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SYSTEMIC POSITION

Scientific Name - Chromotomyia horticola


Class - Insecta
Order - diptera
Family - Agromyzidae

Host Plant - Pea, Cauliflower, cabbage,


Potato
Nature of Damage
The larvae are small caterpillars which feed on the green
tissue inside the leaf, leaving the transparent upper and
lower membranes (epidermis) intact.The young larvae
enter the leaf and form serpentine mines (narrow, grey-
brown or silvery tracks). As the larva matures, it consumes
a broader patch of the leaf, forming blotch mines.  Later
holes are produced as the mined tissues are destroyed.
The lower surface of the infested leaves become dirty with
small grains of blackish frass and show silken webbings
containing the small pupae. During high infestation, the
leaves become brown.  A serious outbreak can cut down
the effective leaf surface for plant food production
resulting in reduced storage root yield.
Stage
Egg. The eggs are oval, flattened against the leaf surface;
translucent, greenish white with granulate surface which turns
yellowish when about to hatch.
Larva. The emerging larvae are distinctly segmented with a rather
pointed heads and abdomens. A mature larva measures 5.5 mm
long. The larva has a yellowish body with paired pink spots on the
dorsolateral sides of the thorax which later disappear and are
replaced by red tubercles in all segments.
Pupa. The pupae measuring 3.5 mm appear green at first with
mottled red markings. Later the red markings disappear and they
turn dark brown with lateral projections on the abdomen.
Adult. The adults are very small moths, 3.5 - 4.0 mm long with
grayish to brown bodies and light brown scales.
Life cycle
EGG

3-4 days 35
0
Complete
metamorphosis
ADULT December - May
MAGGOT
Many Generations / Year

7-15 5-12
Days Days

PUPA
Leaf miner larvae inside Silky  webs under the leaf
mines (E. Vasquez). containing pupae (E.
Vasquez).
Control
 Biological control
Leaf miners are generally controlled by
predators and parasites like Apanteles sp.
Chemical  control
The insecticides recommended for leaf miner
control include carbaryl, chlorfenvinphos,
diazinon, dimethoate and trichlorphon.
References

FOOD AND NUTRITION BY B.SHRI LAKSMI
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leaf
Ikishan.com
www.occrra.org