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eXtreme

Rotary
Shoulder
Handbook

D RILLING P RODUCTS & S ERVICES


www.grantprideco.com

CONTENTS
SECTION I
Drill Pipe
SECTION II
Double Shoulder Connections
SECTION III
Heavy Weight Drill Pipe
SECTION IV
Drill Collars
SECTION V
Kellys
SECTION VI
Subs
SECTION VII
Well Control
This handbook is a summary of the technical data from API
Spec. 7 Latest Edition, API RP 7G Latest Edition, etc., for the
purpose of easier application in the field.

Grant Prideco has produced this handbook for


general information only. It is not intended for design
and engineering purposes. Although every effort has
been made to maintain the accuracy and reliability of
its contents, Grant Prideco in no way assumes
responsibility or liability for any loss, damage or injury
resulting from the use of information and data herein.
All applications for the material described are at the
user's own risk and are the user's responsibility.

Proper break-in is probably the most important factor


affecting the life of the tool joint connection. Here are
some recommendations to follow:
1. Proper make-up torque is determined by the
connection type, size, OD and ID and may be
found in torque tables.
2. Make up connections slowly, preferably using
chain tongs. (High speed kelly spinners or the
spinning chain used on initial make-up can
cause galling of the threads).
3. Tong them up to the predetermined torque using
a recently calibrated torque gauge to measure
the required line-pull.
Note: Monitor breakout torque. It should be
less than or no greater than make-up
torque. If it is greater, the connection
should be cleaned, inspected and
repaired, before it is made up again.
4. Breakout, visually inspect, redope and make up
two more times before running in hole. Always
use backup tongs to make and break connections.
5. Stagger breaks on each trip so that each connection can be checked, redoped and made up
every second or third trip, depending on the
length of drill pipe and size of rig.
A new string of drill pipe deserves good surface handling equipment and tools. Check slips and master
bushings before damage occurs to the tube. (See the
IADC Drilling Manual for correct measurements).
Do not stop the downward movement of the drill stem
with the slips. This can cause crushing or necking
down of the drill pipe tube. The drill pipe can also be
damaged by allowing the slips to ride the pipe on trips
out of the hole.
Good rig practices will help eliminate time consuming
trips in the future, looking for washouts or fishing for
drill pipe lost in the hole. For more information refer to
the IADC Drilling Manual.

DRILL PIPE

Drill Pipe

New Tool Joints


Torque Chart Drill Pipe Tool Joint

Drill Pipe
Size
(in)

2 3/8

2 7/8

Type
Conn

Pin
ID
(in)

Make-up
Torque
(ft-lb)

N.C. 26 (I.F.)
O.H.
O.H.
S.L. H-90
W.O.
P.A.C.

3
3
3
3
3
2

/8
/4
1
/8
1
/4
3
/8
7
/8

1 3/4
1 3/4
2
2
2
1 3/8

3,900
3,700
2,600
2,700
2,400
2,600

2 7/8 S.H. (N.C. 26)


O.H.
O.H.
S.L. H-90
S.L. H-90
P.A.C.
W.O.
X.H.
N.C. 31 (I.F.)
N.C. 31 (I.F.)
N.C. 31 (I.F.)

3
3
3
3
3
3
4
4
4
4
4

/8
/4
7
/8
7
/8
7
/8
1
/8
1
/8
1
/4
1
/8
1
/8
3
/8

1
2
2
2
2
1
2
1
2
2
1

3,900
3,100
4,800
3,800
6,800
3,200
3,900
7,000
6,400
7,100
4,400

3 /2 S.H. (N.C. 31)


S.L. H-90
S.L. H-90
O.H.
O.H.
N.C. 38 (W.O.)
N.C. 38 (I.F.)
N.C. 38 (I.F.)
N.C. 38 (I.F.)
N.C. 38 (I.F.)
N.C. 40 (4 F.H.)
N.C. 40 (4 F.H.)
N.C. 40 (4 F.H.)

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
5
5
5
5
5
5

2
3
2
3
2
3
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

S.H. (3 1/2 X.H.)


O.H.
O.H.
N.C. 40 (4 F.H.)
N.C. 40 (4 F.H.)
N.C. 40 (4 F.H.)
N.C. 40 (4 F.H.)
N.C. 46 (W.O.)
N.C. 46 (I.F.)
N.C. 46 (I.F.)
N.C. 46 (I.F.)
N.C. 46 (I.F.)
N.C. 46 (I.F.)
N.C. 46 (I.F.)
N.C. 46 (I.F.)

4
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
6
6
6
6
6
6
6

2
3
3
2
2
2
2
3
3
3
3
3
3
2
2

3 1/2

Box
OD
(in)
1

/8
5
/8
5
/8
3
/4
3
/4
3
/4
3
/4

/4
/8
/2

3
1

/8
/4
1
/2
1
/4
1
/4
1
/2
1
/2
3
/4
1

/4
/16
/32
7
/16
5
/32
1
/2
7
/16
7
/8
1
/8
7
5

/8
/8

11

/16

11

/16

11

/16
/16
/16
1
/8
9
/16
7
/16
1
/4
9
7

/16
15
/32
1
/4
13
/16
11
/16
7
/16
7
/16
7
/16
1
/4
1

/4

/8
/8

6,400
7,600
11,110
6,500
9,300
6,800
9,700
10,700
11,700
14,000
14,600
15,600
17,100
8,100
11,900
14,700
12,400
13,500
15,600
15,600
15,200
17,600
20,500
20,500
17,600
20,500
24,400
21,900

Note: 1. The use of outside diameters (OD) smaller than those listed in the table may be
acceptable on Slim Hole (S.H.) tool joints due to special service requirements.
2. Make-up torque values may be lower than those published in API RP 7G Latest
Edition. The make-up values are lower due to the combined torsional
and tensile loads found in service conditions.

Used Tool Joints


Torque Chart Drill Pipe Tool Joint
Premium

Box
OD
(in)

3 1/4
3 1/16
3
2 31/32
3 1/16
2 25/32
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
5
5
4
4
5
4
4
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

/8
/2
19
/32
17
/32
19
/32
1
/8
5
/8
23
/32
11
/16
29
/32
1
/16
1

/16
3
/8
9
/32
3
/8
3
/8
3
/8
19
/32
21
/32
23
/32
15
/32
3

/32

/16
31
/32
1
/32
13
/16
15
/16
7

/32
/32
/16
15
/32
9
/32
9
/16
5
/8
5
/8
5
7

Class 2

Make-Up
Torque
(ft-lb)

Box
OD
(in)

Make-up
Torque
(ft-lb)

3,000
2,300
1,800
2,000
2,000
2,500

3 3/16
3 1/32
2 31/32
3 31/32
3
2 23/32

4,100
3,300
4,300
3,800
4,600
3,500
3,200
4,400
3,200
5,700
7,700

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

6,900
5,500
8,800
5,500
7,000
5,300
5,300
8,800
9,900
10,900
11,400
12,600
14,400

3
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

29

/32
/8
/32
7
/32
5
/16
11
/32
11
/32
1
/2
9
/16
5
/8
13
/32
7
/8
15
/16

5,700
4,500
7,100
4,600
6,000
4,800
4,800
7,300
8,300
9,300
9,000
10,200
11,400

8,800
7,500
8,800
9,000
11,400
12,600
12,600
7,900
10,000
12,800
13,600
9,200
15,800
17,300
17,300

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

11

7,400
6,200
7,500
7,300
9,000
10,200
10,200
6,500
7,900
10,000
11,400
7,200
12,800
14,300
14,300

/16
/16
17
/32
17
/32
17
/32
1
/16
9
/16
21
/32
21
/32
13
/16
31
/32
7

1
9

/32
/32
/32
23
/32
13
/16
7
/8
7
/8
5
/32
7
/32
5
/16
3
/8
3
/16
7
/16
1
/2
1
/2
29
31

2,500
2,100
1,600
2,000
1,500
2,100
3,600
2,700
3,600
3,800
3,800
3,500
2,500
3,700
2,800
4,600
6,500

Note: 3. Make-up torque is based on the use of 40% to 50% by weight of finely powdered metallic zinc, applied to all threads and shoulders.

New Tool Joints


Torque Chart Drill Pipe Tool Joint

Drill Pipe
Size
(in)

4 /2

5 1/2

6 5/8

Type
Conn

Box
OD
(in)
7

(X.H.)
(X.H.)
(X.H.)
(X.H.)
(I.F.)
(I.F.)
(I.F.)
(I.F.)
(I.F.)

5
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6

N.C. 50 (X.H.)
N.C. 50 (X.H.)
N.C. 50 (X.H.)
N.C. 50 (X.H.)
N.C. 50 (X.H.)
5 1/2 F.H.
5 1/2 F.H.
5 1/2 F.H.

6
6
6
6
6
7
7
7

F.H.
F.H.
F.H.
F.H.
F.H.
F.H.
F.H.
F.H.

7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7

F.H.
F.H.
F.H.
F.H.
F.H.
F.H.
F.H.
F.H.

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

O.H.
F.H.
F.H.
F.H.
N.C. 46
N.C. 46
N.C. 46
N.C. 46
N.C. 50
N.C. 50
N.C. 50
N.C. 50
N.C. 50

/8

/4
/4
/4
1
/4
3
/8
3
/8
3
/8
3
/8
3
/8
1
1

/8
/8
1
/2
1
/2
5
/8
3

/4
/4

/4
/4
1
/4
1
/2
1
/2
1

/4
/4
1
/4
1
/2
1
/2
1

Pin
ID
(in)

3
3
2
2
3
3
2
2
3
3
3
3
2

/4
/2
/4
3
/4
5
/8
1
/2
7
/8

14,600
17,600
20,100
22,300
17,600
20,500
23,200
25,600
19,800
19,800
21,600
23,400
30,300

33/4
3 1/2
3 1/4
3
2 3/4
3 1/2
3 1/2
3 1/4

19,800
23,400
26,800
30,000
32,900
37,400
37,400
41,200

4
4
3
3
3
3
3
3

29,200
29,200
33,400
37,400
37,400
37,400
44,600
44,600

5
5
5
4
4
4
4
4

/4

Make-up
Torque
(ft-lb)

/4
/2
/4

1
1
3
1
3

/4
/2
/2
1
/2
1
1

/4
/4
3
/4
1
/4
1
/4
3

38,400
38,400
38,400
44,600
44,600
44,600
56,100
56,100

Note: 1. The use of outside diameters (OD) smaller than those listed in the table may be
acceptable on Slim Hole (S.H.) tool joints due to special service requirements.
2. Make-up torque values may be lower than those published in API RP 7G Latest
Edition. The make-up values are lower due to the combined torsional
and tensile loads found in service conditions.

Used Tool Joints


Torque Chart Drill Pipe Tool Joint
Premium

Box
OD
(in)

Class 2

Make-Up
Torque
(ft-lb)

Box
OD
(in)

Make-up
Torque
(ft-lb)

5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
6

15

/32
/8
9
/16
5
/8
13
/32
19
/32
25
/32
23
/32
29
/32
23
/32
13
/16
15
/16
7
/32

12,300
12,100
16,400
17,800
12,100
16,500
21,200
19,600
16,600
11,600
14,100
17,500
25,500

5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
6

/8
/32
/16
15
/32
5
/16
15
/32
5
/8
9
/16
25
/32
21
/32
23
/32
27
/32
1
/16

10,000
10,100
13,500
14,200
9,900
13,500
17,300
15,800
13,200
10,000
11,600
14,900
21,000

5
6
6
6
6
6
6
6

/8
/32
/32
3
/16
5
/16
21
/32
23
/32
15
/16

15,800
20,200
21,900
24,700
27,500
25,500
27,700
35,500

5
5
5
6
6
6
6
6

25

13,300
16,700
18,400
22,000
22,900
20,200
22,300
28,800

6
6
6
6
6
6
7
7

17

/32
/16
5
/8
23
/32
25
/32
25
/32
1
/32
1
/32

21,300
22,300
24,500
27,650
29,900
29,900
39,000
39,000

6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6

/16
15
/32
1
/2
19
/32
5
/8
11
/16
27
/32
7
/8

18,200
19,200
20,300
23,350
24,500
26,560
32,100
33,200

7
7
7
7
7
7
7
8

26,800
29,500
35,100
38,000
38,000
40,900
48,200
52,700

7 3/8
7 13/32
7 1/2
7 9/16
7 19/32
7 21/32
7 25/32
7 27/64

24,100
25,500
29,500
32,300
33,700
36,500
42,300
45,200

1
3

/16
/2
5
/8
11
/16
11
/16
3
/4
29
/32
1

9
7

/32
/32
/32

29
31
1

/32
/16
/2
9
/16
3
/4
3
1

Note: 3. Make-up torque is based on the use of 40% to 50% by weight of finely powdered metallic zinc, applied to all threads and shoulders.

4.85
6.65

6.85
10.40
9.50
13.30
15.50
11.85
14.00
15.70

13.75
16.60
20.00
19.50
25.60

21.90
24.70

23.40
26.30

25.20
27.70

2 3/8

2 7/8

4 1/2

5 1/2

7/
8

6 5/8

3 1/2

Nominal
Weight
(lb/ft)

Size
OD
(in)

0.330
0.362

0.361
0.415

0.361
0.415

0.271
0.337
0.430
0.362
0.500

0.217
0.362
0.254
0.368
0.449
0.262
0.330
0.380

0.190
0.280

Wall
Thick
ness
(in)

5.965
5.901

5.153
5.045

4.778
4.670

3.958
3.826
3.640
4.276
4.000

2.441
2.151
2.992
2.764
2.602
3.476
3.340
3.240

1.995
1.815

ID
(in)

6.5262
7.1226

6.2535
7.1185

5.8282
6.6296

3.6004
4.4074
5.4981
5.2746
7.0686

1.8120
2.8579
2.5902
3.6209
4.3037
3.0767
3.8048
4.3216

1.3042
1.8429

19.572
21.156

16.251
18.165

14.062
15.688

7.184
8.542
10.232
11.416
14.490

2.242
3.204
3.922
5.144
5.846
5.400
6.458
7.156

1.320
1.734

Cross
Polar
Sectional Sectional
Area
Modulus
of Pipe
Z
(sq. in)
(cu in)

70,550
76,300

58,600
65,500

50,620
56,470

25,860
30,750
36,840
41,090
52,160

8,070
11,530
14,120
18,520
21,050
19,440
23,250
25,760

4,760
6,240

E75

89,360
96,600

74,200
83,000

64,120
71,530

32,760
38,950
46,660
52,050
66,070

10,220
14,610
17,890
23,460
26,660
24,620
29,450
32,630

6,020
7,900

X95

98,770
106,800

82,000
91,700

70,870
79,060

36,210
43,050
51,570
57,530
73,030

11,300
16,150
19,770
25,930
29,470
27,220
32,550
36,070

6,060
8,740

G105

127,044
137,300

105,500
117,900

91,120
101,650

46,550
55,350
66,300
73,970
93,900

20,760
25,420
33,330
37,890
34,990
41,840
46,380

489,460
534,200

469,000
533,900

437,120
497,220

270,030
330,560
412,360
395,600
530,140

135,900
214,340
194,260
271,570
322,780
230,750
285,360
324,150

E75
97,820
138,220

619,990
676,700

594,100
676,300

553,680
629,810

342,040
418,700
522,320
501,090
671,520

172,140
271,500
246,070
343,990
408,850
292,290
361,460
410,590

123,900
175,080

X95

685,250
747,900

656,600
747,400

611,960
696,110

378,050
462,780
577,300
553,830
742,200

190,260
300,080
271,970
380,190
451,890
323,050
399,500
453,810

136,940
193,500

G105

881,044
961,600

844,200
961,000

786,810
895,000

486,060
595,000
742,240
712,070
954,260

244,620
385,820
349,680
488,820
581,000
415,360
513,650
583,420

176,070
248,790

S135

Tensile Yield Strength (lb)

S135

Torsional Yield Strength (ft-lb)

New Drill Pipe Dimensional, Torsional, and Tensile Data

Performance Properties of
Seamless Drill Pipe

4.85
6.65
6.85
10.40
9.50
13.30
15.50
11.85
14.00
15.70
13.75
16.60
20.00
19.50
25.60
21.90
24.70
23.40
26.30

25.20
27.70

2 3/8

6 5/8

5 7/8

5 1/2

4 1/2

3 1/2

2 7/8

(in)

Nominal
Weight
(lb)

Size
OD

4,810
5,890

11,040
15,600
10,470
16,510
10,040
14,110
16,770
8,410
11,350
12,900
7,200
10,390
12,960
10,000
13,500
8,440
10,460
7,450
9,560

E75

5,310
6,750

13,980
19,760
12,930
20,910
12,060
17,880
21,250
9,960
14,380
16,340
8,400
12,750
16,420
12,010
17,100
10,000
12,920
8,770
11,500

X95

5,490
7,100

15,460
21,840
14,010
23,110
13,050
19,760
23,480
10,700
15,900
18,050
8,950
13,820
18,150
12,990
18,900
10,740
14,000
9,360
12,410

G105

Collapse Pressure, psi

6,040
7,810

19,070
28,080
17,060
29,720
15,780
25,400
30,190
12,650
20,170
23,210
10,310
16,800
23,330
15,700
24,300
12,710
17,050
10,820
14,890

S135

6,540
7,170

10,500
15,470
9,910
16,530
9,520
13,800
16,840
8,600
10,830
12,470
7,900
9,830
12,540
9,500
13,120
8,610
9,900
8,060
9,270

E75

8,280
9,080

13,300
19,600
12,550
20,930
12,070
17,480
21,330
10,890
13,720
15,790
10,010
12,450
15,890
12,040
16,620
10,910
12,540
10,220
11,740

X95

9,150
10,040

14,700
21,660
13,870
23,140
13,340
19,320
23,570
12,040
15,160
17,460
11,070
13,760
17,560
13,300
18,380
12,060
13,860
11,290
12,980

G105

Internal Pressure, psi


S135

11,770
12,910

18,900
27,850
17,830
29,750
17,150
24,840
30,310
15,480
19,490
22,440
14,230
17,690
22,580
17,110
23,620
15,510
17,830
14,520
16,690

New Drill Pipe Collapse and


Internal Pressure Data

Tool Joint Bevel Diameters


Type

Size

& N.C 38
& N.C 38

4 37/64

N.C. 40

5 1/2

5 1/64

4 & N.C. 46

5 23/32

4 & N.C. 46

6 1/4

5 23/32

4 1/2 & N.C. 50

6 1/8

6 1/16

4 1/2 & N.C. 50

6 1/4

6 1/16

4 1/2 & N.C. 50


4 1/2 & N.C. 50
4 1/2 & N.C. 50

6 3/8
6 1/2
6 5/8

6 1/16

N.C. 56

6 47/64

3 1/2

4 31/64

4 & N.C. 40

4 5/8
5 1/4

4 1/2

5 23/32

5 1/2

5 1/2

7 1/4

6 23/32
6 23/32

5 1/2

7 1/2

7 3/32

3 1/2
4 1/2 & N.C. 46

4 3/4

4 17/32

5 23/32

6 1/4
5 1/2

5 59/64

5 23/32

3 1/4

3 1/8

3 7/8

3 23/32

4 5/8

4 7/16

3
3

Full Hole
&
Numbered
Connections

Xtra Hole &


Numbered
Connections
H-90

& N.C 31

2
2
3
2
Slimhole
&
Numbered
Connections

& N.C 26

5 & N.C. 50

4
Slimline
H-90

Bev. Dia

3 17/64

Internal
Flush
&
Numbered
Connections

OD

3 3/8
4 1/8
4 3/4

3/
8
7/
8
1/
2
1/
2

2
3

1/
2
3/
8
7/
8
1/
2
3/
8
7/ & N.C. 26
8
1/ & N.C. 31
2

2
3
4

4 1/2 & N.C. 38

7/
8
3/
8
1/
8
1/
2
5/
8

3 61/64
4 37/64

6 1/16
6 1/16

5 1/64

5 17/64

2 25/32
3 17/64
3 61/64
4 11/32
4 11/32
4 37/64

Decimal and Millimeter Equivalents


Fraction

Decimal

1/
64 0.015625
1/
32

0.03125
3/
64 0.046875

1/
16

0.0625
5/
64 0.078125

3/
32

0.09375
7/
64 0.109375

1/
8

0.1250
9/
64 0.140625

5/
32

0.15625
11/ 0.171875
64

3/
16

0.1875
13/ 0.203125
64

7/
32

0.21875
15/ 0.234375
64

1/
4

0.2500
17/ 0.265625
64

9/
32

0.28125
19/ 0.296875
64

5/
16

0.3125
21/ 0.328125
64

11/
32

0.34375
23/ 0.359375
64

3/
8

0.3750
25/ 0.390625
64

13/
32

0.40625

mm

Fraction

0.794

17/
32
9/
16
19/
32

5/8
21/
32
11/
16
23/
32
3/
4
25/
32
13/
16
27/
32
7/
8
29/
32

27/ 0.421875 10.716


64
7/
16

0.4375

11.113

0.46875

11.906

15/
16

0.5000

12.700

0.9375
61/
64 0.953125

31/
32

31/ 0.484375 12.303


64
1/
2

0.90625
59/
64 0.921875

29/ 0.453125 11.509


64
15/
32

0.8750
57/
64 0.890625

9.922
10.319

0.84375
55/
64 0.859375

9.128
9.525

0.8125
53/
64 0.828125

8.334
8.731

0.78125
51/
64 0.796875

7.541
7.938

0.7500
49/
64 0.765625

6.747
7.144

0.71875
47/
64 0.734375

5.953
6.350

0.6875
45/
64 0.703125

5.159
5.556

0.65625
43/
64 0.671875

4.366
4.763

0.6250
41/
64 0.640625

3.572
3.969

0.59375
39/
64 0.609375

2.778
3.175

0.5625
37/
64 0.578125

1.984
2.381

0.53125
35/
64 0.546875

1.191
1.588

Decimal

33/
64 0.515625

0.397

0.96875
63/
64 0.984375

1 mm = 0.03937 inch
0.001 inch = 0.0254 mm

1.000

mm

13.097
13.494
13.891
14.288
14.684
15.081
15.478
15.875
16.272
16.669
17.066
17.463
17.859
18.256
18.653
19.050
19.447
19.844
20.241
20.638
21.034
21.431
21.828
22.225
22.622
23.019
23.416
23.813
24.209
24.606
25.003
25.400

Conversion of Customary Units


to SI/Metric Units
Basic
Unit

Customary
Units
(Abbreviation)

SI/Metric
Conversion
Units
Customary to
(Abbreviation)
SI/Metric
Multiply by

Length

in

mm

25.4

Area

sq in

mm2

645.16

Volume, capacity

cu ft
U.K. gal
U.S. gal

m3
L
L

0.028317
4.546092
3.785412

Plane angle

deg (0)

rad

Time

min

Mass

lbm

kg

Temperature (traditional)

Pressure

lbf/in2(psi)
N/m2
at (kp/cm2)
bar

bar
Pa
bar
Pa

0.068947
1.
1.0197
105

Density (liquids)

lbm/U.S. gal
lbm/U.K. gal
lbm/ft

kg/m3
kg/m3
kg/m3

119.8264
99.77633
16.01846

Density (solids)

lbm/ft3

kg/m3

16.01846

Throughput (mass basis)

lbm/hr

kg/h

0.453592

Throughput (volume basis)

bbl/D
ft3/D
U.K. gal/min
U.S. gal/min

m3/h
m3/h
L/min
L/min

0.006624
0.001179
4.546092
3.785412

Flow rate (volume basis)

U.K. gal/min
U.S. gal/min

L/min
L/min

4.546092
3.785412

ft3/min

m3/min

0.028314

Energy work

Btu
ft-lbf
lbf-ft
K N-m

kWh
kJ
kJ
kJ

0.000293
0.001356
0.001356
1.

Power

hydraulic horse
power-hhp
hp (electric)
Btu/hr

kW

0.746043

kW
W

0.746
0.293071

Fuel consumption

mile/U.S. gal
mile/U.K. gal

km/L
km/L

0.425144
0.354066

Velocity (linear) speed

ft/min
in/s

m/s
mm/s

0.005080
25.4

Rotational frequency

rev/s
rev/min

rev/s
rev/s

1.0
0.016666

0.017453
60
0.453592
(0F-32)
1.8

Weight/length

lb/ft

kg/m

1.488164

Force

lbf
kg-m/sec2

N
N

4.448222
1.

Bending moment torque

lbf-ft

Nm

Section modulus

cu in

mm3

Stress

kgf/mm2
lbf/in2 (psi)

N/mm2
N/mm2

10

1.355818
2831685
9.806650
0.006895

Drill Pipe with


Double Shoulder Connections
Box

Hardbanding

Pipe

External Upset

Tool Joint

Elevator Shoulder

Internal Upset

Internal Coating

Grant Prideco
Double Shoulder Connection

Primary Shoulder
Provides seal and
preload just as
on conventional
tool joint.

Pin Base
Pin base extends
in spring-like
manner when joint
is bucked up to
recommended
make-up torque.

Secondary
Shoulder
When joint is hand
tight, secondary
shoulders do not
contact. When joint
is bucked up to
recommended
make-up torque,
they do contact.

Box Counterbore
Section
Box counterbore
section compresses
in spring-like manner
when joint is bucked
up to recommended
make-up torque.

Pin Nose

11

DOUBLE
SHOULDER
CONNECTIONS

Pin

Weld

Types of Grant Prideco Double


Shoulder Connections
There are three types of double shoulder connections
offered by Grant Prideco.
HI TORQUE (HT) First generation double shoulder connection providing approximately 40% more
torque capacity than API connections of equivalent
dimensions. Not interchangeable with API connections.
eXtreme Torque (XT ) Second generation double
shoulder connection providing approximately 70%
more torque capacity than API connections of equivalent dimensions. Not interchangeable with API
connections. Two primary differences exist between
HT and XT connections: 1) XT has a flatter taper
and 2) XT has increased thread root radii.
o eXtreme Torque with Metal-To-Metal Seal (XTM) Industry first gas tight pressure rated rotary
shoulder connection achieved through a 15 metalto-metal (M-T-M) seal on the pin nose. Provides
torque capacity similar to that of XT connections.
Not interchangeable with API connections.

Grant Prideco Double Shoulder (GPDS)


Double shoulder connection which is interchangeable with API connections and provides 20-50%
more torque capacity than API connections of
equivalent dimensions.
The below figure illustrates the taper difference between
HT and XT connections.

HT

XT

12

HT Tool Joint Make-up Torque Chart


Recommended Maximum
Type
Connection

2 3/8 HTSLH90

2 7/8 HTPAC

HT26

HT31

HT38

HT40

HT46

HT50

HT55

HT65

Box
OD
(in)

Pin
ID
(in)

Make-up
Torque
(ft-lb)

3 3/8
3 1/8
3 1/8
3 1/8
3 1/4
3 3/16
3 1/8
3 5/8
3 5/8
3 5/8
3 1/2
3 3/8
4 1/4
4 1/8
4 1/8
4 1/8
4 1/8
4
5
5
5
4 15/16
4 7/8
4 7/8
4 3/4
4 3/4
4 3/4
5 1/4
5 1/8
5 1/8
5
5
6 1/4
6 1/4
6 5/8
6 5/8
6 5/8
6 5/8
6 1/2
7 3/8
7 1/4
7 1/4
7 1/4
7 1/4
7 1/4
7 1/4
7 1/8
7 1/8
7 1/8
7
7
7
7
7
8

1.815
1 7/16
1 3/4
1.975
1 1/2
1 1/2
1 1/2
1 1/4
1 3/8
1 1/2
1 1/2
1 3/4
1 3/4
1 7/8
2
2 1/8
2 5/32
2 5/32
2 5/16
2 7/16
2 9/16
2 9/16
2 7/16
2 9/16
2 7/16
2 9/16
2 11/16
2 13/16
2 9/16
2 11/16
2 7/16
2 9/16
3
3 1/4
3
3 1/4
3 1/2
3 3/4
3 1/2
4
3
3 1/4
3 1/2
3 3/4
3 7/8
4
3 1/4
3 7/8
4
3
3 1/4
3 1/2
3 3/4
4
5

6,300
6,800
5,600
4,600
5,200
5,100
5,100
9,200
8,700
7,900
7,300
5,200
14,000
11,900
11,300
10,000
9,600
8,900
21,700
19,800
17,700
17,700
19,300
17,700
17,000
16,100
15,200
19,200
21,100
20,100
19,600
18,600
34,600
28,500
53,300
46,800
39,700
32,000
39,600
46,800
72,000
69,000
63,900
55,600
51,200
46,700
64,200
51,100
46,500
62,500
59,500
56,300
52,600
46,300
59,800

Note: Applies to drill pipe and HWDP tool joints.

13

XT Tool Joint Make-up


Torque Chart
Recommended Maximum

Type
Connection
XT24
XT26
XT29

XT31

XT38

XT39

XT40
XT46

XT50

XT54
XT55

XT57

XT65
XT69

Box
OD
(in)

Pin
ID
(in)

XT
Make-up
Torque
(ft-lb)

3 1/8
3 1/2
3 1/2
3 1/2
3 3/4
4 1/8
4 1/8
4
4
4
4
4 7/8
4 13/16
4 3/4
4 3/4
4 3/4
5
5
5
5
4 15/16
4 15/16
4 29/32
4 29/32
4 7/8
4 7/8
4 7/8
4 7/8
5 1/4
5 1/4
5 1/4
6 1/4
6 5/8
6 5/8
6 1/2
6 1/2
6 1/2
6 3/8
6 3/8
6 3/4
6 5/8
7 3/8
7
7 3/8
7 1/4
7 1/4
7 1/4
7 1/4
7 1/4
7 1/4
7 1/8
7 1/8
7
7
7
7
8
8 1/2

1 1/2
1 1/4
1 1/2
1 3/4
2
1 7/8
2
2
2 1/8
2 5/32
2 3/8
2 9/16
2 9/16
2 7/16
2 9/16
2 11/16
2 9/16
2 11/16
2 13/16
2 7/8
2 9/16
2 13/16
2 3/4
2 13/16
2 9/16
2 11/16
2 3/4
2 13/16
2 11/16
2 13/16
3
3 1/4
3 1/2
3 3/4
2 3/4
3 1/2
3 3/4
3 1/2
3 3/4
4
4
3 5/8
4
3 1/4
3 3/16
3 1/4
3 1/2
3 3/4
4
4 1/4
3 1/4
4 1/4
3 1/2
3 3/4
4
4 1/4
5
5 1/4

5,700
9,900
8,900
6,900
9,000
14,000
12,700
12,200
11,200
10,800
7,900
18,900
18,800
20,500
18,800
16,600
24,500
22,200
19,800
18,600
23,400
19,800
21,000
19,800
22,200
21,200
20,700
19,800
28,800
26,400
22,400
42,100
54,400
46,400
61,600
52,800
46,200
48,700
45,100
52,000
49,900
72,200
58,100
90,000
85,700
84,900
81,900
76,300
66,900
56,900
79,900
56,800
71,600
67,900
63,700
56,600
81,200
100,300

Note: Applies to drill pipe and HWDP tool joints.

14

XT-M Tool Joint Make-up


Torque Chart
Recommended Maximum

Type
Connection
XT-M26
XT-M31
XT-M34
XT-M38

XT-M39
XT-M40
XT-M43
XT-M46
XT-M50

XT-M57
XT-M65
XT-M69

Box
OD
(in)

Pin
ID
(in)

XT-M
Make-up
Torque
(ft-lb)

3 3/8
4
4
3 7/8
4 1/4
4 3/4
4 3/4
5
5
5
4 7/8
5 1/4
5 1/4
5 1/4
6 1/4
6 5/8
6 1/2
6 1/4
6 1/4
7 1/4
7
7
8
8 1/2

1 3/4
2
2 1/8
2 1/8
2 9/16
2 9/16
2 11/16
2 7/16
2 9/16
2 13/16
2 11/16
2 11/16
3
3 1/4
3
3 1/2
3 3/4
3 1/2
3 5/8
4 1/4
4 1/8
4 1/4
5
5 1/4

5,800
10,800
9,700
8,500
9,500
16,700
14,500
23,300
22,300
17,700
18,900
26,200
23,500
19,500
45,100
50,300
42,100
40,700
38,900
51,900
56,500
51,600
74,600
92,900

Note: Applies to drill pipe and HWDP tool joints.

15

GPDS Tool Joint Make-up


Torque Chart
Recommended Maximum
Type
Connection

GPDS26
GPDS31

GPDS38

GPDS40

GPDS46

GPDS50

GPDS55

GPDS65

Box
OD
(in)

Pin
ID
(in)

Make-up
Torque
(ft-lb)

3 1/2
3 1/2
3 1/2
4 1/8
4 1/8
5
5
4 7/8
4 7/8
4 3/4
4 3/4
5 1/4
5 1/4
5 1/4
5
5
6 1/2
6
6
6
6 5/8
6 5/8
6 5/8
6 1/2
6 1/2
6 1/2
6 3/8
7 1/4
7 1/4
7 1/8
7
7
7
8 1/4
8
8

1 3/4
1 11/16
1 5/8
2
1 7/8
2 7/16
2 9/16
2 7/16
2 9/16
2 1/8
2 1/2
2 7/16
2 9/16
2 11/16
2 7/16
2 9/16
3 1/2
2 3/4
3
3 1/4
2 3/4
3
3 1/4
3 1/4
3 1/2
3 3/4
3 1/4
3 3/4
4 1/8
3 3/4
3 1/2
3 3/4
4
4 3/4
4 15/16
4 7/8

5,300
5,800
6,300
10,300
10,900
17,500
15,500
17,100
15,400
16,900
14,500
22,800
21,900
19,600
17,800
16,900
18,800
36,400
31,800
25,700
54,400
49,700
43,300
43,100
36,100
28,500
41,200
53,800
40,100
53,600
53,900
50,300
44,500
71,400
61,200
64,500

Note: Applies to drill pipe and HWDP tool joints.

16

The following sections provide general guidelines for running


and handling double shoulder connections. Connection-specific running and handling procedures are available direct from
Grant Prideco and can be downloaded from
www.grantprideco.com.

Tool Joint Break-in


Most drill pipe connections are broken-in during manufacture. The following break-in procedure is recommended for connections which have not been broken-in
during manufacture.
Step 1:

Make the joints up to the maximum recommended make-up torque, and then break
them out. If the break-out torque is less
than the make-up torque, the joints do not
have to be separated.

Step 2:

Make the joints up again to the same


make-up torque and break them out.
Separate the pin and box and reapply
thread compound.

Step 3:

Make the joints up again to the same makeup torque and they are ready for service.

Note:

The break-out torque should be less than


the make-up torque. If the break-out torque
is more than the make-up torque, separate
the joints and inspect them for damage.

Picking Up Pipe with Double Shoulder


Connections for the First Time
Visually examine the thread protectors for damage
such as dents or crushing. If any thread protectors are
damaged, inspect the threads on that joint for damage.
If the joints were shipped to the rig with rust preventive
on the threads, it must be removed. Use soap and
water, steam or a vapor degreasing solvent such as
Varsol. No residue should remain on the threads after
cleaning.
If the joints were shipped to the rig with thread compound, it is not necessary to remove the thread compound unless there is a problem suspected.
Inspect the threads for damage or for foreign material.
Before the joints are put in service, the threads, the primary make-up shoulders and secondary make-up
shoulders must be coated with a good quality rotary
shouldered connection thread compound.

17

Special Considerations When Running


XT and XT-M Connections
Check to ensure the counterbalance on the top
drive is working properly and provides a minimum
amount of weight applied to the connection during
make-up.
Ensure the bore through the top drive bell stabbing
guide (top drive flipper) is no more than 1/2" larger
in diameter than the box tool joint diameter.
Because of the flatter taper, XT and XT-M pins do
not stab as deeply into the box as do HT, GPDS
and API connections. Alignment of the pin to the
box when stabbing and spinning up is more critical
for XT and XT-M connections. A stabbing guide is
required when running XT and XT-M connections,
and alignment should be verified before spinning
up.
Proper alignment, along with slow initial make-up of
the starting threads, is necessary with XT and XT-M
connections. Use chain tongs or slow speed spinners when spinning in the starting threads. Highspeed spinners may be used after the starting
threads are engaged.
Minor thread damage may occur within the starting
threads. This is not detrimental to the connection
and should be removed with a soft grinding wheel
or a file.

18

Application of Thread Compound to


Double Shoulder Connections
All contacting surfaces, the threads, the primary
shoulders, secondary shoulders and 15 M-T-M seal
(XT-M), must be coated with a good quality rotary
shoulder connection thread compound. Copperbased thread compounds are recommended.
Some drilling fluids or drilling fluid additives may
affect the frictional properties of the tool joint and
thread compound. If this is the case, rinse the drilling
fluid off the connections before applying thread compound.
Remove drilling fluid from the secondary shoulder
and 15 M-T-M seal (XT-M) of the box before making
up the connection for the trip in the hole. Trapped
drilling fluid can promote corrosion of the secondary
shoulders.
Racking the pipe will wipe thread compound off the
pin nose. If pins are doped coming out of the hole,
reapply compound to the secondary shoulder before
the connections are made up.
NOTE: For XT-M connections, localized corrosion or pitting
may occur on the 15 M-T-M seal if racked back without
thread compound applied to it. This is more common with
completion fluids than common drilling fluids. Apply a liberal and even coat of quality thread compound to the 15 seal
when racking back XT-M connections.

Primary
Shoulder

Threads
Secondary
Shoulder
15 M-T-M
Seal

19

Tonging, Proper Gripping of the Box


During Make-up
Tongs should be placed at least 2 inches from the
make-up shoulder on XT boxes size 46 and greater,
all HT and all XT-M boxes. These are considered
"long" double shoulder connections. This is not
required for XT boxes less than 46 and all GPDS
boxes.
The threads of a long double shoulder box are about
1-1/2 inches further away from the makeup shoulder
than the threads of an API box. Tongs or top drive
torque wrenches should engage these long double
shoulder boxes at the same location in relation to the
threads that they would engage an API joint.
On the Varco BJ PH85 pipe handler torque wrench,
this can be accomplished by decreasing the length of
the saver sub from 7 inches to 5-1/2 inches. This will
put the tong dies 2 inches from the box make-up
shoulder.
Back-up tongs should always be used

2 inches

Recommended
Tonging Area

20

Tong Height
Bucking up tool joints with tongs can put high bending loads in the pipe.
Review the IADC Drilling Manual Latest Edition,
or Tong Height Figure in API RP 7G Latest Edition
about height of tool joint above slips to prevent
bending pipe during tonging.

H max

21

Alignment when Making up


Connections
Galling and other damage can occur during stabbing and spinning connections up.
A stand of pipe can weigh between 1,500 lbs and
2,300 lbs. At initial contact, the weight could be
supported by the sharp edge of one thread against
the flank of the mating thread. This can cause high
contact stresses and wipe the thread compound off.
Slight misalignment of the pin and box can cause
further increases in the stresses when spinning up.
The whipping action of spinning pipe can cause
high loads on threads.
NOTE: Alignment of the pin to the box when stabbing and spinning up is more critical for XT and
XT-M connections. A stabbing guide is required
when running XT and XT-M connections and alignment should be verified before spinning up.

Box

Pin

Contact of sharp edge of


pin thread on box flank

Tripping
Alternate breaks when tripping so that each joint
will be broken-out every third trip.
Monitor break-out torque.
The break-out torque should be less than the makeup torque. High break-out torque is an indication of
downhole make-up or thread damage.
Do not let the end of the pin strike the box make-up
shoulder when stabbing the pin in the box.
Stabbing guides are required for XT and XT-M connections and recommended for HT and GPDS
connections.

22

Standing Pipe Back


Using normal drill pipe care and handling practices,
no special care is required to protect the pin nose
when standing the pipe back. The pin nose is not a
seal. Minor damage to the pin nose from standing
the pipe back does not affect the connections performance.
It is not necessary to use thread protectors when
standing the pipe back.
Do not use pressed steel thread protectors when
standing the pipe back. They could allow the
weight of the stand to be supported by the primary
make-up shoulder of the connection on the sharp
edge of the thread protectors.
Apply a liberal and even coat of quality thread compound to the 15 M-T-M seal when racking back
XT-M connections.

Sharp edge of
thread protector
can damage
shoulder.

23

Downhole Make-up
Downhole make-up can be detected by high breakout torque. The break-out torque should be less than
the make-up torque.
If downhole make-up is suspected, punch mark the
pin and box next to the make-up shoulders when tripping into the hole (after the connection is made up).
If downhole make-up occurs, the position of the
punch marks will change.
Downhole make-up can cause
Compressed box counterbores
Compressed pin noses

Milled Hardness Flat


Punch marks

Apply punch marks in line


with hardness flat to make
them easier to find.

24

The following sections provide information and general guidelines regarding the field inspection of Grant Prideco double
shoulder connections and are not intended to replace Grant
Prideco Field Inspection Procedures and Drawings.
Connection type-specific Field Inspection Procedures and
connection type and size-specific Field Inspection Drawings
are available direct from Grant Prideco and can be downloaded from www.grantprideco.com.

Make-up Shoulder and


Bevel Diameter
The primary make-up shoulders provide the seal for
the connection (HT, XT and GPDS). For XT-M,
the primary seal is the 15 M-T-M seal and the backup seal is the primary make-up shoulder.
The primary make-up shoulders and 15 M-T-M seal
(XT-M) should be inspected frequently using current
Grant Prideco Field Inspection Procedures for the
applicable connection type.
Proper operation and correct shoulder loads depend
on the pin length and box depth of double shoulder
connections being within specifications. The pin
length and box depth are shown on the Field
Inspection Drawing for the particular size and type
connection.
No more than 1/32 inch should be removed from
either the primary or secondary make-up shoulder at
any one refacing. No more than 1/16 inch cumulatively should be removed from either the primary or
secondary make-up shoulder. The correct pin length
and box depth must be maintained when resurfacing
make-up shoulders.
The Grant Prideco benchmark is a reference for
checking how much material has been removed
from make-up shoulders.
The surface finish of the primary make-up shoulder
should be 150 RMS or less.
When Grant Prideco double shoulder connections
are refaced, the bevel does not need to be remachined.

25

The pin nose is not a seal, it is a mechanical stop.


The pin nose must be free of raised metal or other
imperfections that could prevent proper make up or
cause galling. Pin nose damage can be repaired
with a hand file.

Pin

Box

26

Checking Pin Length


The pin length can be checked with a dial indicator
or depth micrometers. If the pin length is short by
1/32 inch or less, the pin can be repaired by resurfacing the primary shoulder.
If the pin length is short by more than 1/32 inch, the
pin must be recut.
If the pin length is too long by 1/32 inch or less, the
pin can be repaired by resurfacing the pin nose.
If the pin length is too long by more than1/32 inch,
the pin must be recut.

A Go/No Go gauge can be provided by Grant Prideco to


field check double shoulder connections primary shoulder to secondary shoulder pin length and box depth. The
gauge does not provide dimensional information on the
pin length or box depth.

If the pin nose does not contact the gauge when used
as shown in the figure, the length should be inspected
with measuring instruments that determine the actual
distance between the shoulders.

27

Checking Box Depth


The box depth can be checked with a dial indicator
or depth micrometers. If the box depth is short by
1/32 inch or less, the box can be repaired by resurfacing the secondary shoulder.
If the box depth is short by more than 1/32 inch, the
box must be recut.
If the box depth is too long by 1/32 inch or less, the
box can be repaired by resurfacing the primary
shoulder.
If the box depth is too long by more than 1/32 inch,
the box must be recut.

A Go/No Go gauge can be provided by Grant Prideco to


field check double shoulder connections primary shoulder to secondary shoulder pin length and box depth. The
gauge does not provide dimensional information on the
pin length or box depth.

If the primary shoulder does not contact the gauge


when used as shown in the figure, the depth should be
inspected with measuring instruments that determine
the actual distance between the shoulders.

28

Special Considerations When


Inspecting XT and XT-M
Connections
The stab flank to crest radius of the starting four to
five threads of the pin and box connections round off
during break-in and normal operation. Minor thread
damage may occur within these starting threads.
This is not detrimental to the connection and should
be removed with a soft grinding wheel or a file.
The XT-M connection contains a 15 M-T-M seal near
the pin and box secondary shoulders. This is the primary sealing surface for the connection.
o Round pit type defects up to 1/32 inch in
diameter and not exceeding 1/32 inch in
depth are permissible.
o Multiple pits of this type are acceptable
provided there is at least 1 inch
circumferential separation between them.
o Circumferential lines or marks are
acceptable provided they cannot be
detected by rubbing a fingernail across the
surface.
o Areas highlighted in the figure below are the
non-contacting areas of the seal. Damage
or pitting is permitted in these areas of the
seal, provided the balance of the contact
surface is without damage exceeding the
requirements above.
o XT-M connections may not be refaced.
Damages exceeding requirements for the
threads, seal and/or shoulder faces require
the connection to be faced/chased.

Box Seal
0.188

0.060
0.060

Pin Seal
29

30

Thread Form

Pin Cylinder
Dia

Pin
Length

Nose
Dia

Bevel
Dia

Field Inspection Drawing, Pin

Thread
Form

90V 084
V 076S
V 038R
V 038R
V 038R
V 038R
V 038R
V 038R
V 050
V 050

Connection

2 3/8 HTSLH90
2 7/8 HTPAC
HT26
HT31
HT38
HT40
HT46
HT50
HT55
HT65

Pin
Length
(in)
4.429 - 4.438
4.821 - 4.830
5.156 - 5.165
5.334 - 5.343
5.496 - 5.505
6.267 - 6.276
6.282 - 6.291
6.150 - 6.159
7.338 - 7.347
7.491 - 7.500

Bevel
Dia
(in)
2.984 - 3.141
3.047 - 3.204
3.296 - 3.453
3.937 - 4.094
4.637 - 4.794
4.859 - 5.016
5.829 - 5.986
6.124 - 6.281
6.857 - 7.014
7.547 - 7.704
Pin Cylinder
Dia
(in)
2.607 - 2.653
2.406 - 2.452
2.719 - 2.765
3.360 - 3.406
3.880 - 3.926
4.125 - 4.171
4.678 - 4.724
5.094 - 5.140
5.689 - 5.735
6.616 - 6.662
Nose
Dia
(in)
2.216 - 2.263
1.967 - 2.014
2.109 - 2.156
2.574 - 2.621
3.172 - 3.219
3.306 - 3.353
3.859 - 3.906
4.297 - 4.344
4.666 - 4.713
5.566 - 5.613

HT Field Inspection
Dimensions, Pin

31

Thread
Form

V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R

Connection

XT24
XT26
XT29
XT30
XT31
XT34
XT38
XT39
XT40
XT43
XT46
XT50
XT54
XT55
XT57
XT61
XT65
XT69

Pin
Length
(in)
3.210 - 3.219
3.116 - 3.125
3.647 - 3.656
3.366 - 3.375
3.991 - 4.000
4.147 - 4.156
4.616 - 4.625
4.491 - 4.500
4.491 - 4.500
3.647 - 3.656
7.491 - 7.500
7.291 - 7.300
6.991 - 7.000
7.241 - 7.250
7.241 - 7.250
6.241 - 6.250
8.241 - 8.250
7.804 - 7.813
Bevel
Dia
(in)
2.984 - 3.141
3.203 - 3.360
3.578 - 3.735
3.703 - 3.860
3.859 - 4.016
4.109 - 4.266
4.547 - 4.704
4.770 - 4.927
5.000 - 5.157
5.047 - 5.204
5.918 - 6.075
6.302 - 6.459
6.453 - 6.610
6.857 - 7.014
6.705 - 6.862
6.961 - 7.118
7.703 - 7.860
7.797 - 7.954
Pin Cylinder
Dia
(in)
2.490 - 2.536
2.728 - 2.774
3.029 - 3.075
3.174 - 3.220
3.235 - 3.281
3.535 - 3.581
3.844 - 3.890
4.026 - 4.072
4.234 - 4.280
4.385 - 4.431
4.920 - 4.966
5.306 - 5.352
5.564 - 5.610
5.680 - 5.726
5.806 - 5.852
6.213 - 6.259
6.681 - 6.727
7.056 - 7.102
Nose
Dia
(in)
2.067 - 2.114
2.309 - 2.356
2.589 - 2.636
2.740 - 2.787
2.740 - 2.787
3.063 - 3.110
3.332 - 3.378
3.531 - 3.578
3.735 - 3.782
3.927 - 3.974
4.321 - 4.368
4.743 - 4.790
5.020 - 5.067
5.101 - 5.148
5.262 - 5.309
5.530 - 5.577
6.074 - 6.121
6.476 - 6.523

XT Field Inspection
Dimensions, Pin

32

Thread
Form

V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R

Connection

XT-M24
XT-M26
XT-M29
XT-M31
XT-M34
XT-M38
XT-M39
XT-M40
XT-M43
XT-M46
XT-M50
XT-M57
XT-M61
XT-M65
XT-M69

Pin
Length
(in)
5.054 - 5.063
4.991 - 5.000
5.491 - 5.500
5.866 - 5.875
5.991 - 6.000
6.491 - 6.500
6.241 - 6.250
6.491 - 6.500
5.616 - 5.625
7.491 - 7.500
7.291 - 7.300
7.241 - 7.250
6.241 - 6.250
8.241 - 8.250
7.804 - 7.813
Bevel
Dia
(in)
2.984 - 3.141
3.203 - 3.360
3.578 - 3.735
3.859 - 4.016
4.078 - 4.235
4.547 - 4.704
4.770 - 4.927
5.000 - 5.157
5.047 - 5.204
5.918 - 6.075
6.302 - 6.459
6.705 - 6.862
6.961 - 7.118
7.703 - 7.860
7.797 - 7.954
Pin Cylinder
Dia
(in)
2.490 - 2.536
2.728 - 2.774
3.029 - 3.075
3.235 - 3.281
3.535 - 3.581
3.844 - 3.890
4.026 - 4.072
4.234 - 4.280
4.385 - 4.431
4.920 - 4.966
5.306 - 5.352
5.806 - 5.852
6.213 - 6.259
6.681 - 6.727
7.056 - 7.102
Nose
Dia
(in)
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA

XT-M Field Inspection


Dimensions, Pin

33

Thread
Form

V 038R
V 038R
V 038R
V 038R
V 038R
V 038R
V 050
V050

Connection

GPDS26
GPDS31
GPDS38
GPDS40
GPDS46
GPDS50
GPDS55
GPDS65

Pin
Length
(in)
3.372 - 3.382
3.884 - 3.894
4.396 - 4.406
4.907 - 4.918
4.907 - 4.918
4.907 - 4.918
5.419 - 5.430
5.419 - 5.430

Bevel
Dia
(in)
3.250 - 3.407
3.937 - 4.094
4.562 - 4.719
5.000 - 5.157
5.703 - 5.860
6.047 - 6.204
6.703 - 6.860
7.687 - 7.844
Pin Cylinder
Dia
(in)
2.719 - 2.765
3.235 - 3.281
3.860 - 3.906
4.125 - 4.171
4.678 - 4.724
5.104 - 5.150
5.688 - 5.734
6.616 - 6.620
Nose
Dia
(in)
1.985 - 2.031
2.423 - 2.469
2.954 - 3.000
3.141 - 3.187
3.688 - 3.734
4.110 - 4.156
4.548 - 4.594
5.469 - 5.515

GPDS Field Inspection


Dimensions, Pin

34

Box Depth

C Bore
Dia

35

C Bore Wall

Bevel
Dia

Field Inspection Drawing, Box

Thread
Form

90V 084
V 076S
V 038R
V 038R
V 038R
V 038R
V 038R
V 038R
V 050
V050

Connection

2 3/8 HTSLH90
2 7/8 HTPAC
HT26
HT31
HT38
HT40
HT46
HT50
HT55
HT65

Box
Depth
(in)
4.443 - 4.448
4.835 - 4.840
5.168 - 5.173
5.351 - 5.356
5.510 - 5.515
6.281 - 6.286
6.296 - 6.301
6.164 - 6.169
7.352 - 7.357
7.504 - 7.509

Bevel
Dia
(in)
2.984 - 3.141
3.047 - 3.204
3.296 - 3.453
3.937 - 4.094
4.637 - 4.794
4.859 - 5.016
5.829 - 5.986
6.124 - 6.281
6.857 - 7.014
7.547 - 7.704
Counter bore
Dia
(in)
2.727 - 2.789
2.539 - 2.601
2.907 - 2.969
3.422 - 3.484
4.047 - 4.109
4.313 - 4.375
4.875 - 4.937
5.282 - 5.344
5.875 - 5.937
6.813 - 6.875
Minimum
CBore Wall
(in)
0.094
0.188
0.188
0.188
0.313
0.313
0.313
0.313
0.313
0.313

HT Field Inspection
Dimensions, Box

36

Thread
Form

V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R

Connection

XT24
XT26
XT29
XT30
XT31
XT34
XT38
XT39
XT40
XT43
XT46
XT50
XT54
XT55
XT57
XT61
XT65
XT69

Box
Depth
(in)
3.217 - 3.222
3.123 - 3.128
3.654 - 3.659
3.373 - 3.378
3.998 - 4.003
4.154 - 4.159
4.623 - 4.628
4.498 - 4.503
4.498 - 4.503
3.654 - 3.659
7.505 - 7.510
7.305 - 7.310
7.005 - 7.010
7.255 - 7.260
7.255 - 7.260
6.255 - 6.260
8.255 - 8.260
7.818 - 7.823
Bevel
Dia
(in)
2.984 - 3.141
3.203 - 3.360
3.578 - 3.735
3.703 - 3.860
3.859 - 4.016
4.109 - 4.266
4.547 - 4.704
4.770 - 4.927
5.000 - 5.157
5.047 - 5.204
5.918 - 6.075
6.302 - 6.459
6.453 - 6.610
6.857 - 7.014
6.705 - 6.862
6.961 - 7.118
7.703 - 7.860
7.767 - 7.954
Counter bore
Dia
(in)
2.593 - 2.655
2.831 - 2.893
3.132 - 3.194
3.267 - 3.329
3.342 - 3.404
3.638 - 3.700
3.947 - 4.009
4.121 - 4.183
4.324 - 4.386
4.488 - 4.550
5.071 - 5.133
5.409 - 5.471
5.667 - 5.729
5.783 - 5.845
5.909 - 5.971
6.316 - 6.378
6.784 - 6.846
7.159 - 7.221
Minimum
CBore Wall
(in)
0.188
0.188
0.188
0.188
0.188
0.188
0.250
0.250
0.250
0.313
0.313
0.313
0.313
0.313
0.313
0.313
0.313
0.313

XT Field Inspection
Dimensions, Box

37

Thread
Form

V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R
V 042R

Connection

XT-M24
XT-M26
XT-M29
XT-M31
XT-M34
XT-M38
XT-M39
XT-M40
XT-M43
XT-M46
XT-M50
XT-M57
XT-M61
XT-M65
XT-M69

Box
Depth
(in)
5.068 - 5.073
5.005 - 5.010
5.505 - 5.510
5.880 - 5.885
6.005 - 6.010
6.505 - 6.510
6.255 - 6.260
6.505 - 6.510
5.630 - 5.635
7.505 - 7.510
7.305 - 7.310
7.255 - 7.260
6.255 - 6.260
8.255 - 8.260
7.818 - 7.823
Bevel
Dia
(in)
2.984 - 3.141
3.203 - 3.360
3.578 - 3.735
3.859 - 4.016
4.078 - 4.235
4.547 - 4.704
4.770 - 4.927
5.000 - 5.157
5.047 - 5.204
5.918 - 6.075
6.302 - 6.459
6.705 - 6.862
6.961 - 7.118
7.703 - 7.860
7.797 - 7.954
Counter bore
Dia
(in)
2.593 - 2.655
2.831 - 2.893
3.132 - 3.194
3.342 - 3.404
3.638 - 3.700
3.947 - 4.009
4.129 - 4.191
4.324 - 4.386
4.488 - 4.550
5.071 - 5.133
5.409 - 5.471
5.909 - 5.971
6.316 - 6.378
6.784 - 6.846
7.159 - 7.221
Minimum
CBore Wall
(in)
0.188
0.188
0.188
0.188
0.250
0.250
0.250
0.250
0.313
0.313
0.313
0.313
0.313
0.313
0.313

XT-M Field Inspection


Dimensions, Box

38

Thread
Form

V 038R
V 038R
V 038R
V 038R
V 038R
V 038R
V 050
V050

Connection

GPDS26
GPDS31
GPDS38
GPDS40
GPDS46
GPDS50
GPDS55
GPDS65

Box
Depth
(in)
3.380 - 3.391
3.892 - 3.903
4.404 - 4.415
4.915 - 4.927
4.915 - 4.927
4.915 - 4.927
5.427 - 5.439
5.427 - 5.439

Bevel
Dia
(in)
3.250 - 3.407
3.937 - 4.094
4.562 - 4.719
5.000 - 5.157
5.703 - 5.860
6.047 - 6.204
6.703 - 6.860
7.687 - 7.844
Counter bore
Dia
(in)
2.899 - 2.961
3.414 - 3.476
4.039 - 4.101
4.305 - 4.367
4.867 - 4.929
5.274 - 5.336
5.867 - 5.929
6.805 - 6.867
Minimum
CBore Wall
(in)
0.188
0.188
0.250
0.250
0.313
0.313
0.313
0.313

GPDS Field Inspection


Dimensions, Box

39

40

Heavy Weight Drill Pipe

Conventional HWDP Developed to provide a gradual transition from the heavy drill collar to the relatively
lightweight drill pipe.
Conventional Heavy Weight Drill Pipe

180

24

B
Elevator Upset
Diameter

C
Wear Section
Upset
Diameter

26
31
Nominal
Length

A
Nominal Size
B
Upset Diameter

D
Tool Joint OD

180

41

24

HEAVY WEIGHT
DRILL PIPE

Heavy weight drill pipe (HWDP) was developed to provide a


gradual transition from heavy drill collars to relatively lightweight drill pipe. By providing a gradual change in weight and
rigidity, HWDP reduces connection fatigue problems and
increases drill stem service life. And because it bends more
easily than drill collars, it simplifies directional control in highangle and horizontal drilling. HWDP has less wall contact
than drill collars, reducing differential sticking tendencies.
Spiraled HWDP configurations further decrease differential
sticking tendency while helping to remove cuttings out of the
annulus. Grant Prideco offers three types of HWDP configurations to meet the challenge of severe drilling conditions.

Heavy Weight Drill Pipe


Tri-Spiral HWDP Developed for high-angle applications such as extended reach and horizontal drilling.
- Equally spaced, three spiral upset design helps
improve cuttings removal, reduce differential sticking
tendencies and torque and drag.

Tri-Spiral Heavy Weight Drill Pipe

D
Box Tool
Joint

24

B
Elevator Upset
Diameter
C
Spiral Upset

26
31
Nominal
Length

C
Center
Spiral Upset

26

C
Spiral Upset

26

A
Nominal Size
B
Upset Diameter

D
Pin Tool
Joint

24

42

Heavy Weight Drill Pipe


Spiral-Wate HWDP Designed to handle maximum
stress to save time and reduce drilling costs, especially
in tough drilling environments.
- Unique patented spiral design reduces differential
sticking problems, minimizes wear and improves
circulation. Features more weight per joint and better
hole cleaning characteristics than standard HWDP.

Spiral-Wate Heavy Weight Drill Pipe


D
Box Tool
Joint

24

B
Elevator Upset
Diameter

42

31
Nominal
Length

C
Spiral
Upset

214

A
Nominal
Size

11

D
Pin Tool
Joint

24

43

44

1.063

0.938

1.125

1.000

0.875

0.719

0.625

0.719

0.688

Wall
Thickness
(in)

18.574

14.542

15.463

12.566

9.965

7.411

5.645

6.282

4.727

Area
(in2)

22.476

15.630

14.342

10.681

7.698

5.225

3.490

3.702

2.161

7 1/8

6 3/8

1/
2

4 1/2

3 5/16

Cen.
S
Upset
Section
Dia.
Modulus
[C]
(in3)
(in)

6 5/16

5 11/16

1/
8

4 11/16

4 3/16

3 7/8

3 7/8

2 15/16

End
Upset
Dia.
[B]
(in)

NOTE: 2 7/8 HWDP is manufactured integral only (non-welded).

5 7/8

3 1/4

5 1/2

1/
2

5/
8

2 3/4

4 1/2

3 1/2

2 9/16

2 1/4

3 1/2

1 1/2

2 1/16

2 7/8

ID
(in)

Nominal
Size
(in)

Nominal Tube
Dimensions

Tube

1,021,600

799,800

850,400

691,200

548,100

407,600

310,500

345,400

520,000

Tensile
Yield
(lb)

118,900

82,700

75,900

56,500

40,700

27,600

18,500

19,600

22,400

Torsional
Yield
(ft-lb)

Mechanical
Properties Tube

6 5/8 FH

XT57

5 1/2 FH
HT55

NC50 (4
IF)
HT50

1/
2

NC46 (4 IF)

NC40 (4 FH)
XT39

7 1/4

5/
8

6 1/4

5
4

1/
4
7/
8

3/
4
7/
8
7/
8

NC38 (3 1/2 IF)


HT38
XT39
4
4
4

4 3/4

3 3/8

OD
[D]
(in)

4 1/2

3 1/4

2 13/16

2 9/16

2 1/4

2 1/8

1 1/2

ID
(in)

Tool Joint

NC38 (3 1/2 IF)

NC26 (2 3/8 IF)

Connection
Size and
Type

Conventional Heavy Weight Drill Pipe

1,896,100

1,403,100

1,778,300

1,416,200

1,151,100

838,300
729,700

790,900
790,900
871,400

842,400

357,700

Tensile
Yield
(lb)

87,900

106,200

78,700
115,100

57,800
88,800

43,600

27,800
37,000

19,200
34,200
40,700

19,200

6,300

Torsional
Yield
(ft-lb)

Mechanical
Properties
Tool Joint

71.43

57.42

61.63

50.38

41.45

29.92
28.40

23.48
23.96
23.96

25.65

17.26

Per
foot

2,214

1,780

1,911

1,562

1,285

928
880

728
743
743

795

535

Per
Joint
(31 ft)

Approx.
Incl. Tube &
Tool Joints

Weight (lb)

50,500

63,700

41,200
69,000

30,000
53,300

22,500

14,600
22,200

11,500
20,500
24,400

11,500

3,800

Make-up
Torque
(ft-lb)

Dimensional Data - Range II

45

2 3/4

3 1/4

4 1/2

4 1/2

5 1/2

5 7/8

6 5/8

NOTE: 2 7/8 Tri-Spiral

TM

18.574

14.542

15.463

12.566

9.965

7.411

5.645

6.282

4.727

22.476

15.630

14.342

10.681

7.698

5.225

3.490

3.702

2.161

S
Section
Area Modulus
(in2)
(in3)

6 3/8

7 1/8

6 5/16

5 11/16

5 1/8

4 11/16

4 3/16

3 7/8

3 7/8

2 15/16

End
Upset
Dia.
[B]
(in)

5 1/2

4 1/2

3 5/16

Cen.
Upset
Dia.
[C]
(in)

799,800

850,400

691,200

548,100

407,600

310,500

345,400

520,000

Tensile
Yield
(lb)

118,900

82,700

75,900

56,500

40,700

27,600

18,500

19,580

22,400

Torsional
Yield
(ft-lb)

Mechanical
Properties Tube

6 5/8 FH

XT57

5 1/2 FH
HT55

NC50 (4 1/2 IF)


HT50

NC46 (4 IF)

NC40 (4 FH)
XT39

NC38 (3 1/2 IF)


HT38
XT39

NC38 (3 1/2 IF)

NC26 (2 3/8 IF)

Connection
Size and
Type

7 1/4

6 5/8

6 1/4

5 1/4
4 7/8

4 3/4
4 7/8
4 7/8

4 3/4

3 3/8

OD
[D]
(in)

Tool Joint

Tri-SpiralTM Heavy Weight Drill Pipe

1,021,600

is manufactured integral only (non-welded).

1.063

0.938

1.125

1.000

0.875

0.719

2 9/16

0.719

0.688

0.625

3 1/2

2 1/4

1 1/2

2 1/16

2 7/8

Wall
Thickness
(in)

3 1/2

ID
(in)

Nominal
Size
(in)

Nominal Tube
Dimensions

Tube

4 1/2

3 1/4

2 13/16

2 9/16

2 1/4

2 1/8

1 1/2

ID
(in)

1,896,100

1,403,100

1,778,300

1,416,200

1,151,100

838,300
729,700

790,900
790,900
871,400

842,400

357,700

Tensile
Yield
(lb)

87,900

106,200

78,700
115,100

57,800
88,800

43,600

27,800
37,000

19,200
34,200
40,700

19,200

6,300

Torsional
Yield
(ft-lb)

Mechanical
Properties
Tool Joint

74.67

57.42

63.78

52.34

43.31

31.51
29.99

24.88
25.36
25.36

27.05

18.22

Per
foot

2,315

1,780

1,977

1,623

1,343

977
930

771
786
786

839

565

Per
Joint
(31 ft)

Approx.
Incl. Tube &
Tool Joints

Weight (lb)

50,500

63,700

41,200
69,000

30,000
53,300

22,500

14,600
22,200

11,500
20,500
24,400

11,500

3,800

Make-up
Torque
(ft-lb)

Dimensional Data - Range II

46

5 1/2

5 7/8

6 5/8

0.813

0.938

0.750

1.000

0.875

0.719

0.625

0.594

Wall
Thickness
(in)

14.837

14.542

11,192

12.566

9.965

7.411

5.645

4.840

19.285

15.630

11.764

10.681

7.698

5.225

3.490

2.687

S
Section
Area Modulus
(in2)
(in3)

7 1/8

6 3/8

6 3/4

5 5/8

5 1/8

4 5/8

4 1/8

3 5/8

3 3/16

End
Upset
Dia.
[B]
(in)

5 1/2

4 1/2

3 5/16

Cen.
Upset
Dia.
[C]
(in)

816,000

799,800

615,600

691,200

548,100

407,600

310,500

532,400

Tensile
Yield
(lb)

102,000

82,700

62,200

56,500

40,700

27,600

18,500

28,400

Torsional
Yield
(ft-lb)

Mechanical
Properties Tube

6 5/8 FH

XT57

5 1/2 FH
HT55

NC50 (4 1/2 IF)


HT50

NC46 (4 IF)

NC40 (4 FH)
XT39

NC38 (3 1/2 IF)


HT38
XT39

SLH90

Connection
Size and
Type

6 5/8

6 1/4

4 7/8

3 7/8

OD
[D]
(in)

Tool Joint

Spiral-Wate Heavy Weight Drill Pipe

NOTE: 3 3/16 Spiral-WateTM, previously referred to as 2-7/8, is manufactured integral only (non-welded).

2 3/4

4 1/2

3 1/2

2 9/16

2 1/4

3 3/16

ID
(in)

Nominal
Size
(in)

Nominal Tube
Dimensions

Tube

2 13/16

2 9/16

2 1/4

ID
(in)

1,448,400

1,403,100

1,265,800

1,416,200

1,151,100

838,300
729,700

790,900
790,900
871,400

407,000

Tensile
Yield
(lb)

73,700

106,200

55,900
77,200

57,800
88,800

43,600

20,900
40,800

22,900
34,200
40,700

12,000

Torsional
Yield
(ft-lb)

Mechanical
Properties
Tool Joint

73.40

65.38

55.21

59.16

49.53

28.90

30.39

19.48

Per
foot

2,,275

2,027

1,712

1,834

1,535

896

942

604

Per
Joint
(31 ft)

Approx.
Incl. Tube &
Tool Joints

Weight (lb)

38,400

63,700

29,200
46,300

30,000
53,300

22,500

12,600
24,500

13,100
20,500
24,400

6,300

Make-up
Torque
(ft-lb)

Dimensional Data - Range II

Drill Collars
Care And Maintenance
Initial Make Up
Even though quality connections are heavily coated
with phosphate, thread damage is not always prevented. A generous and thorough application of highquality thread dope (40 to 60 percent metallic zinc
minimum) will help prevent galling.
New connections should be walked in with chain
tongs. Always use the recommended make-up torque
for the thread design. Exercise care to maintain
calibrated torque measuring and indicating gauges for
future use. After initial make-up, break-out the connection, visually inspect, redope and make-up two
more times before running in the hole.
Note: Monitor break-out torque, it should be less
than or no greater than make-up torque. If it
is greater, the connection should be cleaned,
inspected and repaired, before it is made up
again.
Use thread protectors on both connections when
handling drill collars. Alternate different joints on each
trip. Clean and inspect the individual connections.
Qualified personnel should periodically conduct a
magnetic particle/black light inspection. Collars that
are left idle or put in storage, should be cleaned,
inspected, repaired and rust-proofed, as necessary
before installing thread protectors.

Field Welding
Extreme caution should be used when welding drill
collar material in the field. This material is high alloy
steel, carefully heat-treated to provide optimum performance. When repair welding or hardbanding, use
proper preheat, interpass and post-heat temperatures
to prevent cracking and metallurgical degradation of
the collar.
Your Grant Prideco authorized repair facility can provide welding repair service to factory specifications to
ensure weld area integrity. Contact your representative today for more information.

47

DRILL
COLLARS

Maintenance

Care And Maintenance


Bending Strength Ratios
Sizes below six inches should have a BSR of 2.25:1
to 2.75:1. Conditions which require high rpm and
small collars compared to the hole size, use 2.25:1 to
2.85:1. For abrasive conditions, use 2.50:1 to 3.00:1.
If the rpm is kept low and the collars are closer to the
hole size, use 2.25:1 to 3.20:1. In corrosive environments, use 2.50:1 to 3.00:1.

Slip and Elevator Recesses

20
A

R
Cold Work
Shoulder Area

16

2
Radius

3
3

1
Radius
Shoulder Area
C
2
Radius

18

48

Materials Mechanical Properties


Drill Collar
Diameter
(in)

Min.
Yield Strength
(psi)

Min.
Tensile Strength
(psi)

Min.
Hardness
(BHN)

31/8 thru 67/8

110,000

140,000

285

7 thru 11

100,000

135,000

285

Slip and Elevator Recess Dimensions


Drill
Collar
Diameter

Elevator
Recess
Diameter

Slip
Recess
Diameter

Elevator
Recess
Radius

A
(in)

B
(in)

C
(in)

R
(in)

4 1/8

4 3/4

11/
16

3 3/4

1/
8

4 1/4

4 3/8

1/
8

4 1/2

4 5/8

1/
8

5 3/8

5 1/2

1/
8

6 1/4

5 5/8

5 3/4

1/
8

6 1/2

5 7/8

1/
8

7 1/4

6 1/2

6 3/4

3/
16

7 3/4

7 1/4

3/
16

7 1/4

7 1/2

3/
16

8 1/4

7 1/2

7 3/4

3/
16

8 1/8

8 1/2

1/
4

9 1/2

8 5/8

1/
4

9 3/4

8 7/8

9 1/4

1/
4

10

9 1/8

91/2

1/
4

11

10 1/8

10 1/2

1/
4

49

Recommended Minimum Make-up


Torque for Rotary Shouldered Drill
Collar Connections
Connection
Size

API

2 7/8

Type

NC 23

PAC

Bore of Drill Collar (in)


1 1/4

1 1/2

*2,500
*3390

*2,500
*3390

*2,500
*3390

3 1/8

*3,300
*4474

*3,300
*4474

2,600
3525

3 1/4

4,000
5423

3,400
*4610

2,600
3525

*3,800
*5152

*3,800
*5152

3 1/8

*4,900
6644

4,200
5694

31/4

5,200
7050

4,200
5694

OD
(in)
3

2 3/8

API IF or

3 1/2

*4,600
*6237

*4,600
*6237

API

NC 26 or

3 3/4

5,500
7457

4,700
6372

3/
8

Slim Hole

2 7/8

Extra Hole or

3 3/4

*4,100
*5559

*4,100
*5559

3 1/2

Dbl. Streamline
or

3 7/8

*5,300
*7186

*5,300
*7186

2 7/8

Mod. Open

4 1/8

*8,000
*10847

*8,000
*10847

2 7/8

API IF or

3 7/8

*4,600
*6237

*4,600
*6237

API

NC 31 or

4 1/8

*7,300
*9897

*7,300
*9897

4 1/4

*8,800
*11931

*8,800
*11931

4 1/2

10,000
13558

9,300
12609

3 1/2

Slim Hole

4 1/4
API

NC 35

4 3/4
5

3 1/2

Extra Hole or

4 1/4

Slim Hole or

4 1/2
4 3/4

3 1/2

Mod. Open

5
5 1/4

50

Foot-Pound
Newton-Meters
Bore of Drill Collar (in)
1 3/4

2 1/4

2 1/2

*8,900
*12067
9,200
12474
9,200
12474
*5,100
6915
*8,400
11389
10,000
13558
10,000
13558
10,000
13558

7,400
10033
7,400
10033
7,400
10033
*5,100
6915
*8,200
11118
8,200
11118
8,200
11118
8,200
11118

2,900
3932
2,900
3932
2,900
3932
3,700
5017
3,700
5017

*4,100
*5559
*5,300
7186
7,400
10033
*4,600
*6237

*4,600
*6237

*7,300
*9897

6,800
9220

8,100
10982

6,800
9220

8,100
10982

6,800
9220

*8,900
*12067
12,100
16405
12,100
16405
*5,100
6915
*8,400
*11389
*11,900
*16134
13,200
17897
13,200
17897

*8,900
*12067
*10,800
14643
10,800
14643
*5,100
6915
*8,400
11389
11,700
15863
11,700
15863
11,700
15863

51

2 13/16

Recommended Minimum Make-up


Torque for Rotary Shouldered Drill
Collar Connections
Size

Connection
Type

3 1/2

API IF or

OD
(in)
4 3/4

API

NC 38 or

5
5 1/4

4 1/2

Slim Hole
5 1/2
4 3/4
5

3 1/2

H 904
5 1/4
5 1/2

Full Hole

API

NC 40 or

5 1/4

Mod Open or

5 1/2
5 3/4

4 1/2

Dbl. Streamline
6
5 1/4
5 1/2

H 904

5 3/4
6
6 1/4
5 1/2
5 3/4

4 1/2

API Regular
6
6 1/4

52

Bore of Drill Collar (in)


1
1 1/4
1 1/2

Foot-Pound
Newton-Meters
Bore of Drill Collar (in)
1 3/4

2 1/4

2 1/2

*9,900
13423

*9,900
13423

*9,900
13423

*9,900
13423

*8,300
*11253

*13,800
*18710

*13,800
*18710

12,800
17354

10,900
14778

8,300
11253

16,000
21693

14,600
19795

12,800
17354

10,900
14778

8,300
11253

16,000
21693

14,600
19795

12,800
17354

10,900
14778

8,300
11253

*8,700
*11796

*8,700
*11796

*8,700
*11796

*8,700
*11796

*8,700
*11796

*12,700
*17219

*12,700
*17219

*12,700
*17219

12,700
17219

10,400
14101

*16,900
*22913

16,700
22642

15,000
20337

13,100
17761

10,400
14101

18,500
25083

16,700
22642

15,000
20337

13,100
17761

10,400
14101

*10,800
*14643

*10,800
*14643

*10,800
*14643

*10,800
*14643

*10,800
*14643

*15,100
*20473

*15,100
*20473

*15,100
*20473

14,800
20066

12,100
16405

*19,700
*26710

18,600
25218

16,900
22913

14,800
20066

12,100
16405

20,400
27659

18,600
25218

16,900
22913

14,800
20066

12,100
16405

20,400
27659

18,600
25218

16,900
22913

14,800
20066

12,100
16405

*12,500
*16948

*12,500
*16948

*12,500
*16948

*12,500
*16948

*17,300
*23456

*17,300
*23456

*17,300
*23456

*16,500
22371

*22,300
*30235

21,500
*29150

19,400
26303

16,500
22371

23,500
31862

21,500
29150

19,400
26303

16,500
22371

23,500
31862

21,500
29150

19,400
26303

16,500
22371

*15,400
*20880

*15,400
*20880

*15,400
*20880

*15,400
*20880

*20,300
*27523

*20,300
*27523

19,400
26303

16,200
21964

23,400
31726

21,600
29286

19,400
26303

*16,200
21964

23,400
31726

21,600
29286

19,400
26303

16,200
21964

53

2 13/16

Recommended Minimum Make-up


Torque for Rotary Shouldered Drill
Collar Connections
Connection
Size

API

4 1/2

Type

Bore of Drill Collar (in)


OD
(in)
5 1/4

25,000
33895

6 1/2

25,000
33895

5 1/2

*12,900
*17490

5 3/4

*17,900
*24269

*23,300
*31591

6 1/4

27,000
36607

6 1/2

27,000
36607

5 3/4

API

NC 46

API IF

6 1/4

Semi F

6 1/2

Dbl Streamline

6 3/4

4 1/2

Mod Open

6 3/4
5 3/4
6

4 1/2

H 904

6 1/4
6 1/2
6 3/4
6 1/4
6 1/2

*20,600
*27930

6 1/4

Extra Hole

25,000
33895

4 1/2

1/
2

1 3/4

6
NC 44

API Full Hole

1 1/2

H 904
6 3/4
7

54

Foot-Pound
Newton-Meters
Bore of Drill Collar (in)
2 1/4

2 1/2

2 13/16

*20,600
*27930

*20,600
*27930

18,000
24405

23,300
31591

21,200
28743

18,000
24405

23,300
31591

21,200
28743

18,000
24405

23,300
31591

21,200
28743

18,000
24405

*12,900
*17490

*12,900
*17490

*12,900
*17490

*12,900
*17490

*17,900
*24269

*17,900
*24269

*17,900
*24269

17,700
23998

*23,300
*31591

22,800
30913

19,800
26845

17,700
23998

*25,000
33895

22,800
30913

19,800
26845

17,700
23998

25,000
33895

22,800
30913

19,800
26845

17,700
23998

*17,600
*23862

*17,600
*23862

*17,600
*23862

*17,600
*23862

*23,200
31455

*23,200
31455

22,200
30099

20,200
27388

28,000
37963

25,500
34573

22,200
30099

20,200
27388

28,000
37963

25,500
34573

22,200
30099

20,200
27388

28,000
37963

25,500
34573

22,200
30099

20,200
27388

*17,600
*23862

*17,600
*23862

*17,600
*23862

*17,600
*23862

*23,400
*31726

*23,400
*31726

23,000
31184

21,000
28472

28,500
38641

26,000
35251

23,000
31184

21,000
28472

28,500
38641

26,000
35251

23,000
31184

21,000
28472

28,500
38641

26,000
35251

23,000
31184

21,000
28472

*25,000
*33895

*25,000
*33895

*25,000
*33895

*25,000
*33895

*31,500
*42708

*31,500
*42708

29,500
39997

27,000
36607

35,000
47453

33,000
44742

29,500
39997

27,000
36607

35,000
47453

33,000
44742

29,500
39997

27,000
36607

55

3 1/4

Recommended Minimum Make-up


Torque for Rotary Shouldered Drill
Collar Connections
Size

Connection
Type

Bore of Drill Collar (in)


2
2 1/4
2 1/2

OD
(in)

4 1/2

API IF or

6 1/4

API

NC 50 or

6 1/2

Extra Hole or

6 3/4

Mod Open or

5 1/2

Dbl. Streamline
or Semi IF

7 1/4

*22,800
*30913
*29,500
39997
*36,000
*48809
38,000
51521
38,000
51521
*34,000
*46098

*22,800
*30913
*29,500
*39997
35,500
48132
35,500
48132
35,500
48132
*34,400
46640

*41,500
*56266

40,000
54233

7 1/4

42,500
57622

40,000
54233

7 1/2

42,500
57622

40,000
54233

6 3/4

*31,500
*42708

*31,500
*42708

*39,000
*52877

*39,000
*52877

7 1/4

42,000
56944

39,500
53555

7 1/2

42,000
56944

39,500
53555

6 3/4
7
5 1/2

5 1/2

H 904

API Regular

*32,500
*44064
*40,500
*54911
*49,000
66435
51,500
69825
*40,000
54233
*48,500
*65757
51,000
69147
51,000
69147

7 1/4
5 1/2

API Full Hole


7 1/2
7 3/4
7 1/4
7 1/2

API

NC 56
7 3/4
8

56

Foot-Pound
Newton-Meters
Bore of Drill Collar (in)
2 13/16
*22,800
*30913
*29,500
*39997
32,200
43657
32,000
43386
32,000
43386
*34,000
*46098
36,500
49487
36,500
49487
36,500
49487
*31,500
*42708
36,000
48809
36,000
48809
36,000
48809
32,500
44064
*40,500
*54911
47,000
63723
47,000
63723
*40,000
*54233
48,000
65079
48,000
65079
48,000
65079

3
*22,800
*30913
*29,500
*39997
30,000
40675
30,000
40675
30,000
40675
34,000
46098
34,000
46098
34,000
46098
34,000
46098
*31,500
*42708
33,500
45420
33,500
45420
33,500
45420
32,500
44064
*40,000
*54233
45,000
61012
45,000
61012
*40,000
*54233
45,500
61690
45,000
61012
45,000
61012

3 1/4
*22,800
*30913
26,500
35929
26,500
35929
26,500
35929
26,500
35929

*32,500
*44064
*40,500
*54911
41,500
56266
41,500
56266
*40,000
*54233
42,000
56944
42,000
56944
42,000
56944

57

3 1/2

3 3/4

Recommended Minimum Make-up


Torque for Rotary Shouldered Drill
Collar Connections
Size

Connection
Type

6 5/8

6 5/8

API

5 1/2

Bore of Drill Collar (in)


2
2 1/4
2 1/2

OD
(in)
7 1/2

*46,000
*62368

7 3/4

*55,000
*74570

API Regular

H 904

NC 61

57,000
77282

8 1/4

57,000
77282

7 1/2

*46,000
*62368

7 3/4

*55,000
*74570

59,500
*80671

8 1/4

59,500
80671

*54,000
*73214

8 1/4

*64,000
*86772

8 1/2

72,000
97619

8 3/4

72,000
97619

72,000
97619

*56,000
*75926

8 1/4

*66,000
*89484

8 1/2

74,000
100331

8 3/4

74,000
100331

74,000
100331

9 1/4

74,000
100331

API IF

8 1/2
8 3/4
6 5/8

API Full Hole

9
9 1/4
9 1/2

58

Foot-Pound
Newton-Meters
Bore of Drill Collar (in)
2 13/16

3 1/4

*46,000
*62368

*46,000
*62368

*46,000
*62368

53,000
71858

50,000
67791

47,000
63723

53,000
71858

50,000
67791

47,000
63723

53,000
71858

50,000
67791

47,000
63723

*46,000
*62368

*46,000
*62368

*46,000
*62368

55,000
*74570

53,000
71858

49,500
67113

*56,000
*75926

53,000
71858

49,500
67113

56,000
75926

53,000
71858

49,500
67113

*54,000
*73214

*54,000
*73214

*54,000
*73214

*64,000
*86772

*64,000
*86772

61,000
82705

68,000
92196

65,000
88128

61,000
82705

68,000
92196

65,000
88128

61,000
82705

68,000
92196

65,000
88128

61,000
82705

*56,000
*75926

*56,000
*75926

*56,000
*75926

*56,000
*75926

*66,000
*89484

*66,000
*89484

63,000
85417

59,000
79993

70,000
94907

67,000
90840

63,000
85417

59,000
79993

70,000
94907

67,000
90840

63,000
85417

59,000
79993

70,000
94907

67,000
90840

63,000
85417

59,000
79993

70,000
94907

67,000
90840

63,000
85417

59,000
79993

*67,000
*90840

*67,000
*90840

*67,000
*90840

*67,000
*90840

66,500
90162

*78,000
*105754

*78,000
*105754

76,000
103042

72,000
97619

66,500
90162

83,000
112533

80,000
108465

76,000
103042

72,000
97619

66,500
90162

83,000
112533

80,000
108465

76,000
103042

72,000
97619

66,500
90162

83,000
112533

80,000
108465

76,000
103042

72,000
97619

66,500
90162

59

3 1/2

3 3/4

Recommended Minimum Make-up


Torque for Rotary Shouldered Drill
Collar Connections
Connection
Size

Type

Bore of Drill Collar (in)


OD
(in)

9
9 1/4
9 1/2
API

NC 70
9 3/4
10
10 1/4
10
10 1/4

API

NC 77

10 1/2
10 3/4
11
8

H 904

8 1/4
8 1/2
8 1/2
8 3/4

7 5/8

API Regular
9
9 1/4
9 1/2
9

7 5/8

H 904

9 1/4
9 1/2

60

2 1/4

2 1/2

Foot-Pound
Newton-Meters
Bore of Drill Collar (in)
2 13/16

3 1/4

3 1/2

3 3/4

*75,000
*101686

*75,000
*101686

*75,000
*101686

*75,000
*101686

*75,000
*101686

*88,000
*119312

*88,000
*119312

*88,000
*119312

*88,000
*119312

*88,000
*119312

*101,000
*136938

*101,000
*136938

100,000
135582

95,000
128803

90,000
122024

107,000
145073

105,000
142361

100,000
135582

95,000
128803

90,000
122024

107,000
145073

105,000
142361

100,000
135582

95,000
128803

90,000
122024

107,000
145073

105,000
142361

100,000
135582

95,000
128803

90,000
122024

*107,000
*145073

*107,000
*145073

*107,000
*145073

*107,000
*145073

*122,000
*165410

*122,000
*165410

*122,000
*165410

*122,000
*165410

*138,000
*187103

*138,000
*187103

133,000
180324

128,000
173545

143,000
193882

138,000
187103

133,000
180324

128,000
173545

143,000
193882

138,000
187103

133,000
180324

128,000
173545

*53,000
*71858

*53,000
*71858

*53,000
*71858

*53,000
*71858

*63,000
*85417

*63,000
*85417

*63,000
*85417

60,500
*82027

71,500
96941

68,500
92874

65,000
88128

60,500
82027

*60,000
*81349

*60,000
*81349

*60,000
*81349

*60,000
*81349

*71,000
*96263

*71,000
*96263

*71,000
*96263

*71,000
*96263

*83,000
*112533

*83,000
*112533

79,000
107110

74,000
100331

88,000
119312

83,000
112532

79,000
107110

74,000
100331

88,000
119312

83,000
112532

79,000
107110

74,000
100331

*72,000
*97619

*72,000
*97619

*72,000
*97619

*72,000
*97619

*85,500
*115922

*85,500
*115922

*85,500
*115922

*85,500
*115922

*98,000
*132870

*98,000
*132870

*98,000
*132870

95,500
129481

61

Recommended Minimum Make-up


Torque for Rotary Shouldered Drill
Collar Connections
Size

Connection
Type

Bore of Drill Collar (in)


2
2 1/4
2 1/2

OD
(in)
10

8 5/8

API Regular

10 1/4
10 1/2

8 5/8

H 904

10 1/4
10 1/2

H 904

8 3/4

(with low
torque face)

9
9 1/4

7 5/8

API Regular

9 1/2

(with low
torque face)

9 3/4
10
9 3/4
10

7 5/8

H 904
(with low
torque face)

10 1/4
10 1/2

8 5/8

API Regular

10 3/4

(with low
torque face)

11
10 3/4

8 5/8

H 904

11

(with low
torque face)

11 1/4

*NOTE 1:

Torque figures preceded by an asterisk indicate that the weaker


member for the corresponding outside diameter (OD) and bore is the
BOX. For all other torque values the weaker member is the PIN.

NOTE 2:

In each connection size and type group, torque values apply to all
connection types in the group, when used with the same drill collar
outside diameter and bore, i.e. 2 3/8, API IF, API NC 26, and 2 7/8 Slim
Hole connections used with 3 1/2 x 1 1/4 drill collars all have the same
minimum make-up torque of 4,600 ft.-lb., and the BOX is the
weaker member.

62

Foot-Pound
Newton-Meters
Bore of Drill Collar (in)
2 13/16

*67,500
*91518
74,000
100331

3
*108,000
*146428
*123,000
*166766
139,000
188459
*112,500
*152530
*128,500
*174223
*67,500
*91518
71,000
96263
*72,000
*97619
*85,000
*115245
91,000
123379
91,000
123379
*91,000
*123379
*105,000
*142361
112,500
152530
112,500
152530
*112,000
*151852
*129,000
*174901
*92,500
*125413
*110,000
*149140
*128,000
*173545

3 1/4
*108,000
*146428
*123,000
*166766
134,000
181680
*112,500
*152530
*128,500
*174223
66,500
90162
66,500
90162
*72,000
*97619
*85,000
*115245
87,000
117956
87,000
117956
*91,000
*123379
*105,000
*142361
108,000
146428
108,000
146428
*112,000
*151852
*129,000
*174901
*92,500
*125413
*110,000
*149140
*128,000
*173545

3 1/2
*108,000
*146428
*123,000
*166766
129,000
174901
*112,500
*152530
*128,500
*174223
62,000
84061
62,000
84061
*72,000
*97619
82,000
111177
82,000
111177
82,000
111177
*91,000
*123379
103,500
140327
103,500
140327
103,500
140327
*112,000
*151852
*129,000
*174901
*92,500
*125413
*110,000
*149140
*128,000
*173545

3 3/4
*108,000
*146428
*123,000
*166766
123,000
166766
*112,500
*152530
*128,500
*174223

*72,000
*97619
77,000
104398
77,000
104398
77,000
104398
*91,000
*123379
98,000
132870
98,000
132870
98,000
132870
*112,000
*151852
*129,000
*174901
*92,500
*125413
*110,000
*149140
*128,000
*173545

1 Basis of calculations for recommended make-up torque assumed the use of a


thread compound containing a 0.08 coefficient of friction, applied thoroughly to
all threads and shoulders, and using the modified Jack Screw formula in
Appendix A, paragraph A.8 and a unit stress of 62,500 psi in the box or pin,
whichever is weaker.
2 Normal torque range is tabulated value plus 10%. Higher torque values may be
used under extreme conditions.
3 Make-up torque for 27/8 PAC connection is based on 87,500 psi stress and other
factors listed in footnote1.
4 Make-up torque for H-90 connection is based on 56,200 psi stress and other
factors listed in footnote1.

63

Groove Machining For


Elevators and Slips

ELEVATOR
SLIP
DRILL
COLLAR OD GROOVE DIA GROOVE DIA RADIUS
A
B +- 1/64
C +- 1/32
R

4 1/8

3 11/16

3 3/4

1/8

4 3/4

4 1/4

4 3/8

1/8

4 1/2

4 5/8

1/8

5 1/4

4 3/4

4 7/8

1/8

5 1/2

5 1/8

1/8

5 3/4

5 1/8

5 1/4

1/8

5 3/8

5 1/2

1/8

6 1/4

5 5/8

5 3/4

1/8

6 1/2

5 7/8

1/8

6 3/4

6 1/4

3/16

6 1/4

6 1/2

3/16

7 1/4

6 1/2

6 3/4

3/16

7 1/2

6 3/4

3/16

7 3/4

7 1/4

3/16

7 1/4

7 1/2

3/16

8 1/4

7 1/2

7 3/4

3/16

8 1/2

7 3/4

3/16

8 1/8

8 1/2

1/4

9 1/2

8 5/8

1/4

9 3/4

8 7/8

9 1/4

1/4

10

9 1/8

9 1/2

1/4

11

10 1/8

10 1/2

1/4

64

NOTE:
ON REWORK,
MINIMUM DISTANCE
FROM FACE OF BOX
TO ELEVATOR
SHOULDER OR END
OF HARDBANDING
SHOULD BE A
LENGTH EQUIVALENT
TO DEPTH OF BOX
OR BOREBACK PLUS
TWO INCHES

Hardbanding

65

Drill Collar Weight


lb/ft, kg/m
Drill Collar
OD
(in)

2 7/8
3
3 1/8
3 1/4
3 1/2
3 3/4
4
4 1/8
4 1/4
4 1/2
4 3/4
5
5 1/4
5 1/2
5 3/4
6
6 1/4
6 1/2
6 3/4
7
7 1/4
7 1/2
7 3/4

Drill Collar ID (in)


1

1 1/4

19
28
21
31
22
33
26
39
30
45
35
52
40
60
43
64
46
68
51
76

18
27
20
30
22
33
24
36
29
43
33
49
39
58
41
61
44
65
50
74

1 1/2

1 3/4

16
24
18
27
20
30
22
33
27
40
32
48
37
55
39
58
42
62
48
71
54
80
61
91
68
101
75
112
82
122
90
134
98
146
107
159
116
172
125
186
134
199
144
214
154
229

35
52
37
55
40
60
46
68
52
77
59
88
65
97
73
108
80
119
88
131
96
143
105
156
114
170
123
183
132
196
142
211
152
226

66

32
48
35
52
38
56
43
64
50
74
56
83
63
94
70
104
78
116
85
126
94
140
102
152
111
165
120
179
130
193
139
207
150
223

2 1/4

29
43
32
48
35
52
41
61
47
70
53
79
60
89
67
100
75
112
83
124
91
135
99
147
108
161
117
174
127
189
137
204
147
218

Pound per foot


Kilogram per meter

2 1/2

44
65
50
74
57
85
64
95
72
107
79
118
88
131
96
143
105
156
114
170
124
184
133
198
144
214

2 13/16

60
89
67
100
75
111
83
123
91
135
100
149
110
163
119
177
129
192
139
207

3 1/4

3 1/2

3 3/4

64
95
72
107
80
119
89
132
98
146
107
159
116
172
126
187
136
202

60
89
68
101
76
113
85
126
93
138
103
153
112
166
122
181
132
196

72
107
80
119
89
132
98
146
108
161
117
174
128
190

93
138
103
153
113
168
123
183

84
125
93
138
102
152
112
166

67

Drill Collar Weight


lb/ft, kg/m
Drill Collar
OD
(in)

Drill Collar ID (in)


1

1 1/4

8
8 1/4
8 1/2
9
9 1/2
9 3/4
10
11
12

1 1/2

1 3/4

165
245
176
262
187
278
210
312
234
348
248
369
261
388
317
471
379
563

163
242
174
257
185
275
208
309
232
345
245
364
259
385
315
468
377
560

160
238
171
254
182
270
206
306
230
342
243
361
257
382
313
465
374
557

2 1/4

157
233
168
250
179
266
203
302
227
337
240
357
254
377
310
461
371
551

Note 1: Refer to API Spec. 7 Latest Edition for API standard drill collar
dimensions.

31ft (lb), 31 ft (kg)


Drill Collar
OD
(in)

2 7/8
3
3 1/8
3 1/4
3 1/2
3 3/4
4
4 1/8
4 1/4

Drill Collar ID (in)


1

1 1/4

589
267
651
295
682
309
806
365
930
422
1,085
492
1,240
562
1,333
604
1,426
647

558
253
620
281
682
309
744
337
899
407
1,023
463
1,209
548
1,271
577
1,364
619

1 1/2

496
225
558
253
620
281
682
309
837
400
992
450
1,147
520
1,209
548
1,302
590

68

1 3/4

1,085
492
1,147
520
1,240
562

992
450
1,085
492
1,178
534

2 1/4

899
407
992
450
1,085
492

Pound per foot


Kilogram per meter

2 1/2

2 13/16

3 1/4

3 1/2

3 3/4

154
229
165
245
176
262
200
297
224
333
237
352
251
373
307
456
368
547

150
223
160
238
172
256
195
290
220
327
232
345
246
366
302
449
364
541

147
218
158
235
169
251
192
285
216
321
229
340
243
361
299
444
361
537

143
213
154
229
165
245
188
279
212
315
225
334
239
355
295
438
357
531

138
205
149
221
160
238
184
273
209
311
221
328
235
349
291
432
352
523

133
198
144
214
155
230
179
266
206
306
216
321
230
342
286
425
347
516

122
181
133
198
150
223
174
259
198
294
211
314
225
334
281
418
342
508

NOTE 2: For special configurations of drill collars, consult manufacturer for reduction in weight.

Pound
Kilogram

2 1/2

2 13/16

3 1/4

69

3 1/2

3 3/4

Drill Collar Weight


31ft(lb), 31ft(kg)
Drill Collar
OD
(in)

4 1/2
4 3/4
5
5 1/4
5 1/2
5 3/4
6
6 1/4
6 1/2
6 3/4
7
7 1/4
7 1/2
7 3/4
8
8 1/4
8 1/2
9
9 1/2
9 3/4
10
11
12

Drill Collar ID (in)


1

1,581
717

1 1/4

1,550
703

1 1/2

1,488
675
1,674
759
1,891
857
2,108
956
2,325
1,055
2,542
1,152
2,790
1,266
3,038
1,378
3,317
1,505
3,596
1,631
3,875
1,758
4,154
1,884
4,464
2,025
4,774
2,165
5,115
2,320
5,456
2,475
5,797
2,629
6,510
2,953
7,254
3,290
7,688
3,487
8,091
3,670
9,827
4,457
11,749
5,329

1 3/4

2 1/4

1,426 1,333 1,271


646
604
576
1,612 1,550 1,457
731
703
660
1,829 1,736 1,643
829
787
745
2,015 1,953 1,860
913
885
843
2,263 2,170 2,077
1,026
984
942
2,480 2,418 2,325
1,125 1,097 1,055
2,728 2,635 2,573
1,237 1,195 1,167
2,976 2,914 2,821
1,350 1,322 1,280
3,255 3,162 3,069
1,476 1,434 1,392
3,534 3,441 3,348
1,603 1,561 1,519
3,813 3,720 3,627
1,730 1,687 1,645
4,092 4,030 3,937
1,856 1,828 1,786
4,402 4,309 4,247
1,997 1,955 1,926
4,712 4,650 4,557
2,137 2,109 2,067
5,053 4,960 4,867
2,292 2,250 2,208
5,394 5,301 5,208
2,447 2,404 2,362
5,735 5,642 5,549
2,601 2,559 2,517
6,448 6,386 6,293
2,925 2,897 2,854
7,192 7,130 7,037
3,262 3,234 3,192
7,595 7,533 7,440
3,445 3,417 3,375
8,029 7,967 7,874
3,642 3,614 3,572
9,765 9,703 9,610
4,429 4,401 4,359
11,687 11,594 11,501
5,301 5,259 5,217

Note 1: Refer to API Spec. 7 Latest Edition for API standard drill collars dimensions.
Note 2: For special configurations of drill collars, consult mfg. for reduction in weight.

70

Pound
Kilogram

2 1/2

2 13/16

3 1/4

3 1/2

1,364
618
1,550
703
1,767
801
1,984
899
2,232
1,012
2,449
1,111
2,728
1,237
2,976
1,350
3,255
1,476
3,534
1,603
3,844
1,744
4,123
1,870
4,464
2,024
4,774
2,165
5,115
2,320
5,456
2,475
6,200
2,812
6,944
3,150
7,347
3,333
7,781
3,529
9,517
4,317
11,408
5,175

1,860
843
2,077
942
2,325
1,055
2,573
1,167
2,821
1,280
3,100
1,406
3,410
1,547
3,689
1,673
3,999
1,814
4,309
1,955
4,650
2,109
4,960
2,250
5,332
2,419
6,045
2,742
6,820
3,093
7,192
3,262
7,626
3,459
9,362
4,247
11,284
5,118

1,984
899
2,232
1,012
2,480
1,125
2,759
1,251
3,038
1,378
3,317
1,505
3,596
1,631
3,906
1,772
4,216
1,912
4,557
2,067
4,898
2,222
5,239
2,376
5,952
2,700
6,696
3,037
7,099
3,220
7,533
3,417
9,269
4,204
11,191
5,076

1,860
843
2,108
956
2,356
1,069
2,635
1,195
2,883
1,308
3,193
1,448
3,472
1,575
3,782
1,715
4,092
1,856
4,433
2,011
4,774
2,165
5,115
2,320
5,828
2,644
6,572
2,981
6,975
3,164
7,409
3,361
9,145
4,148
11,067
5,020

2,232
1,012
2,480
1,125
2,759
1,252
3,038
1,378
3,348
1,519
3,627
1,645
3,968
1,800
4,278
1,940
4,619
2,095
4,960
2,250
5,704
2,587
6,479
2,939
6,851
3,108
7,285
3,304
9,021
4,092
10,912
4,950

71

3 3/4

2,883 2,604
1,308 1,181
3,193 2,883
1,448 1,308
3,503 3,162
1,589 1,434
3,813 3,472
1,730 1,575
4,123 3,782
1,870 1,715
4,464 4,123
2,025 1,870
4,805 4,650
2,180 2,109
5,549 5,394
2,517 2,447
6,386 6,138
2,897 2,784
6,696 6,541
3,037 2,967
7,130 6,975
3,234 3,164
8,866 8,711
4,022 3,951
10,757 10,602
4,879 4,809

72

Drill Collar Bending Strength Ratios

73

74

Drill Collar Bending Strength Ratios

75

76

Drill Collar Bending Strength Ratios

77

78

Drill Collar Bending Strength Ratios

79

80

Drill Collar Bending Strength Ratios

81

82

Drill Collar Bending Strength Ratios

83

84

Drill Collar Bending Strength Ratios

85

Interchangeable Connection Table

Connection Name
Numbered
Connection (NC)

Size
26

31

Internal Flush
(IF)

2 3/8

2 7/8

Slim Hole
(SH)

2 7/8

3 1/2

Full Hole
(FH)
Double Streamline
(DSL)

3 1/2

Extra Hole
(XH)

2 7/8

External Flush
(EF)

86

38

40

3 1/2
4

46

50

4 1/2

4 1/2
4
4 1/2

5 1/2

4 1/2

3 1/2
4 1/2

87

Ideal Drill Collar Range


Hole Size
(in)

Casing Size
To Be Run
(in)

Ideal Drill
Min.
(in)

6 1/8

4 1/2

3.875

6 1/4

4 1/2

3.750

6 /4

4 /2

3.250

4 1/2

2.125

5 /2

4.225

5 1/2

3.725

6 5/8

6.405

7 7/8
8 3/8

6 /8

6.280

8 1/2
8 3/4
9 1/2
9 7/8
10 5/8

*6.812

6 5/8

6.030

6.562

6.812

7 5/8

7.500

5.437

7 5/8

7.125

7 5/8

6.375

8 /8

*8.625

8 5/8

8.250

11

9 /8

9.000

12 1/4

10 3/4

*11.250

13 3/4

10 3/4

9.750

14 /4

11 /4

10.750

17 1/2

13 3/8

11.250

20

16

14.000

24

18 5/8

15.500

26

20

16.000

* The minimum size drill collar, calculated from the Lubinski and Hock equation, with
the specific sizes of hole and casing combination, is too large for conventional fishing tools. When the minimum drill collar diameter is too large to washover and/or
catch with an overshot, other steps should be taken. Some of the possibilities are
as follows:
Use turned down casing couplings.
Use integral joints on casing.
Under-ream the hole.
Run smaller size casing.
* Use a packed hole assembly instead of a pendulum.
** Not API standard size drill collar.

88

Collar Range

API Drill Collar

Max.
(in)

Sizes Which Fall


in the Ideal Range (in)

4.750

4 1/8, 4 3/4

4.875

4 1/8, 4 3/4

5.125

3 1/2, 4 1/8, 4 3/4, 5

6.250

3 1/8, 3 1/2, 4 1/8, 4 3/4, 5, 6, 6 1/4

6.250

4 3/4, 5, 6, 6 1/4

6.750

4 1/8, 4 3/4, 5, 6, 6 1/4, 6 1/2, 6 3/4

6.750

6 1/2, 6 3/4

6.750

6 1/2, 6 3/4

6.750

6 3/4

7.125

6 1/4, 6 1/2, 6 3/4, 7

7.125

6 3/4, 7

7.625

6, 6 1/4, 6 1/2, 7, 7 1/4

7.875

7 3/4

8.000

6, 6 1/4, 6 1/2, 6 3/4, 7, 7 1/4, 7 3/4, 8

8.000

7 1/4, 7 3/4, 8

8.500

6 1/2, 6 3/4, 7, 7 1/4, 7 3/4, 8, 8 1/4

8.500

8 1/4

8.875

8 1/4

10.125

9, 9 1/2, 9 3/4, 10

10.125

10

11.250

9 3/4, 10, 11

12.000

11, **12

13.375

**12

14.750

**14

16.750

**16

19.500

**16

89

Rig Tongs
TONG
TYPE

JAW
CAPACITY
SIZES (in)
(ft-lbs.)

APPLICABLE API
DRILL COLLAR SIZES (in)

B.J. HUGHES COMPANY


1

SXD

8 - 16

200,000

8, 8 /4, 9, 9 /2, 9 /4, 10, 11

SDD

4 - 12

100,000

4 /8, 4 /4, 5, 6, 6 /4, 6 /2,

6 /4,7, 7 /4, 7 /4, 8, 8 /4, 9,


1

9 /2, 9 /4, 10
DB

3 1/2 - 11 1/4

3 /2, 4 /8, 4 /4, 5, 6, 6 /4, 6 /2,

65,000

6 /4, 7, 7 /4, 7 /4, 8, 8 /4


B

3 1/2 - 9

3 /2, 4 /8, 4 /4, 5, 6, 6 /4, 6 /2,

55,000

6 /4, 7, 7 /4, 7 /4, 8


C

2 /8 - 10 /4

3 /8, 3 /2, 4 /8, 4 /4, 5, 6,

35,000

6 /4, 6 /2, 6 /4
3

2 3/8 - 10 3/4

ST-160

7 1/2 - 12

160,000

7 /4, 8, 8 /4, 9, 9 /2, 9 /4,

ST-60

4 - 9 5/8

60,000

4 /8,, 4 /4, 5, 6, 6 /4, 6 /2,

3 /8, 3 /2, 4 /8, 4 /4, 5, 6

25,000

JOY-WEB WILSON COMPANY


3

10 11
1

6 /4,7, 7 /4, 7 /4, 8


H

3 1/2 - 10 3/4

3 /2, 4 /8, 4 /4, 5, 6, 6 /4,

80,000

6 /2, 7, 7 /4, 7 /4, 8, 8 /4, 9


AAX

2 7/8 - 7 1/4

3 /8, 3 /2, 4 /8,, 4 /4,, 5, 6,

55,000

6 /4, 6 /2, 6 /4, 7, 7 /4, 8


B

2 3/8 - 8 5/8

3 /8, 3 /2, 4 /8, 4 /4, 5, 6,

35,000

6 /4, 6 /2, 6 /4
WOOLLEY COMPANY
SDD

4 - 12

100,000

4 /8, 4 /4, 5, 6, 6 /4, 6 /2,


3

6 /4, 7, 7 /4, 7 /4, 8, 8 /4,


1

9, 9 /2, 9 /4, 10
SUPER A

3 1/2 - 11 1/4

3 /2,, 4 /4, 4 /4 ,5, 6, 6 /4,

65,000

6 /2, 6 /4, 7, 7 /4, 7 /4, 8, 8 /4


SUPER B

/2 - 9

3 /2, 4 /8, 4 /4, 5, 6, 6 /4, 6 /2,

55,000

7, 7 /4, 8
SUPER C

2 3/8 - 7

3 /8, 3 /2, 4 /8, 4 /4, 5, 6,

35,000

6 /4, 6 /2, 6 /4

90

Kellys

KELLYS

91

Kelly Weights Pounds Per Foot


(Drive Section)

Square Kelly
Across
Flat 11/16 11/4 11/2
21/2
3

Bore of Square Kelly


13/4

21/4

21/2

23/4

27/8

31/4 31/2

18.3 17.1
25.8 24.0

31/2

35.6

21.8
33.5 31.0 28.2

41/4

47.9

51/4

44.7 41.3 39.3


73.5 71.6 69.7 65.5 61.0

89.6

Hexagon Kelly
Across
Flat
11/4 11/2 13/4
3

Bore of Hexagon Kelly


2
21/4 21/2 23/4 27/8

31/4 31/2

22.3 20.5

31/2

30.1 27.9

25.4 22.6

33/4

35.3 33.2

30.7 27.9

41/4

39.6 36.4

427/32

56.4 53.3

51/4

32.9 31.0
49.8 47.9 45.9 41.7
60.9 59.0 57.1 52.9 48.4

73.5 63.2

92

93

Picking Up a New Kelly

Under ideal conditions, a new Drive Bushing assembly


should be used when picking up a new kelly. If this is not
possible, the following checklist should be performed:
1. Inspect surfaces on Drive Bushing rollers
for wear. Example: For a 51/4 inch Hex, if wear
exceeds 1/8 inch, reverse the rollers.
2. Check clearance between roller face and side of
kelly. Example: For a 51/4 inch Hex, if clearance is
more than 1/8 inch, inspect roller assembly and
Kelly Bushing for excessive wear.
3. Inspect bottom taper of Drive Pins for wear and
damage. Replace as necessary.
4. Inspect for clearance between upper and lower
halves, replace if clearance is zero.
Remember, a worn out Drive Bushing can severely
damage a new kelly.

94

Subs
General Notes on Subs

NOTES:
1. Other lengths may be specified
customer, example 48 inches.

by

the

2. Fishing neck (tong space) length, unless specified


otherwise, is one half the overall length of the sub.
For example, 18 inch fishing neck (tong space) on
a 36 inch sub; 24 inch on a 48 inch sub.
3. Bevel Diameters- Make sure the bevel diameters
on the subs match the bevel diameters on the connections.

SUBS

95

Types Of Subs

96

General Notes On Subs


NOTES:
1. Other lengths may be specified by the
customer, example 48 inches.
2. Fishing neck (tong space) length, unless specified
otherwise, is one half the overall length of the sub.
For example, 18 inch fishing neck (tong space) on a
36 inch sub; 24 inch on a 48 inch sub.
3. Bevel Diameters:
A. If the connection is to screw onto a piece of
Drill Pipe (pipe, D/P) use the bevel diameters
listed on drawing HB1003 in the Bevel Dia.
section of the Machining Handbook.
B. If the connection is a Bit Box (with or without a
float bore) use the bevel diameters listed in
column B in the top chart of drawing HB1017
Float Bore in this section of the Machining
Handbook.
C. If the connection is to screw onto a Drill Collar
(Collar, D/C) use the bevel diameters listed at
the bottom of the drawing of the specified
connection.

97

Kelly Saver Subs

98

Bit Sub

Lift Sub

99

Bit Box Float Bores

100

Well Control

Height of Kick (ft) = Pit Gain Annular Capacity


in Bbls/ft
Density of Kick Fluids (ppg) = MW [(SICPSIDPP) Height of Kick 0.052]
Approximate Typical Fluid Densities: Gas-2ppg,
Oil-7ppg, Water-9ppg
Lag Time Rule of Thumb: Pressure changes from
choke movement will take about two seconds per
1000 of depth to travel down the annulus and up
the drill pipe to the DP gauge.
Sacks of Barite needed to Weight-Up Mud = Bbls
Mud x 14.7 x (KWM-OWM) (35.4-KWM)
Volume Increase in Bbls from adding Barite =
Sacks Added 14.9
Volume Increase in Bbls from adding Barite =
(Gel) = Sacks Added 8.75
Triplex Pump Output (bbls/stk @ 100%) =
0.000243 x Stroke Length x (Liner Dia)2
Duplex Pump Outlet (bbl/stk @ 100%) =
0.000162 x Stroke x [(2 x Liner Dia2) - Rod Dia2]
Annular Capacity (bbls/ft) = (ID2hole OD2pipe) 1029

WELL CONTROL

101

Well Control
Capacity of DUPLEX Mud Pumps
at 100% Efficiency
Liner Dia
Stroke Length (in)
(in)
12
14
16 18
4
5
5
6
6
7
7

1/
2
1/
2
1/
2
1/
2

0.074
0.089
0.110

0.082
0.104 0.113
0.128 0.141
0.154 0.170
0.183 0.203
0.213 0.238
0.241 0.275

0.128
0.158
0.192
0.228
0.267
0.310

Capacity of TRIPLEX Mud Pumps


at 100% Efficiency
Liner Dia
Stroke Length (in)
(in)
9
10
11 12
5
5 1/2
6
6 1/2
7
7 1/2

(in Bbls/stroke)

(in Bbls/stroke)

MW
SICP
SIDPP
ppg
KWM
OWM
DP
Bbls
Stk

0.055 0.061 0.067 0.073


0.066 0.074 0.081 0.088
0.079 0.087 0.096 0.105
0.092 0.103 0.113 0.123
0.107 0.119 0.131 0.143
0.123 0.137 0.150 0.164

Mud Weight
Shut in casing pressure
Shut in drill pipe pressure
Pounds per gallon
Kill Weight Mud
Original Weight Mud
Drill Pipe
Barrels
Stroke

102

API Standard Drill Pipe Capacity and Displacement


Size
OD
(in)

Size
ID
(in)

Nominal
Weight
(lb/ft)

Capacity
(bbl/ft)

Displacement
(bbl/ft)

3/
8
7/
8
1/
2
1/
2

1.81
2.15
2.76
2.60
3.34
3.82
3.64
4.28
4.78
4.67
4.86
5.96

6.6
10.4
13.3
15.5
14.0
16.6
20.0
19.5
21.9
24.7
22.2
25.2

0.0032
0.0045
0.0074
0.0066
0.0108
0.0142
0.0129
0.0178
0.0222
0.0211
0.0229
0.0346

0.0028
0.0041
0.0051
0.0058
0.0057
0.0064
0.0077
0.0075
0.0087
0.0096
0.0087
0.0098

2
2
3
3
4
4
4
5
5
5
6
6

1/
2
1/
2
1/
2
1/
2
5/
8
5/
8

Heavy Weight Drill Pipe


Size
OD
(in)

3
4
4
5
5
6

1/
2
1/
2
1/
2
5/
8

Size
ID
(in)

2.0625
2.5625
2.75
3.0
3.25
4.5

Weight
(lb/ft)

Capacity
(bbl/ft)

Displacement
(bbl/ft)

25.3
29.7
41.0
49.3
61.5
72.0

0.00421
0.00645
0.00743
0.00883
0.01030
0.01970

0.00921
0.01082
0.01493
0.01796
0.02240
0.02620

Additional capacities, displacements and weight can be


determined from the following formulas:
2

CAPACITY =

ID
1029.4

= bbls/ft
2

DISPLACEMENT =

OD - ID
1029.4

= bbls/ft

WEIGHT = DISPLACEMENT bbls/ft x 2747 lbs/bbl = lbs/ft

103

104

1 1/2
0.0022

36.7
0.0133
42.4
0.0153
48.1
0.175
54.3
0.0197
60.8
0.0221
67.6
0.0246
74.8
0.0272
82.3
0.0299
90.1
0.0328
98.0
0.0356
107.0
0.0389

ID
Cap

OD (in) #/ft.
4
Disp.
#/ft.
4 1/4
Disp.
4 1/2
#/ft.
Disp.
4 3/4
#/ft.
Disp.
5
#/ft.
Disp.
5 1/4
#/ft.
Disp.
5 1/2
#/ft.
Disp.
5 3/4
#/ft
Disp.
6
#/ft.
Disp.
6 1/4
#/ft.
Disp.
6 1/2
#/ft.
Disp.

34.5
0.0125
40.0
0.0145
45.9
0.0167
52.1
0.0189
58.6
0.0213
65.4
0.0238
72.6
0.0264
80.1
0.0291
87.9
0.0320
95.8
0.0349
104.8
0.0381

1 3/4
0.0030

32.0
0.0116
37.5
0.0136
43.4
0.0158
49.6
0.0181
56.1
0.0204
62.9
0.0229
70.1
0.0255
77.6
0.0282
85.4
0.0311
93.3
0.0339
102.3
0.0372

2
0.0039

29.2
0.106
34.7
0.0126
40.6
0.0148
46.8
0.0170
53.3
0.0194
60.1
0.0219
67.3
0.0245
74.8
0.0272
82.6
0.0301
90.5
0.0329
99.5
0.0362

2 1/4
0.0049

43.6
0.0159
50.1
0.0182
56.9
0.0207
64.1
0.0233
71.6
0.0261
79.4
0.0289
87.3
0.0318
96.3
0.0350

2 1/2
0.0061
53.4
0.0194
60.6
0.0221
68.1
0.0248
75.9
0.0276
83.8
0.0305
92.8
0.0338

2 3/4
0.0073
56.8
0.0207
64.3
0.0234
72.1
0.0262
80.0
0.0291
89.0
0.0324

3
0.0087
67.9
0.0247
75.8
0.0276
84.8
0.0308

3 1/4
0.0103
63.4
0.0231
71.3
0.0259
80.3
0.0292

3 1/2
0.0119

Drill Collar Capacity and Displacement (bbls/ft)


-

3 3/4
0.0137
-

4
4 1/4
0.0155 0.0175

105

10

8 3/4

8 1/2

8 1/4

7 3/4

7 1/2

7 1/4

6 3/4

#/ft.
Disp.
#/ft.
Disp.
#/ft.
Disp.
#/ft.
Disp.
#/ft.
Disp.
#/ft.
Disp.
#/ft
Disp.
#/ft.
Disp.
#/ft.
Disp.
#/ft.
Disp.
#/ft.
Disp.

ID
Cap

116.0
0.0422
125.0
0.0455
134.0
0.0487
144.0
0.0524
154.0
0.0560
165.0
0.0600
176.0
0.0640
187.0
0.0680
199.0
0.0724
210.2
0.0765
260.9
0.0950

1 1/2
0.0022

113.8
0.0414
122.8
0.0447
131.8
0.0479
141.8
0.0516
151.8
0.0552
162.8
0.0592
173.8
0.0632
184.8
0.0672
196.8
0.0716
208.0
0.0757
258.8
0.0942

1 3/4
0.0030

111.3
0.0405
120.3
0.0438
129.3
0.0470
139.3
0.0507
149.3
0.0543
160.3
0.0583
171.3
0.0623
182.3
0.0663
194.3
0.0707
205.6
0.0748
256.3
0.0933

2
0.0039

108.5
0.0395
117.5
0.0427
126.5
0.0460
136.5
0.0497
146.5
0.0533
157.5
0.0573
168.5
0.0613
179.5
0.0653
191.5
0.0697
202.7
0.0738
253.4
0.0923

2 1/4
0.0049

105.3
0.0383
114.3
0.0416
123.3
0.0449
133.3
0.0485
143.3
0.0521
154.3
0.0561
165.3
0.0601
176.3
0.0641
188.3
0.0685
199.6
0.0726
250.3
0.0911

2 1/2
0.0061
101.8
0.0370
110.8
0.0403
119.8
0.0436
129.8
0.0472
139.8
0.0509
150.8
0.0549
161.8
0.0589
172.8
0.0629
184.8
0.0672
196.0
0.0714
246.8
0.0898

2 3/4
0.0073
98.0
0.0356
107.0
0.0389
116.0
0.0422
126.0
0.0458
136.0
0.0495
147.0
0.0535
158.0
0.0575
169.0
0.0615
181.0
0.0658
192.2
0.0700
242.9
0.0884

3
0.0087
93.8
0.0341
102.8
0.0374
111.8
0.0407
121.8
0.0443
131.8
0.0479
142.8
0.0520
153.8
0.0560
164.8
0.0600
176.8
0.0643
188.0
0.0685
238.8
0.0869

3 1/4
0.0103
89.3
0.0325
98.3
0.0358
107.3
0.0390
117.3
0.0427
127.3
0.0463
138.3
0.0503
149.3
0.0543
160.3
0.0583
172.3
0.0697
183.5
0.0668
234.3
0.0853

3 1/2
0.0119
93.4
0.0340
102.4
0.0372
112.4
0.0409
122.4
0.0445
133.4
0.0485
144.4
0.0525
155.4
0.0565
167.4
0.0609
178.7
0.0651
229.4
0.0835

3 3/4
0.0137

Drill Collar Capacity and Displacement (bbls/ft) (Cont.)


88.3
0.0321
97.3
0.0354
107.3
0.0390
117.3
0.0427
123.3
0.0467
139.3
0.0507
150.3
0.0547
162.3
0.0590
173.5
0.0632
224.2
0.0816

122.8
0.0447
133.8
0.0487
144.8
0.0527
156.8
0.0570
168.0
0.0612
218.7
0.0796

4
4 1/4
0.0155 0.0175

Buoyancy Factors
Mud Density
(lb/gal)

(lb/cu ft)

(g/cc)

8.4
8.6
8.8
9.0
9.2
9.4
9.6
9.8
10.0
10.2
10.4
10.6
10.8
11.0
11.2
11.4
11.6
11.8
12.0
12.2
12.4
12.6
12.8
13.0
13.2
13.4
13.6
13.8

62.84
64.33
65.83
67.32
68.82
70.32
71.81
73.31
74.80
76.30
77.80
79.29
80.79
82.29
83.78
85.28
86.77
88.27
89.77
91.26
92.76
94.25
95.75
97.25
98.74
100.24
101.74
103.23

1.01
1.03
1.05
1.08
1.10
1.12
1.15
1.17
1.20
1.22
1.24
1.27
1.29
1.32
1.34
1.36
1.39
1.41
1.44
1.46
1.48
1.51
1.53
1.56
1.58
1.60
1.63
1.65

106

Buoyancy
Factor (Kb)
0.872
0.869
0.866
0.862
0.859
0.856
0.853
0.850
0.847
0.844
0.841
0.838
0.835
0.832
0.829
0.826
0.823
0.820
0.817
0.814
0.811
0.807
0.804
0.801
0.798
0.795
0.792
0.789

Mud Density
(lb/gal)

(lb/cu ft)

14.0
14.2
14.4
14.6
14.8
15.0
15.2
15.4
15.6
15.8
16.0
16.2
16.4
16.6
16.8
17.0
17.2
17.4
17.6
17.8
18.0
18.5
19.0
19.5
20.0

104.73
106.22
107.72
109.22
110.71
112.21
113.70
115.20
116.70
118.19
119.69
121.18
122.68
124.18
125.67
127.17
128.66
130.16
131.66
133.15
134.65
138.39
142.13
145.87
149.61

Buoyancy
Factor
(Kb)
(g/cc)
1.68
1.70
1.72
1.75
1.77
1.80
1.82
1.84
1.87
1.89
1.91
1.94
1.96
1.99
2.01
2.03
2.06
2.08
2.11
2.13
2.15
2.21
2.27
2.33
2.39

107

0.786
0.783
0.780
0.777
0.774
0.771
0.768
0.765
0.762
0.759
0.756
0.752
0.749
0.746
0.743
0.740
0.737
0.734
0.731
0.728
0.725
0.717
0.710
0.702
0.694

Formulas Used In Well Control


and Drilling Operations
A. Calculating Pressure, psi and Pressure
Gradients, psi/ft.
1. Determine pressure gradient, psi/ft.
(Mud Weight, ppg.) x (0.052) = psi/ft.
2. Determine hydrostatic pressure, psi (H.P.)
(Mud Wt., ppg.) x (0.052) x (T.V.D., ft.) = psi
3. Maximum allowable shut in casing pressure

Maximum
Allowable
Mud Wt., ppg

) -(

Mud Wt.
in use
ppg

x(0.052)x(TVD, ft.)= psi

Test to determine H2S


50 ml HCl (mild hydrochloric solution)
50 ml H2O
1 gram NaASO2 (sodium arsenite)
3 drop liquid dish water soap
yellow positive sign wont determine degree

108

B. Converting Pressures, psi into mud weight, ppg.


(NOTE: Anytime a pressure is to be converted to
mud weight, the following formula is used.)
All of the following use the same formula:
Pressure, psi

= Mud Weight, ppg

0.052 x TVD, ft.


Using the calculator, this formula is worked as follows:
(Pressure, psi) (0.052) (TVD, ft) = Mud Weight, ppg.
1. Kill Weight Mud, ppg.
(SIDPP, psi)- (0.052) - (TVD, ft) + (O.M.W.) = Kill Wt., ppg.
2. Equivalent Mud Weight = ppg. (E.M.W.)
(pressure, psi) (0.052) (TVD, ft) = E.M.W., ppg
3. Equivalent Circulating Density, ppg (E.C.D.)

Annular
Pressure
Loss, psi

(0.052) (TVD, ft.) + (O.M.W.) = E.C.D., ppg

4. Maximum Allowable Mud Weight, ppg.

Leak-Off
Pressure
psi

(0.052) x (TVD, ft.)+

Test
Mud = ppg.
Weight

( )

5. Converting Pressure Gradient, psi/ft to Mud Wt., ppg


(Pressure Gradient, PSI/ft.) (0.052) = Mud Wt., ppg.
O.M.W. (original mud weight)
SIDPP (shut in drill pipe pressure)
TVD

(true vertical depth)

109

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DISCLAIMER: Grant Prideco has produced this handbook for


general information only. It is not intended for design and
engineering purposes. Although every effort has been made to
maintain the accuracy and reliability of its contents, Grant Prideco
in no way assumes responsibility or liability for any loss, damage
or injury resulting from the use of information and data herein. All
applications for the material described are at the user's own risk
and are the user's responsibility.
2004 Grant Prideco