Read the essay below and answer questions (1) to (30) on the separate answer sheet that is provided after the
questions. Please put a cross (X) to mar your answer. (1!30"30 mar s)
Every second, 1 hectare of the world's rainforest is destroyed. That's equivalent to two football fields. An area the size of New York ity is lost every day. !n a year, that adds u" to #1 $illion hectares %% $ore than the land area of &oland. This alar$in' rate of destruction has serious consequences for the environ$ent( scientists esti$ate, for e)a$"le, that 1#* s"ecies of "lant, insect or ani$al beco$e e)tinct every day due to lo''in'. !n +ritish olu$bia, where, since 1,,-, thirteen rainforest valleys have been clear%cut, 1./ s"ecies of sal$on have already beco$e e)tinct, and the habitats of 'rizzly bears, wolves and $any other creatures are threatened. 0o''in', that is, cuttin' down trees for co$$ercial "ur"oses however, "rovides 1obs, "rofits, ta)es for the 'overn$ent and chea" "roducts of all kinds for consu$ers, so the 'overn$ent is reluctant to restrict or control it. 2uch of anada's forestry "roduction 'oes towards $akin' "ul" and "a"er. Accordin' to the anadian &ul" and &a"er Association, anada su""lies #.3 of the world's wood "ul" and .,3 of its news"rint "a"er. !f these "a"er "roducts could be "roduced in so$e other way, anadian forests could be "reserved. 4ecently, a "ossible alternative way of "roducin' "a"er has been su''ested by a'riculturalists and environ$entalists5 a "lant called he$". 6e$" has been cultivated by $any cultures for thousands of years. !t "roduces fiber which can be $ade into "a"er, fuel, oils, te)tiles, food, and ro"e. 7or centuries, it was essential to the econo$ies of $any countries because it was used to $ake the ro"es and cables used on sailin' shi"s( colonial e)"ansion and the establish$ent of a world%wide tradin' network would not have been feasible without he$". Nowadays, shi"s' cables are usually $ade fro$ wire or synthetic fibers, but scientists are now su''estin' that the cultivation of he$" should be revived for the "roduction of "a"er and "ul". Accordin' to its "ro"onents, four ti$es as $uch "a"er can be "roduced fro$ land usin' he$" rather than trees, and $any environ$entalists believe that the lar'e%scale cultivation of he$" could reduce the "ressure on anada's forests. 6owever, there is a "roble$5 he$" is ille'al in $any countries of the world. This "lant, so useful for fiber, ro"e, oil, fuel and te)tiles, is a s"ecies of cannabis, related to the "lant fro$ which $ari1uana is "roduced. !n the late 1,#-s, a $ove$ent to ban the dru' $ari1uana be'an to
This second 'rou" has had a $a1or triu$"h recently5 in 1. since it contains al$ost no T6 .3 ?. !n recent years. 4o"es +. two $a1or $ove$ents for le'alization have been 'atherin' stren'th.#>. =ne 'rou" of activists believes that A00 cannabis should be le'al %% both the he$" "lant and the $ari1uana "lant %% and that the use of the dru' $ari1uana should not be an offense.3 (3) *hat equipment on a ship was made from hemp' A. #. /* +..
(1) $ow many species of salmon have become e!tinct in %ritish &olumbia' A. but also of the co$$ercial fiber%"roducin' he$" "lant. 9ater"roof cloth . resultin' in the eventual bannin' of the cultivation not only of the "lant used to "roduce the dru'. . hundreds of far$ers are "lantin' this cro". #13 +.boats<
. En'ine fuel ?. The other le'alization $ove$ent is concerned only with the he$" "lant used to "roduce fiber( this 'rou" wants to $ake it le'al to cultivate the "lant and sell the fiber for "a"er and "ul" "roduction. anada le'alized the far$in' of he$" for fiber. 1#* ?. Althou'h both 8eor'e 9ashin'ton and Tho$as :efferson 'rew he$" in lar'e quantities on their own land. life rafts ./ (() $ow much of the world)s newsprint paper is supplied by &anada' A. any A$erican 'rowin' the "lant today would soon find hi$self in "rison %% des"ite the fact that $ari1uana cannot be "roduced fro$ the he$" "lant.'ather force. They also "oint out that $ari1uana is less to)ic than alcohol or tobacco. 1. and that it is used by lar'e nu$bers of "eo"le who are not cri$inals but "roductive $e$bers of society..3 . 7or the first ti$e since 1.*. 1. and soon we can e)"ect to see "ul" and "a"er "roduced fro$ this new source. #1 . They ar'ue that $ari1uana is not dan'erous or addictive.the active in'redient in the dru'<.
Two hours ?. +. +.raph four7 the author e!pressed that/ A. recently le. A day (3) *hy was the plant hemp essential to world4wide trade in the past' A. The 'overn$ent . anada . that pulp and paper could be produced without cuttin.estin. (11) *ho is su. 6e$" was used as food for sailors. 2ari1uana (-) . (5) 6n para. A$"heta$ine ?. @hi"s' ro"es were $ade fro$ it. 6e$" is used to "roduce dru's +. @cientists are worried about New York ity +. ?.(+) *hat dru. The Netherlands (2) $ow lon. does it ta e for 100 hectares of rainforest to be destroyed' A. The A@A +.. !t is ille'al to 'row he$" ?.ali1ed' A. ?. . The environ$ental lobby
. 6e$" is useful for "roducin' $any thin's (10) *hy is pulp and paper production important to &anada' A. 6eroin . @in'a"ore ?. anada needs to find a way to use all its s"are wood. 0o''in' is destroyin' the rainforests . 2any fa$ous "eo"le used to 'row he$" . &ul" and "a"er e)"ort is a $a1or source of inco$e for anada. 6e$" was a very "rofitable e)"ort. About an hour . 8overn$ents $ake $oney fro$ lo''in' ?. can be obtained from a relative of hemp' A.raph one is/ A.he main idea of para. down trees' A. 6e$" was used as fuel for shi"s. . anada "ublishes a lot of news"a"ers and books. 0ess than two $inutes +. The lo''in' industry +. @al$on are an endan'ered s"ecies (0) *here was hemp farmin. ocaine +. &a"er is used to $ake handicrafts.
1. .riculturalists thin that hemp would be better for paper production than trees' A. 1.hat)s equivalent to two football fields. 2ethane (10) 89very second7 1 hectare of the world)s rainforest is destroyed. 2any trees have been cut down. +. !t is chea"er to 'row he$" than to cut down trees. . .8 *hat does 8reluctant8 mean' A. A few trees have been cut down. T6 ?. 1. 2ari1uana .redient of cannabis plants is a powerful dru. None of the above (12) 86n %ritish &olumbia7 where7 since 15507 thirteen rainforest valleys have been clearcut7 1+( species of salmon have already become e!tinct.in.obs7 profits7 ta!es for the . . +. (13) *hen was hemp production banned in &anada' A. The sa$e as ?. 1. !t was destructive to the land. ?oesn't want to +.8 *hat does 8equivalent to8 mean' A.B ?.overnment is reluctant to restrict or control it.B. !t is related to the $ari1uana "lant.#> (1+) *hy was hemp banned' A. ?.?. !t can be used to "roduce $ari1uana. None of the trees have been cut down. 2ore than +. +. ?. 7iber +.8 *hat does 8clearcut8 mean' A.' A. (13) 8:o. 0ess than . all the trees have been cut down.. ?.#+. 6e$" $i)es well with different kinds of che$icals.7 however7 provides . !t was no lon'er a useful cro".. (1-) *hat chemical in. 2ore "a"er can be "roduced fro$ the sa$e area of land. 6e$" "roduces hi'her quality "a"er. !s not allowed to
.ovenment and cheap products of all inds for consumers7 so the . The doctors of anada (1() *hy do a.
therefore +. 8et weaker ((0) <any species of wildlife are becomin. su""orted +. landless ?. The forestry industry +. reate addiction ?.obs and profits7 the . destroyed.uana be. This "roble$ is so wides"read that 4obert 4e"etto of the 9orld 4esources !nstitute ranks co$$ercial lo''in' as the bi''est a'ent of tro"ical deforestation.an to .ather force.8 *hat does 8. mari. This view was
. a "ractice which is called subsistence far$in'. 9ould like to ?. ?ue to ?. so ?.in.. A. e!tinct7 ========== the rainforests are bein.. provides .overnment is reluctant to control it. A.ather force8 mean' A. $a1or
A"art fro$ its direct i$"act. A""ear +. The environ$entalists . @o +. onsequently . The "eo"le who want to le'alize $ari1uana ((() ========== lo. lo''in' "lays a DDDD ((3)DDDDrole in deforestation throu'h the buildin' of roads which are subsequently used by DDDDD ((+)DDDDD far$ers to 'ain access to rainforest areas. since . These dis"laced "eo"le then clear the forest by slashin' and burnin' to 'row enou'h food to kee" the$ and their fa$ilies DDDD ((-)DDDD. @ince A.he rainforests are quite simply the richest7 oldest7 most productive and most comple! ecosystems on 9arth. The he$" far$ers ?. consequently ((1) C. !s not sure what to do (15) 86n the late 1530s7 a movement to ban the dru. alive .> *hose opinion is this' A. 8et stron'er .
shoutin' .hese days7 many people are ============= their voices a. Therefore +. fi'htin' +.. 7inally ((5) Plastic can be used =========== of wood to ma e furniture. not .DDDD((0)DDDD by the 9orld 9ide 7und for Nature's 1. A. A.B study. to'ether ?. hence ?. down trees is profitable. A. ============7 it is very dan. $ust +. than
*rite an essay ((00 ? 300 words) on any one of the topics . ((2) . instead (30) 6f we plant more trees than we cut7 ============ we can brin. 6owever . deforestation down.iven below. des"ite +.erous for the forest animals. To'ether ?. raisin' ?.
((0!1"(0 mar s)
. then . C+ad 6arvestEF which surveyed lo''in' in the world's tro"ical forests. hearin' ((3) &uttin. A.ainst deforestation.
1< ? . we cannot afford to care about other living beings including plants and animals. To make space for human activities. Do you agree or disagree with this statement? Discuss at least three reasons why you agree or disagree. AR %. hat benefits do you think Bangladesh and the Sundarbans will get if it did become one of the seven wonders of the world? !ention at least three benefits. many people in Bangladesh voted for the Sundarbans to be selected as one of the seven wonders of the world.@. Recently.
@nswer ey for questions (1) to (30) ./< + 7
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