Turn IN

:
Homework to your team box Pick UP: Returned Homework from your team folder located on the back desk. Homework not picked up after I week will be discarded.

1

ENGR 111 12.2a Basic Dimensioning with AutoCAD
How to annotate simple drawings for use in constructing an object

Learning Objectives
 

Be able to understand the basic rules of dimensioning Apply dimensions to objects in accordance with engineering standards Define the following items: Dimension line, Extension line, Reference dimension, and Leader Be able to recognize the following machined holes: Spotfaced, Counterbored, Countersunk, & Counterdrilled.
3

coherent manner 4 .Basic Dimensioning    Dimensions allow a part to be manufactured Dimensions are ALWAYS in real world units Dimensions should be applied in a concise.

00 EXTENSION LINE ARROWHEAD EXTENSION LINE: EXTENSION GAP LEADER 2.80 .00 1.Dimension Terminology: DIMENSION LINE 3.00 1.20 5 .00 1.90 1.80 .

Extension lines Extension lines should be offset from the part by one half the text height and should extend one text height beyond the dimension line 6 .

Dimension Spacing The first row of dimensions must be a minimum of 3 text heights away from the part. Any dimensions beyond it must be a minimum of 2 text heights apart 7 .

8 .Arrowheads: Should be 3 times longer than they are wide.

Avoid dimensioning to hidden features Always place the dimension where the characteristic shape is shown in the most descriptive view. but dimension lines should never be crossed. Dimension rounded corners and arc features as radii where they appear in their rounded views. The overall dimension should always be given. (This means don’t place a dimension on object lines making a “T joint”. Keep dimensions between the views whenever possible Extension lines may cross each other and over other lines on the part. Additional stacks can be a minimum of 2 text heights away from each other.Dimensioning Rules       Avoid placing any dimensions on the part (inside the view) unless there is no other option.      Dimension cylindrical objects as diameters in their rectangular view.) Always dimension holes in their circular view by stating the diameter of drilled holes. It should be placed outside of smaller dimensions and be the furtherest dimension from the part. See Essentials of Engineering Design Graphics Chapter 4 9 . Always place the first row of dimensions a minimum distance of 3 text heights away from the edge of the part. Specify the hole depth of special features such as countersinking with a note following the dimension. then use a general note for the features. If the same value is repeated many times.

See Essentials of Engineering Design Graphics Chapter 4 10 . For metric drawings.) For drawings dimensioned in inches. Basic sizes (to be toleranced) should be placed inside a rectangular box Extend leaders from the first of last word in a note. values less that one inch should not be preceded with a zero.Dimensioning Rules      Do not duplicate dimensions and avoid using unnecessary or superfluous dimensions When all of the dimensions are expressed in inches. The origin for baseline or ordinate dimensions used as a datum should be extended from a finished edge of the part. Place dimensions among the various views to avoid crowding. Stagger horizontal dimensions to avoid contact or crowding of values. Point them toward the center of circular features that they are specifying.      Conserve space and time by using abbreviations and standardized symbols whenever possible. do not use inch mark (“) or the abbreviation for inches (in. Reference dimensions should be placed in parentheses or should include the abbreviation “REF”. omit the use of the millimeter (mm) notation following the numeral. as millimeters are the default units.

1. See Essentials of Engineering Design Graphics Chapter 4 11 . Avoid placing dimensions on the part (inside of the view).

2. Avoid dimensioning to hidden features There is one exception:…… When the hidden line is a finished (√) surface See Essentials of Engineering Design Graphics Chapter 4 12 .

3. Always place dimensions where the characteristic shape is shown in the most descriptive view See Essentials of Engineering Design Graphics Chapter 4 13 .

Also: Remember to locate hole position with ordinate dimensions to hole centers See Essentials of Engineering Design Graphics Chapter 4 14 . Specify special features (hole types) with a note. Always dimension holes in their circular view with the Ø.4.

Dimension rounded corners and arc features as radii where they appear in their rounded view.5. See Essentials of Engineering Design Graphics Chapter 4 15 .

125R) See Essentials of Engineering Design Graphics Chapter 4 16 . (ALL FILLETS AND ROUNDS ARE . If the same value is repeated many times. then use a general note for the feature.6.

See Essentials of Engineering Design Graphics Chapter 4 17 .Ø.7. Dimension cylinders in their rectangular view with a diameter symbol….

Additional stacks of dimensions can be a minimum of two text heights (1/4 ”or 6 mm) away from each other See Essentials of Engineering Design Graphics Chapter 4 18 . Place the first row of dimensions 3 text heights (3/8 ”or 10 mm) away from the edge of the part.8.

9. Keep dimensions between views whenever possible . See Essentials of Engineering Design Graphics Chapter 4 19 .

but dimension lines should never be crossed. Extension lines may cross each other and over other lines on the part.10. (Hint no “arrow-headed” lines can cross “arrow-headed” lines) See Essentials of Engineering Design Graphics Chapter 4 20 .

See Essentials of Engineering Design Graphics Chapter 4 21 . It should be placed outside of smaller dimensions and be the farthest from the part.11. The overall dimension should always be given.

Do not duplicate dimensions and avoid using unnecessary or superfluous dimensions See Essentials of Engineering Design Graphics Chapter 4 22 .12.

in) See Essentials of Engineering Design Graphics Chapter 4 23 . DO NOT use inch marks ('') or the abbreviation (. When all of the dimensions are expressed as inches.13.

See Essentials of Engineering Design Graphics Chapter 4 24 . For drawings dimensioned in inches. values less than 1 inch should not be proceeded with a zero.14.

15. For metric dimensions less than 1 mm DO place a zero in front of the decimal point. See Essentials of Engineering Design Graphics Chapter 4 25 .

omit the use of the millimeter (mm) notation following the numeral.16. as millimeters are the default units. For metric drawings. See Essentials of Engineering Design Graphics Chapter 4 26 .

The origin for baseline or ordinate dimensions used as a datum should be extended from a finished edge  of the part.17. See Essentials of Engineering Design Graphics Chapter 4 27 .

Conserve space and time by using abbreviations and standardized symbols whenever possible. See Essentials of Engineering Design Graphics Chapter 4 28 .18.

Basic sizes (to be toleranced) should be placed inside of a rectangular box See Essentials of Engineering Design Graphics Chapter 4 29 . Reference dimensions should be placed in parenthesis or should include the abbreviation “REF”.19.

20. Point them toward (but not touch) the center of the circular features that they are specifying. See Essentials of Engineering Design Graphics Chapter 4 30 . Extend leaders from the first or last word in a note.

21. Stagger horizontal dimensions to avoid contact or crowding of the values See Essentials of Engineering Design Graphics Chapter 4 31 . Place dimensions among the various views to avoid crowding.

Angular features: Dimension angular features with either: X.Y coordinate location or Vertex location & degrees See Essentials of Engineering Design Graphics Chapter 4 32 .

corner of the sheet See Essentials of Engineering Design Graphics Chapter 4 33 .Dimension Styles Unidirectional dimensions Aligned dimensions align are read from the lower left with individual dimension lines.

A short review on Dimension “elements” •What is… •an Extension line ? •an Extension line gap ? •an Extension line extension ? •a Dimension line ? •a Dimension numeral ? •a leader ? •When are… •Decimals used ? Not used ? •Unit designators (in. or mm) listed on dimension lines ? •What size… •Is an Arrowhead ? 34 .

Dimensioning In AutoCAD .

Dimensioning in AutoCAD    AutoCAD does semi-automatic dimensioning You select the features which should be dimensioned and the location for each dimension AutoCAD measures the distance in question and applies the appropriate dimension complete with arrowheads. extension lines. and dimension lines 36 .

From the “pull down” menu  View Toolbars 37 . Or.The Dimensioning Toolbar  The dimensioning commands can be easily accessed by:   Right Click on an existing toolbar and activate the dimensioning toolbar.

38 .Linear Dimensions    Linear dimensions are use to show basic dimensions of parts They can be orientated either in a horizontal or vertical (or even aligned) fashion AutoCAD will automatically measure the length specified and insert all the parts of the dimension.

Leaders

Leaders are used to apply thread notes and other annotations Leaders begin at the arrow and continue from their elbow to their annotation The annotation can be any text string you want to type

39

Radius and Diameter

By selecting a circular feature (arc or circle) with the Radius or Diameter option AutoCAD will measure the size and place the dimension at a user selected point Using the Center option will place automatic centerlines on arcs or circles

40

AutoCAD Dimension Variables:
dimasz dimtix
3.00 1.80 .90 1.00

dimtxt
.80

dimexe

dimgap
2.00 1.00 1.20

dimdec

See Essentials of AutoCAD by Whiteacre appendix 6

41

Sets number of decimal places of dimension Sets center tick mark size See Essentials of AutoCAD appendix 6 42 .18 Sets arrowhead length.18 off ?? ?? Places text above the dimension line. Sets height of text.00 All parts of the dimension are one entity. Forces text inside of extension lines. dimtad dimtxt dimtix dimdec dimcen off . Extension beyond dimension line. Changes sizes of text arrows. dimasz dimexe .18 .AutoCAD Dimension Variables: Variable Default Description dimaso dimscale on 1.

Special Characters in AutoCAD:      %%c will show as the Diameter symbol: Ø %%d will show as the Degree symbol:  %%p will show as the Plus-minus symbol:  %%u will start/stop text underlined %%o will start/stop text overline 43 .

Spotfaced holes: No depth required. Cleans an uneven surface deep enough to allow full contact with bolt or washer. 44 .

Counterbore holes Require both a diameter and a depth dimension. 45 .

(measured to the shoulder).Counterdrilled holes: Require both a diameter and a depth dimension. 46 .

Countersunk holes: Used with flat head screws and bolts. They become flush when tightened. Used extensively in the aerospace industry. The 82 angle is common for cutting tools and screw threads 47 .

48 .Chamfers: Break away sharp edges and help guide the part into a mating assembly. or with two distances. May be specified with one distance and one angle.

Necks: Necks are used for “O” ring seals. and designed failure points 49 . parts turned on lathes.

50 .Knurls: Knurling is a process of rolling patterns onto cylindrical objects to make them easier to grip.

Dimensioning in small places 51 .

Repetitive features A combination of dimensioning & notes is used. A number in parenthesis indicates how many are required. The word TYPICAL (or TYP) indicates that all shown are the same. 52 .

place an SI symbol near the title block. 53 .SI symbol When dimensions on the drawing are all stated in millimeters.

Metric Units and 3rd angle projection Metric Units and 1st angle projection 54 .SI symbol: 1st vs 3rd angle projection.

The vertex of the √ needs to touch the edge view of the surface.Finish marks: Rough surfaces that need to be machined to provide a smooth. 55 . finished surface are indicated with finish marks.

2 Preview:   Tolerances:……………….….Individual Assignment:  AutoCAD     Plate 51………………. Plate 57-63 You will need your “paper copy” of the Vinson plate book for this assignment 56 .…all Plate 52……………………C & D Plate 53 …………….A & D  Due: Beginning of class 12..…….B & D Plate 54 ……………….……...

Dimensioning Errors:  What is wrong with: 57 .

Dimensioning Errors:  What is wrong with: 58 .

Dimensioning Errors:  What is wrong with: 59 .

Dimensioning Errors:  What is wrong with: 60 .

Learning Objectives   Apply dimensions to objects using AutoCAD Be able to write correct notes for machined holes 61 .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful