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# Differential Relations in Cartesian Coordinates: Continuity (incompressible

):
∂u ∂v ∂w + + =0 ∂x ∂y ∂z

⎛ ∂ 2u ∂ 2u ∂ 2u ⎞ ⎛ ∂u ∂u ∂u ∂u ⎞ ∂p +u +v + w ⎟ = − + ρ g x + μ⎜ 2 + 2 + 2 ⎟ ∂x ∂y ∂z ⎠ ∂x ∂y ∂z ⎠ ⎝ ∂t ⎝ ∂x 2 2 ⎛ ∂ v ∂ v ∂2v ⎞ ⎛ ∂v ∂v ∂v ∂v ⎞ ∂p Navier-Stokes: ρ ⎜ + u +v + w ⎟ = − + ρ g y + μ⎜ 2 + 2 + 2 ⎟ ∂x ∂y ∂z ⎠ ∂y ∂y ∂z ⎠ ⎝ ∂t ⎝ ∂x

ρ⎜

ρ⎜

⎛ ∂2w ∂2w ∂2w ⎞ ⎛ ∂w ∂w ∂w ∂w ⎞ ∂p +u +v +w ⎟ = − + ρ g z + μ⎜ 2 + 2 + 2 ⎟ ∂x ∂y ∂z ⎠ ∂z ∂y ∂z ⎠ ⎝ ∂t ⎝ ∂x

Differential Relations in Polar Coordinates: Continuity (incompressible):
1 ∂ 1 ∂ ∂ (rvr ) + (vθ ) + (vz ) = 0 r ∂r r ∂θ ∂z
⎞ ⎟ ⎠ ∂vr ⎞ ∂θ ⎟ ⎠

v2 ∂vr v 1 ∂p μ⎛ 2 ∂v + (V i∇)vr − θ = − + g r + ⎜ ∇ 2 vr − r − 2 θ 2 ∂t r ρ ∂r ρ⎝ r r ∂θ ∂vθ vv v μ⎛ 1 ∂p 2 + (V i∇)vθ + r θ = − + gϑ + ⎜ ∇ 2 vθ − θ2 + 2 r ∂t ρ r ∂θ ρ⎝ r r ∂vz μ 1 ∂p Navier-Stokes: + (V i∇)vz = − + g z + ∇ 2 vz ∂t ρ ∂z ρ v ∂ ∂ ∂ + θ + vz V i∇ = vr ∂r r ∂θ ∂z ∂2 1 ∂ ⎛ ∂ ⎞ 1 ∂2 r ∇2 = + + ⎜ ⎟ r ∂r ⎝ ∂r ⎠ r 2 ∂θ 2 ∂z 2

Control Volumes: Mass:
⎞ ∂⎛ ˆ )dA ⎜ ∫ ρ dV ⎟ = − ∫ ρ (v ⋅ n ∂t ⎝ CV S ⎠ ˆ ) dA − ∫ pndA ˆ = ⎜ ∫ ρ vdV ⎟ + ∫ ρ v (v ⋅ n ˆ )dA ∫ ρ gdV + ∫ (τ ⋅ n ∂t ⎝ ⎠
S S CV S

Momentum:

∂⎛

CV

Quasi-1D Energy Equation:
⎛ p V2 ⎞ ⎛ p V2 ⎞ + + = + + z⎟ ± hmech − hloss z ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎝ ρ g 2g ⎠ final ⎝ ρ g 2 g ⎠initial
W = mg Δh