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Name____________________________________ Date______________

Mr. Aronowitz Period________

Literary Device Chart


A Simile is a figure of speech that compares two things that have something in common using a
word such as like or as.

A Metaphor is a figure of speech that compares two things that have something in common. For
example, “Her hair was midnight and her eyes were the dawning of an autumn day.”

Personification is a figure of speech in which an object, animal, or idea is given human


characteristics.

Imagery is the descriptive words and phrases that a writer uses to re-create sensory experiences.
By appealing to the five senses, imagery helps a reader imagine exactly what the characters and
experiences being described are like.

Hyperbole is an exaggerated statement that is not supposed to be taken literally. For example,
“There were millions of people at the game.”

Irony is a term that refers to a contrast between appearance and reality (sometimes humorously)
in which an apparently straightforward statement or event is undermined by its context so as to
give it a very different significance. Verbal irony involves a discrepancy between what is said
and what is really meant. Structural irony involves the use of a naive or deluded hero or
unreliable narrator whose view of the world differs widely from the true circumstances
recognized by the author and readers. In dramatic irony, the audience knows more about a
character's situation than a character does, foreseeing an outcome contrary to a character's
expectations, and thus ascribing a sharply different sense to the character's own statements.

Provide examples of each literary device:


Literary Device Quotations from the text Page
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Simile

Metaphor
Name____________________________________ Date______________
Mr. Aronowitz Period________

Literary Device Quotations from the text Page


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Personification

Imagery

Hyperbole

Irony