Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

514 views

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- Earthing Calculation
- Earthing Resistance Calculations is-3043
- Earthing Calculation (DJS)_REV-1
- Lightning Protection Calculation
- EARTHING CALCULATION, TOUCH VOLTAGE,
- Earthing Design Calculations
- Earthing Calculation IEEE
- Earthing Calculation
- UPS Sizing Calculations
- Grounding Calculation
- P103-E0020-001-R0- Earthing Calculation-20080216
- Earthing Calculation
- Earthing Calculations
- UPS and Battery Sizing Calculation
- Calculation of Earthing Sys.
- Electrical Earthing
- MD1-0-E-505!06!00001 Generator Transformer Sizing Calculation
- Earthing Calculation 5
- 57352002 Earthing Calculation
- Total Earthing System

You are on page 1of 27

OIL AND NATURAL GAS CORPORATION LIMITED SAIPEM TRIUNE ENGINEERING PVT. LTD.,NEW DELHI

PMC:

E&C DIVISION, Mumbai

EARTHING & LIGHTNING PROTECTION CALCULATION FOR INDOOR AREA OWNER UNIT L&T JOB NO. : OIL AND NATURAL GAS CORPORATION LIMITED, URAN : ADDITIONAL PROCESS UNITS : 5015

I 1

REVIEW CODE

REVIEWED, NO COMMENTS.WORK TO PROCEED. REVIEWED AS COMMENTED. WORK SHALL PROCEED WITH FABRICATION / MANUFACTURING TAKING CARE AND INCORPORATING OWNER /PMC COMMENTS. MAJOR NON CONFORMANCE AND DEVIATIONS TO CONTRACT SPECIFICATIONS. RESUBMIT FOR REVIEW AFTER INCORPORATING COMMENTS. RETAINED FORINFORMATION / RECORDS.

1st

2nd

3rd 2

AS BUILT

ONGC/PMC

DATE

REVIEWED BY

00

REV.

20-12-2010

DATE

DESCRIPTION

KM

PREPARED BY

MJ/RH

CHECKED BY

NS/ AK

HOD PEM APPROVED BY

DOCUMENT NO.

PROJECT CUSTOMER

CONTENTS

SECTION 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Scope Reference Documents Design Parameters Earthing Calculations Lightning Protection Calculations Attachments

PAGE 3 3 3 3 17 27

DOCUMENT NO.

PROJECT CUSTOMER

1)

SCOPE This document covers Earthing & Lightning Protection calculations for APU Sub-Station of Additional Process Units Project, ONGC URAN.

2)

REFERENCE DOCUMENTS Code of Practice for Earthing Code of Practice for Protection of buildings and allied structures against Lightning Electrical Design Basis Job Specification Electrical Standard Specification Installation for Earthing : : : : : : IS-3043 IS-2309 V002-00-50-50-DB-01, Rev.01 V002-00-50-50-SP-02-0 6-51-0084 Rev. 3 6-51-0099 Rev.5 7-51-0101 Rev.3 : Lightning Protection

Design Philosphy for Electrical Facilities Installation Standard for Earthing OISD-180 3) DESIGN PARAMETERS Main Earth Electrode Dimensions (In contact with earth) Depth of Laying of Main Grid

: :

65 mm dia, 3000 mm long GI pipe (As per Installation Standard for Earthing) 500 mm below ground (As per Standard Specification for Installation) Galvanized Iron Flat Strip (As per Electrical Design Basis) Earthing

4) 4.1)

EARTHING CALCULATIONS EARTHING CALCULATIONS FOR APU SUBSTATION a) DESIGN BASIS The Earthing system is designed as per IS-3043, OISD & EILs guidelines as given in bid. The combine resistance of earthing system shall not exceed 1 in any case and shall be capable to dissipate the maximum fault current without exceeding permissible current density.

DOCUMENT NO.

PROJECT CUSTOMER

b) SIZING CALCULATION FOR MAIN EARTHING CONDUCTOR The cross-sectional area size of main earthing conductor is decided based on IS-3043 Clause No12.2.2.1 S = Where, S = I = k = T = S I T k S S = = = = (I x T)/k Cross sectional area (in mm ) r.m.s value of fault current of system (in A) factor from table 6 A of IS-3043 fault clearance time (in Secs) 1.3 x S (After considering 30% corrosion allowance) 50000 A (As per Job Specification Electrical) 1 Sec (As per Job Specification Electrical) 80

2

2

Size of main earthing grid selected = 75 mm x 12 mm GI Strip (Single Run). (Which is more than Minimum size required for earthing grid (75 mm x10 mm GI Strip) as per Job Specification Electrical) c) CALCULATION OF PIPE ELECTRODE EARTH RESISTANCE: The resistance of a Pipe Electrode (Re) is calculated based on Amend No. 1 to IS-3043. Re = Where, Re = l d = = = Resistance of pipe electrode (in ) Length of pipe electrode (in cm) Diameter of pipe electrode (in cm) Resistivity of soil (in -M) (Since the resistivity variations are within 20 to 30 percent, the soil is considered uniform as per IS: 3043, Clause 36.5.1. So we have considered the average value of resistivity given in Electrical Resistivity Report (ERT-3). Please refer Annexure-1) (19.95+18.22+16.96+20.42)/4 18.90 -M (100 / 2l) x (loge 2l/d)

= =

DOCUMENT NO.

PROJECT CUSTOMER

Re =

Re = 4.54 d) CALCULATION OF STRIP ELECTRODE EARTH RESISTANCE: The resistance of a Strip Electrode (Rs) is calculated based on Amend No. 1 to IS-3043. Rs = (100 / 2l) x (loge 4l /t)

Where, l t = = = Resistivity of soil (in -M) Length of strip (in cm) Width of strip (in cm) 22520 cm (Refer Annexure-2) (100 x 18.9 x loge (4 x 22520/7.5)/2 x 3.14 x 22520) 0.125

l = Rs = Rs =

e) CALCULATION OF EQUIVALENT EARTH RESISTANCE OF THE GRID Rt = (Re/n) || Rs Cumulative earth resistance because of pipe and strip electrodes (in ) Total number of pipe electrodes Resistance of single pipe electrode (in ) Resistance of strip electrode (in ) 26 (We have considered 26 no of earth pits for transformers neutral earthing) 1/ ((1/ Rs) + (n/ Re)) 1/ ((1/ 0.125) + (26/ 4.54)) 0.073

Where, Rt = n Re Rs n Rt Rt Rt = = = = = = =

f)

PERMISSIBLE CURRENT DENSITY Permissible current density is decided as per IS-3043 Clause No 10.3 i = (7.57 X 10 ) / t Duration of fault (in Seconds)

3

Where, t =

DOCUMENT NO.

PROJECT CUSTOMER i i i = = = =

Resistivity of soil (in -meter) Current density (in A/ M2 ) (7.57X10 )/ (18.9X1) 1741.27 A/ M2

3

g) PERMISSIBLE FAULT CURRENT Total length of G.I strip in contact with ground (L) Width of G.I strip (W) Height of G.I strip (H) Total area of strip electrode in contact with ground Total fault current, G.I Earth strip will dissipate = = = = = = = Total fault current, G.I Earth strip will dissipate Total area of Pipe Electrode in contact with ground = = = = = = = = = 225.2 M 0.075 M 0.012 M 2(W + H) x L 39.185 M2 39.185 x Current Density 39.185 x 1741.27 68.23 kA dl 3.1428 x 0.065 x 3 0.6128 M2 0.6128 x 0.95 0.5822 M2 0.5822 x 26 15.14 M2 15.14 x 1741.27

After Considering 5% reduction in the gross area of pipe Considering 26 no of Pipe Electrodes, the total area in contact with ground The total fault current which Pipe Electrodes will dissipate Hence the total fault current which Pipe Electrodes will dissipate

Therefore, the fault current, which 225.2 m G.I strip = and 26 nos. of Pipe Electrodes will dissipate without exceeding the current density = (Which is more than the specified fault level of 50kA)

CLEAN EARTH REQUIREMENT FOR DATA CONCENTRATOR/RTU PANEL a) CALCULATION OF PIPE ELECTRODE EARTH RESISTANCE: The resistance of a Pipe Electrode (Re) is calculated based on Amend No. 1 to IS-3043. Re = (100 / 2l) x (loge 2l/d)

DOCUMENT NO.

PROJECT CUSTOMER

Where, Re = l d = = = Resistance of pipe electrode (in ) Length of pipe electrode (in cm) Diameter of pipe electrode (in cm) Resistivity of soil (in -M) (100 x 18.9 x loge(2 x 300/6.5)/2 x 3.14 x 300)

Re =

Re = 4.54 b) CALCULATION OF EQUIVALENT EARTH RESISTANCE OF THE GRID Rt = (Re/n) Equivalent Earth Resistance (in ) Total number of pipe electrodes 2 (We have considered 2 no of earth pits for Clean earthing) 4.54/2 2.268

Where, Rt = n n Rt Rt = = = =

Since 5 ohm is adequate for clean earth. Achieved earth resistance value (Rt) is within permissible limits of 5 Ohm. The earthing system is meeting the requirement of earthing resistance less than 5 ohm. 4.2) EARTHING CALCULATIONS FOR DM PLANT SUBSTATION

a) DESIGN BASIS

The Earthing system is designed as per IS-3043, OISD & EILs guidelines as given in bid. The combine resistance of earthing system shall not exceed 1 in any case and shall be capable to dissipate the maximum fault current without exceeding permissible current density. b) SIZING CALCULATION FOR MAIN EARTHING CONDUCTOR The cross-sectional area size of main earthing conductor is decided based on IS-3043 Clause No12.2.2.1 S = Where, S = I = k = T = (I x T)/k Cross sectional area (in mm2) r.m.s value of fault current of system (in A) factor from table 6 A of IS-3043 fault clearance time (in Secs)

DOCUMENT NO.

PROJECT CUSTOMER

S I T k S S

= = = =

1.3 x S (After considering 30% corrosion allowance) 50000 A (As per Job Specification Electrical) 1 Sec (As per Job Specification Electrical) 80

2

Size of main earthing grid selected = 75 mm x 12 mm GI Strip (Doub le Run). (Which is more than Minimum size required for earthing grid (75 mm x10 mm GI Strip) as per Job Specification Electrical) c) CALCULATION OF PIPE ELECTRODE EARTH RESISTANCE: The resistance of a Pipe Electrode (Re) is calculated based on Amend No. 1 to IS-3043. Re = Where, Re = l d = = = Resistance of pipe electrode (in ) Length of pipe electrode (in cm) Diameter of pipe electrode (in cm) Resistivity of soil (in -M) (Since the resistivity variations are within 20 to 30 percent, the soil is considered uniform as per IS: 3043, Clause 36.5.1. So we have considered the average value of resistivity given in Electrical Resistivity Report (ERT-7). Please refer Annexure-1) (18.54+14.77+15.71+17.28)/4 16.58 -M (100 x 16.58 x loge(2 x 300/6.5)/2 x 3.14 x 300) (100 / 2l) x (loge 2l/d)

= =

Re =

Re = 3.98 d) CALCULATION OF STRIP ELECTRODE EARTH RESISTANCE: The resistance of a Strip Electrode (Rs) is calculated based on Amend No. 1 to IS-3043. Rs = (100 / 2l) x (loge 4l /t) Where, = Resistivity of soil (in -M)

DOCUMENT NO.

PROJECT CUSTOMER l t = =

: Additional Process Units : ONGC, URAN Length of strip (in cm) Width of strip (in cm)

l = Rs = Rs =

7500 cm ( Refer Annexure-3 ) (100 x 16.58 x loge (4 x 7500/15.0)/2 x 3.14 x 7500) (Since we are using two runs of strip so width of strip is taken double) 0.267

e) CALCULATION OF EQUIVALENT EARTH RESISTANCE OF THE GRID Rt = (Re/n) || Rs Cumulative earth resistance because of pipe and strip electrodes (in ) Total number of pipe electrodes Resistance of single pipe electrode (in ) Resistance of strip electrode (in ) 8 (We have considered 8 no of earth pits for general purpose) 1/ ((1/ Rs) + (n/ Re)) 1/ ((1/ 0.267) + (8/ 3.98)) 0.174

Where, Rt = n Re Rs n Rt Rt Rt = = = = = = =

f)

PERMISSIBLE CURRENT DENSITY Permissible current density is decided as per IS-3043 Clause No 10.3 i = (7.57 X 10 ) / t Duration of fault (in Seconds) Resistivity of soil (in -meter) Current density (in A/ M2 ) (7.57X103)/ (16.58X1) 1859.10 A/ M2

3

Where, t = = i = i i = =

g) PERMISSIBLE FAULT CURRENT Total length of G.I strip in contact with ground (L) Width of G.I strip (W) Height of G.I strip (H) = = = 75.0 M 0.075 M 0.012 M

DOCUMENT NO.

PROJECT CUSTOMER

Total area of strip electrode in contact with ground (Considering two runs of strip) Total fault current, G.I Earth strip will dissipate

= = = =

2((W x 2) + H) x L 24.3 M2 24.3 x Current Density 24.3 x 1859.10 45.18 kA dl 3.1428 x 0.065 x 3 0.6128 M2 0.6128 x 0.95 0.5822 M2 0.5822 x 8 4.66 M2 4.66 x 1859.10

Total fault current, G.I Earth strip will dissipate Total area of Pipe Electrode in contact with ground

= = = = = = = = =

After Considering 5% reduction in the gross area of pipe Considering 8 no of Pipe Electrodes, the total area in contact with ground The total fault current which Pipe Electrodes will dissipate Hence the total fault current which Pipe Electrodes will dissipate

Therefore, the fault current, which 2 Runs of = 75.0 m G.I strip and 8 nos. of Pipe Electrodes will dissipate without exceeding the current density = (Which is more than the specified fault level of 50kA)

a) CALCULATION OF PIPE ELECTRODE EARTH RESISTANCE: The resistance of a Pipe Electrode (Re) is calculated based on Amend No. 1 to IS-3043. Re Where, Re = l d = = = Resistance of pipe electrode (in ) Length of pipe electrode (in cm) Diameter of pipe electrode (in cm) Resistivity of soil (in -M) (100 x 16.58 x loge(2 x 300/6.5)/2 x 3.14 x 300) = (100 / 2l) x (loge 2l/d)

Re =

Re = 3.98

DOCUMENT NO.

PROJECT CUSTOMER

b) CALCULATION OF EQUIVALENT EARTH RESISTANCE OF THE GRID Rt = (Re/n) Equivalent Earth Resistance (in ) Total number of pipe electrodes 2 (We have considered 2 no of earth pits for Clean earthing) 3.98/2 1.989

Where, Rt = n n Rt Rt = = = =

Since 5 ohm is adequate for clean earth. Achieved earth resistance value (Rt) is within permissible limits of 5 Ohm. The earthing system is meeting the requirement of earthing resistance less than 5 ohm.

4.3)

a) DESIGN BASIS

The Earthing system is designed as per IS-3043, OISD & EILs guidelines as given in bid. The combine resistance of earthing system shall not exceed 1 in any case and shall be capable to dissipate the maximum fault current without exceeding permissible current density. b) SIZING CALCULATION FOR MAIN EARTHING CONDUCTOR The cross-sectional area size of main earthing conductor is decided based on IS-3043 Clause No12.2.2.1 S = Where, S = I = k = T = S I T k S S = = = = (I x T)/k Cross sectional area (in mm ) r.m.s value of fault current of system (in A) factor from table 6 A of IS-3043 fault clearance time (in Secs) 1.3 x S (After considering 30% corrosion allowance) 50000 A (As per Job Specification Electrical) 1 Sec (As per Job Specification Electrical) 80

2

DOCUMENT NO.

PROJECT CUSTOMER

2

Size of main earthing grid selected = 75 mm x 12 mm GI Strip (Single Run). (Which is more than Minimum size required for earthing grid (75 mm x10 mm GI Strip) as per Job Specification Electrical) c) CALCULATION OF PIPE ELECTRODE EARTH RESISTANCE: The resistance of a Pipe Electrode (Re) is calculated based on Amend No. 1 to IS-3043. Re = Where, Re = l d = = = Resistance of pipe electrode (in ) Length of pipe electrode (in cm) Diameter of pipe electrode (in cm) Resistivity of soil (in -M) (Since the resistivity variations are within 20 to 30 percent, the soil is considered uniform as per IS: 3043, Clause 36.5.1. So we have considered the average value of resistivity given in Electrical Resistivity Report (ERT-1). Please refer Annexure-1) (18.22+19.16+24.50+20.42)/4 20.575 -M (100 x 20.575 x loge(2 x 300/6.5)/2 x 3.14 x 300) (100 / 2l) x (loge 2l/d)

= =

Re =

Re = 4.94 d) CALCULATION OF STRIP ELECTRODE EARTH RESISTANCE: The resistance of a Strip Electrode (Rs) is calculated based on Amend No. 1 to IS-3043. Rs = (100 / 2l) x (loge 4l /t) Where, l t = = = Resistivity of soil (in -M) Length of strip (in cm) Width of strip (in cm) 15850 cm ( Refer Annexure-4 ) (100 x 20.575 x loge (4 x 15850/7.5)/2 x 3.14 x 15850) 0.187

l = Rs = Rs =

DOCUMENT NO.

PROJECT CUSTOMER

e) CALCULATION OF EQUIVALENT EARTH RESISTANCE OF THE GRID Rt = (Re/n) || Rs Cumulative earth resistance because of pipe and strip electrodes (in ) Total number of pipe electrodes Resistance of single pipe electrode (in ) Resistance of strip electrode (in ) 8 (We have considered 8 no of earth pits for general purpose) 1/ ((1/ Rs) + (n/ Re)) 1/ ((1/ 0.187) + (8/ 4.94)) 0.143

Where, Rt = n Re Rs n Rt Rt Rt = = = = = = =

f)

PERMISSIBLE CURRENT DENSITY Permissible current density is decided as per IS-3043 Clause No 10.3 i = (7.57 X 10 ) / t Duration of fault (in Seconds) Resistivity of soil (in -meter) Current density (in A/ M2) (7.57X10 )/ (20.575X1) 1668.88 A/ M2

3 3

Where, t = = i = i i = =

g) PERMISSIBLE FAULT CURRENT Total length of G.I strip in contact with ground (L) Width of G.I strip (W) Height of G.I strip (H) Total area of strip electrode in contact with ground Total fault current, G.I Earth strip will dissipate = = = = = = = Total fault current, G.I Earth strip will dissipate Total area of Pipe Electrode in contact with ground = = = 158.5 M 0.075 M 0.012 M 2((W + H) x L 27.58 M2 27.58 x Current Density 27.58 x 1668.88 46.03 kA dl 3.1428 x 0.065 x 3

DOCUMENT NO.

PROJECT CUSTOMER

After Considering 5% reduction in the gross area of pipe Considering 8 no of Pipe Electrode, the total area in contact with ground The total fault current which Pipe Electrodes will dissipate Hence the total fault current which Pipe Electrodes will dissipate

= = = = = =

Therefore, the fault current, which 158.5 m G.I strip = and 8 nos. of Pipe Electrodes will dissipate without exceeding the current density = (Which is more than the specified fault level of 50kA)

4.4)

a) DESIGN BASIS

The Earthing system is designed as per IS-3043, OISD & EILs guidelines as given in bid. The combine resistance of earthing protection system shall not exceed 1 in any case and shall be capable to dissipate the maximum fault current without exceeding permissible current density.

b) SIZING CALCULATION FOR MAIN EARTHING CONDUCTOR The cross-sectional area size of main earthing conductor is decided based on IS-3043 Clause No12.2.2.1 S = Where, S = I = k = T = S I T k S S = = = = (I x T)/k Cross sectional area (in mm ) r.m.s value of fault current of system (in A) factor from table 6 A of IS-3043 fault clearance time (in Secs) 1.3 x S (After considering 30% corrosion allowance) 10000 A (Refer Annexure 11) 1 Sec (As per Job Specification Electrical) 80

2

2

DOCUMENT NO.

PROJECT CUSTOMER S

= 162.50 mm2

Size of main earthing grid selected = 75 mm x 10 mm GI Strip (Single Run). (As per Job Specification Electrical) c) CALCULATION OF PIPE ELECTRODE EARTH RESISTANCE: The resistance of a Pipe Electrode (Re) is calculated based on Amend No. 1 to IS-3043. Re = Where, Re = l d = = = Resistance of pipe electrode (in ) Length of pipe electrode (in cm) Diameter of pipe electrode (in cm) Resistivity of soil (in -M) (Since the resistivity variations are within 20 to 30 percent, the soil is considered uniform as per IS: 3043, Clause 36.5.1. So we have considered the average value of resistivity given in Electrical Resistivity Report (ERT-1). Please refer Annexure-1) (18.22+19.16+24.50+20.42)/4 20.575 -M (100 x 20.575 x loge(2 x 300/6.5)/2 x 3.14 x 300) (100 / 2l) x (loge 2l/d)

= =

Re =

Re = 4.94 d) CALCULATION OF STRIP ELECTRODE EARTH RESISTANCE: The resistance of a Strip Electrode (Rs) is calculated based on Amend No. 1 to IS-3043. Rs = (100 / 2l) x (loge 4l /t) Where, l t = = = Resistivity of soil (in -M) Length of strip (in cm) Width of strip (in cm) 10005 cm (Refer Annexure-5) (100 x 20.575 x loge (4 x 10005/7.5)/2 x 3.14 x 10005) 0.281

l = Rs = Rs =

DOCUMENT NO.

Cumulative earth resistance because of pipe and strip electrodes (in ) Total number of pipe electrodes Resistance of single pipe electrode (in ) Resistance of strip electrode (in ) 6 (We have considered 6 no of earth pits for general purpose) 1/ ((1/ Rs) + (n/ Re)) 1/ ((1/ 0.281) + (6/ 4.94)) 0.209

f)

PERMISSIBLE CURRENT DENSITY Permissible current density is decided as per IS-3043 Clause No 10.3 i = (7.57 X 10 ) / t

3

Where, t = = i = i i = =

Duration of fault (in Seconds) Resistivity of soil (in -meter) Current density (in A/ M2 ) (7.57X10 )/ (20.575X1) 1668.88 A/ M2

3

g) PERMISSIBLE FAULT CURRENT Total length of G.I strip in contact with ground (L) Width of G.I strip (W) Height of G.I strip (H) Total area of strip electrode in contact with ground Total fault current, G.I Earth strip will dissipate = = = = = = = Total fault current, G.I Earth strip will dissipate Total area of Pipe Electrode in contact with ground = = = = = 100.05 M 0.075 M 0.010 M 2((W + H) x L 17.009 M2 17.009 x Current Density 17.009 x 1668.88 28.39 kA dl 3.1428 x 0.065 x 3 0.6128 M2 0.6128 x 0.95

DOCUMENT NO.

PROJECT CUSTOMER

Considering 6 no of Pipe Electrode, the total area in contact with ground The total fault current which Pipe Electrodes will dissipate Hence the total fault current which Pipe Electrodes will dissipate

= = = = =

Therefore, the fault current, which 100.05 m G.I strip = and 6 nos. of Pipe Electrodes will dissipate without exceeding the current density = (Which is more than the specified fault level of 10kA) 4.5)

EARTHING CALCULATIONS FOR BOILER PACKAGE SUBSTATION Earthing calculations for Boiler Package Substation is on hold as Soil Resistivity Report is awaited. The same shall be issued with next revision.

5.0) 5.1)

a. DESIGN BASIS Lightning protection is provided as per bid package requirement and IS 2309. GI strip of 20 X 3 mm conductor size shall be used for horizontal air termination & down conductors. Each down conductor shall be connected to a separate GI pipe electrode of 65 mm in dia and 3000 mm long in test pit. The desirable earth resistance value of lightning system shall be 5 ohm, but in no case it shall be more than 10 ohm (Ref Doc No. 6-51-0084, Clause No 7.3) OVERALL ASSESSMENT OF RISK: i) Effective collection area of the structure. As per IS-2309 clause no 8.1.2 effective collection area is determined by below mentioned formula. Ac = (L x B) + 2(L x H) + 2(B x H) + H2 Where, Ac = L = B = H = L B H = = = Effective collection area of structure (in M ) Length of building (in M) Breadth of building (in M) Height of building (in M) 76.925 M (Ref Annexure-6) 30 M (Ref Annexure-6) 9.2 M (Ref Annexure-6)

2

DOCUMENT NO.

PROJECT CUSTOMER Ac = Ac =

(76.925 x 30) + 2 x (76.925 x 9.2) + 2 x (30 x 9.2) + 3.1428 x 9.2 x 9.2 4541.18 M

2 2

ii) Numb er of flashes to ground per Km per year Number of flashes to ground per Km per year is calculated with the help of map listed on fig-1 in IS2309. (Ref Clause 8.1.2) Considering our site complex near to Mumb ai area, Ng is considered 1.1 iii) Weighting factors As per IS-2309 weighting factors for risk assessment is decided with the help of table-1 (Ref Clause 8.1.5) W = AxBxC xDxE Where, W = The overall multiplying Weighting factor A B C D E W W = = = = = = = 1.0 0.4 1.0 1.0 0.3 1.0 x 0.4 x 1.0 x 1.0 x 0.3 0.12

2

iv) Pro bability of b eing struck The probable number of strikes (risk) to the structure per year is calculated by below mentioned formula as per IS-2309 (Ref Clause 8.1.2) -6 P = Ac x Ng x W x 10 Where, P = Ac = Ng = W = P P = = Probability of being struck 2 Effective collection area of structure (in M ) 2 Number of flashes to ground per Km per year The overall multiplying Weighting factor 4541.18 x 1.1 x 0.12 x 10 5.995 x 10

-4 -6

The acceptable overall risk factor as per IS-2309 is 10-5 (Ref Clause 8.1.3), i.e. 1 in 100000 per year. For overall risk factor < 10-5 lightning protection is not required. However, for the same being >= 10-5 lightning protection shall be provided. 5.995 x 10 is greater than 10 i.e. 1 in 100000 per year, therefore lightning protection is required. b. CALCULATION FOR DOWN CONDUCTORS Total no of down conductors are calculated based on IS-2309 Clause No 12.2.3 i) Calculation based on total base area as per IS-2309 N = [(A-100) / 300] + 1

-4 -5

DOCUMENT NO.

PROJECT CUSTOMER

Where N = A = A = L = B = A = N = ii)

Calculation based on perimeter as per IS-2309 N Where P P P N iii) = = = = Perimeter of base of the building (in M) 2(L+B) 213.85 M 7.13 = P/30

Conclusion = 8

LIGHTNING PROTECTION CALCULATIONS FOR DM PLANT DESIGN BASIS Lightning protection is provided as per bid package requirement and IS 2309. GI strip of 20 X 3 mm conductor size shall be used for horizontal air termination & down conductors. Each down conductor shall be connected to a separate GI pipe electrode of 65 mm in dia and 3000 mm long in test pit. The desirable earth resistance value of lightning system shall be 5 ohm, but in no case it shall be more than 10 ohm (Ref Doc No. 6-51-0084, Clause No 7.3) OVERALL ASSESSMENT OF RISK:

i)

Effective collection area of the structure. As per IS-2309 clause no 8.1.2 effective collection area is determined by below mentioned formula. Ac = (L x B) + 2(L x H) + 2(B x H) + H2 Where, Ac = L = B = H = L B H = = = Effective collection area of structure (in M ) Length of building (in M) Breadth of building (in M) Height of building (in M) 17.7 M (Ref Annexure-7) 15.7 M (Ref Annexure-7) 5.8 M (Ref Annexure-7) (17.7 x 15.7) + 2 x (17.7 x 5.8) + 2 x (15.7 x 5.8) + 3.1428 x 5.8 x 5.8

2

Ac =

DOCUMENT NO.

PROJECT CUSTOMER Ac =

ii) Numb er of flashes to ground per Km per year 2 Number of flashes to ground per Km per year is calculated with the help of map listed on fig-1 in IS2309. (Ref Clause 8.1.2) Considering our site complex near to Mumb ai area, Ng is considered 1.1 iii) Weighting factors As per IS-2309 weighting factors for risk assessment is decided with the help of table-1 (Ref Clause 8.1.5) W = AxBxC xDxE Where, W = The overall multiplying Weighting factor A B C D E W W = = = = = = = 1.0 0.4 1.0 1.0 0.3 1.0 x 0.4 x 1.0 x 1.0 x 0.3 0.12

iv) Pro bability of b eing struck The probable number of strikes (risk) to the structure per year is calculated by below mentioned formula as per IS-2309 (Ref Clause 8.1.2) -6 P = Ac x Ng x W x 10 Where, P = Ac = Ng = W = P P = = Probability of being struck 2 Effective collection area of structure (in M ) 2 Number of flashes to ground per Km per year The overall multiplying Weighting factor 771.1 x 1.1 x 0.12 x 10 1.02 x 10

-4 -5 -6

The acceptable overall risk factor as per IS-2309 is 10 (Ref Clause 8.1.3), i.e. 1 in 100000 per year. -5 -5 For overall risk factor < 10 lightning protection is not required. However, for the same being >= 10 lightning protection shall be provided. 1.02 x 10 is greater than 10 i.e. 1 in 100000 per year, therefore lightning protection is required. b. CALCULATION FOR DOWN CONDUCTORS Total no of down conductors are calculated based on IS-2309 Clause No 12.2.3 i) Calculation based on total base area as per IS-2309 N = [(A-100) / 300] + 1

-4 -5

Where N =

No of conductors required

DOCUMENT NO.

: Additional Process Units : ONGC, URAN Base Area (in M2) (L x B) 17.7 M 15.7 M 277.89 M2 1.59

Calculation based on perimeter as per IS-2309 N Where P P P N iii) = = = = Perimeter of base of the building (in M) 2(L+B) 66.8 M 2.23 = P/30

Conclusion = 2

5.3) a)

LIGHTNING PROTECTION CALCULATIONS FOR CHEMICAL LAB DESIGN BASIS Lightning protection is provided as per bid package requirement and IS 2309. GI strip of 20 X 3 mm conductor size shall be used for horizontal air termination & down conductors. Each down conductor shall be connected to a separate GI pipe electrode of 65 mm in dia and 3000 mm long in test pit. The desirable earth resistance value of lightning system shall be 5 ohm, but in no case it shall be more than 10 ohm (Ref Doc No. 6-51-0084, Clause No 7.3)

OVERALL ASSESSMENT OF RISK: i) Effective collection area of the structure. As per IS-2309 clause no 8.1.2 effective collection area is determined by below mentioned formula. 2 Ac = (L x B) + 2(L x H) + 2(B x H) + H + Additional Area due to Height of Chiller Room Where, Ac = L = B = H = L B H = = = Effective collection area of structure (in M 2) Length of building (in M) Breadth of building (in M) Height of building (in M) 54.375 M (Ref Annexure-8) 18.7 M (Ref Annexure-8) 8.7 M (Ref Annexure-8) (54.375 x 18.7) + 2 x (54.375 x 8.7) + 2 x (18.7 x 8.7) + 3.1428 x 8.7 x 8.7

Ac =

DOCUMENT NO.

PROJECT CUSTOMER Ac =

Height of Chilling Tower = 13.850 M (Ref Annexure-8) Length of Chilling Tower = 16 M (Ref Annexure-8) Additional Area Due to Chilling Tower = (13.850-8.7) x 16 Additional Area Due to Chilling Tower = 82.4 So Net Effective Collection Area of Structure = 2526.2 + 82.4 So Net Effective Collection Area of Structure (Ac) = 2608.6 M ii) Numb er of flashes to ground per Km per year 2 Number of flashes to ground per Km per year is calculated with the help of map listed on fig-1 in IS2309. (Ref Clause 8.1.2) Considering our site complex near to Mumbai area, Ng is considered 1.1 iii) Weighting factors As per IS-2309 weighting factors for risk assessment is decided with the help of table-1 (Ref Clause 8.1.5) W = AxBxC xDxE Where, W = The overall multiplying Weighting factor A B C D E W W = = = = = = = 1.0 0.4 1.0 1.0 0.3 1.0 x 0.4 x 1.0 x 1.0 x 0.3 0.12

2

iv) Pro bability of b eing struck The probable number of strikes (risk) to the structure per year is calculated by below mentioned formula as per IS-2309 (Ref Clause 8.1.2) -6 P = Ac x Ng x W x 10 Where, P = Ac = Ng = W = P P = = Probability of being struck 2 Effective collection area of structure (in M ) Number of flashes to ground per Km2 per year The overall multiplying Weighting factor 2608.6 x 1.1 x 0.12 x 10 3.443 x 10

-4 -5 -6

The acceptable overall risk factor as per IS-2309 is 10 (Ref Clause 8.1.3), i.e. 1 in 100000 per year. For overall risk factor < 10-5 lightning protection is not required. However, for the same being >= 10-5 lightning protection shall be provided. 3.443 x 10 is greater than 10 i.e. 1 in 100000 per year, therefore lightning protection is required.

-4 -5

DOCUMENT NO.

PROJECT CUSTOMER

b. CALCULATION FOR DOWN CONDUCTORS Total no of down conductors are calculated based on IS-2309 Clause No 12.2.3 i) Calculation based on total base area as per IS-2309 N = [(A-100) / 300] + 1

Where N = A = A = L = B = A = N = ii)

No of conductors required Base Area (in M2) (L x B) 54.375 M 18.7 M 1016.81 M2 4.1

Where P = P = P = N = iii)

Conclusion = 5

LIGHTNING PROTECTION CALCULATIONS FOR CHEMICAL SHED DESIGN BASIS Lightning protection is provided as per bid package requirement and IS 2309. GI strip of 20 X 3 mm conductor size shall be used for horizontal air termination & down conductors. Each down conductor shall be connected to a separate GI pipe electrode of 65 mm in dia and 3000 mm long in test pit. The desirable earth resistance value of lightning system shall be 5 ohm, but in no case it shall be more than 10 ohm (Ref Doc No. 6-51-0084, Clause No 7.3) OVERALL ASSESSMENT OF RISK:

i)

Effective collection area of the structure. As per IS-2309 clause no 8.1.2 effective collection area is determined by below mentioned formula. 2 Ac = (L x B) + 2(L x H) + 2(B x H) + H Where, Ac = L = B = H = L B H = = = Effective collection area of structure (in M ) Length of building (in M) Breadth of building (in M) Height of building (in M) 29.3 M (Ref Annexure-9) 14.6 M (Ref Annexure-9) 6.7 M (Ref Annexure-9)

2

DOCUMENT NO.

PROJECT CUSTOMER

Ac = Ac =

(29.3 x 14.6) + 2 x (29.3 x 6.7) + 2 x (14.6 x 6.7) + 3.1428 x 6.7 x 6.7 1157.12 M

2

ii) Numb er of flashes to ground per Km per year 2 Number of flashes to ground per Km per year is calculated with the help of map listed on fig-1 in IS2309. (Ref Clause 8.1.2) Considering our site complex near to Mumb ai area, Ng is considered 1.1 iii) Weighting factors As per IS-2309 weighting factors for risk assessment is decided with the help of table-1 (Ref Clause 8.1.5) W = AxBxC xDxE Where, W = A B C D E W W = = = = = = = The overall multiplying Weighting factor 1.0 0.4 1.0 1.0 0.3 1.0 x 0.4 x 1.0 x 1.0 x 0.3 0.12

iv) Pro bability of b eing struck The probable number of strikes (risk) to the structure per year is calculated by below mentioned formula as per IS-2309 (Ref Clause 8.1.2) -6 P = Ac x Ng x W x 10 Where, P = Ac = Ng = W = P P = = Probability of being struck Effective collection area of structure (in M2) 2 Number of flashes to ground per Km per year The overall multiplying Weighting factor 1157.12 x 1.1 x 0.12 x 10 1.53 x 10

-4 -6

The acceptable overall risk factor as per IS-2309 is 10-5 (Ref Clause 8.1.3), i.e. 1 in 100000 per year. -5 -5 For overall risk factor < 10 lightning protection is not required. However, for the same being >= 10 lightning protection shall be provided. 1.53 x 10 is greater than 10 i.e. 1 in 100000 per year, therefore lightning protection is required. b. CALCULATION FOR DOWN CONDUCTORS Total no of down conductors are calculated based on IS-2309 Clause No 12.2.3 i) Calculation based on total base area as per IS-2309 N = [(A-100) / 300] + 1

-4 -5

DOCUMENT NO.

PROJECT CUSTOMER

Where N = A = A = L = B = A = N = ii)

No of conductors required Base Area (in M2) (L x B) 29.3 M 14.6 M 427.8 M2 2.1

Where P = P = P = N = iii)

Conclusion = 3

LIGHTNING PROTECTION CALCULATIONS FOR BOILER PACKAGE SUBSTATION DESIGN BASIS Lightning protection is provided as per bid package requirement and IS 2309. GI strip of 20 X 3 mm conductor size shall be used for horizontal air termination & down conductors. Each down conductor shall be connected to a separate GI pipe electrode of 65 mm in dia and 3000 mm long in test pit. The desirable earth resistance value of lightning system shall be 5 ohm, but in no case it shall be more than 10 ohm (Ref Doc No. 6-51-0084, Clause No 7.3)

OVERALL ASSESSMENT OF RISK: i) Effective collection area of the structure. As per IS-2309 clause no 8.1.2 effective collection area is determined by below mentioned formula. 2 Ac = (L x B) + 2(L x H) + 2(B x H) + H Where, Ac = L = B = H = L B H = = = Effective collection area of structure (in M 2) Length of building (in M) Breadth of building (in M) Height of building (in M) 11.250 M (Ref Annexure-10) 17.120 M (Ref Annexure-10) 13.6 M (Ref Annexure-10) (11.250 x 17.120) + 2 x (11.250 x 13.6) + 2 x (17.120 x 13.6) + 3.1428 x 13.6 x 13.6

Ac =

DOCUMENT NO.

PROJECT CUSTOMER

Ac =

1545.56 M2

2

ii) Numb er of flashes to ground per Km per year 2 Number of flashes to ground per Km per year is calculated with the help of map listed on fig-1 in IS2309. (Ref Clause 8.1.2) Considering our site complex near to Mumb ai area, Ng is considered 1.1 iii) Weighting factors As per IS-2309 weighting factors for risk assessment is decided with the help of table-1 (Ref Clause 8.1.5) W = AxBxC xDxE Where, W = The overall multiplying Weighting factor A B C D E W W = = = = = = = 1.0 0.4 1.0 1.0 0.3 1.0 x 0.4 x 1.0 x 1.0 x 0.3 0.12

iv) Pro bability of b eing struck The probable number of strikes (risk) to the structure per year is calculated by below mentioned formula as per IS-2309 (Ref Clause 8.1.2) -6 P = Ac x Ng x W x 10 Where, P = Ac = Ng = W = P P = = Probability of being struck 2 Effective collection area of structure (in M ) 2 Number of flashes to ground per Km per year The overall multiplying Weighting factor 1545.56 x 1.1 x 0.12 x 10 2.04 x 10

-4 -5 -6

The acceptable overall risk factor as per IS-2309 is 10 (Ref Clause 8.1.3), i.e. 1 in 100000 per year. For overall risk factor < 10-5 lightning protection is not required. However, for the same being >= 10-5 lightning protection shall be provided. 2.04 x 10 is greater than 10 i.e. 1 in 100000 per year, therefore lightning protection is required. b. CALCULATION FOR DOWN CONDUCTORS Total no of down conductors are calculated based on IS-2309 Clause No 12.2.3 i) Calculation based on total base area as per IS-2309 N = [(A-100) / 300] + 1

-4 -5

DOCUMENT NO.

No of conductors required Base Area (in M2) (L x B) 11.250 M 17.120 M 192.6 M2 1.3

Where P = P = P = N = iii)

Conclusion = 2

6.0)

ATTACHMENTS Annexure 1 Annexure 2 Annexure 3 Annexure 4 Annexure 5 Annexure 6 Annexure 7 Annexure 8 Annexure 9 Annexure 10 Annexure-11 : : : : : : : : : : : Soil Resistivity test report Earthing Network for APU Substation (Ground Floor) Earthing Network for DM Plant Earthing Network for Chemical Lab (Ground Floor) Earthing Network for Chemical Shed (Ground Floor) Roof Plan of APU Substation indicating protected Zone from Lightning Roof Plan of DM Plant indicating protected Zone from Lightning Roof Plan of Chemical Lab indicating protected Zone from Lightning Roof Plan of Chemical Shed indicating protected Zone from Lightning Roof Plan of Boiler Package Substation indicating protected Zone from Lightning Earth fault Current Calculation for Chemical Shed

- Earthing CalculationUploaded byNatarajan Ramakrishnan
- Earthing Resistance Calculations is-3043Uploaded bylrpatra
- Earthing Calculation (DJS)_REV-1Uploaded byBijaya Kumar Mohanty
- Lightning Protection CalculationUploaded bygepewin2009
- EARTHING CALCULATION, TOUCH VOLTAGE,Uploaded byApsi Lal
- Earthing Design CalculationsUploaded byVamsi
- Earthing Calculation IEEEUploaded byAitor Lander Iza
- Earthing CalculationUploaded byViralkumar Shah
- UPS Sizing CalculationsUploaded byknx175
- Grounding CalculationUploaded byT S Virdi
- P103-E0020-001-R0- Earthing Calculation-20080216Uploaded byhari sudhan
- Earthing CalculationUploaded byHOFFER
- Earthing CalculationsUploaded byTamer Fawzy
- UPS and Battery Sizing CalculationUploaded bycharzree
- Calculation of Earthing Sys.Uploaded byRania Fathy Mohammed
- Electrical EarthingUploaded byparuchurivenkat5272
- MD1-0-E-505!06!00001 Generator Transformer Sizing CalculationUploaded bytvpham123
- Earthing Calculation 5Uploaded byrajpre1213
- 57352002 Earthing CalculationUploaded byMourad Benderradji
- Total Earthing SystemUploaded byPramod B.Wankhade
- Earthing CalculationUploaded byanandpurush
- R1 VE-J061-D-E201 REV-1 Earthing Design Calculation 271010Uploaded byS Manohar
- Earthing CalculationUploaded byHesham Abdullah AlAdwan
- Electrical All Sizing CalculationUploaded byvijaydev75
- Lightning CalculationUploaded bypokiri
- Lightning Protection CalculationUploaded byPramod B.Wankhade
- Earthing Calculations IEEE80Uploaded byvivgrn
- Battery Sizing Design Basis TCEUploaded byjigyesh
- Lightning CalculationsUploaded bybuntysurat
- Dslp Calculation by VikasUploaded byvikasrajput1989

- Basics of Safety Switches [Siemens]Uploaded bySchreiber_Dieses
- 6.6kV CABLES steady state Voltage drop.xlsUploaded bymahesh_sali2003
- 6.6kV CABLES Starting Voltage drop.xlsUploaded bymahesh_sali2003
- 6.6kV CABLE SIZING.xlsUploaded bymahesh_sali2003
- Eff1 FRSM-57 List.pdfUploaded bymahesh_sali2003
- JHX.pdfUploaded bymahesh_sali2003
- Medium_voltage_application_guide_EN.pdfUploaded bymahesh_sali2003
- Chamers.pdfUploaded bymahesh_sali2003
- HT Cable Sizing Cal.for HT SWBD, Dist. Trafo. & HT Motor 27.07.10.docUploaded bymahesh_sali2003
- Tech Data Sheet.pdfUploaded bymahesh_sali2003
- M2BA.pdfUploaded bymahesh_sali2003
- M2BA_HX .pdfUploaded bymahesh_sali2003
- FRSM57.pdfUploaded bymahesh_sali2003
- Typical below ground earthing detail._BHELpdf.pdfUploaded bymahesh_sali2003
- Bill Break-Up.xlsxUploaded bymahesh_sali2003
- Roadway M400APowrDoorwcutoff MDCA-MDCL EDITABLE LowRes 061912Uploaded bymahesh_sali2003
- Niedax USA KatalogUploaded bymahesh_sali2003
- CTSCL-10Uploaded bymahesh_sali2003
- Abb Type CoordinationUploaded byGaurav Singh
- ABB Emax Power BreakersUploaded byReza Torkaman
- Mva Method ScUploaded bymahesh_sali2003
- Equipment List SpirelUploaded bymahesh_sali2003
- IS 3043.1987Uploaded bymahesh_sali2003
- HT Cable Sizing Cal.for HT SWBD, Dist. Trafo. & HT Motor 27.07.10Uploaded bymahesh_sali2003
- Emergency D.G. Sizing 16.11.07Uploaded bymahesh_sali2003

- Tutorial 1Uploaded byMohd Najib Mohd Yasin
- A Compact Instrument for RF Measurements of Pulsed TWTsUploaded byWesley Chen
- Ece 4990 Notes 10Uploaded byPravin Kumar Karumanchi
- MCS2000_GP-IO_JP0403Uploaded byRobertBoucher
- WCCA GuidelinesUploaded bypatelvijay12007
- Drives and SoftstarterUploaded byElectrification
- RailwayElectrificationSystemsandEngineeringSheilahFrey-1.pdfUploaded bydaniel alvaro arze villarroel
- Oxygen SensorUploaded bySrikanth Sri
- Lighting ArresterUploaded bydas_joydeb
- PV System ChecklistUploaded byzwerr
- MPR63 User Manual Eng v1.67Uploaded bynagesh795
- Wireless Energy TransmissionUploaded byShrey Thakur
- What is Electrical StressUploaded byLedred1
- Explorer 3000 BrochureUploaded byFaber Isaza
- cornell notes chapter 14 section 4-electric circuitsUploaded byapi-239118968
- 13007Uploaded byapi-3747180
- 3X-V65A-3XRUploaded byKenier Suarez
- Stepper MotorUploaded bykarthikeyan
- Grade 10 Science Unit 2.pdfUploaded bysheemah_mapangdol
- 1ss106Uploaded byFreddy
- WP29 Water Pump Manual E2512AUploaded bydigitaltext
- 1783-in003_-en-pUploaded byMiguel Salas Hernandez
- sbos075Uploaded byGary Daniels A
- Jaymac Bar Bending O&M Manual Ver3.1Uploaded byprasanna2210
- c60man-aa3Uploaded byCostache Dan
- intro1 to some thing..Uploaded bymithunprayag
- 9150705376Uploaded byandy175
- 1.-HSC-howigUploaded byNurdin Sudrajat Sasrabahu
- Sts DiagramcmitUploaded byManh Quyen
- Power Line Carrier CommunicationUploaded byVaibhav Rai