Multiple Integral

1. Find the center of mass of the solid hemisphere bounded by the surfaces x2 + y 2 + z 2 = a2 and the xy-plane, assuming that it has a uniform density ρ. 3 Answer: (0, 0, a) 8 2. If we place an uniform sphere with its center at the origin of an x, y, z coordinate system, find its moment of inertia about the z-axis. Assume the radius and mass of the sphere is a and M . 2 Answer: M a2 5 3. A thin uniform circular disc has mass M and radius a. (a) Find the moment of inertia about an axis perpendicular to its plane and passing through its center. (b) Find the moment of inertia of the same disc about a diameter. 1 1 M a2 (b) M a2 2 4 4. In quantum mechanics the electron in a hydrogen atom in some particular state is described Answer: (a) by a wavefunction Ψ, which is such that |Ψ|2 dV (or (Ψ∗ Ψ)dV ) is the probability of finding the electron in the infinitesimal volume dV . In spherical polar coordinates, two such states are described by Ψ1 = Ψ2 1 4π
1/2 3/2

1 a0

2e−r/a0 , e

3 = − 8π

1/2

sin θ

1 2a0

3/2

re−r/2a0 √ . a0 3 |Ψ|2 dV is equal to unity -

Show that each Ψi is normalized, i.e., the integral over all space physically, this means that the electron must be somewhere.

1

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