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Charles Law

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Charles Law
Charles Law

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09/10/2015

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# The relationship between temperature and volume

Let’s take a closer look at temperature before we try to find the exact relationship of V vs. . Conversely. gases shrink if cooled.How Volume Varies With Temperature If we place a balloon in liquid nitrogen it shrinks: So. T. if we heat a gas it expands (as in a hot air balloon).

• But the smallest temperature is not 0C. to investigate the effect of doubling temperature. we first have to know what that means.Is 20C twice as hot as 10C? No. 68F (20C) is not double 50F (10C) Is 20 kg twice as heavy as 10 kg? Yes. • Yet. 44 lb (20 kg) is double 22 lb (10 kg) What’s the difference? • Weights (kg or lb) have a minimum value of 0. T… Temperature scales . • We saw that doubling P yields half the V. • An experiment with a fixed volume of gas in a cylinder will reveal the relationship of V vs.

430) 30 Volume (mL) 25 20 15 10 5 – 273 0 Temperature (C) 100 . Volume Graph (fig.7.8 pg.Temperature vs.

but the spaces between molecules approach 0. but started at absolute zero. . K = C + 273. • At this point all molecular movement stops. • He kept the convenient units of C. 62C = ? K: K=C+273 = 62 + 273 = 335 K • Notice that kelvin is represented as K not K.The Kelvin Temperature Scale • If a volume vs. temperature graph is plotted for gases. most lines can be interpolated so that when volume is 0 the temperature is -273 C. Thus. • –273C is known as “absolute zero” (no EK) • Lord Kelvin suggested that a reasonable temperature scale should start at a true zero value. gases don’t really reach a 0 volume. • Naturally.

Kelvin Practice What is the approximate temperature for absolute zero in degrees Celsius and kelvin? Absolute zero is – 273C or 0 K Calculate the missing temperatures 273 K 373 K 0C = _______ 100C = _______ – 173 C 100 K = _______ 300 K = _______ C 27 298 K 25C = _______ 243 K – 30C = _______ 403 K = _______ 130 C 0K – 273 C = _______ .

• It can be shown that V/T = constant Read pages 432-3. Charles’s Law: as the temperature of a gas increases. volume graph. provided that the pressure and amount of gas remain constant. Answer these questions: 1. Give Charles’s law in words & as an equation. V1/T1 = V2/T2 . the volume increases proportionally.Charles’s Law • Looking back at the temperature vs. notice that there is a direct relationship.

5 L at 300 K.3 L 3. 17. T2 = 200K Using Charles’ law: V1/T1 = V2/T2 3. 1 L / 295 K = V2 / 373 K V2 = (1 L/295 K) x (373 K) = 1. T2 = 100 °C = 373 K V1/T1 = V2/T2.chalkbored. Do questions 16. T1 = 22°C = 295 K V2 = ?.5 L / 300 K = V2 / 200 K V2 = (3. what will its new volume be? V1 = 1 L. A sample of gas occupies 3.5 L.5 L/300 K) x (200 K) = 2. What volume will it occupy at 200 K? V1 = 3.26 L 4.2. 19 on page 434 For more lessons. If a 1 L balloon is heated from 22°C to 100°C. V2 = ?. visit www.com . T1 = 300K.

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