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Important Trigonometric Formulas
Textbook of Algebra and Trigonometry for Class XI
Available online @ http://www.mathcity.org, Version: 1.0.2

● sin 2 θ + cos2 θ = 1
● sin(−θ ) = − sin θ

● 1 + tan 2 θ = sec2 θ
● cos(−θ ) = cosθ

● 1 + cot 2 θ = csc2 θ
● tan( −θ ) = − tan θ

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

● sin (α + β ) = sin α cos β + cosα sin β

● sin (α − β ) = sin α cos β − cosα sin β

● cos (α + β ) = cosα cos β − sin α sin β
● tan (α + β ) =

● cos (α − β ) = cosα cos β + sin α sin β

tan α + tan β
1 − tan α tan β

● tan (α − β ) =

tan α − tan β
1 + tan α tan β

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

● sin 2θ = 2sinθ cosθ

● cos 2θ = cos2 θ − sin 2 θ

● tan 2θ =

2 tanθ
1 − tan 2 θ

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

● sin 2

θ 1 − cosθ
=
2
2

● cos 2

θ 1 + cosθ
=
2
2

● tan 2

θ 1 − cosθ
=
2 1 + cosθ

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
3tan θ − tan 3 θ
3
3
● cos3θ = 4cos θ − 3cosθ
● tan 3θ =
sin 3θ = 3sin θ − 4sin θ
2

1 − 3tan θ

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
2

● sin 2θ =

2tan θ
1 + tan 2 θ

● cos 2θ =

1 − tan θ
1 + tan 2 θ

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

● sin (α + β ) + sin (α − β ) = 2sin α cos β

● cos (α + β ) + cos (α − β ) = 2cosα cos β

● sin (α + β ) − sin (α − β ) = 2cosα sin β

● cos (α + β ) − cos (α − β ) = −2sin α sin β

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

θ +φ
θ −φ
cos
2
2
θ +φ
θ −φ
cos
● cosθ + cosφ = 2cos
2
2

θ +φ
θ −φ
sin
2
2
θ +φ
θ −φ
● cosθ − cos φ = −2sin
sin
2
2

● sin θ + sin φ = 2sin

● sin θ − sin φ = 2cos

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

(
( A 1− B

)
− B 1− A )

● sin −1 A + sin −1 B = sin −1 A 1 − B 2 + B 1 − A2
● sin −1 A − sin −1 B = sin −1


● cos −1 A + cos −1 B = cos−1  AB −


● cos −1 A − cos −1 B = cos−1  AB +

● tan −1 A + tan −1 B = tan −1

A+ B
1 − AB

2

2

(1 − A )(1 − B ) 
2

2

(1 − A )(1 − B ) 
2

2

● tan −1 A − tan −1 B = tan −1

A− B
1 + AB

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………


Three Steps to solve sin  n ⋅

π

±θ 
2

Step I: First check that n is even or odd
Step II: If n is even then the answer will be in sin and if the n is odd then sin will be converted to cos
and vice virsa (i.e. cos will be converted to sin).
Step III: Now check in which quadrant n ⋅

π
± θ is lying if it is in Ist or IInd quadrant the answer
2

will be positive as sin is positive in these quadrants and if it is in the IIIrd or IVth quadrant the
answer will be negative.
e.g.
sin 667 o = sin ( 7(90) + 37 )
Since n = 7 is odd so answer will be in cos and 667 is in IVth quadrant and sin is –ive in IVth
o
o
quadrant therefore answer will be in negative. i.e sin 667 = − cos37
Similar technique is used for other trigonometric ratios. i.e tan € cot and sec € csc .
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
Made By: Atiq ur Rehman Email: atiq@mathcity.org
Corrected by: Salman Zaidi

h t t p :/ /w w w.m at h ci t y . o rg

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