in the whole UP System as a vital voice of the university.

▲DR. EVELYN MAE T. MENDOZA is given a plaque of appreciation by VP Concepcion and VP Amante, with the assistance of VC Espaldon.

▲DR. REYNALDO V. EBORA receives a plaque from VP Concepcion, VP Amante and Regent Ramirez, with the assistance of VC Espaldon.


University of the Philippines Los Baños Research, Development and Extension Digest

"Your success, your concerns are also our concerns," he emphasized. According to him, defining one's duties and responsibilities is crucial in crafting the career path of REPS. "Improving the incentive system for tasks well-done through fair and democratic means is very important," he added. During the first day of the conference, Professor Emeritus Evelyn Mae T. Mendoza presented on "REPS: A Force and Partner of UP Towards Attaining World Class Research University Status" and focused her discussions on the role of the REPS, the challenges they are facing, opportunities and some recommendations for the improvement of their welfare. She encouraged the REPS to produce more publications which will make UP become comparable to its Asian neighbors, and to consider applying for the Scientific Career System. She further elaborated on career progression based on scientific productivity and an incentives and rewards system to attract and retain highly-qualified research and extension personnel in the government service. In Day 2 of the conference, Director Reynaldo V. Ebora of BIOTECH discussed and shared on "UP REPS and Productivity: Realities, Opportunities and Challenges." He posed a challenging question, "Kung hindi tayo kikilos, sino ang kikilos? Kung hindi ngayon, kailan pa?" Dr. Ebora pointed out that REPS should stand up for their rights and ask for what they really deserve. He proudly shared that BIOTECH’s most valuable asset is its staff. "They are the main reason why BIOTECH has many outputs," he added. "But despite this positive outcome, there are still some challenges which we still need to look at such as job mismatch, the low ceiling of REPS salaries, low morale, inadequate laboratory facilities and infrastructure, unclear administrative policies and insufficient administrative support, and the need for more funding for research and extension," he said. However, he mentioned that there are also many opportunities/incentives and rewards available for REPS such as: the UP scientific productivity system, intellectual property commercialization and royalty sharing, foreign and local graduate studies, research funding from various agencies and research collaboration with local and foreign partners. He ended up his presentation with a statement, "Nasa pagkakaisa ang lakas, nasa pagkilos ang tagumpay!" Workshops were held during the afternoons. The groups forwarded several recommendations during the presentations. The REPS were also able to engage with the officials present and raise some issues for immediate address. The dialogue with the UP officials also resulted to the forming of an adhoc committee which will be tasked to finalize the draft REPS Manual. The drafting of the UP Systemwide REPS Manual was initiated by the sectors to serve as a standard compilation of information pertaining and related to the REPS. All the REPS in the UP system were encouraged to work hand in hand to incorporate doable action programs and important items into the REPS manual. The holding of the conference at UPLB was made possible by the close coordination of the Office of the Vice-Chancellor for Research and Extension with the UP System Steering Committee and the Office of the Vice President for Academic Affairs (Lot B. Pua) ■
▲THE LIBRARIANS, another group of Professional Staff, note down their discussions. ▲GUIDANCE COUNSELORS GROUP identifying special concerns on privileges for full-time study. ▲ONE OF THE RESEARCHERS' GROUP doing boardwork during the workshop in the first day.

▲ANOTHER GROUP OF RESEACHERS discussing several issues during the workshop.

▲EXTENSION PERSONNEL tackle recognition of the value and impact of their extension work.
Volume 5 January - December 2013



Rey Ebora

The scientist-manager


n the not too distant past, I had already heard that "there must be something really special with entomologists... they are really good at managing." I do not know if this would be a norm, and I dare not generalize, but I do feel good about saying that, yes, it is true for Dr. Reynaldo V. Ebora. Dr. Ebora, simply called Doc Rey, a native of Lopez, Quezon, is a man gracefully given with great balancing hands. And maybe quite unknown to many, Dr. Ebora is an entomologist. From afar, most would find Dr. Ebora very busy, with all his commitments within and outside of the National Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology or BIOTECH. Yes, Doc Rey is indeed like a busy insect. At the helm of the country's premier institute for agricultural, forest, environmental, energy and industrial biotechnology research and

development, he has to contend with more than 200 staff, almost half of which are scientists equally gifted with great ideas and, of course, unique tics. Dr. Ebora finds that running a research institute such as BIOTECH will exact from anyone a strong desire to deliver the best in everything. After all, biotechnology is a surging field of science, constantly being researched and debated on. It is not for the faint-hearted -- one should be armed with the right combination of resources working in symphony. In this area Dr. Ebora has obviously excelled, working incessantly to bring these resources to BIOTECH, and helping realize the institute's targets and objectives. Looking out for the people Most important of these resources Dr. Ebora has consistently given attention to is BIOTECH's manpower.

According to him, the men and women of BIOTECH are its most valuable asset. "Everyone in BIOTECH is cooperating and working together; without them BIOTECH is nothing," he added. With Dr. Ebora's leadership, the institute has already laid out plans for sending several staff for advanced training abroad in the fields of genomics, bioinformatics, nanotechnology, and intellectual property management. "We recognize the value of human capital, hence at BIOTECH, we try our best to support the aspirations of our staff for advanced degrees," Ebora said. BIOTECH has 11 researchers currently pursuing graduate studies, and in the last three years, has sent more than 80 staff for local training and attendance to conferences and workshops. The institute has also been able to send more than 40 people to attend


University of the Philippines Los Baños Research, Development and Extension Digest

◄DOC REY (leftmost) with the BIOTECH family in one of the institute's regular team-building and planning activities.

among Dr. Ebora's organizational tinkering is the revitalization of BIOTECH's Communication and Technology Transfer Program. Dr. Susana M. Mercado, developer of the microbial rennet for cheese production says that the Technology Transfer and Business Development Unit established under the program has been directly involved in the promotion of her technology all over the country. MykoVAM, a soil-based microbial inoculant developed by Dr. Nelly S. Aggangan, is now making headways in many parts of the country, thanks to the program Dr. Ebora has set up. Championing BIOTECH Where not too many venture lest they encounter diatribes and unending intellectual jousts, Dr. Ebora has staunchly championed the beneficial use biotechnology. He is one of the country's foremost advocates on biotechnology-related issues such as those on Bt eggplant and Bt corn. And with him as a focal person, BIOTECH is now recognized as a lead agency in the use, protection and conservation of biodiversity. Infatigueable manager Dr. Rey Ebora, although a scientist at heart, is also a tireless leader, a singular force and invisible hand behind the wheels and gears of BIOTECH. Summing the words of BIOTECH's staff who endorsed a second term of directorship for Dr. Ebora, his work ethic and dedication truly inspires and reinvigorates. And going back to that management question earlier, yes, Dr. Ebora is an example of a scientist-manager. ■
Volume 5 January - December 2013

international trainings, workshops and conferences. But according to Ebora, there are more things to be done specially to support the young researchers of BIOTECH. "Mentoring is crucial to bridge the gap between the technical capacity of senior and junior researchers," he emphasized. Promoting social order In management discussions, there is popular question, "Can scientists manage science?" The innate skill to lead, and lead with passion and inspiration is an ability which has evaded the possession of even the most brilliant of academics. But according to Ms. Liza Custodio, BIOTECH's supervising administrative officer, Dr. Ebora has stayed on top of the heap, carefully adjusting and making sure that BIOTECH runs like a hive. She adds, "Dr. Ebora believes in the value of working as a team rather than in groups." That is why at BIOTECH, considerable efforts have been poured into team-building activities as a means of promoting trust and teamwork. "Trust is the most important thing in an organization," Dr. Ebora usually shares.

(Re)building the nest Faced with the challenges of the use of agricultural biotechnology for Philippine development, Dr. Ebora is helping BIOTECH propel itself for a "productive" storm. When he assumed directorship of BIOTECH in 2010, Ebora and his management team buckled to work and reorganized the institute's flagship programs into Agricultural and Forest Biotechnology; Natural Products Biotechnology and Bioinformatics; Food Safety and Functional Food Biotechnology; and Industrial and Environment Biotechnology. Ebora's leadership saw effective resource-generation which has given high priority to projects that would have more immediate impact. From 2010 to 2013, BIOTECH has been able to receive more than Php 200M in grants. With Dr. Ebora's incessant prodding and lobbying, BIOTECH in 2012 was able to rehabilitate its almost 50-year old pilot plant through a Php 20 M grant from Philippine Council for Industry and Emerging Technologies Research and Development. There are many more accomplishments, proof of Dr. Ebora's commitment to make BIOTECH efficient and fullyequipped. But most commendable



Linda Peñalba
Epitome of resilience


esiliency has been the buzzword for the international media during its coverage of the plight of individuals who survived the wrath of the typhoon Yolanda. Defined in dictionaries as "Marked by the ability to recover readily, as from misfortune," resilient is an apt description of how the Filipino people have stood against great trials. This description also rings true to one of the most accomplished researchers and an associate professor at the University of the Philippines Los Baños’ (UPLB) College of Public Affairs and Development (CPAf ). She has endured a personal storm that would have brought anyone into the depths of depression. Gone are the days when she last saw something beautiful, as when the

sun shone to wake the earth from its slumber. Two decades ago, the sun has forever set in her eyes and she was plunged into the darkest night. But she stood her ground, pressed on, and in the midst of all the blackness she became a flicker of hope that grew into a raging fire of courage. When a disease blanketed her in an eternal darkness, she became the brightest light to those around her. Here is another story of resilience, the story of Dr. Linda M. Peñalba. In fading light Dr. Peñalba is one of the most proactive members of UPLB’s science community. She is an expert in land resource management, agrarian policies, biotechnology policies and climate change adaptation. She is a

simple woman but there are more to her than what meets the eye. "She is an exceptional woman," says Dulce D. Elazegui, a University Researcher and Dr. Peñalba's colleague at the College of Public Affairs and Development. "I’ve long been impressed on how she works things out, she’s just not smart– she’s very sharp." A native of Laguna, Dr. Peñalba was born in the town of Alaminos. She had her elementary studies in a community school in Barangay San Idelfonso, and finished high school at the Marcelino Memorial Academy. She attended UPLB where she took up Bachelor of Science in Agriculture, majoring in Agricultural Economics. After graduation, she worked as a Research Aide in a project based at the


University of the Philippines Los Baños Research, Development and Extension Digest

Department of Agricultural Economics and then had a short stint at the Bureau of Animal Industry in Sta. Mesa, Manila. Dr. Peñalba returned to UPLB in 1972 and became involved in a collaborative project between UPLB, SEARCA and the then PCARRD. Afterwards, she worked for the former Agrarian Reform Institute (ARI) which was at that time under the Office of the Chancellor. With a scholarship from the Ford Foundation, she then pursued her MS Agricultural Economics degree on study leave at the UPLB College of Economics and Management. Dr. Penalba returned to ARI after finishing her MS degree. Three years later, she flew to the University of Wisconsin, USA for doctoral studies. She obtained her Doctor of Philosophy Degree in Environmental Studies in 1985. She returned to UPLB as a researcher and later became a faculty when ARI was transformed into the Institute of Agrarian Studies (IAST). Since then she has taught and conducted research, and even became director of the institute for some time. Dr. Peñalba was respected in her field. "She was looked upon by the younger researchers," shared Flordeliza A. Sanchez, a University Researcher who works closely with Dr. Peñalba. "She was very organized and systematic in dealing with her work." "Best of all, she was a good mentor and also accepts constructive criticisms to her work even from the younger researchers,” Sanchez added. All has been going well for Dr. Peñalba; she was at the prime of her career. She enjoyed her teaching, research and extension work. Everything seemed perfect, and then tragedy struck. Grappling with darkness "We were attending a conference in SEARCA," Sanchez recalls. "She said there's something wrong with her eyes." Sanchez further narrated that Dr. Peñalba began having headaches and blurred vision. She said that Dr. Peñalba confided that her vision while was obscured by halos. In 1994, after a series of consultations with an ophthalmologist, Dr. Peñalba learned that she has glaucoma. Glaucoma is a disorder affecting the eyes. It has been dubbed as the "silent thief of sight" due to a slow but gradual loss of vision over time, symptoms often only occurs during the advanced stages of the disease. Her right eye was affected first, and then it took also her left. Shortly after, Dr. Peñalba fully lost her vision. "During those days when she learned that she lost her vision, I never saw her falter or even cry," said Sanchez. "Life went on as if nothing happened." Peñalba underwent various treatments in attempt to regain her vision. She had laser operation twice, but it proved ineffective. She also tried alternative medicine but also to no avail. The reality then dawned on her, she's blind. "I never became depressed. There was an adjustment period of course, but I managed," shared Dr. Peñalba. It was trying times for her and her family, she agreed. But she said that she learned to adapt, that there was just so many work to be done and she had no time to be depressed. She lay low on her work for roughly a month and then gradually came back. "Nothing really changed on how she works after the incident,” said Sanchez. "It's amazing how she can get things done.” Silver linings In time, she learned how to continue working even blind. She was able to establish a system for getting things done with the help of her colleagues. She has also forged an intimate relationship with the people she works with. With the help of her family, friends and colleagues, Dr. Peñalba jumped back into her normal routine as if nothing happened. She learned how to use the latest gadgets, dress herself up and even shop for her own clothes. She was not only a contributor to researches but also served as project leader to many of them. This woman puts to shame a lot of people who have all their senses intact. She has published and presented papers in national and international fora. Her excellent work has gained the attention of various international agencies, who gave out invitations to work with her. What's truly amazing about this woman is the positive energy that surrounds her and her passion to serve the public through her expertise. She could have stopped and simply wallowed in her circumstances, however, she chose to live on and be a productive member of society. Life gave Dr. Peñalba a truckload of lemons, and she made the best lemonade out of it. She may have lost her eyesight, but she never lost her vision and positive perspective. Everyone who gets to know her cannot help but ask, "If she can achieve all this, what is your excuse that you cannot?" ■

Volume 5 January - December 2013


he mystique and wonders of Mt. Makiling have long enchanted locals and visitors alike. As one of the most famous mountains in the country's largest island, it has been the subject of many folklores and legends. Even our national hero, Gat Jose Rizal who was born in Calamba with the mountain serving as a picturesque background, had his fair share of stories about the mountain and its legendary deity Maria Makiling. The mountains importance spans across the cultural and ecological heritage of towns surrounding the area. Folklores, nymphs, and legends aside, researchers and scientists further highlight the significance of Mt. Makiling with the advent of global concern for biodiversity. Mount Makiling is part of the Mt. Makiling Forest Reserve (MFR), recognized as one of the megadiverse tropical forests in the Philippines and in the region. The Philippine government has listed it as one of the 170 conservation priority areas. This means that the MFR abounds with flora and fauna, some species of which are classified as vulnerable, endangered, and threatened. The MFR also have species that are endemic to the area, which means that they can not be found anywhere else in the world. It is no wonder that researchers and scientists flock to the reserve to study its various life forms. Biodiversity The MFR is named as one of the world's biological hotspots. According to Dr. Damasa M. Macandog,



Mount Makiling Online

Professor at the Institute of Biological Sciences of UPLB, it means that the MFR is an area with a high concentration of endemic species experiencing a loss of habitat. Priority care should be given to these hotspots as they occupy only 1.4 per cent of the earth's land surface.

Decades of studies of the MFR have produced vast amounts of scientific knowledge and information on local biodiversity. The Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) have once stated that studies on biodiversity is of prime importance


University of the Philippines Los Baños Research, Development and Extension Digest

as it provides vital information on life support systems such as food, shelter, medicine and livelihood. Documents borne out of MFR’s exploration and studies are however fragmented and sporadic, says Dr. Macandog. She furthers that no clearing house exists to centralize the biodiversity information. Because of this, retrieval of biodiversity information for further studies is quite difficult. Digital Tome To address this issue, Dr. Macandog along with Prof. Fermin Roberto Lapitan, Christian Paul De La Cruz, and Teodorico Marquez, Jr. of the Institute of Computer Science launched the Makiling Biodiversity Information System (MakiBIS) project. MakiBIS sought to develop an online biodiversity system aimed to be shared globally following the standards of the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF). This database would also be able to conduct mining and metaanalysis relevant to conservation and protection. The project would also help generate synthetic information which can be subsequently disseminated to the concerned agencies such as DENR. “MakiBIS is also capable of generating a report of all species information it contains using the Darwin Core format. This format allows the information to be shared to other biodiversity information systems that use the Darwin Core format as well”, said Prof. Lapitan. He furthers that, “As of now MakiBIS is installed on a local machine at the Ecoinformatics Lab in IBS and is still being populated with data by research assistants." "Eventually we are going to launch it online once we have enough data so that other users, especially UPLB students, will be able to use it," the proponent added. MakiBIS will also serve as a prototype for a Philippine Biodiversity Information System. ■

Intercropping banana with coconut a proven technological success



ruitful but lengthy, such is the process involved in planting coconuts – and by lengthy, it means an average of ten years before the farmer can truly taste the fruits of his labor. In that span of ten years, a lot of things could have happened. The farmer’s children could have hit their teenage years and some could be already in college. The family would now be burdened with bills and tuition fees to pay, not to mention the daily allowances to give to the kids. With all these money problems, Farmer Juan dela Cruz may have ended up scratching the back of his head, casting

a long look at his coconut trees, and thinking, if only he could plant gold bars instead. But he can not and he would just have to wait. After all, patience is a farmer's best virtue. But why count on coconut alone when a farmer can maximize the use of his farm by also planting bananas. A field study done in the provinces of Laguna, Quezon and Bohol suggests that coconut farmers need not rely solely on their coconut produce. They can now take advantage of a planting system that makes use of tissue-cultured banana as an intercrop

to coconut. This technology can be adopted by old and new coconut farmers alike. The project is a collaboration of the College of Agriculture - Crop Science Cluster, UPLB Foundation Inc. (UPLBFI), and the Federation of Free Farmers (FFF). The project was conducted from August 2009 to April 2012 and was spearheaded by Dr. Edna A. Aguilar (Project Leader), Lavernee Gueco (Study Leader), Amihan Jonos (FFF Project Coordinator) Aurora Caridad Morales provided Administrative support.
Volume 5 January - December 2013



▲Integrating S&T based Lakatan banana production with coconut farming can enhance productivity of coconut farms as well as increase and stabilize income of coconut farmers.

Banana as intercrop and companion crop According the project's recent report, "Banana is the most economically important fruit crop in the Philippines and one of the few locally-grown fruits that is produced and available yearround. Yet, its potential to contribute to food security, nutrition and poverty alleviation is yet to be realized." Farmers, specifically those engaged in producing coconut, can take advantage of banana by intercropping them and using it as a companion crop. Farmers can augment their income with banana while waiting for the produce of their coconuts. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) simply defines intercropping as the growing of two or more crops at the same time. In this project, tissue-cultured Lakatan and Saba banana were promoted and used as a viable intercrop in many coconut farms. "To implement the project, we tapped the farmers' cooperatives established by the FFF in identified project sites,"

Dr. Aguilar said. According to the project leader, the farmer-cooperators in the different project sites were provided a banana technology package that was refined and tested by the Crop Science Cluster in two previous projects. "This package included trainings on tissue culture grow out nursery establishment, growing of tissue cultured bananas, a Lakbay Aral to farms of successful banana growers, and a continuous on-farm monitoring and farmer mentoring," Dr. Aguilar shared. The planting system recommended by the technology package is very simple. According to the technology, the ideal is to plant banana with a spacing of 3 x 3 meters in a single row in between two rows of fully-grown coconuts. If the banana is to be planted within young coconuts, a double row of 3 x 3 meters or 2.5 x 3 meters can be established. If monocropping banana, a spacing of 2.5 x 2.5 meters in a triangular pattern can be used. Project Success The project was an overwhelming success with outputs exceeding targets.

There were 57 science and technologybased farms established in the identified project sites which are now employing the coconut-banana cropping system. “We are very happy with this turnout since we have only targeted 33 farms," Dr. Aguilar reported. “But now two grow out nurseries have already been established after the trainings, one each for Bohol and Sta. Cruz in Laguna, and from a price of 25 pesos per plantlet, the price can be lowered to 19 pesos after two cycles." she added. On the stakeholder's level, a lot of farmers learned the scientific method of growing tissue-cultured Lakatan and Saba. Their use of banana maximized their land and resulted to a higher income. The average yield of the farmers range from 11.5 to 17.4 kilo per bunch and the breakeven yield is 6.5 kilo at 25 pesos per kilo. At the end of the project, everybody was happy. "Fortunately enough, the collaboration we had with the coconut sector has pushed banana intercropping as a viable technological intervention to improve food security and income of coconut farmers," the project leader surmised. ■


University of the Philippines Los Baños Research, Development and Extension Digest



UPLB researchers combat malnutrition through Quality Protein Maize
is promoting the IPB Var 6 corn variety as an alternative staple. IPB Var 6 is a quality protein maize or QPM which contains higher protein and essential amino acids like lysine and tryptophan that are deficient in ordinary corn or rice. Aside from being a low glycemic index (GI) food, this corn variety is also rich in minerals and antioxidants which are good for our body. According to consumers, QPM processed into grits and cooked tastes like just rice. Results of feeding program In 2007 and 2008, the IHNF conducted several studies on malnourished children that have been fed with IPB Var 6 corn grits. From December 2012 to March, IPB organized a feeding program at Bernardo N. Calara Elementary School, Anos, Los Baños for 140 underweight children. The140 school children came from different grade levels. The children were grouped into two, 70 children were fed with pure rice and another 70 with rice-corn blend. A balanced meal plan was prepared by a nutritionist for the children, incorporating vegetables and fish or meat during their daily lunch. Results of the feeding program showed


ood is a necessity for life. But more than mere food, adequate and nutritious food is more crucial for a child's healthy development. A child who does not get the right amount of nutrients in his or her food may grow up stunted and sickly. According to the 2008 National Nutrition Survey of the Food and Nutrition Research Institute of the Department of Science and Technology (DOST-FNRI), the prevalence of underweight children in the country aged 6-10 years increased from 22.8 percent in 2005 to 25.6 percent in 2008. This is roughly equivalent to 2.6 million children. Obviously, one of the causes of having underweight children is the lack of adequate and nutritious food due to poverty. While the government and private sectors are doing something to tackle the bigger issue of poverty, one of their initiatives is to immediately address the malnutrition problem through feeding programs for school children. At UPLB, researchers are stepping up their contributions in combatting malnutrition in their own backyards. Currently, the Crop Science ClusterInstitute of Plant Breeding and the Institute of Human Nutrition and Food of the College of Human Ecology

a significant increase in weight of children from the two groups. The group fed with pure rice showed an average increase of 1.49 kg. However, the group fed with rice-corn blend had higher weight gain with an average of 1.84 kg per child. Also, based on the body mass index or BMI measurements of the children, the nutritional status of 121 of 140 children were categorized as normal, elevated from undernourished, after the feeding program. After the feeding program, six school children from group fed with pure rice were categorized as underweight. Meanwhile, from the group fed with rice-corn, no one was left underweight. The study showed that the use of rice-corn blend is recommended to effectively address nutritional concerns of our school children. Cheaper and with higher nutritional value, QPM is a cheap and locally producible energy food. At present, IPB is still supporting the feeding program in BN Calara Elementary School by providing corn grits for the children. With the combined efforts of parents, teachers, the government and private sectors, QPM may offer a solution towards building the mass base for more productive citizens of tomorrow. (Lot B. Pua and Artemio M. Salazar) ■
Volume 5 January - December 2013





VetMed promotes better animal welfare with spay and neuter program
with mongrels forming the majority. UPLB Chancellor Rex Victor Cruz was one of the pet owners who availed of the free spay and neuter for his two cats. When asked why he had his two cats spayed and neutered, Chancellor Cruz echoed the reason of many of the pet owners, "I don’t want them to reproduce. I already have too many [cats]." Through the Spay and Neuter Campaigns, the College of Veterinary Medicine aimed to help control animal population especially that of stray cats and dogs. In turn, this would indirectly help prevent the spread of zoonotic diseases such as rabies, a viral disease prevalent in stray animals. The activity was made possible through the sponsorship of various private companies and the participation of staff and volunteers such as : alumni veterinarians and veterinary student interns. Ducusin explained that the volunteer vets, who all are graduates of the university, don't receive anything in exchange for their service. He furthered that the activity has provided the volunteer vets the opportunity to give back to the community as well as catch up with colleagues. There were 65 volunteer vets who participated in the Diliman leg and 85 volunteer vets in the Los Baños leg. See you next year For those who missed this year's Spay and Neuter Campaign, look out for announcements for the next year's staging. Just be reminded that a blood chemistry examination is required at least two to five days before surgery to determine if the animals are healthy to undergo surgery. The actual surgery is around 2 hours which include a 10 minute physical exam, 15 minute administration of anaesthesia, 15-30 minute surgery, and 1 hour recovery. Full recovery of the animal is expected after one week. (Daniel Dave J. Batayo) ■

ore than 50 pet owners grabbed the opportunity to have their beloved animals treated for free at the 5th Spay and Neuter Campaign hosted by the Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences (DVCS) and the UP Veterinary Teaching Hospital (VTH). The two-legged event was conducted in VTH Diliman and VTH Los Baños last September 7 and 21, 2013, respectively. "This is one of the extension activities conducted by the College of Veterinary Medicine," according to Dr. Rio John T. Ducusin, Department Chair of DVCS. "It is an opportunity for pet owners to have their cats and dogs treated for free," he added. There were 5 cats and 37 dogs treated in Diliman and 16 cats and 17 dogs treated in Los Baños. Various breeds of cats and dogs underwent treatment,


University of the Philippines Los Baños Research, Development and Extension Digest


UPLB CHED PHERNET Program trains SUCs on research management


▼VICE-CHANCELLOR DR. MARIA VICTORIA O. ESPALDON, in her opening, encourages the exchange of experiences among the participants.

▼DR. ROGELIO V. CUYNO, retired professor of management and former Chancellor of UP Mindanao serves as the course's main facilitator.

▼uplb ctte director dr. enrico p. supangco talks about the passion as key ingredient in conducting research while in the academe.

▼ASST. PROF. MAYO GRACE C. AMIT of the College of Public Affairs and Development discusses leadership in the context of research.

▼DR. MELANDA F. LUMANTA, Professor at the UP Open University, talks on how to bring the best out in people, specially knowledge workers.

▼DR. REX L. NAVARRO, former ICRISAT Director of Strategic Marketing & Communication talks on communication for


he UPLB Commission on Higher Education (CHED) Philippine Higher Education Research Network (PHERNet), coordinated by the Office of the Vice-Chancellor for Research and Extension held a two-day Intensive Training Course on Research Project Implementation last 21-22 November 2013 at the Obdulia F. Sison Hall, UPLB, College, Laguna. More than 30 supervisors and research assisants from ten higher education institutions (five private and five public) participated in the training.

The course was designed to enrich research supervisors/project leaders of HEIs who have been awarded research funding through the CHED PHERNet Program with supervisory and managerial skills, tools, concepts and practices. The relevant contents were centered on implementation management tools, concepts, principles, and best practices placed in the hands of a project leader. The course modules were comprised mostly of lectures, sharing of experiences between and among participants, and case studies.

According to UPLB CHED PHERNet program leader and Vice-Chancellor for Research and Extension Dr. Maria Victoria O. Espaldon, "the course should enable better project implementation by the HEIs and make the whole PHERNet program more effective vis-a-viz its deliverables." Several staff of the CHED Office of Planning, Research and Knowledge Management also attended in order to discuss the commission's grant-in-aid program and to answer queries from those involved in the PHERNET program. (Florante A. Cruz) ■
Volume 5 January - December 2013




Tech transfer office orients officials on new rules and regulations


he UPLB Center for Technology Transfer and Entrepreneurship (UPLB CTTE) in cooperation with the UP System Technology Transfer and Business Development Office (TTBDO) conducted an orientation on the UP Revised IPR Policy for UPLB administrators and officials on April 30, 2013 at the OVCRE Annex Building. Thirty-seven UPLB officials and staff attended the said orientation. Fifteen of them came from different staff units of the UPLB Central Administration; eighteen from colleges and departments; and four staff represented the UPLB CTTE. Dr. Reynaldo L. Garcia, Director and Atty. Elizabeth R. Pulumbarit, Legal Counsel of the UP TTBDO, respectively served as the resource speakers. The orientation covered discussions on intellectual property (IP) ownership, rights of inventors and creators of IP, trademark licensing, royalty sharing and guidelines on laboratory notebooks as well as the provision on student's ownership of theses and dissertations.

On the other hand, Dr. Enrico P. Supangco, Director of the UPLB CTTE presented the current activities and initiatives of the center in protecting the university's IP assets and maximizing its potential benefits through technology commercialization. The initiatives presented included the evaluation of undergraduate and graduate theses, evaluation of research projects, evaluation of papers and posters for presentation in scientific
First P200,000.00 Author(s), Inventor(s), or Creator(s) UP System – Technology Transfer and Development Office UPLB Central Administration College of the author(s), inventor(s), or creator(s) Unit of the author(s), inventor(s), or creator(s) UPLB CTTE 60% 100%

conferences, continuous training of IP representatives of units and colleges, and the development of an audiovisual presentation on IPR policies which will be used in orienting newly-hired employees and freshmen students. Dr. Supangco also presented the UPLB royalty sharing policy (summary table presented below) which was approved by the UPLB Executive Committee last February 26, 2013. (Perrose L. Comendador) ■
Intended Use Incentive for the inventors 15% IP Management Cost

Excess of P200,000.00 40%


For the improvement/operations of laboratories and other common facilities R&D fund and support services



R&D fund and support services


IP management cost and expenses; science and technology capacity building; technology transfer activities; operations of technology licensing office






University of the Philippines Los Baños Research, Development and Extension Digest


EUCLID CAEZAR of Famous Belgian Waffles


MANUEL CHAVEZ of Biospark Corp.

Technology boot camp held by UPLB CTTE


orty-five participants composed of undergraduate students, faculty, researchers and staff completed the UPLB CTTE's first-ever training camp on enterprise creation and business development held last April 22-25, 2013. Representatives from the Philippine Carabao Center and incubatees of the DOST-UPLB Technology Business Incubator (TBI) also attended the four-day event. The training camp was conducted to assist the participants in starting their own technology-based businesses by teaching them the basic principles of enterprise development. Industry practitioners from Go Negosyo, faculty from the College of Economics and Management, representatives from the Department of Trade and Industry-Laguna and the Security Exchange Commission came and served as resource persons. Topics discussed by the experts included the following: Unleashing the

Entrepreneurial Mindset; Developing Business Concepts; Strategic Marketing; Costing and Pricing of Products; Sources of Financing; Accounting for Non-accountants, Team Management; and Business Registration for Sole Proprietorship and Corporation. The UPLB CTTE also presented the university policies on intellectual property rights and technology transfer, including some success stories in technology commercialization. Mr. Manuel Chavez, President of Biospark Corporation, an incubatee company of the DOST-UPLB TBI, also shared their experiences and milestones as a start-up company. During the third day of the training camp, facilitators asked the participants to form teams to discuss possible business concepts they could venture into. On the last of day of training, 10 teams delivered their elevator pitches to a set of panelists composed

of representatives from the Laguna Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Department of Science and Technology Region IV-A, Land Bank of the Philippines and Technology Resource Center. The panelists evaluated the viability of the teams' business concepts based on creativity, originality, market potential, business model and management team. They gave positive feedback and recommendation on all business concepts for the development of a full business plan. The training camp was concluded with the awarding of certificates of completion to the participants. The 10 teams which successfully completed the training camp were officially accepted as pre-incubatees of the DOST-UPLB TBI. The UPLB CTTE staff has provided technical assistance to these teams in developing full-blown business plans. (Perrose L. Comendador) ■
Volume 5 January - December 2013



▲ AGRI GOES GREEN. Chancellor Rex Victor O. Cruz, assisted by Vice-Chancellor for Research and Extension Maria Victoria O. Espaldon and College of Agriculture Dean Domingo E. Angeles, opens the Green Agriculture Fair and Exhibit at the CA Agri Park last March 6, 2013.

▲ CA REVISITS RDE. Research and extension coordinators of the College of Agriculture, led by their College Research Coordinator Dr. Romeo V. Labios, conducts a workshop to re-examine and refine the college's research and extension thrusts, directions and programs last January 21, 2013.

▲ NUMBER CRUNCHERS' DAY OUT. Selected math teachers all over Laguna get their fingers tapping as they try software to solve problems in an intensive Research Summer School on Algebraic Combinatorics sponsored by the Commission on Higher Education and conducted by the Institute of Mathematical Sciences and Physics on May 20-23, 2013.

▲ A NEW HOME FOR SYENSAYA. SyenSaya's 2013 edition was held in the more spacious E.B. Copeland Gymnasium, the first time since the exhibit was conceptualized in 2008. The Los Baños Science Community Foundation, Inc. held the SyenSaya from July 31 to August 2, 2013 in celebration of the National S and T Week.

▲ AT THE AGRI-FISHERIES EXHIBIT. UPLB officials and visitors gather at the joint exhibit of UPLB and UPLB Foundation, Inc. at the annual agriculture and fisheries technology and product exhibition of the Department of Agriculture - Bureau of Agricultural Research last August 8-11, 2013 at the SM MegaTrade Hall II, Mandaluyong City.

▲ WOMEN'S MARCH. Vice-Chancellor Maria Victoria O. Espaldon, a firm supporter of women's rights, addresses faculty, students and supporters during the UPLB Gender Center's symbolic parade to celebrate International Women's Day last March 8, 2013.


University of the Philippines Los Baños Research, Development and Extension Digest


▲ NANOTECH MEETING. Vice-Chancellor Maria Victoria O. Espaldon and Dr. Milagros M. Peralta lead discussions between UPLB Nanotechnology Program proponents and representatives of the Philippine Council for Industry, Energy and Emerging Technology Research and Development last February 8, 2013.

▲ POLITICS OF RENEWABLE ENERGY Dr. Liborio S. Cabanilla, former CEM Dean, discussed the promises of renewable energy development as a postive political and economic agenda last June 27, 2013 at the ICOPED Auditorium, College of Economics and Managment.

▲ ATTACKERS BEWARE. Prof. Josefina L. Salivas, OASH coordinator, highlights the importance of being able to defend yourself during the Practical Self-Defense Training held by the UPLB Gender Center at the Copeland Gym last July 5, 2013. The event was participated by over 100 women faculty, staff and students.

▲ CORN GRITS FOR MALNUTRITION. Dr. Artemio M. Salazar, head of Corn RDE team discussed the results of the feeding program at BN Calara Elementary School, Anos, Los Banos, Laguna. The group fed with rice-corn blend had higher weight gain compared to the group fed with rice alone.

▲ IS BIOTECH FOOD SAFE? Dr. Antonio C. Laurena, research professor at the Crop Science Cluster- Institute of Plant Breeding talked about "Safety of Conventional and Biotech Food: How Safe is Safe?" on 20 June 2013 at the Agronomy Building, UPLB.

▲ LOOKING FORWARD. Historian, anthropologist and the proponent of the Pantayong Pananaw, Dr. Zeus Salazar talks about Philippine revolution hero Andres P. Bonifacio last March 8, 2013 at the New CAS Auditorium during the Bonifacio@150 celebration on occasion of the hero's sesquicentennial.

Volume 5 January - December 2013



▲ UPLB OFFICIALS AND GUESTS led by Chancellor Rex Victor O. Cruz, former UP President and UPLB Chancellor Emil Q. Javier, UPLB Alumni Association Inc. Board Chairman Dr. Elpidio L. Rosario gather at the Pook Pinagtatagan on March 6, 2013 during UPLB's Foundation Anniversary Celebrations.

▲ MICROBES, METALS AND MINERALS. Dr. Derek Amores of McMaster University, Ontario, Canada discusses "Microbes, Metals and Minerals: How Biological Activities Impact Pollution Cycling" during the 26th Talakayan Series on Environment and Development sponsored by the School of Environmental Science and Management.

▲ "FOOD DESERTS" AND CHILD OBESITY. Dr. Pedro L. Alviola IV, Adjunct Professor at University of Arkansas explains in a special seminar last April 15, 2013 at the CEM Lecture Hall that children living in low income areas become obese, because their parents buy energy-dense food from convenience and fast foods stores.

▲ JOLLIBEE GOES TO UPLB. Official and other representatives of the Jollibee Group Foundation, National Livelihood Development Council and Catholic Relief Services came to UPLB CTTE, BIOTECH and the Crop Science Cluster last June 13, 2013, accompanying more than 50 farmers who were participants of the Farmer Entrepreneurship Program.

▲ HEARING OF REVOLUTION. Historian, anthropologist and the proponent of the Pantayong Pananaw, Dr. Zeus Salazar talks about Philippine revolution hero Andres P. Bonifacio last March 8, 2013 at the New CAS Auditorium during the Bonifacio@150 celebration on occasion of the hero's sesquicentennial.


University of the Philippines Los Baños Research, Development and Extension Digest


▲ TALKING ABOUT MODELS. Dr. Alexis Tan, Professor of Communication at Washington State University talked on Communication and Social Change: Evolving Models last January 17, 2013 at the UPLB Operations Room, AG Samonte Hall. The seminar was sponsored by the College of Development Communication.

▲ INTERNATIONALIZATION. Dr. Teofilo C. Daquila, Associate Professor of Southeast Asian Economics at the National University of Singapore presents "Internationalization of Higher Education in Singapore" during the Symposium on Internationalization of Higher Education last January 23, 2013 at the ICOPED Auditorium.

▲ RECOGNIZING CONTRIBUTION. Dr. Libertado C. Cruz, Executive Director of the Philippine Carabao Center is honored by the Philippine Society of Animal Science in its PSAS Lecture Series: A Tribute to Outstanding Animal Scientists of the Philippines last March 15, 2013 at the Animal Science Lecture Hall, Bienvenido Gonzales Complex, UPLB.

▲ WORD WEAVER. Dr. Bienvenido Lumbera, National Artist for Literature, shares his poem during the opening ceremonies of the 2013 Arts Month Opening held in front of the DL Umali Auditorium last February 1, 2013. The 2013 Arts Month celebration at UPLB was spearheaded by the Office for Initiatives in Culture and the Arts.

▲ LAGUNA E-CODE WORKSHOP. Prof. Rico C. Ancog helps facilitate the workshop of the participants during the 2nd Multi-Sectoral Consultation for the development of the environmental code of Laguna spearheaded by the School of Environmental Science and Management on January 24, 2013 at the UPLB Operations Room, AG Samonte Hall.

▲ VISITORS FROM KANSAS. Dr. Edwin A. Combalicer, Associate Dean of the College of Forestry and Natural Resources, along with other officials from UPLB meets with several professors and directors from Kansas State University during a courtesy call last January 30, 2013 at the Office of the Chancellor.

Volume 5 January - December 2013



▲ WITH DA SEC. PROCESO J. ALCALA PRESIDING, members of the advisory board of the Institute of Plant Breeding and National Crop Protection Center of the College of Agriculture discuss organizational and research matters last January 11, 2013 at the IPB administration complex. ◄ TAIWANESE CONNECTIONS. Physics students and faculty, led by Prof. Lou Serafin Lozada pose with speakers Prof. Quark Yung-Sung Chen, Assoc. Prof. Feng-Chuan Chuang, and Prof. Der-Jun Jang of National Sun Yat-Sen University of Taiwan after a special seminar held last January 18, 2013 at the UPLB Operations Room.

Official Research, Development and Extension Newsletter of the University of the Philippines Los Baños

The RDE Digest
managing editor/ layout writers/ photographers/ contributors
Florante A. Cruz

is published semi-annually by the Office of the Vice-Chancellor for Research and Extension (OVCRE), University of the Philippines Los Baños (UPLB). Contributions related to research and extension from UPLB faculty and staff are welcome. Please send manuscripts and digital photographs via email: Comments on the published content can also be sent through the same email address. Requests for use of content for publication should be addressed to the Editors. For inquiries, please contact us at: Information Management and Technology Utilization Section OVCRE Building, Kanluran cor. Lanzones Roads, UPLB, College, Laguna 4031 Philippines Tel. No. (63) 49 536-5326 , VOIP: 1520, Email:

The RDE Digest

Florante A. Cruz • Daniel Dave J. Batayo • Lolita B. Pua Perrose L. Comendador • Nissi Aline S. Alvarez Simplicio Q. Veluz • Joseph Lydio R. Roble III Rio John T. Ducusin • Alecsa Geronimo Artemio M. Salazar

production/ circulation adviser

Ana Lisa G. Gabatin • Alex C. Genil Maria Victoria O. Espaldon


University of the Philippines Los Baños Research, Development and Extension Digest