P. 1
Light Emitting Diodes

Light Emitting Diodes

|Views: 221|Likes:
Published by Hafizul Hanis
presentation on instrumentation course
title was LED
presentation on instrumentation course
title was LED

More info:

Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Hafizul Hanis on Oct 17, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PPT, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less





Light Emitting Diodes

Instrumentasi dan Mikroproses

• • • • light can be directly generated very compact and lightweight packages mechanically very robust can tolerate even severe mechanical shocks, the color tone can be adjusted by adjusting the relative operation currents. • Dimming is possible – reducing the current – quickly switching with a variable duty cycle

Tri-Colour LEDs
• red and a green LED combined in one package • mixed red and green light appears to be yellow • centre lead (k) is the common cathode for both LEDs • the outer leads (a1 and a2) are the anodes

Bi-Colour LEDs
• two LEDs wired in 'inverse parallel' • one of the LEDs can be lit at one time

list of the material with the colour that can be produce
Material Aluminum Gallium Arsenide Gallium Aluminum Phosphide Gallium Arsenide Phosphate Gallium Nitride Gallium Phosphide Zincum Selenide Indium Gallium Nitride Indium Gallium Aluminum Phosphide Silicon Carbide Carbonium Silicon Alumninium Oxide Acronyms AlGaAs GaAlP GaAsP GaN GaP ZnSe InGaN InGaAlP SiC C Si Al2O3 Color Red Green Red Green Yellow Blue Blue Orange Blue Ultra-violet Blue Blue

Emission Properties
• has a low spatial coherence • the focus ability (beam quality) is very low • emission bandwidth is typically some tens of nanometers (e.g. 40 nm) or even > 100  nm

Device Lifetime
• • • • • can have very long lifetimes exceed 100 000 hours relatively sensitive to excessive reverse voltages can be destroyed by electrostatic discharge lifetime is severely reduced for operation with a too high current and/or at too high ambient temperatures

Electrical Characteristics
• A reverse voltage of a more than a few volts can destroy an LED • In the forward direction, current remains very small for low voltages and then rises very quick with increasing voltage

• 'standard' LED has a round cross-section of 5mm diameter • Standard LEDs have a viewing angle of 60° • the emission color of an LED are largely determined by the band gap energy of the semiconductor material used.

Process of Color Emitting
• In zero bias, high potential barriers prevent the electron to travel freely. • no light emitted from the LED.

Process of Color Emitting cont…
• In forward bias, low potential barrier gives the electron chance to travel and fall into the hole • it radiates an amount of energy in term of light

Application of LEDs
• Traffic light • Electronic billboard • Emergency vehicle lighting • Flash light • Backlight • Grow-light

Traffic light
• Brighter • LED bulbs are last for long years • save a lot of energy.

Electronic billboard
• low production costs • can deliver an adaptable messaging method • attract the consumer with the instant turnaround.

Emergency vehicle lighting
• can be seen during the day time

Flash light
• more efficient at low power level • save more batteries

• LED backlight was thinned and lighter • requires less energy

• relatively cheap • bright enough for the plant to grow • only emit the light colors that needed for the plan to grow • did not use too much power.

Advantages of Using LEDs
• high efficiency - it produces more light per watt • can emit light without the use of colour filters • very small size and easily populated onto printed circuit boards • light up very quickly • radiate very little heat in the form of IR • relatively long useful life • difficult to damage with external shock • not a toxic matter

• more expensive • depends on the ambient temperature of the operating environment • Voltage sensitivity • Light quality • Blue Hazard

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->