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Thai-German Institute

INTRODUCTION

Fundamental of Hydraulics Control System

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INTRODUCTION

QUESTION:

What is the hydraulic system?

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INTRODUCTION
Output = F x v (Mechanical Power)

DCV. Output Output = Q x p (Hydraulic Power)


Elec. Motor =

Tx

Input Hyd. Pump

=Tx

Mechanical Power Input = I x E (Electric Power)

Hyd. Pump

Elec. Motor

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Output = Torque and Rotation( Mechanical Power)


Crankshaft Electric power

Electric Motor

Pinion and Bevel Gear

Mechanical Power Transmission


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Electric power

Output = Torque and Rotation( Mechanical Power) Hydraulic Pump

Electric Motor

Hydraulic Hose

Hydraulic Motor

Hydraulic Power Transmission


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INTRODUCTION

QUESTION:

What is the hydraulic system?


ANSWER
A hydraulic system is a means of using a pressurised fluid to transmit power between the place where the power is generated.

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Advantages of Hydraulic System


1. Small Packages

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Hydraulic component can provide high power output with very small weight and size.

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Advantages of Hydraulic System


1. Small Packages 2.Reversible

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1. In this position of the direction valve 2. Pump delivery is directed to the cap end of the cylinder. 3. The piston rod extends.

4. Exhaust oil is pushed out of the rod end directed to the tank.

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5. In another position, oil is directed to the rod end of the cylinder.
6. the piston rod retracts.

7. Exhaust oil from the cap end is direct to tank.

A hydraulic actuator can be reversed instantly while in full motion without damage.

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Advantages of Hydraulic System


1. Small Packages 2. Reversible 3. Variable Speed

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2. and this volume is 10 gallon 3. the piston will move this far in one minute.

1. If the pump constantly delivers 10 gallons per minute (gpm)..

Maximum Speed
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5. but a valve restricts the flow

4. If the pump delivers 10 gpm.

7. Excess 5 gal. is divert over pressure control valve.

6. the actuator receives only 5 gallons and travels only half as far in one minute.

Reduce Speed
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Advantages of Hydraulic System


1. Small Packages 2. Reversible 3. Variable Speed

4. Can be stalled

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Stalling an electric motor will cause damage or blow a fuse.

During stall the relief valve simply diverts delivery from the pump to the tank.

A hydraulic actuator can be stall without damage when overloaded and will start up immediately when the load is reduce.

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Advantages of Hydraulic System


1. Small Packages 2. Reversible 3. Variable Speed

4. Can be stalled
5. Overload Protection

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When the load exceed the valve setting, pump delively is directed to tank.

The pressure relief valve in hydraulic system protects it from overload damage.

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Disadvantages of Hydraulic System


1. Pressure and flow losses in pipe and control devices (fluid friction).

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Fluid friction varies with:

Fluid velocity

Surface roughness

Changes in direction

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Disadvantages of Hydraulic System


1. Pressure and flow losses in pipe and control devices (fluid friction). 2. Fluid viscosity sensitive to temperature.

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Too high, or too low a viscosity could present problems of performance, leakage,energy usage, etc.

The viscosity of all fluid used in hydraulic system is affected by variations in temperature.

Excessive heat in a system can cause a loss of viscosity.

Arctic condition will cause an increase in viscosity.

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Disadvantages of Hydraulic System


1. Pressure and flow losses in pipe and control devices (fluid friction). 2. Fluid viscosity sensitive to temperature. 3. Leakage problems.

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Disadvantages of Hydraulic System


1. Pressure and flow losses in pipe and control devices (fluid friction). 2. Fluid viscosity sensitive to temperature. 3. Leakage problems.

4. Fire or explosive hazard if leak or rupture

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Application of Hydraulic Systems


Hydraulic system can be classified into two types.
1. Stationary Hydraulic

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Plastic injection molding machine

Example of Stationary Hydraulic.


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Application of Hydraulic Systems


Hydraulic system can be classified into two types.
1. Stationary Hydraulic 2. Mobile Hydraulic

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Skid Steer Loader

Example of Mobile Hydraulic.


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