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< <|çj˹]<ЊßÖ]
Open system dictiona

< <‘ìßbÓ

< <|çj˹]<ЊßÖ]
Open system dictionary
@ @†ìuc@ñŠa†gë@Lâë†c@ñ†bȎ@ì® 

 
 
   

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3

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‫‪@ @áîy‹Ûa@弋Ûa@a@ái‬‬
‫‪@ò߇Ôß‬‬
‫@ @‬

‫   א א ‪ ،‬א
 ج ‬
‫ " )('& ‪...%‬؟"‪ "     ،‬دא!‬
‫א‪ ،"#$%‬و‪ ,'-.‬א‪ #*+‬وא('&‪#‬‬
‫א ‪  12‬وא‪ '$/0‬وא‪340‬د ‪61 ...‬‬
‫‪،7 '8‬و‪'-1،;': ,14،<7 :898‬א‪$‬‬
‫א =‪'-‬و‪$‬א ‪ .'=-‬‬
‫وא ; א‪ ? @.+‬א>دא! ‪B‬ع ‪BC 8‬אع‬
‫א>دא! א‪7HI ،D. -1 1E C: ،F G‬‬
‫‪ L$ DJ -B‬א‪ ،K E !'G‬و‪;$C DB61 =-B‬‬
‫‪5‬‬

‫‪N8‬د ‪/‬א‪ M‬دא 
‪ :,1،/‬‬
‫‪ -8/, -.‬ذ‪01 23 45 ،-6‬‬
‫‪ .‬א‪ 9‬א'د<‪ ،-‬و‪: 3 23 0‬‬
‫א'قوא? ‪ .0$)>3‬‬
‫‪?87 C‬א>دא!‪J -P‬א ;א‪ :DB6Q1@.+‬‬
‫‪ CD6‬א‪/B  
3 -‬ن )‪"4($ -‬‬
‫وא‪ 23 9 B ،4($‬א‪ F >G‬א!د‪،E‬‬
‫وא‪ "#$‬א!&‪ F  $‬א‪ :I,/‬وא!‪H6‬‬
‫)א!‪"#$‬א>(‪ .‬‬
‫و = ‪C BIW‬ن ‪3B‬غ  ‪ T‬א‪,R L$ PS‬‬
‫‪84‬س‪ ,X   ،‬א ‪/‬ع  '‪D‬؛ ‪1E ['  DB7S‬‬
‫‪6‬‬ 

.\'] ^/8‫و‬،,- '‫و‬,1،-  
‫و‬C ،8 ‫– و‬7 *8J
S'P 
`' ‫د‬T a7‫ن‬C – _ER‫و‬C،-8/ 
J,  aB bc HI ،de$C f  
'7 -8 =B ? ‫ل‬R  ^4‫ و‬8 ‫ذא‬iP ،jk8 
L$ %‫א‬j4+‫א‬M1‫و‬،D'  !‫د‬- ‫א‬8C 
.J,G‫عא‬B‫لو‬R>‫عא‬Bfl،Dd 
، ‫א‬1'1m>‫!א‬. ‫א‬1E B$= ‫و‬ 
!'G‫^ א‬4‫ وא‬8 !‫د‬3 ‫' א‬: ‫! א‬. ‫ א‬HI 
n. ‫א‬n1B=+‫א‬8^'%‫א‬o' ، B 
p ‫ ذ‬L$ q: ‫ و‬،D*8 ^4‫ ووא‬D-4‫ وא‬n1‫و‬ 
.!\31‫و‬rL$، %‫א‬D.48
7 

FEC,s'1m !P7,E7‫ن‬Ct 1‫و‬ 
D-87‫ن‬iP‫و א‬،(u‫ل‬l‫א‬8 
,1،3G‫وא‬M‫=א‬0‫א‬t$7 0v'=B8 
‫א‬/‫ ل‬: ‫ن‬Cw= ‫א‬L$‫و‬،\x0,'F 
‫`ل‬y 8 ryC #=': ‫د‬m> 'P 
.'=- ‫א‬DE‫א‬8‫و‬D1_‫و‬D'l 
‫ع‬B L$  0  z8 ‫ א‬-‫و = א‬ 
:38L$‫و‬،!. ‫א‬ 
،'1m  !. ‫'( = א‬/) q-   ‫א‬ 
L$ ,$P ،@.+‫ א ; א‬8 t‫و‬ 
.' 
t‫و‬،':!. ‫(=א‬0)q-   ‫א‬
8 

L$ ‫ص‬lP ،;]+‫ א ; א‬8 
D-‫   و‬B$ = ‫ و‬.8 a ‫א‬ 
.D='=lL$ 0‫];د‬8€ ,y‫دא‬  

,$ X' ‫ אא ج‚ و‬7‫ن‬C\B‫ن‬C710‫و‬ 
،Po / ƒBM‫א‬W‫د‬7N[' ‫و‬،„‫د‬/tB‫'א‬8 
،E - ‫> א‬,‫ א
א‬L$B D… =P 
nI`I D 3P‫ و‬D… ‫ن‬E‫ و‬،E D-‫وو‬ 
-,
!‫א‬:f+‫ ^א‬8D:=‫א‬HI،‫א‬R 
-MNG‫ א‬-, 
‫ و‬،9
<
?‫ א‬- ‫א‬ 
.-O‫ذ‬/ ‫ א‬- ‫ א‬-G‫ وא‬،9
<
?‫א‬
9 

، 
‫ א>دא‬8 ? ‫א‬P‫ 'ن ( א و‬ 
,R L$ 1 n$. ‫ א‬Me$S‫ א‬L$ t= 6P 
†‡ #4ˆ ‰B‫ א‬،':  #‫دوא‬ 
‫ن‬E ،‫و‬8 'B‫'א‬8 #=':‫ و‬،l.8‫و‬ 
=B‫ و‬،#'1m>‫ א‬nF ? 'ES‫ א‬IS‫( א‬ 
#] ‫א‬8D -‫م‬z 8, -‫و‬،#': ‫א‬ 
...#0z ‫وא‬ 
،"31: 3"!‹jo *+‫א‬7‫ن‬iPt  1‫و‬ 
? H 8 7,E
‫ز‬m ‫ن‬C - ‫ א‬$B 
،#‫ א א‬f8 Me$C ‡Ž‫ و‬،Dd1 
،#‫ א א‬f8 ^ 8 !‫  دא‬Me$C‫و‬
10 

‫'ضא‬1,'$‘ ’l: ‫א‬H01 yC‫و‬ 
،='4 ‫ א ƒ  א‬#l ‫\א ? א‬FE tB‫د‬PC 
.#8-+‫א‬Hƒ D1-'1 
.‫א‬yW‫و‬0‫و‬C7+‫وא‬G‫وא‬ 

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@ @ïàÇbibi@óŽìß@‡à«@N† 

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2005ð‹ÐîÏO€ç1425òv¨a@ëˆ 

11

@ @lbnØÛa@a‰ç@c‹Ôm@Ñî× 
!‫אد‬z` 0‫ و‬،-    ‫ '[  א א‬ 
,-  “'‫دא!“ وو‬C D7 ‫ و‬،78- ‫ א‬-+‫ א‬8 
:!'G‫ א‬#0N 8  - ‫ ? א‬،\'] ‫وא‬ 
، -%‫ وא‬،'.'k ‫ وא‬، yS‫ وא‬،'d- ‫א‬ 
7‫ن‬iP ،t  1‫ و‬...  ‫د‬340‫ وא‬،'' ‫وא‬ 
:t ˆw= ‫ א‬Cp”3 jK *+‫א‬ 
F PN ‫ض‬#) R$B‫ א‬0 ‫ن‬S 
J,E‫ول =ط‬s‫ن‬Cp'$‫و‬،-/‫א‬T. 
8 C=‫ و‬،p€B‫– و‬PC L$ 8-8 
L$ ,Ks‫ و‬،p‫ و‬p—El (`y
12

‫‪$d‬א€‪p.‬و˜‪ ...p‬‬
‫‪  9BM V‬א‪R$B‬‬
‫‪  W8‬א‪U 3/$,‬‬
‫‪.‬ول ‪S‬ن ‪ :T/. !  #X‬א ‪z‬و‪C /‬و‬
‫א ‪z‬وج‪ ،‬وא‪S‬و‪0‬د ‪C‬و א א  ‪ ،‬وא‪،M4‡S‬‬
‫وא‪/S‬א‪ ،M‬وא‪ ،  +‬وא ‪ ،:‬وא‪...nK-+‬‬
‫‪iP‬ن‪:t Do- 8 -'0 = € ,F8C 7‬‬
‫א['ق ‪،‬و !‪ . <Z‬‬
‫‪l‬ول ‪C‬ن ‪™  8 lC ;J:‬د ?  א‬
‫א ‪p$L$‬א‪،!Ž!y،t$/0‬‬
‫و‪!.1!P‬؛وא‪S%3‬ن]א‪/<F 
/<Z"#$‬م‬
‫وא‪ ،
.‬و‪/B< Z‬ن ‪$ /6 :) ،9'a‬ج _^‬
‫‪13‬‬ 

...9
6b‫ دو‬O‫و‬،9)c‫و‬ 
F : d VS‫ و‬R$B‫א א‬D6 0a 
-4‫ و‬6ً y ‫ل‬J- po$ ،9 
.‫  و‬Ta 
[* ‫و‬C ،! / 8-8 j'e ‫و‬C ،D'P 
.'$PFEC‫;و‬$Cl€ 
‫و‬C ،‫ א ‡ص‬H4 ,… ? ‫د‬7‫د‬2 0 
8\34،"textmarker"jR ‫א‬H= ‫א‬ 
;'- ‫مא‬z 8L$;'- ‫وא‬،T\t]: 
-e () R$B‫א א‬D6 0 :U$M ،D'$ 
.:‫
<و‬N$)Z،9SO‫و‬

14

‫‪ ,›C‬א =‪W‬ن א  ‪ ،H‬وאدس א‪’ G‬‬
‫א ‪ 
:‬א  ‪ ،j‬و‪ !\ 1 ^7c‬א ‪ :‬‬
‫א ‪،!—-‬و‪،œ  1‬وא ‪،..‬وא ‪،.‬و‪d‬‬
‫א ‪-‬مא ƒ وא ‪h...'=':‬و‪N,gZ‬ط‬
‫‪ 23 0‬א‪/N‬א‪
3‬א‪/‬א د‪D6 F9‬א א‪،R$B‬‬
‫‪M 0,/
c‬ق א' ‪ %‬وא[د א‪،i 
3 i‬‬
‫و نא‪'$,‬د‪D6G8S9‬אא‪،R$B‬و‪Wj‬‬
‫‪F0‬نوא‪ .
.‬‬

‫‪15‬‬

@ @@òyìnоa@ñŠa†⁄a@Ñí‹Èm
@ @û¾a@Þba@À 

= €‫ و‬C :t -./$'!‫ א‬9 ‫א[دא‬ 
7,E _ ’'l ،*+‫ ! ?  دא! א‬/ 
L$$+T‫د‬/z'EL$'Pe$ 
.@1S‫א‬8 z8;'=s 
!‫ א>دא‬f' C 8 a p 1 t‫و‬ 
L$ ‫ ون‬+‫' א‬P tŸ ž ‫ א‬،Ÿ= ‫א‬ 
L8‫ و‬، C‫ و‬،j'E‫ و‬،‫ذא‬8 :n8- ‫א‬ 
.‫ن‬- 0‫و‬  C،‫ن‬-

16 

n ‫א‬#¡?8,ePC y6tP 
=8'$t.e‫و‬...,- ‫قא‬P‫و‬،!‫د‬%‫وא‬ 
،k
6: 3l:Bb:3 ’'£،-=8 ‫دא‬ 
.L,-$l:B‫و‬ 
(‫نא‬.ko +‫א‬H.  l.+‫א‬7 *+‫?א‬ 
? H  j'E‫ و‬،DB‫  *دو‬,$ J,E M‫ وא‬8 
t H8f ‫ذא‬+‫ن‬. ‫و‬،‫وא =م‬J  ‫א‬ 
.'-17‫م‬8 
:S‫( אא‬QQ %‫א‬#‫א‬z'+‫א‬8‫و‬ 
L$*+‫?א‬jok8,E^o  − Z‫و‬S 
.84C‫و‬1l
17 

MtR 7,E 7‫ن‬C ‫ن‬8- ‫ א‬-  −4‫و‬ 
‫א‬yW‫و‬0‫و‬C ،DB- 0‫و‬CDB- 
.b'”3 ‫א‬T_01' +‫مא‬4S‫א‬p s 
? !R:8 73l ‫ن‬.ok+‫ א‬pŸ −G4‫و‬ 
.7*+‫@א‬¤ 
#7 *+‫א‬L$S‫= אא‬7:€8‫و ذא‬ 
? T3y‫و  א‬l‫ و‬،'$/0‫  وא‬12 ‫א‬ 
a BiP ،'l.8‫' و‬C #E 
:? 
.“E28:-‫و‬5&!‫*א‬

18 

? e$ J,E ,-  !‹ @¦ ‫ א‬:-$‫*א‬ 
.'Pe$,ED:: :o'‫وא‬،*+‫א‬ 
:8 : < 2$‫ و‬،<S‫ و‬،p8‫ و‬،‫*ذא‬ 
،DB‫دو‬+ +‫א‬T‫د‬J†0 :-&,5!‫א‬F/3 
P'8 fl D‫  א‬e$ ,E T‫د‬J†  ‫و‬ 
.iros‫وא‬k
6M‫و‬،Pccq 
.k
6: 3l:B* 
.L,-$l:B* 
.ً‫א‬4S‫ م‬$&<:Mu:8* 
,P،l.+‫@א>دא!א‬.8 :% '‫*א‬ 
;=”' % '‫^ א‬8 e$ 
C Tz¦  ,$
19

‫א‪ k
v‬א‪ ،x+‬و‪،% M w) H  ,$ ,E‬‬
‫‪E 8‬ن ‪B  ،8‬ع ‪ 8‬א ‰ ?‬
‫א‪%‬د‪ .‬‬
‫*א‪? Ll ،MtR J,E ? :x//‬‬
‫א‪،#1G‬وא 
‪?’-:‬א ‪e-‬א ‪,$.‬‬
‫دא‪،z
l y$'-P‬و‪: u d‬א{‪ .3‬‬
‫*א‪ !‹ :x‬زع ‪^'§ L$‬‬
‫א‪5& fl ،Me$S‬و ‪ ،%‬و ‪? ;:‬‬
‫ذ ‪p‬א‪.+‬مא ‪:t=.‬א |‪#)%#‬م‪ .‬‬
‫و = €‪ L$B" 7‬א
א‪ >,‬א ‪"-‬‬
‫‪.8‬م א =‪ !$‬وא =‪ ? 7‬א>دא! א‪،l.+‬‬
‫‪20‬‬

‫و€‪" ? D=7:‬א!
‪ -,‬א ‪ -‬א?
<
‪،"9‬‬
‫و"
‪ -,‬א‪ -MNG‬א?
<
‪ ،"9‬و"א‪-G‬‬
‫א ‪-‬א ‪/‬ذ‪C-1 ،"-O‬ند‪7‬א‪Me$S‬‬
‫א ‪3P،D'$n$.‬غא =‪!$‬א¨'‪ :‬‬
‫‪،PcucqF-] ~:8‬و‪9
3‬‬
‫‪ C"€ucqF‬‬
‫‪/ o0 t8'8(P‬א ©‪  M‬دא
‪H ،ª‬‬
‫?ƒ'‪H‬א ‪'-‬א ‪، 12‬و '‰‪?=8‬‬
‫§'^א‪?:tl+‬א‪*+‬و '‪،#‬و?א‪،/S‬‬
‫و? א‪S‬وא‪ ،8‬و? א ‪ ...F‬א«‪  ,1 .‬ن‪7‬‬
‫א‪  €uc$‬א¬ א
 و ‪Ll D'$‬‬
‫‪21‬‬

‫א‪+‬وع‪ ،‬و"א‪S %‬و  א? ‪J,E ? ":‬‬
‫‪l‬ل‪،‬و?§'^א‪،#'dz%‬و‪^. 0‬א‪f3+‬‬
‫‪ .,¦ −`$8−‬‬
‫و ‪T ;':‬א‪†،tB-+‬ج‪ e$J,E‬‬
‫'œ ‪.8‬م א&‪ ? -‬א‪،-+‬‬
‫وא =א‪ ،#‬وא‪+‬א‪ ...f‬و‪
3‬م אد‪ 3‬א‪ B‬ل‬
‫א!‪ `P ،‬א‪*+‬ول  ‪ ? =-‬ذא‪ D‬א>€`ق‪،‬‬
‫و‪0‬א 
دو‪ .D' D: DB‬‬
‫‬
‫‬
‫‬
‫‬
‫‪22‬‬

@ @@lbÔÈÛaë@õa§a
@ @ìnоa@ՏäÛa@À  

!$4 =- ‫ א‬a‫ א =Ÿ א‬+‫? א‬ 
،l81 ' ‫لא‬B8‫\א‬FE‫و‬،'12 
.p ‫?ذ‬f: ‫א‬- ‫ن‬C‫دون‬ 
%‫!א‬$= Pl.+‫?א>دא!א‬78C 
‫ل‬/N ‫ن  ن‬C t]:  =$ 7,E 7‫ن‬C :t 
‫م‬48!y% '|<‫ن‬C‫و‬، ' ‫א‬r L&‫א‬ 
-)/$‫ א‬zS) Pg 9‫د‬/‫
م א‬3 -Bg‫ و‬،D1 
.p ‫ذ‬,':D b7 ‫و‬،( 
=- ‫א‬b3+1
23

‫و‪C،f:`1=$
C‬و‪DP- 0f:1‬‬
‫א '  ‪B‬ع ‪ 8‬א = وא <‪ ،‬و'*د 

‫‪e 1‬و! ‪ .'$9dB‬‬
‫‪ ,1‬ن‪7‬א‪z%‬א‪ M‬ذא‪E‬ن‪\x‬وא‪b‬א‪،L-+‬‬
‫‪0 ®J 0DBiP‬א‪=G‬وא ‪t41r ']e‬‬
‫א `‪ ، '8‬و†م א ‪ zd.‬א‪°‬ز‪¯ 8 r‬و ‬
‫א   وא ذא‪ #‬א ‪.‬ق وא‪ .3B0‬و א‬
‫‪ P‬א‪C f/‬ن ن א =א‪ $‬وא”‪[:  0 ،‬‬
‫‪,E,†Ll،'P‬وא‪l‬א ‪b1‬وא‪!±‬‬
‫‪ 1‬و
‪ ،‬و‪† 0‬م ‪8 8 lC‬و‪'$‬‬
‫א‪ .P+‬‬

‫‪24‬‬ 

!‫و א>دא‬C ‫ذ‬S‫ א‬8 6±‫ א‬LFX  0‫و‬ 
،H8 TX‫  =' ‡و‬7': 8 ‫ذא‬iP ،(= ‫)א‬ 
:e ‫א‬D=G8J, ،‫ א‬$0‫א‬XH =f/‫و‬ 
'4 8 p ‫< ذ‬² † 0‫ و‬...M' ‫و‬S‫ وא‬، ' ‫א‬ 
.MtR?*+‫א‬ 
:t‫!? א‬$= ‫وא‬ 
%B$e Z‫ و‬،l‫ א‬g 0 ?‫ א‬%B$e 
L-+‫  א א‬$ J:-B‫ و‬،
.S g u ‫א‬ 
،l) ‫ل‬O‫ א‬k< : 
=- ‫ א‬S1 
.‫ل‬O)u‫א‬k<Z‫و‬  

25

@ @ÝîçdnÛaë@k튇nÛa  

8 #‫ א א‬f8 D'  ,‡ ¡ 
:a‫א‬#$4 
9‚ /6 ،9 ‫ א[دא‬F x/$'!‫ ]ن א& א‬S* 
.9‫א‬Fx/$'!‫&א‬ 
Z،#!‫א&א‬23‫א‬/])‫אدא‬MS]‫ن‬S‫*و‬ 
&) 31 w 3 ‫א‬/$< ‫ن‬S ‫ن‬/$&< 
.x/$' 
#*+‫ א‬L$ f/‫ א א‬8 7‫ن‬iP t  1‫و‬ 
^'§ :6(‫ و‬L< 
  - ‫ن‬C  ‫א ='د‬
26 

,': ‫  א‬f  ‫ وא‬،n$. ‫ א‬de$C 
DB‫و‬:P ،'8 9dB   ‫'  ‡ل‬l ‫א‬ 
sMP/#‫א‬-R‫د‬7N‫ع‬+‫א‬L=:' 
? 3J”c ‫ن‬C ‫ دون‬،1
‫ ود‬،*+‫א‬ 
.lq_‫و‬C،^4‫ضא א‬C 
،n8 ‫ز‬S^ ‫ אא‬v7ac= ‫و‬ 
f' 61 ،! $ j' ³ ^‫م و‬zP 
‫ول‬6E,- ‫  אא‬X P،LR#]1‫و‬،.˜ 
‫ ¯د‬D  ،, €‫ق و‬R ; € ? !y 
;'P1 # ] ‫ن א‬e8 ،‫ذن א‬i1 9d ‫א‬ 
."‫ل‬D)NeR/!‫א‬k<"‫و‬،D8

27

‫و ‪ 7,-‬א ‪ 78´  f  -‬א>`‪'8‬‬
‫§‪?0s،M-‬א‪\+‬وא‪،\3+‬و‪§8‬‬
‫‪ L$ $  8‬ذ ‪  C \'] ،p‬دא!‬
‫א‪ ،!'G‬و دא! א‪ ،#$%‬وא‪،#*+‬‬
‫وא('&‪...#‬و( אא(א ‪T ‰:E,':‬‬
‫א‪S‬وאق‪ – $ ،‬و  ‪? \  z1‬‬
‫‪،78C\y’-1‬وא ‪  n‬א?‪ .DC‬‬
‫و‪  x‬א‪S‬و ‪   :f  `1 t‬א‬
‫‪ .‬‬
‫‬
‫‬

‫‪28‬‬

@ @
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.,ePC,:=8 
 
Z‫و‬،žNM—y9‚/6:M{‫א‬:N$&!‫א‬ 
. ‰"#‫ن‬S 3S‫א'و‬/!B‡
73

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‫‪ Hƒ$C‬א ]'\א‪ !'l ? 'C #‬א>‪B‬ن ‬
‫א ]'\ ? א!‪ ،p/‬א‪+‬א‪ j4‬א ' ‪9‬‬
‫‪ .! 0-PC‬‬
‫ ‬
‫‪S B‡ Z‬ن ‪  '/ "S‬‬
‫א‪ $,‬مא{ ‬
‫ ‬
‫‪CŸ0‬ن‪D/B‬א  ‪،b‬و Ÿ‪, -‬‬
‫א אع‪fl‬א_‪¿،‬א(א‪+‬د‪ .‬‬
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=IFECp-m‫ א‬P،r+‫\!א‬3= ‫א‬HI$‫א‬ 
. y¨‫و?א‬p‫?ذא‬ 
 
-O‫ א‬H6!‫م א‬l 
S ‫ن‬S ‫د‬3  
T‫ذ‬Fz ‰‫و‬،-O„‫א‬H6!‫א‬23 
،‫م‬/‫ א‬.‫ "א‬:‫ א
א ج‬:G!‫א‬
75 

‫م‬/‫"א‬:‫"و_
قل‬9‫
و‬$‫وא‬ 
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א‬

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:n:B/?‫”د‬$%‫א‬,y‫ددא‬. ‫'א‬4 
،T=-B 8 :wƒ{‫ א[‡ א‬L?‫*א‬ 
.'…;y8D1L”B8‫و‬ 
،D=B 8‫ و‬،DP-B 8 :'­/‫ א‬L?‫*א‬ 
.Tz¦B8‫و‬ 


76 

.S F yO ‫ن‬/8S ‫ن‬S B‡ 
.ƒ„‫دونא‬،”?‫א‬ 
 
L$ ‫ א س א م   א ƒو‬D/  d‫دא‬ 
? ‫ن‬/yOM ،H-8 XjyC BC .H(‫א‬lC 
$ ‫ن‬F”:   ‫ص א‬aRS‫ א‬H HÄ - ‫ א א‬ 
‫א‬-'  ½ ‫ و ذא‬،B‫א ƒو א ž   و‬ 
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77 

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Z‫ و‬،oM‫ و‬.Ÿ F %By$ ‫א‬ 
zc3  3
) ‫ن‬/8S ‫ن‬S 0$,S 
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,-‫ن‬C:t!'G‫و' ¦@?א‬,ePC 
. yà 8=ž ‫א‬sIc) 
 
: / o!‫ א‬l ‫ א‬:G!‫ א‬M‫ و‬: 3‫א‬ 
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79

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‫ א‬m>‫   א‬yà  8±‫ א‬H = 
['d ‫ א‬k
v‫ א‬DB7  ‫'!؛‬G‫ ? א‬M=:  D-P 
.‫אغ‬. ‫‰א‬4‫?و‬D-.&'R[' ‫و‬،!'G‫?א‬ 
 
23 ‫ل‬/c‫ א‬/6 9‫  א‬k
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80 

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6;'=s8H'q‫ذ‬ 
  

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?D1-‫ن‬CŸ− 1-RHƒ$C^: 
p'Å [' ‫ و‬،TO‫א‬/) p8'4 8 – !'G‫א‬ 
[' ‫ و‬،Kl‫ و‬#`+‫ א‬/‫א‬8 8‫؛ و‬D$ 
8‫ و‬،;d=G‫ א‬/‫א‬8 8 ‫؛‬8 ‫א(و‬ 
.,=8aRpB761–-R 
 
kƒS‫ و‬، 8 /N. ‫ل‬S ‫ن‬S
< S 
R6S œM ‫א‬D‫ و‬،>wBo!‫ א‬ 
S TS Z €‰ S‫ و‬،  
.:N$&()‘.SZ‫و‬،&'
82

‫ ‬
‫‪* nl‬ذ‪7‬ن ”‪^P ،!e‬א س  ‪c‬م‬
‫وא‪ ،% O‬وא ‪P‬ع ‪‡ ? ،% /N. $‬‬
‫و‪ .!BC‬‬
‫‬
‫ ‬
‫‪ °< ”.‬א(س  _‪ xw‬א{‪/.‬אل‬
‫
א‪] œM ،C‬ن אس <
‪/M‬ن ‪g‬‬
‫א{‪ R/,‬א‪  % XB‡ zD‬א‪/c‬ل‬
‫‪  %& 23‬א‪ -BB‬א! ‪ ،-)/‬و‪/6‬‬
‫‪.‬א‪/‬م‪F‬א‪w‬دא!‪ .-'$‬‬
‫‪83‬‬

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m87‫ن‬C-‫ن‬C@¦ ‫א‬:C87‫ن‬ 
8 ‫ =?א‬88‫ '[دو‬0‫א‬/‫?א‬ 
.#0 ‫وא‬,F+‫א‬  

 
‫ن‬/B< ‫ن‬S
< S ،‫ אع‬g ~ G S 
6‫ذ‬FC ]/cS:G±0‫א‬/‫א‬ 
.%U‫و‬:G|
84

@ @õìš@óÜÇ@ÙÛ@bãc‹Ó
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85

@‹ØÐÛaë@ åí‡Ûa :tcy ¯ −1
@‹ØÐÛa@À@òÛìu@L†a‡jnŽüa@Úa‹’@À 
/8 § .µà܏àÜÛ@ ïŽbîÛa 
،#‫\و‬1 ،‡-+‫ א‬. ‫ دא א‬،
‫و‬1] ‫א‬ 
.2001/1422 

'7‫ن‬g»:#!‫א&א‬6‹ 
‫ض‬CL$([P87
CvPž ‫א‬،:] ‫א‬ 
='=l?f'= ‫”’وא‬: ‫';א‬0،^4‫א א‬ 
; €‫ و‬،‫ ذא‬:] ‫ א‬p ‫ ˆ ? ذ‬،' ‫א‬ 
< ‫ ' א‬#/‫و‬C 4‫ و‬.8 ‫`ص‬±‫א‬ 
‫ א  ج ?  א‬8  .+‫^ א‬c M‫א‬/C
86

‫א ‪C ،’”:‬و ‪ ‰ l‬دون א‪ ? !€a+‬א ‪y‬ل‬
‫‪,-/¡،D'P‬א ‪?D¦ .‬א_‪C،yWT‬و‬
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‫‪q1‬א ع‪`y8،‬لא>‪$‬אض‪$‬א '‪،‬‬
‫وא('م?وאد 
א ‪.«3‬‬
‫א& א!'‪/ F x/$‬א‪ - O‬א!‪:#‬‬
‫א 'م ‪ -‬א ‪ '=-‬א ž ‪ ¦BC‬א‪:0‬אد‬
‫‪`y‬ل ‪4 !7$‬ون ‪ :C 7HC‬א ‪ja‬‬
‫وא‪¿0‬ط‪ t]:'P ،‬א ‪£ /`-  t-‬‬
‫وو ‪ ،‬و‡ ووא‪C o  Ll ،'-4‬وא@‬
‫א‪n+‬א‪C!7G‬نن‪˜R!'-!¦R‬‬
‫‪8,-_0،H'MeP?!F8‬א!א  œ‬
‫‪87‬‬

‫‪;£),1،f”P!l‬א‪ ),‡6(J;G‬ن‬
‫‪ MR‬א( א‪+‬א! ‪ 8‬و< א ‪ ½-‬א‪8 f-+‬‬
‫א‪:0‬אد‪ ،‬א‪ ،-0‬א‪$0‬א‪ ،M‬א ‪، 'B‬‬
‫و‪Hk‬א>‪B‬ن«‪.‬‬
‫א& א!‪ :JHey ?» :#‬א‪%‬ل‪،‬‬
‫وא ‪3‬א‪،#$‬وא ‪.‬د‪،‬وא>א?א א‪#‬‬
‫‪M‬م §‪ ،$‬وא‪XM‬وא‪zP ،‬وא ? א ‪'B‬‬
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‫א&א!'‪1 ?» :x/$‬א ‪ElJ
C‬‬
‫‪Hk-  I‬و‪9‬א>Ÿنא ‪،o.‬و‪œ72‬‬
‫א ‪ ,-.1 ،!'=-‬א ‪ #'”e‬وא ¦‪$‬‬
‫‪88‬‬ 

،: x 9dB 9 ‫ א‬p  ‫ و ن‬،‫د‬3 ‫وא‬ 
El ? ‫ _א‬4 9 ‫ وא‬1‫ א ]א‬T ‫و‬ 
‫ א>`م‬El $3 ‫ن‬1  ‡y‫ و‬،M':BS‫א‬
«‫ول‬S‫א‬ 
['d ‫ »א‬:x/$'!‫‘ )& א‬I‫א‬ 
D:] ? ‫ن‬E 8 ،f] ‫  א‬8 ? Mj ‫א‬ 
L$ T\x f] D-8‫ و‬،<ƒ„‫ א‬L$ 
L$4C‫و‬،'l‫ 'و‬-P‫!و‬4FEC، +‫א‬ 
'c ? LE‫ذ‬S‫ وא‬،8‫ א `ز‬#‫دوא‬S‫\ א‬P 
.«‫د‬:-0‫€قא‬ 
?7B »:x/$'!‫א&א‬g-O‫א‬ 
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C 8 FEC – /l
89

«1 ‫وא‬،;- ‫وא‬،². ‫وא‬،,²=- ‫א‬ 
9c‫س א‬,S x/$' &) B'‫א‬ 
!'l !‫א‬B ,JFŸ . ‫ א‬7‫ » ن‬:”B $‫وא‬ 
،#‫دא‬/+‫א‬8T\x $‫Ÿز‬D1‫و‬،‫ن‬B>‫א‬ 
‫م‬0‫א‬D'$t]:'P،M=: ‫א‬.  C‫و ذא‬ 
&C t‫ و‬،&C 8 D'$ @  ˆ 
‫א‬¹l‫ و‬8W MeP f   ،d‫د! دא‬/8 
'.±‫& א‬S‫^ א‬4 7‫ن‬iP o0 ‫ و‬،l
«‫د‬e8P (”''¦ ‫א‬
@À@ âýŽ⁄a :‫ن‬P ‫אد‬8 −2 
§.†ìÈ–@À@òãbí†@òrÛbrÛa@ òîÐÛþa
90

‫‪$‬دل א‪ H-+‬و [  ‪1‬א'‪ :8 ،H‬א ‪':-‬ن‪،‬‬
‫א  ض‪ .2003/1424،‬‬
‫א‪HI$‬א‪&- ƒ/‬א!‪= »:#‬‬
‫‪C‬د‪ r7‬א‪ 8 ±‬א ¦ ‪ ،‬وو‡‪ 8 J,E H‬‬
‫‪E   ،$: 1  /‬د ‪ ، 
P‬و‪L$ ^4‬‬
‫א א‪ ،#‬وא‪3.B0‬ل ‪ $‬א  א  ‪...t/‬‬
‫و = ‪C‬د‪ r7‬א‪ ,': L$‬א‪F+‬ل   ‪C‬ن  ‪^:‬‬
‫א =‪W‬ن א  ‪S H‬و‪7‬ل ‪:8 ? !7 8‬غ ‪$‬م‬
‫‪1649‬م‪ ،‬و‪  o0C‬ن א‪+‬ن ‪”‡C H‬‬
‫א ‪ ?,e.‬אא>‪¤‬ز«‬
‫א& א!‪ ،#‬א[‪w3‬م א‪)#‬‬
‫‪91‬‬ 

‫م‬$ 7‫  ن‬pK   0N ‫  ع‬0 ¡» :O‫ذ‬/• 
،ªt8`   8 J,E M‫  زא‬J +‫ א‬b8 ‫א‬ 
? u  8 J,E L$ M=1>‫ א‬t  1‫و‬ 
o0   8 ،‫ א>`م‬T_ '-%‫! א‬E‫א א‬
.«‫`م‬$>‫א‬,d‫لو‬$C8,$ 
M1 C1 = » :x/$'!‫) א& א‬ 
‫ ? א>`م‬t„ ' t„ $§ ‫'ن‬E ‫ول‬C 
‫¦!א ل‬-17‫ن‬S‫؛‬:=- ‫א‬-'1žI‫د‬£ 
He  t' ‫'ن‬E ‫ول‬C 1 ‫م‬4 ،F   
^'§ n8 ،l‫ د  وא‬H-m ً BC 
‫ن‬B>‫א‬#‫א‬MB‫א‬J,ž ‫א‬ryS‫‡א‬- ‫א‬ 
،t‚:4‫ و‬، 
d$ MB‫ א‬8 ،$¦
92

‫و‪ ،td$‬وא‪ 1‬א م‪ .‬و = ذ‪ E‬א =‪W‬ن‬
‫א א‪ 1‬א ž ‪ ‰1‬א‪،3BS1  /+‬‬
‫و‘‪C H7‬و '‪ E .v-1 M‬ذ‪ 4 E‬א ل‬
‫‪8‬א‪CL$n8*+‬سא>Ÿنא‪.«–2+‬‬
‫א ‪ F‬א‪/O/‬د‪•  ،‬ذج א&‬
‫א!'‪ »:x/$‬ذن‪/P،‬دא>`مو‪='=lTel‬‬
‫‪=B0‬ش‪78p E,1،'P‬غ؛‪`>P‬م ‪D‬‬
‫‪,E‬א‪?J;G‬א ‪/‬د«‪.‬‬

‫א‪)S  -NG‬ز _'> א&‬
‫א!'‪ !4 ? ;IC qB » :x/$‬א>`م ‪L$‬‬
‫‪93‬‬

‫א ¦@?‪C‬ن ‪:‬ل‪ 1‬ذجא =‪ºHd‬ذ‪D/‬‬
‫א =د ‪_ L$‬وز ‪ ,P‬א‪G‬א‪) ،I‬وذ ‪p‬‬
‫‪8Hx 1‬א =‪.«(D$:Cn13‬‬
‫ƒ‪ k/‬א‪  R#‬א& א!'‪x/$‬‬
‫…‪ C‬א[‪w,‬م‪  ...» :‬א  ‪l‬ل א ]‬
‫‪ ،D'8 ^8‬و¿ ‪ $C L$‬א‪'. S‬‬
‫א ‪،F F‬وא ž‪7B61-‬ن‪،B”8‬‬
‫و'=م א>`م ‪61‬دא‪ M‬دو ‪P ،'P‬ذא ‪0‬‬
‫ ‪ D  –2X‬א‪°‬ل  '=م ‪61‬د  دو‬
‫‪„t1m‬؟«‬

‫‪94‬‬

‫‪@ @‘‹éÐ‬‬
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‫א? אوא‪FRN‬א&א!'‪ 22........... x/$‬‬
‫א‪L<
$‬وא‪ 25......................... :6($‬‬
‫‪/‬سא&א!'‪27 ......................x/$‬ج ‬
‫א¨‪ 29................................ y‬‬
‫א‪ $0‬א ‪ 31..............................‬‬
‫א>‪P‬د! ‪ 32...............................‬‬
‫א‪ 33................................ ,8S‬‬
‫א‪=B0‬د ‪ 34..............................‬‬
‫א>‪¤‬ز ‪ 36..............................‬‬
‫‪95‬‬

‫א‪'=B0‬د ‪ 37..............................‬‬
‫א ”
‪ 38..............................‬‬
‫א ”‪ 39............................. n‬‬
‫א ” ‪ 41............................... H²‬‬
‫א ]'\ ‪ 42...............................‬‬
‫א =م ‪ 43................................‬‬
‫א =‪ 45.............................. \3‬‬
‫א  ‪ 46.............................. ,‬‬
‫א ‪ 47............................... ‰1F‬‬
‫א ‪ 48................................ MF‬‬
‫א ‪ 49................................. =F‬‬
‫א‪ 50............................... !'G‬‬
‫א‪ 51................................ ,G‬‬
‫א‪ 52................................ 6±‬‬
‫‪96‬‬

‫א‪ 53.............................. ±‬‬
‫א ‪/‬ل‪ 54...............................‬‬
‫א ‪ 55................................ ,=-‬‬
‫א ‪ 56................................ ,-‬‬
‫א ]‪ 57.............................. fe‬‬
‫א ‪‚.‬ص ‪ 58...............................‬‬
‫א ‪ 60............................... ,.‬‬
‫א ‪ 61.............................. ' -.‬‬
‫א ‪ 62................................ !.‬‬
‫א ‪ 63................................ H.‬‬
‫א =! ‪ 65.................................‬‬
‫א  ‪ 66...............................‬‬
‫א‪ 67............................. !€a+‬‬
‫א‪ 68............................ ,'”+‬‬
‫‪97‬‬

‫א‪ 68...............................+‬‬
‫א‪ 70.............................. ”3+‬‬
‫א‪ 71 ..............................[' =+‬‬
‫א‪ 71.............................. P+‬‬
‫א‪ 72............................... j4+‬‬
‫א ‪ 74............................... 9d‬‬
‫א ¦@ ‪ 75...............................‬‬
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‫א( ‪ 79...............................‬‬
‫א א‪ 81.............................. f/‬‬
‫א א‪ 83.............................. '-4‬‬

‫‪/23TS‬א&א!'‪ 85........... x/$‬‬
‫و‪ 100 ....................... >‹.w‬‬

‫‪98‬‬

@ @pbÅyþàì@ÖïÜbÉm

Comments
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100

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