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Published by Voice of Burma Information Group Issue No.

732 OCTOBER 18, 2009


1-507 Horifune Jutaku , Horifune 2-27-1, Kita-Ku, Tokyo 114-0004, JAPAN
Tel/Fax: 81 3-6323-5114, E-mail: sayarkway@yahoo.com , koko@gol.com

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October 18, 2009 Voice of Burma 732 Page 1


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October 18, 2009 Voice of Burma 732 Page 3


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Page 4 Voice of Burma 732 October 18, 2009


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October 18, 2009 Voice of Burma 732 Page 5


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Bread and Freedom
'Drdkua&pDqdkonfrSm tusKd;pD;yGm;udka&S;¶_Iay:aygufvmaom
Sidney Hook jy\emrsm;udk ajz&Si;f &mwGif tr#wqH;k ESihf t+ird ;f csr;f qH;k aomenf;vrf;
(1902-1988) rsm;udt k oH;k ðyaoma=umihf Tonfu vGwv f yfrE_ iS yhf wfoufaom tjiif;
ausmfausmfpdk; bmomjyefonf tckejf zpfrr_ sm;udk usio hf ;kH Edik o f nfqo kd nfukd azmfjyaeonf? qdv k o kd nfrmS
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ESpaf ygi;f rsm;pGmpmoifjcif;tvkyu f kd vkyu f ikd cf ahJ om qpf'eD[w G cf o f nf 1940 csi;f eif;0ifa&mufvmae+yjD zpfonf? xd@k a=umihf tusK;d pD;yGm;udk a&S;¶_Iay:
ckEpS wf iG f Bread and Freedom pmwrf;udk a&;om;cJ&h m vGepf mG rSausmf ayguv f maom jy\emrsm;udak jz&Si;f &mwGif a=umif;usK;d qDavsm&f efvt kd yf
=um;cJah vonf? onf[k qd&k jcif;jzpfonf?
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ESurf u _ kd cHae&ayonf? tqdyk gtºuif;rJt h m%m&Sipf epfEpS &f yf. ¶du k cf wf &yfwck&o dS nf? vGwv f yfro _ nf vGwv f yfaompD;yGm;vkyif ef;vkyaf qmifrw _ iG f
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csujf zifh ud, k v fh wG vf yfciG u hf kd vufvw G tf qH;k ¶_;H cHvu kd af omolonf aemuf vltrsm;onf vGwv f yfciG q hf o kd nfrsm;udk cHpm;Edik yf grnfavm qdo k nhaf r;
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wGuq f um 4if;. Bread and Freedom pmwrf;wGif a&;om;cJah v xdak r;cGe;f rsm;onf vGwv f yfr&_ &Sad &;twGuf óu;yrf;r_rsm;ESiq hf uf
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twGuf tcGit hf a&;&S&d rnfukd qdv k jkd cif;jzpfonf? jzpfonf? (qufvufazmfjyygrnf)

Page 6 Voice of Burma 732 October 18, 2009


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October 18, 2009 Voice of Burma 732 Page 7


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atmufwbdk m 14 / DHAKA ? ? vwfwavmjrefrmwyfrsm;. v_y&f mS ;r_a=umifh jymrcwfoifah =umif;/ owdawmhxm;&rnf[k b*Fvm;a'h&jfS ynfxaJ &;0ef}u;D rSq. dk ?
atmufwbdk m 14 / Mizzima ? ? tcsppf mapmifwiG f azazmf0g&D 14 bJvifwidk ;f ae@trnfjzihf Akv d cf sKyo f ef;a&$tm; tm%m&l;[k uAsmpyfI Ekid if aH &;tusO;f us
uavmif&iS f udak pma0tm; Human Rights Watch rS Hellman/Hammet qkcs;D jri‡ v fh u dk . f ?
atmufwbdk m 14 / Irrawaddy ? ? oHCmwyg;tygt0if 11 OD;tm; tif;pdeaf xmifw&m;¶H;k rS axmif 5 ESprf S 10 ESppf t D xdcsrw S pf &D ifc.hJ ?
atmufwbdk m 14 / Irrawaddy ? ? w¶kw&f w dS &m;r0ifjrefrmvkyo f m;rsm;tm; w¶kwt f m%mydik rf sm;rS wae@ 100 cef@ zrf;qD;¶ku d Ef u
S af ea=umif;?
atmufwbdk m 14 / DVB ? ? b*Fvm;atmfwiG w f yfpx JG m;aom jrefrma&wyfoabFmrsm;onf b*Fvm;a'h&t fS wGuf a&eHw;l ukr% ` rD sm;ukd +crd ;f ajcmufaea=umif;
b*Fvm;a'h&t fS wGuf a&S@aerSq. dk ?
atmufwbdk m 14 / DVB ? ? awmif}u;D rS jynfe,fEiS cfh ¶dik w f &m;ol}u;D 3 OD;tm; rl;,pfaq;tr_wiG f t*wdvu dk pf m;r_jzihf tvkyðf zwfcahJ =umif;?
atmufwbdk m 15 / TKY-DVB ? ? 'Dru dk a&pDvy_ &f mS ;r_twGuf ykrd u dk nl &D efawmif;qkcd +hJ y;D *syefonfvnf; jrefrmEkid if q H idk &f mrl0g'rsm; jyefvnfo;kH oyfaeonfh
oabmrsK;d awG@&a=umif; ,refae@u *syef'k Ekid if jH cm;a&;0ef}u;D ESiafh qG;aEG;cJo h l tifp, D b l t D wGi;f a&;r–;ESifh tufzw f ,D b l t D wGi;f a&;r–; OD;armifarmifrq S . dk ?
atmufwbdk m 15 / CNN ? ? tkb d m;rm;tar&dueftpk;d &onf vl@tcGit fh a&;ukd Ekid if aH &;.aemufu, G w f iG x f m;aea=umif; Human Rights Watch rS 'g¶u dk wf m
Tom Malinowski rSqkd.?
atmufwbdk m 15 / Irrawaddy ? ? a¶$0ga&mifawmfveS af &; 2 ESpjf ynf0h ef;usiw f iG f oHCmtyg; 30 cef@tzrf;cHc&hJ a=umif; AAPP ponft h zG@J rsm;ESiafh 'ocHrsm;rSq. dk ?
atmufwbdk m 15 / Mizzima ? ? ajrmufOuUvmy&Jpcef;onf &Jom;yef;oD;ESi&fh yfuu G vf }l u;D OD;0if;csKw d @kd rS vufxyd cf wf¶u kd Ef uS I f aoqH;k ol OD;ausmah rmif 56
tr_udk pHpk rf;ppfaq;ae.?
atmufwbdk m 15 / LDN ? ? +Adwdo# PEN Pinter pmayqk& uAsmq&mwked [ D ,f&q D ifraS wmif;qkI d xkq d t k m; Zm*emok@d axmifwiG ;f uAsmtwGuf *k%ðf yv$aJ y;
tyfa=umif;?
atmufwbdk m 15 / DVB ? ? rsKd ;qufopfvil ,ftzG@J Genartion Wave onf a&$awmif/ 0ufyw k /f tif;r/ aygi;f wnf/ ewWvif;/ ZD;uke;f ponfh &efuek -f jynfum;
vrf;wav#muf ®r0› if vljrifuiG ;f rsm;wGif Free GW pmvH;k }u;D rsm; r_wrf iS jf zihaf &;om;awmif;qkx d m;a=umif;?
atmufwbdk m 15 / DVB ? ? vm;¶d;_ axmifwiG f uav;ppfonf 2 OD; cr& 322 rS armifatmifuadk xG;yg 2 OD;tm; 'DaubDatrdom;pk0if uav;wyfom;wOD;
cku
d &f efjzpf+y;D owfrt _ wGuf ppftm%mydik rf sm;rS ao'%fcsxm;a=umif; rdom;pk0ifrsm;rSq. dk ?
atmufwbdk m 15 / Kachin News ? ? etz .v,fajrodr;f r_rsm;a=umifh ajr=oZmaumif;aomucsijf ynfe,fwiG f vlrsm;iwfrw G af cgi;f yg;jcif;&ifqidk af e&.?
atmufwbdk m 15 / Kaladan Press ? ? &ckid rf ¶S [ dk if*sm 80 OD;tm; b*Fvm;a'h&o fS nf jrefrmok@d jyefweG ;f yk@d cJah =umif;?
atmufwbdk m 15 / DVB ? ? KNU ESihf GDKBA jyefaygi;f a&; typftcwf&yfaqG;aEG;&ef ®rif}u;D ilq&mawmf t&Sio f Zk erS pufwifbm29 wGif pma&; awmif;qk. d ?
atmufwbdk m 16 / DVB ? ? a':atmifqef;pk=unftr_ A[kw d &m;¶H;k ok@d t,lc&H ef olr.a&S@aersm;ESifh ,ae@awG q h rkH nf?
atmufwbdk m 16 / DHAKA ? ? jrefrmwyfonf e,fpyfwu dk yf t
JG qift h xd toihjf yifxm;I rdrw d @fk wyfvnf; wyf&if;oH;k &if;wk;d xm;&a=umif; b*Fvm;a'h&rfS q S . dk ?
atmufwbdk m 16 / DVB ? ? tdE, dN onf jrefrmtay:Ekid if jH cm;a&;ay:vpDwiG f vl@tcGit hf a&;ukd txl;*¶kpu dk o f ihaf =umif; Human Rights Watch rS EsL;a'vDwiG q f . dk ?
pmrsuffESm 13 okd h

October 18, 2009 Voice of Burma 732 Page 9


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88 rsKd;quf ausmif;ol roufoufatmif ESvkH;cGJpdyfuko&ef vdktyfae


DVB / atmufwkdbm 12 ? ? rEœav;wkid ;f jrif;+caH xmifrmS tusO;f axmifu roufoufatmif&@J ta': a':pef;pef;wifukd axmif0ifpmoGm;
usaewJh 88 rsKd ;qufausmif;ol roufoufatmife@J rdwv Dˆ maxmifu awG@vduk af o;w,fv@kd a':pkp=k unfu ajymygw,f? touf 61 ESpf &S+d yjD zpf
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axmif'%f 65 ESpu f saewJh 88 rsKd ;qufausmif;ol roufouf r_ r&bl;vd@k a':pkp=k unfu ajymjyygw,f?
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a=umif; ajymayr,fh roufoufatmifu ol axmifuvGwrf yS J cGpJ yd zf @kd vkyf b,forl S vmr=unfah y;bl;wJ?h t&rf;zsm;w,fw/hJ ol@ cGx J m;wJh b,fbuf
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roufoufatmifukd axmif0ifpmrawG@cif 7 &ufae@rSm rdwv Dˆ m aeayr,fh tzrf;tqD;uvnf; qufvyk af ewmyg?

Page 10 Voice of Burma 732 October 18, 2009


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(XINHUA, 15.10.2009)
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w,fv@kd qdyk gw,f? (DVB, 13.10.2009)
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rdwftifjrefrmtvdkr&Sd tajcpdkuf Human Rights Watch tzG@J u 2009 ckEpS t f wGuf Hellman/
=opa=w;vsm;u zuf&iS u f ek yf pPn;f xkwv f yk af &mif;cswhJ Millers, Hammet qkukd cs;D jri ‡v
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f uhJ rk % ` D 4 ckw@kd [m Edik if u H pma&;q&m 37 OD;vnf;yg0ifygw,f? Edik if aH &;t& ESyd u f yG cf &H r,fqkd
jrefrmjynfrmS ðyvkyw f u
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D @kd od&ygw,f? wmudo k &d @J om;eJ@ vGwv f yfpmG oabmqENxw k af zmfjyocGiufh kd owW&d &dS edS @J
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hf mvd@k HRW u qdyk gw,f?
udk aiGa=u;yHyh ;kd ay;&ma&mufwt hJ wGuv f @kd qd+k y;D tJ'v D kd qH;k jzwfvu kd wf myg? (MIZZIMA, 14.10.2009)
(THE AGE, 12.10.2009)
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wGi;f u tpd;k &awGu 'kuo Q nfta&;udpt P ay:&yfwnfcsuaf jymif;vJvm bm 25 &ufae@rSpwifum zrf;qD;ESyd u f yG rf r_ sm;pwifc+hJ y;D ¶du
k Ef u
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csujf zpfw,fv@kd od&ygw,f? (UNHCR, 12.10.2009) ay;aqmif+yD;rS jyefv$wfay;wmrsKd;vnf;&Sdygw,f? (IRAWADDY,
14.10.2009)
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f o hJ abmrsK;d awGvyk af eygw,f? wifu h m;awG/
vqef;ydik ;f u 108 aygiaf v;wJh wtdwu f kd 14500 usyjf zpfae&muae tajrmufawG/ ppfa&,mOfawGukd ESpEf ikd if eH ,fpyfteD;rSm wk;d jri‡ chf sxm;wm
tcktcg 17500 uae 18000 =um;rSm&Sad ew,fv@kd od&ygw,f? jynfy awGvyk af ew,fv@kd b*Fvm;a'h&o fS wif;pmawGrmS azmfjyaeygw,f? b*Fvm;
wify@kd r_usaeayr,fvnf; jynfwiG ;f t0,fvu kd v
f mvd@k aps;wufwmvd@k a'h&EfS ikd if jH cm;a&;0ef}u;D u etzbufu ajymqdck suaf wGukd ud;k um;+y;D tckvkd
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f nfawGuajymygw,f? txufwef;pm; ay:qef;ar$; qeftrsK;d tpm; ppftiftm;awGcsxm;w,fqw kd m[m yHrk eS af vhusivhf y_ &f mS ;r_awGjzpfw,f vd@k
uawmh aps;wnf+ird af e+y;D qefuu JG awmh aps;wufvmaew,fv@kd od& ajymqdyk gw,f? (GULF TIMES, 13.10.2009)
ygw,f? (MIZZIMA, 13.10.2009)

October 18, 2009 Voice of Burma 732 Page 11


'DaubDatppfom;wa,mufukd ypfcwfre_ ‹J uav;ppfom;ao'%fay;
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qkid v f m&Ekid yf gw,f? typf&yftzG@J awGudk vufeufpeG @f v$w+f y;D 2010 rSm

Page 12 Voice of Burma 732 October 18, 2009


t*wd vdkufpm;r_a=umifh etz w&m;ol}uD;rsm; tvkyfðzwfcH&
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e,fpyfwiG f wyfom; 3˜000 xyfw;dk yk@d um tiftm;jznhcf ahJ =umif;?

October 18, 2009 Voice of Burma 732 Page 13


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Page 14 Voice of Burma 732 October 18, 2009


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axmifwiG ;f w&m;±H;k udk oGm;a&muf pHpk rf;r,fv@kd OD;^m%f0if;u ajymyg zJ@G pnf;=urSmjzpfv@kd touf 50 txuf &do S al wG[m e,fjcm;apmifw h yfrmS
w,f? tar&duefEikd if o H m;tjzpf cH,x l m;wJh udn k n D aD tmif[m pufwif qufvufyg0ifciG hf r&awmhbJ tem;ay;cH&rSm jzpfygw,f? tife'f aD tau
bmv 3 &ufae@u w&m;0ifAZD meJ@ jrefrmEdik if u H kd jyefvmpOf &efuek af v tzJ@G rS tem;ay;cH&r,fh vlta&twGuef @J olw@kd &J@ yifpifvpmaiG cHpm;cGihf
qdyt f a&mufrmS tzrf;cH&wm jzpfygw,f? tajctaeudk tcktcsed t f xd &Si;f &Si;f vif;vif; rod&ao;ygb;l ?

October 18, 2009 Voice of Burma 732 Page 15


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Page 16 Voice of Burma 732 October 18, 2009


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yÉdyuQawGawG[m conflict emergence tqifu h akd &mufomG ;vdu k /f cGiahf umif;,l+y;D vrf;jyajryHu k w kd qifch si;f qufw;kd ygw,f?
conflict escalation tqifu h q kd ufrwfuoGm;bJ&yfwef@aevdu k /f &Hzef&cH grmS 'gayr,fv h nf; ppfwyfwiG ;f 75-25µeJ@ywfouf+y;D rausvnfrt _
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qef;ppfcsuu f wrsK;d om;vH;k tqifh wEdik if v H ;kH tqifu h akd jymaewmjzpfyg ysuu f yf&@J *,uf¶u kd rf a_ wG taxGaxGjy\emawGa=umifh yÉdyuQtqif[ h m
w,f? vlrsK;d pkwpkcsi;f tvdu k f oD;jcm;qef;ppfr,fq&kd ifawmh toGio f ¾mef latent conflict udak usmv f eG +f y;D ayguu f vJG v k jk zpfvmjyefygw,f? 'Dvt kd ajct
uwrsK;d jzpfygvrd rhf ,f? aerSmom triggering event jzpf+y;D conflict emergence jzpfvmwJt h cg
'Dvekd @J 1988 ck/ zke;f armfta&;tcif;[m jynfov l x l ek @J tm%m&Sit f conflict escalation tqifu h kd csucf si;f ul;ajymif;oGm;Edik rf ,fh tvm;tvm
pd;k &t=um;rSm&Sad ecJw h hJ latent coflicts awGtm;vH;k udk azmufcyJG pfvu dk w f hJ awG&aSd eygw,f?
triggering event jzpfomG ;cJy h gw,f? tJ'rD mS wif conflict emergence tqifh tJ't D qifrh mS vnf; yg0g&, S , f m=um;jzwftpd;k &ay:xGuv f mEdik rf ,fh
jzpfomG ;+y;D conflict escalation tqift h xd}u;D xGm;oGm;cJyh gw,f? 'DyÉdyuQ Edik if aH &;tcif;tusi;f o¾mefawGukd xGuaf y:aeygw,f? 'Dvo kd mjzpfvmcJ&h if
[m wpwpeJ@quf+y;D }u;D xGm;vmvdu k w f m ESpb f ufpvH;k ajcukev f ufyef;us Initial damocratization pwifomG ;rSmjzpfygw,f? 'Dvp kd wif+y;D rS 'dik , f m
wJhtqifh stalemate udak &mufvek ;D eD;jzpfcyhJ gw,f? avmhcaf c:wm/ a¶G;aumufyðJG yvkyw f m trsK;d om;&if=um;a&;jzpfpOfpwifwm
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txnfazmfra_ wGr&Scd yhJ gb;l ? conflict escalation tqiht f wGuf yg0g&, S , f m=um;jzwftpd;k &zG@J pnf;Edik af &;
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Edik if w H umppfrsuEf mS eJ@xd;k ppfjyefqifvmcJo h vd/k tm%m&Sib f ufuvnf; tcif;tusi;f topfwcktaeeJ@ taumiftxnfazmfaqmif¶u G +f y;D óuwif
vrf;jyajryHck Ek pS q f ifeh @J atmify&JG ,lb@kd jyef+y;D óu;pm;vm=uygw,f? conflict jyifqif&awmhrmS jzpfygw,f? 'Dvjkd yifqifra_ wGr&S&d if a¶$0ga&mifawmfveS af &;
escalation tqifu h jkdyefa&mufomG ;wmjzpfygw,f? 'gayr,fh twdu k t f cHrsm; wke;f uvdrk sK;d ¶kww f &ufay;vmwJt h cGit hf vrf;udk vufqyk v f ufuikd rf ,l
&J@ Edik if w H umxd;k ppfjzpfwu hJ v k or*~vðkH caH &;aumifpD ta&;,lrt _ ayguf vdu k Ef ikd of vdrk sK;d jzpfomG ;rSmjzpfygw,f?
ajrmufvmwJhtcgusawmh ESpfbuft=um;yÉdyuQ[m latent conflict 'gayr,fh usrwd@k jrefrmvlrsK;d awG&@J xl;jcm;qef;us,rf v _ @kd bJac:&
tqift h xd jyefavsmu h somG ;ygw,f? avrvm;/ ppftm%m&Sib f ufu=unf&h ifawmh tvGeyf if[moajrmufp&m
'DtajctaerSmbJ avmifpmqDE;_H wufre_ @J yckuLU oHCmawmfrsm;¶du k f aumif;wJh Edik if aH &;xd;k ppfjyufv;kH wckv@kd bJ ac:&avrvm;rqdEk ikd w f hJ trsK;d
ESucf &H r_awG[m conflict emergence tqifu h jkdzpfapcJw h hJ triggering events om;&if=um;apha&; tqdðk ycsu}f u;D xGuaf y:vmygawmhw,f? trsK;d om;&if
awGbjJ zpfygw,f? tJ'u D ae t&Sed , f +l y;D conflict escalation tqifjh zpfwhJ =um;apha&;jzpf&atmif conflict settlement tqifu h akd &mufao;wmr[kwf
a¶$0ga&mifawmfveS af &;}u;D ay:xGuv f mcJyh gw,f? twdu k t f cHawGbufuom yg?
vlxw k u kd yf t JG wGuf óuwifjyifqifxm;r_ Edik if w H umtay:rSm tvGet f usL; tJ't D qifah 0;vd@k de-escalation tqifhawmifra&mufao;yg?
tm;ud;k r_e@J tcsed t f cgr[kwb f aJ c:qdx k m;wJh 'dik , f mavmhcq f w kd mr&Sx d m;cJh aemufq;kH ESpb f ufpvH;k u¶H;_ aewJt h ajctae stalemate tqifrh mS yifr&Syd g?
&if 'Dvt dk ajctaersK;d qdw k m twdu k t f cHO;D aqmifw=hJ um;jzwftpd;k & od@k r taotcsmomawG;=unf&h if conflict emergence tqifeh @J conflict es-
[kwf yg0g&, S , f m=um;jzwftpd;k &zG@J pnf;jcif;/ 'dik , f mavmhcðf yvkyjf cif;/ a¶G; calation tqifu h kd etz ppftyk pf &k @J vrf;jyajryHt k qH;k rowfcifrmS rwuf
aumufyu JG si;f yjcif;/ wdik ;f jynfwnfaqmufre_ @J trsK;d om;&if=um;apha&;jzpf vSr;f Edik yf gu latent conflict tqifrh mS wif aemufxyftESpEf pS q f ,favmuf
pOfpwifjcif; vkyif ef;pOftqifq h ifu h kd qufwufomG ;vd@k &wJt h ajctaersK;d jzpf qufae&+y;D tEdik &f tm%m&Sijf c,fv, S o f r# cH=u&awmhr,ft h ajctaersK;d
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avmhcaf c:ra,mif toHxu G v f mcJyh gw,f? 'gukd 'dik , f mavmhcjf zpfomG ;Edik v f m; cdik ;f wdik ;f yGivhf @kd r&yg? Initial democratization tqifah &muf+y;D rS oD;cdik ;f &wJh
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October 18, 2009 Voice of Burma 732 Page 17


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Page 18 Voice of Burma 732 October 18, 2009


October 18, 2009 Voice of Burma 732 Page 19
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Voice To

B urma of
1-507, Horifune Jutaku
Horifune 2-27-1
Kita Ku, Tokyo
Japan. 114 - 0004
Tel/Fax: 81 3-6323-5114
E-mail: sayarkway@yahoo.com
koko@gol.com

1995 ck atmuf wdk bm v rS p wif I t ywf pOf xkwf a0 onf


AIR MAIL PRINTED MATTER
Page 20 Voice of Burma 732 October 18, 2009