Bisalloy® Design Examples

Design Examples

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11 Aug 2006 Rev 1.

A limit state version of the AISC specification is also available. The design examples are as follows: • • • • • Heavily Loaded Column Heavily Loaded Beam . AS4100 does not exclude the use of structural steels in excess of 450 MPa yield stress. Comparison with other steels are noted where appropriate. It should also be noted that Bisplate 80 steel. and has been used in the development of each of the design examples contained within this publication. Each example contains a brief explanation of the structural element and the loading applied. However. Above this yield stress the AISC specification is not applicable.Bisalloy® Design Examples DESIGN EXAMPLES The following five structural design examples demonstrate the significant savings which can be achieved in the areas of weight and cost by using Grade 690 MPa Bisplate 80 steel instead of the more commonly used lower grade structural steels. There is currently no Australian Standard covering the design of structural elements utilising high strength quenched and tempered steels. . 2 of 13 11 Aug 2006 Rev 1. 1989. is right on the upper limit of 100 ksi yield stress steel covered by the AISC specification. The SAA Steel Structures Code. these examples have been simplified as much as possible in order to facilitate ease of comparison between the different steels. and should be equally effective in the design of High Strength Steel structures. Also provided are some typical examples of applications in which the structural element may be utilised. This code has been proven to provide relatively simple and efficient methods of structural design for all types of structural elements. and the most commonly used in Australia for design in high strength steels is the American Institute of Steel Construction’s (AISC) Specification For Structural Steel Buildings . These examples primarily compare Bisplate 80 to Grade 300 Plus Steel which is currently the most commonly used structural steel in Australia. it is necessary to engage an appropriate international standard which has been specifically developed to cater for the use of high strength steels. in order to adequately design and demonstrate the validity of a design in such steels. AS 4100-1990. June 1.Box section Heavily Loaded Truss 70 MI Water tank Where appropriate. DESIGN CODES RELATING TO THE USE OF HIGH STRENGTH QUENCHED AND TEMPERED PLATE MEMBERS IN STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING APPLICATIONS.Allowable Stress Design and Plastic Design. beyond which the general provisions of the code are not applicable. may be used for the design of structures in steel grades up to 450 MPa. at 690 MPa yield stress. One such code.I section Heavily Loaded Beam .

Bisalloy® Design Examples EXAMPLE 1 HEAVILY LOADED COLUMN Consider a braced column. STEEL GRADE MPa 300 690 SECTION 500WC383 tf = 20 d1 = 400 tw = 16 bf = 500 WEIGHT Kg/m 383 207 3 of 13 11 Aug 2006 Rev 1. 10m high. 1). Representative calculations are provided on following pages. loaded axially with an 11.000 KN factored live load (Fig. . The results of each design are summarised in Table 1. Some examples of practical applications where such a column may be required are as follows: • • • In multi-storey construction Heavy industrial structures Storage silos/Hopper supports Structural column design was carried out for Grade 300 MPa steel using AS4100-1990. C Corresponding design was carried out for Grade 690 MPa Bisplate 80 Steel using the AISC specification.

293 – 0.1 Fa = 40.1 Fy 100 t √ Kc √ 1. Q = QsQa = 0.3.3 Αc = ξ {[1-√[1-(90/ξλ) ]} = 0.1989.0 Slender Element Table B5.890 x 106mm4 Iy = 751 x 106mm4 rx = 197mm ry = 124mm fy = 280 MPa Ag = 26.1 6.0 Ns = 13664 KN ØNs = 12.222 KN ØNc = 11.7mm fy = 690 MPa = 100 Ksi 500WC383 AS4100 Reference 6.8 x 106mm4 Ry = Iy √A = 125.29 ksi Check Local Buckling Flanges : 95 = 95 = 9.3 > b = 25.907 4 of 13 11 Aug 2006 Rev 1.000 1.78 MPa Ag OK B5 Table B5.8945 Nc = 12.333 = 277.400 mm2 = An = Ae Iy = 416.Bisalloy® Design Examples COLUM DESIGN USING GRADE 300 STEEL Design in accordance with AS4100 – 1900.907 t √Kc Stress Reduction Factor for Web. Qa = 1.333 KN fa = 7.0 Member stress reduction factor. Ag = 48.00309 b Fy = 0.000 KN ≤ N* OK Nominal Mass of Column = 383 kg/m 2 Web: 253 = 253 = 25. .5 = 7. B B5a Stress Reduction Factor for Flange.0 √ Fy √ 100 t Non-Compact Element Slender elements involved Design by Appendix B App.298 KN > N* Member Capacity Nc = αc Ns≤ N AISC Spec.5 < b = 12.2. Fig 3 COLUMN DESIGN USING GRADE 690 MPA YIELD STRENGTH BISPLATE 80 Design in accordance with American Institute of Steel Construction Specification for Structural Steel Buildings .1 Section Capacity NS = KfAnfy An=Ag=Ae Kf = 1.800 mm2 Ix = 1. Qs = 1. Reference Design Load = 11.

44 > kl r kl 2 r Q Fa = 12Cc.13 ksi > fa Nominal mass of Column = 208 kg/m 5 of 13 11 Aug 2006 Rev 1. .2 3 Fy kl r 3 Eq A-B5-11 5 3+ kl r 8Cc’ 8Cc’3 OK Fa = 43. Reference B5c Allowable Stress.Bisalloy® Design Examples COLUMN DESIGN USING GRADE 690 MPA YIELD STRENGTH BISPLATE 80 (CONTINUED) AISC Spec. Fa C1c = 79.

Representative calculations are provided on the following pages. Corresponding design was carried out for Grade 690 MPa Bisplate 80 steel using the AISC specification. The results of each design are summarised in Table 2. loaded continuously with a live load of 470 KN/m (factored) as shown in Fig. in addition to the weight waving. Practical applications where such a beam may required are: • • • In multi-storey construction Heavy industrial structures Roof support in underground mining Structural beam design was carried out for Grade 300 MPa steel using AS4100-1990. . while still satisfying the permissible deflection requirements.5. where head room is at a premium. This is of great importance in underground mining and multi-storey construction applications. STEEL GRADE MPa 300 690 SECTION 1200WB392 tf = 25 d1 = 850 tw = 12 bf = 450 WEIGHT Kg/m 392 256 Note that a significant reduction in the depth of the beam was achieved through the use of Bisplate 80. 6 of 13 11 Aug 2006 Rev 1.Bisalloy® Design Examples EXAMPLE 2 HEAVILY LOADED BEAM (I – SECTION) Consider a beam with full lateral restraint spanning 10m.

BEAM DESIGN USING GRADE 690 MPA YIELD STRENGTH BISPLATE 80 7 of 13 11 Aug 2006 Rev 1. .Bisalloy® Design Examples BEAM DESIGN USING GRADE 300 STEEL Design in accordance with AS4100 – 1990.

. Practical applications are : • Heavy industrial structures • Roof support in mining • A box section is effective in long spans where additional lateral restraint is required within the beam section to compensate for a lack of external restraints. Representative calculations are provided on the following pages. • A common application of a box section fabricated from high strength Q & T steel in which the load configuration varies significantly from that described above. The results of each design are summarised in Table 3. Table 3: STEEL GRADE MPa 250 690 SECTION tf = 40 d1 = 1120 tw = 10 bf = 500 tf = 25 d1 = 850 tw = 8 bf = 450 WEIGHT Kg/m 490 284 8 of 13 11 Aug 2006 Rev 1. loaded continuously with a live load of 470 KN/m (factored) as shown in Fig 9. Structural beam design was carried out for both Grade 250 MPa steel and Grade 690 MPa Bisplate 80 steel using the AISC specification.Bisalloy® Design Examples EXAMPLE 3 HEAVILY LOADED BEAM (BOX SECTION) Consider a beam with full lateral restraint spanning 10m. is in the lifting booms of mobile cranes.

. 9 of 13 11 Aug 2006 Rev 1.Bisalloy® Design Examples BOX SECTION BEAM DESIGN USING GRADE 250 MPA ASTM A36 In accordance with AISC Spec. BOX SECTION BEAM DESIGN USING GRADE 690 MPA BISPLATE 80 In accordance with AISC Spec.

In this example the following loading parameters have been considered. Multi-storey construction supporting several floors. a hydro-electric power station). . Some examples of practical applications where such a truss may be required include : • • Underground construction supporting a trafficable roof (e. 10 of 13 11 Aug 2006 Rev 1.Bisalloy® Design Examples EXAMPLE 4 HEAVILY LOADED TRUSS Consider a heavily loaded truss spanning 40m.g. Truss spacing 10m Live Load 3 KPa Dead Load 1 KPa Occasional Load 20 KN mid span The resulting load configuration is illustrated in Fig.13.

Results are summarised in Tables 4 and 5.814 (3. Corresponding design was carried out for Grade 690 Bisplate 80 steel using the American Institute of Steel Construction Specification for Structural Steel Buildings.929) 17. TRUSS DESIGN SUMMARY Grade 300 & 350 MPa – AS4100 – 1990 Table 4: MEMBER Top Cord Bottom Cord Webs SECTION 310 UC 137 310 UC 96.5 * (250 x 250 x 6 SHS) kg/m 137 96. Grade 690 Bisplate 80 – AISC Spec.3) Total Weight = TOTAL WEIGHT TONNES 5.274 11 of 13 11 Aug 2006 Rev 1.480 3. .166 (13.754 tf = 10 tw = 8 tf = 10 tw = 10 tf = 8 tw = 6 d1 = 212 bf = 256 d1 = 212 bf = 260 d1 = 225 bf = 256 Total Weight = 8.872 7. Table 5: MEMBER Top Cord Bottom Cord Webs SECTION kg/m 55 58 43 TOTAL LENGTH m 40 40 87.8 250 UC89.Bisalloy® Design Examples Structural member design was carried out for Grade 300 and 350 MPa steels using AS4100 – 1990.281) *Figures in brackets correspond to the use of Grade 350 square Hollow Sections as web members.8 89.200 2.5 (45) TOTAL LENGTH m 40 40 87. All other members are Grade 300.320 3.3 (87.3 TOTAL WEIGHT TONNES 2.

0 142.5 114.85 5. shown in Table 7.70 8.5 57.5 HOOP TENSION (KN/m) 1194 2388 3582 4777 5971 PLATE YIELD STRENGTH (MPa) 250 250 250 350 350 PLATE THICKNESS (mm) 10 20 25 28 36 STRESS (MPa) 119 119 143 171 166 2. 15.Bisalloy® Design Examples EXAMPLE 5 REVISED DESIGN FOR A LARGE WATER STORAGE TANK A water storage tank was originally designed in AS3678-1990 Grade 250 and 350 steel plate to the following parameters: Height = 14. this revised design resulting in a saving of 25% in the mass of steelwork in the walls of the tank.25m Diameter = 83.70 8.8m Capacity = 70 MI The stress calculations for the original design are as shown in Table 6.5 114. Table 7: DEPTH (m) PRESSURE (KPa) 28.25 As shown in Fig.55 11.85 5.5 HOOP TENSION (KN/m) 1194 2388 3582 4777 5971 PLATE YIELD STRENGTH (MPa) 250 250 250 690 690 PLATE THICKNESS (mm) 10 20 20 20 20 STRESS (MPa) 119 119 179 239 298 2.0 142. Table 6:: DEPTH (m) PRESSURE (KPa) 28.25 A revised design incorporating 690 MPa yield strength Q & T steel plates in the lower two sections produced the following set of values.40 14. .0 85.55 11.40 14.5 57. 12 of 13 11 Aug 2006 Rev 1.0 85.

. 13 of 13 11 Aug 2006 Rev 1. however.Bisalloy® Design Examples Please Note: Every care has been taken to ensure the accuracy of the design examples. Bisalloy does not warrant the suitability of the design examples for a particular purpose. the information is provided as a guide only. The purchaser relies on its own skill and judgement as to the suitability of Bisalloy 80 (Bisplate 80) for its purpose. A structural engineer should be consulted with respect to use for specific projects. Bisalloy Steels shall not be liable for any loss or damage howsoever caused arising from the application of such information.

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