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Eng 101 Text Revised

Eng 101 Text Revised

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speaking and listening
speaking and listening

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INDEPENDENT UNIVERSITY, BANGLADESH

SPRING 2014
INSTRUCTOR :
STUDENT’S NAME:
………………………………………………...
ID# ………………………………… Section:
………………………..

1
COURSE OUTLINE
Description o t!e co"rse: English 101 is a o!n"ation#le$el % c&e"it co!&se at IU'. The (asic )!&)ose o the
co!&se is to teach an" &eine &esh*en st!"ents’ a(ilit+ to co**!nicate eecti$el+ in English. The co!&se )&o$i"es
a st!"ent#cente&e" lea&ning en$i&on*ent to *eet the (asic lang!age nee"s o the IU' st!"ent co**!nit+. It is an
integ&ate" co!&se li,e the othe& o!n"ation English co!&ses o IU'. This *eans that altho!gh the co!&se oc!ses
on the listening an" s)ea,ing s,ills o st!"ents- the+ a&e e.)ose" to a holistic co**!nicati$e en$i&on*ent in the
classes /he&e all the o!& s,ills o lang!age teaching0lea&ning 1 listening- s)ea,ing- &ea"ing an" /&iting 1 a&e
si*!ltaneo!sl+ ta!ght to )&o*ote in"!cti$e listening an" s)ea,ing. The&eo&e- this co!&se /ill ena(le st!"ents eel
co*o&ta(le in ta,ing all othe& co!&ses at IU' as the *e"i!* o inst&!ction in IU' is English.
Le#rnin$ %"tco&es'
U)on the s!ccess!l co*)letion o the co!&se- st!"ents sho!l" (e a(le to:
 Un"e&stan" an" !se a $a&iet+ o English e.)&essions
 Ine& /o&" *eanings &o* conte.t
 Inte&)&et s)ea,e&’s tone an" attit!"e
 Relate listening to )e&sonal e.)e&ience
 Re)o&t )e&sonal e.)e&ience
 As, an" ans/e& con$e&sational 2!estions
 3a&tici)ate in &o!tine con$e&sation
 4!lill a $a&iet+ o s)ea,ing !nctions
 A))l+ a))&o)&iate )&on!nciation s,ills in s)ea,ing
Topics or spe#(in$:
 5ealth 6 Me"icine
 5oli"a+s 6 S)ecial Occasions
 7acation
 E"!cation
 4ea&s
 M!sic
 Mo$ies
 4a*ilies
 T&a"itions
 S)o&ts
 E$e&+"a+ 3&o(le*s
 D&ea*s an" goals
Te)t * H#n+ o"ts: St!"ents a&e &e2!i&e" to (!+ a te.t. This se*este&- the&e a&e t/o $e&sions o the (oo,. 'oth
$e&sions a&e sa*e in te&*s o to)ics an" ai*s (!t one $e&sion contains so*e e.t&a acti$ities. I a st!"ent
)!&chases the ol"e& $e&sion- he&0his teache& /ill ens!&e that the e.t&a acti$ities a&e also co$e&e" &o* the othe&
(oo,. These e.t&a acti$ities /ill (e a$aila(le to all teache&s o the co!&se th&o!gh the Co!&se Coo&"inato&.
Teache&s *a+ "eci"e to eithe& "o the acti$ities on the /hite(oa&" o& &e2!est thei& st!"ents to (!+ a co)+ as a
han"o!t.
A""itional han" o!ts *a+ (e gi$en (+ the inst&!cto&.
A"+io,Vis"#- Reso"rces: 7a&io!s *!lti*e"ia *ate&ials a&e !se" in the class &oo* as listening &eso!&ces.
8
%t!er Re."ire&ents: St!"ents /ill (e sho/n $i"eo0*o$ie cli)s in the class that /ill (e acco*)anie" (+ acti$ities
(eo&e- "!&ing an" ate& /atching. S)ea,ing in English in class is *an"ato&+. St!"ents sho!l" a&e also
enco!&age" to *aintain a "ia&+ an" ,ee) a &eco&" o "ail+ aai&s o thei& !ni$e&sit+ lie. This "ia&+ /ill (e oten
"isc!sse" as a &ee&ence in the class&oo*.
/et!o+s o Instr"ction'
O$e&all- in"!cti$e teaching *etho"s a&e !se" in this co!&se. These *a+ incl!"e- (!t a&e not li*ite" to:
1. 9hole class "isc!ssions to "ete&*ine st!"ents’ co*)&ehension o class *ate&ial- "e$elo) s)ea,ing
st&ategies- an" )&o*ote listening.
8. 3ai&0s*all g&o!) acti$ities to !n"e&stan" class content- s+nthesi:e i"eas- a))l+ class content to st!"ent
,no/le"ge an" )&o*ote anal+sis o st!"ie" *ate&ial.
%. Coo)e&ati$e )&o(le* sol$ing to )&o*ote !n"e&stan"ing o )oint o $ie/- (&ainsto&* i"eas &elate" to class
content- e.)&ess c&oss#c!lt!&al co*)a&isons- an" in" e.a*)les &elate" to ,e+ co!&se contents.
;. In"i$i"!al listening )&actice to "e$elo) listening s,ills.
<. 7i"eos &elate" to co!&se content an" c!&&ent e$ents to "e$elo) listening s,ills an" )&o*ote a/a&eness o
c!lt!&e as it &elates to eecti$e co**!nication.
=. Ne/s)a)e&s0*aga:ines to *o"el s!**a&ies o ino&*ation.

0o"rse 0ontents' Activities may change depending on the requirements of the class.
0-#ss Te)t1oo( 2oc"s Are#s
Tests
There are
no make-up tests.
108 Mo"!le 1 Int&o"!cing onesel an" othe&s
%0; Mo"!le 8
Disc!ssing 5a(its0Acti$ities0De(ating
I"eas
<0= Mo"!le 8 Desc&i(ing 3ast E$ents
> Mo"!le %
Ma,ing A))oint*ents0Atten"ing 3hone
Calls0Ta,ing Messages
?0@ Mo"!le ; As,ing an" Ans/e&ing A!estions Class Test 1
10 Mo"!le <
Bistening to Songs an" Un"e&stan"ing
B+&ics
11 Mo"!le = Disc!ssing an" Desc&i(ing Social Bie0
E$ents 6 4esti$als03&esenting Inte&esting
Class Test 8
%
Ino&*ation
1801% Mo"!le >
Desc&i(ing Neigh(o!&hoo"s0Ci$ing an"
As,ing o& Di&ections
1; Mi" Te&*
1<01= Mo"!le ?
Ma,ing Re2!ests0As,ing o& 3e&*ission0
Ci$ing A"$ice0 Ma,ing S!ggestions0
A&tic!lating O(ligation an" A(ilit+0 Ma,ing
3&e"ictions

1> Mo"!le @ Tal,ing A(o!t 5oli"a+s07acations
1? Mo"!le 10 Sto&+ Telling
1@ Mo"!le 11 Desc&i(ing 3eo)le: A))ea&ances
80 Mo"!le 18 Desc&i(ing 3e&sonalit+ Class Test %
81 Mo"!le 1% Desc&i(ing Si*ila&ities an" Die&ences
88 Mo"!le 1; Dialog!es
8% Re$ision Class Test ;
8; 4inal S)ea,ing Test
D It is an integ&ate" co!&se /hich *eans all o!& s,ills o lang!age lea&ning i.e. listening- s)ea,ing- &ea"ing 6
/&iting a&e ta!ght he&e /ith s)ecial oc!s on listening an" s)ea,ing.
Evaluation Your final grade will be based on the following.
Class Participation &
Attendance
1) Regular Class Attendance
A student who is absent for 7 classes is subject to failure.
2) Coming to Class on Time
;
= 10%
[7 absences = F]
If you come late, arrival time is recorded & counted in the grade.
3) Voluntar Participation in Class !iscussion
This is a class for improving speaing ability. A student who does not participate in class
discussion, and!or does not answer "uestions from the teacher will fail the course. As
much as # points per class will be deducted if student does not participate voluntarily in
class discussion.
") #mprovement in Pronunciation
$) %pea&ing & 'istening Assignments
Ho&e Assi$n&ents
3 10 4
%u(mit )ritten *ome)or& at t*e (eginning o+ class,
$o credit for wor handed in late.
If you are absent, you are still responsible for the wor you missed.
%ring the homewor the ne&t class and put it into the envelope.
Tests-E.ams
= /0 0
1) Course Tests 10
'lass tests and pop "ui((es may be taen randomly and will not be made up if you miss
them. You will be tested on one or more of the sills. At least ) tests will tae place *
preferably # before the midterm e&am and # after.
2) 1id Term E.am 30
= Reading-2riting 20 3 'istening-%pea&ing 10
3) 4inal E.am "0
= Reading-2riting 20 3 'istening-%pea&ing 20
There may be a centrali(ed, uniform final speaing test at the end of the semester. Two
teachers will interview you * your own course teacher and an e&ternal.
$o mae+up e&am if you are absent on the major e&ams.
C*eating = 0 on test
,answer sheets, dictionary, notes, boos, writing on des, copying, speaing to a
classmate, etc.-
5rading %cale
/06100 A
7/678 A6
7$677 93
7067" 9
:/6:8 96
:$6:7 C3
:06:" C
$/6$8 C6
$$6$7 !3
$06$" !
9elo) $0 4
<
Atten+#nce: As class )a&tici)ation is $e&+ i*)o&tant in this co!&se- st!"ents nee" to atten" all the classes o& thei&
o/n (eneit. 0-#ss p#rticip#tion #n+ $ro"p 5or(s #re $r#+e+. St!"ents *issing o!t *o&e than se$en classes
in a se*este& /ill a!to*aticall+ &ecei$e a E9FG/ith"&a/H in the co!&se.
/#(e "p c-#sses #n+ tests: I a &eg!la& class is not hel" o& so*e !na$oi"a(le &easons li,e ha&tal- iIte*a-
!n"ecla&e" holi"a+ etc- the !ni$e&sit+ anno!nces a *a,e !) "a+ o& the sa*e. St!"ents- the&eo&e- nee" to (e in
to!ch /ith the notice (oa&" an" IU' /e(site &eg!la&l+. '!t i the inst&!cto& is !na(le to teach a class o& so*e
)e&sonal &eason- s0he /ill let the st!"ents ,no/ th&o!gh the Oice Manage& o the De)a&t*ent o English /ho /ill
)ost a notice on the class&oo* "oo& /ith *a,e !) sche"!le.
Teache&s *a+ also a&&ange one o& t/o a"$ance *a,e !) classes "!&ing the se*este& i s0he o&ecasts a class
(eing *isse" in the !t!&e.


=


/o+"-e %ne ' Intro+"ction
T#-( %6er: In the class +o! /e&e int&o"!ce" to +o!& class*ates. O the* /ho G co!l" (e in )l!&al tooH
let a *a&, o i*)&ession in +o! *in"J 9h+J G 1< *in!tesH
Ans. I *et *an+ ne/ aces in *+ ne/ class. O the* I ha$e li,e" ……………………..the *ost (eca!se
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
No/- can +o! "esc&i(e the )e&son sitting ne.t to +o!J O))osite +o!J Nea& the /in"o/J Nea& the "oo&J
P#ir 7or(: Tal, to +o!& )a&tne& to ,no/ a(o!t his0he& li,es an" "isli,es. No/- in the ollo/ing s)ace-
note "o/n a e/ )oints. Co*)lete it in 80 *in!tes. Sha&e +o!& notes /ith othe&s in co*)lete sentences.
/8 p#rtner9s n#&e: …………………………………………………………
His:!er Li(in$s'
Colo&: ………………………
*o$ies……………………………………………………………………..
oo": …………………………..
s)o&ts………………………………………………………………………..
>
)lace: ……………………..
)la+e&s…………………………………………………………………………
T7 sho/s ……………………..
ho((ies……………………………………………………………………….
Acto&s0act&esses……………………..
*!sic…………………………………………………………………………..
Songs………………………………………. 'est
&ien"……………………………………………………………………
Resta!&ant …………………………………..
"&ess0clothing………………………………………………………………..

His:!er +is-i(in$s'
Colo&: ……………………… M!sic: ………………………………
oo": ………………………….. Resta!&ants:
……………………………………………………………………………..
)lace: …………………….. T7
Sho/s………………………………………………………………………………….
Acto&s0act&esses: …………………………………………………………………………
4il*s: …………………………………………………………………………………….
Songs…………………………………………….. 5a(its: ………………………………………………
S)o&ts……………………………………………..)la+e&s………………………………
Ro-e, P-#8 : 7en!e : IU' Caete&ia
Sit"#tion' /eetin$ ot!er res!&en on t!e irst +#8 #t IUB;
9&ite a "ialog!e in a se)a&ate )a)e& an" )e&o&* it /ith +o!& )a&tne& in the class. D"r#tion ' 40 &in"tes
?
0-#ss < 2' Listenin$ /o+"-e 1 D"r#tion' =0 &in"tes
5e&e’s a con$e&sation o th&ee st!"ents st!"+ing at 4a(e&’s College in the USA. The+ ha$e co*e &o* "ie&ent
(ac,g&o!n"s. Bisten to the con$e&sation an" loo, o& the ans/e&s to these 2!estions.
A1. 9ho "oes Kac, int&o"!ce to 3ete&J
A8. A&e Kac, an" 3ete& close &ien"sJ
A%. Does Ming so!n" li,e a non#English s)ea,e&J 9h+ notJ
A;. 9hich class *ight Kac, ta,e soonJ
A<. 9h+ can’t Ming hel) Kac,J
A=. 9h+ can’t 3ete& Ioin the othe& t/o in canteenJ
Voc#1"-#r8 Pre6ie5 : Co*)lete the sentences /ith these e.)&essions &o* the con$e&sation.
t#(e > 0!inese? so"n+s co&es o6er no (i++in$ 8o" $"8s stop 18 >@"st? c#-- &e
1. 5is na*e is LenIi. I "on’t thin, that’s an English na*e. It ………………………… Ka)anese.
8. M+ &ien" is in the hos)ital. I /ill ………………………to*o&&o/ an" (&ing he& so*e lo/e&s.
%. Mo! ha$e se$en (&othe&s an" i$e siste&sN ……………………………….N
;. M+ na*e is Ro(e&t '&o/ning. 3lease …………………….'o(.
<. I "on’t ha$e a ca&. 9hen Nanc+ an" I "o o!& ho*e/o&, togethe&- she !s!all+ …………………
to *+ ho!se.
@
=. I +o!& *aIo& is Asian St!"ies- I a* s!&e +o! ha$e to ……………………………. An" so*e othe& Asian
lang!ages too.
>. '+e Tan$i&- (+e Ta/a. See …………………………….. to*o&&o/.
G#&e' No5, -et9s p-#8 # $#&e o $"essin$ 8o"r 1o+8 -#n$"#$eA
Listenin$ or stresse+ 5or+s ; > +"r#tion 20 &in"tes?
Bisten to the con$e&sation again. So*e o the st&esse" /o&"s a&e *issing. D!&ing each )a!se- &e)eat the )h&ase o&
sentence. Then ill in the (lan,s /ith /o&"s &o* the con$e&sation.
Kac, :#######################################N 5o/’&e +o!#################################J
3ete& : 5i. Mo!’&e.. ###############################.- &ightJ
Kac,: Meah. An"- ################################- +o!’&e..J
3ete&: 3ete&. 3ete& Rile+.
Kac,: Oh- +eah- /e ####################### on ############################ last /ee,. 3ete&- this is *+ #############
#################- Ming Bee. She’s I!st ############################### into the #####################################
3ete& : 5i- Ming Bee.
Ming: ################################to ################################+o!. Mo! can I!st call *e Ming. Bee’s *+
################################## ###################################.
10
3ete& : Oh- E MingF. That so!n"s ..J
Ming : Chinese. M+ )a&ents ################################### ############################### &o* 5ong Long (eo&e I /as (o&n.
3ete& : Reall+J I /as #################################### o ta,ing ################################### this
#############################. Ma+ (e +o! co!l" ###################################### *e.
Ming : 9ell- *+ Chinese isn’t $e&+ #####################################.
Kac, : Bisten- 3ete&- 9e’&e ################################### ############################################. Do +o!
/ant to get ############################# to ############################## /ith !sJ
3ete& : So&&+- I ##########################. I ha$e to go ############################### *+ ne/ ######################.
Kac, : Oh- o,a+. 9ell- ############################ (+ so*eti*e. I’* !) in ###################################
3ete&: 5e+- I’* on the sa*e ###################################. I’* in#####################################
Kac,: No ,i""ing..
3ete&: 9ell- ############################### ############################ +o!- Ming. I’* s!&e I’ll ###################
+o! g!+s ############################. Ming an" Kac,: See +o! late&.
Listen or speciic #ns5ers > +"r#tion 1B &in"tes?
5e&e’s Ms. Cina tal,ing to the &esh*en at 4a(e&’s College in O&ientation 3&og&a*. Bisten to he& an" tic, o the
co&&ect ans/e&s &o* the gi$en choices.
Tic( o > C ? t!e correct #ns5er 5!i-e -istenin$ to t!e speec!;
1; T!e res!&en #re 6isitin$
a. the o&ientation.
(. the lang!age cent&e.
c. the lang!age "e)a&t*ent.
2; ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,5e-co&es t!e&
a. the aca"e*ic coo&"inato&.
(. the aca"e*ic a"$iso&.
c. the aca"e*ic co!nsello&.
11
=; Gin# Ric!#r+s t!in(s t!e res!&en #re
a. a little ne&$o!s.
(. a little ne&$o!s an" sh+.
c. a (it e.cite".
4; S!e #s(s t!e res!&en to #s( ."estions i
a. the+ lose thei& /a+ on the ca*)!s.
(. the+ eel ti&e".
c. The+ "on’t !n"e&stan" an+thing.
B; S!e $i6es inor&#tion to !e-p t!e&
a. in thei& !ni$e&sit+ lie.
(. to a"I!st in the ne/ lie.
c. ,no/ the s+ste* ollo/e" in the !ni$e&sit+.
D; T!ere #re ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,t!in$s on t!e +#89s sc!e+"-e
a. one
( t/o
c. th&ee
E; T!e irst sc!e+"-e is
a. ca*)!s to!&.
(. )lace*ent test.
c. *eeting teache&s.
F; T!ere #re GGGGGGG p#rts o t!e En$-is! test
a. %
(. ;
c. <
T#-( %6er > +"r#tion 10 &in"tes?
5o/ /as +o!& o&ientation )&og&a*J 5o/ "ie&ent /as it &o* the one Cina "esc&i(esJ
G#&e Ti&eAA > 20 &in"tes?
18
Gi6e 8o"rse- # ne5 n#&e, # n#&e t!#t 8o" 5#nt to 1e (no5n #s #n+ 5rite it on # piece o p#per; A-so 5rite
in # e5 sentences 5!8 8o" 5#nt to c#-- 8o"rse- so; H#n+ t!e p#per o6er to t!e instr"ctor;
2or e)#&p-e,
HI 5o"-+ -i(e to c#-- &8se- HRoseI, 1ec#"se I -o6e t!is -o5er #n+ #-so 1ec#"se in &8 #6o"rite #ir8 t#-e
HS-eepin$ Be#"t8I t!e princess is c#--e+ RoseA;;;I
/o+"-e T5o ' H#1its: D#i-8 #cti6ities
T#-( %6er' 9hat a&e +o!& "ail+ ha(itsJ 9hat a&e +o!& "ail+ acti$itiesJ A&e +o! "oing an+ o those
acti$ities no/J 9hat "ie&ent acti$ities a&e +o! "oing no/J Ma,e a list o the things that +o! !s!all+ "o. Also *a,e
a list o things that +o! "o onl+ on /ee,en"s. G 1< *in!tesH
T!in$s I +o re$"-#r-8 or e6er8 +#8;
1%
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T!in$s I +o on-8 on 5ee(en+s;
,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,
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T!in$s I #& +oin$ no5 or no5,#,+#8s;
,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,
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Re#+ t!e o--o5in$ stor8 #1o"t t!e st"+ents in # 5ritin$ c-#ss; Un+er-ine t!e 6er1s 5!ic! te--
#1o"t !#1its> t!in$s t!e8 +o #$#in #n+ #$#in? or ro"tines >t!in$s t!e8 +o re$"-#r-8? o t!e peop-e in t!e
c-#ss; 0irc-e t!e 6er1s 5!ic! te-- #1o"t # -#c( o ro"tine or !#1it; T!e irst one !#s 1een +one or 8o";
9&iting is *+ a$o!&ite class (eca!se o *+ class*ates. E$en tho!gh the+ /o&, ha&" to i*)&o$e thei&
/&iting- the+ li,e to ha$e !n too. Ra!l an" S!:ette st!"+ the ha&"est. The+ al/a+s listen ca&e!ll+ to the
"i&ections an" &aise thei& han"s /hen the+ ha$e a 2!estion. The+ a&e goo" st!"ents an" the+ t&+ to hel)
othe& st!"ents too. Kean Ma&c also )a&tici)ates in class. 5e is goo" at in"ing *ista,es. 'eo&e the
1;
&e/&ite *+ )a)e&s- I al/a+s ta,e the* to hi*. The&e is onl+ one st!"ent /ho "oesn’t )a&tici)ate in class#
Mani$. 5e al/a+s inte&&!)ts st!"ents- eats an" e$en slee)s in class. 'esi"es that- he ne$e& )a+s
attention. The onl+ ti*e he /&ites is /hen he )asses notes to S!#Bing. 5e al/a+s teases he&. S!#Bing is
$e&+ sh+ an" "oesn’t ,no/ ho/ to act to/a&"s hi*.
E)ercise 2
Ma,e state*ents o act (+ connecting the )eo)le in the i&st col!*n /ith the a))&o)&iate action
in the secon" col!*n. Then /&ite the sentence on the lines (elo/ !sing the co&&ect o&* o the
$e&(. The i&st one has (een "one o& +o! as an e.a*)le.
A (ea!tician co!nt *one+
A&tists "eli$e& lette&s
A )l!*(e& *eas!&e )&o)e&t+
A telle& )aint )ict!&es
Ca&)ente&s sell lie ins!&ance
A sec!&it+ oice& st+le hai&
3ostal Oice& g!a&" )&o)e&t+
Ins!&ance agents i. sin,s
A ne/s &e)o&te& collect t&ash
Ca&(age collecto&s /&ite o& a ne/s)a)e&
A &eal estate s!&$e+o& (!il" !&nit!&e
1. A (ea!tician st+les hai&.
8.
%.
;.
<.
=.
>.
?.
@.
10.
11.
1<
0-#ss 5or(' Gr#&&#r Pr#ctice > =0 &in"tes?
Dierence 1et5een Si&p-e Present #n+ Present 0ontin"o"s
0-"es to -oo( or' Si&p-e Present ,,, !#1it, +#i-8 5or(, re$"-#r @o1, "s"#--8:re$"-#r-8 +one, nor&#--8 #-5#8s
pr#ctise+, oten, so&eti&es, ne6er, not #-5#8s;
Present 0ontin"o"s ,,,,!#ppenin$ no5 or no5,#,+#8s, on # p#rtic"-#r occ#sion, > 1"t not re$"-#r-8?, in t!e
present ti&e;
T#s( < 1;Co*)lete the con$e&sation (et/een t/o st!"ents calle" D!ncan an" 3a!l /ith 6er1s in eithe& Si&p-e
Present or in Present 0ontin"o"s or&;
D!ncan: …………………………………..G/aitH o& so*eoneJ
3a!l: Mes. 4o& Neil. 9e …………………….G/al,H togethe& ho*e *ost "a+s. 9e …………………….Gli$eH in the
sa*e st&eet. 5e is ne$e& late. 5e !s!all+ ……………………….Gco*eH (+ ?.
D!ncan: I a* not s!&e (!t I …………………..Gthin,H he …………………….Gtal,H to M&s Da$is a(o!t so*ething.
3a!l: Mes- I ………………………G,no/H. 5e tol" *e. 9hat a(o!t +o!J 9hat ………………………..G"oH he&eJ
D!ncan: I …………………………….Gloo, o&H the oice sec&eta&+. I can’t in" he& an+/he&e.
3a!l: She isn’t he&e to"a+. She onl+ ……………………..Gco*eH th&ice a /ee,.
D!ncan: Oh- o co!&se. I ……………………………..G/asteH *+ ti*e then. I sho!l" go. See +o!.
3a!l: See +o!.
T#s(< 2. Present 0ontin"o"s or Si&p-eJ 0!oose t!e 6er1s ro& t!e 1o);
CoG;H sta&t G8H &ise (!il" /&iteG8H
1. I …………………………….a lette& to *+ )a&ents. I !s!all+ ………………….the* &eg!la&l+.
8. No&*all+ o!& class ……………………….at ?:%0. (!t to*o&&o/ it ………………………..a (it late.
1=
%. 9e ……………………………a ga&age ne.t to o!& ho!se. 9e …………………….to )!t o!& ca& the&e.
;. I ha$en’t got an+ ca& +et. So- I ………………………….to *+ /o&, (+ a (!s this /ee,. Us!all+ I
……………………./ith *+ &ien".
<. The s!n ……………………. in the east- &e*e*(e&. It’s (ehin" !s. So- /e ………………………../est.
T#s(< =; 4ill in the ga)s /ith the co&&ect o&* o the $e&( in (&ac,ets.
1. M+ (&othe& ………………………….G,no/H all a(o!t *en"ing ca&s- (!t nothing a(o!t (ic+cles.
8. 9h+ ………………………….G/ea&H *+ coatJ
%. The )i::a ……………………….Gs*ellH &esh- "oesn’t itJ
;.Mo! a&e $e&+ 2!iet in the class. 9hat ……………………………..Gthin,H a(o!tJ
<. I )la+e" oot(all at school- (!t no/ I …………………………G)&ee&H s/i**ing o& tennis.
T#s(< 4. 9&ite a sto&+ Gt&!e o& ictionalH o 800#8<0 /o&"s !sing each e.)&ession in the (o. #t -e#st
once;
At the *o*ent (eo&e s!nset e$e&+"a+ *ost /ee,en"s all the
ti*e
Once a +ea& &ight no/ this te&* &a&el+ no/ a "a+s
Ne$e& not e$e&+"a+ ha&"l+ e$e& al*ost &eg!la&l+ this +ea&
Ho&e 5or(' 1; 0o&p-ete t!e o--o5in$ 5it! t!e si&p-e present >e;$;, swims) or t!e
present pro$ressi6e >e;$;, be + swimming) or&s o t!e 6er1s in p#rent!eses; T!e irst
one !#s 1een +one or 8o" #s #n

e)#&p-e;
Ma&ia is an athlete /ho is representing G&e)&esentH he& co!nt&+ in the Ol+*)ic Ca*es. She G1H
G&!nH in the *a&athon- a 8=#*ile &ace. She !s!all+ G8HOGco*)eteH in the t&iathlon- /hich *eans she G%H
OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO
Gha$eH to &!n 10 ,ilo*ete&s- s/i* 10; *ile- an" &i"e a (ic+cle 8< *iles. The&ePs onl+ a *onth to go (eo&e
the Ol+*)ics- so Ma&ia G;H OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO Gt&ainH ha&" to
)&e)a&e. D!&ing &eg!la& t&aining- she G<H OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO Gs/i*H 1<00 *ete&s
1>
an" G=HOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO G&!nH < *iles- (!t "!&ing this )&e#Ol+*)ic t&aining- she
G>HOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO Gs/i*H less an" she G?HOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOG&!nH *o&e.
She !s!all+ G@HOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO G/o&,H o!t in the /eight &oo* an ho!& a "a+-
(!t this *onth she >10? KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK GlitH /eights o& t/o ho!&s a "a+- o&
"o!(le he& no&*al ti*e. C&oss#co!nt&+ s,iing is )a&t o he& /inte& t&aining- (!t no/ that the /eathe& )e&*its- she
>11? KG(ic+cleH an" &olle&#(la"ing- so that "ie&ent *!scle g&o!)s a&e e.e&cise". No&*all+ Ma&ia G18H
G(eH ca&e!l a(o!t he& "ietQ she G1%H OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO GeatH a li*ite" a*o!nt o
at an" a lot o &!its an" $egeta(les. No/ she G1;HOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO G*a,eH
e.t&a s!&e that she >1B? KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK GeatH )lent+ o ca&(oh+"&ates o& en#
e&g+. In a""ition- she >1D? KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK Gt&+H to get eno!gh slee). She
G1>H OG(eH coni"ent that shePll (e )&e)a&e"- *entall+ an" )h+sicall+- o& the Ol+*)ics- an" she >1F?
KKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK G(eH )&o!" to (e a )a&t o this g&eat e$ent.
2;0o&p-ete t!e o--o5in$ 5it! t!e si&p-e present or t!e present pro$ressi6e or& o t!e 6er1s in
p#rent!eses;
Ste/a&t an" Annie G1H OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO G(eH college )&oesso&s.
Right no/ it G8H OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO G(eH s)&ing (&ea, an" the+ G%H
OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO G(eH on $acation. The+ !s!all+
G;H############################# Gt&a$elH- (!t this +ea& the+ G<H OOOOOOOO Gsta+H ho*e. The+ canPt ta,e a t&i) (eca!se
the+ G=HOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOGha$eH too *!ch to ta,e ca&e o. The+ ha$e to i.
things a&o!n" the ho!se an"- (esi"es- the+ G>HOOOOOOOOOOOOOO Gthin,H it G?H###########################G(eH c&!el to
lea$e thei& )ets ho*e alone. The+ ha$e th&ee in"oo& cats. The+ G@H###########################Go/n Rnegati$eSH a "og-
(!t thei& ne.t#"oo& neigh(o& *o$e" a/a+ an" a(an"one" he& "og- an Alas,an Mala*!te na*e" Leno. The+
G10HOOOOOOOOO Gta,eH ca&e o hi*- /hich G11HOOOOOOOOOOOOO G(e Rnegati$eSH eas+ (eca!se he G18HOOOOOOOOOOO
G(eH a (ig "og an" he G1%HOOOOOOOOOOOOO G(eH a&ai" o )eo)le. Thei& o&*e& neigh(o&- The&esa- *ist&eate" the
1?
"og. As a &es!lt- e$e&+ ti*e Ste/a&t o& Annie G1;H ############################################ G&eachH o!t a han" to )et Leno-
he I!*)s a/a+ an" )!ts his hea" "o/n.5e >1B? KKKKKKKKKKKKKKK Gthin,H that the+P&e going to hit hi*. 5e
G1=HOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO G!n"e&stan" Rnegati$eSH ,in"nessQ he
G1>HOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOG,no/H onl+ c&!elt+. Ste/a&t an" Annie G1?HOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOGt&+H to (e )atientQ
the+ G1@HOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOGt&eatH hi* /ith lo$e ho)ing that so*e"a+ he /ill t&!st h!*an (eings again.
The+ G80HOOOOOOOOOO Gta,eH Leno o& a /al, e$e&+ *o&ning an" night an" the+
G81HOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOG)la+H /ith hi* in the +a&" e$e&+"a+. O!t on the st&eet- he
G88HOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOG,no/Rnegati$eSH ho/ to (eha$e- so the co!)le G8%HOOOOOOOOOO Gt&ainH hi*.
5e G8;HOOOOOOOOO Glea&nH- little (+ little- an" he G8<HOOOOOOOOOOG(eginH to t&!st the*. The+ sa+ that the+
G8=HOOOOOOOOOOOOOGloo,H o& a ho*e o& hi*- a )lace /he&e he /o!l" ha$e lots o &oo* to &!n an" )eo)le
/ho G8>HOOOOOOOOOOOOO Glo$eH hi*. It G8?HOOOOOOOGsee*H to *e that Leno al&ea"+ G8@HOOOOOOOOOG(elongH
to so*eone /ho G%0HOOOOOOOOOOGlo$eHhi*.
H7; T#s( < =
Y"&i is on !o-i+#8 in Borneo; S!e is on # trip into t!e @"n$-es to see or#n$ "t#ns in t!e 5i-+; Loo( #t
5!#t t!e r#n$er is s#8in$ #n+ co&p-ete t!e $#ps; 0!oose t!e present contin"o"s or present si&p-e o
t!e 6er1s in 1r#c(ets;
R#n$er' O,a+- let’s /ait 2!ietl+ he&e on the )ath o& a e/ *in!tes. The O&ang#!tans ……………………..
Goten0co*eH o!t o the I!ngle to *eet h!*an $isito&s on this )ath. O&ang#!tans Gli$eH …………………….on the
g&o!n" an" in the t&ees o the o&est. O&ang#!tan G to (eH ……………….a Mala+ /o&" an" G*eanH
………………………..F)e&son o the /il"F o& E)e&son o the /oo"s.F '!t )eo)le sa+ that the local )eo)le in
'o&neo Gnot callH ………………………………….. the* O&ang#!tanQ the+ Gha$eH ……………………….anothe&
/o&" o& it.
Boo, o$e& the&eN Can +o! see those t/o O&ang#!tans the&eJ Boo,- the+ G/al,H
………………………………….to/a&"s !s (et/een the t&ees. The+ G(eH ……………………….a *othe& an" a
+o!ng O&ang#!tan. The +o!ng one Gto (eH …………………..a(o!t t/o +ea&s ol". Oh the *othe& Gsee*H
…………………….. a (it ne&$o!s an" the+ Gt!&nH ………………………………..a/a+ no/. Boo,- the *othe& G"igH
…………………………….in the g&o!n" /ith a stic, an" the chil" G/atchH ………………………………he& an"
1@
no/ he too Gha$eH ……………………….a stic, an" G"igH ………………………. the g&o!n". 'a(+ O&ang#!tans
Gal/a+s0lea&nH …………………………………….(+ /atching an" then Gt&+H ………………………..to "o the sa*e
thing. Do +o! notice ho/ the *othe& Gsta&eH ………………………………….at !sJ She G/on"e&H
………………………….i /e a&e sae o& not. I Gnot thin,H …………………………………she is a&ai" o !s no/
an" +es- the+ Gget !)0an" co*eH…………………………………………………..to !sN O&ang#!tans Gto (eH
…………………………….$e&+ cle$e& an" tho!ght!l ani*als (!t the+ can (e 2!ite asse&ti$e too.Oh no- hol"
onto +o!& ca*e&a M!*iN She Gloo,H …………………..at it an" I thin, she G/antH ………………………………itN
T#s(< 4
Descri1e t!e o--o5in$ pict"re in F sentences "sin$ Present contin"o"s tense;
80
1; GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG
GGGGGGGG
2; GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG
GGGGGGG;;
=; GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG
GGGGGGG;;
4; GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG
GGGGGGG;;
B; GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG
GGGGGGG;;
D; GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG
GGGGGGG;;
81
E; GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG
GGGGGGG;;
F; GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG
GGGGGGG;;
Listenin$ /o+"-e< 2 > +"r#tion ' =0 &in"tes?
Beore 8o" -isten'
T#-( o6er' 9hat is +o!& a$o!&ite oo"J A&e +o! a oo" lo$e&J A&e +o! a health+ eate&J Is the&e an+
"ie&ence in oo" ha(its o +o! an" +o!& )a&entsJ I so- /h+J Can +o! coo,J Can +o! sha&e a &eci)e /ith !sJ
Voc#1"-#r8 Pre6ie5' Mo! /ill hea& the !n"e&line" /o&"s in the s)eech. 'eo&e +o! listen- 2!ic,l+ /&ite the lette& o
the co&&ect "einition (esi"e each sentence.
Sentences
1. Angela /eights ?8 Lg. The "octo& sa+s she is o$e&/eight.
8. Ate& the *ango season- I ha$e to go on a "iet (eca!se I /ill )!t on lots o /eight eating *angoes.
%. I +o! "on’t e.e&cise- +o! gain /eight.
;. I +o! /ant to (e health+- +o! sho!l" sta+ a/a+ &o* ast oo".
<. 3&e)ac,age" oo" *a+ (e eas+ to coo, an" eat- (!t &esh oo" is *!ch *o&e healthie&.
=. A c&ash "iet *a+ so!n" att&acti$e- (!t the /eight +o! lose the&e is not )e&*anent.
>. A )iece o (&ea" has a(o!t >< calo&ies.
Deinitions
a. !nit o& *eas!&ing the ene&g+ o oo".
(. Canne" o& &o:en oo".
c. Too at.
88
". Cet atte&. e A &igo&o!s "iet that *a,e +o! lose at $e&+ 2!ic,l+.
. A$oi". g To sta&t a )&og&a* o& losing /eight.
Listen or &#in i+e#s
Bisten to /hat a"$ice is gi$en on health an" "iet an" ta,e notes on the E"o’sF an" E"on’tsF.
Do Don9t
De1#te' > 1B &in"tes?/otion' In to+#89s #st,p#ce+, &o+ern -ie, #st oo+ is # 1-essin$ 1ec#"se
5e c#nnot -i6e 5it!o"t it;
Gr#&&#r Pr#ctice' P#st Tense
P#st tense is "se+ in En$-is! to e)press'
• P#st e6ents
• I&#$ine+ t!in$s, e,$;' He could get an A if e wanted!
Si&p-e p#st 5it! re$"-#r 6er1' He wo"#ed fo" $% ou"s &este"da&!
Si&p-e p#st 5it! irre$"-#r 6er1' Te 'a'e" I made flew fo" (uite a long time!
Be c#re"-' Si&p-e p#st is e)presse+ 5it! t!e p#st or& o t!e 6er1 #n+ not!in$ e-seA 2or e)#&p-e,
7ron$' )& g"andfate" was died last &ea"!
8%
0orrect' )& g"andfate" died last &ea"!
Be 6er8 c#re"- #1o"t' "sin$ +o"1-e ne$#ti6es 5it! p#st tense; 2or e)#&p-e,
7ron$' I didn*t #new ow to com'lete te assignment!
0orrect' I didn*t #now ow to com'lete te assignment!
7it! &ost 6er1s t!e p#st tense is or&e+ 18 #++in$ ,e+'
c#-- LL c#--e+M -i(e LL -i(e+M 5#nt LL 5#nte+M 5or( LL 5or(e+
B"t t!ere #re #-so &#n8 irre$"-#r 6er1s in En$-is!;
Here9s # "se"- -ist' Irre$"-#r 6er1s  P#st or&s
be 
begin
break
bring
buy
build
choose
cost
cut
draw
feel
find
hear
hold
keep
leave
let
lie
lose
mean
pay
put
sell
send
speak
spend
stand
take
teach
tell
think
was/were
began
broke
brought
bought
built
chose
cost
cut
drew
felt
found
heard
held
kept
left
let
lay
lost
meant
paid
put
sold
sent
spoke
spent
stood
took
taught
told
thought
understood
wore
8;
understand
wear
win
write
read
won
wrote
read (pronounced as
red!"
T#s( <1
0o&p-ete t!e sentences 18 5ritin$ t!e 6er1 in t!e si&p-e p#st;
1; I KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK >&eet? &8 5ie 20 8e#rs #$o;
2; He KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK >+o c#re? #1o"t !is c!i-+ren 5!en t!e8 5ere 8o"n$er;
=; T!e8 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK >c#n not? 6isit T!#i-#n+ t!is 8e#r 1ec#"se o t!e c!i-+ren9s e)#&s;
4; 7!ere6er !e /#r8 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK >$o?, s!e KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK >t#(e? t!e -#&1 5it! !er;
B; /8 $r#n+#t!er KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK >1"i-+? t!is !o"se in 1ND=;
D; I KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK >+ri6e? &8 1rot!er9s c#r to 5or( 8ester+#8;
E; It KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK >!#ppen? one ni$!t in O"ne;
F; T!e +octor KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK >te--? &e to co&e see !er #$#in #ter 2 5ee(s;
T#s( <2
0o&p-ete t!e p#ss#$e 18 i--in$ in t!e $#ps 5it! si&p-e p#st or&s o t!e 6er1s in t!e 1o);
#-- $et (no5 !#s $o 5#it !"rr8 ee- -oo( >2?
1e >4?
Meste&"a+ M&s. Rah*an KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK a $e&+ &o!gh "a+. In the *o&ning- she
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKto the ,itchen an" KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK in the c!)(oa&" o& so*e oo" o& he&
"og- (!t the c!)(oa&" KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK e*)t+. 5e& )oo& "og KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK at he& /ith its
h!ng&+ e+es- an" she KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK she ha" to "o so*ething 2!ic,l+. She
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK to the g&oce&+ sto&e to (!+ so*e "og oo"- (!t !no&t!natel+ the sto&e
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK o!t o he& "ogPs a$o!&ite (&an"- so she KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK to catch a (!s
"o/nto/n. Ate& (!+ing the oo"- she KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK o& a hal ho!& in the &ain to get a ta.i.
8<
9hen she inall+ KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK ho*e- he& "og KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK so!n" aslee) on the
li$ing &oo* soa. She KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK $e&+ (a" o& he& "og. So- she also KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
aslee) /itho!t eating an+ l!nchN
T#s( <=
7rite 10 sentences #1o"t 8o"r -#st 5ee(en+; Use si&p-e p#st tense; 2or e)#&p-e,
Last wee#end+ wen m& b"ote" and I ,isited te -oo+ te mon#e&s saw us and sta"ted sc"eaming
loudl&!
/o+"-e T!ree ' Appoint&ents: #tten+in$ p!one c#--s:t#(in$ &ess#$es
8=
T#-( %6er ' >10 &in"tes?
• 9h+ "o +o! nee" to *a,e an a))oint*entJ
• 5a$e +o! e$e& *a"e an a))oint*ent +o!&selJ
• 9hat ,in" o (o"+ lang!age "o +o! nee" to *a,e a con$incing a))oint*entJ
0on+itions or &#(in$ #n #ppoint&ent'
o Mo! ha$e to ,no/ the ti*e
o Mo! ha$e to ,no/ the $en!e
o Mo! ha$e to ,no/ a(o!t s)ecial inst&!ction G i an+H
Di#-o$"e Pr#ctice' P#ir 7or( > 1B &in"tes?
0on6ers#tion< 1; Re#+ t!e o--o5in$ con6ers#tion 5it! # p#rtner;
M&. S*ith : E.c!se *e- can I ha$e an a))oint*ent /ith D&. Ro+J
Rece)tionist: Mes s!&e. 9hen "o +o! li,e to see hi*J
M&. S*ith: So*eti*e ne.t /ee,. Oh- it /ill (e g&eat i I can ha$e an a))oint*ent /ith hi* in the ate&noon-
ate& th&ee- I *ean.
Rece)tionist: U***- let *e see. 9ill +o! (e a(le to co*e on 9e"nes"a+- the 1;
th
- at ;:00J
M&. S*ith: Mo! *ean this 9e"nes"a+J
Rece)tionist: Mes. The "a+ ate& to*o&&o/.
M&. s*ith: Oh- I a* a&ai" I /on’t (e a(le to *a,e it this /ee,. An+ ti*e ne.t /ee, /ill (e ine.
8>
Rece)tionist: 9ell then- I ha$e to chec, again. G Ate& a /hileH 5e&e- D&. Ro+ is &ee (et/een 8 an" % on
the 8%
&"
o this *onth. That is a Th!&s"a+. 9ill that "oJ
M&. S*ith: C&eat. So- 8%
&"
- at 8. Than,s a lot.
Rece)tionist: Mo! a&e /elco*e.
M&. S*ith: See +o! then.
Rece)tionist: See +o! an" (+eN
0on6ers#tion<2; 7rite # con6ers#tion o--o5in$ t!e $i6en c-"es 5it! 8o"r p#rtner no5 #n+ peror&;
N!*(e& o s)ea,e&s: 8- a teache& an" a st!"ent
3!&)ose: A &esh*an is see,ing an a))oint*ent &o* his inst&!cto& to cla&i+ so*e "o!(ts on a g&a**a&
to)ic.
D!&ation: /&iting T )e&o&*anceU ;< *in!tes.
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E&p!#siPin$ on H#-p!#1etsI in # p!one con6ers#tionF: 9hen +o! a&e not clea& a(o!t /hat the othe&
s)ea,e& has )&ono!nce" in a )hone con$e&sation- +o! nee" cla&iication (+ )a!sing an" e*)hasi:ing on a
)a&tic!la& E al)ha(etF. 4o& e.a*)le:
3i::a Co&ne&: 5i- this is 3i::a Co&ne&. 5o/ can I hel) +o!J
Ron: I nee" a ho*e "eli$e&+ o a chic,en *!sh&oo* )i::a.
3.C: S!&e. 9hich si:e /o!l" +o! li,e to o&"e&J
Ron: 18 inches. Sli* 6 s)ic+.
3.C: An" /hat’s the a""&essJ
Ron: 1?= D/aine 'o!le$a&"- East Bane- Ne/s)o&t Ne/s.
3.C: So&&+J Mo! sai" T5#inJ
Ron: No- it’s D/aine. E+I or +o$, H5I or 5#ter, #n+ #,i,n;
3.C: So- 1?= D/aine 'o!le$a&"- East Bane- Ne/s)o&t Ne/s - &ightJ
Ron: M!).
8@
3.C: Mo!& )i::a /ill &each +o! in hal an ho!&.
Ron: Than,s. '+e.
Ho&e 5or( 'Pr#ctice +i#-o$"e ' E&p!#siPin$ #-p!#1ets
In a se)a&ate )a)e& /&ite a tele)hone con$e&sation (et/een +o! an" a o&eigne& /ho /ants to co*e
an" $isit +o! at +o!& )lace. 5e0she is not a*ilia& /ith the local na*es o a&eas. E*)hasi:e the
al)ha(ets /hile "esc&i(ing +o!& a""&ess.
D!&ation: 8< *in!tes
A ."ic( re6ision' Tenses > =0 &in"tes?' Bo#r+ 5or(
T#s( 1; 7rite co&p-ete sentences 5it! t!e $i6en c-"es;
1. 5e0!s!all+0go04&ance0e$e&+0s!**e&0(!t0this0+ea&0he0not go.
8. I0al/a+s0get0(!s0in ti*e0(!t0to"a+0I0late.
%. 9h+0he0ta,e0so0longJ
;. I0 *!st0sta&t0no/0as0it0get0late.
<. She0see o0Kohn0this0e$ening.
=. 9e0!s!all+0eat0s!))e&0a(o!t ten.
>. I 0 thin,0 I0not eel0 /ell.
?. Mo!0get0ti&e"J
@. So*ething0st&ange0ha))en0no/ a "a+s.
10. O!& class0sta&t0at0ten.
T#s( 2 ' O#c(8 is !#6in$ coee 5it! !er sister S#r#!; S!e is t#-(in$ #1o"t !er 1oss, /r; 0-#r(e;
7rite t!e 6er1s ro& t!e 1o)es in t!e correct $#ps, "sin$ t!e #ppropri#te present tense;
%0
Li6e is:#re t#(e -o6e en@o8 tr#6e- s"per6ise
#tten+ t#-(
M&. Cla&,e ………………………in No&th Bon"on /ith his /ie /ho …………………..a "octo&- t/o chil"&en- a
"og an" a cat. 5e ………………………….a ta.i to /o&, e$e&+ "a+ (eca!se he …………………………….Q he
…………………………….it- +o! see. 5e ………………………… a lot. 5e …………………..all o!& o$e&seas
oices. At the *o*ent- he ………………………………a cone&ence at 9a&sa/. 5e
………………………………….a(o!t en$i&on*ent an" )oll!tion.
Li(e or$et re#-iPe 1eco&e !#6e is>ne$#ti6e? #ct
to,1e
E$e&+(o"+ &eall+ …………………………………Malcol*- (!t he is a (it o&get!l. 5e
……………………………..things on t&ains an" in ta.is. 9hen he ……………………………that he’s let so*e
)a)e&s o& his (&iecase in so*e ca& o& on t&ain- he ………………………..c&a:+ an" /e
………………………….to sta&t tele)honing all o$e& Bon"onV/ell all o$e& the /o&l"- to t&+ an" in" his things.
'!t he s!&el+ ……………………….st!)i". 5e I!st …………………………….to (e. Act!all+ he
………………………..$e&+ cle$e&N
%1
/o+"-e 2o"r
Q"estion /#(in$
Air&#ti6e,Ne$#ti6e Q"estions;
Cl!es: Ans/e& is al/a+s E+esF o& EnoF.
3&ocess: 3!t the a!.ilia&+ $e&( in the (eginning o a 2!estion.
E.a*)le:
1. A&e +o! st!"+ing no/J
8. Do +o! li$e in Dha,aJ
%. 5a$e +o! (een to In"iaJ
;. Di" +o! /atch I3B C&ic,etJ
T#s(< 1; 9&ite "o/n i$e ai&*ati$e G the ans/e& /ill (e E+esFHan" i$e negati$e 2!estions Gthe ans/e& /ill (e
EnoFH.
G "!&ation: 10 *in!tesH
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
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%8
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T#s(<2 9&ite "o/n 2!estions Gai&*ati$e an" negati$eH !sing the gi$en cl!es. Do not o&get to )!t a 2!estion
*a&, in the en" o a 2!estion. G "!&ation: 10 *in!tesH
1. +o!0ti&e"0last night
8. he0go0school0&eg!la&l+
%. +o!& co!nt&+0 &ich
;. +o!0thin,0changing0s!(Iect
<. he0"&i$e0hi*sel
=. the+0)la+0oot(all
>. +o!0seen0hi*
?. she0tol"0a(o!t the )a&t+
@. +o!0 gone0*a"J
T#s(<= Ci$e sho&t ans/e&s. G "!&ation: < *in!tesH
E.a*)le: A&e +o! &ea"ing EnglishJ Ans: Mes- I a*.
1.A&en’t +o! going to the *a&,etJ
8.Do +o! li,e Mathe*aticsJ
%. Is it &aining o!tsi"eJ
;. Can he sta+ he&eJ
%%
<. Di" +o! &egiste& o& the co!&seJ
=.5a$e +o! lost *+ (oo,J
>. A* I so!n"ing &!"eJ
?. 9ill +o! co)+ "o/n /hat I a* sa+ingJ
7!, ."estions
7!,2#ctors' 7!#t 5!o 5!en 5!ere !o5 !o5 &"c! !o5 &#n8
7!ic! !o5 #1o"t 5!o& 5!ose 5!8
2or&"-#' 7! #ctor R A");6er1R s"1@ectR /#in 6er1 > c!#n$e in or& i necess#r8? R pre+ic#teR J
E)#&p-e' 7!8 R isR t!e 1#18R cr8in$ R in t!e streetJ
Ho5R +oR 8o"R spe--R H &onsterIJ
Be 0#re"-' Do not &iss o"t t!e #")i-i#r8 6er1; 2or e)#&p-e,
1. 9h+ +o! lateJ G/&ongH ##### 9h+ #re +o! lateJ
8. 9he&e he is co*ing &o*J G/&ongH #####9he&e is he co*ing &o*J
%. 5o/ +o! s)ell E*onste&FJ G/&ongH ##### 5o/ +o +o! s)ell E*onste&FJ
;. 9h+ he /ent ho*e ea&l+J G/&ongH ########9h+ +i+ he go ho*e ea&l+J
T#s(<1 7rite correct ."estions "sin$ s"it#1-e 7!,#ctors or t!e $i6en #ns5ers; G "!&ation: 1< *in!tesH
A:
Ans. I li$e at Utta&a.
A:
Ans. At si. o’cloc,.
A:
%;
Ans. Ronn+ has th&ee (&othe&s.
A:
Ans. 1= Dece*(e&.
A:
Ans. I a* ine- than, +o!.
A:
Ans. Meste&"a+.
A:
Ans. To"a+.
A:
Ans. In the (o..
A:
Ans. Not no/.
T#s(<2 7rite correct ."estions "sin$ s"it#1-e 5!,#ctors #n+ t!e $i6en c-"es; > +"r#tion' 10
&in"tes?
1.9hich school0 +o!0atten"e"
8.9ho0)&inci)al0+o!& college
%. 5o/ long0it ta,es0+o!0&each0IU'
;. 9h+0+o!0not going0/ith0the*
<. 9ho0co*e0"inne&0tonight
=. 5o/ *an+0+o!& &ien"s0go0)icnic0ne.t /ee,
%<
>. /hen0+o!0slee)
?. ho/0+o!0co*e0he&e
@.9hen0s!**e& classes0sta&t
10. 5o/ *!ch0s!ga&0+o!0nee"
T#s(<= Q"estion 2or&in$
9&ite "o/n the i6e ."estions that +o! /ill as, these )eo)le i +o! inte&$ie/ the*. G "!&ation 80 *in!tesH
1.Sha,i( al 5asan: ...............................................................................................................................................
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8. 3&esi"ent O(a*a: .........................................................................................................................................
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%. Shah&!,h
Lhan : .....................................................................................................................................................
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..
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;. A RA' oice&: .....................................................................................................................................................
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T#s( 4' Q"estions ' 7!#t9s 7ron$ 5it! t!e&J
0orrect i t!ere is #n8 &ist#(e in t!e o--o5in$ ."estions; > 10 &in"tes?
1. 9h+ +o! tol" *e +o! /e&e the&eJ
8. 5o/ *!ch a *an /antsJ
%. 9ho goes /ith +o! to schoolJ
;. 5o/ *an+ sta&s the&e in the s,+J
<. 9hich colo!& +o! li,e *ostJ
=. 5o/ ol" a&e +o!& (&othe&J
>. 9hen is the+ co*ingJ
?. 9hat s)o&ts +o! )la+J
@. 5o/ *an+ ho!&s it ta,es to t&a$el to ChittagongJ
10. 9he&e "oes the+ li$eJ
0o&p-ete t!e sentences in ."estion or& 5it! $i6en c-"es; > 1B &in"tes?
1. /hat0she0/ea&0last night
8. 9hat0na*e0ca&0he0(o!ght
%. ho/ *an+0(o+s0)la+ing0iel"
;. /hen0'angla"esh0got0in"e)en"ence
<. /h+0+o!0loo,0sa"
=. (!ses0sto)0/he&e
>. ho/0+o!0go0!ni$e&sit+
?. /h+0+o!0ta,e0this0co!&se
@. ho/ long0 sta+0the&e
10. /eathe&0to"a+
%>
11. /hat0)laces0see
18. /hen0get !)0*o&ning
1%. ho/0+o!0"o0this
1;. ho/ a&0+o!&0ho!se0&o*0IU'
1<. /h+0he0late
Ho&e 5or(' Re#+ t!e o--o5in$ te)t #n+ 5rite +o5n si) ."estions 5it! re-e6#nt
#ns5ers t#(in$ inor&#tion ro& t!e te)t;
0!oco-#teA
D!&ing his con2!est o Me.ico- Co&te: o!n" the A:tec In"ians !sing cocoa (eans in the )&e)a&ation
o the &o+al "&in, o the &eal*- chocolatl- *eaning /a&* li2!i". In 1<1@- E*)e&o& Monte:!*a- /ho
&e)o&te"l+ "&an, <0 o& *o&e )o&tions "ail+- se&$e" chocolatl to his S)anish g!ests in g&eat gol"en go(lets-
t&eating it li,e a oo" o& the go"s.
4o& all its &egal i*)o&tance- ho/e$e&- Monte:!*a’s chocolatl /as $e&+ (itte&- an" the S)ania&"s "i"
not in" it to thei& taste. To *a,e the concoction *o&e ag&eea(le to E!&o)eans- Co&te: an" his co!nt&+*en
concei$e" o the i"ea o the s/eetening it /ith cane s!ga&.
9hile the+ too, chocolatl (ac, to S)ain- the i"ea o!n" a$o!& an" the "&in, !n"e&/ent se$e&al *o&e
changes /ith ne/l+ "isco$e&e" s)ices- s!ch as cinna*on an" $anilla. Ulti*atel+- so*eone "eci"e" the
"&in, /o!l" taste (ette& i se&$e" hot.
The ne/ "&in, /on &ien"s- es)eciall+ a*ong the S)anish a&istoc&ac+. S)ain /isel+ )&ocee"e" to
)lant cocoa in its o$e&seas colonies- /hich ga$e (i&th to a $e&+ )&oita(le (!siness. Re*a&,a(l+ eno!gh- the
S)anish s!ccee"e" in ,ee)ing the a&t o the cocoa in"!st&+ a sec&et &o* the &est o E!&o)e o& nea&l+ a
h!n"&e" +ea&s.
S)anish *on,s- /ho ha" (een gi$en the &es)onsi(ilit+ o )&ocessing the cocoa (eans- inall+ let the
sec&et o!t. It "i" not ta,e long (eo&e chocolate /as )o)!la& th&o!gho!t E!&o)e as a "elicio!s- health#gi$ing
oo". 4o& a /hile it &eigne" as the "&in, at the ashiona(le Co!&t o 4&ance. Chocolate "&in,ing s)&ea"
ac&oss the Channel to C&eat '&itain- an" in 1=<> the i&st o *an+ a*o!s English Chocolate 5o!ses
a))ea&e".
The han" *etho"s o *an!act!&e !se" (+ s*all sho)s ga$e /a+ in ti*e to the *ass )&o"!ction o
chocolate. The t&ansition /as hastene" (+ the a"$ent o a )e&ecte" stea* engine /hich *echani:e" the
cocoa g&in"ing )&ocess. '+ 1>%0- chocolate ha" "&o))e" in )&ice &o* th&ee "olla&s o& *o&e )e& )o!n" to
/ithin the inancial &each o all. The in$ention o the cocoa )&ess in 1?8? &e"!ce" the )&ices e$en !&the&
%?
an" hel)e" to i*)&o$e the 2!alit+ o the (e$e&age (+ s2!ee:ing o!t the )a&t o the cocoa (!tte&- the at that
occ!&s nat!&all+ in cocoa (eans. 4&o* then on- "&in,ing chocolate ha" *o&e o the s*ooth consistentl+ an"
the )leasing la$o& it has to"a+.
The 1@
th
cent!&+ *a&,e" t/o *o&e &e$ol!tiona&+ "e$elo)*ents in the histo&+ o chocolate. In 1?;>-
an English co*)an+ int&o"!ce" soli" Eeating chocolateF th&o!gh the "e$elo)*ent o on"ant chocolate- a
s*ooth an" $el$et+ $a&iet+ that has al*ost co*)letel+ &e)lace" an" ol" coa&se#g&aine" chocolate /hich
o&*e&l+ "o*inate" the /o&l" *a&,et. The secon" "e$elo)*ent occ!&&e" in 1?>= in 7e$e+- S/it:e&lan"-
/hen Daniel 3ete& "e$ise" a /a+ o a""ing *il, to the chocolate- c&eating the )&o"!ct /e enIo+ to"a+
,no/n as *il, chocolate.
In the Unite" States o A*e&ica- the )&o"!ction o chocolate )&ocee"e" at a aste& )ace than
an+/he&e else in the /o&l". It /as in Ne/ Englan" in 1>=< that the i&st chocolate acto&+ /as esta(lishe".
D!&ing 9o&l" 9a& II- the U.S go$e&n*ent &ecogni:e" chocolate’s &ole in the no!&ish*ent an" g&o!)
s)i&it o the Allie" A&*e" 4o&ces- so *!ch so that it allocate" $al!a(le shi))ing s)ace o& the i*)o&t o
cocoa (eans. Man+ sol"ie&s /e&e than,!l o& the )oc,et chocolate (a&s /hich ga$e the* the st&ength to
ca&&+ on !ntil *o&e oo" &ations co!l" (e o(taine". Chocolate has e$en (een ta,en into s)ace as )a&t o the
"iet o U.S ast&ona!ts.
A!estions:
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Ans/e&s:
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%@
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/o+"-e 2i6e
/"sic * L8rics Listenin$' Son$s
Bisten to these $e&+ a*o!s songs o +este& +ea&s an" "isc!ss a(o!t the*.
T#-( #1o"t: M!sic 6 B+&ics
Bisten to these selecte" songs. The l+&ic is gi$en in ne.t e/ )ages. Bet’s sing alongN
Se#son in t!e s"n' 5est -ie
Coo"(+e to +o! *+ t&!ste"
&ien"
9e W$e ,no/n each othe& since
/e
9e&e nine o& ten
Togethe& /e’ $e cli*(e" hills
an" t&ees
Bea&ne" o lo$e an" a(c s
S,inne" o!& hea&ts an"
S,inne" o!& ,nees
Coo"(+e *+ &ien" it s ha&" to
"ie
9hen all the (i&"s a&e singing
In the s,+
No/ that s)&ing is in the ai&
3&ett+ gi&ls a&e e$e&+/he&e
Thin, o *e an" I ll (e the&e
9e ha" Io+ /e ha" !n /e ha"
Seasons in the s!n
'!t the hills that /e cli*(e"
/e&e
K!st seasons o!t o ti*e
Coo"(+e )a)a )lease )&a+ o&
*e
I /as the (lac, shee) o the
a*il+
Mo! t&ie" to teach *e &ight &o*
/&ong
Too *!ch /ine an" too *!ch
song
9on"e& ho/ I got along
;0
Coo"(+e )a)a it s ha&" to "ie
9hen all the (i&"s a&e singing in
the s,+
No/ that the s)&ing is in the ai&
Bittle chil"&en e$e&+/he&e
9hen +o! see the* I ll (e the&e
9e ha" Io+ /e ha" !n /e ha"
Seasons in the s!n
'!t the /ine an" the songs li,e
the
Seasons ha$e all gone
9e ha" Io+ /e ha" !n /e ha"
Seasons in the s!n
'!t the /ine an" the song li,e
The seasons ha$e all gone
Coo"(+e Michelle *+ little one
Mo! ga$e *e lo$e an" hel)e"
Me in" the s!n
An" e$e&+ ti*e that I /as "o/n
Mo! /o!l" al/a+s co*e a&o!n"
An" get *+ eet (ac, on
The g&o!n"
Coo"(+e Michelle it s ha&" to
"ie
9hen all the (i&"s a&e singing in
The s,+
No/ that the s)&ing is in the ai&
9ith the lo/e&s e$e&+/he&e
I /ish that /e co!l" (oth (e
the&e
9e ha" Io+ /e ha" !n /e ha"
Seasons in the s!n
'!t the hills that /e cli*(e"
/e&e
K!st seasons o!t o ti*e
9e ha" Io+ /e ha" !n /e ha"
Seasons in the s!n
'!t the /ine an" the song li,e
the
Seasons ha$e all gone
9e ha" Io+ /e ha" !n /e ha"
Seasons in the s!n
'!t the /ine an" the song li,e
the
Seasons ha$e all gone
9e ha" Io+ /e ha" !n /e ha"
Seasons in the s!n
'!t the /ine an" the song li,e
the
Seasons ha$e all gone
0#re-ess 7!isper' Geor$e
/ic!#e-
Ti*e can ne$e& *en" the
ca&eless /his)e&s o a goo"
&ien"
To the hea&t an" *in"-
igno&ance is ,in"
the&ePs no co*o&t in the t&!th
)ain is all +o!Pll in"
Sho!l"P$e ,no/n (ette&
I eel so !ns!&e
as I ta,e +o!& han" an" lea"
+o! to the "ance loo&
as the *!sic "ies- so*ething in
+o!& e+es
calls to *in" the sil$e& sc&een
an" all its sa" goo"#(+es
IP* ne$e& gonna "ance again
g!ilt+ eet ha$e got no &h+th*
tho!gh itPs eas+ to )&eten"
I ,no/ +o!P&e not a ool
Sho!l"P$e ,no/n (ette& than to
cheat a &ien"
an" /aste the chance that IP$e
(een gi$en
so IP* ne$e& gonna "ance again
the /a+ I "ance" /ith +o!
Ti*e can ne$e& *en"
the ca&eless /his)e&s o a goo"
&ien"
to the hea&t an" *in"
igno&ance is ,in"
the&ePs no co*o&t in the t&!th
)ain is all +o!Pll in"
IP* ne$e& gonna "ance again
g!ilt+ eet ha$e got no &h+th*
tho!gh itPs eas+ to )&eten"
I ,no/ +o!P&e not a ool
Sho!l"P$e ,no/n (ette& than to
cheat a &ien"
an" /aste this chance that IP$e
(een gi$en
so IP* ne$e& gonna "ance again
the /a+ I "ance" /ith +o!
Ne$e& /itho!t +o!& lo$e
Tonight the *!sic see*s so
lo!"
I /ish that /e co!l" lose this
c&o/"
Ma+(e itPs (ette& this /a+
9eP" h!&t each othe& /ith the
things /eP" /ant to sa+
9e co!l" ha$e (een so goo"
togethe&
9e co!l" ha$e li$e" this "ance
o&e$e&
'!t noonePs gonna "ance /ith
*e
3lease sta+
An" IP* ne$e& gonna "ance
again
g!ilt+ eet ha$e got no &h+th*
tho!gh itPs eas+ to )&eten"
I ,no/ +o!P&e not a ool
Sho!l"P$e ,no/n (ette& than to
cheat a &ien"
an" /aste the chance that IP$e
(een gi$en
so IP* ne$e& gonna "ance again
the /a+ I "ance" /ith +o!
GNo/ that +o!P&e goneH No/ that
+o!P&e gone
GNo/ that +o!P&e goneH 9hat I
"i"Ps so /&ong
that +o! ha" to lea$e *e alone
He--o' Lione- Ric!i
IP$e (een alone /ith +o! insi"e
*+ *in"
An" in *+ "&ea*s IP$e ,isse"
+o!& li)s a tho!san" ti*es
I so*eti*es see +o! )ass
o!tsi"e *+ "oo&
5ello- is it *e +o!P&e loo,ing
o&J
;1
I can see it in +o!& e+es
I can see it in +o!& s*ile
Mo!P&e all IP$e e$e& /ante"-
Gan"H *+ a&*s a&e o)en /i"e
PCa!se +o! ,no/ I!st /hat to
sa+
An" +o! ,no/ I!st /hat to "o
An" I /ant to tell +o! so *!ch- I
lo$e +o! ...
I long to see the s!nlight in +o!&
hai&
An" tell +o! ti*e an" ti*e again
ho/ *!ch I ca&e
So*eti*es I eel *+ hea&t /ill
o$e&lo/
5ello- IP$e I!st got to let +o!
,no/
PCa!se I /on"e& /he&e +o! a&e
An" I /on"e& /hat +o! "o
A&e +o! so*e/he&e eeling
lonel+- o& is so*eone lo$ing
+o!J
Tell *e ho/ to /in +o!& hea&t
4o& I ha$enPt got a cl!e
'!t let *e sta&t (+ sa+ing- I lo$e
+o! ...
5ello- is it *e +o!P&e loo,ing
o&J
PCa!se I /on"e& /he&e +o! a&e
An" I /on"e& /hat +o! "o
A&e +o! so*e/he&e eeling
lonel+ o& is so*eone lo$ing
+o!J
Tell *e ho/ to /in +o!& hea&t
4o& I ha$enPt got a cl!e
'!t let *e sta&t (+ sa+ing ... I
lo$e +o!
Hote- 0#-iorni#' E#$-es
On a "a&, "ese&t high/a+- cool
/in" in *+ hai&
9a&* s*ell o colitas- &ising !)
th&o!gh the ai&
U) ahea" in the "istance- I sa/
a shi**e&ing light
M+ hea" g&e/ hea$+ an" *+
sight g&e/ "i*
I ha" to sto) o& the night
The&e she stoo" in the "oo&/a+Q
I hea&" the *ission (ell
An" I /as thin,ing to *+sel-
this co!l" (e hea$en o& this
co!l" (e hell
Then she lit !) a can"le an"
she sho/e" *e the /a+
The&e /e&e $oices "o/n the
co&&i"o&-
I tho!ght I hea&" the* sa+...
9elco*e to the hotel calio&nia
S!ch a lo$el+ )lace
S!ch a lo$el+ ace
3lent+ o &oo* at the hotel
calio&nia
An+ ti*e o +ea&- +o! can in" it
he&e
5e& *in" is tian+#t/iste"- she
got the *e&ce"es (en"s
She got a lot o )&ett+- )&ett+
(o+s- that she calls &ien"s
5o/ the+ "ance in the
co!&t+a&"- s/eet s!**e& s/eat.
So*e "ance to &e*e*(e&-
so*e "ance to o&get
So I calle" !) the ca)tain-
)lease (&ing *e *+ /ine
5e sai"- /e ha$ent ha" that
s)i&it he&e since nineteen si.t+
nine
An" still those $oices a&e calling
&o* a& a/a+-
9a,e +o! !) in the *i""le o
the night
K!st to hea& the* sa+...
9elco*e to the hotel calio&nia
S!ch a lo$el+ )lace
S!ch a lo$el+ ace
The+ li$in it !) at the hotel
calio&nia
9hat a nice s!&)&ise- (&ing +o!&
ali(is
Mi&&o&s on the ceiling-
The )in, cha*)agne on ice
An" she sai" /e a&e all I!st
)&isone&s he&e- o o!& o/n
"e$ice
An" in the *aste&s cha*(e&s-
The+ gathe&e" o& the east
The sta( it /ith thei& steel+
,ni$es-
'!t the+ I!st cant ,ill the (east
Bast thing I &e*e*(e&- I /as
R!nning o& the "oo&
I ha" to in" the )assage (ac,
To the )lace I /as (eo&e
&ela.- sai" the night *an-
9e a&e )&og&a**e" to &ecei$e.
Mo! can chec, o!t an+ ti*e +o!
li,e-
'!t +o! can ne$e& lea$eN
T#(e &e !o&e' Oo!n Den6er
Al*ost hea$en- /est $i&ginia
'l!e &i"ge *o!ntains
Shenan"oah &i$e& #
Bie is ol" the&e
Ol"e& than the t&ees
Mo!nge& than the *o!ntains
C&o/in li,e a (&ee:e
Co!nt&+ &oa"s- ta,e *e ho*e
To the )lace I (elong
9est $i&ginia- *o!ntain *o**a
Ta,e *e ho*e- co!nt&+ &oa"s
All *+ *e*o&ies gathe&e"
&o!n" he&
Mine&s la"+- st&ange& to (l!e
/ate&
Da&, an" "!st+- )ainte" on the
s,+
Mist+ taste o *oonshine
Tea&"&o)s in *+ e+e
Co!nt&+ &oa"s- ta,e *e ho*e
To the )lace I (elong
9est $i&ginia- *o!ntain *o**a
Ta,e *e ho*e- co!nt&+ &oa"s
I hea& he& $oice
In the *o&ning ho!& she calls
*e
The &a"io &e*in"s *e o *+
ho*e a& a/a+
An" "&i$ing "o/n the &oa" I get
a eeling
That I sho!l" ha$e (een ho*e
+este&"a+- +este&"a+
Co!nt&+ &oa"s- ta,e *e ho*e
To the )lace I (elong
;8
9est $i&ginia- *o!ntain *o**a
Ta,e *e ho*e- co!nt&+ &oa"s
Co!nt&+ &oa"s- ta,e *e ho*e
To the )lace I (elong
9est $i&ginia- *o!ntain *o**a
Ta,e *e ho*e- co!nt&+ &oa"s
Ta,e *e ho*e- no/ co!nt&+
&oa"s
Ta,e *e ho*e- no/ co!nt&+
&oa"s
He#- T!e 7or-+' /ic!#e-
O#c(son
The&ePs A 3lace In
Mo!& 5ea&t
An" I Lno/ That It Is Bo$e
An" This 3lace Co!l"
'e M!ch
'&ighte& Than To*o&&o/
An" I Mo! Reall+ T&+
Mo!Pll 4in" The&ePs No Nee"
To C&+
In This 3lace Mo!Pll 4eel
The&ePs No 5!&t O& So&&o/
The&e A&e 9a+s
To Cet The&e
I Mo! Ca&e Eno!gh
4o& The Bi$ing
Ma,e A Bittle S)ace
Ma,e A 'ette& 3lace...
5eal The 9o&l"
Ma,e It A 'ette& 3lace
4o& Mo! An" 4o& Me
An" The Enti&e 5!*an Race
The&e A&e 3eo)le D+ing
I Mo! Ca&e Eno!gh
4o& The Bi$ing
Ma,e A 'ette& 3lace
4o& Mo! An" 4o& Me
I Mo! 9ant To Lno/ 9h+
The&ePs A Bo$e That
Cannot Bie
Bo$e Is St&ong
It Onl+ Ca&es 4o&
Ko+!l Ci$ing
I 9e T&+
9e Shall See
In This 'liss
9e Cannot 4eel
4ea& O& D&ea"
9e Sto) E.isting An"
Sta&t Bi$ing
Then It 4eels That Al/a+s
Bo$ePs Eno!gh 4o&
Us C&o/ing
So Ma,e A 'ette& 9o&l"
Ma,e A 'ette& 9o&l"...
5eal The 9o&l"
Ma,e It A 'ette& 3lace
4o& Mo! An" 4o& Me
An" The Enti&e 5!*an Race
The&e A&e 3eo)le D+ing
I Mo! Ca&e Eno!gh
4o& The Bi$ing
Ma,e A 'ette& 3lace
4o& Mo! An" 4o& Me
An" The D&ea* 9e 9e&e
Concei$e" In
9ill Re$eal A Ko+!l 4ace
An" The 9o&l" 9e
Once 'elie$e" In
9ill Shine Again In C&ace
Then 9h+ Do 9e Lee)
St&angling Bie
9o!n" This Ea&th
C&!ci+ Its So!l
Tho!gh ItPs 3lain To See
This 9o&l" Is 5ea$enl+
'e Co"Ps Clo/
9e Co!l" 4l+ So 5igh
Bet O!& S)i&its Ne$e& Die
In M+ 5ea&t
I 4eel Mo! A&e All
M+ '&othe&s
C&eate A 9o&l" 9ith
No 4ea&
Togethe& 9ePll C&+
5a))+ Tea&s
See The Nations T!&n
Thei& S/o&"s
Into 3lo/sha&es
9e Co!l" Reall+ Cet The&e
I Mo! Ca&e" Eno!gh
4o& The Bi$ing
Ma,e A Bittle S)ace
To Ma,e A 'ette& 3lace...
5eal The 9o&l"
Ma,e It A 'ette& 3lace
4o& Mo! An" 4o& Me
An" The Enti&e 5!*an Race
The&e A&e 3eo)le D+ing
I Mo! Ca&e Eno!gh
4o& The Bi$ing
Ma,e A 'ette& 3lace
4o& Mo! An" 4o& Me
5eal The 9o&l"
Ma,e It A 'ette& 3lace
4o& Mo! An" 4o& Me
An" The Enti&e 5!*an Race
The&e A&e 3eo)le D+ing
I Mo! Ca&e Eno!gh
4o& The Bi$ing
Ma,e A 'ette& 3lace
4o& Mo! An" 4o& Me
5eal The 9o&l"
Ma,e It A 'ette& 3lace
4o& Mo! An" 4o& Me
An" The Enti&e 5!*an Race
The&e A&e 3eo)le D+ing
I Mo! Ca&e Eno!gh
4o& The Bi$ing
Ma,e A 'ette& 3lace
4o& Mo! An" 4o& Me
The&e A&e 3eo)le D+ing
I Mo! Ca&e Eno!gh
4o& The Bi$ing
Ma,e A 'ette& 3lace
4o& Mo! An" 4o& Me
The&e A&e 3eo)le D+ing
I Mo! Ca&e Eno!gh
4o& The Bi$ing
Ma,e A 'ette& 3lace
4o& Mo! An" 4o& Me
Mo! An" 4o& Me
Mo! An" 4o& Me
Mo! An" 4o& Me
Mo! An" 4o& Me
Mo! An" 4o& Me
Mo! An" 4o& Me
Mo! An" 4o& Me
Mo! An" 4o& Me
Mo! An" 4o& Me
;%
Mo! An" 4o& Me
Mo! An" 4o& Me
Yo" Are Not A-one' /ic!#e-
O#c(son
Anothe& "a+ has gone
IP* still all alone
5o/ co!l" this (e
Mo!P&e not he&e /ith *e
Mo! ne$e& sai" goo"(+e
So*eone tell *e /h+
Di" +o! ha$e to go
An" lea$e *+ /o&l" so col"
E$e&+"a+ I sit an" as, *+sel
5o/ "i" lo$e sli) a/a+
So*ething /his)e&s in *+ ea&
an" sa+s
That +o! a&e not alone
4o& I a* he&e /ith +o!
Tho!gh +o!P&e a& a/a+
I a* he&e to sta+
'!t +o! a&e not alone
4o& I a* he&e /ith +o!
Tho!gh /eP&e a& a)a&t
Mo!P&e al/a+s in *+ hea&t
'!t +o! a&e not alone
PBone- Plone
9h+- Plone
K!st the othe& night
I tho!ght I hea&" +o! c&+
As,ing *e to co*e
An" hol" +o! in *+ a&*s
I can hea& +o!& )&a+e&s
Mo!& (!&"ens I /ill (ea&
'!t i&st I nee" +o!& han"
Then o&e$e& can (egin
E$e&+"a+ I sit an" as, *+sel
5o/ "i" lo$e sli) a/a+
So*ething /his)e&s in *+ ea&
an" sa+s
That +o! a&e not alone
4o& I a* he&e /ith +o!
Tho!gh +o!P&e a& a/a+
I a* he&e to sta+
4o& +o! a&e not alone
4o& I a* he&e /ith +o!
Tho!gh /eP&e a& a)a&t
Mo!P&e al/a+s in *+ hea&t
4o& +o! a&e not alone
9his)e& th&ee /o&"s an" IPll
co*e &!nning
An" gi&l +o! ,no/ that IPll (e
the&e
IPll (e the&e
Mo! a&e not alone
4o& I a* he&e /ith +o!
Tho!gh +o!P&e a& a/a+
I a* he&e to sta+
4o& +o! a&e not alone
4o& I a* he&e /ith +o!
Tho!gh /eP&e a& a)a&t
Mo!P&e al/a+s in *+ hea&t
4o& +o! a&e not alone
4o& I a* he&e /ith +o!
Tho!gh +o!P&e a& a/a+
I a* he&e to sta+
4o& +o! a&e not alone
4o& I a* he&e /ith +o!
Tho!gh /eP&e a& a)a&t
Mo!P&e al/a+s in *+ hea&t
4o& +o! a&e not alone...
/8 He#rt 7i-- Go %n ' 0e-ine
Dion
E$e&+ night in *+ "&ea*s
I see +o!- I eel +o!
That is ho/ I ,no/ +o! go on
4a& ac&oss the "istance
An" s)aces (et/een !s
Mo! ha$e co*e to sho/ +o! go
on
Nea&- a&- /he&e$e& +o! a&e
I (elie$e that the hea&t "oes go
on
Once *o&e +o! o)en the "oo&
An" +o!P&e he&e in *+ hea&t
An" *+ hea&t /ill go on an" on
Bo$e can to!ch !s one ti*e
An" last o& a lieti*e
An" ne$e& let go till /eP&e gone
Bo$e /as /hen I lo$e" +o!
One t&!e ti*e I hol" to
In *+ lie /ePll al/a+s go on
Nea&- a&- /he&e$e& +o! a&e
I (elie$e that the hea&t "oes go
on
Once *o&e +o! o)en the "oo&
An" +o!P&e he&e in *+ hea&t
An" *+ hea&t /ill go on an" on
Mo!P&e he&e- the&ePs nothing I
ea&
An" I ,no/ that *+ hea&t /ill go
on
9ePll sta+ o&e$e& this /a+
Mo! a&e sae in *+ hea&t
An" *+ hea&t /ill go on an" on
Oi&&8 p-e#se s#8
Ki**+ 3lease Sa+ Mo!’ll 9ait
4o& Me
I’ll C&o/ U) So*e Da+ Mo!’ll
See
Sa$ing All M+ Lisses K!st 4o&
Mo!
Signe" 9ith Bo$e 4o&e$e& T&!e
Koni 9as The Ci&l 9ho Bi$e"
Ne.t Doo&
I’$e Lno/n 5e& I C!ess Ten
Mea&s O& Mo&e
Koni 9&ote Me A Note One Da+
An" This Is 9hat She 5a" To
Sa+
Ki**+ 3lease Sa+ Mo!’ll 9ait
4o& Me
I’ll C&o/ U) So*e Da+ Mo!’ll
See
Sa$ing All M+ Lisses K!st 4o&
Mo!
Signe" 9ith Bo$e 4o&e$e& T&!e
Slo/l+ I Rea" 5e& Note Once
Mo&e
I 9ent O$e& To The 5o!se Ne.t
Doo&
5e& Tea&"&o)s 4ell Bi,e Rain
That Da+
9hen I Tol" 5e& 9hat I 5a" To
Sa+
Koni Koni 3lease Don’t C&+
Mo!’ll 4o&get Me '+e An" '+e
Mo!’&e K!st 4i#teen I’* T/ent+
T/o
;;
An" Koni I K!st Can’t 9ait 4o&
Mo!
Soon I Bet O!& Bittle 5o*e
To/n
Cot Me A Ko( An" T&ie" To
Settle Do/n
'!t These 9o&"s K!st Le)t
5a!nting M+ Me*o#&+
The 9o&"s That Koni Sai" To
Me
Ki**+ 3lease Sa+ Mo!’ll 9ait
4o& Me
I’ll C&o/ U) So*e Da+ Mo!’ll
See
Sa$ing All M+ Lisses K!st 4o&
Mo!
Signe" 9ith Bo$e 4o&e$e& T&!e
I 3ac,e" M+ Clothes An" I
Ca!ght A 3lane
5a" To See Koni I 5a" To
E.)lain
5o/ M+ 5ea&t 9as 4ille" 9ith
5e& Me*o#&+
An" As, M+ Koni I She’ll Ma&&+
Me
I Ran All The 9a+ To The
5o!se Ne.t Doo&
Things 9e&en’t Bi,e The+ 9e&e
'eo&e
M+ Tea&"&o)s 4ell Bi,e Rain
That Da+
9hen I 5ea&" 9hat Koni 5a"
To Sa+
Ki**+ Ki**+ 3lease Don’t C&+
Mo!’ll 4o&get Me '+ An" '+
It’s 'een 4i$e Mea&s Since
Mo!’$e 'een Cone
Ki**+ I Ma&&ie" Mo!& 'est
4&ien" Kohn

T!e So"n+ o /"sic
7!#t #re so&e tr#+ition#- or&s o &"sic in 8o"r co"ntr8J
Do +o! li,e )o)!la& *!sic &o* Batin A*e&ica- the Unite" States- o& AsiaJ Man+ *!sicians &o* a&o!n"
the /o&l" (len" thei& co!nt&+Ps *!sic /ith )o)!la& so!n"s. Do +o! /ant /hat that is calle"J
0#et#no Ve-oso
Ate& thi&t+ +ea&s- Caetano 7eloso is still one o '&a:ilPs *ost i*)o&tant
*!sicians. 5e *i.es &oc, /ith the *!sic o the 'ahia &egion. 'ahia is a state o '&a:il that is st&ongl+ inl!ence" (+
A&ican c!lt!&e. Caetano 7eloso is an e.cellent song/&ite& an" )oet- 5e sa+s o his *!sic- XI *a,e *+ &eco&"s li,e a
)ainte& )aints his can$as.X
Bonnie R#itt
'onnie Raitt is an A*e&ican singe&- song/&ite&- an" g!ita&ist. 5e& *!sic (len"s &oc, /ith co!nt&+ an" the (l!es. The
(l!es is a ,in" o ol, *!sic that is oten sa". It is !s!all+ a(o!t lo$e an" the )&o(le*s o lie. 'onnie RainPs st&ong-
&o!gh $oice is )e&ect o& sin
g
ing co!nt&+ an" the (l!es.
0"i Oi#n
C!i Kian R)&ono!nce" Xtsa+ I+anXS is a $e&+ i*)o&tant *!sician in the g&o/th o &oc, *!sic in China. 9este&n st+les-
li,e Ia:: an" &a)- clea&l+ inl!ence his *!sic. 5o/e$e&- his *!sic is $e&+ Chinese in its inst&!*ents an" so!n"s. C!i
Kian sa+s his *!sic e.)&esses the eelings o Chinese +o!ng )eo)le.
.ai" wo"# T#-( #1o"t t!ese ."estions; > 10 &in"tes?
;<
1. 9hat "o these th&ee *!sicians ha$e in co**onJ
8. 5o/ "oes Caetano 7eloso *a,e his &eco&"sJ
%. 9h+ is 'onnie RaittPs $oice goo" o& co!nt&+ an" (l!es *!sicJ
;. 9hat "oes C!i Kian /ant his *!sic to e.)&essJ
0#n 8o" 5ri te si &i - #r proi - e o # reno5ne+ si n$er or &"si ci #n
o 8o"r co"ntr8J > 20 &i n"tes?
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;=
/o+"-e Si)
Soci#- Lie
Re#+in$
Ho5 +o 8o" t!in( t!e peop-e in t!ese co"ntries $reet e#c! ot!erJ
T!ere #re &#n8 +ierent $reetin$ c " s t o &s # r o " n + t ! e 5o r - + ;
H e r e # r e s o & e ; > + " r # t i o n ' 1 0 & i n " t e s ?
0!i-e
3eo)le !s!all+ sha,e han"s /hen the+ *eet o& the i&st ti*e. 9hen t/o /o*en i&st *eet- the+ so*eti*es gi$e
one ,iss on the chee,. GThe+ act!all+ X,iss the ai&.XH 9o*en also g&eet (oth *ale an" e*ale &ien"s /ith a
,iss. Chilean *en gi$e thei& &ien"s /a&* abrazos Gh!gsH o& so*eti*es ,iss /o*en on the chee,.
2in-#n+
4inns g&eet each othe& /ith a i&* han"sha,e. 5!gs an" ,isses a&e onl+ o& close &ien"s.
T!e P!i- ippi nes
The e$e&+"a+ g&eeting o& &ien"s is a han"sha,e o& (oth *en an" /o*en.
Men so*eti*es )at each othe& on the (ac,.
Sore#
Men (o/ slightl+ an" sha,e han"s to g&eet each othe&. 9o*en "o not !s!all+ sha,e han"s. To a""&ess
so*eone /ith his o& he& !ll na*e- the a*il+ na*e co*es i&st- then the i&st na*e.
T!e Unite+ St#tes
3eo)le sha,e han"s /hen the+ a&e i&st int&o"!ce". 4&ien"s an" a*il+ *e*(e&s oten h!g o& ,iss on the chee,
/hen the+ see each othe&. In these sit!ations- *en oten ,iss /o*en (!t not othe& *en.
No5 #ns5er # e5 ."estions t!#t 8o"r instr"ctor #s(s;
;>
.ai" wo"# 5o/ "o these )eo)le g&eet each othe& in +o!& co!nt&+J
1.t/o *ale &ien"s
8.a *ale an" e*ale &ien"
%. t/o st&ange&s
;. t/o e*ale &ien"s
<. An ol" *an an" a +o!ng *an.
Greetin$s ro& Aro"n+ t!e 7or-+
Ro-e p-#8' Using )&o)e& (o"+ lang!age- )e&o&* a "ialog!e (et/een +o! an" +o!& &ien" /ho +o!
ha$e *et i&st ti*e ate& +o!& school lie ha" inishe".
G %0 *in!tesH
;?
E6ents * 2esti6#-s
T#-( %6er'
Na*e so*e &eligio!s esti$als o +o!& co!nt&+. 9hat "o +o! "o on those "a+sJ
1. Do +o! cele(&ate an+ national e$ent o& s)ecial "a+ e$e&+ +ea&J 5o/J
8. Do +o! ha$e an+ s)ecial a*il+ e$entJ Desc&i(e in "etails /hat +o! "o thenJ
%. Na*e so*e inte&national e$ents o i*)o&tance. Disc!ss a(o!t the*.
Spot t!e 0e-e1r#tion

Listenin$
Sen@i !#s @"st st#rte+ +#tin$ # 8o"n$ A&eric#n 5o&#n !e &et in c-#ss; Listen to t!e
con6ers#tion 1et5een Sen@i #n+ t!e s!op $ir-; Ans5er t!e ."estions $i6en 1e-o5;
1. 9hat is LenIi loo,ing o&J
8. 9h+ "oesn’t he /ant to (!+ chocolatesJ
%. 9h+ "oesn’t he /ant to (!+ Ie/el&+J
;@
;. 9hat "oes he inall+ "eci"e to "oJ
P#ir 7or(' I&#$ine 8o" #re Sen@i #n+ 8o"r p#rtner is t!e s#-es person; 7rite # +i#-o$"e in t!e
$i6en sp#ce #n+ en#ct t!e scene in re#- -ie conte)t;
<0
/o+"-e Se6en'
Do 8o" (no5 8o"r nei$!1o"r!oo+J
T#-( %6er' Direction > 10 &in"tes?
1. 5o/ "o +o! co*e to the !ni$e&sit+ &o* +o!& ho*eJ
8. Do +o! )ass an+ lan"*a&, on +o!& /a+J
%. 5o/ /o!l" +o! gi$e +o!& &ien" the "i&ection to +o!& ho*e &o* his )laceJ
Ho5 +o 8o" -i(e 8o"r nei$!1o"r!oo+J 7!8J 7!8 notJ
0o"d .owe" .laces 1 2 minutes)
A Match the /o&"s an" the "einitions. Then )&actice as,ing the 2!estions /ith a )a&tne&.
What's a ... ? t's a place !here you ...
#$ (a&(e& sho) .......................... a. /ash an" "&+ clothes.
%$ la!n"&+ ................................. (. (!+ oo".
#$ li(&a&+ .................................. c. (!+ ca&"s an" )a)e&.
%$ statione&+ sto&e .................... ". get a hai&c!t.
&$ t&a$el agenc+ ....................... e. see a *o$ie o& )la+.
'$ g&oce&+ sto&e ....................... . *a,e &ese&$ations o& a t&i).
($ theate& ................................ g. (o&&o/ (oo,s.
.ai" wo"# 9&ite "einitions o& these )laces. G 80 *in!tesH
(an, coee sho) )ha&*ac+ g+* )ost oice salon
(oo,sto&e "ance cl!( !el station hotel &esta!&ant cae
Ans!er" #$ample" t's a place !here you keep your money. %bank&
<1
T#-( o6er'Te neigbo"ood 1 3% minutes)
Bisten an" )&actice.
Kac,: E.c!se *e. IP* +o!& ne/ neigh(o&- Kac,. I I!st *o$e" in.
9o*an: Oh. MesJ
Kac,: IP* loo,ing o& a g&oce&+ sto&e.
A&e the&e an+ a&o!n" he&eJ
9o*an: Mes- the&e a&e so*e on 3ine St&eet.
Kac,: OL. An" is the&e a la!n"&+ nea& he&eJ 9o*an: 9ell- I thin, the&ePs one ac&oss &o* the
sho))ing cente&.
Kac,: Than, +o!.
9o*an: '+ the /a+- the&ePs a (a&(e& sho) in the sho))ing cente&- too.
Kac,: A (a&(e& sho)J
Gr#&&#r 2oc"s
Is t!ere a la!n"&+ nea& he&eJ ."e'ositions
Mes- t!ere is; The&ePs one #cross &o* the sho))ing cente&. On
No- t!ere isnTt, (!t the&ePs one ne.t to the li(&a&+. Ne.t to
Are t!ere #n8 g&oce&+ sto&es a&o!n" he&eJ Ac&oss to0 &o* o))osite
Mes- t!ere #re; The&e a&e so&e on 3ine St&eet. In &ont o
In (ac, o0(ehin"
Nea&0close to
'et/een
On the co&ne& o
A. 9&ite 2!estions a(o!t these )laces in the neigh(o&hoo" *a) (elo/. G 80 *in!tesH
a (an,a "e)a&t*ent sto&e a g+* a la!n"&+ a )ost oice
gas stations g&oce&+ sto&es hotels a )a+ )hone &esta!&ants
Is there a pay phone around here?
<8
Are there any restaurants on 'aple Avenue?
4 /.ai" wo"# As, an" ans/e& the 2!estions +o! /&ote in )a&t A.
)* Is the&e a )a+ )hone a&o!n" he&eJ
': Mes- the&e is. The&ePs one ac&oss &o* the )ost oice.
.RONUNCIATION Reduced fo"ms of t!ere is:t!ere #re > B &in"tes?
aH Bisten an" )&actice. Notice ho/ t!ere is an" t!ere #re a&e &e"!ce" in con$e&sation.
T!ereTs a g+* ac&oss &o* the sho))ing cente&. T!ereTs a (oo,sto&e nea& the la!n"&+.
T!ere #re so*e &esta!&ants on El* St&eet.
T!ere #re so*e g&oce&+ sto&es ac&oss &o* the )ost oice.
IN 5OUR NEI6H4ORHOO7 1 $% minutes)
6"ou' 0o"# Ta,e t!&ns as,ing an" ans/e&ing 2!estions a(o!t )laces li,e these
in +o!& neigh(o&hoo".
(oo,sto&e "ance cl!(s a coee sho) a *!sic sto&e
statione&+ sto&es
g+* "&!gsto&es *o$ie theat&es a )a+ )hone a t&a$el
agenc+
Use"- e)pressions
<%
So&&+ I "on’t ,no/.
I’* not s!&e (!t I thin,….
O co!&se- the&e’s one…..
Role 'la& 8 So*e hotel g!ests a&e as,ing a(o!t )laces to $isit in the neigh(o&hoo". The+ /ant to ,no/ a(o!t:
5a&" Roc, CaY
Science M!se!*
A2!a&i!*
Sho))ing *all
3e&o&* the "ialog!e /ith +o!& &ien"s. G "!&ation : 8< *in!tesH
Reading8 10 i*)o&tant things to loo, o& in a co**!nit+
Be$el o i*)o&tance on a scale o 1 to 10.
Lo5 cri&e r#teKKKKKKKK N;1
0-e#n 5#ter KKKKKKKKKK N;0
0-e#n #irKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK F;F
/#n8 !ospit#-s KKKKKKK F;B
Goo+ sc!oo-s KKKKKKKK E;D
Ne#r -#(es or oce#nsKKKKKKKK E;1
Lo5 "ne&p-o8&entKKKK E;0
0-ose to re-#ti6esKKKKKKKKKKK D;B
Ne#r # 1i$ cit8KKKKKKKKKK B;N
Goo+ p"1-ic tr#nsport#tionKKKKKKKKKK B;=
Tal# o,e"8 0at is im'o"tant to &ou in a communit&9 Ran# te featu"es abo,e f"om te
most im'o"tant 13) to te least im'o"tant 13%)! List t"ee ote" tings &ou tin# a"e im'o"tant in a
communit&! 1 $% minutes)
CON:ERSATION 7esc"ibing neigbo"oods
Bisten an" )&actice.
<;
Dan: 9he&e "o +o! li$e- Li*J
Li*: I li$e in an a)a&t*ent "o/nto/n. Dan: Oh- thatPs con$enient- (!t ... ho/ *!ch c&i*e
is the&eJ
Li*: Not *!ch. '!t the&e is a lot o t&aic. I canPt stan" the noise so*eti*esN 9he&e "o +o! li$eJ
Dan: I ha$e a ho!se in the s!(!&(s.
Li*: Oh- I (et itPs &eall+ 2!iet.
'!t is the&e *!ch to "o the&eJ
Dan: No- not *!ch. In act- nothing e$e&
&eall+ ha))ens. ThatPs the t&o!(le. Li*: 5e+. BetPs t&a"e )laces one /ee,en"N Dan: OL.
C&eat i"eaN
Bisten to the &est o the con$e&sation.
9hat "o Dan an" Li* sa+ a(o!t &esta!&ants in thei& neigh(o&hoo"sJ
T#s( < 2.
Ho&e 5or(: 0#n 8o" +r#5 # si&i-#r &#p o 8o"r -oc#-it8 #n+ $i6e +irection to 8o"r
rien+s to re#c! 8o"r !o&eJ Dr#5 t!e +et#i-s #s c-e#r-8 #s possi1-e;
Gr#&&#r Pr#ctice ' Preposition
E)pressions
9a+s o t&a$eling : 18 ai&- 18 )lane- 18 &oa"- 18 (!s (!t on oot
9a+s o connecting0contacting )eo)le: 18 *ail- 18 e#*ail- 18 )ost - 18 )hone (!t on the )honeG!sing itH
9a+s things can ha))en: 18 chance- 18 acci"ent- 18 *ista,e (!t on )!&)ose
Reasons o& (eing so*e/he&e: on (!siness- on a t&i)- on a holi"a+- on "!t+
Sit!ations0ci&c!*stances: in lo$e- in )&i$ate- in sec&ec+- in )!(lic- in a (a"0goo" *oo"- in cont&ol- in a h!&&+-
in a "iic!lt+- in "ange&- in sight (!t #t )eace- #t /a&- #t ho*e
Dierence Bet5een
<<
On the /a+0in the /a+
At least0at last
On ti*e0in ti*e
In the en"0at the en"
Tas, #1. Co*)lete the ollo/ing sentences !sing the a(o$e#*entione" )&e)ositions0e.)&essions.
1. 5e co!l"n’t "o the s!*s an" he /as …………………………….
8. I *!st go no/. M+ (&othe& is …………………………..
%. So&&+- I ste))e" on +o!& oot …………………………
;. I "on’t li,e t&agic il*s /he&e …………………………………
<. Mo! sho!l" …………………………t&+ to get goo" g&a"es.
=. I ,no/ he "i"n’t "o it ………………………. It /as I!st a *ista,e.
>. Oh *+ Co"N I *et hi* ………………………….. on the &oa"N
?. Mo! can sen" the lo/e&s ……………………………… o co!&seN
@. Ne$e& *in"N I /ill *iss o!t the sho/ ………………………………N
10. The )olice*an /as attac,e" /hen he /as ……………………………
T#s(<2 S#r# is on t!e tr#in #n+ s!e9s p!onin$ !er rien+ Re1ecc#; 0o&p-ete t!e con6ers#tion 5it! t!e
prepositions in t!e 1o);
At>4? 18>2? +"rin$ or>=? in >2? on o6er "nti-
In Re(ecca’s oice- 11: %0 a.*.
Re(ecca: Re(ecca 9hite.
Sa&a: 5iN It’s Sa&a. I’* ...................the t&ain. Can +o! *eet *e ...........................the stationJ
<=
Re(ecca: ……………../hat ti*eJ
Sa&a: Th&ee.
Re(ecca: I thin, so. The ca&’s got a )!nct!&e. I I can a&&ange to get it i.e"…………………*+ (&ea,- I /ill (e
the&e.
Sa&a: Than,s- that’s g&eat.
At the ga&age- 1:;0 )*.
Re(ecca: Can +o! i. this )!nct!&e ……………. *eJ It’s so&t o !&gent.
Mechanic: Mes- )&o(a(l+. '!t *+ assistant has gone ………………..l!nch an" I a* a&ai" he /on’t (e (ac,
………………hal an ho!&. 9ill that (e o,a+J
Re(ecca: Can +o! )lease loo, …………..the ca& +o!&selJ
Mechanic: So&&+- I ha$e to /o&, on this othe& Io( …………………GthenH.
Re(ecca: 9ell- I ha$e to collect so*eone &o* the station …………………th&ee.
Mechanic: Oh- that’s no )&o(le*. 9e’ll ha$e it "one (+ hal )ast t/o easil+.
Re(ecca: Than,s. I’ll (e (ac, ………………..an ho!&-o,a+J
Mechanic: 4ine- see +o! then.
On the t&ain- 8:10 )*.
Sa&a: 5elloN
Re(ecca: The ca&’s (eing i.e" no/. I’ll /ait o& +o! ………………..the *ain "oo& o the station- so I can hel) ca&&+
+o!& st!.
Sa&a: Don’t /o&&+- I ha$en’t got an+thing hea$+. I’ll see +o! ………… the ca& )a&,. It’s I!st ………………the
oot(&i"ge- isn’t itJ
Re(ecca: Mes- al&ight. See +o! the&e.
Sa&a: '+e.
<>
T#s( < 4 Loc#te t!e &ist#(e;
In each o these sentences the&e is at least one /&ong )&e)osition. Un"e&line each *ista,e an" /&ite the co&&ect
sentences.
E.a*)le: She hi" (elo/ the (e" !ntil the &o((e&s ha" gone.
She hi" !n"e& the (e" !ntil the &o((e&s ha" gone.
1. 9e a&&i$e" in o!& "estination in "a/n.
8. At night- a st&ange noise co*es in the &oo* o$e& !s.
%. The g+*nast saile" along the ai& an" lan"e" lightl+ to the *at.
;. 9e too, the *i&&o& o!t o its &a*e an" o!n" a 1@
th
cent!&+ )ainting (e+on" it.
<. The "etecti$e o!n" the "ea" (o"+ in the )ath along the )ool an" the ho!se.
=. I )!t +o!& soc,s in the "&a/e&.
7ritin$ Notes' A &ien" o +o!&s has co*e to sta+ in +o!& ho!se 0&oo* o& a e/ "a+s on a
holi"a+ /hile +o! a&e a/a+ so*e/he&e else. 9&ite a note o& hi* "esc&i(ing /he&e he can in" o!t
necessa&+ things G oo"0 ne/s)a)e&0 "$"’s c"’s0 s)oon0 *il,0 &!its0 /ashing )o/"e& etc.H in +o!& a(sence.
Re#+ t!is #rtic-e c#re"--8 #n+ #ns5er t!e ."estions t!#t o--o5;
<?
(erfumeVscent &o* hea$en (+ Ma&a C&e(l e
At a ti*e /hen h!*an an" ani*al sac&iices t o t he anci ent go"s /e&e co**on- so*e c&eati$e )e&son
)&o(a(l+ s!ggeste" that scente" /oo" o& lea$es (e (!&nt to *as, the sic,l+ s*ell o (!&ning lesh. The
/o&" X)e&!*eX- i n act - co*es &o* t he Bat i n )e& f umus) *eaning X&o* s*o,eX. It *!st ha$e (een a
/elco*e &elie o& the a!"ience at s!ch e$ents not to ha$e to )!t !) /ith the "&ea"!l o"o!&s (!t little co*o&t
o& those (eing sac&iice". An" so it /as- in those ancient ti*es- that )e&!*e (eca*e )a&t o the c!lt!&e- an"
the (eginnings o a ne/ in"!st&+ s)&ang to lie.
In ancient Eg+)t- the !se o scente" oint*ents an" cos*etics (+ /ealth+ *e*(e&s o societ+ (eca*e )o)!la&.
An" to &eshen !) in the ate&lie- the 3ha&aohs ha" $ases o )e&!*e" oils )lace" in thei& to*(s.
Cent!&ies late&- "!&ing the Mi""le Ages- C&!sa"e&s &et!&ning to E!&o)e too, (ac, gits o )e&!*e o& thei&
lo$e" ones an" since those ti*es the !se o )e&!*e has g&o/n to s!ch an e.tent that the in"!st&+ is no/ /o&th
a *assi$e %0 (illion "olla&s a +ea&.
The c&eation o a to)#class )e&!*e is the &es!lt o a co*(ination o cle$e& che*i st&+ an" the a&t o the
)e&!*e& G)e&!*e *a,e&H. 9ith so*e 8-000 )ossi(le ing&e"ients to "&a/ !)on- the (len"ing )&ocess is a
highl+ s,ille" an" challenging tas,. In *o"e&n ti*es (oth nat!&al )&o"!cts an" s+nthetic che*icals a&e !se" to
(len" the "esi&e" &ag&ances.
4&ag&ant- o& essential- oils e.t&acte" &o* lea$es- (a&,s- &esins an" lo/e&s o&* the (ases o& *ost )e&!*es.
One *etho" o e.t&action- /hich has (een !se" since the ?th cent!&+- is "istillation- in /hich
se)a&ation an" )!&iication o the oils ta,e )lace th&o!gh a (oiling#o )&ocess. Anothe& co**on
*etho" ,no/n as col" )&essing in$ol $es c&!shing an" )&essing the )lant *atte& to &elease the oils.
Oils can also (e e.t&acte" /ith the !se o che*ical "issol$ing agents- o& sol$ents.
A $ast a*o!nt o )lant *ate&ial *a+ (e nee"e" to )&o"!ce &elati$el+ s*all 2!antities o essential oils- o&
e.a*)le- it ta,es a(o!t < *illion Ias*ine lo/e&s to )&o"!ce 1 ,g o Ias*ine concent&ateV/hich has a
$al!e o a(o!t Z<<-000. An" to *a,e 1 ,g o 4&ench &ose concent&ate- /o&th *o&e than Z>-000- a(o!t ?00 ,g o
lo/e&s a&e nee"e".
Unti l 2!i te &ecentl +- ce&tai n ani *al )&o"!cts /e&e consi "e&e" essenti al ing&e"ients in *an+
)e&!*es. A ,e+ co*)onent in high#2!alit+ )e&!*es /as a s!(stance cal l e" a*(e&g&i s. Thi s i s )&o"!ce"
i n the intesti nes o s)e&* /hales an" /as s!))lie" to the )e&!*e in"!st&+ (+ /hale&s. Tho!gh still
a$aila(le- the /o&l"/i"e "ecline in /haling has *a"e a*(e&g&is a $e&+ e.)ensi$e ing&e"ient.
Anothe& ani*al )&o"!ct !se" in the *a,i ng o )e&!*e is *!s,. Thi s oil + sec&etion &o* glan"s on the
a("o*en o the *!s, "ee& has (een consi"e&e" a $i tal i ng&e"ient in )e&!*e o& cent!&i es. Not onl +
"oes i t ha$e i ts o/n "istincti$e scent (!t it has the eect o slo/ing "o/n the loss o othe& &ag&ances in a
)e&!*e.
Then- o co!&se- the&e is ci$et- the (!tte&+ s!(stance *il,e" &o* the anal glan"s o the ci$et cat- /hich
Vtho!gh not !se" as *!ch as in the )ast 1 is still !se" in so*e o the *o&e e.)ensi$e &ag&ances. It /o!l"
(e inte&esting to ,no/ i the /o*en /ho /ea& high#)&ice" )e&!*e ,no/ e.actl+ /hat the+ "a( on thei&
s,in. 4o&t!natel+- *ost ani*al )&o"!cts a&e no longe& essential to the )e&!*e in"!st&+ as the+ can no/
(e &e)lace" /ith *an#*a"e alte&nati$es.
The "e$elo)*ent o a ne/ )e&!*e is an e.)ensi$e an" in$ol$e" )&ocess (!t i s!ccess!l - it has the )otential
to ea&n *an+ *illions o "olla&s. The si:e o the )e&!*e in"!st&+ "e*onst&ates I!st ho/ /illing )eo)le
a&e to s)en" (ig *one+ on this l !.!&+ i te*. 3e&!*e *a+ ha$e (een !se" i n anci ent ti *es to
"i sg!i se the !n)leasant o"o!&s o (!&ning lesh (!t these "a+s- than,!ll+- /ea&ing )e&!*e is *o&e a(o!t
c&eating a sen" o st+le an" eeling goo".
1.The /o&" Xsac&iiceX *eans
<@
GiHa t+)e o ancient go".
GiiHan oe&ing.
GiiiHa t+)e o containe&.
Gi$Hloss o a Io(.
G$Ha )&a+e&.
8 The i&st )e&!*e )&o(a(l+ ca*e &o*
GiHthe Batin *eaning.
GiiHthe )e&!*e in"!st&+.
GiiiH(!&ning scente" lea$es an" /oo".
Gi$Hthe ancient go"s.
G$Ha c&eati$e )e&son.
% The ancient Eg+)tians !se"
GiH no )e&!*es o& cos*etics.
GiiHthe 3ha&aohPs $ases o )e&!*e" oils.
GiiiHthe to*(s o the 3ha&aohs.
Gi$Hscente" oint*ents.
G$Hgits &o* the C&!sa"e&s.
; The )e&!*e in"!st&+ to"a+ is /o&th
GiH Z%00-000
GiiHZ%-000-000
GiiiHZ%0-000-000
Gi$HZ%00-000-000
G$H%0-000-000-000
<.5igh#2!alit+ )e&!*es &e2!i&e
GiHche*ist&+ la(o&ato&ies.
GiiH8-000 ing&e"ients.
GiiiHst+lish (ottles.
=0
Gi$Hche*ist&+ an" a&t.
G$Hhighl+ s,ille" an" challenging tas,s.
= The (ases o& *ost )e&!*es a&e
GiHessential oils.
GiiH"istillation.
GiiiHani*al )&o"!cts.
Gi$H)lant *ate&ials
G$Hsol$ents
> To *a,e 1 ,g o essential oil
GiH<<-000 Ias*ine lo/e&s a&e nee"e".
GiiH<-000-000 &oses a&e nee"e".
GiiiH?00 ,g o Ias*ine lo/e&s a&e nee"e".
Gi$H<-000-000 Ias*ine lo/e&s a&e nee"e".
G$H>-000 ,g o &oses a&e nee"e".
? 9hich o the ollo/ing ani*al )&o"!cts /e&e not *entione" in the a&ticleJ
GiHA*(e&g&is
GiiHM!s, oil
GiiiHCi$et cat sec&etions
Gi$HDee& antle&s
@ 9e ,no/ &o* the a&ticle that the /&ite&
GiH /ea&s *!s,.
GiiH /ea&s Ias*ine concent&ate.
Gi i iH li,es )e&!*e.
Gi$H all o the a(o$e.
G$H none o the a(o$e.
=1
10 Acco&"ing to this a&ticle- in *o"e&n ti*es )e&!*e is /o&n *ainl+
GiHo& st+le an" )leas!&e.
GiiH to "isg!ise (o"+ o"o!&.
Gi i iH to "isg!ise the s*ell o s*o,e.
G7H (eca!se itPs gi$en as a )&esent.
G$H to linge& o& "a+s.
11 5o/ "oes the /&ite& sho/ the &ea"e& that )e&!*e has (een !se" o& a long ti*eJ
12 In +o!& o)inion- /hat is the *ain &eason )eo)le !se )e&!*eJ E.)lain +o!& $ie/.
1= Boo, at the ollo/ing )h&ases. 5o/ "o +o! eel /hen +o! &ea" the*J E.)lain /h+.
a Xthe sic,l+ s*ell o (!&ning leshX
( Xthe in"!st&+ is no/ /o&th a *assi$e %0 (illion "olla&s a +ea&X
c Xthe (!tte&+ s!(stance *il,e" &o* the anal glan"s o the ci$et catX
; 9hat is the *ain i"ea o the o!&th )a&ag&a)hJ
B 0o&p-ete t!e t#1-e 1e-o5 5it! 5or+s or t!in$s t!#t #ppe#- to or #ect t!e senses; So&e e)#&p-es #re
$i6en;
Sight 5ea&ing Taste To!ch S*ell
)hotog&a)h ala&* cloc, Salt sea (&ee:e &ose
lan"sca)e (ell Be*on 3!nch (loc,e" "&ain
=8
1D So*e )eo)le sa+ the *one+ s)ent in o!& societ+ on l!.!&+ ite*s co!l" (e (ette& ee"ing the h!ng&+ an"
ho!sing the ho*eless. 9hat a&e +o!& $ie/s a(o!t hel)ing those in nee"J
1E 9hat attit!"e "o +o! (elie$e the /&ite& o the a&ticle has a(o!t )e&!*e an" the )e&!*e in"!st&+J Use
e$i"ence &o* the te.t to s!))o&t +o!& ans/e&.
/o+"-e Ei$!t ' /o+#-s
T!e /o+#- Ver1s c#n, co"-+, &#8, &i$!t, &"st, !#6e to, s!o"-+, 5i--, 5o"-+, s!#-- etc
 Are #-5#8s "se+ 1eore #not!er 6er1' He c#n s5i&; 7e s!o"-+ +o it in ti&e;
 Ne6er c!#n$e: ne6er #++ HsI or H+:e+9 ' S!e co"-+ +o it > S!e co"-+ +oes it,,,5ron$?;
 Are i&&e+i#te-8 o--o5e+ 18 HnotI in t!e ne$#ti6e; Yo" &"st not 5e#r 5et s!oes;
 Go i&&e+i#te-8 1eore t!e s"1@ect in # ."estion; 0#n I -e#6e no5J
So&e &o+#-s #n+ t!eir "ses;
=%
*o"als 3!&)ose E.a*)le
M!st0ha$e to O(ligation Shaila *!st co*e ea&l+ to )&e)a&e o& the )a&t+.
Ma&tha has to go the&e (eo&e it’s too late.
Sho!l"0sho!l"n
’t
D!t+ Mo! sho!l"n’t /aste ti*e li,e this- sho!l" &athe& sta&t /o&,ing
&o* no/.
M!st0*!stn’t St&ongest o(ligation No- +o! *!stn’t "o that. Mo! /ill (e )!nishe" othe&/ise.
Can0can’t A(ilit+ Mo! can co*e a (it late. I thin, the+ /on’t *in" that *!ch.
Ma+0*ight 3ossi(ilit+ It *ight (e t/o o& th&ee ho!&s that he hasn’t s)o,en a /o&".
Nee" to0"on’t
nee" to
Necessit+ Mo! "on’t nee" to /o&&+ a(o!t it.
9o!l" 4o&*al e.)&ession to *a,e
&e2!ests o& in$ite so*eone o&
so*ething
9o!l" +o! li,e to ha$e a c!) o teaJ
I /o!l" li,e to &e2!est +o!& "e)a&t*ent to inish the &e)o&t (+
the en" o this *onth
T!e Doctor is $i6in$ #+6ice; 0o&p-ete t!e sentences "sin$ &o+#-s;
1; Don’t o&get that +o! ha$e a t/iste" an,le. Mo! ………………………………………………………….
8.Ta,e this ate& *eal onl+. Mo! ………………………………………………………….
%.Mo! ………………………………………………………(e" !nless it’s e*e&genc+.
;.Mo! ………………………………………(eca!se /ate& /ill ,ee) +o! health+.
<. Mo! ………………………………………..(eca!se &!((ing /ill ca!se +o! *o&e )ain.
2i-- in t!e $#ps 5it! H!#6e toI or H&"stI: H&"stn9tI
1. Non#s/i**e&s …………………..go "ee) into the )ool.
8. Most st!"ents in IU' ………………….ta,e at least 18 c&e"its )e& se*este&.
=;
%. Mo! ……………………/atch this il*Vit’s so !nn+N
;. 9hen he /as a chil"- he …………………….change a e/ schools as his athe& ha" a t&anse&a(le Io(.
<. Mo! ……………………atten" e$e&+ class i +o! /ant to )ass the co!&se.
7rite # p#r#$r#p! o F sentences e)p-#inin$ 5!#t 8o" !#6e to:s!o"-+:s!o"-+
not:&"st:&"stn9t +o i 8o" 5ere in #r&8 on # -oose s!eet o p#per;
0o&p-ete t!e o--o5in$ s"it#1-8;
1. I sho!l"n’t …………………………………………………………………………………………….
8. The+ nee" to …………………………………………………………………………………………..
%. Mo! can’t ………………………………………………………………………………………………
;. Sho!l" +o! ……………………………………………………………………………………………..J
<. 5e nee"s ………………………………………………………………………………………………..
=. 9e ha$e to ………………………………………………………………………………………………
>. As a 'engali +o! …………………………………………………………………………………….
P#ir 7or( : On a se)a&ate sheet o )a)e& /&ite a "ialog!e (et/een an e*)lo+e& an" a
ne/ e*)lo+ee !sing a))&o)&iate *o"als. The e*)lo+e& is e.)laining to the e*)lo+ee the &!les an"
&eg!lations o the Io(. D!&ation : %0 *in!tes.
He#-t! #+6ice
Co*)lete the ollo/ing sentences /ith s!ita(le *o"als.
1. To*o&&o/ +o! ha$e a long Io!&ne+ to ta,e. So- +o! sho!l"………………………………………………..
=<
8. Ate& the /hole "a+’s asting- ………………………………………………………………………………
%. I +o! ha$e sto*ach ache …………………………………………………………………………………..
;. 5e has a /a&* o&ehea". 5e has to …………………………………………………………………………
<. It’s a (a" season o& $i&al "iseases. Mo! ……………………………………………………………………
He#-t! #+6ice 2
4ollo/ing a&e a e/ a"$ices o& so*e health )&o(le*s. Bocate the )&o(le*. Use s!ita(le *o"als in sentence.
1. D&in, tea.
8. Ta,e a col" sho/e&.
%. Ta,e a slee)ing )ill.
;. 3!t ice on it.
<. 'an"age it tightl+.
=. Close +o!& e+es an" ta,e &est.
>. Do &eg!la& e.e&cise.
?. A$oi" "&in,ing col" /ate&.
Gi6in$ A+6ice: %pinions
E)ercise 1
/en #n+ 7o&en' 7!#tTs Yo"r %pinionJ
Do +o! ag&ee o& "isag&ee /ith the ollo/ing state*entsJ 9h+J
==
E)ercise 2
Co*)a&e +o!& ans/e&s &o* E.e&cise 1 /ith +o!& class*atesP. Disc!ss /h+ +o! ha$e ce&tain o)inions.
E)ercise %
As, a )e&son o!tsi"e +o!& class his o& he& o)inions on the ollo/ing 2!estions an" /h+ he o& she has
that o)inion. 9&ite o!t his o& he& &es)onses in co*)lete sentences- !sing should) ought to) shouldn't) an"
should not.
E[AM3BE : *mni bel i eves that men shoul d share i n the house!ork because more !omen are
!orking outside their homes.
Yes No
1. Sho!l" *en sha&e in the ho!se/o&,J
8. Sho!l" e*ale athletes ea&n as *!ch *one+ as *ale athletesJ
%. Sho!l" /o*en (e co*(at sol"ie&sJ
;. Sho!l" h!s(an"s an" /i$es sha&e e2!all+ in &aising chil"&enJ
<. Sho!l" /o*en (e &eligio!s lea"e&sJ
E)ercise ; CROU3
A"" !) the &es!lts o all the s!&$e+s in +o!& g&o!). Then /&ite sentences sho/ing these
&es!lts.
E [ A M 3 B E Ten people think that men should share in the house!ork. +even
people think that
men shouldn't share in the house!ork.
E)ercise B 8As(
G#118
=>
A"$ice col!*ns a))ea& in *ost No&th A*e&ican ne/s)a)e&s. Rea"e&s /&ite an" as, o& a"$ice
a(o!t )&o(le*s the+ a&e ha$ing. 9&ite o!& sentences o a"$ice to the ollo/ing )eo)le /ho a&e
ha$ing )&o(le*s. Use should) should not) o& ought to to e.)&ess +o!& o)inions.
Dea& Ca((+-
I *o$e" to Cana"a &o* Lo&ea th&ee +ea&s ago. M+ *o* sa+s that I a* o&getting *+ Lo&ean
he&itage an" IP* acting too *!ch li,e a Cana"ian (eca!se I li,e c!&ling an" )la+ing hoc,e+ /ith
*+ &ien"s. IP* not t&+ing to (e "is&es)ect!l to *+ *o*. I I!st /ant to (e li,e the othe& ,i"s. 9hat
sho!l" I "oJ
Since&el+-
On Thin Ice in Calga&+
1,
2,
3,
",
Dea& Ca((+-
I /o&, all "a+ as a cashie& in a "e)a&t*ent sto&e. 9hen I co*e ho*e *+ h!s(an"
e.)ects *e to *a,e his "inne& an" clean the ho!se. Not onl+ that- (!t *+ h!s(an" is a
slo(. 9hen he co*es ho*e &o* /o&,- he lea$es his clothes all o$e& an" then I!st sits in
&ont o the T7 an" "&in,s (ee&. 9hat sho!l" I "oJ
Since&el+-
9o&n O!t in 9a!,egan
1,
2,
3,
",
Dea& Ca((+-
IP* a 8<#+ea&#ol" const&!ction /o&,e&. I a* $e&+ "issatisie" /ith *+ Io(. IP$e al/a+s
/ante" to hel) )eo)le. IP" li,e to st!"+ n!&sing- (!t all *+ &ien"s sa+ n!&sing is
/o*enPs /o&,. 9hat sho!l" I "oJ
Since&el+-
A 4ish O!t o 9ate&
1,
2,
3,
",
E)ercise D
=?
Rosa&i o /ants to (e a "octo&. Co*)lete the ollo/i ng- !si ng should) shouldn' t) o& must as
a))&o)&iate. Die&ent )eo)le *a+ ha$e "ie&ent o)inions a(o!t so*e o these- so (e &ea"+ to
I!sti+ +o!& choices.
E[AM3BE : She should lea&n ho/ to &ea" [ &a+s.
#$ SheOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO get high g&a"es in college.
%$ SheOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOli,e (iolog+.
&$ SheOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO st!"+ o& at least se$en +ea&s.
'$ SheOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOin" so*e &ien"s /ho also /ant to (e "octo&s so the+ can
s!))o&t each othe& an" st!"+ togethe&.
($ SheOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO a))l+ o& a schola&shi).
+$ SheOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO(e a&ai" o (loo".
7$ SheOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO li,e to hel) )eo)le.
,$ SheOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO(e a(le to /o&, long ho!&s.
-$ SheOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO ta,e the 5i))oc&atic Oath Ga )&o*ise to ollo/ a co"e o
*e"ical ethicsH.
10.SheOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO/o&, /ell !n"e& )&ess!&e.
11. SheOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOs*o,e ciga&ettes /hile e.a*ining a )atient.
E)ercise E
Gi6in$ Stron$er A+6ice
Co*)lete the ollo/ing )ai&s o sentences /ith !sing s!ita(le *o"als.
E[AM3BE : Mothe& to "a!ghte&: XMo! should /ea& a /a&* Iac,et- o& +o!Pll catch a col".X
1. 3a&ent to chil": XMo!OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOeat +o!& $egeta(les- o& +o! /onPt get an+ "esse&tNX
1. One &ien" to anothe&: XMo! OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO eat $egeta(les i +o! /ant to (e health+.X
8. Teache& to st!"ent: XMo!OOOOOOOget a goo" g&a"e on the inal e.a* o& +o!Pll ail this class.X
%. One st!"ent to anothe&: XI ag&ee /eOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOst!"+- (!t IP* &ea"+ o& a (&ea,.X
;. 9o&,e& to co/o&,e&: XTo i*)&ess the (oss- +o! OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO /ea& a tie to /o&,.X
1; Boss to /o&,e&: XMo!OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO(e on ti*e e$e&+ "a+ i +o! /ant to ,ee) +o!& Io(NX
<. T&a$el agent to to!&ist: XMo!Olea$e ho*e ea&l+ o& +o!Pll *iss +o!& light- (eca!se the&e is a lot o
t&aic at that ti*e.X
=. One to!&ist to anothe&: XMo! OO $isit the )+&a*i"sQ the+ a&e a *a&$elo!s e.a*)le o ancient
a&chitect!&e.X
9&ite a sentence !sing *o"als o& each o the ollo/ing sit!ations. t!ations.
1. 4athe& to son:
8. St!"ent to teache&:
E)ercise F
=@
Bist th&ee things 8o" co"-+ +o an" th&ee things 8o" s!o"-+ +o to st!"+ o& +o!&
g&a**a& test.
0o"-+
S!o"-+
E)ercise N 1;ocus <)
4o& each o the ollo/ing sit!ations- !se the /o&"s should %not&) ought to) could) must) o&
had better %not& /ith the )h&ases gi$en. The&e a&e *an+ )ossi(le ans/e&s to each
2!estion since "ie&ent )eo)le *a+ ha$e "ie&ent o)inions a(o!t so*e o these- so (e
&ea"+ to I!sti+ +o!& choices. The i&st one has (een "one o& +o!.
A1+"- is $ettin$ # +ri6erTs -icense;
E[AM3BE : ha$e an acci"ent
,e had better not have an accident !hile taking the road test.
1. (&ing a )ass)o&t o& (i&th ce&tiicate
8. ail the /&itten test
1. (e ne&$o!s
8. )&actice )a&allel )a&,ing
An$e-ic# is re$isterin$ or co--e$e c-#sses;
%. get he& a"$iso&Ps signat!&e
;. &egiste& ea&l+
<. in" o!t a(o!t the inst&!cto&s
E)ercise N
In"icate /hethe& the ollo/ing state*ents a&e t&!e o& alse.
1. 'eo&e lea$ing on a t&i) a(&oa"- o& to anothe& co!nt&+- +o! sho!l" get a t&a$el (oo, /ith ino&*ation
a(o!t that co!nt&+.
8. Mo! sho!l"nPt ca&&+ all o +o!& *one+ in cash- an" +o! sho!l"nPt )!t all +o!& *one+ in one )lace.
%. To ente& so*e t&o)ical co!nt&ies- +o! &"stnTt ha$e $accinations an" othe& shots to )&otect against
t&o)ical "iseases.
;. 9hen +o! chec, in at the ai&)o&t- +o! "onPt ha$e to )a+ e.t&a i +o! ha$e too *!ch l!ggage.
<. PMo!P$e got to )ac, +o!& ca*e&a an" )ass)o&t in
+
o!& s!itcase.
=. D!&ing the light- +o! *!stnPt s*o,e in the nons*o,ing section.
>. 9hen t&a$eling a(&oa"- +o! *!st lea&n to s#8 'lease an" thank you in the local lang!age.
?. To "&i$e in /este&n co!nt&ies- +o! ha$e to ha$e a "&i$e&’s license.
@. Mo! sho!l" (e a(le to ca&&+ all +o!& l!ggage (+ +o!&sel.
. I
>0
10; 9hen +o!P&e in a No&th A*e&ican cit+- +o! *!stnPt as, a(o!t neigh(o&hoo"s that +o! sho!l" a$oi".
11. I +o!P&e lost in No&th A*e&ica an" +o! see a )olice oice&- +o! sho!l" as, he& o& hi* o& hel).
E)ercise 10
Co*)lete the ollo/ing con$e&sation /ith the co&&ect o&* o must+ have to) o& have got to) as in"icate".
9he&e no &o+#- is in"icate"- ans/e& /ith the co&&ect )&ono!n an" the a!.ilia&+ do. The i&st one has
(een "one o& +o! as an e.a*)le.
Cla!"ia an" An"&es- t/o o&eign to!&ists- a&e &enting a ca&. The+P&e as,ing the agent a(o!t "&i$ing in the
Unite" States.
An+res' >1? -o have to GI T ha$e toH ha$e a "&i$e&Ps licenseJ
A$ent' Mes- G8HOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO
An+res' 9hat a(o!t Cla!"iaJ She has an inte&national "&i$e&Ps license.
G%H OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOGshe T ha$e toH get anothe& licenseJ
A$ent' No- G;H She can "&i$e he&e /ith an inte&national license.
0-#"+i#' 9hat a(o!t seat (eltsJ G<H OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO G/e T ha$e toH
/ea& seat (eltsJ
A$ent' Mes- +o! G=HOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO G*!stH /ea& seat (elts. ItPs
the la/ in *ost states.
An+res' 9hat G>HOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO G/e T ha$e toH "o /ith that
thing in the &ont seat o the ca&J
A$ent' 9hat thingJ Oh- thatPs the litte& (as,et. ItPs o& litte&: ga&(age- )a)e&- an" things that
+o! /ant to th&o/ a/a+.
0-#"+i#' CanPt /e I!st th&o/ it o!t the /in"o/J
A$ent' No- +o! G?HOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO G*!st Rnegati$eSH th&o/ it
o!t the /in"o/. The&ePs a Z<00 ine o& litte&ingN Mo! G@HOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO
Gha$e got toH ,ee) e$e&+thing insi"e the ca&.
An+res' >10? KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK G/e T ha$e toH "&i$e on the let si"e
o the &oa" the /a+ the+ "o in Englan"J
A$ent' NoNN Mo! >11?KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK G*!st Rnegati$eSH "&i$e on the
let. Sta+ on the &ight.
0-#"+i#' A&e the&e an+ othe& la/s that /e sho!l" ,no/ a(o!tJ
A$ent' 9ell- i +o!P&e going to t!&n &ight o& let- +o!
>12?KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK Gha$e toH !se +o!& t!&n signal. On
the high/a+- +o! >1=?KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK G*!stH ollo/ the
s)ee" li*it- an" i +o!P&e "&i$ing *o&e slo/l+ than the othe& ca&s- +o!
>1
G1;HOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO Gha$e toH sta+ in the &ight lane. The
let lane is o& aste& t&aic. O(e+ the la/s- o& the )olice /ill sto) +o!.
E)ercise 11
4ill in the (lan,s (elo/ /ith the co&&ect o&* o have to o& have got to) /hiche$e& +o!
thin, is *o&e a))&o)&iate.
E[AM3BE : ItPs ti*e o& *+ +ea&l+ chec,!). I have to &e*e*(e& to call the
"octo&Ps oice so*eti*e this *onth.
1. I (!&ne" *+ inge& /hile I /as coo,ing. The i&st#ai" (oo, sa+s that I OOOOOOOOOO hol" *+
inge& !n"e& col" /ate&.
8. She s)ille" hot oil all o$e& he& leg an" oot. KohnOOOOOta,e he& to the e*e&genc+ &oo*- no/N
%. 9hatOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO GI&eneH "o o& he& i&st#ai" classJ
SheOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO)&actice C3R GCa&"io)!l*ona&+ Res!scitationH.
;. 5is ace is (l!eN 9eOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOchec, his th&oat to see /hat hePs cho,ing on.
<. The&e a&e Iell+ish in the a&ea. The lieg!a&"Ps telling To**+ that he OOOOOOOOOOOOOO sta+ o!t
o the /ate& to"a+.
=. Di" that little gi&l "&o/nJ She sto))e" (&eathing. The lieg!a&" OOOOOOOOOOOOOOO sta&t
*o!th#to#*o!th &es!scitation as soon as )ossi(le.
1. I c!t *+ inge&- an" itPs (lee"ing a lit tle. 9hat sho!l" I "oJ The neigh(o&- /hoPs a n!&se-
sa+s that +o! OOOOOOOOOOOOOO/ash the c!t- an" then )!t a (an"age on it.
>. The&ePs so*ething in *+ e+e againN Oh- Bee. Mo! OOOOOOOOOOOOOOO sto) /ea&ing
so *!ch e+e *a,e!).
?. The chil"&enOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO get thei& $accinations (eo&e school
sta&ts.
E.e&cise 18
So*e chil"&en a&e at a s/i**ing )ool /ith thei& g&an"*othe&. The lieg!a&" is sho!ting at the
chil"&en- (!t the+P&e not )a+ing an+ attention. Thei& g&an"*othe& is &e)eating the lieg!a&"Ps
inst&!ctions. In the s)aces (elo/- /&ite /hat she sa+s- !sing must not o& mustn't.
E[AM3BE : 9al,N No &!nningN
.ou mustn't run/ o& .ou must not run/
#$ No "i$ing in the shallo/ /ate&N
OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO
OOOOOOOOO
%$ Mo!P&e not allo/e" to go in the "ee) /ate& !ntil +o! )ass a s/i**ing test.
OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO
OOOOOOOO
&$ DonPt ta,e (each (alls in the /ate&.
>8
OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO
OOOOOOOO
'$ No )!shingN
OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO
OOOOOOOOO
($ O(e+ the &!lesN Sto) (&ea,ing the &!lesN
OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO
OOOOOOOOO
+$ No eating o& "&in,ing in the )ool a&eaN
OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO
E)ercise 1=
Boo, at the cha&t (elo/ on No&th A*e&ican eti2!ette- an" co*)lete the sentences that ollo/ it- !sing have
to) have got to) don't have to) an" must not.
Person#- H8$iene 2or&#- Intro+"ctions Inor&#-
Intro+"ctions
Necess#r8
!se "eo"o&ant
/ea& clean clothes
"ail+
S*ile
sha,e han"s
s*ile sa+ X5elloX
Not
Necess#r8
/ea& )e&!*e- cologne (e $e&+ se&io!s sha,e han"s
Pro!i1ite+
!se too *!ch )e&!*e-
,iss- h!g ,iss- h!g
Tippin$ T#1-e /#nners 0-ot!in$
Necess#r8
lea$e the
/aite&0/ait&ess
a 1<\ ti)
/ait to eat !ntil e$e&+#
one is se&$e"
/ea& conse&$ati$e
clothes in (!si#
ness0la/0&eligio!s
Not
Necess#r8
ti) (a" /aite&0/ait&ess
lea$e a ti) in a ast#
oo"
acce)t oe&s o oo"
/ea& conse&$ati$e
clothes in othe&
Pro!i1ite+
ti) go$e&n*ent oicials *a,e noise /ith *o!th go (a&eoot Ge.ce)t at
E [ A M 3 B E : 9hen +o! *eet so*eone at a class*atePs )a&t+- +o! don't have to sha,e han"s.
#$ No&th A*e&icans "onPt ha$e a lot o )h+sical contact /ith each othe&- es)eciall+ /ith st&ange&s. 9hen
+o! *eet )eo)le o& the i&st ti*e- +o! OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO ,iss o&
h!g the*.
%$ To *a,e a goo" i*)&ession at a Io( inte&$ie/- +o!OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO"&ess
conse&$ati$el+- an" +o!OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO)!t on too *!ch )e&!*e.
>%
#$ No&th A*e&icans li,e a goo" sense o h!*o&. E$en in (!siness- a )e&son
(e o&*al an" se&io!s all the ti*e.
&$ 4o& satisacto&+ se&$ice in a &esta!&ant- it is c!sto*a&+ to lea$e a 1<\ ti)Q (!t i the se&$ice is )oo&-
+o! OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO ti) the /aite&.
%$ To (e acce)te" in No&th A*e&ican societ+- +o!OOOOOOOO ta,e a (ath e$e&+ "a+ an" !se "eo"o&ant.
&$ Mo!OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOgo (a&eoot to a ch!&ch- *os2!e- s+nagog!e- o& te*)le.
'$ A (!siness e.ec!ti$e OOOOOOOOOOOO sha,e han"s /hen he *eets so*eone o& the i&st ti*e.
($ %n *ost college an" !ni$e&sit+ ca*)!ses- a st!"entOOOOOOOOOOOOOO"&ess !) o& classesQ in
act- itPs $e&+ cas!al.
+$ Di&ect e+e contact is i*)o&tant o& No&th A*e&icans. Mo! loo, at the* "i&ectl+ an" s*ile /hen +o!
*eet the*- o& the+ *ight thin, +o!P&e "ishonest.
E)ercise 14
Using the cha&t &o* E.e&cise 1% as a g!i"e- /&ite +o!& o/n sentences a(o!t c!sto*s in +o!&
nati$e co!nt&+. 0se have to) have got to) don't have to) an" must not.
Necess#r8 '
Not Necess#r8 '
Pro!i1ite+'
E)ercise 14
Using the ino&*ation &o* the cha&t in E.e&cise 1%- co*)lete the ollo/ing con$e&sation a(o!t Ma&+Ps
t&i) to No&th A*e&ica. Use must) mustn't) have to) o& do not have to) in the )&esent o& )ast tense-
as a))&o)&iate. The i&st one is "one o& +o! as an e.a*)le.
Ooe' Ma&ia- ho/ /as +o!& t&i) to A*e&icaJ Mo! /e&e the&e all s!**e&- &ightJ Ma&+: Mes- I /ent
the&e on an e.change )&og&a*. I sta+e" /ith a a*il+. It /as g&eatN
Ooe' 9hat /as it li,eJ Is it t&!e that A*e&icans have to ta,e t/o sho/e&s a "a+ o& the+ "onPt eel
cleanJ
/#r8' No- thatPs not t&!e.
>;
Ooe' Is it t&!e that the+ a&e ino&*alJ
Ma&+: Mes- /hile I /as the&e- I G1HOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO /ea& a "&ess o& a s,i&t.
E$e&+ "a+ I /o&e sho&ts an" snea,e&s- e.ce)t one "a+ /hen /e /ent to co!&t. The athe& o
the a*il+ is a la/+e&- an" he sa+s that in a co!&t&oo*- +o!
G8HOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO "&ess *o&e o&*all+.
Ooe' 5o/ /as the oo"J Is it t&!e that the+ eat ha*(!&ge&s an" hot "ogs e$e&+ "a+J
/#r8' No- thatPs not t&!e- (!t in the *o&ning I G%H OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO eat
ce&eal an" "&in, A*e&ican coee.
Ooe' 9as the a*il+ &ichJ
/#r8' No- the+ /e&e *i""le class. The+ "i"nPt ha$e se&$ants- so I G;HOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO
hel) a&o!n" the ho!se. I G<H OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO clean *+ o/n &oo*
an" hel) /ith the "ishes. The&e /as +a&" /o&,- (!t I >D?KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
hel) /ith that.
Ooe' 9hat else G>HOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO "oJ
/#r8' I >F?KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK /al, the "og.
Ooe' Is it t&!e that in No&th A*e&ica +o! G@H OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO t&eat )ets
al*ost li,e )eo)leJ
Ma&+: Mes- the "og /as a *e*(e& o the a*il+. The *othe& o the a*il+ sai" to *e- XMa&+- "ogs
a&e o!& &ien"s. 9e >10? KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK lo$e an" &es)ect
the*. X
Ooe' 5o/ a(o!t the )eo)leJ Is it t&!e that the )eo)le a&e niceJ
/#r8;, Oh- +esN '!t one ti*e IP* a&ai" that I oen"e" so*e &ien"s o the a*il+. I as,e" a /o*an a(o!t
he& sala&+. The a*il+ tol" *e- XMa&+- +o! >11?KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
as, a(o!t a )e&sonPs sala&+- age- o& /eight. ItPs too )e&sonal.
><
/o+"-e Nine
Ho-i+#8s: V#c#tion
T#-( %6er > 1B &in"tes?
 9hat is a holi"a+J 9hen is a holi"a+ cele(&ate"J
 9hich is +o!& a$o!&ite holi"a+. 9h+J
 Does +o!& a*il+ go on an ann!al holi"a+J Is it co**on to holi"a+ in +o!& c!lt!&eJ
 Is +o!& c!lt!&e changingJ 9h+J
 9hat "o +o! !s!all+ "o on a long holi"a+J
Br#instor&in$ > Bo#r+ 5or( U+"r#tion ' 10 &in"tes?

Descriptions o so&e !o-i+#8 +estin#tions #re &entione+ 1e-o5; 7!ic! one 5i-- 8o" c!oose #n+ 5!8J
Ho-i+#8in
$
>=
> 20 &in"tes?
Port"$#-
The Vo8#$ers
The 3o&t!g!ese set sail on an e)ic
$o+age in 1;1<- *a,ing the* the i&st to
"isco$e& the ocean &o!tes to Ka)an-
China- '&a:il an" In"ia- an" o!n"ing
settle*ents on the east an" /est coasts
o A&ica at the sa*e ti*e. T&aces o this
/o&l"/i"e histo&ic e.istence can (e
seen an att&i(!te o the 3o&t!g!ese
geni!s. The !n!s!al g&eat *on!*ental-
a&chaeological an" a&tistic he&itage "oes
not onl+ /itness the nea&l+ nine h!n"&e"
+ea&s o histo&+ !ll o enco!nte&s /ith
a& c!lt!&es- (!t also the )&esence in the
te&&ito&+ o ancient )eo)le li,e the Celts-
the S!e$ians- the 7isigoths- the
Ro*ans an" the A&a(s.
In+i#
/8sti."e -#n+ 5it! contr#sts
In"ia is a *+sti2!e lan" /ith cont&asts.
A )lace /he&e the *o"e&n an" the ol"
e.ist togethe&- ha&*oni:ing a $i&t!al
)a&a"ise. Co*)osing *ost o so!th
Asia- it is one the /o&l"Ps la&gest co!nt&+
/ith tall *o!ntains- "ese&ts i*)&essi$e
in scale- an" (ea!ti!l /ate&alls- a&eas
in 5i*ala+as an" *et&o)olis M!*(ai in
the /est. Deccan 3latea! in so!th
*a,es In"ia !)lan" )lain- lat along the
Canges- "ese&t in the /est an" $e&+
high in no&th /ith the 5i*ala+as.
/e)ico
Hi++en Tre#s"res
Disco$e& the a*a:ing /o&l" o Me.ico.
The&e a&e lots o e.citing hi""en
t&eas!&e /aiting o& Mo! to (e e.)lo&e".
Aca)!lco is oe&ing an a*a:ing
a"$ent!&e o& e$e&+ t+)e o $isito&. I +o!
li,e acti$it+ a&o!n" the cloc,- +o! /ill
s!&e in" it in Aca)!lco. I +o! )&ee&
so*ething *o&e &ela.e"- one o
Aca)!lcoPs l!.!&io!s &eso&ts can )&o$i"e
+o! /ith an en$i&on*ent ,e)t a/a+ &o*
*ost o the c&o/". Aca)!lco &e*ains
the *ost )o)!la& to!&ist "estinations in
Me.ico o& &eason. 3eo)le &o* a&o!n"
the /o&l" co*e he&e each +ea& see,ing
e.)e&ience (ea!ti!l (eaches an"
c&+stal clea& /ate&s o the "ee)est
a:!&e. E$e&+thing &o* "ee) sea ishing
an" sc!(a "i$ing to gol an" tennis a&e
a$aila(le o& the attention o the $isito&.
Nort! 08pr"s
P"re /e+iterr#ne#n
C+)&!s is a s)len"i" holi"a+ "estination
/he&e the hot Me"ite&&anean cli*ate is
I!st a (it o its *an+ att&actions.
'eca!se o the sanctions the islan" is
not consi"e&e" as a holi"a+ "estination
(+ *ost )eo)le an" as a &es!lt a non#
co**e&cialise"- an" sae "estination o&
those /ho /ant a 2!iet !ns)oilt holi"a+.
Still a(le to oe& holi"a+s /ith "ese&te"
(eaches- &e*ote $illages- clea& /a&*
sea- *o!ntains /ith (&eathta,ing $ie/s
an" a $a&iation o i*)&essi$e castles
an" *on!*ents to ascinate those /ho
enIo+ histo&+ an" a&chitect!&e. C+)&!s is
still la&gel+ !nto!che" (+ *ass to!&is*.
Unc&o/"e" an" (lesse" /ith its
)leasant cli*ate- its !nto!che"
(eaches- the legen"a&+ hos)italit+ o the
inha(itant C+)&iots an" a /ealth o
histo&+ an" c!lt!&e can t&anso&* a
holi"a+ to an !no&getta(le e.)e&ience.
The lan"sca)e o C+)&!s oe&s a east
to e+es /ith st!nning s!nn+ (eaches
an" &oc,+ co$es to the /il"e&ness an"
the i**ense (ea!t+ o *o!ntains
&aising in the *i""le. C+)&!s is not
e.ce)tion as (eing a Me"ite&&anean
islan" /ith )lent+ o s!nshine
th&o!gho!t the +ea&. 5e&e- the s!**e&
st&etches &o* Ma+ to Octo(e& an"
*eans high te*)e&at!&es- no&*all+ /ith
clo!"less s,ies an" cool (&ee:es &o*
the sea. In the height o s!**e&- /hen
itPs %%]C at the (eaches an" highe& at
inlan"- te*)e&at!&es /ill (e &e&eshingl+
coole& !) in the *o!ntains- *a,ing it the
i"eal )lace o& hi,ing o& a si*)le &ela..
An a"$antage is also that English is
/i"el+ an" )e&ectl+ s)o,en. 3&ices a&e
oten 2!ote" in (&itish )o!n"s- the t&aic
"&i$es on the let an" $isito&s a))&eciate
chea) sho)s an" &esta!&ants.
I Mo! ta,e ti*e to $isit *!se!*s-
ch!&ches an" o co!&se the *agniicent
To*(s o the Lings a*ong *an+ othe&
a&chaeological sites- Mo! can onl+
(eneit &o* it. It is also the )e&ect
$en!e i +o!P&e )lanning to get *a&&ie"
o$e&seas- as the legen" sa+s C+)&!s is
the (i&th)lace o A)h&o"ite- Co""ess o
Bo$eN
9hate$e& is att&acting +o! to $isit this
/on"e&!l islan" an" no *atte& ho/ long
+o! choose to sta+- C+)&!s is a st!nning
holi"a+ choice that is s!ita(le o&
e$e&+one.
Listenin$ > 20 &in"tes?
Bisten to the ta)e" con$e&sation a*ong Kac,- 3ete& an" Ming. The+ a&e tal,ing a(o!t /eathe& an" $acation. Bisten o&
the ans/e&s to these 2!estions.
1. 9h+ is 3ete& co*)lainingJ
8. 9hat’s the /eathe& li,eJ
%. 9hat *onth is itJ
;. 9he&e "o 3ete& an" Kac, /ant to goJ 9h+J
>>
<. 9hat acti$ities can the+ "o the&eJ
=. 9hat "oes Ming )&ee& to goJ 9hat acti$ities can she "o the&eJ
>. 9hat’s the /eathe& o&ecast o& to*o&&o/J
Sentence &#(in$
Mo! ha$e hea&" the ollo/ing /o&"s in the con$e&sation. No/- *a,e sentences /ith all o the*.
9eathe& o&ecast0 get a tan0 c&a:+ a(o!t0 &ee:ing0 "eg&ees
chance o0!*(&ella0clo!"+0(each0/a&*0s!nn+0(&ea,0again0s!n0*o!ntains0s,i0"&+0)lanning0ell
s/i**ing0 an+)lace0hate0li,e0ca&&+0$acation0the /hole ti*e
>?
/o+"-e Ten' N#rr#tin$: stor8 te--in$
Listenin$' A &#n #n+ # 5o&#n #re c!ec(in$ into # &ote-; T!e8 te-- t!e &#n#$er # 6er8 "n"s"#-
stor8; As 8o" -isten, #ns5er t!ese ."estions; > 1B &in"tes?
1.9hat sta&ts all o the t&o!(leJ
8.9hat ha))ens to the co!)les’ clothesJ
T#(in$ notes on speciic inor&#tion'
Bisten to the sto&+ again. D!&ing the )a!ses- ill in the *issing ,e+ ino&*ation in the s)aces )&o$i"e".
Don9t tr8 to 5rite e6er8t!in$; 7rite t!e i&port#nt inor&#tion on-8; Don9t 5rite co&p-ete sentencesM 5rite
(e8 5or+s on-8; > 1B &in"tes?
1. Deci"e" to go ……………………………………………
8. 9eathe& /as ……………………………………………
%. Ate& hal an ho!& ……………………………………………
;. 5i,e" (ac, to ………………………………to change …………………………..
>@
<. Co!l"n’t in" ……………………………………………
=. 9ent (ac, ……………………………………………
>. Sa/ …………………………………../ea&ing ……………………………………
?. 4elt ………………………………………..
@. 3&o(le* no/: ……………………………………………
T#-( %6er' Stories #n+ stor8 1oo(s > 1B &in"tes?
 Do +o! &ea" sto&iesJ
 A&e +o! a goo" sto&+#telle&J
 9hat ,in" o sto&ies ascinate +o!J
Re#+in$' Rea" this sto&+ ca&e!ll+ an" ans/e& the 2!estions that ollo/.
4itten b& te bug (+ Ton+ 5ogins
I hi t chhi ,e" to Ro*e &o* Engl an" /hen I /as si .t een. In t hose "a+s it /as not so !n!s!al o& +o!ng
)eo)le to set o on s!ch a Io!&ne+. Se$e&al &ien"s ha" gone on the sa*e t&i) the )&e$io!s s!**e& an" tho&o!ghl+
enIo+e" the*sel$es. I s!))ose as teenage&s /eP" all (een see,ing so*e so&t o challenge o& a"$ent!&e- call
it /hat +o! /ill- an" thatPs e.actl+ /hat /e e.)e&ience". IP" sa+ it /as also a&o!n" that ti*e the t&a$el (!g (it
an" too, hol".
To (e honest- I canPt &eco**en" hitchhi,ing as a o&* o t&ans)o&t an+ *o&e. ItPs not that the&e a&enPt "ecent-
inte&esting- honest )eo)le still a&o!n" (!t the&e a&e "!st too *an+ c&a:ies o!t an" a(o!t to &is, )e&sonal saet+ in that
/a+.
E$en tho!gh I "onPt hitchhi,e no/- I still t&a$el /hene$e& I can- sea&ching o!t !ni2!e e.)e&iences. One &ecent
a"$ent!&e too, *e to In"onesia. Ate& e.)lo&ing so*e o the lesse&#,no/n to/ns an" $illages o la$a- I *a"e
a Io!&ne+ &o* the In"onesian ca)ital- Ka,a&ta- to Singa)o&e (+ sea. I (o!ght a thi&"#class tic,et o& the t&i)
on a &!ste" (oat that /as lea$ing one T!es"a+ ate&noon. The (oat /as al&ea"+ c&o/"e" /hen I a&&i$e" at
the "oc,s an" as *+ tic,et "i"nP t incl!"e a ca(in- I ha" to in" a s)ace to slee) on the "ec, /ith "o:ens
?0
o In"onesians &et!&ni ng to thei& ho*es an" $il l ages. It /as a *a&$ell o!s /a+ to t&a$el an" (eing at sea
/as a /elco*e change &o* the heat an" )oll!tion an" *os2!itoes o the ca)ital.
4oo" /as li*ite"V!s!all+ boiled fish an" a green vegetable se&$e" /ith a s)oon!l o &ice. It /asn’t the tastiest oo"
(!t consi"e&ing I /as in thi&" class- it /as /hat I e.)ecte".It /as the&e that I t&anse&&e" to a )o/e&!l *oto&(oat
that /as to s)ee" *e on the last leg o the Io!&ne+ to Singa)o&e. Not long ate& lea$ing the islan"- I /as
se&$e" a giant o&ange )&a/n a(o!t the si:e o a s*all lo(ste&. It sat on a (e" o &i ce an" the /hol e l ot /as
/&a))e" i n a g&een (anana l ea . That *eal /as- i n *an+ /a+s- the hi ghl i ght o the /hol e t&i ). It
taste" so goo" ate& the "!ll oo" on the (oat. The (&illiant colo!&s (!&nt a )e&*anent )lace in *+ *e*o&+ an"
e$en to"a+ I can conI!&e !) a "etail e" )hotog&a)hic i*age o that *eal.
To *+ /a+ o t hi n,i ng- i t see*s a )oi nt l ess e.e& ci se t o t & a$el so*e/he& e inte&esting an" a little o!t o
the /a+ onl+ to sta+ loc,e" !) in a anc+ ai&#con"itione" hotel /atching $i"eos an" eating 9este&n oo"- an" to
go sightseeing onl + &o* ai &#con"i ti one" ta.i es o& (!ses. S!ch a to!&i st *a+ as /el l sta+ at ho*e an"
not (othe& /ith the hassle o t&a$elling- an" (elie$e *e- at ti*es the&e can (e a lot o hassle.
So*eone once sai "- XI "i sl i ,e eel i ng at ho*e /hen I a* a(&oa"X- an" thatP s e.actl+ /hat itPs li,e o& *e.
I lo$e the &a/ e.)e&ience o in"ing o!t a(o!t a ne/ co!nt&+ o& to/n an"- I!st as i*)o&tantl+- I enIo+ in"ing o!t
a(o!t *+sel. Ate& all these +ea&s the t&a$el (!g is still (itingVoh- an" (+ the /a+- IP* lea$ing o& In"ia
ne.t *onth.
1 To /hich cit+ "i" the /&ite& hitchhi,e /hen he /as si.teenJ
8 9h+ "oesnPt the /&ite& &eco**en" hitchhi,ing an+ *o&eJ
% 9hat "i" the /&ite& "o in Ka$aJ
; 9hat is the ca)ital cit+ o In"onesiaJ
<.5o/ "i" the /&ite& t&a$el to Singa)o&eJ
= Desc&i(e the oo" that /as a$aila(le on (oa&" the shi) &o* Ka,a&ta.
> 9hat occ!&&e" at the islan"J
? Desc&i(e the i*age the /&ite& is a(le to conI!&e !) &o* his *e*o&+.
?1
@ 9hat "oes the /&ite& clai* so*e t+)es o to!&ists "o /hen the+ a&e o$e&seasJ
10 9he&e is the /&ite& going on his ne.t t&i)J
11 9h+ "i" the /&ite& eel co*o&ta(le in hitchhi,ing to Ro*e /hen he /as si.teenJ
18 9hat so&t o )e&son is the /&ite& o this a&ticleJ 9&ite a )a&ag&a)h "esc&i)tion.
1% 9hat a&e the /&ite&Ps attit!"es to t&a$ellingJ Use e$i"ence &o* the a&ticle to s!))o&t +o!& ans/e&.
1; 9hat is the *ain i"ea containe" in last (!t one )a&ag&a)hJ
1< E.)lain the sentence in the last )a&ag&a)h that (egins: XI lo$e the &a/ e.)e&ience . # # X
1= Do +o! (elie$e t&a$elling is a /o&th/hile thing to "oJ E.)lain +o!& ans/e&.
1>. 3&e)a&e a list o )laces +o! /o!l" li,e to $isit /hen +o! a&e ol"e&. 4o& one o the )laces e.)lain /hat att&action it
hol"s o& +o!.
1?. Do +o! (elie$e it /o!l" (e (ette& to "esc&i(e the /&ite& as a t&a$ele& &athe& than a to!&istJ 9hat is the "ie&enceJ
1@. 9hat se&io!s )oint "oes the /&ite& *a,eJ E.)lain ho/ it is *a"e.
80. 7rite 8o"r o5n tr#6e- piece #1o"t # @o"rne8 8o" recent-8 &#+e, e6en # trip to t!e -oc#- s!oppin$ centre 5i--
+o; Tr8 to c#pt"re t!e ee-in$ o t!e p-#ce; It +oesn9t !#6e to 1e e)citin$, #+6ent"ro"s or orei$n to &#(e it
interestin$;
?8
/o+"-e E-e6en'
Descri1in$ Peop-e' Appe#r#nce
T#-( %6er'
• 5o/ "o +o! "esc&i(e a )e&son’s a))ea&anceJ
• Is the&e an+ "ie&ence in c!lt!&al a))&oaches to s!ch "esc&i)tionsJ
• Can +o! *a,e a list o a"Iecti$es that a&e !se" to "esc&i(e a )e&son- )h+sicall+J
Voc#1"-#r8 List or Descri1in$ Peop-e9s #ppe#r#nce
o&gans A"Iecti$es !se" to "esc&i(e the*
ace 'ea!ti!l0)lain0&ec,le"0&o!n"0long0o$al0thin0s2!a&ish0(a(+#ace0innocent#loo,ing0sh&e/"
loo,ing0c!nning0 st!nning0 st&i,ing0 saint#li,e0sa"0s*iling
e+es 'ig0s*all0slanting0Mongolian0(&o/n0"a&,0(lac,0colo&e"0light0(l!e0g&een0g&e+0s)a&,ling0
sh&e/"0)&o*inent
nose Bong0thic,0sha&)0)a&&ot#nose0(l!nt0s*all0(ig0c&oo,e"
chee, Ch!((+0slen"e&0st&ong Ia/ lines0(on+
4ig!&e0(o"+
st&!ct!&e
Sli*0thin0health+0)l!*)0o$e&/eight0s,inn+0sto!t0 stoc,+0 athlete#li,e0 )etite0slen"e&0/ell
(!ilt0*!sc!la&
hai& Bong0sho&t0/a$+0c!&l+0st&aight0sil,+0sho!l"e& length0
"a&,0(&o/n0(lac,0(lon"e0(&!nette0&e"hea"0ginge&#hai&e"0 (al"0 thic, hai&0&ece"ing hai&0
?%
c&e/#c!t0 g&e+ hai&
E+e (&o/s Thic,0Ioine"0thin0c!&$e"0st&aight
ea&s 'ig0&a((it#li,e0s*all
teeth A nice set o teeth0 (!nn+ teeth0 not so /ell#a&&ange"0shin+0s)a&,ling0(ig
legs Bong0athletic0)l!*)0stoc,+
li)s Thin0thic,0!ll0!))e& li)0lo/e& li)
co*)le.ion Da&,0ai&0ta/n+0"!s,+0&os+0)ale0oli$e
o&ehea" 'ig0/i"e0na&&o/
S)ecial
eat!&es
Di*)le0(ea&"0*ole0sca&0*o!stache0/&in,les0&!ian loo,s0 goo"
)e&sonalit+0att&acti$e0)lain an" si*)le0han"so*e0goo" loo,ing0)&ett+
Pict"re Description
Desc&i(e the ollo/ing )eo)le’s a))ea&ances.

 7rite one sentence to +escri1e e#c! o t!ese peop-e , $i6in$ inor&#tion #1o"t t!eir !#ir #n+ #ce,
t!eir !ei$!t #n+ 1"i-+ #n+ $ener#- #ppe#r#nce;
1. +o! 0+o!&sel
?;
8. +o!& (est &ien"
%. +o!& athe&
;. +o!& neigh(o!&
<. the )e&son sitting ne.t to +o!
=. +o!& "&ea* )&ince0)&incess
 7!#t9s 5ron$ 5it! t!ese +escriptionsJ 0ross o"t t!e 5ron$ >r"+eA? 5or+s #n+ rep-#ce
t!e& 5it! &ore po-ite ones;
1. The *an has a (lac, co*)le.ion (!t his son is /hite.
8. She loo,s a little at in that "&ess.
%. The *an has no hai& on his hea".
;. 9ith age all he& "a&, hai& has (eco*e /hite.
<. OhN 5e is not at all goo" loo,ing. 5e is &athe& $e&+ !gl+.
=. The gi&l has lots o s)ots on he& ace.
>. The&e is a (lac, "ot on he& &ight chee,.
?. The *an’s li)s a&e at.
@. The (a(+ has an e$il s*ile.
10. The&e’s nothing s)ecial a(o!t his ace.
Gro"p 7or(
Descri1e t!e $i6en pict"res in # $ro"p #n+ tr8 to 1e #s +escripti6e #s possi1-e; T!e 1est
te#& 5i-- 5in # priPeA
?<
7or(s!eet on Peop-e9s Appe#r#nce
Descri1e t!e o--o5in$ #ces 5it! speci#- oc"s onG;;
1; 2#ce s!#pe 2; 0o&p-e)ion =; Nose 4; /o"t! B; Teet! D; H#ir E; 0!ee(s F; E8es N; An8
speci#- e#t"re


?=

?>
/o+"-e T5e-6e'
Peop-e9s 0!#r#cteristics
??
Die&ent )eo)le ha$e "ie&ent nat!&e a&o!n" !s. In act- no t/o )e&sons a&e ali,e in nat!&e. E$en i"entical
t/ins ha$e "ie&ent cha&acte&istics. 'ase" on cha&acte&istics- )eo)le can (e "esc&i(e" too (!t the
"esc&i)tion $a&ies &o* c!lt!&e to c!lt!&e.
Voc#1"-#r8
5e&e is a list o co**on /o&"s that &ee& to )eo)le’s cha&acte&istics. Can +o! in" o!t at least one s+non+*
Gsi*ila& *eaningH an" one anton+* Go))osite *eaningH o& each /o&"J
e*otional coni"ent Lin" lo+al s)en"th&it
gene&o!s sensiti$e Eccent&ic )atient (o&ing
*ise&l+ Bai" (ac, A*(itio!s inte&esting )leasant
enth!siastic aloo Restless intelligent "ecisi$e
honest sh&e/" 'oss+ asse&ti$e nos+
ca&eless 5a))+ go l!c,+ Ca&e!l c!&io!s ca&ing
s+*)athetic )&ag*atic 5os)ita(le &o*antic o""
Tal, o$e&:
• 9hat ,in" o a )e&son a&e +o!J Desc&i(e +o!& )e&sonalit+ in "etails.
• 9hat ,in" o )e&sons i&&itate +o! an" /h+J
• 9hat ,in" o a lie )a&tne& "o +o! /antJ
%pposite 5or+s'
Use a "ictiona&+ an" in" the *eanings o the ollo/ing )e&sonalit+ a"Iecti$es. 9hich ones a&e )ositi$e /o&"sJ 9hich
ones a&e negati$e /o&"sJ
In )ai&s- in" o!t the anton+*s o the /o&"s. Then const&!ct a "ialog!e (et/een +o! an" +o!& )a&tne&. 3&eten" +o! a&e
si(lings /ho a&e ha$ing a ight a(o!t so*ething. Use at least = o these /o&"s G% )ositi$e- % negati$eH in +o!& "ialog!e.
?@
3e&o&* the "ialog!e in &ont o the class.
co&p#ssion#te +i-i$ent 1o#st"- c#--o"s $"--i1-e "ss8 ."ic(,5itte+ re-i#1-e
#rsi$!te+
5#r&!e#rte+ inconsi+er#te t#ct-ess stin$8 sincere
/o+"-e T!rteen'
@0
Si&i-#rities * Dierences
Ka$e" is si*ila& to Rashe" in &#n8 5#8s. Thei& nat!&es a&e 2!ite #-i(e. The+ loo, si&i-#r too.
Bot! ha$e st!"ie" in the sa*e college. Neit!er li,es to tal, *!ch. The+ !#6e so &"c! in co&&on that )eo)le oten
ta,e the* o& (&othe&s.
No/- ans/e& the ollo/ing 2!estions !sing the ne/ /o&"s that +o! ha$e I!st lea&nt.
1. 9hat a&e the si*ila&ities (et/een +o! an" +o!& si(ling G (&othe& o& siste&HJ
8. 9hat a&e the si*ila&ities (et/een 'angla"esh an" In"iaJ
%. 9hat a&e the si*ila&ities (et/een a &a"io an" a tele$isionJ
The&e a&e /a+s o sa+ing that t/o o& *o&e things a&e "ie&ent.
Altho!gh Kanet an" Bi:a a&e siste&s- the+ ha$e al*ost not!in$ in co&&on 1et5een t!e&. The+ -oo( so +ierent
&o* each othe& that it is ha&" to (elie$e that the+ a&e act!all+ t/ins. Un-i(e !er sister- Kanet is &ien"l+ an" tal,ati$e.
On the othe& han"- Bi:a is int&o$e&t an" 2!iet.
No/- ans/e& the ollo/ing 2!estions !sing the ne/ /o&"s that +o! ha$e I!st lea&nt.
1. 9hat a&e the "ie&ences (et/een +o! an" +o!& si(ling G (&othe& o& siste&HJ
8. 9hat a&e the "ie&ences (et/een 'angla"esh an" In"iaJ
%. 9hat a&e the "ie&ences (et/een a )!(lic !ni$e&sit+ an" a )&i$ate !ni$e&sit+J
E)ercise 1 > 10 &in"tes?
Rea" the ino&*ation an" then co*)lete the sentences !sing the /o&"s an" )h&ases that +o! ha$e I!st lea&nt.
/ic!#e- AgeQ81- li$es /ith )a&ents- has /o&,e" in a sho)- sh+- ha&"#/o&,ing- $e&+ goo" at s)o&t- /o!l" li,e to (eco*e
the *anage& o a s)o&ts sho).
P!i--ip 88. li$es alone in an a)a&t*ent. St!"ies at a !ni$e&sit+. Cle$e& (!t la:+. S)en"s his e$enings at )a&ties. 5as
no )lan o& !t!&e.
P#"-# 1?.Bi$es /ith )a&ents. 5e is a t&ainee at a (an, (!t /o&,ing ha&" to (eco*e the *anage& soon. Doesn’t li,e
s)o&ts that *!ch.
1. Michael an" 3a!la (oth a&e ……………………………………………………….
8. 3hilli) is 2!ite ……………………………………………………………………….
@1
%. 3a!la an" Michael ha$e …………………………………………………………….
;. 3a!la an" 3hilli) ha$e ……………………………………………………………..
<. Neithe& o the* ………………………………………………………………………..
E)ercise 2 > 10 &in"tes?
Re/&ite the ollo/ing sentences. Mo! *!st sta&t /ith the /o&"s +o! a&e gi$en an" !se the /o&"s gi$en in the (&ac,ets.
The *eaning *!st &e*ain the sa*e. Boo, at the e.a*)le i&st.
E.a*)le: Sa* is li,e the othe&s. Gsi*ila&H.
Sa* is $e&+ si*ila& to the othe&s.
1. Ma&tin is 2!ite !nli,e his (&othe&. G"ie&entH
Ma&tin is …………………………………………………………………………………
8. 9hen +o! see the ho!ses- +o! &eali:e that the lats a&e $e&+ goo" $al!e. Gco*)a&eH
The lats a&e $e&+ goo" $al!e …………………………………………………………..
%. In his class Sall+ /as the onl+ one /ho "i"n’t )ass. G e.ce)tH
E$e&+one …………………………………………………………………………………
;. The t/o (o+s ha$e co*)letel+ "ie&ent inte&ests. Gco**onH
The t/o (o+s ha$e ………………………………………………………………………
P#ir 7or(' 7or( 5it! 8o"r rien+;
In a con$e&sation (&ing o!t the si*ila&ities an" "ie&ences (et/een +o!& a*ilies. 9&ite the "ialog!e in the gi$en s)ace
an" )e&o&* it . G "!&ation: ;0 *in!tesH
@8
Disco6erin$ Si&i-#rities
T#-( o6er : G 8< *in!tesH
9hat a&e the si*ila&ities (et/een
1. A school an" a college
8. A )en an" a )encil
@%
%. Socce& an" (as,et (all
;. An a))le an" an o&ange
<. A ca& an" a s)o&ts ca&
7ritin$' 7!#t si&i-#rities +o 8o" !#6e 1et5een 8o"r co--e$e -ie #n+ no5J 7rite ten
sentences on # sep#r#te piece o p#per;
> 1B &in"tes?
Disco6erin$ Dierences
P#ir 5or( ' > 4B &in"tes?
7!#t #re t!e +ierences 1et5een >c!oose #n8 one o t!e o--o5in$ #n+ +escri1e t!e +ierences 5it! 8o"r
rien+?
1; A 0!inese rest#"r#nt * # B#n$-#+es!i rest#"r#nt
2; A /"s-i& 5e++in$ * # Hin+":0!risti#n:B"++!ist 5e++in$
=; A pri6#te tr#nsport * # p"1-ic tr#nsport
4; Li6in$ in t!e 6i--#$e * -i6in$ in t!e cit8
B; Li6in$ in # -#t * -i6in$ in # 1i$ !o"se
D; Ho--85oo+ &o6ies * Bo--85oo+ &o6ies
/o+"-e 2o"rteen' Di#-o$"e Pr#ctice
0on6ers#tion 1
5e&e is a con$e&sation (et/een a to!&ist an" a nati$eGU)e&son local to the a&eaH. The nati$e is gi$ing "i&ections to the
to!&ist to in" o!t a )a&tic!la& location. Rea" it ca&e!ll+ an" )e&o&* the "ialog!e /ith +o!& )a&tne&.
D!&ation : 1< *ins.
@;
To"rist: E.c!se *e- si&. I’* t&+ing to in" *+ /a+ to the ch!&ch that 4&an, Blo+" 9&ight "esigne". I o&get the na*e o
it (!t it’s one o the *ost (ea!ti!l (!il"ings in the cit+.
N#ti6e: Mes- I ,no/ the one +o! *ean. Mo! *!st (e ne/ in to/n. 9e get a lot o to!&ists as,ing /he&e the ch!&ch is.
A&e +o! "&i$ing o& ta,ing )!(lic t&ans)o&tationJ
To"rist: To"a+ I’* ta,ing (!ses. Mo!’&e &ight. I’* a to!&ist. I "&o$e he&e +este&"a+ an" s)ent the "a+ "&i$ing to all the
sights (!t to"a+ I’$e "eci"e" to go (+ (!s.
N#ti6e: That’s goo". It’s slo/e& (!t +o! get to see *o&e o the cit+ (+ (!s. 4i&st o all- +o! a&e on the /&ong st&eet. Mo!
ha$e to /al, *o&e than t/o (loc,s to Ca&$e+ 'o!le$a&" /he&e +o!’ll catch the A 18 (!s. Ta,e it a(o!t a *ile. 9hen
+o! )a+ the "&i$e&- (e s!&e to as, o& a t&anse&- +o!’ll nee" it. Cet o the (!s at 3&escott A$en!e an" t&anse& to the n
1= (!s going No&th.
To"rist: Ma+ (e I sho!l" /&ite all these things "o/n. I "on’t /ant to get lost. Bet’s see. That’s the A 18 to 3&escott-
then t&anse& to N 1= going no&th.
N#ti6e: Right. As, the last "&i$e& to let +o! o at 7alle+ &oa". The ch!&ch +o! a&e loo,ing o& is onl+ a sho&t /al, &o*
the&e. Mo! can’t *iss it.
To"rist' Than,s. I a))&eciate +o!& hel).
Secon+ n#ti6e: Mo!ng *an- I co!l"n’t hel) o$e&hea& +o!& con$e&sation /ith the *an /ho ga$e +o! "i&ections.
To"rist: Mes- si&.
Secon+ n#ti6e: I thin, he *!st (e con!se" (eca!se the "i&ection he ga$e +o! /as all /&ongN I +o! ollo/ that- +o!
/ill ha$e a lo$el+ &i"e (!t +o! /ill t!&n !) at the :ooN
To"rist: No ,i""ingN 9hat sho!l" I "o thenJ
Secon+ N#ti6e: 9al, /ith *e. I a* hea"ing in the "i&ection /he&e +o! /ill (e a(le to catch the (!s +o! /ant. 9he&e
a&e +o! &o*J I can’t get +o!& accent.
To"rist: I’* &o* Bi*a- 3e&!. That’s in So!th A*e&ica. This is *+ i&st $isit to the States. An" I /ant to see as *an+
sights as I can.
@<
Secon+ n#ti6e: I ha$e ne$e& (een to +o!& co!nt&+. The a&thest so!th I ha$e e$e& (een to is Me.ico Cit+. 9ell- he&e
/e a&e.. This is the co&ne& o 9all D&i$e an" Utle+ St&eet an" he&e’s +o!& (!s sto). Ta,e the S# 1 /hich /ill sto) &ight
/he&e /e a&e stan"ing- "o/n to the la,e. The (!s /ill t!&n &ight (!t +o! sho!l" get o an" c&oss the st&eet. It’s calle"
Sho&e Bane.
To"rist' An" /he&e’s that 4&an, Blo+" 9&ight ch!&ch J
Secon+ n#ti6e: No. Mo! /ill see anothe& (!s sto) /ith a sign li,e this one. All the (!s sto)s he&e ha$e the sa*e
(&ight colo&e" signs- so the+ a&e eas+ to s)ot. T&anse& the&e to the T#8 going so!th. The en" o the line o& T#8 is I!st
ac&oss the st&eet &o* +o!& ch!&ch. The /hole &i"e sho!l"n’t ta,e +o! an+ *o&e than %0 *in!tes.
To"rist: Than, +o!. I a* gla" that +o! set *e st&aight. It /o!l" (e eas+ to get lost in a to/n so (igN
Secon" nati$e: It’s not "iic!lt to in" +o!& /a+ a&o!n" i +o! ha$e a goo" *a) o the cit+. I s!ggest that +o! sho!l"
(!+ one. I +o! st!"+ that *a)- +o! /ill in" o!t ho/ eas+ it is.
To"rist: Is that *+ (!s co*ing "o/n the st&eet no/J
Secon+ N#ti6e: Mes- it is. I ho)e +o! ha$e the co&&ect change /ith +o!.
To"rist: 9h+J 9on’t the "&i$e& *a,e change o& *eJ
Secon+ N#ti6e: No- not these "a+s. In ol" "a+s- the+ !se" to (!t no/ the+ /ant onl+ the e.act change.
To"rist' Oh- I see. O,a+ then. Than,s again. '+e.
Secon+ n#ti6e. '+e. EnIo+ +o!& sta+ he&e.
Voc#1"-#r8 Pr#ctice
1. Ci$e the opposites o these /o&"s: so!th- /est- /&ong- a(o$e- "iic!lt- lost- last- let.
8. I a )e&son /ants to Esee the sights’- he *eans
5e is inte&este" in ha$ing an i"ea
5e is inte&este" in sho))ing
@=
5e is inte&este" in $isiting inte&esting locations
%. To catch a (!s *eans
To in" a (!s
To (oa&" a (!s
To get o it
;. I so*eone tells +o!- E+o! I!st can’t *iss itF- then it is )e&ha)s
Eas+ to locate
Diic!lt to locate
I*)ossi(le to locate
<. E Eas+ to s)otF *eans
eas+ to in"
eas+ to "&a/ on
eas+ to see at a "istance
=. Eto set so*ething st&aightF *eans
to t!&n so*ething a&o!n"
to co&&ect so*ething
to &ela. so*ething
/#(e Sentences
Use these /o&"s in sentences.
I’* tol"0 i&st o all0 to (e s!&e0 I co!l"n’t hel) (!t0 to in" +o!& /a+ o!t0 to en" !)0
In the ol" "a+s0 all /&ong0 to get lost0 to set a )e&son st&aight
Con$e&sation 8
@>
Ke&&+ /ants to $isit the C&eat 9all- so he as,s 4a+ o& so*e s!ggestions
Ke&&+: 4a+- IP$e hea&" it sai" that +o! a&e not a Xt&!e *anX !ntil +o!P$e stoo" on the C&eat 9all.
IP" li,e to $isit the 9all this /ee,en". Do +o! ,no/ ho/ I can get the&eJ
4a+: The&e a&e t/o /a+s to go the&e. Mo! co!l" go the&e "i&ectl+ (+ (!s o& t&ain- o& +o! co!l"
Ioin a g&o!) to!&.
Ke&&+: Is one /a+ (ette& than the othe&J
4a+: Coing /ith a g&o!) is ce&tainl+ *o&e con$enient. E$e&+thing is ta,en ca&e o o& +o!-
incl!"ing l!nch an" tic,ets to )laces o inte&est along the /a+. It !s!all+ costs a&o!n" 100
RM'.
Ke&&+: That so!n"s li,e a goo" "eal.
4a+: On the othe& han"- i +o! go "i&ectl+- +o! /onPt sto) along the /a+- /hich *eans +o! can s)en" *o&e
ti*e at the 9all itsel. ItPs also chea)e&.
Ke&&+: 9ell- I li,e to go o on *+ o/n. I thin, going "i&ectl+ /o!l" (e (ette& o& *e. Do +o! ,no/ ho/ I can
get the&eJ
4a+: IP$e hea&" the chea)est /a+ is (+ *ini(!s n!*(e& @1@- /hich +o! can catch nea& the Kish!itan s!(/a+
station. It costs onl+ 10 +!anN The&ePs also a t&ain /hich sta&ts on the /est si"e o the cit+ /hich goes
"i&ectl+ to the 9all- (!t IP$e ne$e& ta,en it. I ,no/ the&ePs a s*all station o!tsi"e the /est gate o 'eiIing
Ae&ona!tics Uni$e&sit+. Mo! co!l" go the&e an" as, a&o!n".
Ke&&+: ThatPs $e&+ close to /he&e I li$e- so IPll chec, it o!tN '+ the /a+- ha$e +o! e$e& (een to the C&eat
9allJ
4a+: Mes- I ha$e. It /as 7ERM i*)&essi$eN Not onl+ is it so long- (!t I /as s!&)&ise" at ho/ stee) the ste)s
a&e. ItPs al*ost li,e cli*(ing a *o!ntainN The scene&+ &o* the /all is 2!ite s)ectac!la&. Boo,ing o!t &o*
the 9all- +o! can &eall+ get a sense o histo&+.
Ke&&+: C&eatN IP* &eall+ loo,ing o&/a&" to it. So 4a+- since +o!P$e (een to the C&eat 9all- +o! a&e a Xt&!e
*anX- &ightJ
4a+: Mes- no/ I "&in, lots o (ee& an" e$en s*o,e ciga&sN
Ke&&+: Reall+JNJ
4a+: O co!&se not- IP* I!st ,i""ingN
Con$e&sation %
4ei is hel)ing Ke&&+ "eci"e /hat gits to gi$e to his a*il+ (ac, ho*e
4ei: 5i Ke&&+. Ke&&+J Oh- Ke&&+NN
Ke&&+: Oh- hi 4ei. I "i"nPt hea& +o! a))&oaching.
4ei: Mo! /e&e &eall+ lost in tho!ght. O& /e&e +o! slee)ingJ
@?
Ke&&+: No- I /asnPt slee)ing- I!st thin,ing.
4ei: A(o!t /hatJ
Ke&&+: 9ell- IPll (e going (ac, ho*e to $isit *+ a*il+ o& a co!)le o /ee,s.
4ei: ThatPs g&eat. ItPs (een a /hile since +o!P$e seen the*- hasnPt itJ
Ke&&+: Mes- itPs (een 2!ite a /hile.
4ei: So- +o! *!st (e thin,ing a(o!t ho/ ha))+ +o!Pll (e to see the* again.
Ke&&+: Mes- thatPs t&!e. '!t IP* also thin,ing a(o!t /hat ,in"s o gits I sho!l" (&ing (ac, &o* China o&
e$e&+one # *+ (&othe&- *+ siste&- he& h!s(an" an" "a!ghte&- an" o co!&se- o& *+ )a&ents.
4ei: O co!&se- +o! /ant to (&ing (ac, so*e t&a"itional things. 5o/ a(o!t so*e Chinese ,itesJ
Ke&&+: 5e+- thatPs a goo" i"eaN Mo! an" I ha" a lot o !n l+ing ,ites togethe&. IP* s!&e *+ niece /o!l" get a
,ic, o!t o l+ing a Chinese#st+le ,ites too.
4ei: An" *a+(e +o! co!l" (&ing (ac, so*e *as,s &o* the 'eiIing O)e&a.
Ke&&+: 4ei- +o!P&e a geni!sN 'eiIing O)e&a *as,s a&e not onl+ $e&+ colo&!l- the+P&e $e&+ e.otic tooN M+
)a&ents /ill &eall+ li,e the*. O,a+- no/ I ha$e to thin, o so*ething to (!+ *+ siste&. ThatPs a to!gh oneN
4ei: DonPt (e so )essi*istic- Ke&&+. Does she li,e e.otic ashionsJ Ma+(e +o! co!l" (&ing (ac, a 2i)ao- a
t&a"itional Chinese "&ess.
Ke&&+: O co!&seN Anothe& g&eat i"eaN 5o/ "o +o! thin, o these i"eas so easil+- 4eiJ
4ei: 5e+- +o! sai" it (eo&e... IP* a geni!sN 5a ha ha.
Ke&&+: O,a+- no/ the to!ghest )eo)le to sho) o& # *+ (&othe& an" *+ siste&Ps h!s(an". 9hat in the /o&l"
co!l" I (&ing (ac, o& the*J
4ei: Di"nPt +o! tell *e that +o!& (&othe& is st!"+ing Chinese no/J
Ke&&+: Mes- thatPs &ight. 5e ho)es to co*e to China ate& he g&a"!ates &o* !ni$e&sit+.
4ei: So /h+ not (!+ hi* a D7D so that he can /atch a *o$ie in ChineseJ
Ke&&+: S!&e- heP" lo$e that. 5ePs c&a:+ a(o!t ,!ng ! *o$ies- so he can ha$e !n an" lea&n at the sa*e ti*eN
Mo! a*a:e *e- 4ei.
4ei: Ceni!ses /ill "o thatN O,a+- no/ o& +o!& (&othe&#in#la/. I thin, +o!P&e on +o!& o/n the&eN
Ke&&+: 9ell- I co!l" I!st get hi* a XIP$e (een to the C&eat 9allX t#shi&t.
4ei: O& *a+(e heP" li,e a Chinese ,ite too. O& *a+(e a ,!ng ! D7D.
Ke&&+: Right- o& *a+(e a 2i)aoN
4ei: ThatPs a sill+ i"eaNN
@@
Ke&&+: Mes- +o!P&e &ight. 5ePs *!ch too at to /ea& a 2i)aoN
Con$e&sation ;
4a+ as,s Ke&&+ o& a"$ice on ho/ to s!ccee" at a Io( inte&$ie/ in English
4a+: 5i Ke&&+. IP* thin,ing o a))l+ing o& a Io( /ith a *!ltinational co*)an+- (!t IP* /o&&ie" a(o!t
ha$ing an inte&$ie/ in English. Can +o! gi$e *e an+ goo" ti)sJ
Ke&&+: 5***. ThatPs a to!gh one. I g!ess the i&st thing is to t&+ to *a,e a goo" i*)&ession. 9e
oten sa+- X+o! ne$e& get a secon" chance to *a,e a i&st i*)&essionX. Mo! &eall+ nee" to get o to
a goo" sta&t.
4a+: That so!n"s li,e goo" a"$ice. Ma+(e I co!l" sing an" "ance o& the*- ha ha haN Then the+P"
&eall+ (e i*)&esse"N '!t se&io!sl+- ho/ "o I *a,e a goo" i&st i*)&essionJ
Ke&&+: To (egin /ith- +o! sho!l" i&*l+ sha,e the inte&$ie/e&Ps han" /hile g&eeting hi* o& he& /ith
a s*ile. 'e s!&e to ,ee) e+e contact- es)eciall+ /hen listening to the inte&$ie/e&.
4a+: Ah- X(o"+ lang!ageX is &eall+ i*)o&tant- isnPt itJ
Ke&&+: Mes- it is. The secon" thing is to ha$e coni"ence. Mo! get coni"ence &o* (eing )&e)a&e".
Mo! sho!l" lea&n a little (it a(o!t the co*)an+ (eo&e the inte&$ie/. 4in" o!t /hat the+ "o- ho/
long the+P$e (een in (!siness- /hat thei& (!siness *otto is- that ,in" o thing. Mo! sho!l" also
antici)ate )ossi(le 2!estions- an" thin, a(o!t ho/ +o! /ill ans/e&.
4a+: Sho!l" I *e*o&i:e *+ ans/e&s (eo&ehan"J
Ke&&+: NoN Deinitel+ notN That so!n"s $e&+ *echanical. Mo! sho!l" (e nat!&al /hen +o! s)ea,.
K!st thin, a(o!t ho/ +o! /ant to ans/e&- an" choose the &ight /o&"s at the ti*e o the inte&$ie/.
That /a+- +o! can !se the inte&$ie/e&Ps o/n /o&"s in +o!& ans/e&- /hich sho/s +o!P$e (een
listening. Then +o!P&e s!&e to *a,e a goo" i*)&ession.
4a+: I ne$e& tho!ght a(o!t that (eo&e. Mo!P&e &eall+ s*a&t- Ke&&+N '!t /hat sho!l" I "o i I canPt
&e*e*(e& an English /o&" /hen IP* ans/e&ing a 2!estionJ
Ke&&+: In that case- +o! ha$e to )a&a)h&ase. In othe& /o&"s- +o! ha$e to e.)lain /hat +o! /ant to
sa+. 4o& e.a*)le- i +o! o&get the /o&" X*an!act!&ingX- +o! can sa+ X*a,ing a )&o"!ctX instea".
O& instea" o XstatisticsX +o! co!l" sa+ X!sing *an+ (ig n!*(e&s to "esc&i(e so*ethingX.
4a+: ThatPs $e&+ hel)!l- Ke&&+. Than,s so *!ch. Ah- one *o&e thing. Sho!l" I as, a(o!t the sala&+
"!&ing the inte&$ie/J
Ke&&+: No- eithe& let the* (&ing !) the to)ic o *one+- o& else /ait o& a secon" inte&$ie/. I +o!
)&e)a&e /ell- *a,e a goo" i&st i*)&ession- ha$e coni"ence- an" !se English nat!&all+- +o!P&e
al*ost ce&tain to (e inte&$ie/e" again. Coo" l!c,N
Con,e"sation 2
4a+ as,s Ke&&+ a(o!t his )lans o& the s!**e& an" is a (it s!&)&ise".
100
4a+: 5i Ke&&+. The school +ea& is al*ost o$e&. Do +o! ha$e an+ )lans o& the s!**e& holi"a+J
Ke&&+: IP* )lanning on slee)ing all "a+- e$e&+ "a+N
4a+: Oh- co*e on Ke&&+- +o! *!st (e ,i""ing.
Ke&&+: Meah- IP* I!st )!lling +o!& leg. Act!all+- IP* going to go "o/n to C!i:ho! 3&o$ince.
4a+: Reall+J 9h+ /o!l" +o! go to C!i:ho!J ItPs not a $e&+ )o)!la& to!&ist site.
Ke&&+: E.actl+N ItPs not $e&+ )o)!la&- so it /onPt (e too c&o/"e". I enIo+e" *+ t&i) to the C&eat 9all-
(!t the&e /e&e so *an+ )eo)le the&e. I thin, it s)oile" the at*os)he&e a (it.
4a+: IP* s!&e C!i:ho! /onPt (e so c&o/"e". '!t /onPt it (e too hot in the s!**e&J
Ke&&+: No- acco&"ing to one o *+ st!"ents- itPs $e&+ cool in the s!**e&. 5e sai" it is Xnat!&all+ ai&
con"itione"X.
4a+: 9ell- that so!n"s goo". I /o!l"nPt *in" getting a/a+ &o* the 'eiIing heat *+sel. Still- I
/on"e&... is the&e an+thing /o&th seeing in C!i:ho!J
Ke&&+: S!&eN 4o& one thing- the&ePs the (ea!ti!l nat!&al scene&+. IP* s!&e +o!P$e hea&" o the 5!ang
C!o Sh! 9ate&alls. The&ePs also the Maling Co&ge /hich is sai" to (e s)ectac!la&. The&e a&e
*o!ntains e$e&+/he&e in C!i:ho!- e$en in the ca)ital cit+ o C!i+ang.
4a+: Mes- I ha$e hea&" o 5!ang C!o Sh! 3!(!- (!t /onPt +o! get (o&e" I!st loo,ing at the
scene&+J
Ke&&+: Co*e on 4a+- the&ePs lots o things to "o. I can go hi,ing in Aian Bing 3a&, in C!i+ang- $isit
Miao $illages in the so!theast- an" I ,no/ +o!P$e hea&" o ^!n+i- a $e&+ histo&ical cit+. ItPs /he&e
Mao ^e Dong i&st (eca*e the lea"e& o the Re" A&*+.
4a+: Cee- /hen +o! "esc&i(e it li,e that- it so!n"s &eall+ inte&estingN
Ke&&+: An" thatPs not all. IPll (e a(le to eat $e&+ "elicio!s- s)ic+ oo"- "&in, /o&l"#a*o!s *aotai-
an" *+ st!"ent tol" *e I can *eet so*e $e&+ (ea!ti!l /o*en the&eN
4a+: IP* s!&e +o!Pll ha$e !n Ke&&+- (!t let *e gi$e +o! so*e a"$ice. 'e s!&e to hol" onto +o!&
/allet AND +o!& hea&tN
Ke&&+: 9ePll see /hat ha))ensN
4a+: Do +o! ha$e a )lace to sta+ in C!i:ho!J
Ke&&+: Mes- IP* $e&+ l!c,+. M+ st!"entPs siste& is the *anage& o the C!i:ho! 3a&, 5otel- the (est
hotel in the )&o$ince. IP$e seen so*e )ict!&es on the Inte&net- itPs &eall+ niceN '!t I thin, o!tsi"e
C!i+ang- IPll sta+ in a Miao $illage o& *a+(e (!+ a tent an" go ca*)ing.
4a+: ThatPs g&eat- Ke&&+. IP* loo,ing o&/a&" to seeing +o!& )hotos /hen +o! get (ac,.
Englis Con,e"sation =
101
Ke&&+ an" 4ei a&e co*)a&ing Ch&ist*as c!sto*s in Ne/ Mo&, an" 'eiIing
Ke&&+: Boo,- 4eiN I got a Ch&ist*as ca&" &o* *+ siste&.
4ei: ItPs $e&+ (ea!ti!l. 9h+ a&e the /o&"s X5a))+ 5oli"a+sX /&itten on the ca&"J
Ch&ist*as is onl+ one holi"a+. Sho!l"nPt it (e X5a))+ 5oli"a+X- /itho!t the XsXJ
Ke&&+: 9e "onPt I!st cele(&ate Ch&ist*as "!&ing this season. 9e also cele(&ate the
co*ing o the Ne/ Mea&.
4ei: Oh- I ne$e& tho!ght a(o!t that (eo&e. The&ePs *o&e than one holi"a+ at the en" o
the +ea&.
Ke&&+: No/ that IP* in China- I /ant to cele(&ate the holi"a+s Chinese#st+le. 9hat "o
+o! an" +o!& a*il+ "o o& Ch&ist*asJ
4ei: Act!all+- /e "onPt "o *!ch at Ch&ist*as. ItPs not &eall+ a (ig a*il+ holi"a+. Mo!ng )eo)le in
China /o!l" &athe& s)en" Ch&ist*as E$e /ith thei& (o+&ien"s o& gi&l&ien"s.
Ke&&+: So is it so*ething li,e a "ate nightJ
4ei: Mes- I g!ess +o! co!l" sa+ that. Ch&ist*as E$e is s)ecial- (!t /e "onPt !s!all+ ha$e an+
s)ecial )lans o& Ch&ist*as Da+.
Ke&&+: DonPt )eo)le gi$e gits to each othe& li,e the+ "o in the U.S.J
4ei: Man+ )a&ents "o gi$e gits to thei& ,i"s. '!t *o&e i*)o&tanl+- (o+&ien"s gi$e /on"e&!l-
s)ecial- &o*antic gits to thei& gi&l&ien"sN
Ke&&+: I see. 5o/ a(o!t the Ne/ Mea& in China. Is it a (igge& holi"a+ than Ch&ist*asJ
4ei: Not &eall+. 9e "onPt cele(&ate it (eca!se the S)&ing 4esti$al is *!ch *o&e i*)o&tant to !s
he&e in China.
Ke&&+: The S)&ing 4esti$al is ,no/n a&o!n" the /o&l" as XChinese Ne/ Mea&X. ItPs the (eginning o
the +ea& acco&"ing to the t&a"itional l!na& calen"a&- isnPt itJ
4ei: ThatPs &ight. The S)&ing 4esti$al is the (iggest a*il+ holi"a+ in China- so /e "onPt cele(&ate
the /este&n Ne/ Mea&. 5o/ a(o!t in Ne/ Mo&,J Do )eo)le cele(&ate Ne/ Mea&Ps E$e *o&e o&
Ne/ Mea&Ps Da+J
Ke&&+: The&e a&e t/o ,in"s o )eo)le /ho cele(&ate 2!ite "ie&entl+. Single )eo)le- o& co!)les
/itho!t chil"&en- oten go o!t late on Ne/ Mea&Ps E$e. The+ "&in, an" )a&t+ ate& the cloc, st&i,es
*i"night. The&e a&e (ig )a&ties all o$e&- (!t the (iggest is in Ti*es S2!a&e in Manhattan.
4ei: I g!ess the+ /onPt ha$e *!ch ene&g+ let o$e& to "o an+thing on Ne/ Mea&Ps Da+- then.
Ke&&+: Right. '!t the&e a&e a*ilies /ho "onPt "o an+thing s)ecial on Ne/ Mea&Ps E$e. Instea"- the+
cele(&ate /ith thei& a*ilies on Ne/ Mea&Ps Da+.
108
4ei: 9hat "o the+ "o on Ne/ Mea&Ps Da+J
Ke&&+: The+ ha$e a (ig *eal to cele(&ate an" oten /atch )a&a"es in the (ig cities. The )a&a"es
a&e 2!ite s)ectac!la&.
4ei: It so!n"s a little (it li,e o!& t&a"itional Bion Dance.
Ke&&+: Mes- itPs a lot li,e the Bion Dance- e.ce)t the&e is no lionN
Con$e&sation >
A: I nee" so*e(o"+ to co*e o$e& an" i. *+ inte&net.
': 9hatPs /&ong /ith itJ
A: 4o& so*e &eason itPs I!st not connecting.
': 5o/ long ha$e +o! (een ha$ing this )&o(le*J
A: It hasnPt (een /o&,ing the )ast e/ "a+s.
': Does the inte&net co*e !) at allJ
A: It "oes- (!t it /onPt connect to an+thing.
': 9ell- the inte&net isnPt "o/n- so the&e *!st (e so*ething /&ong /ith +o!& connection.
A: Co!l" +o! sen" so*eone to i. it to"a+J
': IPll sen" so*e(o"+ o$e& &ight a/a+ to i. it.
A: 9hen /ill the+ (e he&eJ
': The+ sho!l" (e the&e in the ne.t ho!&.
Listenin$ or /#in I+e#s: 3ete&- La&en an" Molan"a /ent to the sa*e college. La&en an" Molan"a ha$e
*et 3ete& all on a s!""en an" he&e’s thei& con$e&sation. Bisten to the con$e&sation an" ill in the ga)s /ith co&&ect
/o&"s &o* the tal,.
1; I lo$e +o!& ne/ hai&c!t. It &eall+ loo,s …………………………………
2; Molan"a: 5i- 3ete&. I ha$en’t seen +o! a& a /hile. 9hat ha$e +o! ……………………………..J
3ete&: Not *!ch. K!st ……………………………….an" going to school.
=; Da$i" )lans to (eco*e a "octo& (eca!se he has al/a+s (een ……………………………
10%
…………………………….. science.
;. I’* ………………………… ……………………………… …………………………….*ost o the ti*e (eca!se *+
co*)an+ nee"s *e to t&a$el a lot.
<. La&en hel)s sic, )eo)le get /ellQ she /o&,s as a ………………………………in a hos)ital.
Listenin$ or Speciic #ns5ers'
4in" o!t ans/e&s to these 2!estions &o* the con$e&sation.
1. 9hat is the *ain thing that the &ien"s "isc!ssJ
8. 9hen "i" the+ *eet lastJ
%. 9hat is 3ete& "oingJ
;. 9hat "oes Molan"a "oJ
<. 9hat is La&en’s Io(J
Ater 8o" Listen' Voc#1"-#r8 Re6ie5
9hat "o these /o&"s0e.)&essions *eanJ
1. E (een !) toF 8. g&a"!ation %. te&&iic ;. goo" at <. ,ee) in to!ch =. on the &oa"
Ro-e,P-#8 '
/#(e # $ro"p o t!ree #n+ preten+ t!#t 8o" !#6e @"st &et e#c! ot!er #ter ten 8e#rs o $r#+"#tin$ ro&
IUB ; Prep#re # script in 20 &in"tes #n+ peror& it or 10 &#r(sAA
Use t!ese e)pressions in 8o"r +i#-o$"e;
I. that’s a*a:ingN
10;
II. Cong&at!lationsN
III. That’s g&eatJ 9hen "i" that ha))enJ
I7. I a* so&&+ to hea& that.
7. Not againJ
7I. Mo! *!st (e ,i""ingN
7II. Oh noN That’s a/!lN
7III. No /a+N
I[. I a* s!&e +o! /ill.
[. Not &eall+.
REVISI%N 7%RS
Q1; 7rite #ppropri#te ."estions or t!e #ns5ers "sin$ s"it#1-e 7H #ctors;
1. A: OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO
Ans: M+ ho*e/o&, is on *+ "es, . . . at ho*e.
8. A: OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO
Ans: M+ &ien"s.
%. A: OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO
Ans: She /ent o& l!nch.
;. A: OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO
10<
Ans: On thi&" loo&.
<. A: OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO
Ans: '&ea,ast /ill (e se&$e" at >:%0 a*.
=. A: OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO
Ans: 5e has onl+ one (oo,.
>. A: OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO
Ans: Ah- I thin, I /ill get at least >0 o!t o 100 in this e.a*.
?. A: OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO
Ans: 5o*eN I ha$e a col" so I can’t co*e in to"a+.
@. A: OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO
Ans: < eet 8 inches.
10. A: OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO
Ans: 9e /ill ha$e t/o so!)s- a sala" an" so*e s)&ing &olls )lease.
A8. 4ill in the ga)s /ith #ppropri#te 6er1s.
1. I …………………s)ea, English $e&+ /ell.
8. 9e ha$en’t …………………..hi* an+/he&e.
%. The+ /e&e …………………tennis /hen the sto&* sta&te".
;. Does he……………….. he&e o& is he I!st $isitingJ
<. 5e /ill co*e as soon as he …………………….his /o&,.
A%. Re /&ite the sentence i t!ere is #n8 &ist#(e in it.
10=
1. 9e "i" not /ent to 'oi Mela +este&"a+. ……………………………………………………………
8. 5e elt aslee) in the (!s on the long Io!&ne+. ………………………………………………………
%. The st!"ents "oesn’t /ant to ha$e an e.a* on 4&i"a+. …………………………………………….
;. The chil" "o not eat )&o)e&l+. That’s /h+ he is so thin. …………………………………………..
<. 5is a*il+ "oes not /ant hi* to /o&, late at night. ……………………………………………….
A;. 9&ite "o/n ne$#ti6e st#te&ents ollo/ing the gi$en cl!es.
1. To/hi"0 co*e0class0"ail+. ………………………………………………………………………..
8. Ehsan0his &ien"0/ant0(oth0(eco*e0 )ilots. ………………………………………………………………………
%. 4ati*a0 )&esent0to"a+. ……………………………………………………………………………
;. 4aisal0 *iss0class0+este&"a+. ……………………………………………………………………..
<. Naheen0 sing0(ea!ti!ll+0in the i&st class. ………………………………………………………
A;. 9&ite "o/n positi6e sentences ollo/ing the gi$en cl!es.
1. Measi&0 s)ea,0a lot0in class. ………………………………………………………………….
8. 9e0/atch0a il*0 last /ee,………………………………………………………………….
%. Kalal0 ha$e0a nic, na*e. …………………………………………………………………….
;. M!nia0 tal,0 sotl+0 /ith e$e&+one. …………………………………………………………
<. Ta&i,!l0Ioin0the class0last /ee,. ……………………………………………………………..
A<. 5e&e is a sit!ation. A cele(&it+G an a*o!s acto& o& a )la+e& o& a singe&H is sitting on the lo!nge o a hotel /he&e +o!
an" +o!& &ien" s!""enl+ notice hi*. Mo! t/o a&e e.cite" to ig!&e hi*0he& o!t the&e. Mo! go nea& hi*0he& an" gathe&
co!&age to s)ea, to hi*0he&. 9hat /o!l" (e the con$e&sationJ 9o&, in a g&o!) o th&ee an" )&e)a&e the act in 80
*in!tes.
A=. 0o&p-ete t!e o--o5in$ con6ers#tion;
Anna: 5ello e$e&+(o"+N .......................................................
The class: ..............................................................-than, +o!. .......................................................
Anna: 9ell. I a* ine. 5o/ /as +o!& /ee,en"J
Kosh: Nothing s)ecial *a"a*. .......................................................................
10>
Anna: Reall+J Mo! *ean +o! "i"n’t go an+/he&e "!&ing the /ee,en"J
Sa&ah: I ............................................................... It /as a !n.
Anna: An" /hose /e""ing /as itJ
Sa&ah: It /as *+ co!sin’s. 9e all /ent o!t o Dha,a o& that.
Anna: An" /hat a(o!t +o!- Ka*esJ
Ka*es: ……………………………………………….. I ha" to sta+ ho*e o& the enti&e /ee,en".
Anna: Oh- I a* so&&+ to hea& that. ……………………………………………………….J
Ka*es: Mes- *a’*- I a* ta,ing ca&e o *+ health no/.
Anna: O,a+ then- let’s sta&t to"a+’s lesson.
A>. Desc&i(e the )ict!&e in ten co*)lete sentences !sing a))&o)&iate $oca(!la&+ an" )&e)ositions.
QF; 7rite t!e correct sentences in t!e $i6en sp#ce;
10?
1. 5e co*e to collect ga&(age e$e&+"a+.
########################################################################################################################
8. M&. an" M&s. S*ith a&e li$e in Thailan" o& last t/o +ea&s.
########################################################################################################################
%. The "ogs "oesn’t li,e catsJ
########################################################################################################################
;. 9he&e "oes she /o&,sJ
QN; 0o&p-ete t!e sentences 5it! si&p-e present:contin"o"s or& o t!e 6er1s $i6en in t!e 1r#c(ets;
Se$e&al (i&" ……………………………GeatH /hen !)si"e "o/n- (!t the&e …………………………….G(eH onl+ one (i&"
/hich- /hen the &ight /a+ !)- ………………………………Gt!&nH its hea" !)si"e "o/n to eat.
9hich co!nt&+ …………………………Ge.)o&tH the *ost &ice in the /o&l"J
5o/ long ………………………………G"oH a sna,e …………………………….G slee)H in /inte&J
St!"ents ………………………….G)&e)a&eH o& the inal e.a* no/. ………………………G(eH +o!J
Q10; 0o&p-ete t!e o--o5in$ +i#-o$"e 5it! #ppropri#te 5or+s;
Cla&a: 5iN 9hat a&e +o! "oing this /ee,en"J
Kose)h:
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
….
Cla&a: No- not &eall+. In act- I a* not inte&este" in /atching oot(all.
Kose)h: So&&+ (!t *+ (&othe& has al&ea"+ ……………………………………………………. So- I ha$e to go /ith hi*.
Cla&a: Don’t /o&&+. I a* )lanning
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
10@
Kose)h: That so!n"s goo". A&e +o! a goo" s/i**e&J
Cla&a: …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
Kose)h: O,a+- then. 5o)e /e can go o!t togethe& so*e ti*e ne.t /ee,.
A11. Co*)lete the sentence /ith s!ita(le /o&"s.
1. Mo! can see &o* his ace ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
8. The (o+ ca*e late
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
%. The+ !s!all+
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
;. So*e )eo)le
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
Q12; 7rite si) sentences on HHo5 8o" s!o"-+ 1e!#6e or #ct #s # $oo+ citiPenI "sin$ si) +ierent H&o+#-sI;
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………….
A1%. 2r#&e ."estions 5it! 7!, ."estion 5or+s or t!e $i6en #ns5ers;
A: ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Ans: 'eca!se I ca*e $e&+ late last night.
110
A: ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Ans: At si. o’cloc,.
A: ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Ans: '+ (!s- on *ost "a+s. So*eti*es (+ ca&.
A: ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Ans: On /ee,en"s- I )la+ c&ic,et /ith *+ &ien"s.
A: ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Ans: 4i$e ho!&sN G < *a&,sH
Q14; Re #rr#n$e t!e 5or+s to &#(e # correct sentence; Yo" &#8 nee+ to c!#n$e t!e 5or+,or& or
$r#&&#tic#- #cc"r#c8;
1. Bi,e0coee0he0tea0*o&e0than.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
8. M!st0/e0&oa"0not0c&oss0ca&elessl+.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
%. No(o"+0he0,no/s0is0/he&e
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
;. 5e0"oes0o&0ca&e0+o!J
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
<. 3eo)le0all0e2!al0a&e0(eo&e0la/.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
Q 1B; 7rite 8o"r 6ie5s on HS&o(in$ #s # !#1itI in i6e sentences;
111
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………….
118
Sa*)le A!estion 3a)e&s
INDEPENDENT UNIVERSITY, BANGLADESH >IUB?
4INAB E[AMINATION
SU//ER 2010
ENGLISH 101' LISTENING * SPEASING SSILLS
INSTRU0T%R'
DURATION : 1 5R ;0 MINUTES
TOTAB MARLS: ?0
NAME …………………………………………………………. SCORE :
………………………………………………………………………
Q1; 0o&p-ete t!e o--o5in$ +i#-o$"e 5it! s"it#1-e 5or+s;
To"rist: E.c!se *e- si&. I’* t&+ing to …………………………………….to the ch!&ch that 4&an, Blo+" 9&ight "esigne". I
o&get the na*e o it (!t it’s ………………………………………………………………...in the cit+.
11%
N#ti6e: Mes- I ,no/ the one +o! *ean. Mo! *!st (e ……………………………….in to/n. 9e get a lot o to!&ists as,ing
/he&e the ch!&ch is. A&e +o! "&i$ing o& …………………………………………………………….J
To"rist: To"a+ I’* ta,ing (!ses. Mo!’&e &ight. I’* a to!&ist. I "&o$e he&e +este&"a+ an" s)ent the "a+ "&i$ing to all the
sights (!t to"a+ I’$e "eci"e" to go (+ (!s.
N#ti6e: That’s goo". It’s slo/e& (!t …………………………………………………………… (+ (!s. 4i&st o all- +o! a&e on
the /&ong st&eet. Mo! ha$e to /al, *o&e than t/o (loc,s to Ca&$e+ 'o!le$a&" /he&e +o!’ll catch the A 18 (!s. Ta,e it
a(o!t a *ile. 9hen +o! )a+ the "&i$e&- (e s!&e to as, o& a t&anse&- +o!’ll nee" it. Cet o the (!s at 3&escott A$en!e
an" t&anse& to the N 1= (!s going No&th.
To"rist: Ma+ (e I sho!l" /&ite all these things "o/n. I "on’t /ant to …………………………………………. Bet’s see.
That’s the A 18 to 3&escott- then t&anse& to N 1= going no&th.
N#ti6e: Right. As, the last "&i$e& to let +o! o at 7alle+ &oa". The ch!&ch +o! a&e loo,ing o& is onl+ a sho&t /al, &o*
the&e. Mo! can’t …………………………. it.
To"rist' Than,s. I a))&eciate +o!& hel).
Secon+ n#ti6e: Mo!ng *an- I co!l"n’t hel) o$e&hea& +o!& con$e&sation /ith the *an /ho ga$e +o! "i&ections.
To"rist: Mes- si&.
Secon+ n#ti6e: I thin, he *!st (e con!se" (eca!se the "i&ection he ga$e +o!
……………………………………………….N I +o! ollo/ that- +o! /ill ha$e a lo$el+ &i"e (!t +o! /ill t!&n !) at the :ooN
To"rist: No ,i""ingN 9hat sho!l" I "o thenJ
Secon+ n#ti6e: 9al, /ith *e. I a* hea"ing in the "i&ection /he&e +o! /ill (e a(le to
………………………………………………. 9he&e a&e +o! &o*J I can’t get +o!& accent.
To"rist: I’* &o* Bi*a- 3e&!. That’s in So!th A*e&ica. This is *+ i&st $isit to the States. An" I /ant to see
……………………………………………...
Secon+ n#ti6e: I ha$e ne$e& (een to +o!& co!nt&+. The a&thest so!th I ha$e e$e& (een to is Me.ico Cit+. 9ell- he&e
/e a&e. This is the co&ne& o 9all D&i$e an" Utle+ St&eet an" he&e’s +o!& (!s sto). Ta,e the S# 1 /hich /ill sto) &ight
/he&e /e a&e stan"ing- "o/n to the la,e. The (!s /ill t!&n &ight (!t +o! sho!l" get o an" c&oss the st&eet. It’s calle"
Sho&e Bane.
11;
To"rist' An" /he&e’s that 4&an, Blo+" 9&ight Ch!&ch J
Secon+ n#ti6e: No. Mo! /ill see anothe& (!s sto) /ith a sign li,e this one. All the (!s sto)s he&e ha$e the sa*e
(&ight colo&e" signs- so that ……………………………………………………………………………... T&anse& the&e to the
T#8 going so!th. The en" o the line o& T#8 is I!st ac&oss the st&eet &o* +o!& ch!&ch. The /hole &i"e sho!l"n’t ta,e
+o!………………………………………………………………………..
To"rist: Than, +o!. I a* gla" that +o! set *e st&aight. It /o!l" (e eas+ to get lost in a to/n so (igN
Secon+ n#ti6e: It’s not "iic!lt to in" +o!& /a+ a&o!n" i +o! ha$e a goo" *a) o the cit+. I s!ggest that
…………………………………………………………….. I +o! st!"+ that *a)- +o! /ill in" o!t ho/ eas+ it is.
To"rist: Is that *+ (!s co*ing "o/n the st&eet no/J
Secon+ n#ti6e: Mes- it is. I ho)e +o! ha$e the co&&ect change /ith +o!.
To"rist: 9h+J 9on’t the "&i$e& …………………………………. change o& *eJ
Secon+ n#ti6e: No- not these "a+s. In ol" "a+s- the+ !se" to (!t no/ the+ /ant onl+ the e.act change.
To"rist' Oh- I see. O,a+ then. Than,s again. '+e.
Secon+ n#ti6e. '+e. EnIo+ ……………………………………… he&e.
G 1< *a&,sH
Q2; Usin$ proper &o+#-s 5rite # +i#-o$"e in t!e $i6en sp#ce 1et5een #n e&p-o8er #n+ #n e&p-o8ee 5!ere t!e
e&p-o8er is e)p-#inin$ t!e r"-es #n+ re$"-#tions o t!e oice to t!e ne5co&er;
G10 *a&,sH
Q=; In t!e o--o5in$ sp#ce 5rite #n i&#$in#r8 inter6ie5 1et5een 8o" #n+ 8o"r #6o"rite ce-e1rit8; T!e
inter6ie5 s!o"-+ st#rt 5it! # proper s#-"t#tion #n+ en+ n#t"r#--8;
G 10 *a&,sH
Q4; Loo( #t t!e o--o5in$ &#p c#re"--8; No5 5rite +o5n i6e #ppropri#te ."estions to in+ o"t -oc#tions #n+
-#n+&#r(s ro& it; Gi6e s"it#1-e #ns5ers too in t!e $i6en sp#ce;
11<
1. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………
Ans:
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………
8. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………
Ans:
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………
%. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………
Ans:
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………
;. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………
Ans:
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………
<. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………
Ans:
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………
G 10 *a&,sH
11=
Re#+in$ Te)t
A<. Rea" the ollo/ing te.t ca&e!ll+ ans/e& the gi$en 2!estions in +o!& o/n /o&"s.
SEVEN /%DERN 7%NDERS %2 THE 7%RLD
T!e P#n#&# 0#n#-- (eg!n in 1??0’s- /asn’t inishe" !ntil 1@1;. It Ioins the Atlantic an" the 3aciic
oceans. Enginee&s "esc&i(e the canal as a $icto&+ o h!*ans o$e& geog&a)h+. 9o&,e&s "!g h!ge
a*o!nts o lan" an" ta*e" &i$e&s.
4o& ;0 +ea&s ate& it /as co*)lete" in 1@%1- T!e E&pire St#te B"i-+in$- in Ne/ Mo&, Cit+- /as
the tallest (!il"ing in the /o&l". A*a:ingl+- this 108 sto&+ (!il"ing /as const&!cte" in I!st ;10
"a+s.
T!e Net!er-#n+s Nort! Se# Protection 7or(s is anothe& $icto&+ o$e& geog&a)h+. The
Nethe&lan"s- /hich is (elo/ sea#le$el- /as oten loo"e" (+ the No&th sea an" (+ &i$e&s. Then-
(et/een 1@8> an" 1@%8- a "a* /as (!ilt to sh!t o!t the sea. T/ent+ +ea&s late&- "a*s an" canals
/e&e (!ilt to cont&ol the &i$e&s.
T!e Go-+en G#te Bri+$e- co*)lete" in 1@%>- /as also a challenge o& the /o&,e&s: San
4&ancisco 'a+ in the USA has $e&+ st&ong /in"s an" &o!gh /a$es. The Col"en Cate is still the
/o&l"’s tallest (&i"ge. It has eno!gh steel to /&a) a&o!n" the /o&l" th&ee ti*esN
At 1?1< eet- t!e 0N To5er- in To&onto- Cana"a is one o the /o&l"’s tallest &ee stan"ing
(!il"ings. Co*)lete" in 1@>=- the to/e& is !se" o& T7 an" Ra"io (&oa"casting.
T!e It#ip" D#&- co*)lete" in 1@?;- goes ac&oss the 3a&ana Ri$e& at the '&a:il#3a&ag!a+ (o&"e&.
It is the /o&l"’s la&gest h+"&o#elect&ic )lant.
Co*)lete" in 1@@;- t!e 0!#nne- T"nne- Ioins 4&ance an" Englan". The Channel is a &e*a&,a(le
con$enience: ca&s- (!ses an" t&!c,s all a&e ca&&ie" th&o!gh the t!nnel (+ t&ain.
A; 7rite t!e n#&e o t!e str"ct"res +escri1e+ 1e-o5;
11>
1. A st&!ct!&e that is the tallest o its ,in". Ans. …………………………………………………………….
8. T/o g&eat $icto&ies o$e& geog&a)h+. Ans. …………………………………………………………….
%. A st&!ct!&e that Ioins t/o (o"ies o /ate&. Ans …………………………………………………………….
;. T/o st&!ct!&es that Ioin t/o se)a&ate a&eas o lan". Ans. …………………………………………………………….
<. A st&!ct!&e const&!cte" $e&+ 2!ic,l+. Ans.
…………………………………………………………….
=. T/o st&!ct!&es that a&e in E!&o)e. Ans.
…………………………………………………………….
G 1 . @ U @ *a&,sH
'. 9hich o the a(o$e *entione" a*o!s st&!ct!&es /o!l" +o! li,e to $isit an" /h+J
G = *a&,sH
0; Tic( o >C ? t!e correct #ns5er ro& t!e c!oices $i6en 1e-o5;
a. The 3ana*a Canal is
I. A 1@
th
cent!&+ st&!ct!&e
II. A 80 th cent!&+ st&!ct!&e
III. A 81
St
cent!&+ st&!ct!&e
(. The E*)i&e State (!il"ing is a*o!s
I. 4o& its height
II. 4o& its location
III. 4o& its (ea!t+
c. The Nethe&lan"s is !ni2!e (eca!se
I. It is )la+ing in the /o&l" c!) oot(all.
II. It is sit!ate" (elo/ the sea le$el.
11?
III. It has a s!)e& loo" )&otection s+ste*.
". The chie *etal !se" in The Col"en Cate is
I. I&on
II. Steel
III. '&on:e
e. O the se$en /on"e&s o *o"e&n a&chitect!&e *entione" a(o$e- the *ost *o"e&n is the
I. E*)i&e State '!il"ing
II. Channel T!nnel
III. C N To/e&
G < *a&,sH
SU//ER 2010
ENGLISH 101' Listenin$ Test
DURATI%N' 20 &in"tes
/#r(s' 1B
Na*e…………………………………………………………………………….. SCORE:
……………………..
Bisten to the con$e&sation a*ong th&ee &ien"s an" ill in the cha&t /ith a))&o)&iate /o&"s onl+. 'e ca&e!l o
s)ellings.
'ig Cities 'ig Cities S*all To/ns S*all To/ns
Coo" Things 'a" Things Coo" Things 'a" Things
11@
1. ……………………
………
8. ……………………
………
%. ……………………
………
1.
………………………
……
8……………………
……….
%……………………
……….
;……………………
……….
<……………………
……….
=……………………
………
1…………………………
….
8…………………………
….
%…………………………

;…………………………
….
1……………………….
8……………………….

G 1< *a&,sH
180
INDEPENDENT UNIVERSITY, BANGLADESH
2INAL EVA/INATI%N
2ALL 2011
ENGLISH 101 ' LISTENING * SPEASING SSILLS
INSTRU0T%R'
DURATI%N' 1 H%UR
T%TAL /ARSS' =B
N#&e' GGGGGGGGG;GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG Score'
GGGGGGGGG;
Q1; Usin$ correct tense +escri1e # +#8 in 8o"r -ie 5!en e6er8t!in$ 5ent 5ron$;
> B &#r(s?
Q2; 7rite # note to 8o"r rien+ +escri1in$ IUB c#&p"s "sin$ #ppropri#te '"e'ositions; Un+er-ine t!e
'"e'ositions;
> B &#r(s?
Q=; Usin$ B +ierent modals 5rite +o5n i6e sentences on 8o"r +"ties #n+ responsi1i-ities #s # citiPen o
D!#(#;
> B &#r(s?
Q4; 7rite a so"t desc"i'tion on #n8 one o t!e o--o5in$ topics;
1; P#!e-# Bois!#(! 0e-e1r#tions
2; Yo"r nei$!1o"r!oo+;
=; T!e rien+ 8o" &et #ter # -on$ ti&e;
4; En$-is! 101 c-#ss;
181
> 10 &#r(s?
QB; 7rite a dialogue #&on$ rien+s 1rin$in$ o"t t!e c"-t"r#- +ierences 1et5een t5o co"ntries;
> 10 &#r(s?
A--9S 7ELL THAT ENDS 7ELLAAA
5e&e +o! ha$e co*e to the en" o the co!&seNNN Cong&at!lationsN
I ho)e +o! ha$e enIo+e" the co!&se an" o!n" it inte&esting an" !se!l.
No/- one last &e2!est:
In the ollo/ing s)ace- /&ite a(o!t +o!& Io!&ne+ to English 101: &o* "a+ 1 till the
en". I a* not going to chec, it. So- eel &ee to $entilate +o!& eelings an" sha&e it
/ith +o!& &ien"sNNNN

188
T5ANL MOUNN
18%

COURSE OUTLINE Description o t!e co"rse: English 101 is a o!n"ation#le$el % c&e"it co!&se at IU'. The (asic )!&)ose o the co!&se is to teach an" &e ine &esh*en st!"ents’ a(ilit+ to co**!nicate e ecti$el+ in English. The co!&se )&o$i"es a st!"ent#cente&e" lea&ning en$i&on*ent to *eet the (asic lang!age nee"s o the IU' st!"ent co**!nit+. It is an integ&ate" co!&se li,e the othe& o!n"ation English co!&ses o IU'. This *eans that altho!gh the co!&se oc!ses on the listening an" s)ea,ing s,ills o st!"ents- the+ a&e e.)ose" to a holistic co**!nicati$e en$i&on*ent in the classes /he&e all the o!& s,ills o lang!age teaching0lea&ning 1 listening- s)ea,ing- &ea"ing an" /&iting 1 a&e si*!ltaneo!sl+ ta!ght to )&o*ote in"!cti$e listening an" s)ea,ing. The&e o&e- this co!&se /ill ena(le st!"ents eel co* o&ta(le in ta,ing all othe& co!&ses at IU' as the *e"i!* o inst&!ction in IU' is English. Le#rnin$ %"tco&es' U)on the s!ccess !l co*)letion o the co!&se- st!"ents sho!l" (e a(le to:          Un"e&stan" an" !se a $a&iet+ o English e.)&essions In e& /o&" *eanings &o* conte.t Inte&)&et s)ea,e&’s tone an" attit!"e Relate listening to )e&sonal e.)e&ience Re)o&t )e&sonal e.)e&ience As, an" ans/e& con$e&sational 2!estions 3a&tici)ate in &o!tine con$e&sation 4!l ill a $a&iet+ o s)ea,ing !nctions A))l+ a))&o)&iate )&on!nciation s,ills in s)ea,ing

Topics or spe#(in$:             5ealth 6 Me"icine 5oli"a+s 6 S)ecial Occasions 7acation E"!cation 4ea&s M!sic Mo$ies 4a*ilies T&a"itions S)o&ts E$e&+"a+ 3&o(le*s D&ea*s an" goals

Te)t * H#n+ o"ts: St!"ents a&e &e2!i&e" to (!+ a te.t. This se*este&- the&e a&e t/o $e&sions o the (oo,. 'oth $e&sions a&e sa*e in te&*s o to)ics an" ai*s (!t one $e&sion contains so*e e.t&a acti$ities. I a st!"ent )!&chases the ol"e& $e&sion- he&0his teache& /ill ens!&e that the e.t&a acti$ities a&e also co$e&e" &o* the othe& (oo,. These e.t&a acti$ities /ill (e a$aila(le to all teache&s o the co!&se th&o!gh the Co!&se Coo&"inato&. Teache&s *a+ "eci"e to eithe& "o the acti$ities on the /hite(oa&" o& &e2!est thei& st!"ents to (!+ a co)+ as a han"o!t. A""itional han" o!ts *a+ (e gi$en (+ the inst&!cto&.

A"+io,Vis"#- Reso"rces: 7a&io!s *!lti*e"ia *ate&ials a&e !se" in the class &oo* as listening &eso!&ces. 8

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