INDEX PILES - TEST PILE PROGRAM

PILE DRIVING PROCESS (PG 88)

F Index piles are driven to determine:

A. Subsurface Conditions B. Driving System
Pile driving is generally divided into two areas. A. Index Pile Driving, the Test Pile Program B. Production Pile Driving

C. Pile Capacity

Pile Driving Process

Pile Driving Process

Index Piles:
F Are not required on all projects and may or may
n n n n n n n n

Index Piles (continued)
F Are driven to determine any or all of the following:

not be incorporated into the structure. F Are exploratory in nature and shall generally be driven harder (within the limits of practical refusal), deeper and to a greater bearing value than required for the permanent (production) piling. F Should be the same cross section and type, and should be driven in the same manner as the production piles.
Pile Driving Process

safe bearing value of the piles - Pile Capacity. nature of the soil. ability of the driving system to do the work. amount of work necessary to obtain minimum required pile penetration driving resistance characteristics of the various soil strata. casting lengths of the production piles required for the work. need for pile point protection (steel or composite piles). Note: Usually driven with a PDA, but sometimes without a PDA and sometimes with a pile load test.

Pile Driving Process

INSPECTOR’S DUTIES (PG 89)
F Check

INSPECTOR’S DUTIES (cont’d)
F Check

all the items listed on the Predriving Checklists F Inform the Contractor and RCE when the plans or specifications are not followed F The Inspector is never to instruct the Contractor in how to correct his/her problem. F If a PDA is required: make sure the onon- call PDA Consultant has been scheduled, is on site, that the PDA equipment has been attached to the pile.
Pile Driving Process

that the pile is in the proper location before driving is allowed to begin. F Inform the Bridge Construction Office of any conflicts F Check that the correct pile (length, size, etc.) is being used, that the driving head is up (stenciled end), and that pile tips have been installed per the plans and specs. (when required). F Check the batter or plumbness of the pile and the pile orientation.
Pile Driving Process

1

instruct the Contractor to discontinue driving and inform the RCE. Note: Do not stop driving after only 5 blows of practical refusal.21 of the Std.. However. diagonal cracks. do not pound on the pile for one hundred blows of practical refusal.) Pile Driving Process INSPECTOR’S DUTIES (cont’d) Record on the Pile Driving Log: (continued) F Any significant rebound (over ½”) F Location and severity of any pile cracking or damage including the time and driving depth. Contractor shall never pull the pile back within tolerance. F Instruct the Contractor to discontinue obstruction is encountered. file #.off elevation without achieving bearing. template elevation. Specs for additional restrike requirements. n leave the pile 6” above grade n inform the RCE n call the Bridge Construction Office. check to ensure the hammer has been warmed up on another pile per the specs before starting. twisting. significant spalling. inform the Contractor immediately so he/she can make adjustments to keep the pile within tolerance. n CONCRETE: multiple horizontal hairline cracks. Pile Driving Process INSPECTOR’S DUTIES (cont’d) F If INSPECTOR’S DUTIES (cont’d) F If practical refusal is reached before reaching grade. n Document obstructions n object n time driving if.o to fuel 33. F For restrikes. open horizontal cracks (dust flies out during driving).. significant bending Pile Driving Process INSPECTOR’S DUTIES (cont’d) F If the pile starts to walk (move around) during INSPECTOR’S DUTIES (cont’d) F Call the Bridge Construction Office if an driving. n ultimate bearing has been achieved n grade has been reached n if practical refusal is encountered. etc. F Placement data including jetting or predrilling prior to driving (e.. bent #.o at 31 feet or pile driving stopped at 1:10 pm for 10 minutes at 35’ to move template. changed from fuel 22. and the Bridge Construction Office . Pile Driving Process hit needed to remove the object n bottom elevation of the disturbed soil n pertinent conversations or remarks n steps taken by the Contractor or directed by the Engineer. See Section 711. Pile Driving Process 2 .g. n STEEL: any cracks. (See Boring Logs for judgement call. etc. record it and. vertical cracks. F If damage occurs.) Pile Driving Process pile is within 1’ of cutcut. n inform the RCE n call the Bridge Construction Office.g.). We may have hit a thin layer that will break through.INSPECTOR’S DUTIES (cont’d) Record on the Pile Driving Log: F Preliminary information (e. auger diameter and depth of drilling or jetting).g. pile #. F Hammer blows and blows per foot F Average stroke height (or bounce chamber pressure) for each corresponding foot of driving F General notes of observations (e.

F Ensure that welding follows the procedure that has been previously submitted by the Contractor to the RCE and Research & Mat. 84 + 35. or timber piles. are attached near the pile top (generally two pile diameters down from the top) to concrete.__ 2_____ . _ 4______PILE NO. driving. = 41. F Ensure that any steel pile splices or pile point splices comply with specs or approved details. or touch -up painting has been preformed in accordance with the plans and specs.3'28- F Gauges 4120' 51Boring Terminated 10' 0 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 F During FROM WEAP CHART ULTIMATE BEARING CAPACITY (TONS) WITHOUT PDA Pile Driving Process ` 91 PILE DRIVING ANALYZER (PDA) RESULTS F Ultimate F Driving n n n PILE DRIVING ANALYZER (PDA) RESULTS continued Bearing Capacity F Pile n Stresses Tension Compression Bending Performance Transfer Energy Transfer Efficiency F Hammer n n Integrity Extent n Location F Aspects of Soil Resistance n End Bearing n Skin Friction F Soil Strength Changes with Time n End of Initial Driving n Beginning of Restrike Pile Driving Process Pile Driving Process 3 . = 43.999 ______BENT N0.71' Boring 4' Lt. __ 99.70' 18" PRESTR.G.FILE NO. = 61. the PDA computer analyzes data in real time for each hammer blow. TIP 5530' 40 in 0.0' REINF.265' WATER ELEV. steel. ELEV. C O N C R E T E WITH HP 10X 57 POINT AND REINFORCED TIPS HAMMERICE 42-S SINGLE ACTING D I E S E L RAM WT. F If no PDA is required. Lab and that splice welding is performed by a SCDOT certified welder splices or buildups.4'Very hard dense Dark gray silty Clayey fine sand 40 in 0.90 NOTE: Crack Appeared in pile at top pick-up point when Steel Tip Elev. complete an index pile information sheet similar to the one shown on the following page and fax it to the Bridge Construction Office. INDEX PILES WITH PDA TESTING (PG 92) F Pile Driving Analyzer (PDA) Process is a portable computer 60' CO ELEV. Pile Driving Process 40 in 0.= 4088 LBS.' of Sta.3'- uses specially designed strain transducers and accelerometer gauges for data acquisition. pile painting. F Ensure any pile encasements.= 60.INSPECTOR’S DUTIES (cont’d) F Ensure INSPECTOR’S DUTIES (cont’d) F Record on the Pile Driving Log the location and type of that all buildups comply with the plans & specs. Pile Driving Process Pile Driving Process INDEX PILE .91' O.0 F PDA F PDA 11- Medium to very dense dark gray silty fine sand 50' EXPOSED PILE POINT = 5' 40' STEEL TIP ELEV. F Fax the completed Pile Driving Log to the Bridge Construction Office.= 67.

FA Pile Driving Process following pictures were taken of the Pile Load Testing performed on the Conway Bypass Project. sample spec is on pages 3737. plans and specs. F This project had both a vertical and horizontal Load Test. F When called for.42 of this manual. Pile Driving Process Pile Driving Process Pile Driving Process Pile Driving Process Pile Driving Process 4 .LOAD TESTS (94) F Are TYPICAL ARRANGEMENT FOR LOAD TESTING A PILE (Not in Manual) seldom used on SCDOT projects F The F Vary from project to project. must be read and followed closely. F The Inspector must ensure n that the reaction frame is properly installed n that proper coordination is maintained with Contractor and all SCDOT consultant firms and other interested parties.

Production pile driving is set to begin when: n Pile n lengths have been set criteria is in hand.Pile Driving Process Pile Driving Process Pile Driving Process Pile Driving Process PRODUCTION PILE DRIVING (PG 95) F OVERVIEW: n Production piles are those to be incorporated into the project.driving Pile Driving Process Pile Driving Process 5 . and checklists have been completed n Driving n Pre Pre.

F Placement data including jetting or predrilling prior to including the time and driving depth. n for each corresponding foot of driving F General notes of observations (e. file #.). F Remember. auger diameter and depth of drilling or jetting).g.PRODUCTION PILE DRIVING (PG 95) F This Inspector’s Duties F Never instruct the Contractor in how to correct his/her segment contains n Inspector’s duties n Detailed information and instructions to help the Inspector in the performance of those duties.g. Bent #. F Instruct the Contractor to discontinue driving if. significant bending 2-o to fuel 33-o at 31 feet or pile driving stopped at 1:10 pm for 10 minutes at 35’ to move template. Office. INSPECTOR’S DUTIES (cont’d) Record on the Pile Driving Log: (continued) F Any significant rebound (over 1/2”) F Location and severity of any pile cracking or damage template elevation. the Inspector is to keep the Contractor and RCE informed when the construction is not following the plans or specs. changed from fuel CONCRETE: multiple horizontal hairline cracks.. etc. INSPECTOR’S DUTIES (cont’d) F Call the Bridge Construction Office if an obstruction is inform the Contractor immediately so he/she can make adjustments to keep the pile within tolerance. STEEL: any cracks. F Check for: n n n n n correct pile (length. twisting. and the Bridge Construction Office. problem. etc. record it and.) Pile Driving Process n Pile Driving Process INSPECTOR’S DUTIES (cont’d) F If the pile starts to walk (move around) during driving. F Record preliminary information on the Pile Driving Log (such as File #. n Document obstructions n object n time hit needed to remove the object elevation of the disturbed soil conversations or remarks n bottom n pertinent n steps taken by the Contractor or directed by the Engineer. size.) is being used driving head is up (stenciled end) pile tips have been installed as per the plans and specs (when required). F Hammer blows and blows per foot F Average stroke height (or bounce chamber pressure) to discontinue driving and inform the RCE. Pile Driving Process Pile Driving Process INSPECTOR’S DUTIES (cont’d) Record on the Pile Driving Log: F Preliminary information (e. Pile #. pile #. Pile Driving Process 6 . Pile Driving Process encountered.. bent #. pile is in the proper location before driving batter or plumbness of the pile and the pile orientation. n ultimate bearing has been achieved n grade has been reached n if practical refusal is encountered.g. etc. vertical cracks. instruct the Contractor driving (e. n minimum tip elevation has been obtained (or is within 5’ of grade if there is no minimum tip elevation requirement) n minimum penetration has been obtained Note: Contractor is required to drive 2’ past the elevation at which required bearing was first obtained unless cut off elevation is reached or practical refusal is obtained. significant spalling.. template elevation. diagonal cracks. F If damage occurs. Contractor shall never pull the pile back within tolerance.). open horizontal cracks (dust flies out during driving). etc.

> SEQUENCE 1 SEQUENCE 2 sequence in his Pile Installation Plan.INSPECTOR’S DUTIES (cont’d) F If practical refusal is reached before reaching grade. complete an index pile information comply with specs or approved details. n n n leave the pile 6” above grade inform the RCE call the Bridge Construction Office. check to ensure the hammer has been warmed up on another pile per the specs before starting.) F For restrikes. F Fax the completed Pile Driving Log to the Bridge Construction Office. bearing. pile painting. or touch -up painting has been preformed in accordance with the plans and specs. We may have hit a thin layer that will break through. F Driving sequence of displacement pile groups should be from the center of the group outward or from one side to the other side (See Figure 14 PG 97). Pile Driving Process Pile Driving Process DRIVING SEQUENCE: (PG 97) F Driving sequence of piles in a pier or bent cap can be Driving Sequence important. F Ensure that any steel pile splices or pile point splices splices or buildups. F Contractor needs to provide the proposed driving SEQUENCE 3 < ------------------------------------------------- < ----------------------------------------------. F Ensure any pile encasements. F Driving sequence can affect the way piles drive and can 17 18 19 20 21 16 5 6 7 22 FIGURE 14 15 4 1 8 23 14 3 2 9 24 13 12 11 10 25 affect near -by structures. Lab and that splice welding is performed by a SCDOT certified welder sheet similar to the one shown on the following page and fax it to the Bridge Construction Office. Specs for additional restrike requirements. See Section 711.21 of the Std. Pile Driving Process Pile Driving Process INSPECTOR’S DUTIES (cont’d) F Ensure that all buildups comply with the plans & INSPECTOR’S DUTIES (cont’d) F Record on the Pile Driving Log the location and type of specs. However. n n especially true for displacement piles nonnon -displacement piles. F Ensure that welding follows the procedure that has been previously submitted by the Contractor to the RCE and Research & Mat. not as critical. (See Boring Logs for judgement call. F If no PDA is required. n n INSPECTOR’S DUTIES (cont’d) F If pile is within 1’ of cutcut-off elevation without achieving inform the RCE call the Bridge Construction Office. do not pound on the pile for one hundred blows of practical refusal. Note: Do not stop driving after only 5 blows of practical refusal. Pile Driving Process Pile Driving Process DRIVING SEQUENCE 7 .

erase. 5”. footnote the item and go to the bottom or to the back of the page. 14. 4". Pile Driving Process Pile Driving Process DETERMINING PILE TIP ELEVATION EXERCISE (PG 116116. 3". in case pile refusal is obtained prior to pile reaching cutcut-off elevation. ReRe-taps use 1/4".) F Blows per minute (BPM). F Work away from existing structures. If it does not apply. pile group shown in Fig. 14 : n n Driving Sequence continued F Pile groups should not be driven from the outside to the By the pile number as shown. & 6" increments. F Pile damage. Fill in the heading before driving starts. strike a single line through the item and insert the correct information above it. F May be critical next to a bascule bridge where small movements can hinder the locking mechanism. etc. but never erase. If there is insufficient room to make an entry. F Other relevant information such as warnings/recommendations to the Contractor. Such sequencing will cause displaced soil to become trapped and compacted in the center of the pile group. F For example. 4”. if a structure is located to the right side of n By driving each row starting on one side of the group and working to the other side as shown in sequence 3. etc. F Clarification of Blow Count Increment. center (the reverse of sequence 1 or 2). F Attachment or detachment of PDA Equipment. F Example reason for stops. 6”. See Manufacturer's Brochure. PILE DRIVING LOG (PG 128) REMARKS F Intermediate stops and starts. piles should be driven by sequence 3. 3”. This reduces amount of soil displaced toward the existing structure. hammer breakdown. Pile Driving Process Pile Driving Process 8 . F Show Splice. F Rebound. put N/A in the blank. Slides for exercise Pile Driving Process Pile Driving Process PILE DRIVING LOG (PG 128) PILE DRIVING LOG DATA ON FORM Blows F Count usually in oneone-foot increments. Use a pencil. (Pile cushion change. By driving each row starting with the center of row & working outward as shown in sequence 2. 2”.127) PILE DRIVING LOG (PG 128) PILE DRIVING LOG DATA ON FORM Blanks F Fill in every blank on the form. 2". If you need to change something. 1". 1/2". F Stroke or Bounce Chamber Pressure (BCP). F Always convert driving criteria to blows per 1”.Driving Sequence Example F Driving sequence of group in Fig. template in the way. F Reason for acceptance.

F Driving Criteria –Inspector can write down this information or have a copy of the original pile driving criteria letter. – Required minimum penetration below groundline or scourline. Template Elevation – Elevation of the reference used to count blows/foot during driving. Pile Driving Process Pile Driving Process PILE DRIVING LOG (PG 128) F Serial No. F Blows –number of blows required to move pile one foot or one meter. Pile Driving Process meters. F Pile CutCut -off – length of concrete pile cut off. Stop Time – Time driving stops or is interrupted. F PG Hose Length – pressure gage hose length. . F Length – The original length of the pile in feet/meters. F Mark Ft. . F Original Ground Elev.Bent No. Refer to accepted Pile Driving Equipment Data Form for this information. (from plans) that the pile is being PILE DRIVING LOG (PG 128) F Pile Type -Type of pile being driven. Usually some part of the pile template can be used. Exp. Steel Tip Elev. (Excluding pile points on composite pile) F Pile Pt. F Ultimate Bearing –ultimate bearing required for the pile F F F F F that is shown in the plans. Pile Driving Process millimeters and type of material being used. Common material is plywood. Actual Pen. Min Pen. F Operating Rate – Manufacturer’s rated hammer speed in blows/minute. Tip Elev. Steel H or Steel Pipe Pile. –manufacturer’s Serial No. – Actual penetration below groundline or scourline. F Hammer Type – Make and model number of the hammer being used. F Min. F Design Bearing –design bearing required for the pile that is shown in the plans. For Steel HH-piles. F Pile Size – The side dimension in inches of a square pile. F Energy/Blow – This value is the rated energy and is found on the PDED Form. the HH-pile shape dimensions should be used and for steel pipe piles the outside pipe diameter should be used. Pile Driving Process PILE DRIVING LOG (PG 128) F Water Elevation –elevation of water at time of driving. F Soil Type – soil type from soil borings in plans or in end of driving. F Pile CutCut -off Elevation – This elevation is shown on plans. Verify that data in PDED Form matches hammer on the project. It is usually a Square Prestressed . –actual steel tip and concrete tip elevations. – The Pile No. Req. Ln. within the bent or footing (number pile from left to right and in direction of stationing). shown on the pile PILE DRIVING LOG (PG 128) F Pile Cushion Type & Thickness – Thickness in inches / hammer. Conc. –required minimum concrete tip elevation.This sheet number of the total sheets. Start Time – Time initial driving begins or driving resumes after interruptions. F Final Elevation Concrete Tip –elevation of concrete tip at elevation. Check before driving begins and compare actual versus data on PDED Form. place in. –required minimum steel tip driving./m –pile length in increments used in feet or at pile. Pile Driving Process 9 . -The Department’s File Number F Date . F Steel Tip/Conc. F Pile No. This reference must be a nonnon -moving point (stationary). – Record original ground elevation Special Provisions. F Final Elevation Steel tip –elevation of steel tip at end of PILE DRIVING LOG (PG 128) F Pile Rebound –amount of pile rebound if ½” or greater F Min.PILE DRIVING LOG (PG 128) INSTRUCTIONS FOR COMPLETING THE PILE DRIVING LOG F File No. F Sheet No. F Bent No./Size – The exposed length and size of pile point. Tip Elev.The date that the pile driving begins.

CONC.______________ DATE__________________ SHEET _____ OF _______ BENT NO. For closed -end diesel hammers record the bounce chamber pressure.___________ PG HOSE LENGTH ________PILE CUT-OFF__________ PILE REBOUND ________ MIN._______ PILE TYPE/SIZE ________________________ LENGTH (EXCL.__________________ WATER ELEV. STEEL TIP ELEV./SIZE ________________ HAMMER TYPE____________________ SERIAL NO.________________DATE__________________ SHEET ______ OF _______ BENT NO. CONC. Print your name immediately below your signature.______________ MIN. Date Pile Cast –date the pile was cast.e._______________PILE NO. MIN.______________________ FINAL ELEV. TIP_____________ PILE CUT-OFF ELEVATION ________ _ ORIGINAL GROUND ELEV._________________ ACTUAL PEN. Pile or Splice Pile Length of Point Length Points Pile Point Total Length (1) Length C. i. Pile Fabricator – name of prestress supplier. STEEL TIP__________ _ FINAL ELEV. BLOWS / FOOT STROKE / PRESSURE REMARKS______________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ BOT. Remarks – any information related to driving. Pile Driving Process FILE NO. CONC. ______________ PG 130 Pile Driving Process SOIL TYPE MARK FT/m STEEL TIP ELEV. pile rebound. This date is etched into pile near driving head.O. CONC. pile cushion changes.PILE DRIVING LOG (PG 128) PILE DRIVING LOG F Stroke/Pressure –stroke for open -end diesels or F F F F air/steam hammers. TIP ELEV. BLOWS / FOOT STROKE / PRESSURE PILE DRIVING LOG CONTINUATION SHEET FILE NO. TIP ELEV. ELEV._______PILE NO.)____________ _ PILE PT. Signature – Signature of Inspector monitoring the pile driving.. PEN . TIP ELEV._______________________ START TIME_______________________ STOP TIME_________________________ TEMPLATE ELEV. Footing Pile NO. PREDRILLED HOLE/JETTING _________________________________ PILE FABRICATOR_______________________ DATE PILE CAST______________ RECORDER _______________________________ SIGNATURE_______________________________ REMARKS_________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ RECORDER______________________SIGNATURE_______________ 131 Pile Driving Process Pile Driving Process FINAL PLANS PILE RECORD (PG 132) < For P S C > ENGLISH RAM WEIGHT ___________LBS. (1) Net Length (1) Pile Driving Process Pile Driving Process 10 . Type Pile Size Theoretic Design al Factor Bearing of Safety Build-up Size Of Pay Reinf. pile cracking and spalling or any unusual problems. PT._______________ PILE TYPE______________ SOIL TYPE MARK FT/m STEEL TIP ELEV.________________________ ENERGY/BLOW____________________ OPERATING RATE__________________ DESIGN BEARING__________________ ULTIMATE BEARING_______________ DRIVING CRITERIA_____________________________________________________ PILE CUSHION TYPE & THICKNESS______________________________________ REQ’D. EXP. Stop and start times during driving should also be recorded in this space if driving is temporarily halted. P G LENGTH Original Length (1) Date Bent NO. LN.

(1) Bearing (2) Value is Obtained Pen._____________ COUNTY DESCRIPTION CONTRACTOR: PROJECT NO. O. ALSO FLOW OF STREAM TO BE SHOWN. Bottom of Pressure Foot Length Footing (3) From WEAP Analysis From PDA Analysis Est. NO. __________________ ROUTE Pile Driving Process Pile Driving Process 11 . Footing Pile No. In Pen. STATE FILE NO. THE ORIGINAL SHOULD BE SUBMITTED WITH THE FINAL PLANS FOR THE PROJECT. Pile Elevation Length Ultimate Tip C. PENETRATION PER BLOW: GIVE THIS INFORMATION IN DECIMALS OF AN INCH. 1) CONCRETE LENGTH ON COMPOSITE PILE Notes Concerning any Unusual Foundation Conditions Bent NO. DIV. Ultimate Estimated Actual Measured Est. ____________ GROUP NO.PILE RECORD ON FILE NO. ___________ Elevation Of Tip Pay When Elev. Actual Bearing Hammer Factor of Hammer Bearing Bearing Value Efficiency Safety Efficiency Value Value <from chart> Pile Driving Process Pile Driving Process FED. SHEET NO 1 TOTAL SHEETS NOTES: PAY LENGTH SHOULD INCLUDE ALLOWANCES FOR SPLICING STEEL PILES AND ANY OTHER AUTHORIZED ALLOWANCES. PILE AND DRIVING EQUIPMENT DATA FILE NO. A SKETCH OF BENT OR FOOTING TO BE DRAWN ON THIS SHEET AND PILES TO BE NUMBERED. RD. Remarks 2) CONCRETE TIP ON COMPOSITE PILE 3) OR FRACTION OF A FOOT IF REFUSAL IS OBTAINED Pile Driving Process Pile Driving Process COMPLETE THE PILE & DRIVING EQUIPMENT DATA FORM NOTE: COMPLETE THE PILE REPORT AS SOON AS POSSIBLE AND SUBMIT A COPY TO THE GEOTECHNICAL SECTION OF THE BRIDGE DESIGN OFFICE IN COLUMBIA. Ult. ROUTE NO. Exposed Ground or Stroke or Blows Per Pile Pt.

21.0' 66.75 43.945 60.0' W8X58 16. _Refusal obtained at Conc.0' 150/0. FOOT STROKE/ PRESSURE FINAL PLANS PILE DRIVING RECORD SAMPLE (PG 134) 37* 56.94 30.525 52.945 68.5 41. _**Ultimate Bearing first obtained.945 28 65.5 Pile Driving Process Pile Driving Process < For P S C > Original Length (1) Build-up Size Of Pay Reinf.945 65 34 59.105 50.525 65.95' Pen.945 70.525 63._93.945 Sand 23 70.0’ _______ _ MIN. ELEV. Pile Elevation Length Ultimate Tip C. STEEL TIP ELEV.525 72/.525 88 6.25 REMARKS:_*Stopped _Driving_to_move_template.945 32 35 58. TIP_60. PEN.945 112 33 60.53' 60.325 Ft-Lbs.945 24 69. Doe__SIGNATURE__________________________ ENGLISH RAM WEIGHT __5510 LBS. _56. Tip Elev. STEEL TIP_50.005 FT. Exposed Ground or Stroke or Blows Per Pile Pt.525 76 6.42** 56.5 40. (1) Net Length (1) PILE RECORD ON FILE NO.25 38.525 51.0' 7.58' Pile Driving Process Pile Driving Process 12 .525 130 6.25' 10.O.0' Elevation Of Tip Pay When Elev. TIP ELEV.945 71.945 50 36 57.945 150/. CONC. Footing Pile NO.945 66. Products DATE PILE CAST_10-15-98 RECORDER__John Q.__ 16.945 30 63. EXP.5 Tons_____ DRIVING CRITERIA_ 42 Blows/Ft._21.75 5.963________ DATE_ 10-21-98_________ SHEET __1___ OF __1____ BENT NO. Date Bent NO. Bottom of Pressure Foot Length Footing (3) 16.5 42.525 137 6.945 31 62.42 55.)_30’ Concrete PILE PT.0’ _____ PILE REBOUND __ 0 ______ MIN.______________ START TIME_ 8:50 am _______________ STOP TIME_ 9:35 am_________________ TEMPLATE ELEV. PREDRILLED HOLE/JETTING _N/A____________________ PILE FABRICATOR-Standard Conc. BLOWS / FT/m ELEV.945 67.42' 6.525 62. CONC. @ 7' Stroke________________________________ PILE CUSHION TYPE & THICKNESS_._77.945 26 67.0’________ PG 133 Pile Driving Process SOIL TYPE MARK STEEL TIP CONC._ 10-2986________________ ENERGY/BLOW_41.945’_____ FINAL ELEV.525 64. LENGTH/SIZE_10' _W8x58 HAMMER TYPE_Kobe K-25__________ SERIAL NO._66.945’_______ PILE CUT-OFF ELEVATION 89.525 66.25 39. = 60.525 53. FOOT Grey Silty 22 71.963 30.25 5. PT . TIP BLOWS / FT/m ELEV.945 55 Pile Driving Process STROKE / PRESSURE 4. MIN. Type Pile Size Theoretic Design al Factor Bearing of Safety 10/21/98 4 N/A 7 SPC 18" 65 TONS 2.945'._10’____________ ACTUAL PEN.945 72._____ OPERATING RATE_UNK .510’_______________ FINAL ELEV.945 66 6. O.95’____ PG HOSE LENGTH N/A __PILE CUT-OFF_1._76.Plywood @ 4" Thickness________________ REQ’D. TIP ELEV.945 30 32 61.50 5.75 SOIL TYPE MARK STEEL TIP CONC._4___PILE NO. (1) (2) Bearing Value is Obtained 89.525 61.0' 1.75 5.945 25 68. Prestressed _____________ LENGTH (EXCL.945 29 64.________________ BOT.0' NO N/A 30.58' 7.941’___ ORIGINAL GROUND ELEV.945 69.945’__________ WATER ELEV.945 27 66. ELEV.____________ DESIGN BEARING_65 Tons__________ ULTIMATE BEARING_ 162. In Pen._7 ____PILE TYPE/SIZE 18” Sq.50 5.25 37. Pile or Splice Pile Length of Point Length Points Pile Point Total Length (1) Length C.0' 29.525 54.PILE DRIVING LOG (INDEX PILE SAMPLE) FILE NO.525 122 6.

_60’__________ PG 136 Pile Driving Process SOIL TYPE MARK FT/m STEEL TIP ELEV.0’ _______ MIN.)_30’ ______PILE PT. Hammer stroke of 5. Fill out the Pile Driving Log (page 136) provided for the following data. STEEL TIP__?_________ FINAL ELEV. DIV. Pile Tip Elev. SHEET NO 1 TOTAL SHEETS From WEAP Analysis From PDA Analysis Est. Hammer stroke of 4. PEN.945 7 Pile Driving Process PILE DRIVING LOG HOMEWORK 1. @ 7’ Stroke_______________________________ PILE CUSHION TYPE & THICKNESS_. CONC.0’___________ WATER ELEV.0’ for 60 blows in 1’ in medium dense silty sand. MIN._10’_____________ ACTUAL PEN. Pile refusal obtained at Conc.325 Ft-Lbs. BLOWS / FOOT STROKE / PRESSURE REMARKS_________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ BOT. LN/SIZE 15’ W8x58____________ HAMMER TYPE_Kobe K-25__________ SERIAL NO._92.__11-1111________________ ENERGY/BLOW__41. Ultimate Estimated Actual Measured Est.0’ for 40 blows in 1’ in medium dense silty sand.555______ DATE__1-31-2000 _____ SHEET __1__ OF ___1___ BENT NO. EXP. Pile Driving Process Pile Driving Process PILE DRIVING LOG (HOMEWORK) FILE NO. c. 4 N/A Pile Driving Process Remarks Stopped driving at 37' mark to move template. ROUTE NO.0’___ ORIGINAL GROUND ELEV.__ ? ____________________ START TIME__8:45 am______________ STOP TIME___9:15___________________ TEMPLATE ELEV.5’______ PG HOSE LENGTH _N/A_____ PILE CUT-OFF_ ? ________ PILE REBOUND _1” ___ MIN. PT. Ult. The pile was marked off in one-foot increments from the toe (bottom) end of the concrete. NO. Footing Pile No. Hammer stroke of 6. PREDRILLED HOLE/JETTING _N/A________________ PILE FABRICATOR__ ABC Prestress__DATE PILE CAST_1-20-2000_ RECORDER _______________SIGNATURE_____________________ Pile Driving Process 13 . TIP ELEV.__2___PILE NO. ________________ FED. CONC._55.GROUP NO. When the 20’ mark on the pile is at the template elevation. = 60. The template elevation is 100.__75. RD.__N/A_________________ FINAL ELEV. STEEL TIP ELEV. Use the information from the Pile Driving Log Problem above to fill out the Final Plans Pile Driving Record Sheet provided on page 132 in the manual. Most of the top portion of the log has been filled in for you. CONC. just complete the form including the table portion. STATE FILE NO.5’ for 150 blows in 6 inches in dense silty sand PG 135 FINAL PLANS PILE DRIVING RECORD HOMEWORK 1.Plywood @ 4” Thickness________________ REQ’D.5’ for 25 blows in 1’ in brown silt. ELEV.____ OPERATING RATE__N/A _____________ DESIGN BEARING___70 Tons________ ULTIMATE BEARING_175 Tons_______ DRIVING CRITERIA__55 Blows/Ft.5 feet is as follows: a._100. Actual Bearing Hammer Factor of Hammer Bearing Bearing Value Efficiency Safety Efficiency Value Value <from chart> UNK UNK UNK UNK UNK UNK Notes Concerning any Unusual Foundation Conditions Bent NO.__ 3___PILE TYPE/SIZE 18” Square Prestressed ________ LENGTH (EXCL. the driving data for the next 3.0’. b. TIP_?_____________ PILE CUT-OFF ELEVATION _105. Hammer stroke of 7. d. TIP ELEV.

Pile Driving Process .Recap Session Segment has presented: F INDEX PILING F PRODUCTION PILING F INSPECTOR’S DUTIES F PDA F DRIVING SEQUENCE F DETERMINING PILE TIP ELEVATION F PILE DRIVING LOG FORM ……………………………………your questions? END OF SESSION Pile Driving Process 14 .

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