1 – Henry Wadsworth Longfellow A poem may be organized into groups of lines called stanzas, which have lines that often share a common meter and rhyme scheme. For example, a poem may have four stanzas, each with six lines (called a sestet); the second, fourth, and sixth lines of each stanza may rhyme; each line may have five stressed beats in which case the meter is pentameter). A poet may use stanza divisions to present a progression of ideas or events such as periods of time (youth, middle age, and old age) or changes in a point of view towards something. Reread "The Tide Rises, the Tide Falls" and answer the following questions about the poem in complete sentences. 1. Is the number of syllables in each line the same or different? 2. How many stressed syllables are there in each line? 3. Does the meter encourage a slow or a fast reading? 4. How is the meter appropriate to the central image? 5. Explain what ideas or events are described in each stanza? Stanza 1: Stanza 2: Stanza 3: 6. Each stanza ends with the same line. What effect does the repetition of the final line have on the meaning of the poem? “A Psalm of Life” speaks to us of how we’ve been influenced by past generations and what we leave for generations after us. 7. Is the number of syllables in each line the same or different? 8. How is the overall rhythm and pace of this poem different from “The Tide Rises, The Tide Falls,” and how is the difference appropriate to the message of the poem? 9. In the spirit of influencing future generations, reflect upon your goals and what you hope to leave behind to your family, friends, and community. In a brief essay (125 words), explain what you would like your legacy to be and why. 10. Compare the themes of the two poems. In a brief essay (125 words), discuss one theme shared between the two poems and the different ways in which Longfellow presents it in each.

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