This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
masses on every 4 meters each mass is 5000 kg 1. Starting ANSYS by clicing on “Interactive” -choose working directory -choose the name of the file 2. DEFINING THE MATERIAL PROPERTIES 2.1 Defining element types Preprocessor> Element Type> Add/Edit/Delete> Add> Structural–BEAM–2D elastic> OK Add> Structural-3D MASS 21>OK Click on “Type 2 Mass 21”> Options> Set “Rot Inert. Options” to “2D w/o rot iner” Close Element Types window Close Element Type window 2.2 Defining real constants Preprocessor> Real Constants> Add/Edit/Delete> Add> click on “Type 1 BEAM 3”> OK Input values for AREA=0.0156 Input values for IZZ=92.08e-5 >OK Continue from the same spot: Add> click on the “Type 2 MASS 21”> Input value for MASS=5000> OK 2.3 Material properties Preprocessor>Material Props> Material Models> 2xclick on “Structural> 2xclick on “Linear”> 2xclick on “Elastic> 2xclick on “Isotropic”> Input value EX=210e9 (Young’s modulus)
location 0.2 Lines Preprocessor> Create> Lines – Lines> Straight line> Pick keypoint 1. 0>APPLY Input 4th point: number 4. 0>OK Close Keypoint window 3. pick keypoint 2. either edge length of an element or number of divisions (only one is applied). 8. 0.1 Keypoints Preprocessor> Modeling – Create> Keypoints> In Active CS> Input 1st point: number 1. 0>APPLY Input 2nd point: number 2.3 Defining atributes of the lines Preprocessor>Atributes – Define> All Lines> Set material number. 0>APPLY Input 3rd point: number 3. 4. In this example Element edge length=0.3 (Poisson’s ratio)> OK Continue from the same spot: 2xclick on the “Density”> Input DENS=7850> OK 3. 12. location 0. location 0. Pick keypoint 3. CREATE GEOMETRY 3. location 0.5> OK Close Size Cntrls window Preprocessor>Meshing – Mesh> Lines> pick all lines> OK .Input value PRXY=0. Meshing the model Preprocessor> Meshing – SizeCntrls> Manual Size – Global – Size> Choose.4. pick keypoint 4> OK Close Lines window Close Create window 3. real constant number and element type to be 1> OK Close Define window 3. pick keypoint 3. Pick keypoint 2.
2 Defining the constraints Main Menu> Solution> Apply> Structural – Displacement> On Nodes> pick node 1 (bottom one)> OK> choose “ALL DOF”> OK .6 Creating Mass elements Preprocessor> Modeling> Create> Elements> Elem Atributes> Set Element Type to 2 MASS21 Set Real Constants to 2> OK > Auto Numebered> Thru Nodes> Pick node at the height 4m> OK Auto Numebered> Thru Nodes> Pick node at the height 8m> OK Auto Numebered> Thru Nodes> Pick node at the height 12m> OK Close Element window Close Create window Saving your work: Utility Menu> File> Save as Jobname.db Now your file will be saved as “threeDOF.5 Refreshing the graphical window Utility Menu> Plot> Multi – Plots> now you will see the new nodes (This procedure can be repeated at any time of the analysis) 3.db” in the defined working directory Close Preprocessor window 4.1 Defining the analysis type Main Menu> Solution> New Analysis> Modal> OK Main Menu> Solution> Analysis Options> Subspace. SOLUTION 4.Close Mesh window 3. Modes to expand “10” (how many we want to view)> OK> for now it is all right to accept default values> OK 4. Modes to extract “10” (how many we want to calculate).
5th. but this does not effect our analysis now. Animation To make animation of the mode that is on display at the moment: Utility Menu>PlotCtrls>Animate> Mode Shape> (suggested time delay 0.2 Graphical Main Menu> General Postprocessor> Read Results – First Set> Plot Results> Deformed Shape> Def+undeformed> OK For the next mode:… Read Results – Next Set> Plot Results> Deformed Shape> Def+undeformed> OK (just for information here 4th.Close Displacement window Close Apply window 4.3 Performing the analysis Main Menu> Solution> Solve – Current LS> OK Warning will be issued about zero thickness of the elements.3 Changing the backgroud color Utility Menu> PlotCtrls> Style> Background> Click on “Display Background” to deactivate it and background will be black (recommended one) If you want to change it use the “Shaded Background” 5. REVIEWING THE RESULTS 5. So click on “Y” Click on Close Close Report window 5. 6th are vertical ones) 5.1) .4.1 Tabular Main Menu> General Postprocessor> Results Summary> You will see the window with the frequencies of structural modes in Hz 5.
CHANGING THE CONSTRAINTS FOR MODIFIED ANALYSIS The easiest way is to continue for the current analysis like this: Main Menu> Solution> Loads Apply> Structural – Displacements> On Nodes> Pick nodes where we defined the MASS elements> OK> mark the”ROTZ” and make sure to unmark “ALL DOF”> OK Here we added constraint to existing system Close Displacement window Close Apply window Now just solve the current system: Solution> Solve> OK…… “Y” Review the results like in the step 5 .6.