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Seismic and Building Code Consulting

QUICK ANCHOR

Users Manual

Version 1.1.5

334 Eas t C ol fax Str eet , Un it E, Palat i ne, I L 6 0 067 Ma in Of fi ce: Ph: (8 47 ) 991 - 27 00 Fax : (8 47 ) 991 - 27 02 Wes t C oast Of fi ce ( Lag una N igu el, C A ): Ph: (9 49 ) 249 - 37 39 Fax : (9 49 ) 249 - 39 89

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consequential. incidental. In using the program. or punitive damages whatsoever relating to the use of Quick Anchor. The user must carefully read the “Computational Background” section of this manual and thoroughly understand the assumptions of the program and must independently verify the results. In addition.DISCLAIMER Every attempt has been made to ensure correctness in implementing code provisions as well as the accuracy of the calculations in Quick Anchor. 2 . in no event shall SKGA. however. the user accepts and understands that no warranty is expressed or implied by SKGA as to the accuracy or the reliability of the program. or its employees or affiliates be liable for any indirect.

3.REVISION HISTORY Version 1.0 once they install the updated version. **NOTE** Due to this change. In the future.3 4. Corrected an error where the program was calculating the value of h.4 2.8 is added.and Y-directions. 3 . 3.1.1 1.5 1. for headed anchors. Version 1.2 1. users will not be able to use the input files that they have created using Version 1. 2.1. The way the program was handling input and output files is revised completely. 3. A calculator is added to facilitate the calculation of the effective area of anchor (Ase) as well as. "Detailed Output" now indicates the directions of input shear forces in X.1.v wrongly for concrete breakout in shear in Y-direction under certain conditions. New feature added in order to enable a user to select the direction of the applied shear forces in X.3. 8. Fixed a bug so that the program now automatically revises the futa value of ASTM A 449 Grade 1 Steel based on anchor diameter when the anchor diameter is changed AFTER selecting the anchor material. A check for minimum spacing and cover requirements of ACI 318 Section D. Version 1. Version 1. Separate input for supplementary reinforcement for tension is added. 6. this will enable the users to directly import their old input files into the newer versions of Quick Anchor. the bearing area of the head (Abrg). Version 1.1. Fixed a bug that was calculating incorrect value of the bearing area of the head ( Abrg) of 1 an 1 /4 inch diameter anchor with Heavy Hex head. 5. Interface to Open/Save input files is made more user-friendly.1.1. Both "Simple Output" and "Detailed Output" have been revised to clearly indicate the alternative options available to a designer when the ductile anchor failure requirement of ACI 318 Section D. 7. Printer margins of the outputs are reduced to accommodate more text on a single page.and Y-directions for easy reference. License information can now be seen from the “About” page of the program. 4.4 cannot be met.

5. where users were unable to see some of the input boxes of the program when the DPI setting of their monitor was set at higher than 96 DPI. shear in the X-direction. Output now includes a summery of all the strength calculations. and shear in the Y-direction are listed. 6. where the governing design strengths in tension. A display problem is fixed. 4 .

Different input fields are marked by item numbers. However.INPUT INTERFACE Data input in Quick Anchor is done on a single page. as shown below in Figure 1. The input fields are mostly selfexplanatory. Anchors that are not 5 . 1 2 3 4 6 7 8 9 10 5 13 11 18 15 19 20 14 17 12 21 16 22 24 23 25 29 26 27 28 30 Figure 1. Data input page of Quick Anchor Item 1: Total number of anchors. For a group of anchors (n > 1). n. anchors need to be arranged in a regular rectangular fashion in rows and/or columns. a short description of each input field is provided below for better clarity.

Item 3: Number of columns in which the anchors are arranged. All these 9 options are also considered to be ductile as per the definition of “ductile steel element” given in ACI 318 D. Additionally. Please read an additional important note on Page 10 regarding n. Item 6: User can select a supplementary reinforcement configuration for tension as well as for shear. it increases the value of the strength reduction factor associated with concrete breakout in shear. which appears in Item 10. 4 or larger bars are present between the anchors and the concrete edge AND the bars are enclosed within stirrups spaced not more than 4 in. the shear supplemental reinforcement configuration selection has an effect on strength calculations when concrete is selected as cracked in Item 5. 4. user is presented with two more input parameters (Figure 2) that need to be specified – one to select if the user-defined anchor steel is ductile as per ACI 318 D. it only increases the value of the strength reduction factor associated with concrete breakout in tension and concrete side-face blowout. Item 4: Nominal strength of concrete in psi. When supplemental reinforcement is provided for tension loading.6. the steel tensile strength. 6 . Item 2: Number of rows in which the anchors are arranged. Three options are provided: I) ACI 318 D. 4 or larger bars are present between the anchors and the concrete edge.6.2.1. when “Other” is selected. Item 9: Select the grade of anchor steel from 9 built-in options or select “Other” to use a different material. Item 5: Click if concrete is uncracked under service load. When one of the 9 built-in options is selected.6. When supplemental reinforcement is provided for shear loading. user needs to specify futa in Item 10. or when supplementary reinforcement comprises of bars smaller than No. Item 8: Select anchor type – headed studs.2. Further.arranged in a regular rectangular pattern are not addressed by this program. the program assumes concrete to be cracked under service load. Item 7: Specify whether grout pads are provided or not. and the other to specify the yield strength of the anchor steel.or L-) bolts.7 Paragraph 3 – This option is selected when there is no supplementary reinforcement present between the anchors and the edge of concrete. By default. II) ACI 318 D.7 Paragraph 4 – This option is selected when No. headed bolts or hooked (J. This affects the calculation of steel strength of anchor in shear.1. This is automatically set as 1 when n = 1. futa. III) ACI 318 D. is automatically selected by the program.2. This is automatically set as 1 when n = 1.7 Paragraph 5 – This option is selected when No. When “Other” option is selected.

on all four sides of the anchor or the anchor group. in square inches. When the number of rows is 1 (Item 2). Effective cross-sectional area is calculated from the following formula: Ase = π (do – 0. Additional input parameters for user-defined anchor material Not all grades of steel are available for all types of anchors. Rows are assumed to be uniformly spaced. Click on the “Help” button to open the calculator. Item 17: Specify concrete depth.or L-) bolts are used. the bearing length of the hook (eh) is specified. Abrg. Items 13 through 16: Edge distances. ha. 7 . spacing is automatically set to zero. Please read the description of Item 9 above for more details. do (da in ACI 318-08). in inches. Item 12: Spacing between anchor rows in inches. When hooked (J. in inches.Figure 2. and not for headed bolts or studs. which appears in a separate window (Figure 3). When a standard diameter is selected. In the calculator. When the number of columns is 1 (Item 3). in Item 20. spacing is automatically set to zero. User should be careful when selecting anchor material for a certain type of anchors. Ase. A calculator has been provided to facilitate the computation of Ase. However. when the user chooses to enter a custom diameter. in inches. Item 18: Specify anchor diameter. User can also click on the “Help” button to choose a standard diameter from a drop-down menu (See Item 19 for more detail). user can type in a diameter (in inches) in the box provided or simply choose from a list of standard diameters from a drop-down menu. Columns are assumed to be uniformly spaced. the value of nt is obtained automatically based on the selected thread type (“Coarse Thread” or “Fine Thread”). in inches. and bearing area of the head of a headed anchor. the value of nt also needs to be specified. ASTM A 307 Grade C is for hooked bolts only. Items 19 and 20: Specify the effective cross-sectional area of a single anchor. Item 10: Tensile strength of anchor steel in psi.9743/nt)2 / 4 where nt is the number of threads per inch of the anchor. For example. Item 11: Spacing between anchor columns in inches.

Item 21: Specify the effective embedment depth of the anchor(s) in inches. the user also needs to specify the dimension F of the head. however. click “OK” to import the values into the corresponding boxes (19 and 20. When using a custom diameter. Strength reduction factors (factors) are calculated based on this selection. To calculate Abrg of one of the listed anchor diameters. some differences do exist. This option. the user simply needs to choose the anchor head type (“Hex”. Once Ase and Abrg have been calculated. Abrg is calculated by simply subtracting the gross shank area of the anchor from the area of the head. 8 . Calculator for determining Ase and Abrg When headed studs or bolts are used. The same calculator that is mentioned above can also be used to calculate Abrg. respectively) in the main window of the program.Figure 3. Item 22: Select if the strength calculation should be done in accordance with ACI 318-05 or ACI 318-08. “Heavy Hex” or “Square”). does not appear when a hooked bolt is being used. Item 23: Select which load combination equations were used to calculate the tension and shear demands on the anchor or anchor group. Even though the anchorage provisions of the two editions of ACI 318 are mostly the same.

When “Anchors will be torqued” option is selected. the checking tool simply displays if the anchor spacings in X- 9 . leave it at “automatic”. and if the shear along the Y-axis is directed towards the top edge or the bottom edge. Eccentricities are measured from the center of the anchor group and are always positive. specify eccentricities (in inches) of applied tension along X. Items 25 and 26: Specify the direction of applied shear forces in the X. If there is no shear applied in any direction.Item 24: Click if the anchor(s) are part(s) of a structure that is assigned an SDC of C or above. it is strongly recommended that the user do this check in order to make sure that the requirements of ACI 318 Section D. specify eccentricities (in inches) along X. Eccentricities of applied shear Item 29.and Y-axes of applied shear (Figure 4). users can choose if the shear along the X-axis is directed towards the right edge or the left edge.75 is applied to the strengths in all failure modes or only the concrete failure modes.8 are satisfied.8.and Y-axes. Click on the “Check for Splitting Failure” button to check if the anchor spacings and the edge distances specified in the input conform to the requirements of ACI 318 Section D. Eccentricity along Y-axis Eccentricity along X-axis Figure 4.and Y-Directions here. Items 28: For a group of anchors. Eccentricities are measured from the center of the anchor group and are always positive. Depending on which version of ACI 318 is being followed. for non-seismic applications. However. both options are set to “Automatic”. so that the program assumes that the shear force is directed towards the smaller edge distance. The user needs to first specify the anchor diameter as well as all four edge distances and the anchor spacings (for a group of anchors) for the checking tool to run properly. By default. a factor of 0. This check is optional in Quick Anchor and does not need to be done for the purpose of strength calculation. This is appropriate when the applied shear is caused by seismic activities. The checking tool opens in a separate window (Figure 5). Items 27: For a group of anchors. However.

and Y-directions (for a group of anchors) as well as all the edge distances meet the minimum values specified in Section D. Checking tool for splitting failure When the option “Anchor will not be torqued” is selected. the suggested smaller diameter will be displayed in the corresponding box in the main program window. The revised Ase is the gross cross-sectional area calculated from the revised diameter. The program also revises the value of Ase based on this revised diameter. The user has the option of either selecting a smaller diameter anchor or increase the distance (spacing and/or edge distance) that failed the check. However. If the user chooses to revise the diameter. then the original value is retained.8. When this option is available. it is shown at the bottom of the window and the smaller diameter that can be used in accordance with Section D. Figure 5.8 for the anchor diameter being used. if this value is greater than the original Ase. The value of Abrg is not changed.4 is also mentioned. The user can choose to use this smaller diameter for the purpose of the strength calculations by clicking on “Revise Diameter” button. depending on the place where the anchors will be used. the user may get an option of using a smaller diameter just for the purpose of calculation (ACI 318 Section D. 10 . the user also needs to select the type of place where the anchors will be used. or simply click on “OK” to close the checking tool without changing anything.8.4). If any of the anchor spacing or edge distance fails the check.

a factor of 0. For a group of anchors. this strength needs to be compared against the maximum tension demand that occurs on a single anchor in the group. For example. If this is not the case (due to a torque). However. Similarly. n. this factor is not required to be applied in this mode of failure. User needs to determine if such a condition exists. Conversely.4 to compute the maximum tension demand that the group can accommodate. then the above design strength can be divided by 0. However. because of an eccentricity or an imposed bending moment. 2. the program assumes that all the anchors that have been included in the input are subjected to shear force in the same direction. if the maximum tension demand on a single anchor is 40% of the total tension demand Nu. and if it does. user needs to input only those anchors that carry shear force in the same direction. When ACI 318-08 is followed. it can be assumed that all anchors accommodate the demand in equal proportions. this strength of a single anchor can also be converted into the strength of the whole group by dividing the above strength by the fraction of the total tension demand that the most heavily loaded anchor resists. if there is no eccentricity (along X-axis and along Y-axis) in the applied load. this program assumes that all the anchors that have been included in the input are in tension when the group is subjected to a tensile load.75 is applied to the above value. Concrete breakout strength of anchor in tension: Design concrete breakout strength is calculated as: 11 . when there is an applied moment on an anchor group. Thus. input only those anchors that are in net tension.COMPUTATIONAL BACKGROUND Important Note: In computing the strength of a group of anchors. 1. it is possible that a user may need to use different subgroups out of the same group of anchors to compute the tensile and shear strengths of the group. some anchors may develop net compression. and the above strength can simply be multiplied by the total number of anchors present in the group. Steel strength of anchor in tension: Design tensile strength of a single anchor is calculated as Nsa = stAsefuta If the SDC of the structure involved is C or above and ACI 318-05 is being followed. to obtain the strength of the whole group.

N Nb .N is assumed to be 1.N to account for the eccentricity of load application with respect to the centroid of the bolts loaded in tension.5. factor cp. is 12 .5. for a single anchor. while the strengths of the right and left columns could be different if the modification factor for edge effect is less than 1. and Anco Anc ec . Column spacing more than 3hef In this case. for a group of anchors. The strengths of the intermediate columns would be the same. Edge distances on the four sides of the anchor or anchor group are compared against 1. the program does not address the post-installed anchors at this time.N c .0. anchor columns act in a group but each column act independent of others (Figure 6).5hef and if three or more edge distances are less than 1. if the SDC of the structure involved is C or above. In addition.N cp. eccentricity in X-direction. for a group of anchors. Anco Ncbg = ct Also.2. Figure 6. Because only one column is considered at a time. a factor of 0. concrete breakout strength of each column is calculated separately.2.3. The modification factor for concrete that is uncracked under service load is applied in accordance with ACI 318 Section D. Since. eccentricities in X.Ncb = ct Anc ed .N Nb . respectively) are considered separately and the product of the two factors is considered.N cp.N c .5hef then hef is reduced in accordance with ACI 318 Section D. e’Nx.75 is applied to the above value.6. three cases are considered: Case 1. sx > 3hef and sy ≤ 3hef: In this case.0.and Y-directions (e’Nx and e’Ny. In calculating ec.N ed .

The program presents the strengths of individual columns in the output. is less than 3do. If eh is more than 4.or L-) bolts. For J. For headed studs and bolts. Instead.6. The effect of e’Nx needs to be accounted for while calculating the tension demand on each column. sx > 3hef and sy > 3hef: In this case. Case 3. then it can be assumed that the total tension demand is distributed uniformly to each column. the strength of the weakest column can be simply multiplied by the total number of columns in order to calculate the strength of the whole anchor formation.not considered in computing the eccentricity factor. this strength needs to be compared against the maximum tension demand that a single anchor in the group is subject to. For hooked (J. Pullout strength of anchor in tension: Design tensile strength of a single anchor is calculated as 1. sy > 3hef and sx ≤ 3hef: Same approach as in Case 1. It should be noted that the column of anchors with the lowest strength may not produce the governing strength for the whole anchor formation if the demand on that column is also low.5do. then the pullout strength is calculated assuming eh = 4. Strengths of individual rows are calculated and presented in the output. if a certain column supports 40% of the total demand.3. when the user is not certain which column would be the governing one. its strength needs to divided by 0. a factor of 0. For example. However. strength of the whole anchor formation needs to be computed based on each column separately and the minimum value should be considered as the governing design strength. and only e’Ny is used. For a group of anchors.5. Case 2. eh. this strength 13 . Strength of the whole formation needs to be calculated by dividing the strengths of the individual rows by the fraction of the total demand each of them is carrying. if e’Nx = 0. Np = cpt0. all anchors act on their own without any group action in either direction. pullout strength is not calculated due to insufficient bearing length. neglecting the excess bearing length. As a result. it asks the user to input the critical anchors one by one and then divide their strengths by the fractions of total tension demand on the respective anchors to obtain the governing total strength.5do. The user needs to divide the strength of each column by the fraction of the total tension demand that the column carries.75 is applied to the above value.4 to get the total strength of the whole formation based on the strength of that column. Thus. Np = cpt8Abrgfc´ 2.9fc´ehdo If the SDC of the structure involved is C or above. The modification factor for concrete that is uncracked under service load is applied in accordance with ACI 318 Section D. strength of each anchor needs to be calculated separately. 3. if bearing length. The program does not do this automatically. to obtain the total tension demand that the whole anchor formation can accommodate.or L-hooks. and as a result. Conversely.

two scenarios are considered as described below. and the above strength can simply be multiplied by the total number of anchors in the group. side-face blowout strength is calculated in that direction considering the anchors that are in the column nearest to an edge. if there is no eccentricity (along x-axis and along y-axis) to the applied load. if the tension demand on a the column shown is 40% of the total 14 .and Y-directions. side-face blowout strength is calculated in that direction considering the anchors that are in the row nearest to an edge. ca1 < 0. For example. the same is applicable to a failure in the Y-direction as well. sy ≤ 6ca1: The whole column acts as a group (Figure 7).4hef. then an edge distance correction factor (1+ca2/ca1)/4 is applied to the above strength. Concrete side-face blowout strength of a headed anchor in tension: For a single headed bolt or stud.4hef. Case 1. to obtain the strength of the whole group. Strength of this column is calculated as Nsbg = ct(160ca1√Abrg). While computing strength in any direction. For a group of anchors. if ca2 < 3ca1. Similarly. for the Ydirection. where ca1 is the smallest edge distance along the X-axis.4hef. where ca1 is the smallest edge distance along the Y-axis. If the SDC of the structure involved is C or above. In case side-face blowout is possible in both X. if in the X-direction. 4. if the maximum tension demand on a single anchor is 40% of the total tension demand Nu. a factor of 0. This needs to be compared against the tension demand on that column only.and Y-directions. the minimum value is taken as the governing strength.4 to compute the maximum tension demand that the group can accommodate. However. then strength is calculated as Nsb = ct(160ca1√Abrg). ca1 is less than 0. where ca2 is the minimum edge distance orthogonal to ca1. Conversely.of a single anchor can also be converted into the strength of the group by dividing the above strength by the fraction of the total tension demand that the most heavily loaded anchor resists.75 is applied to the above value.√fc´ × (1+s/6ca1) The design strength calculated above relates to the anchor column nearest to an edge (the right edge is the governing one in this case). it can be assumed that the demand is distributed uniformly.√fc´ (only normal-weight concrete is considered) Also. Even though the description below illustrates failure in the X-direction only. if the minimum edge distance. n. the above design strength can be scaled up by dividing by the fraction of the total demand that this column resists to calculate the strength of the whole anchor group based on the side-face blowout in Xdirection. if ca1 < 0. then the above design strength can be divided by 0. For example. For example. possible side-face blowout failure is investigated in both X.

for anchors at the top and bottom of the column (two corner anchors). where ca2 is top and bottom edge distances for top and bottom anchors. if their respective ca2 < 3ca1. individual anchors can undergo side-face blowout failure.0. ca1 Figure 8.4 to compute the maximum tension demand that the group can support. Rather. 15 . if there is no eccentricity in the applied load along X-axis. Side-face blowout of individual anchors In this case.tension demand Nu.√fc´ Also. and the above strength can simply be multiplied by the total number of columns present in the group to obtain the strength of the whole group. it can be assumed that the demand is distributed uniformly over all columns. Side-face blowout as a group Case 1. However. respectively. the strengths of individual anchors are calculated as Nsb = ct(160ca1√Abrg). The ratio ca2/ca1 is not taken less than 1. then an edge factor (1+ca2/ca1)/4 is applied. then the above design strength can be divided by 0. s ca1 Figure 7. sy > 6ca1: The whole column does not act as a group (Figure 8).

4 to compute the maximum shear demand that the group can support. When ACI 318-08 is followed.V ed . However. 16 .V c . and the above strength can simply be multiplied by the total number of anchors present in the group. Steel strength of anchor in shear: Design shear strength of a single cast-in headed stud is calculated as Nsa = svAsefuta Design shear strength of a single cast-in headed bolt or hooked bolt is calculated as Nsa = sv0. if the SDC of the structure involved is C or above.and Ydirections are zero.75 is also applied to the above values. then the above design strength can be divided by 0. this strength needs to be compared against the maximum shear demand that occurs on a single anchor in the group.VVb . for a group of anchors. 6.6Asefuta If the SDC of the structure involved is C or above and ACI 318-05 is being followed. if there is no eccentricity in the applied load (along Y-axis). and Avco Avc ec . Concrete breakout strength of anchor in shear: Shear in X-direction Design shear strength of a single anchor or a group of anchors in X-direction is calculated as Vcbx = cv Avc ed . 5. it can be assumed that all anchors carry the same demand. this factor is not required to be applied in this mode of failure. a factor of 0.75 is applied to the above values. For a group of anchors. n. for a single anchor. if the maximum shear demand on a single anchor is 40% of the total shear demand Vu.VVb . For example. Avco Vcbgx = cv Also. then the minimum anchor strength can simply be multiplied by the total number of anchors to calculate the design strength of the whole formation.V c . Conversely.Once the strengths of individual anchors have been determined. they can be divided by the fraction of the total demand that each anchor resists to calculate the governing strength of the whole anchor formation. a factor of 0. this strength of a single anchor can also be converted into the strength of the whole group by dividing the above strength by the fraction of the total shear demand that the most heavily loaded anchor resists. In case the load eccentricities in both X. to obtain the strength of the whole group.

is applied if ca2 < 1. as shown below in Figure 9.6.2.6. Modification factor for concrete that is cracked under service load is applied in accordance with ACI 318 Section D. so that all anchors can act as a group. where ca1 is the governing edge distance for a particular mode. A modification factor for edge effects. In all failure modes. and the revised ca1 is used for all calculations in that mode. modification factor h.5ca1.V is also applied as per Section D. When design is done in accordance with ACI 318-08. 17 . two edge distances in Y-direction and concrete depth. ncol failure modes.In calculating ec.4. factor cp. ca1 ca1 ca1 Vcbgx/3 2Vcbgx/3 Vcbgx Mode 1 Mode 2 Mode 3 Figure 9. If.8. Since.V to account for the eccentricity of the load application with respect to the centroid of the bolts loaded in shear. and the governing strength is taken as the minimum from all modes. in a certain mode.V = 0. If there is ncol number of columns in a anchor group. and ca2 is the minimum edge distance in the orthogonal direction.6. all three are less than 1.7.3ca2/1. ha. the program does not address the post-installed anchors at this time. Different failure modes in concrete breakout in shear in X-direction In all failure modes.5ca1 then ca1 is reduced in accordance with ACI 318 Section D.2. load eccentricity along Y-axis (e’Vy) is considered.V is assumed to be 1.7 + 0. of the anchor or anchor group is compared against 1. are considered separately. where ca1 is the edge distance in the direction of the applied shear (see Items 25 and 26 of the program input above). ed.5ca1.5ca1.0. it is also checked if the row spacing sy ≤ 3ca1.2.

x: This is applicable to a single anchor or a group of anchors.If for any mode sy > 3ca1. if e’Vy = 0.4 to get the total strength of the whole formation based on the strength of that row. there are a few exceptions: Exception 1. and as a result. However. sy > 3ca1 ca1 Figure 10. eccentricity factor ec. then it can be assumed that the total shear demand is distributed uniformly over all rows. The user needs to divide the strength of each row by the fraction of the total shear demand that the row carries. Also. Strengths of the intermediate rows would be the same. However. It should be noted that the row with the lowest strength may not produce the governing strength for the whole formation if the demand on that row is also low. Concrete breakout strengths of a single anchor or a group of anchors are calculated in both X. if a certain row supports 40% of the total demand. Concrete breakout in shear of individual anchors The program presents the strengths of individual rows in the output. In this 18 .and Y-directions. to obtain the total shear demand that the whole anchor formation can support. strength of the whole anchor formation needs to be computed based on all rows separately and the minimum value should be considered as the governing design strength. Shear in Y-direction Design shear strength of a single anchor or a group of anchors in Y-direction is calculated through the same approach as described above. respectively. then each row is considered separately (Figure 10). As a result. the strength of the weakest row can be simply multiplied by the total number of rows present in order to calculate the strength of the whole anchor formation.y are the edge distances in the X. in the direction of applied shear (see Items 25 and 26 of the program input above). its strength needs to divided by 0.V is not required to be applied.5ca1. For example.and Y-directions separately. the effect of e’Vy needs to be accounted for while calculating the shear demand on each row. Instead.y > 1. Notations ca1. ca1. because only one row is considered at a time. when the user is not certain which row would be the governing one.x and ca1. while the modification factor for edge effects may need to be applied to the top and the bottom rows based on their respective edge distances in Y-direction.

y ≤ 1. as shown in Figure 12.y > 1.y or ca1. ca1. In this case.x > 1.6. breakout strength is calculated only in Y-direction.5 times the governing edge distance in the orthogonal direction (Figure 13).1(c) Exception 2.2.6.2.x > 1.1(c) Exception 3. Vcbgx ca1.5ca1.5ca1.0.case.x ≤ 1. and the strength in Y-direction is assumed to be twice the strength in X-direction after taking ed.1(c).2. ca1. Application of the provision of ACI 318 Section D.x Vcbgy = 2Vcbgx ca1.V = 1.y Vcbgy ca1.y Figure 12.6. Design strength in X-direction is taken as the minimum of 19 . This is in accordance with ACI 318 Section D. Vcbgx = 2Vcbgy ca1.5ca1. This is in accordance with ACI 318 Section D. as shown in Figure 11.x: This is applicable to a single anchor only.1(c).0. In the same way as above.V = 1.5ca1. A single anchor is considered to be at a corner when the governing edge distance in any direction is less than 1. shear strength of the anchor is calculated in both Xand Y-directions separately.y: This is applicable to a single anchor or a group of anchors.6.x Figure 11.2. Application of the provision of ACI 318 Section D. breakout strength is calculated only in X-direction.5ca1. and the strength in X-direction is assumed to be twice the strength in Y-direction after taking ed.

y ≤ 1. In case of multiple anchors.x ≤ ca1.5ca1. ca1. and (b) there is a eccentricity in tension load application. the program is not able to calculate Ncbg (it only provides the design strengths of individual rows/columns in those cases).6. when (a) the whole anchor formation does not behave as a single group in concrete breakout in tension. and kcp = 2 for hef ≥ 2. 2Vcbgy) ca1.5 in. Thus.6. kcp = 1 for hef < 2.5 in. 2Vcbgx) Figure 13.x Vcbgx = Min(Vcbgx.1(d) 7. Concrete pryout strength of anchor in shear: Design pryout strength of one anchor is calculated as Vcp = cpvkcpNcb Design pryout strength of a group of anchors is calculated as Vcpg = cpvkcpNcbg Ncb and Ncbg are the nominal strengths in concrete breakout in tension. This is stated in the output.x Vcbgy = Min(Vcbgy. This is in accordance with ACI 318 Section D. Design strength in Y-direction is obtained similarly. Application of the provision of ACI 318 Section D.the calculated strength in X-direction and twice the calculated strength in Y-direction. 20 .1(d).2. Vcpg cannot be calculated either.2.

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Manual for Quick Anchor program.

Manual for Quick Anchor program.

- Anchor Boltby Irwan Ramdani
- [Doi 10.1061%2F41130%28369%29223] Wey, Eric; Hayes, Tracey; Naqvi, Dawar -- [American Society of Civil Engineers Structures Congress 2010 - Orlando, Florida, United States (May 12-15, 2010)] Structureby positron9898
- Hilti - Quick Anchor Guideby Dawit Solomon
- Anchor Bolts Design 0002151207_11Oct96by agarwalkk

- !!!!!!Anchors-2008-05by zoranmiskovic
- Ramset Specifiers Anchoring Resource Book ANZ Chemical Anchoring Anchor Studsby jlolhnp
- NSA_IN Anchorage Seminar 3-11_3 Slidesby Mohamed Aly
- Williams Form Engineering Corp. - An Example of the 45 Degree Cone Method for Designing High Capacity Concrete Anchorsby salvatoreformica

- c a 2016 Pg.322 Design Methods
- 4.0 Anchoring Systems (128-389)
- A Ramset SRB Ed3 Full Edition
- A Ramset SRB Ed3 Full Edition PDF
- Simpson - CrackingtheConcreteAnchorCodes
- A Del
- Seal Assemblies (Locator, Anchor, Latch).pdf
- Resource Book
- 001-b Tests for Admissible Service Conditions
- ETAG-001-Annex-B 07-11-13
- Anchor Bolt
- Anchor_Bolt
- article2buildingcodesanchoringtoconcrete[1]
- 4.1 Anchor Principles and Design (130-148)r021
- Basile Rabb at 2
- Ramset Specifiers Resource Book Ed3 - AnkaScrew Mechanical A
- Anchoring to Concrete
- 161590800-Anchor-Bolt
- Seal Assemblies (Locator, Anchor, Latch)
- Calculos Pedestal
- Anchor Bolt
- [Doi 10.1061%2F41130%28369%29223] Wey, Eric; Hayes, Tracey; Naqvi, Dawar -- [American Society of Civil Engineers Structures Congress 2010 - Orlando, Florida, United States (May 12-15, 2010)] Structure
- Hilti - Quick Anchor Guide
- Anchor Bolts Design 0002151207_11Oct96
- !!!!!!Anchors-2008-05
- Ramset Specifiers Anchoring Resource Book ANZ Chemical Anchoring Anchor Studs
- NSA_IN Anchorage Seminar 3-11_3 Slides
- Williams Form Engineering Corp. - An Example of the 45 Degree Cone Method for Designing High Capacity Concrete Anchors
- 2002-08-26 OSHPD Code Application Notice No. 2-1925B.3.5
- 2-1912A.1
- QAnchor Manual

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