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Published by Kamau Robert

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Published by: Kamau Robert on Mar 12, 2014
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Running Head: Etiology of Bullying


Etiology of Bullying Name: Institution:

punching the victim. . Both mental bullying and physical bullying have the same effect. texting rumors of the victim through the phone. the excitement of their bullying behavior. interpersonal relations and experiences from early childhood. The second is cyber-this is bullying carried out through any media that is electronic. It may include insulting. To both victims and bullies. just to name a few. for example. geographical segments in society. 2 community and school. Verbal-which is using humiliating or words that hurt to the victim. it may even cause suicide. throwing things to persons being bullied and pulling hair may cause bodily harm to the victim. In children. These kinds of kids have a friend network that is small for hiding their behavior and are usually excited of the reactions of the victim. and they want attention or are too jealous. Bullying happens mostly to children who have stress (either because they have siblings or parents that may be aggressive).ETIOLOGY OF BULLYING: Definition of bullying This is behavior that is human developing which is most common in work place. Major types of bullying include. enjoyment of causing pain. Why bullying occurs The psychodynamic perspective emphasizes on the unconscious mind. lack of empathy and compassion towards the victim. Mental bullying causes mental abuse while physical bullying like hitting. little or no emotion. racial. It is an anti-social behavior involving harassing and aggressive behavior and occurs across social segments. economic. racist comments or name-calling. Finally. bullying causes influence of some magnitude and in worst case. Most children who bully have common characteristics such as enjoying feelings of control and power. it affects their behaviors and to an extent physical conditions. for example. there is physical bullying which includes any physical contacts that are aggressive.

The family is always the biggest factor on influencing the life of a child. mentally and physically harmful. roles and authority figures. On the other hand. they eat fast food which is mainly. Statistics show that 255 of kids are bullied. Surveys have shown that the number of students bullied physically. which is a miniature civilization with rules. Respect is learned from home. this children’s behavior of the bullying is brought about by stress so as to relieve the stress. with a tremendous amount of carbohydrates. In a biological perspective. Most children with bullying behaviors have poor nutrition. the experience of the abuses had severe reaction by the victims. Conclusion All the races and all countries experience bullying which is both. because biochemical imbalances which cause behavior. carbohydrates overload and low serotonin levels.ETIOLOGY OF BULLYING: 3 In the humanistic perspective. Most of these kids live in homes where their parents are “over permissive” and lack the parents supervision. Hence the unhealthy food does not provide the body with sufficient nutrition causing depression which in turn causes children to be bullies. If children are not taught how to differentiate and feel the wrong thing and the right thing they will certainly turn into bullies. In the study carried out by the American Justice Department. A . the children elicit fear and hence cause immense amounts of stress leading to the children adapting behaviors of a bully to release the stress overload. where there is no emphasize on motivation on behavior and thought behaviors of a bully will always sprout. that is violent leading to bullying. Some children may also learn bullying from their peers who act as their role models. parents that quarrel or physically assaults their children. This difference in eating habits cause brain variations leading to deviance expressions along with biological behaviors that are the processes behind deviant and normal behavior. This lack of parent’s involvement causes the bullying behavior. Sometime. mentally or verbally stands at 77%.

To most victims. most of the time bullies are thought as bad people. bullying is not children’s problem only. while the adult. intervention stood at 4%. but they are forced by circumstances that make them bullies. the peer intervention stood at 11%. adults in the work place also experience bullying. a child is bullied. In the study. Bullies may have problems that are serious such as being abused by their parents. for every seven minutes. This statistics continue to show that. The victims don’t give facts of getting bullied. . and the no intervention stood at an overwhelming 85%. the adults would not help or even believe them and by telling them makes it even worse. In the issue of bullying. may be they have bullying siblings or maybe aggressive parents. Behavior should not be the judging platform. Generally. and this includes the children also. which means they are also part and parcel of the problem of bullying. or they are being bullied hence making it hard to find out. However. we all need to be careful and act in a proper manner. they think by telling adults about bullying.ETIOLOGY OF BULLYING: 4 poll conducted on teens of ages twelve to seventeen proved that there was increase of violence in their schools.

and Gaus. (2007). (Vol. Michael J. No. Catherine P. Lindsey M. A Bullying Intervention System: Reducing Risk and Creating Support for Aggressive Students. Cynthia. Kathleen P. Preventing School Failure. (Vol. 54 No.. Anne L. Mark. Mark D.ETIOLOGY OF BULLYING: References 5 Allen. 28) Bradshaw. Ian (2002). (2008). (2010).. (Volume 36. 32) . Sawyer. Simpson.. Trueman. Mary Jo. Using a Team Approach to Address Bullying of Students with Asperger's Syndrome in Activity-based Settings.3) Boulton. 3) Garcia Biggs. and Flemington. Associations between Secondary School Pupils' Definitions of Bullying. Bullying and Peer Victimization at School: Perceptual Differences Between Students and School Staff. Attitudes towards Bullying. and Tendencies to Engage in Bullying: age and sex differences. and O'Brennan. (Vol. Educational Studies.

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