UMTS – Global Standard for 3G Wireless Communication

Shariq Yasin Sr. Manager (RNE) 3G Technologies (Guarantee) Ltd.

29th January, 2009

Central Asian CDMA Forum

Provide CDMA/WCDMA technology and development awareness, training and related industry support in Central Asia through; • Training & HR Development Collaboration with Governments, Regulatory Agencies, Operators, Academia, Professionals and Manufacturers • Benchmarking of the Industry • Technical Audit of Networks & Services • Media and advocacy • Inter-active discussion portal • Roaming and specifications development (associate membership of CDG) • Consultancies Develop relationship with other Technology Development Organizations


Inter-active online portal

Region Telecom Industry News, Technology Information, Discussion Forum & Job Postings

Series of CDMA awareness programs on FM radio network on CDMA Technology Trainings Conducted

Kyrgyzstan, Azerbaijan, Tajikistan Operators & MOC/Regulator, INPT/WANA Moroco, Afghan Telecom, PTCL, PTA, FAB, Diallog, HEC, UET Lahore, IQRA University, DVcom, GIKI, IMS Peshawar, Telecard, Comsats etc.

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Co-operation with other CDMA organizations like CDG, CDMAU, CCF, GHRC and regional CDMA Forum such as Africa CDMA Forum Bench marking & Audit of CDMA operators Establishment of CDMA HR Development Centre. Establishment of permanent Engineering Services Working Group (ESWG) to resolve technical issues between CDMA operators GHRC Initiative for Pakistan WLL Operators Held Seminars on UMTS awareness and regulations in Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Pakistan


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Multiple Access IMT2000 Umbrella Evolution Path UMTS Services UMTS Overview Network Architecture Codes and Channels LTE Overview UMTS Deployment and General Aspects

Multiple Access

Multiple Access Techniques  Multiple Access Frequency. • To maximize the usage of scarce resource like  Three widely used techniques • • • • Frequency Division Multiple Access Time Division Multiple Access Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access Code Division Multiple Access • • Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum (FH-SS) Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum (DS-SS) 6 .

IMT2000 Umbrella .

IMT2000  ITU (International Telecommunication Union) • • • • • Specialized agency of UN. Standardization of Telecommunication and allocation of Spectrum The Telecommunication Standardization Sector. ITU-D  IMT-2000 (International Mobile Telecommunications) • • Defined by ITU for the Global Standard for 3rd Generation wireless communications in 1999 Includes six radio interfaces as a part of the ITU-R M. ITU-T The Radiocommunication Sector.ITU.1457 Recommendation: • • • • • • WCDMA (UTRA-FDD) CDMA2000 TD-CDMA and TD-SCDMA EDGE DECT IP-OFDMA TDD WMAN (in 2007) 8 . ITU-R The Telecommunication Development Sector.

3GPP  3GPP (3rd Generation Partnership Project) • • Created in Dec 1998.e.. Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (UTRA) both Frequency Division Duplex (FDD) and Time Division Duplex (TDD) modes). 9 . for the collaboration between telecommunication associations to develop globally acceptable 3G mobile phone system under the scope of IMT-2000 Technical Specifications and Technical Reports for a 3G Mobile System based on evolved GSM core networks and the radio access technologies that they support (i.

Evolution Path .

Need for Evolution   Global Standard for cost effectiveness New Services (Video Telephony)       Spectral Efficiency to accommodate more subscribers More Throughput (more UL and DL requirements) Global Roaming Achieving Customer Expectations Roadmap to Future Evolution Vendor Support • • • EOM: (End of marketing) End of new order (1~2 Yr) EOFS: (End of Full support) End of bug fixing (3 Yr) EOS: (End of Service) End of Service Supporting (4 Yr) 11 .

Evolution of 3G: Data Rates 12 .

Timeline: UMTS and CDMA2000 13 .

Evolution of 3G 14 .

UMTS Services .

Call Types  Voice Call • • • • • Adaptive Multi-Rate (AMR) Voice Codec  Packet Switched (PS) Data Reuses NAS layer of GPRS  Circuit Switched (CS) Data Includes Sync / Async Data Includes Group 3 Fax Protocols the same as for GSM  Location Based Services (LBS) 16 .

Service classified  Multi.Services requires service classified QoS • Time-delay sensitivity 17 .

Device Support 18 .

UMTS Overview .

UMTS and W-CDMA  UMTS: Universal Mobile Telecommunications System • UMTS encompasses the entire mobile communication system. and up to three radio access networks. including the two core networks. Non-Access Stratum (NAS) CS-Core Network PS-Core Network Access Stratum UTRA-FDD (WCDMA) UTRA-TDD GSM/GPRS 20 .

with chip rate of 3. • “WCDMA” refers to the FDD Physical Layer and the protocols that support it. 21 . • Designed to be deployed under GSM/GPRS network. • “UMTS” refers to the entire network.What is UMTS/WCDMA? • Universal Mobile Telecommunication System/Wideband CDMA is a 3G.84 Mcps. • “UTRAN” refers to the UMTS/WCDMA Radio Access network. Direct Sequence CDMA-based Radio Access Network (RAN).

where Fcenter = UARFCN * 200 KHz 22 .UMTS/WCDMA Spectrum The carrier frequency is designated by the UTRA Absolute Radio Frequency Channel Number (UARFCN).

UMTS/WCDMA Bandwidth 23 .

4 Mbps Release 8 •Long Term Evolution (LTE) •New Access Technology based on OFDMA.28 Mcps •UTRA Repeater •Core Network Transport to IP •Non-transparent Real-Time Facsimile Release 5 •UTRAN Transport to IP •IP Based Multimedia Services •A-GPS with Open Interface for SMLC and RNC •HSDPA HSDPA •Included in Release 5 •Adaptive modulation and coding •Multiple codes allocation • Physical Layer HARQ •DL Rates as high as 10 Mbps HSUPA •Release 6 & 7 •New Channels Added (E-DCH) •New Physical Dedicated Channels for UL and DL •UL Rates as high as 5. CDMA and TDMA •DL Rates as high as 100Mbps •UL Rates as high as 50Mbps HSPA Release 7+ 24 .84 Mcps •Services as in GSM/GPRS •Support for Multicall •Location Services Release 4 •TDD at 1.3GPP Standards Release 99 •FDD and TDD at 3.

Network Architecture .

UMTS Network Topology 26 .

WCDMA R5 Network Architecture CS domain GSM /GPRS BSS BSC BTS MG W IP/ATM Backbone MG W PSTN/PLMN GMSC Server VMSC Server Iu-CS PCU RNC NodeB UTRAN SS7 HLR/AUC/HS S SCE SCP SMS Internet. Intranet GGSN MGW Iu-PS SGSN GPRS backbone PS domain CG MGCF S-CSCF MRFC BG IP backbone P-CSCF MRFP IMS domain 27 .

WCDMA RAN Architecture Core Network Iu RNS RNS Iu Iur RNC Iub Node B Iub Iub Node B RNC Iub Node B Node B Previous interfaces with new identities New Interfaces like Iur 28 .

Link Types RAB RB UE CN RL NodeB RL: Radio Link RB: Radio Bearer RNC RAB: Radio Access Bearer 29 .

UE Modes of Connection  Idle Mode • • • • (No active Connection) CS and PS Call connected with handover PS Connected with Cell Update PS Dormant with Cell Update PS Dormant with URA Update  Cell_DCH Cell_FACH Cell_PCH URA_PCH    • 30 .

Codes and Channels .

8 million 32 .Codes in UMTS/WCDMA • • • • OVSF Codes: Orthogonal Codes Gold Codes: Spreading Codes DL PSC: 512. SSC: 7680 UL Scrambling Codes: 16.

-1.4.1) Cch.1.4.1) Cch.-1) Cch.2.1 = (1.-1.1.4.OVSF & Walsh Cch.0 = (1) Cch.0 =(1. 33 .1) SF = 1 SF = 2 SF = 4 OVSF codes (Walsh) are completely orthogonal and their mutual correlation is zero.4.2.-1) Cch.1.0 = (1.1.3 = (1.2 = (1.-1.1.1 = (1.-1.-1) Cch.

2.Purpose of OVSF  Downlink SF of typical service Typical service AMR Data rate 12.4mbps for one cell 32 16 8 16 34 . kbps Downlink SF 128 VP 144kbps 384kbps HSDPA 64kbps 144kbps 384kbps 14.

Physical Layer Procedures 35 .

UMTS Logical Channel Broadcast Control Channel (BCCH) Paging Control Channel (PCCH) Control Channel(CCH) Dedicated Control Channel (DCCH) Common Control Channel (CCCH) Dedicated Traffic Channel (DTCH) Common Traffic Channel (CTCH) Traffic Channel(TCH) 36 .

UMTS Transport Channel Dedicated Channel DCH Dedicated transport channel • DCH includes uplink and downlink Broadcast Channel BCH Forward Access Channel Paging Channel Random Access Channel FACH PCH RACH Common transport channel 37 .

Channel Mapping 38 .

Functions of Physical Channel Cell broadcast channels P-CPICH – Primary Common Pilot Channel S-CPICH – Secondary Common Pilot Channel P-CCPCH.Primary Common Control Physical Channel SCH – Synchronous Channel Paging channel S-CCPCH – Primary Common Control Physical Channel PICH – Paging Indicator Channel Random access channel Node B PRACH – Physical Random Access Channel AICH – Acquisition Indicator Channel Dedicated channel DPDCH – Dedicated Physical Data Channel DPCCH – Dedicated Physical Control Channel UE High speed downlink shared channel HS-SCCH – High Speed Shared Control Channel HS-PDSCH -High Speed Physical Downlink Shared Channel HS-DPCCH – High Speed Dedicated Physical Control Channel 39 .

LTE Overview .

The Downlink will support data modulation schemes QPSK. 8PSK and 16QAM. QPSK. Supports MIMO and SMART Antenna technology 41 .Long Term Evolution    The Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) has approved the functional freeze of LTE (Long Term Evolution) as part of 3GPP Release 8 . 16QAM. and 64QAM and the Uplink will support BPSK.11th December 2008 Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) has been selected for the Downlink and Single CarrierFrequency Division Multiple Access (SC-FDMA) for the Uplink.

10 and 20 MHz 42 Mobility Support User Plane Latency Control Plane Capacity Coverage (Cell Size) Spectrum Flexibility . 5. 2.5.25.LTE Performance Requirement Metric Peak Data Rates Requirement DL: 100 Mbps UL: 50 Mbps (for 20MHz spectrum) Up to 500kmph Optimized to 0 to 15kmph <5ms >200 users per cell (for 5MHz spectrum) 5 ~ 100km with slight degradation after 30km 1.

LTE Logical Channels  Control Channel • • • • •  Broadcast Control Channel (BCCH) Paging Control Channel (PCCH) Common Control Channel (CCCH) Multicast Control Channel (MCCH) Dedicated Control Channel (DCCH) Traffic Channel • • Dedicated Traffic Channel (DTCH) Multicast Traffic Channel (MTCH) 43 .

LTE Transport Channels  Downlink Channels • • • •  Broadcast Channel (BCH) Downlink Shared Channel (DL-SCH) Paging Channel (PCH) Multicast Channel (MCH) Uplink Channels • • Uplink Shared Channel (UL-SCH) Random Access Channel (RACH) 44 .

LTE Entities  Evolved NodeB (eNB)     Evolved Radio Access Network (eRAN) Serving Gateway (SGW) Mobility Management Entity (MME) Packet Data Network Gateway (PDN GW) 45 .

3GPP held two workshops on “Requirements for Further Advancements for E-UTRA” IMT-Advanced 3GPP RAN working on LTEAdvanced 46 . In June 2008.LTE Advance    ITU has introduced a term IMT-Advanced for mobile systems beyond IMT-2000 scope.

UMTS Deployment and General Aspects .

UMTS Global Facts      WCDMA Subscribers 351m HSPA Subscribers HSPA Devices UMTS Deployments 79m >1000 260 in 105 countries HSDPA Deployments 230 in 90 countries UMTS Forum – 26 Jan 2009 48 .

Algeria. Maldives. Tajikistan. Sri Lanka. Libya. Qatar Egypt. Armenia. Yemen. Nepal Central Asia Kyrgyzstan. Bahrain. Kuwait. Georgia. Iran. Afghanistan. Uzbekistan. Mongolia 49 . Bangladesh. Iraq and Afghanistan SAARC India.Regional Status Middle East and North Africa Saudi Arabia. UAE. Oman. Morocco. Bhutan. Turkey.

UMTS Vendors      Ericsson Huawei LG Alcatel-Lucent Motorola      Nokia Siemens Network Samsung NEC Nortel Networks ZTE 50 .

1 2.0 11.4 2.0 2004 Onwards 35.Road to Deregulation Competition 54.1 4.0 4.5 3.0 2000 Launch of New Mobile/WLL/ LDI Companies 1999 Deregulation of state monopoly Pakistan IT Policy 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 1994 PTCL gets GSM License PTCL WLL 1994 1994 Onward s Telecom Sector Reorganisation 1993 1992 Paging Licenses 1991 01st GSM License DNOP/VAS Licenses.0 2005 Onwards 45. 1990 1989 1962 1947 Card Payphone Licenses Paging License Two AMPS Cellular Licenses Pakistan T&T Post and Telegraph Dept 51 .0 PTCL Privatisation 2002 Onwards 2.3 2.6 6.3 7.

public and private wireless operators and others Separate from.Pakistan Government Telecommunication Bodies  MOITT (Ministry of IT and Telecoms) •  Generation of Policy. NTC (National telecommunication Corporation) •  Limited mandate to provide services to the Government SCO (Special Communications Organization) • Limited mandate to provide services to Azad Kashmir 52 . FAB. providers of telecommunication services. PSEB. USF. and Oversight on PTA. PTA (Pakistan Telecom Authority) • •  Regulates the establishment. radio and television broadcasting operators. operation and maintenance of telecommunication systems Responsible for promoting & development of telecommunication systems and services FAB (Frequency Allocation Board) • •  Allocates radio frequency spectrum to the Government.ICT R&D Fund and PTCL. but reporting to (at least in theory) PTA.

(Each of 10 MHz) PTA and FAB has to clear the 3G spectrum in 2. Delays due to: • • • • Reluctance of Operators Economic and Political Conditions of Pakistan Declining ARPU Un-identified Killer Application 53 .1GHz band by the end of 2006.UMTS in Pakistani Scenario    At least two licenses were committed for auction in IM issued by MoIT.

Question & Answers .

org) UMTS World (www.References        WCDMA(UMTS) Overview. WCDMA for UMTS: Radio Access for Third Generation Mobile Communications.umtsworld. Toskla. John Wiley and Sons. Qualcomm UMTS University. Second Edition. 2002. LTE Technical Overview (whitepaper) Motorola UMTS Forum (www. QUALCOMM UMTS University.umts-forum. HSUPA:Protocol and Physical 55 . Qualcomm UMTS University. H. HSDPA: Protocol and Physical Layer. Holma and A.

Thank You Shariq Yasin .

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