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Emergency Preparedness and Response Handbook

Emergency Preparedness and Response Handbook

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OH&S PREVENTION

F), '),e #(f),'a/)( )( ."e de2e&)*'e(. a(d #'*&e'e(.a/)( )f a( OHCS *,)!,a'8
c)(.ac. P,e2e(/)( Se,2#ce- a.: @LENA LLM>FJJG ), .)&& f,ee F>MEE>JKH>NEEE
PURPOSE OF THIS GUIDE:
1he Workplace PealLh, SafeLy and
Compensauon Commlsslon ls developlng
resource maLerlals Lo help employers and
workers carry ouL Lhelr responslblllues
for healLh and safeLy ln Lhe workplace.
1hls speclflc bookleL, Lmergency
Þreparedness and 8esponse, ls deslgned
Lo provlde an undersLandlng of eñecuve
emergency managemenL Lhrough Lhe
developmenL of an Lmergency 8esponse
Þlan (L8Þ). lL lncludes Lhe role of
workplace parues ln Lhe developmenL
and lmplemenLauon of a slx sLep process
ln eñecuvely preparlng for and respondlng
Lo emergencles.
Emergency Preparedness
and Response
Guide
E(-")c3R.+*)._,2d_La3*0/ 1 2011-01-19 4:05 PM Pa" 1
E'e,!e(c5 P,e*a,ed(e-- a(d Re-*)(-e
INFORMATION SOURCES
Workplace PealLh, SafeLy and Compensauon Commlsslon
Þrevenuon Servlces
Þhone: (709) 778-1332
1oll free 1 800 363-9000,
ueparLmenL of CovernmenL Servlces
Cccupauonal PealLh and SafeLy 8ranch
Þhone: (709) 729-2706
Cr Loll free 1-800-363-3471
Puman 8esources Skllls uevelopmenL Canada
Labour Þrogram, newfoundland ulvlslon
Þhone: (709) 772-3022 (call collecL ouLslde SL. !ohn's)
DISClAIMER
1he Workplace PealLh, SafeLy and Compensauon Commlsslon (Lhe Commlsslon) provldes lnformauon and healLh and safeLy
advlsory servlces for mosL aspecLs of occupauonal healLh and safeLy programmlng.
1he lnformauon presenLed ls sub[ecL Lo a dlsclalmer. lL ls lnLended Lo provlde examples of general use and may noL apply Lo every
clrcumsLance. Whlle all reasonable eñorLs have been made Lo ensure Lhe accuracy of Lhe lnformauon presenLed, Lhe Commlsslon
does noL and cannoL guaranLee Lhe accuracy Lhereof. 1he Commlsslon does noL warranL or assume any legal llablllLy or
responslblllLy for Lhe accuracy, compleLeness, or usefulness of Lhe lnformauon presenLed nor for any acuons Laken ln rellance
Lhereon. 1he Commlsslon shall noL be llable for any damage or loss arlslng ouL of Lhe use of Lhe lnformauon or Lhe appllcauon
of Lhe concepLs conLalned Lhereln. All Lhose uslng Lhe lnformauon do so aL Lhelr own rlsk and shall be deemed Lo lndemnlfy Lhe
Commlsslon from any loss or damage arlslng from Lhe use of Lhe lnformauon.
1he lnformauon presenLed ls sub[ecL Lo [urlsdlcuonal varlauon and ls always sub[ecL Lo change. lndlvlduals or organlzauons
responslble for worklng wlLh Lhe lnformauon presenLed are responslble for ensurlng LhaL all appllcable sLandards and regulauons
are fulñlled. 1he lnformauon presenLed cannoL and should noL be consldered a deñnluve gulde Lo governmenL regulauons nor does
lL relleve lndlvlduals or organlzauons uslng Lhe lnformauon from Lhelr responslblllues under any or all appllcable leglslauon.
333;3"-cc;(&;ca
© Dece'be, GEFE
E(-")c3R.+*)._,2d_La3*0/ 1 2011-01-19 4:05 PM Pa" 3
lEGISlATIvE REqUIREMENTS
1he ma[orlLy of employers ln newfoundland and Labrador musL follow *,)2#(c#a& &e!#-&a/)( for occupauonal healLh and safeLy:
- Occ"pa!onal Healh and Safe% Ac
- Cccupauonal PealLh and SafeLy 8egulauons
1he leglslauon ls a mlnlmum gulde for developlng occupauonal healLh and safeLy (CP&S) pollcles and procedures ln workplaces.
ln addluon Lo Lhe leglslauon, besL pracuces should be lncorporaLed lnLo all workplaces Lo lncrease Lhe eñecuveness of Lhe CP&S
program.
lor omclal coples of Lhe Occ"pa!onal Healh and Safe% Ac and Lhe Cccupauonal PealLh and SafeLy 8egulauons, please conLacL:
OFFICE OF THE qUEENBS PRINTER
ueparLmenL of CovernmenL Servlces
Þ.C. 8ox 8700
SL. !ohn's, nL
A18 4!6
1elephone: (709) 729-3649
emall: queensprlnLer[gov.nl.ca
U()c#a& c)*#e- a,e a2a#&ab&e )(&#(e a.: "0*:==333;!-;!)2;(&;ca=)"-=&e!#-&a/)(;-.'
Some employers fall under fede,a& $1,#-d#c/)( and musL follow Lhe Canada Labo"r Code(Par II )Code*. 1he Code applles Lo Lhe
followlng lnLer-provlnclal and lnLernauonal lndusLrles:
- rallways
- hlghway LransporL
- Lelephone and Lelegraph sysLems
- plpellnes
- canals
- ferrles, Lunnels and brldges
- shlpplng and shlpplng servlces
- radlo and Lelevlslon broadcasung and cable sysLems
- alrporLs
- banks
- graln elevaLors llcensed by Lhe Canadlan Craln Commlsslon, and cerLaln feed mllls and feed warehouses, ßour mllls,
and graln seed cleanlng planLs
- Lhe federal publlc servlce and *e,-)(- e'*&)5ed b5 ."e *1b&#c -e,2#ce and abouL 40 Crown corporauons and agencles
- employmenL ln Lhe operauon of shlps, Lralns and alrcraû
- Lhe explorauon and developmenL of peLroleum on lands sub[ecL Lo federal [urlsdlcuon
noLe: ÞarL ll of Lhe Canada Labo"r Code d)e- (). a**&5 Lo cerLaln underLaklngs regulaLed by Lhe N"clear Safe% and Conrol Ac.
lor an omclal copy of Lhe Canada Labo"r Code please conLacL:
Canadlan CovernmenL Þubllshlng, Communlcauon Canada
Cuawa, Cn k1A 0S9
1elephone: (613) 941-3993 or 1-800-633-7943
lAx: (613) 634-3779 or 1-800-363-7737
lnLerneL: hup://publlcauons.gc.ca
U()c#a& c)*#e- a,e a2a#&ab&e )(&#(e a.: "0*:==&a3-;$1-/ce;!c;ca=e(=&>G=FLKHG;".'&
E(-")c3R.+*)._,2d_La3*0/ 1 2011-01-19 4:05 PM Pa" 4
TAblE OF CONTENTS
I(.,)d1c/)( . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F
E'e,!e(c5 P,e*a,ed(e-- a(d Re-*)(-e. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . G
Defi(#/)(-. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H
Lmergency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H
Lmergency managemenL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H
Lmergency preparedness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H
Lmergency response plan (L8Þ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H
W),%*&ace E'e,!e(c5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I
8eneñLs of Lmergency Þreparedness and 8esponse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I
Lmergency Þreparedness and 8esponse Þrocedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J
W"a. .,a#(#(! #- ,e+1#,ed7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J
R)&e- a(d Re-*)(-#b#&#/e- #( E'e,!e(c5 P,e*a,ed(e-- a(d Re-*)(-e . . . . . . J
Lmployers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J
Lmergency Þreparedness Þlannlng 1eams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K
Lmergency 8esponse 1eams. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L
CP&S Commluees. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L
Workers, Managers and Supervlsors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L
S.e*- #( De2e&)*#(! a( E'e,!e(c5 P,e*a,ed(e-- a(d Re-*)(-e P,)!,a'. . . N
S.e* F ? E-.ab&#-"#(! ."e E'e,!e(c5 P,e*a,ed(e-- P&a((#(! Tea'. . . . . . . . . N
LsLabllshlng an Lmergency Þreparedness and 8esponse Þollcy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . FE
S.e* G ? A--e-- ."e R#-%- a(d C)'*a(5 Ca*ab#&#/e- . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . FE
S.e* H ? De2e&)* ."e E'e,!e(c5 Re-*)(-e P&a( @ERPA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . FE
LsLabllshlng Lhe Lmergency 8esponse 1eam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .FF
Acuvaung lnLernal/LxLernal 8esources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .FF
Lvacuauon Þrocedures/lloor Þlan. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . FF
ulsablllLy ManagemenL. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . FI
S.e* I ? I'*&e'e(. ."e E'e,!e(c5 Re-*)(-e P&a(. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . FI
S.e* J ? E2a&1a.e ."e E'e,!e(c5 Re-*)(-e P&a( . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . FI
S.e* K ? C)(/(1)1-&5 I'*,)2e ."e E'e,!e(c5 Re-*)(-e P&a( . . . . . . . . . . . FJ
l#(%#(! E'e,!e(c5 P,e*a,ed(e-- a(d Re-*)(-e .) ."e OHCS P,)!,a'. . . . FJ
C)(c&1-#)(. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . FK
Refe,e(ce- . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . FK
A**e(d#4 A ? Clossary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . #
A**e(d#4 b ? LxcerpLs from Lhe Cccupauonal PealLh and SafeLy llrsL Ald 8egulauons
under Lhe Cccupauonal PealLh and SafeLy AcL - newfoundland and Labrador . . . . . . . . . . . 2
A**e(d#4 C ? Sample Lmergency ManagemenL CheckllsL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
E(-")c3R.+*)._,2d_La3*0/ 1 2011-01-19 4:05 PM Pa" 5
Þage one
I(.,)d1c/)(
As parL of Lhe lnLernal responslblllLy sysLem, all workplace parues - employers and workers, lncludlng managers
and supervlsors, and occupauonal healLh and safeLy (CP&S) commluees, have a shared responslblllLy for Lhe CP&S
program. 1hls means everyone works co-operauvely, shows ownershlp for Lhe program and ls commlued Lo
prevenung ln[ury, lllness and properLy damage ln Lhe workplace.
under provlnclal leglslauon, where 10 or more workers are employed ln a workplace, Lhe employer ls requlred Lo
esLabllsh and malnLaln an CP&S program ln consulLauon wlLh Lhe CP&S commluee. ln workplaces where less Lhan
10 workers are employed, Lhe employer ls requlred Lo ensure a worker healLh and safeLy (WP&S) represenLauve ls
ln place Lo monlLor Lhe healLh, safeLy and welfare of workers. And, ln workplaces wlLh less Lhan slx workers employed,
and where lL ls lmpracucal Lo asslgn a WP&S represenLauve, Lhe employer may deslgnaLe a workplace healLh and
safeLy deslgnaLe Lo monlLor Lhe healLh, safeLy and welfare of workers.
lor federally regulaLed workplaces, employers are responslble for developlng, lmplemenung and monlLorlng
a prescrlbed program for Lhe prevenuon of hazards ln Lhe workplace ln consulLauon wlLh Lhe pollcy healLh and safeLy
commluee, and/or Lhe workplace healLh and safeLy commluee, or Lhe healLh and safeLy represenLauve. 1he employer
ls requlred Lo esLabllsh a pollcy healLh and safeLy commluee, where 300 or more workers are dlrecLly employed, a
workplace healLh and safeLy commluee ls requlred ln workplaces where 20 or more workers are dlrecLly employed,
and a healLh and safeLy represenLauve ls requlred ln workplaces wlLh less Lhan 20 workers dlrecLly employed.
lor Lhe purpose of Lhls bookleL, Lhe duues and responslblllues of Lhe CP&S commluee wlll also lnclude Lhose of
worker healLh and safeLy represenLauves and workplace healLh and safeLy deslgnaLes ln provlnclally regulaLed
workplaces and healLh and safeLy represenLauves ln federally regulaLed workplaces.
1hls bookleL ls deslgned Lo asslsL Lhose responslble ln developlng an eñecuve emergency preparedness and response
program. 1he emergency preparedness and response program lncludes a sysLem LhaL supporLs emergency
managemenL and provldes workplaces wlLh procedures for mlugaung human and properLy loss ln Lhe evenL of
an emergency. Lmergency managemenL lnvolves speclñc prevenuon, preparedness, response and recovery acuvlues
ln an organlzauon. 1hls bookleL provldes lmporLanL lnformauon abouL emergency managemenL acuvlues LhaL
lncludes emergency preparedness and Lhe developmenL of an emergency response plan (L8Þ), Lhe dlñerenL roles
of workplace parues ln proLecung human llfe and mlnlmlzlng properLy loss, Lhe slx sLeps ln developlng an L8Þ and
llnklng emergency preparedness and response wlLh oLher parLs of Lhe CP&S program.
8esL pracuce ls a sLandard LhaL exceeds mlnlmum leglslauve requlremenLs and supporLs worklng ln Lhe safesL
posslble way. ueveloplng and lmplemenung eñecuve emergency preparedness and response procedures speclñc
Lo your organlzauon, and regularly monlLorlng, evaluaung and revlslng Lhe L8Þ Lhrough regular revlew and mock
drllls all demonsLraLe mlnlmum leglslauve requlremenLs. Powever, employers can exceed Lhese sLandards Lo
lnclude besL pracuce acuvlues LhaL wlll be dlscussed ln deLall LhroughouL Lhls bookleL.
lor commonly used CP&S Lerms, please refer Lo Appendlx A - Clossary.
More Informaton
lor more lnformauon on bulldlng a healLh and safeLy program, Lhere are several bookleLs and lnformauon
resources avallable ln Lhls serles.
Fac. S"ee.-:
- lnLroducuon Lo an CP&S Þrogram
- Leadershlp and AdmlnlsLrauon
- CP&S Commluees
- Lducauon & 1ralnlng
- Safe Work Þracuces and Þrocedures
- Pazard 8ecognluon, Lvaluauon and ConLrol
- Workplace lnspecuons
- AccldenL/lncldenL lnvesugauon
- ulsablllLy ManagemenL
l))% f), ."e-e fac. -"ee.- #( ."e (ea, f1.1,e:
- Communlcauon
- Lmergency Þreparedness and 8esponse
b))%&e.-:
- Culde Lo Wrlung an Cccupauonal
PealLh & SafeLy Þollcy
- Cccupauonal PealLh & SafeLy Commluees
- lnLroducuon Lo an Cccupauonal PealLh and
SafeLy Þrogram
- Workplace lnspecuons
- AccldenL/lncldenL lnvesugauons
- Pazard 8ecognluon, Lvaluauon and ConLrol
- Lmergency Þreparedness and 8esponse
l))% f), ."e-e b))%&e.- #( ."e (ea, f1.1,e:
- Communlcauon
- Safe Work Þracuces and Þrocedures
- Lducauon and 1ralnlng
E(-")c3R.+*)._,2d_La3*0/ 1 2011-01-19 4:05 PM Pa" 6
Þage Lwo
EMERGENCy PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE
An emergency response plan (L8Þ) ls a mandaLory parL of Lhe CP&S program. Lmergency response ls one of Lhe
four acuvlues lncluded ln emergency managemenL and also lncludes: prevenuon, preparedness and recovery.
1he L8Þ lnvolves a process wlLh procedures LhaL ouLllnes Lhe lnLernal/exLernal resources, roles, responslblllues
and accounLablllues, and Lralnlng requlremenLs needed Lo deal wlLh emergency slLuauons ln a conLrolled manner.
ln an emergency, all workers musL know Lhelr speclñc roles and responslblllues Lo keep Lhemselves and oLhers safe.
MusculoskeleLal ln[ury (MSl) prevenuon conslderauons should always be lncluded ln emergency response plannlng.
Some examples lnclude:
- ensurlng all emergency slgnage ls undersLandable and easy Lo read
- placlng emergency equlpmenL and gear wlLhln easy reach of Lhose who are requlred Lo use lL
- maklng sure workers undersLand whaL ls requlred of Lhem ln Lhe evenL of an emergency
lncorporaung emergency preparedness and response lnLo Lhe CP&S program sLrengLhens Lhe lnLernal responslblllLy
sysLem and ls essenual Lo bulldlng a posluve safeLy culLure and healLhy workplace.
THE EMERGENCy MANAGEMENT SySTEM
Re+1#,e'e(.-
Speclñc CP&S requlremenLs for employers who are provlnclally regulaLed can be found ln Lhe Occ"pa!onal Healh
and Safe% Ac and 8egulauons. 8equlremenLs for federally regulaLed employers can be found ln Lhe Canada
Labour Code, ÞarL ll. ConLacL lnformauon for obLalnlng provlnclal and federal CP&S leglslauon can be found aL Lhe
beglnnlng of Lhls bookleL ln Leglslauve 8equlremenLs.
E(-")c3R.+*)._,2d_La3*0/ 1 2011-01-19 4:05 PM Pa" 7
Þage Lhree
Lmployers musL also comply wlLh lndusLry-speclñc or hazard-speclñc leglslauon. Some of Lhese fall under: AsbesLos
AbaLemenL 8egulauons, AsbesLos Lxposure Code 8egulauons, CP&S llrsL Ald 8egulauons, Workplace Pazardous
MaLerlals lnformauon SysLem (WPMlS) 8egulauons, Radia!on Healh and Safe% Ac and 8egulauons, Mlnes SafeLy
of Workers 8egulauons, Workplace Healh& Safe% and Compensa!on Ac and 8egulauons, Fire Pre#en!on Ac,
1991, and Llfe SafeLy Code (n.l.Þ.A. no. 101).
Þlease refer Lo Lhe followlng secuons of OH+S Ac, CP&S 8egulauons and Lhe Canada Labour Code for Lhe speclñc
requlremenLs of employers, supervlsors and workers ln emergency preparedness and response.
Defi(#/)(-
Lmergency - an evenL, or lmmlnenL evenL, ouLslde Lhe scope of normal operauons LhaL requlres prompL coordlnauon
of resources Lo proLecL Lhe healLh, safeLy or welfare of people, or Lo llmlL damage Lo properLy and Lhe envlronmenL.
(Canadlan SLandards Assoclauon - 2003: Lmergency Þreparedness and 8esponse: CAn/CSA-Z731-03)
Lmergency managemenL - a documenLed managemenL framework lnLended Lo ensure LhaL sLeps are Laken Lo ldenufy
poLenual losses and Lhelr posslble lmpacL, malnLaln vlable response and recovery sLraLegles, and provlde for conunulLy
of servlces ln an emergency. (Canadlan SLandards Assoclauon - 2003: Lmergency Þreparedness and 8esponse:
CAn/CSA-Z731-03)
Lmergency preparedness - acuvlues, programs, and sysLems for response, recovery, and mlugauon ln anuclpaLed
emergencles. (Canadlan SLandards Assoclauon - 2003: Lmergency Þreparedness and 8esponse: CAn/CSA-Z731-03)
Lmergency response plan (L8Þ) - a documenL developed Lo ensure qulck access Lo Lhe lnformauon necessary for
eñecuvely respondlng Lo an emergency. (Canadlan SLandards Assoclauon - 2003: Lmergency Þreparedness and
8esponse: CAn/CSA-Z731-03)
Lmergency, emergency managemenL, emergency preparedness, and emergency response plan (L8Þ) deñnluons are
º8eproduced wlLh Lhe permlsslon of Canadlan SLandards Assoclauon from ºCAn/CSA-Z731-03, Lmergency Þreparedness
and 8esponse, whlch ls copyrlghLed by Canadlan SLandards Assoclauon, 3060 SpecLrum Way, Mlsslssauga, CnLarlo, L4W
3n6. Whlle use of Lhls maLerlal has been auLhorlzed, CSA shall noL be responslble for Lhe manner ln whlch Lhe lnformauon
ls presenLed, nor for any lnLerpreLauons Lhereof".
OH&S Act
Sections
36.1
Canada Labour Code Part II
Sections
125. 1 (*) & (+)
17.5, 17.5 (2),
17.6 (1) (a) & (b),
17.7, 17.8, 17.10
OH&S Regulations
Sections
12. (1) () (%)
15. (1) (a) (5)
18. (3)
22. 4 24.
38. - 42. (11)
63.
82.
84.(6)
86. (b) (c)
100. (3) 4 (6)
135. (d)
251. (6)
308.
388.
415. (d)
443. 4 448.
458. (4)
459 (1)
468. (1) (!) (")
481. (2)
484 (2) (a)
505. (1) (b)
506 (1) (d)
513. (1) (a) (b),
(3) (d), (4) (c)
515. (c) (1)
516.
E(-")c3R.+*)._,2d_La3*0/ 1 2011-01-19 4:05 PM Pa" 8
Þage four
Lmergency managemenL conslsLs of an lnLegraLed seL of pollcles and procedures LhaL allow an organlzauon Lo eñecuvely
prevenL, prepare for, respond Lo and recover from emergency lncldenLs. Lmergency preparedness and Lhe L8Þ ls an
essenual elemenL of Lhe occupauonal healLh and safeLy program. lL ouLllnes Lhe Lypes of emergencles an organlzauon
may encounLer, and coverage, nouñcauon, response and recovery procedures LhaL are followed lf Lhey occur.
1he developmenL and lmplemenLauon of an eñecuve L8Þ helps:
- Lo prevenL or reduce casualues, properLy and envlronmenLal damage
- mlnlmlze ñnanclal loss
- enable Lhe organlzauon Lo resume normal buslness operauons more qulckly
W),%*&ace E'e,!e(c5
A workplace emergency ls an unforeseen slLuauon LhaL LhreaLens workers, cusLomers, or Lhe publlc, dlsrupLs or shuLs
down operauons, or causes physlcal or envlronmenLal damage. Some examples of workplace emergencles lnclude:
- ñres
- chemlcal spllls
- workplace vlolence
- severe wlnLer sLorms
- ßoods
- bomb LhreaLs
- medlcal emergencles
- unknown Loxlc subsLances
lL ls crlucal for organlzauons Lo deLermlne Lhelr rlsks by conducung an emergency response analysls whlch ls slmllar
Lo a hazard assessmenL, however, focuses speclñcally on rlsks LhaL can conLrlbuLe Lo emergencles. 1hls assessmenL wlll
be furLher dlscussed ln SLep 2 - Assess Lhe 8lsks and Company Capablllues. lL lnvolves Lhe emergency preparedness
plannlng Leam Lalklng Lo workers, managemenL, ouLslde agencles, and oLher lndusLry leaders Lo ñnd ouL Lhe Lype of
emergencles LhaL could happen, Lhe llkellhood of lL occurrlng, whaL can be done Lo prevenL lL, and resources needed Lo
manage Lhe emergency. 1he compleLed llsL of workplace emergencles may or may noL lnclude Lhe above examples.
1he emergency response analysls wlll deLermlne emergencles each lndlvldual organlzauon should be prepared Lo
manage and respond. lor example, a posLal ouLleL may have an esLabllshed procedure for susplclous packages, buL noL
Loxlc chemlcal spllls, however, a mlne may have an esLabllshed procedure for Loxlc chemlcal spllls, buL noL susplclous
packages. ln addluon, lL's lmporLanL Lo remember LhaL an emergency can happen alone or ln comblnauon wlLh
anoLher. lor example, a dellvery Lruck may lose conLrol and hlL a llghL pole LhaL caLches on ñre. 1hls example lnvolves
muluple emergency slLuauons of a vehlcular accldenL, power ouLage and ñre.
be(efi.- )f E'e,!e(c5 P,e*a,ed(e-- a(d Re-*)(-e
CuLllned below are some of Lhe beneñLs assoclaLed wlLh developlng eñecuve emergency preparedness and response
procedures LhaL go beyond leglslaLed requlremenLs.
- demonsLraung Lhe commlLmenL Lo Lhe healLh and safeLy of workers and Lhe publlc
- reduclng poLenual loss Lo people, equlpmenL, maLerlal and Lhe envlronmenL
- ensurlng LhaL all workers, lncludlng managers and supervlsors, know Lhelr roles and responslblllues,
and are Lralned Lo respond
- ldenufylng boLh lnLernal and exLernal resources and capablllues
- ensurlng muLual ald agreemenLs wlLh oLher organlzauons are eñecuve*
- belng eñecuve ln reduclng emergency response umes
- helplng resLore buslness operauons as soon as posslble
- enhanclng publlc percepuon LhaL lndusLry and Lhelr emergency responders are eñecuvely
managlng emergencles
*M""al aid agreemens are be$een indi#id"als or companies $ho ha#e agreed o pro#ide assisance and reso"rces in he e#en of an emergenc%
- vehlcular accldenLs
- exploslons
- power fallure
- susplclous packages
- equlpmenL/machlnery fallure
- armed robberles
- pandemlcs (l.e. lnßuenza, P1n1, eLc.)
E(-")c3R.+*)._,2d_La3*0/ 1 2011-01-19 4:05 PM Pa" 9
Þage ñve
W"a. .,a#(#(! #- ,e+1#,ed7
Lñecuve emergency managemenL conLalns emergency preparedness and response procedures LhaL ouLllne meas-
ures LhaL wlll be Laken and sLeps Lo be followed lf an emergency occurs. When developlng procedures, Lhe
followlng facLors should be lncluded:
- procedures should be speclñc Lo Lhe organlzauon and ldenuñed hazards/rlsks
- ldenufy Lhose responslble for developlng, acuvaung and communlcaung Lhe emergency response plan
- provlde for ßexlblllLy due Lo changlng condluons durlng an emergency
- provlde adequaLe lnLernal/exLernal resources for conLrolllng emergencles and mlugaung consequences
- provlde Lhe CP&S Commluee wlLh Lhe opporLunlLy Lo paruclpaLe ln Lhe developmenL, lmplemenLauon
and monlLorlng of emergency preparedness and response procedures
- ensure Lo lnclude musculoskeleLal ln[ury (MSl) prevenuon conslderauons ln emergency
response procedures
R)&e- a(d Re-*)(-#b#&#/e- #( E'e,!e(c5 P,e*a,ed(e-- a(d Re-*)(-e
ln keeplng wlLh Lhe lnLernal responslblllLy sysLem and besL pracuce, all workplace parues have an lmporLanL role
ln emergency preparedness and response. 1hese workplace parues lnclude employers, emergency preparedness
plannlng and/or emergency response Leams, CP&S commluees, workers, managers and supervlsors. CP&S
leglslauon requlres employers Lo esLabllsh and malnLaln an CP&S program LhaL lnLegraLes Lhe developmenL and
lmplemenLauon of emergency response plannlng. 1he developmenL and lmplemenLauon of an eñecuve emergency
managemenL program ls a Leam eñorL LhaL requlres Lhe paruclpauon and consulLauon of all workplace parues.
Cne way of ensurlng besL pracuce ls Lo follow Lhese roles and responslblllues of workplace parues.
Emplo"ers
Lmployers should:
1. Þrovlde Lhe resources - human and ñnanclal - Lo develop and lmplemenL an eñecuve emergency
managemenL program.
2. Lnsure adequaLe and speclñc workplace emergency preparedness and response procedures are devel-
oped ln consulLauon wlLh Lhe emergency preparedness plannlng Leam and Lhe CP&S commluee.
3. Lnsure Lhe emergency response analysls ls compleLed ln consulLauon wlLh Lhe emergency response
plannlng Leam and CP&S commluee.
4. Þrovlde emergency and rescue equlpmenL, lncludlng ÞÞL.
3. uevelop responslblllues and accounLablllues for Lhe emergency preparedness plannlng Leam, emergency
response Leam and all workers ln consulLauon wlLh emergency preparedness plannlng Leam and CP&S
commluee.
6. Lnsure all workers, managers and supervlsors are provlded wlLh educauon and Lralnlng needed Lo
undersLand Lhelr roles and responslblllues ln Lhe evenL of an emergency.
7. CommunlcaLe Lhe emergency managemenL program Lo all workers.
8. ÞosL ñrsL ald provlders and locauon of ñrsL ald klLs, emergency numbers and ßoor plan wlLh
prlmary/secondary rouLes and musLer sLauons ln Lhe workplace.
9. Lnsure ßoor plan ls made avallable Lo emergency responders.
10. Lnsure workplace lnspecuon checkllsLs lnclude Lhe lnspecuon of ñrsL ald klLs, currenL llsL of ñrsL alders
and emergency conLacL numbers, emergency equlpmenL and exlLs.
11. 8evlew Lhe L8Þ every 3 years, as requlred by manufacLurer's speclñcauons, or when new equlpmenL
or work processes are lnLroduced Lo Lhe workplace LhaL have Lhe poLenual Lo cause emergencles.
12. Schedule mock drllls and exerclses ln consulLauon wlLh emergency preparedness plannlng Leam and
Lhe CP&S commluee.
E(-")c3R.+*)._,2d_La3*0/ 1 2011-01-19 4:05 PM Pa" 10
Þage slx
13. Lnsure Lhe emergency preparedness plannlng Leam, emergency response Leam, and CP&S commluee
Lake an acuve role ln Lhe revlew and evaluauon of Lhe L8Þ, exerclses and mock drllls.
14. Lnsure recommendauons for correcuve acuon are lmplemenLed, monlLored, evaluaLed and
communlcaLed ln consulLauon wlLh Lhe CP&S commluee.
13. 8evlew resulLs of emergency exerclses and drllls wlLh all workers, emergency preparedness plannlng
Leam, emergency response Leam and CP&S commluee.
16. uevelop muLual ald agreemenLs wlLh exLernal resources.
17. Lnsure emergency response sysLems are regularly servlced and malnLalned as parL of Lhe prevenLauve
malnLenance program.
18. Lnsure Lhe lnLernal accldenL/lncldenL lnvesugauon procedure ls developed and correcuve acuons
Laken are adequaLe, ln consulLauon wlLh Lhe CP&S commluee.
19. lnluaLe employee asslsLance program and glve dlrecuon Lo employees who need lL.
20. Lnsure dlsablllLy managemenL program ls developed and lmplemenLed.
Emergenc" Preparedness Planning Teams
1eams should:
1. noufy employer of Lhe requlred resources - human and ñnanclal - Lo develop and lmplemenL
an eñecuve emergency response plan.
2. ConsulL wlLh Lhe employer and CP&S Commluee Lo ensure adequaLe workplace emergency
preparedness and response procedures are developed.
3. ConducL emergency response analysls Lo deLermlne hazards and assoclaLed rlsks, and company's
lnLernal and exLernal capablllues, ln consulLauon wlLh Lhe employer and CP&S commluee.
4. LocaLe and llsL all hazardous maLerlals ldenuñed ln Lhe emergency response analysls and provlde Lo
emergency responders.
3. Make recommendauons Lo employer and CP&S commluee for correcuve acuons for hazards ldenuñed
ln emergency response analysls Lo prevenL poLenual emergencles.
6. uevelop responslblllues and accounLablllues for all workplace parues and emergency response Leam
ln consulLauon wlLh employer and CP&S commluee.
7. noufy employer and CP&S commluee of requlred speclallzed Lralnlng for emergency response Leam workers.
8. noufy employer and CP&S commluee of necessary emergency and rescue equlpmenL, lncludlng ÞÞL.
9. Lnsure compleLed ßoor plans, ñrsL ald klLs and/or rooms, adequaLe number of ñrsL alders
and emergency numbers are esLabllshed.
10. uevelop emergency response exerclses and mock drlll schedules ln consulLauon wlLh employer
and CP&S commluee.
11. Lnsure Lhe lnLernal accldenL/lncldenL lnvesugauon procedure ls lmplemenLed and correcuve acuons
Laken ln consulLauon wlLh Lhe CP&S commluee.
12. 8evlew L8Þ every Lhree years ln consulLauon wlLh Lhe employer and CP&S commluee or, as requlred,
by manufacLurer's speclñcauons when new equlpmenL or work processes are lnLroduced Lo Lhe
workplace wlLh Lhe poLenual Lo cause emergencles.
13. uevelop muLual ald agreemenLs wlLh exLernal resources.
14. LsLabllsh exLernal resources llsL.
13. Lnsure worker and emergency responders phone numbers are currenL.
16. Lnsure emergency response sysLems are regularly servlced and malnLalned ln consulLauon wlLh Lhe
CP&S commluee.
17. ldenufy all hazardous maLerlals ln Lhe emergency response analysls.
18. 8evlew resulLs of emergency exerclses and drllls wlLh all workers, employer, emergency response
Leam and CP&S commluee.
E(-")c3R.+*)._,2d_La3*0/ 1 2011-01-19 4:05 PM Pa" 11
Þage seven
Emergenc" Response Teams
1eams should:
1. ÞaruclpaLe ln speclallzed emergency response Lralnlng as coordlnaLed by Lhe
emergency preparedness plannlng Leam and CP&S commluee.
2. AcuvaLe and admlnlsLraLe Lhe L8Þ ln consulLauon wlLh Lhe employer.
3. 8eporL Lhe emergency Lo all workers and exLernal agencles.
4. ConLrol and Lake command of Lhe slLuauon.
3. CoordlnaLe all emergency acuvlues.
6. Crder evacuauon of all workers and vlslLors, and conñrm compleuon of evacuauon.
7. 8equesL exLernal ald from muLual agreemenL parLners ln consulLauon wlLh employer.
8. Þrovlde Lhe llsL of hazardous maLerlals Lo emergency responders.
10. ulrecL equlpmenL shuL-downs.
11. lnluaLe rescue operauons, lncludlng Lhe reLrleval of speclallzed equlpmenL and ÞÞL
for Lhe lnLernal emergency response Leam and workers.
12. Auend Lo casualues.
13. AcuvaLe muLual ald agreemenLs.
14. lssue Lhe all-clear Lo workers when lL ls safe Lo reLurn Lo Lhe bulldlng.
13. CoordlnaLe properLy clean-up.
16. 8evlew resulLs of emergency exerclses and drllls wlLh all workers, employer
emergency preparedness plannlng Leam and CP&S commluee.
nC1L: uependlng on Lhe slze and complexlues of an organlzauon, Lhe emergency preparedness plannlng Leam
and Lhe emergency response Leam may be Lhe same lndlvlduals and assume Lhe roles and responslblllues
of boLh Leams.
OH%S Commitees shold$
1. ÞaruclpaLe ln Lhe developmenL and lmplemenLauon of Lhe emergency managemenL program
ln consulLauon wlLh Lhe employer and Lhe emergency preparedness plannlng Leam.
2. ÞaruclpaLe ln Lhe revlew of Lhe emergency managemenL program ln consulLauon
wlLh Lhe employer and Lhe emergency preparedness plannlng Leam.
3. ÞaruclpaLe ln Lhe schedullng of mock drllls and exerclses ln consulLauon wlLh Lhe
employer and Lhe emergency preparedness plannlng Leam.
4. LsLabllsh and promoLe emergency managemenL educauonal programs ln consulLauon wlLh
Lhe employer and Lhe emergency preparedness plannlng Leam.
3. 8ecelve complalnLs from workers concernlng healLh and safeLy hazards LhaL have Lhe poLenual
Lo cause emergencles.
6. Make recommendauons for correcuve acuon Lo Lhe employer and Lo Lhose conducung Lhe
drlll revlews and/or lnvesugauons.
7. MonlLor lmplemenLauon, follow-up, and evaluauon of correcuve acuons made as a resulL
of emergency exerclses.
8. 8egularly monlLor Lhe eñecuveness of Lhe L8Þ and make recommendauons for lmprovemenL
when approprlaLe.
9. MalnLaln wrluen records of emergency preparedness and response acuvlues.
10. 8evlew resulLs of emergency exerclses and drllls wlLh all workers, emergency preparedness plannlng
Leam, emergency response Leam and employer.
Workers# Managers and Sper!isors shold$
1. 1ake reasonable care ln proLecung Lhe healLh and safeLy of Lhemselves and oLhers.
2. Managers and Supervlsors musL ensure LhaL emergency managemenL programs are easlly undersLood
by all workers.
E(-")c3R.+*)._,2d_La3*0/ 1 2011-01-19 4:05 PM Pa" 12
Þage elghL
3. know prlmary and secondary escape rouLes, locauon of musLer sLauons ldenuñed on ßoor plan
and where Lo access names of ñrsL alders, ñrsL ald klLs and emergency numbers.
4. ÞaruclpaLe ln any lnLernal and exLernal revlews and/or lnvesugauons.
3. Make suggesuons for correcuve acuons Lo Lhose conducung Lhe revlews and/or lnvesugauons.
6. lmmedlaLely evacuaLe premlses ln Lhe evenL of an emergency and Lake dlrecuon from emergency
response Leam.
7. SLay ln musLer area unul Lhe all-clear slgnal has been glven.
8. Wear any ÞÞL LhaL has been provlded for Lhelr proLecuon.
uependlng on Lhe slze and complexlLy of Lhe workplace, exLernal resources may be lnvolved ln Lhe developmenL of
emergency preparedness and response procedures lncludlng governmenL agencles or Lhose worklng ln speclallzed
areas, such as hazardous wasLe managemenL and ñre deparLmenLs.
N).e:
1hls ls noL an exhausuve llsL of
all hazards and rlsks found ln
workplaces. Þlease consulL
wlLh your company's hazard
assessmenL and emergency
response analysls for Lralnlng
needs LhaL are speclñc Lo your
organlzauon.
E(-")c3R.+*)._,2d_La3*0/ 1 2011-01-19 4:05 PM Pa" 13
Þage nlne
S.e*- #( De2e&)*#(! a( E'e,!e(c5 P,e*a,ed(e-- a(d Re-*)(-e P,)!,a'
1he emergency preparedness and response procedures should ouLllne a sLep-by-sLep process for carrylng ouL each
sLep ln Lhe plan. 1he overall managemenL of an emergency should ouLllne Lhree key areas:
- avallable lnLernal and exLernal resources
- responslblllues and accounLablllues of all workplace parues and exLernal responders
- Lralnlng requlremenLs and access Lo Lralnlng
1he ma[or sLeps ln developlng an emergency preparedness and response program are:
- SLep 1 - LsLabllsh Lhe emergency preparedness plannlng Leam
- SLep 2 - Assess Lhe rlsks and company capablllues
- SLep 3 - uevelop Lhe L8Þ
- SLep 4 - lmplemenL Lhe L8Þ
- SLep 3 - LvaluaLe Lhe L8Þ
- SLep 6 - Conunuously lmprove Lhe L8Þ
S.e* F ? E-.ab&#-"#(! ."e E'e,!e(c5 P,e*a,ed(e-- P&a((#(! Tea'
An eñecuve L8Þ requlres Lhe collaborauon of lndlvlduals wlLh many dlñerenL sklll seLs and experlence. When
esLabllshlng Lhls Leam, Lhere musL be an lndlvldual or a group ln charge of developlng Lhe L8Þ. 1he number of
people on Lhe Leam depends on Lhe slze and complexlues of Lhe faclllLy, emergency requlremenLs and lnLernal/
exLernal resources. 1eam members should be lndlvlduals LhaL have an lnLeresL ln healLh and safeLy, wanL Lo be
parL of a soluuon or conLrol and have a comblned varleLy of skllls seLs from all levels of Lhe organlzauon. ln some
organlzauons, Lhls Leam ls a sub-commluee of Lhe CP&S commluee ln whlch CP&S commluee members may
paruclpaLe on Lhe Leam Lo provlde a llnk beLween boLh commluees.
Tea' 'e'be,- 'a5 #(c&1de:
- upper managemenL
- Mlddle managemenL
- Puman resources
- Lnglneerlng or malnLenance
- PealLh, safeLy and envlronmenL
- Þubllc relauons
- 1rades persons
- SecurlLy
- CP&S Commluee members
8ased on avallable lnLernal resources you may have Lo brlng ln exLernal resources or ouLslde agencles and workers
from dlñerenL areas of Lhe workplace. ?ou may need a professlonal englneer and/or safeLy consulLanL based
on rlsks LhaL were ldenuñed durlng Lhe emergency response analysls. lnvolvlng emergency responders or assoclauons,
as well as oLhers ln your lndusLry wlll help workplaces deLermlne exLernal responslblllues, and capablllues and
resources of oLher organlzauons. ln addluon, lncludlng workers who work ln dlñerenL locauons ln Lhe workplace
may brlng a fresh look Lo Lhe area and see Lhlngs LhaL oLhers who are more famlllar may overlook as belng accepLable.
Members of Lhe emergency preparedness plannlng Leam and/or emergency response Leam should be appolnLed by
employers ln wrlung wlLh clearly deñned responslblllues and accounLablllues, and speclallzed Lralnlng conducLed Lo
ensure umely and eñecuve response Lo emergencles.
E(-")c3R.+*)._,2d_La3*0/ 1 2011-01-19 4:05 PM Pa" 14
Þage Len
ManagemenL commlLmenL ls vlLal for Lhe successful developmenL and lmplemenLaLlon of Lhe L8Þ.
1hls commlLmenL ls shown ln Lhe developmenL of a separaLe emergency preparedness and response pollcy.
E-.ab&#-"#(! a( E'e,!e(c5 P,e*a,ed(e-- a(d Re-*)(-e P)&#c5
T"#- *)&#c5 -")1&d be:
- wrluen ln clear and slmple language LhaL demonsLraLes Lhe employer's ongolng commlLmenL Lo proLecL
Lhe healLh and safeLy of workers ln Lhe evenL of an emergency
- slgned and posLed by Lhe employer
- revlewed on a regular basls
- communlcaLed Lo workers, conLracLors and vlslLors when on Lhe employer's premlses
- undersLood and followed by all workers
- lncluded ln Lhe new employee orlenLauon
S.e* G ? A--e-- ."e R#-%- a(d C)'*a(5 Ca*ab#&#/e-
Lñecuve emergency managemenL clearly ldenufy facLors LhaL conLrlbuLe Lo poLenual emergencles, Lypes of
emergencles, consequences of unconLrolled emergencles and Lhe emergency response analysls. 1he emergency
response analysls ls an exLenslon of Lhe hazard assessmenL LhaL ls conducLed as parL of Lhe hazard recognluon,
evaluauon and conLrol elemenL of Lhe CP&S program. 1hls analysls lncludes:
- Lhe ob[ecuve of Lhe emergency response analysls whlch ls Lo deLermlne Lhe severlLy of a poLenual
emergency
- Lhe revlew of baslc workplace lnformauon such as MaLerlal SafeLy uaLa SheeLs (MSuS), chemlcal
lnvenLory, number of workers, faclllLy dlagram, and operauon manuals
- hazard recognluon Lo deLermlne whaL hazards exlsL and assoclaLed emergency slLuauons keeplng
worsL-case scenarlo ln mlnd
- rlsk evaluauon based on severlLy and probablllLy of Lhe evenL
- safe work pracuces and procedures, and safeLy sLandards Lo deLermlne accepLable and
unaccepLable condluons
1he lmplemenLauon of conLrols ls Lo ñrsL ellmlnaLe hazards, and lf Lhls cannoL be done, Lo mlnlmlze rlsk as low
as posslble. (Þlease refer Lo Pazard 8ecognluon, Lvaluauon and ConLrol 8ookleL for furLher lnformauon on Lhe
hlerarchy of conLrols.)
1he assessmenL of company capablllues deLermlnes Lhe followlng characLerlsucs ln handllng workplace
emergencles:
- Lhe exlsung lnLernal resources ln respondlng Lo an emergency ln relauon Lo poLenual loss
- Lhe Lypes of lnLernal/exLernal resources and level of avallable supporL, such as equlpmenL and supplles
LhaL are requlred Lo handle each emergency slLuauon
- lL asslsLs ln Lhe developmenL of an up-Lo-daLe exLernal responder conLacL llsL, emergency equlpmenL
and machlnery lnvenLory
- lL ldenuñes requlred alLernaLe sources of power, rescue equlpmenL, ñre ñghung equlpmenL, emergency
personal proLecuve equlpmenL, and alLernaLe communlcauon sources
- Lemporary locauons of buslness operauons are ldenuñed ln Lhls sLage
- Lhe accesslblllLy of exLernal/lnLernal resources and ume llnes for emergency response are deLermlned
S.e* H ? De2e&)* ."e E'e,!e(c5 Re-*)(-e P&a( @ERPA
1he L8Þ ls developed by Lhe emergency preparedness plannlng Leam ln consulLauon wlLh Lhe employer and Lhe
CP&S commluee. 1he ob[ecuve of an L8Þ ls Lo clearly ouLllne Lhe acuons and sLraLegles of Lhe organlzauon ln Lhe
evenL of an emergency. 1he response procedures:
- musL be wrluen ln clear language and speclñc Lo workplace emergencles ldenuñed ln Lhe emergency
response analysls, for example, ñre, bomb LhreaL, workplace vlolence, and chemlcal spllls
- should clearly lndenufy roles and responslblllues of Lhe emergency response Leam and workers
- ouLllne speclñc emergency scenarlos and allow for aûer-hour emergencles
E(-")c3R.+*)._,2d_La3*0/ 1 2011-01-19 4:05 PM Pa" 15
Þage eleven
Þrlorluzlng or ranklng workplace emergencles ls lmporLanL Lo ensure LhaL Lhe emergency mosL llkely Lo occur ls
planned for ñrsL, Lo deLermlne approprlaLe emergency response procedures. Aûer Lhe mosL llkely ls planned for,
Lhen employers are Lo develop emergency response procedures for hazards and rlsk accordlng Lo ranklng. 1hls lnvolves
Laklng Lhe resulLs of Lhe emergency response analysls and prlorluzlng emergencles accordlng Lo Lhe ranklng of
each. When deLermlnlng poLenual emergencles, lL ls lmporLanL Lo look aL boLh Lhe severlLy of Lhe evenL, and Lhe
llkellhood of lL happenlng. lor example, an alrplane crash can happen anywhere. Powever, an employer whose
workplace ls ln close vlclnlLy Lo an alrporL or ln Lhe ßlghL paLh ls more llkely Lo be añecLed by an alrplane crash Lhan
Lhose employers who are noL. Þlannlng for an alrcraû emergency would be hlgh prlorlLy for Lhese employers as
Lhe severlLy of a plane crash ls hlgher.
E-.ab&#-"#(! ."e E'e,!e(c5 Re-*)(-e Tea'
1he esLabllshmenL of an emergency response Leam ls vlLal Lo Lhe overall managemenL of emergencles, and allevlaung
Lhe negauve lmpacL of emergencles.
- Leams musL asslgn roles and responslblllues
- musL also be able Lo eñecuvely handle emergency slLuauons
- musL also complemenL lnLernal resources wlLh exLernal servlce provlders
1he L8Þ musL clearly ouLllne Lhe procedure for noufylng Lhe emergency response Leam and acuvaung Lhe emergency
response plan. Speclallzed Lralnlng of all emergency response paruclpanLs ls crlucal Lo Lhe overall managemenL of
an emergency. 8eglnnlng wlLh prevenung Lhe evenL, respondlng approprlaLely Lo Lhe evenL, and endlng wlLh umely
recovery of normal buslness operauons.
uependlng on Lhe slze and complexlues of your organlzauon and exlsung hazards, lL may help Lo develop [ob
descrlpuons for all members of Lhe emergency response Leam, such as Lmergency Manager, SlLe Co-ordlnaLor,
8esponse Leader and Communlcauons Cmcer. 1he developmenL of a deLalled Lerms of reference wlll gulde Lhe
Leam ln acuvlues, funcuons and responslblllues. ln Lhls sLage, auLhorlLy llnes are esLabllshed for all Leam members.
Ac/2a/(! I(.e,(a&=E4.e,(a& Re-)1,ce-
A compleLed emergency response analysls LhaL ldenuñes hazards and poLenual emergencles wlll asslsL companles
ln acuvaung approprlaLe lnLernal and exLernal resources. 1he acuvauon of lnLernal resources lncludes Lhe lnLernal,
exLernal, backup and/or oñ-slLe alarm sysLems. 1he lnLernal alarm sysLem nouñes Lhe emergency response Leam
Lo Lake acuon and alerLs workers of an emergency wlLh warnlng sysLems approprlaLe for persons wlLh dlsablllues.
1hese lnclude areas wlLh hlgh levels of nolse, low levels of llghL, eLc. 1he exLernal alarm ls Lhe devlce used Lo alerL
ouLslde auLhorlues of emergencles, such as ñre alarms, backup alarms and communlcauon mechanlsms whlch are
necessary ln Lhe evenL LhaL Lhe emergency slLuauon dlsables your lnLernal and/or exLernal sysLems. Cñ-slLe alarms
are requlred for workers who are based oñ-slLe and need Lo alerL employers and emergency responders of any
requlred emergency asslsLance. LxLernal and lnLernal communlcauon alLernaLes and back-ups, such as cell phones
or Lwo-way radlos and Lhe locauons of Lhese devlces musL be deLermlned ln Lhe plan.
1he Leam musL also deLermlne how Lo reporL emergencles Lo ouLslde agencles. Þlease ensure LhaL 911 servlces
are avallable ln your area before lncludlng lL ln Lhe emergency response plan by consulung wlLh local emergency
responders. Companles may use codes or numbers for ouLslde phone calls, such as dlal 9 before enLerlng phone
numbers. lf Lhls ls Lhe case, you musL lnclude Lhls number ln your plan and posL lL ln your workplace ln an area LhaL
ls accesslble and frequenLed by workers (e.g. nexL Lo ouLslde phones, sLañ rooms, deparLmenL phones, eLc).
E(-")c3R.+*)._,2d_La3*0/ 1 2011-01-19 4:05 PM Pa" 16
Þage Lwelve
E2ac1a/)( P,)ced1,e-=F&)), P&a(
Lvacuauon procedures musL be lncluded ln a ßoor plan, posLed ln Lhe workplace, and made avallable Lo emergency
responders when Lhey arrlve on Lhe scene. 1he ßoor plan musL lnclude prlmary and secondary rouLes, locauon of
ñre exungulshers, pull-box sLauons, ñre hose cablneLs, emergency exlLs, and musLer areas.
P,#'a,5 a(d Sec)(da,5 E-ca*e R)1.e-
Þrlmary and secondary escape rouLes for all areas musL be deLermlned Lo ensure Lhe evacuauon of all bulldlng
occupanLs ln a umely and orderly manner. lL ls lmporLanL Lo ldenufy asslsLance Lo Lhose lndlvlduals who requlre lL
when leavlng a bulldlng.
E'e,!e(c5 E4#.-
Lmergency exlLs musL be clearly marked wlLh slgns and evacuauon rouLes large enough Lo accommodaLe Lhe
numbers of evacuaung people. When esLabllshlng Lhe prlmary and secondary evacuauon rouLes, ensure Lhey
do noL expose workers Lo addluonal hazards and are clear of obsLrucuons aL all umes (l.e. noL belng used for
addluonal sLorage areas). Workplace lnspecuons musL check all emergency exlLs, equlpmenL and slgnage Lo
ensure Lhey are belng properly malnLalned.
E'e,!e(c5 l#!"/(!
An emergency llghung sysLem should be lnsLalled Lo keep work areas and evacuauon rouLes well llL when llghLs
are unavallable ln a power ouLage.
M1-.e, A,ea-
MusLer areas are planned and asslgned locauons ln a safe area where workers wlll meeL for dlrecuons from Lhe
emergency response Leam.
All workers musL be accounLed for ln each musLer area by dolng a head counL and mlsslng workers lmmedlaLely
reporLed Lo Lhe emergency operauons cenLre. 1he procedure for reporung mlsslng workers and Lhelr lasL-known
locauon Lo Lhe emergency operauons co-ordlnaLor musL be esLabllshed.
1ransporLauon of workers musL be consldered lf Lhey are requlred Lo Lravel Lo musLer areas or an oñ-slLe locauon.
1hls Lralnlng musL be recorded and records kepL by employers. 1ralnlng acuvlues may lnclude mock drllls LhaL LesL
Lhe eñecuveness of Lhe emergency response plan. 1he resulLs of mock drllls should also be recorded and kepL by
employers Lo asslsL ln lmprovlng Lhe emergency response plan.
8esponslblllues should be asslgned Lo an lndlvldual or group of lndlvlduals of Lhe emergency response Leam
Lo ensure all work areas have been evacuaLed.
S"1.>D)3( P,)ced1,e-
1he emergency response analysls wlll ldenufy operauons, equlpmenL and machlnery LhaL musL be shuL-down by
Lralned personnel. LqulpmenL LhaL musL be shuL-down ls any equlpmenL LhaL plays a parL ln Lhe emergency
slLuauon, and poses addluonal hazards Lo workers and ñrsL responders.
ShuL-down procedures are developed by workers who work dlrecLly wlLh sysLems and have Lhe mosL knowledge ln
work processes and musL be communlcaLed Lo all workers. 1hey may be complex and requlre a serles of Lechnlcal
sLeps, or as slmple as Lurnlng equlpmenL oñ and locklng doors.
When shumng-down equlpmenL, ensure lL does noL creaLe addluonal hazards and place workers ln more danger.
E(-")c3R.+*)._,2d_La3*0/ 1 2011-01-19 4:05 PM Pa" 17
Þage LhlrLeen
F#,-.>A#d
llrsL-ald musL be admlnlsLered Lo ln[ured workers by only Lhose lndlvlduals Lralned ln ñrsL-ald. 1he emergency
preparedness and response plannlng Leam musL ensure Lhere are an adequaLe number of persons Lralned ln ñrsL-
ald ln a shlû and Lhe ñrsL-ald klLs and/or rooms are avallable and equlpped wlLh requlred supplles. Workplace
lnspecuons musL check all ñrsL-ald klLs and/or rooms Lo ensure Lhey are adequaLely sLocked. Þlease refer Lo
llrsL-Ald 8egulauons ln Appendlx 8 for your company's leglslauve requlremenLs.
C,#-#- Ma(a!e'e(.
Crlsls managemenL lnvolves noufylng exLernal agencles LhaL paruclpaLe ln emergency operauons, lnvesugauon,
and follow-up.
E4a'*&e- )f e4.e,(a& a!e(c#e-
- ueparLmenL of CovernmenL Servlces - Cccupauonal PealLh and SafeLy
- ueparLmenL of LnvlronmenL and Conservauon
- federal regulaLory dlvlslons for federally regulaLed employers
- pollce
- ñre deparLmenL
- local hosplLals
- polson conLrol cenLres
- clLy/Lown counclls
- newfoundland Þower
- newfoundland Pydro
- propane gas provlders
- nearby schools and buslnesses
- muLual ald parLners
1he process for noufylng famllles wlll need Lo be lncluded ln Lhe L8Þ and crlsls lnLervenuon Lralnlng provlded
for lndlvlduals who have been asslgned Lhe responslblllLy of crlsls managemenL.
E'e,!e(c5 O*e,a/)(- Ce(.,e
uependlng on Lhe exLenL of Lhe emergency, lL may be necessary Lo esLabllsh an Lmergency Cperauons CenLre wlLh
a coordlnaLor ln charge of dlrecung all emergency response acuvlues. Ma[or evenLs may requlre Lhe esLabllshmenL
of Lhls cenLre Lo asslsL ln reduclng Lhe lmpacL of Lhe evenL. SafeLy and securlLy of workers may be dlrecLed from
Lhls cenLre Lo make sure workers are proLecLed from dangerous areas. lL ls also lmporLanL Lo secure any areas Lo
preserve any evldence LhaL may be used ln Lhe lnvesugauon.
Communlcauon Lo workers and Lhe publlc may be coordlnaLed Lhrough Lhls cenLre and a communlcauon proLocol
developed as parL of Lhe emergency response plan. 1he manner ln whlch deLalls wlll be released and communlcaLed
Lo Lhe publlc Lhrough Lhe medla need Lo be deLermlned ln a medla plan Lo ensure accuracy of facLs and Lhe evenL.
Acc#de(.=I(c#de(. @A=IA I(2e-/!a/)(
1he lncldenL musL be lnvesugaLed lnLernally uslng Lhe accldenL/lncldenL lnvesugauon procedure Lo deLermlne rooL
cause and esLabllsh conLrols Lo prevenL reoccurrence of Lhe evenL. 1he lnvesugauon wlll also ldenufy Lhe eñecuveness
of Lhe L8Þ and recommend correcuve acuons.
1he A/l lnvesugauon Leam should be comprlsed of knowledgeable people and Lhose famlllar wlLh Lhe work
processes and equlpmenL LhaL conLrlbuLed Lo Lhe emergency. A formal reporL should be wrluen and submlued Lo
Lhe employer and CP&S commluee for furLher revlew and analysls. Any faLallues, serlous ln[urles or Lhose LhaL
have Lhe reasonable poLenual of causlng serlous ln[ury Lo or Lhe deaLh of a person musL be lmmedlaLely reporLed
Lo Lhe asslsLanL depuLy mlnlsLer.
E(-")c3R.+*)._,2d_La3*0/ 1 2011-01-19 4:05 PM Pa" 18
Þage fourLeen
D#-ab#&#.5 Ma(a!e'e(.
WPSCC musL be nouñed of any ln[urles Lhrough Lhe ln[ury reporung sysLem, and Lhe clalms process of ad[udlcauon lnluaLed.
Cnce clalms are accepLed, Lhe employer and ln[ured workers have speclñc obllgauons under ÞarL vl - 8eLurn Lo Work and
8ehablllLauon, Secuon's 88 - 89.4 of Lhe Workplace Healh Safe% and Compensa!on Ac. lf avallable, Lhe companles
Lmployee AsslsLance Þrogram (LAÞ) may need Lo be nouñed and añecLed workers provlded wlLh asslsLance ln accesslng
servlces.
b1-#(e-- Rec)2e,5 P&a(-
8uslness recovery plans are necessary Lo ensure buslness reLurns Lo normal ln a umely manner. Conslderauon should be
glven Lo alLernaLe slLes, compuLer back-ups, phone and facslmlle llnes, and capablllues Lo reLurn Lo normal acuvlues as soon
as posslble. 8elow are four lmporLanL requlremenLs for buslness recovery plans.
1. clear plan ob[ecuves and purpose
2. deñned roles and responslblllues
3. crlucal resources, forms and records lnvenLory
4. expecLed lengLh of recovery ume
S.e* I ? I'*&e'e(. ."e E'e,!e(c5 Re-*)(-e P&a(
1ralnlng emergency response Leams lncludlng supervlsors and workers Lo assume Lhelr roles and responslblllues ls crlucal
for havlng an eñecuve L8Þ plan. All personnel musL have Lhe knowledge and sklll seLs requlred Lo analyze and
remedy ldenuñable emergencles. 1he followlng ls a llsL of requlred elemenLs for Lralnlng.
- deLalled emergency response procedures
- appllcable regulauons and sLandards
- evacuauon procedures
- reporung of emergencles
- ñrsL-ald and medlcal asslsLance procedures
- WPMlS and MSuS lnformauon
- ñre exungulshers
- splll klLs and clean-up procedures
- communlcauons
- ÞÞL
- shuL-down procedures
- Lmergency Cperauons CenLre processes
- prevenuve malnLenance of Lools and equlpmenL
- proLocol Lo follow for pandemlcs
Lmergency response procedures should be LaughL upon hlrlng and on a regular basls LhroughouL employmenL. Mock drllls,
Lable-Lop exerclses and full-scale exerclses are lmporLanL Lools Lo lmplemenL as parL of Lhe educauon and Lralnlng elemenL
of Lhe CP&S program. 1he followlng ñve procedures for conducung mock drllls and exerclses should be lncorporaLed
lnLo emergency preparedness plannlng.
1. frequency and Lype of exerclses
2. persons responslble for developlng, lmplemenung and evaluaung Lhe eñecuveness of Lhe exerclses
3. Lhe procedure for correcung deñclencles LhaL are found durlng Lhe exerclses
4. Lhe schedullng of drllls and exerclses
3. Lerms for conducung an annual full-scale exerclses
S.e* J ? E2a&1a.e ."e E'e,!e(c5 Re-*)(-e P&a(
Aûer an emergency slLuauon ls over or Lralnlng exerclses are compleLed, lL ls lmporLanL for Lhe emergency preparedness
plannlng Leam and Lhe emergency response Leam Lo evaluaLe response ume and plan eñecuveness. 1hls evaluauon ls done
ln consulLauon wlLh Lhe employer and CP&S commluee.
E(-")c3R.+*)._,2d_La3*0/ 1 2011-01-19 4:05 PM Pa" 19
Þage ñûeen
uslng Lhe L8Þ as a guldellne wlll asslsL companles ln developlng a checkllsL LhaL ls speclñc Lo workplace hazards
and emergency slLuauons, and help deLermlne eñecuveness. Þlease refer Lo Appendlx C for a sample emergency
managemenL checkllsL. Lmployers may use Lhls as a gulde Lo follow when developlng a checkllsL speclñc Lo Lhelr
workplace. 1he hazards and rlsks ldenuñed ln Lhe emergency response analysls and hazard assessmenL ls a good
resource Lo use when developlng Lhls checkllsL.
Lnsure Lo documenL exerclse and mock drlll resulLs and submlL Lo Lhe employer and CP&S commluee for revlew
and feedback.
- lnclude wheLher or noL ob[ecuves and goals were meL
- ldenufy problems
- make recommendauons for correcuve acuons
- ldenufy persons responslble for lmplemenung correcuve acuons
- seL umellnes for lmplemenLauon
- creaLe an acuon plan
S.e* K ? C)(/(1)1-&5 I'*,)2e ."e E'e,!e(c5 Re-*)(-e P&a(
lL ls lmporLanL Lo lmplemenL an lncldenL follow-up process LhaL ldenuñes lessons learned and Lhe lmplemenLauon
of conLrols Lo prevenL fuLure lncldenLs.
- make classlñcauon of lncldenLs lnLo Lype of lncldenL
- documenL locauon and ume of lncldenL
- ldenufy process and/or equlpmenL lnvolved
- llsL posslble causes
- engage ln a regular revlew of acuon plans Lo deLermlne Lhe eñecuveness of Lhe acuon plan and
recommended conLrols
1he emergency preparedness and response program should be revlewed on a regular basls and/or when new
equlpmenL and work processes have been lnLroduced Lo Lhe workplace. 1he plan should be lncorporaLed lnLo
oLher workplace managemenL sysLems. lL ls crlucal Lo asslgn responslblllues Lo all Leam members, employer(s),
managemenL and workers Lo avold Lhe asslgnmenL of Lhe emergency response plan Lo one person or deparLmenL.
Lnsure Lo seL achlevable goals and expecLauons and do noL assume LhaL emergencles can noL happen ln your
workplace. 1hey can happen anywhere, anyume and Lo anyone.
l#(%#(! E'e,!e(c5 P,e*a,ed(e-- a(d Re-*)(-e .) ."e OHCS P,)!,a'
Acuvlues LhaL are lncorporaLed lnLo oLher workplace managemenL sysLems wlll brlng LogeLher elemenLs of Lhe
CP&S program.
leade,-"#* a(d ad'#(#-.,a/)(
Leadershlp and admlnlsLrauon ls demonsLraLed by Lhe employer when Lhey commlL Lo Lhe developmenL of
emergency managemenL LhaL lncludes emergency preparedness and an L8Þ whlle provldlng Lhe resources and
people Lo do so.
T"e OHCS C)''#0ee8 WHCS Re*,e-e(.a/2e=De-#!(a.e
1he CP&S Commluee, WP&S 8epresenLauve/ueslgnaLe demonsLraLes Lhelr commlLmenL Lo a safe and healLhy
envlronmenL when Lhey work wlLh Lhe emergency preparedness plannlng Leam and emergency response Leam,
and communlcaLe Lhese plans Lo workers.
Ed1ca/)( a(d .,a#(#(!
Lducauon and Lralnlng prepares workers Lo do Lhelr [ob safely whlle provldlng speclñc Lralnlng Lo handle workplace
emergencles.
C)''1(#ca/)( .) 3),%e,-
1he emergency preparedness and response program ls communlcaLed Lo workers, vlslLors and conLracLors Lhrough
orlenLauon, educauon and Lralnlng, newsleuers, posLers, alerLs, eLc. Lo lncrease Lhelr awareness of Lhelr responslblllues
and accounLablllues.
E(-")c3R.+*)._,2d_La3*0/ 1 2011-01-19 4:05 PM Pa" 20
Þage slxLeen
Ha6a,d ,ec)!(#/)(8 e2a&1a/)( a(d c)(.,)&
Pazard recognluon, evaluauon and conLrol procedures are applled when poLenual hazards are ldenuñed
and conLrolled durlng Lhe emergency response analysls.
Ha6a,d a--e--'e(. a(d e'e,!e(c5 ,e-*)(-e a(a&5-#-
1he hazard assessmenL and emergency response analysls provldes lmporLanL lnformauon for safe work pracuces
and procedures Lo prevenL lncldenLs and emergencles. ln addluon, speclñc emergency response pracuces and
procedures are requlred for umely response and evacuauon of properues.
Acc#de(.=#(c#de(. #(2e-/!a/)( *,)ced1,e-
AccldenL/lncldenL lnvesugauon procedures may ldenufy a slLuauon LhaL requlres furLher developmenL of
Lhe emergency preparedness and response program.
W),%*&ace #(-*ec/)(-
Workplace lnspecuons may also ldenufy a slLuauon LhaL requlres furLher developmenL of Lhe
emergency preparedness and response program.
CONClUSION
Lmergency managemenL ls an essenual elemenL of an occupauonal healLh and safeLy managemenL sysLem LhaL
lncludes Lhe dlñerenL roles and responslblllues of workplace parues and Lhe slx sLeps ln developlng an emergency
managemenL program. lL allows organlzauons Lo eñecuvely ldenufy poLenual emergencles, prepare for, respond
Lo and recover from emergency lncldenLs as qulckly as posslble. 1he lmplemenLauon of Lhe emergency response
plan helps Lo prevenL or reduce casualues, properLy and envlronmenLal damage and mlnlmlzes ñnanclal loss.
8esL pracuce ls a sLandard LhaL exceeds mlnlmum leglslauve requlremenLs and supporLs worklng ln Lhe safesL
posslble way. ueveloplng and lmplemenung eñecuve emergency preparedness and response procedures speclñc
Lo your organlzauon, regularly monlLorlng, evaluaung and revlslng Lhe L8Þ Lhrough regular revlew. Lmergency
exerclses and mock drllls all demonsLraLe Lhe employer's commlLmenL Lo healLh and safeLy. Pavlng emergency
preparedness and response procedures LhaL ldenufy roles and responslblllues ln Lhe evenL of an emergency, and
ensurlng all workplace parues undersLand Lhelr roles and responslblllues, sLrengLhens Lhe lnLernal responslblllLy
sysLem. And Lhls goes a long way Lo bulldlng a posluve healLh and safeLy culLure ln a workplace.
Refe,e(ce-
1) Canadlan CenLre for Cccupauonal PealLh and SafeLy (CCCPS), Lmergency 8esponse Þlannlng Culde (8evlsed),
2004, lS8n 0-660-18910-0, www.ccohs.ca
2) Canadlan CenLre for Cccupauonal PealLh and SafeLy (CCCPS), Lmergency Þlannlng, hup://www.ccohs.ca/
oshanswers/hsprograms/plannlng.hLml
3) Canadlan SLandards Assoclauon (CSA), Lmergency Þreparedness and 8esponse: CAn/CSA-Z731-03, 2003, lS8n
1-33397-221-x, www.csa.ca
3) Worksafe 8C, Pow Lo Þrepare an Lmergency 8esponse Þlan for your Small 8uslness, www.worksafebc.com
3) nauonal lnsuLuLe for Cccupauonal SafeLy and PealLh (nlCSP), Lmployee llre and Llfe SafeLy: ueveloplng
a Þreparedness Þlan and Conducung Lmergency Lvacuauon urllls, hup://www.cdc.gov/nlosh/Loplcs/emres/
buslness.hLml
6) lederal Lmergency ManagemenL Assoclauon (lLMA), Lmergency ManagemenL Culde for 8uslness and lndusLry:
A SLep-by-SLep Approach Lo Lmergency Þlannlng, 8esponse and 8ecovery for Companles of All Slzes,
lLMA 141/CcLober 1993, hup://www.fema.gov/pdf/buslness/gulde/blzlndsL.pdf
E(-")c3R.+*)._,2d_La3*0/ 1 2011-01-19 4:05 PM Pa" 21
APPENDICES
A**e(d#4 A
Clossary.......................................................................................................l
A**e(d#4 b
LxcerpLs from Lhe Cccupauonal PealLh & SafeLy llrsL Ald 8egulauons
under Lhe Occ"pa!onal Healh + Safe% Ac of newfoundland and
Labrador.
...................................................................................................................lll
A**e(d#4 C
Sample Lmergency ManagemenL CheckllsL...............................................lv
E(-")c3R.+*)._,2d_La3*0/ 1 2011-01-19 4:05 PM Pa" 22
l
A**e(d#4 A > G&)--a,5
Acc#de(. - an unplanned evenL LhaL resulLs ln a personal ln[ury or lllness, damage or loss of properLy, process or
envlronmenL.
ba-#c=,)). ca1-e - see ºrooL/baslc cause"
be-. *,ac/ce - performance sLandards developed by employers, workers and CP&S professlonals whlch exceed baslc
CP&S leglslauve requlremenLs and whlch sLrlve Loward dolng work ln Lhe safesL posslble way.
C)(.,)&- - measures LhaL are lmplemenLed Lo ellmlnaLe or mlnlmlze hazards ln Lhe workplace. 1hese conLrols are esLabllshed
as elLher englneerlng (ñrsL llne of defence), admlnlsLrauve, or personal proLecuve equlpmenL (used as a lasL resorL).
1. E(!#(ee,#(! c)(.,)& - Lhe ñrsL llne of defence agalnsL hazards ln Lhe workplace. 1helr advanLage ls Lhey have
bullL-ln proLecuon whlch does noL requlre conunuous lnLervenuon. Some Lypes of englneerlng conLrols lnclude:
Lllmlnauon (compleLely removes Lhe hazard from Lhe workplace), subsuLuuon (Lhe hazard ls conLrolled
by replaclng lL wlLh a less hazardous one) or lsolauon (Lhe hazard ls physlcally separaLed from Lhe
workers by uslng conLrol rooms, bulldlng soundproof enclosures around nolsy machlnes, lnsLalllng
venulauon, bulldlng barrlers and fences and oLher guardlng of equlpmenL).
2. Ad'#(#-.,a/2e - encourage safe work pracuces and should be consldered lf englneerlng conLrols are noL posslble
and may be used ln comblnauon wlLh Lhe englneerlng conLrols. Some Lypes of admlnlsLrauve conLrols lnclude
educauon and Lralnlng of workers Lo ensure Lhey are aware of Lhe safe work pracuces and procedures LhaL have
been esLabllshed, and Lhe developmenL of pollcles and procedures Lo conLrol worker's exposure Lo a hazard.
1hls may lnvolve [ob roLaLlon, work asslgnmenLs and llmlLlng duraLlon ln hazardous areas or llmlLlng Llme
performlng a hazardous Lask.
3. Pe,-)(a& *,).ec/2e e+1#*'e(. @PPEA - equlpmenL used by workers Lo help proLecL Lhem from Lhelr envlronmenL.
1he equlpmenL ls used as a barrler beLween Lhe worker and Lhe hazard. 1he hazard lLself has noL been modlñed.
1herefore, ln Lhe evenL LhaL Lhe ÞÞL falls, Lhe hazard wlll be presenLed ln lLs full force. lor Lhls reason, ÞÞL ls
used as a lasL resorL ln Lhe selecuon of hazard conLrols and should be used ln comblnauon wlLh Lhe oLher conLrol
meLhods - englneerlng and admlnlsLrauve conLrols.
D#,ec. @#''ed#a.eA ca1-e - Lhose unsafe ob[ecLs, condluons or behavlours whlch occur lmmedlaLely before an accldenL/
lncldenL, for example, lnadequaLe guards and barrlers, defecuve Lools, and lmproper llûlng. 1hese are noL Lhe ºrooL" cause.
D1e D#&#!e(ce - occurs when acuons normally consldered reasonable ln a parucular clrcumsLance are Laken. ln cases
where a serlous workplace ln[ury occurs and legal acuon ls Laken agalnsL, a due dlllgence defence can be mounLed lf Lhe
person charged dld everyLhlng a reasonable person would do ln Lhe same slLuauon Lo prevenL Lhe ln[ury.
E'*&)5e, - a person who employers one or more workers (secuon 2 (f), CP&S AcL)
E,!)()'#c- - a sclence LhaL seeks Lo adapL work or worklng condluons Lo sulL Lhe worker. 1he alm ls Lhe evaluauon
and deslgn of faclllues, envlronmenLs, [obs, Lralnlng meLhods and equlpmenL Lo maLch Lhe capablllues and llmlLauons of
workers and reduce Lhe poLenual for faugue, error or unsafe acLs.
F),'a& 3),%*&ace #(-*ec/)(- - regularly scheduled examlnauons carrled ouL as a means of prevenung ln[ury, lllness and
properLy damage and of ensurlng a safe and healLhy workplace. 1hey are formally documenLed wlLh Lhe use of a checkllsL
and a reporL LhaL lncludes recommendauons for correcuve acuons.
Ha6a,d - dangerous ob[ecL, evenL, behavlour or condluon whlch has Lhe poLenual Lo cause ln[ury, lllness or
properLy damage.
E(-")c3R.+*)._,2d_La3*0/ 1 2011-01-19 4:05 PM Pa" 23
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Ha6a,d A--e--'e(. - A hazard assessmenL ls a sysLemauc approach LhaL alms Lo ldenufy hazards and poLenual
hazards, assess Lhe level of rlsk and recommend reasonable and eñecuve ways Lo conLrol Lhose ldenuñed hazards.
Ha6a,d Rec)!(#/)(8 E2a&1a/)( a(d C)(.,)& - An esLabllshed process ln Lhe CP&S program LhaL ensures all hazards
and poLenual hazards ln Lhe workplace are recognlzed and ldenuñed, evaluaLed for Lhe amounL of rlsk assoclaLed
wlLh Lhem and ñnally, conLrolled so LhaL Lhe rlsk posed Lo workers ls decreased as much as posslble.
I(f),'a& 3),%*&ace #(-*ec/)(- - dally rouunes used as a means of prevenung ln[ury, lllness and properLy damage
and of ensurlng a safe and healLhy workplace, for example, a supervlsor's walk-Lhrough or a worker's rouune
equlpmenL check. lnformal lnspecuons are usually noL scheduled and do noL requlre a checkllsL.
I(c#de(. @(ea, '#--9 *).e(/a& acc#de(.A - an undeslred evenL resulung ln poLenual ln[ury, lllness or damage Lo
properLy, process or envlronmenL.
I(.e,(a& ,e-*)(-#b#&#.5 -5-.e' @IRSA - A phllosophy guldlng CP&S leglslauon ln all Canadlan [urlsdlcuons. lL ls a sysLem
where all workplace parues - employers, workers lncludlng supervlsors and managers, and CP&S commluees - share
ln Lhe responslblllLy for workplace healLh and safeLy Lo Lhe degree of each parLy's auLhorlLy and ablllLy Lo do so.
J)b -afe.5 a(a&5-#- @JSAA - a formal procedure developed by employers LhaL examlnes [ob Lasks and meLhods Lo ñnd
Lhe safesL way posslble for workers Lo perform Lhelr [obs.
Occ1*a/)( - employmenL, buslness, calllng or pursulL buL does noL lnclude an endeavour LhaL ls noL lncluded ln one
of Lhe classes of occupauons ln Lhe currenL nauonal Cccupauonal Classlñcauon LlsL developed by Lhe ueparLmenL
of Puman 8esources and Soclal uevelopmenL Canada ln collaborauon wlLh SLausucs Canada.
Oce, - ºomcer" means an occupauonal healLh and safeLy omcer appolnLed under Lhls AcL and lncludes a medlcal
pracuuoner provldlng servlces under secuon 20 whlle he or she ls provldlng Lhose servlces.
OHCS c)''#0ee - a commluee requlred Lo be esLabllshed by Lhe employer ln workplaces wlLh 10 or more workers.
1he CP&S commluee musL conslsL of represenLauves of Lhe employer and Lhe worker aL Lhe workplace. Secuon 37,
38, 38.1, 39, 40 and 43 of Lhe CP&S AcL descrlbe Lhe composluon and duues of Lhe commluee, and Lhe Lralnlng
and meeung requlremenLs. lurLher requlremenLs for CP&S commluees can be found ln secuon 21 of Lhe CP&S
8egulauons.
R#!". .) ,ef1-e .) 3),% - Cccupauonal PealLh and SafeLy AcL, Secuon 43
(1) A worker may refuse Lo do work LhaL Lhe worker has reasonable grounds Lo belleve ls dangerous Lo hls or her
healLh or safeLy, or Lhe healLh and safeLy of anoLher person aL Lhe workplace
(a) unul remedlal acuon has been Laken by Lhe employer Lo Lhe worker's sausfacuon,
(b) unul Lhe commluee or worker healLh and safeLy represenLauve has lnvesugaLed Lhe mauer and
advlsed Lhe worker Lo reLurn Lo work, or
(c) unul an omcer has lnvesugaLed Lhe mauer and has advlsed Lhe worker Lo reLurn Lo work.
(2) Where a worker refuses Lo do work under subsecuon (1) hls or her employer may reasslgn Lhe
worker Lo oLher work LhaL ls reasonably equlvalenL Lo Lhe work he or she normally performs and Lhe worker shall
accepL Lhe reasslgnmenL unul he or she ls able Lo reLurn Lo work under subsecuon (1).
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(3) Where a worker ls reasslgned Lo oLher work under subsecuon (2) Lhe employer shall pay Lhe worker
Lhe same wages or salary and granL hlm or her Lhe same beneñLs Lhe worker would have recelved had Lhe worker
conunued ln hls or her normal work.
(4) Where a worker has reasonably refused Lo work under subsecuon (1) and has noL been reasslgned
Lo oLher work under subsecuon (2) Lhe employer shall pay Lhe worker Lhe same wages or salary and granL Lhe worker
Lhe same beneñLs Lhe worker would have recelved had Lhe worker conunued Lo work, unul he or she ls able Lo reLurn
Lo work under subsecuon (1).
(3) A reasslgnmenL of work under subsecuon (2) ls noL dlscrlmlnaLory acuon under secuon 49.
R#-% ? c"a(ce )f &)-- ba-ed )(:
- Lhe probablllLy of an ln[ury, lllness, damage or loss of properLy, process or envlronmenL, and
- Lhe posslble severlLy of Lhe ln[ury, lllness, damage or loss of properLy, process or envlronmenL.
R)).=ba-#c ca1-e - Lhe real cause of an accldenL/lncldenL and Lhe reason why lL occurred, for example, lnadequaLe
deslgn, lack of orlenLauon, faugue due Lo Lask load or durauon, eLc. 1he rooL cause ls usually noL lmmedlaLely
evldenL and requlres lnvesugauon.
Safe 3),% *,ac/ce - a guldellne esLabllshed Lo help workers perform a Lask whlch may noL requlre a sLep-by-sLep
procedure. 1hey are developed Lo help workers do Lhelr [ob wlLh mlnlmum rlsk Lo Lhemselves, oLher workers, Lhe
publlc, Lools and equlpmenL, maLerlals, and Lhe envlronmenL. An example may be Lhe use of a ºweL ßoor" slgn ln
an area where splll has occurred unul lL has been cleaned and Lhe ßoor ls dry.
Safe 3),% *,)ced1,e - a sLep-by-sLep process for performlng a Lask safely from beglnnlng Lo end LhaL follows
a chronologlcal process. 1he purpose of Lhem ls Lo reduce rlsk Lo workers by mlnlmlzlng poLenual exposure of
hazards. An example may be Lhe Lransfer of a pauenL from a bed Lo a chalr, Lhe operauon of an aerlal llû, lock
ouL/Lag ouL, or conñned space enLry.
S.)* 3),% ),de, - ouLllnes Lhe procedures regardlng an order Lo sLop work when condluons aL a workplace pose
an lmmedlaLe rlsk Lo Lhe healLh and safeLy of workers or oLher persons.
Se,#)1- acc#de(. - an accldenL resulung ln deaLh, permanenL or Lemporary dlsablllLy, excesslve properLy damage,
or accldenLal release of polluLanLs wlLh slgnlñcanL eñecLs. More speclñcally, serlous accldenLs are Lhose accldenLs
merlung ln-depLh lnvesugauon and are deñned ln Lhe CP&S AcL, secuon 34(3).
Se,#)1- #($1,5 - a fracLure of Lhe skull, splne, pelvls, femur, humerus, ñbula, ubla, radlus or ulna, an ampuLauon
of a ma[or parL of a hand or fooL, Lhe loss of slghL of a eye, a serlous lnLernal hemorrhage, a burn LhaL requlres
medlcal auenuon, an ln[ury caused dlrecLly or lndlrecLly by exploslves, an asphyxlauon or polsonlng by gas resulung
ln a parual or LoLal loss of physlcal conLrol, or any oLher ln[ury llkely Lo endanger llfe or cause permanenL ln[ury.
A serlous ln[ury does noL lnclude ln[ures Lo a worker of a naLure LhaL may be LreaLed Lhrough ñrsL ald or medlcal
LreaLmenL and Lhe worker ls able Lo reLurn Lo hls or her worker elLher lmmedlaLely aûer Lhe LreaLmenL or aL hls
or her nexL scheduled shlû [CP&S AcL, secuon 34(3)].
S1*e,2#-), - means a person auLhorlzed or deslgnaLed by an employer Lo exerclse dlrecuon and conLrol over
workers of Lhe employer (secuon 2 (k.1), CP&S AcL) employer (secuon 2 (f), CP&S AcL).
U(-afe ac. - deparLure from an accepLed, normal or correcL procedure or pracuce whlch has acLually produced
ln[ury or properLy damage or whlch has Lhe poLenual for produclng such loss.
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U(-afe c)(d#/)( - deparLure from a sLandardlzed, accepLed or normal physlcal sLaLe Lo creaLe clrcumsLances whlch
lncrease Lhe llkellhood of an accldenL.
W),%e, - a person engaged ln an occupauon (secuon 2 (m), CP&S AcL).
W),%e, "ea&." a(d -afe.5 ,e*,e-e(.a/2e - Where less Lhan 10 workers are employed aL a workplace, Lhe employer
shall ensure LhaL a worker noL connecLed wlLh Lhe managemenL of Lhe workplace ls deslgnaLed as Lhe worker healLh
and safeLy represenLauve Lo monlLor Lhe healLh, safeLy and welfare of workers employed aL Lhe workplace.
W),%*&ace "ea&." a(d -afe.5 de-#!(a.e - where less Lhan 6 persons are engaged aL a workplace and Lhe deslgnauon
of a worker healLh and safeLy represenLauve ls lmpracucable, Lhe employer may deslgnaLe a workplace healLh and
safeLy deslgnaLe Lo monlLor Lhe healLh, safeLy and welfare of workers employed aL Lhe workplace. 1haL person may
be elLher a worker connecLed wlLh Lhe managemenL of Lhe workplace, or Lhe employer, lf Lhe deslgnauon of a worker
connecLed wlLh Lhe managemenL of Lhe workplace ls noL pracucable.
W),%*&ace Hea&."8 Safe.5 a(d C)'*e(-a/)( C)''#--#)( - an employer-funded no-faulL lnsurance sysLem LhaL
encourages and promoLes ln[ury prevenuon and healLh and safeLy programs ln all workplaces and provldes ln[ured
workers, Lhelr dependenLs and employers a no faulL ln[ury lnsurance program LhaL fosLers reLurn-Lo-work and emclenL
dlsablllLy managemenL..
W),%*&ace - a place where a worker or self-employed person ls engaged ln an occupauon and lncludes a vehlcle
or moblle equlpmenL used by a worker ln an occupauon (secuon 2 (n), CP&S AcL).
W),%*&ace *a,/e- - 1hose who perform work or are responslble for Lhe performance of work ln a workplace.
1hey lnclude employers, workers lncludlng managers and supervlsors, and Lhe CP&S commluee.
E(-")c3R.+*)._,2d_La3*0/ 1 2011-01-19 4:05 PM Pa" 26
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A**e(d#4 b > E4ce,*.- f,)' ."e Occ1*a/)(a& Hea&." a(d Safe.5 F#,-. A#d Re!1&a/)(- 1(de,
."e Occpatonal Health and Safet" Act ? Ne3f)1(d&a(d a(d lab,ad),
F#,-. a#d ce,/fica.e-
3.1 (1) 1he commlsslon shall esLabllsh Lhe educauon, pracucal Lralnlng and oLher crlLerla requlred
for a person Lo be lssued a ceruñcaLe of
(a) advanced ñrsL ald,
(b) emergency ñrsL ald, and
(c) sLandard ñrsL ald.
(2) Where a course or program ls oñered by a person or organlzauon LhaL provldes Lhe educauon,
pracucal Lralnlng and oLher crlLerla LhaL Lhe commlsslon conslders Lo be equlvalenL Lo LhaL
requlred under subsecuon (1), Lhe commlsslon may deslgnaLe LhaL course or program as
oñered by LhaL person or organlzauon as accepLable for Lhe purpose of LhaL subsecuon.
(3) ln Lhls secuon "commlsslon" means Lhe Workplace PealLh, SafeLy and Compensauon
Commlsslon conunued under secuon 3 of Lhe Workplace Healh& Safe% and Compensa!on Ac.
43/06 s2
D1/e- )f e'*&)5e,
4. (1) An employer shall provlde and malnLaln Lhe ñrsL ald supplles and servlces requlred by Lhese
regulauons and shall ensure so far as ls reasonably pracucable Lhelr appllcauon Lowards prompL
and eñecuve ñrsL ald.
(2) An employer shall posL ln a consplcuous posluon aL a workplace a wrluen nouce whlch
ouLllnes a pollcy and procedure for Lhe reporung of ln[urles.
(3) Where an employer requlres a worker Lo work alone Lhe employer shall lf lL ls reasonable
Lo do so or lf requlred Lo do so by an omcer ensure LhaL Lhe worker holds a valld emergency
ñrsL ald ceruñcaLe.
(4) Where more Lhan one buL less Lhan 13 workers are engaged on one shlû an employer shall
ensure LhaL one of Lhe workers holds a valld emergency ñrsL ald ceruñcaLe unless an omcer
dlrecLs LhaL a hlgher ceruñcaLe ls necessary.
(3) Where 13 or more buL less Lhan 200 workers are engaged on one shlû an employer shall
ensure LhaL Lhere ls
(a) aL leasL one worker who holds a valld sLandard ñrsL ald ceruñcaLe unless an omcer
dlrecLs LhaL a hlgher ceruñcaLe ls necessary, and
(b) ln addluon, a worker holdlng a valld emergency ñrsL ald ceruñcaLe for each group
of 23 workers or parL of lL ln excess of 23 workers.
(6) An employer shall appolnL a ñrsL ald auendanL where 200 or more workers are engaged on
one shlû and ln addluon shall ensure LhaL Lhere ls a worker wlLh a valld emergency ñrsL ald
ceruñcaLe for each group of 23 workers or parL of lL ln excess of 23 workers.
(7) A person appolnLed under subsecuon (6) shall be slLuaLed ln a posluon so as Lo be readlly
avallable ln case of accldenL and ln a sLaLe of dress and personal cleanllness conslsLenL wlLh Lhe
LreaLmenL of an ln[ured person.
12/86 s4
F#,-.>a#d ,))' ,e+1#,ed
3. (1) An employer
(a) employlng 200 or more workers on one shlû, or
(b) employlng a LoLal of 200 or more workers and lf ordered Lo do so by an omcer
shall provlde and malnLaln as convenlenLly as posslble Lo Lhe workplace a ñrsL ald
room under Lhe supervlslon of a ñrsL ald auendanL.
(2) 1he asslsLanL depuLy mlnlsLer or an omcer, havlng regard for exlsung clrcumsLances, may
order an employer Lo provlde a ñrsL ald room and ñrsL ald auendanL where less Lhan 200
workers are employed, or under approprlaLe clrcumsLances may relleve an employer of LhaL
obllgauon where 200 or more workers are employed.
(3) A ñrsL ald room requlred under Lhls secuon shall be kepL sanlLary aL all umes and shall conLaln
Lhe equlpmenL and supplles descrlbed ln Schedule L ln Lhe quanuues LhaL may be reasonably
necessary Lo provlde adequaLe ñrsL ald.
12/86 s3
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vl
T).a& (1'be, )f 3),%e,-
6. lor Lhe purpose of Lhese regulauons, all workers shall be lncluded as workers of Lhe employer or prlnclpal
conLracLor ln deLermlnlng Lhe LoLal number of workers employed aL a workplace.
12/86 s6
N)/ce .) be *)-.ed
7. 1he employer shall ensure LhaL Lhere ls posLed ln a consplcuous place ln Lhe vlclnlLy of Lhe ñrsL ald klL or
Lhe ñrsL ald room aL a workplace a nouce conLalnlng
(a) Lhe name of Lhe parucular person ln charge of Lhe ñrsL ald klL or ñrsL ald room,
(b) Lhe name and quallñcauons of each person Lralned Lo admlnlsLer ñrsL ald, and
(c) an emergency procedure and a Lelephone llsL or oLher lnsLrucuons for reachlng Lhe nearesL
pollce, ambulance, ñre sLauon, hosplLal or physlclan.
12/86 s7
C)(2e5a(ce
8. A conveyance used by or under Lhe conLrol of Lhe employer for Lransporung workers Lo and from work-
places shall be equlpped wlLh a #1 ñrsL ald klL as speclñed ln Schedule 8 when Lhe seaung capaclLy ls 6
workers or less or a #2 ñrsL ald klL as speclñed ln Schedule C when Lhe seaung capaclLy ls 7 or more.
12/86 s8
13. (1) Where Lhese regulauons requlre a ñrsL ald room, lLs mlnlmum ßoor dlmenslons shall be 2.3 meLres by
3.7 meLres and Lhe enLrance shall be large enough Lo permlL convenlenL passage of a sLreLcher case.
(2) 1he ñrsL ald room shall be
(a) palnLed and kepL clean and sanlLary,
(b) provlded wlLh adequaLe llghung, heaung and venulauon, lncludlng emergency llghung,
(c) under Lhe supervlslon of a ñrsL ald auendanL,
(d) avallable Lo ln[ured workers durlng all worklng hours,
(e) used only for Lhe purpose of provldlng ñrsL ald and relaLed occupauonal healLh servlces,
and
(f) equlpped wlLh a Lelephone or slmllar means of communlcauon beLween work areas aL a workplace.
12/86 s13
Ma#(.e(a(ce )f fi,-. a#d e+1#*'e(.
14. AL every workplace, where Lhere are more Lhan 13 workers or where requlred by an omcer, a sLreLcher,
blankeLs and spllnLs shall be provlded and malnLalned ln good condluon.
12/86 s14
Add#/)(- ), 2a,#a/)(-
13. 1he asslsLanL depuLy mlnlsLer or an omcer when clrcumsLances so requlre may order addluons Lo or
varlauons ln Lhe ñrsL ald servlces, requlremenLs and supplles seL ouL ln Lhese regulauons.
12/86 s13
DF F#,-. a#d %#.
16. Lvery workplace shall have aL leasL a #1 ñrsL ald klL conLalnlng supplles as speclñed ln Schedule 8.
12/86 s16
DG F#,-. a#d %#.
17. Where Lhere are more Lhan one buL less Lhan 13 workers aL a workplace, LhaL workplace shall have aL
leasL a #2 ñrsL ald klL conLalnlng supplles as speclñed ln Schedule C.
12/86 s17
DH F#,-. a#d %#.
18. Where Lhere are 13 or more buL less Lhan 200 workers aL a workplace, LhaL workplace shall have aL leasL
a #3 ñrsL ald klL conLalnlng supplles as speclñed ln Schedule u.
12/86 s18
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vll
P)c%e. fi,-. a#d %#.
19. A pockeL ñrsL ald klL conLalnlng supplles as speclñed ln Schedule A shall be supplled by Lhe employer
and carrled by
(a) all mlne forepersons employed underground,
(b) all forepersons engaged ln logglng and sawmlll operauons, and
(c) all supervlsors of workers where Lhe naLure of Lhe work or Lhe locauon of Lhe workplace
would make lL reasonable Lo be so equlpped.
12/86 s19
E4#-/(! fi,-. a#d %#.-
20. Lxlsung ñrsL ald klLs and conLenLs shall be presumed Lo comply wlLh Lhe regulauons unul a ume LhaL
Lhe klLs requlre replacemenL or replenlshmenL.
12/86 s20
Re*ea&
21. 1he Cccupauonal PealLh and SafeLy llrsL Ald 8egulauons, 1986, newfoundland 8egulauon 12/86, are
repealed.
Sc"ed1&e A
P)c%e. F#,-. A#d K#.
1 - 13 ml conLalner of sLerlle eyewash
1 - 30 ml boule ueuol, merLhlolaLe or oLher approved anusepuc
2 - ammonla ampoules
1 - 3 cm by 3 m roller bandage
1 - 3 cm compressed bandage
2 - 3 cm by 3 cm sLerlle gauze pads
12 - 2.3 cm x 7.3 cm adheslve dresslngs
1 - roll 1.23 cm by 2.3 m adheslve plasLer
6 - safeLy plns
1 - meLal or plasuc box conLalner
12/86 Sch A
Sc"ed1&e b
DF F#,-. A#d K#.
LqulpmenL
1 - emergency ñrsL ald safeLy orlenLed manual
1 - ñrsL ald record book
12 - safeLy plns
1 - spllnLer Lweezers, blunL nose
1 - palr sclssors - 10 cm
u8LSSlnCS (Lach lLem Lo be lndlvldually wrapped Lo malnLaln sLerlllLy.)
2 - sLerlle bandage compresses, 10 cm x 10 cm
12 - sLerlle adheslve dresslngs, 2.3 cm x 7.3 cm
12 - sLerlle pads, 7.3 cm x 7.3 cm
4 - Lrlangular bandages, 93 cm x 93 cm
An1lSLÞ1lC
100 - ml boule peroxlde
AuPLSlvL 1AÞL
1 roll - 1.23 cm x 2.3 m
12/86 Sch 8
E(-")c3R.+*)._,2d_La3*0/ 1 2011-01-19 4:05 PM Pa" 29
vlll
Sc"ed1&e C
DG F#,-. A#d K#.
LCulÞMLn1
1 emergency ñrsL ald safeLy orlenLed manual
1 ñrsL ald record book
12 safeLy plns
1 spllnLer Lweezers, blunL nose
1 palr sclssors, 10 cm
u8LSSlnCS (Lach lLem Lo be lndlvldually wrapped Lo malnLaln sLerlllLy.)
2 sLerlle bandage compresses, 10 cm x 10 cm
16 sLerlle pads, 7.3 cm x 7.3 cm
16 sLerlle adheslve dresslngs, 2.3 cm x 7.3 cm
6 - Lrlangular bandages, 93 cm x 93 cm
AuPLSlvL 1AÞL
1 roll - 2.3 cm x 3 m
An1lSLÞ1lC
100 ml boule peroxlde
12/86 Sch C
Sc"ed1&e D
DH F#,-. A#d K#.
LCulÞMLn1
1 sLandard safeLy orlenLed ñrsL ald manual
1 ñrsL ald record book
12 safeLy plns
1 spllnLer Lweezers, blunL nose
1 palr sclssors, 10 cm
u8LSSlnCS (Lach lLem Lo be lndlvldually wrapped Lo malnLaln sLerlllLy.)
6 sLerlle bandage compresses, 10 cm x 10 cm
32 sLerlle pads, 7.3 cm x 7.3 cm
32 sLerlle adheslve dresslngs, 2.3 cm x 7.3 cm
6 - Lrlangular bandages, 93 cm x 93 cm
8AnuACLS
2 rolls of adheslve Lape, 2.3 cm x 3 m
Lubular ñnger bandage wlLh appllcaLor,.01 slze x 4.3 m
10 ñnger up dresslngs
10 knuckle pad dresslngs
An1lSLÞ1lC
100 ml boule peroxlde
12/86 Sch u
E(-")c3R.+*)._,2d_La3*0/ 1 2011-01-19 4:05 PM Pa" 30
lx
Sc"ed1&e E
F#,-. A#d R))'
lu8nlSPlnCS
PoL and cold waLer
ÞermanenL slnk lnsLallauons (knee or elbow conLrols preferred)
1 refuse pall wlLh cover
1 LreaLmenL chalr wlLh arm resLs
1 bed wlLh plllows, sheeLs and blankeLs, Lhe whole Lo be covered wlLh a plasuc sheeL
1 cablneL sulLable for sLorlng dresslngs and lnsLrumenLs
LCulÞMLn1
1 advanced ñrsL ald safeLy orlenLed manual, currenL edluon
1 ñrsL ald record book
1 palr bandage sclssors, 13.9 cm
1 dresslng forceps, 12.3 cm
1 spllnLer Lweezers, blunL nose
1 dozen safeLy plns, assorLed
2 wash baslns (sLalnless sLeel or polypropylene)
1 nall brush
1 package paper Lowels
1 package of dlsposable paper cups
1 eye lamp
1 cold sLerlllzer or equlvalenL, wlLh a supply of non-rusung germlcldal soluuon Lo keep lnsLrumenLs sLerlle
1 kldney basln, polypropylene or sLalnless sLeel
1 carrylng sLreLcher wlLh 3 blankeLs
1 seL wooden or alr spllnLs, assorLed slzes
3 spllnLs - x-ray LransparenL or equlvalenL
1 emergency ñrsL ald klL (no. 3) and ßashllghL for use ouLslde Lhe ñrsL ald room aL Lhe scene of Lhe accldenL
1hose oLher supplles, ln addluon Lo Lhose requlred under Lhese regulauons, as Lhe ñrsL ald auendanL ln con-
sulLauon wlLh a physlclan conslders necessary.
E(-")c3R.+*)._,2d_La3*0/ 1 2011-01-19 4:05 PM Pa" 31
x
A++)d$2 C 4 Sa(+' E(-")c3 Ma)a"()/ C#c&'$./
Yes No Yes No
Statement of policy on emergency response
Plan given appropriate authority by highest
management level
Plan is distributed to all that need to know
Plan establishes the emergency organization
The authority to declare a full evacuation is
designated
The authority to declare the emergency is "over" is
designated
All response personnel are medically fit to perform
their duties
Plan administration
Operational control
Coordination of support
Plan maintenance
Regular risk assessment
Training
Drills and exercises
Maintenance of equipment
Specific response functions
Coordination of off site plans
Alternates for all key positions exist
Plan is based on risk assessment
Plan provides for annual drills and exercises
Plan establishes various levels of emergencies with
levels of response
Evacuation procedures
Shutdown procedures
Employee roll call procedures
Rescue and medical duties
Reporting procedures
Fire prevention plan
Natural
Man-made
Civil disorders
All hazardous materials are listed
Assessment includes adverse impact off-site
Comprehensive accident investigation procedures
exist
Good housekeeping procedures exist
Procedures exist for inspection or testing of critical
equipment
Occupational Health and SafetyAct
National Fire Code
National Electrical Code
Environmental ProtectionAct
Other applicable legal requirements
Fire protection equipment is inspected per fire code
Contractors are briefed about Emergency Response
Plans



















































































Comments
The following functions have been clearly defined and assigned to individuals:
Plan includes basic elements:
All types of risks are considered:
Element Documented
Functional
Ability Proven
O
Procedures call for the review of all new processes and equipment for compliance with:



E(-")c3R.+*)._,2d_La3*0/ 1 2011-01-19 4:05 PM Pa" 32
xl
A++)d$2 C 4 Sa(+' E(-")c3 Ma)a"()/ C#c&'$./ continued
Yes No Yes No
The plan establishes a command post and ensures:
Command post locations provide protection from
hazards
The command post is adequately equipped
Provisions have been made for emergency power,
light, utilities, etc.
Emergency response training is based on specific
hazards and response duties
Testing of knowledge and skills is required
Plan specifies type and frequency of training for
each response function
Adequate training records are kept
Minimum training levels are defined
Training of first aid responders complies with
standards
A current inventory list of all equipment and supplies
exists
Maintenance and decontamination procedures are
included
Equipment is tested as specified by the
manufacturer
Equipment and supply needs are reviewed when
changes occur
Contact lists for suppliers of emergency equipment
and supplies maintained, updated and readily
available
Respiratory equipment selection, use and
maintenance comply with current standard
Mutual aid agreements are in place
Call lists and letters of agreement are up-to-date
Drills involving mutual aid have been held
Capabilities of community organizations have
been reviewed and considered
Telephone
Two-way radios
Intercom
Runners
Emergency numbers are posted at telephones
Smoke detectors
Heat detectors
Remote substance monitors
Leak detectors
Process control alarms
Detection devices undergo regular testing,
inspection, maintenance and calibration
Regular tests of the alarm systems are conducted
Evacuation details involve:
At least two evacuation routes exist from each
area
All emergency exits are properly marked
All employees are instructed in evacuation
procedures
Maps and procedures are posted
Assembly areas consider safe distances








































Comments Element Documented
Functional
Ability Proven
O
Plan provides for emergency response training and covers the following:
Communication procedures include:
Effective detection systems are installed, such as:
E(-")c3R.+*)._,2d_La3*0/ 1 2011-01-19 4:05 PM Pa" 33
Yes No Yes No
Comments Element Documented
Functional
Ability Proven
All employees and visitors can be accounted for
Procedures address special needs of person(s)
with disabilities
Temporary shelter or transportation is considered
The security function is defined
Facility access is controlled during an emergency
Traffic control has been considered
Pilferage and theft have been considered
High security risk areas have been identified
There are physical security devices
The plan includes media relations before, during
and after the emergency
Public information documents exist
Those dealing with the media/public are trained
Contacts with the media are established and
maintained
Media information is reviewed annually and
updated
Procedures control the release of information to
the public during an emergency
Names and information regarding the injured are
restricted
Regular media releases are made during an
emergency
Emergency shutdown procedures exist
Responsibility for shutdown is assigned
Procedures and checklists have been developed
Diagrams and maps indicating critical components
are available
All critical components are clearly identified
Persons with special technological knowledge are
available to emergency personnel
An alternative location for continuing operations
management is identified
Resource list has been developed for sources of
equipment, supplies, services or contractors
Agreements have been made with other facilities to
continue production of products
Procedures are adequate to document all
compensable losses
Procedures provide for preserving the accident
scene for investigations
A safety plan is required prior to re-entry into
affected areas
Other:
A++)d$2 C 4 Sa(+' E(-")c3 Ma)a"()/ C#c&'$./ continued
xll
Reprod"ced $ih permission from he Canadian Cenre for Occ"pa!onal Healh and Safe% )CCOHS*
-/1 H"ner Sree' Eas& Hamilon Onario& L3N -M1
-(3,,(.2/(3022 )oll(free in Canada*
$$$'ccohs'ca
E(-")c3R.+*)._,2d_La3*0/ 1 2011-01-19 4:05 PM Pa" 34
C)(.ac. #(f),'a/)(
W),%*&ace Hea&."8 Safe.5
a(d C)'*e(-a/)( C)''#--#)(
S.; J)"(<-
146-148 loresL 8oad
Þ.C. 8ox 9000
SL. !ohn's, nL A1A 388
Þrevenuon Servlces lnqulrles (709) 778-1332
Þrevenuon Servlces lax (709) 778-1364
1oll lree 1-800-363-9000
G,a(d Fa&&->W#(d-),
26 Plgh SLreeL
Þ.C. 8ox 830
Crand lalls-Wlndsor, nL A2A 2Þ7
1elephone: (709) 489-1600
lax (709) 489-1616
1oll lree 1-800-363-3448
C),(e, b,))%
SulLe 2018, Mlllbrook Mall
2 Perald Avenue
Þ.C. 8ox 474
Corner 8rook, nL
A2P 6L6
1elephone: (709) 637-2700
lax (709) 639-1018
1oll lree 1-800-363-2772
De*a,.'e(. )f G)2e,('e(. Se,2#ce-
OHCS b,a(c"
(709) 729-2706
1oll lree: 1-800-363-3471
H1'a( Re-)1,ce- a(d S)c#a&
De2e&)*'e(. Ca(ada lab)1, P,)!,a'8
Ne3f)1(d&a(d D#2#-#)(
Þhone: (709) 772-3022 (call collecL ouLslde SL. !ohn's)
Ne3f)1(d&a(d C lab,ad),
E'*&)5e,-< C)1(c#&
(709) 368-6332
1oll lree: 1-888-738-3900
Ne3f)1(d&a(d a(d
lab,ad), Fede,a/)( )f lab)1,
(709) 734-1660
3"-cc;(&;ca
E(-")c3R.+*)._,2d_La3*0/ 1 2011-01-19 4:05 PM Pa" 36

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