SRII RAMA JAYAM SR RAMA JAYAM

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bja;tj;jppU jppUKUf fppUghde;j thuppahu; ; Rthkppfs; ; bja;tj;j U j UKUf f Ughde;j thu ahu Rthk fs
COLL BY DR,,J,,PERUMAL..M..B..A,,PH..D COLL BY DR J PERUMAL M B A PH D drjperumallphd@yahoo.com drjperuma phd@yahoo.com

RAMAYANAM

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cyfk; ; ahita[e; ; jhKs thf;fYk; ; cyfk ahita[e jhKs thf;fYk eppiybg Ej;jYk; ; ePf;fYk; ; eP';fyh e iybg Ej;jYk ePf;fYk eP';fyh myfpp yhtppis ahl;Lil ahutu; ; myf yht is ahl;Lil ahutu jiytu; ; md;dtu;f; ; nfruz; ; eh';fns jiytu md;dtu;f nfruz eh';fns

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tppRthkppj;jppuu; ; tUif t Rthk j;j uu tUif

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jhq Mrppukk; ; jhq Mr ukk

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rPijapd; gpwg;g[
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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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,uhkh * eP xU giHa fiwahd; mupj;j tpy;iy xoj;jijg; bgupjhf vz;zpj; Js;Sfpd;wha;. ,njh * ,e;jg; gpurz;l; nfhjz;lj;ij tisj;jhy; cd;id capnuhL tpLntd;. ,e;jh tpy; * ,uhku; * eP me;jf; nfhjz;ltpy;iy th';fp xU tpehoapy;p tisj;J/ xU ghzj;ijj; bjhLj;J/ ,e;j mk;g[f;F vd;d ,yf;F > vd;W nfl;lhu;. eL';fp xL';fp/ jiyf;Fnky; fu';fisf; Tg;gp/ ehd; mejzd;/ vd;id kd;dpj;J mUs; vd;whu; guRuhku;. guRuhkh * ehd; cd;id kd;dpf;fpnwd;. Mdhy; mk;g[ kd;dpf;fhJ. mjw;f tHp brhy;. vd; jt typikiaj; je;njd; vd;whu; guRuhku;. ,uhku; jd; fizahy; guruhkUila jt typikia mHpj;J/ guRuhkh > eP mur jUkj;ij tpLj;J, me;jz jUkj;ij vLj;J nky; fly; Xuk; ngha;j; jtk; bra; vd;W Twp mUs; g[upe;jhu;. me;jf; nfhjz;lj;ij tUznjtdplk; je;J. jf;f jUzj;jpy; vd;dplk; jUf vd;whu; ,uhku; guRuhku;.,uhkiuj; bjhGJ tpil bgw;wr; brd;whu;. gpwF/ ,uhku; jk; je;ijahiu vLj;J \u;r;ir bjsptpj;Jg; guRuhku; njhy;tpaile;jijf; Twpdhu;. jruju; mstw;w kfpH;r;rpaile;jhu;. vy;yhUk; mnahj;jpia mile;jdu;. ifnfapd; rnfhjuu; a[jhrpj;J te;J/ jk; jfg;gdhu;/ jk; ngug;gps;isfis miHj;Jtur; brhd;djhff; Twpdhd;. jruju; guj rj;Jf;diuj; j';fs; ghl;ld; ehl;Lf;Ff;/ nffa ehl;Lf;Fg; ngha;tuf; fl;lisapl;lhu;. gujUk;/ rj;Uf;dUk; ,uhkiu tz';fp mtuplk; tpil bgw;Wf; nffa ehl;Lf;Fg; g[wg;gl;ldu;.

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,uhku; Rfnk mnahj;jpapy; thH;e;jhu;.

KoNl;LtppHh KoNl;Lt Hh

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,uhkgpuhd; mjpfhiyapy; vGe;J ePuho. epj;jpa tHpghLfis Koj;Jj; jha; je;ijaiu tz';Fthu; FUehjuhfpa trpl;liu tz';Fthu;. Myak; brd;W ,iwtHpghL g[upthu;. ViH vspatu;fl;F cjtp g[upthu;. rPjh njtpf;F ntjntjh';fis cgnjrpg;ghu;. miyapy;yhj flypd; glfpy; brd;why; vj;jiz ,d;gk; ,Uf;Fk; > ,uhk\u;j;jp Rfkhf thH;e;jdu;.

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xU nfhO!;tuDila jiykapu; jPg;gw;wpf; bfhz;lJ. mtd; vd; jFjpf;F vw;gg; gd;dPuhy;jhd; ,jid mizf;f ntz;Lk;. clnd Xo gd;dPu; th';fp thU';fs; vd;wh TWthd; > ,j;jifa czu;r;rp ce;jpa rf;futu;j;jp clnd kfDf;F kFlk; Nl;oj; jtbewp nkw;bfhs; tpiHfpd;whu; cd czu;f. jdp kz;lgj;jpy; ,Ue;J mikr;ru;fisbay;yhk; miHj;jhu;. trpl;l Kdptiu miHj;jhu;. me;j Mnyhrid kz;lgj;jpy; ,Ue;J/ jk; fUj;ijf; TWfpd;whu;. me;j mikr;ru;fs; mwptpd; rpfu';fs;/ mwbewp tGthjtu;fs;. te;jijf; fz;L nky; tUgtw;iw czu;gtu;fs;. ,oj;J mw';TWk; ,ay;gpdu;. CWjpia ,ak;g[k; ,ay;g[ilatu;fs;. jruju;/ "FUehjh * mikr;ru; bgUkf;fns * vdf;F \g;g[ te;Jtpl;lJ. ,j;jidf; fhyk; g[wg;gifia xLf;fp murhl;rp bra;njd;. muR Ml;rpia/ mu-rhl;rpahfr; bra;njd. ,dp/ ehd; mfg;gifia btd;W jtj;ijr; bra;J gufjpaila tpUk;g[fpnwd;. kw;wtu;fl;F kUkfs; jpUkfsg; nghy; tUthu;fs; vdf;Fj; jpUkfns kUkfshf te;jpUf;fpd;whs;. md;gu;fns * ,uhkDf;F epykfis ,uz;lhe;jhukhfj; jpUkzk; bra;J itf;f tpUk;g[fpd;nwd;. eP';fs; ,jw;f mDkjp juntz;Lk;" vd;whu;. trpl;lu;/ muru; bgUkhnd * ,uhftd; cz;qk; ePupDk; cau;e;jtd;. ,uhkDf;F Ko Nl;Ltjhy; cyfk; ca;a[k;/ ehLk; efUk; kf;fSk; eyk; bgWthu;fs; vd;whu;. jruju; n$hjpl ty;yhiu miHj;J mtUld; Ma;e;J kWehs; Nupnahjaj;jpy; KoNl;l ntz;Lk; vd;W Kot[ bra;jhu;. jrujUila fl;lisg;go/ Rke;jpuu; ,uhkUila jpUkhspiff;Fg; ngha; ,uhkiuj; njupy; Vw;wpf;bfhz;L muritf;F te;J nru;e;jhu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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,uhku; trpl;l Kdptiu tz';fp/ je;ijahiu tz';fpdhu;. tz';fpa ike;jidj; je;ijahu; njhSk; khu;gk; bghUe;jj; jGtp kfpH;e;jhu;. [ jk; njhspy; cs;s g{ghuj;ij kfDila njhspy; ,l epidf;fpd;whu;. Mjypd;/ mtUila njhs;fisa[k; khu;iga[k; jkJ njhspdhy; msg;gJnghy ,Ue;jJ/ me;jf; fhl;rp. jruju;/ "vd; mUe;jtr; bry;tnk * vdf;F \g;g[ te;Jtpl;lJ. ,dp/ ehd; jt";bra;J gufjpaila ntz;Lk;. rhFk;tiu murpaypnyna cHy;tJ mwpt[ilatu; bray; MfhJ. fz;zh * ekJ Fyj;jpy; njhd;wp Kd;ndhu;fs; jFe;j tajpy; \j;j kfDf;F Ko Nl;otpl;Lf; fhl;oy; jt";bra;J Kj;jp eyk; bgw;whu;fs;. ,J ekJ Fy jUkk;. ehisf; fhiy cdf;F Ko Nl;LtpHh eilbgWk;. ,d;W eP tpuj bewpapy; ,Ue;J jpUtUisa[k; FUtUisa[k; bgWf" vd;whu;. muRr; bry;tk; ek;ghy; va;Jfpd;wnj vd;W ,uhku; kfpH;e;jhupy;iy. ,g;nghJ kfpH;e;jpUe;jhy; rpwpa jha;/ tdk; ngh vd;fpwnghJ tUe;jpapUg;ghu; vd;gJ bghJkiw. je;ij brhy;ny ntj thf;fhf vz;zp ,Ue;jhu;. Rke;jpnu/ gl;lhgpn#f tpHht[f;F cupa Vw;ghLfs; vy;yhtw;iwa[k; Fiwtwr; bra;a[k;. kd;du;fns * eP';fs; vy;yhUk; ,Ue;J ,uhkDf;F KoNl;o itg;gPu;fs; vd;whu; jruju;. murit fiye;jJ. jruju; bfsriyapd; khspiff;Fg;ngha;/ bfsriyiag; ghu;j;Jg; bgz;kzpna * ehisf; fhiy cd; kfDf;F KoNl;L tpHh elf;fg; nghfpwJ vd;whu;. bfsriy jd; mUke;j kfDf;Fg; gl;lhgpn#fk; vd;wt[ld; kfpH;r;rp flyhfg; bgh';fpaJ. Mdhy; clnd me;j kfpH;r;rp tw;wptpl;lJ. gl;l';fl;oa kWehns kd;dtu; fhdfk; ngha;tpLthnu > vd;w vz;zp cs;sk; tUe;jpdhs;. ekJ braypy; vd;d cs;sJ > vy;yyk; <rd; bray; vd;W fUjpdhs;. kfDila KoNl;L tpHh ,dpJ eilbgw/ Mya";brd;W
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,iwtid tHpgl vz;zpr; Rkpj;jpiua[ld; brd;W tHpghL bra;jhs;. md;dKk; Mila[k; brhu;zKk; twpatu;f;F tH';fpdhs;. murUila Mizapd;go ahidkPJ KuR KHf;fp/ ,uhkgpuhDila gl;lhgpn#fj;ij v';Fk; mwptpj;jhu;fs;. ,jidf; nfl;L kf;fs; kl;lw;w kfpH;r;rpaile;jhu;fs;. thiH fKFfs; el;L/ kyu;khiyfisj; bjh';ftpl;L/ fsg f!;Jhup bjwpj;J efiu my';fupj;jhu;fs; Modhu;fs;/ ghodhu;fs;/ bkype;jtu;fs; kfpH;r;rpapdhy; gUj;jhu;fs;.

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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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,uhkh * ,dpikahfg; ngrntz;Lk;/ <e;J ctf;f ntz;Lk;. kf;fSf;F ed;ikna g[upa ntz;Lk;. capiu clk;g[ jh';FtJnghy; kf;fis kd;dtd; jh';fpf; fhj;J eyk; g[upantz;Lk;. ViH vspatu;fl;F cjtp bra;a ntz;Lk;. kf;fspd; Jau';fisafw;wp mtu;fs; mr;rk; ,d;wp thH tHptFf;f ntz;Lk;. murDf;f MirapUf;ff; TlhJ. rpe;jpj;Jr; bray;gl ntz;Lk;. ,t;thW/ mur ePjpfis cgnjrpj;J/ ,uhkiuj; jUg;igapd;kPJ mkur; bra;J/ ntj ke;jpu';fisf; Twp/ rl';Ffisr; bra;jhu;. ,uhkUld; Myak; brd;W ,iwtHpghL elj;jpdhu;. vy;yhk; jpUtUspd; jpl;lg;gojhd; elf;Fk;. ek; brayhy; xd;Wk; eilbgwhJ. xd;iw epid/ mJ xHpe;jpl;L xd;whFk;. rf;utu;j;jp jruju; jk; \j;j kfDf;F KoNl;LtpHh vd;W rfy Vw;ghLfSk; bra;jhu;. trpl;lhjp Kdptu;fSk; ,Ue;J bra;j Vw;ghL. mJ jtpLbghoahfptpl;lJ. gl;lhgpn#fk; eilbgwtpy;iy. jpUtUs; Jiz g[upe;jhyd;wp vJt[k; eilbgwhJ vd;gJ ,t;tuyhw;why; czu;jy; ntz;Lk;. ,e;jg; gl;lhgpn#fk; 14 Mz;Lfs; tHpe;J rf;utu;j;jpapy;yhky; ele;jJ. kdpj Kaw;rpahy; vJt[k; Kot[ bgwhJ vd czu;f.

Tdppahy; ; te;j Mdpp Td ahy te;j Md

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Kd; bra;tpidahy; clk;gpy; nfhzy; Vw;gLk;. Mdhy;/ ,uhkazj;jpy; tUk; Tdpf;F cs;sj;jpYk; nfhzy;. Tdp vd;w ngu; bgw;w ,tu; ke;jiu vd;w ,aw;bgaiua[ilts;. nffa ehl;L kd;dDila muz;kidapy; gzpg[upe;jts/ ifnfapf;Fr; brtpypj;jha;/ Jhf;fp vLj;J czt{l;o tsu;j;jts;. mjdhy;/ ifnfaplk; md;g[ g{z;lts;. jpnujh a[fnk Tdpahf mtjupj;j kfhnkU fpupiag; nghd;w xU bgupa nfL NH;e;jhs;. kdj;jpYk; nfhzy; cz;L vd;w gl;odj;Jr; Rthkpfs; TWfpd;whu;. ,iwtnd * ey;tpidahy; xUtDf;Fr; bry;tk; gy tHpfspy; tUk;. tl;o \yk; tUk;/ thlif \yk; tUk;/ tpahghujjpd; \yk; tUk;/ tptrhaj;jpd; \yk; tUk;/ kidtp \yk; rPjdk; tUk;. ,Jnghy; ,iwth * ,r;rpwpnaDf;Fg; ght';fs;/ nfhzy; gl;l kdj;jhYk;/ thf;fpdhYk;/ Ik;g[yd;fshYk; te;J Ftpfpd;wd. mg;ght';fs; jtk; bra;jhYk; nghfkhl;lh. ,t;thW/ mnahj;jp khefuk; ,d;g bts;sj;jpy; ePe;Jfpd;w neuj;jpy; ,uhtzdhfpa bfhoatd; Kdptu;fSf;Fk; Vida rhJf;fSf;Fk;
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bra;a[k; bfhLik jpuz;L xU tot';bfhz;L te;jJnghy/ ifnfapd; khspifaUfpy; Tdp njhd;wpdhs;. nky;khoapy; g";rizkPJ ifnfapiaj; Jh';f itj;J tpl;Lte;j Tdp/ ,d;W vd;d tpHh > efuk; brhu;f;fk; nghy; my';fupf;fg;gl;oUf;fpd;wnj > vd;W tpdhtpdhs;. m';fpUe;jtu;fs;/ Tdp * cdf;F ,J bjupahjh > ehis ,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jpf;F kFlhgpn#f tpHh eilbgw ,Uf;fpd;wJ vd;whu;fs;. ,jidf; nfl;l Tdpapd; kdj;jpy; nfhgj; jP \z;lJ. mts; fz;fspy; jPg;bghwp gwe;jJ. fhjpny \f;fpny g[ifa[z;lhapw;W. gl;lhgpn#fkh > gl;lhgpn#fkh vd;W Twpf; fWtpdhs;. ,jid ehd; jLj;J epWj;Jntd; vd;W Twpdhs;. ,uhku; Kd;bdhU fhyj;jpy; kz; cUz;il itj;Jf; Fwp itj;J tpy; Ve;jp tpisahof; bfhz;oUe;jhu;. Tdp kw;w bgz;fSld; jz;zPu;f; Fl';fisr; Rke;J te;J bfhz;oUe;jhs;. ,uhku; ,sikg; gUt tpisahl;lhf mts; KJfpy; kz;qUz;il vwpe;jhu; vd;W TWfpd;whu;fs;. mg;goad;W/ fUizna tothd ,uhku; kPJ fUiz bfhz;L/ gr;ir kz;qUz;iliaf; Td; epkpul;Lnk > vd;W vwpe;jhu;. Fk; fPnH tpH mts; epyj;jpy; tpGe;jhs;. m';Fs;s bgz;kzpfs; ifbfhl;or; rpupj;jhu;fs;. Td; jPunt kz;qUz;il vwpe;jhu; vd;w MH;thu; TWfpd;w jpwj;ij ,';F nehf;F';fs;. ……ija cz;iltpy; epwj;jpw; bwwpj;jha;…… -jpUtha;bkhHp 1.5.5 Kjy;ehs; nghupy; njhy;tpaile;j ,uhtzd;/ jd; rpwpa ghl;ldhu; khypathdplk; Twpaija[k; ,';F epidt[ Tu;f. ,uhtzd;/ jhj;jh * ,uhkd; vd;kPJ rpde;J nghu; g[upatpy;iy. ,sikapy; Tdpapd; Td;nghf kz;qUz;il bfhz;L
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tpisahoaJnghy; nghu; g[upe;jhd;. nfhgpj;Jg; nghu; g[upe;jhy; ehd; gpiHj;J te;jpUf;f khl;nld; vd;W Twpdhd;. ,e;jr; rpwpa rk;gtj;ijf; Tdp epidj;J ,uhkUf;Fj; jP';F bra;a Kay;fpd;whs;. mau;e;J cw';Ffpd;w ifnfapapd; fhy;fisg; gw;wp/ ifnfaP * cdf;Fg; gif te;J NH;e;jpUf;fpd;wJ. ,e;j Mgj;jhd neuj;jpy; eP cw';Ffpd;whna > vd;whs;. ifnfap/ "Tdp* ntjnk aida ,uhkid kfdhfg; bgw;w vdf;Fg; gif tUnkh * xUnghJk; tuhJ. eP vd;d csWfpd;wha;. >" vd;whs;. "Tdp kjpapy;yhj k';ifna * eP ,d;Dk; rpW bgz;zhfnt ,Uf;fpd;wha;. ifnfaP * cd; kfidg; ghl;ld; tPl;Lf;F mDg;gptpl;Lj; jd; fztDf;Fj; jiyaiz ke;jpuk; Xjp/ cd; kfd; ,y;yhj neuj;jpy;/ Mz;fs; vs;sp eifahl/ jhlif vd;w bgz;izf; bfhd;whnd ,uhkd;/ me;j ,uhkDf;F ehis gl;lhgpn#fk; eil bgWk;. ,j;ijg; bgupa g{fk;gk; neu;e;Js;sJ. eP xd;Wk; czuhky; cw';Ffpd;whna" vd;whs;. ,uhkgpuhDf;F KoNl;L tpHh vd;W nfl;lt[lnd ifnfap mile;j Mde;jj;Jf;f vy;iyna ,y;iy. mts; Kfk; bghypt[w;wJ/ mfk; kpf kfpH;e;jJ. Js;spf; Fjpj;jhs;. ,e;j k';fskhd epfH;r;rpiaf; Twpa Tdpf;Fj; jd; fGj;jpy; mzpe;jpUe;j tpiykjpf;f Koahj Xu; ,uj;jpd kzpkhiyia mts; fGj;jpy; guprhf ,l;lhs;. ifnfapf;F ,uhkgpuhd;kPJ mj;Jiz MHkhd md;g[ ,Ue;jJ. me;j khiyiaf; Tdp fHw;wp tPrp vwpe;jhs;. epyk; FHpahfpd;w mst[f;f khiyia epyj;jpy; tPrp vwpe;jhs;. me;j kzpkhiy rpijahjpUe;jJ. mJ mj;Jiz cau;e;j khiy vd czu;f.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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Tdp/ "ifnfaP * ,d;Dk; eP rpW bgz;zhfntzpUf;fpd;wha;. jd; mjpEl;gkhd kjpEl;gj;jhy; cd; khw;wtshfpa bfsriy thH;t[ bgw;W cau;e;Jtpl;lhs;. cd; kfd; eilg;gpzk;nghy; Mfptpl;lhd;. rPija[k; ,uhkDk; rp';fhrj;jpypUf;f cd; jtg;g[jy;td; iffl;o/ tha; bghj;jp epyj;jpy; epd;W nrtfk; g[upa ntz;Lk;. mur khnjtpahfpa eP bfsriyf;Fg; gzptpil g[upantz;Lk;. bfsriyapd; jhjpf;Fj; jhjpahf Vty; g[upantz;Lk;. ,g;go Xu; mty epiy neu;e;Jtpl;lnj. Kw;whs; ike;jDf;F KoNl;LtpHh vd;why;. eP tUe;j ntz;lhkh > kfpH;fpd;whna * ngijna etuj;jpd khiyia vdf;Fg; guprhfj; jUfpd;whna > cdf;F mwpt[ ,Ufpd;wjh > vd; md;g[ kfns * tWikahy; thLgtu;fs; cd;ghy; te;jhy; ms;sp ms;sp tH';Fthna * ,dp/ cd;dhy; mt;thW mw";bra;a ,ayhJ. tHf;fkhfj; je;jtu;f;F ,y;iybad;W Twthah > bfhLf;f KoahjnghJ mj;Jd;gj;jhy; khz;L nghthah > bry;tj;jpy; thH;e;j eP ,dp/ tWikahy; thLthah/ cd; vjpu;fhy mtyepiyia epidj;J tUe;Jfpd;nwd;" vd;whs;. ,jidf; nfl;l ifnfap g[d;dif g[upe;jhs;. "Tdp * eP tps';fhky; ngRfpd;wha;. ,uhkd; vd; md;g[g; g[jy;td;.. . mwptw;w eP Vd; murpaypy; g[Fe;J ngRfpd;wha; > kjp bfl;ltns. v';fs; kDFyk;/ kapy; Fyj;Jupika[ilaJ. kapy; gy Kl;ilfs; ,Lk;. \j;j F";Rf;Fj;jhd; jiyapy; bfhz;ilapUf;Fk;. mJnghy; v';fs; Mjpj;jd; Fyj;jpy; \j;j kfDf;F KoNLk; cupika[z;L. ,j;jifa kuig mHf;fyhkh > rPjh njtpapd; jpUkzk; Koe;j gpd;/ mnahj;jpf;F tUk; tHpapy; vupkiynghy vjpu;j;j guRuhkidr; rf;utu;j;jpah btd;whu; ? gujdh btd;whd; > ,uhkd;jhnd btd;whd;. ,uhkd; guRuhkid btd;w ek;ikf; fhj;jUspdhnu * md;w ek;ikf; fhj;jtd; ehd;F g[jy;tu;fspy; \j;jtd; .. . gl;l';fl;l Vw;wtd;. rPijf;F kh';fy;ak; jupj;J mj;Jizg; bgupa rigapny ,uhkd; vdf;Fj;jhnd Kjy; tzf;fk; bra;jhd;. ,uhkd; Ml;rp bra;jhy; vy;yhk; vdf;Fj; jhd; cupadthFk;. Tdp * murpaYf;Fk; cdf;Fk; btF Jhuk; eP ,jpy; jiyaplhnj. eP vdf;Fk; ey;yts; my;ys;/
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gujDf;Fk; ey;yts; my;ys;/ kPz;Lk; ngrpdhy; cdf;Fj; jz;lid fpilf;Fk;" vd;whs;. Tdp/ "ifnfaP * cdf;F xd;Wk; bjupatpy;iy. gjtpapy; mku;e;jtl[d; kdpjd; khwptpLthd;. ,g;nghJ ehd; Twtijf; ftdkhff; nfs;. nffa ehL tsikahd ehL/ tpnjf ehL twz;l ehL. tpnjf ehl;L kd;dd; nffs ehl;L kd;ddhfpa cd; je;ijkPJ gyKiw gilbaLj;J te;jhd;. mg;nghJ cd; fztu; jd; khkdhUf;Fj; Jiz g[upe;jdhy; $dfu; njhy;tpa[w;whu;. ,g;nghJ/ muru; ,uhkDf;F KoNl;of; fhdfk; nghdjhy;/ $dfu; jd; kUkfdhfpa ,uhkUld; To/ cd; je;ijahiua[k; cd; cld; gpwe;jhiua[k; bfhd;w tpLthu;. ,jdhy;jhd; ,jid tw;g[Wj;jpf; TWfpd;nwd;" vd;whs;.

jrujUk; ifnfapa[k;

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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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mfkyu;e;J Kfkyu;e;J tuntw;W cgrupf;fpd;w fhjy; kidtp ifnfapiaf; fz;lhupy;iy. gLf;ifaiwapy; jiytpupj;Jf;bfhz;L my';nfhykhfg; gLj;jpUf;fpd;w gj;jpdpiaf; fz;lhu;. jpLf;fpl;lhu;. kidtpia md;g[ld; vLj;Jf; fz;zPiuj; Jilj;jhu;. mts; tpk;kp tpk;kpaGjhs;. "bgz;kzp * cdf;F vd;d ftiy > Vd; mGfpd;wha; > eP tUe;jpaG ehd; xUehs; Tlg; ghu;j;jjpy;iyna > cd;id ahuhtJ ,fH;e;jhu;fsh > eP capu;j; Jiztpahapw;nw" vd;W jruju; tpdtpdhu;. ifnfap/ "bgUkhnd * ntW xd;Wkpy;iy - Kd; rk;guha[j;jj;jpy; vdf;F ,Utu';fs; jUtjhf thf;fspj;jPnu me;j tu';fis ,g;nghJ nfl;fpd;wnwd;." vd;whs;. jruju;/ "bgz;zunr * ,jw;fh ,j;jid rhf!k; - bjhlu;g[ ,y;;yyjtu;fSf;bfy;yhk; ms;sp ms;sp tH';Ffpd;w ahd; vd; capupDk; cau;e;j cdf;F ,y;iybad;ngdh > cd; ike;jd; ,uhkdkPJ Miz. cdf;F vd;d ntz;Lk; >" nfs; vd;whu;. ifnfap/ "kd;dtnu * xUtuk; vd; kfd; mupaizapy; mku;e;J muR g[upantz;Lk;/ kw;bwhU tuk; ,uhkd; kut[up rilKoa[ld; gjpdhd;F Mz;Lfs; tdk; nghf ntz;Lk;" vd;whs;. ,jidf; nfl;Lj; jruju; ,o naWz;l ehfk; nghy; eL';fpdhu;. capu;g;g[ ml';fp Xtpak;nghy; ka';fpf; fple;jhu;. bra;tJ ahJ vd;w mwpahJ jpifj;jhu;. ehk; fdt[ fhz;fpd;nwhkh > vd;W vz;zpdhu;. ifnfapiag; gw;wp vw;wyhkh > vd;W vz;zpdhu;. khjiu mog;gJ Kiwad;W vd;W fUjpdhu;. Ntjidahy; Joj;jhu;. ifnfapd; fhy;kPJ tPH;e;jhu;. mUtpnghy; fz;zPu; bgUfpaJ. "bgz;kzp * Ik;gj;jhW njaj;J kd;du;fSk; vd;idg; gzpfpd;whu;fs;. ehd; cd;idg; gzpfpd;nwd;. cd; kdj;ij khw;wpatu; ahu; > cd; tuj;jpd;go ehd; mur gjtpiaj; je;jhYk; cj;jk FzKila gujd; mjid Vw;wf; bfhs;skhl;lhd. ehis
DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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ehd; ,uhftDf;F KoNl;Lntd;. KoNof;bfhz;nl ,uhkd; vd;id tz';Fthd;. ,uhkh * ,e;j mur gjtpiag; gujDf;Fj; jUthahf vd;W ehd; TWntd;. je;ij brhy;iyj; jl;lhj ,uhkd; gujDf;F KoNl;Lthd;. ,J vdf;Fk; bgUik. ,uhkDf;F bgUik. gujDf;Fk; bgUik. eP gpothjk; bra;ahnj" vd;whu;. ifnfap/ "kd;du; bgUkhnd * xU brhy;Yf;fhf kidtpia tpw;w mupr;re;jpuDila kutpy; te;j ePu; brhd;d brhy;iyj; jtwf; TlhJ. ePu; ,jid vd; tuj;jpd;go bra;atpy;iyahdhy; ,g;nghnj ehd; capu; Jwg;ngd;. mgadk; g[Fe;j xU g[wht[f;fhf jd; cly; jiria mWj;Jj; jiyapy; Vwpa rpgpr; rf;futu;j;jpapd; kutpy; te;j ePu; brhy; jtwyhkh > gujd; ehlhs ntz;Lk;. ,uhkd; fhL nghfntz;Lk;" vd;whs;. jruju; ,jidf; nfl;L mstpy;yhj Jauj;ijaile;jhu;. "ifnfaP * ehd; nghf ntz;oa fhl;Lf;F ,uhkd; nghtjh > bky;yizapy; Japd;w vd; mUeke;j kfd; fy;yizapy; Japy;tjh > ,uhkd; mnahj;jpapy; ,Ue;jhy; cdf;nfh cd; kfDf;nfh vd;d jP';F bra;thd; > mtd; rua[ ejpf;fiuapy; xU gu;zrhiyapy; ,Uf;fl;Lk;. gujd; Ko Nl;o Ml;rp g[upal;Lk;. btg;gkhd tpy';Ffs; thGk; fhdfj;Jf;F ,uhkid mDg;ghnj. Jz;ikahd cd; bgz;ika[s;sk; ,Uk;gh > fy;yh > gujd; ehlhSk; xU tuj;ijj; je;njd;. kWtuj;ij kwe;J tpL 60 Mapuk; Mz;L jtk; g[upe;J bgw;w kfdhfpa uhkd; 14 Mz;Lfs; tdthrk; g[uptjh > mjid epidj;jhy; vd; ,jak; btoj;JtpLk;nghy; ,Uf;fpd;wnj. ,uhkh * ,uhkh *" vd;W g[yk;gpdhu;. ifnfap/ "je;j tuj;ij kWg;gJ jfhJ" vd;W Twpdhs;. kd;dtu; ",uhkh ,uhkh" vd;W mGJ \u;r;rpj;jhu;.

,uhku; ; tdk; ; nghf tppilbgWjy; ; ,uhku tdk nghf t ilbgWjy

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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md;W ,ut[ fHpe;J bghGJ g[yu;fpd;wJ. mnahj;jpapy; thGk; khe;ju;fs; khl;lw;w kfpH;r;rpapdhy;/ ,uhkUila kFlhgpn#f tpHhitr; nrtpf;f gl;lhgpn#f kz;lgj;jpy; FGkpdhu;fs;. trpl;l Kdptu; ntjpau;fs; g[ilFH m';F te;jhu;. Rke;jpunu * gl;lhgp n#fk; g[upa[k; neuk; beU';Ffpd;wJ. ePu; ngha; kd;dtiu miHj;J tUf vd;whu;. Rke;jpuu; kd;dtu; ifnfapapd; muz;kidapy; ,Uf;fl;Lk; vd;w vz;zpf; ifnfapapd; jpUkhspifia mile;jhu;. m';nf rf;futu;j;jp gLf;if aiwapy; mtrkhf ,Ue;jij mtu; fz;lhupy;iy. ifnfap mikr;riug; ghu;j;J/ "mikr;rnu * ePu; brd;W ,uhkid ,';F miHj;J thUk;" vd;whd;. Rke;jpuu; kFlk; Nof;bfhs;Sk; kfid thH;j;jpaDg;g[thu; nghYk; vd;W vz;zp ,uhkUila jpUkhspifia mile;J/ ,uhkiug; gzpe;J/ ifnfap mk;ikahu; miHf;fpd;whu; vd;W Twpdhu;. ,uhku; "$hdfp * KoNl;Lk; neuk; beU';fptpl;lJ. vd;d vd; md;id miHf;fpd;whu;. brd;w tUntd;. eP kFlhgpn#fj;Jf;F
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M[a[j;jkhf ,U" vd;W Twp tpl;Lj; njupy; Vwpg; g[wg;gl;lhu;. Rke;jpuu; njiur; brYj;jpdhu; kf;fs; ,uhkgpuhdf; fz;L fz;q'; fUj;J'; Fspu;e;J fspg;g[w;wdu;. ,uhkiuf; bfsryhnjtp bgw;whu;. Mdhy;/ tsu;j;jJ ifnfapjhnd. Mjdhy;/ jd; md;g[ kfd; ,uhkgpuhid thH;j;jp mDg;g[fpd;whu;. vd;W kf;fs; ngrpf;bfhz;lhu;fs;. tPuu;fs; ths; Ve;jpf; fhty; g[upe;jhu;fs;. ,sk; kfspu; btz;rhkuk; ,ul;odhu;fs;. gy bgz;fs; ,dpikahfg; ghodhu;fs;. gyu; kyu; brhupe;J J}jp bra;jhu;fs;. ntj tpj;jf;fshfpa me;jzu;fs; ke;jpu'; Twp thH;j;jpdhu;fs;. ,uhku; ifnfapapd; khspifia mile;jhu;. ifnfap Kd; kz;lgj;jpy; mku;e;jpUe;jhs;. ,uhku; (mk;kh ) vd;W md;g[ld; miHj;j m";ryp bra;jhu;.

ifnfappappd; ; fl;lis ifnfa a d fl;lis
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Kd;dwp bja;tkhfpa md;dna * Mapue; je;ijau; nru;e;jhy; xU jhahFkh vd;id Ke;EhW ehs; Rke;J bgw;Wg; ghYhl;oj; jhyhl;o tsu;j;j jhapDk; rpwe;j nfhapy; csnjh > ,y;iy. cd; eyj;jpny j';fSf;Fj;jhnd mf;fiw ajpfk;. mk;kh * kd;dtUila fl;lisna ,y;iy vd;whYk; j';fs; fl;lisia kWg;ngdh > vd; jk;gp bgw;w bry;tk; ehd; bgw;wjd;nwh. mur gjtp my;yy; gy jUtJ. je;ij brhy;kpf;f ke;jpukpy;iy. monad; bra;j g[z;zpak; ,e;j ,dpa tha;g;g[ fpilj;jJ. ,d;nw tdk; nghfpd;nwd; vd;W Twp tpilbgw;W. ,uhku; g[wg;gl;lhu;. ,uhkgpuhd;/ tdk; nghff; ifnfapaplk; tpilbgw;Wg; g[wg;gl;lhu;. btz;bfhw;wf; Filapy;iy. btz; rhkukpy;iy. jdpna g[wg;gLfpd;whu;. rf;utu;j;jpapd; jdpg;bgUk; g[jy;tu; Jizapd;wpj; jdpna nghfpd;whnu/ vd;W fk;gehlu; vz;qfpd;whu;. ,uhkUf;F Kd;Dk; gpd;Dk; ,Utiur; nru;f;fpd;whu;. ,uhkUf;F Kd; tpjp bry;fpd;wJ. jUkk; gpd;nd m';Fj; bjhlu;e;J bry;Yfpd;wJ. ,';nf ,iHf;fpd;w tpjp vd;gJ ,uhkgpuhd; bra;j tpjp vd;W bghUs; bra;af;TlhJ. ,uhtzhjp mt[zu;fs; bra;fpd;w tpjp vd;w bghUs; bra;a ntz;Lk;. ,uhkgpuhd; jd;idg; bgw;w bfsriyapd; jpUkhspiff;Fr; brd;whu;. ,uhku; jhaiu moaw;w kuk;nghy; tPH;e;J tz';fpdhu;. epyj;jpy; tPH;e;J gzpe;j kfid vLj;Jf; fd;dj;ijf;fps;sp Kj;jk; je;J "kfnd/ ePL thH;f. cdf;F kFlhgpn#fk; bra;a[k; neuk; Mapw;nw. gujd; tuntz;Lk;. $df khkd;du; tuntz;Lk; vd;W jhkjpf;fpd;whu;fsh > gl;lhgpn#fk; bra;a Vd; jhkjpf;fpd;whu;fs;" vd;W bfsriy tpdtpdhu;. ,uhku;/ "mk;kh * mg;gh ,e;jj; njrj;ijg; gujd; Msntz;Lk; vd;W fl;lisapl;oUf;fpd;whu;" vd;whu;.

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bfsriy/ "kfnd * kpft[k; ey;yJ. ,l;RthF Fyj;jpy; \j;jtdf;Fj;jhd; KoNl;lntz;Lk;. \j;jtd; ,Uf;f ,isatDf;F KoNl;LtJ Kiwikad;W. Mdhy; cd;idtplg; gujd; ey;ytd;. mtd; muR g[upe;jhy; ehl;Lf;F eyk;/ murpay; xU Rik. eP Mj;k eyDf;F mjpfk; ghLglyhk;" vd;whs;. "mk;kh * mg;ght[ila fl;lis kw;bwhd;Wk; cz;L. monad; kut[upa[ld; rilKo jh';fp 14 Mz;Lfs; tdk; nghfntz;Lk;. ,J gpjhtpd; fl;lis. Mjyhy;/ monad; tdk; nghfpd;nwd;." ,e;j thu;j;ijiaf; nfl;l bfsriy/ "kfnd * vd;w epyj;jpy; tPH;e;jhs;. ntjidahy; kdk; bte;J behe;j JoJoj;jhs;. jhk; nghfntz;oa btg;gkhd fhdfj;Jf;F cd; je;ij cd;idg; nghf; brhd;dhuh > bky;yizapy; gLj;j eP fhl;oy; fy;yizapy; gLf;f ntz;Lkh > cd; bky;ypa ghjk; fy;Yk; Ks;Sk; epiwe;j fl;oy; elf;f ntz;Lkh > fha;fdp cz;L capu; thJ ntz;Lnk > ,J vd;d t";rk; > fy; be";rk;. eP nghfpd;w fhl;ow;F ehDk; te;j cdf;Fj; Jiz g[upfpd;nwd;" vd;W Twpg; g[yk;gp aGjhs;. "mk;kh * je;ij brhy;jhd; vdf;F ke;jpuk;. ehd; fhdfk; nghftpy;iyahdhy; je;ijahupd; tha;ik tGt[k;. jh';fs; je;ijahUf;F cjtp g[upa ,';nf ,Uf;f ntz;Lk;. gy gpwsfisg; bgwyhk;/ fztd; xUtd; jhnd * jh';fs; vd;Dld; tUtJ Kiwad;W. vd; ntz;Lnfhisg; g[wf;fzpf;f ntz;lhk;. monaDf;F cskhw MrpTwp tdk; nghf tpil bfhL';fs;. " bfsriy fz;zPu; toj;jhs;. "kfnd * maYhu; nghFk; kfDf;Fj; jha;l;lKJ fl;oj; jUths;. gujDf;f muR vd;wjdhy; fl;lKjk; ju vdf;F ,ay;g[ ,y;iy. mg;gona fld; th';fpf; fl;lKJ je;jhYk; ,U ntisf;Fj;jhnd MFk;. " "vd; MUapnu * mUikg; ghyfnd * xU jha; kfDf;Fr; bra;a[k; cjtpiar; bra;a ehd; Mw;wy; ,d;wpj; Jd;g[Wfpd;nwd;. jUkk; vd;w
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xU fl;lKij cdf;Fj; jUfpd;nwd;. eP mwbewpapy; GthjpU. cdf;F tpy';FfSk; gwitfSk; cjtp bra;a[k;. (tpy';F - theuk;/ gwit - $lha[)" "kfnd * cd; MUapiu mudhu; fhf;f/ cd; rpuj;ijj; jpUkhy; fhf;f/ cd; njhs;fis mRtpep njtu;fs; fhf;f/ Vida njtu;fs; cd;idf; fhf;fl;Lk;. eP thH;fpd;w fhdfj;jpy; fhykpy;yhj fhyj;jpYk; ku';fs; gGj;j cdf;F cjt[khf // \yk; ,d;wpna m';nf eWkzk; tPRkhf.. . eP trpf;fpd;w fhL btg;gk; ,d;wpj; jzpe;J Fspu;e;J cdf;F eyk; g[upaf; fltJ. ngha; tUf *" vd;w Mrp Twpdhs;. ,uhku; Rkpj;jpiuapd; bghd; khspiff;Fg; g[wg;gl;lhu;. bfsriy jrujuplk; ngha; ,uhkid tdk; nghfthtz;zk; jLj;J epWj;j mDkjp bgwyhk; vd;W vz;zpf; ifnfapapd; khspiff;Fr; brd;whs;. m';F kd;dtu; ,Uf;Fk; mty epiyiaf; fz;L Mwhj; Jau'; bfhz;L kd;dtUila ghj';fisg; gw;wp tha;tpl;Lg; g[yk;gpaGjhs;. mf;Fuiyf; nfl;l trpl;lu; ifnfapapd; khspifia mile;J kd;dtd; \u;r;rpUg;gijf; fz;lhu;. jpLf;fpl;lhu;. trpl;l Kdptu; "ifnfapiag; ghu;j;j mk;kh * vd;d epfHe;jJ > kd;dtu; jk;ik kwe;J \u;r;rpj;jpUf;dpwhnu * vd;d fhuzk; >" vd;W tpdhtpdhu;. ifnfap/ FUehjh * rk;guhRu a[j;jj;jpy; kd;dtu; vdf;F ,Utu';fisj; je;jhu;. gujd; ehL Mst[k;/ ,uhkd; rilKoa[ld; 14 Mz;Lfs; fhlhst[k; tuk; nfl;nld;. tuj;ijj; je;Jtpl;L ,g;nghJ Jaug;gLfpd;whu;. rj;jpaj;ijf; fhg;ghw;w ntz;lhnth >" vd;whs;. trpl;l Kdptu; ifnfapahy; tpise;j tpist[ vd czu;e;jhu;. "mk;kh * rf;utu;j;jp bfhLj;j tuk; bfhLj;jJjhd;. Mdhy;/ FyFUthfpa ehd; cd;id xU tuk; nfl;fpd;nwd;. gujd; KoNl;o

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muR g[upthdhf. ,uhkd; tdk; nghfkhky; mnahj;jpapy; xU jtr;rhiyapy; ,Uf;fl;Lk; ,J eP vdf;Fj; jUk; tuk;" vd;whu;. "fUk;ghiw nghd;w fow be";rKila mf;bfhoats;/ ifnfap/ ,uhkd; fhLnghfntz;Lk;. ,y;iynay; ehd; ,g;nghnj capiu tpLntd; vd;whs;. trpl;lu; rPw;wk; mile;jhu;. ifnfaP * \j;jtd;jhd; KoNlntz;Lk; vd;gJ kDFyj;jpy; tHptHpahf te;j kug[. cd;dhy; me;j kug[ mHpfpd;wJ. kd;du; bgUkhd; kuz ntjidaile;Js;shu;. mjidf; fz;Lk; eP ,u';ftpy;iy. eP bgz;zh > ngah >" vd;W cuj;j Fuypy; foe;Jiuj;jhu;. jruju; \u;r;ir bjspe;jhu;. mGfpd;w bfsriyiag; ghu;j;J kdk; gijj;jhu;. "bgz;kzpna * beL ehisf;F Kd;nd ahid ntl;ilf;Fr; brd;w ahd;/ Ruf;FLf;ifapy; jz;zPu; Kf;fp vLj;j xU FU g[j;jpuid/ ahid jz;zPu; Fof;fpwJ vd;W jtwhff; fUjp/ rg;jntjp vd;w fiziaj; bjhLj;njd. mg;ghyfd; khz;Ltpl;lhd;. mtDila jha; je;ijau;/ mGJ g[j;jpu nrhfj;jhy; cdf;F capu; g[upa[k; vd;w rhgkpl;lhu;fs;. me;jr rhgk; ,g;nghJ neu;e;Js;sJ. ,uhkd; fhdfk; nghtJk;/ ahd; thdfk; nghtJk; cWjp. mt;tpidf;F ,t;tpid. tpjpia btd;wtu; ahtu; > eP mHhnj." "ifnfaP * Tw;Wtd; bgz; totpny te;J vd;d tijf;fpd;whd;. fztid capUld; thl;o tijf;fpd;w kfspu; rpyu; cz;L. cd;idg;nghy; fztid mold; tijj;j khju; ahz;Lk; ,y;iy." ,uhkd; cj;jd Fzk; epiwe;jtd;/ mtd; mnahj;jpapy; ,Ue;jhy; cdf;nfh > cd; kfd; gujDf;nfh vd;d jP';F bra;thd; > mtd; fhypy; mfg;gl;l g[Gt[k; eR';fhnj. ghtP * fUt{yj;jpy; cs;s gzk; Fofspd; tupg; gzkhFk;. mjid Cjhupj;jhdkhfr; bryt[ bra;af; TlhJ. KoNl;L tpHht[f;F vd;W nrfupj;j bghUs;fis vd; cj;jufpupiaf;F itj;Jf;bfhs;. gujDf;F KoNl;Lk; ifapy; fhg;g[ Ehy; fl;Lthu;fs;. mjw;f ntW Ehy; tpiy bfhLj;J th';f
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ntz;lhk;/ cd; fGj;jpy; ,Uf;Fk; jhypf; fapw;iw cd; kfd; ifapy; f';fz Ehyhff; fl;Lf. Myfhytplnk xU bgz;qUthf te;Js;sJ. "FUehjh * ,e;jf; ifnfap vdf;F kidtpay;ys;/ gujd; vdf;F kfd; my;yd;. mtd; vdf;F <kf;fld; bra;a tupatdhfhd;. uhk uhk uhk" vd;W Twp kPz;Lk; \u;r;iraile;jhu;. ,e;jf; nfhu rk;gtj;ijf; fz;L trpl;lu; gl;lhgp n#f kz;lgj;ij mile;j m';nf ToapUe;jtu;fsplk; epfHe;jijf; Twpdhu;. trpl;l Kdptu;\yk; bra;jpiaf; nfl;l kf;fs;/ tha;tpl;Lg; g[yk;gp mGjhu;fs;. kdpju;fs; kl;Lk; mHtpy;iy. khL/ ML/ ahid/ Fjpiu/ kuk;/ bro/ bfho vd;w ruhru';fs; aht[k; mGjd. Rgh kz;lgj;Jf;F te;j ,yl;Rkzd;. ifnfap tuk;th';fp gujd; ehL Mst[k;/ ,uhkd; fhL nghft[k; Vw;ghL bra;jhu; vd;W nfl;L vupkiynghy; bfhjpj;J epd;whu;. nfhjz;lj;ij tisj;J/ kfh $d';fns * rp';ff; FUisf;F vd;W rikj;j Cid eha;f;Fl;of;F ,Ltjh > ifnfapapd; jPa g[j;jpapd; jd;ik bfhoaJ * bfhoaJ * tPuk; ,Ue;jhy; nghu; g[upa[';fs;. VG fly;fisa[k; vd; mf;fpdpg; gilahy; tw;wr; bra;ntd; vd;W Twp tpy;iy tisj;J ehz; Xiria cz;lhf;fpdhd;. mz;l';fs; mjpu;e;jd. Rkpj;jpiuapd; bghd; khspiff;Fr; brd;Wbfhz;oUe;j ,uhkgpuhd; ,yl;RkzDila tpy; Xiriaf; nfl;lhu;. ,yl;Rkzd; rPwpdhy; cyfk; mHpa[nk vd;w vz;zpr; rgh kz;lgj;ij mile;jhu. fpzw;W ePu; bfhjpf;Fkhdhy; fly; te;j jzpar; bra;a[khg;nghy; ,Ue;jJ. ,yl;Rkzu;/ "mz;zh j';fs; kFlhgpn#fj;Jf;Fj; jil bra;tjtu;fisj; jtpL bghoahf;Fntd;. g{t[yfk; kl;Lk; md;W/ gjpdhd;F cyf';fisa[k; j';fl;F cupajhf;fp Ko Nl;Lntd;" vd;whd;.

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"jk;gP * rhe;j miygha[k; ,e;j mnahj;jpapy; kz;qf;nf nfhgk; tuhnj > cdf;Ff; nfhgk; vg;go va;jpaJ > " "mz;zh * njtuPUila gl;lhgpn#fj;Jf;Fj; jil bra;j ,d;W vd; Mw;wy; kpFe;j rPw;wk; vd;w kzpkhiyiag; g{zhky; ntW vd;W g{z;ngd; > " jk;gp * jhdj;jpy; rpwe;jJ epjhdk;. ejpapy; jz;zPu; ,y;iybahd;why; mJ ejpapd; gpiHad;W/ kiHapd; gpiHahFk;. ,e;j epfH;r;rp kd;du; bgUkhDila gpiHad;W/ ek;ikg; bgw;Wg; ghYhl;oj; jhyhl;or; rPuhl;og; ghuhl;o tsu;j;j jhapd; gpiHa[k; md;W/ gujd; gpiHa[k; md;W ,J tpjpapd; gpiHahFk;/ rhe;jkilthahf. " "mz;zh * tpjptpjp" vd;W ngrp/ kjpiaapHf;fpd;wtd; ehdy;yd;/ tpjpf;Fk; tpjpiaf; fhqk; vd; tpy;yhz;ikia ,g;nghJ fhz;gPuhf. " jk;gP * ntjk; Xjpa cd; ehtpdhy; tpjpapy;iy vd;W tpsk;g[fpd;widna. tpjpia xg;g[f;bfhs;stpy;iy vd;why; ekJ kjk; filf;fhy; ,y;yhj fl;olk; MFk;. mJ ,Uf;fl;Lk;. vd;idf; fhdfk; nghfr; fl;lisapl;ltu;fs; jha; je;ijauhFk;. jha; je;ijaupd Mizia kPwyhkh > " "mz;zh * jruju; je;ijay;yu;. Rkpj;jpiu jha[k; my;ys;. vdf;Fj; jha;/ je;ij/ bja;tk; vy;yhk; jh';fs;jhd;. " "jk;gP * cdf;F ehd;jhd; je;ij/ cd; cupikia ehd; kWf;ftpy;iy. vdf;F ey;Yiu Twp ehWk; tsu;j;jtu; je;ij jruju;. mtu; vd; je;ij. mtUila fl;lisia ehd; kPwkhl;nld;. cdf;Fj; je;ij ehd;jhnd. vd; fl;lisia eP kPwf;TlhJ. rhe;jpailf" vd;whu;. mtu; ahu; > bre;jkpGk; tlbkhHpa[k; nru;e;j ,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jp vd czu;f. ke;jpuj;jhy; fl;Lz;l ehfk;nghy ,yl;Rkzu; rpdkl';fp rhe;jpahdhu;. ,uhkUk; ,yl;RkzUk; Rkpj;jpiuapd; jpUkhspifia mile;jhu;fs;.
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ifnfap ,uhkUf;F kut[upia mDg;gpdhs;. kfpHr;rpa[ld; ,uhku; tpiy cau;e;j Mil mzpfyd;fis mfw;wp kut[upia cLj;Jf; bfhz;lhu;. Rkpj;jpiu xU kut[upia jd; mUke;j kfd; ,yl;rkzdplk; je;J cs;sk; cUfpf; fz;zPu; bgUfpf; TWfpd;whs;. "kfnd * eP ,uhkDf;Fj; Jizahff; fhdfk; ngha; tUf. mz;zDf;Fg; ghjg{ir bra;J gjk; bgWthahf. fhl;oy; muf;fu;fs; te;jhy; mz;zDf;F Kd;nd brd;W nghu; g[upf. jk;gpa[ilahd; gilf;f";rhd; vd;w gHbkhHpiaf; filg;gpog;ghahf. cdf;Fj; jha; rPjh njtp/ je;ij ,uhkgpuhd;. ,uhkdp ciwfpd;w fhdfnk mnahfj;jp khefukhFk;. cd; mz;zd; Fwpg;gwpe;J bjhz;L bra;thahf. gjpdhd;F Mz;Lfs; fHpj;J ,uhkd; mnahj;jpf;F te;jhy; ePa[k; tUf. tpjpapd; typikahy; ,uhkDf;F Kot[ neUkhapd;/ mtdf;F Kd; eP Kothahf. ,d;W Kjy; eP ,uhkDf;Fj; jk;gpay;yd;. ,ukDila gzpahsd;. ,uhkD$d; my;yd;. eP ,uhkjhrd;/ ngha; tUf" fz;zPu; brhupe;J tpil je;jhs;. ,uhk ,yl;Rkzu; trpl;liua[k; Vida jha;khu;fisa[k; tz';fp/ rPjh njtpapd; jpUkhspifia mile;jhu;fs;.

,uhku; tdk; g[Fjy;

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,uhkUk; ,yl;RkzUk; kut[upa[Lj;Jj; Jwt[f; nfhyj;Jld; tUtijf; fz;L rPjhgpuhl;odhahu; jpLf;fpl;lhu;. jpUkzk; elf;Fk;nghJ fhrp ahj;jpiu vd;w xU rl';f epfGnk/ mJnghy; gl;lhgpn#fj;jpy; ,J xU rl';nfh > vd;W vz;zpdhs;. rPjhnjtp/ ,uhkUila jpUtoapy; tPH;e;J tz';fpdhs;. "bgUkhnd * ckf;F ,g;nghJ kFlhgpn#fk; elf;Fk; neuk; Mapw;nw > ,J vd;d Jwt[f;nfhyk; >" vd;W tpdtpdhs;. ,uhku;/ "$hdfP * vd; je;ijahu; ,e;j mur gjtpia vd; jk;gp gujDf;F mspf;fpd;whu;" vd;whu;. rPij/ "bgUkhnd * jh';fs; KoNo mur gjtpapy; mku;e;jhy; ntjntjhe;j';fis vdf;F cgnjrpf;f neuk; ,uhnj vd;W vz;zpndd;. ,g;nghJ jk;gp guju; KoNl;of; bfhz;lhy; jh';fs; mjpf neuk; vd;Dld; ,Ue;J vdf;F kfpH;r;rpiaj; jUtPu;" vd;whs;.

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"njtP * vd; je;ijahu; vd;idg; gjpdhd;F Mz;Lfs; tdthr"; bra;a[khW fl;lisapl;oUf;fpd;whu;" vd;whu; ,uhku;. ,ijf; nfl;lJk; rPij/ "RthkP * kpf;f kfpH;r;rp. tdj;jpy; mUtpapy; ePuhlyhk;. kapy;fs; MLk;/ tz;Lfs; ghLk;. Fapy;fs; Tt[k;. bro bfhofs; g{j;Jf; FY';Fk; ,aw;if bfhHpf;Fk;. vdf;F tdthrk; epuk;gg; gpof;Fk;" vd;whs;. ,uhku;/ "njtP * eP mnahj;jpapy; ,U. ehd; tdk; nghntd; *" vd;whu;. ,e;j bta;a thu;j;ijiaf; nfl;L/ rPij epyj;jpy; tPH;e;J \u;r;rpj;jds;/ ,uhku; rPijia vLj;J/ "njtp * tdthrk; fodkhdJ. fhl;oy; mdy; fhw;W tPRk;. ghiwkPJ gLf;f ntqk;. fha;fdpaUe;j ntqk;. cd; clk;g[ tUe;Jk;. eP muz;kidapy; ,U" vd;whu;. njtp/ "Iand * ckJ gpuptpy; bgU';fhL RLnkh * ePu; gLf;fpd;w ghiwjhd; vdf;Fg; g";riz. ePu; cz;qk; fha;fdpfs; vdf;F mKjkhFk;. cd;idg; gpupnad; vd;W ke;jpuj;ijf;Twp vd; ifg;gpoj;jPnu. mjid kwf;fyhnkh > xUnghJk; ck;ikg; gpupakhl;nld;. ehd; j';fSld; te;J j';fSf;F bjhz;L bra;ntd;" vd;whs;. ,uhku;/ "njtP * fhdfj;jpy; cd;id itj;Jf; fhg;gJ fodk;. Mjyhy;/ eP mnahj;jpapy; ,U" vd;whu;. "Iand * xU bgz;iz itj;Jf; fhf;f ,ayhjh/ xU bgz;izf; fhf;f Koahj ePu; cyfj;ij vg;go fhj;jUStPu; > RthkP * mk;khtplk; Twp tdthrj;Jf;F cj;jut[ bgw;wPuh > mk;kh vd;d brhd;dhu;fs; >" vd;W nfl;lhs; rPij. "$hdfp vd; jha; g[j;jpu ghrj;jhy; vd;Dld; tUtjhff; Twpdhu;. ehd; fw;g[ila khju;fs; fztid tpl;Lg; gpupaf;TlhJ. eP';fs; mg;ght[f;Fj; Jizahf ,U';fs; vd;W Twpndd;. "

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jruju; ; Kj;jppailjy; ; jruju Kj;j ailjy
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f';if ePuhLjy; ; f';if ePuhLjy
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Ffidr; ; re;jppj;jy; ; Ffidr re;j j;jy

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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f';iff; fiuapy; rpU';fp nguk; vd;w efupy; thH;gtd; Ffd; vd;w ntlu; jiytd;. Mapuk; kuf;fy';fl;F mjpgd;. fupa nkdpa[k; jpuz;l njhs;fSk;/ mfd;w khu;g[k; cilatd;. ,j;jifa Ffd; ,uhkiuf; fz;L kfpH ntz;Lk; vd;W vz;zpdhd;. ,yh';F kPd;fs; bea;apy; bghwpj;J kpsFJhs; Jhtp/ CDk; kPDk; njDk; fhtoahfr; Rke;J Rw;wj;jhu; g[il FH tUfpd;whd;. Ffd; ,uhkgpuhidf; fhzg; g[wg;gl;L tUfpd;wnghJ/ Tl;lkhfg; nghtJ ed;wd;W vd;W vz;zpdhd;. Rw;wj;jhiua[k; tpy; ths; Kjypa Ma[j';fisa[k; mfw;wpj; jtg;gs;spia mile;jhd;. Mrpukj;jpy; Kd; epw;fpd;w tPudhfpa ,yl;Rkzu;/ "eP ahu; > v';F te;jid >" vd;W tpdhtpdhu;. Ffd;/ "Iand * ehd; ntlu; jiytd;. vd; ngu; Ffd; * cs;ns ,Uf;fpd;w fUzh\u;j;jpiaf; fhzte;njd;" vd;whd;. yl;Rkzu;/ ,';F epy; vd;W Twp cs;ns brd;W ,uhkiu tz';fp "mz;zh * Ffd; vd;w xU ntlu; jiytd; j';fisf; fhz
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bghGJ g[yu;e;jJ/ ,uhku; ePuho b$gjg';fs; bra;jhu;. Ffidg; ghu;j;J/ "Xl'; bfhz;L th. eh';fs; f';ifiaf; fle;J tdthrk; g[upa ntz;Lk;." vd;whu;. ,e;j thu;j;ijiaf; nfl;l Ffd; mjpu;r;rpaile;jhd;. " Iand * jh';fs; ,';nfna ,Uf;f ntz;Lk;. j';fl;Fj; bjhz;L bra;a monaDk; Iahapuk; ntlu;fSk; ,Uf;fpd;nwhk;. f';iff;fiu Rfkhd ,Ug;gplk;. g{irf;F eWkzk; epuk;gpa kyu;fs; ,Uf;fpd;wd. ey;y ey;y nghu;itfs; ,Uf;fpd;wd. ,dpa fdpfs; ,Uf;fpd;wd. giftiu bty;Yntd;. fpH';Ffisf; bfy;Yntd;. vl;Lj;jpirfl;Fk; tHp brhy;Yntd; * monad; vy;yhj; bjhz;Lfisa[k; md;g[d; bra;ntd;. Mjyhy;/ ,';nfna ,Uk;" vd;W cs;sk; cUfp ciuj;jhd;. ,uhku; Ffid khu;g[wj; jGtp "Ffnd * ,d;W Kjy; jrujUf;F Ie;J g[jy;tu;fs;/ eP vdf;Fj; jk;gp. gujd; Kjypnahu; cdf;Fj; jk;gpau;. rPij cdf;F mz;zp. Cu;f;FUtp jiyapy; gd';Fiy itj;jJnghy gujdplk; murpaiy xg;gilj;Js;nsd;. mUfpy; ,Ue;J mtDf;Fj; Jiz bra;. 14 Mz;Lfs; 14 ehl;fs; nghyf; fHpa[k;. gpd;du;/ ehk; xd;W nru;e;J thH;nthk;. vd; brhy;iyj; jl;lhnj * Xl'; bfhzu;f" vd;whu;. Ffd; fz;zPu; mUk;g Xlj;ijf; bfhzu;e;jhd;. ,uhkUk; rPija[k; ,yl;RkzUk; Xlj;jpd; kPJ Vwpdhu;fs;. ,uhk ehkj;ij ,dpikahfg; ghof; bfhz;nl Xlj;ijf; Ffd; brYj;jpdhd;. f';if bts;sj;jpy; FfDila Xlg; ghlypd; ehj bts;sKk; mtDila md;g[ bts;sKk; bfhe;jspj;J xod. mf;fiu nru;e;jhu;fs;. ,uhku; Ffidj; jGtp/ "kdk; tUe;jhky; ,U .. . kPz;Lk; xd;W nru;e;J kfpH;nthk;" vd;W gupe;Jiu Twpdhu;. ,uhku; m';fpUe;J g[wg;gl;Lf; fhdfj;jpy; ele;J rpj;jpu Tlk; vd;w kiyr;rhuiyaile;jhu;. m';F khjt kzp tpsf;fhd guj;Jthr Kdptiuf; fz;L tz';fp kfpH;e;jhu;fs;. guj;Jthr Kdptupd; brhw;go
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rpj;jpuTl kiyf;F mUfpy; cs;s ke;jhfpdp ejpf;fiuapy; Xu; Mrpukk; mikj;Jj; j';fpdhu;fs;. rpd;dhl;fs; fHpj;J/ ,uhkgpuhd; gazj;ij nkw;bfhz;lnghJ tHpapy; aKdh ejpiaf; fz;lhu;. mg;g[z;zpa ejpapy; kidtp/ jk;gpa[ld; ePuhodhu;. \tUk; fha;fdpfis cz;L grpahwpdhu;fs;. ,yl;Rkzu; \';fpy;fis btl;o xU bjg;gk; mikj;J/ mjpy; ,uhkUk; rPjhnjtpa[k; Vw/ me;ejpiaf; fle;J mf;fiuaile;jhu;fs;. jk;gpapd; bjhz;od; jpwj;ijf; fz;L ,uhku; tpag;g[w;whu;. "jk;gp * eP vg;go ,e;j kfhejpiaf; fle;jha; >" vd;W nfl;lhu;. ,yl;Rkzu; "mz;zh * njtUila jpUtoiag; gw;wpndhu; gpwtpg; bgU';fliyj; jhz;Lthu;fns * monad; ,e;jr; rpwpa ejpiaf; fle;jJ xU bgupa fUkkh >" vd;W fz;zPu; jJk;gpf; fHwpdhu;.

guju; Ffidr; re;jpj;jy;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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guju; "flt[ns * ntlDf;Ff;Tl vd; kPJ rPw;wkh > vd;d ght"; bra;njndh >" vd;W Twpr; nridfs epWj;jptpl;Lj; jhd; kl;Lk; tUfpd;whu;. rj;Uf;du; mtiuj; bjhlu;e;J tUfp;d;whu;. Ffg; bgUkhd; bjhiytpy; tUfpd;w gujiuf; fz;qw;whu;. kut[upa[lDk; mGj fz;qe; bjhGj ifa[khff; fy;Yk; cUFkhW cs;sk; cUfpj; jtf;nfhyj;Jld; tUk; cj;jk gujidg; ghu;f;fpd;whu;. "M * M * bfl;nld;. Kd;nd tUfpd;wtu; ,uhkz;zhitg; nghy; ,Uf;fpd;whnu * gpd;nd tUgtu; ,yl;Rkziug;nghy; fhl;rp jUfpd;whnu * mstw;w Jd;gj;Jld; ,uhkgpuhd; brd;w jpir nehf;fpj; bjhGfpd;whnu * uhkz;zhtplk; xUehs; gHfpa vdf;nf ew;Fz';fs; ,Uf;Fkhapd; uhkz;zht[ld; gpwe;j gujuplk; jPaFzk; ,uhJjhnd * ehd; mtru g[j;jpa[ilatd;. ey;ytiuj; jPatu; vd;W vz;zptpl;nld;" vd;W Twpg; gujiur; re;jpj;J/ mtUila kyuoapy; tPH;e;J tz';fpdhd;. guju; Ffidj; jGtpf; bfhz;lhu;. "gujnu * eP Vd; jtf;nfhyj;Jld; tdk; te;jha; >" vd;W tpdhtpdhd;. guju;/ "mz;zny * kDf;Fyj;jpy; \j;jtd;jhd; muRg[upa ntz;Lk; vd;w kug[ cz;L. me;j Kiwiar; rf;utu;j;jp if eGttpl;lhu;. mz;zh ,Uf;f/ ,isathdhfpa ehd; Ml;rp g[upayhkh > mjdhy;/ uhkgpuhid miHj;Jf; bfhz;L ngha;/ KoNl;l vz;zp te;njd;." vd;whu;. Ffd; ,e;j trdj;ijf; nfl;L kfpH;r;rpapdhy; xU FjpFjpj;jhd;/ Mde;jf; fz;zPu; toj;jhd;. "gujh * jha; tuk; nfl;f/ je;ij je;j kfj;jhd mur gjtpia cjwpj; js;sp tpl;Lj; jtf; nfhyj;Jld; te;j cdf;F/ Mapuk; ,uhku;fs; xd;W nru;e;jhYk; ,izahFkh > cd;idg; nghd;w cj;jk Fzk; bghUe;jpa jk;gp 14 cyf';fspYk; ,y;iy" vd;whd;.

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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

92

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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

93

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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

94

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tot[ld; epd;whd;. rPjhnjtp mt;toitf; fz;L m";rp eL';fpdhs;. ,uhtzd; mtiuj; jPz;l m";rp/ MHkhf mfH;e;J g{kpa[ld; gu;zrhiyia vLj;Jj; njupd; kPJ itj;J tpz;tHpna g[wg;gl;lhd;. rPjhnjtp/ vupapy; tPH;e;j kyu;f;bfhonghy; JoJoj;jhs;. mywpdhs;. ,uf;fkpy;yhj muf;fnd * khid mDg;gp kha";bra;J vd;idf; ftu;e;j jd;ik vd; fztdhUf;F m";rpdha; vd;gij tpsf;Ffpd;wJ. ku';fns * kiyfns * vd;id ,e;j muf;fd; ftu;e;jij vk;bgUkhdplk; TWtPu;fs;. khjhtida nfhjhtupna * eP vd; fztdhuplk; TWtha; vd;W fjwp mGjhs;. bja;tj;ij epidj;J bjhGjhs;. mtSila Jd;gj;ijf; fz;L ruhru';fs; vy;yhk; Jd;g[w;Wd. xU Fd;wpd;kPJ taJ jsu;e;j nrhu;e;jpUe;j $lha[ rPjhnjtpapd; Fuiyf; nfl;lhu;. czu;r;rpapdhy; ce;jg;gl;L gwe;J te;jhu;. rPjhnjtpia ,uhtzd; ftu;e;J bry;tijf; fz;L mjpu;r;rp mile;jhu;. "V * \lnd ,e;jg; bgz; bja;tj;ij eP mgfupf;fyhkh > ahf Fz;lj;jpd; mUfpy; ,Uf;fpd;w bea;ia eha;f;Fl;o tpUk;gyhkh > ,ts; cyfkhjh. cdf;F mHpt[fhyk; te;Jtpl;J. mjdhy;/ ,e;j mju;kj;ijr; bra;fpd;wha; vd;W Twpr; rpwfpdhy; tUk; fhw;wpdhy; m';Fs;s miyfisa[k;/ ku';fisa[k; eL';f itj;jhu;. $lha[tpd; Mw;wiyf; fz;L mkuu;fSk; mjprapj;jhu;fs;. ,uhtzidg; nghfbthl;lhky; jLj;Jg; nghu; g[upe;jhu;. \f;fpdhy; fps;spa[k; rpwfpdhy; moj;Jk; mkuhodhu;. ,uhtzDila tPizf; bfhoia \f;fpdhy; Jzpj;J vwpe;jhu;. mtd; clk;gpy; cjpuk; xGf moj;jhu;. nju;g;ghfDila jiyia btl;oj; js;spdhu;. jd; khkdhuhfpa $lha[tpd; tPug;nghiuf; fz;L rPij kfpH;e;jhs;. $lha[ ,uhtzDila njiu mHpj;jhu;. ,uhtzd; kpfr; rpwe;j ntiy mtu;kPJ tpLj;jhd;. me;j tugyKila nty; mtUila khu;gpy; gl;Lf; Tu; kG';fpj; jpUk;gpaJ. ,uhtzd; jz;lha[jj;jhy; $lha[it moj;jhd;. $lha[
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cly; g[z;zhfp cjpuk; xGf/ kPz;Lk; vGe;J mtDld; nghu; g[upe;jhu;. ,uhtzd; rptbgUkhd; je;j this vLj;J $lha[tpd; ,U rpwFfisa[k; btl;o tPH;j;jpdhd;. $lha[ cjpuk; xGf/ "uhk;.. . uhk;.. ." vd;W Twp kz;zpy; tPH;e;jhu;. thdtu; kyu;kiH bghHpe;jhu;fs;. ,uhtzd; rhiya[ld; rPijiaj; njupy; itj;J ,y';ifia nehf;fpr; bry;yyhapdhd;. mJfz;L $lha[ bgupJk; tUe;jpdhu;. "vd; rpiw mw;Wtpl;lJ. Mdhy;/ rPjhnjtpapd; fw;g[ vd;Wk; rpiwawhJ" vd;W g[yk;gp \u;r;rpj;J tpl;lhu;. rPjhnjtp $lha[t[f;F neu;e;j kuzj;ijf; fz;L Jauf; flypy; MH;e;ju;. "ju;kk; njhw;Wk; mju;kk; bty;tjh > vd;idf; fhf;f te;j ePu; ,e;j epiyia mile;jPnu > me;njh * njtuPu; j';fs; g[jy;tiuf; fz;L vd; epiyiaf; TWtPuhf *" vd;W mGjhs;. ,uhtzd; ,y';ifaile;J njtpia mnrhf tdj;jpy; rpiw itj;jhd;. bfhoa muf;fpaiuf; fhty;g[upa Vw;ghL bra;jhd;. rPij jdpna ,Ug;gjhy; vd;d ,lu; tpisa[nkh > VJ tUnkh > vd;w tUe;jp ,yl;Rkzu; mz;zid ehor; brd;whu;. khuPrd; Fuiy khw;wpg; g[yk;gpdhnd * ,jidf; nfl;Lr; rPij fy';Fthns * vd;W ,uhku; vz;zp/ ntfkhfj; jpUk;gp te;jhu;. tUfpd;w tHpapy; bjhiytpy; jk;gpiaf; fz;lhu;. jpLf;fpl;lhu;.. . kdk; gijgijj;jhu;. rPijiaj; jdpna tpl;L vd; jk;gp tukhl;lhd;. khuPrd; Fuiyf;nfl;l $hdfp fL";brhw;fshy; vd; jk;gpia itjpUf;fntz;Lk;. ,y;iynay; vd; jk;gp te;jpUf;fkhl;lhd;. "mz;zh * ,J khd; md;W. khuPr muf;fd;. khd; gpof;fg; nghfntz;lhk;" vd;W vd; jk;gp vd;idj; jLj;jhd;. mtd; brhy;iyf; fle;J ehd; khd; gpd; brd;nwd;. vd; jk;gp vd;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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brhy;iyf; fle;J tUfpd;whd;. mjyhy;/ vd; jk;gp kPJ gpiHapy;iy. vd;kPJjhd; gpiH vd;W ,uhku; fUjpdhu;. ,yl;Rkzu;/ ,uhkUila jpUtoapy; tPH;e;jhu;/ ,uhku;/ "jk;gP * mz;zpiaj; jdpna tpl;L Vd; te;jha; >" vd;W nfl;lhu;. ,yl;Rkzu;/ "mz;zh * muf;fd; Fuiyj; j';fs; Fuyhff; fUjpa mz;zp/ j';fSf;F Mgj;J neu;e;Js;sJ eP brd;W Jiz g[[upf *" vd;whu;. ehd; gyg;gy Twpa[k; mz;zp nfshky; beUg;gpy; tPH;e;J khs;ntd; vd;W beUg;gplk; beU';fpdhu;. "ehd; tutpy;iy bad;why; beUg;gpy; tPH;e;J khz;Lnghthu;. Mjdhy;/ tu neu;e;jJ" vd;whu;. ,uhku;/ "jk;gp cd;kPJ Fw;wk; ,y;iy.. khid nehf;fp te;jJ vd; gpiH" vd;W gu;zrhiyapUe;j ,lk; brd;whu;. gu;zrhiy kz;nzhL gwpf;fg;gl;L btWikahf ,Ue;jJ ,uhkUf;Ff; fz; RHd;wJ. tpz; RHd;wJ. kz; RHd;wJ. Mwhj;Jauk; mile;jhu;. mtUf;F cyfnk ,Uz;Ltpl;lJ. ,yl;Rkzu;/ "vk;gpuhl;oiaj; jPz;Ltjw;F m";rp gu;zrhiya[ld; bfhz;L brd;Ws;shd;. nju;r;RtL bjupfpd;wJ. mJt[e; bjw;nf nehf;fpr; brd;Ws;sJ. ehk; tpiue;J bry;Ynthk; *" vd;whu;. ,uhkUk; ,yl;RkzUk; bjw;F nehf;fpr; brd;whu;fs;. tHpapy; tPizf; bfho tPH;e;jpUe;jJ. ,yl;Rkzu;/ "mz;zh ,njh ghU';fs; tPizf; bfho.. ,J ,uhtzDila bfho.. . ekJ bgupag;gh $lha[ nghu; g[upe;jpUg;ghu; nghYk;.. . mtUila \f;fpdhy; bfho Kupe;Js;sJ vd;w Twp/ nkYk; tpiue;J brd;whu;fs; tHpapy; gy jiyfs;/ gy fu';fs; mWgl;L tPH;e;jpUe;jd. ,jidf;fz;l ,uhkgpuhd; jk;gP * jiyfs; gy iffs; gy ,Ug;gjdhy; gyu; nru;e;J rPijia mgfupj;jpUg;ghu;fs; nghYk;" vd;whu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

97

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,yl;Rkzu;/ "mz;zh * jiyfs; gy/ fu';fs; gy Mdhy;/ fhy;fs; ,y;iy.. . mjdhy; ,uhtzd; xUtd; jhd; ftu;e;Jsd;/ mtDila rpu';fSk; fu';fSk; mWf;f mWf;f Kisf;Fk; tuk; bgw;wtd;" vd;w Twp/ kPz;Lk; tpiue;J bry;tuhapdu;. cjpur; nrw;wpny $lha[ epidt[ ,d;wp \u;r;rpUg;gijf; fz;lhu;fs;. ,uhku;/ "je;ijna * je;ijna *" vd;W tha; tpl;Lg; g[yk;gpaGjhu;. "ehl;oy; xU je;ijia ,He;njd;. fhl;oy; xU je;ijaiu ,He;njd;. me;njh * vd; bra;ntd;. vd; bghUl;Lj; njtuPu; ,e;j kuzj;ij va;jpdPu; *" vd;W fjwp aGjhu;. $lha[ \u;r;ir bjspe;jhu;. ,uhtzDila gj;Jj; jiyfisa[k; gyKiw btl;o/ btw;wp bgw;w \f;fhy; ,uhk yl;RkzUila cr;rpia nkhe;jhu;. "kf;fns * rPijiaj; jdpna tpl;L v';Fr; brd;wPu;fs; > ,uhtzd; vd; kUfpiar; rhiya[ld; vLj;Jr; brd;whd;. ehd; vd;dhy; Mdkl;Le; jLj;njd;. rptd; je;j thshy;/ vd; rpiwia btl;o tpl;lhd;" vd;whu;. ,jidf;nfl;l ,uhku; vupkiynghyr; rPwpdhu;. "rPijia ,uhtzd; vLj;jija[k; j';fs; rpwFfisa[k; ,uhtzd; btl;oaija[k; ghu;j;jpUe;j tpz;ztiua[k; tpz;ztu; cyifa[k; mHpg;ngd;" vd;w nfhjz;lj;ij tisj;J ehbzhyp bra;jhu;. ,uhkUilz nfhghf;fpdpiaf; fz;L cyfk; eL';fpaJ.. . ,yl;RkaUk; m";rpdhu;. ,t;thW ,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jp/ tpz;ztu;fs;kPJ nfhgpj;jnghJ/ $lha[ gfthd;/ ",uhfth * mHfpa ,sk; bgz;izj; jdpna fhl;oy; tpl;L/ khd; gpd; brd;W Fyg;gHpiaj; njof; bfhz;Ou;fs;. c';fs; Fw;wnkahFk;/ cyfj;ijf; nfhgpf;fykh >" vd;W rpwpJ cuj;j Fuypy; Twpdhu;. ,uhkUf;F mwpt[iu Tw/ mtiuad;wp ntWahUsu; >

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

98

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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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uhk yl;Rkzu; gy fhj';fs; kiya['; fhL'; fle;J/ ele;J gk;gh ejpf;Fnky; fiuapYs;s kj';fh!;ukj;ij mile;jdu;. m';F kj';f Kdptu; jtk; bra;j Mrpukj;ijf; fz;ldu;. rgup vd;w eiu \jhl;o/ ,uhk yl;Rkziuf; fz;L mstw;w kfpH;r;rpaile;jhs;. Mde;jf; fz;zPu; brhupe;J mGjhs;. bjhGjhs;. rgup/ kj';f KdptUila khztp. mts; gy fhyk; jt";bra;J ,uhkiuf; fhz ntz;Lbkd;W fhj;jpUe;jhs;. ,uhkUila tuit Kd;Tl;ona nahff; fhl;rpahy; fz;L gyg;gy fdpfisf; foj;Jr; Rit ghu;j;J/ ,uhk yl;RkzUf;Ff; fdpfisf; bfhLj;Jr; tpUe;J bra;jhs;. ,uhku;/ mtsJ md;g[f;F kpft[k; kfpH;e;J cs;sk; befpH;e;J cUfpdhu;.

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Rgup ,uhftid nehf;fp/ ",uhkh * Nupa Fkhuuhfpa Rf;fPtidj; Jizahff; bfhz;L/ rPjh njtpiaj; njo mtis milthahf *" vd;whs;. ,uhk ,yl;Rkzu; ghu;j;Jf;bfhz;oUf;Fk; nghnj mts; Kf;jpaile;jhs;. ,uhk yl;Rkzu; gk;gh epjpia nehf;fpr; brd;whu;fs;.

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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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m';Fs;s khd;fs; ehk; ,iue;J Xirapl;lhy; ,';Fs;s Kdptu;fspd; jtepiy fiya[k; vd;W fUjp/ thapUe;Jk; ngrhky; Ciknghy; ,Ug;gjdhy;/ me;j kiy uprpa\fk; vd;w bgaiug; bgw;wJ. me;j kiyr;rhuypy; gk;ghejp/ "hdpfs; jpUt[s;sk; nghy; bjspthf Xof; bfhz;oUe;jJ. me;j ejpapy; bre;jhkiu kyu;fs; kyu;e;J eWkzk; tPrpf;bfhz;oUe;jd. me;jr; rpte;j jhkiu kyu;fspy; md;dg; gwitfs; g[Fe;jd. mf;fhl;rp md;d';fs; ,uhkUila Jauj;ijg; ghu;j;J/ ehk; vd; ,dp thH ntz;Lk; > ,tUila Jd;gj;ij ek;khy; fisa Koatpy;iyna > ,we;J nghtnj ey;yJ vd;W vz;zpr; bre;jhkiuahfpa mf;dpapy; tPH;tdnghy; ,Ue;jJ. ,uhk ,yl;Rkzu; gk;gh ejpapy; mfku;#zk; ( ghgj;ijf; bfLf;Fk; ke;jpuk; ) ke;jpuj;ij Xjp ePuho $gjg';fisr; bra;J mjd; fiuapy; j';fpdhu;fs;. ,uhku;/ jk;gpia nehf;fp/ "jk;gp * rPij ,Ue;jhy; vd;Dld; nru;e;J ,e;j ejpapy; ePuho kfpH;ths;. mts; vd;d Jd;gj;ij mDgtpf;fpwhnsh > jk;gp * mts; vd;id epide;J tUe;Jths;" vd;W Twpdhu;. ,yl;Rkzu;/ "mz;zh * rPjhnjtp j';fis epidf;f khl;lhu;" vd;whu;. ,ijf; nfl;l ,uhku; mjpu;r;rpaile;jhu;. "jk;gp * cd; brhy; tprpj;jpukhf ,Uf;fpd;wnj. fw;g[ila bgz;fs; fztidg; gpupe;jnghJ fztid epidg;ghu;fns/ rPij fw;g[ilatshapw;nw. vd;id epidf;fhky; ,Ug;ghsh >" "mz;zh * fw;g[ila bgz;fs; jd;idg; gpupe;jpUf;fpw nghJ fztid epidg;ghu;fs;. Mdhy;/ mz;zp epidf;fkhl;lhu; vd;nwd;. mz;zp kfh kfh kfh gjp tpujh rpnuhd;kzp. mtu; fw;g[f;F murp. j';fis kwe;jhy;jhnd epidg;ghu;fs;. vd; mz;zp fzg;bghGJk;
DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D
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j';fis kwf;fnt khl;lhu;fs;. Mfnt/ epidf;f khl;lhu;fs; vd;W brhd;ndd;." ,yl;RkzUila ngRe;jpwj;ijf; fz;L ,uhku; tpag;g[ mile;jhu;. ,uhku; Rf;uPtidf; fhzntz;Lnk * mtd; v';F ,Uf;fpd;whndh > mtid vg;gof; fhz;gJ > rPjhnjtp v';F ciwfpd;whnsh > vd;d Jd;gj;ij Efu;fpd;whnsh > mtis kPz;Lk; fhz Koahnjh > vd;id ek;gp vd;idj; bjhlu;e;J te;j kidtpapd; Jauj;ijg; nghf;Fk; Mw;wy; ,y;yhj vdf;F ,e;jf; nfhyKk; ,dp ntz;Lnkh > kidtpapd; Jauj;ijg; nghf;fhj ,tDf;F tpy; Vd; > vd;W cyfk; gHpf;Fnk. tpy;iyr; Rkg;gJld; gHpr;brhy;iya[k; Rkf;fpd;nwnd. xU bgz;zpd; Jauj;ij mfw;w khl;lhj ahd; cyf kf;fspd; Jauj;ij vt;thW khw;Wntd; > vd;W Twp ,uhku; g[yk;gpaGjhu;. ,yl;Rkzu; njw;w/ xUthW njwpdhu;. re;jpud; cjpj;jhd;. re;jpu cjaj;jhy; epyk; Fspu;e;jJ/ v';Fk; eyk; tpise;jJ. Mdhy;/ ,uhkUila csk; Fsputpy;iy. nkYk; nkYk; tUe;jpdhu;. ,ut[ KGtJk; cw';fhky; cs;sk; ciye;jhu;. jd; Fyj;J ike;jDf;F ,e;jj; Jd;gk; te;jnj. ehd; ngha; mj;Jaiu khw;Wntd; vd;W tUthd; nghy; Mjpj;jd; cjpj;jhd;. ,uhkUk; ,yl;RkzUk; gk;igapy; tpjpg;go ePuho/ NupaDf;F mu;f;fpa'; bfhLj;jhu;fs;/ bja;tj;ij tz';fpdhu;fs;. vGe;jt[ld; ,iwtid tz';f ntz;Lk;. Vd; tz';f ntz;Lk;. ed;wpf; flDf;fhf tz';f ntz;Lk;. ntW ve;j capu;fSf;Fk; ,y;yhj gFj;jwpthfpa MwhtJ mwpt[ld; ,e;j kdpjg; gpwtpia ,iwtd; ekf;Fj; je;jhd;. mtd; bfhLj;jhd; clk;ghy; mtid tHpgl ntz;Lk;. vGe;jt[ld; ,iwtid tz';Ftij tlbkhHpapy; re;jpahte;jdk; vd;W TWthu;fs;. re;jpahte;jdk; vd;gjw;Fg; bghUs;/ ed;whfj; jpahdpj;J tz';FtJ vd;gjhFk;. jkpHpy; fhiyf;fld; vd;W
DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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TWthu;fs;. flidj; jpUk;gpf; bfhLf;ftpy;iyahdhy; ghtkhFk;. ,iwtd; je;j clk;ghy; mtid tHpgltpy;iyahdhy; ekf;F ed;wp bfhd;w ghtk; tUk;. re;jpahte;jdk; vd;gijf; fhl;oYk; fhiyf;fld; vd;gJ bghUl;brwpt[ cs;sjhFk;. eilapdhYau; ehafdhfpa ,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jp tpy;iy baLj;Jf;bfhz;L Rf;uPtidj; njof; bfhz;L elf;fj; bjhl';fpdhu;.

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Mfnt/ mwpt[ilahu; vjw;Fk; m";rkhl;lhu;fs;. Mdhy;/ m";rhjtu;fs; vy;yhk; mwpt[ilatu;fs; my;yu;. ghy; btz;ikahf ,Uf;Fk;. Mdhy;/ btz;ikahf ,Ug;gbjy;yhk; ghy; Mfh. M";rneau; Rf;uPtidg; ghu;j;J/ "ehd; brd;W ,';F tUfpd;wtu;fs; ahu; vd;W mwpe;J tUntd;" vd;W Twp tpl;L ku';fspy; kiwe;J ,uhk ,yl;Rkziuf; Tu;e;J nehf;Fthuhapdhu;. ,tu;fs; njtFyj;Jf;nf jiytuhf ,Uf;f ntz;Lk;. Mdhy;/ njtUf;Fj; jiytu; gpukd;/ jpUkhy;/ rptd; vd;w \tuhapw;nw. ,tufs; ,Utuhf ,Uf;fpd;whu;fs;. ,tu;fis ,d;dhu; vd;W vspjhff; fz;Lf;bfhs;s ,ayhJ. ,tu;fs; vy;yhk; bra;a ty;ytu;fs;. ,tu;fshy; Mfhj fhupak; xd;Wk; ,Uf;f KoahJ. ,tu;fSila ghu;itapdhy; Vnjh xU bghUis eho tUtjhfj; bjupfpwJ. kpf cau;e;j bghUisj; njo tUfpd;whu;fs;. njtu;fSf;Ff; fhy; epyk; njhahJ. ,tu;fSf;Ff; fhy; epyk; njha;tjhy; ,tu;fs; njtu;fs; my;yu;/ kdpju; fshfj;jhd; ,Uf;f ntz;Lk;. jUkk;/ fUiz bgUe;jd;ik/ khz;g[/ gz;g[ Kjypa Fzeyd;fs; midj;Jk; xU tothf ,tu;fs; fhl;rp jUfpd;whu;fs;. ,tu;fs; jk;kplkpUe;j kpf;f mupa bghUs; fhzhky; nghf/ mjid ,tu;fs; njo tUfpd;whu;fs; vd;gJ ,tu;fs; ghu;itapdhy; tps';FfpwJ. ,tu;fsplj;J ,y;yhjJ rpdk; xd;Wjhd;. bghWikna xU tothf te;j rhe;j rPyu;fs;. ,tu;fSila Kfj;jpy; mUs; bts;sk; tHpfpd;wJ. fz;fspy; fUiz bghHpfpd;wJ. xGf;fKk; nguhw;wYk; gilj;jtu;fshf ,Uf;fpd;whu;fs;. kd;kjDk; ehzf;Toa nguHF gilj;jtu;fshf ,Uf;fpd;whu;fs;. M * M * rp';fk;/ g[yp/ fuo fhz;lhkpUfk; Kjypa tpy';Ffs; mjd;jd; fd;Wfisf; fz;L fhjy; bra;tJ nghy/ bfhoa tpy';Ffs; thy;fis mirj;Jf; bfhz;L ,tu;fisf; fz;l khj;jpuj;jpy; tpy';Ffs; bfhLik khwp moikahf md;g[ bra;fpd;wd. ,tu;fspd; ghj';fs; kz;zpy; njha;fpd;w bghGJ

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fy;Yk; Ks;Sk; kyu;fisg; nghy; FiHe;J tpLfpd;wd. ,j;jifa mjprak; ehd; v';Fg; ghu;f;f Koa[k; > kf;fSf;Fj; jPik bra;a[k; nga;fSk; ,tu;fis fz;L cs;sk; cUfp ed;ik bra;fpd;wd. thdshtpa ku';fSk; ,tu;fisf; fz;L rha;e;J rha;e;J bjhGfpd;wd. ,tu;fs; j';fs; mUs; Mw;wyhy; ruhru';fis vy;yhk; jd;trg;gLj;Jfpd;wdu;. kapy; Kjy; gwit apd';fs; ,tu;fs;kPJ btapy;glh tz;zk; ePz;l rpwFfis tpupj;J epHy; jUfpd;wd. nkf';fs; ,tu;fs; kPJ jz;zPu;j; jptiyfisr; rpe;jpf; Fspu;r;rpiaj; jUfpd;wd. mk;kk;kh * ,tu;fs; mUs; Mw;wy;jhd; vd;nd * vd; cs;sk; ePwha; cUfpd;wnjh * ,g;go vz;zp ,uhk ,yl;RkzUf;F Kd; brd;W mEkd; md;g[ld; m";ryp bra;J epd;whu;. ,uhku; mEkidg; ghu;j;J/ "ew;Fzk; mike;j ek;gpna * eP ahu; >" vd;W tpdhtpdhu;. mEkd; TWfpd;whu;/ "gapu; jiHf;f tUfpd;w k";Rnghy; capu;jiHf;f te;j jpUnkdpia cilatnu * bgz;fis cw;Wg;ghu;f;fhj/ xGf;fKs;s fz;fisa[ilatnu * * rpwpnaDila je;ij tha[njtd;/ vd; jha; m";rdh njtp/ fUiza';flny * ehd; ,njh * ,k;kiyapy; thGk; thdu tPudhfpa Rf;uPtDila gzpahsd;. j';fis tuntw;Fk; bghUl;L te;jpUf;fpd;nwd;. c';fs; tut[ ey;tuthFf .. .." vd;whu;. ,uhku;/ "Iand * me;jr; Rf;uPtidj;jhd; eh';fs; njof; bfhz;L tUfpd;nwhk;. me;jr; Rf;uPtd; v';fpUf;fpd;whd;. clnd/ mtidf; fhl;L. eh';fs; mtidg; ghu;f;f ntz;Lk;" vd;whu;. mEkhu; rpe;jpf;fpd;whu;. ",tu;fs; thypapdhy; mDg;gg;gl;Lj; jd;idf; bfhy;y tUfpd;whu;fnsh vd;W mEkhdpf;fpd;whu;. ,g;nghJ ,tu;fs; Rf;uPtidj; njo tUtjhfr; brhy;fpd;whu;fs;. thypapdhy; mDg;gg;gl;L te;jpUg;ghu;fshapd; ,tu;fs; jpUKfj;jpny nfhgf;Fwp ,Uf;f ntz;Lk;. bfhLik epyt ntz;Lk;. xUfhy; Rf;uPtDila
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jpUnkdp eyd;fis milahskhff; Twp thH;j;jp tpil bfhLj;jDg;gpdhu;. ,t;thW njtpiaj; njof;bfhz;L mEkd; Kjypnahu;fs; bry;Yfpd;w tHpapy;/ bfhjpf;fpd;w xU ghiytdj;ij mile;jhu;fs;. mjd; btg;gj;ijj; jh';fhky; jtpj;jhu;fs;. m';nf xU gpyk; bjupe;jJ. btg;gj;ijf; jh';fhj theu tPuu;fs; me;jg; gpyj;Jf;Fs; EiHe;jdu;/ ,Uspy; ,lu;gl;lhu;fs;. mEkhu; jd; thiy ePl;o mjidg; gw;wpf; bfhz;L thU';fs; vd;W Tw/ jpUth+u; nju; tlk; gpog;gJnghy;/ mEkhUila ePz;l thiy ePl;o mjidg; gw;wpf;bfhz;L ele;jhu;fs;. m';nf/ kdpj r";rhuknk ,y;yhj xsp epiwe;j xU efuj;ijf; fz;lhu;fs;. nrhiyfSk; bfhog; ge;jy;fSk; thdhtpa g{ku';fSk; epiwe;jpUe;jd. xU gf;fj;jpy; ,dpa czt[fSk; cilfSk; ,Ue;jd. ,Jjhd; ,uhtzd; rPijiar; rpiw itj;Js;s ,lnkh vd;W $a[w;whu;fs;. m';nf Xu; mHfpa kz;lgj;jpy; xU bgz;kzp mku;e;J jt";bra;J bfhz;oUe;jhs;. mts; ngu; Rak;gpuig. thdhu;fs;. Rak;gpuia fz; tpHpj;Jg; ghu;j;jhs;. ahbud;W tpdhtpdhs; eh';fs; ,uhkgpuhDila moahu;fs;. "jh';fs; ahu; > Vd; ,';Fj; jdpikapy; ,Uf;fpd;wPu;fs; >" vd;W theu tPuu;fs; nfl;ldu;. Rak;gpuig/ ",uhk gf;ju;fns vd; ngu; Rak;gpuig Vik vd;fpd;w njt khJld; kad; vd;gtd; Tlh XHf;fj;Jld; thH;e;jhd;. mjw;F ehd; Jiz g[upe;njd;. mjdhy;/ ,e;jpu gfthd; rPw;wkile;J kaidf; bfhd;W Vikiaj; njt khjUld; nru;j;Jtpl;L/ vd;id ,';nf jdpj;jpUf;FkhWk; Twpdhu;. ,uhk J}jd; mEkhuhf cdf;F tpnkhrdk; fpilf;Fk; vd;whu;. ehd; ,j;jidf; fhyk; c';fs; tuit nehf;fp khjtk; bra;J bfhz;oUe;njd;. vdf;F mUs; g[upe;J ,jpypUe;J tpLtpj;J tPL/ ngW jUtPu;fs;" vd;W Twpdhs;. mEkhu; tp!;t+gk; vLj;J Mapuj;J ehD}W nahrida[s;s me;jg; gpyj;ij ntUld; gpL';fp/ mJ epykl;lk; tUk;nghJ theu tPuu;fis kz;zpy; ,w';FkhW bra;J me;jg; gpyj;ij nkw;flypy; vwpe;J
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tpl;lhu;. Rak;gpuig njtnyhfk; nru;e;jhs;. theu tPuu;fs;/ Xu; ,dpa tdj;ija[k; bgha;ifiaa[k; fz;lhu;fs;. m';Fs;s fha[k; fdpa[k; njDk; cz;L ,isg;ghwpg; bgha;iff; fiuapy; gLj;jau;e;J J}';fp tpl;lhu;fs;. Jkpud; eL ,utpy; kiy nghd;w bgupJk; clYk; ePz;l fu';fSk; fupa cUtKk; bfhz;l Xu; muf;fd; te;J. vd;Dila Ml;rpapYs;s bgha;iff; fiuapy; ,tu;fs; te;J cw';fyhkh > vd;W Twp/ m';fjd; khu;gpy; Fj;jpdhd;. m';fjd; vGe;J mtDld; fLk; nghu; g[upe;J bfhd;whd;. khz;L fplf;fpd;w muf;fidf; fz;L midtUk; mjprak; mile;jhu;fs;. rhk;gte;ju; ,td; Jkpud; vd;w ngUila bghy;yhj muf;fd;. ,tid m';fjidad;wp ahuhYk; bfhy;y KoahJ vd;W Twpdhu;. theu tPuu;fs; kPz;Lk; njtpiaj; njodhu;fs;. tpju;g;g ehL/ jz;lf tdk;/ ghz;L kiy/ nfhjhtup ejp Kjypa gy ,l';fspy; JUtpj;/ JUtpj; njodhu;fs;. gpuhl;oiaf; fhzhJ thodhu;fs;. Kz;lfj;Jiw brd;W njodhu;fs;. ghz;L kiyiaaile;J njodhu;fs;. mUe;jjp kiyiaaile;J njodhu;fs;. gpd;du; jpUnt';fl kiyia mile;jhu;fs;. rpj;ju;fSk;/ Kj;ju;fSk; gf;ju;fSk; te;J gzpe;J/ tpidjzpe;J eyk; bgWfpd;w me;j nt';fl kiyia tz';fpj; njtpiaj; njodhu;fs;. theu tPuu;fs; me;jzu; toit vLj;Jf;bfhz;L rhd;nwhu;fs; thGk; bjhz;il ehl;ilaile;J njodhu;fs;. tlbkhHpa[k; bjd; bkhHpa[k; fw;W mjd; Koitf; fz;l \jwp"u;fs; m';F thH;fpd;whu;fs;. me;ehl;oy; njo/ fhntupahy; tsk; bgWfpd;w nrhH ehl;oy; njodhu;fs;. gpd;du; Kj;Jk; Kj;jkpGk; jUfpd;w ghz;o ehl;ilaile;J njodhu;fs;. v';Fj; njoa['; fhzhJ bjd; fliyaile;jhu;fs;. flypy; miyfs; vGe;J jhH;fpd;w fhl;rp theu tPuu;fns * vk;gpuhl;o fly; eLtpy; cs;s ,y';ifapy; ,Uf;fpd;whs; thU';fs; / thU';fs; vd;W ifePl;o miHg;gJnghy; ,Ue;jd.
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mnrhf tdj;jpy; klf; bfho

rk;ghjp thdpil gwe;J brd;wgpd;/ theu tPuu;fSf;F ,y';if khefupy; rPjhnjtp ,Uf;fpd;whs; vd;gJ g[upe;jJ. mjdhy;/ twpatDf;Fg; g[ijay; fpilj;jJ nghy bgU kfpH;r;rpaile;jhu;fs;. ,dp ehk; ,y';iff;Fg; nghf ntz;Lk;. "ek;kpy; nghf ty;yhu; ahu; >" vd;W theu tPuu;fs; rpe;jpj;jhu;fs;. rpwe;j theu tPuu;fs;/ "E}W nahrid gug;g[s;s fliy v';fshy; flg;gJ ,ayhJ" vd;W j';fs; ,ayhikiaf; Twpdhu;fs;. ePyd; vd;w nridj; jiytd;/ ehd; vGgj;ije;J nahrid J}uk; jhz;Lntd; vd;w nahrid ,y;yhky; brhd;dhd;. nguhw;wy; gilj;j m';fjd;. ehd; E}W nahrida[k; jhz;o tpLntd;. jpUk;gp tu ,ayhJ vd;whs;. $hk;gte;jd ,e;jr; rpwpa fliy ehd; tha;f;fhiyj; jhz;LtJnghy;/ vj;jid Kiw ntz;LkhdhYk; jhz;Lntd;. Mdhy;/ ,g;bghGJ ,ayhJ. vdf;F ,sikngha; KJikaile;jpUf;fpwJ. ehuhazu; jpuptpf;fuk mtjhuk; vLj;J
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cyif Xuoahf mse;jnghJ ehd; btw;wp KuR miwe;J cyfhj;ij tyk; te;j nghJ/ nkU kiyapd; fhyplwp tPH;e;J CdKw;nwd;. Mjyhy;/ ,g;bghGJ vd;dhy; ,ayhJ vd;W Twpdhd;.

mEkd; ; Mw;wy; ; mEkd Mw;wy

vy;yhUk; ,t;thW TwpanghJ mEkhu; xd;Wk; ngrhky; Rk;kh ,Ue;jhu;. j';fkzpf;F Xir apUf;fhJ/ bt';fykzpf;F XirapUf;Fk;/ gr;nrhiyf;F XirapUf;fhJ. cyu;e;j rUf ryry vd;W xypf;Fk;. ifahyhfhjtu;fs; tha;r;brhy; tPuuhf/ fliyf; Fog;ngd;/ kiyia ,og;ngd;/ thdpy; gwg;ngd; vd;w tha;g;giwaiwthu;fs;. Mdhy;/ ifahy; xd;Wk; MfhJ/ mJnghy;/ vy;yhUk; ngr/ mwpt[k; Mw;wYk; xU';nf gilj;j M";rnau; bksdkhf ,Ue;jhu;. mtUf;F vt;tst[ Mw;wy; ,Uf;fpwJ vd;gJ mtUf;nf bjupahJ. $hk;gthd; mEkhiu nehf;fp moapy; tUkhW Twj; bjhl';fpdhd;. "mEknd * cd;id m";rypf;fpnwd;. vy;yhUila jiyapYk; vGjp tpjpf;fpd;w gpuknjtu; khapDk; khahj kpFe;j thH;ehisa[iltnu *
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rpu";rPtpfspy; xUtnu * ePu; fy;yhj fy;iyapy;iy. jUk';fis mjpEl;gkhf ePu; mwpe;jtu;. j';fisf; fz;L Tw;WtDk; m";Rthd;. fhyid cijj;j MyKz;l ePyfz;lidg;nghy; ahiua[k; mlf;Fk; nguhw;wy; gilj;jtu;. ckf;F Ik;g{j';fshYk; mHpt[ fpilahJ. bja;tg; gilf;fyd;fspdhy; ckf;F kuzk; fpilahJ. ckf;F epfu; ePu;jhd;. mz;lj;Jf;F mg;ghYk; Fjpf;f ty;ytu;. NkUkiyf;Fk; nkk;gl;L caukhf epw;Fk; jd;ika[ilatu;. mnjrkaj;jpy; kiHj; J}wYf;F eLnt brd;W clk;g[ eidahky; bry;yf;Toa ty;yika[ilatu;. ,e;j kz;qyfj;ij xU ifahy; vLf;f ty;ytu;. ,';fpUe;J Nupaida[k; jPz;Lk; jpwDilatu;. ePjp bewpapy; epd;wtu;. kdj;jhYk; khjiuj; jPz;lhjtu;. ntj';fs; midj;ija[k; Xjpa[zu;e;jtu;. CHpiaa['; fle;jtu;. mLj;Jg; gpuknjtdhf tUk; jFjpa[ilatu;. j';fshy; MfhJ ahbjhd;Wk; ,y;iy. j';fSila nguhw;wYf;F ,e;jg; bgU';fly; tha;f;fhy; nghd;wJ. Mfnt/ jh';fs; brd;W gpuhl;oiaf; fz;L kPz;L te;J ,uhkUila ftiyia khw;wp theu Fyj;jpw;Fg; bgUikiaj;ju ntz;Lk;" vd;whd;. ,t;thW/ $hk;gthd; Twpa g[fGiuiaf; nfl;L M";rneau; ehzj;njhL epd;whu;. mwp"u;fs; jk;ikg; g[fH;tij Vw;Wf; bfhs;skhl;lhu;fs;. xUtu; g[fH;e;jhYk; ehqthu;fs;. theu tPuu;fis tz';fp/ tPuu;fns * ,uhkgpuhDila fUiza[k; c';fs; Mrpa[k; vdf;F ,U rpwFfshfj; Jiz bra;af; fliyf; fle;J ftiyiaa['; fle;J vk;gpuhl;oiaf; fz;L kPSntd; vd;W fliyf; flg;gjw;F Maj;jkhfpg; ngUUt[ld; epd;W fhl;rpaspj;jhu;.

Re;ju fhz;lk; ; Re;ju fhz;lk
mEkhu; epd;w fhl;rp cyfj;ij Xuoahf msf;f jpUkhy; vLj;j tpRt+gk;nghy; ,Ue;jJ. ,uz;L fhy;fisa[k; Cd;wp ",uhkh" vd;W thdj;jpny gha;e;jhu;. me;j knfe;jpu kiyna eL';fpw;W. tpz;ztu;fs; kyu; kiH bgHpe;jhu;fs;. ,uz;L fu';fis Kd;nd ePl;o ,Ue;jJ. ,uhkyl;Rkzu;fs; mtUf;F Jiz tUtJnghy; ,Ue;jJ. gpd;nd bjh';fpa typik epuk;gpathy; ,kaDila
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ghrf;fapW xspe;J bfhz;L ,y';iff;Fg; nghtJnghy; ,Ue;jJ. mEkhu; tpz;tHpapy; ntfkhfr; bry;Yk;bghGJ ike;ehfk; vd;w kiynkbyGe;J mtUf;F cjtp bra;a te;jJ. ike;ehf gu;tjk; ,e;jpud; tr;rpug; gilahy; kiyfspd; rpwFfis mupe;jnghJ tha[ njtdhy; flypy; js;sp cjtp bgw;wJ. tha[njtd; bra;j cjtpf;fhf tha[njtd; kfd; mEkhUf;F cjtp bra;a te;jJ. mEkhu;/ ehd; ,uhk if';fu;akhfr; bry;Yk;bghGJ tHpapy; j';FtJ ed;wd;W. cd; md;g[f;F ed;wp vd@W Twptpl;L tpz;tHpna brd;whu;. Ruir vd;w njtkhJ njtu;fspd; ntz;Lnfhspd;go mEkhUf;F ey";bra;a[k; bghUl;L tpz;zpy; kpfg;bgUk; thiag; gpse;J epd;whs;. mEkhu; bgz;gps;isf;F ,t;tst[ thah vd;W gupfrpj;J/ xU fzj;Jf;Fs; rpwpa cUt[ld; mts; thapy; EiHe;J btspg;gl;lhu;. mtu; mkpu;jkak; Mdts;/ mjdhy; mEkhUf;F mkpu;j rk;ge;jk; cz;lhapw;W. gpd;du;. tHpapy; m';fhuj;jhiu vd;W ngu; bgw;w bfhoa muf;fp vjpu;g;gl;lhs;. ,ts; gpuhzpfspd; epHiyg;gw;wpna me;jg; gpuhzpfis cz;qk; Mw;wy; gilj;jpUe;jjhy; rhahf;fpufpzp vd;w ngUk;/ rpk;kpif vd;w ngUk; gilj;jts;. Myfhy e";ir tplf; bfhoats;. ,ts; tpz;qf;Fk; kz;qf;Fk; vy;iyahfg; bgUthiag;gpse;J epd;W mEkhiuj; jLj;jhs;. nguhw;wy; gilj;j mEkhu; mts; thapy; g[Fe;J ngUUf;bfhz;L mts; thiaa[k; tapw;iwa[k; fpHpj;Jf;bfhz;L btspg;gl;lhu;. rhaf;fpufzp khz;blhHpe;jhs;. mEkhu; ,uhk ehkj;ij ,ilawhJ brgpj;Jf; bfhz;L brd;whu;. vdf;F tHpapy; ,lu; midj;Jk; eP';f cjt[tJ ,uhkehkk; xd;nw MFk;. vd;dhy; MtJ ahbjhd;Wkpy;iy. vy;yhk; ,uhkgpuhdJ fUizna ahFk; vd;bwz;zp ,y';ifapy; cs;s gts kiyapy; ,w';fpdhu;.

njtppiaj; ; njLjy; ; njt iaj njLjy

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mEkhu; ,y';ifapd; vHpiyf; fz;L tpae;jhu;. m';Fs;s tPLfs; midj;Jk; etuj;jpd';fs; ,iHj;J ctiff; fliyj; je;J X';fp epd;wd. me;efu; MlYk; ghlYk; ClYk; TlYk; md;wp thlYk; tUe;jYkpd;wp ,d;g bts;sj;jpy; kpje;J epd;wJ. mEkhu; rpwpa cUtj;ij vLj;Jf; bfhz;lhu;. v';Fk; ,Us; NH;e;jJ. ,y';ifapy; njtu;fs; vGjpa rpj;jpuk; ngy; brd;W fhy';fle;J tUtijf; Fwpj;J ,uhtzd; rPWthnd vd;w";rp/ nky; Mil rupa XLfpd;w fhl;rpia mEkhu; fz;lhu;. mg;bghGJ re;jpud; cjpj;jhd;. ,y';ifapd; kjpy;fspd; cauj;ija[k; EiHthapypd; jpwj;ija[k; m';Ff; fhty; bra;fpd;wtu;fspd; juj;ija[k; ghu;j;J tpag;g[w;whu;. kjpypd; kPnjwpj; jht[tjw;F Kad;whu;. ,y';ifiaf; fhty; bra;a[k; efu njtijahfpa ,y';fh njtp mEkhiu Kd;nd bry;ytplhky; jLj;jhs;. ehd;F rpu';fSk; Ma[jk; Ve;jpa vl;Lf; fu';fSk; cila mts; "V Fu';nf/ vd; mDkjpapd;wp cs;ns EiHaf; TlhJ" vd;W jLj;jhs;. ",e;j Cupy; \tUk; njtUk; EiHa m";Rthu;fs;.
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,iyfisa[k;/ kyu;fisa[k; jpd;fpd;w theukhfpa eP vd; mDkjpapy;yhky; nghfyhkh >" vd;W Twpdhd;. "mEkhu;/ fhtw;fhupna * Cu; ghu;f;Fk; MtYld; bry;Yk; vd;id Vd; jLf;fpd;wha; > ehd; brd;why; cdf;F vd;d ,Ht[ neUk; >" vd;whu;. ,y';fdp mEkhu; nky; Nyj;ij vwpe;jhs;. mEkhu; me;jj; jpupNyj;ijg; gpoj;J xoj;J mts; Kfj;jpy; vwpe;jhu;. mts; vwpe;j Ma[j';fisbay;yhk; xoj;Jj; Jfshf;fpdhu;. jd;idaof;f te;j ,y';fhnjtpapd; vl;Lf; iffisa[k; gw;wp/ mEkhu; X';fpaoj;jhu;. mts; ,onaWz;l ehfk; nghy; fPnH tpGe;jhs;. mts; vGe;J mEkhiuj; bjhGjhs;. "Iand/ ehd; ,y';ifapd; fhty; bja;tk;. gpuk njtUila fl;lisapdhy; ,e;efiuf; fhty; bra;J bfhz;oUe;njd;. xU Fu';fpdhy; eP jhf;fg;gLk; tiu ,e;jf; fhty; bjhHpiyr; bra;tha;" vd;W TwpapUe;jhu;. Mjypdhy;/ vd; fhty; bjhHpy; epiwt[ bgw;wJ. ehd; tpz;qyfk; nghfpd;nwd;. "cdJ tPuj;ijf; fhl;o mRu Fyj;ij thl;o/ cd; g[fiH ePl;or; bry;Yf" vd;W Twptpl;L thdpil brd;whs;. mEkhu; kjpnywpf; Fjpj;J efUf;Fs; brd;whu;. v';Fk; vk;gpuhl;oahiu njLthuhdhu;. XUtDf;F Rfk; Kd; bra;j jtj;jpdhy;jhd; va;Jk;. jtk; bra;ahky; Rfj;ij ehLtJ ,Uk;ig tpijj;Jf; fUk;ig ehLtJ nghyhFk;. jt";bra;jtu;fs; vy;yh eyd;fSk; bgw;w ,dpJ thH;thu;fs;. ,jpy; ahUf;thtJ re;njfk; ,Ue;jhy; ,e;j ,y';ifapny te;J ghU';fs;. fjpu;nghy; ,Uf;fpd;w fupa muf;fpkhu;fis ,ilna ,y;yhj bghd;nkdpa[ila njt khju;fs; ePuhl;Lfpwhu;fs;. ,J mtu;fs; jtj;jhy; tpisfpd;wJ.

Fk;gfu;zd; ; Fk;gfu;zd

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Fk;gfu;zd; JapYfpd;w khspiff;F mEkhu; brd;whu;. mtDila ehrpapypUe;J tUk; a[fhe;j fhyj;J khUjk; nghd;w \r;Rf;fhw;Wk; ,tiu <u;j;jJ. ehrptiu brd;W bgUKaw;rp bra;J/ fhw;wpypUe;J tpyfpf; bfhz;lhu;. me;j khspifapYs;s nki$fs;/ ehw;fhypfs;/ mz;lhf;fs;/ Fz;lhf;fs; vy;yhk; mtd; \r;Rf; fhw;wpdhy; cs;ns nghtJk; btspna tUtJkhf ,Ue;jd. mtDila kpfg; bgupa clk;iga[k; typikiaa[k; ghu;j;J/ ,td; ,uhtzndh vd;w Ia[w;whu;. gj;Jj; jiyfs; ,y;yhikapdhy; ,td; ,uhtzd; ,y;yd; vdj; bjspe;jhu;. ,td; vGe;J nghUf;F te;jhy; fjp vd;dhFk; > ekJ theu nridfisg; bghupf;fliy cz;gJ nghy ,td; cz;ghd;. ,td; ,uhk ruj;jhy; khz;blhHpthd; vd;w gyg;gy rpe;jpj;jhu;. m';fpUe;J ntW gf;fkhfr; brd;whu;.

tppgP#zu; ; t gP#zu
gak; ,y;yhjtd; vd;W bghUs;. ,J rptbgUkhDila Mapuk; ehk';fspy; xd;W. Xk; tpgP#zha ek/ rptbgUkhd; xUtu;jhk;/ mr;rk; ,y;yhjtu;. ekf;bfy;yhk; ,ak; gak; cz;L. rptbgUkhd; ,akid cijj;j fhyfhyd; Mthu;. ehbky;yhk; eL';Ffpw e";ir mtu; cz;lhu;. ekf;F mr;rj;ijj; jUfpd;w kahdj;jpy; mtu; ,Uf;fpd;whu;. ehk; mr;rg;gLfpd;w mut[fis mzpfydhff; bfhz;ltu;. ehk; gag;gLfpd;w nga;fSld; ,Ue;J MLgtu;. ek;ikbay;yhk; RLfpd;w beUg;ig mtu; ifapy; Ve;jpatu;. Mjyhy;/ rpt\u;j;jp - tpgP#zh vd;W ngu; bgw;whu;. tpr;rputR vd;w Kdptu; jk; kfdhfpa ,tDf;F tpgP#zd; vd;W rpt ehkj;ijr; Nl;odhu;. ,tu; ePjpapy; epd;wtu;/ bghwpg[yd;fis btd;wtu;/ ,tUila jtg; g[jy;tp jpupril njtpf;F MWjy; brhy;ypj; njw;wp tUgts;. me;j tpg{#zu; tPl;oy; brd;W njodhu;. kw;w tPLfspy; kJf;Fl';fisf; fz;lhu;. ,';nf g{i$f;Fupa gd;dPu;g; ghl;oy;fisa[k;/ ghy;/ njd; g";rhkpu;j';fisa[k; fz;lhu;. tpgP#zuJ Kfj;jpy; fUiz Fobfhz;oUg;gijf; fz;lhu;. ,tu; ey;ytu; vd;W
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fUjpdhu;. tpgP#zuJ njhw;wk; jUk njtij fUepwj;njhL xspj;J thH;tJ nghy; ,Ue;jJ.

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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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gpuhl;oahiu nehf;fp/ ,tu;jhd; rPjhnjtp vd;W vz;zp mstw;w kfpH;r;rp mile;jhu;.

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tps';Ffpd;w ,uFtPuDila Mw;wyiy eP czutpy;iyah > Mapu'; fu';fisa[ila fhu;j;j tPupad; cd; ,UgJ fu';fisg; gw;wp cd; thapy; cjpuk; xGf cd;idf; Fj;jpr; rpiwapy; itj;jhd;. mtDila Mapue; njhs;fisa[k; rpijj;j guRuhkid vd; fztdhu; fzg;bgGjpy; btd;wij eP mwpatpy;iyah > ,';nf epd;W tPz; thu;j;ijfisg; ngrhnj" vd;W fLikahf epe;jpj;jhs; rPij. ,ijf; nfl;L ,uhtzd; ehzKk; nfhgKk; bgh';fp tuf; fhjyhy; kjpaw;W epd;whd;. kuj;jpd; fpisapy; ,Ue;j mEkhu;. vk;gpuhl;oia vd; Kd;nd ,t;thW ngrpa ,f;bfhoatDila jiyfis cjpu;j;J/ vd; jpwid btspg;gLj;Jntd; vd;W ,U fu';fisa[k; gpire;J bfhz;oUe;jhu;. ,uhtzd; "rPijna * eP mwptpy;yhj ngijna. ehd; ,uhk yl;Rkziuf; bfhd;W cd;idr; rpiwapy; itj;jhy; eP khz;L nghtha;. Mjyhy;/ ,;e;j kha"; bra;njd;. ehd; epidj;jhy; ,uhk yl;Rkzu;fis xU ifahy; Jhf;fp tUntd;. mt;tpUtiua[k; thspdhy; btl;Lntd;. Mdhy;/ cd;id vdf;Fj; je;j me;j cjtpia vz;zp mtu;fisf; bfhy;yhky; ,Uf;fpd;nwd;. ehd; ,uhk yl;Rkziuf; bfhy;Ytnjad;wp mnahj;jpid aile;J guj rj;Uf;du;fisa[k; bfhd;W kPSntd;. vd;id ahbud;W vz;zpdha; >" vd;W Twptpl;L/ m';Fs;s muf;fpkhu;fis nehf;fp/ "rPij vdf;F trkhFk;gor; bra;a[';fs; *" vd;W Twptpl;Lr; brd;whd;.

mEkhu;

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mEkhu; ,t;thW gy milahs';fisr; brhy;yp Kotpy; fizahHp nkhjpuj;ijf; bfhLj;jhu;. mg;bghGJ mk;ik/ ,e;jg; g[dpj nkhjpuk; ghtk; epiwe;j muf;fupd; efUf;F te;jnj vd;W fz;zPuhy; mgpn#f"; bra;jhs;. me;jf; fizahHp/ rdfu;/ jpUkzj;jpd;nghJ kUkfDf;Fj; je;j gupR nkhjpuk;. rPjhnjtp mile;j kfpH;r;rpf;F mstpy;iy. ey;y ehfk; kPz;Lk; ahiua[k; fof;fhky; ePz;l ehs; thH;e;jhy;/ mjd; e";R ehfuj;jpdkhf khWk;. me;j ehf uj;jpdj;ij ,He;j ehfk; kPz;Lk; mij mile;jhy; vj;Jiz kfpH;r;rpaila[nkh mj;Jiz kfpH;r;rpaile;jhs;. gHk;bghUis ,He;jtu;fs; kPz;Lk; bgw;wtu;nghy; cte;jhs;. ePz;l ehs; FHe;ijapy;yh kyo FHe;ijiag; bgw;wjJnghy; bgupJk; kfpH;e;jhs;. mEkhiu nehf;fp/ thH;j;Jf; TWfpd;whs;. "md;gpd; tothfpa M";rneah * cyfj;ijj; je;j gpuknjtidj; je;j Kjy;tDf;Fj; Jhjhf te;jha;/ vdf;F capu; je;jha;/ mk;ika[k; mg;gDk; mj;jDk; Mfp epd;wha;. rpwe;j njhs;fisa[ilatnd * capiu bfhLj;J ts;sny * gjpdhd;F cyf';fs; mHpe;jhYk; eP mHpahky; epj;jpa rpu";rPtpahf ,U" vd;W thH;j;jpdhs;.
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rPjhnjtp/ mEkhiu nehf;fp/ "kfnd" vd;W miHj;jpUf;fyhk;. mt;thW miHf;fhky; ts;sny vd;W miHf;fpd;whs;. mEkhu; bghd;Dk; bghUSkh je;jhu; > md;dKk; Mila[kh je;jhu; > mtu; mg;nghJ je;jJ vjid > njtpf;F ,d;Dapiu <e;jhu;. rPij cs;sk; bte;J behe;J capu;tplj; Jzpe;jnghJ fizahHpiaj; je;J MUapiu tH';fpdhu;. rPijf;F kl;Lkh capiuj; je;jhu; >

m";rid Fkhudppd; ; Mw;wy; ; m";rid Fkhud d Mw;wy
mEkhiur;/ rPjhnjtp ts;sny vd;W miHj;j fhuzk; vd;d > rPjhnjtp khz;lhy; ,uhkUk; ,yl;RkzUk; khs;thu;fs;. mf;fznk Rf;uPtd; m';fjd; Kjypa theu tPuu;fs; khs;thu;fs;. ,e;jr; bra;jpia mwpe;jt[ld; gujDk;/ rj;Uf;dDk; khs;thu;fs;. \d;W jha;khu;fSk; khs;thu;fs;. mjdhy;/ mnahj;jpapy; cs;s khe;ju;fs; khs;thu;fs;. mjdhy;/ gf;j cyfnk mHpa[k;. mEkhu; rPijf;F capu; je;J cyfj;Jf;nf capu; je;jhu;. mjdhy; ts;sny vd;W miHf;fpd;whu;. rPjhnjtp mEkhiu nehf;fp/ "eP ahu; > vk;bgUkhDf;Fk; cdf;Fk; vt;thW bjhlu;g[ Vw;gl;lJ > ,';F eP vt;thW te;jha; >" vd;W tpdhtpdhu;. mEkhu;/ "jhna * ,uhtzd; j';fisf; ftu;e;jgpd; ,uhkyl;Rkzu; j';fisj; njo tUk;bghGJ $lha[itf; fz;lhu;fs;. mtu; j';fs; epiyikiaf; Twp ,we;Jtpl;lhu;. gpd;du;/ j';fisj; njof; bfhz;L te;J fp#;fpe;ijia mile;J Nupa Fkhuhdhfpa Rf;uPtDld; el;g[ bfhz;lhu;. eP';fs; md;W vwpe;j mzpfyd;fisf; fz;L capu; jspu;j;jhu;. ,uhtzid btd;w khtPudhfpa thypia xnu mk;gpdhy; tijj;jhu;. Rf;uPtDf;F KoNl;odhu;. Rf;uPtDf;F vGgJ bts;sk;
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theu tPuu;fs; Jiz bra;a ,Uf;fpd;whu;fs;. mk;kh * vd;id vt;thW fly; fle;J te;jha; vd;W nfl;fpd;wPnu. j';fs; fztdhUila jpUtoiaj; jpahdpf;fpd;wtu;fs; gpwtpf;fly; ViHa[k; flg;ghu;fs;. ehd; ,e;j ctu;f;fliyf; fle;jJ xU rpwg;gh > jhna/ vk;bgUkhDila gzp bra;a[k; tPuu;fs; flypd; kziytpl mjpfkhfg; gyu; ,Uf;fpd;whu;fs;. me;j ,uhk moahu;fspy; monad; filg;gl;ltd;. m';Fk; ,';Fk; nghFkhW rpwpatu;fSf;Fj; jhnd fl;lisapLthu;fs; > ,uhkd; moahu;fspy; xUtdhfpa ahd; fliyf; fle;J te;njd;". rPij/ "mg;gh * mEkhnd * ,';F mjpfk; eP fhyjhkjk; bra;af;TlhJ. ehd; ,e;j ,y';ifapy; fhy; itj;jnghJ xU fu;g;gthrk; (gj;Jkhjk;) ,Ug;gjhfj; jpl;lkpl;nld;. ,d;Wld; xd;gJ khj';fs; g{u;j;jpahfp tpl;ld. mjw;Fs; vk;bgUkhd; te;J ,uhtz rk;khuk; bra;J vd;idr; rpiw kPl;Lg; nghFkhW ntz;ondd;. vd;W brhy;thahf. xUf;fhy; ,e;j xU khjj;jpw;Fs; ,';F tu ,aytpy;iyahdhy; ehd; ,';F khz;L xHpntd;. vk;bgUkhd; mg;gona mnahj;jp brd;W f';iff; fiuapy; vs;Se; jz;zPUk; ,iwf;fr; brhy;Ythahf. FHe;ij ,y;yhj vdf;F ePu;f;fld; mtu;jhnd bra;a ntz;Lk; > ehd; ,';F khSe; jd;ikia mile;jpUf;fpd;nwd;. Mjyhy;/ vd;Dila rpwe;j khkpahu; \tUf;F tzf;f"; brYj;jpdhs; vd;W TWthahf. Rf;uPtDf;F vd;Dila Mrpiaf; TWthahf. vk;bgUkhd; mnahj;jpf;Fr; bry;Yk; bghGJ eP';fs; cld; brd;W mtUf;F KoNl;L tpHh bra;a[';fs;. me;jg; gl;lhgpn#ff; nfhyj;ijg; ghtpahfpa ahd; ghu;f;fj; jt"; bra;jpnyd;" vd;W Twpdhs;. mEkhu;/ rPijapd; jpUtofspy; tPH;e;J tz';fp/ "mk;kh * ehd; brd;W ,uhkuplk; Twp/ mtu; te;J nghu; g[upe;J j';fis kPl;fpd;w jd;ik ntz;lhk;. mJ fhy jhkjk; MFk;. monaDila njhs; kPJ mkU';fs;. mLj;j tpehoapy; ,uhkUila jpUtoapy; j';fis xg;gilg;ngd;" vd;W Twpdhu;.
DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

156

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rPjhnjtp/ "mEkhnd * cd; md;g[f;F ed;wp. cd;Dila Mnyhrid ed;wd;W. ghuj ehl;od; gz;gpd;go taJf;F te;j kfidj; jha; jPz;lf;TlhJ. eP vdf;Fr; nra;/ ehd; cdf;Fj; jha;. vd;idj; jPz;of; bfhz;L nghtJ rpwg;g[ilajhfhJ. ,uhtznd vd;idj; jPz;lhky; bfhz;L te;jpUf;fpwhd; kfnd * eP TwpaJ rupad;W" vd;W Twpdhs;. mEkhu;/ "mk;kh * ehd; j';fisj; jPz;ltpy;iy. ,e;j ,y';ifia ntUld; gwpj;J ,uhku; Kd;nd bfhz;L ngha; itg;ngd;. mg;nghJ jh';fs; vk;bgUkhid milayhk;" vd;whu;. "mEkhnd/ eP rpwpa Fu';fhf ,Uf;fpd;widna/ eP vt;thW ,y';ifia vLg;gha; >" vd;W nfl;lhs; rPij. mEkhu;/ "mk;kh mUe;jjpna * ehdh rpwpatd; > vd; totj;ijg; ghU';fs; vd;W tpRt+gj;ij vLj;jhu;. mtUila jpUto mjy ghjhyj;jpYk;/ jpUKo re;jpu kz;lyk;/ Nupa kz;ly';fisa[k; fle;J epd;wJ. rPjhnjtp jiyekpu;e;J vl;obal;og; ghu;j;jhs;. mEkhUila KG';fhYk; bjupatpy;iy. mjprak; mile;jhs;. kfnd * ,e;j totj;ijf; fhz m";Rfpd;nwd;. ml';Fthahf" vd;whs;. ey;y FLk;gj;jpy; jha; je;ijau; mlf;fpdhy; gps;isfs; ml';Fk;. my;yhj FLk;gj;jpy; jha; je;ijaiu mlf;Fk;. rPjhnjtp mEkhiug; ghu;j;J mf kfpH;e;J Mde;jf; fz;zPu; toj;Jf; TWfpd;whs;. kfnd * vk;bgUkhDf;F ,yl;Rkziuj; jtpu ntW Jizapy;iy vd;W vz;zpndd;. eP xUtd; Jizahf mike;jpUg;gjhy; gfthDf;F Mfhj fhupak; xd;Wk; ,Uf;fhJ. ,y';if/ fly; fle;J ,Uf;fpd;wnj vd;W vz;zpndd;. cd;Dila nguhw;wiyf; fz;l gpd;/ VG fly;fSf;F mg;ghy; ,Ue;jhy; vd;d/ vd;W vz;qfpd;nwd;. ,e;j ,y';if cdf;Fr; Rz;L tpuy; ghuk;. "Mdhy;/ vd;idf; fz;zPu;tpl;L mGfpd;w mgiy vd;W vz;zhnj. ,e;j ,y';ifia mHpf;f vk;bgUkhd; ,isa
DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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bgUkhSld; vGgJ bts;sk; theu nrida[ld; tu ntz;Lkh > nfhjz;lj;ij tisf;f ntz;Lkh > mk;g[fisj; bjhLf;f ntz;Lkh > ,e;j ,y';ifiaa[k; Vida cyf';fs; vy;yhtw;iwa[k; mHpfvd;W xU brhy;yhy; mHpj;JtpLntd;. mj;Jiz Mw;wy; vd;ghy; mike;Js;sJ. ehd; ,y';ifiaa[k; ,uhtzhjp muf;fu;fisa[k; xU fzj;jpy; vupj;JtpLntd;. mg;go vupe;jhy; rPjhazk; vd;Wjhnd ngu; tUk; > ,uhkhazk; vd;W ngu;tuhnj. bgz;zhfg; gpwe;jtu;fs; fztDf;Fg; g[fH; njof; bfhLf;f ntz;Lk;. mjdhy;/ vd; fw;g[f;fdiy mlf;fpf; bfhz;oUf;fpd;nwd;. eP cd; thiy klf;fpf; bfhz;L bgUkhdplk; ngha; th". kfnd/ tpjpia btd;wtu;fs; ahu; > tpjptHp kjp bry;Yk; tpiya[au;e;j Milahguz';fisa[k; khl khspiffisa[k; Jwe;J te;j ahd;/ mw;gkhd khid tpUk;gpndnd. ,jw;Ff; fhuzk; tpjpapd; brayhFk;. xUfhy; ,y';ifapy; ehd; khz;L nghntdhdhy; kWgpwg;gpy; vk;bgUkhd; vdf;Fr; fztdhf tu ntz;Lk; vd;W tuk; nfl;ljhfg; bgUkhdplk; TWthahf. M";rneah * ,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jp mnahj;jpapypUe;J kjpyhg[upf;F te;J vd; ifiag; gw;wpa md;W/ ,e;j ,uhkhtjhuj;jpy; ,U khjiuj; bjhnld; * vd;W vdf;F tu'; bfhLj;jij mtUf;F epist{l;Lthahf. kpjpyhg[upf;Fr; brd;why; vd; jha; je;ijaUf;F vd; md;g[ tzf;fj;ij mwptpg;ghahf. "jhna * eP';fs; rpe;ij behe;J brg;g[tijf; nfl;L csk; behe;J ciuf;fpd;nwd;. jh';fs; mfhy kuzk; mila ntz;lhk;. ehd; brd;W ,uhkiug; ghu;g;gJjhd; jhkjk;. ehd; brd;W bjuptpj;jt[ld;/ vd; njhs;fspy; ,uhkUk; m';fjd; njhs;fspy; ,yl;RkzUk; theu nridfSld; ,';F tUthu;fs. muf;fu;fs; mHpa cjpu MW XLk;. Muf;fpkhUk; mWj;J tPrpa thypdhYk; flf;f Koahj jhyp kiy ,';Ff; fhzg;gLk;. g[z;zpd; ePuhfpa cjpuj;jpy; Fspj;j gwitfs; muf;f khju;fspd; fz;zPupy; Fspg;gijf; fhz;gPu;fs;. j';fs;

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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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nridfisf; fz;lhy; tPuDf;F kfpH;r;rp. mEkhu; ,uhkUila jpUtoiar; re;jpj;J m';F xU gf;fk; ,Ue;j jz;lha[jj;ij vLj;jhu;. ,akidg; nghy; RHd;whu;. ghidfis cilf;Fk; ifj;joahidg; nghyr; nridfisf; bfhd;W Ftpj;jhu;. gpzkiy Ftpe;J cjpu MWfs; Xod. $k;g[khyp jdpj;J epd;whd;. mEkhu; mtd;kPJ fUiz bfhz;L/ "mwptpy;yhj tPund * cdf;F capu;g; gpr;ir jUfpd;nwd;. ngh *" vd;whu;. $k;g[khyp mEkhUila fUizj;jpwj;ijf; fz;L tpae;jhd;. mEkhiu vjpu;j;Jg; nghu; g[upe;J khz;lhd;. xU Jhjd; ,uhtzdplk; Xog; ngha; $k;g[khyp kha;e;jijf; Twpdhd;. "muru; jiyth * Fu';F xd;Wjhd; mRu nridfis mHpj;jJ" vd;whd;. g";r nrdhjppgjppfs;: ,jidf; nfl;l ,uhtzd; vup kiynghy; g";r nrdhj gj fs;: rPwpdhd;. "vd;Dila ,y';if Ml;rp ed;W/ ed;W/ ,iyfisa[k; kyu;fisa[k; cz;qfpd;w xU Fu';F ,y';if te;J vd;Dila gyehs; tsu;j;j mnrhftdj;ij mHpj;Jf; fp';fpuu;fisa[k; $k;g[khypiaa[k; bfhd;W CUf;Fk; nghfhky; ,d;Dk; nghUf;F vd;W ,Uf;Fkhdhy;/ ,jidtplg; g[Jik vd;d ,Uf;fpd;wJ > njiuf; bfhz;L tUf. ehnd nghu; g[upar; bry;Yntd;" vd;whd;. mtDila rPw;wj;ijf; fz;L midtUk; m";rpdhu;fs;. mg;nghJ/ g";rnrdhjpgjpfs; tpUl;ghl;rd;/ a{ghl;rd;/ Ju;j;jud;/ gpuhrd;/ ghrfu;zd; vd;W ngUs;stu;fs; ,uhtzidg; gzpe;J/ "v';fs; jdpg; bgUe;jiyth * Xu; vWk;igf; bfhy;y khtPud; jz;lha[jj;ijj; jh';fpg; g[wg;gl;Lg; nghtJnghy;/ xU Fu';iff; bfhy;yg; nghtJ j';fs; tPuj;Jf;F ,Gf;fy;yth > v';fSf;F mEkjp bfhL';fs;. g[Gitf; fhyhy; nja;g;gJnghy mf;Fu';if mHpj;J tUnthk;" vd;whu;fs;. ,uhtzd; g[d;KWty; g{j;J/ "ed;W TwpdPu;fs; ey;yJ. brd;W btd;W mf;Fu';ifg; gw;wpf; bfhz;LthU';fs;" vd;whd;. g";r nrdhjpgjpfs; rJu';fnrida[ld; nghUf;Fg; g[wg;gl;Lr;brd;whu;fs;. mt;thW/ muf;f tPuu;fs; nghUf;Fg; nghFk;nghJ/ mtu;fspd; kidtp khu;fSk; g[jy;tu;fSk; mtu;fis ,ilkwpj;J mGJ bjhGJ/
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"nghUf;Fg; nghf ntz;lhk; nghdhy; jpUk;gp tukhl;Ou;fs;. te;jpUg;gJ thduk; md;W. ,y';ifia mHpf;f te;j g{jkhFk;. fhjyhy; TWfpd;nwhk;/ nghfntz;lhk;" vd;W Twpg; g[yk;gpdhu;fs;. mRuu;fs; mtu;fl;Fr; rkhjhdk; Twpg; nghu;f;fsk; nghdhu;fs;. nrdhjpgjpfs;/ "me;j thduk; v';nf >" vd;W nfl;lhu;fs;. m';fpUe;j Jhju;fs;/ "mnjh/ me;jf; njhuzj; Jhzpd; kPJ ,Uf;fpd;wJ ghU';fs;. mJ Fu';fd;W. mRu Fyj;ij mHpf;f te;j flt[shFk;" vd;whu;fs;. g";rndhjpgjpfSld;/ Ik;gjhapuk; nju;fs;/ Ik;gjpdhapuk; ahidfs;/ xU yl;rk; Fjpiufs;/ ,uz;L yl;rk; gjhjpfs;/ fly; nghy; KH';fpago te;jd. cjpur;nrw;wpy; nju;fs; ntfkhfr; bry;y Koahky; jtpj;jd. mEkhu; ngUUf;bfhz;L ahida[ld; kw;bwhU ahidia nkhjpa[k;/ njUld; kw;bwhU njiu nkhjpaHpj;Jk;/ mtu;fs; ifapy; cs;s Ma[j';fisg; gwpj;Jk;/ me;j Ma[j';fshnyna mtu;fisf; bfhd;Wk;/ CHpf; fhyj;jpy; vGfpd;w mf;fpdpiag;nghy; me;j mRu nridfis mHpj;J/ Ie;J nrhdjpgjpfisa[k; cijj;J tijj;jhu;. Rit xsp/ CW/ Xir/ ehw;wk; vd;w Ik;g[yd;fisa[k; "hdp xUtnu mlf;FtJ nghy mEkhu; xUtnu g";rnrdhjpgjpfisa[k; tijj;jhu;. Md;khf;fshfpa ekf;F kpf;f my;yy; jUtJ ,e;j Ik;g[yd;fnsahFk;. "Ik;g[y ntlupd; mau;e;jid" vd;gJ rpt"hdnghjk;. "tisj;J epd; iwtu; fs;tu; kdj;jpil Jauk; bra;J.. ." vd;fpwhu; mg;gu;bgUkhd;. "Xubthl;lhu; xd;iw cd;d bthl;lhu; kyu; ,l;Ldjhs;. nrubthl;lhu; Itu; bra;tbjd;ahd;" vd;fpd;whu; mUzfpupehju;. g";r nrdhjpgjpfs; Ik;g[yd;fis xj;jhu;/ mEkhu; mwpitxj;jhu;. fhty; tPuu;fs; Xo ,uhtzidg; gzpe;J Jf;fg;gLthu; nghy; eoj;J/ "nte;nj * nridfSld; brd;w Ik;bgU"; nridj; jiytu;fs;
DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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mf;Fu';fpdhy; bfhy;yg; gl;lhu;fs;. me;j thduk; nrhk;gp ,Uf;fpd;wJ" vd;whu;fs;.

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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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jk;gp ml;r Fkhuiua[k; bfhd;Wtpl;lJ. ,jdhy;/ ,y';if khefunk Jd;g[Wfpd;wJ" vd;whu;fs;. ,jidf; nfl;L ,e;jpu$pj;J mjpu;r;rpaile;jhd;. "xU Fu';fh ,j;jid ngiua[k; tijj;jJ > mRu Ml;rp khl;rp mHpe;jnj. ,J mkuu;fs; NH;r;rpahFk;" vd;W vz;zpj; nju;kPJ Vwp ,uhtzDila bghd; khspifia mile;jhd;. je;ijahiug; gzpe;jhd;. "je;ijna/ ckf;F mwpt[ Tu; kG';fptpl;lJ nghYk;. jPapd; Kd;nd g";R \l;ilfis mDg;g[tJnghy; mDg;gp/ mj;jid ngiua[k; mHpj;J xHpe;J nghFkhW bra;jPu;. muf;fu;fisf; Fu';F bfhy;ytpy;iy. ePu;jhd; bfhd;Wtpl;Ou;. mRu Fyj;Jf;F ml';fhg; gHpia cz;lhf;fptpl;Ou; * mJ theuk; md;W. ,y';ifia mHpf;f te;j g{jkhFk;. ehd; ngha;f; fl;oapGj;J tUntd;" vd;W rPwp/ btw;wpj; nju;kPJ Vwp mRu nridfs; g[ilNHg; g[wg;gl;lhd;. nghu;fsj;jpy; brd;W khz;l nridfspd; clk;g[fs; kiy nghyt[k;/ cjpu MWfisa[k; fz;lhd;. ",j;jid tPuu;fisa[k; xUtdhf epd;W nghu; bra;J mHpj;j me;j theuj;jpd; tPuk; kpft[k; ghuhl;Ljw;FupaJ. cfhe;j fhyj;J Uj;jpu\u;j;jpf;F epfuhd mt;theuj;jpd; Mw;wy; mstpl KoahjJ." jd; jk;gp ml;r Fkhud; epyj;jpny fUntg;gpiyj; Jitay; nghy; nja;g;g[z;oUg;gijf; fz;L cjpuf; fz;zPu; toj;jhd;. "vd; jk;gpah nja;e;jhd; > ,y;iy/ vd; je;ijahupd; g[fH; nja;e;jJ. ,dp vdf;F vd;d thH;t[ >" vd;bwy;yhk; vz;zpdhd;. mEkhu; tpRt +gj;ij vLj;J ,e;jpu$pj;jpd; nridfisf; bfhd;whu;. ,e;jpu$pj;J mEkhUila ngUUitf; fz;L ka';fpdhd;. "theunk/ eP ey;iy/ ey;iy. cdf;F epfuhdtu; ,y;iy/ ,y;iy. ahUlDk; nghu; bra;a ty;iy/ ty;iy. ,d;W cd; Ma[Sf;F vy;iy/ vy;iy" vd czu;f vd;whd;. mEkhu; ,e;jpu$pj;jpd; thu;j;ijfisf; nfl;L mz;l';fs; FY';f Mu;j;jhu;. jpupg[uk; vupj;j tpuprilf;flt[isg; nghy; rpupj;jhu;. "V \lnd * c';fs; thH;ehSf;F vy;iya[k; eP';fs; bjhlu;e;J cyf';fl;F
DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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bra;j bfhLikf;F vy;iya[k;/ c';fs; Ml;rpf;F vy;iya[k; bfhz;L te;jpUf;fpnwd;" vd;whu;. rpwpajha; brhd;d jpUbkhHpiar; brd;dpapy; No/ bewpapy; epd;w ,uhkgpuhDila g[fH;nghy;/ tpz;zst[k; tsu;e;J jd; nahf rf;jpahy; ngUUf;bfhz;L epd;w mEkhiu/ ,e;jpu$pj;J jiy epkpu;e;J vl;o vl;og; ghu;j;jhd;. ghjpf;Fnky; jpUnkdpiaf; fhztpy;iy. mEkhu; ,e;jpu$pj;jpd; nju;g;ghfidf; bfhd;W/ mtDila tpy;iy Kwpj;J vwpe;jhu;. xU kuj;ij ntUld; gpL';fp mtd; jiyapy; moj;jhu;. mtDila nju;fis bay;yhk; mHpj;jhu;. ,e;jpu$pj;J gpukh!;jpuj;ij vLj;J/ tpy;ypy; bjhLj;J/ khdrPfkhf/ mg;gilf;fyj;Jf;Fj; Jhg jPg epntjd';fs; bra;J mEkhu; kPJ Vtpdhd;. mg;gilf;fyk; bgupa ghk;g[ tothfp mEkhiug; gpzpj;jJ. M";rneau; nkUkiynghy; rha;e;jhu;. mtu; Kad;why; me;j m!;jpuj;ij mHpj;jpUg;ghu;. mad; gilia myl;rpag; gLj;jf;TlhJ. fl;Lz;L ml';fpg; nghtJ ey;yJ. md;wp ,uhtzidf; fz;L/ mtDf;F mwbewpfisf; Twyhk;. mjdhy;/ mtd; jpUe;jp/ bra;j gpiHf;F tUe;jp/ rPjh njtpf;fhf vk;bgUkhid bghwhJ ca;t[ bgwf;TLk; vd;W fUjp/ muf;fu;fs; ghrj;ijg; gw;wpf; bfhz;Ltur; brd;whu;. mEkhu;/ jhd; tPrpa ku';fshYk;/ tPuu;fis vwpe;jjhYk; mHpe;jpUe;j ,y';ifiag; ghu;j;Jf; bfhz;nl brd;whu;. muf;fpau;fs; mEkidf; fz;L/ ",e;jf; Fu';Fjhd; vd; fztidf; bfhd;wJ. ,e;jf; Fu';Fjhd; vd; kfd;fisf; bfhd;wJ/ ,e;jf; Fu';Fjhd; vd; je;ijiaf; bfhd;wJ" vd;W Twp ,fH;e;jhu;fs;. ",e;jf; Fu';if moa[';fs;/ foa[';fs;/ Fl;L';fs; cija[';fs"; vd;W rpy muf;fpau; Muthu"; bra;jhu;fs;. ,e;jr; bra;jpiaf; nfl;l

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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rPjhnjtp bgupJk; tUe;jp mGJ \u;r;rpj;jds;. mEkhUila eyj;Jf;fhf ,iwtid ntz;of; bfhz;lds;. mEkhiuf; fl;o ,Gj;Jf;bfhz;L nkfehjd; tUk; bra;jpia ciuj;jtu;fl;F ,uhtzd; gupR je;jhd;. ,e;jpu$pj;J ,uhtzDila mjp mw;g[jkhd m/Hfpa muz;kidf;F mEkid miHj;Jr; brd;W. mEkhiuf; fhl;o tz';fp/ "je;ijna * ,e;j theuk; Fu';F md;W. rpt\u;j;jpnah/ jpUkhnyh theutotpy; te;jpUf;fpd;whu;fs;" vd;W Twpdhd;. cw';Fk;nghJ fz;l ,uhtzid ,g;nghJ mEkhu; tpHpj;jpUf;Fk;nghJ fhz;fpd;whu;. Myfhyk; nghyr;rPw;wk; vGe;jJ. "mtDila jiyfisg; ghjj;jhy; gdk;gHk;nghy; cUl;og;gijf;fg; gijf;f tijf;fl;Lkh > ,td; vYk;g[fis xof;fl;Lkh >" vd;W vz;zpdhu;. gpd;du;/ jk; fUj;ij khw;wpf; bfhz;lhu;. ",td; rptdplk; tuk; gy bgw;wtd;. ,tidf; bfhy;tJ mupJ. ,tdhYk; vd;idf; bfhy;tJ mupJ. nghu; g[uptjhy; ehs; tPnz fHpa[k;. rPjhnjtp ,d;Dk; xU khje;jhd; ,y';ifapy; ,Ug;ngd;. gpd;du; capu; tpLntd;. vd;W Twpa[s;shu;. Mjyhy;/ ehk; fhyj;ij tPzhff; fHpf;ff; TlhJ." vd;W vz;zpf; fiuflthj jpiufly; nghy; epd;whu; *.

,uhtzDk; mEkhUk;

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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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bja;tkh > eP ahu; > cd;id ahu; ,';nf mDg;gpatu; > cz;ikia ciug;ghahf" vd;W tpdtpdhd;. mEkhu;/ ",uf;fkpy;yhj muf;fnd * eP Twpa midtUk; my;yd;. me;j mw;gkhd typika[ilatu;f;F Vty; g[upfpd;wtd; ehd; my;yd;/ jhkiuf; fz;zhfpa xU rkhdkpy;yhj tpy;yhspapd; Jhjd; ahd;. ,y';if va;jpndd;. me;j tpy;yhsp ahu; vd;W mwpa tpUk;g[fpd;whah > njtu;/ kdpju;/ Kdptu; Kjypa midtuhYk; Kof;f Koahj mupa braiyr; bra;gtu;. ,uhtzh * eP gyfhykhfr; rk;ghjpj;j typikiaa[k;/ njtu;fs; mspj;j tu';fisa[k; / cd; nridfisa[k; cd; bgUkpjkhd thH;ita[k; xU fizahy; mHpf;f ty;ytu;". "mwptpy;yhjtnd/ Mjpa[k; me;jKk; ,y;yhj guk;bghUs;. vf;fhyKk; fle;j Kk;\u;j;jpfSk; xU \u;j;jpahfp/ Nyj;ija[k; fkz;lyj;ija[k;/ rf;fuj;ija[k; Jwe;J/ Myk; ,iya[k; kyiua[k; ifiyiaa[k; tpLj;J te;Js;shu;. jUkj;ij v';Fk; epiy epw;fr; bra;J/ kf;fs; kPJs;s fUizahy; ntj';fs; Twpa ePjp bewpfis kf;fs; bjupe;J xGFk;go/ mtu;fisr; bre;bewpapy; brYj;jpj; jPatiu mHpj;Jj; JhatUila Jd;gj;ijj; bjhiyj;Jj;/ jd; jpUtoiar; rpe;jpg;ghUila gpwg;ig mWf;Fk; gukhj;kh gpwe;jhu;. v';nf gpwe;jhu;. fpzw;wpny tPH;e;jtidf; fhf;fj; jhKk; fpzw;wpy; tPH;e;J Jhf;fpf; fhg;gJnghy; mg;gukhj;kh te;J gpwe;jhu; vd czu;f". "mRu nte;jnd * mad; mup mud; vd;w Kk;\u;j;jpfSk; nru;e;J XUUthfp/ mnahj;jpapy; mtjupj;j ,uhkgpuhDf;F moatd; ahd;/ vd; ngu; mEkhd;. rPjhnjtpiaj; njo te;j m';fjDila Jhjd;". ,uhtzd; njhs; FY';f eifj;J/ "m';fjd; Jhjnd * vd; ez;gdhfpa thyp Rfkh > thypapd; Ml;rp rpwg;ghf eilbgWfpd;wjh>" vd;W nfl;lhd;.

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mEkhu;/ "muf;fnd/ gag;gl ntz;lhk;. ,uhkgpuhDila xU fizahy; thyp khz;Ltpl;lhd;. ,dp gpiHj;J tukhl;lhd;. cd;idf; fl;o/ vz; jpirfspYk; jhtp/ cd;id ntjidg;gLj;jpa thYk;/ jPapy; \H;fp tpl;lJ. ,g;nghJ Nupa Fkhudhfpa Rf;uPtd; Ml;rp g[upfpd;whd;. ehd; ,uhkUf;Fk; Rf;uPtDf;Fk; ,dpa md;gd;. cdf;F mwpt[iu Tw te;njd;. cd;id vdf;Ff; fhl;Lthu; ,y;yhikahy; mnrhftdj;ij mHpj;njd;. tpsf;fpy; tPH;e;J kpd;kpdpg; g{r;rpfs; mHptijg;nghy; cd;Dila gil tPuu;fs; vd;ghy; nghu; g[upe;J khz;lhu;fs;". "g[yj;jpad; kugpy; te;j eP xGf;fj;ij filg;gpof;f ntz;Lk;. xGf;fk; capupDk; cau;e;jJ. gpwd; kidtpia tpUk;g[nthidg; gHpa[k; ghtKk; nrUk;/ eufnk tha;f;Fk;. mjdhy; bgUe;Jau; milthd;. cdf;Fg; gy kidtpau;fs; ,Uf;fpd;wdu;. nghf khju;fs; gyu; ,Uf;fpd;whu;fs;. ,j;jid ,Ue;Jk; gujhuj;ij eP tpUk;g[tJ mwpt[ilikahFkh > tPl;oy; grpahw md;dkpUf;f/ ,d;bdhUtd; kidapy; cz;z md;dj;ijj; jpUlyhkh > eP murdh > fs;tdh > rPjhnjtpia ,uhk gpuhdplk; xg;g[tpj;jhy; mg;guk fUzhepjp cd;id kd;dpg;ghu;. thH;t[k; tuKk; jUthu;. fhkj;jhy; mwptpHe;J mRu Fyj;ijna mHpf;fhnj. bra;j gpiHf;F tUe;J/ cs;se; jpUe;J. ,uhkgpuhd; jpUtoiag; bghUe;J. milf;fyk; g[Fe;jtiu Mjupg;gJ ,uhkgpuhDila guk;giu; brhj;J. milf;fyk; g[Fe;j mw;gg; g[wht[f;F cly; jiria mWj;Jj; je;j rpgpr; rf;utu;j;jpapd; ngud;. ,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jp cd;id kd;dpj;Jf; fUiz g[upthu;. mtiug;nghd;w fUzh \u;j;jpia cyfj;jpy; fhz;gJ mupJ" vd;W mEkhu; Twpdhu;. ,uhtzd; ,ijf; nfl;L bgU";rPw;wk; mile;jhd;."mw;gf; Fu';nf/ eP vdf;F mwpt[iu TWtjh > cd;id ,g;nghnj ekd; cyFf;F mDg;g[ntd;" vd;W Twp/ kpft[k; rPwp/ mEkhiuf; bfhy;Ytjw;F this vLj;jhd;.

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mg;nghJ tpgP#zu; ,uhtzidj; jLj;J "mz;zh/ khjiua[k;/ Jhjiua[k; bfhy;yf; TlhJ. mg;gof; bfhd;why; ekJ g[yj;jpau; Fyj;jpw;F ,Gf;fhFk;. Mfnt/ bfhy;yhnj" vd;W Twpdd;. ,uhtzd;/ "ed;W Twpdha;. Jhjiuf; bfhy;YtJ ghtk;" vd;W rPw;wk; Mwp. ",e;jf; Fu';fpd; thypy; fapWfisr; Rw;wp/ bea;apy; eidj;Jj; jPitj;Jr; Rl;L mDg;g[';fs;" vd;W fl;lisapl;lhd;. ,e;jpu$pj; mEkhiug; gpoj;Jg; ghrj;ij mfw;wpdd;. ,y';ifapy; cs;s jhk;g[f;fapW/ C";ry; fapW/ bfhof;fapW Kjypa vy;yhf; fapWfisa[k; bfhz;L te;J mEkhUila thypy; Rw;wpdhu;fs;. muf;fpkhu;fs; jhypf; fapw;iw kl;Lk; th';ftpy;iy. fapWfisr; Rw;wr; Rw;w thy; ePz;L bfhz;nl ,Ue;jJ. xU yl;rk; muf;fu;fs; thiyg; gw;wp epd;whu;fs;. ,uhtzd;/ "nrtu;fns/ ,e;j Fu';Ff;F ehd; bra;j jz;lidia kf;fs; czu;e;J kfpHntz;Lk;. mjdhy; tPjpfs; njhWk; Rw;wpf; fhl;otpl;L/ tlf;Ff; flnyhuk; jP ita[';fs;" vd;W gzpj;jhd;. ,r;bra;jpiaf; nfs;tpa[w;w rPjhnjtp/ "V/ mf;fpdp gfthnd * eP cyFf;Fr; rhl;rpahf ,Ug;gtd;/ ehd; fw;gpy; Jhats; vd;gJ cz;ikahdhy; vd; kfd; mEkidr; Rlhnj *." muf;fu;fs; mEkhUila thypy; jPapl;lhu;fs;. me;j beUg;g[ mtiur; rpwpJk; Rlhky; re;jdk; nghy; Fspu;e;jpUe;jJ. mEkhu; me;j mw;g[jj;ijf; fz;L/ ,J md;idapd; mUs; vd;W md;id ,Ue;j jpiria nehf;fpj; bjhGjhu;. mEkhUila thypy; mf;fpdp bfhGe;Jtpl;L vupe;jJ. mEkhu; cau;e;j xU nfhg[uj;jpd; kPJ Vwp/ ,y';if KGtJk; thiy ePl;o me;efu; KGtija[k; bfhSj;jpdhu;. efu; KGtJk; jPapdhy; vupayhapw;W. khju;fSk;/ FHe;ijfSk;/ jPapy; tpGe;J koe;jdu;.
DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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mg;nghJ ,y';ifapy; mGif xyp v';Fk; vGe;jJ.. . v';Fk; g[ifg; glyk; \oaJ. ,uhtzDila muz;kid vupe;jJ. ,uhtzd; Kjypnahu; tpkhdk; Vwp tpz;zpy; ,Ue;J gpiHj;jhu;fs;. ",y';if vupaf; fhuzk; vd;d >" vd;W nfl;lhd; ,uhtzd;. nrtu;fs; mtidj; bjhGJ/ "Fu';fpd; thypy; ehk; ,l;l jP ekf;F te;Jtpl;lJ" vd;whu;fs;. "me;jf; Fu';ifg; gw;wpf; bfhz;L thU';fs;" vd;whd;. gy muf;fu;fs; btg;gk; jh';fhky; flypy; \H;fpdhu;fs;. mEkhu; jd;idg; gw;w te;j Ik;gjhapuk; muf;fu;fis thypy; cs;s jPapdhy; vupj;J/ thdj;jpy; ,sk; "hapW nghy;/ xspur; bra;J mnrhf tdj;ij mile;J gpuhl;oahiuj; bjhGjhu;. md;id/ mEkhUila tPur; braiyf; fz;L kfpH;r;rp bfhz;L mEkhiu thH;j;jpdhu;. mEkhu; te;j fhupak; ,dpJ Koe;jbjd kfpH;e;J thdj;jpy; X';fp tljpir nehf;fpg; gha;e;jdu;. ,ilapy; ike;ehf kiyapy; j';fp/ mk;kiyaurd; cgrhuj;ijg; bgw;W/ kpf;f ntfj;Jld; gha;e;J knfe;jpu kiyapy; Fjpj;jhu;. jhapd; tuitf; fz;l gwf;f ,ayhj ,skl gwitapd; F";Rfisg; nghd;w theu';fs;; mEkhiug; fzL mfkfpH;e;jhu;fs;. rpy theuu; mekhiuf; fz;L mGjdu;. rpyu;/ mtu; Kd;dpd;W Muthu"; bra;jhu;fs;. rpyu;/ tz';fpdhu;fs;. rpyu;/ Modhu;fs;/ rpyu;/ ghodhu;fs; rpyu; mtiu ms;sp tpG';FtJnghy; ghu;j;J epd;whu;fs;. rpyu; fpH';F fha; Kjypa ,dpa czt[fisj; njof; bfhzu;e;J mtu; Kd;nd cz;qkhW itj;jhu;fs;. njtpiaf; fz;L te;jhu; vd;W mtu; jpUKff; Fwpg;ng brhy;y czu;e;J bfhz;lhu;fs;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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drjperumalphd@yahoo.com

mtUila jhs;fspYk;/ khu;gpYk; njhs;fspYk;/ nghupy; Ma[j';fspy; Vw;gl;l g[z;fis nehf;fpg; bgU\r;Rtpl;L tUe;jpdhu;fs;. mEkhu; Kjypy; m';fjid tz';fpdhu;. gpd;du;/ $hk;gthid tz';fpdhu;. vy;yhUf;Fk; njtpapDila thH;j;Jiuiaf; Twpdhu;. theu';fs; kPz;Lk; kPz;Lk; mtiu tz';fp ngha;te;j tptuj;ija[k;/ njtpiaj; juprpj;jija[k; TWkhW ntz;odhu;fs;. mEkhu;/ ",uhkdoahu;fns/ c';fSf;F tzf;fk; ,uhkgpuhDila jpUtUspdhYk; c';fs; MrpapdhYk; ,y';if khefuk; brd;W/ njtnjtDila gj;jpdpahfpa rPjh njtpiaf; fz;L/ milahs';fisf; Twpndd;. ,y';ifapy; gpuhl;oahu; bkype;J/ eype;J/ jtbewpapy; ,Uf;ff; fz;nld;. mk;ikahu; bfhLj;j milahsj;Jld; ,';F kPz;Lk; te;njd;." vd;W Twpdhu;. muf;fnuhL nghu; g[upe;jija[k; btw;wp bgw;wija[k; ,y';ifapy; jP itj;jija[k; brhd;dhupy;iy. brhd;dhy; jw;g[fH;r;rpahFk; vd;W vz;zp kiwj;Jtpl;lhu;. Mdhy;/ nghu; g[upe;jij mEkhUila clk;gpypUe;j g[z;fs; bjuptpj;jd. mtu; jpUk;gp te;jnj btw;wpiaj; bjuptpj;jJ. m';F thdj;jpy; vGk; g[ifna ,y';if vuptijj; bjuptpj;jJ. m';Fs;s muf;fupd; bgUik/ njtp cld; tuhikna bjuptpj;jJ. mEkhu; theu tPuu;fisf; fz;L/ "vk;gpuhl;oahu; ,y';ifapy; xU khje;jhd; capnuhL ,Ug;ngd;. gpd;du; khz;Lnghntd;. vd;W kpFe;j tUj;jj;njhL Twpdhu;. Mjyhy;/ ehk; jhkjk; bra;ahky; g[wg;gl ntz;Lk;" vd;whu;.

kJtdk;

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174

drjperumalphd@yahoo.com

rPjhnjtpiaf; fhz mEkhu; ,y';iff;F nghdgpd; knfe;jpu gu;tjj;jpy; ,Ue;j theu tPuu;fs; mEkhu; njtpiaf; fz;L tuntz;Lk; vd;W ,uhkgpuhDila jpUtoia epide;J cz;zhkYk;/ cw';fhkYk;/ ',uhk ,uhk ,uhk' vd;W ehk ghuhazk; bra;J bfhz;oUe;jhu;fs;. mjdhy;/ vy;yhUk; grpapdhy; tho tj';fp ,Ue;jhu;fs;. tHpapy; kJtdj;ijf; fz;lhu;fs;. kJtdk; ,e;jpuDf;F cupaJ. mjid me;jpud; kfdhfpa thyp mile;jhd;. thypapd; kiwt[f;Fg; gpd; mk;kJtdk; Rf;uPtDila Ml;rpf;F te;jJ. mjid ,g;bghGJ jjpKfd; vd;w theu tPud; jd; Vtyu;fSld; fhty; g[upe;jhd;. theu tPuu;fs;/ ml';fhg; grpa[ld; nrhu;e;J m';fjidg; gzpe;J/ ",e;j kJtdj;jpy; cs;s kJit eh';fs; gUf mDkjp juntz;Lk;" vd;whu;fs;. m';fjd; mt;thnw mDkjp je;jhd;. theu';fs; kJit Moa[k; ghoa[k; Coa[k; Toa[k; gUfp kfpH;e;jhu;fs;. xUtu; thapy; tpl;L/ ,l;L cz;qk; njid/ ,d;bdhU theuk; Foj;Jtpl;Lr; bry;Yk;. xUtu; ifapy; cs;s njid kw;bwhU theuk; gpL';fpf; bfhz;Lngha; cz;qk; xnu Fu';fpd; kPJ Vwp kw;bwhU Fu';F mku;e;J njid cz;qk;. xUtiu xUtu; jGtpa[k;/ xUtiu xUtu; Vrpa[k;/ kJit cz;L kfpH;e;jhu;fs;. fhty; bra;a[k; theu';fs; jLf;f mtu;fis ,tu;fs; moj;jhu;fs;. mtu;fs; ngha;j; jjpKfdplk; Kiwapl;lhu;fs;. jjpKfd; vd;w theu tPud; m';fjdplk; nghupl;lhd;. mtid mtd; ieag;g[ilj;jhd;. Jd;gg;gl;l jjpKfd; Rf;uPtid ehor; brd;whd;.

,uhkuppd; ; Jau; ; ,uhku d Jau
,uhkgpuhd; uprpa\f gu;tjj;jpy; Jd;gf; flypy; \H;fpapUe;jhu;. Rf;uPtd; mtiuj; njw;wpf; bfhz;oUe;jhd;. ,uhku;/ "Rf;uPth/ ehk; mDg;gpa vy;y theu';fSk; rPijiaf; fhzhky; jpUk;gp te;Jtpl;ld. bjd; jpirf;Fg;nghd mEkd; Kjypnahu;fs; te;jhu;fspy;iy. rPijiaf; fhzhj tUj;jj;jhy; khz;L nghdhu;fnsh/
DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

175

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,uhtzidr; re;jpj;J mtdplk; nghu; g[upe;J bfhz;oUf;fpwhu;fnsh > mtd; mtu;fis v';fhtJ rpiwapy; itj;Jtpl;lhndh * rPijiaf; fhzhJ bte;J behe;J cs;sk; ciye;J jtk; g[upe;Jbfhz;oUf;fpd;whu;fnsh *" vd;bwy;yhk; Twp tUe;jpf; bfhz;oUe;jhu;. jjpKfd; m';fjdhy; mog;gl;l g[z;fSld; Rf;uPtid mqfpj; bjhGJ ele;jij etpd;whd;. ,ijf; nfl;l Rf;uPtd; kfpH;e;jhd;. "theu';fs; njtpiaf; fz;L te;j kfpH;r;rpapdhy; kJtdj;ij mHpj;J ,Uf;fpwhu;fs;. Mjyhy;/ ,uhk if';fu;ak; epiwntwp ,Uf;f ntz;Lk; jjpKfnd/ m';fjd; ,sturd;/ kJtdj;Jf;F cupatd; mtid eP';fs; vjpu;f;fyhkh > eP m';F ngha; m';fjidr; ruzk; milthahf *" vd;W Twptpl;L ,uhkgpuhidg; ghu;j;Jr; brhy;Yfpd;whd;. "Iand * gpuhl;oiaf; fz;l kfpH;r;rpapdhy; theu';fs; kJtdj;ij mHpj;J kfpH;fpd;whu;fs;. Mjyhy;/ jh';fs; tUe;j ntz;lhk;" vd;W Twpdhd;.

mEkhu; ; jppUto bjhGjy; ; mEkhu j Uto bjhGjy
M";rneau; me;j neuj;jpy; ,uhkgpuhdplk; te;J njtpapUf;Fk; jpir nehf;fp ,uhkgpuhDf;F nenu fhy;fs; ePl;oj; bjd; jpir nehf;fp ifTg;gp tz';fpdhu;. ,f;Fwpg;ig nehf;fp uhkgpuhd; rPjhnjtp ,y';ifapy; fw;g[ bewpapy; epw;fpd;whs; vd;gij czu;e;jhu;. mEkhu;/ "fz;ldd; fw;gpDf;F mzpfyj;ijf; fz;ldd;. mg;gpuhl;oapd; fz;fspdhy; mtisf; fw;gpDf;F mzpfyd; vd;W fz;Lbfhz;nld;. bjd; flypy; ,y';if khefupy; mj;njtp jtk; ,Uf;ff; fz;nld;." "Iand/ njtuPUila njtpbad;Dk; jd;ikf;Fk; jruj uh$ht[ila kUfpbad;Dk; tha;ikf;Fk;/ $df uh$htpDila kfs; vd;Dk; jd;ikf;Fk; cupatshf vk;gpuhl;oiaf; fz;nld;." "bghd;Df;Fg; bghd;jhd; ctik. njtpf;Fj; njtpjhd; ctik. ckf;F ePnu ctik. vdf;F ehnd ctik vd;W vd;id badf;Fj;
DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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je;jhu;. ,uhfth/ ckJ Mjpj;jd; Fyj;ijj;/ jhd; jtkpUe;J cau;j;jp/ ckf;nf cupajhff; bra;jhs;. g[fH; epiwe;j jhd; gpwe;j $df khkd;dupd; Fyj;ijg; bgUikg;gLj;jpdhs;. jd;idj; jdpik bra;J bfhz;L bfhoa muf;fu; Fyj;ij ,akDf;Fj; je;jhs;. njtFyj;ij thH;tpj;jhs;. vd; Fyj;ij vdf;nf je;jhs;." ahu; ve;jf; Fu';ifg; ghu;j;jhYk; mEkhu; nghfpwhu; vd;gJ cyf tHf;F. "nfhjz;lk; Ve;jpa nfhkfnd * fly; NH;e;j ,y';ifapy; ey;y jtk; bra;fpd;w xU e';ifiag; ghu;j;njd; vd;W vz;z ntz;lhk;. Fogpwg;g[ vd;w FzKk;/ bghWik vd;w FzKk;/ fw;g[ vd;w FzKk; ,e;j \d;W Fz';fSk; nru;e;J xd;iwbahd;W gw;wpf;bfhz;L kfpH;r;rpapdhy; eldk; g[upaf; fz;nld;."

,uhknd// guk;bghUs; ; ** ,uhknd guk;bghUs
"vk; bgUkhnd/ njtpia ePu; gpupe;jpUf;fpd;wPu; vd;W cyfj;jhu; vz;qfpd;whu;fs;. me;jf; fw;g[j; bja;tj;jpd; fz;fspy; ePu; ,Uf;fpd;wPu;. mtu; fUj;jpny ,Uf;fpd;wPu; mk;k';ifau;f;furpapd; thf;fpdpy; ,Uf;fpd;wPu;. kd;kjd; va;j mk;gpdhy; bjhisj;j g[z;zpYk; ,Uf;fpd;wPu;." "flYf;F eLnt ,y';ifbad;Dk; efupy; fhiy khiy ,d;wp tpz;zst[k; tsu;e;j bghd; kakhd fw;gfr; nrhiyf;Fs; jk;gp yl;Rkzu; bra;j jtr; nrhiyapy; ,Uf;fpd;whs;. jt";bra;j jtkhe; ijay; Jha;ikahf ,Uf;fpd;whs;. ghjfdhfpa ,uhtzd; njtpiaj; jPz;l m";rp/ gu;zrhiynahL ngu;j;Jf; bfhz;Lngha;/ mnrhf tdj;jpy; itj;jpUf;fpd;whd;. gpuknjtu; ,uhtzidg; ghu;j;J tpUg;gkpy;yhj xU fw;g[ila bgz;izj; jPz;Lthahfpy;/ cd; jiy Mapuk; Jz;Lfshf btof;f fltJ vd;W rhgk; je;jpUf;fpd;whu; mjdhy;/ mtd; jPz;odhdpy;iy."

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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"vk;bgUkhnd rPjhnjtpapd; fw;g[j; jpwj;jhy; bgz; Fynk cau;e;Jtpl;lJ. nrhfk; epiwe;j vd; md;idapd; fw;g[ eyj;jhy; njtkhju;fSk; rpwg;g[w;whu;fs;. rptbgUkhDila ,lg;ghfj;jpy; ,Ue;j ckh njtpahu; mtUila jiynky; ,Uf;Fk; rpwg;igg; bgw;whs;. jpUkhypd; khu;gpy; thGk; yl;Rkp njtp mj;jpUkhypd; Mapue; jiyfspYk; ,Uf;fj; jf;fts; Mdhs;." "monad; ,y';if KGtJk; ehoj; njoj;/ njtpiaf; fhzhky; tho tUe;j/ mnrhf tdj;jpy; vk;gpuhl;oia mtSila fz;zPu;f; flypy; fz;nld;. me;j md;idia Ma[jk; jh';fpa nga; KfKk;/ eha; KfKk; bfhz;l muf;fpkhu;fs; NH;e;J xt;bthU tpehoa[k; Jd;g[Wj;jpf; bfhz;oUe;jhu;fs;. me;j eLeprpapy; bgz;fs; NH/ mnrhftdj;Jf;F ,uhtzd; te;jhd;. te;jtd; vk;gpuhl;oia ,iw";rpf; bf";rpj; bjhGJ epd;whd;. njtp Myfhyk; nghy;; rPwp itjhs;. ,uhtzd; m";rp mfd;W nghdhd;. ehd; xU ke;jpuk; brhy;yp/ muf;fpkhu;fisj; Jh';FkhW bra;njd;. ahtUk; Jh';fpa gpd; md;id cs;sk; cile;J/ my;yy; mile;J ehd; ,Ue;j mnrhf kuj;jpd; fpisapy; ehu;bfhz;l bfhoiaf; fl;o fGj;jpy; RUf;fpl;Lf; bfhz;lhs;. me;j mghakhd neuj;jpy; ,uhk ehkk; brhy;ypj; bjhGnjd;. mGnjd;. jh';fs; brhd;d milahs';fisf; Twpndd;. Kotpy; fizahHp nkhjpuj;ijj; je;njd;." "fizahHpiaf; fz;L md;idf;F \r;R te;jJ. bgUkfpH;r;rp mile;jhs;. ',e;jg; g[dpjkhd nkhjpuk; ghtpfs; thH;fpd;w ,y';iff;F te;jnj' vd;W baz;zp/ fz;fspypUe;J bgUfpa fz;zPuhy; mgpn#fk; bra;jhs;. mk;nkhjpuj;ijr; brd;dpapy itj;Jf; bfhz;lhs;/ khu;gpy; itj;Jf; bfhz;lhs;. mg;bghGJ te;j tpuf bte;jPapdhy; nkhjpuk; cUfptpl;lJ. cs;sk; Fspu;e;jJk; cUfpa nkhjpuk; ,WfpaJ. nkhjpuk; cUfpaJk;/ ,WfpaJk; xU fzj;jpy; epfH;e;jJ. ,uz;Lk;

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drjperumalphd@yahoo.com

fz;nld;. gpd;du;/ vk;gpuhl;o vd;id ek;gpf; fz;Fspug; ghu;j;J Mrp Twpdhs;." ",';F eilbgw;w epfH;r;rpfisbay;yhk; tpupthff; Twpndd;. vk;gpuhl;o mj;jida[k; nfl;L kfpH;r;rp mile;jhs;. md;id vd;idg; ghu;j;J/ 'kfnd/ ,d;Dk; xU khje;jhd; ,y';ifapy; ,Ug;ngd;. mjw;Fnky; capiutpl;L tpLntd;. Mjyhy;/ xU khjj;Jf;Fs; vd;idr; rpiw kPl;f ntz;Lk;' vd;W njtuPUf;f mwptpf;fr; brhd;dhs;. bkype;J eype;J cz;zhkYk;/ cw';fhkYk; vd; md;idj; jtepiyapy; ,Uf;fpd;whs;" vd;W Nlhkzpia vLj;Jf; bfhLj;jhu;. me;jr; Nlhkzp ,sk; "hapiwg;nghy; xsp bra;jJ. m';fjd; Kjyha midtUk; te;J ,uhkgpuhid mGJ bjhGJ Konky; ifTg;gp tz';fpdhu;fs;. bgUkhd; vy;yhUf;Fk; mUs; g[upe;jhu;. Rf;uPtd; ,dp jhkjpf;ff;TlhJ vd;W fUjpr; nridj; jiytdhd ePyDf;Fr; nridfSld; g[wg;gLkhW fl;lisapl;lhd;. mEkhUila ntz;LnfhSf;fpz';fp ,uhku; ujj;jpy; Mnuhfzpj;jhu;. m';fjd; ntz;LnfhSf;fpz';fp ,isa bgUkhSk; Mnuhfzpj;jhu;. gd;dpuz;L gfy; ele;J bjd; fliy mile;jhu;fs;.

a[j;j fhz;lk;
,uhtzd; ; ke;juhnyhrid ,uhtzd ke;juhnyhrid
,uhkgpuhd; bjd;fly; fiuiar; nru;e;jhu;. fly; miy te;J tPRfpd;wJ. yl;Rkpahfpa rPij flypy; gpwe;jts;. ,uhku; Mfpa jpUkhy; flypy; epj;jpiu g[upgtu;. mjdhy;/ ,uhkUf;Ff; fly; khkpahu; tPlhFk;. khg;gps;is te;jpUf;fpd;whu; vd;W fUjpj; bjd;ww; fhw;whfpa ikj;Jdu; miyfshfpa ghiar; Rul;of; fiuapny Kj;Jk; Eiua[k; rpe;j cjwpg;gha; tpupg;gJnghy; ,Ue;jJ me;jf; fhl;rp.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

179

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,uhtzd; tpRtg; gpukid miHj;J/ ,y';ifia Kd;dpYk; gd;kl';F mHfhf cz;lhf;FkhW fl;lis apl;lhd;. mj;bja;tj; jr;rd; bghd;dhYk; etkzpfspdhYk;/ muz;kidfSk;/ rhiyfSk;/ nrhiyfSk; jhkiu XilfSk; khkzp nkilfSk; tps';f mjpaw;g[jkhf cz;lhf;fpdhd;. ,uhtzd; mijf;fz;L kpf;f btFkjpfisj; je;J mDg;gpdhd;. gpd; ke;jpuhnyhrid rigia mile;jhd;. Kdptu;/ njtu;/ bgz;fs;/ ,is"u;fs; Kjypatu;fis btspnaw;wptpl;Lj; jd; fUj;Jf;Ffe;j mikr;ru; Kjypnahu; mUfpypUf;FkhW bra;jhd;. jd; mDkjpapd;wp tz;LfSk; fhw;W';Tl m';F tuf;Tlhbjd;W Mizapl;lhd;. "md;gu;fns * xU Fu';F te;J mnrhf tdj;ija[k; muf;fu; Fyj;ija[k; mHpj;J vd; kfdhfpa ml;r Fkhuid kha;j;J/ nja;j;J/ ,y';ifia vupa{l;oj;jpUk;gpa[k; ngha;tpl;lJ. vd; tPizf;bfho bte;J vupe;jJ. gy nfho tPuu;fs; khz;ljdhy; epyj;jpy; cjpuk; CWfpd;wJ. ehk; gLf;Fk; ,l';fs; vy;yhk; bfhjpf;fpd;wd. mjdhy;/ czt[k; cwf;fKk; ,y;yhJ xHpe;jd. kidtpkhu;fspd; Te;jy; vupe;J ehWfpd;wd. vdf;F ,ijtpl ntW vd;d mtkhdk; cz;L > Mfnt/ nkw;bfhz;L ehk; vd;d bra;ayhk; vd;W rpe;jpj;Jr; brhy;Y';fs;" vd;W ,uhtzd; Twpdhd;. Jd;Kfd;/ kfhghu;Rtd;/ gpuhrd;/ Nupa rj;JU/ nts;tpg; gif"d;/ jhkpuhl;rd; Kjyhndhu; ,uhtzidg; gzpe;J "vypfisf; fz;L g[ypfs; m";Rkh > ,U kdpju;fSf;Fk; ,iyfisa[k; kyu;fisa[k; nfhjpa[z;qk; Fu';FfSf;Fk; m";rp xU ke;jpuhnyhrida[k; Tl;Ltjhdhy; ekf;F ,ijtpl mtkhdk; VJ > v';fSf;F mDkjp bfhLj;jhy; eh';fs; brd;W kdpju;fisa[k; Fu';Ffisa[k; bfhd;W jpd;W tUnthk;. eh';fs; VGfly;fisa[k; Fog;nghk;. kfhnkU kiyia ,og;nghk;. v';fshy; Mfhj fhupak; xd;W csnjh > ,g;bghGnj nghUf;Fg; g[wg;gLnthk;" vd;W Twpdhu;fs;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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Fk;gfu;zd;
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,e;jppu$[p[pj;J ,e;j u$ j;J
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tppgP#zu; ; t gP#zu
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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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drjperumalphd@yahoo.com

g[j;jp kl;L' vd;gJ gHbkhHp. eP ml';fpapU" vd;W Twptpl;Lj; jk; jikaidg; ghu;j;J mwt[iu TWfpd;whu;. "md;g[s;s mz;zh * monaDf;Fj; jha[k; eP/ je;ija[k; eP/ jikaDk; eP/ FUt[k; eP/ ehd; tz';Ffpd;w flt[Sk; eP/ ,';Fs;stu;fs; ahUk; cd; eyj;ij epidj;J ngrpdhupy;iy. ,tu;fs; Twpa Mnyhrid 'ifapy;yhjtd; vGjpa rpj;jpuj;ijf; fz;zpy;yhtd; fz;L kfpH;e;jhd;' vd;gij xf;Fk;. ,e;jpuDf;Fk; va;jhj bgUk; gjtpia eP ,Hf;fg; nghfpd;whna vd;w fUjp/ kdk; kWfp/ csk; cUfp ,e;j mwt[iuia cdf;Ff; TWfpd;nwd;." "ehd; TWk; mwt[iu KGtJk; nfl;lgpd;/ gpd;du; nfhgpf;fyhk;. mz;zh * Mjpj;jd; fjpUk;/ fhw;Wk; EiHahj ,y';ifapy; xU theuk; EiHa[kh > EiHe;J vupf;Fkh > ,e;j ,y';ifia theuk; vupf;ftpy;iy. rPjh njtpapd; fw;g[f;fdy; vupj;jJ. ,Jjhd; cz;ik. ee;jpj;njtu; rhgj;jhy; Fu';F ,e;efuj;ij mHpj;jJ vd;W czu;f. tpUg;gkpy;yhj ntjtjp vd;w fw;g[f;furpia eP fs';fg;gLj;jpdha;. Mts; cdf;Fr; rhgk; je;J jPapy; tpGe;jhs;. me;j ntjtjpna cd; Fyj;ij mHpf;fr; rPijahfg; gpwe;Js;shs;." "mz;zh * Fu';Ffs; vd;W eP myl;rpak; bra;fpd;widna. Fu';fhfpa thypapdhy; eP mile;j Jd;g';fSf;F msntJ > khDlu; vd;W myl;rpak; bra;fpd;widna/ khDldhfpa fhu;j;jtPupad; cd;id mlf;fpr; rpiw itj;jhd; vd;gij vz;qjp. md;wpa[k;/ fhu;j;jtPupaid tijj;j guRuhkid ,uhku; btd;whu; vd;gij kwf;fyhkh > ,uhkiug; gifg;gJ ed;wd;W. rPijiar; rpiwtpl;L ca;t[ bgWf" vd;W md;g[lDk; ghrj;JlDk; ,uhtzd; nkYs;s nerj;JlDk; Twpdhd;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

182

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tsuhtz;zk; bra;jhs;. ehujUila Qup g$idiaf; fUtpypUe;j FHe;ij nfl;Lf; fUtpnyna jpUt[ilajhf tps';fpaJ." "gpuknjtu; md;dthfdj;jpy; ,uzpaDf;Ff; fhl;rpspj;jhu;. ,uzpad; gpuknjtuplk; 'jdf;F tpz;zpYk;/ kz;zpYk;/ ePupYk;/ beUg;gpYk;/ tPl;oYk;/ btspapYk;/ ,utpYk;/ gfypYk;/ m!;jpu r!;jpu';fshYk;/ njtu;fshYk; \tu;fshYk; Kdptu;fshYk; al;ru;fshYk;/ mRuu;fshYk;/ tpy';FfshYk;/ ntW vjdhYk; kuzk; tuf;TlhJ' vd;W tuk; bgw;whd;." ",uz;ag[uk; vd;w jd; efuj;ij mile;jhd;. ehuju; mtdJ kidtpiaff; bfhz;L te;J nru;j;jhu;. mts; Mzp Kj;Jg; nghd;w mupa kfitg; bgw;whs;. gpufyhjd; vd;W bgau; Nl;odhu;fs;." ",uzpad; flt[s; ,y;iy vd;w bfhs;ifia vy;yhUk; filg;gpof;FkhW bra;J/ jhnd flt[s; vd;W/ jd;idna vy;yhUk; tz';f ntz;Lbkd;W Mizapl;lhd;. vy;yhUk; jd; bgaiuna $gpf;f ntz;Lbkd;Wk;/ jd;idna vy;yhUk; tz';f ntz;Lbkd;Wk;/ jd;idna tHpgl ntz;Lk; vd;W fl;lisapl;lhd;. jd;idj; jtpu ntW flt[s; ,y;iy. vd;W fUjp/ ntjj;jpy; jd; bgaiur; nru;j;Jg; ghuhazk; bra;a ntz;Lbkd;Wk; 'Qpuz;aha ek/ Qpuz;a enkhj;J rpj;jk;' vd;W gs;spfspy; XJkhWk; bra;jhd;. vy;yh Mya';fspYk; jd; cUtj;ijna gpujp#;il bra;J jd; cUtj;ijg; g{$pf;FkhW bra;jhd;." "mRu FUthfpa Rf;uhrhupahu; ,uzpaDila nghf;iff; fz;L. jk; kfdhfpa rz;lkhu;f;fidg; g[nuhfpjuhf epakd"; bra;Jtpl;Lj; jPu;j;j ahj;jpiu ngha;tpl;lhu;. gpufyhju; bjhl;oypnyna ehuhazUila vl;L

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gpufyhjupd; bgUik
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g[ijj;jhu;fs;. mtu; jpUkhypd; gj;jpdpahfpa g{kp njtpapd; koapy; jtH;e;J g$id bra;ayhdhu;. ,ijf; fz;L muf;fu;fs; Mr;rupak; mile;jhu;fs;. ,uzpad; bfhoa e";irf; bfhLj;J Fog;gpj;jhd;. jpUkhypd; Filahfpa ghk;gpd; e";ira[z;L mij $Puzk; g[upe;J gukhde;j bts;sj;jpy; mGe;jpdhu;. ghwh';fy;ypdhw; fl;o MH;flypy; tPH;j;jpdu;. gpufyhju;/ "MHpapy; mwpJapy; g[upa[k; mupKFe;jh * itFe;jh * nfhtpe;jh * cd; jpUtona ruzk;. cd; moahu;f;F VJ kuzk; > vdf;F cyfk; xU jpuzk;" vd;W Jjp bra;jhu;. me;jf; fy; bjg;gkhf kpjf;ff; fiunawpdhu;. gpufyhju; gpjh ,Uf;Fkplk; te;jhu;. gy fhyj;Jf;Fg; gpwF mtiug; ghu;j;j midtUk; mjprag;gl;lhu;fs;. ,uzpad; jd; mikr;ru;fis nehf;fp/ "vd; capupDk; rpwe;j cj;jk kpj;jpuu;fns * Mid tapw;wpny g{id gpwf;fhJ. g[yp tapw;wpy; vyp gpwf;fhJ. mtiuf; bfhoapy; Jtiu fha;f;fhJ. kh';fha; kuj;jpy; nj';fha; cz;lhfhJ. ehd; tp#;qt[f;Fr; rj;JU. vd; kfd; tp#;qt[f;F kpj;U. rj;U tapw;wpy; kpj;U vg;gog; gpwg;ghd; > vd; jk;gpiaf; bfhd;w ehuhaziu Ie;J nfho vGgjpdhapuj;J mWgj;njhuhz;Lfs; njondd;. me;jj; jpUld; vdf;Ff; fpilf;ftpy;iy. vd; kfd; filf;Fl;o/ rp';ff; Fl;o ru;f;fiuf; fl;o/ gifahspf; Foia cwthof; bfLf;f ntz;Lk; vd;w gHbkhHpapd;go ehuhaziug; gf;jp bra;tJ nghy; eoj;J/ mtid tr";bra;J vd;dplk; fhl;of; bfhLj;Jj; jpUkhiyf; bfhy;Ytjw;F vd; kfd; bra;a[k; je;jpur; NH;r;rpahFk;. ,jid eP';fs; czu;e;J bfhs;S';fs;" vd;W Twp
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mz;l'; FY';fr; rpupj;jhd;. "kfnd * mRu Fyj;jiHf;f te;j mUkUe;nj * ek; Fy itupahfpa me;jf; jpUkhiyj; njoj; njo tho tpl;nld;. mtd; v';nf ,Uf;fpd;whd; vd;W brhy;. " gpufyhju;/ "mg;gh/ ehd; tz';Fk; njdpDkpdpa jpUkhy; rhz; epyj;jpYk; ,Uf;fpwhd;. mqit EhW Twpl;l nfhzpYk; ,Uf;fpd;whd;. kfnkU Fd;wpYk; ,Uf;fpd;whd;. ,njh vjpupypUf;Fk; ,e;jj; JhzpYk; ,Uf;fpd;whd;. cd; brhy;ypYk; ,Uf;fpd;whd;. mtd; vy;yh ,lj;jpYk; ,Uf;fpd;whd;. m';fp';bfdhjgo v';Fk; gpufhrkha; ,Uf;fpd;whd;. JUk;gpYk; ,Uf;fpd;whd;. ,Uk;;gpYk; ,Uf;fpd;whd;. kz;zpYk; ,Uf;fpd;whd;. tpz;zpYk; ,Uf;fpd;whd;" vd;W Twpdhd;. ,uzpad;/ "\lnd * ck;gu;f;Fk; cdf;Fk; cjt[fpd;w me;j ehuhazd; ,njh ,Uf;fpd;w ,e;jj; Jhzpy; ,Uf;fpd;whdh > ,y;iybad;why; Fk;gkj ahidiar; rp';fk; bfhd;W jpd;gJnghy;/ cd;idf; bfhd;W cd; cjpuj;ijf; Fog;ngd;." vd;whd;. "je;ijna * ehd; brhd;d ehuhaz\u;j;jp ,e;jj; Jhzpy; ,y;iybad;why;/ vd;idf; bfhy;y ck;khy; MfhJ. mtu; jpUto rhl;rpahf ehnd capiu tpl;L tpLntd;. ,J rj;jpak;." Mapue; Jhz;fisa[ila me;j Mapu';fhy; kz;lgj;jpy; ,Ue;j ,uzpad;/ ",e;jj; Jhzpy; ,Uf;fpwhdh >" vd;W xU Jhizr; Rl;of; fhl;of; nfl;lhd;. gpufyhju;/ ",e;j xU Jhz; md;W/ vy;yhj; Jhz;fspYk; ,Uf;fpd;whu;" vd;whu;. mg;bghGJ ,uzpad; ve;jj;Jhiz
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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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,uhkgppuhDila Mnyhrid ,uhkg uhDila Mnyhrid
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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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208

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jd; mz;zd; epd;W ghu;g;gij tpgP#zu; ,uhkUf;F bjuptpj;jhu;. m';fpUe;J Rf;uPtd;/ ,uhtzidg; ghu;j;J/ 'fw;g[j; bja;tj;ijf; fhty;rpiwapy; itj;j fs;td; ,td;. ,tidf; fz;L ehd; btWknd ,Ug;gJ vd; tPuj;Jf;F ,Gf;fhFk;' vz;bwz;zp/ ,uhtzd; kPJ gha;e;jhd;. muk;giau; Kjypa bgz;fs; mywp Xo xspe;jhu;fs. ,uhtzDila khu;gpd; kPJ Rf;uPtd; Fj;jpdhd;. ,uhtzDf;Fk; Rf;uPtDf;Fk; fLk; nghu; epfH;e;jJ. xUtiu xUtu; moj;Jk; foj;Jk;/ gpoj;Jk; kw;nghu; epfH;j;jpdu;. ,uhku;/ Rf;uPtd; jdpikapy; brd;W ,uhtzDld; nghu; g[uptijf; fz;L bgUe;Jaukile;jhu;. "Rf;uPth * vd;d fhupak; bra;jid > xU fUkj;ij vz;zpj; Jzpa ntz;lhkh > ''tppidtyppa[k; ; jd;typpa[k; ; khw;whd; ; typpa[k; ; t idty a[k jd;ty a[k khw;whd ty a[k Jiztyppa[k; ; Jhf;fppr; ; bray;.;. '' Jizty a[k Jhf;f r bray vd;Dk; \Jiuia eP gof;ftpy;iyah > cd;id ,uhtzd; bfhd;Wtpl;lhy; cd; kidtp Ukhtplk; ehd; vd;d brhy;ntd; > cd;id ,He;J ehd; rPijiag; bgw;why; vdf;F mJ btw;wpahfhJ. jhdj;jpy; epjhdk; bgupjy;yth > tugyk; kpFe;j ,uhtzidf; bfhy;tJ vspjy;ynt. kdpjDf;F mtruk; Tlhnj. Muha[k; jpwk; ntz;lhkh >" vd;bwy;yhk; Twp tUe;jpdhu;. Rf;uPtd; ,uhtzDila kFl';fspy; ,s"; Nupaidg; nghy; xsp bra;fpd;w kzpfisg; gwpj;Jf; bfhz;L te;J ,uhkgpuhd; jpUtofspy; itj;J tPH;e;J tz';fpdhd;. ,uhkgpuhDf;Fr; brd;w capu; jpUk;gpaJnghy; kfpH;r;rpa[z;lhapw;W. Rf;uPtid khu;nghL jGtpf; bfhz;lhu;. mtd; clk;bgy;yhk; cjpu bts;sk; bgh';fpbaGe;jijf; fz;L ,uhku; kpft[k; tUe;jpdhu;. ,uhku; Rf;uPtidg; ghu;j;J "jk;gp/ eP jdpikapy; tu gyk; epiwe;j ,uhtzidr; brd;W vjpu;f;fyhkh > mtd; cd;idf; bfhd;wpUg;ghdhapd; ehd; btd;Wk; njhw;wtdhfnt Mntd;. rPijiar; rpiw kPl;Lk; ehd; rpe;ij kfpnHd;. eP vGgJ bts;s theu';fspd;
DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

209

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capu; my;yth > cd; capu; nghdhy; ntW vd;d ,Uf;fpd;wJ > ,dp ,t;thW bra;ahnj" vd;W tUj;jj;Jld; Twpdhu;. ",uhtzDila jiyfisf; bfhz;L tuhky; mtdJ kFl kzpfisj;jhnd bfhz;L te;njd;. ehl;ony Ffg; bgUkhd; bra;j jpUj;bjhz;ilg; nghny bra;a ,y;nyd;. fhl;ony fGF nte;jdhfpa $lha[ gfthidg; nghny capiu tH';fpg; g[fH; bgw;nwdpy;iy. vk;gpuhl;oiar; rpiw itj;j guk ghjfidg; ghu;j;jJk; mtdJ gj;Jj; jiyfisa[k; bfhz;L tuhky; btW'; ifa[ld; te;njd;. vd;Dila bjhz;L rpwg;g[ilajhfhnj" vd;W Twp tUe;jpdhd; Rf;uPtd;. "Rf;uPt kd;du; bra;jJ mupa bgupa fhupakhFk;. rpt bgUkhDila brd;dpapypUe;J jp';fisa[k; gwpf;fyhk;/ ehuhaz \u;j;jpapd; jpUkhu;gpypUf;Fk; ft[j;Jt kzpiaa[k; gwpf;fyhk;. Mdhy;/ vd; mz;zd; jrKfd; jiyapYs;s kFlj;jpd; kzpfisg; gwpf;f xy;yhJ. mjidg; gwpj;J te;j gpupjp FkhuDila guhfpukk; ghuhl;Ljw;FupaJ. ,J braw;fupa brayhFk;" vd;W tpae;J brg;gpdhu; tpgP#zu;.

mzpptFg;g[ [ m z t F g; g
thdu nridj; jiytdhfpa ePyd; jd; nridfis mzptFj;J epWj;jpdhd;. nkw;F thapypy; 17 bts;sk; nrida[ld; mEkhUk;/ tlf;F thapypy; 17 bts;sk; nrida[k; Rf;uPtDk;/ fpHf;F thapypy; 17 bts;sk; nrida[ld; ePyDk;/ bjw;F thapypy; 17 bts;sk; nrida[ld; m';fjDk; epd;wdu;. ,e;j thdu tPuu;fSf;F nghdfk; njLfpd;wtu; ,uz;L bts;sk;.

JhJk; nghUk;
mRu nridfs; ; mRu nridfs
fPH;j;jpir thapypy; 200 bts;sk; nrida[ld; gpuf!;jDk;/ bjd; jpir thapypy; 200 bts;sk; nrida[ld; knfhjuDk;/ nky;jpir thapypy; 200 bts;sk; nrida[ld; ,e;jpu$pj;Jk;/ efupd; thapypy; 200 bts;sk;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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nrida[ld; tp+gh&Dk;/ tljpir thapypy; 200 bts;sk; nrida[ld; ,uhtzDk; mzptFj;J epd;wdu;.

m';fjd; ; JhJ m';fjd JhJ
JhJ vd;gJ xU g[ul;rpahd brhy;. Kd;bdGj;J gpd;bdGj;jhft[k; J - Jh vd;gJ jpUk;gp vd;whapw;W. ,Jnghd;w brhy; jkpHpy; ntwpy;iy. JhJ vd;gJ fz;nghd;wJ. fz; brd;W gw;W'; fUtp. fz; xspa[ld; bjhiytpYs;s bghUisr; brd;W ghu;f;fpd;wJ. fhjpy; Xu; xyp te;J tpGfpd;wJ. xU kd;dtDila fUj;ij kw;bwhU kd;dtDf;Fr; brd;W brhy;Yfpwtd; Jhjd;. fe;jg[uhzj;jpy; tPuthFnjtu; JhJ/ ,uhkazj;jpy; m';fjd; JhJ/ kfhghujj;jpy; cYhf Kdptu; JhJ/ r";rad; JhJ. fz;zd; JhJ/ fnlhj;f$d; JhJ vd;w ehd;F JhJfs; tUfpd;wd. Mdhy;/ vy;yh JhJfSk; njhy;tpaile;jd. cyfk; mse;j cj;jkdhfpa fz;zgpuhd; Jupnahjdplk; Ie;J tPLfs; bgw Koahky; tPnz jpUk;gptpl;lhu;. jpUth+upy; rptbgUkhd; ,utpny guitahu; kidf;Fr; brd;w me;j xU JhJjhd; btd;wJ. rpw;wpayf;fpa';fspy;/ nkftpL JhJ/ ehiutpL JhJ/ fps;istpL JhJ/ tz;LtpL JhJ/ tpwyptpL JhJ/ gztpL JhJ/ jkpH;tpL JhJ/ be";RtpL JhJ/ kapy;tpL JhJ ,t;thW gy JhJfs; ,Uf;fpd;wd. JhJ ,yf;fpak; Ritahf ,Uf;Fk;. ,dp/ m';fjd; ahu; vd;gij tpsf;Ffpd;nwd;. gjtpapy; ,Ug;gtu;f;Fg; giftu;fshy; gy Jd;g';fs; tpisa[k; cjhuzkhf ,uhku;/ jUku;/ esd;/ mupr;re;jpud;/ ghup ,g;gog; gyUk; giftuhy; ntjidg;gl;oUf;fpd;whu;fs;. ,e;jpud;/ \t[yfehjd;/ mtDf;F vg;nghJk; gif. XU rkak; KRFe;jr; rf;utu;j;jp ,e;jpuDf;Fj; Jizahfr; brd;W mtdJ giftu;fis tijj;J cjtp bra;jhu;. mjdhy;/ ,e;jpu gfthd; jpUkhypd; khu;gpy; ,Ue;J jd;dplk; te;j/ tHpghl;L \u;j;jpahfpa jpahfuh$g; bgUkhid KRFe;jDf;Fj; je;jhu;. KRFe;jr; rf;utu;j;jp mg;bgUkhidj; jpUth+upy; vGe;jUsr; bra;jhu;. jpUth+upy; Mz;Lf; bfhUKiw KRFe;jr; rf;utu;j;jpf;Fg; g{i$ eilbgWtJ fz;TL.
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kw;bwhU Kiw mu;r;Rdd; ,e;jpu cyfk; brd;W ,e;jpuDf;F ,Ue;j giffisf; fise;J cjtp g[upe;jhu;. Mfnt/ ,e;jpuDf;F vg;nghJk; gifa[z;L. fhj;jw; flt[shfpa ehuhazu; ,e;jpuDf;F epue;jukhf cjtp g[upaf; fUjp/ ,e;jpuDila jha; mjpjp tapw;wpy; Mapuk; Mz;Lfs; fUtpUe;J/ FHe;ijahfg; gpwe;J ,e;jpuDf;Fj; jk;gpahfpa cnge;jpud; vd;w ngUld; tsu;e;J/ jd; jikadhfpa ,e;jpuDf;Fj; cjtp g[upthuhdhu;. jpUkhny cnge;jpudhfg; gpwe;jhu;. me;j cnge;jpud; m';fjdhfg; gpwe;jhu;. Mfnt/ m';fjd; jpUkhypd; mk;rkhFk;. mjdhy; ,uhkazj;jpy; m';fjDf;Fr; rpwe;j ,lKz;L. ,uhkUf;Fj; jpUKo Nl;Lk; ,lj;jpy; mupaiz mEkd; jh';f/ m';fjd; cilths; Ve;j vd;w brhw;bwhliur; rpe;jpf;f. m';fjd; m";rh be";ira[ilatd;. jd; je;ijiag; nghy; mstpy;yhj Mw;wYilatd;. ,uhk gf;jp g{z;ltd;/ jd; rpwpa je;ijahfpa Rf;uPtDf;F ey"; bra;fpd;wtd;/ ew;Fz ek;gp/ "hyk;nghw;Wk; rPyk; cilatd;. ,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jp "murpay; Kiwg;go ,uhtzDf;F xU JhJ mDg;gpr; rPijiar; rpiw tpLkhW brhy;y ntz;Lk;. mtd; jpUe;jpr;/ bra;j ghtj;Jf;F tUe;jp/ ek;ikg; bghUe;Jthdhapd;/ nghu; g[upa ntz;oa mtrpak; ,y;iy. mtd; jpUe;jtpy;iyahdhy; nghu; g[upa ntz;Lk;. md;gu;fns * xU Jhjid mDg;g[tnj ePjpa[k; bewpa[k; MFk;" vd;whu;. Jhjid mDg;g[tJ mur bewpna vd;W tpgP#zUk; Rf;uPtDk; cld;gl;lhu;fs;.

,yl;Rkzu;
,yl;Rkzu; JhJ mDg;g[tjw;F ,irahky; kWj;Jiuj;jhu;. "kdpjid kdpjd; mwpthd;/ kl ehiaj; jof; bfhk;g[ mwpa[k; vd;gJ gHbkhHp. ,uhtzd; gz;ghoy;yhjtd;. cyf khjhitr; rpiwapy; itj;jhd;. njtUf;F ,Lf;fz; bra;jhd;. me;jzu;fSf;F myf;fz; bra;jhd;/ kd;Dapu;fisg; g[ilj;Jj; jpd;whd;/ $lha[ gfthidf; bfhd;whd;. mtd; bra;j - bra;a[k; - bfhLikfSf;F msntapy;iy. Mfnt/ JhJ mDg;g[tJ rupad;W" vd;W ,yl;Rkzu; ,ak;gpdhu;.
DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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,uhku;/ "jk;gp ,yl;Rkzh * eP bkhHptJ Kw;Wk; cz;ik. muf;fu;fs; mHptJk; cz;ik/ eha; thiy epkpu;j;j KoahJ. MdhYk;/ ehk; murpay; bewpg;go Jhjid mDg;g[tJ ekJ bgUe;jd;ikf;F mHfhFk;. md;wp/ kPz;Lk; mEkidna JhJ mDg;gpdhy; mtidj; jtpu ntW rpwe;jtu;fs; ,y;iynah vd;W vz;qthu;fs;. xU JhjDf;F mwpthw;wy;/ ngRe; jpwik/ m";rhik/ Jzpt[/ gzpt[/ fdpt[ Kjypa gy Fz';fs; mike;jpUf;f ntz;Lk;. ,j;jidf; Fz';fSk; mEkhDf;F cz;L. tPl;ow;F te;j kUkfDf;nf jpd;gz;l';fs; khwp khwpr; bra;J gilg;ghu;fs;. ehk; mEkidna kPz;Lk; mDg;g[tJ TlhJ. mEkDf;F mLj;j ,lk; m';fjdhFk;" vd;W Twp m';fjid miHj;jhu;. m';fjDf;F/ khUjpf;F mLj;j ,lk; jdf;Ff; fpilj;jnj vd;W kl;lw;w kfpH;r;rpa[z;lhapw;W. ,uhku;/ "md;g[s;s m';fjnd * eP JhJ brd;W ,uhtzDf;F ePjp bewp g[fd;W/ vjpu;j;jtiu btd;W/ giftiuf; bfhd;W ,dpJ kPSf" vd;w Twp tpil bfhLj;jhu;. m';fjd; ,uhkuJ fiziatpl ntfkhf tpz;zpy; gha;e;J brd;whd;. ,uhtzDila kzp kz;lgj;ij mile;jhd;. ,uhtzd; gyu; NHg;/ bghd;nkUfpup mku;e;jpUe;jJ nghy; tPw;wpUe;jhd;. mtDila ,izapy;yhj Vw;wj;ija[k; njhw;wj;ija[k; m';fjd; fz;lhd;. m';fjd; jdf;Fs;/ "M * ,tdJ bgUkpjk; kpfr; rpwe;jJ. ,tid ,uhkgpuhidad;wpf; bfhy;y ty;yhu; ahu; > ,tDia kFlkzpiag; gwpj;j vd; rpwpa gpjhtpd; Mw;wy; kpft[k; rpwe;jJ/" vd;W Twpf; bfhz;lhd;. m';fjDila tPuj; njhw;wj;ijf; fz;l ,uhtzd; cs;Sf;Fs; m";rpdhd;. "knfhjuh * ,J Kd; te;j theukh >" vd;W nfl;lhd;. knfhjud; "mRu Fy nte;nj ,J Kd; te;j Fu';iftpl ,se; Jog;g[ld; ,Uf;fpd;wJ" vd;whd;. ,uhtzd;/ "theunk eP ahu; > te;j fUkk; ahJ > ,';nf cs;stu;fs; cd;idf; bfhd;W jpd;gjw;F Kd; tpiue;J brhy;" vd;W kz;lgk; mjpu eifj;Jf; nfl;lhd;.
DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

213

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m';fjd; TWfpd;whd; ",uhtzh * g{j';fSf;F ehafDk;/ fly;NH;e;j g{kpf;F ehafDk;/ jpUkfisbahj;j rPijf;F ehafDk;/ bja;t ehafDk; eP xJfpd;w ntj';fSf;F ehafDk;/ tpjpf;F ehafDk; Mfpa ,uhkgpuhd; mDg;gpa Jhjd; ahd;. ,uhku; Twpa mwpt[iuiar; brhy;y te;njd;" vd;W Twpdhd;. m';fjd; thu;j;ijiaf; nfl;l ,uhtzd;/ "V/ theunk * rpt\u;j;jp md;W/ jpUkhYk; md;W/ gpuk njtDk; md;W/ ,tu;fs; vd;ghy; tuj; ja';Fthu;fs;. Fu';Ffisf; Tl;or; rpwpa fliyr; nrJfl;o tUe;Jfpd;w ,uhkdh cyfehjd; > eP ahu; > cd; ngu; ahJ >" vd;W tpdhtpdhd;. m';fjd; TWfpd;whd;. "jrf;fpuPth * ,y';ifapy; ,uhtzd; vd;bwhUtd; ,Ue;jhd;. mtid thypy; fl;o mtd; cjpuk; v';Fk; rpe;j/ kiyfs; njhWk; gha;e;J mtid mlf;fp XLf;fpa kfh tPud; thyp. me;j thyp fliyf; fyf;fp mkpu;jj;ijj; njhd;wr; bra;jtd;. mj;jifa tpj;jf thypapd; ike;jd; ehd;. vd; ngu; m';fjd;". ,ijf; nfl;l ,uhtzd; g[d;dif g[upe;J "vd; mUik kfnd/ cd; je;ijahfpa thyp vd; capu;j; njhHd;/ je;ijiaf; bfhd;w ,uhkd; gpd;nd eP ml';fp xL';fp/ eL';fpr; brd;W thHyhkh > ,J cd; bgUikf;F ,Gf;fy;yth > ehd; rPijia cilikahf bgw;nwd;/ cd;id kfdhfg; bgw;nwd;. ,ijtplg; bgUk; ngW vdf;F vd;d ,Uf;fpd;wJ > me;j khDlu;fs; ,d;W ehis mHpe;J tpLthu;fs;. cdf;F ehd; Ko Nl;Lntd;. cd; muir cdf;Fj; jUntd;" vd;whd;. m';fjd; "V * \lnd * ,';Fs;shu; midtUf;Fk; kuzthrk; beU';fptpl;lbjd;W tpgP#zd; v';fs;ghy; te;jhd;. ,y';iff;F murdhf mtDf;F eh';fs; Ko Nl;ondhk;. thapy; te;jijr; brhy;yp vd;id tr";bra;a Kay;fpd;whnah * eP gl;l'; bfhLf;f/ ehd; murhl;rpiag; bgWntd; vd;gJ/ eha; ey;yuirf; bfhLf;f/ rp';fk; bgw;Wf; bfhz;lJnghy; MFk;. eP ,g;go Mdhna/ ,t;thW bfl;Lg; nghdhna * bgz;zhirahy; mHpe;jtu; gyu;. re;jpud;/ ,e;jpud;/ Re;njhgRe;jpuu; Kjypnahu; bgz;zhirahy; mHpe;jhu;fs;. ,y';if
DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

214

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nte;jnd * eP g[yj;jpau; kugpy; te;jtd;/ g[yj;jpau; gpuk Fkhuu;. gpuk Fyj;jpy; te;j eP Mapuk; ntj';fis Xjpdha;. eP gujhufkdk; bra;ayhkh > cdf;Fs;s kidtpau; nghjhjh > mRuu;Fyk; mHpa/ Mirf;F moikahfhnj. njtpia tpLf/ ,y;iynay; Mtpia tpLf. ,uz;oy; xd;W bra;f" vd;w Twpdhd;. ,uhtzd; ,ijf; nfl;Lr; rpde;J/ ",tidg; gw;W';fs;/ Vw;W';fs;" vd;W muf;f tPuu;fis Vtpdhd;. m';fjd; mtu;fisf; bfhd;W/ Kjiya[k; \u;f;fDk; bfhz;lJ tplh vd;W fUjp/ thdbtspahf te;J ,uhkiu tz';fp/ "bgUkhnd tstsbtd;W TWtjdhy; vd;d gad; > \ld; jiy mw;whyd;wp mtd; MirawhJ" vd;W Twpdhd;.

Kjy;ehs; ; nghu; ; Kjy;ehs nghu
thdu nridfs; Kjy;ehs; nghUf;Fg; g[wg;gl;ld. ,y';if efuj;jpd; thapypy; g[Fe;J ,uhkdpd; fl;lisapd;go ku';fisa[k; kiyfisa[k; vLj;J mfHpiaj; Jhu;j;jd. theu nrida[k; mRu nrida[k; vjpu;j;Jf; fLk;nghu; g[upe;jd. tlf;F thapypy; tr;rpuKl;o vd;w mRu tPud; fLk; nghu; g[upe;jhd;. mjdhy;/ theu';fs; gy khz;ld. Mjpj;jd; kfdhfpa Rf;uPtd; Myfhy tp#k;nghy; rPwp tr;rpu Kl;oa[ld; nghu; g[upe;J mtid kha;j;jhd;. fpHf;F thapypy; muf;fu; nridj; jiytdhfpa gpufj;jd; Mapukhapuk; mk;g[fis Vtp/ mupf;Fy';fisf; bfhd;W Ftpj;jhd;. theu nridj; jiythdhfpa ePyd; mtid vjpu;j;Jg;nghu; g[upe;J bfhd;whd;. bjw;F thapypy; Rghuprd; vd;w mRu tPud; bgUk; nghu; g[upe;jhd;. theu';fs; tUj;jKw;wd. m';fjd; mtid vjpu;j;J tijj;jhd;. nkw;F thapypy; Jd;Kfd; vd;w mRu tPuida[k; ,UEhW bts;sk; nridfisa[k; mEkhu;/ mwtw;w Mw;wYld; nghu;g[upe;J mHpj;jhu;. Jhju;fs; Xo/ fpHf;F thapypy; nrdhjpgjp gpufj;jDk; bjw;F thapypy; RghuprDk;/ tlf;F thapypy; tr;rpu Kl;oa[k;/ nkw;F thapypy; Jd;KfDk; Vida nridfSk; khz;lhu;fs; vd;W ,uhtzdplk; Twpdu;.
DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

215

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,uhtzd; Mapuk; Fjpiufs; g{l;oaJk;/ ,e;jpud; je;jJkhfpa fly; nghd;w tprhyKs;s njupy; Vwpg; nghUf;F te;jhd;. ,uhtzd; nghUf;F tUfpwhd; vd;W Jhju;fs; Xo ,uhkUf;F mwptpj;jhu;fs;. ,uhku;/ nfhjz;lghzpaha; \jz;lk; eL';fg; nghu;f;fsj;jpw;F te;jhu;. ,uhkDila tpy;nyhiriaf; nfl;L theu tPuu;fs; \iyf;bfhUtuhf Xo xspe;jhu;fs;. Nuhjp Nudhfpa Rf;uPtd; ,uhtzidj; jLj;J mtDld; nghu; g[upe;jhd;. ,uhtzd; tpl;l mk;gpdhy; Rf;uPtd; ka';fp tPH;e;jhd;. M";r neau; Rf;uPtd; ka';fp tPH;e;jJ fz;L/ rPw;w'; bfhz;L ,uhtzidg; ghu;j;J ",y';if nte;jnd * vd;Dld; nghu;bra;a th *" vd;W Twp kiybahd;iwg; ngu;j;J ,uhtzd; kPJ tPrpdhu;. ,uhtzd; fizfis Vtp mk;kiyiaj; Jfs; gL;j;jpdd;. mEkhu; xU khkuj;ijg; gpL';fp ,uhtzd; kPJ vwpe;jhu;. ,uhtzDila rhujp jiy tPH;e;jJ. ntW rhujp njupy; Vwpdhd;. ,uhtzd; EhW mk;g[fis Vt/ mjdhy;/ mEkhUila jpUnkdp MWnghy; cjpuk; nrhu my;yy; gl;lhu;. ,yl;Rkzu; ,jidf; fz;L/ cs;sk; ciye;J/ Mapuk; Mapuk; ghz';fis Vtp/ mRu nridfis mHpj;jhu;.

K#;o a[j;jk;
mEkhu; ,uhtzd; vjpupy; te;J ",y';if nte;jnd * ,g;bghGJk; ePa[k; ehDk; K#;o a[j;jk; g[upnthk;. cd;Dila khu;gpy; ehd; Fj;Jntd;. eP gpiHj;Jf; bfhz;lhy; vd; khu;gpy; Fj;J/ ehd; gpiHj;Jf; bfhz;lhy;/ ,dp cdf;Fk; vdf;Fk; nghu; g[upa[k; epiyikapy;iy" vd;whu;. ,uhtzd; mEkhUila tPutrdj;Jf;F ,z';fpj; jd; khu;igf; fhl;o epd;whd;. mEkhu; Ie;J tpuy;fisa[k; klf;fp ,uhtzd; khu;gpy; X';fp Fj;jpdhu;. mf;Fj;J nkUkiyapy; ,o tpGe;jJnghy; ,Ue;jJ. ,uhtzd; rpwpJ neuk; ka';fpj; ja';fp epd;whd;. mEkhUila Fj;jpdhy; Jd;gj;ij mile;jhd;. jiyapYs;s \is mtDila fhJ tHpahft[k; \f;F tHpahft[k; japu; rpe;JtJ nghy; btspte;jJ.
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,uhtzd; mEkhiu nehf;fp/ "theu tPund * typik vd;gJ xd;W cz;L vd;gija[k; mJ cd;dplk; ,Uf;fpwJ vd;gija[k; czu;e;njd;. eP rpwe;j tPud; vd;gija[k; mwpe;njd;. jsu;t[ vd;gija[k; czu;e;njd; eP vd;id btd;wid. cdf;F epfuhd tPuu; gjpdhd;F cyfpYk; ,y;iy. ,dp cd; khu;gpy; ehd; Fj;Jntd;. mf;Fj;jpdhy; eP khz;L xHptha;. xUfhy; eP gpiHj;Jf; bfhz;lhy; cdf;F mHptpy;iy. cd;dhy; vd;idf; bfhy;y Koatpy;iy. vd;dhy; cd;idf; bfhy;y Koatpy;iy. Mjyhy; cdf;Fk; vdf;Fk; nghupy;iy" vd;W g[fH;e;J Twpdhd;. gpd;du;/ mEkhUila khu;gpny t$;$puk; nghd;w jd; gj;Jf; fu';fshy; X';fpf; Fj;jpdhd;. ,uhtzDila Fj;jpdhy; M";rneau; \u;r;rpj;Jr; rypj;J nkU kiynghy; cyif kwe;J epd;whu;. mEkhu; rypj;jJ fz;L cyf';fs; rypj;jd. theu';fs; kiyfisg; gpL';fp ,uhtzd; kPJ tPrpf; fLk;nghu; g[upe;jd. ,uhtzd; Mapu'; nfho mk;g[fshy; mk;kiyfisr; rhk;gyhf;fpdhd;. ,uhtzdJ nghu;j; jpwj;ijf; fz;L ,ikatu; tpae;jdu;. ,yl;Rkzu; tpy;iy tisj;J EhWnfho/ EhW Ehwhapu';nfho mk;g[fis Vtpg;/ ghz kiH bghHpe;jhu;. mjdhy;/ mRu nridfs; khz;ld. ,uhtzDila gj;Jf; bfhoa tpw;fisa[k; Jz;L bra;jhu;. ,uhtzd; ,yl;Rkzupd; nghu;j;jpwj;ij kpft[k; tpae;J ghuhl;odhd;. mtUila fu ntfj;ija[k; ru ntfj;ija[k; fz;L jpifj;jhd;. tPuj;Jld; eifj;jhd;. xU rpwe;j ntiy ,yl;Rkzu; kPJ Vtpdhd;. ,yl;Rkzu; nty; gl;L czu;r;rpaw;W tPH;e;jhu;. ,uhtzd;/ ,yl;Rkziuf; bfhz;L ngha; rpiwapyilf;ff; fUjpj; jd; ,UgJ fu';fshYk;/ mtiu vLf;f Kad;whu;. bts;sp kiyia ms;spbaLj;j mtdhy; ,yl;Rkziu vLf;f Koatpy;iy. MdhYk;/ Kaw;rpia tplhky; mau;r;rpa[ld; ,yl;Rkziuj; Jhf;f vj;jdpj;jhd;. ntwplj;jpy; nghu; g[upe;J bfhz;oUe;j mEkhu; ,jidg; ghu;j;Jf; nfhHpf; F";irj; Jhf;FtJnghy; ,yl;Rkziu xU ifapy; Jhf;fpf; bfhz;L thdj;jpy; gwe;J brd;whu;. jd;dhy; Jhf;fKoahj ,yl;Rkziu xU fuj;jhy; vspjhfj; Jhf;fpf; bfhz;L nghFk;. mEkhupd; Mw;wiyf; fz;L muf;fu; nfhkfd; mjprak; mile;jhd;.

,uhkUk; ; ,uhtzDk; ; ,uhkUk ,uhtzDk
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,uhtzd; vjpupy; te;J nghu; bra;aj; bjhl';fpdhu; ,uhku;/ mg;bghGJ M";rneau; jk; njhspy; VWkhW ,uhkiu ntz;odhu;. ,uhku; mEkhUila njhspy; Vwp/ typik nktp nghu; g[upe;jhu;. ,uhkiur; Rke;jpUf;Fk; mEkhu;/ thypdhYk; fhy;fspdhYk; fu';fshYk; mRu nridiaf; bfhd;W Ftpj;jhu;. ,uhkUk; ,uhtzDk; kpft[k; bfhjpj;Jf; fLk;nghu; g[upe;jhu;fs;. mEkhu; ,uhtzDila xt;bthU Kfj;Jf;F Kd;dpd;W nghu; g[upe;jhu;. mtd; ifapypUe;J tpw;fisg;gpL';fp vwpe;jhu;. nju;f; Fjpiufisf; bfhd;whu;. ,uhtzDila gj;J tpw;fisa[k; ,uhku; mWj;bjwpe;jhu;. ,uhku; xU tpehoapy; ,uhtzDila gj;J kzp kFl';fisa[k; epyj;jpy; tPH;j;jpdhu;. mjdhy;/ ,uhtzd; re;jpuid ,He;j ,uita[k; Nupaid ,He;j gfiya[k; xj;J epd;whd;. re;jpud; ,y;iyahdhy; mJ ,uthFk; Nupad; ,y;yhj gfy; fpilahJ. ,g;nghJ ftpr;rf;utu;j;jp Mjpj;jd; ,y;yhj gfYk; xj;jhd; vd;W TWfpd;whu;. ,jid ,y;bghUs; ctik vd;W g[ytu;fs; TWtu;. mJ Kw;Wk; bghUe;jhJ.

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Nupad; ,y;iyahdhy; gfny fpilahJ. ,uhtzDf;Fg; g{j clk;g[/ g[fGlk;g[ vd;W ,uz;L clk;g[fs; ,Ue;jd. kzpkFlk;ngha; mtd; xspapHe;J re;jpudpy;yhj ,uitg;nghy; g{j clk;g[ld; ,Ue;jhd;. Nupad; ,y;yhikahy; gfy; ,y;yhky; nghtJnghy;/ mtdila g[fGlk;g[ ,y;yhky; kiwe;Jtpl;lJ. fk;gehlUila ftpj;jpwk; fz;L fspf;fj; jf;fJ. ,uhtzd; njupHe;J. tPud; vd;w ngupHe;J/ nridfs; NH epd;w rPupHe;J/ gilapHe;J/ fk;gPukhd eilapHe;J khu;gpypUe;J g{e;bjhilapHe;J/ g{r;rf;fuf; FilapHe;J/ tpy;ypHe;J/ jdpg;bgUe;jiytd; vd;w brhy;ypHe;J khdk; ,He;J tpGJld; Toa Mykuk;nghy; btW'; ifadha; epd;whd;/ ehzpdhd;/ fhy; bgUtpuyhy; epy'; fpisj;Jf; filf;fz;zhy; ,uhkiug; ghu;j;J epd;whd;. fUizf;flyhfpa ,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jp Xu; mk;gpid Vtp/ ,uhtzDila gj;Jj; jiyfisa[k; fPnH js;spapUf;fyhk;. vspjpny ,jidr; bra;jpUf;fyhk;. mt;thW vk;bgUkhd; bra;atpy;iy. nja;e;j re;jpuid uhF nfJfs; gw;Wtjpy;iy. nja;e;J Xa;e;jtidf; bfhy;Yjy; jk; tPuj;Jf;F mHfd;W vd;W vz;zpdhu;. ,uhtzd; kPJ ,uf;f'; bfhz;lhu;. jk;Kila ju;kgj;jpdpiaf; ftu;e;j kfhghjfidf; fz;L rPw;wk; mile;jhupy;iy. mtDila epiyikf;F ,u';fpdhu;. rpy mwt[iufisg; gfu;fpd;whu;. "jrf;uPth * jUkj;jpdhyy;yJ typikahy; kl;Lk; bgUk; nghupy; btw;wp bgWtJ njtu;fSf;Fk; mupJ vd;gij cd; kdj;jpy; cWjpahf vz;qf. ghtP * ,y';iff;Fg; nghf ntz;Lbkd;W guguf;fpd;wha;. bkype;jpUf;Fk; cd;id ehd; bfhy;y tpUk;gtpy;iy. mwe;jhd; bty;Yk; Ma[jk; bty;yhJ vd;gij. ,jdhy; czu;e;J bfhs;. eP mwk; bty;Yk; vd;gij ,g;nghjhtJ czuf;fltha;. Iah/ cd;Dila nridfs; aht[k; Nwhtspf; fhw;wpy; ,ytk;g";R gwg;gJnghy; mHpe;J xHpe;jd. cd; kidtp tz;nlhjup cd;id vjpu;ghu;j;Jf; bfhz;oUg;ghs;. mts; rpwe;j cj;jkp. eP ,d;W ngha;/ cz;L cw';fp ,isg;ghwp tpl;L ntW Ma[j';fis vLj;Jf; bfhz;L ehisf;Fg; nghUf;F th" vd;W Twp mUs; g[upe;jhu;.
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f';if ejp gha/ ghf;Ff; Fiyfspy; thiskPd; jht[k; tsika[ila nfhry ehl;Lf;Fupa ts;syhfpa ,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jp thuj;JlDk; <uj;JlDk; fUiz jJk;g Twpdhu;. ,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jp guk rj;JUt[k; jkJ kidtpiaf; ftu;e;jtDk; Ju;f;Fzf; fs";rpaKkhd ,uhtzDf;F fUiz g[upe;J/ gupe;J mUSiu Twpdhu;. ,uhtzd;/ ,uhkgpuhDila fUizj; jpwj;ij vz;zp ,y';ifia nehf;fpg; nghfpd;whd;.

Fk;gfu;zd;
nghupy; njhy;tpa[w;w ,uhtzd;/ jpir ahidfSld; nghu; bra;j khu;gpd; typiaa[k;/ ifiy kiyia vLj;j njhspd; jpwikiaa[k; ,ir ty;yhuhfpa ehuj Kdptu; kfpHr;/ rhkntjk; ghoa ehita[k;/ khiyazpe;j gj;J kzpkFl';fisa[k;/ rptbgUkhd; je;j thsha[jj;ija[k; jd; xg;gw;w tPuj;ija[k; nghu;f;fsj;nj tpl;L/ btW';ifa[ld; ,y';if khefuk; brd;whd;. jd;idj; jf;f jUzj;jpy; gad;gLj;jpf; bfhs;shjjhy; rptbgUkhd; je;j ths; mtidtpl;L tpyfpg; nghapw;W. mg;go ,uhtzd; brd;w bghGJ. xU kdpjDf;Fj; njhw;whd; vd;w gHp mtidj; bjhlu;e;J brd;wJ. ehzj;jpdhy; fu';fisj; bjh';ftplhky; Jhf;fpf; bfhz;L ele;J jd; efuj;ijaile;jhd;. Mjpj;jd; m!;jfpupia mile;jhd;. ,uhtzd; nghupy; njhw;w ehzj;jhy; jpirfs; vtw;iwa[k; ghu;f;ftpy;iy. jd;idf; fhzte;j ike;ju;fisa[k; ghu;f;ftpy;iy. fly; nghd;w jd; nridfisa[k; ghu;f;ftpy;iy. bgz;fs; j';fs; fz;fshy; jdpj;jdpna mtid nehf;fj;jhd; mtu;fis nehf;fhjtdha; epy kfs; vd;w bgz;izna nehf;fpf; bfhz;L nghdhd;.

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jdpahd ,lj;jpy; brd;W kzpj;jtprpy; ,Ue;jhd;. kdfjp/ tha[ntfd;/ kUj;jd;/ khnkfd; vd;w ehd;F JhJfspYk; cs;s ekJ nridfis miHj;J thU';fs; vd;W TwpaDg;gpdhd;. ,uhtzd; jd;idf; fz;L thDyfpy; ,Ug;gtu;fSk; kz;qyfpy; ,Ug;gtu;fSk;/ jhd; fz;L eifj;j giftu;fSk; rpupf;fpd;whu;fns vd;W ehzpdhdpy;iy. ePz;l fz;fisa[ila rPij rpupg;ghns vd;W ngijahfpa mtd; ehzp tUe;jyhdhd;.

Fk;gfu;zd; ; nghu;j;jppwd; ; Fk;gfu;zd nghu;j;j wd
rPij jd; epiyiaf; fz;L Vsdkhfr; rpupg;ghns vd;W vz;zp ehzp tUe;jpa ,uhtzid/ mtDila ,isa ghl;ldhuhfpa khypathd; fz;lhu;. mtd; mUfpy; mku;e;J md;g[ld; nfl;lhu;. "ngug;gps;isna * thoapUf;fpd;widna. cdf;F te;j Jd;gk; vd;nd >" vd;W tpdtpdhu;. ,uhtzd; Twj; bjhl';fpdhd;. "jhj;jh * rptbgUkhidj; jiyikahff; bfhz;L \d;W g[td';fSk; vjpu;j;jhYk; ,isatdhfpa ,yl;Rkzid bty;y KoahJ. " ",uhkd; vd;Dld; nghu; bra;jnghJ mtDf;Ff; nfhgnkh/ gugug;ngh/ ntfnkh cz;lhftpy;iy. jd; rpwpa jhapd; brtpypj; jhahfpa ke;jiuapd; Td;kPJ/ me;jf; Td; epkpul;Lnk vd;W fUizahy; kz;qz;ilia vwpe;jJnghy;/ vd;Dld; tpisahl;lhfg; nghu; g[upe;jhd;. mtDf;Ff; nfhgk; te;jpUe;jhy; ehd; ,';F te;jpUf;fkhl;nld;. ekDyfk; nghapUg;ngd;. vd;Dila ,UEhW bts;sk; nridfisa[k; ,uhkd; mHpj;j tPuj; jpwj;ij vd;bdd;W brhy;Yntd; > ,uhkDila ghz';fis cyfbk';Fk; g[Ftdntad;wp/ CHpf; fhyk; brd;whYk; Xa;tilah. beUg;iga[k; vupf;Fk;. vl;Lg; bghUg;iga[k; vupf;Fk;. jpirfisa[k; vupf;Fk;. brhy;Yk; thiaa[k; vupf;Fk;. epidf;fpd;w kdj;ija[k; vupf;Fk;. ehd; ,e;jpuDila tr;rpuha[jj;ija[k;/ <rDila Nyha[jj;ija[k; jpUkhYila rf;uha[jj;ija[k; ghu;j;jpUf;fpd;nwd;. Mdhy;/ ,e;j ,uhkDila Ma[j';fisg;nghy; v';Fk; fz;ljpy;iy. me;j Ma[j';fspd; jhf;Fjy;fis vd;idad;wp ahu; jh';fty;yhu; > jhj;jh * Mapue;
DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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njhs;fisa[ila fhu;j;jtPupad; rpwe;j tPud;. mtid xg;ghu; ,y;iybad;W vz;zpapUe;njd;. Mdhy;/ ,g;nghJ ,e;j ,uhkDila fhypy; cs;s xU JhRf;Fk; me;j fhu;j;jtPupad; ,izahf khl;lhd; vd;gija[zu;e;njd;. ,uhkDila typa tpy; nkw;Fj;jpirapy; cs;snjh > fpHf;Fj; jpirapy; cs;snjh > \yj;jpirfspy; jhd; cs;snjh > tlf;nf cs;snjh > bjw;nf cs;snjh > vd;W ,d;Dk; ehd; czu;e;njdpy;iy." "xU g[ytDila brhy; ntfj;ijf; fhl;oYk; mtd; tpy;ntfk; ,Ue;jJ. ,uhftDila nghu;j;jpwj;jpd; ntfj;ija[k;/ mtUila jpUnkdp eyj;ija[k; rPij ghu;j;J/ vd;ida[k; kd;kjida[k; ghu;j;jhy; eh';fs; eha;f;Fr; rkhdk; Mnthk;. vdf;F ehrfhyk; te;jnghJ ey;ybjhU gifiag; bgw;nwd;. ,Jjhd; ,d;W epfH;e;jJ." vd;W jd; njhy;tpiaf; Twp/ ,uhtzd; tUe;jpdhd;. ,ijf;nfl;l khypathd;/ "nguf; FHe;ijna * Ke;jpna cdf;F mwpt[iu g[fd;nwd;. ,uhkDila gif TlhJ. ,uhkd; cyf ehafd;. mtd; kidtpia tpUk;g[tJ beUg;ig tpG';f epidj;j g[Gtpd; jd;ikahFk;. Mjyhy;/ rPjhnjtp fw;g[f;fdy;. mg;bgUkhl;oia tpUk;g[tJ bgUk; ghtk;. eP rPijiar; rpiwtpl;L mtUila fUiziag; bgWthahf. ,jdhy;/ mRuu; Fyk; thGk;" vd;W ,d;Diu Twpdhu;. me;j rkaj;jpy; knfhjud; vd;w Kjyikr;rd; m';F te;jhd;. mtd; khiaapy; ty;ytd;/ jPaitna g[upfpd;wtd;. ,uhtzidg; ghu;j;J/ "uhtnz!;tuh * mr;rk; xUtid mHpf;Fk;. rptgpuhDld; ifiy kiyia ms;spbaLj;j cd; Mw;wYf;F ,iza[z;lh > btd;wtu; njhw;ghu;/ njhw;gtu; bty;thu;. btw;wpa[k; njhy;tpa[k; cyf ,ay;g[ Mtpia tpl;lhYk; tplyhk;. njtpia tplf;TlhJ/ rPijiar; rpiwtpl;lhy; njtu;fs; rpupg;ghu;fs;. Mjyhy;/ cd; jk;gp Fk;gfUzid mDg;gp giftiu mHpj;J eyk; bgw;W thH;f" vd;W Twpdhd;./ ,uhtzd; mtd; brhy;iy bkr;rp/ "vd; jk;gp Fk;gfUzid vGg;gp thU';fs;" vd;W Vtyiu Vtpdhd;.
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fhtyuhfpa njtupy; rpyu; brd;W Fk;gfUzid vGg;g[fpd;whu;fs;. "V * Fk;gfUzh * c';fs; kha thH;t[ midj;Jk; ,d;Wld; Koag; nghfpwJ. vGe;jpU. vGe;jpU. ,d;Dk; Jh';f ntz;Lbkd;W tpUg;gk; ,Ue;jhy;/ fhyJhjd; ifapnyngha; cw';Ftha;" vd;W vGg;gpdu;. mtd; vGe;jhdpy;iy. Fjpiufs;/ ahidfs;/ ahdpfs; ,itfis Mapukhapukhf mtid kpjpf;ftpl;L vGg;gpdhu;fs;. me;j tpy';Ffs; Vwp kpjpg;gJ mtDf;Fr; brhwpe;Jtpl;lJ nghypUe;jJ. mtd; jpUk;gpg; gLj;Jf; bfhz;lhd;. ,uhtzd; mtid vGg;g[khW Mapuk; ky;yiu Vtpdhd;. mtu;fs; brd;W jhiu/ r';F Kjypa fUtpfis mtd; fhjpy; itj;J Cjpdhu;fs;. mtd; mUfpy; brd;wt[ld; \r;Rf; fhw;why; mtd; ehrpf;Fs;ns nghtJk;/ tUtJkhf mtu;fs; ,lu;gl;lhu;fs;. m';Fs;s ehw;fhypfSk; ntW gy Mrd';fSk; mtd; \f;fpy; brd;W Cryhod. Mapuk; Fjpiufis mtd; kPjpy; Vw;wp kpjpf;f itj;jhu;fs;. gy ky;yu;fs; mtd; \f;fpYk; fhjpYk; cs;ns brd;W vGg;gpdhu;fs;. moj;Jk; ,oj;Jk; mtid JapYUzUkhW bra;jhu;fs;.

Fk;gfUzDk; ; ,uhtzDk; ; Fk;gfUzDk ,uhtzDk
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Fk;gfUzd; mtid tz';fp/ "mz;zh * eP nghUf;Fg; nghf ntz;lhk;. tpjp vd; gplu; gpoj;Jj; js;SfpwJ. monad; nghUf;Fg; nghfpd;nwd;. jpUk;gp tukhl;nld;. ekJ \j;j ike;jd; ,e;jpu$pj;J ,yl;Rkzdhy; kotJ jpz;zk;. vd;id btd;wtu; j';fisa[k; bty;Ythu;fs;. vy;yhk; mHptjw;F Kd; rPijiar; rpiwtpl;L tpLtnj mwj;jpd; ghyjhFk;. vd;id tsu;j;J Mshf;fpa mz;zny/ rpwpnad; VjhtJ gpiH bra;jpUe;jhy; kd;dpj;J tpL';fs;. j';fs; Kfj;jpy; tpHpg;gJ ,dpapy;iy" vd;W Twp/ cjpuf; fz;zPu; toj;Jf; bfhz;L gyKiw mz;zid Vw ,w';fg; ghu;j;J/ cs;sk; bte;J/ behe;J nghUf;Fg; g[wg;gl;lhd;. ,uhtzd; ,UgJ fz;fspYk; fz;zPu; tHpa mirahJ jk;gpia nehf;fpr; rpj;jpuk; nghy; ,Ue;jhd;. nridfs; g[il NH thdKk;/ itaKk; eL';f/ jpirf;fspWfs; xL';f/ njupd;nky; Vwpr; brd;whd;. ahidfSk;/ rp';f';fSk; nga;fSk;/ g{j';fSk; mtdJ njiu <u;j;Jr; brd;wd. njhkuk;/ rf;fuk;/ Nyk;/ kG. nty;/ cyf;if/ jz;L/ tpy; Kjypa Ma[j';fs; epiwe;j nrkj; nju;fs; mtd; gpd;nd bjhlu;e;J brd;wd. ,uhkgpuhd; Fk;gfUzidg; ghu;j;J/ “kiy nghd;w bgupa tot[ld; nghUf;F tUgtd; ahtd; > ,uhtzdhf ,Ue;jhy; tPizf; bfho ,Uf;Fnk * rpk;kf; bfhoa[ld; tUfpd;whnd * nguhw;wy; gilj;j rptDila njhisa[k;/ kw;bwhU njhisa[k; ghu;f;f kpFjpahd fhyk; ntz;Lk;. ,tidg;gw;wpj; bjupa tpUk;g[fpnwd;.“ vd;W tpgP#zuplk; tpdtpdhu;. tpgP#zu;/ “mz;zh * ,td; Fk;gfUzd; ,uhtzDf;F ,sty;/ monaDf;F \j;jtd;. ePjp j';fpa be";rpdd;. jd;dpfu; ,y;yhj jdpg;bgUk; typika[ilatd;. ,td; cau;e;j jtj;jpdd;. rpwe;j tuk; bgw;wtd;. Jhf;fnk Mf;fkhf cilatd;. ,td; Nyj;ij vLj;jhy; "hyk; bghogLk;. Myk; cz;ltidg;nghy; Nyj;jpdhy; giftiu mHpf;Fe; jpwKilatd;. jd; jikaDf;Fg; gygy mwt[iu Twp/ mtd; nfshikahy; nghUf;F te;jpUf;fpd;whd;.“ vd;W Twpdhu;. Rf;uPtd; ,uhkgpuhidg; ghu;j;J/ “mUl; bgU';flny * Fk;gfUzd; Kul;Lj; jd;ika[ilatd;/ nguhw;wy; gilj;jtd;/ Mdhy;/

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g[upntd;. Mjyhy;/ ,uhkd; kPJs;s fhjyhy; jh';fs; ,uhftdplk; te;J nrUf. xGf;fkpy;yhjtUld; ToapUg;gJ ,Gf;fhFk;. Mdgoahy;/ ,uhk \u;j;jpa[ld; nru;e;J ed;ikailthahf. ,uhkgpuhDila fUiz cd;idj; njo tUfpd;wJ. ,ij ,He;Jtplhnj/ fdptUk; fhyj;jpy; g{f;bfha;af; TlhJ. ntjehafnd cd;idf; fUizahy; ntz;o vd;id mDg;gpdhu; Mfnt/ bgUkhdplk; te;J nrUf“ vd;W Twp tz';fpdhu;. Fk;gfUzd; jk;gpiaj; jGtpf; TWfpd;whd;/ "jk;gp/ ,e;j cyf thH;t[ ePu;nky; vGjpa vGj;Jf;F epfuhFk;. kpd;dy;nghy; njhd;wp kiwfpd;w thH;itg; bgupjhf vz;zp/ vd;id beL';fhyk; tsu;j;Jg; nghu;f;nfhyk; g[ide;J mDg;gpa jikaDf;F capu; bfhLg;gJnt vd; flik. flikia czuhjJ klik. flikna vdJ cilik. vd;Dila ftiyia eP jPu;f;Fk; bghUl;L ePynkf tz;zid kPz;Lk; brd;W nru;thahf." "jk;gp * jhkiuapy; thGk; gpuknjtu; cdf;F vz;zpyhj rpwe;j tu';fis tH';fpapUf;fpd;whu;. ,uhkgpuhdhy; eP rpu";rPtp gjk; bgw;wpUf;fpd;wha;. eP ,uhkgpuhidaile;J g[yj;jpau; kug[f;F te;j gHpiag; nghf;fp/ ehl;Lf;F ey"; bra;J ew;fjpailthahf. ehd; nghu; bra;J g[fH; bgWntd;. gpwiuf; Fk;gpl;L thH khl;nld;. ekJ mz;zd; nghu;f;fsj;jpy; jdpna khz;L fplg;gJ ed;wd;W. vy;yhk; tpjpapd;gojhd; eilbgWk;. ehd; mz;zDila czit cz;ljdhy; mtDf;F Kd; capu; bfhLj;J khs ntz;Lk;. mJjhd; vdf;Ff; flik/ ehd; mEkd;/ Rf;uPtd;/ ePyd;/ m';fjd; Kjypa theu tPuu;fis btd;W/ vd; nguhz;ikia cyFf;Ff; fhl;Lntd;/ vd; nghu;j; jpwj;ij ePl;Lntd;. theu';fspd; capiu Xl;Lntd;. jk;gP/ eP fhy'; flj;jhky; ,uhkgpuhid milthahf" vd;W mtDf;F tpil bfhLj;jhd;. tpgP#zu; mz;zid tz';fpg; g[wg;gl;lhu;. Fk;gfUzd; ghrj;jhy;/ jk;gpnky; cs;s nerj;jhy; jk;gpiag; ghu;j;jhd;. fz;zPu; ePuhfr; brhupe;jJ. tpgP#zu; ,uhkgpuhidf; fz;L Fk;gfUzDila fUj;ij mwptpj;jhu;. Fk;gfUzd; nghu; g[upaj; bjhl';fpdhd;.

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,yl;Rkzu; ; ,yl;Rkzu
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Rf;uPtd; ; Rf;uPtd
theu nte;jdhfpa Rf;uPtd;/ rpde;J Fk;gfUzid vjpu;j;Jg; nghu; g[upe;jhd;. xU kiyiag; gpL';fpf; Fk;gfUzd; nky; vwpe;jhd;. Fk;gfUzd; mk;kiyia jd; ,lf;ifahy; jLj;Jg; bghoahf;fpdhd;. Fk;gfUzd; jpupNyj;ij vLj;Jr; Rf;uPtd; nky; Vtpdhd;. mEkhu; mijf; fz;L mjpu;r;rpaile;J mr;Nyj;ijj; jd; fu';fshy; gpoj;Jj; jiyapy; itj;J xoj;jhu;. mg;nghJ cz;lhfpa/ xyp/ ,uhkgpuhd; kpjpyhg[upapy; rptgpuhDila tpy;iy xoj;jnghJ/ mz;lflhf';fs; mjpu xypj;j xypia xj;jpUe;jJ. mj;jpwj;ijf; fz;L Fk;gfUzd; tpae;J epd;whd;. Rf;uPtd; Fk;gfUzid vjpu;j;J mtd; khu;gpy; gyKiw Fj;jpdhd;. mJ Fk;gfUzDf;Fr; brhwpe;JtpLtJ nghy; ,Ue;jJ. Rf;uPtDf;Fk; Fk;gfUzDf;Fk; fLk;nghu; ele;jJ. Fk;gfUzd; Rf;uPtid vLj;J khu;gpy; ,Wfg; gpoj;Jf; bfhz;L ,y';ifia nehf;fpg; g[wg;gl;lhd;. Rf;uPtd; czu;tpd;wp/ mlf;fp klf;fp ,Ue;jhd;. j';fs; jiytd; Fk;gfUzd; ifapyfg;gl;Lr; rpiw g[Fe;jijf; nfl;l theu nridfs; mGJ g[yk;gpd. xU Jhjd;/ ,uhkuplk; Xo/ mtuJ jpUtoiar; brd;dpapy; No/ "vk;bgUkhnd * v';fs; kd;dtdhfpa Rf;uPtidf; Fk;gfUzd; gw;wpf; bfhz;L ,y';iff;Fg; nghfpd;whd;" vd;whd;.

khah $dfd;
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mtidj; jLj;Jtpl;lhu;. Fk;gfUzd; ,y';iff;Fg; nghf ,ayhky; jpUk;gpdhd;. jhkiu g{j;j kiH nkfk; nghd;w ,uhkgpuhidf; Fk;gfUzd; fz;zhuf; fz;lhd;. ,uhkUila jpUKfj;jpy; fUiz ePu; bgUfp tHpe;J bfhz;oUe;jJ. ",uhfth * ,j;Jiz neuk; cd;idj;jhd; njof; bfhz;oUe;njd;. fte;jbdd;Wk; thypbad;Wk; vd;id vz;zw;f. ehd; cd; capu; Fof;f te;j Tw;WtdhFk;. vd; ifapyfg;gl;l Rf;uPtid kPl;ghahdhy; rPijia kPl;ljhf MFk;." vd;whd;. ,uhkgpuhd; g[d;dif g{j;J/ mtdJ bew;wpay; ,uz;L mk;g[fisg; gha;r;rpdhu;. FUjp mUtpnghy; rpe;jpaJ. mt;t[jpuj;jhy; eide;j Rf;uPtd; czu;r;rp bgw;Wf; Fk;gfUzd; ifr;rpiwapypUe;J tpLgl;L mtDila \f;ifa[k;/ brtpiaa[k; foj;J vLj;Jf; bfhz;L ,uhkgpuhDila jpUtofis tz';fp/ ,z';fp epd;whd;. theu';fs; Mu;j;jd/ thdtUk; Mu;j;jdu;. kyu; kiH Jhu;j;jdu;. ,uhkgpuhd; Rf;uPtd; kPz;L te;jjw;F. bgUkfpH;r;rpaile;jhu;. Rf;uPtd; foj;Jf; bfhz;L te;j Fk;gfUzdpd; \f;ifa[k; fhija[k; ,uhkgpuhd; ghu;j;jUspdhu;. Fk;gfUzd; \u;r;ir bjspe;J jd; fhJk; \f;Fk; nghdJ fz;L/ cjpuf; fz;zPu; toj;jhd;. itu thisa[k; nflfj;ija[k; jh';fpf; fLk;nghu; g[upe;jhd;. mtd; bra;j bfhLk;nghuhy; theu tPuu;fs; gyu; khz;ldu;. rhk;gthd;/ ,uhkiu nehf;fp/ tpiue;J bfhy;YkhW ntz;of; bfhz;lhu;. ,uhkdpuhd; Fk;gfUzdhy; mDg;gg;gl;l nridfs; midj;ija[k; mHpj;jhu;. Fk;gfUzd;/ Nyg; gilia Ve;jpg; nghu; g[upe;jhd;. ,uhkgpuhd; mtDila Myj;ijbahj;j Nyj;ij mHpj;jhu;. mtd; btW';ifadhf epd;whd;. ,uhku; mtidg; ghu;j;J "thSld; te;J nghu; g[upe;j eP vy;yhk; ,He;J epw;fpd;wha;. eP/ ePjp j';fpa tpgP#zDld; gpwe;jid. Mjyhy;/ cd;dplk; fUiz fhl;Lfpd;nwd;. cdf;F capu;g;gpr;ir jUfpnwd;. ,g;nghJ ,y';iff;Fg; nghfpd;whah > my;yJ nghu; bra;J rhfpd;whah > cd; tpUg;gk; ahJ >" vd;W TwpaUspdhu;.
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",uhfth * ehd; vd; je;ijnghy; \f;fpHe;J thH tpUk;gtpy;iy. ehd; tPue;jzpahJ nghu; g[upe;J tPu Rtu;f;fk; milntd;." vd;W Twp xU kiyia ,uhku; kPJ vwpe;jhd;. ,uhku; m!;jpuj;jhy; mk;kiyia Jfshf;fpdhu;. Fk;gfUzd; jz;lha[jj;ij Ve;jpr; Nwhtsp nghy; RHd;W khshj nfhgj;Jld; nghu; g[upe;jhd;. ,uhkgpuhd; xU rpwe;j mk;ig Vtp/ mtDila tyf;fuj;ij mWj;J tPH;j;jpdhu;. Fk;gfUzd; t$;$puk; nghd;w fuj;jhy; theu';fisg; gpoj;J moj;Jf; fuj;ija[k; mWj;J tPH;j;jpdhu;. ,uz;L fu';fisa[k; ,He;j mtd; tPuj;ij ,He;jhdpy;iy. fhy;fshy; cijj;J theu nridfisf; bfhd;whd;. ,uFtPud; mk;gpdhy; mtd; tyf;fhiy mWj;Jj; js;spdhu;. mtd; xw;iwf; fhyhy; Fjpj;J theu';fisj; Jd;g[Wj;jpdhd;. fhy;fisa[k; iffisa[k; ,He;j thapdhy; Fd;Wfisf; foj;J Cjp theu';fisf; bfhd;whd;. Fk;gfUzd; jdf;Fs; vz;qfpd;whd;/ ",uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jpapd; tpy;yhz;ikf;F Mapuk; ,uhtzu;fs; ntz;Lk;. ehd; fhy;fSk;/ iffSk; ,He;J Jizapd;wp ,Uf;fpnwd;. fhytuk;g[ ,d;wp thH ntz;oa ,uhtzd;/ ,dp ca;a khl;lhd;. Fyj;njhL mHpe;JtpLthd;. ,j;jidf;Fk; fhuzk; bgz;zhirahFk;. "

Fk;gfUzd; ; tuk; ; F k; gf U z d t u k
"mgak; g[Fe;j mw;gg; g[wht[f;fhfj; Jiyapy; Vwpj; jd;idna jpahfk; bra;j rpgpr; rf;utu;j;jpapd; kugpy; te;j ,uhfnte;jpuh * vd; jk;gp tpgP#zd; muf;fu; Fyj;jpy; te;j me;jzd;/ FzrPyd;. mtidf; filrptiu fhg;gJ njtuPUila fld;. mtd; ePjp jtwhj bewpahsd;. muf;fu; Fyj;jpy; gpwe;Jk; muf;fu; Fzk; ,y;yhj cj;jkd;. ,uhfth * eP muru; Fyj;jpy; te;j me;jzd;. vd; jk;gpiaf; bfhy;tjw;F ,uhtzd; Kaw;rp bra;fpd;whd;. jk;gp vd;w ghrKk;/ nerKk; ,y;yhjtd; vd; jk;gpia vg;nghJk; njtuPu;/ ,yl;Rkzu;/ mEkhu; ,e;j \tupy; xUtu; fhty; g[upa ntz;Lk;. \f;fpyh Kfbkd;W ,UoaUk; ,ikatUk; vd;idf; fz;L gupfhrpg;ghu;fs;. Mjyhy;/ vd;
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jiyiaf; flypy; tPH;j;JkhW ntz;Lfpnwd;. cd; jpUtof;F tzf;fk;" vd;whd;. ,uhkgpuhd; mtd; jiyia mWj;J/ tha[g;gilapdhy; flypy; vwpa[khW bra;jUspdhu;. njtu;fs; eldk; Modhu;fs;. muk;igau;fs; ghodhu;fs;. khjtUk;/ ntjpaUk; mr;rk; mfd;wdu;. ,uhtzd; ke;jpuhnyhrid bra;a[k; kzp kz;lgj;ij aile;J/ "rPjhnjtpia mila[k; tHp ahJ > rPij ,y';iff;F te;J xd;gJ khj';fs; Mfpa[k;/ mtis ehd; mile;njdpy;iy. ,dp vd;d bra;jhy; mtis vspjhf milayhk; >" vd;W MHkhfr; rpe;jid bra;J bfhz;oUe;jhd;. mg;nghJ khiaapy; ty;ytdhfpa Kjyikr;rd; knfhjud;/ m';F te;J mt[zu; nte;jid m";ryp bra;J mUfpy; mku;e;jhd;. "nte;ju; bgUkhnd * Vnjh xU bghUis eho/ Kfk; thor; rpe;jidapy; MH;e;jpUf;fpd;wPnu > ckf;F vd;d rpe;jid >" vd;W tpdtpdhd;. ,uhtzd;/ "md;gnd * eP kjpthzd; ke;jpuj;jpYk; je;jpuj;jpYk; ty;ytd;. vdf;F xUfzKk; kfpH;r;rpapy;iy. mHfpd; fUt{ykhfpa rPijia ehd; milar; bra;jhy;/ cdf;F xU nfho g[z;zpak; tUk;. vd;d bra;jhy; mtis milayhk; > kjp ke;jpupahfpa eP ,jw;F xU tHp brhy;" vd;W nfl;lhd;. knfhjud; Twpdhd;/ "mRuFy jpyfnk * bgz;fSf;F ,ay;ghfj; jha;tPl;oy; ghrk; mjpfk;. jha; je;ijauplk; nerk; mjpfk;. ,jw;Fr; rhd;W/ jd;id miHf;fhj jd; je;ijahfpa jl;rg; gpu$hgjp bra;j nts;tpf;Fj; jhl;rhazp brd;whs; vd;gJ. bgz;fSf;Fj; jha; tPl;ow;Fg; ngha; tUtjpy; kpFe;j gpupak; cz;L. fztdplk; mtDf;Fj; bjupahky; gzk; vLj;Jr; nrkpj;J tpiya[au;e;j gl;Lg; g[litia th';fp cLj;jpf; bfhz;L/ jd; je;ijahu; th';fpf; bfhLj;jhu; vd;W jd; fztDf;Ff; fhl;o kfpH;thu;fs;. jha; je;ijaupd; eyj;jpy; mjpf ftdk; brYj;Jthu;fs;. " "bgUe;jifna/ khiaapy; ty;ytdhfpa kUj;jd; kpjpyhg[upia MSfpd;w rPijapd; je;ijahfpa rPuj;Jt$rdfdhf tUkhW bra;Jk;/
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mtd; cd;id mila[khW rPijf;F tw;g[Wj;jpf; TWkhWk; bra;jhy;/ je;ijapd; brhy;Yf;F kjpg;g[f; bfhLj;Jj;/ je;ijf;F ,lu; tuf;TlhJ vd;W vz;zp/ rPij kdk; khwpj; j';fis nerpg;ghs;. " "ifnfap jd; je;ijf;Fr; rdfdhy; mHpt[ tUk; vd;w vz;zpj;jhnd ,uhftidf; fhdfk; nghf tu'; nfl;lhs; > jha; tPl;ow;F mHpt[ tUk; vd;W vz;zpf; ifnfap ,kak; nghd;w fhupaj;ijr; bra;j Koj;jhs;. Mfnt/ kUe;jidr; rdfdhf tUkhW bra;J xU ehlfk; nghl;L eoj;J ekJ fhupaj;ij Koj;Jtplyhk;. " ,uhtzd; ,ijf; nfl;Lj; Js;spdhd;. "Knfhjuh * cd; kjpeyj;ij bkr;rpndd;. ed;W Twpdha;. M * M * vd;nd cd; kjpEl;gk; > ,e;j ke;jpu NH;r;rpapy; ehd; rPijia epr;rakhf milntd;. ehd; rPijapUf;Fk; nrhiyf;Fr; brd;W mtSld; ciuahof; bfhz;oUg;ngd;. mg;bghGJ eP khah rdfDld; m';F tUf" vd;W Twp mtid khu;g[wj; jGtpf; bfhz;lhd;.

rPija[k; ,uhtzDk;
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fUiz fhl;L" vd;W gpjw;wp kz;zpy; rh#;lh';fkhf tpGe;J tz';fpdhd;. ,uhtzidr; rPij vupkiyahff; bfhjpj;J nehf;fp/ "ghjfnd * njhjf"; bra;ahnj/ rp';fj;ij tpUk;g[k; ehd;/ xU eha;f;Fl;oia tpUk;g[ntdh > me;jzu;fs; bra;a[k; nts;tpj; jPapd; Kd;/ bfhjpj;Jf; bfhz;oUf;Fk; bea;iaf; Fl;oeha; tpUk;gyhkh > Mirahy; bfl;lHpahnj. cdf;F tpehrfhyk; te;jpUf;fpwJ. mjdhy;/ tpguPj tHpapy; nghfpd;wha;. ,';nf epd;W kjpbfl;Lg; gpjw;whnj. tpiue;J ngh" vd;W foe;J Twpdhs;. md;idapd; epe;jid ciufis mKjbkhHpfshf vz;zp/ "bgz;Fyg; bgUe;jifna * ,uhtzdhfpa vd;id vspikahf vz;zw;f. vdf;F eP ,z';ftpy;iy ahdhy; eP gpwe;j efiua[k; g[Fe;j efiua[k; bghoahf;fptpLntd;. vd;id ahbud;W vz;zpdha; > fz;qjy; bgUkhd; ,Uf;Fk; bts;spkiyia ms;spbaLj;jtd;. \d;W cyf';fisa[k; btd;wtd;. mnahj;jpf;Fk;/ kpjpyhg[upf;Fk; mRu tPuu;fis mDg;gpapUf;fpd;nwd;. mnahj;jpapy; thGk; guj rj;Uf;du;fisa[k; kpjpiyapy; thGk; cd; je;ijahfpa rdfida[k; btl;LkhWk; fl;of; bfhzUkhWk; VtpapUf;fpd;nwd;. rpwpJ neuj;jpy; me;j nrhff; fhl;rpia eP fhz;gha;" vd;W rpdj;Jld; brg;gpdhd;. mg;bghGJ knfhjud; khiaapy; ty;y kUj;jidr; rdfd; Mf;fp mtd; ifapy; tpy';F g{l;o ,Gj;Jf; bfhz;L te;jhd;. rPjhnjtp fl;Lz;L tUk; jd; je;ijapd; mtyepiy fz;L beUg;ig kpjpj;jJ nghy; Js;sp/ Mwhj;Jauk; mile;jhs;. iffisg; gpire;J bfhz;lhs;/ fz;fis vw;wpdhs;/ epyj;jpy; tPH;e;J g[uz;lhs;/ mJ kha t";rk; vd;W czuhky; njk;gpdhs;. "bja;tnk * vd; je;ijf;F ,j;Jauk; va;jpanj. guk "hdpahfpa vd;Dila je;ij fl;Lz;L gupjtpf;Fk; mtyf; fhl;rpiaf; fz;nlnd. jUkk; vd;gJ xd;wpy;iyah > mg;gh/ vd;idg; bgz;zhfg; bgw;w xU ghtj;jpw;F ePu; ,g;bgUe;Jauk; mile;jPnu * me;njh * ehd; vd; bra;ntd; * Mapuk; Mapuk; twpatu;f;F md;djhdk; bra;tPnu * vz;zw;w nts;tpfisr; bra;J/ ,ikatUf;F
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mtpu;g;ghfk; je;jPnu/ giftiu mHpj;jPnu/ ,g;nghJ vd; bghUl;Lf; fl;Lz;L fy';Ffpd;wPnu. vd;idg; bgw;w ghtj;jpw;F ckf;F ,e;jj; Jd;gk; va;jpanj" vd;W gythW g[yk;gp kz;kpir tPH;e;jhs;. rPjhnjtp ,t;thW mGJ bja;tj;ijj; bjhGJ "vd;Dila rpiwia kPl;gtnu ,y;iyna/ je;ijna cd;Dila rpiwia kPl;ghu; ahUsu; > jUk \u;j;jpahfpa j';fSf;F ,j;Jd;gk; neu;e;jnj. bgz;zhfpa ehd; vd;d bra;af; flntd; >" vd;W Twp ,lu;gl;lhs;. ,uhtzd; rPijia nehf;fp/ "bgz;fs; ehafnk * eP tUe;jhnj. eP vd;id Vw;Wf; bfhs;thahdhy; ehd; MSfpd;w ,y';ifg; gjtpia cd; je;ijf;F tH';Fntd;. cd; je;ij ,y';if nte;jdhf muR g[upthu;. ePa[k; ehDk; ,dpikahd jdpikahd ,lj;jpy; thHyhk;. cd;idg; bgw;W vdf;Fj; je;j je;ijahiu ehd; bfhy;y khl;nld;. bfhd;why; ed;wp bfhd;w ghtk; vdf;F tUk;. Mjyhy;/ fhjyhy; thLk; vd;id m";nry; vd;W Twp Mjupg;ghahf" vd;whd;. rPjhnjtp "V/ \lnd * vd; fw;g[ fy;ypDk; typaJ. ,e;j ,y';if Kd;dnk cd; jk;gpahfpa tpgP#zDf;F tH';fg;gl;Ltpl;lJ. rp';ff; Fuis tpUk;g[k; ehd; xU Fweupa[ld; thH;ntdh >" vd;W rpde;J Twpdhs;. ,uhtzDk; rPijapd; kPJ rPw;wkile;jhd;. mg;nghJ knfhjud; ,uhtzidg; ghu;j;J/ "mRu nte;nj * eP rPijiaf; nfhgpf;f ntz;lhk;. je;ijahfpa rdfnu kfSf;F ,jbkhHp TWthu;" vd;W Twpdhd;. rdfd; rPijiag; ghu;j;J/ "vd; bry;tnk * mHhnj. eP ,uhtzid milthahdhy; vd; Jd;gk; jPUk;. rPUk; bgWntd;. ,e;jpuid kUtpa mfypif bgUika[ld; thHtpy;iyah > bgz;fs; etuj;jpdk; nghd;wtu;fs;. etuj;jpdk; vy;yhUf;Fk; bghJthdJ. Mjyhy;/ eP ,uhtzid nerpg;gjhy; gpiHapy;iy/ cdf;Fk; Jd;gk; eP';Fk;/ vdf;Fk; ,d;gk; tt;t[k;" vd;W Twpdhd;. ,ijf; nfl;l rPij bgU"; rPw;wkile;jhs;. ",e;j thu;j;ij TWfpd;w eP vdf;Fj; je;ijah > ,J rdfu; ngRk; thu;j;ijah > tlitf;fdy;
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gdpf;fl;oahf khwpdhYk; KfhnkUfpup flypy; kpjg;gjhdhYk;/ rPij fw;gpypUe;J jpwk;g khl;lhs;. Myfhy tp#k; nghd;w bfhoa trdj;ijr; brhy;yp cd; bgUikia ,Hf;fhnj" vd;W Twp bt";rpdj;jhy; btJk;gpdhs;. mg;nghJ Fk;gfUzd; khz;ljpd; bghUl;L thdtUk; theu';fSk; Muthu"; bra;jdu;. xU Jhjd; ,uhtzDila fhjpy;/ ckJ jk;gp Fk;gfUzd; khz;L tpl;lhd; vd;W Twpdhd;. ,ijf; nfl;l ,uhtzd; ,onaWz;l ehfk; nghy; eL';fp goapd; kPJ tpGe;J g[uz;lhd;. "vd; md;g[ilj; jk;gpna * thdtiu tijj;j Jk;gpna * ek;gpna ,Ue;j vd;id el;lhw;wpy; js;spdha;. cd; gpuptpdhy; btk;gpna thLfpd;nwd;. bghd;ida[k; bgUisa[k; kidtpiaa[k; kf;fisa[k; ,He;jhy; kPz;Lk; bgwyhFk;. vd; cld; gpwg;ghfpa cd;id vf;fhyj;Jk; vt;tplj;Jk; ,dpg; bgw Koahnj. cd;id ,He;J ehd; v';'dk; capu;thH;ntd; > ,dp thdtu;fs; thH;thu;fs;. muf;fu;fs; jhH;thu;fs;. ek;Kila kugpdu; Jd;gf; flypy; tPH;thu;fs;" vd;bwy;yhk; g[yk;gpj; jd; muz;kidia mile;jhd;. "rdfdhfpa ,tidf; bfhz;Lngha;r; rpiwapy; mila[';fs;" vd;W knfhjud; Twpj; jd; ,Ug;gplj;ij aile;jhd;. jpupril rPjhnjtpiag; ghu;j;J/ "jhna ePnad; tUe;Jfpd;wha; > khiaapy; ty;ytdhfpa kUj;jidr; rdfdhfr; bra;J knfhjud; eoj;j ehlfk; ,J. ,';nf te;jtd; cz;ikahfpa rdfu; my;yu;. eP Jaug;gl ntz;lh" vd;W Twpr; rPijapd; Jauj;ij khw;wpdhs;. rPij/ Fk;gfUzd; khz;lij mwpe;J kfpH;r;rpa[w;whs;.

mjppfhad; ; mj fhad
,uhtzd; mHfpa etkzpfs; ,iHj;j bghd;kakhd Mnyhridf; Tlj;ij mile;jhd;. m';F epd;w mikr;ru;fisa[k; mRu jPuu;fisa[k; ghu;j;J/ rpdj;jhy; cly; ntu;j;J/ fz;rpte;J TWfpd;whd;. "eP';fs; vy;yhk; tPuu;fsh > nfhiHfsh > clk;gpny tPu cjpuk;
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Xltpy;iyah > fGePuh XLfpd;wJ > vd; mUikj; jk;gp Fk;gfUzd; ,U khdplg; gju;fshy; kha;e;J nghdhd;. eP';fbsy;yhk; ,oj;j g[spiag;nghy;/ ,';F Mlhky; mirahky; epw;fpd;wPu;fns. c';fs; cs;sk; Jof;f tpy;iyah > " ,uhtzDf;Fj; jhdpakhypdplk; gpwe;jtd; mjpfhad;. kiy nghd;w bgupa clk;ig cilatdhjyhy; mtd; mjpfhad; vd;W bgau; bgw;whd;. gpuk;k njtuplk; tu';fs; gy bgw;wtd;. Njhs; cuk; gilj;jtd;. mwbewp a[zu;e;jtd;. tPuhjp tPud;. ,td; je;ijiag; gzpe;J/ "je;ijna * jh';fs; nfhgpf;f ntz;lhk;. jk;gpia ,He;J jh';fs; jtpg;gJnghy;/ ,yl;Rkzidf; bfhd;W ,uhkida[k; jtpf;Fk;gor; bra;ntd;. mjpfhadhfpa ehd; epidj;jhy; Koahj fhupak; \d;W cyf';fspYk; ,y;iy" vd;W t";rpd'; Twp bt";rpdj;njhL rJu';fr; nridfs; g[ilNHg; nghu;f;fsk; nghdhd;. kapld; vd;w JhJtid nehf;fp/ "eP ,yl;Rkzidj; jdpikapy; re;jpj;J vd;idg; nghu;fsj;jpy; re;jpf;FkhW ehd; miHj;jjhff; TWtha;. Vd; je;ijiaj; jk;gpy;yhjtdhfr; bra;jJ nghy;/ ,uhkida[k; jk;gpapy;yhjtdhfr; bra;ntd; vd;W ehd; Twpajhff; TWf" vd;W mDg;gpdhd;. mtd; ,uhkiur; re;jpj;jhd;. m';Fs;s theu';fs; kaplid moj;J ,oj;J ,lu; bra;jd. ,uhku; jLj;Jj; Jhjiuj; Jd;g[Wj;jf; TlhJ vd;W Twp/ kaplidg; ghu;j;J. "v';F te;jha; >" vd;W nfl;lUspdhu;. "ehd; ,uhtnz!;tuDila kfdhfpa mjpfhak; mDg;gpa Jhjdhf te;jpUf;fpd;nwd;. j';fSf;Fj; jk;gpapy;yhky; bra;ag; nghUf;F te;jpUf;fpd;whu;. ,yl;Rkziug; nghUf;F miHf;fpd;whu;. " "Jhjnd * vd; jk;gpia bty;YthUk; bfhy;YthUk; gjpdhd;F cyf';fspYk; ,y;iy. nghu;f;fsj;jpy; mtdJ g[atypikiag; ghu;g;ghahf" vd;W Twp tpil bfhLj;jhu;. jd; mUfpy; epw;Fk; tpgP#zd; Kjypa md;gu;fisg; ghu;j;J. "md;g[ilaPu; * ,yl;Rkzidr; rhkhdpadhf vz;zhjPu;. mtd; vd;idg;ghu;f;fpYk; gd;kl';F rpwe;j tPud;" vd;whu; ,uhku;.

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"tpgP#zh * eP ,yl;RkzDld; nghu;f;fs";brd;W mtDila funtfj;ija[k; fhz;ghahf. epiwbkhHp khe;ju; Twpa ke;jpu bkhHpnghy; mtDila ghz';fs; xt;bthd;Wk; rf;jp tha;e;jit. giftiuf; bfhy;Yk; jifad;" vd;W Twpdhu;. mjpfhad; nghu;f;fsj;jpy; ,yl;Rkziu vjpu;j;Jf; fLk;nghu; g[upe;jhd;. mtUld; te;j nfhof;fzf;fhd ahidg; gilfisf; bfhd;W Ftpj;jhd;. mjpfhaDila mupa bgupa fizfshy; theu tPuu;fs; gyu; khz;ldu;. ,yl;Rkzu; theu tPuu;fSf;F mgae; je;J mk;g[ kiH bghHpe;jhu;. jhUfd; vd;w rpwe;j tPud; ,yl;RkzUld; nghu; g[upe;J khz;lhd;. mjidf; fz;l fhyd; Kjypa Itu;/ tpsf;fpy; tPGk; tpl;oy; g{r;rpfisg; nghy; ,yl;Rkziu vjpu;j;J khz;L xHpe;jdu;. ,uhtzd; ,y';ifapypUe;J \d;whtJ Kiwahf ahidg; gilfis mjpfhaDf;Fj; Jiz bra;a mDg;gpdhd;. mj;jid ahidg; gilfSk; beUg;g[f;F Kd; te;j g";Rnghy; mHpe;jd. ,yl;RkzUila ru ntfj;ij Mapu'; fz;gilj;j ,e;jpudhYk; fhz Koatpy;iy. mEkhu; kw;bwhUg[wk; ahidg; gilfis mHpj;J xHpj;jhu;. njthe;jfd; vd;w mRu tPud; mEkhUld; mku; bra;J mHpe;jhd;. njtu;e;jfDila mHpitf; fz;L mjpfhad; vupkiy nghy; bfhjpj;jhd;. mEkhiug; ghu;j;J/ "V/ theunk * eP vdJ jk;gpahfpa ml;r Fkhuidj; nja;j;J kha;j;jid. ,y';ifiaj; jPf;F ,iuahf;fpid. ,g;nghJ cd;id ,akDf;F ,iuahf;Fntd;. rpwpJ epy;" vd;W Twpg; nghu; g[upe;jhd;. mjpfhad; jd; t";rpdj;ij epiwntw;Wk; bghUl;Lr; Rkj;jpiu bgw;w j';fkhfpa rp';fj;ij vupj;jhd;. mg;bghGJ/ m';fjd; ntz;l/ ,yl;Rkzu; mtd; njhs; kPJ Mnuhfzpj;jhu;. mjpfhaDf;Fk; ,yl;RkzUf;Fk; bgUk;nghu; epfH;e;jJ. mjpfhad; brhupe;j ghz';fshy; m';fjDila clk;gpy; mUtpnghy; cjpuk; xGfpaJ. mjidf; fz;l ,yl;Rkzu;/ rpwe;j mk;g[fis Vtp mjpfhadpd; njiua[k; njiu brYj;Jk; ghfida[k; mHpj;jhu;. mg;nghJ tha[njtd; ,yl;Rkziu nehf;fp "bgUkhnd * mjpfhad; mad; gilahyd;wp
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ntWgil ahy; mHpa khl;lhd;." vd;W Twpdhd;. ,yl;Rkzu; gpuknjtDilag; gilf;fyj;ij ke;jpu kyu;fs; Jhtp/ khdr g{ir bra;J mjpfhad; kPJ Vtpdhu;. me;jg; gpukh!;jpuk; mjpfhaDila jiyiaj; Jz;oj;J vwpe;jJ. thdtu; kyu; kiH bghHpe;jhu;fs;. mjpfhad; khz;lijf; fz;l mtd; jk;gpahfpa euhe;jfd; nghu; g[upa Kd;te;jhd;. m';fjd; ,oiag; nghy; vjpu;j;J/ euhe;jfd; ifj;jyj;jpypUe;j thisg; gpL';fp/ mt;thspdhy; mtd; thH;ehis Koj;jhd; nghu; kj;jd; theu nrdhjpgjpahfpa ePyndhL nghu; bra;J khz;lhd;. takj;jd; vd;w mRu tPuid ,lgd; gilj;j mRuj; jiytidr; Rf;uPtd; bfhd;whd;. epFk;gd; vd;w tPud; m';fjidf; bfhy;y Nyj;ij vwpe;jhd;. mEkhu; mjidg; gpoj;bjwpe;J epFk;gid kha;j;jhu;. ,t;thW/ mRu nridfs; mHpe;jd. Jhju;fs; brd;W ,uhtzid tz';fp/ j';fSila g[jy;tuhfpa mjpfhad; nghUf;Fr; brd;whu;/ gpd; vkd; CUf;Fr; brd;whu; vd;W mGJ bfhz;nl Twpdu;. ,uhtzDila kidtpa[k; mjpfhaDila md;ida[khfpa jhdpakhiy kfd; khz;l bra;jp mwpe;J ,uhtzd; fhy; nky; tpGe;J fjwpf; fjwp mGjhs;. "bgUkhnd/ vd; kfd; v';nf > kfd; khz;l gpwF vdf;F vd;d thH;t[ ,Uf;fpd;wJ > cd;idf; fz;L m";rpa ,ak Jhju;fs; mr;rj;ij tpl;L/ vd; kfd; capiug; gwpj;Jr; brd;wdnu * vd; kfd; v';nf > mtd; jpUKfj;ij v';nf fhz;ngd; > ,j;jidf;Fk; fhuzk; eP gpwd; kidia tpUk;gpa bfhLiknaahFk;. nkijahfpa eP rPijia tpUk;gpg; ngijahfptpl;lidna. j';fs; ghl;lhdhuhfpa khypathd; Twpa mwt[iuiaf; nfl;lhapy;iy. mwpt[w;w jk;gp tpgP#zd; tpsk;gpa ed;bdwpia eae;jhapy;iy. vd; bfhGe;jduhfpa Fk;gfUzd; Twpa ,d;Diuia Vw;whapy;iy. mRuu; Fynk eP nkw;bfhz;l bgz;zhirahy; kz;zhfptpl;lJ. ehisf;F ,e;jpu$pj;Jf;Fk; ,f;fjpjhnd tUk; >" vd;bwy;yhk; Twpg;g[yk;gpaGjhs;. cUg;grpa[k; nkdifa[k; MWjy; Twp miHj;Jr; brd;wdu;. rPijahfpa xU bgz; bja;tk; mGjjpdhy; ,d;W muf;fu; khju;fs; midtUk;

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drjperumalphd@yahoo.com

g[yk;gpaH neu;e;jJ. ,y';ifna nrhff; flypy; \H;fpaJ. ,uhtzd; Mwhj;Jauk; mile;jhd;.

ehf ghrk;
,y';ifapy; vg;bghGJk; MlYk; ghlYk; ehjfPj XirfSk; xypj;Jf; bfhz;oUf;Fk;. ,g;bghGJ me;j ,d;dpir Xir khwp/ muf;fpau;fs; j';fs; ,U fu';fshy; jiyapYk; khu;gpYk; xw;wpf;bfhz;L mGfpd;w Xir v';Fk; xypj;Jf; bfhz;oUf;fpd;wd. me;j mGif nahiriaf; nfl;L ,e;jpu$pj;J jpLf;fpl;lhd;. vd;d epfH;e;jJ > vd;W mUfpy; cs;stiu tpdtpdhd;. mtu;fs; mtdplk; brhy;y m";rpf; iffl;o tha;g[ijj;Jf; bfhz;L/ “muRFy nte;jnu * mjpfhaDk; epFk;gDk; kfhghu;RtDk; Mfpa ckJ jk;gpau;fs; ,yl;Rkzdhy; capu; Jwe;jhu;fs;/ ,y';if thH;f;ifia kwe;jhu;fs;. tpz;qyFf;Fg; gwe;jhu;fs;. ,y';ifapy; ,d;gkhf thH;e;J bfhz;oUe;j muf;fu;fs; nfhof;fzf;fpy; khz;ldu;. mjdhy;/ fztida[k; kf;fisa[k; ,He;j muf;fpau;fs; mGfpwhu;fs;“ vd;W Twpdu;. ,jidf; nfl;l ,e;jpu$pj;J Mwhj;Jauk; mile;jhd;. xUg[wk; ftiya[k; kw;bwhU g[wk; rPw;wKk; bfhz;lhd;. ,uhtzDila bghd; khspiff;Fr; brd;W je;ijia tz';fp/ “je;ijna * j';fSf;F mwpt[ Tu;kG';fp tpl;ljh > xt;bthUtuhf mDg;gp kdpju;fshy; bfhy;tpj;J. ekf;F ey;tpj;jhf ,Ue;j vd; jk;gpaiu ,He;J jtpf;fpd;wPnu. fu/ jpupru Jh#zhjpaiuak;/ Fk;gfUzida[k; bfhd;wtu;fis kdpju; vd;W myl;rpag;gLj;jyhkh > jdpikapy; vz;zyhkh > bja;tnk kdpj cUthft[k; theu cUthft[k; te;jbjd;W vz;z ntz;lhkh > ,dp ele;jijg; gw;wpr; rpe;jpg;gJ mwpt[ilik ahfhJ. vdf;F tpil bfhL';fs;. ehd; nghUf;Fr; brd;W mj;jidg; ngiua[k; bfhd;W/ btw;wpkhiy NotUntd;“ vd;whd;. ,uhtzd; kfpH;e;J mtid khu;g[wj; jGtp/ nghUf;Fr; brd;W kPSf vd;W tpil je;jhd;. ,e;jpu$pj;J ,e;jpud; njupDk; rpwe;J tps';Ffpd;w kpfg; bgupa njupy; Mnuhfzpj;jhd;. Mapuk; rp';f';fSk; Mapuk; nga;fSk; g{l;oa njupy;

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drjperumalphd@yahoo.com

Vwp/ ,e;jpuhjp njtu;fis btd;w bgupa tpy;iy Ve;jp/ ehw;gJ bts;sk; nrid g[ilNHg; nghu;f;fsj;Jf;F te;jhd; ,e;jpu$pj;J bfhjpj;Jf; TWfpd;whd;. “vd; jk;gpahfpa mjpfhaid/ mjp fhak;gLj;jpf; bfhd;w ,yl;Rkzid ,d;W ehd; bfhy;ytpy;iyahdhy; ,uhtnz!;tuDila kfdhf khl;nld;. ,yl;RkzDila cjpuj;ij epykfs; gUfj; jUntd;. m';'dk; bra;atpy;iyahdhy; vd;idj; njtUk; kw;W ahtUk; ,fH;thu;fshf. vd; nghu;j;jpwj;ijf; fz;L tpz;qyFk; kz;qyFk; tpag;g[ mila[k;“ vd;W bt";rpdj;jhy; t";rpd ciu Twpg;/ nga;f; bfhoa[ld; epkpu;e;J epd;whd;. tpgP#zu; ,yl;Rkziug; ghu;j;J/ “vk;gpuhnd * ,g;bghGJ vr;rupf;ifahfg; nghu; bra;a ntz;Lk;“ vd;whu;. ,yl;Rkzu;/ “tpgP#zh * kpFe;j Mw;wYld; ,';Fg; nghu; bra;a te;jtd; ahu; >“ tpdtpdhu;. tpgP#zu;/ “brskpj;jpupna * ,e;jpuid btd;wtd; ,td;. ,uhtzDila \j;j kfd; ,e;jpu$pj;J vdg;gLgtd;. vl;Lj; jpirfspYk; jd; g[fiH vl;LkhW bra;jtd;. ,td; epfupy;yhj tPuhjp tPud;/ jh';fs; ,tDld; nghu; g[upa[k; bghGJ mEkhu; j';fs; mUfpy; ,Uf;f ntz;Lk;. ,J monaDila tpz;zg;gk;. md;wpr;/ Rf;uPtd;/ m';fjd;/ ePyd; rhk;gthd; Kjypa tPuu;fs; j';fs; mUfpy; ,Uf;fntz;Lk;. ,d;iwa nghu; kpft[k; cf;fpukhf ,Uf;Fk;“ vd;W Twpdhu;. nkiy thapypy; nghu; bra;J bfhz;oUe;j mEkhu; ,yl;RkzUld; te;jhu;. ,yl;Rkzu;/ ,e;jpu$pj;J vd;w tPuu;fspd; nghu;j;jpwj;ijf; fhqk; MtYld; thdj;jpy; njtUk; \tUk; te;J FGkpdhu;fs;. theu';fSf;Fk; muf;fu;fSf;Fk; fLk;nghu; epfH;e;jJ. muf;fu; nridapy; jiyaw;w fte;j';fs; ehj;jdkhod. cjpu bts;sk; XoaJ. ,U jpwj;Jk; nridfs; khz;ld. Fu';Ffs; Fd;Wfis vLj;J muf;fu; nky; tPrp muf;fu;fisf; bfhd;W Ftpj;jd. xUg[wk; m';fjd; cUj;jpu \u;j;jpiag; nghy; rpde;J muf;fu; nridia mHpj;jhd;. xUg[wk; nridj; jiytdhfpa ePyd;/ fhyidg; nghy; nghu; g[upe;jhd;. FKjd;/ ,lgd;/ rhk;gtd;/ gdrd;/ kape;jd;
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Kjypa rpwe;j theu tPuu;fs;/ thdtUk; tpaf;f tPuj;Jld; nghu; g[upe;jhu;fs;. M";r neau; ,e;jpu$pj;jpd; Kd;nd epd;whu;. ,e;jpu$pj;J mEkhiug; ghu;j;Jg; g[d;difj;Jg; g[fYfpd;whd;. “V/ theunkh * rpwpJ epy;ylh/ cd;idr; re;jpj;J cd;Dld; nghu;g[upa epidj;nj te;njd;. theu';fshfpa eP';fs; fy;byLj;Jk; kuk; vLj;Jk; nghu; g[upfpd;whu;fs;. fy;yhYk; kuj;jhYk; btw;wpbgw Koa[kh > ,g;bghGnj c';fs; capiu cz;ngd;“ vd;whd;. ngRtjpy; ty;ytUk; Ie;jhapuk; vd;Dk; ,yf;fzj;ijf; fw;wtUk; etahfuz gz;ojUk; Mfpa mEkhu; ,e;jpu$pj;ijf; fz;L rpupj;J/ “V / \lnd * tpy;byLj;Jg; nghu; g[upfpd;w tPuUk; ,';F ,Uf;fpd;whu;fs;. md;wp/ eP';fs; khz;lgpd; c';fSf;Ff; fy;byLg;g[ bra;a ,';nf xUtd; (tpgP#zd;) ,Uf;fpd;whd;. mij/ ,d;W ehis ghu;f;fyhk;. c';fSld; nghu; bra;J g[y;iyf; ft;tpa njtu;fisg; nghy; v';fis mw;gkhff; fUjhnj. tPuu;fs; thahy; ngRtJ rpwg;gd;W. fuj;jhYk; ngRf“ vd;W Twpdhu;. mEkhu; xU Fd;iw vLj;J ,e;jpu$pj;jpd; nky; tPrp Mu;j;jhu;. mk;kiy/ mtd; khu;gpy; gl;Lj; Jfshapw;W. mJnghy;/ ePyd; vwpe;j kiyiaa[k; ,e;jpu$pj;J jd; mk;gfshy; bghoahf;fpdhd;. ePyDk; [ m';fjDk; ,e;jpu$pj;Jld; nghu; bra;J ,isj;jdu;. ,e;jpu$pj;JJk; ,yl;RkzUk; vjpbujpnu epd;w bghGJ ,e;jpu$pj;J rhud; vd;w xw;widg; ghu;j;J ,td; ahu; > vd;W nfl;lhd;. rhud;/ ,td;jhd; gujDila jk;gp ,yl;Rkzd; vd;whd;. ,yl;Rkzu; mk;g[ kiHfisg; bghHpe;J muf;fu; gilfis mHpj;jhu;. ahidg;gilfs;/ g{idg;gilfisg;nghy; mHpe;bjhHpe;jd. ,yl;Rkzu;/ ghz';fis mk;gwhj; JhzpapypUe;J vLg;gJk;/ tpy;ypy bjhLg;gJk;/ muf;fu;nky; tpLg;gJk; Mfg; nghu; bra;jnghJ/ mtUila if tpy;ypYk; mk;gwhj; JhzpapYk; khwpkhwpg; ngha;tUk; ,ilbtsp bjupatpy;iy. mtUila funtfj;ija[k; ru ntfj;ija[k; fz;L/ ,e;jpu$pj;J tpag;gile;jhd;. ,tnd rpwe;j tpy;yhsp vd;W g[fH;e;J Twpdhd;.
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tl;lkpl;lhu;. mtUila mKj epHy; v';Fk; gutpaJ. fUlhH;thu; ,uhkiu tpz;zpy; ,Ue;J gzpe;J/ md;gpd; kpFjpahy; ,d;gk; epiwe;j brhw;fshy; Jjp bra;fpd;whu;. "njthjp njth * cyf ehafnd/ myfpyhj bgUika[ilatnd/ gpwtpg; bgU';fliyj; jhz;l itf;Fk; mwj;jpd; ehafnd/ cyf';fisf; fhj;Jk; ftiy jPu;j;Jk;/ fUiz g[upfpd;w fhFj;jnu/ Md;khf;fspd; gpwg;igafw;w kz;zpy; gpwe;j bgUe;jifna/ cd;Dila khiaia mwpaty;yhu; ahtu; > bjhGthu;f;F mUSk; tGthj fUiza'; flny/ jpU"hd jPgnk/ mUl;bgU"; nrhjpna/ Mzt ,Uisafw;Wk; ,d;gr; nrhjpna. Muh ,d;gk; mUSk; mkynd/ Tu; MHp Ve;Jk; bfhw;wtnd" vdj; Jjp bra;jhu;. fUlhH;thUila epHy; gl;lt[ld; me;j ehf ghrk; jhkiu Ehy; nghy; RU';fp/ ,y;yhknyna ngha;tpl;lJ mJ/ rilag;g ts;siy mqfpndhu;/ grpa[k; tWika[k; jPu;tJ nghy; ,Ue;jJ. jt "hdpfisf; fz;l Md;khf;fspd; mwpahikiag;nghy; mHpe;J xHpe;jJ. khz;l muf;fu;fs; kPz;L vHtpy;iy. Mjpj;jd tuthy; FKjk; kyu;tjpy;iy. mJnghy;/ fUlUila tut[ jPatu;fSf;F ey"; bra;atpy;iy. ,uhk if';fu;ak; bra;fpd;w theu';fs; kPz;Lk; capu;bgw;W cly; g[z;fs; Mwpg;/ g[jpa Mw;wiyg; bgw;W capu;j;J vGe;J ,uhk; ,uhk; vd;W ,uhk ehk r';fPu;j;jdk; bra;jd. ,yl;Rkzu; vGe;J ey";bra;a[k; ,uhkiu ty"; bra;J tz';fpdhu;. ,uhku; jk;gpia khu;g[wj; jGtp ,d;gf; flypy; \H;fpdhu;. fUl gfthidg; ghu;j;J/ md;gnd/ ifk;khW fUjhky; v';fl;F cjtp bra;j cd; md;g[f;F ed;wp. eP md;g[ kakhfj; jpfH;fpd;wha;. cd;id Kd;g[ fz;onyd;. eP te;J v';fSf;Fj; jhH;it ePf;fp thH;itj; je;jha;. khupnghy; te;J mUs;kiH bghHpe;J cjtp bra;jid. eP ahu; > cdf;F vd; md;igf; fhzpf;ifahfj; jUfpd;nwd;" vd;W mUSiu gfu;e;jhu;. itznjad; ,uhkiuj; bjhGJ/ "vd;idg; gw;wp gpd;du; TWntd;. c';fs; jpUtof;Fg; gy nfho tzf;fk;" vd;W Twpg; gwe;jhu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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Jkpe;jd/ ftad;/ nfrup/ fjtyp/ Rnrlzd;/ fe;jkhjdd;/ ,Lk;gd;/ jjpKfd; Kjypa tPuu;fSk; khz;ldu;. gpuknjtnd rhk;gthd;. Mjypdhy;/ gpukh!;jpuj;jhy; khshky; kaf;fk; mile;jhu;. ,e;jpu$pj;J/ thduf; FGt[ld; ,yl;Rkzd; khz;lhd;/ ,uhkd; nghu;f;fsj;jpy; ,y;yhikahy; mtd; kl;Lk; khstpy;iy vd;W vz;zp btw;wpr; r';if Cjpago je;ijahuplk; brd;W tz';fp/ "je;ijna * ,dp c';fSf;Fr; rpe;ij Vd;. nghu;f;fsj;jpy; ,uhkd; fhzg;gltpy;iy. Mfnt/ ,uhkidj; jtpu/ ,yl;Rkzd; Kjypa midtiua[k; bfhd;Wtpl;nld;. gpukh!;jpuj;jhy; btw;wp bgw;nwd;." vd;W Twpdhd;. ,uhtzd; bgUkfpH;r;rp mile;jhd;. "kfnd * ePa[k; knfhjuDk;ngha; Xa;btLj;Jf; bfhs;S';fs;" vd;W mtu;fSf;F tpil bfhLj;jhd;. ,e;jpu$pj;J jd; khspif brd;whd;.

,uhkuJ Jauk;
bja;tg; gilf;fyd;fSf;F tHpghL bra;j ,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jp nghu;f;fsj;Jf;F te;jhu;. vy;yhUk; khz;L fplf;Fk; mty epiyiaf; fz;lhu;. khz;L fplf;Fk; Rf;uPtDila cliyj; jltp/ "md;gpd; fUt{ynk * el;gpd; ehafnk * vdf;Fj; Jiz bra;a te;j tapuj;Jhnz * eP khz;L fplf;fpd;whna/ vd;id kwe;jhnah >" vd;W Twpg; g[yk;gpaGjhu;. mEkhiuj; jGtp/ Mwhj; Jauk; mile;jhu;. "vd; MUapnu * vd; bghUl;Lf; fly; fle;J mRuu; cly; file;J/ rhdfpf;F capu; bfhLj;Jr; nrit xd;nw vdf;Fj; njit vd;W gzpg[upe;j gz;ghsnd/ cdf;Fj; njtu;fSk; rhth tuk; je;jhu;fns. me;j tuk; bgha;ahFkh > ,g;goa[k; epfGbkd;W ehd; fdtpYk; fUjpnddpy;iy. M";r neah * eP v';nf brd;wha; > bja;tg; gilf;fyk; cd; capiu cz;L tpl;ljh >" vd;W Twp kpft[k; g[yk;gpdhu;.
DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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drjperumalphd@yahoo.com

gpd;du;/ gpukh!;jpuj;jhy; khz;L fplf;Fk; tapuj;Jhz; nghd;w ,yl;Rkziuf; fz;lhu;. Jauj;jhy; "jk;gP/ jk;gP" vd;W Twp \u;r;rpj;Jtpl;lhu;. mtuJ \r;R xU ehHpifg; bghGJ epd;Wtpl;lJ. ntbwhd;iwa[k; czu;e;jhupy;iy. gpd;du;/ \u;r;ir bjspe;J jk;gpapd; cliyj; jdpj;jdpna jltpg; g[yk;gYw;whu;. "jk;gP * vdf;Fj; jha[k; ePna/ je;ija[k; ePna/ jtKk; ePna vd; nra[k; ePna/ jk;gpa[k; ePna/ bry;tKk; ePna. ,g;bghGJ vt;thW kdk; Jzpe;J vd;idg; gpupe;J brd;wid > fhdfj;jpy; gjpdhY Mz;Lfs; ,dpa fdpa[k; njDk;/ fha[k; fpH';Fk; vd;id cz;gpj;J eP cz;zhjpUe;jha;. vd;id cw';Ftpj;J eP cw';fhjpUe;jha;. gjpdhY Mz;Lfs; epd;w tz;zkhf; nrit bra;jha;. xU jk;gp/ jikaDf;F ,t;thW nrit bra;jhd; vd;w tuyhnw ,y;iy. ,g;bghGJ KGikahff; fz;\o cw';Ffpd;wha;. jk;gP * cd;idna ,Ue;njd; ek;gp/ eP vd;id tpl;L eP';fp ePl;o tpl;lha; fk;gp. ehd; mGfpnwd; btk;gp/ ,dp vdf;F ahu; Jiztu; > " "jk;gP eP khz;l gpd; capu;thH khl;nld;. khz;L xHpntd;. ehd; khz;lhy;/ gujDk; rj;Uf;fDk; khs;thu;fs;. ,sikahd kidtpiaj; Jwe;J/ kzpkhspifisj; Jwe;J/ ehl;ila[k; efiua[k; Jwe;J/ czu;ita[k; cwf;fj;ija[k; kwe;J/ vdf;F gzp bra;jha;. vs; vd;why; vz;bziaf; bfhzu;tha;/ gUj;jp vd;why; Miliaf; bfhzu;tha;" vd;W gythW g[yk;gpaGJ mwpt[ nja;e;J/ cs;sk; Xa;e;J epyj;jpy; rha;e;J \u;r;rpj;J tpl;lhu;. ,uhkgpuhDila Mw;bwhzhj; Jauj;ijf; fz;L njtu;fs; mGjhu;fs;/ Jjp bra;J bjhGjhu;fs;.

rPjhnjtpp nghu;f;fsk; ; fhqjy; ; rPjhnjt nghu;f;fsk fhqjy
,uhtzd; ,e;jpu$pj;Jf; Twpa brhw;fisf; nfl;Lg; bgupJk; kfpH;e;J btw;wpg; giw miwe;J MlYk; ghlYk; KH';f/ fspahly; bra;a[khW fl;lisapl;lhd;. kUj;jd; vd;w tPuid miHj;J "eP brd;W nghu;f;fsj;jpy; khz;l muf;fu;fspd; cly;fs; midj;ija[k; flypy;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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,Lf" vd;W fl;lisapl;lhd;. ",jidg; gpwuwpahky; ,ufrpakhfr; bra;" vd;Wk; Twpdhd;. rPijiag; nghu;f;fsk; fhz miHj;Jg; nghtjdhy; nghu;f;fsj;jpy; muf;fu;fs; xUtUk; khstpy;iy vd;W rPij epidf;Fk;go ,e;j NH;r;rpiar; bra;jhd;. ,t;thW bra;atpy;iyahdhy; mEkhu; kUe;Jkiyiaf; bfhz;L te;j bghGJ khz;l muf;fu; midtUk; kPz;L vGe;jpUg;ghu;fs;. mt;thW mtidr; bra;abthl;lhky; jpUtUs; jLj;J mtdJ g[j;jp FWf;nf brd;wJ. kUj;jd; nghu;f;fsj;jpy; khz;l mj;jid muf;fu;fspd; rly';fisa[k; flypy; ,l;lhd;. ,g;nghJ theu tPuu;fspd; rly';fs; kl;Lk; ,Ue;jd. rPijiag; tpkhdj;jpy; Vw;wpg; nghu;f;fsj;ijf; fhl;LkhW ,uhtzd; fl;lisapl;lhd;. ,uhk ,yl;Rkzu; nghu;f;fsj;jpy; khz;ldu; vd; mwpe;J rPij jdf;F trg;gLths; vd;W \ld; fUjpdhd;. muf;fpau;fs; rPijia tpkhdj;jpy; Vw;wpg; nghu;f;fsk; bfhz;L ngha;f; fhl;odhu;fs;. jd; fztUk;/ bfhGe;jdhfpa ,yl;RkzUk; mEkhu; Kjypa kfh tPuu;fSk; khz;L fplg;gijf; fz;l vk;gpuhl;o mile;j Jauj;ijr; brhy;y ty;yhu;ahtu; > jz;zPupy; tpise;j jhkiu jPzpy; tPH;e;J fuptJ nghy;/ bgUe;Jaukile;J bgupJk; g[yk;gp mGjhs;. "vd; bja;tnk * ,uhtzhjpauf;fu;fisf; bfhd;W/ c';fSf;F mDTyk; g[upntd; vd;W jz;lf tdj;jpy; thGk; Kdptu;fSf;F thf;FWjp bfhj;jPnu. ,j;jidj; Jd;g';fSf;Fk; fhuzk; ehd;jhnd. jt";bra;a te;j fztDf;Fj; Jiz bra;a te;j ehd; tpisahl;L khidf; nfl;lJ bgUk; gpiHay;yth > ,J khakhd; vd;W vd; bfhGe;ju; jLj;Jk; fztiu tw;g[Wj;jp khd; gpd;nd mDg;gp ,j;jidj; Jd;gj;Jf;Fk; fhuzk; Mndd;. ,yl;Rkzu; vd;idf; fhty; g[upe;jpUe;jhy; Mapuk; ,uhtzu;fshYk; vd;idr; rpiw gpof;f KoahJ. gjpdhY Mz;Lfs; czita[k; cwf;fj;ija[k; Jwe;J ,sk; kidtpia kwe;J/ vdf;Fg; ghjg{i$ bra;j me;jg; guk gf;jid/ eP eat";rfd; vd;W itJ ,e;jg; Jd;gj;Jf;F Mshndd;. bgz;g[j;jp gpd; g[j;jp vd;gij cyfk; mwpar; bra;Jtpl;nld;" vdW Twp/ tpjpiaa[k; jd; kjpiaa[k;. ,uhtzDila rjpiaa[k;/ jdf;F neu;e;j fjpiaa[k; epide;J tha;tpl;L mGjhs;.
DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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mt;thW/ me;jj; bja;t k';if mGtijf; fz;L njt khju; mGjhu;fs;. gukrptDila g';fpYiwa[k; ghu;tjpa[k; mGjhs;. jpUkhypd; j';ifahfpa bfhw;wit mGjhs;. jhkiuapy; thGk; jpUkfSk; mGjhs;. fiykfs; mGjhs;. jpUkhypd; j';ifahfpa bfhw;wit mGjhs;. ,uf;fk; vd;gij xU rpwpJk; mwpahj muf;fpkhu;fSk; mGjhu;fs;.

khah rPij khah rPij
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kUe;J kiy
DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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,uhkUila fl;lisapd;go theu nridfSf;F czt[ njor; brd;w tpgP#zu;/ nghu;f; fsj;jpw;F te;jhu;. ,uhku; \u;r;rpj;jpUg;gija[k; Vidnahu; kha;e;J tPH;e;jpUf;fpd;w mty epiyiaa[k; fz;L bgupJk; tUj;jk; mile;jhu;. mtu; fz;zpy; fz;zPu; Mwha;g; bgUfpaJ. cs;sk; cUfpaJ. ,J gpukh!;jpuj;jpd; bray; vd;W czu;e;jhu;. gpukh!;jpuj;jhy; khshjtu; ahnuDk; csnuh vd;W me;j es;sputpy; njodhu;. \r;rpUf;Fk; mEkhiuf; fz;lhu;. mtuJ clk;gpy; ijj;jpUe;j mk;g[fis vLj;J/ Kfj;jpy; jz;zPu; bjspj;jhu;. kaf;fe; bjspe;j khUjp/ tpgP#ziuf; fl;oj; jGtpf; bfhz;lhu;. "mz;zny * ,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jpf;F Mgj;jpy;iyna" vd;W tpdhtpdhu;. "khUjpna * ,uhkgpuhd; \u;r;rpj;jpUf;fpd;whu;" vd;W tpgP#zu; Twpdhu;. khUjp tpgP#ziug; ghu;j;J "$hk;gthid mile;jhy; ekf;F ed;ik cz;lhFk;" vd;W / ,Uspy; $hk;gthidj; njo mtu; ,Uf;Fk; ,lj;ij mile;jhu;fs;. $hk;gthd; ,Uspy; te;jtu; ahbud;nw mwpahjtuha;/ "eP';fs; ahu; >" vd;W nfl;lhu;. M";rneau;/ "monad; mEkd; te;jpUf;fpd;nwd;" vd;whu;. ,ijf; nfl;l $hk;gthd; Js;sp Fjpj;jhu;. "ca;e;jdk; ca;e;jdk;" vd;W Twp cte;jhu;.
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epiyikia czu;e;j $hk;gthd;/ "mEknd * eP tlf;nf beLe;Jhuj;jpy; cs;s rhth kUe;ijf;bfhz;L te;jhy; vy;yhUk; gpiHj;bjGthu;fs;. ,J Mjpj;jd; cjpg;gjw;F Kd; bra;a ntz;Lk;. bjd; flYf;F xd;gjpdhapuk; nahrid bjhiytpy; ,kakiy ,Uf;fpd;wJ. ,kaj;Jf;F mg;ghy; xd;gjpdhapuk; nahrid bjhiytpy; VkTl kiy ,Uf;fpwJ.mk;kiyf;F mg;ghy; xd;gjdhapuk; nahid Jhuj;jpy; epljkiy ,Uf;fpd;wJ. mjw;F mg;ghy; xd;gjpdhapuk; nahrid bjhiytpy; nkU kiy ,Uf;fpwJ. nkU kiyf;F mg;ghy; xd;gjpdhapuk; nahrid Jhuj;jpy; ePyfpup ,Uf;fpd;wJ. ePyfpupf;F mg;ghy; ehyhapuk; nahrid fle;jhy; kUe;Jkiy ,Uf;fpd;wJ. jh';fs; tha[ ntfk;. kndhntfk; gpw;glr; brd;W Nupad; cjpg;gjw;F Kd; kUe;J kiyiaf; bfhz;L tu ntz;Lk;" vd;W mEkhuplk; ntz;of; Twpdhu;. mEkhd;/ ",uhkh" vd;W Twp thdj;jpy; gha;e;jhu;/ ngUUf; bfhz;lhu;. $hk;gthd; Twpa tHpapy; brd;W ,kakiyia mile;jhu;. m';nf fapiykiyiaf; fz;L fz;qjw;Fupa flt[isf; fz;L/ vz;qjw;fupa g[z;zpabkd;W tz';fp mtuJ jz;zUisg; bgw;whu;. Vk Tl kiyiaa[k; eplj kiyiaa[k; fle;J brd;whu;. nkU kiyapy; bgupa btz;zhty; kuj;ijg; ghu;j;jhu;. me;j btz;zhty; kuk; ,Ug;gjdhy; ,j;jPt[ ehtye;jPt[ vdg;gl;lJ. ,J tlbkhHpapy; $k;g[j;jPtk; vd;W bgau; bgw;wJ. m';Fg; gpuknjtidf; fz;L tz';fpdhu;. gpd;du;/ ,yl;Rkp njtpa[ld; tPw;wpUf;fpd;w tp#;q \u;j;jpiaf; fz;L tpae;J eae;J gagf;jpa[ld; gzpe;jhu;. Mapuk; Mjpj;ju;fs; xU';nf cjpj;jJ nghd;w ngbuhspg; gpHk;ghf tps';Fk; rjhrpt \u;j;jpiaa[k; kndhd;kzp mk;ikiaa['; fz;L gpwtpapd; ngwhf vz;zp/ Mwhff; fz;zPu; toj;J/ Mde;j eu;j;jd"; bra;J m";ryp bra;jhu;. gpd; ,ikatu; g[ilNH tPw;wpUf;fpd;w ,e;jpugfthid ,iw";rpdhu;. vz;jpirf; fhtyiuf; fz;L ifTg;gpdhu;. cj;ju FU vd;w g[z;zpa g{kpiaf; fz;lhu;. m';nf Mjpj;jidf; fz;lhu;. bghGJ tpoe;J tpl;lnjh vd;W Jqf;Fw;whu;. gpd; mwpt[ bjspe;J nkUfpupf;F tl jpirahjypd; Nupad; nkw;nf cjpj;Jf; fpHf;nf bry;Yk; epajpapdhy;/ fjputidf; fhz;fpd;nwhk; vz;bwz;zp kfpH;e;jhu;. m';F ,sik khwhJ capUk; clYk;nghy;
DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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xd;Wgl;L thH;fpd;w g[z;zpa Mj;khf;fisf; fz;lhu;. kUe;J kiyia mile;jt[ld; mjidf; fhf;fpd;w bja;t';fs;/ "mg;gh * eP ahtd; > ,';F te;j fhuzk; ahJ >" vd;wd. mEkhu;/ "bja;t';fns * ehd; tha[ Fkhud;/ mEkhd;/ ,uhk Jhjd;. nghupy; khz;l ,uhk gf;ju;fis capu;g;gpf;f kUe;J bfhz;L tu te;njd;" vd;W tpeaj;Jld; tpsk;gpdhu;. mj;bja;t';fs;/ ",k; kUe;ijf; bfhz;L ngha; kPz;Lk; ,';Ff; bfhz;L te;J nru;f;f ntz;Lk;" vd;W Twp kiwe;jd. gpd;du;/ jpUkhypd; rf;fuj;jhH;thu; te;J fhl;rp je;J fUiz fhl;o kiwe;jhu;. mwpnt xU tothfpa M";rneau; $hk;gthd; Twpa kUe;Jfisg; gpupj;bjLg;gJ mupbjd;W vz;zpdhu;. mk;kUe;jpd; tptuk;. r";rPt fuzp - ,we;jtu;fisg; gpiHf;f itg;gJ re;jhd fuzp - clk;g[/ ntW ntW TWfshfg; gpupf;fg;goDk; xd;Wglr; bra;tJ. tpry;ypa fuzp - clk;gpYs;s g[ije;j gilf;fUtpfis btspg;gLk;goahfr; bra;tJ. rhtUzpa fuzp - cUtHpe;j clk;ig cUthf;fp itg;gJ. gpd;du;/ Mapuk; nahrid gug;g[k; MHKk; cila mk;kUe;J kiyia ntnuhL bgau;j;J/ xU ifapy; Ve;jpf; bfhz;L ,y';if nehf;fpg; g[wg;gl;lhu;. m';nf nghu;f;fsj;jpy; $hk;gthDk; tpgP#zUk; ,uhkuplk; brd;W mtuJ jpUtoiaj; bjhl;L tz';fpdhu;fs;. ,uhku; fz; tpHpj;jhu;. vjpupy; epd;wpUe;j tpgP#zidg; ghu;j;J/ "md;gnd * ,yl;Rkzd; gpukh!;jpuj;ij Vtp ,e;jpu$pj;ij mHpg;ngd; vd;whd;. mad;gil midj;Jyf';fisa[k; mHpf;Fk;. mjid ,g;nghJ Vthnj vd;W jLj;njd;. mjdhy; te;jJ ,e;j tpist[. ,yl;Rkzidj; jdpj;J tpl;L Ma[j g{i$f;Fg; nghdJk;
DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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gpiH. ehd; ,dpapUe;J vd;d gad; > koe;J thDyf"; brd;W vd; mUikj; jk;gpiar; re;jpg;ngd;" vd;W Twpdhu;. $hk;gthd;/ "vk;bgUkhnd * njtuPu; kde; jsu ntz;lh. ghw;flypy; mkpu;jj;Jld; gpwe;J ,JtiuahUk; mjid mDgtpf;fhj kUe;J kiy tlf;nf ,Uf;fpd;wJ. mijf; bfhzUkhW mEkid mDg;gpapUf;fpd;nwd;. mwpt[ila mEkhu; mjidf; bfhzu;thu;. mjdhy;/ midtUk; gpiHg;gu;" vd;W Twpdhu;. ,t;thW ciu epfH;j;jpf; bfhz;oUe;jnghnj ngbuhsp kakhd kUe;J kiyia xU ifapnye;jpf; bfhz;L mEkhu; tpz;zpypUe;J kz;zpy; ,w';fpdhu;. kUe;jpd; eWkzk; tPrpat[ld; ,yl;Rkzu; Kjypa midtUk; capu; bgw;W vGe;jdu;. ,uhku; jk;gpiaj; jGtp kfpH;e;jhu;. mEkhiug; ghu;j;J fz;zPuhy; Fspg;ghl;o/ "M";rneah/ jrujr; rf;utu;j;jpapd; kf;fshfpa eh';fs; khz;blhHpe;njhk;. ,g;bghGJ cd;dhy; gpiHj;J vGe;njhk;. v';fSf;F capu; bfhLj;j cj;jknd/ cd; g[fH; ePL thH;f" vd;W thH;j;jpdhu;. ahtUk; capu;bgw;W vGe;jJk; $hk;gthd; brhw;go mEkhu; me;j kUe;J kiyiag; giHagona ,Ue;j ,lj;jpy; itj;Jtpl;Lj; jpUk;gpdhu;. gpukh!;jpuk; ,uhkidj; bjhGJ jd; ,Ug;gplk; nru;e;jJ.

fspahLjy;
,uhtzd; btw;wp tpHh bfhz;lhLthdhapdd;. kfspUk; ,s'; Fkuu;fSk; fs;Sz;L/ kaf;fj;jhy; js;Sz;L ka';fpg; gho Mo kfpH;e;jhu;fs;. r";rPtp kUe;jpdhy; capu; bgw;W vGe;j theu tPuu;fs; fly;nghy; Muthuk; bra;jhu;fs;. btw;wp tpHhtpy; fspj;jpUe;j ,uhtzd; ,jidf; nfl;lhd;. mRu Jhju;fs; tz;LUthfr; brd;W/ gpwu; mwpahtz;zk;/ "mEkhu; kUe;Jkiyiaf; bfhz;L tu/ mjdhy;
DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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khz;ltu;fs; kPz;L vGe;J Muthu"; bra;fpd;whu;fs;." vd;W Twpdu;. ,uhtzd; kdk; ciye;jJ fspahl;lk; fiye;jJ. ,uhtzd; ke;jpuhnyhrid kz;lgj;ij mile;jhd;. m';nf khypathDk; ,e;jpu$pj;Jk; knfhjuDk; kw;w ke;jpuf; jiytu;fSk; te;J tz';fp/ ,uhtzidr; NH;e;J mku;e;jhu;fs;.

khyppathd; ; TWk; ; mwt[iu khy athd TWk mwt[iu
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,e;jpu$pj;J/ "je;ijna * ehis epFk;giy vd;w ,lj;jpw;Fr; brd;W ahfk; bra;J mHpahj njiua[k; tpy;yk;g[fisa[k; bgw;W ,uhk ,yl;Rkzu;fisf; bfhy;Yntd;. ,jw;F xU jil ,Uf;fpd;wJ. tpgP#zd; cst[ brhy;Ythd;. Mjyhy;/ ehd; xU khar; rPijia btl;o mnahj;jp nghtjhfg; nghf;Ff; fhl;o epFk;giy brd;W ahfj;ij Kog;ngd;" vd;W Twpdhd;. ,uhtzd; mjw;F mDkjpaspj;jhd;. nghu;f;fsj;jpy; ,uhkid tz';fpa Rf;uPtd;/ ,y';ifiar; Rl;blupf;f mEkjp ju ntz;Lk; vd;W ntz;odhd;. ,uhkUk; mDkjpaspj;;jhu;. Rf;uPtdpd; fl;lisapd;go vGgJ bts;sk; theu';fSk; MSf;bfhU bfhs;spf;fl;iliaj; Jhf;fp bfhz;L xt;bthU tPl;oYk; jP itj;Jf; bfhSj;jpd.

khah rPij khah rPij
M";r neau; kUe;Jkiyia mjd; ,Ug;gplk; itj;Jj; jpUk;gpdhu;. nkw;F thapypy; te;J nru;e;jhu;. ,e;jpu$pj;J Xu; muf;fid khah rPijahfr; bra;J bfhz;L xU ifapy; Te;jiya[k; kw;bwhU ifapy; thisa[k; Ve;jpago/ "V/ theunk/ ,j;jida[k; ,e;jr; rPijapdhy; tpise;jitna. Mfnt/ ,tisf; bfhy;Yntd;. mnahj;jp bry;Yntd;. gujd; Kjypnahuplk; nghu; bra;J bty;Yntd;" vd;W Twpdhd;. mEkhu;/ "mg;gh * bgz;izf; bfhy;tJ bgUk; ghtk;. eP g[yj;jpa KdptUila ngud;/ mwbewpia mHpf;fhnj. ght \l;ilfisf; fl;of; bfhs;shnj. ehL rpupf;Fk;/ nfL bra;ahnj *" vd;W jLj;Jk; ,e;jpu$pj;J khah rPijia btl;lj; Jzpe;J/ "ehd; mnahj;jp brd;W guj rj;Uf;diuf; bfhd;W kPSntd;" vd;W Twp tlf;nf nghtjhf eoj;J epFk;giy ngha;r;nru;e;jhd;. mEkhu;/ cz;ikapy; rPij ,we;jjhff; fUjpf; fjwpg; g[yk;gpaGjhu;. ,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jp rPij khz;lijf; nfl;L mirtw;W ,Ue;jhu;. rpj;jpug; gJik nghy;/ capu;g;gile;J Xa;e;jpUe;jhu;. ,yl;Rkzu;
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jikadhiuj; njw;wpdhu;. "mz;zh * njtp khz;lhs; vd;w nrjpiaf; nfl;L tUe;jpr; brayw;W fplg;gJ mwpt[ilikahfhJ. ,g;bghGJ mRu Fyj;ija[k; \t[yifa[k; mHpf;f ntz;Lk;" vd;W Twpdhu;. mg;bghGJ M";r neau;/ ,e;jpu$pj;J mnahj;jpf;Fr; brd;w bra;jpiaf; Twpdhu;. mr;brhy; ,uhkUf;F bte;j g[z;zpy; nty; gha;e;jJnghy; ,Ue;jJ. theu';fs; midtUk; tha;tpl;L mGJ g[yk;gpdhu;fs;. mg;bghGJ tpgP#zu; tz;LUf;bfhz;L mnrhftdk; brd;W gpuhl;oahu; Rfnk ,Ug;gijf; fz;L te;J Twpdhu;. ,ijf; nfl;L vy;yhUk; kfpH;r;rpaile;jhu;fs;. ,e;jpu$pj;J epFk;giy brd;W nts;tp bra;J btw;wp bgw Kay;fpd;whd; vd;gij tpgP#zu; Twpdhu;.

eppFk;giy ahfk; ; e Fk;giy ahfk
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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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,e;jpu$pj;J Nupah!;jpuj;ij Vtpdhd;. ,yl;RkzUk; mg;gilapdhy; mg;gilia mHpj;jhu;. ,e;jpu$pj;J gpukh!;jpuj;ij mgpke;jpupj;J Vtpdhd;. mg;gilf;fyk; mf;dp kiHiag; bghHpe;J bfhz;L te;jJ. njtUk; \tUk; ,e;j m!;jpuj;jhy; cyfk; mHpa[nk/ ,yl;Rkzu; gpiHf;fkhl;lhnu vd;W tUe;jpdhu;fs;. ,yl;Rkzu; jd;ghypUe;j kpfg; bgUik tha;e;j gpukh!;jpuj;ij vLj;J tpy;ypy; bjhLj;J/ "eP ,e;jpu$pj;jpd; capiua[k; Vida cyifa[k; mHpf;fhnj. mtd; tpl;l gilf;fyj;ij kl;Lk; mHpg;ghahf" vd;W Twpg; gpukh!;jpuj;ij tpG';ftpl;L kPz;lJ. ,ijf; fz;l thdtu; thH;j;jpdu;. ,e;jpu$pj;J jpifj;jhd;. ,yl;Rkziu nkYk; gifj;jhd;. ,yl;Rkziug; ghu;j;J "V/ tPund * ,g;nghJ ehd; tpLfpd;w fizahy; khz;blhHptha;/ epr;rakhfj; jg;gpf;fnt KoahJ" vd;W Twp kpfr; rpwe;j ehuhazh!;jpuj;ij Vtpdhd;. mijf; fz;l njtu;fs; ehuhazh!;jpuk; ,isa bgUkhisf; bfhy;Ynk vd;W tUe;jpdhu;fs;.

,uhku; tpgP#ziu tpae;J ghuhl;ly;
,uhku; ,yl;Rkziug; ghu;j;J "Mz;fspd; jpyfnk * ,e;j btw;wpf;Ff; fhuzk; ePa[k; my;yd;/ mEkDk; my;yd;/ bja;tKk; my;y/ tpgP#znd Mthd;" vd;W Twpdhu;. vy;yhUk; ,d;g rhfuj;jpy; mGe;jpdhufs;. ,uhtzdplk; ,e;jpu$pj;J khz;l bra;jpiaf; Twpdhy;/ ,td; nrhfKk; nfhgKk; bfhz;L ek;ikf; bfhy;Ythnd > vd;bwz;zpj; Jhju;fs; m";rpdhu;fs;. gzp bra;fpd;w njtu;fSk; muf;fu;fSk; \iy KLf;Ffspy; xspe;J b;fhz;lhu;fs;. Xu; xw;wd; brd;W ,uhtzid tz';fp bkhHp gjw iffhy;fs; eL';f. "muf;fu; Fy nte;nj * ,isa nte;juhfpa ,e;jpu$pj;J khz;lhu;"

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vd;W Twpdhd;. mijf; nfl;l; nrhfKk; nfhgKk; bgh';fp mtid thshy; btl;o tpl;lhd;. gpd;du; tha;tpl;Lg; g[yk;gyhdhd;. "vd; md;g[r; bry;tnk * vdf;F Kd; khz;lidna. me;njh * cd; capiug; gw;Wtjw;Ff; Tw;WtDf;F Mw;wy; cz;lh > cd; typik kfhnkU nghd;wjhapw;nw. eP vdf;Fr; bra;a ntz;oa beUg;g[f; fld;/ ePu;f;fld;fis ehd; cdf;Fr; bra;a[khW tpjp tpise;jnj. " "vd; MUapnu * eP ,we;jij mwpe;J/ jd; gifaHpe;jJ vd;W vz;zp. ,e;jpud; kfpH;e;jpUg;ghd;. cd;idf; fz;L m";rpa mkuu;fs; Mde;j bts;sj;jpy; mGe;jpapUg;ghu;fs;. fuj;ij Koa fz;qjw; flt[fSk;/ ghw;flypw; JapYk; fs;tdhfpa jpUkhYk; gifbahHpe;J cs;sk; cte;jpUg;ghufs;. eP ngha; vdf;F vd;d thH;t[ csJ > " ,uhtzd; Jd;gj;jhy; Joj;J epyj;jpy; tpGthd;/ kPz;Lk; vGthd;/ njk;gpj; njk;gp mGthd;. jiyapy; moj;Jf; bfhs;thd;. iffisg; gpirthd;/ gpUk;Kthd;. bgU\r;R tpLthd;. mtDil fz;fspy; cjpu ePu; bgUfpaJ. gj;Jj; jiyfSk; jdpj;jdpna mGJ g[yk;gpd. ,t;thW mGj ,uhtzd; btwp gpoj;jtd;nghy; m';Fkp';Fk; Xodhd;. nghu;f;fsk; brd;W kfDila clk;igj; njLthdhapdhd;. mRug; gpz';fisa[k; ahidg; gpz';fisa[k; g[ul;og; g[ul;oj; njodhd;. tpy;nyhL mWgl;L tPH;e;jpUf;fpd;w xU ifiaf; fz;lhd;. Mwhj; Jauk; mile;jhd;. ifia vLj;J khu;gpYk; jiyapYk; itj;Jf; bfhz;lhd;. bgUe;Jauk; mile;jhd;. ,e;jpu$pj;jpd; cliy vLj;Jf; bfhz;Lngha; muz;kidapy; gl;L bkj;ijapy; ,l;L Xyk; ,l;lhd;.

tz;nlhjupp mGjy; ; tz;nlhju mGjy
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gilf;fhl;rpp gilf;fhl;r

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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,uhtzDila fl;lisg;go M';fh';F ,Ue;j \ygy nridfs; te;J ,y';ifapy; Ftpe;jd. JhJtu; ,uhtzDf;Fg; gilfisf; fhl;o mwptpj;jhu;fs;. ,tu;fs; rhfj; jPtpdu;/ ,tu;fs; Firj; jPtpdu;/ ,tu;fs; Myfhy e";rpdpy; njhd;wpa ,ytj; jPtpdu;. fly;nghy; bgUfpf; fhl;rpaspf;Fk; Mapuk; bts;sk; nridfisf; bfhz;l ,e;jg; gilapdu; nfhgk; bfhz;lhy; jhiaf; bfhd;W jpd;ghu;fs;. ghte;njhd;wpa fhyj;nj gpwe;jtu;fs;. vy;yhUk; nkUitj; Jfs; gLj;Jthu;fs;. fU';fliyf; Fog;ghu;fs;. ,tu;fshy; Mfhj bray; xd;Wk; fpilahJ vd;W gilfspd; bgUikiaf; Twpdhu;fs;. mj;jid ngUk; khz;blhHpe;jhu;fs; vd;W mUfpYs;stu;fs; Twpdhu;fs;. td;dp ,jidf; nfl;Lj; Jqf;Fw;whd;. mg;nghJ khypathd;/ "mg;gh * td;dp * eP kdpju;fs; vd;Wk;/ theu';fs; vd;Wk; myl;rpag;gLj;jhnd * me;j ,uhkd; fly; file;j thypia Xuk;ghy; bfhd;wtd;. fu jpuprpu Jh#zhjpaiu xU ehHpifapy; bfhd;wtd;. xU Fu';F mnrhftdj;ij mHpj;J/

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

268

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,y';ifia vupa{l;o/ xU rpwpa bghGjpy; r";rPtp kiyiaf; bfhzu;e;J ,we;jtiug; gpiHg;gpj;j bgUika[ilaJ" vd;whd;. td;dp/ "nte;ju; nte;nj * ,j;jidg; ngu; khz;l nghJ eP Vd; nghUf;Fg; nghftpy;iy >" vd;W nfl;lhd;. ,uhtzd;/ "kdpju;fs;/ Fu';Ffs; kPJ nghUf;Fg; nghff; Trpndd;" vd;W Twpdhd;. Kjy; ehs; nghupy; njhw;wijf; Twpdhdpy;iy. "ehd; theu nridfSld; nghu; bra;J bfhd;W tUntd;. ,d;Wld; ekJ nghu; Kw;Wg; bgWtjhf" vd;W Twp theu nridfs; kPJ nghu; g[upag; g[wg;gl;lhd;.

,uhk - ,uhtz a[j;jk;

td;dp Kjypa gilj;jiytu;fs;/ ",U khdplu;fisf; bfhy;Yk; rpwpa braYf;F ek;ik ,uhtzd; mDg;gpdhnd >" vd;W ehzpdhu;fs;.
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"vypiaf; bfhy;yg; g[yp nghtjh > g{idiaf; bfhy;y ahid nghtjh > thiHehu; mWf;f xU $hk;gthid mDg;gpaJ nghy/ vWk;g[fisf; bfhy;yg; bgUk; gyrhypia mDg;gpaJ nghy/ ,Uf;fpwJ ,r;bra;if" vd;W vz;zp btl;fj;JlDk; tPuj;JlDk; nghu;f;fsk; nghdhu;fs;. fly; jpuz;L te;jJ nghy; nju;g;gilfSk; ahidg; gilfSk; Fjpiug; gilfSk;/ fhyhl; gilfSk; jpuz;L/ nkfk; ,og;gJ nghy;/ fu;$id bra;J bfhz;L mRu nridfs; tUtijf; fz;L theug;gilapd; tPuu;fs; kjpfy';fpf;/ fjpfy';fp \iyf;bfhUtuhf Xodhu;fs;. rpyu; nrJ tHpahf Xodhu;fs;. nrJ tHpapy;yhikahy; jz;zPupy; ePe;jp rpyu; brd;whu;fs;. "mk;kk;kh/ ,e;j mRu nridfis mHpf;f Mapuk; ,uhku;fshYk; Mapuk; ,yl;Rkzu;fshYk; MfhJ. ,e;j mRu nrid xUntis vy;yh cyfj;ija[k; mHpf;Fk;. ekf;F kidtp kf;fs; ,Uf;fpwhu;fs;. ,e;jg; nghupy; ehk; ,we;jhy; ek;Kila kidtp kf;fs; tho tUe;jp/ ntjid milthu;fs;" vd;W kdk; eL';fp Xodhu;fs;. m';fjd;/ Xoa theug; gilfisj; jLj;J/ "theu tPuu;fns/ mRu nridfisf; fz;L eP';fs; Xo xspayhkh > ,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jpapd; nfhjz;lk; ekf;Fj; Jiz g[upa[k;. eP';fs; nghUf;Fj; jpUk;gp thU';fs;" vd;W miHj;jhd;. theu';fs; m';fjid nehf;fp/ "m';fjh cdf;F fz;zpy;iyah > ,e;j mRu nridfs; xU behof;Fs; ,e;j cyfj;ij mHpf;Fk; nguhw;wy; gilj;jit. " ",e;jpu$pj;jpdhy; ehk; gl;l Jauk; nghjhjh > ,e;j mRu tPuu;fs; ,e;jpu$pj;ijtplg; nguhw;wy; gilj;jtu;fs;. ,tu;fs; vkida[k; bfhy;Yk; typika[ilatu;fs;. ,tu;fSld; nghu; g[upa ,uhkuhYk;/ ,yl;RkzuhYk; KoahJ. mEkhuhYk; KoahJ. ehk; capu; thH;tjw;F kiyfspYk; td';fspYk; fha;fdpfs; ,Uf;fpd;wd. xspe;J thH;tjw;Ff; FiffSk; ,Uf;fpd;wd. ,e;j itafj;ij ,uhku; Mz;lhy; vd;d > ,uhtzd; Mz;lhy; vd;d >" vd;W Twpdhu;fs;.

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if eL';fp/ bka;eL';fp/ cs;sk; xL';fp/ ciu eL';fpr; brhy;ypa theu';fspd; brhw;fisf; nfl;L m';fjd; g[d;dif g{j;jhd;. xU g[wk; ehzj;jhy; epyj;ij nehf;fp epd;wpUe;j $hk;gthidg; ghu;j;J/ "kjpeyk; gilj;j khtPund * eP';fs; ,g;go mRu nridfSf;F m";ryhkh > ek;ik Ms te;jpUf;fpd;wtiu kdpjd; vd;W vz;zyhkh > guk;bghUns kdpjdhf te;jpUf;fpd;wJ my;yth > ,uhku; xUtnu ,j;jig; ngiua[k; mHpj;Jf; bfhy;Ythu;. eP';fs; m";r ntz;lhk;. mr;rj;jhy; J";r ntz;lhk;. m";rhky; ,U';fs;" vd;W Twpj; njw;wpdhu;. ,uhkiutpl;L mfyhky;/ Xlhky;/ tplhky; ,Ue;jtu;fs; Rf;uPtd;/ mEkhu;/ m';fjd; vd;W \tnuahtu;. tpgP#zu; ,uhkiu nehf;fp TWfpd;whu;. "vk; bgUkhnd * ,e;j gilfs; \ygyg; gilfs; MFk;. vl;Lj; jpirfspYk; etfz;lj;jpYk; ghjyj;jpYk; ,Ue;j ,uhtzDila nridfshFk;. ,g;gil tPuu;fs; cyfj;ij bty;Yk; nguhw;wy; gilj;jtu;fs;. tpjp fpHpe;J njtuPiu vjpu;f;f te;Js;shu;fs;" vd;W Twpdhu;. ,uhku; jk;gpia nehf;fp/ "ehd; \ygyr; nridfis mHpg;ngd. eP theu nridfSf;Fj; Jizahf ,U. tpgP#zidg; ghJfhj;Jf; bfhs;" vd;W gzpj;jUspf; nfhjz;lj;Jld; jd;de;jdpna \ygyr; nridfSld; nghu; g[upthuhapdu;. thDyfpy; ,e;jpuhjp njtu;fSk; gpukhjp mkuu;fSk; nghu;j;jpwj;ijg; ghu;j;J ,uhkUila jdpik fz;L ,wf;fk; va;jpdhu;fs;. Mapuk; bts;sk; nridfisa[k; ,uFtPud; xU tpy;nyhL/ jiuapy; epd;W nghu; g[upe;J mHpg;gJ vd;gJ rpe;jidf;F vl;lhj brayhFk;. ,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jp jUkFz rPydhFk;. muf;fu;fs; mju;kj;jpd; tot';fs;. mju;kk; kiynghy; ,Ue;jhYk; mwnk bty;Yk;/ kwk; njhw;Fk;. nfhjz;lk; btw;wp milf vd;W thH;jpdhu;fs;. thDyfpy; ,Ue;j kfh g[dpjKila Kdptu;fs; ,uhk gpuhDf;F btw;wp cz;lhtjhFf vd;W ntj ke;jpu';fisf; Twp thH;j;jpaUspdhu;fs;.

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,uhku; tpy;iy tisj;J ehnzhiria cz;lhf;fp tPu \u;j;jpahf muf;fu; Kd;nd epd;whu;. ,uhkUila njhw;wj;ijf; fz;L muf;fu;fs;/ ",r;rpWtdh ek;ikf; bfhy;yg; nghfpwhd; > kiyiar; rpW Crpapdhy; bgau;j;J vLf;f Koa[kh >" vd;W Twp Mapuk; Mapuk; ghz';fis ,uhku; kPJ vwpe;jhu;fs;. ,uhku; vLf;Fk;nghJ xd;W/ tpy;ypy; bjhLf;Fk; nghJ Mapuk;/ elf;Fk; nghJ ,yl;rk;/ jhf;Fk; nghJ nfho vdg; bgUFk; ghz';fis mgp ke;jpupj;J Mapuk; Mapu'; nfhoahf muf;fu; nky; tpLj;jhu;. kiHnghy; bghHpfpd;w m!;jpu';fshy;/ ahidg; gilfSk;/ Fjpiug; gilfSk;/ jiug;gilfSk; nju;g;gilfSk; jiyaWe;J epyj;jpy; cUz;L kha;e;jd. ,uhku; rf;fuk; nghy; RHd;W jpUto epyj;jpy; glhky; jhtpj; jhtpg; ghz kiHiar; brhupe;jhu;. xt;nthu; muf;fd; Kd;Dk; ,uhku; epd;W nghu; g[upe;jhu;. xt;bthUtUk; ,uhkd; vd; vjpupy; epw;fpd;whu;/ vd; vjpupy; epw;fpd;whu; vd;W fz;l ,l';fspy; vy;yhk; ,uhkiuf; fz;lhu;fs;. ,uhku; nghu;f;fsj;jpy; gy nfho ,uhku;fshff; fhl;rpaspj;jhu;. Mapuk; Mapuk; mRu tPuu;fs; mzp tFj;J epd;whu;fs;. Mapuk; tPuu;fSf;F mg;ghy; epw;Fk; xU tPud;/ Kd;nd epw;Fk; tPuidf; fz;L/ rw;nw tpyF/ rw;nw tpyF vd;W TWthd;. Kd;dpw;fpd;wtd;/ ehd; vd;d tisayh mzpe;jpUf;fpd;nwd; > vd;W Tw/ tpyfhky; Kd;dpw;Fk; tPuu; jiyiaa[k;/ tpyF vd;W Twpa tPudpd; jiyiaa[k; ,ilnaa[s;s tPuu;fspd; jiyfisa[k; ,uhkghzk; mWj;Jj; js;Sk;. Mapuk; jhkiu ,jH;fspy; xU itu Crp EiHtJ nghy;/ ,uhkghzk; xa;t[ bgwhky; mRuu;fis tijj;jJ. cjpu ejpfs; bgUfp Xod. ahidg; gpz';fSk; Fjpiug; gpz';fSk; mRug; gpz';fSk; kiynghy; Ftpe;jd. ,uhkUila tPur; braiyf; fz;L giftu;fSk; tpag;gile;jhu;fs;. thDyfpy; njtu;fs; ,jidf; fz;L fspg;g[w;whu;fs;. ,uhkUila nfhjz;lj;jpy; gjpdhW j';f kzpfSk;/ gjpdhW ePsk; Fiwe;j fte;j kzpfSk; bjh';f tpl;oUe;jd. Mapuk; ahidfs;/ gjpdhapuk; nju; xU nfho Fjpiufs;/ Mapuk; nrid tPuu;fs; Mfpad
DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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,we;jhy; ,uhkUila tpy;ypy; cs;s fte;j kzp xU Kiw xypf;Fk;. me;jf; fte;j kzp Mapuk; Kiw xypj;jhy; bgupa j';fkzp fzPbud;W xypf;Fk;. ,g;bghGJ ,uhkUila nfhjz;lj;jpy; cs;s Kg;gj;jpuz;L kzpfSk; ,ilawhJ VHiu ehHpif xypj;J KH';fpd vd;why;/ mRu nridfs; ,we;j vz;zpf;ifia ahuhy; ,ak;g Koa[k; > ,uhkUila bja;tpfr; bra;ifia ,e;j \ygyg; nghupdhy; bjspf. Mid ahapuk; nju;gjp dhapuk; mly;gup xUnfho nrid fhtyu; Mapuk; ngu;god; fte;jbkhd; bwGe;jhLk; fhd khapuk; fte;jk;epd; whood; ftpd;kzp fzpy; vd;Dk; Vid ak;kzp Vhiu ehHpif MoaJ ,dpJ md;nw ,t;thW/ ,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jp \ygyr; nridfis tijj;Jtpl;L/ thif khiy No theu';fs; ,Uf;Fkplj;ij mile;jhu;.

ntnyw;w tPuk;
,uhtzd; theu tPuiuf; bfhy;Yk; bghUl;L/ Mjpj;jidg; nghy; xspr; bra;a[k; nju;kPnjwpj; njtu;fis btd;w tpy;Yk;/ mk;gwhj; Jhzpa[k; jh';fpatdha;/ EhW nfhoj; nju;fSk; gj;Jf; nfho ahidfSk;/ ,UEhW nfho FjpiufSk; ,tw;wpd; ,ul;oahd fhyhl; gilfSk; g[ilNHg; nghu;f;fsk; te;jhd;. theu tPuu;fSk;/ mRu tPuu;fSk; m";rhky; vjpu;j;Jf; fLk;nghu; g[upe;jdu;. ,uhtzd; ,yl;rkziu vjpu;j;Jr; rPw;wj;Jld; nghu; g[upe;jhd;. ,uhtzd;/ ,tidr; rhkhd;akhd m!;jpu';fshy; bfhy;y KoahJ vd;W fUjpj; bja;tg; gilf;fyd;fis vLj;J tpy;ypy; bjhLj;Jg; nghu;g[upe;jhd;. gpd;du; rptbgUkhdhy; cz;lhf;fg;gl;l nkhfh!;jpuj;ij ,isatu; kPJ gpunahfk; bra;jhd;. mg;bghGJ/ tpgP#zu;kPJ bgUk; rPw;wk; bfhz;lhd;. tpgP#ziuf; bfhy;y ntz;Lk; vd;W fUjpg; gpuknjtu;
DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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nts;tpapy; cz;lhf;fpaJk;/ tz;nlhjupapd; je;ijahfpa kad;/ tz;nlhjupf;Fj; jpUkz tpHhtpy; je;jJk;/ ahiu nehf;fp tpl;lhYk; mtiuf; bfhd;nw kPs;tJkhfpa tr;rpuha[jj;ija[k; Nyha[jj;ija[k; epfu;j;j ntyha[jj;ij tpgP#zu; nky; Vtpdhd;. ,jdhy; ,d;W vd; capu; mHpa[k; vd;W tpgP#zu; me;j ntYf;F Kd; Vtpdhu;. ,yl;Rkzu; Vtpa ghz';fs; mj;jida[k; ntypdhy; Jfs; gl;blhHpe;jd. milf;fyk; g[Fe;j tpgP#ziuf; fhf;Fk; bghUl;L mtiuj; js;spf; bfhz;L ,yl;Rkzu; Ke;jpdhu;. ,yl;RkzUf;F Kd;nd m';fjd; te;J epd;whd;. m';fjidj; js;spf; bfhz;L Rf;uPtd; epd;whd;. Rf;uPtidg; gpe;j itj;J M";r neau; Ke;jpdhu;. Kotpy; M";rneaiuj; js;spf; bfhz;L ,yl;Rkzu; Ke;jpdhu;. nty; ,yl;RkzUila khu;gpy; gl;L mtUila capiug; gUfp bfhz;L brd;wJ. ,yl;Rkzu; epyj;jpy; tPHe;J kha;e;jhu;. tpgP#zu; bgupJk; nrhfKk; nfhgKk; mile;J ,uhtzDila njiua[k; nju;f;Fjpiufisa[k; mHpj;jhu;. ,uhtzd; ,j;Jld; nghu; Koe;jJ vd;W fUjpj; jd; muz;kid nru;e;jhd;. ,yl;RkzUila kuzj;ijf; fz;L tpgP#zu; bgupJk; Jaukile;jhu.; "me;njh me;njh" vd;W fjwpg; gjwp mGjhu;. mg;bghGJ $hk;gthd; mEkhu; kPJ ,Ue;j mk;g[fis mfw;wp/ kUe;J bfhz;Lte;J ,yl;Rkziu capu;g;gpf;f ntz;Lk; vd;W Twpdhu;. M";r neau; kndhntfkhfr; brd;W kUe;J bfhz;L te;J/ ,yl;Rkziug; gpiHg;gpj;jhu;. capu;j;bjGe;j ,yl;Rkzu;/ "tpgP#zu; eykh >" vd;W nfl;lhu;. mEkhiuj; jGtp mfkfpH;e;jhu;. vy;yhUk; ,uhkiu mqfpdhu;fs;. tpgP#ziuf; fhf;Fk; bghUl;L ,yl;Rkzu; capu;j;jpahfk; bra;j g[dpjkhd mUl;braiy vz;zp ,uhku; mstw;w kfpH;r;rpaile;jhu;. "milf;fyk; g[Fe;j mw;gg; g[wht[f;fhfj; jd;Dliy mWj;Jf; bfhLj;Jf; Jiyapy; Vwpa rpgpr; rf;utu;j;jpa[k; vd; jk;gpf;F epfuhfkhl;lhd;. ,yl;RkzUila fPuj;jp ,kakiyiag; nghy X';fp ; epw;Fk;" vd;W Twp kl;lw;w kfpH;r;rpaile;jhu;.

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,uhku; ,yl;RkzUld; tpy;iya[k; mk;gwhj; Jhzpiaa[k; mEkhuplk; bfhLj;Jg; nghu; bra;j mau;r;rp eP';f ,isg;ghwpf; bfhz;oUe;jhu;. theuu;fs; \y gyr;nridfs; mHpe;jpUe;jijf; fz;L/ ,uhkUila tPuj;ij tpae;J gutrkile;jhu;fs;. ,uhkiuj; Jjpj;J/ kjpj;Jg; nghw;wpdhu;fs;. ,uhtzd;/ ,yl;Rkziuf; bfhd;W tpl;nlhbkd;W fUjpg; bgU';fspg;ig mile;J/ jd; Vtyu;fis miHj;J/ "\ygyr; nridapdhy; ,uhkd; khz;oUg;ghd;. ,yl;Rkzid ehd; bfhd;Wtpl;nld;. nghu; Koe;jJ. vd; bghUl;Lg; nghu;g[upe;j nridj; jiytu;fSf;F tpUe;J bra;antz;Lk;. Mfnt/ tpUe;Jf;F Vw;ghL bra;a[';fs;" vd;W fl;lisapl;lhd;. Mapuk; Mapuk; mz;lhf;fspy; Ritahd md;d';fSk;/ gl;rz';fSk; FoePu; tiffSk;/ jhk;g{yk; re;jdk; Kjypa thridg; bghUl;fSk; kpFjpahfr;/ nrfupj;J epug;gpdhu;fs;. MlYk; ghlYk; epfH;e;jd. Jhju;fs; ,uhtzid mqfp/ ",';F tpUe;jpw;F Vw;ghL bra;fpd;whna. cd;ghy; ahu; csu; > ,uhkd; xUtnd \ygyr; nrid KGtija[k; VHiu ehHpifapy; mHpj;Jtpl;lhd;. mj;jidg;ngUk; khz;blhHpe;jhu;fs;. ,e;j czit khz;L nghdtu;fSf;Fg; gpz;lk; nghl itj;Jf; bfhs;" vd;W Twpdhu;fs;. ,ijf;nfl;l ,uhtzd; ,Wk;g{J va;jpdhd;. "xU jdp kdpjd; \ygyr; nridfisf; bfhd;whdh > ,J ek;gf; Toajh > mg;goapUg;gpDk; ehd; ,yl;Rkzidf; bfhd;Wtpl;nld;. jk;gpapd; kuzj;ijf; fz;L ,uhkd; capu; jh';fkhl;lhd;/ khz;blhHpthd;. Mjyhy;/ btw;wp vdf;Fj;jhd;" vd;W Twp kfpH;e;jhd;. kw;bwhU Jhjd; te;J/ ,uhtzid tz';fp/ "munr * mEkd; bfhz;L te;j r";rPt kUe;jhy; ,yl;Rkzd; gpiHj;Jf; bfhz;lhd;" vd;W Twpdhd;.

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,jidf; nfl;l ,uhtzd; mjpu;r;rp mile;jhd;. nfhg[uj;jpd; kPnjwp/ \ygyr; nridfs; khz;oUg;gijf; fz;L mjpraKk; nfhgKk; JauKk; mile;jhd;. bra;tJ vd;d vd;W bjupahky; jpifj;jhd;. ke;jpuh nyhrid kz;lgj;ijaile;jhd;. mg;bghGJ mtDila rpwpa ghl;;ldhuhfpa khypathd; te;J ,uhtzidf; fz;L/ "mRu Fy nte;jnd * ,g;nghjhtJ tpgP#zd; Twpa mwpt[iuia epidf;fpd;whah > Mapuk; bts;sk; nridfisa[k; ,uhkd; xUtnd bfhd;whnd vd;W mjprak; milfpd;whna. ru;t rk;Qhu fhyj;jpy; rptbgUkhd; xUtnu mfpy cyf';fisa[k; mHpj;jhu; vd;W eP nfl;ljpy;iyah > ehuhaznu ,uhkuhf te;J mtjupj;jhu;. bja;tk; rPwpdhy; itak; thGkh > ,dpahtJ kwr;braiy kwe;J/ mwr;braiy nkw;bfhs;thahf" vd;W Twpdhu;. khypathdpd; ngr;ir kjpj;jhdpy;iy ,uhtzd;. nfhgk; bfhz;L rPwpdhd;.

njnuWjy;
,uhtzd; knfhjuid miHj;J ,y';ifapy; khz;ltu;fs; nghf v";rpapUf;fpd;w mRu nridfisg; nghUf;Fg; g[wg;gLkhW giwawptpf;Fk;gof; fl;lisapl;lhd;. mjd; go giwaiwa ehy;tifr; nridfSk; nghUf;Fg; g[wg;gl;ld. mjdhy;/ ePu; tw;wpa fly; nghy; ,y';if btWikahfpaJ. ,uhtzd; ePuhor; rptg{i$ bra;jhd;. fUt{yj;jpy; ,Ue;j bghd;kzp/ Mil Kjypa tpiya[au;e;j bghUs;fisj; jf;ftu;f;Fj; jhdk; bra;jhd;. gpuknjtd; ahfk; bra;J gilj;jJk;/ ,e;jpud; je;jJkhd ,uj;jpd ftrk; mzpe;J/ mk;gwhj; njhzpiaj; njhspy; fl;o/ nkUfpupiag; nghd;w tpy;iy Ve;jpf; bfhz;L njupy; Vwpdhd;. me;jj; nju; bghd;Dk; kzpa[k; ,iHj;J/ ,s"; Nupaidg; nghy; xsp bra;jJ. mjpy; g{l;oa Fjpiufs; Mw;wYk; mHFk; ciladtha;f; fhw;iwtpl ntfkhfr; bry;Yk; jd;ika[ilait. mj;njupy; ths;/
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nty;/ jz;L/ njhkuk; Kjypa Ma[j';fs; epiwe;jpUe;jd. ,uhtzd; mj;njUf;F kyu;fis mu;r;rpj;Jf; fsg f!;Jhup bjspj;J tHpghL bra;jhd;. mtDila gj;Jj; jiyfspYk; ehf uj;jpd';fs; ,iHj;j kzp kFl';fs; mHF bra;jd. ,uhtzd;/ fztid ,He;J rPij tapw;wpy; vw;wpf;bfhz;L mH ntz;Lk;. mJ ,y;iybad;why;/ mjid tz;nlhjup bra;a ntz;Lk;. ,uz;oy; xd;W eilbgw ntz;Lk;. vd;W Nsiu gfu;e;J rp';ff;Fuisnghy; nju;kPJ Vwpg; nghu;f;fsj;ij mile;jhd;. mtDila tPug; gpujhg';fisf; fz;L/ njtu;fs;/ ,d;W vd;d epfGnkh vd;W vz;zpf; fy';fpdhu;fs;. ,uhtzDila cf;fpukhd tUifiaf;fz;L theu tPuu;fs; eL';fp xL';fpdhu;fs;. ,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jp fUiza[ld; theu tPuu;fisg; ghu;j;J/ "eP';fs; m";rhjpU';fs;. ,d;W ,uhtztjk; epfGk;/ ,d;W c';fs; Jauk; jPUk;" vd;W mga trdk; Twpg; nghu;f;nfhyk; g[ide;J g[wg;gl;lhu;. thdj;jpy; njtu;fs; FGt[f;F eLnt tps';Fk; rptbgUkhd;/ "njtu;fns * ,uhtzd; ,d;W khs;thd;. c';fs; bgU';ftiy eP';Fk;. ,uhk gpuhDf;F ,e;jpuDila epfupy;yhj njiu mDg;g[';fs;" vd;W gzpj;jUspdhu;. ,e;jpud; jd;Dila Re;juj; njiuf; bfhz;L nghFk; goj; nju;g;ghfdhfpa khjypf;Ff; fl;lisapl;lhd;. kpf;ftypt[k;/ bghypt[k; bghUe;jpa ,e;jpu ujk; ,uhku; Kd; te;J epd;wJ. ,uhkgpuhd; mj;njiuf; fz;L/ ",J mRu khianah >" vd;W Ia[w;whu;. mg;bghGJ tpgP#zUk; mUfpy; ,Ue;j njiu cw;W nehf;fpdhu;. khjyp ,uhkgpuhidj; bjhGJ/ "fUizf; flny * ew;Fzf; Fd;wnk * cd; jpUtof;F tzf;fk; nju;kPJ epd;W nghu; g[upa[k;nghJ/ njtuPu; ghu;kPJ epd;W nghu; g[uptJ ed;wd;W. gpuknjtDk; fz;qjw; flt[Sk; fl;lisapl/ khjyp vd;Dk; ehd; ,e;jpu gfthDila njiuf; bfhz;L te;jpUf;fpd;nwd;. njupd; kPJ Mnuhfzpj;Jg; nghu;g[uptPu;" vd;W gzptd;g[ld; Twpdhd;. ,g;bghGJ ,e;jpud; njupy; g{l;lg;gl;oUe;j
DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

278

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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

279

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ahtUk; ,dp ,uhku; gpiHf;f khl;lhu; vd;W fy';fp ka';fpdhu;fs;. jUk brh+gpahfpa ,uhku; ..k;.... vd;w X';fhu Xirahy; cug;gpdhu;. me;j X';fhuj;jhy; Nyha[hjk; bghog; bghoahfj; Jfs; gl;L xHpe;jJ. ,ijf; fz;l ,uhtzd; mjpraKk; mr;rKk; mile;jhd;. ",td; rptbgUkhndh > rptbgUkhdhdhy; \d;W fz;fSk; gts nkdpa[k; ,Uf;f ntz;Lnk * ,td; ,uz;L fz;fisa[ilatdhfpa[k; ePynkfk; nghd;w epwKilatdhft[k; ,Uf;fpd;whd;. ,td; rptd; my;yd;. " ",td; gpuknjtndh > ,td; gpuknjtdhf ,Ue;jhy; ehd;F Kf';fSk; vl;Lf; fz;fSk; ,Uf;f ntz;Lnk > Mjyhy;/ ,td; gpuknjtDky;yd;. " ",td; jpUkhnyh > mtd; jpUkhyhf ,Ug;ghdhapd; r';F rf;fuk; ,Uf;f ntz;Lnk > Mjyhy;/ ,td; jpUkhYk; my;yd;. " ",td; jtKdptndh > vd;Dila - ehd; gyfhYk; Kad;W bgw;w tu';fs; midj;ija[k; ,td; mHpj;J tpl;lhd;. ,td; jtKdptdhf ,Ug;ghdhapd;/ ,e;j ,sk; tajpy; ,t;tst[ jt typik bgw ,ayhnj. mfpy cyfj;ija[k; mHpf;fty;y Nyha[jj;ij btWk; X';fhuj;jhy; mHpj;Jtpl;lhnd. Mjyhy.;/ ,td; ntj Kjw; fhuzdhfpa guk;bghUshf ,Uf;f ntz;Lk;. vd; jk;gp tpgP#zd; ,tidg;gw;wp md;W Twpa trd';fs; cz;ikjhd; vd;gij ,g;nghJ czu;fpd;nwd;. " nkYk;/ ,uhtzd;/ ",td; ahuhf ,Ug;gpDk; nghu; bra;J bty;Yntd;. g[w';bfhLj;Jg; nghf khl;nld;" vd;W vz;zp/ ,uhku;kPJ epUjpg; gilia Vtpdhd;. ,uhku; fUlg; gilahy; mjid epu;\yk; bra;jhu;. ,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jp xU rpwe;j fizia Vtp ,uhtzDila eLj;jiyia mWj;Jj; js;spdhu;. ,ijf; fz;L njtu;fs; kfpH;r;rpahy; Js;spdhu;fs;. mw;w jiy epyj;jpy; tpGKd; ntWjiy Kisj;jJ. ,uhku; ,uhtzDila rpu';fisa[k; fu';fisa[k; gyKiw mWj;Jj;
DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

280

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js;spdhu;. Mdhy;/ mtd; bgw;w tu';fshy; rpu';fSk; fu';fSk; kPz;Lk; kPz;Lk; Kisj;Jf; bfhz;nlapUe;jd. ,uhtzd; jd; mWgl;l fuj;jhy; ,uhkUila nju;g;ghfdhfpa khjypia moj;jhd;. mtd; kPJ njhkuk; vd;w Ma[jj;ija[k; Vtpdhd;. mogl;l khjyp cjpuk; ff;fpdhd;. ,uhku; njhkuj;ijg; g";rKfg; gilahy; mHpj;jhu;. ,uhtzDf;F tPuKk; typika[k; Fd;wpd. ,uhku; vwpe;j ghz';fs; mtd; mzpe;j ftrj;Jf;Fs; EiHe;J cliyj; Jisj;J cjpuk; bgUFkhW bra;jd. ,uhtzd; \u;r;iraile;jhd;. rhujp mtd; njiu ntW gf;fk; jpUg;gp mtDf;F cjtp bra;thd;. mg;bghGJ khjyp ,uhkiu nehf;fp/ "bgUkhnd ,uhtzd; \u;r;ir bjspe;jhy; mtidf; bfhy;tJ mupJ. Mjyhy;/ mtid ,g;nghnj bfhy;Yjy; ntz;Lk;" vd;W Twpdhd;. ,uhku;/ "ghfnd/ \u;r;iraile;j giftidf; bfhy;tJ bgupa ghtk; MFk;. mJ tpy;ywkhfhJ. Mjyhy;/ mtd; \u;r;ir bjspe;J/ vGe;j gpd;dnu nghu; bra;J bfhy;y ntz;Lk;. ,Jjhd; jUk bewp" vd;W Twpdhu;. ,ijf; nfl;L thdtu;fs; fuf;fk;gk; bra;J kfpH;e;jhu;fs;. ,uhtzd; \u;r;ir bjspe;J ghfidf; nehf;fpf; nfhgpj;J/ "\lnd * njiuj; jpUg;gpg; nghu;f;fsj;jpy; ehd; g[w';fhqkhw bra;jidna/ ,J vd; tPuj;jpw;F ,Gf;fy;yth > njtu;fs; vd;idf; fz;L gupfrpg;ghu;fns > vdf;Fg; bgupa mtkhdj;ijr; bra;jidna > btFkjp bgw ntz;oa cd;id/ btFz;L jz;of;FkhW bra;jhna. cd;id capUld; tpl khl;nld;" vd;W Twp thspdhy; btl;lg; nghdhd;. nju;g;ghfd; ,uhtzid tz';fp/ "tPug; bgUe;jifna/ jh';fs; typik Fd;wp ka';fpajhy; j';fisf; fhf;Fk; flika[ila ehd; njiu xU gf;fk; jpUg;gpj; j';fSf;F cjtp bra;J vd; flikiag; g[upe;njd;. ,y;iynay; jh';fs; khz;oUg;gPu;fs;" vd;whd;. ,uhtzd; nfhge; jzpe;jhd;. ,uhkUf;F Kd;nd te;J epd;W Myfhy tp#k;nghy; rPwpf; nfhof;fzf;fhd fizfis vwpe;jhd;. mizfpd;w jPgk; mjpf Rlu;tpl;L vuptJ nghy;/ mtd; fLk;nghu;
DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

281

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g[upe;jhd;. ,uhku; mtDila tpw;fis mHpj;jhu;. mtd; jz;L/ ths;/ nty; Kjypa m!;jpu';fis vwpe;jhd;. mj;jida[k; ,uhku; mHpj;Jg; gpukh!;jpuj;ij vLj;J khdrPf g{i$ bra;J ,uhtzd; kPJ Vtpdhu;. me;jj; bja;tg; gil ,uhtzDila khu;gpy; g[Fe;J mtDila capiug; gUfp/ thd f';ifapy; ePuho/ vk;bgUkhDila mk;gwhj; Jhzpia te;jile;jJ. ,uhtzd; khz;lhd;. ,uhkghzk;/ ,uhtzDila thH;ehspy; Kf;nfho Ma[isa[k;/ mtd; bra;j bgUk; jtj;ija[k; Kjy;td; je;j tuj;ija[k;/ njhs; cuj;ija[k; cz;L/ capiua[k; cz;L mtid mHpj;jJ. nghu;f;fsj;jpy; tPH;e;j ,uhtzDila Kf';fs; \d;W kl';F mjpfkhfg; bghypt[w;w jpfH;e;jd. mtDila njhs;fSk; fu';fSk; nfhgKk; tPuKk; ml';fp kl';fp xL';fpd. ,uhku; njiu tpl;ow';fp khjypia thH;j;jp/ "k';fsk; cz;lhFf" vd;W Twpj; njupidf;bfhz;L nghFk;go tpilaspj;jDg;gpdhu;. gpd;du;/ jk;gp Kjypatu; cld; tu ,uhtzd; cly; mUfpy; brd;W mtDlk;igf; fUizf; fz;fshy; fz;lhu;. ,uhtzDila KJfpy; ,Ue;j g[z;fisf; fz;L/ "jk;gP/ tpgP#zh * cd; jikaDila KJfpy; g[z;fs; ,Uf;fpd;wdnt. KJfpy; g[z;qs;stidf; bfhd;wJ gHpf;F ,lkhapw;nw. vd; tPuk; Fd;wpanj" vd;W Twp tUe;jpdhu;. tpgP#zu;/ "mz;zny/ vd; jikad; KJfpy; cs;sit tLf;fs;/ g[z;fs; my;y. vd; mz;zd; jpf;tp$ak; bra;j nghJ jpir ahidfs; vl;Lk; je;j';fshy; vd; mz;zidj; jhf;f me;jj; je;j';fis mWj;J mzpfyd;fshff; bfhz;lhd;. Mjyhy;/ ,J g[wg;g[z; md;W" vd;W Twpdhu;. ,uhku; rkhjhdk; mile;jhu;.

tpgP#zu; nrhfk;

;

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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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mz;zh * eP tPut[yfk; brd;widnah > guknyhfj;ij mile;jidnah > jpUf;fapyhaj;ij mile;jidnah > mz;zh/ ehd; md;W brhd;d mwt[iufis ,g;nghJ vz;zpg; ghu;f;fpd;wPnuh > vd; mKjhd brhy; md;W cdf;F e";rhf ,Ue;jJ. cd;dhy; jPz;lg;gl;l ntjtjp beUg;gpil tPH;e;J cd; Fyj;ij mHpf;fr; rPijahfg; gpwe;jhs;. mtisr; rpiw itf;fhnj vd;W ,oj;J Twpndnd. vd; brhy;iy ePu; nfl;Oupy;iy. e";R cz;ltiuj; jhd; bfhy;Yk;/ fz;lhiuf; bfhy;yhJ. Mdhy;/ rPijahfpa e";R fz;zhy; fz;l cd;idf; bfhd;W tpl;lJ. gpwu; kid tpiHtJ bgUk;ghtk; Mapw;nw. bgUe;jtk; bra;J bgw;w bry;t';fs; mj;jida[k; bgz;zhirahy; bjhiyj;J tpl;lhna * fs; cz;lhiu kaf;Fk;/ fhkk; fz;lhiua[[k; bjhl;lhiua[k; kaf;Fk; typika[ilaJ. cd;dhy; mRuFynk mHpe;Jtpl;lJ. ,y';if mRuu;fs; ,d;wp btWik Mfptpl;lnj. " "Nu;g;gzif/ mts; fztid eP bfhd;wij kdjpy; cl;gifahff; bfhz;L/ rPijapd; mHif cd;dplk; brhy;ypf; Fyj;njhL cd;idaHpj;Jg; gHp jPu;j;Jf; bfhz;lhs;. ehj;jpahy; - ehj;jpahy; ,';Ff; Fyk; monahL mHpe;Jtpl;lJ. ,dp vg;gpwg;gpy; fhzg; nghfpnwd;." vd;W Twpg; g[yk;gp mGjhu;/ gpd;Dk; tpgP#zu;/ "mz;zh * tPuu;fisj; jGtpa ePu;/ ghu;kfisj; jGtpg; gupjhgkhf ,we;j fplf;fpd;wPnu. ck;Kila mty epiyiaf; fz;L ftiyailfpd;nwd; " vd;whu;. $hk;gthd; tpgP#ziuf; fz;L mtUila fz;zPiuj; Jilj;J/ "kjpeyk; gilj;j khkd;dnu/ ,t;thW ePu; g[yk;g[tJ mwpt[ilikahfhJ. tpjpia btd;wtu; ahu; > ,uhtzDila tpjp mtid ntnuhL mHpar; bra;J tpisahoaJ. mz;zDf;Fr; bra;a ntz;oa ePu;f;fld;/ beUg;g[f;fld;fisr; bra;thahf " vd;W njw;wpdhu;.

kz;nlhjup kuzk;
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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

283

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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D
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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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290

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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

291

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cd;Dila bgUikiana ngrpf; bfhz;oUf;fpwhu;fs;. ifnfapd; tukhfpa mwk; eP';fpa g[z;/ cd; !;guprj;jhy; MwpaJ. cd; g[fH; thH;f * " vd;W cs;sk; Fspu;e;J Mrp Twpdhu;. jruju; ,uhkidg; ghu;j;J/ " cdf;F ntz;oa tuk; nfs;" vd;whu;. Kd; kdpjdhf ,Ue;jnghJ ifnfapf;F tuk; bfhLj;Jj;jhd; ,j;jid ,lu;fSk; te;jd. ,uhku;/ "je;ijna * j';fisj; juprpj;jnj vdf;Fg; nguhde;jk;. vdf;F ntz;oaJ xd;Wkpy;iy " vd;W brhd;dhu;. jruju;/ "kfnd * cdf;F tuk; ju tpUk;g[fpd;nwd;. VjhtJ nfs;" vd;whu;. ,uhku; jd;dykpy;yhjtu;. jdf;F vd;W nfl;gJ mtUila bgUikf;F ,Gf;F. tuk; nfl;gJ gpwu; bghUl;L ,Uf;f ntz;Lk;. Mdhy;/ mjpy; jdf;Fk; bjhlu;g[ ,Uf;f ntz;Lk;. me;j tuk; jruju; xUtnu juf;Toajhf ,Uf;f ntz;Lk;. Kd;du; trpl;lu; jpUKd; ifnfap vdf;F kidtp my;ys;/ gujd; vdf;F kfd; my;yd; vd;W jruju; Twp tpyf;fpdhu;. Mfnt/ ,uhkd; mnahj;jpapy; brd;W kFlhgpn#fk; bra;J bfhz;lhy; ifnfapiar; rpw;wd;id vd;W tz';Fk; tha;g;gpUf;fhJ. gujidj; jk;gp vd;W Vw;f ,ayhJ. FUt[f;F Kd; tpyf;fpa ifnfapiaa[k; gujida[k; jruju; Vw;Wf; bfhz;lhy;jhnd ,tUf;F jha[k;/ jk;gpa[k; MfKoa[k; > KoNl;L tpHhtpy; ifnfap fye;J xUg[wk; fz;zPu; tog;ghs;. md;wp/ ,uhku; je;ijahiug; ghu;j;Jf;/ ifnfapia kidtpahf Vw;Wf; bfhs;S';fs; vd;gJ ehfupfkhf ,Ue;jJ. mJ ,uhkUf;F tuKk; MfhJ. md;wpj; jruju; Vw;Wf; bfhz;lhy;jhd; ,tUf;Fr; rpwpa jhahuhf Mf Koa[k;. Mfnt/ vd; rpw;wd;id vd;W brhy;yt[k; tHpapy;iy. ifnfap vd;W bgupatu;fs; bgaiu cr;rupg;gJk; gpiH. mjdhy; thf;F td;ika[s;s ,uhkgpuhd; rpwpa jha; vd;W Twhky; TWfpd;w mjpaw;g[jkhd thf;F xsp bra;tij ,';Ff; fhz;f.

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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

293

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theu';fSf;F eyk; bra;a ntz;Lk; " vd;Wk; tuk; nfl;lhu;. mJgo njtu;fs; tuk; bfhLj;jdu;. khz;l theu';fs; kPz;L vGe;jd. gpuknjtDk;/ rpt\u;j;jpa[k; mEkhiu nehf;fp/ ",uhkgpuhDila gjpdhY Mz;L tdthr fhyk; epiwntWfpwJ. eP ,d;W brd;W gujid milatpy;iyahdhy; gujd; mf;dpapy; tPH;e;J ,wg;ghd;. Mjyhy;/ eP';fs; ,g;nghJ mnahj;jp bry;Y';fs; " vd;W Twp ,uhkiu thH;j;jp j';fs; j';fs; cyf';fSf;Fr; brd;whu;fs;.

,uhku; jpUk;g[jy;

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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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,uhku;/ "njhHu;fns * eP';fs; vy;yhUk; c';fs; ,Ug;gplj;Jf;Fr; bry;Y';fs;. c';fs; cwtpdu;fSf;F vd; Rfj;ijr; brhy;Y';fs;. ehd; mtrukhf mnahj;jpf;Fg; nghfpd;nwd;" vd;whu;. tpgP#zu; Kjypa md;gu;fs; ,uhkiu tz';fpg; " bgUkhnd * eh';fs; vy;yhUk; te;J njtuPupd; KoNl;L tpHhitf; fz;L fspf;f ntz;Lk;. v';fSf;F mDkjp bfhLf;f ntz;Lk; " vd;W ntz;odu;. ,uhku;/ "mt;tz;znk thU';fs; " vd;W Twpdhu;. vy;yhUk; tpkhdj;jpy; Vwpf; bfhz;lhu;fs;. tlf;F nehf;fp tUfpd;w tHpapy; ,uhku; rPijiag; ghu;j;J "$dfuh$d; bgw;w jtf;bfhGe;nj * ,njh ,e;jr; nrJ miziag; ghu;g;ghahf. ,jidg; ghu;j;j khj;jpuj;jpy; vy;yhg; ght';fSk; nghFk;. ,fgu eyd;fs; cz;lhFk;" vd;W nrJtpd; bgUikiaf; Twpdhu; tpkhdk; fpl;fpe;ijf;F mUfpy; te;jt[ld; ,uhku; tpkhdj;jpy; ,Ue;jgona fpl;fpe;ijiar; rPijf;Ff; fhl;odhu;. rPjhnjtp/ " bgUkhnd * ,e;j theug; bgz;fisa[k; mnahj;jpf;F miHj;Jf; bfhs;s ntz;Lk;. ehd; xUj;jp kl;Lk; .,e;j tpkhdj;jpy; nghtJ rpwg;gd;W " vd;W Twpdhs;. tpkhdj;ijf; fpl;fpe;ijapy; ,wf;fp m';Fs;s jhiu Kjypa bgz;kzpfis tpkhdj;jpy; Vw;wpf; bfhz;lhu;fs;. me;j theug; bgz;fs; kdpj totk; vLj;Jr; brd;whu;fs;. tpkhdk; rpj;jpu Tlj;ij mile;jJ. ghuj;Jthru; kz;qyfpy; epd;Wbfhz;L ,uhkiu/ ,';F ,w';f ntz;Lk; vd;W ntz;of; bfhz;lhu;. ghuj;Jthru;/ ",uhkh * vd;idtpl;Lg; gpupe;j gpd; epfH;e;j epfH;r;rpfs; mj;jida[k; ,';nfapUe;J ghu;j;J kfpH;e;njd;. ,d;W vd;dplk; j';fp cztUe;j ntz;Lk; " vd;whu;. gujd; m';F capu;tplj; Jzpe;jpUf;fpd;whd; vd;wwpUe;Jk;/ ,uhku; rhg;ghl;ow;F xg;g[f; bfhz;lhu;/ mjdhy;/ mtu; rhg;ghl;L ,uhkd; vd;W bgau; bgw;whu;.

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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,uhku;/ "mEknd * eP tpiue;J brd;W gujdplk; vd; fizahHpiaf; fhl;o/ vd; tuitg; gujDf;Fj; bjuptpg;ghahf " vd;W Twpdhu;. ,uhkgpuhDila tUifiag; gujUf;F mwptpf;Fk; bghUl;L mEkhu; thd;tHpr; brd;whu;. jd; je;ijahfpa tha[ ntfKk; ,uhk ghz ntfKk; gpw;gl/ jdJ kdKk; gpe;j mj;Jiz ntfkhfr; brd;whu;.

gujupd; gupt[

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DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

296

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,uhku; brd;w jpir bjw;F/ Mjypd; bjd; jpiriaj; jtpu ntW jpirfis nehf;fhu;. gjpdhd;F Mz;Lfs; ,d;W g{u;j;jpahfpd;wJ. mupr;re;jpud; kugpy; te;j vd; mz;zd; brhd;d brhy; jtwkhl;lhu;. 14-tJ Mz;L Kotpny tUntd; vd;whnu/ me;j thf;fpd;go mtu; te;jhupy;iy. mtUf;F vd;d ,lnuh > giftuhy; Jd;gk; tpise;jnjh > murhl;rpiag; gujnd Msl;Lk; vd;W fUjp tuhJ ,Uf;fpd;whnuh > ,dp ehd; thH khl;nld;. khz;L xHpntd; > vd;bwz;zpg; guju; capu; tplj; Jzpe;jhu;. gf;jpna xUUthf te;jJ nghd;w guju; bgUe;Jaukile;J rj;Uf;diu miHj;J tur; brhd;dhu;. rj;Uf;du; tpiue;J te;J gujUila ghj jhkiu kPJ tPH;e;J tz';fpdhu;. guju;/ vd; md;g[ilj; jk;gP * Fwpg;gpl;lgo mz;zh tutpy;iy. ,dp xU fzKk; capUld; thH tpUk;gtpy;iy. vdf;F beUg;g[ tsu;j;jpf; bfhL. me;j murhl;rpia eP Vw;Wf; bfhz;L thH;thahf vd;whu;. mjidf; nfl;l rj;Uf;du; eLeL';fpdhu;. jPapy; tPH;e;j g[Gitg; nghy; JoJoj;jhu;. gujiuj; bjhGJ gfu;fpd;whu;. mz;zh * epykfs; tUe;j mtisf; iftpl;Lf; fhdfk; g[Fe;j vk;gpuhidf; fhj;J epHy; nghy;/ bjhlu;e;J bjhz;L bra;ag; nghd ,yl;RkzUk; xU jk;gp fhdfk; brd;wtu; jpUk;gptUk; jtiz ehs; Koe;jJ vd;W/ koe;J nghfj; Jzpe;J epd;w njtuPUk; xU jk;gp. kw;bwhU jk;gpahfpa monad; ,e;j Ml;rpiag; g[uptjh > ,e;j murhl;rp ,dpf;Fkh > jh';fs; jPapy; tPH;e;jhy; monaDk; tPH;e;J khz;L nghntd;. xU fzKk; capu; jupnad; vd;W Twpj; bjhGJ mGJ epd;whu;. gujd; jPapy; tPH;e;J khz;L nghfj; Jzpfpd;whu; vd;w bra;jpiaf; nfl;l mnahj;jpapy; thGk; kf;fs; Muhj; Jaukile;J ee;jpf;fpuhkk; te;J/ g[j;jp behe;J/ rpe;jhFyk; mile;jhu;fs;.

jpUKo Nl;Ljy;

DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

297

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bfsryh njtp ,jidf; nfl;L cs;sk; Jof;ff;/ fz;zPu; toj;J tapw;wpy; moj;Jf; bfhz;L gujdplk; te;J/ vd; md;g[ kfnd * eP vd;d fhupak; bra;fpd;wha; > vz;zpy;yhj nfho ,uhku;fs; TodhYk; cd; md;g[f;Fk;/ gz;g[f;Fk; epfuhf khl;lhu;fs;. mz;zd; ,d;W tutpy;iy bad;why; ehis tUthd;. te;j ,uhkd; eP khz;lij mwpe;J jhDk; khz;L nghthd;. mjidawpe;J mnahj;jpapYs;s mj;jid kf;fSk; khz;L nghthu;fs;. tpz;qyfKk; kz;qyfKk; khz;L xHpa[k;. kfnd * cd;idg; nghd;w cj;jk jk;gp cyfpy; njhd;wpaJkpy;iy/ ,dpj; njhd;wg;nghtJkpy;iy. cd;Dila md;g[ kfhnkU kiyapDk; bgupaJ. eP jPapy; tpHhnj vd;W Twp mGJ jLj;jhs;. guju;/ mk;kh * jhapd; brhy;iyf; nfl;gJk;/ je;ijapd; brhy;iyf; nfl;gJk; ,uhkUf;nf cupait. ,uhku; tuhikapdhy; ehd; capu; tpLntd;. gjpdhd;F Mz;Lfs; bghWj;J ehd; tUntd; vd;W mz;zh cWjp Twpdhu;. mg;bghGJ ehd; mz;zidg; ghu;j;J mz;zh * jh';fs; Twpago gjpdhd;F Mz;Lfs; fHpj;J tutpy;iyahdhy; ehd; capUld; ,Uf;f khl;nld; vd;W rgjk; bra;njd;. mz;zd;jhd; brhd;d brhw;go tutpy;iy Mfnt/ ehd;
DR.J.PERUMAL.M.B.A,Ph.D

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thH;tJ Kiwapy;iy. jPapy; tPH;tJjhd; Kiw. vd; jha;f;Ff; bfhLj;j tuj;ij epiwntw;w capiu tpLj;j jrujUila kfd;jhnd ehd; > rj;jpaj;Jf;fhf mtu; capiutpl;lJ nghy;/ ehDk; capiu tpLntd;. ,J cWjp vd;whu;. mf;dpf;F mUfpy; brd;w guju; mf;dp g{i$ bra;J bfhz;oUe;jhu;. mg;bghGJ M";rneau; ,uhkUila tuitf; f';iff; fiuapy; Ffdplk; Twptpl;L/ tpz; btspna te;J/ rgjj;ijna tpujkhff; bfhz;l gujnu * ,uhkr;re;jpu \u;j;jp te;Jtpl;lhu;. ,d;Dk; ehw;gJ ehHpifapy; ,';F tUthu;. ghuj;Jthr Kdptupd; Mrpukj;jpy; j';fpapUf;fpd;whu; vd;W Twpdhu;. ; ,t;thW mEkhu; Twp/ ,uhkgpuhDila fizahHpiaf; bfhLj;jhu;. guju; nkhjpuj;ij th';fpf; fz;fspy; xw;wpf; bfhz;lhu;. rpurpd;kPJ itj;Jf; bfhz;lhu; vy;iyapy;yhj kfpH;r;rpia mile;jhu;. Modhu;/ ghodhu;/ m';Fk; ,';Fk; Xodhu; mEkhu; jpwj;ij ehodhu;. TwpatDf;Fg; bghd; g[ijay; fpilj;jJnghy; bgUk; kfpH;r;rpaile;jhu;. m';F epiwe;jpUe;j ntj tpj;Jf;fshd me;jzu;fis m";ryp bra;jhu;. jdf;Fr; rkhdkhd muru;fisj; bjhGjhu;. tl;og; bgUf;Fk; gzpahsu;fshfpa jhjpau;fisj; bjhGjhu; jd;idna jhd; bjhGJ bfhz;lhu;. kfpH;r;rp xU fs; nghd;wJ. fs;Sz;lhu;f;F ,d;dJ bra;tJ vd;W bjupahJ. mEkhiug; ghu;j;J/ thdbtspahf te;J vd; Cdk; jPu;j;j "hd \u;j;jpna * eP ahu; > cd; ngu; ahJ > vd;W nfl;lhu;. mEkhu; gujUf;Fj; jd; tpRt +gj;ijf; fhl;odhu;. me;jg; ngUUtj;ijf; fz;L trp#;lUk;/ gujUk; rj;Uf;dUk; mr;rKk;/ mjpraKk; mile;jhu;fs;. kw;wtu;fs; tpz;qk;/ kz;qk; \o epd;w mEkhUila tpRt +gj;ijf; fz;L btUz;L/ kUz;L/ eL';fp xL';fp epd;whu;fs;. me;jz totj;jpy te;j mEkhu; ,g;bghGJ jd; Ratotj;ijf; fhl;l/ vy;yhUk; tpae;J eae;J epd;whu;fs;.
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299

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(epiwe;jJ)

SRIRAMAJAYAM

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