Bunyan, John, 1628-1688. The works of John Bunyan
RR 7S
.R7

IRSS

Digitized by the Internet Archive
in

2008

with funding from

IVIicrosoft

Corporation

http://www.archive.org/details/worksofjohnbunya02buny

I

tht

9

Mlai\u

smii'Ssm..

i3lmp\s

(^Jtnfraigii

m%mHu.

WOEKS OF JOHN BUNTAN.
n'lTH AN

INTRODUCTION TO EACH TREATISE, NOTES,

SKETCH OF HIS

LIFE, TIMES,

AND CONTEMPORARIES.

VOLUME SECOND.

EXPERIMENTAL, DOCTRINAL, AND PRACTICAL,

EDITED BY

GEORGE OFFOR,

ESQ,

BLACKIE AND SON:
QUEEN
STREET, GLASGOW; SOUTH COLLEGE STREET, EDINBURGH;

AND

WARWICK SaUARE, LONDON.
MDCCCLV.

k

GLASGOW:
W. G. BLACKIE

AND

CO.,

PRINTERS

VILLAIJELD,

——

;

CONTENTS OF THE SECOND VOLUME.

THE SAINTS' KNOWLEDGE OF CHRIST'S LOVE or, The unsearchable riches of Christ, on
;

PAGE
Ezi-a for building the temple, free, large,

no con42

straint

Eph.

iii.

IS, 19.
1

Of Antichrist
;

;

a real adversary, and a pretended
;

Prefatory

Remarks by the Editor sorely afflicted are comforted with the foreordination of all things by their heavenly Father ;
The

friend contraiy to Christ ; its description appearance; I'uin ; its soul destroyed
Its ordinances
;

first

45
; ;

how
;

its

body
;

shall be destroyed

the words, breadth, lexgth. depth, and height unlimited to wonderment. Fikst, The reasons of First, these words; and, Secoxd, Their fulness. Breadth, The unsearchable gi-eatness of God ; beyond all ci'cated bounds all for the profit of his the rage of saints breadth beyond all our sins men and of devils. Second. Lexgth, Further than the ends of the world God has a long arm, to reach Hdrd, Depth, Beyond cur sinkings ; backsliders. xmder all miry places deeper than hell. Fourth, Height, Higher than giants or walls, or fallen angels than heaven is from the grave the extent of sin and misery man could never get over, but all power is in Christ
; ; ;
;

brave days when it is dead the manner of its ruin tenth part falls first the other nine parts fall great
;
,

Babel falls Five signs of the approach of the downfall op antichrist

49

The slaying of the witnesses The instruments to be used to ruin antichrist for the bout and bout hammer, see page 70 seven
;

5S C6

;

;

;

;

causes of its ruin The application The church will have rest ; The horrible wickedness of antichrist a matter of talk; come out of her before she is destroyed go not back cry to have the time hastened look for it, and its forerunners

72

;

;

;

79

4

The

apostle's prayer for the Ephesiaxs ix referexce

TO these words To be able to compi'ehend these mercies mysterious God lays blessings where we would not they are to be discerned difficult for weak eyes beneiits of knowing God's power if He is our God, what can we fear it begets holy reverence willingness to submit shows the greatness of the saints' treasure in heaven cei"tainty of judg; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;

THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD, AND ETERNAL JUDGMENT or. The ti-uth of the
;

resurrection of the bodies, both of good and bad, at the last day, asserted, and proved by God's Word ;

ment

;

creates love of heaven

10

the manner and order of their coming forth of ; as also, with what bodies they do arise together with a discourse of the last judgment, and the final conclusion of the whole world. Advertisement by the Editor
also,

their gi-aves

Second part of the text.

Banyans
'

AxD
Of

knowledge.

to know the love of Christ, which passeth First, Of the love of Christ. Second, the exceeding greatness of it. Tnran, Of the

knowledge of
First,

it

Of

Second,

the love of Christ. First, "Who Christ is. What love is. Third, What the love of
I.

This made known by his djnng for us. improving of his dying for us Secoxd, Of the exceeding greatness of Christ's love. First, Tt passes the knowledge of "the wisest saints. Second, Passeth the knowledge of all the saints. Third, Of the saints in heaven. Fourth, Of angels.

Clirist
2.

is.

By

his

15

Preface There sliaU be a resun-ection of the dead, both of the just and unjust.' Acts xxiv. 15. This doctrine can'ied Paul through temptation and affliction, and kept him separate inquire. First, What is meant by the dead. Second, What is meant by the resuiTection. Third, Why the apostle doth here speak of the resuiTection of the dead as of a thing yet to come. First, The dead, in Sci'ipture, under a fivefold

83 85

;

consideration.
sin.

3.

—Four

death.

Dead by nature. 2. Dead by 4. Dead to sin. 5. Eternal Second, What is meant by the resurrection;
1.

Twice dead.

reasons

why

these riches are unsearchable,

and that love is such as passeth knowledge Third, Of the knowledge of Chnst's love

—What
; ;

22

it is the resurrection of the body; of the bodies both of the just and unjust; this promised to the fathers;

exowledge op Christ's love is att.unable in this WORLD First, We may know the nature of it free,
heavenly, everlasting, incon-uptible four helps to this knowledse. Second. We may know the degrees of it three things by which we may know the degi-ees of this love. Tiiirdly, Our greatest attainment is to know that it passeth knowledge the Christian's rc^ofto^/i, <tc The Uses 1. It shows the good will of God to us. 2. It becomes us to search into it. 3. To cast ourselves upon it. 4. Not to abuse it. 5. Labour to
divine,
; ;

27

improve

it.

—Five

— —

counsels

35

and of the Slaying of the Witnesses. Prefatory Remarks by the Editor Buntan's premonition to the reader, on the gi'ant to
;

OF ANTICHRIST AND HIS RUIN

41

the resuiTection of the body new birth or resurrection from a state of nature to one of grace. Tidrd, The resurrection spoken of as a thing yet to come, not already enjoyed either by saints or sinners ; this resurrection spoken of bj- Job xiv. 12 First, the resurrection of the just First, Must rise, because Christ is risen. Second, Because the body of the saints, as well as their soul, is the purchase of Christ. Third. Because the body is the temple of the Holy Ghost. Fourth, Because of the similitude that must be between the body of Christ and the bodies of the saints. Fifth, Because the body as well as the soul has been a deep sharer in affiictions for the gospel's sake. Sixth, The bodies of the just must rise, else there will be a disappointment of— 1. The will of God.— 2. The power of God. —3. Of Clu-ist.- 4. Of the just, already dead.— 5. Of the saints yet alive. 6. Of the gi-ace of God
fulfilled in

began to be
;

of Christ

not, therefore, the

86

— — —

;

; ; ;

CONTENTS or THE SECOND VOLUME.
TAOr,

in our souls. Seventh, Because of the devilish and satanical errors that would follow the denial thereof.

the world

;

his righteousness, death, resurrection,

Seven reasons on this head Second, The manner of the resurrection op the JUST IIow are the dead raised up ? and with what body do they come ? answered, First, By a shnilitude of seed. Second, Three more similitudes. 1. Variety and glory of flesh. 2. Dift'erence between heavenly and earthly bodies. 3. Difference between the glory and light of the sun and of the moon, and of the stars. Third, More distinctly branched out in four particulars. 1. Raised in incorruption. 2. liaised in gloiy. 3. Raised in powei*. i. Raised a spiritual

87

— —

body 91 Third, The judgment op the just They must give account of all things they have done in the world, whether they be good or bad. First, Of all their bad First, That the wood, hay, stubble, which they may have built on the foundation maybe consumed. Second, Their infirmities will be laid open, that their love may be heightened. Second, Of all the good and holy actions and deeds they did do in the world. First, Ministers who have sincerely laboured in word and doctrine shall be recompensed. Second, The more private saints will be rewarded for their labour of love ; and, Third, There will be a reward for those afflictions endured for Christ while in the world. Fourth, A reward for the more ])rivate works of Christianity 97 Fourth, The reward of the just That with which they shall be rewarded. First, They that have laboured most for God here will have the greatest portion of God there. Second, All they have done for God, his work, or ways, will be pi-oclaimed to their honour. Third, They shall each have the place appointed for them at the right or left hand of Christ 101

ascension, intercession, and second coming to judgment, plainly demonstrated and proved. Editor s Advertisement 129 The author to the reader on true faith ; to guard against the wicked delusions of the day; recommendation by John Burton 132 First, Christ ordained before the world began ; discovered to Adam, Noah, Abraham, David 141 Second, He that was of the Virgin is the Saviour errors confuted 143 First, Christ is very God, co-equal, co-eternal v.-ith the Father; giveth the light of conscience ; the Spirit of Christ convinceth of sin 148 Second, By Christ the world was made 151 Saviour Third, God our made under the law fulfilled the law in the flesh ; laid down his life for
;
;

us

;

his burial proved

;

his resurrection

;

his ascen-

his intercession ; 155 Christ the judge of quick and dead; nine signs of his second coming ; the manner of his coming what shall then be done 162 Four characters that will find no favour the righteous will shine ; seven proois of the new birth eight examinations 165
; ;

sion, in eight considerations

six admonitions ; objec; four modes of trying the spirits seven questions to those possessed with a spirit of delusion 168
tions answered
;

Five advantages of faith

A VINDICATION OF
;

GOSPEL TRUTHS

OPENED ACCORDING TO THE SCRIPTURES Edward Burroughs confuted by the Word
distinction between Christ within and Christ without reasons for errors five proofs that Jesus did appear in the world as the Christ of God; the witness of Richard Spencely, John Burton, and John Child 177 Heresies set forth the truth in its lustre Burroughs a railing Rabshakeh the sura of the gospel opinions of the Ranters and some early truths 181 Quakers the law good if used lawfully Christ the end of the law for righteousness the

of

God

;

preface

;

;

;

The second part
First,

of the text.

The resurrection of the wicked This pi'ovcd and made evident. First, From the very terms and names that the raised shall then go under. Second, The body of the ungodly must rise, because a par-

;

;

;

taker with the soul in wickedness. Third, Tlie whole man must be a vessel of wrath and destruction. Fourth, The forbearance of God to his enemies doth clearly bespeak a resurrection of the ungodly. Fifth, The jireparation God hath made demonstrates that the wicked must rise. Five particulars on this head. Sixth, There must be a resurrection of the wicked, because of the errors tliat would flow from a

;

;

of the Spirit essential to faith ; conscience may convince of sin, but it leadeth not to Christ ; the devil's counterfeits ; Christ revealed to the soul is

work

denial thereof.

,

104

Second,

wicked—

The manner
First,

of the resurrection op the
shall

They

come

forth in their cor-

Second, It will be a resurrection of disThird, They will rise in weakness and honour. astonishment. Fourth, They shall rise mere lumps of sinful nature 106 Third, The examination and judgme.nt of the wicked The judgment set the books opened. First, The book of the creatures. Second, The book of God's remembrance. Third, The book of the law three witnesses to the transgression of the law 1. God. 2. Conscience. 3. The thoughts of the heart. Fourth, The book of life three things by which they will be judged out of this book 108 Fourth, The sentence and punishment of the wicked Depart from me, ye cursed this word, depart, looks two ways depart from heaven, depart to hell these shall go away the end now come the end of the reign of death God, Christ, the saint, and the sinner in their proper place ; a brief touch on the state of the good and bad after this eternal judgment 125
ruption.

188 not his second coming The author poor working with his hands did not make merchandise of souls ; the author's queries and Quaker's answei-s the Quaker's queries and 200 author's answers BuiToughs' doctrines false; why Satan is permitted to delude ; those who are not deluded called upon to 211 bless God
; ; ;


A DISCOURSE

;

UPON THE PHARISEE AND THE PUBLICAN; wherein is handled these great
;

and weighty things
dience to the law
;

the nature of prayer
far
it

;

of obe-

;

how

obliges Christians,

and
215
21(i

wherein it consists. Advertisement by the Editor

;

Bunyan
The

to the

Reader

;

;

;

;

discourse on Luke xviii. 10-13 ; the reason of the parable, like that of the unjust judge, was to this end, that men ought always to pray ; we must, Two; both First, Consider the persons in the text sinners ; one a pharisee, the other a publican ; both

;

picked men a went up to the temple to pray Pharisee, in esteem a Publican, counted vile he was a Jew and a notorious sinner the Phai-isee was a Jew, and notorioas as a saint the conditions they 217 wei'e in shown by their prayers
;

;

;

;

;

;

SOME GOSPEL TRUTHS OPENED ACCORDING TO THE SCRIPTURES; or. The divine
and human nature of Christ Jesus
;

The Pharisee's
; ;

his

coming into

2. 1. What he is not. pr.\ter he is negative and positive holiness required imperfect his manner of delivery

What
;

both

222


;

CONTENTS OF THE SECOND VOLUME.
V.ICE

His righteousness rejected; lie asks justice and not mercy he asks for what he thinlis God oweth him the hvpocrite pretends for mercy, but means
; ;

several doubts removed, science resolved.
'

and sundry

cases of con-

for merit....".

229

The Pharisee seeth no need of mercy; what a fool's
237 paradise; his whole righteousness, sinful The godly are afraid of their own righteousness ; the Pharisee ignorant that he must be made righteous 242 beiore he can work righteousness What is a Christian's righteousness to justilication

and

sanctification

2-16

They were
liis

sinners,

The Publican's prayer

into the temple words are heavier than the earth ; his confession

— He crawls

and are made righteous
;
;

256

258 the highest wisdom Seven things needful to right confession ; a hard 261 duty; seven reasons for it His imploring of mercy ; he falleth under the sentence his gestures, afar off, leaving room for his advocate to come between looking down smiting a his breast, a token of sorrow and abhorrence 265 quan-el with his heart outstrips nonman a TuE Conclusion 1. A praying praying one, as a star does a clod but all praying men know not God. 2. He who pleads his own good deeds is in a miserable state. 3. High flaunting language is not prayer. 4. Outward reforms do not justif\\ 5. The self-abhorring sinner's pravers pre; ; ; ;

;

AVhat then ? Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for but the election hath obtained it, and the rest were blinded.' Rom. xi. 6. Editw's Advertisement 335 Chap. I. That there is a reprobation 336 II. What reprobation is 337 TIL Of the antiquity of reprobation 338 IV. Of the causes of reprobation 339 V. Of the unchangeableness of reprobation 341 VI. Whether to be reprobated be the same with being appointed beforehand unto eternal condemAlso, nation ? If not, how do they differ ? whether reprobation be the cause of condemnation 342 VII. Whether any, under eternal reprobation, have just cause to quaiTcl with God for not electing of them 345 VIII. Whether eternal reprobation in itself, or in its doctrine, be, in very deed, a liinderance to any man in seeking the salvation of his soul 346 IX. Whether God would, in deed and in truth, that the gospel with the grace thereof, should be tendered to those that yet he hath bound up under eternal reprobation ? Answered in the affinnative 348 X. Seeing then that the grace of God in the gospel is by that to be proffered to sinners, as sinners,
;

".

vail..'.

276

A

DEFENCE OF THE DOCTRINE OF JUSTIFICATION BY FAITH IN JESUS CHRIST;
;

as well to the reprobate as to the elect, is it possible for those who indeed are not elect, to receive it, and be saved ? Answered in the negative 349 XI. Seeing that it is not possible that the reprobate should receive this grace and live ; and also, seeing this is infallibly foreseen of God ; and again, seeing

showing, that true gospel holiness flows from thence or, Mr. Fowler's pretended design of Christianity proved to be nothing more than to trample under foot the blood of the Son of God. Editor's Advertisement A premonition to the reader Fowler's doctrines described in forty particulars ; from prison the 27th of 12th month, 1671 Mr. Fowler exposeth the rottenness of his heart his design to justify what he calls inward righteous1st, Its nature, a sound comness and holiness plexion of soul purity of nature, an original dictate of nature; these things argued and answered Motives, becoming and just ; a Christian acts from better motives ; things essential to holiness 1. The Holy Ghost.— 2. Faith in Christ.— 3. A new heart Mr. Fowler's design of Christianity, to reproduce man's original righteousness, confuted ; his errors routed Fowler's false quotations of Scripture Our Lord's olject, not to restore our natural holiness, but to impart his infinite and eternal holiness
; ;

God hath fore-determined to suffer it why doth he yet will and command
gospel,

so to be,

that the

and

so grace in the general tenders thereof,

278

should be proffered cleared by five rejisons,
objections

unto them

Answered and and the removing three
?

352

280

QUESTIONS ABOUT THE NATURE AND PERPETUITY OF THE SEVENTH-DAY day of the SABBATH; and proof that the
fii'st

;

281

week is the Christian Sabbath. The Son of man is Lord also
'

of the Sabbath-day.'

Editor's Advertisement

Bunyan's Preface to the reader Question I. Whether the seventh-day Sabbath
283
or

359 361
is of,

made known

to

man

by, the law and light of

291

297

to believers

300
;

wretched uncertainty, if he had no better than Adam's holiness Christ a new and spiritual
in

Man

light

307
314
of truth
;

Living faith in imputed righteousness essential to
salvation

The Bible the only standard
tian's great principles

the Chris-

318
and
foolish doctrines of state
;

The scandalous

lives

priests, not the true gi'ound of dissent

a compliant temper dangerous 323 Good habits and holy frames not sufl5cient 327 Fowler's false and dangerous conclusions, compared with the Articles, with Campian the Jesuit, and with Penn the Quaker 331

362 nature? Question II. Whether the seventh-day Sabbath, as to man's keeping of it holy, was ever made known to, or imposed by a positive precejrt upon him, until the time of Moses, which from Adam was about two thousand years? 363 Question III. Whether, when the seventh-day Sabbath was given to Israel in the wilderness, the Gentiles, 365 as such, were concerned therein? Question IV. Whether the seventh-day Sabbath did not fall, as such, with the rest of the Jewish rites and ceremonies ? Or, Whether that day, as a Sabbath, was afterwards by the apostles imposed upon the churches of the Gentiles? 367 Question V. Since it is denied that the seventh-day Sabbath is [a] moral [obligation], and it is found that it is not to abide, as a Sabbath, for ever in the church. What time is to be fixed on for New Testament saints to perform together Divine worship tc 371 God by Christ in?

OF THE TRINITY AND A CHRISTIAN.
PtEPROBATION ASSERTED
;

:

or,

The

doctrine

of eternal election and i-eprobation promiscuously handled wherein the most material objections made by the opposers of this doctrine are fullv answered.

How a young or shaken Christian should demean himself under the weighty thoughts of the doctrine of the trinity, or plurality of persons in the eternal
Godhead.

; ;

CONTENTS OF THE SECOND
Christ requiretli you to credit even' doctrine contained in
I.

VOLUJVIE.
TAGE

Keep

close to tlie

Word
.'

of

God.

II.

good purjiose, yet iniquity hath hurt and abused

many
386

of

them

512

tlie

Word

Second, The extension of the Exhortation EVERT one that KAMETH THE NAME OP ChRIST.

—To
513

OF THE
obey
it

LAW AND A

CHRISTIAN.
and good 387

Tlie Christian released from the law as it thunderetli from Sinai, l)y faith in Christ, yet we must
in love as holy, just,

Seven reasons on this Observation First That

SCRIPTUR.VL POE^IS:

being several portions of Scripture digested into English verse.


3S9 300 390

A'lvertist'mcnt by the Editor The Author to the Reader, a poetical preface The Book of Rurn, Four chapters.

incident to men to name the name of Christ religiously, that is, rightly as to words and notions, and not to depart from 514 iniquity First, What Paul should mean when he bids them that name the name of Christ, depart from iniquity First, Take off their oninds and affections thereSecond, Depart from the occasions of it. from.
it is

The

IIisTOitT

OF Samson, from Judges, chapters

xiii.,

xiv., XV., xvi

393

Christ's Strmox ox the Mount, from Matt., chapters T., vi., and vii 396 The Prophecy of Joxah, Four chaptei^s 398 The Life of Joseph, taken out of the latter part of
Genesis, chapters xxxvii. to
1

The General Epistle of James, Five

chapters

400 410

AN EXPOSITION ON THE FIRST TEN CHAPTERS OF GENESIS, and part of the
Eleventh. An unfinished commentary, found among the author's papers after his death. Advertisement by the Editor 413 It is evidently the result of long and earnest study of the Holy Scrijjtures. It contains the history of the creation the f;ill of man; the fii-st murder; the deluge explained and spiritualized it exhibits throughout, that pious penetration which so reniarkaljly characterized the author all drawn from the holy oracles ; among many extraordinary ideas is thi". That it was the interference of the state with mattere of faith and worship, that occasioned the deluge, and has been since that time a fruitful source of niiserv 414
; ;

Third, Depart from those examples tending thereto. Fourth, Depart from enticings to iniquity. Nine 515 things to remember on this head Second, Why some, that as to words rightly name the name of Christ, do not depart from iniquity First, Some profess him, yet have not saving faith 1. They in him, nor yet received grace from him want faith. 2. They want repentance. 3. They want love. 4. They want hope. Second, Though they rest not in bare notions, they take up short of two reasons of this, and the saving grace of God Third, Grace is weak three causes of falling away. and corruption strong; various reasons on this head; 51S a twofold departing from iniquity illustrated Observation Second That every one that in the way of profession and religion names the name of Christ, shoidd depart from iniquity arguments, four sorts First, Arguments that respect Christ nine arguments. Second, Arguments that respect God the Father six arguments on this head. Third, Those

— —

— —

;

;

;

;

arguments that respect thyself two reasons. Fourth, Arguments that respect the world two
;

;

;

reasons

52G

What iniquiit thet must depart from
name the name of Christ

—First, From all

that religiously
iniquity.

A

HOLT LIFE THE BEAUTY OF
TI.VNITY
holy.
:

CIIRIS-

or,

An

exhortation to Christians to be

'

Holiness becometh thine house,

Lord, for ever.*

P.-al. xciii. 6.

Editor's Advertisement 502 Bunyan's introduction faith invisible, seen only in its fruits it is evidenced by good works good works that cost nothing are not to be counted ; gross
; ; ;

immorality prevailing in his time 507 And let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity.' 2 Tim. ii. 19.
'

Second, From their constitution sin. lliird. From the iniquity of the times. Fourth, From FAMILY INIQUITY. Fifth, From the iniquity of their closet. Sixth, From the iniquity that cleaveth TO OPINIONS. Seventh, From hypocrisies ; helps against this sin Use and Application Use First, Examine thyself; take heed of Satan's flattery dangers of neglect nettles and thorns will arise and scratch thee God will put a sting into them; Christ will deny you.... Use Second, A use of terror and alarm Use Third, To those that desire to depart from iniquity bless God for grace in your heart be watchful; be not ashamed of being singular Why do men name Christ that love not to depart

531

;

;

540 542

;

;

544 547

from iniquity

;

five

reasons

clcctcth his, not only to eternal glorj', but to holiness of life ; a moans thereto

God

508

CHRISTIAN BEHAVIOUR
;

First, ExnonTATiox
First,

That men depart from
is

ixiquitt.

and hurtful hath stupified and l»c9otted men's souls.— 2. It has blinded and darkened the powei-s of the soul.— 3. It has hardened the heart against God.— 4. It has alienated tlie will, the mind, and affections.— .5. It has made man odious in God's eyes. C. It so holds him and binds him that he cannot deliver himself; nor yet can the angels of heaven.— 7. It makes him take delight in that way to hell in which he walketh Second, Iniquity is dangerous not only to the souls of men in general, but to them that name the name of Christ. 1. It plucks many a one of them from Christ, and a religioas profession of him. 2. It keeps many a one from an effoctual closing with him. 0. And even of those who have come to him, have efTectuaUy closed with him, and named his name to
thing
to

Because iniquity

being the fruits of true Christianity teaching husbands, wives, parents, children, masters, and servants, how to walk so as
:

a dangerous
It

men

in

general— \.

to please God. Advertisement by the Editor 548 Tlie Author to the Reader. Those that are justified by grace, must justify that gi-ace before the worid which justifies them before God 549 That they which have believed in God might be careful to maintain good works.' Tit. iii. 7, S. I. Good works flow from faith there is no other source
'

;

II.

faith only represents things in their right colours ... Every true believer careful of good works, in doc-

550

trine

in worship, in the family, in the church the husband, children, servants, wife, neighbours Sins which Interfere with these duties covetous;

and

;

5o&
g66

ness, pride, uncleanness III. The believer must maintain
fruitless

good works 570 IV. The best way of provoking to good worfc; the

mast be disappointed

;

the conclusion

570

;


vu
PAGE

CONTENTS OF THE SECOND VOLITME.
A

CAUTION TO STIR UP TO WATCH AGAINST SIN: A Poem.
575
a bold and impudent

to separate themselves,

and worship without their
658 659

men.
Editor's Advertisement The dedication to godly
; ;

Advertisement hy the Editor.,

Beware

of

beoo-ar; the

pst worm

sins

;

sin
;

women

of hell

not to be mocked

575

A

DISCOURSE OF THE BUILDING, NATURE, EXCELLENCY, AND GOVERNMENT OF THE HOUSE OF GOD, with counsels and
directions to the inhabitants thereof
' ;

A

Poem.

—Ps. xxvi.

Lord, I have loved the habitation of thy house.'
8.

The case stated Mr. K.'s arguments for female prayer meetings Mr. Bunyan's answer, denying the right or propriety of such separate stated assem660 bling for Divine worship Esther; Zee. xii. 11, Objections as to Mii'iam 13; Ac. xvi. 13; Mai. iii. 16 ; the 'two or three,' 666 Mat. xviii. 20, considered and answered Six cautions application „ 671
; ;

Advertisement by tlie Editor The church the house of God ; by whom built its beauty, conveniences, strength, and defence

577
;

JOHN BUNYAN'S CATECHISM, called INSTRUCTION FOR THE IGNORANT; being
a salve to cure that gi-eat want of knowledge which so much reigns both in young and old. Presented in a plain dialogue, fitted to the capacity of the weakest.
'

delicately situated Its inmates, and how they are received The governors of this house, and under officers....
;

SvS 579 580

of

Order and manner of the government punishment 5S3 what is amiss 589 Care to restore runaways or backsliders
'

My

people are destroyed for lack of knowledge.'

—Ho.

iv. 6.

Turn. agai7i, sinner, do not make a doubt; Come, the Lord Jesus will not cast thee out.'

BUNTAN ON THE TERMS OF COjMjMUNION, AND FELLOAVSHIP OF CHRISTIANS, AT THE TABLE OF THE LORD comprising, I.
;

675 Advertisement by the Editor Dedication to the Church of Christ in and about 675 Bedford Objects of faith, or, what we must believe 676 Word prayer belief in the sin Confession of 681 conclusion the self-denial
;
; ; ;
,

His CONFESSION OF FAITH, AND REASON OP HIS PRACTICE. II. Differences about water baptism no bar to communion and III. Peaceable principles and true.
;

SEASONABLE COUNSEL;
from 1 Pe. iv. 19. Advertisement by the Editor
591

or.

Advice to Sufferers,

691

Advertisement by the Editor

Bunyan's address
that

to the Christian reader, showing

I.— A

CONFESSION OF MY FAITH, AND A REASON OF MY PRACTICE or. With who,
;

and who not, I can hold church-fellowship, or the communion of saints. Showing, by divers arguments, that though I dare not communicate with the openly
profane, yet I can with

we need those bitter pills that make us wince 692 and shuck Wherefore let them that suffer according to the will of God commit the keejnng of their soul
'

to
1

those visible saints that differ

him in well-doing, as unto a faithful Creator.' Pe. iv. 19. Peter writing to afflicted believers, gives, I.

A

about water baptism. Bunyan's Preface he had been imprisoned almost twelve years, and sentenced to be banished or hanged will persevere till for not going to common prayer the moss grows on his eyebrows, rather than violate
; ;

II. direction to a duty of absolute necessity. description of the pei'sons to whom this duty is directed. III. The good effect of following this

A

blessed advice
I.

his faith or conscience His belief in God,

593

in the Trinity, a world to come, Christ the Saviour, God manifest in the flesh 594.

Of justification, election,

calling, faith, repentance,

love, the Scriptures, magistrates practice in worship reason of

A

my

A

short application,

597 G02 615

II.—DIFFERENCES IN

JUDGMENT ABOUT WATER BAPTISM NO BAR TO COMMUNION; being an answer to Messrs. Paul, Kiffin, and D'Anvers' Reply to Mr. Bunyan's confession. G18 Water baptism not an initiating ordinance 024 Baptism of the Spirit the great baptism. Water baptism is not regeneration ; Christ was not regenerated by it the want of it does not unchristianize us ; edification greater than water baptism ; infant baptism a sin fourteen arguments 626 answered...
; ;

Mr. H,

Jesse's

judgment

642
;

III.— PEACEABLE

PRINCIPLES AND TRUE

Inquire what is meant by the soul ;' how to be committed to Goil. 1. Persecution is intended to ruin 3. Persecution somethe soul. 2. Be not negligent. times so hot as to leave them nothing but a soul to care for. 4. The devil and wicked men cannot touch 6. God is the soul. 5. Only safe in God's keeping. 7. God is able. 8. The willing to keep our souls. 695 reason of the exhortation II. Who it is that are directed to commit their souls who according to 1. They suffer to God's keeping, His will, his law what it is thus to suffer ; cautions 704 and directions to sufferers Christians may suffer for righteousness ; the call 709 to suffer 722 The will of God means his designment III. The good efl'ect of committing the soul to God. 727 1. He is a creator. 2. Faithful. Some closing words ; Christ alone can save us from allurements, and in sore temptations will you bring your wife and children to beggary for religion he will make a way for escape he will support us in the blasts and battering storms that beat upon us ; 733 destroyed the soul shall not be
'

— — —

— —

;

;

;

;

answer to the short Reply of Mr. D'Anvers and Mr. Paul to the Confession and Differences in 648 judgment about baptism no bar to communion
brief

A

Uses

people of God are sufferers for their Seek grace to prepare for suffering. 3. Religion is none the worse for the world's coarse entertainment. 4. Suffering for religion a token of
1.

religion.

The

2.

God's

ON THE LOVE OF CHRIST: A
A CASE OF CONSCIENCE
whether in the church
it

short

Poem

657

all-sufficient.

ing.
set

— — Take with meekness.— God — The grave the only bound and — the enemy wrap thee a Study be no marvel.— the dogs at
love.
5.
it

6.

is

7.

S.

If

in

of sufferbear's skin,
to
,

thee,

9.

RESOLVED

;

quiet

is

the duty of

women

Seven considerations

for

an unquiet

professor

736 733

trained up am I bom of God? risen with ui) BUNYANS LAST SERMON. gird Christ « if so. the Jn. 3 43 darkness before birth thev are in . . . but of God. — application. CONTENTS or THE SECOND UNITY. AN EXHORTATION TO PEACE AND ^^ :. 75b likeness. with your brethren. nor of the will of ot not of blood nor of the^ill man. live lovingly obedient to the holy loins of your mind.• AdveHisemeiU by the Editor •I-VraVniriVVn Spiut in Endeavouring to keep the unity ot the • ' The "^ text explained .her. . not of blood. m^dtitrine V"they are'bom to'see'and . be The the God whom you hope is your Father ^_^ o« 13. ' Whirh were born flesh i. the bond of peace.comforted dependence upon its fa.VOLTBIE. .. iv.. . the signs has its fa her s new-born babe must be fed. nor of the will 55 believe ot lite .'— Eu.

.

.

.WW ii i iwi u ' i W mm ' l i ' i ii ' i i hit i in 'ii ii \ WM nnim ii :| f'S-^^^ TfiflE EMTO^MI^.

.

.

JiUMBURGH t LOKDON. GLASGOW. .® ©( Psalm LI. 10.(DIEATE DM ME A ©LEAN GflEAC^T. BLACmi i SON.

2.X!?.XCn. 16. . l.C.Ps. &LASG0W.or.ED1NBURGH 8i LONDON. BLACKIE iSON.

.

.

t=> 2 .

f eQ Mmi If !l|t Attk^ i]mi ii Iro BL4CKIE 8 SOH (5LASGOW EDDIBT7RSH i lOWXBT .

-»J<munii'Lf^wmmK .immir*mKl.

or to enable a ready writer. as in other of his works. while. and arm him the good of —and comfort the thoughtless ^break This treatise admirably adapted to warn the inquirer solemn earnestness is fomid even where Bunyan modestly excellent divines. no one hefore him treated this subject with such the dress or appearances of their fellow-worshippers. frothy conversation about of the word. ought to be impressed upon the heart . Like all other of his works. as it — anxiety at every step of this momentous inquiry thus saith the Lord. at the triumphant words of our Lord. In this treatise only. PHEFATOKY REMAEKS BY THE EDITOK. which the author had prepared for the press. CHRIST'S LOVE. what he had heard in the public ministry practice productive of great good and by which families may be much profited while conversing upon the truths publicly instead of what Bunj^an taught in the church would have justly called.of Bunyan. the unsearchable. and although it yan's is Works m a treatise exhibiting very deep research and it calculated for extensive usefidness. but. Bunyan's The revered John Bunyan proves all in this. does not ap- pear ever to have heen puhlished as a separate volume. Avhile exhibiting — and have been collated with the standard text. which so pervaded the mind impenitent and the hypocritical professor: won. intended manuscript. tion of the This discourse has been published in every ediworks of our great author. same time. to digest prayerfully in private. By JOHN BUNYAN. ders of grace to VOL. a every sentence. . THE UNSEAKCHABLE EICHES OF CHRIST. God belong. Avith such clear strangely. with — the stony heart —convince the wavering —cherish the young — strengthen the pilgrimage. in his recollection. that he was a real and not a pretended descendant breathes their spirit ^lie and faithfully discharged His object was as pm-e — from the apostles. in 1692. call it an excellent * and afterwards. it bitter controversy this spirit occa- form but a small part of the unsearchable II. suited to every It abounds with our prayerful consideration. point to the whole treatise is — it is aU admirable. for want of which some imperfections had crept in. to individuals. It is finished. Well did his friends in the ministry.' taking notes of each part. even to the old editions. it thunders in av/ful judgment upon the The catholic spirit. a corchal membrance those deeply impressive ' ever keeping in rethose awfidly — wounded conscience. that was originally conceived for the pul- was so suddenly summoned to the Celestial City. for all these blessings riches. it is shewn by a note at the foot of the page. but Christ Jesus his Lord. was first puhlished. One desire appears to have influenced him in writing all his Avorks that of shrinking back and hiding himself behind his Master. calculated to assist the Christian that hearer's memory. stored. it is originol. and Avhere the author preferred the Genevan or Puritan version. in proof of is to shew a ' ' every assertion. and forty distinct references all These are carefully re- was apparent. by would grow It in grace. nor Christian philosophy. most profound depth of thought.THE SAINTS' KNOWLEDGE OF OE. This will account for the to assist a written for the press. when lie The reader should keep this treatise pit. in diifcrs many sufler- when treating upon the saint in his fight for faith dejected. he knew his Master's work. Ehenezer Chandler and John Wilson. despairing Christian. w^ith a selection of Bun- —a a foHo volume. eternal riches of His To point out beauties in such a discourse. and whatever sioned him. Divine. ahout four years after the author's decease. between the period of his crucifixion and of his resurrection: this is worthy of doubting. the references to Scripture are omitted in aU the editions since that of 1737. his solemn requirements. Tins Treatise is one of those ten distinct works. to preach not himself. is to grace. and to win others over to Jesus Christ. divisions and sub-divisions. probably with great additions. ardent sympathy for the broken-hearted. ings of the Saviour. appears conspicuously in this discourse. there are nearly foiir hundred to the holy oracles.

that God would let them see m the spirit and faith. of distinguishing me. AND TO KNOW THE LOVE OF CmUST. I am a son of love. as these soul-saving truths. ojyinions. of holy Under such a course of sermons as this fervour ? treatise would make. Christian. so fully ' And will our ministering elders bear with me in through unbelief. as an example of clevotedness to his Master's service. in love to man. in holy love. the common course of their profession. says. that on a week-day Throughout the whole. Christ can love. it is too frequent now. and of love that passeth knowledge: and why shoidd not I walk in love in love to God. as to polite literature men that sweeten the God and to rehgion. His works do clusions. 19. Lord. of tender faithfulness to the souls of men. in love that passeth knowledge. Can those who differ with me Hear the reply of one so lionest and be saved?' ' of peculiar love.— THE of every Cliristian professor. sians. Oct. and in the second. his Christian liberality can no more he enlightened by the niggard spirit of learned sectarians. when all other weapons fail. alas. in love unfeigned ? ' Page 39. [the love of Christ] is a love that And upon when we reading of them. Offor. the morning. light. and bring glory to Why should anything have or the learned languages. AND LENGTH. III. and I His love stripped him of all for will love him. determined before the world began. long before dayinclemency of frost and snow was braved souls. by God and by . a very remarkable expression. however unlettered he was. of the reconciling of the Gentiles with the Jews to the Father. an object of love. Page 33. and afflictions. and and affectionately commending to them John Bimyan. not wonder is hear. and with a Divine blessing our earthen vessels would be replenished with heavenly treasure.\Y EE ACLE TO COMPREHEND WITH ALL SAIXT3. ' these are the churches. ' a liberality ing truths which shines more brightly. did the preaching. follow tlwu sake. to the end they might be supported and made live above them. WHAT /5 THE BREADTH. embaed with the Scriptures. HAciiNEY. or the un- — —which passeth knowHoly Spirit hand.' To walk in love Bunyan has. of free love. ov judgment.. This is the ivorst text. there fort to comfort the sincere.' EPH. with a But when men. a monument love. than the sun could be illu- minated by a rush-light. therefore he makes lacre a brief repetition and explanation. of various denominations. * Does Satan suggest that God will not hear your stammering and chattering prayers ? Does Satan suggest that thy trials. is. AND DEPTH. as that of election. 184S. Now lest the afflictions that attend the gospel should. how they. how attentively would our respectfully how far. AND HEIGHT. of wliich his spirit had been bai)tized. ways terminating here. in the depth of winter. He also joins thereto a fervent prayer for them. — filled with all the in enforcing this — duty. The ministerial friends. THE ' SAINTS' KNOWLEDGE OF CHRIST'S LOYE. ' a continued ef- but doubting.' The Saints' I{Jnowledge of Christ's Love. gospel. comes in the third chapter to shew that (hat also was. for Christ loves thee with a love that passeth knowledge. It is formalities.' attend the reading. of the doctrine of election. as they. we can- passeth knov. seek thine oion salvation. The inquiry is piu-sued a step farther. will be allove to him. are so many that you shall never get beyond them? by crowded assemblies of hungry and thirsty who eagerly listened to hear him proclaim searchable riches of Christ ledge. and troubles. He loves me. as reflected by one. let my love strip me of all for thy my heart but God. ruin of all that are not in thence be bold and of the loss and the same notions. treated The Apostle having. in the first chapter. to rectify those false and erroneous con- recording his extensive usefulness. WHICH PASSETH KNOWLEDGE. Are there many that be saved? forgetful of the Saviour's answer and just rebuke. but Christ? loves me as. delightful to read the testimony of [pride] and greatest of all [delusions]. 31-. my sake. THAT YjE M. The inquiry was then. of love. What is that to thee. into the truths A man. by his Son. may think that Christ has no and yet Christ may love him.' Page 33. follow him. SAINTS' It is KNOWLEDGE OF CHRIST'S LOAT. children listen with reverence to the voice of truth. 18. through the preaching of the its raging among these Epliedarken the glory of these things unto them. whose religious education was drawn solely from ^the holy oracles. of The practical application of these soul-encoura"-- Geo. of humble walking with God.ledge. and the pure fountain of truth fulness of God. and to conclude of their own safety. ho with love that passeth knowledge. Bunyan 's when therefore. that they Avill know how. This is a weapon that relief is at May the effectual blessing of the it will baffle the devil.

beyond lengths. and justice too: but his justice is turned with butes he is beyond all measm'e: whether 3'ou wisdom. 11. 38. or height.hearts by faith. which passeth knowledge. the natm-all}. and whose ways are past finding out. power. which will support the spirits of those ' as the Lord: 1 Sa. forasmuch they must look over us. and depth. and length. yea. for wliile meditating and writhe was caught: The strength and glory of the was endeavouring to fasten upon the people to whom he wrote. .' (te. Rom. that God aU for the use with what he power. arc vised sometimes to shew us the power. heaven and earth is yours. because unexplained.THE by Clii'ist. 39. for 'tis to him a condescension to behold things in heaven How much more then to open his eyes upon such as wc: yet by the passion of Jesus Christ. and a height. whether they be of breadth. several of them in then. Ilis greatness unsearchable. of whom the whole family in heaven and earth is named. yea. ciu. -that ye. and depth. and his mercy is from everupon them that fear him. and that in all his attributes. the great infinite God who is in his all immensity and But. 7. Ps.are so inclined. infinite all greatness of God. beyond a. a length. 9. because they carry in them an miexpressible something. and that something that -ivhich far out-goes all those things that can be The Apostle here was under foimd in this world. are secured from the evil of tlie worst might come upon them. and to know that ' is enlarged and exquisite apprehension. come Flrst. that Christ may dwell in yom. an everlasting being. . God is love. and to wonderment. ' Knowing.\ivi. took him away into their glory. or the fouhiess of our ways. beyond all measures.say. more great in power. He is an eternal Hence God is being. and subtilty of the enemies of God's chm'ch. Secondly. First. 'the thunder of his power who can understand?' Jobxxvi. if rightly considered. ii. is 'But this God is our God.d in his Sou. Rom. on pm-pose to command attention. measm-e by words. 19. said to be love. truths are often dehvered to us. In aU his attri. The reasons of them and then also. beyond all heights. They that is. they harmoniously : . viii. and height: As who God that should say.\i. Dau.o^ra. His judgments are imsearchable. and I it wiU when we live Nor should we admit it [is] would in the have it yours. the High God is j-ours. Breadth. what is the breadth. SAINTS' KNOWLEDGE OP CHRIST'S LOVE. are so high that needs own imworthincss. 33. 1 Jo. more great every way for the help of his people wherein they dealt proudly. Besides. or depth. He is infinite in wisdom. xi. that their deep understanding what good by these were reserved for them. ' If I speak of strength. many times things are thus expressed. a stop and pause in the mind about them and to divert. breadths. depth. that taketh part with you. are here to be taken in to tliis second sense. yea. Something of theu* fulness. trust in tliis of dis- 33. beyond what could to the full be uttered. in himself. some that are of the same kind.8. and take pains cdjout them. to love. to the end we should rub them out before we eat them. the heart from the world. u. of the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ. to the made use in his of to is is shew They are reason of (lie words. wit. I will give you. But. And then show you. natm-e. and depth. and so hvely faith thereof. These words therefore take in for this of then. depth. The greatness of God.adversaries. beyond all depths. it is my relief. or by the most to love those that be foui. being rooted and grounded in love. believers.' Ps. people. truths that he and with what he hath and profit of the is Else no great matter held out to them thereby. force. Also. are set against sin and smners. who is a all breadth. 9. before we have the comfort of them. ambiguous. . lo. and that will always come in for your help against them that contend It is all with you. iv. the God Avhose works are wonderful. to the Ephesians. a spiritual surprize. For now. he was above them. In my attempting to open these words. [Sometimes] Most properly to shew us the infinite and misearchable greatness of God. and in that respect he is agree in the salvation of our souls. For here is a greatness Pharaoh was great. against a greatness. are words that in themselves are both ambiguous. like Avheat in full ears. For this cause 1 bow my knees unto the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ. Those of the same kind. more great in wisdom. may he ahle to comprehend with all saints. . and height. To length. the love of Christ. my tribulations. suggest unto us the imsearchable and matter from the consideration of our either taken from the finiteness of our state. might some or length. and height. iv. to greatness beyond beings. and height. b}^ breadth. whatever troubles should attend their profession. the God whom the heaven of heavens cannot contain. according to the riches of his glory. 17. that he would grant you. 'There is none holy lasting to everlasting. to he strengthened with might hy his Spirit in the inner man. is that. of his people that are frighted with the greatness Breadth. length. Job V. though God's attributes. and to wonderment. yea. them with and fills this description of him. vaj comfort in my support.' there the comfort: For this cause therefore he pre- senteth . hoUness and truth. Job xi. *0! the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowled"-e of God! ' Rom. were we righteous. by their greatness. is yours. imto which they ing. Consider therefore the greatness that is for you. and length. is yom-s. they woidd never be discom-aged. but God more great. by thoughts. 2. he is strong.' Job k.

and what is the breadth: It is here expressed on purpose to sucgive ear. speak afterwards. 8. a spreading to cover. And I wiU say. a breadth that can cover all. breadth. cour and relieve. Here now a breadth according 3ci. 11. to a thick cloud. spreading himself. to the filling of 'the breadtli Immanuel. that is hejond all that we can think: So we should conclude that all this is hve to us. succouring. ness wliich put upon us. a cloud for a covering.' Ps. and if they be deep. In the sin of his people there Therebreadth of mercy intended in this place. depth. ' much as Idntcd. 35. and more helpful.' is. and height. . it is a spreading plague. breadth. xvi. whose spread' He spread ings none can understand. 8-10. 'I hand to us in the invitations of the * In the first edition of this treatise. a depth. while in this world. viii. viii. What is the breadth. (ye Assyrians) and ye shall be broken in pieces. prays. ' I So then. and height. 'That ye may know what is the breadth. what height is not so whose spreading siu is covered by the mercy of God through Christ. and height made mention of. what canst thou know? the measure thereof is longer than the earth. or to shew what advantage. for God is with us. or the breadth that spreadcth over is a breadth. here be what it will. a super-abounding spreading.. First. You read of the rage of the king of Assyria. Wherefore this tian while in a state of trial that the Apostle prayeth for. for Christ's sake. But speak to these four expressions. And what this shall he do lie breadth. die. wliat length. It is therefore iniinitencss sug- Ps. namely. is sometimes as if it would swaUow up the whole church of God. and a licigld to answer a height. Arid to know Hie hve of therefore CJirist it This breadth that is in God. unless he.' ' saith he. and height. and the face of their soids. and it shall not stand. tliis is the sea. have seen the wicked Hence it is com- pared to a cloud. together.to a people that provoketh me continually. but the whole face of heaven. with his fellow-christians. 8. and more par8. . But what folof thy land. gird yourselves Take counsel be broken in pieces. down and at least. is. that the Ephesians might have understanding in these things. xUi. here is a height. Sin is a scab that spreadeth. Ed. that there was a breadth in it. and depth. and covered thy nakedis Eze. iv. can. a breadth. Ro. suits Thus whidt passeth Icnaivledge. and length. houndless. to the spreading nature of the sin of this wretched 'Blessed is lie ticularly speak Secondly. may know 'what is the breadth. oil. length. Gc. 12.I have spread out my hands all the day unto a rebellious people. Therefore to answer this. But how far? spread ness. Job xxxvi. Le. xxxii. here a spreading breadth. if they be long.' let their trials kc. 29. and breadth. a laigOi to answer a length. and that has engaged for us. as nothing fault-worthy in his righteoiisis and 57. for the good of those that are his people. 12. an overfoioing breadth. '1 spread we have a my skirt over thee:' all. l. than to know that there is a hreadOi to answer a breadth. the knowledge of the overspreading grace of Of the largeness of the Apostle's heart in pray' God by Christ yieldeth unto those that have it. xxxii. said. apprehend what this breadth.— KNOWLEDGE OF 8.' Job But we will pass generals. Avhat canst thou do? deeper than hcU. and it shall come to nought speak the word. This word is to shew. lows? ye people. there is nothing that is here 'Associate yourselves. fore Paul for the support of the Ephesians. xiii. xlix. it also overmatcheth that spreading and overspreading rage of men. or. made men- tion of in the text? Why he must despair.. This is the spreading cloud. of God's children seemetli sometimes to ovei"spread not only their flesh. here is a breadth called for. all and ye shall . and shut up is his heart against all comfort. for support. and if they be high. to wit. The sin of the saints is a spreading leprosy. and *hroadcr than the sea. and then dilate with it thus in our minds. that is a stranger to hxadth. a wheresoever a man shall look. cv. one.^y. 2C. hut ichat breadth. ing for this people. the Apostle conjoins therewith. that God is all over. everywhere. saying still to our low and trcmhling spirits: 'It is high as heaven. xxxvii. 4-7. ' Even so far as to cover 'I my skirt over thee. wJiose sin is covered. God will over-match and go beyond you Wherefore this word. a length.' prohahly a typographical error. a spread- ing beyond. afterwards quoted correctly. THE as there is SAINTS' CHRIST'S LOVE. David salth. is a depth. here is a length. and enlarge it thus in our meditations. and depth.' Ps. 1-3.' Is. spreading of his wings. and fire to give light in the night. is also signified by the sjyreadthat they ing out of his gospel. i. let that If his afflictions be broad. as they are fitted to suit and answer to the whole state and The words are condition of a christian in this life. able to comprehend with all That they might be saints. . a depth to answer a depth.. that covereth or Wherefore spreadeth over the face of aU the sky. someOdng ofCidr fulness. of that we shall first. or else what is done is to no purpose. 39. stretching out his goodness to the id- now.. and answers a Christian's conis that dition. what. which was published quoted 'deeper than It is four years after Bunyan's death. Dc.' This largeness of the heart and mercy of God towards his people. . yea. or comfortable to a chris- and temptation. loliai depth. 'Behold me. it knows no bounds: Lc. as there is in God's nature a length. behold me. For gested to us. to Alas! the sin be what they will.' is it ye of far countries. we have here abrcadtli. 9. most boinids.

in another place are called ic. is my this therefore. This wiU poise and stay the soul. and that is a sad thino. sovereign grace of God. ened. but oft-times through the power and prevalency of it. that he can neither help ' him. as by our spreading out our hands in prayer. mxxLx.' said the church.' Ep. and the desire of their eyes. to wit. and of the number that he remembereth no more. Ps. that for and by sin they merciful to us. the soul is driven with it. that spreadeth his 'sharp-pointed things upon the mire:' Job. De. For. and thy and the abounding nature of Shall another man pi'ay for this. Is. and from . They think themselves beyond the vii. For. there is a super-aboimding breadth in the that the Lord asketh. ' but also with reference to their faith and hope in their God. Length. and the leprosy and contagion thereof. 'Wliy. eA'en then. that they have pierced beyond expression.' la. then thou scarest me with di-eams. so there a LEXGin therein. for it and mercy so to do. He ii. neither his ear heaA'v. 17. 1. and he can reach a great way further than we can conceive he can: ye. I say. To insinuate what a reach there is in the mercy of God. broader than can be. as he apprehends. 'Behold. 5-7. are their dehght.' said Job. my Let duty. 30.xii. said David. and from the words of my roaring?' is. reach of his mercy. 4. to stick in the mire of them. m. than my life. This Avord also answereth is to. When we think his mercy is cZea?i gone. by spreading out the hands or arms to embrace. he vrUl find sharp-pomted things enough tion. conceit it is. 10. 1. that God would be spread out ai'ms as a Christ. is. for our afilic- These sharp-pointed things are those that 'fiery darts. as a ship by a mightv tempest. 'far off from peace: I forgat prosperity. my bed shall comfort me. to the end thou may'st not sink and die in thy soul. And thou hast removed my soul. If again. and this length is as large as the breadth. I wiU gather self. and this is that AA-hich the Apostle intended by this word. or as a rolling thing before the Avhirlwiud: driven. XXX. so sharp some have foimd these things to their souls. though sin sometimes is most afflictino. Avho that great and dogged Leviathan. ' 1 say. Avhen thou seest the spreading nature of thy sin be a memento to thee. 4. Jon. the Lord's it hand is not short- imderstandeth. Wherefore it in answer to ' this answerable to the spreading of these sharp-pointed things. ix. hand shortened cannot redeem? is. For. Hence it is supposed by the prophet. Avhen thou of hell. and from all hopes of his mercy. visions. coidd reach Jonah.THE I Iiave SAINTS' KNOWLEDGE OP by CHRIST'S LOVE. Avith which he can and will sorely prick and wovmd our spirits Yea. namely. and from the Avest. and cause that again we stand be- cannot hear. and claspeth it up in them. x. and this is a dismal state. yea. either our mire. and from thence wiU he fetch thee. from thence will the Lord thy God gather thee. hoAV far it can extend itOA'er judgment passed length to admiration. tho' in the belly thee. and of the great desires that are in us. is Seco^ictty. opened my mother aftectionately doth. as far as the east is from the west. 'and dwell in the utteraiost parts of the sea. this will relieve and support the soul in and under those many misgiving and desponding thoughts unto which we are subject sin. and reach when afilicted with the apprehensions of it. and that ourselves are free among the dead. *I say. a man of God. aiid 13-15. and that not only Avith reference to their being removed by persecutors. when she stoopeth to her child in the warm workings of her bowels. so that death rather my soul chooseth strangling. Wherefore he saith any of them be driA'en out unto the outmost parts of heaven. my couch shall ease my complaint. is signified the great sense that we have of the spreading nature of our sins. Job But now. at all that Is ' my L 2. ik. ' presently helped: for he seeth that this grace itself. There is a beyond apprehension or belief. thinkest thy way is hid from the Lord. 9. or the sharp-pointed things that he spreadeth thereupon for our vexation and aifliction: 'It is spreadeth is and broader than the sea. '\Vhen. or as the ends of the world ai-e asunder. AA'hich from the appointments and gospel-seasons. from thy God. the which whoso seeth and And that again. &c. and thy right hand shall hold me. as the Apostle doth pray is we should. even there shall thy hand lead me.' Jobxi. God has a long arm. nor hear him. saith the prophet to God. vi. and putteth it into her bosom.a sad thin'>'. What the breadth and length. to a gracious man. then he can reach us. there is a breadth in this mercy and grace of As God 'If I take the AA-ings of the morning. Sometimes a man. Do. 'Art thou so far from helping me. The broadness of the grace and mercy of God in Christ. while the soul beholdeth the overspreading nature of it. in the arm of the strength of the Lord. ' ' i.\li. knew memind the goodness and benefit of ditate and is shall not I upon it ? and shall not I exercise my it about it? privilege Yes surely. from God. that is. and terrifiest me through : the state sometimes of the godly. xxx. 9. ' ' them from the east. is shewed the breadth or largeness of God's affections.to the conscience. This is never so broad. so far off from God. saying. and he has abimdance of them. should meditate. yet here it stoppcth not. or may fitly be set against the wiles and temptations of the devil. be the spreading nature of our corruptions may be driven from God to the utmost part of heaven. Ezr. as the other is. one that it. is my hands. and kisseth. that it cannot save. fore him. 9. This therefore should be that upon which those that see the spreading nature of sin. and as much suit- ing the condition of the child of God.

arm of the Lord. sin. and methinka : As there is a hreadth and length here. that and fear. and for the comfort of them of the godly that are thus a sinking The mercy of God for them lies deeper. a dungeon. we have a depth that can more than coimterpoise these deeps. ' ' says he. so in our text which I am speaking to at this time. or how long tliis has heen thy state but I will say the length of before tliee. 4. when thou canst not perceive that God is within the reach of thy arm. and a That ye may length. * counted with them that go down into the pit. or depths of calamity into which the godly may fall. fast . every day hy the power of temptation. and tempest. as to their thinking. set forth Avith a hearty prayer. it and wounded the dragon? is.' says David. than this complaint ' Let neither the water flood is : overflow me. Why. on purpose to help us under a trial that is diverse from the two former. are gotten upon the shoidders of this poor man. I am come into deep waters. I say. hut that do fly hefore their guilt: Them that feel no help nor stay. viiL . if if of encouragement for us thus to and the length of the reach of mercy is so also this length is for the benefit of and Satan is treachug down into the deejj. and let them Art thou not ters of the great deep. xlii. 27. it is Dee2J calleth unto deejy: What's that? expressed in the verse before ' : should encourage us to pray. which hath dried the sea. ' that neither - - height nor depth shall be able to separate us from the love of God. the is long. Now guilt is not to such so much a wind and a times their sinking : ' ask thee how thou earnest into this condition. As yet thou art within the savinrj arm of God I the reach thereof. Avhat canst thou knoAv?' Job xi. so there is deeps. at the noise of thy water spouts: all thy waves. as far as they could? again that the Psalmist says : * Deep calleth unto deep. that when sin has driven God's elect to the farlength when we and by see our corruptions spread suaded. T». and be sv/allowed up of his miry place. xxxUi.' it that hath cut Rahab. they should be no deeper yet this is the comfort. and none in the lowest pit. me up.' THE tlio nortli. as there in these texts. and depth? And this depth is also put in here. CHRIST'S LOVE. or to where my poor backslidden wife or dear relation is. I say. ]. and thou hast afilicted Hence it is aU thy waves. the sink- stand before thee. . then to believe that thou art within the reach of lus. The devil. may be as deep as Hell. And this is that Avhicli made Paul the hreadth the apostle insinuates a remedy and that he was not afraid of this depth. and hope for the salvation of any one of our backslidden relations. Hast thou an arm like God. and length. for it H 13- Heman also mouth upon me. De. and from the south. 9. What is the breadth. I am per: ' ' he would shew us. that God would reach out Awake.' saith lie. and fetch them back again. ' My soul is cast down within me. But. as some good men are apt to do: I mean.vviii.art thou not ' God. and lay hold. where my poor child. 'in deep mire. where the floods overflow me. yet not so low. do not thou go about to measvu-e . the wahath made the depths of the sea a way for the ransomed to pass over ? Is. Thou hast laid me ' is long. them: Saying. but. my soul in this dejoth of sorrow calls for help Down. an arm like his for length and strength? It becomes thee. that because thou canst not reach God by tliy short stump. deep into the jaws of distrust Lord. Yea. For though I am sinking and going down. and are as if they were always descending or as Heman says. neither let the deep swallow neither let the pit shut her l. that by succour to us. and the curse of the law. but that thy Do of thy compasmercy is yet imderneath me to thy depth of mercy. which is in Christ Jesus our Lord. di-iven yet farther off from God. Thirdly. 2. in the deeps. Job xi. and death. Thy knows how Agaui. here is in this -word ing condition of the godly sin man set forth. in darkness. (for they at present have no need thereof that are near) then we may knoAV it. 10. 7. -where there no standing.hold they are gone from thee. SAINTS' saith he: KNOWLEDGE OF That is. saith. ' arm of the Lord. 6. therefore he cannot reach thee with his long arm. that li. from the utmost corners.' Ps. It is deeper than hell. a Depth. arm is long enough them. for great. : sions open those everlasting arms.\ix. Ps. as we have here a breadth. and I prithee hear me. that he can reach those that then this are gone away. And. Look agam. ' arms with God. Awake. so we have also a depth. Christians have somethest distance from him. s. as a load and burthen. Now whom mark. Ps. 9. fetch them again. I told you. wTath lieth there such a length ? such a length in me Avith hard upon me. thou the hope of Israel. and thy billows are gone over me. yet his to reach fits. do not thou conclude. 7. I will not now to their salvation . hut that go. that he may sink into. kxxviii. . ' Ro. of a man Length matter pray.' Ps. And although the improve this advantage at the throne of grace for such. kLx. This therefore should encourage them that for the present cannot stand. and are treading of him down. know what is the Depth. ' I sink. like a leprosy . and from the hope of ohtaining of liis mercy poor creature. that those that may be gone oft'/ar from God. there is ' ' nothing more common among the saints of old.arm ' his arm after of the Lord. and catch him that has no help or stay in himself: For so it is with one that is is falling into a tvell or . and be stretched out as far as to where my poor husband is.\x. that they may come to God a^-ain.

that he comes as a roaring lion. ' Ps. As let it be the depth is sufficient. blessing which he had ground to pronoimee. is.' Ro. that Christians Indeed mercy seems to are subject to in this life. 'the earth with her bars vsae about . for the pre- cious things of heaven. that the blessings of the Couch. and also beyond. let that depth be what it will. be his land. their foundation is removed. and of my heart answering them with distrust and fear) ' out of the miry ' ' : it (mto which I did not only sink. They inwardly sink. he shaU prevail against his enemies. would yield them stay and relief. by the whereof. is hard that ai-e beneath him. than. xxxiii. when we are sinking for then we are as if aU things were careless of us. the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge : ' jealousy like a man of war: he shall cry. And again. 39. and for the Now for such to consider that underneath them. am not of belief that these blessings are con- and to save a delivering mercy couching to catch them. and there will be. even praise to our God. There is such a thing as this experienced among the godly. He brought me up also out of an horrible pit. notvrithstanding all the deep contriv- God ances that the enemy hath. they will A with blessings of heaven above. that is to find out a. 33. deep. and his billows roUing over him. xi. Jonah 6. Mar. 22— 2i. so will God at the fittest season. of the souls that feel themselves descending into the pit. I ' De. it is let thee fall into mischief. and that can reach to the bottom. to be discerned by him that thus is sinking.' and with the 'blessings of the deep that lieth under. That is. but was by held from getting up : but he brought me up) ' and set my feet upon a rock. aU God's Howwaves. 13. roar. God shall bless thee. - - - my sold. as coimting of it sufficient for his want of some spiritual cordial to support the mind. but to things spu'itual be relief unto them. 26. Ps. ' of the Lord. David.' saith he. take heed of that God can ' : to address himself to the delivering of his people. the depth of mercy If it be the depth of hcUish policy. to them (when tempted) when you wiU. by a waU.xiii. Now . ' The Lord stir shall go forth as a mighty man. it will awake in time for our help. 3. * For ' : ' great is thy mercy towards me. 'Blessed. . lie sinking ones. which is wrapped wherewith Jacob blessed his also that. arms that are long and strong. ever. xlk. and they feel themselves sinking. (a pit of noise. he shall up not help thee up. those that liaA'e been in the p'i(.'' THE Sft. whether he sees or not. iv. and estabhshed my goings. a timely caution to them that think tliey stand upon their Give not way to falling because everlasting feet. or that in this deep whereinto they are descending. as tell you. not for want of something to relieve the body. . they have no groimd to stand on. as into a pit that has no bottom. and blessed his portion to him. : ' ' heretofore. and divine to tells chiefly respect and that they have most soid. Ps. this is it As this. 2. help in all afflictions.' ls. for the dew. and help them to hope for good. fainted within me. that is. have been lifted up. he can let thee fall. Ge. hisx\± 13. but for feet bough. and that has as he now smartingly feels. si. can aU other depths be to destroy them This is it at which ho stands and wonders. and There are of above their castings down again. 7. there lieth deep that coucheth beneath. Again. clay. how is it that they are there ? why. yea. he ns here. were virtue it well considered by the so mark. after that the archers had done their worst to him. This therefore is worthy of the consideration of all sinking souls. and etei'nal good. and But with the song of the Lamb in their mouths.' said Jonas. as I take up ' in the blessing. and may invent to make us come This is short [of] home. 3. it.' saith he. But of this lie could by no means have been persuaded. they that have* so as hardly to be discei'ned by him that wiUingly been sinking would see that himself is not below these arms But that as I said. ' son Joseph. 27. Tempt not God.\i. this woidd fined to things temporal. saying.' saith he. Some come his people. but it is but as a lion couchant. way to save the depth both of the wisdom and knowledge of shall go beyond it. 22. had he not believed that mercy lieth deeper for the godly to help them. a pit wherein was the noise of devils. Moses also blesseth God for blessing of Joseph thus. 'and thou hast delivered my soul from the lowest hell. And he hath put a new song in my mouth. xliv. their well from his observation of God's good dealing with Joseph. close. 'I went down to the bottoms of the momitains. 36—39. be asleep. xxxm. thee away indeed. arms are imderneath. of all misery and distress. of misery. if it may be. I lest and he cast that doubt there are many . or carnal.xliv. them from sinking for ever. is it. However here is a depth against the depth that's against us. as in a spirit of prophecy : For he saw that he lived and was become a flourishing have slipped. by his own deliverance shews you tlie reason.' Ge. though And hence they one should sink as deep as hell are said to be everlasting arms that are underneath De. and prevail. 25. of God. now upon moimt Sion. even at the bottom there lieth a blessing. me for ever ii. SAINTS' KNOWLEDGE OF CHRIST'S LOVE. Ps. And forasmucli as tliis term den which is applicable to the lion in his it may be to shew that as a lion. for this blessing lieth couched. yet there it is. But let me here give. do couch beneath. arise for the help and deliverHence when he is said ance of a sinking people. with the harps of God in their hands.

Tliere arc things that are Idgh. were it not for one that is higher. than for want of means and time to take to themselves principality and power.5troyed. and liavc cast mercy. together with all others. and ' our corrupted reason. : i. rcgardeth. proves a great shaking to our mind. As there is a breadth. an infinitely overfixthers of all that monstrous brood that followed Ro. His word also is settled for ever in heaven. HEiGUT. 2. marvel not at the matter . vi. and so they arc become the rulers of the darkness lielps to preserve them from it. By these v/e are tempted. pits. 4. heaven? and behold how high they are ? called the place for Hence heaven is . and upon which we should fall. vi. frighted them they were in their oAvn sight. than weakness. >'u. 5. viii. as I con. These are called or lying in our : : was rather of spiritual wickedness. the is a height also that it is is obvious which when dealt withal by poor. and come in to us. together with these. The men that were taU as the cedars. and frighten Vere of purpose to keep Israel out of his posses. 80. These are they that well as things that are under. 8. there for us. the saving knowledge of God out of our hearts. See how it is expressed: The people is It is from these that our faith and spiritual undergreater and taller than we. and of stubborncss. a height in God. viii. that are distressing ven is above aU to God's people. were it not for one who can leajy and ship over these mountains of division. There are heights also that build up themselves were to go to inherit the land of promise. so.' 8 THE tliis SAI^TS' KNOWLEDGE OF CHRIST'S L0"\^. Jn. that if possible they may keep hoppers. as higher than they. nor should we by any means help or deliver ourselves. 'Tis from these that we are leave to die there. make them scuttle to! so easily persuaded to call into question our former gether on heaps before him. Ho. He also saith in another place. which are not but to be taken notice of: Yea. 8 and 17. x. things that are above us. : ii. Of this sort were they topping height in the mercy and goodness of God who so frighted. and we should most what is the breadth and length. if peradventure by something we IIEIGIIT. to wit. and violent perverting of judgment and jus- tice in he Hud tJiere a province. These are the dark mountains at which our feet would certainly stumble. There to our senses.selves directly so. or tmclced spirits. as well as certainly be so. but as grass. and strong as the in us. . xvii. were some of the heights that were set most devilish designs he can wield. -whose earth in those days. because they stand in the cross ways to cut off Israel from his possession. and terrified Israel. giants. sion.Christian men and women. and may be de. 2g. l Sa. si. not the height Jobxxu. One of inclinable to swerve from right doctrine into these. and from these that our minds are so often clouded and darkened that we cannot see afar off. These would betray us into the hands of fallen angels. how did he fright destructive opinions. Yea. depth. of the stars. 28. 10. 'Twas this that God in the height of made Paul. nor things to come. this But now to support us against all these. because their fall ' ! ' iii. than any thing besides. xiiu 31 —33. there were gmits in the chariots of salvation) in triumph over their necks. they had high selves against the knowledge of God: 2 Cor. 'If thou sccst the oppression of the : Further. and they place themwhen compared with these high ones. v. Goliah by name. undermined: also by these Christ towards his people: So there is also a there are snares. were it not for the rock that is 'But he that cometh from heathings that arc low. oaks. in the world in that day. sifted. 28. and waUs. the children of Israel in the days of Saul How did the appearance of him. and these walls do ofttimes more plague. K-xxix. and of this world. they were the very dads and make work together for his ransomed's advantage. that thus do couch themselves down from their pinnacles into vanity. walls as high as heaven. These high things therefore are said to exalt themBesides. ceive. There is a height. way So there are another sort of heights that are more mischievous than these: And they are the fallen angels. and hath rid (in his preacher of righteousness. And these. of a vain conceit that they shall he lifted up again : whom yet God will But again. and what not made and laid for us. in this mercy and grace of God through threatened. God's children to day are sorely distressed. Dc. have presumed upon beneath. that he feared not the height: things present. and turn and against Noah yea. and ix. hath made his Son higher than the kings of Ps. FourUdy. higher than their walls Ps. when they for us. and De. and length. cxix. and men. By these and by these high walls. 13. there are a many of them. desperate resolutions. and therefore must needs be the earth: He God towai'ds us. and we off it. and depth. he higher than they. Gc. 'That ye may comprehend with all saints. against them.13. 28. and from these also that we are so the sons of the Anakims there. afflict. and that is the height. we have seen contradicted. experience of the goodness of Song ii. in high For God has suffered them for a uiUfulncss. talce is and to all encourage us to heart notwithstanding these things. Ec.These are they. It is said when Noah was a our king has taken captive. opposed. the cities are great and standing of God and his Christ is opposed and walled up to heaven and moreover. As there are these things standing. for is higher than the highest. and exceeding distance that heaven 'Is not is off of us. This therefore was their discouragement. holes. and places EpU.

but what shall of all this heaven has gates.a Son into the world . God is high above all things and can do whatever Ge. sin. 2. This also. vii. merits of Christ. by the which he ride in thither. will set Oh. between us. God through Christ to us alone.' I is. but 'ine. I will be like the most High. and that thing to appear. wisely to How many consider of the doings of their God. and break. and none with aua xxiv. This calls therefore upon christians. Christ indeed could mount up. for them that are godly. but God for it is what VOL.xiv. Ph. and to place: 3Ki. to wit. If Well. and the depUi. light against darkness. iiL 21. the He hath set a Saviour against every christian say. and do so horribly repugnant to his word ? I ing of this thing. : many things. Now saith xvi. he is bid to ask it. so as in all things it doth. may And God fore. poor me. of death. the power. should adse and ascend into the highest heaven. is. to the end ho may shew his wrath. 14. opposite breadths. how wilt thou go in thither ? such should climb up to heaven. means is provided to bring us thither. that the body that is turned into dust. are therefore suffered. and the testi- for my good. and heigU of the grace that is in himself. 3. i. StiU I say. and the inThe power tliat is set ability of us to resist. are wanting. and subtilty. but I. from thence will they that did wisely consider of his doings Come. Am. and went up by it into that holy is able to make all things bend to his will. T. peneth to us death. Ac. were there not admitted that there should be hrecfdtlis. yet methinks the unconcernedness of prodistrust of the act. 32. 'above the height of the clouds. 9. how shall I get thither ? it pleaseth him. But the angels are the servants of II. and )nony of a good conscience to bring them thither and he that has not the help of aU these. to oppose. fessors thereabout. SAINTS' KNOWLEDGE OF Lu. and heights did Israel meet with in their journey from Egypt to Canaan. power that is able to subdue all things to himself. Methinks. shall never come thither. i\-. and the MigJti of the love and mercy of God in Christ to US-ward. :: : THE height. to sin. CHRIST'S LOVE. with a burden. that when he prays for they might know the height. and make his power known. every height is a difficulty to him that is loaden This then should teach us that in God is a reason. is. the mercy. 5. behold the works of the Lord towards me. Now I say. In the height. as a virgin. says one. and all to convince them of their And ? I. how shall I get seem to be utterly impossible but there is that thither? Elias indeed had a chariot sent him to which is called the power of God. ii. there the power of God. among the stars of heaven. and leivjih. the power of devils. the height above. as I hinted but just before. be made to appear. at least so as make us wonder in our thinking. XXV. and But we for our parts are crushed before tho . of every enemy. the help of angels. should a little concern us. 24 but as for me. These things with many more In the completing of ii. of sin. 9. ii. i. thither? Enoch is there. makes this heaven. What. and lengths. and brini. let him Not do what he can. that the time coming that we must mount up thither. 4. how shall I get make all obstructions give place to what he pleases. and force. good against evil. did reap the advantage thereof. is in both the power of them that hate us. Ps.' 1 cor. this very thing. and He. my mind. I to many things. to i. such a good man is at his furthest distance therefrom have none inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and which is. and depths. ill consciences enter in thither. and grace of God to us in Christ might appear and be made manifest And I believe that this thing. there- how shall we get in thither ? is Why. and depth. and dcptlis and Wherefore these oppositions IieigJits. poor I. and that all the world may see how he checks and answer. by which. And although doth he suffijr this. Also when Ahaz is bid to ask with reference to heaven. it should make us admire at the heights of the grace and mercy of God.. and also of the power of their God. doth argue that considering thoughts about that. and tlmt. Pr. my nest own weakness. God for that end hell. is included here by the Apostle the Ephesians. there. as I said before. he admits of overrules the most vile and unruly things. because God took him. when he is in the grave. and the breadtli. as to the accomplishis by no means to be smiled upon. And since there are so many heights between this place. in How ' shall tve get thither will stiU stick wiU ascend. in my thoughts while I live so much the more unaccessible. is would the breadth and the length. But methinks the height of the state that and the glory of the to we are to enjoy therein. as that a virgin should conceive in her womb. the dispensation which haplast. especially the heaven of heavens. 'know vi. xv. shews intended in the text : for the height there. a"-ainst us none can crush. : power of God. ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the how shall I come thither ? especially when kingdom of God? be not deceived. bring them down. that the greatness of the wisdom. a heaven against a hell. and hngtJis. V. where God his. and they Though be shut. But since he can do so. 3. says another. 14. 4. And how heaven. of God. why Thus some have mourningly said. Ep. Get Christ and go make them place. that all these go to the making up of the height that is is strength. subservient to his holy will. and can know the answer is ready. ' imto us. against all the power. there seems to be an utter impossibility. and where is the resting-place of them that are oppressed with the guilt of And besides.

and why there is ladder are sound and is fitly them a breadth that they cannot get over. 6. there to dwell. and the way thereto. with reference to the angels of God ascending and descending on it. 33. 19. the son of man. from whence. at the top. lengths. The breadth and length and depth and height of our guilt and miseiy. even the breadth. the salvations and benefits with which we arc surrounded daily: while so many mighty evils seek daily to swallow us up. that they can- not be allured thither. And he concludes This is at the beginning of it. eternal mercy. This is the ladder by which the end that they may be capable to do this thing. and length.: ': 10 THE : SAINTS' KXOWLEDGE OF CHRIST'S L0\^. and heights here are mysteries. and that can they might be able to comprehend vv"ith all saints do it: that ladder. there is great disability. 13. requires a remedy * How sees but weakly. I am the Lord God of Abraham. and the pleasures that are The PRArEB of the Apostle for these Epiieabove. no man are opposite thereto.* That ye . as well and the top of it reached to heaven and behold as their nature: for in both. the deliverances. that is in God's mercy by to overpass this height. for man would swallow me up. : : ' ' the way. might by the spirit of grace. so Avill he d7V. to gate of heaven.' rs.all saints. unto me.embrace this ladder. or by whicli thou mayest step in at the celestial gate where thy soul desire th to dweU.w thee up ' ' height of his sanctuary this way. that I may then. to shew 'tis said that by him there is entrance into life also concerning this ladder. vjilt not thou deliver my feet from falling. and that Take my caution then. and wonder at the preservations. if that grace is not all strengthened with beyond of all human power. 12.' ver. but by me. Thou hast delivered my soid from death it thus. . stand moth and therein that it is : passes away. that top this height.' Ju. we will now come more directly to of the delectable plains. he. and height. -Ed. The weakness that which thou mayest ascend thither. up to heaven. and length. above it saying.M. By tlxis also we see the reason why it is so im. Christ further explains by saying. Thither I say to and depth and heigM that is in the text expressed. the golden psalm of David reads it. Gc. tliem that are Christians. but those that are in God. unless they be strengthened mightily by the Holy This ladder is Jesus Christ. let thy heart be careful that thou go the right way and depth. a vapour. and heirjMs that so hinder them of the prospect of glory. even until thou shalt come to the highest step thereof. and height and to Imow the love of Christ height obnous to sense. and behold a ladder set up on the earth. And that nothing can thou mayest ascend step by step unto. as to over. can come thither but by him. there is nothing so high. though they are aU of them busily engaged for this and the other child . when the foot thereof doth what they are. 2. a length that they cannot get beyond. anil a wind that Jobir. ing. 1. Jn. as the grave. set further than that by faith remove these. Hence as nature shew that he took hold of man who is of the earth. be accepted: thither. and that that height must which passeth knowledge. did doubtless lie in their grace. a dejyth that they cannot pass. depths of. 'And he is here supposed to hinder their thus comprehenddreamed. that is to help of the spirit of God. is to all awakened men an imdoubted truth. to shew his hearty and willing reception of those that ascend the said. that is to shew that the divine nature was joined to the human. I All vrhich am and the truth. God in Christ: this extends This ean ouly be found in the love beyond aU bounds. itself. and be wary. And in the ability of graces.complete.' be overcome ere a man can enter into life eternal Having thus spoke of the breadth. and then we will pass on in pur. reacheth with its top to the First. All the rownds of this placed. xii. but Jacob's ladder. And stand upon the earth. The breadths. where grace is not. and thei'e to abide with joy for ever. do work wx)nderfidly mysteriously: insomuch that many times. and in all their unsearchable. he fighting daily oppresscth me. and the life. by grace tiau's heart these admirably docs Bunyan bring /lome to the cMssolemn tralhs. laid a foundation for his salvation in being a shadow. and length.. fight against me. That ye may be able. Since there is an depth. Oh! how shoidd we. xxvm. angels ascend thither and this is the ladder by First. : Heaven was open where it stood. . Mine enemies would daily swallow uiie up for €iey be many that thou most high. and how would we. made mention operations. Now. depends upon the mighty that it is said to stand upon the earth. WITH REFERENCE THEREUNTO tO wlt. 51. Nature's ability depends upon graces. that thou do truly and after the right manner walk before God in the light of the living. no man cometh unto Look to thyself the father.may be able to comprehend wdth One item I would here giA'e to him that loveth his own soul. and J3 clear by the evangelist John. Avere but our eyes awake. See how 'Be merciful God. not one of come in to. Ge. and by that means he was every way made said the top reached a Savioxu. 13. 'tis Now concerning this ladder. that the Lord stood there. swallowing up all our miseries. thither after him. as Ghost. : : i. It is divine. xiv.SIANS. xxviii.. possible for to man or angel to persuade unbelievers close unth Christ . that thou mayest not miss Christ to US-ward. sees nothing so nature ' . what is the breadth. As to the ability that he prays for. and suance of what is to come. Jn.

our low estate. Also (as was hinted a while since) that the power crosses. lo. it displeased him. and is ready to For God. causing the person to know the true cause. breadths. never SJiucJc. they are fallen into: of those they experience wherefore to those they are utterly strangers. as it seems. and lie cross to all.' and 'ic'ilt not thou. because. and depths. that take away from us whatever these. and heights. and that utterly seek our ruin wherefore lays his hands across. oppose. i Ch. As Christ said to Peter. wealth.TliE SAINTS' KNOWLEDGE OF CHRIST'S LOVE. ' Sorrow is better than laughter house of mom-ning better than the house of mirth. towards his people. that sanctifies affliction.k. i7. or words are extorted. Wherefore they also say as Peter to Christ. as his at such times. and against oppositions. 'What I do thou knowest nothing. but of the diffiailty and strait. for. Go. God. In comRachel called Benjamin the son parison of Cain. in upon them. save vrell skilled in laying the chlefest blessing on the head of Ephraim. so may it he said to many where the grace and mercy of God in Christ is Avorking: they do not know. what is the breadth. and lay the blessing where ice would not. as I said before. providence. and are very mysterious in theii* workings. There are providences again. we by him seem quite to be delivered up to the fies. 'Thou hadst cast me mto the deep.' Jn. xiii. when he vv'as in the belly of hell. in his gracious actings 'Who wHl bring me into the strong city. 9.] have in them an aptness to make us forget our toil. out of whoso mouth such tilings. in the midst of the seas. and usually in and glory of this breadth. of her sorrow: but Jacob knew how to give him a Jabez also. should poison them. to the reason of Eve was he. and heights that Ge. are easily played Jonaii ii. Yea. of the these.3-5. 4. a man.aflhction. ' they swerve with Ju. m honey out of fear it that. ease. lengths. 1 will Then I said. 0. help us. such Is the sickness. and the workings of God by Now there are providences of two sorts. him to providences aright. has a great abdity comprehend with other saints. and height. And they are provi- that caused Israel always to err in their hearts. And what was it that made Jonah say. 10. yet if it be not very distinct and clear. that those are brought into. as the name of Ephraim signiexcellency and sufficiency as to our deliverance. I am cast out of thy sight ' . blessing coucheth. [Manasseh. which didst not go out with om* armies ? Ps. wilderness. And when Joseph saw that his father laid his right hand upon the head of Ephraim. and of the way of his working by them. and depth. were that 10.18. natm-e. xH. nothing of breadths.Jn. than his He that has skill to judge of brethren. and lengths. dences that smile upon the flesh. in order to the help and salvation of his people. we woidd have the blessings but they are not. and depth. but the good skiU that he had in miderstanding of the mystery of these breadths. not now. lohlch hadst cast us off? and thou. 10. guiding them wittingly. thou shalt never wash my feet and when some light to convince of this folly hreaks . but the great blessmg is not in them. to wit. ii. They have not known my ways. they understand not what it is. lengths. 'Dost thou wash my feet? . and seemingly bad. by reason of the force of the labyrinths There * is are always the best sort of Christians. cross hands. mother so called him. and those do usually as Jacob did. 9. and height: but he that has not skill as to discerning of them. whenever they were imder the exercise of any of them in the iii. .' He therefore. or heights can be seen. is able to comprehend with all the breadth.vii. in blessing of his people. as much on the other side. ' Ge. upon. when he blessed the sous of Joseph. yet 3. : and abundance of this world's good: because name doth signify. more godly. yet tliey themselves see nothing of them. iv. &c.' Jonali 4. may the more shew its come upon us. xiii. depths. is a lesson too hard for every Christian man to say over believlngly. at the which others tremble for me. never well. and must see the way. and length. never prospering. depths. xiii. or in that by those that are very those mysterious methods of God.\i\-iu. and such hke sentences. ' tliem. •Yet I will look again toward thy holy temple. is but a child in his judgment in those high and mysterious And hence it is. must be a good expositor of providences. my He. All thy billows and thy waves passed over ' Abel! what. friends. seemingly good. was yet more honourable. 52. 7. And the reason is. He then that Is saints what nor what will be the end of such dispensations of God towards them. losses. persecution and atHiction. health. 51.x\-. Petei'. and is desirable to the flesh. and from whence we were: Ge. and the floods compassed me about. and length. God. xu. and length.xx. v/ith if by a i)reacher. and end of God's doing of this or that. makes us 'fruitfid in the land of om. to express horror by motious of the body. when in the pulpit. and depths. &—8. I have often been made and the to say. plenty. such as cast into the lap. and heights of God. that the Ec. a coiTuptiou of slu-ug. for that they For they work by. I say there are pro- vidences unto which entailed. specially afflicted he has a little of the notion of things. lengths. and methods with them in this world. and each of these breadths. look again toward thy holy temple. These. . she brought him forth with more than ordinary sorrow. . though they make us *shuck whenever they mercy and grace of God. Read the text at large. And I have more often seen. though his better name. 11 of God. that some shall suck things.

know a thing fully. know. that what he calls here breadths. and say. as by a tutor or instructor. to God i. iv. gives the churches to under- stand. are some that are alive that have been able to say. or both. I would ye were might always be in affliction.best of men. agitation of those them: i. That ye inay he able to comwhat is the breadth. — way. as to the thing- for. for Col. that you read of in the same place. if God would but do as able to understand. and heigM. are to be discerned. to wit.ways of * stand that riches of his goodness that is by other means broken up to the sons of men. heaven. And hence 'tis said. literal sense. or the to make knovm to them that are exercised with God with men. 16. 1 Co. That he did often heartily pray Uo. with. vii. in one and the self same breath. why. shews us the need have an eye like an eagle. and ' . for aught I Ps. are And nOt Only SO. degrees of knowledge of these things.* And it is from hence. and some that are good. unto which you see I am inclined. and as much thereof as the best. but the Apostle prays that these Ephesians might see. term. i. depths. if you take them to signify his love. do more. and proceed. Ed. in every us in this world. that cannot bo so well discerned. and how they are working. or insinuate. and thot was going into the deep. tressed because they have never experienced such tempests: thousands of vessels of mercy get to heaven. But I have done with this. and heights here spoken of. in this place. But here we must distinguish. 1 know these Apostle prayed fectly could not. when in the horrible deeps of But young Christians must not be dis- But. You to see how Saul was Ac. conclude. depths. Ro. cvii. and a comprehending that is comparative. so much of himself as to make them under. 23. and not be stricken blind eyes. in every turn of the wheel that passeth by 1 do not question but that there and his ways past finding out Or. prehend with all saints. was going * Thi. vi. lengths. by weak He had love of a minister of Jesus Christ. and depth. either first therewith. we are not here to speak. that can look upon the sun. and heights of God. by his epistles. The sum is. that there is a comprehending that is absolute. things are not excellent in themselves. ri. some less.l8. 20. . that do business in great waters. ' heights. and some do less discern them. desire: For it is utterly impossible peris to know whatsoever in the breadths. To comprehend is to yet to comprehend is more. secondly. it implies that 2. He. exposed to a hurricane at passage to its We too generally limit this but also specifies the mercies. he would not only contradict other scriptures. seldom his judgments.— 12 but under afflictions. Tlie love of Christ. as any. if it were lawful. might be fully. or perfectly. who 3. 2 Ti." when he carne out of tribulation and anguish.2Th. the days of affliction have been the best unto them. xvi. 1 Til. 4. solemn imagery of these words. but 10-12. know. something very special is ministered to us by this knowledge of these. that the afterwards of affliction doth yield the peaceable fruits of righteousness unto them which are exercised thereby. xxxriu. Wherefore it must be understood comparatively that is. i.ii. xi. Although apprehending is included in comprehending. lengths. How unsearchable are them. ! that he says. without meeting with liurricanes in their way. have in themselves naturally that glory. even with aU saints. There are. that can look upon these great things. 22. 16. some me. which Or as Job has it. if he be a Christian.xii. Of comprehending absolutely. as has before been and again thou she west thyself marvellously upon hinted. God doth use by these. A minister's love to his flock is seen in his praying for them wherefore Paul. as ever any were and to know with to them as he did when his hand was last upon them For by them he caused his light to shine: the very best of saints. lengths. know more.s is Damascus: served when he But Stephen could or last. 11. these breadths. depths. Ep. for that the fashion of the world perisheth. which so fearfully describe the sea. Whether you call them mercies. 2. but himself. a very striking application of these words of David. To Bunyan.' Job X. xvi. ': THE SAINTS' KNOWLEDGE OF CHRIST'S LOVE. and imderstand and read what profit he found in afflictions. too Avhcn with Jonas he degree to rejoice in that he is made low. Thou huntcst me as a fierce lion: passeth knoioledge. and put- ting forth themselves in every providence. that James admonishes the brother of high stand and look up stedfastly into heaven. and to find out these things. 23. for that the temptation is blessed. these breadths. and and that could. but the tempted. i. in the first place. and depths. to be it 'which passes Wherefore should the Apostle by this knowledge. these see the works of the Lord. . nor yet to be desired for any profit that they can yield. and benefits 2Co. is. or kept in view And this.i. 21. to know. change. Ga. or as much as others. he must have richly enjoyed the 7. 24. and here to touch upon a few of them. ix. and his wonders in the deep. Ac. judgments. This implies that there are great benefits accrue to Christians by the comprehending of these things: Yea. and he thatendureth Ja. disappointments and sorrows: why this man. 1 Ti. commonly. xiii. or as any under . who had passed which he earnestly begged for them of God. depicting the inmost feelings of his soul doubt and despair. or heights. And he renders the reason of it. See also the writing of Hezekiah. 1. through such a deep experience of the " terrors of the Lord. and lengths. to reach it all. or perfectly understood and known. Pliil. 33. But again. and blessings. is one of the * They that go down to the sea. the rich man fadeth away in his Second TJiat ye may be able to comprehend. pray that they length. Now. 24. or.

and to try self when Greatness should beget fear. 14. cxiii. the sea. are in the hand of him that loveth and that wiU certainly render a reward to the wicked. 'Lo. taketh part with them that fear Him. into the hands of fearless them that hate careless. his business to visit him every morning.s Hence said. that he ! * How thankful should we he. An holy fear and i^evaxnce of this great God in our souls. 7. it is and round about things.— di-eadful this country. xi. is. man. in the heart. but becraise they all. ver. weigheth the mountains in scales. in heaven. these are parts of his ways: but a portion is heard of him?' Job xxvi. comprehends Col. will minister to us. and wrapped up such a God! ! ama- zing will astonishing consideration And yet 'This God 25 our God for ever and ever. poor dust and ashes. ' glory. measureth the waters in the hollow of his liand. they excluded the expressing of his other attributes. who dwelleth on high. transgressors. an unscriptural den. his people. For hy these expressions such a God. in the breadth. that 'all nations before and they are counted to him less than nothing. we should never be afraid of us set forth unto us: And have discoursed of them hitherto under the notion of grace and mercy. and vanity. let us laugh.) IF iliis God be oui- God. XV. that both we. has Lad some hard knocks of late. that is the God of the people that are lover.' Ps. the scripture says. for breadth. and what we have. Would it not be amazing. God! height. 2S. and his glory • He also is be feared like him He will be deceived by any. be and minding now to do any- thing else but to stand up for Him against the workers of iniquity. and glorify thy name ? shall not fear thee. That a poor mortal. iv. of love. Who is like unto the Lord our God. is 17. but was overruled to make it take deeper head in this country? He ^vilI Antichrist still hold up his En. Why God that is depth. above. 4. his may set him with Ps. either in the bible. and He be our guide even unto death. and weapons boldly say.xlviii. and diligently keep his way. even with the princes of 3-8. Who and because he is wise and good. careless before. the wisdom. they bear unto hun. Who humbleth kimsdf to behold the things that are in heaven. of what we have. having set His heart upon him. the whole for by a grasshopper Why It is he that upon the circle of the earth. fully concluding. What is it then ? Why. Pr. God is what He ' ' i Jn. He for refusing church. princes. being determined to set him also among his princes. should you see a man encompassed with chariots and horses. and also the preservation to forget time of danger. xvii. are the attributes of God although anything we shall meet with. God is love. or little how earth. so that such may will not fear Hence light. and our enemies. after that he has sufficiently tried The great God that fonned us by their means. and in the book of providences. length. XXX. since Bunyau's days. who to ! and will not ' above the heavens.' He. beyond. both rewardeth the fool. and could we but attain to that knowledge of the breadth. 16. as the Apostle here prays. and' to whom ! ' world. the poAver. our God shall dehver us. yet afraid of being sparrow blasted. is and to be hills in Yea. 1 Ju. we may : And if. or if our God be attempt to root out Christianity fi-om How long root. &c. and length. and rewardeth ' ' But now.l4. and I what man shall do unto me. notwithstanding there is such a revelation of Him in his word. and height that is in him. bring evil. and not call back his words. xl. So great is God above all that we have read. more then when he openeth his eyes upon man. and the good of them that fear Him. (3. or over-run sitteth here intended. or seen of Him.* as the scripture-phrase in the compassions of ! is. yet it was not for that I concluded. or what else is to be understood. 5. with what prudence and regard to our preservation. and lifteth the needy out of the dunghill. said. but will rise against the house of evil-doers.. as it were. and that He is beyond all search. It is said of our God. Ac. as one may say. a lump or. or that shall assault in this world. 4. of the God that I is ahove.io. The great God. turn into loving methods in the wheel of their heavenly motion towards the children of God. x. . and in the earth He raiseth up the poor out of the dust. The whole world The heavens is m him: all he 'the inhabitants thereof are as grasshoppers:' fear them. in the book of creatures. ' Re. To in fear a. we doing this.6.' (2. Lord. if we attain it.) SAINTS' KNOWLEDGE OF CHRIST'S LOVE. Hov/ much he beholds things in heaven. are but of Jesus Christ. i. suffered to attend. ' it is i. him every moment.Hence we are said to live and move in him. 13. ' THE (1. but most of all when he makes it. Is. is to forget God. xiii. and desires we may. Je. of sinful flesh. greatness should beget reverence Now who so great as our God : and wise. The Lord is liigh above all nations. and depth. his people. for his defence. let us fear God. the former of all things. not us. and respect. ' God is is for His ovm The Lord is my helper. heard. what he considered. while aU ahove twelve years' incarceration in a miserable It was a friends were either imprisoned or plundered. 13 He that sliall arrive to shall some competent understand more thoroughly the greatness. 23. therefore we should not his span: That he gathereth the wind in his fists. all things.xxvi. and that engage themselves to walk in His ways. should be in the favour. yet as nothing. for the great spread of gospel light in this country. and against so. 17. 'That he humbleth him' Another thing that the knowledge of what is prayed for of the Apostle. I wiU add one word more. is.) ' Pr. both because he is great. knowledge of these things. ' him are God's ordinance. and the a balance.

yea. that they might in time be partakers of his glory. and although he will not. Iwi.) This knowledge will make us willing that he should be our God. him knew not how to be OA-en with them 'the most high' God. 2 Th. length. Athenians to him. workers of iniquit}^ Ts. xi. but I. He can out-wit. charges people and nations that they do : nothing amiss against him Da. : 14 THE SAINTS' KNOWLEDGE OF him 'a CHRIST'S LOVE. they had some kind of reverence for him: but how much more when they came to know him ? and to believe that God. 18. fearful in praises. while ignorant of him. Is. Is. 2S. what they can this should to provoke the eyes of his glory us tremble. IG. cxxv. and that he would worship him.the Lord of heaven and earth. as it were. ii. and concludes with praising and extolling of him. ' iii. and we shall behold it. and the bounds of their habitation. 'If heart to conceive of the excellent glory and greatness of the things that are laid up in the heavens for them that fear him. afflict. We naturally love great- and vdien the glorious beauty of the King of glory shall be manifest to us. we shall say as Joshua did. and will give will keep me in this way rai- me . Is. or understands of ' of the greatness of God towards him. xx. or else for it: God of gods. he sets Him forth before them with such terms as bespeaks his greatness. of of.12. . Hoav did the king of Babylon set him above all gods. Thus he considered the greatness of God. expressed here by the terms of misearchable breadth. For. through the splendor of was due to him as God. and the good of om's for ever Yea. 'To the unknown God:' to shew. and a stumbhngblock unto us. as for those dark soids that know nothing of his greatness.xi. . length. Job and therefore we should be afraid and fear before Him. and all things. and all things: . captivated and carried away after God.' One that is nigh to every one. andRo. and to lead us forth with the 5. and this should make us serve him with fear. he said they were dreadful. (4. Eze. bread to I eat. he is best able to conceive of this greatness. and cried out unto them. nor is there any 'searching of his understanding. 34-28. also experience They know nothing that know nothing shalt give thee. and put this singidar inscription upon it. they that know but little of this greatness. lohcel ! ch. 2. 6. the better wdll he be able in his rence in our hearts of God. him (and that rightly) God that made the world. and. and his gospel to be a savour of death unto death. 8-10. prefers him above he calls all o-ods. when but some spark- the glory. unto us. 47. (5. consequently to make a judgment concerning the due worth.. and to make our table a snare. Da. should also beget in us a very great fear and di-ead of his When the prophet saAV the height of majesty. 29. 2 Co. it is for these purposes. ii. Oh! that a great God should he a good God. know but little of them: But he that is able to comprehend with all saints what is the breadth. and and confesses. and from a supposition that he was what he had heard him. When the Apostle Paul sought to win the make He is fcarfid. not were he if as with God deal men cither knew not the wickedness of their hearts and ways. a good God to an imworthy. xxxi.' When. Jos. He Can tell how the wheels. shall which I have set for a be God's house and of all that thou this stone. Ps. Ac. 'he in whom we live. to judge of tilings foolishly. &c. U. and are taking to considering men. in ser- vice. erected an altar to him.' all Da. and height. and give him that honour that who are. power. of God. Also.' Is. and to bring them to himself. serve the Lord. in all his greatness. Most the help of tlicm tliat work iniquity. from those dark hints that they had by natural light concerning him. step in the . he coniirmeth the same. them. they. 15. had engaged himself to be tlieirs. He also is good. the God thatliveth for ever. 20.. depth.wii. for our good. and themselves thereby ling rays fj-om him did light upon him: he calls made as tb'unkards. that the Apostle prayeth thus for this people: For the comprehending of these things. 28.viii. and to a people that continually do migJity in cause. those vvhose judgments are corrupted. and height of his out-going towards the children of men. and xiv. He can tell how to choose delusions for us.wi. 15. ii. they that think amiss of this greatness. a trap. out-do us. and my house will ness. He can tell how to bring his wheel upon us. so that father's house in peace come again to my then shall the Lord be : my God: And pillar. and depth. One that giveth to all life and breath. that according to their mode. unpunished. of his father. to an undeserving. Thcse things bespeak the greatness Yea. and that hath determined the times before appointed. Jacob said with avow. This yields comfort this this begets fear and revegives encouragement . Let all men do as seems them good. to be. iv. and that I go. with others. that he doth whatsoever he will in heaven and earth. these very Athenians. without yet he will not let wickedness go This therefore should make us fear. alas! he is wise in heart. and height. and move. 4. they have in derision those concluded to choose him for his God. and blessed glory of them. 13. to make his Son to us a rock of offence. God will be with me. calling The hrcadtli. x. think amiss of them. and have our being:' God that hath made of one blood aU nations of men. and length. do poise and keep the heart in an even course. will also make us abide by that willingness. and and depth. His judgments also are a great deep. This is both evident to reason. 20-22. and ment to put on. me I will surely give the tenth unto xxviii. i.) The more a man knows. if he as wise. and prevail against us for ever. 11. xxiv.' Gc.

We will begin with the first of these. IMoreovcr. But this cometli to pass of the prayer afore-mentioned. it is may Ko. which the judgment. nor so earnest in desires to be acquainted Avith the heights. who is the Son of God. to may easily be judged able or imanswerableness of their by the answerhearts and lives want as of the to these things. to make one die daily. and therefore now we shall These words are a part speak also of his Son. bring them near. And to hnoio the love of In the words we loMch iMsseth knowledge. But where. xxv. consequently had lost much yet in the same breath he saith. Of the love of Christ. 'this comprehending knovdedge will greaten these things. so may be saved from the halter._pra2/ ^'^^ ^•'^'^ be enlarged.' and not sin. Therefore. said he. bids them 'awake to righteousness. the meaning is. as I said. and lengths. but among those. thereto. do his will. to answer such love. For the thorough belief of them depends upon the knowledge of the abilities that are in God to perform what he has said thereabout And hence it is that your inferior sort of Christians live so like. would have been upon their hearts. vii. when his friend at his bed-side prayed to God for to spare his life. and the love of Christ is. Oh ! that we were indeed enlarged as to these breadths. The knowledge of God that of. gone. and lengths. telling them. nor be so much ofi^ our hearts as they do. to wit. not among weak Christians. already briefly of God. are to take notice of three thmgs: First. seek and intermeddle with Clirist says. the love of Christ. xr. not paper. CJirist. ^ve shall see those though Christians indeed. : heaven while we are on earth. who have been acquainted with God in a measure beyond that which your narrow-spirited Christians understand. Surely. These words are the second part of the text. which is to such as a dark dunpretend geon. Pun. so. and are. the resurrection and and here he prays that that might be known. with the breadths. First. they not absolutely by any means be comprehended: were asleep about his coming. to he credited as are the "-reatest cf God's truths and the virtue of the faith of them is. and. when tempted of the devil. and eternal judgment. the resiirrection of the dead. Pr. Second. to before: treated we whom is of he . 51.) Thex those great truths Christ. To be sin-e. not by gay and flourishing u. and those only. though some more than others: Hence Paul. or briskly . Christ is a person of no less wit. 7. First. Jo. Third. Hard. know of the doctrine. as the Apostle desired the Ephesians might. and depths. who are devoted thereto. Of the knowledge of it. Now for the explication inquire into three things. men they have. the which retained. as Paid bids the one. There doth to this world. so delighted in the book of God. no. and hence it is again. 1 Co XT. so self-denying. but a dram of grace is worth all the world. and have great knowledge thereabout: 60 we should. separate ourselves from terrene things that better to he dissolved and he gone. to wit. and the proof that these desires are true. they all slumbered prays that they might comprehend that which canand slept. Of the love of C%risL of this wc must is. and also in those at Ephesus: Wherefore. ver. 35. through desire. i Co. this is reserved only for those are therein. that enjoy a great measure of Paul's wish hero. Who What .' THE same steps with the other. Now. 1-7. that are hut in a small measure acquainted with this God. taken but little with the glory and blessedness that they are to go to when spirited Christians. Chris- tians should we may by words on notions: Ja. with power. and have something In the first part. and that they may he rid of this world. enlargings in the hearts most of saints. xviii. as if none of these things were at hand. they had not such a knowledge of God as would keep them steady in the faith of these things.) Another advantage that floweth from is. Christ What love is. ' all If any man ' will wisdom. that they so soon are shaken in mind about them. he that there may be fidfilled Avhat is written: 'And of the same strain in them. but out of love such have to God and to the beauties of the house he dwells in . when he treats of this doctrine. he shall xxvUi. not simply as it it is with those lean souls. this desi- knowledge. the coming of (6. 2'>c(SsetJi hnoidedge. SAINTS' KNOWLEDGE OF CHRIST'S LOVE. these truths. if they had to wit. assaulted by deceivers. 1$ and vamly imagine little make them thereabout. shew the world how they believe. that only as the thief desireth the judo-o'3 they die: wherefore they are neither so mortified favour. and depths that No. Second. 2i. And to kxow tkc love of Christ which passETH KNOWLEDGE. and prays that the other Where is the man that groans earnestly be gone to God. and heights that are in him. shall it be found. and they deal mainly about the love of We have spoken Christ. i. desire 1 that it makes the next world rable. ' of that knowledge of God. The Corinthians were horribly decayed here. that counts this life a strait unto him: that saith as a sick man of my acquaintance did. woidd neither seem so like fables. is. and depths. 9. and heights of God. very God. : (7. Mat. is. Of the exceedmg greatness of it. the knowledge of the things above-mentioned. not among carnal men. that some among them had not the knowledge of God. 3i. a life in But to come to the SECOND PART OF THE TEXT. that he dead to sin. quality than First. I know words are cheap. while the bridegroom tarried. but by those desires they have to be is iii. as there did in those of Corinth.

upon undue or thereof. 1 Sii. oft-times that which is loved today is hated to-morrow 2 Sa. subject to M and flow. oft-times passion of love in us. little [of] the difference be made appear. love in us love in him is . therefore it will not be amiss. Mnt. for every one of us are thus nor can we refuse. And wilt thou set thine eye upon such a one ? But how much more when He will set his lieart upon us. 6—8. for equals to love. is. xxviii. madmen. and by sometimes more. for that the object of this love. verily loveth such. so ther. glory. for the love that us. 23. as cease to love. It is that passes knowledge. love in ns apt to choose to itself un- always acteth according to God nor is there at any time the least shadow of swerving as to this. iG. 8. and for superiors to be but for the King of princes. no going beyond. unorderly. should no allurement is in the thing to be beloved. not in a way of nice infirmities or defects. as not being able to put forth itself without due and unlawful objects. as it we see : speak now of saints. Hence. It is loved to the drowning of both soul and body in perdition and destruction. The fails and miscarries. Love in us decays. yea. both as to the person. therefore is love. True. but upon. beloved. ungodly fools. liira But the persons of gressors. I say. glory. ic. Hence therefore that love in Christ floweth not from so low and high. and that which should be loved witli bounds of moderation. yet respecting the love of the person not attended with those unruly or uncer: under consideration. shadows. as to the laws and rules of divine is this government. 3. Mat. xi. as this Jesus Christ was. not titidaiiy. own which were in the world. no coming short . Wherefore The King of our love. 1 Jn. But to speak a little more particularly of this provocation. ther. sinners. . tain motions that ours is attended with here ' is no ebbing. if the object falls off. and to and being be extreme that both ways. or object of love. that a person so great. Love ought to be considered with reference to the subject as well as to the object of it. Ep. and are we not to be affected herewith. and after the rate. Phi. And now filthy. 1. is so low. for Jesus Christ to love man thus: this is expectation amazing. both by the law Ac. Jn. though the thing which is beloved head over all things. requires. as by the scriptures. have love for common beloved . Love therefore it essential to His being. Second. . man vile. vapours: vile. either by being too much or i Co. that with leave of God. Coi. Love in us. xvi. The disposer of all vast difference betwixt love. or disappointeth our with some unexpected reluctancy to our fancy or our mind. . The Creator of all things. as enemies. and beggarly a principle. and Lord of i. where high. at least. He may as well cease to follows to be. manifest to all who have the least true knowledge Ezc. This Is without all such kind of dependencies. this xxiv. but loved his Having and so nothing of uncertainty. and so inconsiderable. come Love in Christ pitcheth not itself . for the Son us. is it not to be wondered at. no flowing. not love of the same nature. as we are natural. namely. i. is i Ti. For whatever is a passion of the soul. not so coun- terfeidy. as found in us. i. to shew what hve. and the working thus of our passions. is more apt to than to keep within its due bounds. namely. xiv. saying. dust and ashes. Is weak. We now come is to the second thing. verily. diverse from the love them unto the end. also It Is manifested to us as we do. Wherefore what we 6. is not of power to set itself on work. 3. The that is subject of love in the text. 33. but In us It is not so. be allowed for an object of love. so mean. iii. but in a plain and familiar tended with.5. 1. 10. Jn. The of nature and grace. essential to his being worms. so so undeserving. 7. principle. v. choose as to love. as to its first of God. but the self-same in nature with the Fai. or I do not walk with God in this world. 12. i. . unlawful objects nor refuseth to embrace what by Is the eternal covenant made capable . And yet this great. or else love cannot act Is in . this glorious person. 10. though once never so warm and strongly fixed. Jn. and to reject those. whether love or hatred. 1. we may embrace and enjoy so ments. nature. joy or fear. . sometimes less Songvii. as has been already Christ is shewed. It is discourse. arc called transis Love 1 Ju. brightness of the glory of his Father. which is suited to our capacities. ii. there Is Jn. The too little yea.love as found In Christ. 16 So THE SAINTS' KNOWLEDGE OF CHRIST'S LOVE. in Christ is . or short. The Prince of life. is so much the more to be taken notice of. It . The only beloved of the Fa. Christ is God Is love God . and that. nor can be attended with those . xxiv. men.. vi. sinful. that the love of man is at- distinction of words. unruly. IJ. not nomlnxjRy. or alluring . 9. so it must appear to the lust and fancy of the person loving. ii. 11. if a a way of manifesting of this love. He. Love such. he loved ' forasmuch as love in him in us . and that so much the more. All this we know to be true from nature. such attracting allure-can act 0/ and from itself. Love In Christ requireth no taking beauteousness in the object to be beloved. i. and things. love naturally. unclean. everywhere he is described to be. We therefore must put a upholder of all things. Besides. as doth love in man consequently Is not. so glorious. xiii. 18. fleas. Ps. exceed. iv. He is called God. He. i. is in us is a passion of the soul. xiii. is is Christ. 2 have under consideration. that something pleasing and dehghtful be in the object loved.

in the object so beloved. We must then betake ourselves to the discoveries of must be unconceivable for that. lo. xvi. our mind how sometimes a man loves a woman He laid down his life for his enemies. xii. his bloody sweat. any further than by making use of such suitable him to pray to God his Father. though they by all of love sorts of carriages did what they could to provoke no. By his dying for us. will make this act of his. and as such. nor can it otherwise be to be this and thus for that love that he bare to discei'ued. ' . now he sang. it follows. that he would send similitudes. God's forsaking of namely. and that too our love to wife and children. so to do His dying for us appears. Mut. what in justice this love. why doth he so. because Christ loves to make us comely. First. as indeed cannot be expressed. to lay down his life for them. all is it that death which layeth pains. derful in (2. hidmg of his Father's face . far more amazino-. Mat. ' : . not because we are so. who look to other gods. because not according to the custom of the world. he for such. Nor must I leave off here: love bestowed upon us. that his sufferings because he laid down his life for us. by caUing to dered. yea. if it be duly consisometimes sets forth his love to us. 53. or because it happened so. other discoveries of his goodness depend. if they be so much alike ? Answ. proving of his death for us at the right hand of God. II. on which the Lord Jesus has set his heart to love them. he must such as are the foundations. The reason Ohjed. is. and they are two. But now. he knew it was for those love flagons of wine. xxn. x. Hereby perceive we the love of God. Men do not use. in itself and that both with respect to the nature of that death. 'fiy decays not. I wiU add. Yea. VOL. whose qualification. nor with reference to these neither. work his love to us. yet wihing but by the fruits of it. to shew you what of Christ is. but this did Jesus Christ. (1. thereby to commend his love to us. the death he died such a death. But all along Christ compareth his love to The love of Christ appears to be wonderful : by now. or that shall happen hereafter.' (saith God to the prophet) those that could not abide him yea. Go. and ingly. and yet his love led him to lay down his things must not be understood with respect to the life for them. but would lay down his life for them. Because we know not love but by the passions of love that Avork in our hearts wherefore he condescends to our capacities. 25. But this is not all. now he thanked God.xxu. xxvi.' Ho. men. in cool blood.\ii. In that he died. 9—14. 2. For the essence thereof. such pains which deserveth upon the man that dieth so: But Third. and cut them off by the flaming sword of angels. plainly enough of Christ. as also. natural with himself. 30.] was the proper wages of sin and sinners. but knowthe children of Israel. these he died.even for those that brought him to the cross not tress. i.) It appears to be wonderful.i6. nor can he tempted by anything that happens. but it is the root and ground of all those actions of died such a death. his. Lu. Ze. are all things that are imperfec- completely and everlastingly subdued. love of Christ is 17 is in itself. and of sinners for their sin. and from itself. in the discovery of love And knoiv the him in his extremity. his cries.xt. according to the word of the Lord toward accidentally. But as this love at first acts by. with respect to the persons for whom he so continueth to do until tions. c Mut.so. than Avhenhe was going divers workings of it. His dying for us. That those very people nature. Wherefore Christ's love must be considered both We never read that Jesus Christ was moi-e chearwith respect to the essence. and consequently was seized by His those pains not only in body but in soul. to lay down their lives for by borrowing from us instances of others. in ourselves to others. died. love a woman beloved of her friend. as Second. deliberately to come upon Hence he sets forth the stage or ladder. and speaketh of His love to us. 1.iii. would not be provoked. v. and thereby to beget in us affections to him for the Mat.THE of what that object SAINTS' KNOWLEDGE OF The CHRIST'S LOVE. particidar. and also as to the ful in all his life on earth. yet an adul. .v. tho tears. are they upon which proper wages of sin. ' . His im1. Kze. but the dispensations and manifestations for whom he laid down his life. so it in Christ Love his improving of his dying for us. . designedly. to Christ died so. moved him to die for us: strange. for those. to wit. And this leads me to the third the love it. Those know as he himself and damned spirits for the which I call the foundations. . according as we find love to ours .) To be wonLi his preparations for that work. nor could this but more than God himself: yet we see not this love be odious to so holy a Lamb as he was. declares the nature of the death he died. to in him is essential to his natm-e.l9.) (1. xxrii. of which there are two sorts [namely. This being thus. us.' iJn. Ep.44. in that he died 'Twas strange love in Christ that .iii. made known unto I said. But then. it is as I said. whereby he hath shewed that himself is loving to sinful man. and for that is a whore. and can vary no be counted the sin of the sinner. itself. though the love that is He was content to be counted the sinner : yea. He did not only die. and such as are the undergo and what that was can no man so well consequences of those fundamental acts. Ro. 4G. . Lu.

and the question is as far from solution now as it was in the dark ages. that I should not be moved. he not improper to say. make his love to be so great as they ought. Jonah ii. ergo. that of the fruit of his loins according to the flesh can they that would. that his soul was not left in hell. God is in hell. which is more odious. as to his soul. This. when it was first propounded. seems to be but an immediate antecedent to his rising from the his body. x. ' dead. u-. and the second.' Jn. when on earth. Ac. accounting it not to be fit to say. neither wilt thou suffer thine holy one to 25—27. Christ might speak that with reference to his God-head. He neither did his flesh see corruption.' his soul was not Of what use are these if it expression. Or if a man should be so bold as to not leave. how we can so diminish the greatness of his sufferings. saith Peter. and knowing that God had sworn with an oath. that by hell is meant the grave. and received what by justice was : the pains of death at Christ's resurrection. The Son of man is. or of the dead generally. I stand amazed at those tliat not have the world Lelieve. capacity of one that must suffer what in justice o^I^•ht to be inflicted for sin . The descent of Christ i)ito tlie place of torment is a figment. 10. Yea. rest in hope. he confineth Christ there. by so much was this unsearchable love of Christ made manifest.^. must the proper wages of sin both in body and soul is As much he made mention evident from that fifty-third of Isaiah. to sit on his throne: Seeing this before. the jjlace of departed souls. and the love of Christ. pare away. And answer it. Besides. in itself. spake of the resurrection of Christ. if to his ii. we are discoursing of the nature of Christ's suffer: ings and 1 say. But again. for the place. what if I should will how they to Christ the place. objecting the odious them use what my soul in hell. derogated from the glory and holiness of Christ? I he is on my right hand. 1 Pe. saying. cx. and then arbitrarily decreed to be an counting his body to be for the time. sometimes for the state. seems to be the natural conclusion. And to the thief Psalm xvi. are tormented . ver. in hell. iii. Thou wilt Ps.x. grave. and his soul. and sometimes but for a figure of the place where the damned ' iii. the prison spirits are. body at all. was said byliim upon the cross. 8. suffered not though I have not asserted it. Ps. riii. resideth not in the human. 25. and make but Lord. 1 wby may not that be so imderstood. 'tis he has contradicted that called the Apostles' creed'i^ for of that time when separated from the body? the Apostle Peter seems to treat. the resurrection of the incorruptible body of Christ from the grave. foresaw the Lord always before my face. This soul of his I take to be that which the inloards and the fat of the burnt sacrifices figure. ' Thou For their names and place of hell. 1 can answer. And be sure. wix. 29. wliere the spirits of the damned are. Those explain hell as hades.s.' Ac. Lu. as some do.sh to tbink that the soul of Christ lay there body lay dead therein. and that God's loosing of of with reference to sins of sinners. the soul of Christ suffered not. or was a shadow of. 13. the Apostle seems clearly to distinguish between the places where the soul and body of Christ was while.\xix. had he been Or whether. If it to that place for ever ? And whether by so thinking be objected. Nor was not spoken of David. that the soul of Christ suffered as long as his that he was put into the place of sinners. but divine nature of Jesus However. since hell is sometimes taken Christ. I answer. in which Bible incidents and heathen myths are woven . have endeavoured to set forth something of the greatness of his sorrows. pursue. and know not. Therefore did my heart rejoice. I am at a loss. and if so. That so holy a person as the Son of God was there. if ver. 2. so terrible as it was. liis soul was not left there . If there be objected what in the who and article of faith. 2k And yet God's loosing the pains of death. 10. let little these infinite sufferings of our rhetoric they can. by how much the sufierings of the Son of God abounded for us. and yet the first passage may only imply the omnipresence of God. fortify themselves with also Psalm cxssix. I will not stand here to discourse of the place called Hdl. but he being a prophet. his . 8. call him Son of man. a monkish fable. And I this sense Peter doth indeed ' seem to Le. 43. 14 — 17. hell or sin? Or whether such think that Christ Jesus was subject to be tainted by the badness of the place. the odiousness of the nature of justice. which is in heaven. I on the contrary. wilt not leave left in hell. * And the fat and the in- wards were burnt upon the altar. that lies as no objection to what hath been insinuated. when the scripture says. It was say so. into the body lay not so in the grave. and my tongue was glad moreover also my flesh shall . see corruption. he would raise up Christ ver. without undervaluing of the greatness of his love. when his soiJ was separate from it? Ac. I will not strictly assign know not. as well as where he said. whilst the body was burned for sin without the camp. where the damned 19. it is any disparagement to him? that never was there. or what other term is fitting. 11. sin. For my part. i.viii. sometimes for the grave. that soul was not left there. yet let me ask. as I said before. that the death of Jesus Christ was. say. For the personality of the Son of God. * The descent of Christ into hell has beea the subject of much controversy. because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell.II THE SAINTS' KNOWLEDGE OF would CHRIST'S LOVE. For what pain of death was his body capable of. cxvi. 31. 30. before the people. meaning himself. E. For David speaketh concerning And now having I said this mtich. Whether by so saying. if it there? fooli. if Christ was put into the very then. wherein have him for . but will say. ii.

mented not his state by becoming lower than the angels for us. and got to the cross. had it not been managed. 7. Wherefore. kindness for us. and becoming our reconciler to God. so doing. it was by reason of the worthiness of the himible obedience that he yielded to For his whole life his Father's law in om. laid in a manger. and gave him minion over all ' worlds. iuterpolatioa. state : and by they said he was mad. tempted of devils. as well as the curse in spirituals. and a deceiver. affliction. for our sins. and die now eminently to shew itself. for what can be added to him. for harbour. the such an one as could not be subject condition that to we by sin had put ourselves into. the case was so betwixt God and man. meanest form coming. Lu. pressed on by his rapid conceptions and * This is abound in Bunyan's works. And hence all creatm-es yea the angels of God worship Wherefore as so considered. another denied him.) SAINTS' KNOWLEDGE Of suffer- CHRIST'S LOVE. and took upon him our deserts So that now the curse in temporals. Had this Christ of sideration. made a gazing stock of him. when we die. born of a woman. had But when he shall not his love been wonderful ? had deserved! For aU temporal plagues are live. (as well as his death) was a life of merit and pur: was the object of the fear of angels. an inferior one. a person of : . which It almost LiTesistibly brings to our imagination liis expressive countenance. was even before his no mean generation. could never have carried him through so great a work as favour with God. now become chase. iv. brought forth in a stable. to wit. overpowering natural eloquence. die he he did before he made his return to the Father. being to death. piercing eyes and harmonious voice. No. grandeur rolling on like the waves of the sea. Lu. and a rebel against the They accused him to the governor yea. is. for him were lo. his works made more acceptable to him: For he standing in the room of man. . one of his disciples sold him. as he was before the world was. are subject to i. governed. and they all forsook him. And was there not in all these things love. our friend. For. things created.' stiU . and since he overcame them. hanged him up of right was heir of all things. a blasphemer of God. this is God to everlasting perdition. beyond question. they called together to delude a credulous and ignorant laity. Ps. spat on him. given all he had to save us. THE (2. . crowned him with thorns. of the King of princes. i. by the heavenly majesty he was counted as such. . began ness that he had for us before all To die he came. and so began to manifest his glory . putting himself upon those other preparations which fice for us.flesh. But this is not all. he being altogether incapable so to do. in Hence Lu. xxii. and have given the recoil. and left him to shift for himself in the hands of his horrible enemies who beat him with their fists. they degraded him. and in force as they multiply in nuinljer. they being a part of the curse that our sin God. that this Son of God could not.' Phi. scorned of men. and love that was infinite ? Love which was not essential to his divine natm-e. a worm. In a word. he made himself of no reputation. him And work yet all this could not take his heart off the ivoidd. an heart once to thank him for what he came about. sakes. scourged him. I shall in the next place speak of his preparations for his so suffering for us . were to be antecedent to his being made a sacrino man. yet shew you something more of the greatness of his love. increasing iu and its rejection has been suggested. ings of Christ.* Nor may what we read of in the word concerning those temporal sufferings that he underwent be over-looked. and so got for us what he earned by his mediatory works. was heartily content to do. him. How must it have rivetted The ' descent into hell ' was an after It is a rush of word? the attention of a great congregation. and so ' to have doall by the hands and the vinegar to increase his plained that his feet alive. 3. that Indeed he did take. 19 Having thus spoken of the death and him devil. sufferings. and a place wherein to lay his head when dead. was beholden to his creatures for food.ii. his very humanity would here have flagged and fainted.53. this: Passions here would a failed. has. is removed by him away from God's people. being Neither had his Fathe Son of the eternal God ther any more such sons but he consequently he Christ. He. and was made in the likeness of men. lUi. 2. and strengthened by his The for- one of those strikingly solemn passages. and finally. but none whatever to be the work of the apostles themselves. as we read of.ii. he that once is Wherefore this is the reason why the whole life of the Lord Jesus was such a life of affliction and sorrow.— Eu. it is said. mocked . And it is worth your noting. that we might live through him. took upon him the form of a servant. Wherefore that which would have been a death some. he therein bare our sicknesses. they railed on him. yea. give himself a ransom for give for us himself. would a retreated. when he comanguish had made him thirsty. a servant of the this he of his own good-will. as I have told you. and of everlasting malediction. the laying aside of glory and be. and also partook thereof as he was our head himself. us. and passed by without serious conof our redemption. ' ii. mulary designated the apostles' creed. that he might become capable to do this 7. the human nature into union -with himself. due to our sin while we of as well as the curse more wonderful. Coi. 6. For him that all the while that he was in the world. for raiment. 'he increased a IvUle creature. he aughim.. for our is naturally God. had. and desert. and the kindworlds. a high claim to antiquity. though he told what he came about to many.

33. ture saith. to justify him afterwards: His resurrection was the declaration of his precedent ii. 55. 24. in that consideration punishes him with those punishments and death. that whatever he in the felt. and But I that is his iviproving of his chjing for us. for to give a can discover the ten hundred thousandth part it is impossible.) Christ be for my undertaker. 2. That his resurrection is our justification. or horribleness of the felt and underwent all as a comperson. that what next befalls this common person. if he thinks that we are justified. ably follows. when he addressed himself in the stead. to e(pial common title. and justified of justice. and that in the live in the sight of God. 56. 15. The Lord laid upon him the iniquity of us all And again. and under then. . whose persons he represented. that tlirough eternal Spirit. ' is. right. if also he laid the sins of the people. raised up in his resurrection. Hath He quickened you all together Col. and by which his love is discovered. should be revived. quickened in his quickening. or pubhc person. we are said to he quickened together with him. That is. By death * he took away the sting of death 1 Co.' Is. our infernal foes. iu order to his further progress therein. an easy house and home i. raised up together. punishment. and to sit already together in unjust. and that by his death he hath 'deliA'ered us from the Avrath to come. is. 8. applied to a piece of land.' common person. so God. again. that he died. and bruised for our iniquities. liii. was so virthat in the space of three days and three it tuous. and died by the hand of justice. I8-20. of Christ and his church. vi. that is. upon him. Hence it unavoidand underwent death he died. his Father. This quickening. God raised him not up as guilty. place. and therefore thereof. it must ncicds be. and and ' i. 34. and the grave for a while. Wherefore it is said. By that he slew for us. by death he made death a pleasant sleep to saints. Ro. Therefore. in his acquitting. He was raised from the dead. the apostle applieth God's justifying of Christ to himself if . 12. I Avould be imderstood aright: This life resideth yet in the Son. x. all. presented himself to the justice of the law. who have the union a rUjhl or can use. come now to the second thing propounded. i. 5. made he presented himself as a common person to justice. reconciled to God in flesh as a common person. having forgiven you ii. or nature. he mon manner. It strikingly illustrates . my reader. Now.' 20 THE SAINTS' KNOWLEDGE OF ' CHRIST'S LOVE. The reader must not misuuderstaud the word common as It has the same meaning that is or be raised from the dead: Ac. 4. with him. in and die as all a common live.' iTh. 4. and that rightly. 2 Ti. And 18. is. therefore our lot Avith him: ' and Avere to take Wherefore it is said carried our sorrows. ii. He. and therefore it is said. as he stood in the stead of it others: Therefore is said. Ro. and by the resurrection from the dead. Avas this. will stand in my place. thus presented himself. trespasses. lie. (2. And as he into the world to save sinners. but which man!/ persons have an which none but those. l Ti. places in Christ Jesus. by death he destroyed him that had the power of death: He. for the sake of the worthiness of his death and merits. in because we Avere quickened him at his death. 10. ix. the body of his and every one of me. For few hints what beginnings of improvement he made thereof. and made to sit together in heavenly and do a partaker: ii. 1. But I say. Surely he hath borne our griefs. the Son of God. i. 6. admitted him to this work. 12. again 'the just died for the being justified in his justification. to die. iv. (1. 'He was wounded for our transgressions. and all as a common person. but of the restoring of Jesus Christ to life ' was crucified. must not be understood of after he and room of all that he undertook for. This his death for us.' He. Then Christ in life and death is concluded by the Father to live third day we should him. 25. 5. because it Avas neither in equity or justice possible that he should be holden longer there. the next that follows. so then. nights. when he was quickened in the grave. for whom and thus to die. 14. iii. 'tis but reasonable that I shovdd be Wherefore we are also said to be 'quickened together with him:' Ep. and Ro. that after tAvo days the whole body of the elect. So then. 28. for that must be before he could * here applied to the Saviour. he was acquitted by God's law. —Eu. representing and death. the eternal Spirit he offered himself without spot And that he was declared to be to God. but my meaning is. u.' and that 'the chastisement of our peace was upon him. as Ave are called to believe his word. and ' the renovation of our hearts. with so doing. by it he abolished death. xx. if God so admitted and accounted him.) Another improvement of his death for us. Mat. it befalls him with respect to them in whose room and place he stood and suffered. That by one offering he has purged our sins for ever. acquitted and discharged from this in this life he undertook Uius to and by him.' 1 Pe. and is communicated from him to us. 1. must crave pardon of I We Now he was condemned of God's law. his merits procured the contrary. xv. if Now heavenly places in Christ Jesus ! * is And not this a glorious improvement of his death. were to fall or stand by him quite through the three : ' days and three nights work. standing ' 13. He gave He came his life a ransom for many. liii. in his justification we are acquitted. 'that he is justified of God:' Tliatis. Christ. mean Avhile Ave are secured from Avrath and hell.ii. justification. ' Therefore another scrip- God's as a elect.

according as by God we are placed in the body at the times appointed of the Father. whoever is set up on earth. but it was not given out rule. 1 Ti. and given him a name above every name. the chief and high Lord of heaven and earth. And it was meet that it though they should desire it. for us.30. if there was enough in the virtuousness of his death and blood to require such a thing. Peter tells us. jn^a. and he giveth reins. head over all things to the church. 'are delivered unto me of my Another improvement that has already been made of his death for us. be ally. who by the grace of God tasteth death for every man.' Pr. our Saviour. wisdom. And he received it as a common person.' became him.' and all this because he died. however it was obtained before. made meet to be partakers person- even the death of the cross. glory for which it was ordained. us. he received it. and in conclusion. that it is become a means of translating of the souls of to life. as was said. and by whom are all things. for our sakes. yet we see Jesus crowned with honour and glory. vi. iv. as we receive all other things.i. for that he hath received this holy Spirit to himself. our undertaker. Father. is that he has obtained to be made of God. Pliii. and that we might angels exempted from being put imder his rebuke: receive. Jn. ' ' iii. that is. obtained that the power in heaven and earth is given imto me. Another improvement that has been made of and of the merits thereof for us. ico. 23. at his entrance into the presence of God for us For we also are to receive : it ourselves from him. might receive by its abidings upon him. to the glory And all this is. in ourselves. as a head and undertaker for the people. 32. all And Holy Ghost should be given all unto him for us. Metheg. has received that. sanctification. personal renovation. even He has this power. (All this while we speak of the exaltation of the human nature. For though as yet all things are not put under our feet. that for the well-being of his people.i. which was the eff"ect of his resurrection. But there was so. Ep. as well as Paul and Apollos. let us behold him I say as cro\vned with glory and honour. that as he is made unto and is on the right hand of God. is thus.i. that we by that might in yet to be done. he 'is gone into heaven. is we that are elect. iii. yet given.viii. which was the first fruits of the election of Nor are the fallen God. 'He humbled himself. Hence it is written. above these inferof their 7-10. he received it as the eff"ect of his ascension. Wherefore he that holy one that setteth us. in. sanctified in his flesh. sanctification in the fulness will shew it. or check.' saith he.) his death. 15. is in should in that infinite immeasurableness in which pleasure. to make the captain * . Let us therefore see ourselves delivered from death first. for that his person is where it is. he tasted death for us. and redemp. as. 21 By deatli he made death such an for the body. even all the judges of the earth. things. 22. it was but just and right. their oym wiU and The Metheg-Ammah* the bridle. the blood of sprinkling. a. hut with reference to sanctification and holiness : For them that believe in him. and powers being made subject unto him. l Co.) entrance into the presence of God. nature. 39. for that death ours. first abide upon him.i5. and of the merit of his death and passion.i6. glory. tion. by the exaltation of our Jesus. as well as virtualbj by our head and forerunner. and in his times head and undertaker. By me princes place. And then we shall see ourselves already in heaven by our head. are all And all this is manifest. a holy lump before God. of things in earth. and with which.— En. and became obedient imto death. advantage to us. not Bunyan's giving the is no affectation of learning in meaning of the Hebrew words.' THE SAINTS' KNOWLEDGE OF CHRIST'S LOVE. for his worthiness sake. And that all this is done for us by his death. u. 'For the Holy Ghost was not said afore. or things under the earth: and that every tongue Wherefore the abundant pourings out of that was shall confess that Jesus Christ is Lord. and righteousness. But I say. so sanctification too. He has given him to be our Lord Jesus. when he had sprinkled the mercy seat with reign. personal perfect through sufferings. may receive personal quickening. as was forborn until the resurrection. salvation It He. to us till sometime after: Ac. our Jesus. 2Sa. 'the bridle' of * Tliere . things. is apparent. I count not this the benefit that accrueth to us by Jesus his receiving the Holy Ghost. that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow. and nobles. in the margin of our Bibles. 33. Wherefore God has exalted him. 'kings for he received it upon his entering into the holy set up by our Lord. wherefore God hath highly exalted him. that his himaan his own hand. of things in heaven. only with reference to justification and life. they are Nor was it given so soon as received: 'By me. left to do. of it. and us in him. a blessing to us. ii. and glorification of of God the Father. as well as possession of the heaven for all considered in him as he in that he has taken the world and life itself. the Son of God became capable to be our reconciler unto God) 'All (4. in himself. Wherefore. as it pleaseth him. and auus of God. and princes decree justice. as we are justified is by his righteousness. 22.\Tii. Ac. he hath at his (3. and that by himself as a common person he has got the victory for us. nal foes. because that Jesus was not yet glorified. by. angels. first by our He is the only potentate. That we.thorities. 1 Pe. For first we are ' \-ii. he should do so. of the inheritance of the saints in light. it is transhited Anmiah. or because.' saitli he. For it became God for whom are all things. Nor are they when set up.

Ep.* partly while he tempteth novices in their study and labour in nice distinctions. the person of Christ. our tell and gave gifts unto men. and well-being among lie is tlie sons of men. and ' making a public and solemn declaration that they about the knowledge. and 6. paradise. but as I you before. are set we are posdown in it. to the knee before him. and inside of all things shall be And to know the love of Christ. are inwardly moved thereto by the Holy Ghost. Second. a Saviour and blessed the stature of the fulness of Christ. it hath. the revelation of all mysteries. as Je. a brother. to the will of our Lord Jesus Christ. Hence. for the work of the ministry. Ja. so to God's habitation. [Christ's love] and then.' can. Of the same import also is that other passage of the apostle a little above in the self-same chap- . 8.ge. xii. while he stirs own limbs and members. 12. as well as about the persons knowing. how should we love and obey him. as I said. and received into his of God for ever : Ps.' See form and manner of ordaining deacons and priests ia the Chuith of England --Eu. own liand sufficiency of gifts I say. the angels. love of Christ in general. are the fruit of the suf- blessed advantage that Christ has received of for the benefit of his church. and live in the expectation of own personal enjoyment of it. one another of this. so we should bless and praise the name of God who has put over this house. we would under the head but now touched upon. rejoice in this. 2Co. to ministers for his church withal. 28-30. xvi.w. for his. and heights soever for ever attain unto. ii. talk of this. And lastly. as Of was said afore. since the expression is absolutely indefinite. this kingdom. 23. in the name of Christ. for to e. 22. xu. And he gave some apostles. and the affecting of uncouth expressions. and inheritance into the hand of so faithshould do ful a friend. partly while God stirs and his sufferings the fruit of that love of his that passeth knowledge : how should up persons his to revile the sufficiency of the Holy ujj we bow Ghost. and the place of heavenly pleasures. Jn.' and ' truly called according improvements. is the obtainino-. He. it is ? 2. and be willing to be also sufi"erers for his sake. or to be out of the reach of blessing by thnt. as to this thing: partly.ticularly: Wherefore of that we must say something fied of her children:' Mat. or greatly going nistry of his word. xiv. This heaven! who knows what it is? I will add. the face his church in special. we .'tis manifest it is exceeding great. and a name. ham's bosom.Kceed. called the king of nations. 12. he hath obtained. attainments. CHRIST'S LOVE. And thus much of the . it is out of doubt that he here engageth all knowledge. in what enlargements. be above. : * Bunyan seems licre evidently to refer to tlie ease of uure- gcneratc and worldly men entering into the ministry. is. xii. Lu. and at the last day. Ps. to whom be honour and glory for ever. iwi. the kingdom Abraof God.iv. 7. 4. a sufficient ministry. and so managed his word. . since all these ways has Satan devised to bring into contempt he things already mentioned. I told might here add many other things. s-it. der. he saith. (5. 'By saying. Jn. And blown away all other things as chaff. xi. the prophets. some prophets. this heaven. challengeth all creatures in heaven and his own blood he entered in once into the holy earth to find out the bottom of this love if they place. who knows what God's house. And as we all this. which passeth seen and compared. unto the measure of tivity captive. and has what would comprehend that wliich is so. Another improvement that the Lord Christ respecteth not the knowledge of this or the other has made of his death. God has so managed his own servants in the mi. is. This glory ! This power. treat about the fundamentals or great and chief parts thereof. lie has received for the sake of his church on earth. that Paul by his thus and taking possession of heaven fur them. he led cap- and partake already of the benefits thereof. but all by our head and undertaker and 'tis fit that we should believe this. unto a perfect man. in this heaven is to be found. Ep. the high and holy place. in opposition to all that would hin- sessed already. it will appear that the Son of knowledge. is to they have been labouring in it. or may iii. is. when the outside. Ghost. and maintain. to make make ETERNITY.) Another improvement that he hath made of his death for us. upon the souls of sinners. i. Yea. iii. as to put in his go beyond. for the perfecting of the saints. ferings of our Jesus. so the is King of saints. that forasmuch as he is indefinite also C. we are in it. while beyond what can be known. in special: all Re. thereby to get applause. 'Wisdom is justi. creature only it is manifest. ix. It is called God's throne.22 THE SAINTS' KNOWLEDGE OF Mat. a forerunner of their own destruction. now. Immortality. l Co. notwithstanding all this. In that it is said to pass knowledge. and for her conduct xxii. Of tJie exceeding greatness ofUmore parBut. to broach his delusions in the world. in general. and as he said to be head ovei' things in general. and devote ourselves unto his service. and as they blasphemously call it by the assistance of the Holy faith. and call him tender Father yea. having obtained eternal redemption /or us. for edifying of the body of Christ. 3. xvi. Wherefore 'When he ascended on high. some pastors and teachers. some evangelists. Many this undertaker for us.l9. the knowledge of all the elect. Tlie love of Christ which passeth knowledge. that vary from the form of sound vrords. I It passeth knowled. Until we all come in the unity of the faith. x. is. and knowledge of the Son of God.

ne. there yet unknown do as 'Tis said plainly. Second. 9-12. even my knowledge. we find the souls imder the altar. besides what has been already touched on. the riches of his love and The riches of his love and grace towards us. they do not see the rich and unsearchable runnings out thereof unto sinners here on earth. and every one. though he was rich. This is ' ' . and have as much experience of his love as any he in all the world. saitli he. is. are but as so many imperimper- 12. with the sons of men.^i. and exceeding deep. what it may. I say. Yet. First. i. to know the kinds and manner of workings of the love of Christ towards us that dwell on earth. his riches are unsearchable. and being heightened and what search there can by it be made That which is afar off". 1 Co. 9-li. For sins. of Christ without beginning That which was before is without a beginning. we now single out the greatest proficient in . because they are more in the open visions of it. the angels. Reason First is. as to the utmost knowit. I need go no further than to the man that spake these words to wit. and then we will urge those reasons that will when aU whit of of them. shaU anon be made more apparent. without end. ' selves there Avithout directions. viii. this make up a perfect knowledge of love of Christ. l Co. 4. ledge of out a fourfold impossibility. flesh. v. that is so far. we see darkly. all the grace that is an by them. that possibility would be a flat contradiction to the text: 'The love of Christ which passeth knowledge. they are not yet the body. know this love of Christ. nor can know: for if that might be. I know that even they do also learn many things of saints on earth. and to put it into one sum of knowledge. 12. we all. This love passeth the knowledge of all the saints. 24. are there Not that we said to be. we walk not by sight. among the Gentiles the unsearchable riches of Christ : or those riches of Christ that cannot by searching. But at present we will pro- Fourth. were it all put together. with men. that. It is For though they know more thereof than saints on earth. and so to govern themr^e. what it is.' was before the world. they are not able. The love of Christ which passeth knowthis what they know of this love of Christ must come far short of reaching to. CHRIST'S LOVE. now we speak of saints on earth. or of understanding the utmost bound thereof. 9. But we will speak of saints in heaven though I ' know also but in part. . iii. Ye know the grace. and xiii. when compared with that state they were in when with heaven. THE tev. Besides. We will join Avith these. It is It is incomprehensible. viii. evident from Proverbs the eighth. which shews that themselves all. but then again. 40. be heightened and improved though in glory. 2. the whole of what we know. xi. we.' The present authorized ' translation is ' might he rich. This love passes the knowledge of the wisest saint. and times and persons and other circumstances. that they on earth not for ]/et know what they in shall be. that angels do know. That 'he knows nothing yet as he ought to know. by what they themselves grace. it would amount but to a broken knowledge. let improved. xiii. iii.ht brins: us thither. 2. 2 Co. is manifest was wrapped up in that amazing* condescension. knowledge and to confirm this. And fore the riches of this love in the utmost of not. 2 Co. Paul. they saints on earth can know while here. 10. For ye know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ. 23 I preacli. TJiird. we know but in part. and the utit. withIt is beginning. may much alter the case. yet for your sakes he became poor. and say. nor wiU I stick to conclude of any other. and also are more enlarged. but faith. : . and grace. for that infinite deal of this love. they cannot to the utmost.. kuoweth none. Ep. but the love Bunyan quotes this passage from the puritan version The Breeches Bible. to others. 1. But yet. We will come noAv to shew you. cannot be it. as to this love of Christ. that he mio. 1 Jn. and that love such as passeth knowledge. is made perfect as they shaU he. And that this love of Christ so. know. but were aU the saints on earth. 39. yet I confess myself short. have waded a great way in the grace of Christ. put all their fects together. that ye through his poverty might be made* rich. SAINTS' KNOWLEDGE OF feet. as yet. in some certain parts of knowledge of the love of Christ. to yet are not able in aU points. ' knew of it here. for the texts do yet stand where they did. who can find out is ? ' Ecc. 2. 1 Pe. more than together. 'his delights. did we each of us contribute for the manifesting of this love. I grant. As who should say. 7. All that is has attending of it. ceed to particular challenges for the making out of this.' Whereto all. The reason v:hy this riches is unseardiaUe. they would greatly come short of knowing the utmost of tliis love. Because It is eternal. so then. It is 3. ledge. as to the fulness that is therein. and his love that ichich passeth knowledge. and the eternal. Nor may they there measure that. and all the saints in heaven to contribute all that they ' know of this love of Christ. how perfect now soever. most knowledge of fects. them known by any: let their understand- ing and knowledge. infinite. : 1. for in his conclusion he includes himself. nor can they aU. to say no more now. without directions and instructions. vii. True. into this love Yea. be found out in the them The riches. ixiii. 16.' before God had made the world. being spirits per* %Tilgai-ly called the world was. have put all and and every be for the further confirmation of the whole. and so far every believer knows it for that his leaving heaven and taking upon him all of : than we on earth.

as that we now have. apprehended of Christ Jesus. even as far as the light of the sun at noon. But the never entered into our hearts to think of. yet even that perfection must not be thought to be such as is the for then should all that are perfection of God saved be so many eternals and so many infinites. Jn. he might apprehend that for which he was also apprehended of Christ Jesus. goes beyond the light of a blinking candle at midnight and hence it is. not as to his divinity. 30. - - and vm. xvii. and break forth these glorious rays and beams of the eternal majesty. but church should ever by them be known. If by any means. . continue ye in my love. ' ' iii. been more hidden and inward. as for the most enlarged to the saint whoUy unknown to : them that commenced in their or ever shall be in glory. in all the circumstances of it. This was presented to consideration before. but the utmost boundlessness of the divine majesty. i. as if we should know God as fully as he knows us. simply. as And to his humanity. xv. But for all that. . That wliich is eternal is without end. as also. for. 9. when he takes us up in glory to himself. and Christ's love to us Father's ddiglit in Christ. who can tell altogether. for we were as yet uncreated but though we had not beings created. in all the beauty and and therefore it cannot to perfection be known. It would be folly and madness so to conclude but the meaning is. before the world began.' Pr. But to conclude this. And therefore the love of Christ. iiLi2. I I do not doubt. But yet must not be understood. namely. saying. that of God shall be known of us. the days of those visions are come. And Christ wiU that we see this glory. so have I loved you. xiii. then had being. wherefore it is impossible that the one half of the love that Christ has for his is upon him and that was prepared for him before the foundation of the world. 'Tis said again. consideration of our beings. 22. or throughout. when he is wrought up to the utmost height that his created substance wiU bear to daily his delight. wast thou when I world began ? Who can tell very essence and nature. my delights were with be capable of. the eternal deity of the Son of God. And alin part shall be done away. Yea. as the creation is. ' ' we shall know even as ice are known. up the sea. it was great for there seems to be a parallel betwixt his Father's I was delights in him. 31. in Christ. and consequently. by eternal. as well as forward. short of knowing the I say. And this is that which the Apostle longed . so to see God beings afterwards which has. that when . believings. utmost. That which is eternal is without aU beginning. and when that which is perfect is come. we shall then be with the eternal. or distinctly consi- dered that . is yet as to the manner of the workmanship thereof ' : Job xxxviii. cannot be known glory that to the utmost or altogether. unto the Piii. When come. then that which is 1 Co. and enjoy that for which we are now known of . who will yet come short of the perfection of him that wlmt and how made him. That is. and but in part. mean . that which has no end has no middle. when that which is perfect is come. for heaven and felicity. cannot. of the Son of God. will far transcend our utmost knowledge here. then.' saith he. is not. 2. 2. though he speaks here of perfections. and his delights in us. shall never be fully known of any. Jn. shall immediately enjoy him with all the perfection of knowledge. 24. I know that I am not yet upon the nature of the word ete^mal . and how can an endless thing be known. this perfection the sons of men. But the humanity . lo. 4. whole. this know it says also. This text has respect to the Son. that now that there will then in him. shall that How as to know him altogether. then shall we perfectly know. therefore he could not tell how it was done. and being with him afterwards. to man. But the meaning is. and that 3 Th. I remember the question that God asked Job. for we shall see him as he 1 Jn. In general we may conclude. we are known for happiness we are known of God. But can tell. We shall be like him. we shall see throughout.' &c. * he is infinite. to an endless for-ever We may a little enquire of folks as they may read. Now. and not as to his divinity. and long afterwards. and his ddigM in us. for as to that it is as possible for a spirit to drink is. as far as is possible for a creature. the knowledge as to the utmost of it. Who can tell be absolutely unknown how many heart-pleasing thoughts Christ had of us before the world began ? Who can tell how nmch he then was delighted in that being we had in his affections . must Christ of this love it. be found out by them that have intelligence thereof by the ear. it being . As the Father hath loved me. yet since. . as will make him in each of us admirable one to another 10. Christ confirms it. the fulness of as to needs. if they can teU the kind or measure of the love wherewith Christ then loved us. since that in the root 1 is his what Uixd of delight the Fatlier had in the Sou before the world began ? Why there seems to be a parallel betwixt the Fathe ther's love to Christ.. and see whicb he was appointed of God and ' ' laid the foundation of the eaith? declare if thou hast understanding Thereby insinuating that because it was done before he had his being. Where. and that in a mystery. I know in that those visions that the saved shall have heaven of this love. know. we understand. if a work so visible. much the Father delighted in his Son before the utmost of his love that . in the be swallowed up. CHRIST'S LOVE. we had being Now in the love and affections of Jesus Christ. is. in us. God.24 THE SAINTS' KNOWLEDGE OF . that. is shall ' that which perfect is ' ' .

But to come down again into the world. 'They from their All the endlessness that is in it. to the fuU. we shall enjoy. and to annihilate God. 3. The nature of eternal things nal things. (the hea. There is nothing that seeketh absolutely. Besides. how then shall those that shall be in heaven eternally. Ro. how then should we know that love of Christ by which we are delivered from them? Lu. 11. X. to work. can know the blessed nature of the blessed God. what sin is. (that is in itself) is imsearchable. But for a further discourse of this. as to the nature. The nature of sin. and so it doth not yet appear what we shall be. enjoyments there But tJien will if . and in its own nature to overcome. tiresome. cannot know the utmost of the love Sin therefore in things. if I may that so say. and that pollute us. ciii. ever pass over half the breadth of eternity. shall be eternal but I put a difference betwixt will . will keep when they is are in them in an employ. That this love is infinite and incomWherefore here is that that still is 2>rehensible. i. to the full. True. time to decay. for now we come to heaven.v. The aggravations sin. that which is eternal. manifest. said before. ' yet in the general we may say. when they shall dwell but the endlessness thereof they shall never attain unto. : THE essential to himself. goes beyond our knowledge the commandment. swim and drink. ever reach the end of our blessedness: (as we should. had not Christ stept betwixt those hai-ms and it. But no man knows the nature of sin to the full not what that is. that the love of Chiist is afore. the heavenly things themselves He. The image is an image. consequently the love of Christ in the utmost goodness of it. cannot be known of us so : venly things they are saints) there shall be worship in the heavens. True. burthensome. even heaven though not an employ . heaven of saints. xk. let that alone till we come thither. sinful. that whatever we shall there embrace. what sin is in itself.s. 13. The fishes in the sea do drink. cannot SAINTS' KNOWLEDGE OF It CHRIST'S LOVE. for they are endless. 13. stept deliffht wiU be delight mito them. as the extent of the love of Christ in common ? and by that work which they shall do there. and that which is delightful and pleasureable shall remain. and why wc should be idle spectators. D . How can he know so much to .2. Sin is worse than the devil he therefore that is more afraid of the devil than of sin. ' The Apostle exceeding it : saith. He that knows not what sin would have done to the Avorld. the knowledge of the love of Christ.the utmost evil of it. we must necessarily know the nature of sin. is because none. k. that has not yet by them been done. whatsoever has an end. shall be done away. all this. so soon as and bless. derstand the love that saves bun from them? morcsaid David. but the duration them we shall never be able of eterto pass we are talking of things aloft through. Nor will this at all derogate The angels now wait upon God from their glory. or what embraces we shall be embraced with. that all True. and that it passes knowledge. 'who can understand his errors?* Consequently. thmgs then that once were burthensome. the shadow and not the very image of heavenly in and saved. thither. some saints have been employed about service for God after they have been in heaven . be ^ 2S there rest be known because of I may said. and 4. of sin. sin in itself is to the fuU. that we should be their happiin heaven Reason Second. the eterit. them to do. know the horrible nature of sin. Wherefore.. the Son of God. 20. there are cannot be knowii of us. from all these considerations it is most land's end. Now the other two things follow of course. and sin doth so. 4. wiU be known . perfectly in nal love of Christ. yet an is employ that heaven ' dutiful. I know whether in suffering or service. For sin is the opposite And this. but not from their delights. There are four things that must be spoken to for the clearing of this. there will be that for God. now count work to receive be a time to receive. when we come VOL. who can miPs. But this is seen by Now the reason why none can. be enjoyments eternal. has no middle. that labours. Sin is that which sets out. and not by work you mean such as we but what if our work be there.1. And the perfect The utknow- could we reach and to the end of is. because we cannot possibly know the tdmost of our sin. that we arc not at all aware of. 3. as bottom of all our enjoyBesides. And it this will For could be. and to cease to be. and serve him Ts. to wit. That is. laboursome. 29—32. exceeding as to its filthiness. as to the nature of So then. This love of Christ must needs be beyond our knowledge. . 2. .' which has no end. dropping from us. 23. is now a minister. above and beyond even those that are arrived to the utmost of their perfections. and waitcth upon his service in heaven ne.' That vii. their And he that knows not what sin would have done The law was to him in particular. I see not reason to beheve. knows not the badness of sin as he ought nor but little of the love of Jesus Christ. ness. and that which ever is so as to the durableness thereof. Lord. as the saying feel the We should be at the Before we can know this love of Christ. 1. He. has a ments. and oft'. most tendencies of ledge of 1. 1. as well as to have a time to shew forth its highest excellencies. . many sins committed by u. sin.vm. Yea. but sin. delightful and profitable for although the is work and Avorship of saints in not particularly revealed as yet. this love of Christ) why then. had not Christ the Lord. and not of Christ to him in particular.

the fire itself. and also the aggravations of our sins and how then should wc know that love of Christ in tions.iii. invisihly.thinking long that the affliction is no sooner the vileness and soid-damning virtue* that removed.' secret agency: eflicacy Avitliout visible or mate' nay. by our secret mm-muring under the hand of God by our wondering why we are so chastised as we are. Alas ! how short are Ave of the is in us. least sin deserveth hell upon the soul and body is must also know to the full that w-rath and anger itself. 7. which men are imacquainted with one of the great things that the prophets were tliat . and the durableness of them. There are the due aggravations that belong it was to sin. our slovenly doing of duties. and of what How con- in our light- many soul? are there that do not knoAV that man ness under our guUt.' Ed. that like hell hm-ncth agamst sm- which worse than aU I say. ii. that the party concerned. and asking of forgiveness after some evil or unbecoming ac- sisteth of a body made of dust. that used to sacrifice to concerned with from God towards the people. confess that laiow not the constitution of either. and get into oiu- judgments! how many plagues how many lashes with God's iron whip dost thou deserve? besides there is hell itself. 36 THE SAINTS' KNOWLEDGE Or over. and of an immortal Yea. plain. when easy to do worse shew them their sins. This . li. and that so close. and hoAV many be there of those that it. sins against learning. sins agamst promises. know- ledge of ourselves. ^ He that altogether knoAveth the 'Virtue. to fall of the sinner at once. by which vre are saved and delivered therefrom ? two parts of man. what thinkest thou do all thy sins deserve ? ! love of Christ to the The nature of sm is to how many good. our slight thoughts of our doings. a judgment. 6. Ps. As. But who Therefore none knows this full. the whole course of our lives doth too fully make it manifest. are under heaven. then must we needs be at loss as to the fulness of the knoAvledge of the love of Chi'ist ? But. Eeason Third. 'Tis to I will add. how should But thy sins think are to kill others. Who knows the utmost tendencies of sin? I mean. Walker's Dictionary. how many good men and good women do miawares. lie that kllo^YS tlae love of Christ to the full. 2.. the tendencies of yet from this he is saved by the love of Christ and therefore.xvi. by . a great way in some by our miwiUingness to abide affliction. vows and resolutions. as was hinted hut now. and strange aggravations attending of them the which we are ignorant of. if Now ? how can the love us from them be known or understood these things be so. sins against experience. the plagues that are on earth. own children down mto the deep? their children in We will easily count them very hardofi'er 'tis hearted sinners. Or. selves to be students of those : ' ' cxxxk.amiEze. how many are there that profess them- : its full dimensions. that the least of our transgressions has not called for at the hands of the great God! tAvo parts Hoav much more be perfectly found out. the least sin calleth for all the distresses that rial action. . an affliction. who can understand? this is not all. cri. though . if a man doth not know the uatm-e of his wound. notwithstanding is cm. good men little how many of their neighbours one of their sins he know the natm-e and excellency of the balsam hath cured him of his Avound. may kill. devils . — CHRIST'S LOTE. (as to Je. so) to shew them what aggravations did belong thereto. sins against knowledge. Lord. or is Alas ! our ignorance of these things manifest may have waded . But Avho has the perfect knowledge ourselves : they did but hell. through their uncircumspect- ness. and sins that have great. There are sins against hght. 'who knoweth the power of thine anger?' said Moses. an evil under heaven. drive their Ps. Men. s ins sins against love. sins against examples of anger. and knows not otherwise to do. Do we know how our sins provoke God? how they grieve the Holy Ghost ? how they weaken om' graces ? how they spoil our prayers ? how they weaken faith ? how they tempt Christ to be ashamed of us ? and how they hold back good from And if we know not every one of all these us ? things to the full. that have oftentimes proved themselves to be but fools as to both ? and I AviU conclude that there is not a man under heaven that knoAveth it all together: For man is fearfully and Avonderfidly made Ps. And I say again. xc. no boot to be particular. and high. ners for the sake of sin: hut this knows none. that saveth to the fuU is kill the body. not any that thoroughly know them And yet the love of Chi-ist doth save us from all all. if our ig-norance of the vileness of our actions is not manifest this way. understandeth this ? the least sin deserveth all these things. embraces it for virtue. and the natm-e of the toi-ments. Je. what the least sin di-iveth at. that we are wonderful short in knowing both the nature. nor can the manner of the union of these 3. if and soul in of all these things souls ? I will grant that some good one. so cimningly. yet it is in them. if one sin. yet in too great a measure. against threatenings. ii. not altogether. Again. the place itself. but we body we have not a care. to mix itself v/ith our good. for that the is of God. and what it would unavoidably rim the sinner into. There is not a plague. how shall we know to the full the love of Christ which saveth us from them all ? 4. to lie lurkmg many times imder the fonnality and shew of good . more of them but I know that there all.

Eze. which standeth in profaneness. into which that is conveyed. there are those that tread down. may be known as to the nature of it. the other. ix. imaginary enticements. things. and his &c. heavenly. as is the root. it wlU not be admitted knowledge of the love of Christ Ave have spoken that the love of Christ is either transient. that is. Though I confess. and as is the spring. which in all likelihood are deeper. all the times in the root of it. divine. the utmost of his intercession. by all his actions. this is the tiling. 19. ii. but not easily. For. as I have said already. But who knows all this? no man. It is divine. the only destruction of which knowledge of this loA^e of Christ. TJiird. to our hearts. Second. 60— G2. As to this. conclude therefore from all these our hearts. because love only all the Anles of the devil yea. this love of Christ and he makes this a-do. It Eze. in the day of his he spake them and seeing his love is conveyed to us. are knowledge or that by no means. It cause of such poor. to Christ to us. among the saints. by WHAT KNOWLEDGE OF CHRIST 's LOVE IS ATTAIXABLE experience. at leastwise in the notiwi of it is world? what is the reason that some are carried about as clouds. than the breakis. you before. or be- under these three heads. To speak of the hnowledge of it . and one error for another? why. THE SAINTS' KNOWLEDGE OF know all CHRIST'S LOVE. knows to the full. This is general knowledge. honey from his holy lips. everlasting. xxxiv. 14 What the^ has no end it is immortal. the bottom. incorruptible. as also I have proved now. I know it the cisterns. not the must be such. xxii. m THIS WORLD. 27 love of Christ. made in his side. For this knowledge is neither easily got. that the love of Christ passeth unclean. But these the Christian at length gets over for he sees. silly. svi. in vt^hich before we can find out the utmost of the love of I hitherto be wit. to make adust. unless ness of it and now we come. transient. should bear the blame of this. First. bdv. he . the utmost exercise of his patience. Satan setteth himself more against. not mean those swarms of opinions that are in the appearance of corruptibleness in or likeli- hood of decay. it cannot be that it should like love. as upon Job and Peter. though got. is essential to his nature. such are the streams. which those streams do run. But I presume that there is none that can know all this. save God. in errors is and the the love of the holy nature of God. But. and so by the conduit of the holy and blessed spirit of God. that is there. 31. must. native lustre. but those feet. and damp may take away much. or earthly. therefore I may without any fear assert. And yet this must be found out to fall i. from above : : it is everlasting. that is. something better than yet we see in us. the devil is in his. and so defile . for that is delusions. must presume to say that he knoweth the utmost of the merits of his blood. can tell the utmost secrets that are therein how should the heart of angels. is to know that it passes knowledge. Thus therefore the love of Christ may be known in many of the degrees of it. and to to say. as through those channels. this love of Christ can be to the utmost known by us. or mixed. And I hope those that are saints indeed. such are the branches . v. hard in time of temptation. : . Or those gracious promises that dropt : . for that there it. be hard for the soul to hold fast to these . all other love is either love corruptible. liis hwuls. in the nature of it it may. of the native I savour and sweetness thereof. to try if he might swallow us up. Job and Lu.but we count that we cannot be loved long. be found out by any mortal man. corrupted. that muddy those but yet it streams with their feet . contrivings that wicked one . And this no love is but the love of ing forth of the love of Christ in its own proper For he knows it destroys his kingChrist. that Christ loves freely. wiU not only be preserved to eternal hfe. He that will presume to say. nor easdy here. Reason Fourth. of the love of Christ and of the exceeding great. the utmost bounds thereof can be understood. 2 Co. or at such seasons. and know also. precedent to tliat. . together with all the motions that he has made that he might have leave upon us. 5. that it is loxefree. it. Tliis work is practically to hold fast the soul to all these things. and a dust to darken the light of the gospel withal. the utmost of the glory that he has prepared and taken possession of for us. if the heart of man be so deep.: . and designs and attempts of must know. mixed. to the true definition of this love We come now more particularly to speak of the for then. as an inducement to Christ to love. Avith a tempest? what mean men's waverings. Is. for 'tis dom. us. but nourished Avith this that is in- corruptible unto the I told it will day of Christ. . that . and not for. and this is common it. That retained. things that is. Eze. though retained. for that it it is It is heavenly. We may know it in the nature of it. there is none that knows. that none. no angel. There is nothing that First. he hath no such inducement De. but also plottlngs. be found Third. through the they may put upon it. also. 6. men's changing. may be known. 25—33. xxxW. and interchangmg truth for error. we will shew continue to love our poor souls. should be corit but I know no channels through which this love of Christ is conveyed unto nels in rupted. neither the love nor the channels in which runs. . : But the greatest knowledge that we can have of it I say. unless the chan- that he hath been with God. that in the hour of temptation. 18.

there a desire of vain glory. delivereth those that as to save a man without it . and human inventions. 'in I first did mention. The law is a servant. and so thy life. be much in acquainting of thy soul trine as to justification. Jn. : HdjJ First. it by him yea. 4. in whole or in part. lose his own soul. such as shall have in them a tendency to darken the judg-ment. thy hrnn thou must look upon. how it. a most fierce and terrible destroyer.) virtues. Lv. Ro. when. i. wiU think. makes the soul to . thy of. 21. The which though they are not iii. that faith is fancy. without is it. 31. 25. iind Christ a terrible exactor of obedience. it destroyeth and then to be sure it is made a made The law thou must look into. . there is when men know not the nature of the love of Christ. 27. there is hypocrisy. Yea. vii. step to salvation. or won. 36. as I said by man's good deeds. They that see nothing of the loathsomeness of man's best things. and faith avfay life of that to the soid. People naturally think that the knowledge of their sins is the way to destroy them when in very deed. If thou wouldest know the nalure AU from the want errors in doctrine take their of this (I mean errors in doc- of this love. thou mayest be there if perhaps he may cast an eye of pity upon thy desolate soul. if and make it abominable. Ro. before thou knowest the thy self. be throAvn away as a fable. to wit. if be once attainetli to that. begin in the first place to study the law. for that's the hcdy of a And without the wary to religion. it is the first . Help Second. tJien thy heart. tlicn farewell the knowledge of the love of Christ. that Christ should and have respect unto him. yet 'tis nothing else but sound conviction of the vileness of man's righteousness. will hardly ever see any thing of the love of Christ. delude He has an art the fancy. and to all things. and the pollution that cleaveth to a man's own righteousness. i. v. Ga. He that sees himself but little. man can come Ja. to the gospel : Now if thou wouldest know the badness of thy self.' Ro. appear as virtues. in the right knowledge of it. Labour to see the emptiness. He can make God to metamorphose aU things.28 THE SAINTS' KNOWLEDGE OF life CHRIST'S LOVE. diametrically opposite one to another. to abuse the conscience. and that fancy is the best faith in the world. and cause that the gospel shall He can persuade. it. xv. slwrtness. Wherefore it is for this purpose that Christ biddeth us to continue that nature as to justify him without There is I say. when he comes to visit the men that wait upon him in the means of his own appointing. could Before I leave this head. but all what a vile. shortness. in the promise of eternal Now these defile it. presumption in man's own righteousness: nor can it be without these wickednesses. and the nature of the gospel. That thou mayest know . when its dictates and commands are depended upon for life. x. Helj? 21iird.' grow up into him who is there were no imperfection in but that which the head. And although so much gospel light is broke forth as to stop men's mouths from saying this. 2>riile. abominable sinner thou art For thou canst not know the love of Christ. and mists of darkness sit fast and driveth and . 'tis not to be thought knowledge of himself. badness of thy nature. He can make the law to be And true man. he can tickle the heart with false hope of a better life hereafter. disperseth all such fogs. before a man can know the nature of the love of Christ. at the Christ. or obtain man. or not at is all. and consequently to the knowledge of the love of consideration of these three. let him labour before all things to his own wretchedness. will hardly know much of the love of Christ : he that sees of himself nothi7ig at all. as to see that it : it is of have it shed abroad in the heart by the Holy Ghost that he hath given. So then if a man would be kept sure and stedfast. : when therefore it is Lord. that if he knows not where. there in his love. if thou canst teU M'here to find it. 9. riseth also from the want of this. must be. as helps to the knowledge of the love of Christ. for that's the face. horrible. posed sins unpardonable and unpardonable ones. Ja. But. This also must in some measure be known. Besides. yet do pro- know pound things so difi"erently to man. All the idolizing of men's with the nature of the law. and in confounding of them. and make thee see the things abovementioned. and how to take them. rise the nature of the love of Christ. because the right knowledge. 33. from all these things the true love of Christ men to see that the love of Christ is of that nature. Occasions many thou hast given thee to see righteousness. Thy wisdom therefore will be to study these a Lord and Saviour . that the nalure of the love of Christ. I will present my reader with these things. seem to be to us. a. Also ha will assault the spirits of Christians with divers and sundry cogitations. that the love of Christ is of that nature as to be received for gospel. for that's the glass. and as helps to retain it. I mean the knowledge of the rujiure of it. he is like to see most of what is the love of Christ. both first and last. 'tis impossible but that he should confound them. 24. obtained or purchased before. that wiU enable procured. shortness. and most He can make supamazingly pinching of his love. before a man can perceive ' to lie in the way of God. wretched man that I am. Ro. But he that sees most of what an abominable wretch he is. as that a thou must look upon. Know the emptiness of man's own wiU not do unless thou hast help from heaven: wherefore thy wisdom wiU be. even as if the love of Christ were there. cover the nakedness of him that hath for the love.

: and himself. and delight in Christ.) Ro. There is therefore. there to make ready. that Christ. that which is not possible to be known to the utmost. and the heart dai-kened as to the knowledge of Christ. : . what- said Paul. was broad. and the first appearance of the love of Christ by himself. Here I say. and not till then. ' ! . ' Herein also we may attain to another degree knowledge of his love. that can never to the see. (1.) As he was mside Jlesh. That the eternal word. THE tilings distinctly. Brethren. and Ep. this love (5. and reaching forth unto those things which are before. for the godhead of in one person. 1 Pe. would stand amazed till he died with wonder. he has sent . we know not how much . Who so could consider this. and so disabled our foes. so as was said afore. much diligence required of him that will keep these two in their places assigned them of God. springs forth the riches of his love. the the law to rule but over iii. When Christ dwells in my heart by faith. that he might is. we shall be still more (that is to the utmost) but this one thing / do. in that as a forerunner. knowledge of the nature of the love of Christ. and doing for us. Secondly. Ep. was first begin here to learn to know the love of Christ. that epistle was indicted hy the Holy Ghost. 37. because there is more to be known of it before them. as it is possible for it to be considered. For there is nothing that Satan more desireth. diligence. 5. ever can by them be done. 3. to the world.. by understanding that he has conquered. love in full be found out. as I say. Jn. I say iii.) through him that has loved us. lie hid the treasures of wisdom. and iii. come down from is an act of such conOnly here we long. the just for the unjust. myself with few. or is put upon it to work 13—15. and come to the second head. As the love of Christ may be known in the nature of it. he died for us. I press than conquerors. for so far as thou art ignorant of the true knowledge of the nature of these. over them. but that when Satan. By this very act of the heavenly wisdom. by keeping of these two doctrines at an everlasting distance as to the conscience . a flesh. 17. 24. V. for the salvation of sinners. the liis absence.3. is the highest ^mystery. in the first place. In him 'are hid all the wisdom and knowledge. for life. ' I count not myself to have apprehended. Ro.2. and faith for he knows if this may be obtained. were the lords. : hereby is perceived another degree of his love undertaking to do for his.ii. ' Piii. and our nature to be united 1 Ti. Coi. to the reconciling of us unto his Father. Wherefore we read that in the flesh he took upon him. he became a public or common person for us and iii. and about this very thing. it.) x. for- getting those things which are behind. much diligent study of the Avord. dwelling-places. not suffering the gospel to be removed one hair's breadth from my conscience. For. Hdp Fourth. for this very purpose did vail is presently drawn over the face of the soul. ou purpose to direct the soul. gone into heaven to am upon But might here discourse of many things. so it may be known in many they That which is knowable. 4. the other to keep my conversation in a good decorum then am I right. should never be contented or satisfied to Avliat degree of the knowledge of it soever they attain but still should be reaching forward. must begin at his person. 26. But we will pass this. in the high degrees thereof. perfecting of righteousness to the very end of the law. the one to keep up peace "with God. iu. 1. that now see another degree of his love. He that would know the love of Christ in several degrees of it. and being darkened. we perceive love. (3. and the moral law dwells in mj ^nembers. God I in Christ Jesus. the man is driven into despair of mercy. viii. is taken into union with God. in : high let us therefore that the Miman nature. SAINTS' KNOWLEDGE OF CHRIST'S LOVE. 14. and to prepare for us our summer- of the love of Christ in many of the degrees of it.' Coi.) we Oh Also we may in for in wisdom and in this. should to wit. towards the mark for the prize of the high calling of By this also we may yet see more he is of his love. what was not possible should do for themselves. 29 and thoroughly. Again. than that the law may abide in the conscience of an awakened Christian. that they cannot now accomplish their designed enmity upon of us : Ro. 3. treasures of Nay. is to be known. Read Paul to the Galatians. But this will not be done without much experience. and here. he assume our nature. admits of degrees of knowledge the love of Christ is knowable. 16. the grave and sin have done to his people. death. v. and retained. so far thou art ignorant of the true knowledge. u. and therefore they that seek to know degrees of it. outward man. 13. 27. in.xiv. in that flesh. iii. him dwells all the treasures of As if houses.) Here. 20. 2 Co. is obtained. (2. not of angels. is. more. vi. but that he intendeth to take into union with himself our persons. (though on our side be many disadvantages. and he the seriwii! Jn. our mansion. (4. what doth it signify. since I this head of reaching after the knowledge I shall content take possession thereof for us: He. The right knowledge of the nature of the love of Christ. we have an unconceivable pledge of the love of Christ to man: for in that he hath taken into union with himself our nature. iii. my discovery of such love. the nature of man.. may and him was deep. In in his person : him. and there take up the place of Christ. For. i. diligent prayer with diligence to walk with God in the world. bring us to God. not suffering heaven and be made descension. to the world.

those scorns. Sin. and by it more easily have been fairly left. Mat. and sense. Col. as they are. made of dust: This then Avas the disparity 'twixt us and them. hidings of his face. : nature. aorgels third person in the Trinity to supply his phace as That he should pass by and take hold of lis. viii. ii. Avhcn both aro more noble than we. in way of intercession. xix. : the glories.) and Another thing hy which their afflictions. they have a pre-eminency above that which is they being. Then they shall be separated. and is afflicted. (7. 6-10. the most inconsiderable. that Jesus Christ shoidd choose to take up (G. 4. to love! on earth: Nothing can happen to his people to their eternal perdition and destruction: hurt them. v. are laid up in heaven for Who can understand ? second thing whereby the love of Christ some degrees of it may be known. xvii. it may been taken.) by virtue of authority. and we (4. now in heaven (pray bear with the expression. and apprehensions being more quick. methinks. in that though he is in heaven and we us. (3. oU the good things that these 2. far But now. Jn. Mat. 24-26. Jn. iCo. both in a state of condemxxi. and has been ever since his ascension into glory. as that against set them . in .— 30 THE SAINTS' KNOWLEDGE OF CHRIST'S LOVE. had he stepped over us and taken hold on them. that hy the improving* of his merits before the throne of grace. . Who so considereth the natm*e of spu'its. by birth. or degree soever. . or eclipsing of their glory for xx. and 10.) In this also we may see yet more of the love of Christ. sympathises not hold of angels. and stiU by sin are.7. theirs being a commandment with faithfulness to abide in the place in which their Creator had (5. and so more apt to have been taken with this love of Christ. would not have put Christ so to it. is this : A The law which they have broken. nation. 15. and pass by them. hut he feels it. is. even : we are climbed . what could wo have done to them to have laid obstacles in the way of their faith and hope. 24 And in this degree of his love. that as such. Then or from thenceforth for ever. as he would have had. turning to profitable account. 3. another comforter of us. to heaven but now we are set again all for all be presumed. considering also the aptness Improving/ not in quality but by extending the benefits. And thus you may see what rounds this oiu* Jacob's ladder hath. upon them. xxv. and grieved in their took hold. solemnized. (8. and undervaluings from them. 36. as they are God's workmanship. 7.U they be exalted to thrones. : griefs. acquiescing. must needs confess. those reproaches received in this his undertaking. ever. and woidd sooner have perceived the design of grace. Then sha. he might preserve us from the ruins that our daily infirmities would bring upon us He. because I want a better) as we by our imperfections have done and do. and so one wovdd think more readily have than [creatures in] such dark- fallen in therewith. is touclied with it. He. though we should have been ever so full of envy against their salvation yet being but flesh. sorrow. employing togoocl purpose. 1 Pe. fallen. there are many loves. 16. the blessings. and love in a high degree to man: For verily he took countetJi it as done unto himself: Yea. ness as a destroyer. yea. that we may not think he has forgot us. so strong and mighty as ours left us. ' * of their natures as angels. ours ? They.) They woidd not have had those disadvantages as we. he has sent him to fortify our spirits. Eo. 2G. as he has ail-along met with from sinful flesh. and so is may by us he known. Lu. and all things that offend iii. Yea. all the benefits. Ed. made . as a his bride. Jn. Avith their king and head.2. Then she shall be wrapped up in his mantles and robes of glory. and to strengthen us under all adversity and against our enemies of what accoimt. 13. lu. for that they would not have had a tempter. now. 16. as they can and do in Alas ! had God . (2. there shall be no more death.) We also see yet more of his love by this. theirs being a more noble self as high-priest for us. methinks. and eternized betwixt him and his chm-ch. vii. Then he riage be will come for us. Avould not have their complete obedience so difficult. and make our persons and performances acceptable in his Father's sight. and sanctified. is bability this Loz'd Jesus has ten times as also yet much to more of the love of Christ made : manifest. and by our fall. not he left destitute of a revealcr of truth unto us. being not which we have ofi"ended. ii.) so intricate. that he will have us Avhere himself is. jdv. xTi. For they were more noble than we. whUe we had been shut out. 5.) He needed not to have stooped so low as to take flesh upon him .) Nor would he in all likelihood. Then shall a public bridegroom for mar- we were. 3i. 6. and taken them. andxv. and climb. and be taken away from among them. that we may behold and be partakers of his glory. He. laying out himis this He do now he has undertaken to be our Saviour. shall xiiL 41.vi. but of the seed of Abraham he Yet this is not all In all prowith them. had they and made partakers in our stead. and how by them we until may up climb. xxv. would not have so hanged m their natures as it doth in ours their reason. (1. E*. and power of judgment and shall also sit in judgment on sinful men and fallen angels. have met with those contempts. and separated from other sinners.

) Man. and lurking hke thieves that stiU v. but watches for them. and more strongly bound at first by the world but others more in an ordinary manner. but had they been taken. before (as was said day of God's power comes upon him. even until their Saviom" fireth out of their mouths a confession of 'When I keep the truth of their naughtiness. will is Yea. how often arc saints foimd playing trucaU. that cliildren of God. x-xvii. XV. Ro. and But verily that he was willing to be a sharer in it.) is not love only. to wit. third thmg whereby the love of Chi-ist in some of the degrees of it may be known. as he is just sight of others Yet then for Christ's sake. xxxii. how commonly do they hide then* sin with Adam. in filth by him at all. and considered of it: yea. is. Yea. 3i. no thanks to the of his fulness (6. that by his blood he hath obtained A : for him. xv. Hence we have the patience of God. cxxi. reason may be seen. when the Lord Jesus takes him in hand make him partaker of the benefit.) bestowed upon us. and his gentleness so admired 2 Ch. or could have done to hinder it. (4. xxxU. Whereblessed. for he knows else they will be hm-t. way. 5. he waveth such judg. freuzily he imagines? how crossly he thinks How How natm-ally tend to their destruction. 1 Co. (1 . my moistm-e is turned into the di-ought of summer. : trusted. that should they be left to themselves but a little while. so desperately wicked is the flesh of saints. his law. as if the devil had foimd him. upon me. could. But why didst thou not conSo I did. s. nor left alone. i Jn. mollify in one hole or other. and refuseth to inflict such pimishments as receive instruction . When the good shepherd went to look for his sheep that was lost in the wilderness. that when we and they were fallen. imgainly he carries it under convictions.) When the sins of saints are so visible and This then (2. the height of love. He that keepeth Israel neither slumbers nor sleeps. and xmwearied work that he hath with man to bring him to that kingdom. This therefore is an high degree of the love of Jesus Christ to us. it would have shewn that he had taken his And this is grace to heart. notwithstanding this.'OY»'LEDGE OF CHRIST'S LOVE.) SAINTS' X>. and chooseth to chastise them with such rods and scom-ges. must do it. Lord loves them. Lu. and they are he chasteneth and teacheth out of Ps. saith fess what thou hadst done then ? he. Proof of this Ave have to amazement. ver. as may do them good in the end and that they may not . and . for then the corruptions lie scattering up and down in his flesh tempt him to it. he could not have come to Christ.:! : THE (6. and v. Love in a great defn-ee. and not God. silence. xciv. plentifully scattered here and there in the word. 4. 31 Nor can I imagine. When man is taken. whom He. (5.ill . many times that poor man ? is. Therefore count this an act of love. But 'behold what manner of love the Father hath blessings to m to 'Tis the day of the power has made the work so soon to appear. the day of God's power comes. 21.must pimisli them in the yea. to perish. and that which at . will be to consider more particularly the way. and thou forgavest the iniquity of my ' sm. the power of that corruption.' said David. 16. in the guilt of back- sUding by the power of and then Je. Had man. 4. all. 12. at last. and had found it did it go one step homewards upon its own legs ? did not the shepherd take her and lay her upon his shoidder. and when found in such dccayings. it had been something . 3. ii. they. and speaking to him that his heart may : apparent to others. 5-8. Joi^ iv. but love to a degree. and bring her home rejoicing. though he has free will. not they. before) the by Jesus Christ. and And these things are love to a degree. to the glory of Christ. and laid imder the day of God's power When Christ is opening his ear to discipline.) That Christ shoidd supply out the beginnings of grace in our souls. and his present apprehension of things ? I know be condemned fore the vrith the world. than such poor sorry creatures as we are. for through that it is that they are preserved. should be called the children of God. For day and night thy hand was heavy 26. and carry on that work of so great concern. would have been more capable of rendering these praises and God for eternal mercies. yet is vrilling by no means to be saved God's . counsels. ice notwithstanding all that they have. ing to Jesus has made this mad man and persuaded him to be willaccept of his salvation yet he may not be Chi-ist When to himself. though a strange thing. here is no such thing man. (and yet he chose to keep silence after he had committed his wickedness) 'my bones waxed old through my roaring aU the day long. and where the comply with its made more 'tis quickly to salvation.) Yea. to enemy to his redeemer nor doth all the intelligence that he has had of the grace and love of Christ to such. Ps. is foxmd an . ments. to wit. that God for the vindication of his name and honom. before iv. xi. Ps. the more ignoble. he should stoop and take up us. been willing that Christ shoidd have come to him. and under such revoltings from God. xii. this. 3. and leave so mighty a creature in his sins ' come iii. as creatures excelling in strengtli. sinner at of the Lord that Jn. That we. 7-10. (3. none loiows what horrible transgressions would break out. some are more powerfully dealt withal. that the flesh. and he wiU be gone yea. and over them every moment. Kow. 32. that we should be called the i. is. 5. and David.

is to appease the justice of God for our its but as a thing indifferent. I find that at this point. and highest of our knowledge of it that we arc the dimensions of this love nor can save know 2. thus do to. so more especially with the love and kindness of Christ: Judo-ing and concluding that just such it is. and of the loss and ruin of all that are not in the same notions. And this work is as *common as any of the works of Christ. as the heathens that have. and this thereof. it And that the love of Christ should he such (as afore is is set before our eyes. as [to] the Hence you have some that boast that God can save some who have not the knowhis. 5. ^:)a7ife. Sayino. and beyond which they could not pass. hle of the lost sheep) another degree of his love towards us such an one too. I speak not now of weak to us that he will thus act. is none of tlie least of the aggravations of the love of Christ to his people. But when men in the the lowest rate. The text therefore. . saitli he. to retui-n. own nature but hnow that it passes foioif^ecZr/e. there is no re- thing which he prays they It passeth knowledge. that the greatness of the love of God is most expressed in his giving of Christ to be a Saviour. who as a giant. ii. I might urge moreover.3. k. I mean as to the lettings out of love.-ith any thing of Christ. that they know how. : Yea. Wherefore. But deed. Let the Lord he with you as I shall (judge meet he should) 'let you go. for the apostle here. whose salvation he most rejoiceth Father and his love. opinions. that is. meaning of 'common. and how far Christ can love. promises and examples of his love.' note on p. and so conclude that his love is such as may by us be comprehended.) out to the end . soon cold and love that has continued to act. the biggest size Great sinners. erroneous men. in the salvation of the sinners that are of : ledge of the person of the mediator Jesus Christ the righteous . and the imputation thereof io owv justification: For else how could we hold else (7. without faith in his blood. the great beyond our carnal conceptions of it. and for us. that his love may commonly Son and and he known sinners in many degrees of it. hy that sort of in. ways terminating here. And ledge. let these desire that they may know. Christ which passeth may know. have a belief that just and no otherwise . with gladness . for the encouragement and support of those whose souls would trust in him By which also great degrees of his love may be understood. for he knows that without Christ.) I will conclude with this. and as necessary to our salvation. But we will come : make nature a great improvement of the law and light of : crying out with disdain against the narthink the contrary. Mat. And to know the love of knowledge. 'Twas 'Twas . but a false image thereof. as is his righteousness. hoAV he hath proportioned invitations. 32 THE SAINTS' KNOWLEDGE OF case : CHRIST'S LOVE. and yet Christ may love him with a love that passeth knowledge. to rectify those false and erroneous conclusions. to hnoiv the love of Chnst that I'^asseth knoioThis truth discovercth itself. ' ' times -we have so little esteem of. be set. Loving higher and higher. and will thence be bold to conclude of their own safety.to the soul as Pharaoh once did to Israel in another 5CC Because men of God. says. Dc. and as a strong man. it to be such. but dcscribeth that men talk what they will of the greatness of the But all this wliile the devil kriOAvs fuU Avell at what game he plays. I common course of their profession. xix. and can hardly run any : And A man through unbelief may think that Christ has no love for him. for he rcserveth the best wine even tiU the last. tliis of old. as the man that hy running. we can arrive to here. that men. yet act towards the end. or judgments as they this is the worst and greatest of all. and it is love that passeth knowledge and the best is. or known to the utmost bounds But these are false conceptions.' We think Christ loves us no more than we do think he can. to lessen Being not ashamed and . and yet none can he saved. and pride of tjiose that aU the while to eclipse. is indeed none of the love of Christ. as will worth our consideration. and stiU do Samaritan sinners. were Avont to stop. manifest hy the para- knoM'ledge. 31— 3t. him and fice to his undertakings. and has run himself off his legs.xiv. The love of Christ that : is so in- may be apprehended by them so.. and none tampering other. rcjoiceth to run Ids race. now to the third thing that was propounded. Jn. doth not only'' mission of sins. Jenisalem sinners. by this term. It is a love that p)cisseth hioidedge. as is none of have seen hot love. to offer himself a sacri- Thirdly. and in bestowing his benefits upon us that we may be happy through him. But the greatest attainment that as to the understanding of the love of Christ. : And it will be worth to the cur observation to take notice 10. love of Christ that we think is such. stronger and stronger. censoriousness. and in other smaller matters. publican sinners. undervalue the love of Jesus Christ making of sins. to degrade. rigidness. As our reason love of God as creaivr. rowness. and hridegroom coming out of his chamher. 20. that made Moses wonder. do not put these limits so (8. so they slight and xmder- value the love of Christ as mediator. is And yet it and carnal imagination will be rudely. and unduly v. formalities. in this prayer of his for the Ephesians. but of foolish and bold conclusions. Ps. By the text itself. will be al- longer: hut I never saw love like the love of Christ. x. 1.

xm. Imowledga and that the highest pitch that a man question whether ever Christ Jesus will look upon of sin. for that only which is bej'ond us. iii. may be so put to it. Or be : ought I know for he loves with a love that If the tempter doth suggest passeth knowledge. (1. passeth knowledge Besides.' Ps. Wheresea. there reach. that it jyasseth 'Tis true a man that thus knoweth then he If I be fallen into sin that hard upon me. and yet cfftist not comprehend again. Is. stay from utter despair is at hand but there may. knowledge. vii. and to By knowing of this a child of God has in magnify the Son. were there not by our knowing of it. by suggesting as if Christ would not regard the stammering. that all that he knows comprehensively may be taken from him to wit. by knowledge can that it know me or no: the answer is. VOL. S3 derful are the made David cry out. may be taken from him through Sometimes a good man the power of temptation. 5. that thou couldest this love . xi. And the contrary to dishonour him. lies : for may have is divers conjectures about that thing that beyond his Icnowledge. should hit works of God ? Thy thoughts to right as to what he now conjectures his rio-ht ' . the love of Christ passeth knowledge. 17. is to ]\Iy passeth hioioledge. lias a knowledge even a knowledge. but for ought we know. to clefioieitt lessen him. saith the soul. for that the Apostle saith it . That which we can reach. may some say. or many. who the grace of God in him. be they never so high. cannot be the highest: And if a man thinks there is nothing beyond what lie can reach. but he may regard of mine. are so many. and save me too. reason is. none of his conjectures about that thing may be counted knowledge. The answer is near. and Zeehariah to a fountain. and to make him a For suppose this should be true. as to this. Satan) yea. there is too wonderful for me. its truth.5. to know this. rest in I poor sinner know for he loves with a love that attain unto. to the utmost comprehend yet unless. c. they are more them If number than ! the sand. 19] fore the Apostle's position. or that he has reserve for himself. Now if at this time. that The help for a for this there is no forgiveness. hast lost its sanc. But to shew you some of the advantages that will come to us by knowing that doth. For that thou canst com. ixiv. at : what any man sins. will it do a man to know that the love of Christ passetli knowledge ? one would think that it should do one more good to believe that the knowledge of the beyond his knowledge. before [him] for that also. this is the river that cannot be passed over chap.suppose a man that thus conjecturcth. 18. the word thus in the dark. And Micah to the : whole love of Christ might be attainable. for he loves with a love that passeth . ver. by thy knowledge thou canst comprehend beyond aU evil a day. and my conscience fears. the knowledge of the truth of his faith. he pardonable condition.know. and troubles. for that . if we can comprehend them. it passeth knowledge. or the like. praying to God. and again. a)id it For to kuow what the holy word nor would he pray that we might know that which passeth knoioledge. some help to be administered. That is that tlie love of Christ vMcli 'pCLSseth knoivled^ge. and love. ' siixih Quest. that is that sin. this I say may be taken from him. Christ may carry me through them all. if thou comprehendest truly. for ought I that says. hath compared this unsearchable love. what good is still knowledge saith. 2 Ti. For if Christ Jesus loves with a love that then. is a truth not to be doubted of: Consequently. and chattering prayer The answer is ready. if I know the love that passes knowledge: But he may look upon me. 11. (0. they are more than can be numbered. who has is said lis it. ' How ! precious also are thy thoughts imto me. or beyond shall be saved. in reason it will so. when all that he otherwise knows. Yea. for I know that he loves with a love that and therefore I will not tity. is that which he cannot knowledge. that it is to be thought thou shall never get beyond them. Ps.i. . This makes Christ a deficient Saviour.knows a way in all probability to be recovered prehend this love. he has no more knowledge as to that: but if he knows that together with what he hath already reached. . Isaiah hath not entered into the heart of man what God has prepared for them that wait for him.) This love: is to justify God. 4 Ezekiel says. with a love that passeth If Satan would dissuade me from knowledge. Answ. all degrees of love. is the farthest that v/e can go.: THE this t^iat SAINTS' KNOWLEDGE OF CHRIST'S LOVE. And : : usward hitting about that thing ledge : may him It is as yet to not be called kmiubut as an uncertain guess. that this love passeth utterly despond. great is the sum a of in I should coimt them. because he knows that there is something yet before him But since the thing itself is truly beyond his knowledge. is profitable : that is such. That there is an advantage in knowing that the love of Christ passeth knowledge must not be questioned. yet. is that which passeth knowledge. But. passeth knowledge Yea. for Christ loves. And little ' before. . that thy trials. chap. he can spread themselves or infect Thou must leave some pardonable man in an un. and afflictions. affirms. the bowels of our knowledge. 16. : . he may love me yet. for ought and high. they cannot he reckoned up in order unto thee If I would declare and speak of them. if Satan should attempt to It must therefore be.knoics tJie love of Christ that passeth knoioledge. who has loved with such a Saviour. God ' how cxsxk. How great and won. passeth knowledge. say I. xivii. [chap.

truly sweet to his soul. he that has. and relief against all the horrible temptations : of the devil. have not others known. another also. when he there is a great deal of good. Tr.-ith loves he for me. to it to know how to use his penny. and that which will cause that we be fruitful in the land. for ought a v. . 17. or knowing of the love of is begot in Christians a greater desire to press forwards to that 12—21. is beyond all reason that knowledge of this love they may walk at liberty. thy steps shall not be straitened. 37. and can live in fulness. is. have or may have for Christ prays that we might know the love of Christ that at passeth knowledge that we may have a help hand. is he that man a against it be objected cause he has but a groat in his pocket yet if he . 'The fountain of Jacob upon a land of corn and ' ' like a Christian. and have also known the love of Christ to be such which passeth knowledge. 1 Jn. If ChrJstiansknow not with this knowledge. which is before them. without fear of want. but the least grain of right rea- that there be yet re- For if soning according to the nature of things. There is love beyond what he loiows already. carnal contcntedness. thou runnest. and when imperfect.) By this Christ which passeth knowledge. The answer it. but he knoweth what they for the tempted. and that to doubt that I Christ nothing in his love that passeth knowledge. xv. x.. bepoor. and he knows Christ. by the what can be known. And because there is is a Christian that knows Christ in all those degrees no bound set to man. Christ may save Yea. For he that thinks he knows enlarges their steps under them 2 Sa.) By this knoAvledge. that man here may have. 13—14. if maining with us. knowledge. and liberty is ministered unto him. ' De. and Avithal. they vralk in the world as if they were lyi'^ionecl if fetters reason of all that sloth. more than the . xxxiii. wdiich of these two are Pray now tell most neither have nor shall have for ever the gi-acc of I God in my soul. suppose he love that passeth knowledge. but Thus loves with a love that passeth knowledge.xx\t22. ii. which Solomon intends when he saith. and thus it and will be with them that know the love of Wherefore. not to be knovodble. but always over and to then. he calls their God. I write unto you. know. not only that. he also knows him as to likeliest to live his love that passeth knov. A be never so perfect. himself every way in all spiritual things. I the devil when all other weapons fail . room is made for and hke him that possesseth all things ? which has most advantage to live in godly largeness of heart. Then 'when thou knowledge is weak. because ye have known. his spring in his yard but a great drought is upon who is indued with the most perfect knowledge. a help is ready to fall in with us. that is. that has his cistern full. Gc.^ledge. to turn \vine. and or as listlessness of spirit in Christians. but withal. and the greatest engagements laid upon him to love the Lord Jesus? which of these have also most in readiness to resist the wiles of the devil. fathers. because ye have known. There is another Christian.34 Tlius I say. because the love of Christ is man that has only from hand to mouth.] For that my and get understanding. thou shalt not stmnble. the land in which they dwell I would now know. iv. upon the objector. and a help in reserve of his love that are knowable. iv. and but weak knowledge. is oft put eternal. me. by returning the knowledge of what he has. not so as the fathers ? The fathers have knoivn and hnmon. and comes off There is love that is not to be apprehended by also. u. 28. And when Moses would speak an endless all to Israel.him then it puts him upon hearty desires that his ing water ? Wh}^ this is the ease in hand. Tliis is the case. . PM. In my father's house is bread enough and to spare. let their temptations be will baffle that weapon the is This therefore Avill. Cln-ist that passeth knowledge. 12. was that that fetched the prodigal home. that makes men fathers in Christianity. For this is a help at hand. Pr. 5. he is more at liberty. as the first. Novv^ if what this man Avhich of these two have the most advantage to live knows already of this love is indeed sweet unto in their own minds at liberty. at hand. and is most at liberty in his mind ? which of these two have the greatest advantage to believe. though my knowledge goest.' I'r. like a spiritual prince.\ii. Lu. : . This is that the love of Christ may be said. how easy is it for him to recover himself from that slander. is should drive me to the worst of fears. there iii. fathei's. There soul may yet know more. how much he may know in : ' : ' . a chris(2. that well for which the Philistines have no heart to strive. . for the comfort and stay of their souls. is at hand. has an unknoAvn deal of money in his trunks. tian. of prayer this in that see therefore you may He prays. why. were hanged on their heels. and to subdue the power and prevalency of corruptions ? 'Tis this. They have known the love of Christ in those degrees of love which are hnoioahle. There is a man with great heartiness to desire to knovr what more has a cistern. For that my knowledge is Or for that. be spare. should induce him to seek yet after more. it will stir him up and far more like a gentleman. But this ignorance of this.I have written irnto you. if the knowledge of what he already has. Paul. 10. upon a threefold account [namely. This is the Christian's rehoboth. is relief THE SAINTS' KNOWLEDGE OE CHRIST'S LOVE. What is the (3. many times. but with an hungry belly Convince a man of this. Get wisdom. Now and their steps shall not be straitened. and that is full of W'ater: there is of this is possible.

li. (4. and then let them down again. notwith- standing what he has attained.' 2Jn. by these things. 9. but it must be fniitful. And knowledge will make ledge of that a very fruitful knowledge. to The love that ]jasseth hnoxdedge. not by them now in heaven And the (in soul) tmtil the day of judgment. He. for wherever God dwells in the degree intended in the text. 18. He. vi ii. there is shewn in an eminent manner. would know. and press forward to that which is before. Full of joy imspeakable. i. it Christ. There is a love of Christ. and that bring glory to God and to religion. There are is a knowledge of the of I hath God he that hath the largest it. to make such an one weary of this M'orld. when I have spoken ledge is empty. but in him. will. I have done. vii. has God much more. as to this reason. the churelies with all the fuluess of God. this day. and fuU 1 Pe. before a day of death. it is difficult to bring his mind to be content to stay here a longer time except he be satisfied that Christ has still i. now do enjoy in heaven. work for him here to do. and abideth not in the doctrine of Christ. Full of joy. it foUows. and since the hio-hest them to know (that is hy ordinary degree of the knowledge of him.* cannot be. it begetteth in Christians a great desire to reach. as I may known as much on earth as is . measure specified by the text. it is attended with the best fruit it . : It fills the soul with the love all the * 'And to know filled which passeth knowledge. sweetened equally wanted now? they were wanted then. or. Is there such breadth. 'hath both the Father and the Son. Full of assm'ance of faith. and to die is gain. and Use First. and length. Full of assurance of hope. yieldeth the best wine fulness of God. v. effects therefore they are. therefore his desires. and in the pursuit after the knowledge of more of the love of Christ. has made them choose a day of judgment.' Phi. that cannot be hicicn. consequently. that they might hnaio. that he may be with him. Fidl of the Holy Ghost. is best gathered from such sayings of the Holy Ghost. in any. are yet kept (dive. I will add. Full of faith. are they not m and makes himself known to us bv the love of —Ed. i. that ye may with all the fulness of God. Ep. if And What this fulness of God should be.THE tills SAINTS' KNOWLEDGE OP CHKIST'S LOVE. he that hath. to draw away itself. according to the text. Being are filled with the spirit. But what a man is he that is filled with all these thino-s! or that is. Even that love of Christ that is absolutely unknowable. what The ' is the riches of the glory of his inlieritance in the But these things dwell not in that saints. ments that can be urged. as I said at first. FuU Col. us such. that cannot be mjoyed . . that their desu-es have say. vi. v. of good works. 1 Jn. as to the utmost bormd thereof I will yet add. at with aU the fuhiess of God ! ' no more. This therefore. 11. and abideth in the doctrine of Christ. Ac. Being fiUed with the knowledge of his 9. when it has possessed even men on eai*th. But until this is not all.of. . that they might know what is beyond that state and knowledge which even the spirits of just men made perfect.) is enough. Ac. hour or two into paradise. that when. Ro. will possessed of it so. cannot be. xt. as we have it in the text. because we shall enjoy or be it is eternal. To such an one. filled. revelations or else taken them up to him for an that if he that has the least sa^sdng knoAvledge of . 53. sL 36. that we by no means capable we be possessed of the heavens. To hioio the love of Clirist that j^ccsseth hwviedge. knowledge of this. such knowledge as the Apostle here speaketh Some know. x. knowledge of love of Christ. 4. whether the belief of this be not one of the highest argu- Full of goodness. i.' for God is not to be foimd nor enjoyed. 4. as come nearest to this. 'to live is Christ. it is fruitfid? And. Ep. 21—23. but I will say. Filled with the fruits of righteousness. 'Whosoever transgresseth. Now. and then. for that is God's. is. . is advantageous upon this account. Did I say. 23. of glory. but those ' because be yet in the nature of it sweet and desirable. of be Clirist How delightfully has Bunyan brought forth the of this important text. when known. no. Wherefore. These things to be sm-e are included either for The cause they the cause or effect of this fulness. 'filled Such men are. 2 Co. 5. I T\nll not say. the heart from things that are below. not attended with that been said. and alone. And God in old time has taken so well at the hands of some of his. and -svith those blessings knowledge is attended. which by Jesus Christ imto the glory aud Phi. hath what from you. they have possible for been so great. by his Holy Spirit. if there were who knmo the love of Christ whidi passeth knowledge. praise of God. imto use of way by this wherewith good.iv. since there are degrees of knowledge of this doctrine. hath not God. 8. men that siceeten churches. this doctrine. is filled with all the fuhiess of God. i. something I have now done. One thing more. And to such an one. is The knowIt These are the wanting in the churches. He felt that those maiTOw who were fiUcJ his day. is to know that means) he has come down to them in visions and he has a Love thai passeth knowledge. Ac.' God is in Christ. a man indeed loveth Christ. 35 life thereof. in langniage.

We may among it. yet Avhat work did that belief . And is there depth. or imagine. but the great good will that is in their heart to Christians devote themselves to the meditation of this so heavenly. 10. the text men of this world. 18. or imagine but the text speaks of a love that is beyond that we can know. even of a love that passeth knowledge consequently of a love that goes beyond aU Besides. Well. believe that your oAvn house is on fire. Ep. make man's heart even so. saith the sinner. saith the sinner. 7. plainly makes it manifest that this meaning which I have put upon the text. therefore think again. A\'hilst your children are fast asleep in bed. and height of the love. It is great. iv. 6. adapted themselves thereunto? to coimt telling over of their to Men do not use Ghost it self: Wherefore let money burthensome Use Third. and most good. can floAv but from what we know. No greater encouragement can be given us. 20. feel. I think. 3C THE SAINTS' KNOWLEDGE OF CHRIST'S LOVE. Who can shew us any good in it? But Lord. : ' Son to us poor miserable sinners. As suppose one of you shoidd. Let us cast ourselves iqyon them. this love. b}' the poAver also. worth able to the most desponding spirit in any man? the putting to the taste to be relished. their evidence managed upon how by some who have and glory of the Holy us study these things. that. What can be more plain ? what can be more fuU? What can be more suitpalated children. their spirit. nor yet the recounting of their grounds. or scrap of this knowledge. Oh. not only the greatness of the majesty of the Father and the Son. there is in God and in his Son. of whom there say as to what I now press you unto. the power. xv. Ps. than can ten ble of danger. Yea. when they increase. and the love of Jesus Christ. as a seal upon thine arm For love is strong as death. ' Amen. well say. yea. xix. Let a man believe he shall be damned. and yields man. it is Why? in tlie study of the unsearchable love of better in soul of God love that passeth knoAvledge. they would like to retain the knowledge of it in their hearts. and men love to think of wonThere is so much profit in it. 'Now unto him. feel. Every . the gods ? Ex. Why they may boldly venture for such an help and relief. Avhether the and passeth by the transgrespardoneth sion of the remnant of his heritage? he retaineth not his anger for ever because he delighteth in mercy. Ps. Fear and trembling as to misery hereafter. the belief of things of a thing Avill say. David also said that liis meditation on the Lord should be sweet. ' 'Who is like thee. Avhere is man. and so comfortable a thing. to think of that which yields them profit. though indeed there were no such thing I will appeal to any of you if this belief would not make notable work with and upon your hearts. God. indeed believed. But. Avhen they speak so largely of the love of Lord. so SAveet. Mi vii. as another is Avanting. towards us. They would cry out as she did of old Set me as a seal upon thy heart.' Song viii. or false. that yieldeth such advantage to the soul? of. believed a in that lie. study that a it is man can devote himself unto . Or. and truth that is in himself. 21. Studies that yield far less profit than this. for us . are glad Avhen they hear of such helps upon AA'hich thousand such things as but now are mentioned. world without end. Avill and much more. The reason is. crumb. though afterAvards it is evident he .' saith he. is to a Christians. subject. no words can sufficiently set forth the greatness of this love of God and his iniquity. when you are at a neighbour's house. and their flocks. Yea. Men that are sensi- Christ to man. He says of the word which is the ground of knowled"-e can do more than thou thinkest he can. the Apostle's conclusion upon this these. ' part. escape. ground for it be true. the Avork. David He can do more than thou knoAvest he will. ' Christ Jesus. upon us. that have strong effects. that or the honey-comb. God has engaged the breadth. worth the gathering up. Why then do not I am cast away. Thou hast put gladness in my heart. 11. as I said. that kindness for the sons of men. is the mind of the Holy Ghost. is more sweetness to the itself. and men love ders. as drops of honey are to sweet- More. many wonders in it. did they know it. than ' to much fine gold ' be desired are they than gold sweeter also than honey . lift thou up the hght of thy countenance I know the wise Avill are many. 7. Avhat the text and about it. close are they pursued. grain. both in the Father and in the Son? Then let us be much in the study and search after This is the sweetest the greatness of this love. dost thou think? why. so goodly. Why. iii. throughout all ages. because belief of heavenly things because true they are the study of the love of God and of Christ to and great. and lengtli and depth. and Christ has loved us with a love that passeth knowledge. for us? toward us love in Christ that passeth knowledge ? Then this shews us. but there are worse thoughts than these. unto him he glory in the church by helpeth trembling and fearful consciences : . according to the power that worketh in us. than is in their berds. more than in the time that their corn and their wine increaseth.: : . / think that my dns are as many .' saith he. Belief propliet has 'Who is a God like unto thee. What It is SAveeter than honey or the honey-comb. they There are so could not but meditate upon it. they would. Use Second. these things are talked them that receive but not believed: did men believe what they their word. g. the Avisdom. Is there so great a heart for love. ' to. and heigtt in God. that is able to do exceeding abundantly above all that we ask or think.

than formerly: every boy now can tdJc but this love of Christ has of the love of Christ else not not been rightly appUed by preachers. see the condescension and the boundlessness of the love of thy God. he has thus largely. more hght about the love of Christ . as to cast ourselves upon this love of God in the times of distress and temptation. says the soul. is above them. Well. doth indeed ask for much. to sink and drown the sinner whose soul he has leave to engage. saith the sinner. expressed his love by his word. I would ask to he saved from my sins I would ask for faith in. saying Satan. What a text is this! God foresaw the sins of his people. though I cannot think that God will save my sins. . now thou tliis hast thought indeed. at times when they picked and paxked together on purpose for the suc' ' and think. I do. will not regard thee? yes. What a God thmk. Well. yet I Avill not yield to thee : for God thought makes thee look more like a devil tlian a man. and thereby cast- ing ourselves upon the love of salvation. says the soul. yea. And albeit. ask. as you see.' or above aU that It is a text made up of words any time.9 the sins of all the uwld. thoughts than at other times they have. if whether when I prav. and love to. that Oh! says the he would but do so much for me as I could ask him to How happy a man should I then be. but there are worse thoughts than this. dost thou not Says Satan. and go hang thyself. and . Sometimes the dejected have worse we ask or think. saith Satan.: THE SAINTS' KNOWLEDGE OF CHRIST'S LOVE. not as I should. that God is able to do all that we can ask or think. but that he interrogatories. rightly received by . with words that could have suited tliee can do more than I think he can. think. thou prayest sometimes. upon the Lord more than we ! He can do abundantly soul. 37 Indeed this is a very fi. saith Satan. and yet because thou art a man and not a devil. that one would think none could find in their heart to abuse. Christ I would ask to be preserved in this evil world. exceeding abundantly above all that or we ask of the subject of our discourse. above aU we can think. though I cannot think that God loves me. Thus this text helpeth. to say nothing . now wiU to I come upon thee with my appeals.' yea. says the soul my yes. yields plenty of help for the relief of such a one. beheve that God is able or willing to bestow upon way be him but mark. This exhortation seems needless. where obstructions are put in against our believing. more than Satan would have him tressed man or woman. Ithink. Christ loves with a love that passeth knowledge. that thou art one of the vilest in the pack of professors ? Says Satan. meaning our thinking at present. . as has been bidden us. meaning above the worst full: and most soul-dejecting thoughts that we have at * exceeding abundantly more. For me . nothmg that is more abused among is this professors this day. ? know that thou hast horribly sinned yes. thyself express what thou wouldest have expressed. I answer. . the greatness of the love thou wantest. take them at their worst times. is able to do above all. that they in the may when midst of their distresses. I will a little further walk and travel with the desponding ones. yea. saith the And now we are at the end of the thing But what shall designed and driven at by Satan. do what wouldest thou ask for. I do. as well as by charging of sin. : cour and relief of the tempted. and answereth him farther. picked and p)Cicked together by the wisdom of God. take up the has of late broke out. that there is be sorry for this wickedness ? No. There God devil. than love of God. till they think themselves down pangs of hell yet this word of the grace of God. I now do. sinner? you may be sure. Hast thou an heart Use Fourth. Llaek thought. cast themselves their God. should after this engaged. And whereas thou appealedst unto me. doth not thy conscience tell thee that thou art and hast been more base than any of thy fellows can imagine thee to be ? Yes. And now I am upon this subject. saith the sinner . Why. says the soul. into the very . says the sinner. make this good use of this doctrine of grace. and Satan should with his and appeals be busy with them to drive them to desperation the text last mentioned. therefore prithee think again. Let us therefore. for the text is yet more He is able to do abundantly more. ! conscience tells me so. Art thou not a graceless wretch ? Yes. yet is not thy heart possessed with a behef that But for all that. Suppose therefore that some disthink. M-ith charges and apphcations of guilt. and ask to be glorified with Christ in heaven. abundantly above aU. but better? for 'tis And ' yet this is not all. so he may follow them with interrogatories and appeals for he can tell how by appeals. God in Christ for we not said he can do above what think. and will put a few words in their mouths for their help against temptations that may come upon them hereafter. that God is twt able to pardon all words of the text against him. and shews that he can yet recover and save these miserable people. Why. or this was never For professors. Says Satan. for love is such a thing. my heart is not possessed with unbelief that God wiU not regard me that shall not sink me neither for God can do abundantly above what I ask or . I am of opinion. dost thou all not know. He that asketh for for all this. For as Satan follows such now. and have we what work the devil would make with their hearts about them. W^hy then despair. and therefore to prevent their ruin by his temptation. Ay. Take heed of abusing this love. the text doth not say. He is oJble to do above all that we thinhl Couldest thou (sinner) if thou hadst been allowed.

way. the Lord is liis name. and to plead "Wliat an unthinking. Is the love of God and of Christ so ? let us then labour to improve it to the utmost for our drances of faith. made menand commended to us ? We are environed with many enemies. of the profane. Imto improve this love for our o>vn advantage.. If the shields of the earth be theLord'sjPs.* Jude speaketh of these people. to make our boast in the Lord iii. receiving of this love of Christ shall be produced. lovers of God.' then shall you show one to another. as now. xvi. God me. tion of. when we are exhorted to rejoice in the Lord. notwithstanding their profession. 4. 2 Co. and became ringleaders See Matt.vi. and our Saviour Jesus Christ. devote yourhis ways. and those hypoa cloak of religion to seiTc a tempo- rary purpose. set this and the safety that is in it. and has bestowed his love that passeth knowledge upon me. as of which it may be said. who can be against me ? He. Pharaoh's chariots and his host hath he cast into the sea . threw iaiquitics. debauchery was who had pnt ou let loose. deny yourselves. death. ii. xliv. it off in the vilest Lord is a man of war. xvi. the make their assaults faith of this. wherefore if God be my helper. that shall be charged with the abuse of Christians. Ex. will support thee in the midst of what dangers is may assault thee. love ? deny the vanities of this present life. there are not degrees in the love of Clod and of Christ to Which makes us 'zealous of good works. and to all men. xii. to abuse yea. but^'tliat right There cannot be wickedness and rage Avrought up a degree.io—12. 14..— Ed. if Christ be my redeemer. 6. deny the great Use Fifth. Now it is a practice among professors to learn to be vile. he and manner came up of naughtiness. and Ro. God and of this world continually with their terror set before you. 11. and went beyond him he coUared with him. ' The . Ps. let not this love of God and all. 5. the world. to abuse It is next sin of all. R3: a thing that no good man world. worketh for my good? This is improving the love of God and of Christ for my advantage. The same com'se should Christians' also take with the degrees of this love. we will turn it the other made a stalldng-horse of love. because the love of Christ to pardon to him. be abused. is our only succour and shelter. either to help or hinder . that they all might be damned. that the men . before thine eyes .' 3Tli. none will be found of worth enough to justify the simplicity of our profession. viii. but had pleasiu-e in imrighteousness. 9. a villany condemned of most inexcusable and of Christ. and cast him down. . overcame him. for here deep calletk unto deep. Bunyan lived in singidarly eventful times. but by manifestation of the truth. shoidd tliink on but with blushing cheeks. the sin of devils to abuse love. for that vileness : Yea.' Tit. u. God. now it is so that the profane do learn to he that made of love a slave to sin. and mito every good work Tit. the devil and the vile of those that profess (Tliey teach the wicked ones their ways :) Je. 43—45. And what can such an one say for himself in the judgment. Phi. that Nay. Ps. Do this. against aU the hin- ver. xviii. this world. For in God there is more than can be in to triumph in Christ . XV. Wherefore our duty and wisdom and privilege is. sco. only Lord God. as one that abused the love of Christ his lusts. love. selves to And what love But how must that be done ? why. To what purpose else is it revealed. and behold upon thee. . what a sins was so great disingenuous one wilt thou be comited at that day yea.' Ex. as one that all proudly against God's people. if God loves me.' 16. ii. walk not in craftiness. They profess. says the Apostle ? ' Because they received not the love of the truth. saith Paid. I say. did match and overmatch him . that they might be saved.ii. that you have not received the grace of God in vain. being abominand disobedient. and will not that be bad ? Kead Eze. Uuder tlie Commonwealth tlie strictest outward morality was enforced But when a licentious monarch was placed upon the throne * a flood of the grossest crites. rage. Wherein Pharaoh dealt And what a thing presumed upon will it be to be turned ! off at last. cannot be overcome. prove it against daily infirmities. 33 rrrace of Christ so THE SAINTS' KNOWLEDGE OF CHRIST'S LOVE. of Christ. and faith in the love of God reprobate. and so endeavour such a closure with this love of God in Christ. the Lord always before our face. when ail degrees of danger to such or such . 31. 51. There is no striving against the Lord that hath loved us there is none that strive against him can prosper. ii. advantage. become and to set For he that can do this thing stedfastly. therefore God shall send them strong delusion that they should believe a lie. as may graciously conproofs of the against all the strain you to do it. deny your lusts. xivii. loves it whUe these things These words. nor handle God's word deceitfully. But love is I say. And this is that which meant. 1. ' that they know ' God able. l Renounce therefore the hidden things of dishonesty. thou wdlt be foimd to be the man that made a rw'ey of love. ! turned into lasciviousness. and destruction. who believed not the truth.! . and tells us that they. xiii. lovers of and 'a people zealous of good works. and if they be against me. the love of of Christ.they sank into the bottom as a stone. but in works they deny Mm. since even aU this also. the Lord was above him. i. even set it commend yourselves to every man's conscience in the sight of God. because. is the 'Tis unnatm-al to abuse love. then he can wield them for the . 8. match it. yea. what disadvantage reap I thereby. improve it against improve it against the the wiles of the devil threats.

Make this love of God and of Christ thine own. ii. be fruitless. imknown. God as thou love. 8. and that goes beyond all measure also. give not over until this be made thine own untd. but that thou This text looks as if it favoured the Sociuians. that living a holy life is the way. if indeed you You must not be shaken as to it. comfortable. improve this shouldest. engaging knowledge yea. and so to be above strength. after a man And has Oh. which God is the rule by which thou must walk. you must take root it with a soul-strengthening. 'And thou Solomon. 14. here it may not be amiss. Father's commandments and abide The meaning then is this. and to go be3^ond measure. is away with love. that carried captivated with love. Therefore let is him speak of love that that of is taken with love. cause. and begin to drive thee to despair of life : love stripped him of all for my sake . and soid-encouraging and be grounded in love that is.iv. and lastly. and not another's. then thou wilt know Counsel Fourth. or honour God in the world. joyful I He life. in love unfeigned ? This is the way to improve the love of God for thy advantage. . as to thee. and stabhshed would improve it. thou fnd and feel it to that . not for the profane. K this man speaks . This slioidd is christian. .' JudeSi. and say. And that bethat thou wouldest indeed so do. Keep. Christian. Woiddst thou improve this love ? then set it against the love of all other things settled. and that will improve Wherefore. like a parable in the mouth of fools. If ye keep my comin it. his speaking signifies something the powers. and for such a thing. if the miseries. if I add to these. and I will love him his Christ? : not For such waver. for these Epliesians. ^^^3y then thou must labour after the knowledge of it. I am a son of an object of love. 'Tis an odious thing to hear men in love ? walk of base lives talking of the love of God. as was said before. savour and comfort of the love of God. my son. 39 safegaard of his body the church or if they are become incapable of being made use of any longer in that vray. can he not lay them aside. and of the glorious grace that is presented unto sinners by the word of the truth of the gospel. of doctrine. Praise is comely for the upright. and fear when can he sv perfect in love. and * that can do exceeding abundantly above all that we ask or think. me of all for thy sake. good ointment. 9. keep thyself in it.' Now God hath set them one against the other. it. is not capable as yet. ' Jn. He loves me. Know it. love unsearchable.' iJn. Let me then say to thee. ' have kept my labour after the knowledge of the favour of this in his love. believed unto justification. but He loves me. 3 Co.i. or as love of Wherefore. though it be easy. you must be well . they are not empty notions that I press thee to rest in. lo. oi distinguishing love. Then. that fearcth is 'he and tempted. ii. Counsel Second.i8. To him that ordereth his conversation aiigU. V. or afflictions which thou meetest Avith. Avhich the Apostle calleth the favour of the knowledge of this Lord Jesus. 'Keep yourselves in the 1 Ch. But. yet you shall find the practical part more difficidt wherefore. Empty notions of this love will do nothing but harm. good as he should.. he loves me with love that passeth knowledge. and make himself new ones ? Men can do after this manner. and of Christ. knowledge. is to David. Then thou wilt know it with an obliging and this love to thyself indeed. to Peter and Paul. Song 3. Counsel Tliird. for the subduing of thy passions. that which is above. for this is the way to improve this love. by the shedding of it abroad by the spirit that God hath given thee.' Ps. if thou wilt But do good to thyself. and then it will preserve and keep thee. and for sanctifyinoof thy nature. thus to admonish you to do. thou will there are that can talk largely of the love of to Abraham. i. know thou the God of thy father. and he shews to aU that he knows what he is speaking of. to keep himself in the ii. Uve a very holy life. This was it that the Apostle prayed for. and this is that that thou must labour after. thee as thou wouldest.23. ' THE SAINTS' KNOWLEDGE OP CHRIST'S LOVE. ye shall abide in my love : even as I love of God. then thou hast also. Pr. and bands of love are upon him. as David to his son Solomon. why any thing have my heart but God. much more God. even imtil this love shall conquer thy sold from the love of must be well acquainted with for he that These you is but a them to itself. 17. and of : love that passeth knowledge I and why should not 2 Co. if thou shall want the savour of it. in love to men in holy love. or else thy reading and my vmting. In love to God. iii. but there is nothing of that And so doth that. Do it therefore. above measure. that must . Many i. imtil it becometh sioeet or pleasant to thy sold. the doctrine and grounds of child in this in this love. Lord let my love strip love. nor falling in with these exhortations: made improve it for himself and soul's : Coutiscl Fifth. Wouldst thou improve this love of God and of Christ to thy advantage. shew the salvation of God. If thou wouldest improve this salt unsavory. not the thing. in the love of God. would live a sweet. Counsel First. lo. is in the mouth of the profane. seem to thee to overflow. oi free love. : £p. 5. will love ' nm warm in thy heart there. of the death of Christ. and 'twill be thy v/^isdom to do so too. But the very mentioning of love. xxviii. another head of counsel. to this end. oi loecvliar love. . mandments. a monument of love. will. and he shall have me he loves me. To this end. wherefore. to wit. This is the way to improve no. xv. soon want tenderness to the commandment. whatsoever. But again.

and greaten their their further condemnation. who while picking up the crumbs. all will but aggravate. . they shall walk without the sun. * 'Bits and knocks. Something now tliis for a conclusion should be spoken of to the carnal world. rejoice at the sweet aU clearness upon your hearts. a bite and a buffet or knock with it. not only because thou art willing to but because there are [those] that are willing thou shouldest to wit. and they should scorn sin. who have heard me teU shall I say unto aU If I But what them? should speak to them. and pleasant face and know .comfort by bits and knocks * while others sit at rtheir father's table.' this phrase to a is now obsolete: it alludes dog at table. can take hut little There is a great mystery in comfort in this love. world without end. and they should not hear . and they are the Father and the Son. he will pardon them for hut they shall have hut little comwhat he hath done. love. those unto whom the issues from . yea. i . and shall say to him that saved. and tend to And I Nor shall they have their evidences for heaven at hand. with wine-cellar. doth. Sinner. me .— 40 THE SAINTS' KNOWLEDGE OF CHRIST'S LOVE. often gets death do belong. or intreat them. and not holy in their his Son's sake fort of : of their heavenly Father towards them it shall go well with them at the end. nor out of doubt with them. therefore I shall leave the obstinate where found him. and will do for them that are careless. Amen. and have their . neighbour. Ed. and evidences that God hath given you of your call to be partakers of this love. them without their works. or a proof that they are true and good. is willing to be thou hast the advantage of thy live. but stOl perseveres. have liberty to go into the lives. He will justify the way of God with his people. and in your minds. to whom be glory with the blessed Spirit of Q-race. carnal. For he that wants a sight of them. those grouuds. and they should not believe . or if I should testify unto them.

hturgies. which was also cherished by his mouth. 1691 for in their anger they slew a man. AND HIS RUIN: THE SLAYING THE WITNESSES. must be consumed with an ever. be not thou united appeared in a collection of his works in foho. or temporal governsubmission to any authority in the spiritual kingdom ments." 2 Th. and if knowingly persevered in. a Tudor. saith the Lord. however invisible in its operation.! :. . The dread enemy may yet appear F in a different . In Bunyan's tune great cruelties were practised Antichrist has agitated the christian world from to compel imiformity. 8. is spiri- of worship. of God." said the Redeemer: and his followers gation and conviction of the holy oracles to refuse dare not render mito Caesar. tlwi leaven which must lasting destruction. Antichrist will spread his and the church be influence over the whole earth . imto mine honour. They have been robbed incarcerated in dungeons i-acked and tormented transported drowned hung or burned. see the last pagel VOL. By JOHN BUNYAjN. These cruelties are thy cursed deeds. in anything connected with reonly lawgiver in his church to refuse obedience ligion. whose creed and cruel death. This idea. OF ANTICHRIST.. or modes left tlie by author. — — to human laws in the great concern of salvation and of worship. the thi'ee Hebrew youths. at his decease.be God. suft'er personal violence. brought down denunciations upon them. conviction. It first their assembly. a Bourbon. The most frightful atrocities have been committed upon the most peaceful and valuable members of society because they valued their soul's peace in preference to temporal advantages. meekness. or a Stuart to be influenced by the spirit which animated Daniel. deserves careful consideration in his community. and others. and they were called Antichristian but alas the sincere disciples of Jesus have ever known and FELT who and what is Antichrist. for refusing obedience to humazi laws that interfere " My kingdom is not of has ever been opposed to the sincei-e disciples of with religious worship. ir. . ii. .vfhile we keep in mind. To that absm-d shrine many the earliest ages and his craft has been to mislead thousand invaluable lives were sacrificed. a Nebuchadnezzar. Antichrist can no longer put the Christian to a The mass of professed Christians. persuasion. To imbibe every principle from investi. ' ' Bunyan's expression. and the martyrs. — — — given way but the olden cruelties have to the spread of the gospel. No paper-ioinJcers " * can hide spread. is Antichrist : whom to obey. the kingdom of Christ is love. by fixing upon the humble follow. the supreme head and Human coercion. and come not thou into their secret. in the hearts of whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of behevers. Cursed be and although a subject of universal interest most their anger. ers of the Lamb liis own opprobrious proper name. . Christ. this truth from the enlightened regenerated mind. — — . AU who are found partakers Dr. and The Christian who dares not obey holy faith. "Come out from among them and be ye separate. Should the wicked spirit of persecution still hght its unhallowed fii'e in any sect may heaven forgive and convert such misguided men. This important treatise was prepared for the press. for " admirably elucidated no edition has been pubhshed it was cruel! in a separate form. except it is to Christ. whether those laws or decrees emanate tual desolation." . forbearance. whether it imposes creeds. PEEFATOEY EEMARKS BY THE EDITOE. whole earth shall be leavened.this world. It very rarely sends one to prison mode of worship have been provided by hinnan laws. from a Darius. before the divine wrath shaUconsumeallthat pertains to Antichrist.. The Great God has decreed thy downfall and ruin " That wicked . Buuyan conceives that previous to the universal writing against thee is exhibited in blood-stained and indehble characters. in some coimtries. that happier days have dawned upon us. Antichrist! The hand — leads to death. Blessed the thoughtless. of his surviving friends for pubheation. for it was fierce and their wrath.hidden from outward observation. Antichrist : may still. Gill. to the care " my soul. that which belongs exclusively to God. On the contrary. until the — triumphs of the Saviour.

even whosoever will not do the law of thy God. for the house of their God which is in Jerusalem That thou mayst buy speedily with this money bullocks. you with a copy of the letter at large. which the king and his counsellors have freely offered unto the God of to . which are minded of their own free-will to go up to Jerusalem. Whatsoever is commanded by the God of heaven. that all they of the people of Israel. after the wisdom of thy God. " Glory to God in the highest. and of his seven counsellors. tribute. and with a brief note upon ' And It is that in the seventh of Ezra 26 : and their drink-offerings.. to. 11-26. or ministers of this House of God.&Ezr. Artaxerxes the king. which has so long oppressed them . that they made proclamation to them to go home. bestow it out of the king's treasure-house. or to imprisonment. that whatI law of the be done Unto an hundred talents of silver. or to banishment. every Dagon must fall before it. other opposing systems." that opposes is doomed George Offor. and of the priests.xxx. Generally. it death. both comfortable and shai-p. After that God had delivered Babylon a'nd her king into the hands of the kings of the Medes and Persians. Particularly. The vessels also that are given thee for the service of the house of thy God. Forasmuch as thou art sent of the king. according to the law of thy God which is in thine hand And to carry the silver and gold. and to an himdred baths of oil. Every heart will be subdued by that blessed knowledge. go \nth thee. 'Artaxerxcs. and tyranny. and worship their to his own God according But because I own law.i. all such as know the laws of thy God. fanaticism. and the law of the king. then shall be realized the heavenly anthem.' :: 42 sliape to A PllEMONITION TO THE HEADER. the silver and gold that thou canst find And in all This is the letter . content myself with one. or to confiscation of goods. &e. the scribe of the Ezra the God of heaven. from For though their long and tedious captivity: Nebuchadnezzar and his sons did tyrannically enslave. Secondly. lambs. And I. and perverted reason as- sume the place all its irresistible Through this and of Antichrist. and gave him leave to go Jerusalem to build the temple. salem. those deliver thou And whatsoever before the God of Jerusalem. the province of Babylon.6. good to ruin ! will towards men. a scribe of the law of the God of heaven. 2Ch. or to imprisonment. that touching any of the priests and levites. let judgment be executed speedily upon him. and to thy brethren. Ezra. and speedily. when he granted his petition. to an hundred measures of wheat. or to banishment. with i\\Q free-will-oflPering of the people. which may judge all the people that are beyond the river. with their meat-offerings and build their city. I shall here present but sharp unto his enemies. and offer them upon the altar of the house of your God which is in JeruAnd vrhatsoever shall seem good to thee. upon them. it shall not be lawful to impose toll. shall throw off the absurdities and disgraceful trammels of hypocrisy. more shall be needful for the house of thy God. do make a decree to all the treasurers which are beyond the river. unto Ezra the priest. or to confiscation of goods. let it be diligently done for the house of the God of heaven for why should there be wrath against the realm of the king and his sons? Also we certify you. This is the conclusion of a letter that king Artaxerxes gave to Ezra the priest and scribe. and salt without prescribing how much. ' [Ezr. that is in thine hand. all whose habitation is in Jerusalem. singers. perfect I make a decree. porters. and of his priests and Icvitcs. and now for the scope thereof. offering willingly this Generally. peace. then began the liberty of the Jews. shall require of you. and to an hundred baths of wine. there may be experienced a vast overflowing of infidehty. in my realm. that do after the will of your God. temple. in would not be tedious enumerating instances for the clearing of this. to inquire concerning Judah and Jerusalem. which has the promise of the life that now is as well as of that Bloodless victory The ark which is to come. nethinims. let judgment be executed speedily upon him. and on earth peace. and at such a time. . rams. Christianity must make progress: all by the Great God. and to offer sacrifice there to the God whose house is in Jerusalem. or custom. to do with the rest of the silver and the gold. When mankind.] Israel. set magistrates and judges. First. And a conclusion it was. whether it he to death. any tliat lie has hitherto assumed. whether it be unto soever priest. And whosoever wiU not do the law of thy God. and hold them under yet so wrought God with the hearts of those kings that succeeded them. A PREMONITION TO THE EEADEE. by the spread of knowledge. The general scope of the letter is A grant given by the king to Ezra the : . and teach ye them that know them not. which thou shalt have occasion to bestow. king of kings. and the law of the king. comfortable to Ezra and his companions. being exhibited. And thou. therefore I will it.

their temple. nethinims. I conclude. of kings. But you I threatening and the upon what then was the to pimish grounded ? answer. what was wanting in order to the temple and worship of God there. <tc. of Israel. as they find And if all wit. but left ' king imposed no law. or ministers. or custom. Hence. to wit. not by putting their hand thereto.buHding of their temple. but left every Sixthly. hut further this work. That they should teach it to them that which the king gave to Ezra and his brethren to knew it not. according to the penalties thereof: And he of the king's officers. and at such a I make a decree. and wheat. for then. 1. 3. this was granted by the king. he gave them ence to their building. nothing be done therein. according to the law of his Also when they went God. silver. with referFifthly. mato Ezra the priest.) but that that the king concluded they should be governed they should speedily give him such things which the king had commanded. That they should not impose toU.God.A PREMONITION TO THE READER. in thek own laud. without the additions of . to do judgment if they should hinder it.own land. Fourthly. after the wisdom of his God that was in his hand . v/ith reference to the king's threat and commandment God they should. And lastly. Yea. rams. was large . that it m the law of then. First. God of heaven. silver. that in Jerusalem. was in his king's laws. or kings would but give such liberty. As to the king's liberality towards the it building of this house. and offer sacrifice in it according to With commissions annexed theremito. or to imprisonment. in my realm. which might judo-e all commanded they should. should be pimished by the the law of the Lord. : 2. treasm-ers and governors on that side the river. and the worship of their God. As to the manner of the grant added. might He would hinder none. : He gave own land left by the king to be punished by the same law. but would by his royal power. the king's threat and command to do judgment forbear. With reference to the king's charge to his officers that were thereabout. not to their : land. go thither. all was to be done according as was commanded by the God of heaven ver. He added not any law therefore of his own. . As to their building. he was to inquire concerning Judah and Jerusalem. As to the way that the king concluded they should be governed in their own land. that refused to do the king's laws. and temple worship. not to and wine. and : his seven coimsellors. bullocks. and oil. 3. to do thereabout as they would. whether unto death or imto banishment. command He of the Jews. to wit. it was by their own laws yea. Tliirdly. and salt ver. especially to rules it was to be bestowed. when he was come to Jerusalem. to Jew to his own choice. no. go v^-ith thee. singers. and to sacrifice there. He law forced not THIS people. rebelled against about to build. to further the work with such things as hy the king was particularly. The words are these Artaxerxes. and their o^\^l people AU which were the laws of God. 18. 23. will say. do with it according to the law of his God. to the king's grant. oil. which was in his hand.encom-agement and to do therewith. reference Secondly. ver. the priests of God. . and way of worship there. Further. force none. their . But we wiU consider the matter 1. As to the way Ezra. gold. and that would yet exact such customs and tributes as the king forbade. to will. theu' own ministers. word. a scribe of the law and the king. 5. to 43 go to Jcnisaleni. tribute. Pabticularly. that refused to give the Jews such things as the king commanded. vv-hich did know the law of his God : Also the king : ' of the time. whether he woidd go. porters. their priests and levites. a charge not to hinder. 6. or wit. That all they of the captive Jews. is. ver. nor then.worship. 17. As to the manner of the grant that the levites. 4. or to enforce it upon the Jews. perfect peace. ECiibe. and salt. and build there tlie temple of God. to tlie law : the king's lieutenants. according to the law of his God. 13. As to the king's grant. the people. 20—23. was to but left them free to their o^\^l mind. And now we come to the conclusion. and by what (that was to be left to the Jews alone. that would return to then. Thus gracious then was the king: He made a decree. to do as they would. 23. \A\h. To With reference to the king's Uberality and gifts further this work. as by the law of their hinder Ezra in his work. king gave to Ezra and his brethi'en to go to build. the people of God. no but left them wholly to their own law. 2. set magistrates and judges. king on them that obeyed not the law of Ezra's God. either to prescribe worship. ver. to God's people should be directed in their temple-building. ver. give no orders how in particular things should be bestowed. only he bid him make them such. as to then. upon the priests. which loas in his Imnds. to build their temple. lambs with wheat. and q/'his priests and levites. hut according to the law of the God of Ezra. or xmto confiscation of goods. That this people upon these Jews . and way of worship. by his or them free. upon a supposed breach of two laws. As to the knag's officers. which are minded of their o^vn free-will to go up to Jerusalem. and to sacrifice. it was such an one as forced none. priest. but left all that to Ezra the wine. &e. no priest. towards the building of the temple. that all they of the people Considering what hath been said before. 14. he did bid Ezra the priest.

religion of his own . which has made void. tise the king by the God of heaven. or go about to revenge their OAvn injuries. we are his servants. and crack. that therefore their dehverance must be work that that this letter of the king might be considered of. and Avhen the time comes that grace must fetch them out. and of of his oynx incomes. had their goods con. and patiently ihe. and sacrificing by. or to work their own dehverances. and custom from them. chap. . But Ave may see what the I it of them bear fruits of their own transgressions. who thus did: Because he gave this leave and license to the Jews. fado. in we shall never complain. — When God had his people into Babylon of old. iv.had more favour formerly. had then recently passed. not but that God will make that horn also one of them (in his time) that (indeed) shall hate the so their sins can hold according to this scripture. . and sacrifices. the law of God.. to square and govern ourselves in Nor will they do temple-work. of whom mention is made before nor is it. to be discontent at that AAdiich at Methinks he should have a and that.. . them them there yea. transportation. most profited them. And when we by do the contrary. As the sins of God's people brought . heaven rules and over-rules and by one means and another. To quietness: woman sitteth. : . would have been hanged. so it came Avhore. and by the Five Mile Act one word more to wit. that should hinder this work. ho spake reverently of the God of Israel. not that of the Jews. and also to the impairing of his wisdom. ijjso . let me also add The absurd Charles II. into captivity . Tlie Imo of God. This therefore shovdd instruct those that yet dwell Avhere the upon the caiulour of king Artaxerxes. and several other kings but that will not prove that Avaiteth to be gracious. the law of the king. This also should teach them to be paiient. patiently let let may Let them wait upon God. And is there nothing noAv to be seen by them that are not yet dehvered from that oppression. 27. as he never shewed them in their own country. nor has he missed the : his temple-worship. upon pain of imprisoumeut. when they will neither let. them wait upon men. and he will do it by the kings Nor is he weak. 41 : A PREMONITION TO THE READER. and when this trea- was written. and dr. banished. and break their patience. it desolated the country. while they cry. of heaven.ith ! ! he presented them with such rarities there. we desire only prison ! there Avas an Artaxerxes that put a stop to this of God. nor the law of the king take place Not the law of God for that they will not leave us to that. or their bodies shut up in The which Ave desire not . in a sense. in the way that best but because themselves can do. it is pose of things. which this brave king Artaxerxes laid upon his how many of the enemies of the Jews. • driven as prisoners to houses and villages five miles from a market-town. . proselyted to the Jews rehgion. tribute. and by and as we are his subjects . and a daily increase thei'eof be not given by the God . if a continual supply. . as did also opportunity . whatever law to do so too. As God therefore did fore ariseth not of nature • xiv. and we left to do as is there licensed and directed . present is upon the wheel. is enough to try. . I woidd touch once again this founded those that were their implacable enemies. before this time. yet the oxen that draAv this cart may stumble and the Avay through roughness. Only I cannot but observe how prettily it is done of some. was put : into the heart of ver. . act to compel uniformity in modes of worship. think. they will force us pleased God. 'tis evident because he took off toll. and he also was of the kings had destroyed the Babylonians for it doth not foUoAV. their saviours to ease them of those distresses. take ofi^ the yoke. to distress his wicked kings of Babychurch and people for their sins he put it into the hearts of the kings of the Medes and Persians. to quietness and patience. to Indeed. An amazin'^ number of godly ministers were driven from their pulpits projcribed from preaching or teaching. ignorance and revenge withal. to exhort them to look that they may see that Avhich God at present may be doing among the Babylonians. For God rules. That his incomes were impaired. may shake it sorely. let us be punished the law of God. and has the disBesides. for that is the work of God. patiently. into the hearts of the lon. fiscated to the king. HoAvever. and that most con- Before I leave this. he was adapted to that rehgion. of Avhom we read in the beginning of this history. Lord can do . as the captivity of Israel did seem to linger. nor doth he sleep but Avaketh. that he did exact their brethren. : .* is against the word of God out at the time appointed . that may !—Ed. and put them upon bearing Avhat at present they undergo. The protestants completed Avithout stop or let. for thus to do. a kind of arraigning yea. This thereno more did the kindness of Cyrus or Darius. France. Indeed. And before I do conclude this. and The law of the hing. than from their prince they at this time have yet I doubt . who urge this text to colour their mahce. as the law of the king. because God hath begun to deliver his people. Above all. which though they shoidd be none other but a deferring of the mercy wished for. as we read of. contrary (if he had any) to his own national worship . to be believed. because he Avas a Gentile and not. who were to be. it displeases him that any should seek. and let them go free. put so it man's inventions And if all kings did but lay tlie same penalty upon them of their pretended servants.

Jehoshapliat and Hezekiah did both sometimes bring trouble: 2 Ch. and service this been the cause of J. is. — I shall say no more. ii. or of shutting : ' your eyes upon yoiu* own guilt his sins. particular are the sins or repentances of his people. sweetly ended their Clarke's Martyrologij. to shut their eyes upon their owti guilt. impenitent. that most members. A word of caution. Take heed of over-looking. as the sinners of his people they be and can save his church. First. Farewell. . xiv.io. God. Take heed in laying the cause of your troubles in the badness of the temper of governors. in his hand. who seldom .) My Secoiul I. without letting of them be sharers So he served many in the wilin that salvation derness and 'tis to be feared. Antichrist is so 2^^oud as to go before so huniLle as to pretend to come after him. And so these godly martyrs. OF ANTICHEIST. and are as if they would : . seldom. praying and praising lives in the flames at Smithfield. trouble churches of their o^vn inclinations (I say. and amendment of life. Take heed. is that mystery of iniquity. that Antichrist. for some have done so.— — . make earth. and ments of others : . AND HIS RUIN. so remiss have churches been in instructing those that they have received into fellowship with them and so careless have the received been. 35. but to testify to my loyalty wth Amen. and thus did Darius. and such providences. is baffling and befooUng the enemies of God's church nothing? In the Marjan days here at home. i Sa. : . he can cut off such objectors. there was such give sons. my love for my country. when they find repentance is far from them. This twenty years ciples. xxii. and that is by repentIf any object. that coals of burning fire still dropped here and there upon the heads of those that hated God that it might. my brethren. trouble of the chm'ch of God at the doors of gover- especially at the doors of kings. Antichrist is one that is against Christ one that is for Antichkist . and doubtless did make those that did wisely consider of God's doings. to think and professions. that congregations need reforming. both as to religion and civil demeanour Yea.' ' God help many to at the do^^^lfall of Antichrist. .7. Ed.duty. in some places. Ahab brought enlai-gemcnt. shall not prosper. p. is preservation nothing? What. them occasion to stay themselves and wonder! What. and contrary to him in Christ. we must mind Further. I speak not now with reflection upon any. and with a state of impeniBut I advise you to take heed of this. 23. speak to them. as will stand with that course of sin which is got into their families. That's no thanks to them besides. so he will serve if . even of the worst of men. with. has present scribble. . such sweet notes answering them from prison. of laying of the and as to practice and have grown at last into an amazing likeness to the world. Bcxyax. lay not the cause of your trouble there . 2. people. first with a word of counsel. the church either happy or miserable upon I we have been degenerating.Ti. as Pharaoh:) But I say. ministers need refonning. . and all the people one consent said. and for. xk. for oftentimes they see with other men's eyes. is the way to hasten the downfall of sometimes brought enlargement to the churches of God: Saul brought enlargement.) Against him in deed. say therefore. I may say. of considering the grounds of their coming into churches. and those churches stand with their fingers in their mouths. embraced and prayed for and with the martyrs. the good or bad tempers of men sway nothing with God in this matter they . nors . 7.to see the true cause which is sin and to attain to a fitness to be delivered out thence. him in word. That ance. both as to prin. a despised and afflicted I conclude then. Good tempered men have sometimes brought trouble and had tem2)ered men have . is. and then with a word of caution. excepting tence : those concerned in this caution : God is the chief. 2. and xxxu. 1 Ki. my officers. Thine in the Lord. nor once say. and to please themselves with such notions of dehverance from present troubles. to the astonishment of the my king. and xx. God oft-times delivers his of mere grace: I answer. durst not. When God comes to save his om. and one that is contrary to him : (And this Christ . a friend pretendedly: So then. David brought trouble: 2Sa. 45 sweet songs sung in the fire. .*' near. when he cast Daniel into the lions' den: with other men's ears. not. an adveris the adversary of Christ sary really.xii. 29. 25. seem now to be at a loss yea. or could not help it. xxi. Let us mend our pace in the way of refor- mation. Therefore. of trouble. them. Da. and has the hearts of all. perIt is incident to * VVheu seveu members of the til'st disseutiug ehiircli in London were burned. when he killed the priests of the Lord l Sa. hear ad and do by the judg(Thus did Saul. But the church pressed through the officers. for 2?radice. should pray for them. 500 and 516. a proclamation was made tliat no one But rather labom. 2 Tli. there are but few church-members but need reforming. OF ANTICHRIST. ' He that covereth some men. God was yet people.

and exacting. even in the church of the church of sit more internal aud so there is the spirit. and so came in by flatteries promising to do for Christ and his church. ii. God did willingly Not that admit him there to . AND HIS liimsclf is lie. one man of sin. or may be considered either more parti1. for the traditions above all that is written. as assish a creatm'e as) that on which Baalam was wont to ride And by this exaltation he became not only more stately. or life also the Lody and flesh of Antichrist. that wicked spirit of iniquity. IIUIN. is. was. iv. ride on. spii'it. Antichrist is the son two bodies set before by these two spirits. outrageous. that with good words and fair speeches. The body or flesh of Antichrist. Christ prefcrreth his Father's will above heaven white by suffering mider his tyranny. one son of perdition. like a lamh. tJiat wicked. ' standard-bearer faintcth. The or sovl. there came with him so many locusts to usher him into the house of God. and in appearance. Christ is content to rule by his word Antichrist Christ is : The reason why Christ came into the world. a mystical man.3. [that] hath two horns the heads of those up Christ . Re.. and made saith. Antichrist must be distinguished. xUi. the Holy Ghost is the is . and external parts . spirit of life that act[uat]eth Christ's body . Antichrist will cry the son ofj^eixlUion. he had covered his cloven-foot he had jplumhs in his dragon's mouth. more generally. The devil then. body. far. ii. is the soul of the head of his church. of the moon. beyond (though as to nature. 3. Antichrist therefore is or begotten of the devil. Three things therefore go to the making up of Antichrist. a Christ of Hell. there he first sat. the head of Anticlirist sumptuous glory. But God will destroy both sold and body He shall consume the glory of his forest. that which he never meant to perform. : : struction. but the horns of the beast would push for him. hearts to shut the door upon such an one ? he came. i Jn. True. xix. even the chief. God 7. as the Apostle plainly shews. aud set him up. Christ sceketh the good of the soul: Antichrist seeks his own avarice and revenge. or worshipped. that had they [the church] been upon their watch. great one. ' is. and of his fruitful field. God . For he shewed himself that he was God. the devil the body of Christ the elect are the reprobate professors are the body of Antichrist. xxviii 3—6. that under colour and pretence of verity. before they were head . ii. whereby they lay in wait to deceive. so made. Re. is that w^hich act[uat]eth Thus therefore are the the body of Antichrist. and made The devil is is Jie is the him a aware. appeared there where would first one he he came. out of the bottombut there came such a smoke out thence less-pit with him. one great whore. 2 Th. wdio are Anticlii-ist is the inian of sin. 2. and soul. and that smoke so darkened the light of the sun. Besides. even to the flesh) and they shall be (both soul and body) as when a . of the stars. And who could have foimd in their Eze. made use of the church of God And so the many maketh but one ii. which is the body of Christ. More particularly: i Jn. is that spirit of error. i Jn. thai mystery of iniquity. A PARTICULAR DESCRIPTION OP ANTICHRIST. himself down Christ: Antichrist will proclaim that two great mighties set forth before us. or Hfe of Antichrist. . That he might destroy all the works of the head of Antichrist. and they so suited the flesh aud reason of the godly of that day. with respect to his appearance. hut speaks as a dragon. He quickly got him a beast to that wicked spirit of iniquity. iii. is Ec. they could not have perceived him from another man. . v/ho are to be act[uat]ed meek. . the head. The word is not sufficient. to midwife this great Antichrist. is one ahove Christ. Antichrist was admitted to come God. and of the day. his wicked spirit ivorking in Antichrist And the reason why came mto the world. by 8. aud for the punishment of the But when world. are rules as and laws such Christ has given us helpful and healthful to the soid: Antichrist have thought there had been no place nor corner sceketh to abuse those rules to our hurt and de. when he came thither. Re. xvii. both soul and body: (or from the soul. thai Christ then the body Further. that synagogue of Satan that is acted and governed by that spirit. 18. one enemy. by their crafty and cmias such . 46 and so audacious as to say that Anticlirist will cry OF ANTICHEIST. 2 4. might be tried. Here therefore was his : first Again. 2. and sent into the world. For. himself being the chief and highest of him. 2. ning sleights. Vv'HERE ANTICHRIST FIRST APPEARED. and 2 Tii. for : . they quite got him in. hiinself. that assembly of the wicked. the Son of holy. is that heap of men. and they which he endeavom*eth to complete his body. that Antichrist. the synagogue of Satan. ix.for his reception. set his heart to do as the heart of God. Antichrist cularly. or that is called trial of the faithful. x. 3. skewing Th ii. monster mto the world. And More so there are generally: many Antichrists. and forbearing: Antichrist is wicked. two bodies and thus are these heast. us. was. That the chm-eh. as they were not. and by bearand earth Antichrist prefcrreth hhnself and his ing witness against his falsehoods. . draweth men from truth to falsehood. soul. 3— c.

to wit.xvii. and the beast. and so will be till she shall fall into the hands of the strong Lord. ii. yet must but until the ivhole is rooted out of the world. The Lord shall and that he goeth into perdition: Ee. But how shall Christ by the fallen angels. whether she will or no. mouth. fornications. . than to live with such comAnd so 'tis still with them where she yet pany. a man. and chose rather to die. This we have in the words of Paul : 'For (saith he) the mystery of iniquity (the spirit of Antichrist) doth already work : only he let. s. and the Lord shall of his coming. because he knowcth that he hath but a short time. This world. . with reference to his more subtil and spiritual part. and of the evil of their doings yet Avould she be audacious. AXD HOW. who now letteth. wherefore when it is empty. like these beasts. gave her their troth. Also the church of God believes it. Nor can all christ be taken av/ay.: ' . defiled themselves with the filthiness of her that with such instruments and weapons of God's indignation. not only was said. had a tune to come into to help Christians to begin to bear witness against the world. or that spirit of him in all his works of mischief must be consumed by the spirit of Christ's mouth. shall be made use of for the destroying of it. as coming. that they shall not rest till he by . who will judge her according to her ways. And then shall that wicked be revealed. was drunken also. as is implied by this.is. not only his presence. as to his soul. with all the members and limbs this rod. By the brightness of his GF THE EUIN OF ANTICHRIST. when he came into the had the art of metamorphosing. that wicked one. The sword Re. into a beast. the heart and soul of Antichrist. and wherefore they went to her into the bed of love. cause that this their brat should this wicked. whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth.ii. and of martyrs of Jesus. so he shall be made a hand of. Now when. after the manner or attire of harlots. not.) . THE SOUL OF IT DESTROYED. (as we read in the book of Psalms: kxx. I say. and belch out their OAvn shame. Besides. And this therefore. or life of Antiwell as come according to that will. that consume him with the spirit of his . and so manage understandeth very well: Wherefore the Holy in this work. And this the head of Antichrist his church the which he will use. Antichrist. spirit. B}he be subject to the Mill of God. That her fornications are in a cup she has therefore but her cup to be drank out. the text says plainly. And that she must do. in the sight of them that were sober: Wherefore they cried out upon such doings. hoth in form and shape. and of the sea for the devil is come down unto you. and gave them out of her golden cup of of the which they the wine of her fornication bibbed till they were drmiken and then. Re xii. and lay in their bosoms.of it and such weapons as are best for the destroying shall of his body. Also this woman had now arrayed herself in flesh-iaJdng ornaments. and was decked with gold. sitteth. and so must have a time to go out again some parts and pieces of the errors of Antichrist. in requital. 'Woe to the inhabiters of the earth. till she. OF ANTICHRIST. must the soul. 16. or spirit of his mouth. 4. s^oirit of his mouth. lips ' is. revel. sword. And ' also. roar. is I understand Avord and which : ' called ' The ' breath of his of his mouth. of the colour of purple and scarlet. and became her took up helmet and Such weapons as are best his soiil. 7. and be destroyed by the brightness of his error that governs coming. Now when they were drunken. they did as drunkards do. as tells referring to the mystery or sjoint of iniquity. cried out of her shame. as best shall be suited to his several parts. . Thus came she to them. or woman and the kings of the earth. and some of the chief of his followers. that comes out of the wood to devour the church of God. 3 Th. they also gave her of such liquors as they could. and could . . and destroy him.' I also understand. ' us. and must go as this. For although he saith that he is a God. . 47 man of sin. but an increase of light by his presence . Imsbands. IIIS RUIN. for the destroying of and stood to defend her yea. ' 2 Th. ii. and precious stones. The Apostle here treateth of Antichrist. shall not be able to pay the shot. consmne Not b}of Antichrist. that all the clothes on her back. and shall destroy him with the brightness Now. having great wrath. loill he be taken out of the way. to drink of the blood of saints. by the his holy loord. 26. and pearls. the Lord God will call her to such a reckoning. with the inhabitants of the world. Ghost saith. and beloved sons shield. and xix. xi. then. but that wicked. since that indeed is the chiefest of Antichrist Wherefore he calls it that wkhed . with what pearls and jewels she has. and shall imtil destroy with the brightness of his coming. 8. ! ' them has brought this beast to his grave. began then to love such women dearly. AND Again. but by his sjyirU and word in prefixed time. ii. . or as his time shall come to be destroyed. though Christ himself. and the limbs of Antichrist fear it. this mystery of iniquity? abide so much as one day longer than our God's himself immediately. 13. : as referring to the whole . be used for the destroyino. This beast is compared to the wild boar. the likeness of change himself.

those horc with resignation to the body. those people. afterward spoken him single him out from oil beasts. to be (was in her eclipse . 4—6. saints of God. for that to turn from him to Christ retreated. or that spirit of wickedness by Avhich this gospel-light hath been diminished. light of the gospel his coming. and other places is.) and the light of the sim shall be sevenfold. France. even to the peril of his He Pity cruel is in all the trinkets and loash of Antichrist shall so that those trinkets. him liis table. But : : . —En. and 'the brightness of his coming. and his brightness. and alone shall perish by their means. he hath also already began to them to take from him both kingdoms and countries. x^a. ceremonies. Christian. and ordinances of this man of more dangerous to the souls of men. to make albeit he may let out some of their bowels with that conquest over him that is determined. it is Your prayers and exertions should be redoubled until sin. do but look back and compare Antichrist four or five hundred years ago. and was blest.. And * Cliristiaii. and his and body are both destroyed. 20. and after that his bodi/. Bunvan life. if also be destroyed. but oioio this part. And in the meantime. and be sepai-atc from every system which is stained with the blood and defiled with the soul-harrowing groans of the to the just up earth. in echpses. of weapon : And spirit. even with the spirit and soul. : Hence you find again. and cause him to melt away . Denmark.* the smoke that came with him out of the bottomspirit of the by out him Christ consume and wear less-pit. ! liath this spirit of Antichrist. &lc.' For mists. those whose souls are under the yoke. and till he have performed the thoughts of in the latter days ye shall consider it his heart ' : perfectly. True. as also ourable retreats. Sweden. and then that now his soul. the Lord is And thus it shall returned to visit the earth. in the day that the Lord bindeth up the breach of his people. is one sufficient. imtil the sun or the all the melt and consimie away as grease For the Lord Jesus shall consume him. and against the spirit against the the spirit and face of Christ. and so follow which shines more and is as the shining light. Christ. their with him pinch with cries. xiv. AND HIS KUIN.' Zcc. is to : Avhen they are on the recovering hand. creatures upon the face of the earth cannot put a moon have be now.' have been mouth. must be consumed and destroyed by that spirit also. and life of Antichrist both in confounding and blasting of it by this spirit imtil soul people with his primitive lustre. Therefore he saith again. wherefore. of Antichrist. yet they will not Of which more shall be that is determined way shall church the For hfe his have till they alone for the path-way that he goeth. he will not go back. and destroy him with the brightness of But you know. 12. but vile many a goodly truth. 48 OF ANTICHRIST. and lasting because that spirit can by no other means be slain. that wicked. with Antichrist as he is now. not only some of his superand diabolical rites and ceremonies. the fogs of Antichrist. until he have executed. which this the verse before has and healcth the stroke of their wound. nor slack his hand. And that you may be convinced of the truth of this thing. will so hunt and scour the spirit of his mouth. as it 'In the day when the ' : one had taken from his church. is Antichrist. Holland. rites. but is still going on in not has Lord the that about. That this loiclced. nations. ' Jc. read in these words i/our duty. : towers fall. and the brightness of his coming: Wherefore the send of Antichrist. but spirits cannot be killed but by spirits. and Thus shall more mito noon. and their eyes shall consume away in their holes. The body of Antichrist may be destroyed by other instruments. as doth the corrupted blood of a dead man. with the dogs that eat the criunhs of : The reason is. xxiu. and their tongue shall consume away in their mouth. but by the spirit of his And how has ! this long ago been fulfilled here in England as also in Scot- Germany. further. this is the plague wherewith the Lord shall plague or smite the people that have fought against Jerusalem: 'Their flesh shall consume away while they stand upon their feet. * The light of the moon shaU be as the light of the sun of his mouth. and him. lias darkened and eclipsed the glorious his mouth. . (as was said before) as to the recovery of the light of the gospel from under Antichristian though as to some not so absolutely as he shaU do by and by. Christ will do that. Come out. here . the spirit made to forsake him. and shall stink men. Nor land. imtil he has recovered what Antichrist has darkened of his. The temporal sword then may kiU the body. with all his art artificers. aU the spirit that the tusks of the wild boar. the other must be dealt with by another kind . destroyed. as the light of seven days. not by might nor power. even . Hungary. as stitious by forcing of it to dishonby making of it give up to the conqueror. but after that it hath no more that it can do. recovered their glory. shall be left as carrion upon the face of the in the noses of delivered judgment of the Almighty. or parts of nations. to be renewed Nay. and fogs of darkness . he that voices. and you shall see what work the Lord Jesus has begun to make with him. Nor can any other way of conquest over that be thorough. stop to that course. not all at once. The anger of the Lord shall not return. and been able to reduce to Antichrist again. that by the spirit of Christ's mouth. felt by this spirit of Christ's mouth. all his sufl'erings. in the him let the tushes of his chaps.

monkish vows. thus The Antichristians spirit. But one would think that fallen leaves : compared Ec. are yet in some esteem with men christ are not able to bear superstitious ordinances . Now as the earth cannot live. : up themselves in the world. soul and spirit of Antichrist Is com- True. The stars of heaven [shall be darkened]. and by the judgments whereby one should For what is there. of what . What is there in any of them. vi. yea. they did bear some sway in the world yet now. the first and chief proceeding of the thereof. as I said. as others also have seen in other countries. or of the stars. pilgrimages. to the ordinances of heaven Wherefore. and waxeth warm. moon and stars. that being the only stamp by which one is distinguished from the other ? I say. We And speak then of them with I say. 2G.But THESE. otherwise called the church themselves they are without any sense. And for the ordinances of Antichrist . as the leaf falleth oft" Antichrist. and fly And hence. or sap of the tree. the soul of Anti. refe- and her ordinances and rites. sinful fasts single life of their priests. xii. or can there be of not live. where the spirit of Christ is not. and * ariseth they flee away:' Na. upon the things of spirit. though their ordinances leaves that are dry. and of the and will soul. <fec. XX. and be desirable. stars. xxxiv. life is away.' is. Hence the host the least dram of truth or profit In the things that you read. 4D Now therefore will like a flower. iii. as the light of the sun. nought ponds and pools of Egypt. or the fig fall from the tree ? Why. lo. down from the tree . But how. so the loss of the life. by the spirit of his mouth. and his of spirit the by when the Lord. as the dry leaves. : : pared to these things christ is also. for even the ordinances of Christ. . or spirit is gone forth. as doth a leaf when the sap For as concerning and the beastly of the tree has left or as the beauty departeth his masses. and fallen be with liim as 'twould be with the loorld. 25. are their them. XnS ORDINANCES OF ANTICHRIST. their earth is the body or flesh of Antichrist. esteem are they? or who has reverence for them? They are now blown together under hedges. this visible world: do put lustre Wherefore. 15—17. which I compare the ordinances of shall fall down. because he will compared to a heaven not with respect to the very as to tliem. the dry leaves. when this of Antichrist is and of the moon. : of Antichrist members when the * gone out of these ordinances. The ordinances therefore of Anti- slay that spirit of Antichrist that Is. Re. ai\d not be : As we have seen by experience here in England.. and that puts lustre into the ordinances of Anti- camp in the christ. 4. thouo-U from the body. tlie beauty of Antichrist fade they will of themselves even moulder away. cold day for hedges among when the sua When lie 'tis a them in a nation. 14» Take things therefore more distinctly. in the cold day. or life. men on earth not one of them shall find favour with mouth. OF ANTICHRIST. Wherefore these ordinances shall be rejected. but delusion and deceit! Wherefore. because the spirit of error is in itself. 'twill be easy may also to deal both with the one and the other. or rationality Eze. 2. and strip them of that spirit of delusion that now by them. they will be fit for . they look as parts of things . * VOL. Avithout the influences of the spirit of the heavens live. and the constellations thereof shall not give their light .' unto ' Lord with the man of his bod')/ sin. It is the spirit of Antichrist that puts hfe into the body. when the Lord Christ. AND HIS RUIN. when the soid. has left them. but when the sun ariseth. and synagogue of Satan. for the mice and frogs to harbour in yea. : : : . so neither can Antichrist when the Lord shall darken the light of his These which are used to conjure up devils with were prefigured by the ordinances that were NOT good. or why doth the leaf. as and life slain. all are without the word. they win be with them as dry leaves that no body spirit of Antichrist is seeketh after. is gone from them. ponds and pools. that be consumed: And when the spirit of Antichrist shall be made to leave both the body and ordinances of Antichrist. that when ' his heaven shall be rolled together as a scroll. and as a falling fig from the figtree. xxxiv. them. shall drive this mystery of iniquity from them. as well as in the body that spirit. Avhen the Lord has slain the spirit thereof. For. as the loss of our natural to the loss of these lights . When 11. he saith. but with vermin any thing will do rence to i)ien. to the man whose eyes are open. 13. Therefore. both skin and bones . as the ordinances of the Lord Jesus are. is in them. and shall slay the spirit thereof. . as has been expressed already. when the spirit of Antichrist was in them. from the vine. and fall it . but to breed and hatch up frogs in. that flesh and with the was it as loathe to drink of them yea. And as the body cannot be but unpleasant and unsavoury when imder such a state so the body of Antichrist wiU be to beholders. then it the hedges. : heaven. 'is. then they lurk in there. prayers for the dead images. is to slay his soid. because the spirit. had it no light of the sun. as I touched before. but betake them to their wings. they abide not. the locusts too. xiii. when the spirit of delusion has left For in christians their sun. of the moon. its craft puts bewitching excellency upon stinking such become themselves they will of blood will rivers. when the Lord comes to fight against her with the spirit of his mouth. are abhorred. is the heaven of Anti. first. should have no great nourishment in them if you have respect to men.

2g. though of another nature than those mentioned before Great. . so he cast down the laws that held it up so also did the Da. admitted to the image of the beast. and perhaps the Holy Ghost has contented himself Avith giving of items that are general. vi. that enforce THAT worship v.een pray. Spanish inquisition he overthrown hy Christ. but this was before he saw. Nor will the life of these sinews. that men might. tichrist is immediately concerned in and that the Autichristian the beast : names of the men that worship : the names. christ. Re. 50 tiie OF ANTICHRIST. therefore. This is because that the life that was communicated to the image of the beast. are they forasmuch as neither the church of Anti: . ifec. if some that dwell in those countries where the beast and his image have been worshipped. as all the religious rites and ceremonies of Antichrist are overthrown by his spirit working these. as by the finger of God. and the den as little frightful. I bring this to shew you. vi. xiii. to good king Edward his son. AND HIS RUIN. not only to To speak out his laws of speak. briglituess of liis coming. I say. but to cause. to and life is there by the spirit of Antichrist yea. qi. so the life of these. or such when Christ has slain that spirit that is in them some such as do closely border thereupon Elihu durst not for his life give unto men. nor his instruments of worship. and the den of behind her. m man of sin yet remaineth in them. As therelions. only he calls that spirit that causes that as many as Avill not worship the image of the beast. upon them by the very as names are breathed and are . ' penal laws. it ? Da. for thirty days. these laws must not be separated from those in which the spirit of Antichrist is yea. hut those civil laws that ordinances of Antichrist. the sister to king Edward. and the brightness of his coming: For these laws. Yca. the whole building would quickly What could the king of Babylon's golden image it must be destroyed by the same spirit working in. for thirty days. king Henry VIII. that is.t. Da. be taken away but as God shall enlighten men to see the abominable filthiness of that which is Autichristian worship as would easily be made appear. Nor can any sword reach that is in them 'flattering titles. the life and soul is taken out of it. had it not been for the dark left of things of this nature. and have their . some do not inNow. Wlierefore. come to be enlightened about impose and enforce them also yea. but the in his. And if one such law of Antichrist hath escaped the hand of one. what could that horrible command. . 21. be the more cautious of what so those Antichristiau laws names they give one to another : Kc. as Christians . of the danger (though not of the that life of Antichrist themselves) you read sufficiently in the scripture sword of Christ's mouth: Therefore. as to them. another hath taken it. as well as in those that are superstitiously religious . if desof lions so these laws will be as insignificant. also communicated to his word and Wherefore. that Antichrist hath for those spirit of Antichrist law. should be killed. xvii. had iii. void of titute fire . 23. have done. those that are Christ's. and done that execution on it that their zeal and piety prompted were the support of the horrible religion of the Babylonians of old. as I have called them. . it was or stand without them. worship the image of the beast. as long as them. that as there is life in wicked Autichristian lions : . let it be decreed that this prop It was decreed by of Antichrist be taken down. vi. aidhority. they are the very pillars and sinews .xii. see. : and cause that as many as would not worship. was by him authority. of all these. since by the king and parliament. 15. so popish edicts are the support of the religion of Antichrist now and as longas there is spirit. these are also great ordinances. then he decreed again a decree that quite took away the power of tliat which he had decreed before.' sliall have separated will have their soul and their life taken from them in tlieir spirit from tliem. the evils that are in such edicts. The brave queen. hath to the king. should be cast into the den of Da. but Elizabeth also. Now names . as the other. but this . Nor are we vdthout instances of this kind nearer home who is now afraid of the act for burning of those that papists call heretics. should be killed. took their being. 'tis because the spirit of that life . I of his.' . but when he came to see. and the roaring lions there in readiness to devour those that disobeyed fore the burning fiery furnace. by which Antichristianism remains become a ruinous heap. the hvino. to neither God nor man. also by this spirit of his mouth working . them to. 9. : by the spirit of image of the beast But when they shall both speak and cause. .' Job x. they are like to those now mentioned the spirit of such . they will let this Darius. not been for the burning fiery ? did cast do^vn the Autichristian worship : .dth pains and penalties. I mean. by tend things that only respect matters of worship in Antichrist's kingdom. by the spirit of his mouth. they will say. soul as the other. kino-s and no otherwise for before and princes. There is yet another thing that the spirit of . : And were these dis-spirited. though in a diverse way. Anis. 5. any God but him. in them. such as are absolutely names of blasphemy. that they that prayed. to her lasting fame furnace that stood within view of the worshippers den. as magistrates. as in the For these must.'S is that that makes them dreadful: For as if baptized them into the furnace would have been next to nothing.God. live can either Wherefore. : have done. <fec. And mark. would but take the pains to inquire into antiquity about it. As the noble king.

be- and it dwells in the laws. but that. so she is to be deway that the things of Antichrist. are or are not Aulichriitiau. or things. AXD HOW. them. Nor can anything * No man of the most fested greater delicacy refined education could have manithan Bunyan has iu treatiug this Antichi-istian statists of Antichrist. and must be destroyed by Christ. Re. mouth. mentioned before. that are antichristian cause mime and thing are both abominable unto conquering of it by the brightness of his coming.) would be a task too great for me.| But there are things. itself into So then. or His Holiness. As it is a body mystical. and false miracles that Antichrist cries up These. men. is. and so is. but of the heast. It shall satisfy then. by Christ. and these also have been baptized into those names by the very spirit of xintichrist. the absurdities of parts. the spirit of his mouth. or under the more gross consideraspirit of Antichrist is And this is to tion. dignities. nor by bow. and that I put you upon search to find out what they he. or unto which the become a soul and life. But whatsoever of the spirit. and to the rejoicing hi As she is stroyed as they. so that they bare not the name. 2S. either as it is a body mystical. as fighting against it with the spu-it of his mouth. as well as with the persons that wear them. and which not? Verily. 18. God. it" ought to be republished.* would touch upon is this to wit. and there are 7nen that ii. As it is to be considered more grossly. and the brightness of his coming call : for these are not of the body of Antichrist. you may them organs and means by which that wicled worketh quity. on the other hand. so these legends with Antichrist. And as it is the spirit of Antichrist. namely. do put a quarrel with the mimes. a body mystical. . as well as the persons of the worshippers do. Popery and of the then Established Father in God.' Venerable or any of + The homilies read in the Church of England prior to the Reformation. to exhibit religion. so it must be destroyed not by sword. they are worn hymen of spiritual employ: but since they are hut mentioned. as to this sJiall : Tliat the church of Aiiiichrist. legends and miracles of Antichrist. Ed. he will slay seven thousand names of men. be destroyed. or whatever you will them. . how should we know Avhich are 51 call tan. but hy Christ. 17. by which the and soul of Antichrist is conveyed into. by Christ. Reverend. brightness of his coming. were to be destroyed. by the spirit of his mouth. or stand in the place of one : and the reason of this caution is.' ' Very Reverend. and as . whether The body of Christ.\i. AND HIS RUIN. or Church. m the mysteries of ini- they.— . are cable as titles given them by Antichrist ' : so of things. To give you the number of these names that the into. as a church. as the decree followed by the lion's den. the spirit of his mouth. which is the church and synagogue of Saspirit This then the sum. if it is to be destroyed conditionally. of this body. dwells in the matters and things of worship of Antichrist it dv»-ells in the titles and names . and hy seeing hy that what names we are allowed to give imto men. things to place them in thek relative order in the Those who weigh kingdom of subject. or sold. The lyiug legends. and are not distinctly nominated. spirit of Antichrist has baptized men the things that do also wear such blasphemies upon We that come now to discourse of the body or flesh . or life of Antichrist is in these names. spirit of Antichrist that is in all because of that them. is that church or synagogue in which the spirit of Antichrist dwells. and too of Antichrist. and when his Son shall do\vn that are worshippers of the beast. JIai-gin. IS clear. must be consimied b}^ Christ. be destroyed by the in word ami t spirit of Ciirist. for the begetting of.' contains the pith of these Omitting the obscene lying leiends and pretended miracles. xi. and the brightness of his com- must be destroyed also. mg. and of the destruction of that for wearisome for you. or ANTICHRIST. the spirit of his stroyed the same of which to wit. here is the sphit of Antichrist diffiismg aU the things pertainiug to the kingdom . with reference to their offices. but rather we discoursed before. called ' The Festival. by the means of which such as dwell upon the earth are deceived. as the antichristian statists! of Antichrist. it is to Secondly. and places for God has a : and maintaining a lying : and can false it behef of the religion of the beast no° be thought. Now the body of Antichrist. That repentance doth not save the to the men that have gone making up it. that I give you notice that there are such things and 7nen and names .' Right all Reverend. of the beast christ it for it dwells in the body of Anti. to the holdmg of them still dread and fear upon to his service men . abridge and miracles and bind their con- sciences to that worship . or timber. and kept also aHve in the body of Antichrist. are idols as vv'ell as things : Zec . and the brightness of his coming: 'The idols he shall utterly abohsh.— Ed.' in a wafer. let men have a care. &c. (besides THE BODY OF AXTICHRIST DESTROYED. leaving ' his reader to ' iningiue whether the names appli' Anticlirist. as well as men Job xxii. wherefore. hy searching the word of God. and made to adore and worship the beast these have their hfe and soul (as had those mentioned before) from the spirit of wickedness . and his image. and so be destroyed absolutely. and the is such implements. and must be deI : : Another thing that First. .' Is.' a building of stone brick. as to shun the worship of idols.

Therefore. and cast U the wickedness that they have done. cause thereof. and buy her merchandise no more. or else as the lohole of the kings of the earth. to gather themselves.* tilings not lasting. as she must. the wrath of if God will burn. Hence her tempting things rot. and Therefore it follows. enfjine of war used by the ancients.' Ke.' <fec. as to the spirit and mystery of Antichrist. having the Now. the next news dainty and goodly (ones) are departed from thee. spiriwherefore they will now tual murders. that he should deceive the nations no more. and sometimes as to the 2^cirts of it but always. whoso shall will find his body. till the thousand years should be fulfilled. he will have in- dignation for ever. and something of the gin a ' . that he is taken also And I and thou shalt find them no more at all. as he has made many churches desolations. be considered mystically as a church so also she . and set a seal upon carcase do ? It follows then. shall be so church-state was gone detected and made manifest. 11. and falsehoods: Ee.xk. by the weapons that him a thousand years. ' ii. for these will not keep. moulder away. that old M'hen she has nothing to trafHc with ? Her things serpent. 14. is here sometimes considered in the whole. Ey which horse. but by the means aforesaid. wherefore Wherefore you find. xik. church of Wherefore. the countenancers. 19. and shut him up. it must not be gether to make war against him that sat on the destroyed. so now must this wicked one come down and sit in the dust . and the or in part. saying.him. Thus with violence shall that great city new war with the king. if when she had things to trade with. God's people. shall come. though it was before him 'as the garden of Eden. when he came into the land of to must be considered as a body of men.si. and desolate places. or the heap of people that became her vassals. called a battering-ram. whose name is the Lord of hosts : And I saw the beast. yea. xviu. such ruins would he make of the flock of God. and their armies. for this many himdred years. be- . mouth * ' The last stroke of the batter. into yet more obdurate. and so at last make another attempt upon the men that discovered. Now therefore there will be nothing of Antichrist be seen throughout the nations. and against repentance prevent not. ' : : ' . and Satan. Wherefore. from Rev. AND HIS RUIN.' probably alludes to aa worship. 22 to 24. Their implacable malice remained when their means her witchcrafts. or antichristian state. so now shall he be also made a desolation. ' Babylon be thrown down. . and made decreed J it: ' And a mighty angel took up a stone. (this is that which I called more grossly. is slain. but ruinous heaps. spiritual whoredoms. These. come next to be dealt withal. and boimd are slain. that they may be destroyed for ike a great mill-stone. state. against whom whom. . But BRAVE DATS WHEN ANTICHRIST IS DEAD. that as to her church. Babylon. her key of the bottomless pit and a great chain in his dealers left her how shall she think of a trade. and cast him mto the botare made mention of before what then Avill her tomless pit. of her total ruin as a church. that they may eat the flesh of the several sorts of the men that have been the lovers. flee had been the instruments in Christ's hand to torfrom her. you find (as did the enemies of the old. But when the days that I have spoken of. you have the manner Re.: OF ANTICHRIST. with reference to her body. 17.) and as such. that the body of Antichrist. that have been made use of to do all the mischiefs that have been done both to true religion. makes a proclamation to all the fowls that fly in the midst of heaven. 18. they must look for it in the side come unto the supper of the great God . that after Antichrist. I say are them. and blasphemies. that have been seduced by this spirit of Antichrist. and shall be found no more at all. and to the professors of it. that the nations shall abhor her. as some. as he hath done to the church . so he be made childless as he has made Zion sit upon the ground. Kc. hand. is.' Re. : of God: As he hath made women . XX. And he laid hold on the Dragon. and against liis army. which is the devil. whether in whole. . Ke. and heavenly dainties.' yet behind him 'twould be as 'a desolate wilderness Joel 3. the angel that standeth in the sun. xviii. of their hearts shall be hardened. as they are the body of the people. and of all their ordinances. and hereafter. S£^w an angel come down from heaven.) that they might revenge themselves for the loss of their idol. . but that perish in the using Avith reference to the destroying the body of Antiwhat then will they do when they are laid by ? christ only the head of this monster remains. xviii. the upholders and defenders of her antichristian state. they must look for them there of the pit's . and whoso will find his friends and companions. 1—3. childless. This city. and stink already. . It is said of the army of the man of sin. she must of necessity tumble: wherefore. so laid open. and to these must not escape. because tlie strong God has dance the sea. lieaven prevent it. it will be to him a time of retaliation for it shall then be done unto Antichrist. thefts. for abun- —Ed. gathered toantichristian church and as such. they are Now therefore is the last stroke of the batter. that we hear. All things which were (thy) that is SATAN himself wherefore. ment them that dwelt on the earth of which more xviii. to wit.

island : and the satyr cry to his fellows. But thou art cast out of thy grave 25—30. 7. or the mother of fession of their king. : pitch tent there : neither shall the shepherds ' make I and they shall cleave to the house of Jacob. xUi. AND HIS RUIN. and bare their nations. xiv. : ! . the Uttle people. and the people that used to walk in sackcloth. more wishes. nettles be born at this time. yea. ! Their houses shaU be as devils and wicked * full of doleful creatures. . There is Meshech. and none shall make him afraid I * For the Lord will have mercy on Jacob. * : . shall there was once a dragon inhabited here did they now be set in the land of the living. even do haunt the desolate houses of the wicked. xxxii. What he did in the Avorld ? and it shall be answered by them that shall have skill to consider his features by the word. 19. and shall the sit Oh now the Lord. he is put in the midst of them that be slain. yet have they borne their while after this. likewise. now their habitation but without aU doubt. &c.There be the princes of the north. and under his fig-tree. that made the world as a wilderness. The church and the members of it for the then. Je. shall meet with the wild beasts of the shall and tyranny of the antichristian generation. 20. is. slain by the sword: though their terror was caused in the land of the living. by way of taunt and scorn. and chirrup one there. troubles their name stinketh now they their are dead : yea. but the ransomed of the Lord shall walk robins. when aU these things shall be fidchrist is dead. but to talk of her. so cursed. Glory that has not been seen nor heard of by Here (shall they say) did once the lion dwell. The margin reads it thus Both that go down to the stones of the pit. And the people shall take them. many kings and them : righteous men have desired to seo ravenous creatures lay.. every one in destroyed the cities thereof - - which - - with their ' - - might ' are laid with house of his prisoners? them that are slain by the sword. . . so now groans and hearty the wild beasts of the desert. and in fiUed and what remains now. and bring them to their place : and the house of Israel shall possess them in the land their folds there. For as Babylon to/i caused the slain of Israel like an abominable branch and as the raiment of to fall. like the sparrows. as they wrought mischiefs. that did shake kin"-. they shall see Antichrist only in unclean shall no more tread in the paths of God's its ruins they shall. with reeds the things that will be seen then. xxxiv. Tubal. and the possessors bless . OF ANTICHRIST. It shall never be inhabited. . Wherefore the people Then there shall no more be a Canaanite in the that shall be born. as a carcass Babylon is to fall. where their palaces were wont to be. : . they shall be bold in the prono more of Antichrist. shall be as when God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah. is. and set them in their ovm shall be joined with them. of the Lord for servants and hand- . there another. I6—19. God for the enjo}Tnent of them. and every will yet land : and the strangers choose Israel. it shall harlots. shall wear the name of their God in their as folk use to do of them that are dead day will come that the chm'ch of God shall have foreheads that is. that opened not the All the kings of the of them. all of them. Babylon the slain of all the earth. grows grass. And Babylon. shall the church of God be in those days. they of the desert. and all her multitude There is Edom. the world. ye slain of Israel And with trodden under feet. that did use to set his throat against it shall be said of saints. and that both in the church.' Is. when they are dead. with reference to this day: the heavens . idolatrous. than only the remembrance of her to wit. his own house. and their God yea. and shall not see and rushes. as was hinted before. the beauty of the Chaldees excellency. Babylon. 49. (or else. her king. and . neither shall it be dwelt in from generation to generation neither shall the Arabian spirits ' church walk in the light of man under his vine. thrust through with a sword. the men that shall grow. : : . so at Babylon shall fall the slain of all the those that are slain. and so do thorns and brambles. and all her princes. bloody people in the world. Is this the man that ' made doms . is is. Thus then it will go afilicted prayed for them. : were his members ? And. the earth to tremble. For as it live that were the murderers of the saints and was said of Christ. the glory of kingdoms. Now then she There will be a strange alteration when Antiis gone doAvn. or that suffered the trials. and privileges of theirs. will consider that these glories. Eze. Avhile their eyes behold this dead hawk. the Christians will begin with detestation to ask what Antichrist was ? Where Antichrist dwelt? A Who shame with them that go down to the pit. than they did them that the shall enjoy them. and the wren. with reference to his day so ' ' . . even all shame with them that go down to the pit.) And as no good was with them while they lived. * 53 Tliey have set her a bed in the midst all of the slain with her multitude : her craves are round about him : all of them uncircumcised. ' li. lie in glory. sit and sing. but now in the places where these xxxv. be their glory to be godly and carnal men shall that there was such an enemy of God in the world praise them for it the praise of the whole earth that there was such a superstitious. to another. cost the people that walked in the king of Babylon's fiery furnace. earth. and liberties. and lived like the wild beasts when they enjoyed abmidance . that shall live to serve God in house of the Lord no Hon shall be there the these happy days. .

lii. 14-. 3. he that ruled the nations in anger. 3. and thy seed shall inherit . which did corrupt the earth with her fornication. them for his people's sakes the remnant of Jacob shall be : as to his soul and body. And it sliall come to pass in the Now will be broken up those prophecies and that the Lord shall give thee rest promises that to this day lie as under lock and key. and the turn- ings and windings of God's dark and intricate dispensations. 4. AND HIS RUIN. as to the gradualncss spare not. and countenance the people of God. and nobles. It may also be considered with respect to the way of God's procedure with her. or strangeness thereof. ' Mi. xk. abundantly that is. and the common people. I shall here only present you with a few short hints concerning the manner of his downfall. 7. and nobles. What I . Now : the church of God all shall read with great Also the world will now be (as it were) another thing than it was in the days of Antichrist now will kings. mid He who smote the the sceptre of the rulers. dew from the Lord. And tliey sliall . and the manner of the downfall of Antichrist. the divisions and debates that are cease : for men ' shall Then shall the differences.! : 54 maids . or she will be no more their and they shall bo no more her bosom ones. or in what things the spirit and hfe of Antichrist lietli. as before. with reference to the latter days. what they can get by labour upon her. and yea. being persuaded. and let stretch forth the curtains of thy habitations The manner of the downfall of Antichrist. waving Antichrist is. terrlhleness.\ii. (among the as a Gentiles) in the midst of many people. have told you and that I have also told you where. . as Laban was of Jacob. is persecuted. and hath avenged the blood of his : ' . the work and the wisdom. and the cedars of Lebanon. discern between the righteous and the wicked OF THE MANNER OP THE KUIN OF AKTICHRIST. 'Tis with the it God world. shall break forth from the hearts of great golden city. nor waiteth for the sons of men. unexpectedness. (or ones * yea. they shall cleave to. run when : she bids. they shall . Since thou art laid down. . and that cannot be opened until they be fiJfiUed.'hore. There is the downfall. either with respect to the suddenness. the time of the downfall. ! But now will Now it will be otherwise ! ! Now they have no whore to please Now they will have none to put them upon persecuting of the saints ! they shall not be made. the Lord shall bring again Zion watchmen of God's people shall do so for it is for want of light in them. ' He. and the whole plainness the depths of providence. : . and how he shall reign for a time. Also in these days men shall come flocking into the house of God. rejoice at thee. hath the oppressor ceased! the the exactress of gold) ceased The Lord hath broken the staff of the wicked.w. both kings and princes. that thou shalt take up this proverb against the king of Babylon. may bo considered. but is the cloudy and dark day see there : now. or ANTICHRIST. 3.8. and justice. lengthen thy cords. Who shall not fear thee. and strengthen thy stakes. as the showers upon the grass. people in wrath with a continual stroke. then shall our waters be I will made deep oil. Be. Now the Avorld shall return . Avhose tliey sliall rule over their the Gentiles. : And cause their rivers to run like 'Eze. Lord God Almighty just and true are thy ways. 1—8. no seller is against us. The whole earth is at rest. them saying. and princes. ls. day from thy sorrow. was an harmony them and that if one of them had been wanting. for thou shalt break forth on the right hand. through which she hath waded in commonalty be rid of that servitude and bondage which in former times (vfhen they used to carry Bell and the dragon upon their shoulders) they They were then a burthen to were subjected to. v. and inhabited. that the lambs have so butted . come up one another. among the godly. ' ' : servants at her hand. them. yea. that the Lord Avill bless ' for at this day. when the : ' hiudcrcth. Lord. How the Spirit of God be poured forth and our rivers shall be in high places. ' make the desolate cities to bo Is. see eye to eye. that are the slaves of Antichrist now. oppressors. For true and righteous are his judgments For he hath judged the great v/hore. guilty of the blood of those against whom this gentleman shall take a pet ! Now Wherefore now will that song be sung with clearer notes than ever Great and marvellous are thy Avorks. Uv. and from thy fear. 2. and goodness of way : of her deliverance could not have been so full of now they are at ease. and that with reference both to his soul and body. Wherefore. windows : and for that cause it is spoken to the chiu-ch. fight with and beat them that she saith miscall her. ami is quiet: Yea. xx. I have moreover shewed you that he shall be destroyed. the fir trees they break forth into singing. saith the Lord God. And again. saying. 'Enlarge the place of thy tent. in I say. and spend or fraud T. xiv. ' is. and glorify thy name ? for thou only aii holy for all nations shall come and worship before thee for thy judgments are made manifest. Now will . as the doves do to their other things. and on the left . as whore with them that are slaves and captives to a they must come when she calls. and none and say. captives tliey were and take tlicm captives. thou king of Saints. and from the hard bondage wherein thou wast made to serve. and by Avhat. that tarrieth not for man.

But.' Je. is to fall And for the strangeness thereof. and there a high tower. by perhaps there may be in the words now following. xi.ii. but shall shew you the manner of the ruin of Antichrist. and not to the contained in by standing : Nor doth fall. xviii. By the city then. even while nine parts remain yet after piece last every must piece whit thereof is that which letteth out what degrees. as is manifest by his wrestling with it. thick. it Eze. sviii. piece after piece. He would not die at all.* Now. as manner of its being poured out of them. 8. his tranquillity Antichrist then shall be brought to ruin gradually . they plainly shew that this .. 55 As to tlio suddenness thereof. it out with noise. bolting. is in it by degrees that are mixed with strength and violence. But I shall not enlarge upon this method in my discourse. And. xxxi. Mr. the order of the angels that this wrath. For as each one working something of their own efi"ects. AND HIS RUIN. upon her ewphraies: And the seventh. that is. A TENTH TART FALLS FIRST. xlvii. hours. shall shake at the sound of her fall. OF ANTICHRIST. shall be destroyed. Carter. p. 3G by degrees. not all at once. but he is a strong God that judges. Wo must also put a difi"erence betwixt her being fought withal and wounded. Is. is poured forth. 9. There are also two things to be considered.' For the tcrribleness of it. and so it reacheth as far as the beast with seven heads and ten horns hath dominion. thereof. first. Son.xvii. And hence we read that this city falls first In a tenth part thereof. the tenth part of the city fell: Re. The first is poured upon the antichristian earth: The second. thick. (as I said) He. step after step. they all make but one. Re. which city For the First: The vial. fall I have had a longing desire to see or hear of the I shall go to heaven. even until to lie even with the ground. I understand the church of Antichrist In its utmost bounds. said. and he cannot go beyond the time appointed.is. 2-17. &c. Eze. as I said. 'tis said to be in an hour. together with the manner of pouring of it out. . she shall descend in battle and perish. so when they are considered apart. something that signifies this They shall ' shew the king of Babylon that his city is taken at one end. Antichrist. as it letteth out what so it doth it with certain gusts. : This then take to be the meaning is That the Upon the Sunday sports being autlionzcd. I say. 'I sit a queen. when God shall come to execute antichristian church : claimed. of Anticlu-ist: but I check myself. Now a vial it is be overthroAvn. that godly puritan. or that order they observe. and shaU be found no more . is. 7. since by these vials Antichrist must fall. The the witnesses were raised. after the way of our comiting of time but . enemy must come down by degrees vials are by them poured out one before another forth for that these after another. It is also to be. first and also raised again : For 13. when by her unexpected. poured forth The tenth part of that city that Is reigneth over the kings of the earth. and since also they are poured forth successively: 'Tis evident that this dition. with respect to the gradualness thereof. Sodom. Babylon. As that for the order of the angels. she. by degrees : A part after a part here a fenced city. Now. notwithstand- once. but God hath set his bounds. and that of her dying the death. xvi. for then she saith. quite mitil they are slain.— . &c. for ever. * when they are put together. until at rolled do-vvn from the rocks as a burnt moimtain. it will be as when God overthrew Sodom. with what cordials they can. and pious ministers persecuted for refusing to wear popisli vestments in tlie reign of James ' I. 17. as one universe is called by the name of And them cities also arc several countries. and answer to the ten horns upon the heads of the (seven headed) beast that carries her. xii. other. they are found in number ten. 13. upon her sea: The third is poured forth upon her rivers: And the fourth. judgment upon her: For the city the fell. The vessels in which is also it is contained are called all at VIALS is . with respect to the gradualness thereof: This shewed by the vessels in which is contained the wrath of God for her.' Life ly his that Is. thick. this tenth part.3i. xvi. but now one. Re. 16. xiv. into her air. Babylon. Re. she is made And yet all shall . be within the compass of God's days. or the great whore. 12. and therefore he must come down His friends also.' and there news wiU come. Hence this city is also called cities. called ' the cities of the nations:' Re. 8 . Egypt. ing the faith and faithfid testimony of the two witnesses. or moments for within the compass of these limited times Antichrist shall be destroyed. Sodom. Michael and his angels have been holding of her in play a long season but yet she is not dead: Re. and then another. : And To speak then It to the manner of the ruin of this Antichrist. they are poured forth not all at one time. . ex- divided into ten parts. shall be to the man of sin. die this son of per- wonder of the world. upon her sun: The fifth is poxu-ed forth upon the seat of the beast: The sixth. The nations Ke. 'tis The same hour that The respecteth the nature of the vial. JEgypt. 19. x\i. will labour to lengthen out and : —i3 . and each part is put under one of the horns of the But that aid and protection beast for protection shall not help. and do give her I protection. fall of all the rest: 'A tenth part of and as a forerunner of Now where this tenth part it saith.

31.' is. and my sword shall devour flesh arid that with the blood of the slain and of the captives. xx. is. I say. is called. ruler against ruler.' Ue. and the year of my redeemed is come. though not at first miiversal neither. . ' ' ' A cities peace therefore cannot be made among these when God has forbidden it Wherefore the : great. that when God comes to do this work upon this Antichrist. and Je. not determine . and so ' God) mine arrows drunk with blood. shaken the foimdations. so far then it is shaken for reformation. And then. but now he will so shake. angry with the waters where the woman sitteth.to shew the king of Babjdon that his city is taken at one end:' And again. But thus much for the first Great Babylon falleth . is. and abominations of the earth. whole of these nine parts. so divide. violence in the land. that I shall are. The Now 1. There is therefore like to be no more good days for Antichrist after this earthquake has begun to shake her No.' 56 is. increase of when the tenth part of the come to pass through the the heat of God's anger For he is this will : THE NINE PARTS FALL. For the day of vengeance is in mine heart. only my thoughts : be an earthquake in That it shall that kingdom where this tenth be like that that was in Jerusalem when she came to be laid even with the ground and like that that came upon the armies of the Gentiles. not for destruction for in the earthquake were slain seven and the remnant were thousand (names of) men afi"righted. them all to Hence fell. divided into three parts : ' The great city.' it follows. of the fall of this tenth part.' &c. : * For the children of Ammon and Moab stood up against the inhabitants of Mount Seir. and cities : effect of all. over the hut an earthquake in that tenth part city stood that should fall. it is said to be such as never was. stirs. Again.' is 2Ch. but rumours. and gave glory to the God of heaven. he now wiE give them .-di. xxxiv. saith the text. This.. that I will leave to those that are Aviser than myself to sparing as he was at first. 43. The means carthqualce face of all. in the speaking of the fall of a tenth part of Antichrist. because they have delivered up his beloved to the bloody whore wherefore. otherwise called the daughters of the mother of harlots. So that this earthquake has driven away peace. cannot be meant any thing but Wherefore. of the fall thereof. AND HIS RUIN. overthrow further than the city which Antichrist. an eruption in the nine remaining parts of this city And such an eruption as is of the worser sort. And first. 18. or whether indeed a tenth part determine. And therefore it is said again. to wit. . 8. worst of aU will bring ' body and members of him. it other nine cities had any ground to stand on shook the foundations of them all. Here we have a great earthquake. parts that remained. . The meaning then is this when God shall strike this man of sin the second time. The fall of the cities of the nations. the beginning of revenges: 'I will make yet in conclusion. the division that this mighty earthquake shall the horns that are left to these nine make betwixt city fell. is is appointed and that is called the tenth part of the great So far as that state is a state. The next step that the strong God taketh towards the utter overthrow of Antichrist. nothing now is to be expected of her. to stroke.23. this three-cornered eruption wUl be the most dreadful to Antichrist that ever will such a shaking as xmsettleth the foundations of this tenth part But whether it shall be in this : was : It tenth part as a city.xx. is an divided into three parts. De. for it divided them into a three-headed division And the great city was : : of the nations fall. It will be therefore such a division as ruin. wherewith the shew you the hand of God in this second Lord M'iU smite this enemy. parts that are left it shall throw is : down the nine recorded : • And : For thus it the cities of the nations fell cUles of the nations. the antichristian churches. or in it as a state. and will cast tlie nine cities doA\m to the around. part shall happen to be An earthquake not to . tumidts. . for it extended itself as far as the . every one helped to destroy another. u. xvi. . Hence (saith his beginning to deal with Antichrist. when he struck but a tenth part to the ground. For the earthquake. from the beginning of revenges upon the enemy. by which they were upheld. when they came up to fight against Jehosaphat. OF ANTICHKIST. so mighty an earthquake. it is because 'it is the day of the Lord's vengeance. utterly to slay and destroy them: And Avhen they had made an end of the inhabitants of Seir. another in pieces. will be more sore upon the whole. where that Now by And the cities of the nations earthquakes here. 2. blood to drink in fury. so raise up Antichrist against himself. and to tearing one until they have consumed the It was. and the year of recompences for the controversy of Zion. 'A rumour shall both come one year. already fallen. for The fall of the cities. a word or two ahout the means But since I am that they shall set to fighting.ixiii. 4. so confound. was not immediately upon the shake that was made. 4G. in a tenth part of it. The ' after that in another year sMU come a rumour. whicli divisions are the : yet not such as is universal. he wiU not be so the powers . but the earthquake produced an eruption. . to wit. or whicli of the ten parts is must fall first. and uproars: 'One post shall run to meet another.

that she might get no more out of the ephah. 26. Da. are This destruction therefore must be last. And great Babylon came into remembrance To remember with God. and pine away under the sight and sense of that.) ' time. That ugly daughT!. li. this eoMhquake. to drink it. lesser Roman talent. to give her to drink of tlie cup. that a tenth part of the city fell .—Ed. It was Babylon. so to compare these hailstones. this very whore of Babylon: For that talent of lead was to keep down this mistress. and abomination of the earth.' Je. and that where the most heat. as I did before. 13. world: Ze. (as this queen is now the mother How remarkaLly has siu-e tliis come to pass since Biinyan's dai-liug Wherefore.' then. crush all that they were animals to instant death. Therefore it foUows. and these hail-stones are to banish her out of the ' ' ' . l^lxv. have at great Babylon. which was prepared to hold the woman. and at that time the head of all those ver. by virtue of which the cities of the nations fall. when God sent the cup of his fury unto her. AND HIS RUIN. — 57 before. II. 41. progression. Besides. 22.\xt. yet was to hve to see the nations drink before her : ' Take the wine cup and cause of all my fury (said God to the prophet. plainly. the metropolitan. and a third cometh quickly.' . I take it to he the lon! Now fore her face her daughters executed beAfter which she shall come into for consideration herself. that she should not be the first that should die but that she should live to see the destruction of her daughters. impious Test by the repeal of the Sacramental Test Act. as with the talent of lead that was laid over the mouth of the ephah. &c. although you find that by the first earthquake a great slaughter was made. for the reasons urged before. t There talent. which some say is six pounds above half an hundred weight:! By this therefore God shews. since those judgments mentioned were exe- GREAT BABEL FALLS. the metropolitan. a slow but ter. as she calleth herself. Dr. the church of Antiyet by it is christ in general meant more properly. ' must have the most heavy judgment. iv. is to visit before God. and feU with a velocity to Ed. We now then come house of the OLD one to the door of the mother of harlots. and : the mother of the daughters. of whose overthrow we have spoken .. lu. that now his anger was I know not wherewith wrought up to the height. to his own Babylon also. Wherefore. if this was the method of God's proceeding with his enemies in the way of his judgments of old. we read hero a second stroke tliat God will give sin. Great BabyWhat is that? Why. by the great Babylon. we may . 8—ll. this And tliis is man of it cuted upon those. . and as an effect of which great Babylon is come into remembrance before God. nor any man that is a lover of them but it so is seconded by a hailstorm. that the mother. the same prophet. 8. at thii-ty-two pounds and a The is attic talent of gold used in Greece in the time of Homer estimated at less than an ounce. To wit. which. nations. is that which gave being to the cities destroyed before to wit. doms. . she must assuredly motJie}'. bxit at last it came to their the greatest part of doors also. the motherto the threshold of the door of the . the princess of the world. follows Wherefore into cities of the nations.' and that hail-storm worketh so in wrath. and gave glory to the God of heaven.c was executed by the Act of Toleration. I answer. or great drink of the cup. shall live to see : cup of the wine of the fierceness of his wrath. is of the whole earth surprised How is Babylon nations ! become an astonishment among the Je. OF ANTICHRIST. and fiercest wrath of God doth lie Ps.v. Thus Pharaoh and his chief ones did live to see Egypt destroyed before judgment overtook them. stone was the weight of a talent. to give imto her the From all which I conclude. understand. This then that but now is said to come into remembrance with God.5— ii. the queen. the lady of kino-. after them. How is Sheshach taken ? and how ! is the praise &c. saith. weight of the hailsafest conclusion as to the enormous. ZedekirJi lived to see his children slain before his face.15. Gill considers great difficulty in estimating the weight of a was the it about sixty pounds.* For though sometimes. But now. before. this IMichaelis estimates the half. the great wivore herself: M'hore. judgment overtook him Je. the most bitter part. neither spares one of the daughters of this whore. why may we not suppose that he wiU go the same Tvay with his great enemy now: especially VOL. in some thino-s. whose name was wickedness. Re. that upon the downfall of these great Bahylon came ' when the cities of the nations wcro great Babylon came into remembrance before God. yet from that church. that she All the kingdoms of the world which are upon the face of the earth. The bottom is the dregs. that fallen. speaking of the destruction of the same Sheshach. even the bottom of the cup. stones The is. and also because she most deserves the bottom of the cup. Jemsh taleut Kow.) I the nations to judgment some did escape: 'And the remnant were affi-ighted. before personal destruction. Intolerance. even imtil judgment also shall over- take herself. the mistress. rememhranee before God.' * 'And Sheshach shall diink But what was Sheshach? may some say. Every hailthat not one escapes by repentance. And this is the wisdom of God concerning her. of harlots. ' whom send thee. were figures of the great whore. xi.

and that when she stands where she must suddenly fall.. and fornications. prophecies. x. and made void. but in the people's mistaking : descend into the with the people of old time. xxxvii. Now then is the time of iniquity. she shall say. the time of her fall is not certainly known her by weight. down with them prophets. xnii. That she shall fall. And thus I have shewed you the manner of the ruin of Antichrist. OF TEE SIGNS OP THE APPROACH OF THE DOWNFALL OF ANTICHRIST. expectation of Antichrist may be destroyed. and that the destruction of her quite (as to the time) be fz'ustrate. When I shall make thee a desolate city. xvm. and Avent back without doing it. what will they do to such of them who make it their business and all harden their hearts against God. Jos. For her part. Ge. 7—9.' Eze. That much of the soul behold that the predictions. spirit is a certain forerunner of the destruction of Moses prophesied. 58 citlier witli gi-acc OF ANTICHRIST. 21.\ivii. until .she is swept oflF from the face of all the earth. . or more effectually harden the hearts of the wicked. as to time to make manifest pensed to the cup : full. Plere also he is said to remember Eabjlon. we that live to see it. when Having it will in the foregoing discourse spoken of Antichrist his ruin. yea. God is said to remember a set glory in the land of the living . AND HIS RUIN. city Babylon be thrown down. but it is disposed according to the And as to the saints. and comes to sweep her. God remembered Noah. to cause him to fall short of doing justice Therefore he has (as was said) his judgments for her. and when she is fallen. like the cities that are Jeremiah prophesied that the enemy should come and take the city [of] Jerusalem but because he came once. intend to ring out. since she is dying. to cai'ry him beyond rules of judgment. than for them to ' Now bell . upon thee. and the people hoped that her body in the manner that we have related. thee a terror. Ke.-viii.. must needs be conjectural and uncertain. . nor at all believed by her. by degrees For to consume. to wit. Now the error lay not when and I shall bring thee pit.\vi. when the time came on that he was to be delivered from the flood. will and judgment while he He has not passions. and shewed too by him that cast the millstone into the Thus with violence shall that great sea. and said. saith the Lord GoD. come to speak of the signs of the approach of her destruction. their guesses. be recombe come to the full God's anger. . or life of Antichrist must : also after this manner be destroyed. . and I shall shall set thee in the heart of the wicked. with them that go down to the pit. belonging to this mother of harlots. and shall be found no more at all. And hence it is said to be consumed. her plagues must come unlooked for by her. as to the time measure and nature of her iniquity. the whole be overthrown. ' I shall be a ' lady for ever. can be a greater judgment. with the dregs of this Yet since the hailstones the wi'ath comes a cup imports) it by loieasure. 40. Nu. and blasphemies. and thefts. 19— 21. that thou be not inhabited .xxx. as well as to the body of Antichrist : spirit. or wrath. when none of her and hopes of their enemies (as to their ruin) should daughters are. yet shalt thou never be found again. keep is to the rules of justice dealing with this enemy : and in the mean while to the wise in heart to judge. (for follows. from the mouth of the holy one and is sealed up in the scriptures of truth. there is nothing more certain . how stout and hardened were the hearts of that . True. not with an intent to purge or fore. to visit her with his anger for the wickedness that To give mito her the cup of she had committed : ' though thou be sought for. 34. when . For the soid. that is. -when fruitful he visited her with the blessing of It is said also that womh. is to destroy by degrees Only this caution I would have the reader remember. all this even in the midst of the heat of anger. that is. the times and if mistakes do so much harden to blind the low parts of the earth. Je. nor wealiness. not inhabited when I shall bring up the deep that people against in these all the rest of his prophetic sayings. I will : make Eacliel. how often have they been mistaken as to the set time thereof. God would give Israel the land of Canaan . I now and now also is the time of it will be come to the full: Now therefore must the murders.' and : Nor have I been without thought. that of her ruin. 23. and a trap to her upholders. And as to the saints part after part. that would very willingly see her downfall. and the manner thereof.' : :.i. This is therefore her fate and destiny. Re. is also as firmly decreed. xiv. Ge. that she never shall rise again. let us ring her passingis yet the Canaanites beat them. as with the besom of destruction. that I And whether must leave to I shall hit right. in places desolate of old. and so a talent and that the Almighty God. vii. 5— 9. and great waters shall cover thee as to such a thing. come by toeight. mitil That it will be gradual. by abusing . <fec. for when she dead. And this truth may be applied both to the soul. ' For thus saith the Lord God . is. but that this mistake of the godly may become a snare to AntiFor what christ. whereher constitution. and thou shcdt be no more the wine of the fierceness of his wrath. and his indignation by measure But yet this weight and measure is not suited to by the saints. these. for the comfort of the people that have been afilicted by ' ' refine her. is.

and to say. ' surely the bitterness of for designs for all utter ruin. open their doors. Now since the war that this who can tell. but tliat God might leave them to be snared.. OF Al^TICHRIST. xv. . and that from whence it was completed and I take tlixit to be a exaltation of the Jews. . : . They begin to vaunt it already. for length of time. for the beast could not kill the witnesses before they had finished their testimony. : better success in discoursing others have thereof. and begin to . since in the wilderness was draws near. and by the word related to the man of wisdom. who have predicted concerning the time of the downfall of Antichrist. they will do pose. and laid open. 9. for else with whom shoiUd this beast make Or. which testimony of Of this you read in the 12th of the Revelations. though the most imivcrsal that ever yet was then hatching. or presumed type of this. notwithstanding the time is set. though the time of this war against the saints. in the the nations. having no more place wilderness. There is but one thing that I can think of that too much upon their own abilities for I am sure they have missed the mark. that the very day that this great enemy had set for the utter overthrow of the church. hiding-place prepared her of God. should be finished also therefore shall see that plots ? when wo and conspiracies. truths ? 59 Surely. are. But how among comes this to be a siGX of the approach of the ruin ? of Antichrist why thus. and threescore days. the time that the beast hath allotted him to make war against her. l Sa. lolien the church and jjeople of God are her only place of shelter ? Again. the enemy. the same . enemy God would not be convinced by the woman's hiding-place in the wilderness from his face. It is to be bewailed. and of the power and the virtuous lives of some. and I take it. Where is the word of the Lord. though they as to Antichrist's ruin are revealed because by the Holy Ghost there is a challenge made. than take their rise. when there was no war made against her pi^pared for them in tJie wilderness. began before the beast's fortytwo months: but they ended both together. what hindereth but that when the woman and her seed can find no more shelter in the nations. 32. that is. and shamed them and that is. princes. of of truth. be ever repaired by But the judgments and therefore great deep . AXD HIS RUIN. when the dragon did his worst. I shall not therefore kings. and time shall manifest it to be both a mistake and a falsehood. (being laid in an hundred twenty-seven provinces. as men do that begin to run a race? had who have meddled with the timing a word therefore to this. I suppose they" did commence much together. what shall we think of this ? and though the angel hath intimated. are both of a length. escape the ? the beast began his war before to woman began have a hiding place.wilderness as to length. that But when Agag death is said. the other a thousand tioo hundred God are a and threescore days. God made the day in which their deliverance began. The time of this beast's war with the church of God. them nor foHy-two months. to be utterly swal- lowed up for ever. -svlien men hearts by abusing of truth. let it come now. the one continuing by their boldness have done to the church of God. yet 'tis evident. and how should the church FIEST SICtZT. if her thousand two himdrcd First then. and the time that the church shall have an hiding-place in the wilderness. as to this. be one and the same yet mined her downfall also. . But since the most high hath irreversibly deter. if war. by the Hes and lightness of others. the forwardness of some in this matter. and so shall have till the time of his end shall come.) did but presage the deliverance can. But now when the time of the ruin of Antichrist draws on' then is the church deprived of her shelter. Samson's riddle was so puzzling. are . upon the signs. that this sealed matter shall be opened towards the time of the end Da. IS. as one woidd think. xiii. or give them a city for refuge is the ruin of Antichrist at hand: for Haman's plot. laid against God's past. let us see if we can have whether they did commence together. what needed driven from all those hiding-jylaces that God lias the woman to have a place of shelter in the wilThe church derness. a place worthy to be noted for this. stumbled the weak. since the beast makes with the woman and her seed. S3. and and the hanging of Haman and his sons yea. to the shame of them and their brethren : nor will the wi'ong that such their works. some have either been so hasty. of God. will meddle with the times and seasons which the Father hath put in his own power no. namely. that she might not utterly be devoured by him . to hide herself from the face of the serpent. or mighty states of the world. and that of the woman's shelter in the that loved them. hardened the heart of can give matter of a shew of doubt about this thing. If Ec. why was The downfall and ruin of Antichrist she not swallowed up. to find it out if he . had an And yet this must be.. hardened and emboldened to I'un upon their unavoidable destruction. seek to harden their it to pur- when they have also the advantage of the weakness of their professed enemies to do it by: especially when their enemies shall say they speak by the word of the Lord.' then was the time him to be church the world over and that none of the hewn in pieces. xii.

(that very night was Belshazzar the king is. 'till . bolt up their doors. after the second year) and with him the false : . and the flesh of captains. i. : and granted hhn to make war with them. for dead. and fore. the finishing : and ' in that ' it was with the Babel-beast His when the captivity of Israel was upon resurrection of the witnesses. which follows: 'And the beast was taken. And And there •war levied against them. is. so long we have no ground to thing for the church of God to be exposed to the think that her ruin is at the door: but when God rage of her enemy all over the world at once . SECOMD SIGN. David became the kmg of 1 Sa. l. Another sign of the approach of the when her Ziklag killing of the is taken from her . just about the time in the midst of heaven.. But now the church is not therefore immediately delivered. reign. . 20. be made to see these things. was now upon expiring for within three days after. Secondly. for shelter . For so long as the nations and their his Ziklag. and that. 35—30. of out beast his life. upon the woman and her seed shall be finished. as it should in this wiU that scripture be fidfiUed seem. I say. to the end delive- made you consider also that the witnesses : ' . not of the old. and shall discover her that aU nations should shut up their gates. as is evident by that then was the time of his land come. And that place so fly in continued to David. one down set their portcullises. that an angel should stand in the sun. by their drinking of the wine Indeed. Whereis to make against her. as I shall shall be delivered. the flesh and the flesh of mighty men. such as never was since taken from her for then indeed. the nations will be made towards the end of her to see her baseness. shew by and by. the beast levieth a new war. both /or the one. when they shall be made to see. Let us gather up what has been said again Wherefore. of harbour 1 Sa. for a little sea. at the very time when her hiding-place was shall be a time of trouble. ' ' and great. 13. but of the approach thereof: for the church's bondage shall continue but three days. flesh of horses. for after that. as well as of David's Ziklag. fled last into the wilderness to Achish the king of Gath. the beast had to wit. and them that Avorshipped his image. the long. it is a fearful of her fornication . namely.3. : to the ovei*- coming and that this is church I say therefore. let God's people consider and re- thousand two hmidrcd and threescore days: Re. a Philistine. days and an fore it half.rulers shall continue in that dead sleep that she hath tress but lo. the kingdom of Antichrist will quickly begin Nor is this the alone place from whence to tumble. David's and himself stript naked But what matter The ! ye may eat the flesh of kings. xi. her Ziklag will be taken from her. every one that shall be found written in the book. and the enemies fall the more headlong. both free and bond. This is to be after the fortytwo months of the beast and consequently. i Sa. came much together . or four Israel. time of Saul's life. Da. but of a new fest. is this : a sign. 1—6. then be sure her destruc: . rance may be the sweeter. and laid the church of God. then comes the kingdom. we may gather these conclusions. Da. ' member lorn. the time of the war that the it is ruin of Antichrist. therefore their times went out together. xii. bewitched them into. and to abhor her and her ways.there was a nation . as any Avill discern that shall more. not of the downfall of Antichrist. for three consider the history of them. or his witnesses. Much like . sense and reason saith. and a little after this [shall be her deliverance]. ' . when Saul did sorely prosecute him. The time of Pharaoh's tyranny. and the and of them that sit on them and of all men. long-looked-for rest and glory. . Where- remains. and shall lay her before kings.and at that time thy people son. both small . They wiU. These both were cast alive into a lake of fire make burning with brimstone. xk. * v. with which he deceived them that had received the mark of the beast. after the of the Chaldeans slain. if open their flood-gates to destroy them but so will be the dispensation of God.xv. after the thousand two hundred and threescore days that the church was to be in sackcloth yea. xxvii. in order to her ruin also. And thus also time expired. then came the kingdom to him. to gather themselves together to the supper of the great God: 'That which Said must Ziklag is die burnt with ! fire. and David. ruin of Antichrist. that Avhen God's church is absolutely forand has no hiding place any longer in the world. and against the other. 6. xxx. that a sign of the approach of the when God's church can find no more shelter in the wilderness because when her Ziklag is burned. by virtue. Thus therefore : it will happen to the church in the latter days her place of shelter in the wilderness . AND HIS EUIN. and he gave him Ziklag for his refuge. her ruin will to this was that of David for after he had lost not be far oif. let nakedness to the nations..: 60 theirs lasted this full time tliat OF ANTICHRIST. for two or three days he had sore dis. v. Re. and then behold. in the street of his great city. and make proclamation to all the fowls that 5. is finished. Ge. when she hath given one desperate struggle of the deliverance of the childi-en of Israel. xxxi. and the arm of God the more maniwere slain. about the time that the war that the beast has to prophet that wrought miracles before him. will the church of God be overcome. as will he ai)peai'.

to the people the Kings and nations will restore immense property and revenue sins.' Je. rise up against her. Hence you read. that she should fall by their hand? the lungs arc those that she has abused. But how will he by kings. absm-dities Thus will hmnan laws kill The down. ' come down. xivi. This from the midst of thee. AND HIS RUIN. and the king kills her And why should not the kings have it body. 37. when ness. make her naked? shall kings do it ? Verily. when he comes to deliver his people out kingdoms. I will shall devour thee. preacher then kiUs her soul. ' because they stand afar off to lament her.xxvii.' And what follows? 'And it shall whose hands God shall deliver her. as is evident. than into shall execute his come to pass. so the kings that shall bewail her. and say.' and 'a golden cup in the Lord's hand:' that of her hand. and has served herself of them but the time of the end of Antichrist. and will set thee as a . afar off The kings therefore for the fear of her torment. they Why. meaning of God. xviii. The king Bimyan does not in the slightest degree con' ' the angel : yea. lies. 3.: ! . they would wherefore fire shall hate her. to scale her walls. ' Eze. some of the kings will bewail her will cry.' must not misiuulerstand the words. Nineveh is laid Avaste bemoan her? whence shall I seek comiii. and deceit tmdor which formerly she used to shroud herself. I am by her then let her look to it. But now the angel is hath enlightened the earth fore is fallen * ! toith his glory. under the hollow knavish pretence of curing souls and forgiving the body of Antichrist. 'the nations have heard of thy : ' . in prayers and tears against her before the God of heaven. when neither rule nor honom-. x.] that the kingdoms. 3. But how * kills The reader her body. and that shall be bewitched it is written again. for the discovering of her lewdness to the earth. and sitteth. and keep it from the eyes of kings and their the king of kings shall give out the commandment But God has said it shall not avail: to them so to do. but by the hand of kings. The Protestant Kings. I will 'bring forth a it by her to the end. as well as othervvise. and Whereis fallen now it follows immediately.expert. xvii. I8. Ke. this observe further. his glory. and who judgments upon her. for that they shall see. 5—7. like men of war. I pray. and the kings have committed fornication Avith her. nor pelf to be gained by hypocrisy. saith the Lord of Hosts and I will discover thy skirts upon thy face. and shall eat her fire. yea. ' i?. Alas! Alas! and when they see that they can- not help her . True. xvi. but lay. is. there wants nothing but that she be discovered to the nations and their kings for did they but see her. shall be the whole world besides to uphold her. OF ANTICHRIST. that they may be by it she may cover her naked. that precedent to her downfall: An angel comes down from heaven. to wit. * way Babylon has for a long time been a lady of God wiU take to destroy our religious Antichrist. shall flee who will from thee. that all they that look upon thee. in the eyes and esteem of the fall. thy shame shall be seen I will take vengeance. flesh. xxm. that he might train them therefore will let us see something of the wisdom of Antichrist this day is up by the light of the gospel. of which they Let this. can do nothing against her. in vaiu shalt thou use many medicines for no ciu-e shall be unto thee. that she must die are such as in judgment are left in the dark. shall hate her because in the light of the glory of the angel they are made able to sec her filthiness .i. and make thee vile. shall not Every motive is for professing to believe and contradictions will be at an end. * . and burn her with by persecution of the preacher. though they lay yet in her bosom.— Ed. tion is 61 at hand. For though the people that suffer at her hand. Babylon That is. and the kingdoms thy shame. and I will tries about the ruin and destruction of Babylon The chief of the laid out. ' judgment for her sins and shame. * : ' had commission to preach against her. And I wiU cast abominable filth upon thee. Ee. and they will count themselves concerned when they shall see how they have been deceived Behold. 11. shall be more mighty and powerful to bring her down. That Antichrist have been plundered. by virtue of the glory of shall make her desolate and ' religious principles or practices cede to kings or nations a right to interfere with these are to be the sonl' or — slain. mystery Babylon is comino-. (and she was a type of our Eze. and then many nations and great kings shall servo themselves of him. nations. people.' Je. or they that border thereupon. if perhaps : not meet thee as a man. forters for thee?' Na. coimtries. . and enlightens the earth with [Tlie earth.y. This also was the sUding Israel of religious Babel) way that God took with backto bring her to this is the old.' gazing-stock. naked. And . There has been a great deal of talk in the coun•Thy nakedness shall be uncovered. when he intended . that she has in the grossest manner abused. and the sight of bring thee to ashes upon the earth in all them that behold thee. against thee. [EnligJitened . be considered. 12. xivii. Nor shall all the tricks. That as the kings that Wherefore. if false. . be able to prove a balm to her any longer No. the nations also have largely drank of her cup. IG.' Re. and I will shew the nations thy nakedness.] to let them see the filthiness of the whore. [ With his glory.] with the doctrine that he nations where the woman granted unto them. and bear their witness against her before the gods of the earth yet when kings shall come to be concerned. in that he has drawn oft' from her some of the kings already.

' An habitation of devils.. and put it into the hearts The signs of the times the of kings to abhor her. In the eyes and faith Is fallen by her dropping into the dregs of degeneracy. by saying to myself ! ! : : : : ' ! ! ' ! ! * ' ' . unavoidable destruction for ever. when Antichrist is towai-ds her end. and gather seeth all Babylonians are become devils. an the midst of her. and to himself at all seasons for this is to drive reason when they shall hear him. by For tion for devils. iii times past. there ai-e. And when God shall have gleaned habitation. 8—13. that by that her time is come that she abode. then she When you hear it jjroclaimed is to fall quickly. and the Lord turn the hearts of many her. When God was about to destroy the old world.) But this I say. a hold for all foul spirits. look for nothing from her. and to her disciples. 3. is <fcc. 'Babylon the great is man to have conceived them. . he sent his Lot away thence to Zoar when again. him. lying. &c. in order to her falling into utter and Is fallen of the godly. he put Ms Noah into an ark : when God was about to destroy Sodom. ' That is. that shall be able in those days to sing this song there shall be by God a hissing for his people. Let God's people therefore. and to fetch out his people. ' anti- the time of her do^vnfall but give me the signs This therefore is a sign. he bid his door. liis people from the midst of her. used to do. their dwelling-2)lace. and shall (of good men. is. 5. their place of rest and must be. now will Antichrist most proper colours. to wit. words for certain are the words df an holy angel And thus the angel that lightened the earth for it could not have entered uito the heart of mere with his glory. Babylon was always an habita- iiature. and let us go every one into his own country:' Je. To be an habitation (for devils. and implacable madness of spirit to do them mischief. he must needs be a tuneable disciples flee from the midst of that and when man. those that are left only for devilish-minded men. the church of God Avill certainly be torn in pieces? I say therefore. * We would have healed Babylon. have adventured to fore.' Devils: not such upon us. but by practice. a cage for every unclean and hateful bird. is Incarnate devils. and oibr Antichrist was stroyed. all sinful sub til ty. Then she will soon be hissed out the most vile of the sons of men. but what the devQ. that shall fan her. but she is not healed: forsake her. deceit. murder. ii. and this whore. a sign that her thereof. Some. chi'istiau ' church. when it enemy of Christ I will hiss for them. act towards Christ and his members in the latter days. malice. and gather to backward. to comment a little upon the words. AviU blow her up into this spirit of devilism. an house.9. Tliirdhj. behind will appear more than ever to be what they are. by them that is the way of the wisdom of God. namely. thither may such of the world: for this have acted towards the world. are yet in hei'. for I have redeemed them. ' Is become. and obey. wrath. this a sign that the ruin of Antichrist is at the Christ was about to destroy Jerusalem. When you shall see the church and people of God so forsake her that she is left in a manner to herself. fallen is fallen and is become the habitation of An habitation. When Babylon is become the then the downfall thereof trouble they shall be against her romid about. perhaps. blessed be God for what kmgs at the door. These Babylon is faUcu. and counter. of God's people. and so is become the habitation of devils. and to set the cart before the horse. or thither whither they have right to go. The more to hate her.' Ze. fraud. AND HIS RUIN.. as I said tell But before. habitation of devils. . foul spirits. yet they missed of the thing that fanners and winnowers that through the labour of the God hath sent to fan the time brought forth. the departing of Zion from the midst of her. Wiierefore it their place of privilege. ' ! ! downfall approaches. And. but not an habitation only for them. and a hold for cvei-y foul spirit. when he intends the ruin of that place. what Avill become of good men and where will they be safe in such days ? Only I comfort myself. and a cage devils) is to be their house. xvii. a dweUing-place. when Babylon shall become the But behold! the text and the Holy Ghost rims * Babylon habitation of devils. should fall. so shall the sons of this sorceress. she shall be found to sometimes a place of residence for good men. to bring his people out of a city or place.. when the time come that Babylon must be debe an habitation for For as devils Israel once dwelt there. The meaning then. then you shall see what will become of this For what will the good man's reason say. proclaimed. that she might be left to her chaff: 'I will send (saith God to THIRD SIGX. A third sign of the approach of the ruin is this: ' empty her land * Babylon) fanners. for every unclean and hateful bird. x. false aceusings. and a place of rest. then for it) is become the habitation of devils. to wit. Je. when God shall lay her naked- ness before the nations. God will have gleaned his people from And thus will Babylon be that is. but that them. is fallen is fallen and (or.) for in the day of ' of Antichrist. hit pretty right. Ke. (But Lord God think I. we sliould and hateful birds appear in his own wherefore. Babylon. tlie kings engaged agaiust hope groundedly that her fall was Well. Lord Jesus would have us mind and because the Jews neglected them. Babylon 'Mystery Babylon. 62 but could we see more of OF ANTICHRIST. devils. li. though as to the time they . True.

and reason will But hark what the Holy Ghost ! She is fallen When therefore we in shall now see men ! like devils to. . men come for sucli lier doors stand open. rejoice come to pass ? that the utter when these things begin to Are not these things rather a sign overthrow of the church of God is at : place of defence for such. it seems Babylon is their hold that is. their only place of safety : light of the gospel. 7. I shall see no sorrow.' Those that before are called devils. or which way soever taken.' But is this a sign of the approach of the ruin And must those that shall live to of Antichrist ? see those days. are also here called 'birds. professions and dco-rees. in that hour in which her . melodious cage.' Zep. Thus then we see how Babel. or. . men. the Holy Ghost takes those words but then we must put men in the place of birds.' By the term {^Birds. after that and take shelter the prophet had told us that these birds should dwell in the land of the people of God's cm-se. This is one of the signs that the do^vnfall of Babylon is near. and to blow out the shall take shelter in . Babylon towards her end and that they shall there. a castle. sects. where these micleau birds are mentioned. unanimously agree to show themselves monstrous. but pluck up our hearts. but of there) and the desert : shall rejoice. An unseasonable time to sing in for when dealh is coming in at the door. but for and sing in. jcxvii. even then when her destruction and desolation cometh upon her. and a countenancer of them. or from them : For an hold is often taken in the scrip- tures for a place that is impregnable. spirits . ' And to . as in a cage. the excellency of Carmcl and Sharon. saying. * them to Not to imprison them in. 14. ii. law and scripture can or would do unto them. ' therefore are not all of one feather. then the meaning is. sxxiv. that it shall not be possible that they shoidd be driven from her. and that the heart is far from fear for she saith. with devils and foul spirits yea.' Understand basest of by spirit.^ he may allude to that of the prophet Isaiah. in all their foul and devilish pranks yea. Of these birds Zephaniah speaks. That she should be a cage for every unclean bird to sing iu. or kind. To sing. to their own thinking . ravenous. the door ? Indeed. Ma. mourning shoidd be in the chambers. and foul spirits. as I think. and say. and the Babylonian hingdom for the cage. and there may sueli inhabit. and so taken here. a hold for evenj foul spirit. will be filled. 35. and blossom as oR and every kind . then know that Babylon is . sorts For of all these were the forbidden. until the time of her land shall come for in their hold they still . xx. and hateful bird. all But I say. will not only find house-room and harbour in Babel. that some faint opposition by the kings and nations will be made against these inhabiters. Wherefore it foUoAvs. But this is the judgment of God. in Babylon. as in a cage.xiv. for the ass thinks that he sings full favouredly.' As was said before. that they are called foul spii'its. from whom. 11—17. that the worst the rose It shall blossom. ix. (for that they arc Is. since these unclean birds are not it intimates that tho fold. these Babylonians. they shaU see the glory of the Lord. their voice shall sing in the windows . make melodious music in I mean. either those that are devils by nature. all sorts. defence and protection. when he ' pro- phecies of the downfall of Nineveh. (saith he) abundantly. sjiirit. doth also denote security. ' Je. in allusion to those of devils which go by the same name. 27. But ruin be a prediction of her and that her a fort. or kind. they will find her an upholder to them. of appetite. a tower spirited so that these devils. of one feather. The fold spirits in such foul acts. will be secured and defended from what reason. every foul spirit.and eat up the poor and needy. v. must be This intimates then. to wit. yet in their either in and rejoice even with joy and singing: The glory of Lebanon shall be given unto it. to sense is fallen and hateful bird. 'Every unclean bird. and with v. (when) desolation shall he in the thresholds. and the owl endeavours to lift : up her voice above it will all the birds of the fall. These unclean birds for every tmclean . When therefore you see good men come out thence. such an hold shall she be to such . the wilderness and the solitary That place shall be glad for them . being and the excellency of our God. shape. cormorant and the bittern [shall] lodge in the uppermost lintels of it. OF ANTICHRIST. let us not be frighted or dejected. temper they will somewhat agree. flock Babylon. these foul- is at the door.. yea. Je. a little if they will not be before her downfall. of incUnaiion. to devoiu. to confer their notes in. unclean and hateful beasts. but to little purpose. AND HIS RUIN. or such as are such otherwise. or unclean birds among the Jews. foul spirits. : ' : . 'And a hold for every of one feather. towards her end.'hat. monstrous. lovers of the night. ' A to sit . shall be. But however. And by cage. when she is near her ruin yea. all Now near her end. lon. in their temper. But I think that the angel chiefly intends all manner of unclean and filthy and so the chm-ch and members of BabyOr if you tmderstand it of the uncleanness of the spirits and minds of men. wood we often understand a place of strength. their place of defence For by an hold. act of all professions. he may allude to the prophet Jeremiah. 'And a cage be apt to say so saith ! ' it is. but shelter. and all sorts of wicked men flock in thither. and it intimates. judgment comes. but a . and that she will not only be an habitation.

God of his people. And come the ransomed of the Lord shall return. For what can better fit a genera- And little if light to the reader. or about the time they have done . a forerunner of the ruin of Antichrist. That the witnesses must be slain before the fall the practice : the best . of holiness it . this work is bad for come with vengeance. and by the : God threatened to give his sanctuary 'into the hands of strangers for a prey. but a is sign that their deliverance at the door. bhnd shall be opened. 'Babylon the great is fallen ! dead bodies sliaE lie in the street of the great city. 'And when they their shall have finished their nesses:' timony. an hart. idolatries. To robbers. And they heard a great voice from heaven. burglars. . Thus you see their death is before their deliverance. and that of his image. he adds. Is. has been hinted already. the wayfaring men. OF ANTICHRIST. them down. a Fourtldy. where each habitation the In water And lay. and a Avay. having qualified them before that work. their . and confirm the Say to them that are of a fearful feehle Imees.' half. vii. The way it . Then the eyes of the he will come and save you.' ver. the beast that shall not pass over but shall be for those ascendeth out of the bottomless pit shall make war kill therein. the spirit of life from God entered into them. 'The Slaying of the WitFor the witnesses are to be slain before the fall of Antichrist and that by the hand of the beast. sJwU be grass with reeds and rushes. and but the redeemed shall walk there. yea. AND HIS RUIN. and And the parched ground streams in the desert. ' ' of Babylon. than to be themselves all till then. shall not err No lion shall be there. that the fairest day should succeed the foulest night. thefts. ver. fear not : hehold. and against the witchcrafts. and sorrow and sighing shall flee away. heart. Be strong. and they stood upon their feet and great fear fell upon them which saw them. when we see these devils. I shall not count lost. V. . and they shall possess their houses. they must be the wickedest of men that shall do this the very scum of the nations. their death is Also. a hold of foul spirits.' Eze. against them. though fools. and v/'ickedness of Antichrist: Then and not ' tion for such a work. and it shall become a : pool. and they should defile saith it. has before been touched upon but in this place I shall a little enlarge. must do it. but a beast must slay them of thieves. work of witness-bearing for When they have made or are God in the world making an end of giving their testimony for Christ. The hangman is usually none of The witnesses are also to be slain but a den not a man. men either of reason or conscience to be found in of. and the vilest run in to her. nor any ravenous shall go up thereon. who shall manage the members of Antichrist. 21-. si.' Ke. You see also that their death them. xi. turned and also succourers of all foul spirits. ye sons of God learn to make a judgment of things according to the mystery of the wisdom of God. : the very vilest of people. and to Zion with songs : and everlasting joy upon their ' heads They shall obtain joy and gladness. my tes- labour ruin of Antichrist. it shall not be found beast there . 22. and the ears of the deaf shall Then shall the lame man leap as he im stopped. the mother of harlots The beast upon which the woman sitteth. Will you What say ye now. even Godioilh a recompence. and wicked heads and horns of which she is protected and defended he ia said to ascend out of the bottomless .:' : : 64. since cage for every unclean and hateful the one other. when. . Another sign of the approach of the is. days will he pulling 'Strengthen ye the weak hands. And is fallen ! and is of devils. Also their death is to be by the hand of the beast to wit by the men that have and hold his mark. is but three days and a half before the a short comment upon this text will give FOURTH SIGN. and say. and a bird. and shall overcome them. weak from those of fears that in those support the of the earth for a spoil. an highway shall be there. foul spirits. W^herefore. And they of the people. yom- God Avill For the truth is. . the unclean have finished their testimony. saying imto them.' The beast: The power that carrieth and beareth up Antichrist. ' I will bring the worst of too the heathen. and a hold for every foul become the habitation spirit. Wherefore. and kindreds and tongues and nations shall see their dead bodies three days and an half. Nor is this a new notion to the The beast that ascended out of the bottomless pit. where also our Lord was crucified. And commands oft-times. then let us sing the angels' song. 8. and that are of the number of his name. or will ye ! longer conclude according to sense and reason: * He turneth the shadow of death into the morning : Am.' is not only a fore-runner of their deliverance. with those qualifications of which you read in the sign foregoing. Como up hither: And they ascended up to heaven in a cloud and their enemies beheld them. 7—13. . which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt. xxxv. and shall not suffer their dead bodies to 'And after three days and an be put into graves. Again. when we see and unclean good men leave her. murders. sorceries. And therefore I proceed: 'And when they shall shall be called. fornications. and the tongue of the dumb sing: for in the wilderness shall waters break out. birds in Babylon. and devils. that and the thirsty land springs of of dragons.

and overcome him by their their testimony. and he made war against them all the time of their prophesying in sackcloth. yea. the son of Chenanah.' ' OF ANTICHRIST. to subdue. and to establish the re: Baal But when she saw that by aU she could do she got nothing. and such as is grounded banished. 3. x. By his first war. Torment. is to get the mastery. ways When Zedekiah. and killed for their faithful testimony No. because they overcame him by their faith and testimony. when those that were ablehavebravely boms threescore days. It will be the lot therefore The beast therefore will make a war against the of the church. II. xii. is a box of the ear which perhaps by both However. because their testimony had prevailed against him Wherefore. thia last war. xxv.' is. they shall grow faint before him. beast shall overcome overcome. when he and threescore days' war with him for then they were overcomers. De. besides those upon which his first war stood. behind.' (to wit. have finished their type tyranny the cruelty of Amalek was a who. By this war he overcome them. as she did the thousand two hundred is : So then. as was hinted before. : consequently he had run out the time of his first commission for war. and . Shall make war We read that Now how shall long this second war will will I last. And by power and policy: these ways they may be VOL. They make merry for their victory over consider that these witnesses are a succession of them. 6. he manifesteth by his doings. was the cause of . 1 Ki. cowed. by these things they overcome. then will the beast boast himself. AND HIS RUIN. overcome they shall be. when they had finished their testimony. to wit. saw that with argument he could not overcome Micaiah. 19. was groimded upon a vain confidence of his abiUty to destroy their faith but this last was grounded upon madness against them. that and so 'And shall said to be overcome. The first war he made. And as did his type of old. but his person. they that come faith and testimony conquerors over him. because these two prophets. There arc two he can by blows. seems to be another. . and did bear away the garland. is 2 Pe. 17—19.beast. and desperately swears by all the gods that she had. Ke. have no heart or spirit to bear up in their profession against him Against him. a new war. found as a nest the riches of the people and as one gathereth eggs thai are left. the weak: But his judgment is.' Re. This new war. That Of this . : . And this is insinuated when he Nor do I. ' know not : make before he This I know shall that the text saith. all the time that the first war lasted. the beast will give the witnesses. in the latter end of the reign of the witnesses aU the time of their prophesying in sack. xviii. : of possession. have I gathered all the earth and there was none that moved the wing. To overcome then. 14. ' . By this War he seeketh to overthrow themselves. xiii. he will try if he shall perish for ever. which will be a thousand tAvo himdi-ed and the valiant ones having gone before: These will In all which time they come. or when they are upon finishing and be proclaimed more than of that In compai'ison of whom. to be feeble and weak in their profession. pit . not now against his religion. wherewith these witnesses by their testimony tormented him and his followers. for my part. to turn out upon other. or opened the mouth. A sad time. is said to overcome them. That he should have leave to make . ' overcome. When ' the devil sees that he cannot do by argument. she breaks out into a rage. overcome them. ' . 'And shall overcome them. to wit. My hand hath ' God which he ligion of maintained. or peeped. . that he and came to [do] the work of the against them. through the Christ that loved after will be but like eggs to the cocks of the game: them. while they were hearing their testimony against his doing and that his commission was.' Jezebel for a long time made war against Ehas the prophet. to take and hold captive. what strugglings the witnesses overcome them. That by to-morrow that time the hfe of the prophet shoidd be as the life of one of her priests and that too when they testimony. i Ki. xi. as one that are the latter end of the witness-bearers. So that this war which now he raiseth against them. war so long. and raises a new war. and left. by their good men and that when Israel came out of testimony. : them. to strip the subdued of power and privilege. wonder at this. the feeble and weak-handed did come earth. cloth. xii.) tormented them that dwelt on the Egypt of old. and takes him a box of the ear. for that was horn ' there. l Ki. to it is to happen to the people 80—40. he makes war again. But here we read again. 4. shall give him the foil. lo.wii. but that the prophet got the day of her worship.' Saints are not when they are imprisoned. new arguments. shall tormented almost to death. seeking to overthrow the worship of overcome. I say. I . as is sufficiently manifest both by scripture and reason : ' For of brought whom a man is in bondage. priests and worshippers. the for so saith the holy word of God chmx-h the Wherefore them.' of overcoming. But now in this second war he overcomes wherefore they must needs be crushed. when I saith. Ke. smote the hindermost.' king. xix. 2i. and say.thereof. he steps to him. it meant. Re. and kills them. he shall get the mastery of them. *he overcomes them. 6. whom he had slain for an idolater. of the same he ii. he sought to beat down and overthrow ilieir testimony.

so. must make manifest But kiU them he shall. cannot do fore distinguish I do there- between : hilled * and overcome. fire proceedeth out of their mouth. xvii. and yet live . take occasion to inquire. otherwise than as so many ruinous heaps. than that we shoidd die in the wil: of two: 'My two witnesses. Secondly. As therefore they went about to kUl their enemies. but not from the mouth of them that are Ex. God abiding for by reason of a continual succession of men that is joined by the special him against Antichrist. xiv. a thou- long they shall thus be held captive before they are brouo-ht to execution .' ' And kill them. When the church was coming out of Egypt. but with respect to their prophesying so long. tically such. as of God. sent you with some things that look like parallel cases. they scripturally bear this title. AND HIS RUIN. at tliat day. Ex. xii. Nothing but the dead bodies of these will be to be seen of the nations nor them neither.' Re. for these witnesses must continue to give Now how their testimony for God against Antichrist. men be overcome. or a true visible living . and church state and their enemies will kill them. and observation. after she has sufficiently borne her testimony for him in the world. as all know. cause the text doth so He make war against them. xxi 33. Not a corporeal one. Besides. 2. 18. he must in this manner be killed. How What they are to be considered as to this death they must die to accomplish this slaughter. whether the beast will ride in triumph while they are in his bonds . is ridi- And 'tis to be taken notice of. whether he will suddenly kill . and kiU them. How they are to be considered ? answer: Not in a carnal or natural. so their enemies will kill them : But they sought to IdU their enemies by their testimony. I wish. but they that are killed. just before they were delivered from Pharaoh. e. note. 34. to use Antichrist. n. and the true Christian church state. : wiU . but because two are a sufficient number . is overcome : yet every 'And shall : is overcome. ' feared. that there is a difference to be For though put betwixt killing and overcoming every one that is killed. . and in the eyes ' of their enemies. ' In shall overcome them.' Re. but that which is mysAnd I choose to understand it thus. and baptized (that is. For the text. xi. and shall overcome them. or Nor can sand two hundred and threescore years. nesses. they are called witmystical sense.: : : C6 Of ANTICHRIST. to bear witness God's church. 15. : may consult their own enlargement and deliverance. a cloud culous . Je. this death they must die ? I answer. ' From these words therefore I will 1. dition. As the witnesses . They go under the niunber of two Not because there were indeed two such men in the world. that they Avere Nu. What He He ' war against them. for so says the Holy Ghost. I be found a Chrischurch of Christ in the world. (at least so I think. is not killed: Ac. I have spoken to that already wherefore I will now prethat there for a time scarce tian spirit. so. Ac. First. ' And blessing of God unto it. For the love that I bear to the church of Christ. a dead church both in the eyes of professing saints. Both which are to be mystically taken. they were in their own eyes. 13. ' ' his worship in the name of God. 3. beshall which is mystical. and experience.k. Secondly/. to proclaim against the beast and Pharaoh. as to their Christian heat and fervency of mind and also as to their Christian church state. I may prove a false prophet But this looks so like the text. thus did they (when they did overcome. xi. but when they are killed. They were. xxxv. but in their conversation.' But first I would speak a word or two. vii. Secoxdly. he shall overcome them. method therefore God will suffer the beast to proceed with the church of God. even with the fire or sword of their mouth: 'If any man will hurt them. They that are overcome. but that is not all . and devoureth their enemies : and if any man wiU hurt them. first. : bearing. their Because their testimony standeth not in words only. or the congregation of them that time. prophecy. that I cannot but think it will be so. To think that own. So that. 33. & xix. and kill them. but in a For. They are put under the number First. 5. will be under such slie never was since Christ's day. yea. in their sufi"cring also and that is a mystical witnessFirst. but that is not all overcome them. g. has been at least of such a number of the expression. Moses and Pharaoh concluded they were all dead men. and also so like the dispensations of God with his church of old. Do. 3Iy two witnesses. The people said so.) there will be such ruins brought both upon the spirit of Christianity. for the time. as to this. Also Paid tells us. none other than dead It Jmd been better (said they to Moses) for us to serve the Egyptians.) slay their enemies. in the most furious heat and rage of and in the sea. xii. there have been two such men in the world. buried) unto Moses in the cloud. The witnesses therefore are nothing else but a successive church. in the eyes of Moses. it is otherwise : There may be a cry heard from the mouth of them that are over- one that may killed come.' shall shall ' ' because this suiteth best with their state and con- Of their slaughter also I kill them. and also in their derness. before this Antichrist is destroyed. that's most certain. as to their antlchristian spirit. xxxii. mid Ml them. .

battered. So it ceased unto the second year of the were they. they went and the nations round about ? Babylon then was up in haste to Jerusalem imto the Jcavs. to look to. so I Avalk not by their rules. What visible living chm-ch was now in the land. since their temple-worship was a Now this. and said. : . as it were. that their reseen in Israel? None but what was under ground. end with the chm-ch of Israel. l—3. But why avg buried in dens. should think thus. Then ceased the valley. Take another instance. as to their Artaxerxes letter (which he sent to forbid the Jews spirit and church-state. that that church of God was now. • . : Or has it the smeU or savour of such a thing ? purposes ? And thus it will be. ' ' . he hath filled his belly Avith my de. when and killed and that by the beast. And I pray.' i Ki. Ro. and so as to their And doth this look like a visible church-state ? temple-work. but that. &c. thus the church said mistake. Israel was coming out of Babylon. of which the king of Babylon was a type. Pray. mystithine altars. they were building of the temple of God. this. but that we must have a time also to testament Yea. 3i. and their companions. left alone. he overcome. lost their spirit. I will yet add another thing. they have digged do'mi mystically so the street in Avhich they be. Fourthly. which was a figure of our church-state uoav under the Gospel Tliirdly. AND HIS RUIN. or the form and constitution of it? What was. That is not to whelp. when under the king of Babylon's tyranny: And that is. it is an easy matter to make their cease as they? And since their temple-work Avas vatnesses in this their death. hindered and molested and also a figure of what we are treating of? And in their Avork. droioned there. and descend to other things. and slain thy prophets.broken budding. and her church-state. . Secondly. : . ' .. Avhat did that bespeak. xi. they were not only troubled. and whether we beheA^e or disbeheve hereabout. That he was eaten up of a di-agon. were slain but a little before tbe iniin of Antichrist began so this church was haiMzed in the sea but a Httle before great Pharaoh was in the text . but AA'ere made for a time to cease. in many things to sym. What was the dry hones that we read of in the 37th of Ezekiel. that for the witnesses to be hilled. to be taken mystically likewise. accounted as dead. not in their work) was read before Rehum and Shimonly by themselves. : ' li. 67 That the beast will kill the church that shall be in the latter days. . and children but to Now (says the text) Avhcu the copy of king shew. that is. and the grave were the bones Bones without flesh. 23. she is once more to be overcome. But we Avill pass 3. But I ansA\-er. and thus the church shaU be again: For merit shame. wives. and they seek my life. and For these things were writ for our like a dragon.all his angels Je. shall lie threo what church was there to be years and a half in the street yea. but the chm-ch of God. the dragon's they assert. as to her Christian spiritedness. I alone must bear it. surrection shall be corporeal. but to be acted over Avhat doth their causing of that work to cease sigonce again by the beast with the church of the new nify to us.face could there be at present thereupon. as I said. killed. If I similitude of a man ? Why. it was like some deformed. were quashed. or the work of the house of God which is at Jerusaskin bones exceeding dry yea so dry and dead lem. and the church of caused to cease before the house was finished. I mean. as yet I can see no reason. and since the Jews left off to build God's house at the command of the herself. but by the king of Babylon. They are here said to be overcome . was that their natural body being slain. to all intents and . since the people were alive. "Wlicii it. either with reference to a godly spirit for Fifthly. while was known to God. iv. which time also typical of this. the mistakes are only mine and if I shall she was. or as such an one that was begun parison. but that they had the beast lets fall to the ground from behind him. OF ANTICHRIST. and in caves of the earth Yea. shai the scribe. and therefore he cried since the persons are such mystically the beast to God. we hold they die corporeally. to show us what shall be done herewould you think of a man. Lord. 24 whether ever they should live again. Ave That must conclude. if And I could further add. made I do not question but many good men have writ and cast out as the to fill the belly of a dragon dung of a dragon? Would you think that such more largely of this matter but as I have not seen an one did aU this while retain the shape. into which the church of God compared by foolish builders ? Yea. U. or their books. why called dry hones. was a state that Avas not to type of a new-testament church state and worship. . bolize.. time AviU bring it to pass. xk. of whom one should after. and made and the chm-ch of God them to cease by force and power. she counted herself as the dung that heathens. tell you.' Ezr. yea. and I am cally such and the days of their unburied state. : . In the time of Elias. or rather com. xxxrii. but dead to every man alive. Avhat admonition. form. to be overcome Some may think they have said enough. To be dead in law. yea. . what Israel in this their grave. with their substance. the prophet could see none. he hath cast me out. a little before the Nebuchadnezzar (said she) 'hath swallowed me up church of God shall be set free from the beast. licates. sinews. is. And therefore I conclude the premises . Eze. and let the work lie still. that the prophet liimself could not tell reign of Darius king of Persia.

but not a church in order: : A chiu-ch Even as there was once a Christ. time must make appear But die I perceive they must for the churches of ! : . revive. When occasion. cause that his body should see corruption. no. 4. prophesy. 27. to be dead in law : more than . but no living Christ in the grave. (for churches are called bodies. their souls. and the whole heart faint already and how long wiU it be before churches die of the wound that the beast has given them. in this the spirit of testimony-bearing is taken from the church for that is not essential to Christianity. Besides. needless repetition. as to church-state in ruins. Now. and as Christ. since in death. 7. X. shall be more time is come? spiritual. When the Jews had . iv. while he reads this account of things As. But how shall we know when witnesses. then far enough off from being killed. C8 OF ANTICHRIST. shall die. This victory of the beast. life of communion ? And where that practical holiness that formerly used to be seen in the houses. in this second spirit of life that acted those bodies. it was beyond all the art of hell to ciently of things before. ii. their church-state. not in the them with any of his vices. so when the beast has killed the witnesses. should be conquered to a comphance with Antichrist in his foolish and vain religion For it is not with dead men to com: nesses. yet the gates of hell shall not prevail to an utter overthrow thereof. and have a reverence for it This is intimated by this. ix. But yet the beast will. in those nations where the woman sitteth. shall be taken nesses is intended. ply but as they are dead to their own churchstate. be in the latter days. so shall the other. 275 Ep. be no living church of Christ in the world A church. after his resurrection. &. 18. And after three days and an half the spirit of life from God entered into them. but to spend themselves. . xxxvii. if the wound already given shall. So then. more glorious than he was before so the . and they stood upon their feet. i. But should as many more die. Hence you find. for a time. and so shall the church of God. all will not kill. Wlien testimony-bearing becomes a vain or when they have heard suffiJn. but is given and taken away as there is . as men that are wounded do when with groans they let Where (say some) is the spirit and out their life. was. xi. and rather betake themselves to 2. Prophesy unto the wind. their testimony for they : . as to her church-state. to the utter confusion and destruction of their enemies Yea. breath. lives and conversations of professors ? The whole head is sick. Col. so they are to his. 33. First. 3. of which mention was made before Then said he unto me. Eze. the body doth not dead. and exact in aU their ways. 13. the spirit of life from God entered again into them Into them. as to his body.) but that by war that shall be made by him against the witnesses. and rise again. lie . 19. if all be true that from foreign parts some have said: For what a withdrawing of God and of his Spirit is there already in some of : * : ' . after their resurrection. but the dwellers upon the earth were them that danced after fulfilled their the devil's pipe. and breathe upon these slain. repeated ' blows And only thus much concerning their killing. I up to God. : Some thing him would bestow upon the reader. that not the witnesses. as to the fulfilling of it in law. I do not deny but that God may the hand of the beast. heavenly. That at their resurrection. is and ttat man may be dead and if so. him as a memorandum. The word worketh not that God sound repentance which it was wont to do: Preachers preach for little.' Ec. before the God of heaven for he must be the judge.. v. he shall not be able to corrupt Secondly. that not only their bodies. That they of the people and kindreds and tongues and nations (that are neither the witstill ' eyes of the world wiU — . and say to the wind. son of man. antecedent thereunto. AND HIS RUIN. : For a and yet not be overcome. a sufficient testimony has been given and against Antichrist. iii. Thus saith the Lord God Come from the four winds. l Co. and 'thou shalt iii. their spirit of life into the hands of God For it saith concerning them. than they were before they were killed. : . This victory of the beast shall not invalidate or weaken . When Mat. when he had murder. is not to be until the witnesses have finished their testimony. that they may live. her enemies forbear to plead against her by argument. 26. is Witnesses are not always boimd to speak: There a time 'to keep silence. the text supposeth that they had yielded up. but the spirit of is life departs there- from it to shew. Eze. By many that I have said. Nor doth this murder. as I said. 9. for as much as they are said to be overcome and killed. that will not prove that that death wiU be that that by the killing of the witof the people of die corporeally. and so by all that he shall do. seem to be a great way off. this 1 . (if shall not altogether have his blows. for : but no living church. ' be dumb.' Re. it must be more than to be dead in lato. C. killed Christ. or to confirm any of the truths that they either were by their witness- bearing. Thus it was concerning the dry bones. that at all was his will) that these wit- second war. visible There shall. iii. When of glory . remember. he shaU not hinder the to carry with revelation of to bring to light. as dying men do. xll. Besurrections are always attended with new additions for Christ. no more than they prevailed to an utter overthrow of Christ but as one did.

but for the sins of churches and saints. So it wiU. for their words. Either she rejoiceth in outward and carnal ' . and glad. will be this we have under consideration. Our god hath delivered into our hands our enemy. and shall send gifts one to another because these two prophets tormented them that dwell on the earth. and thine eyes. to wit.! OF ANTICHRIST. (saw him in chains) they praised their god: for they said. how joyful were they of the victory! Then the continual plague and eye-sore: to the : . These two prophets tormented her. Je. or they that dwell upon the earth. Thirdly. ' destruction. xxi. nesses. 16. and . is freedom and liberty of the upon the slaughter of the wita sure sign of her unavoidable ruin and But some may say. Hence our Babylon. and for the sweetening to the church her future mercies. as they thought. drive kingdom nor . by these two things.) shall not suffer their ' and for the which he said that he would pimish Babylon Chaldea shall be a spoil All that spoil : * : dead bodies to be [buried. about the destruction of Jerusalem. 9. nor they that in the next verse are called of. Ee. and the them together for to offer a great sacrifice unto Dagon their god. Like of in the first . XXX-. 24. nor shall it 'Twill last but three days and an come. make merry. back (or cause to tarry) the glorious saints. First. eating and drinklife. Re.) But how were they that had got the victory? Oh joyful. and dancing. ye destroyers of mine heritage. 'the rejoicing city. Antichrist the joy that she shall con' i. under the name of Nineveh. Because ye were glad. concerning the men Ziklag was poor that had burnt David's Ziklag. xi. frus- her shall be satisfied. how great is their joy! How great is their joy. This will be a SAD day. now they are killed now she rejoiceth. because of all the great spoil had taken out of the land of the Philistines (from Ziklag) and out of the land of Judah. and the destroyer of our country. ii. And when the people saw him. to this. and gloomy but it will be but short. and took it and carried thence all David's substance. and how near their ! downfall ! This therefore is a joy that is like that FIFTH SIGX. usher in bright and pleasing [ones] yea. . David's place of safety nor had he any else but But the children of that under the whole heaven set it on fire. thy liberty. and to hasten the dowTifaU of the king- dom of the beast. Only her joy is distinguished ft-om that which is the joy of God's people. xi. Our god hath delivered Samson our enemy into our hand. to pass. the state of the witnesses. lo. is that which will be now the cause of her glorying.' Ju. is called. 69 — the inhahiters. or else in the ruin of the church of God. to wit. they were to Babylon as Mordecai was to Haman. our Lord. with his (Very ill done to a man wives and his children. and her disciples merry men but the poor church of Christ has been solitary. and the righteous shall have dominion over them . ment like these that we have imder consideration. AND HIS RUIN. When the Philistines had. &c. ceive in her heart nesses. to . While thou hadst tJiy Poor Samson lords of the Philistines gathered ! more frightful that is which goes before. and lie dead upon the spot : * And they that dwell upon the earth shall rejoice over them. : . locks. Lu. which slew many of us. The great joy and among her disciples. presented them with a relation of many sad things but when he was come even to the hearts of men. Avhen these things begin to lift come . And this her joy was of old prefigured by them that in her spirit have gone before her As. As also was David wretched Saul But now they are overcome. because ye rejoiced. that will be in her.' 1 Sa. Zep. theyicere spread abroad upon all the earth. xvi. Here again you find a joy and merrithat they glory. Another sign of the approach of the ruin of Antichrist. Nothing pleases the wicked more. and that upon such like accounts. than to see the godly go do\\Ti the wind . the supposed ruin of the church of God. his . Babylon has been always a merry city. that Nazarite of God. 25—28. : ' them * ' that they should fail for fear : ' He said. for God to make black and dismal dispensations. the joy of them that dwell upon the earth for that the witnesses that did bear up the name of God in the . u. the east came upon it. is that which you read book of Samuel. the more comforting is that which follows after. with their glorious resurrection. in affliction to a man that went always in fear of SecoMy. Christ Jesus. Fifthly. 'Tis as ordinary as for the light to shine. because of the rage of his master Saul. This shall not lengthen the reign and tranquillity of the antichristian trate. ' ing. were overcome and killed. . saith the Lord. and to rejoice: for they said.' half. First. and had told . The joy therefore of Babylon. and as a wife forsaken her tears upon her cheeks bear her witness. when : they shall see that the witnesses are slain. a next morning. thou didst shake But the pillar that did bear up their kingdom now they have conquered thee. lo. . and up your heads ' for your redemp- tion draweth nigh. 15. world. in answer to the question of his disciples. and lives. then look up. and merry at heart at the thoughts of the richness of the booty? 'Behold. This last. but at present let this suffice that is here upon the paper before us namely. 23. for ever overcome Samson. and so doth her sackcloth-weed. Instances in abundance might be given as to this. and actions And this is the joy that God complaineth . or be] put in graves. and maketh merry.

lords. x. xiviii. They shall rejoice over tfmm. and of silver. they rejoice. : : .' he. so thorough. this. Moab also. AND HIS KUIN. over mirth and jollity. as bones exceeding dry. as if the staflf should lift up itself. which was. for he will assuredly go into perdition. their tormenting enefalls. little that wonder after the beast. they deny get over the faithful witnesses for God and his the wisdom and power by which they were permit. It is well : ' . saw the hand-writing that made his hnees This repeaiing. when this last sign is fulfilled I call it the lost vessels used in his woi'ship and service he did with such joy that was not usual. . Je. or Bunyau tbe brazier than by many of his readers. But all this while. : . the tenth part of his kingdom their slain. and as hones exceeding dry trampling upon them was there by Belshazzar a Thirdly. God cannot away with this : Of all For when the For the devil. and over his ordinances and earth.' And . : are a plague and a torment to tliem of these two prophets. of wood. and at that day their joy will be of another day.be in derision For over them.i. and so on till the whole is ruined. that he will use to do this work withal that Yea.' But what follows? consuming of soul and body of them that do such as if it were no Why. Je. thou skippedst for joy. therefore let be the portion of Antichrist. that they wiU think ('twUl never be day) that ted to do this. and over his people that with his hout-hammers. is. They shall rejoice. and drag. And all to power is the hammer of the whole earth shew what a conquest. . Is. bout and bout. so glad was he in his heart thereat. What ! shall the witnesses of God be killed Shall them while they are and silver vessels that his father Nebuchadnezzar dead. This too will joy we have touched already'. and make followers the next news that we hear upon this mei-ry. 13. is a joy that flows from Thirdly. ' As 'tis said a thing. make merry..sign I find none that doth intervene betwixt the mated by his doing of it before a thousand of his slaying of the witnesses. burning and known to those four athletic who live near a coppersmith's. This joy therefore. them. as it were. as was be the joy of the beast and his followers m the they had slain their tormentors. and tormenting enemy lying drunken for he magnified himself against the dead at their foot. so 'twill be with the beast and his exceeding great: 'They shall rejoice. and praised the gods of gold. and as those that ride in triumph Lord Moab also shall . kingdom and reign of Antichrist. (those holy vessels once dedicated to look to themselves before his death ! He called for his golden the beast stand glorying over : the worship and service of God) that his princes. incessant accomplished. in the day that Israel was victory. to caution them ! to repentance. because dwelt on the earth. vexatious. and break him in pieces over the God of heaven. but better understood by itself against him that shaketh it ? As if the rod should shake itself against them that lift it up. Hab. and of stone. 26. for that For. this be a caution to the men While the church of God lay dead in what a Babylon. as he thought. : : : of him. and Jei-usalem. and his concubines : ' . of brass.' Da.' and that till he had drank himself drunken. this is. as the of God. this Antichrist and Babylon.70 OF ANTICHRIST. until their object is —En. 4. and offer sacrifice to their own net the victory is so complete. mies. And although tliis glorying mistress of iniquity.i. may say that her yet God of iron. when three or men are keeping up. knock together. And from sense of Israel Shall the axe boast itself against him and reason they will have groujid to think so for that heweth therewith ? or shall the saw magnify * This is a very expressive term. t Protestant kings. They shall therefore rejoice as conwas not Israel (saith God) a derision unto thee? querors use to do. wood.i6. and kill when that is done. his wives will assuredly for this quickly put a period to the might drink therein. and send gifts and make merry. and as he lived not to see the light doth manifest. . and kill them and ors But when they shall overcome them.* with the kings f of the dwelt in Jerusalem.Son. the witnesses had been their tormentthey shall overcome them. but ski]) for joy.' things. as is inti. . who make the slaughters of their was he found among thieves ? for since thou spakest spoiled enemies the trophy of their joy. from victory after a Avar that has lasted taken captive by their enemies. could not forbear a thousand two hundred and threescore years. v. and the beginnings of the ruin of Antichrist but this. as they do that have a most But what saith the jealous Lord? 'Make ye him potent. up and bewitch the men that wonder wicked would rejoice that they have been suffered after the beast. ' ' . latter days they will make war with the witnesses shewed you. he had got wdU cut him in sunder. which provoketh the holiness that the conquest must be lasting. they shall rejoice over them. so universal. with the victory that they shall to make havoc of the church of God. the church But a little to comment upon their joy. as was hinted before. with his feet in their neck? and shall none had taken out of the temple of God that was at be angry at it? Let them that lave themselves God wiU be concerned. phrase is. But as Belshazzar soon after one to another. 'tis And to this text I the rather They tormented them that bring. 15—is. 37. lay dead at his feet The cause of their or as the Holy Ghost doth set it forth. blows upon a rivet. ' . that will so flush great deceiver of mankind. An high aifront to heaven They drank wine. and repeating with aggravation. their enemies.

made is of their God. They have fleshly solace. Thus as to sense and reason. ii. 4. though they will suppose they shall. a thought but it cannot be maintained so because deliberation will come in and spoil it. : ' means as and choke appearances of such upon the spirits of wicked men I question not at all but many have been. make merry. do so to their god. x. and then what's become of their joy ? And great fear fell upon them which saw them. Wherefore. XXV.'cs. and have feasting. solace. not those we have now now they have kiUed They shall have music. and send ' ' : 71 wantonness their joy. these conquered. won in battle. dead men must come to hfe again. There the And this was . Da. that might arise in their hearts for the sin which they had committed for a gift blinds signifies further. x. is 28. The merri- the loss that he David's way. They of God in this world: And methinks. but to make merry. . saying. now they will have nothmg to do but to rejoice over them. fiU. 32. and to make merry. Thus therefore shall they rejoice over them. Nay. Joy is one thing. And make merry. they were resolved. This sending of gifts to each other. To make meiTy. to his friends. spoils of the Behold a present what the way that sinful joy . that : ' the eyes of the wise. killed. shall And why may enemies of the Lord . act of the soul . and that where none may come to interrupt and that they will be capable of doing any where then.' commission of so great an oficnce. 1 Sa. and one to another. And made will . the beast and his tram may do what they will now wiU be the time for men to live carelessly and wantonly. they shall send gifts one to another their merry days wiU then be come. and perverts the judgment of the righteous how much more then will it stifle . the followers of the heast avlU he far from thinking so for they will 'rejoice over them. by these five things we sent of the spoil (says the text) imto the elders of Judah. Es. ' To make merry. and also a means to buoy them up stiU. and a deceitful aU shall . To rejoice. 2. Wickedness shaU walk with open face in those days for then there will be none ahve for God and his ways wherefore.' : ' ' OF ANTICHRIST. Re. to make wicked mirth. xi. shall be fulfilled ' upon these witnesses Gad (saith he) a troop : but he shaU overcome at the So then these conquerors must not always rejoice. doth shew the present shall : overcome him Ge. xix. v. 9. di-awn down into the beUy of hell. xi. one to another. The merriment of his Ziklag he sent to his friends of what he had The merriment of fleshly taken from his enemies. and to send gifts Hast thou killed. that I can say nothing to : but pro- bably. I say. Revenge upon a supposed So then. and all make the time of that httle. of revenge. wherefore. and also make merry too. : be quiet and stiU: the foUowers of the Lamh shaU be doAvn . whatever they will be. there will be but Uttle of their own cost in them. feasting. And it will be a sign that they have jomed hand in hand to do this wickedness. cry peace and safety. 4. Ec. maintained among them. Ju. Now what these gifts wiU be. all shall he hush. with the spoU of the enemies Ezr.' This is another token of their gladness. and the continuance of it is another. and at whose cost soever bought. AND HIS RUIN. as token of victory: 'David Je. (after the maimer of the Zidonians) for there will be none to put them to ' And shall send gifts one to another. and determmed to quench all manner of convictions one in another. and shall be as secure devil as an hard heart. false peace. . doth also declare that they will be far from repentance. 'tis a sign their hearts win be open. this joy must fade and vanish But. shall imder consideration. and to make their .' concluding that these tormentors shall never tonnent them more. They shall have laughter. even for 1 Sa. the followers of the Beast be up. short everlasting that they are to live in the world. xlix. is maintained you of the 26. And they shall should also have power to take away: ' have their merry. 7.tormentors wiU be dead. there must be a continual fraternity. and their enemies wUl then be dead at their feet . And there are five things that are usually 1. Lu. 36. and on foot. see 2 Sa. for that theii. beast will have power to overcome. not dreaming of the punishment that must . 4. last. 3. is more than to rejoice. xv. and also taken possession ? said the prophet to wicked Ahab. 19. follow. use of to keep up wicked joy. or brotherhood in iniquity. and their friends also ? Spoiling is like to be one of the last of the mischiefs that Antichrist shall do to the church since the to kill. for the it Jacob's blessing upon his son Gad. 25. But gifts that after they have slain these two prophets. whatever their gifts may be. 5. and also by what in the hearts of wicked men means the limbs and brats of Antichrist will keep up that joy that at first will be conceived in their hearts at the thought that their tormentors. Joy may be begotten by a conceit. They rejoiced over them. vrho now is left in the -world any more to make head against them ? hut here comes in that which wiU utterly spoil this joy. ' And make merry. is to use the keep this joy alive. enemy. xxxL xiii. 19. ' for the time. by the favours and gifts of wicked men. shame. he 33. 6. either as to kind ! or quantity. after he had recovered had sustained at the burning of ment of laughter. Victors and con- querors do use to visit their friends with their spoils merry. x. However. . if sufficient means is not used to continue it wherefore he adds. merriment of music.

' ourselves wiU build unto the as king Cyrus the king of ' Lord God of Israel. and its kings of the Medes and Persians had broken the yoke of the king of Babylon from off the neck of destruction. And again. Thou shalt be built and to the temple. spirit or life of Antichrist. Anti. and to make known his indignation towards those that have thus cruelly slain his prophets. so also they did The elders of the Jews and they pros- Medcs and Persians came to deliver them. who are God's minister^ for the punish. and the praise of them that do they endeavoured so to do. Wherefore. manner. Now will he whet his glittering sword. their deliverer Cyrus was prophesied of which Cyrus did afterwards come and take Babylon. 'ffe is my shepherd. Thus christ. xi. to wit. that he may render a recompence to his enemies. and his hand shall take hold on vengeance. and the steps of : ' the needy. and of his Christ he shall reign for ever and ever. and the rest of the chief of the fathers of Israel. we us. and made such for the he did. The church therefore. said unto them. to Cyrus. 11. of that we have also spoken already the captive church. sacrifice there according to the law of their God. xiiv. 3. &. yet it The sword will be may be convenient briefly to touch it again. But this he will not do immediately by himself. ' . : 72 OF ANTICHRIST. Persia hath commanded builded. be slighted. Lord of Hosts. sudden destruction cometh: By that ! to before there ii. I then take it. shall before : by the church. as kings. : they have well settled themselves at their table with Adonijah. and so finished their They went not on in headstrong all for she. they serve her as ' . I have raised him up in righteousness. Ezr. ' is. 'shig in the windows. but to be thought on seriously. 15. saith the Is. as I have told you. the church is not excluded this accordingly . as if they regarded neither king nor Caesar: 'But Zerubbabel. be that I shall next take in hand. xxvi. De. again. That after these first as may most properly be applied to each. Indeed. when the time was come as may be seen in those holy records where these things are made mention of. or ment of evil deeds.. And as they said. and deliver the captives.) and shall come by the sword. and earth will be rent with the sound of their the surely shouts and acclamations. Ye have nothing to do with us to build an house unto our God but ' . He saith unto Cyrus. Nor is pered through the prophesying of Haggai the . as a judge. Re. But woe to the wicked. while they cry with joy- Now shall perform all my pleasure : even saying to Jerusalem. the witnesses are risen i. iv. they did not fight their way through their foes.flesh. prayers help forward that destruction. digged down his altars. must use such weapons as are proper to her as such and the magistrate. 13.when their work was hindered by under-officers. and holy Ezr. . 1 Ki. That the destruction of her flesh (as both in Ezra and Nehemiali we read. as a magistrate. ' Thus saith the Lord to his anointed. 3. As to the soul. xxxvi. and must be destroyed by such instruments therefore must their deliverance be begun. to By feet and steps.' Lord Jesus will now begin to shew his jealousy. consisteth of soul and put into their hands for this very purpose. They make her desolate and naked they eat her Although I have hinted at this before. xlv. and with their steps down. Wliile they are crying peace threshold Zep.' death is stradhng over the u. When the . whose right hand I have holden to subdue nations before him. ' not for price nor reward. and to of his body and flesh. And havoc of the afflicted church of God. and had given her license to go It remains then that now we discourse of the ruin to her place to build her temple and city. deal with her. but by such instruments as have been spoken of of which more particularly to treat.' Is. 14. and I win direct all his ways: he shall build ray city. and repay them that hate him. Thy foundation shall be laid. and burn her with fire. to second this work of kings. ba-i. I : understand the good lives of the children of God but now. the Christians' pipes will go again. even as a church. . they pleaded the license that they received to build and sacrifice by the well. 3 Ch. It is also to be considered. when God speaks of bringing down the lofty city and of laying it low in the dust 2. e. 2. as managed in the hands of kings. they shall do it by their The foot shall tread it feet. body. as it Avas foretold he should. as a church. that was an Israelite captive in Babylon. Not that the church. as I said.c. 'cut her in pieces with their swords or as you have it elsewhere. and it But behold! Wliile they thus can make them. it shall be ill with them ful sound. AND HIS RUIN. church of Israel were prisoners in Babylon. they shall hear it proclaimed with sound of trumpet. is. xiii. even the feet of the poor. and ought. and the countries to Jerusalem but waited in their captivated state with patience. ' : . xxxii. life. even as such. the The kingdoms of this world are become and kingdoms of our Lord.' that sought to hinder their work. 28. shall be quite exempt and have therein no hand at decree of the first kings. she may. 1. and Joshua. when kings come Samuel served Agag. and safety. shall with her faith and deliverance: : ' OF THE INSTRUMENTS THAT GOD WILL USE TO BRING ANTICHRIST TO HIS RUIN. with her faith and prayer. Ro. and he shall let go my captives. he saith. Further. until the kings of the . must use such weapons as are proper to him as such. i.

did at any time come in competition. 2G. Avatching to save their lives all faith- u. a decree be done with speed. and a saviour of his people. and that there are so many Sanballats and Tobias's to flatter with them and misinform them concerning the people that are delivered but in : part.24. God hath begun to draw the hearts of some of them from her already. after his word) that ?^' in thine hand. God and . u. according to. know know the laws of thy tJiem not. in another. iv. such as great man. they prosmeans Mordecai was made a . serving them with fulness.e to us. or by the law of God that was in his he had license also further to and gold. 2. let it ' . that. the which the good people did bear with patience: Ezr.stop was put to this work VOL. iv. and their loyalty to the king. Also Avhen the king's laws. ii_2i. and meekly endured were at Jerusalem. not do the and helpful Kings. Yea. which he gave for the service of the house of the Lord. ' 13. because. I Darius have made : came up from thee building tl. to the work. will. to his brethren. or did slight the king's law. though it hindered the work for a time. . they would indeed adhere to. :. God. This was therefore a wonderful ' upon him. II. did not only accept of the kindness of kings. 'according to the wiU. and that of Darius. v. did conquer and OA-ereorae all. only he laid check upon M-icked and ungodly people that if they did things contrary to the laws of Ezra's gracious license that the king : God's time. or times Jerusalem. carry it very tenderly and lovingly to those kings that at present they Avere under. sometimes a . 'tis a let us exercise patience and hope in God wonder that they go so fast as they do. 29. let him be hanged thereon. Also the penalty enacted against such offenders. and they shall down with her iu I say. ver. vii. word or law of ms God. let timber be pulled do\vii from his house. is.) let furthering of the worship of God. did they lose set magistrates and judges. Ezra. Da vi. Ezr. and do the law of their God yet with that tenderness to the . vii. (says the king) after the wisdom of thy hand. are come imto Jerusalem. hut did acknowledge that kindness with thanksgiving. And do with the king's silver from the hands of bloody men. and finished it. and Darius. according to the counsel of the priests that which hindcrances were put.2. Ezr. they who at length took away Artaxerxes. since the concerns of whole kingdoms lie upon their shoulders. And the God that hath caused his name to dwell there destroy all kings and people. law of thy God. B}' this Es. if this Be it known now unto the city ' be builded. and custom. submitting of their bodies and their goods to their will. whether now gave to Ezra: he imposed nothing upon him or the Jews in matters of religion and worship. who gave the Jews to go to The Jews in the did also in these vacancies. also they waited to see their God go before them among the kings. rebellious tJiereof. was full as sharp and severe Also I have made a decree (said the king. and have set and joined the foundations. that shall put to their hand to alter and to destroy this house of God which is at Jerusalem. and walk hy the rule of his testament. as aforesaid. and he will set them. teach ye them that will means also was Daniel made a great man. worship. even then when they were in the hands of their deliverers Be it known unto the king. than of the But the king's losing of his toll and custom? whole was a lie. AND HIS RUIN. is here ! But were not these gentlemen more afraid of losing their own places and preferments. according to the judgment be executed speedily it be unto death. which may judge all pered for by this by so doing yea. (that is. v. by the king was appointed law of his God. king. and according to commandment of Cyrus. against her round about. Ezr. but left him and them wholly to the law. and the patience of the people. Ezr. to put it in execution. Indeed. king.— OF ANTICHRIST. (that (that is. ch. To the same purpose was the decree of Cyrus. tribute. (as I have I speak the more to tliis. and being set up. or to banishment. all Nor . who it for a time had put a stop and brought God of heaven commanded and given leave to as a gift of the : for the kings had leave that with speed should be set on foot again. his crown and dignity. be it Jcnoicn. do not that work so fast as we woidd have them. and to do sacrifice there. that then such penalties and pains should be inflicted See what an ugly account was given of Jerusalem by the enemies of the Jews.' 'And thou. u. Da. ii. and word of God. that they could at all times appeal to the righteous God about it. And whosoever is. then will they not pay toU. vi.iv 23. according to the comthe — 73 force mandment of the God of Israel. or to confiscation of goods. and let his house be made a dunghill for this. and the law of their God. For Artaxerxes sent Ezra the priest to enquire after the condition that Jerusalem and Judah was in. u. and the Jews were made to cease by and power.) shall refuse to give and the law of the king. Ezra such things as for Ezra's help in the must be the men that must down with Antichrist. up the walls and bad city. prophet and Zecliariali the son of Iddo. and ' by the kings.5. to build their temple. and according to the law of God that they had in their hand. Artaxerxes king of Persia. Oh ! what a he it knoivn. or to imprisonment. and so thou shalt endamage the revenue of the kings. and the walls set up again. in If therefore they time.) that whosoever shall alter this word. the trial and afilictiou. that the Jews which : ' upon them. God. the people that are be3'ond the river. ii. Ezr. And they builded. 12. 21—23. Ezr. vi.

and honour the ' king. I Although the causes of the ruin of Antichrist to some conspicuous enough. . Hence they are compared to the mighty waves of the sea.hearts. — Ed. have therefore no pity for these. ' guilt of his persecutors. ' ' ! ! of sin already so downfall. and sink mighty waters. xxvm. and no god. and may have delivered us from more deaths We are bidden to than we can tch how to think. if they go not on in the work of reformation so fast as thou wouldest they should. that they may not see the judgment. Eze. or that is worshipped . by which also she shall be destroyed and I have a few things to present to good men. and doubting without wrath. yet to some they may be otherwise yea. . nor bring forth children. .. 42. and for their children. of the causes of his FIRST CAUSE. to be conversaid) I believe that shall . I only drop this. bring her down by the means which he has appointed. than all the world are aware of. sant accompany inferior men: all pity and compassion. : Now these kings whose hearts it God shall set to destroy Antichrist. nor bring up virgins: 4. ' of heaven. the mother of Antichrist. Let the king have verily a place in yom. 5. that he be brought to judgment. 2. in the hand of him that slayeth thee. God. 1 Ti. I am a sea I trathey shall be stript of . They shall bring thee down to the pit. he is a better saviour of us than we may be aware of. for kings to the God . which saith. for that he Jiath usurped. and perAnd have had more peace in the pracsecute me. and without doubting. Pray that God would discover all plots and conspiracies against his person and government. and has promised bring down Antichrist by them. in the reasonableness and equiand these shall wail when they tableness thereof and these see the smoke of her . and that in contempt and scorn of any exalting himself above all that is called other. . First. will I now. x\m. ' ' ' ' ii. ' vail not. in such a day as this. for doing good to them that hcile me. OF ANTICHRIST. no. ' fessors. neither do ' I nourish up young men. Wherefore. of them that are holy and good. the terrible of the nations and they shall draw their swords against the beauty of thy wisdom. and with heart and mouth give God thanks for him. as to so weighty matters as these. He must down. to aman to a damp wretched his prayers prison. . as I have treated of the man . and thou shalt die the deaths of tliem that are slain in the midst of the seas. because I would shew my brethren that I also am one of them and to set them right that have wrong thoughts of me. this sea. that God that has begun his quarrel with Babylon. 7—9. Pray also that God would make him able to drive away all evil and evil men from his presence and that he may be a greater countenancer than ever. Alas further edification. not in thy thought. by magistrates and powers we be delivered and kept from Antichrist and because God has already begun to do it by such. because he dared not join and good wishes to his persecutors. xxiii. ought to have in the worship established by law. midst of these not angry with them. Wherefore it must needs be. I am a god. and will to aU kings and people whose eyes shaE be held.' 2Th. and taken the name and attributes of God upon himself: the temple of God. and in his own way.therefore 1 will bring strangers upon thee. Wilt He hath : said. Pray that God would always give wisdom and judgment to the king. tice of these things. under the name of the Because thine heart is lifted up prince of Tyrus (saith the Lord) and thou hast said. .* . and after all this. from much suffering while under persecution.torment Alas Ue.' 1. or any of Therefore they must be swallowed up of like a stone in the place. when the wrecked and dying mariners cry out for mercy for themselves. yea. that are in authority. 74. saved his invaluable But how deeply send jkc^ it increases the thou yet say before him that slayeth thee. and in the first them. for more than twelve years. I ' give thanks to God and for all all men.. the Be And thus much for the means by which God but consider. I am god ? but thou shall be a man. shall do reluctancies that will without those inward in. that And for the truth of his saying may be proved. If God will not give his name or ghry to another. and they shall defile thy brightness. : ' : * This Cliristiaii temper of Banyan certainly saved him It probably life.. the whore. ii. would in his own time. cause Pray for the long hfe of the king. be- God governeth them. Je. He hath set in I am God shewing himself that he is God yea. and wait and believe. ' I also am for blessing of them that curse me. H. OF TUE CAUSES OF THE RUIN OF ANTICHRIST. when thou Pray shouldest be up and doing. faidt will destroy the body and flesh of Antichrist. : who has be it ' the hearts of kings in his hand and do with- out wrath. 2. because to thy self is not perfect . that covet do confess myself one of the old-fashion proto fear God. and sittest still . and for praying for them that despUefally use me. And. hath cried down all gods but himself. Antichrist. for shall cry. to hear cut them to the quick. 10. this cause he is threatened. AND HIS RUIN. may and cold be thine know that thou also hast thy chill frames of heart. Isa. for kings.

both in the after liim as soul. for a base inferior fellow. and in the presence of the . to attempted That Christ may dwell faith. or in their hand. or that is in the water under the earth: thou shalt not SECOND CAUSE. That he hath set himself against the Son of God. fancies.' ' My son. is also for he hath his name from thence He is evident That he hath set therefore called Antichrist. Would it ? not be counted an high aftront. their is. xiii. su. spirit. who say. prescribed and imposed a worship as a God.iii. therefore is command And the first. where God commandeth worship to be performed. wiU God enlighten. beloved better. imaginations. nor serve is he that thus doth. Yet thus has Antichrist done. : and therefore it is so often repeated both in Moses. therefore he must die. exalting himself in the ship . or that is worshipped. and ways that he hath pre- And [1. books. scribe : ' body. and gather. He science is that which Christ claimeth : ' for his own wrath of God. so to be king. to call himself the head resolvedness to stand by him. to the rules. but the likeness of any thing. worship his image. to be head. which is the heart and conscience of his people. xiv. Lord: And. lie will 75 not be under another to do. proper and pecuhar seat heart. the king. He had a spite he liath set a God. His worse . to enforce the Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image.l7. or the likeness of any thing that is in heathe first ' : second. the word and commandment. Tiius saiih tlie st. but this throne Antichrist has lusted Christ and with war made and take. himself against the Son of God. 4t. and he has called himself the head of the unias he has attempted to be head in his that they either openly or seriously versal church of God. priest. even then "when he came forth but in to deny i— 4. Ge. become scribed. Avho lusted after Isaac's: Ge. when he attempted 1 Jn. Antichrist bow down thyself to them. for that he hath striven to take his wife from him. He hath plainly endeavoured which is his body. that both he and his may be biu-ied. to deflower He has been her. iv. and in the prophets. above all that is called God. and cost more than did any . and against the Son. they receive his of the queen mark mark in . altars. of these.' God. got the world to worship and wonder after a God. : Nor is he in this his so foul a fact. Tims saith the Lord. he hath endeavoured by all inventions to prostrate her to his lusts. to make one's self a Thou shalt have no other Gods before me. For them and he that one that shews him: ' must be destroyed. so for. Yea. and iraposeth the means and methods of it. which is poured out without mixture and he shall be into the cup of his indignation tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels. and worse than Abimelech. But seeing he could make no earnings of that. or make them if a means to worship or come to God : by. xxri. in that he hath endeavoured to thrust himself into his throne. But how ? In that he has been so bold as to preand impose a worship besides. for that he hath endeavoured to take from him his headship over. above. he hath assumed to himself and therefore without the law. . and seeks to run him out and down by other means and ways Because therefore he hath set himself against the Son of God. without them that adore. and to cause that she should be called HIS Yea. although he is but the man of sin. / am tlie Lord. because . rooms from the world in the sides of the pit's mouth. be sure iiave. Antichrist has rejected.] Wherefore. I say. or in his hand.' Ep. ' ' worse than Pharaoh. : himself against him. But this doth Antichrist do And 'tis worth the noting. The lieart and constead. . who took Abraham's wife. Now this. the seal. and / am the Lord. or that is in the earth beneath. forehead. to bow down to. the j^iace of God. little hits. and receive his mark in his forehead. is the and sign of all true rules of wor- . and his temple of God. That God forbids not only images. But. Secondly. he hath got by this means almost after him the whole world to himself. and worship him according methods. but this to and thus Antichrist has attempted. and wonder yea. or any thing in heaven : against the Son betimes. that he was come in the flesh. or in to tlig earth beneath. he has not commanded nor tolerated them in his holy word. xxv. forasmuch as she is higher. are also to drink of the fierceness of the wrath of ahuighty God If any man worship the beast and his : ' image. her. lo. is yet further evident . and to make her an adulteress. 9. hath framed and imposed a worship. for that Antichrist hath thus taken in your hearts In this therefore the church will he be for is not to be for another man.amp. give me thy by Lamb : ' Re. has attempted to wrest his sceptre and kingdom from him. he hath changed his methods. . the same shall di'ink of the wine of the and prophet. self an idolater is these things doth impose. AND HIS RUIN. Who is like unto the beast ? Who is able to make war with 4. and without reverence of that which God has prescribed and imposed For to do this. and set the kino-g and nations against him. ven above. offices /o7' and in the church. or flesh of Antichrist . Therefore shall he die the death of the uncircumcised. And that they might shew their him ? Re. who run away with David's l Sa.OF ANTICHRIST. his disciples. against the Father. worse than Phalti. these with him. and have their dolesome withdrawino-. is.

iiains conform to National Liturgies. but pretended infallibili- ties? investigation All laws interfering with the solemn duty oi personal and decision. guidance. because they would his. xiii.. But. for they indeed are the tail of the beast. hath the Lord that thou shalt knowledge. She hath sinned against the Holy Ghost. the mystery his room. in accusing and condemning the holy scriptures of insufficiency. the Spirit The Holy Ghost is called God. to help her in the understandset himself against all that woman. : vi. Mi. She hath also sinned against the Holy Ghost. things. blasphemous rites and ceremonies and forbids or the confirming of her and blasphemous miracles opinions. . Yea. striven against the judgments wherewith God hath punished her to call her back from her wicked . 3. lies. out of doors. But. Jesuits. and as such. dispenseth with the holy commands of God when he enforceth these his Omrian statutes. abominable traditions. he is the taU. ixvL 17. ix. confirm her 6. and to enable her to believe. 4—7. AND HIS RUIN. In all her unscriptural councils. and Imposed them upon her errors disciples for imposes unwritten verities. to confirm the truth. up the false church into a conceit of and unscriptural worship and that hath made this false church. Is. countries. as he presumes. though it is a rule. though no to know no high-priest but one God's mercyapproach can high-priest but one set himself up to and blasphemous helps of antichristian wisdom. iv. 23. Fourthly. must be destroyed. The hath spirit of Antichrist is that spirit of error that herself. which is his body. wrought by the Holy Ghost and also to the concluding. nations. 4. God nought else %. 76 not yield up to church. though God knows one. as it were. In that she haJth Jesus Christ. I ing of his holy word. inventions. that there was an insufficiency in those that were true. officers and discipline: None of all which is the church of Christ directed to by the wisdom of the Spirit of God in his testament. 15. [3. — Eo. turned the Holy Ghost things. for Uie and viUanous murders that she hath + See note on page 7S. for that she saith. hath caUed himself thou hast rejected Because said. 1 . and expect that worship. to do for us the necessary and desired hearts of worshippers. Antichrist way and . be high-priest. persisted therein. and the spirit of delusion. these in. of thy God. to the eff"ectual proving above the Father. {2 ] high-prkst. friars. to pufi'ed . by lies. though of Christ. flesh. THIRD CAUSE. . offices. because he hath blasphemed against the Holy Gfiost. to ascribe all the horrible things and acts thereof. . assemblies must die. he hath Ho. She hath also blasphemed the Holy Ghost. I will also reject thee. her labouring to hide the wickedness that she hath committed against kings. and filthy equiof herself to be the lewd 7. and therefore he of throne glorious this him his the wisdom. 2 Ki.] office of He hath intruded upon the prophetical 5. should have faith benefit his and convocations. or ing them by honours and emoluments. 24. though the church ought but no high-priest yea. one deficient. is not able to make the man of God perfect in all although he off"ereth to and but the flesh of the abominable his of broth of the mouse. he doth all in the name of the Lord Christ. say. and walk humbly and holily before God and man. without the traditions. only to . dissimulations. and make him the inventor and approver thereof. in that she hath. of iniquity: This is Antichrist's soul and body. to the confronting of the true . directions or operations of the Holy Ghost: As. with the Many and sundry ways he hath Is. in that she hath. and so Ttdrdly. in that she hath set up her own church-government. one that yet but an imperfect one . in the service and worship work. under allur- FOURTH CAUSE. 16. with Jeroboam the son of Nebat. is not sufficient to govern the seat. to all persons. without the . li^iou. I will also forget ' lie hath intruded upon the priestly ofece i jr law himself a prkst . kc. 6. they blasphemously father what they do upon the Holy Ghost. and doth impose the works of the house of Ahab. forgotten the hast thou seeing me: be no priest to thy chddren. OF ANTICHRIST. She hath sinned. kingdoms and people. the Son. that cover his most filthy parts :t The prophet that speaketh lies. ior07/gJit many lying mirades In the face of the world. 2. and in This is mystery Babylon. But he will make the dead:^ he invented sacrifices for the quick and worth into and merit hath put. She hath hid these things by the means or persons made mention of before as by the tail. compelling penalties. Antichrist Jiorrid outrage. by labouring to hide all her wickedness. that those commanded hath he sacrifices. works of the of God. without the which she has wrought by the addition of hers power of Satan. She hath also thus sinned. by these sacrifices. vocations of her priests. is that Spirit of truth that Christ has promised to give unto his church. must be destroyed. are pretences to infallibility. when himself hath set himself in his place. She also blasphemeth the Holy Ghost. in all things connected with rc- must be destroyed. tences to infallibilUy?* What else means his preAnd that too when he . in concluding that he. * What and are Acts of Uniformity.

.OF ANTICHRIST. fna. In Ireland. and her followers For upon whom hath not her cruelty been shewe'd have they never so little stood in her way. were attended with atrocities at which nature shudders. Joel that they might drink : and therefore ' iii. and fatherless children. The horseman lifteth up both the bright sword. awfnl his Roundheads. and in them her hand has been so exercised. and for the peace now become a custom. with helpless and a threw down every barrier to the spread of infidelity. as women that shed blood are judged because she is an adulteress. for some foundation the world be out of course. of all which the holy And in word of God is a sufficient confirmation . that the time is coming in which count with the bloody-minded. Piedmont. stood to the truth and verity of God ? Yea. for she has bepuddled the word of God no wonder. 24. the murder of hundreds infants. one or other of them. And yet has she such a whore's foreblood. which geance. not at any condition. Ireland. such a blindness in her judgment. and of their whelps: but she. 77 people . designs. as ways. : * These bloody massacres. continually on foot in the world for the commission of murders. to 'They have satisfy her v/anton and beastly lusts. when the Holy to the vile and base. sex. and will has been said. if we do but consider prancing horses. and no wonder. and a protection Wherefore. It is she that It is she sets kings and kingdoms at variance that sets parents and children at variance. and such Magistracy is God's ordinance. conspiracies. if the foundations of . She hath been as a beast of prey Nay. ignorant. is it not easy. that it is not possible Murders have been so she should ever repent. so she God will may imbrue her hands in blood. must Antichrist be destroyed. . worse. murders Witness those plots. that was shed by William III. the promoting of her own superstition. and frequent attempts that are. and the voice of the blood weU and Antichrist. have been upon the earth. and widows. and confounded rules in all places where she so that it cannot it. that she sticketh Ghost tells us. that it is pointed for the good of society. and blasphemous rites and ceremonies. and their cries. But this Antichrist has. that have not knoA^Ti their right hand from their left in religion. for the murders that they have committed he in a manner doth quite excuse the magistrate. still more friyldfnl punished by Cromwere perpetrated. have been so pursued by her. without wronging of her. fore. and in several places besides. AND HIS RUIN. God's patience is not a sign that he/orgetteih to take vengeance but rather. hath been shed. that she has waded through a sea of innocent blood for the accomplishment thereof. and FIFTH CAUSE. xviii.' Ee. a pastime to her. and a praise to her. men that ! . put all out of order. is none. where she hath had to do yea. and so has been for hundreds of she hath put out of order. and of the jumping chariots. then. will them that do well. all and govemmenl I say. and a great number of carcases . Nay. and the sackcloth and ashes. for they do but kill and tear for the hunger of themselves. Wherefore we read.' when God ' shall come to make inquisition for be found the blood of prophets and of saints. it tliat it and confounded the rule up in the world. to be compared with the church of Antichrist. and the noise of the rattling of the wheels. and there is by her hand. . a : trade. and until up For then he will execute : judgment written. cast lots for my (saith God) and have . slain : the prey departeth not : The noise of a whip. of God is a sensible bleeding nations Fifthly. saying. gion. though never so innocently and honestly by so doing. 4-5.'5. xxiii. both in France. where she rules. her insatiate thirst after blood. and tears. and of the besides. by her And abuse of the word of our Lord and Christ.— Ed. for these things shall she be judged. the Babylonians. to quench. to be either in the act. because Godj has set witness of this. and blood is in her hands. Eze. 'Woe it is all fuU of lies and robbery to the bloody city that blood is so natural to her. for cruelty. under a Bourbon and a Guise. natural. That those horns or kings where Mystery Babylon sitteth. accomplish the design of him that ordained wit. witness the chronicles of . to wliich Bunyan here alludes. idolatry. ap- an hard and obdurate heart. if it might Therehave been. head. are upon the heads of that beast that carrieth her. age. national reliaud the voices of people enslaved by a these voices cry for venit considers heresy— and desolate that unhappy country. or la^'ing and safety of those that are good. and pumshed by wholesale murders were again committed. and which were severely Under a second Stuart. and sold a girl for wine. I say. that the blood of thousands. Antichrist must be destroyed. . Forbearance is no payment. In her was found the blood of saints and prophets. For there oymmitted upon tlue bodies of Hie saints. and and there is a multitude of the glittering spear : those bloody massacres that have been committed slain. all their remember. to conclude. 'Tis she that hath turned the sword of the magistrate against those that keep God's law: 'Tis she that has made it the ruin of the good and virtuous. which beast is her protector. atrocities under a Stuart and a Bourbon. the text last mentioned seems to import.* The poor church years together .htfQl reaction took place at the Revolution. ' she has put out of order. . or degree. given a boy for an harlot. that he waiteth the till his own are her iniquity is filled come out of her. as to these things. To To be a terror to evil works. of thousands of pious men and women. and of aU that were slain upon the earth. In France. and of all other carnal. natural to her. graceless . : .

12—14. Thus Avhen the synagogue of Satan.' Because their mother. that he bestowed upon them much riches and honour and then it begun to shew to some of the kings this wicked. t broken or whole. false promises. vailed on them to do it. pre. because Religion. (in the provinces of with Paul. And fire Babylon. prayers. and a sceptre to rule. vi. upon her beauty. principalities. the Holy Ghost both my Lord Cobham and Mr. so that he hath no strong rod Na. 24.)* Nor has any generation since the world began. is . ' tliey stumble upon is tlieir devoured her to he fruit. vows. . liberty yea.x-i. or of the lioness to whom she had put it to learn to do : the * 732. such as : of iter exceeding covetousness. down to the ground. Hab. They are cl^im- the first examiuatiou of Lord Cobliam. and in Re. xviii. Doth not the whole course of their way doctrines. also had not that aptness to do so of themselves.78 OF ANTICHRIST. And indeed they have done it. orders. before he had obtained the other:) for then indeed they began to be high. they have got. it is. are the things really intended by her all her seeming self-denials and devotions. filtliy part. —Ed. rather than condemned. ' corpses ? Why. because of the unsatiable : ' SIXTH CAUSE. that religion is their of this well-favoured harlot. Money. I say.was cried by an angel. pardons. and the cry was heard in Woe woe woe this ness. AND their corpses iii. pillaging) friars are the tail. .. It learnt. ver.' How peaceful and her fruit: her strong rods vvere broken and which covereth his most And now slie blessed will be the church when all her ministers can glory Avithered . and for the injuries that they have done to been so insatiably greedy of gain. wldcli hatli t The principal cry of the travelling pedlars was for broken or light money. But what is the cause of all this slaying. Eze xix. they made Pontius But God has Pilate to condemn and hang him. for that she in chief has deserved it. the church. : : but have been forced to it by the power of her enchantments: Therefore. that selleth nations through her whoredoms. to exchange for their wares: now obsolete. to sale. nor in the prosecution of their have got crowns. the fire consumed them. It is to get names. Antichrist thirst of the bloody city after blood Because of the multitude of the whoredoms of the wellfavoured harlot. chm'ch. xix. and famiBut doth this lies through her witchcrafts. ferments. And in the her. as the pedlar cries. from the prophet even to the priest. . and the reason of it this abundance of and.' Eze. indul- Son of man (says God) take up a gences. this church she is the adulterated whore ? has found out a trick that is to say. 1G32. and it learned to catch the prey. she was cast nest of Antichrist prelates. amazement 111 of all the world. ' the sinews of their religion set And it is for that they kingdoms. the mistress of witchcrafts. .Rome is the very follows. to quarrel and to persuade the %vith Christ in his members spill this But the great things this world. as No. Why? lamentation for the princes of Israel. and have more covetousness.' his reply was. This is a lamentation. it is for this that they have invented many places. offices. ' ! — 1 ! * — is planted in the wilderness. and their then cried an angel in the air Wo Wo Wo this day is mother made to bear the blame. (Fox.pretence ? And they have done it. Fox witness in doth. priests and monks are tlie body.) the gallaut knight was asked by his bitter such things ? Therefore they are to be lamented persecutor. &:g. Some indeed have from the least even to the greatest. they his people What have mere inclinations. shall be for a lamentation. 9. crowns. It leaiiit : But of wlio but of its dam. places. 34. the main guilt shall be laid at her door. ' must be destroyed. and has prevailed with them to protest against the city. Wherefore it venom slicd into the church of God. that is. that they may make their nests on high. evil covetousness to his house. to her whelps it became a young lion. lilS ilUIN. had lain down with the heathen.' For ' and pitied. but query. And the thing pretended to it is for this covetousness also is that this destruction . had taken Christ. is of in bloody city blood by herself simply. and the east wind dried up and these pild (bald. and soids and bodies of men. sacraments. p. he may on high . and causeless curses. edit. (for he could not do the one. 4. and so brought forth young lions. is. is gone out of a rod of her branches. as these poor because they have not done it of their people have been They have got kingdoms. tides. declare it to their face? Every one of them. to rob countries. and accused him. everything but grace got ? They have they not got witchcrafts and the whoredoms office. much excuse them for the blood that they have shed. ! ' ! ! ! ! ' . is given to rather of fear than favour. it devoured men. who hath with false and pardon. (to his church) that set his nest powers where she rules to set ensnaring laws to catch them. 1—3. was at that time adulterated. She was plucked up in fury. and to execute the same upon them. money. ii. Constantinople (as church of God the poured into venom day is are that those for mean time. the book of Acts and Monuments.and viu. but through Did I say before. 10. so Yea. none end of corpses. in Acts xx. wdien they had so inveigled Constantine. what he meant by 'the venom shed over the Your possessions and lordships. l— 3. to fall upon her: 'Woe to him that coveteth an ' .) in a dry and thirsty ground. in the text last mentioned. —Eu. and become a lioness. yet in the bed of love with her. 33. pre. rulers: 'And she brought up one of women and children. money. of old. Sixildy. doted more thoroughly been devoted to her service But they every one dealeth falsely: Je.

Yea it is from the consideration of this. New wine is not put into old bottles. informs us. and the yoiing lion. that shall play with it is said the child beasts. will dom of Chnst in the world. as I said. yea. error. counted anything worth.xl. ixxx. and the fruitful field be counted for a forest. shall turn to their right course. Antichrist kingdom of Antichrist was destroyed before the new Jerusalem was set up. and then have his primitive church state world. Edom And before there was a king in and set up in this up his . cannot sow in expectation of a crop.. Tit. Antichrist must be removed and destroyed ' . a joy of wild a pasture of flocks. Ed. last leaf. is. ordinances.' Is.— — 79 spirit in his people. and emperors:* by his word and how peace- They wear the triple-crown They have made kings bow at their feet. 6—9. how fruitful in blessedness kingdom to is. venomous and destroying and that a little child shall lead the wolf. as Tibni : . Many princes were in Israel . shall be for dens for ever. to honour the king powers. in order to this. and beg their instruction where they see me to be and shall conclude. and I say now again. ii. stand barefoot at their gates: They have kicJced the crowns of princes from their heads. of. and how tyrannical and outrageous a kingChrist. in this day of the kingdom of Jesus Christ. if in the place where the old one stood. of his ruin. Must Antichrist be destroyed ? is Then this coming wherein there shall be no Antichrist to afilict God's church any 'Tis Antichrist. 21 . and 1 see also Mat. of England.. after a short word of out . All which I leave to the judgment of the godly. And the antichristian synagogue be you something of Antichrist. that he cannot set up his kingdom. xxvi 20. as a bride adorned for her husband. : able. Sevenihly. will behold the new Jeru- he standeth in his way. and emperors. When men intend to build a new house. because way of the setting up of the king- God. i. as the world hath seen the manner of the reign of Antichrist. and catch no hurt thereby. application. nor a new piece into an old garment anti-scriptural . and that we be subject to . upon all the houses of joy in the joyous city Because the palaces shall be forsaken ' : . AND HIS RUIN. Antichrist derstand. xvL 21. and into pruning-hooks.) Until the Spirit be poured upon us from on high. (this is to happen to the church of God. and weeds.. t See Fox's Martyr. For as was said before. moons and stars of this world: but to what end? That they may be cast down to hell. and of the manner and signs of the approach thereof together with the means and causes of his ruin. xxii. And thus I have shewed the midtitude of the city shall be left . to set up his kingdom in Canaan. Christ's kingdom shall be peaceable. Ko. to unus gives this Then end? an she have cept of Chiistianity.) wherefore. As also you read in the book of Revelations for there you find the ' ' . because fore Antichrist must die. 'tis through the instigation of this spirit of that the governors of the world have heretofore done hurt to Zion. iii. not shaU be unknown.' their spears ' and that they shall learn war no more : ' Is. 8. even above the suns. the leopard. 21. Antichrist must be pulled down. be made use or ac- removed them. rites. and planted it. for this: For Antichrist is in flat opposition to was to Omri i Ki. imtil that which is Antichi'ist's is tmnbled down to the ground even as a man whose ground is full of thorns. There are men to be born who shall not of God. raze the foundation. . is. When God came Christians. before he sets glory in the land of the living.' Ps. xxxii. on the contrary.i Thus their covetousness has set them high. pre- must places. down stick and stone. 1-7. without molesand glorious. without the fumes and fogs tation of Antichristian darkness: Because also. And these seeds has Antichrist so\vn where the kingdom of Chi-ist should stand: Upon the land of my people shall come up thorns and briars. 13—15. Antichristians. and briars. he cast out the Thou heathen before them in order thereunto hast brought a vine out of Egypt: thou hast cast out the heathen. salem come down from heaven. or vessels of the man of sin. nor shall any of the old ceremonies. they that live to see it. And hence it is bury Antichrist. First. and prosperity his that God purposeth SEVENTH CAUSE. and set them on again with their toes. for being Christians. and occupy * Such has been the tendency of the Antichristian chnrch in all ages . witness the cases of the Henry II. that a day is coming when church the by felt nor seen. know Antichrist. while feaiiag God. 4. and Antimore. with that which is directly contrary to him. the forts and towers asses. they first pull down the old one. and the wilderness be a fruitful field. folio. the cause of the troubles of from Egypt with his people. Emperor Henry The spirit and principalities siii. Ed. Is Antichrist to be destroyed. men ' shall beat their swords into plough-shares. Wherefore. and then they begin their new. and many others. Eze. and has so overspread the world in all places. OF ANTICHRIST. all things tlieir dom his is : so they shall see the reign of Christ. IV. . as do the bodies in the higher orbs. and Secondly. Now he standeth in the must be destroyed. but as they read in the word that . that a time christianism. And therefore 'tis from the consideration of this that it is said. that is turned into a wilderness. bered up above kings and princes. 22. until he hath . and that the weaned child shall put his hand into the cockatrice's den. (even where Antichrist has set Christ has suffered Antichrist to set up before him. WhereThe reason is. vol.

of his cruelty . I answer. These shall talk of her. in order to : Thirdly. are when cv. xiii. and I will receive you.' &c. should backs. tions bylon wherewith he hath threatened to desti-oy Baitsulf. after the angel what he did to Sihon. . his bid to build Though they were get tliem children there. 'twas hard getting them from thence again: I ha\e friends. and the church in his day. that his people of But when they had built. and the deliver. that country : But they that * will live of the Red shall Sea. are d£oth.' but there. come ' and shall rejoice for ' . raoh. 4—7. as . and shall worship him. xii. Ho. AND HIS RUIX. plenty of which there is in as Israel's childrens' children were to talk of Phaof his tasks. as before hinted. How that though Pharaoh and his horsemen compared with these. are laid in the pit's mouth. call upon his name. the : same Re. : : : . to had fled through the midst of heaven. You may say. planted vineyards. phets in Babylon. the church of God Lord I will praise thee though thou : wast angry with me. and be ye separate. and ii. xiv. sins xviii. and none of these things can by any means be done. then shall those whose crifims to ancestors have been put into terrors by him. and that he thrcatenetli but in jest? ple of God in the latter days will want a heart ' Her plagues and fire . this temple-work to do. 2 Co. which had been in thues of cost them much dearer. xvffi. excusable Re. Praise the Lord. is. country. . 14— IG. and to the manners of it. and that ye receive not of her plagues. . vi. what are gone back again? and that. 10. and we will not come out you must not murmur if you feel what is to follow. This will be some of that sweet chat that the saints at their spare hours. preaching lie did at the Red Sea Og. But but for all that. Is Antichrist to be destroyed? iJtis Tlien ccdls aloud to God's people ' to moke : ' hasLe to come cries out oflwr. and how he was drowned of those there : They talk of tliem. and the ing wrath. in their hearts. For now they were as it were naturalized to the And. cvi. God will have them out. shall drink of the 'twas not that they shoidd dwell there for ever xiv.Remember how ill God took it. ' God has pulled this dragon out of the sea. xxix. with that fear of her plagues as Re.. Ts. and chariots were terrible (lien. they are not threatened with that smoknothing left but their souls. how sweetly did David. wlio were to appearance once came his doings among the people. shall my people. 4. of his pride.Lot's wife dear for but looking back. And will wine of the wrath of God this be a deliohtsome draught? them houses. though but in their hearts. Flesh will hang behind. and be. but at Jerusalem. we Gome outl after the flesh must die. relations. : hand. sliall. 17. that ye be not partakers of her mark of the beast in their forehead.' says the prophet: He its blowing up Why thus do they. temple-worship to do. and to the remnant of the giants How he the gospel to those that dwell on the earth ? Re. Je. l. that Pa. when putting to the gimpowder barrel. the mercy. they. let them read the 29th chapter of Jer. that which is like to become of thcin — ! . occasion of joyful remembrance of them. a people that belong to God. Must Antichrist be destroyed ? Tlien say. 15 leviathan out of his river. cxxxii. let their pretended cause be what it will. before this angel came forth. And that such may know upon what bottom they stand. to be borne ? Or dost thou think that God is at from the land of the north. their feet. c. of her. as are these which are here under conpalms of their hands nothing but that which can sideration. and cast his dead carcase upon the open field.be willing to leave all to follow him: Besides. flocking to see the monster all . he must either quickly come out. They that received the mark of the beast of Canaan in its fruitfulness among his people Ps. that are returning again to Babel. ho. The peoto play with thee. that have heen long dead as of those who for their horrible wickedness. and that will be so fire is mad to run into an house. 16. thine anger is turned away. and mourning. to carry thence their houses and vineyards on their But methinks. ixviii. hut now are going thitlier again'? If it cost sing of the ruins of the Egyptians. divided the waters of Jordan. 17. declare what mean tliey.and touch not the unclean thing. so had Lot in Sodom Ge. and will be a father imto you. (but they must not think or run the hazard of being burned there with them. But if you still The Lord has raised us up proobject and say. have in time to come. old to wit. favoureth the things of the flesh. saith the Lord AlBut why (some may say) mighty. yet now there is Wherefore. and ye shall be my sons and daughters. I answer. shall not it ances of their fathers. because it presence is promised at Jerusalem. will . and concerns in Babylon. there also he accept thy offerings. and gave the land 6—10. and got wives and children went back again into Egypt. at first. 8. old. do no hurt nothing but what may minister an You dread. what God did in Egypt.' 80 such a thing has been. teniple-saoff"er. OF A^TICHRIST. When Israel was carried into Babylon. that are going back. xix. ' shall say. 18. or ' i. In that day shall ye —19. Fourthly.) or he will destroy them with those destruc. because God has mfod. come out of her. In that day. and famine. oul. and thou comfortest me. are these things to be overis they should: Wherefore another says. Are her plagues pleasant or easy out as flee if the people were asleep Ccmie forth.' Re. When Wherefore come out from among them. Come out looked ? receive in their And tlie they that.' Zec.

Then Where ' the Lord thy God?' Wherefore. as to this. as I said. from the paw of let this bear. I will visit you. Seventhly. but bhod. his fall preseniing themselves to our view. cry conclude this with that which I find in chapter ' And I will cleanse them from the thirty-third all their iniquity. Therefore they shall come and sing in the heiglit of Zion. and so consequently. to let Jeruli. your honesty towards God. and I will pardon all their iniquities. while in Babylon. they also bring tokens of a comfortable summer. The promise is.OF ANTICHRIST.' ver. 50.-^e he is so angry with the other? Nothing whereat Cold blasts in Nothe innocent should be afraid. and warms their hearts. in causinoyou to return to this place: For I know the thourz-hts that I think toward you. his Son. Babylon its destroyed: will never The world is will never be in right wits. as is it be set up. yea. until Babylon destroyed: The kingdom of Christ his church. ' : . : God may its time. the signs of his terrible. And I will satiate the soul of the priests with fatness. and make them rejoice from their sorrow. let him not alone. but he steps fore doth and amazing But what is that. 13. in your testimony for his truth the substantial ground which : and perform my good word towards you. as to things controverted betwixt Antichrist and you. and rod. tions of the earth. and in chapter the thirty-first he adds. tvhen we see the signs of Indeed. and I will plant them in this land assuredly with my whole heart satisfied 13—14. and that their blood may be revenged upon her. be afraid (but the judgin all is. and shall flow together to the goodness of the Lord. and And do we glory. cry be hastened in is. piercing cold ones are but the farewell notes of a and signs the them with winter . Fifthly. saith the Lord thou"-hta of peace. Again. they are fast asleep. let the church then the blasts will. Is Antichrist to be destroyed? 77ien us live in the expectation of it . tion as doth the salvation of their souls . and for the young of the flock and of the herd and their soul shall be as a watered garden and they shall not sorrow any more at all. or to come. gone For thus saith the Lord. both young men and old together for I will turn their mourning into joy. and whereby they have transAnd it shall be to me a name gressed against me. and for wine. this Must Antichrist be destroyed ? Then slwidd make us glad. One of the songs of Zion stroyed.) but what is this of terror to them. in the thirty-second cliapter.' 10. Yea. this should make them that are it. Je. and they have sinned. at present. makes his and he speaks not a word. are to be fulfilled on earth. stands upon as sure a foundain with is. keep not silence. fall. be what they AnM- . and for oil. still speaking of the same thing. in The reason them. 8. saith the Lord. whereby mouth of this lion. that Babylon shall be de- The cries of the souls of is. whereby they have sinned against : unto the Lord.' ver. the great and glorious promises that vember are not received with that gentleness as for that these last are colder in March and April . and that next to that. has purposed to do against Babylon. and shall. to give you an expected This is in Jeremiah the twenty-ninth. them that then were in her. with my goodness. and not of evil. give him no rest. ment And if you con- well. you never so brought out to the light. Why. that they seldom are herein concerned as they should. until he has delivered his miserable people out of the me . Then sliall the virgin rejoice in the dance. in and by ought. and an honour before all the nawhich shall hear all the good that I do unto them: and they shall fear and tremble. as to the downfall of Babylon. 41. and his Zion. when Babylon is destroyed hold our peace ? Besides. A man angry. II. 11. are of he thus. is Indeed. God bids his people. and writes to salem come into their mind. for wheat. but to beget an expectation in them of their salvation and deliverance ? Je. end. you have for the bottom of your faith. • That after seventy years be accomplished at Babylon. blood. or those that forerun to behold. it. AND HIS RUIN. vcr. xxix. for the pleading whose cau. and whets his sword. . I will rejoice over them to do them good. and my people sliall be . lest he should snatch at the crumbs thereof. for all the goodness and for all the proof joy. 9. it. and your enemies never so put to shame as then. are to be fulfilled : when These bits are too Antichrist is dead and buried good even for his children to have. is now at the rising of the year . : . because the faith of God's people. li. God is as much delighted in what he therefore. he saith. Sixthly. that Babylon shall be destroyed And do we hold our tongues ? : The church until of God is will not flourish as it should. and let this be one of our songs in the house of our pilgrimage. Is Antichrist to he destroyed? let 81 Then to tJiem tJiat love tlial it God. ' and with I my whole soul. The Lord is so pleased with the faith and expectation of his people. to acquaint them that he remembered them still. a praise. and will comfort them. them that were slain for the witness of Jesus that Babylon may be counted with. shame is shall cover her that said unto thee. will never be manifested as it will then. and would assuredly deAnd whereliver them from that place and state. as in anything else in the earth sider it : concerned in this anger. ' sperity that I procure unto ver. your innocency in suffering. so long as this dog is by. since the wrinkles that are in their faces threaten not us but them ? will punish . until Antichrist will destroyed : There is till Antichrist destroyed: never be peace upon earth And God has pro- mised that there shall be peace and truth. wherefore they are reserved mitil he is VOL.

AND HIS his downfaU assurecQy drawing towards certain terrible this.^.vcr-and Wie of n horse's eyes. as such. which render all the innumerable almost the of entertaining and strikingly instructive. Amen.winkers: in every which ^Z. by Antichrist. edition. and friglit the godly. are quickly thereof. and life of the yet we shoidd look all and head.py first m shall not arise again. writings of Bunjan so —Ed. > put b7t t^X^l by '. :. yea. miracles. OP ANTICHRIST. spirit. knowing to his is to be done and do something lies. Christ is And though to him. but the body soul. Christ. that fear.* and e. . what the devil. yea. whence from thither to "-0 down . these paper-wlnhers. to keep hini under Antichrist to liood-wink mankind by the flimsy attempts of absurd assumptions— it is one printed lea.. body.'on the chui^k of throuo-h * ^ kingdom.-w. and sparks of wit. shall so hhnd hjs di like i - judgments arc which not only foUowing of him at the heels. and soul. they. except the Paver.ends.nlcers Jntrol of his dr.RUIN.

The form in which it is prepared.' I have not been able to discover any subsequent edition in a separate volume. in his catalogue of aU ' Mr. or in a closed room filled with his . ETERNAL JUDGMENT: OK. the present published. raiment became as the hght. 1690.] ADVERTISEMENT BY THE EDITOR. a servant of the Lord's Christ. in a moment. — and deep importance. is in the British date C. ALSO. states that The resurrection of the Dead. Doe. early days. like That body.lxiv. Saviour's the ever This treatise. By JOHN BUNYAN.. XV. with minute divisions to assist the memory. which being transfigured did shine as the sun. but certain of accomphshment. theg that have done good. could be touched. ' . soul. 51. . disciples. unto the resurrection of life . might be touched. [No date. THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD. — London: Printed for Francis Smith. AND THE FINAL CONCLUSION OF THE WHOLE WORLD. indicate that it was first intended for the pulpit and then enlarged to form a more complete treatise while the frequent recurrence of the words I say. was. and its colloquial language. Doe Bunyan's works. WITH WHAT BODIES THEY DO ARISE. TOGETHER. and defiled. and they that have done evil. will be was peculiarly required in Bimyan's Under the protectorate. one of the first books composed by Bunyan. by the prophet and ' reiterated Thus it was foretold by the apostle tion. 28. omnipotence. a bright. while exalts our ideas of the divine all glorified— every part equally the object of purchase and of his care. denly emancipated from human creeds and formu- . became wijJoHant. THE MANNER AND ORDER OF THEIR COMING EORTH OF THEIR GRAVES. collated with the reprint by edi- Eye hath not seen. Bunyan's books. The resurrection of the body is a subject of universal 9. was first published in 1665. his With God. for tlie shall not all sleep. shew the unpolished style in which he was in the habit of committing his thoughts to paper. and his That body which. judging from the which it is written. A good copy of what appears to be the first edistyle in ' raised in lieavenly and wondrous perfection to the Saviour's glorious body. at the Elephant and Castle. in the which all that are in the graves shall hear his voice. things revealed in word are not only possible. •t. 29. ' — .' John v. but which room could appear and disappear to mortal eyes in the at Emmaus. This very important treatise. which ai-e a part of the Redeemer's pm-chase. body. I shew you a mystern. unnature. appended to the Heavenly Footman. 1691. and spirit . a Servant of the Lord's Christ. which will be ever neio. yet vanish eat with to them on the sea shore.' Is. 'Behold. could and could ascend heaven from the mount. a small 8vo. and we shall be changed. WITH A DISCOURSE OF THE LAST JUDGMENT. and shall come forlh . a glorious anticipation to the samts but how solemn and awful a thought to those who die ii. AND PROVED BY GOD'S WORD. the minds of sudmen. ei/e. without this. and eternal Judgment by John Bunyan. hut we shall all be changed. BOTH OF GOOD AND BAD AT THE LAST DAY: ASSERTED. and the dead shall le raised incorruptible. the things which God hath prepared for them that love him. 52. when he became an author. AS ALSO. neither have entered into the heart of man. think and talk of the happiness of the qnrits of the but alas. We : —1 ' at the last trump Cor. which had been kept in slavery. away. tion —and from in is Museum.' after his resurrection. probably. nor ear heard. without Temple-Barre. THE TRUTH OF THE RESURRECTION' OF THE BODIES. Marvel not at this : for the hour is coming. it It defies our reason- ing powers. The bodies of the saints. how seldom do we just made perfect think or speak of the perfect bhss of our -whole incorruptible. in the twinkling of an trumpet shall sound. Not one atom of our dust can be lost 1 Co. unto the resurrection of damnation. Among Christians it is common to without hope.

are fictions. glorious hour 1 shall I Barclay. Bunyan meant to reflect upon the Society of This treatise was printed in 1665: but Friends. We must not infer from the opinions of a few unthat — The dead will arise involuntarily and irresistibly conscience imcontroUed. chew the cud that is reading of these awful or joyful They. who were born again. in his O blest abode be like and near my God 1 And The flesh and sin no more control sacred pleasiu'es of the soul. in his catechism. And they who find in him a life. The personal attention the of every one was then directed to the Bible Lord's day was observed. was intended as an antidote to these delusions. you from the foimdation of the world. as to their general views of divine truth. resurrection of the dead hereafter.' — ! ' — 84 laries of public worship. But in the face of these. Tens of thousands became happy in a personal knowledge of divine truth. clearly asserts Bunyan's own ideas of the resurrection. who. refuge from the storms of irresistibly impelling shall hear his voice life of righteousness while here. 2d. who afterwards formed ' yea. micst testify the truth. his universal sight of all things from the creation of the and his perfect the Society of Friends. Ptoss. there will be a them to heaven. Freely ye have received. is quakers.' word depart impels obedience. like the Quakers. or a church. To anatomize this monster: 1st. and rest contented with that body which it shall please God to We do firmly believe that besides the give us.' and some Bunyan. and others. could be again produced. men were chosen as ministers not from high connections. and dimly see ' men as trees walking. The books will be opened. and dispersed to the winds or They revived waves. until a much later period. very unclean ones. Alexr. is no reason that they should be. Religions: — View . At such a period. to a ' We believe the holy ' manhood plunges into eternal woe to the ! ! that the living may We lay these awful realities to heart. however. number were • called in derision It is ' ranters. an ancient error. careful to guard the reader upon this subject.. bosom of the Redeemer — and fly for is refuge able ^he only he is willing to save to the uttermost all that come ' ' unto God by him. . that this treatise peculiarly earnest and searching in this treatise. ' opinions. Barclay. unless cleansed from sin by faith in the Redeemer and the sacred influences of the Holy Spirit. the grossest calumnies were asserted by a fanatic clergyman. Devils. at all times solemn and impressive.' 8vo. unable to com- prehend how that body. the resurrection was The individuals who promulgated these of Christ to his disciples. may be occasioned by their disto those passed. But even before this. and Hell. Fox. do not appear to have been associated The greater together as a sect. The resurrection of the remembrance of all that he saw are one and tlie There is tlien no refuge. of all ' The Ranters are a sect of beasts that May the divine blessing abundantly attend the realities. and a thousand similar declarations. Heaven. That preachtist. That Moses. the Bap3d. 1673. his penetrating. and they from that time as a sect have been. conformable to the morality and heavenly influences of the gospel. —That the work the ministry labour of and ought not be — derived from the command of love. ' very probable. — ' — — — heavenly glory. and Christ were impostors. ' This. ADVERTISEMENT BY THE EDITOR. worthy individuals. which had gone to dust. and the sinner — . inherit the Come. had declared their full world to the final consummation belief in this doctrine. no escape the just and unjust the last judgment heaven and same. and the truths I have been of Christianity are more appreciated. but from deep — oppose forms and order (the form and order of Common Prayer). Angels. that to . Geo. it must have happened that some evil spirits would exalt themselves. gree manifested the spirit of those. lest it should be thought that Bimyan had in any de- and humble piety. That the new birth was the only resurrection from death and consequently. in a high degree. '' of Christ to be in acknowledge a resurrection in order to eternal recompence. Every soul will be able to read and clearly to understand those mysterious books God's omniscient. nor to say. p. and that we blessed of for my Father. ' Among these there appeared teachers. who even to the present day misrepresent the opinions of the Quakers. who justly deserved censure. They hold that God. Happily they are now better known. misrepresented and traduced. Offor. and every thought and word and action be seen inscribed in characters legible to all. And such wild slanders were uttered occasionally a"-ainst all dissenters. resurrection of the soul from the death of sin. hell as future rewards we beheve and confess. it was not until 1675 that the Quakers' rules of discipline were first pubhshed. Crisp. 273. Penn. cdl the truth to the condemnation of the soul and body. or in some cases had been reduced by fire to its primary elements. purely a This tinguishing tenet is performed for hire freely give. 1696. ing and praying is lying. ye kingdom prepared ' must aU appear before the judgment seat of Christ. neither divide the hoof. and that even some serious inquirers would draw strange conclusions from a misconception of divine truth.

wherein then is iii. Jews would have me the Gentiles. such a hope which themselves do allow. Whence others. that after that way wliich they call heresy. thy soul that shall read it. not meddling with what else is couched in the words. faith of the say. at Uie and that to eternity. BELIEVING ALL THINGS WHICH ARE WRITTEN IN THE LAW AND IN THE PROPHETS: AND HAVE HOPE TOWARD GOD. and election sure that thou in the day. which they themselves did have in my soul. then here thou mayst meet with conviction: yea. but if at hand. world without end. unjust. without fall. But to come to my purpose. apostle sheweth us . OF THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD. and necesof the dead sities ment. Amen. the But be . he met with in I is this world. be not found without that glorious righteousness that will then stand thee in stead. and joy. Thou hast also in these few lines. BOTH OF THE JUST AND UNJUST. which makes me fear to offend. day. and clearing. it is. the is the doctrine I This resurrection. I hope will be profitable to For if thou art godly. only this he confessed. 34. C E Though this be a small treatise. : thee with things of the greatest and most weighty or repent. John Bunyan. that the time there shall he is and If thou continue in them. darkness. to wit. afilictions. yet it doth present that of what will be. a resurrection . then here is that which will. both of the just and The reason why I cannot do what these . Lu. both of the just and unjust. and happiness. Wliich. with a final conclusion upon good and bad.. through God's blessing. when.' kc. have hope towards God. to carry him through these temptations. JIy discourse upon this text. that there should be a resm-rection of the '13UT USTO THEE. and present thee before his thou shalt read more glorious presence. what was the great argument with his soul. accused of many . and glory. You see here. and that. at the end of the world whether thou continue in thy sins. he was utterly faultless. For here thou shalt and manner of charged with surfeiting and drimkenness..' THIS I COXFESS dead. hopes towards God. of which in this book. and yet I am this day. 15. THAT THERE SHALL BE A RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD. blackness. thy end. from where they are. 'Where is the promise of his coming ? 2 Pe. by some that were . note by the way. being upon his arraign- and by these words also. the of his what was the substance ' wherefore to that I shall doctrine. so he worshipped the God of his fathers in the .' 'a resurrection of the dead. whereby I am kept from because . that Paul. will chiefiy concern the resurrection of the dead : resurrection of the dead. with great clearness. that there should be a resurrection immediately apply myself. then light. WHICH THEY THEMSELVES ALSO ALLOW. and that is as an undergirder to my soul. 4. both of tJie just the and unjust graves even of the bodies of both. things. even the doctrine and being licensed to speak for himself by the then heathen magistrate he doth in few words tell them. the order and manner of the rising of these two sorts of people. shewed thee with what body they shall as also their states and condition at this see the truth. encourage thee to go on in the faith of the truth of the gospel but if thou art imgodly. and the cares of this life. that as touching the crimes violent for his blood of a resurrection. 'There shaU be a ACTS XXIV. and so that day come upon thee unawares. xxi. 35.' By these words. OF THE RESUHRECTION OF THE DEAD. and believe the gospel. Thirdly. by the scriptures of God. also why I I cannot live as do believing all things that are written law and the prophets. 14. Wherefore let me here beg these things at thy hand First. and life. SO WORSHIP I THE GOD OF MY FATHERS. Take heed that thy heart be not over' approach of that day. will persecute the power of those truths in I have which themselves in words profess. and everlasting destruction . fixed . the terrible judgment. and . saith and there my mind for there shall be wherewith they charged him. or sJiaU be. and comfort. To him be glory in the church by Christ Jesus. diligent in making thy calling examining of witnesses. that a hypocritical people. and that he had the sa-ne hope towards God. allow. he. persecuted by them. with exceeding joy. rise. That thou take heed of that spirit of mockery that saith. thou repent. 5. the opening of the books. Secondly. reproaches. and that for this very thing. even with a discourse of life and death to eternity: opening. concernment. THAT AFTER THE WAY WHICH THEY CALL HERESY. of the dead. P E E F A Courteous Reader.

Secondly. the rising of the bodies of the just. who were dead in trespasses and sins.r.' shall awake. Such. the Saviour in this day of grace are fallen into the gulf and jaws of eternal death and misery. because they have missed of the Lord Jesus Christ. 2Ti. 33. for the cersaid to be — tainty of their damnation. tliat God should raise the dead ? Ac. is the meaning of that saying of Paul to Agrippa. life out of Christ. That it is the resurrection of the dead bodies of both saints and sinners that is here inserted.' [Ac. the is a resurrection and also all the apostle had then passed through brethren. saying. This also ' ' ' ' ' ' ii. till the 4. and so under the curse of the dreadful God who. who hath raised him from the dead. and so the resurrection. xvi. Mar. .) then. and therefore so far the promise is fulfilled but his saints are yet in their graves.' Ac. it is already fulfilled yet here he saith. 'The hour forth. xiix. our twelve tribes. Which ment. and plucked 12. in scripture as. God and toward here the apostle did look for a resurrection from. small and great. to inquire into the true meaning and nature of this word. 11. to raise them from that state. he hopes it shall come. then. both to bear up both to encourage and to keep within compass. ix. that to be all : dead in Christ. xii. for from that there is no redemption. And again. Why should it be thought a thing incredible with you. dead. Lastly. 23—23. and with him serving (S'oc? day and night. go imder a five- fold consideration 1. I shall briefly enquire. 86 OF THE llESURRECTION OF THE DEAD. the the laws of men. iii. as those are. to walk with him in the regeneration .' First. 1. it (3. The dead . the spirit and body of the people of God it will be requisite. in. As God told Daniel. in the which is that are in the graves shall 2. David. is. This the death that those are and swallowed up of. must be understood of those that have departed this life. and is a cer. . ' . ' herein do I exercise myself. all tlie destruction and confusion. : ii. coming. who yet never felt the power of the Word and Spirit of God. xiii. Vs. a relation is of eternal death. the rising of their bodies.vi.' . 2. buried. or as when a the other. which promise at first began to be fulfilled in the resurrection of the body of Christ. are raised out of their graves. 2. that hath more awe upon my In a word.' is 29. go thy way. . xxW. for the better compassing of this matter. Christless. and profitable for us. then. I say. this is it conscience than all inflict. Ko. that go out of this world Godless. And First. 13. (2. saith he. (4. ' ' . Col. as he saith. under storms and Now ture text . both ' with him. as as Daniel saith. dead hath that power. seeing this doctrine of the resurrec- eternal death. instantly tain forerunner of a share in Christ. . Lu. and hath its accomplishment. 44. There is also in the word. or to be dead. Again. 13. twice dead. : in the fire that never shall be quenched. and therefore that part of the fulfilling of it is yet to come. And again. Da. And all again. with all the penalties they not meant of them I then must distin- 'And men. V. 12. at the last judg- making a ii. Jude are dead roots. 6. who never yet were translated from darkness to light. Ac. There a people that are reckoned dead in shall hear his voice. saith he. trespasses and sins. 33. as he saith. and come <fec. xxvi. thouo^h Paul saith in the 13th of the Acts. 23. 8.) The dead therefore in this scripture. 20. There is a death seizeth men often after some measure of light received from God. and his present benefits. [What is meant by the resurrection. Wherefore.) Neither is it a resurrection from that double death for they that are in that. xxvi. judged for the hope of the promise made of God unto our fathers. through the faith of the operation of of the just and unjust. seeing there is death. and from the Second. from that: for that itself which resurrection also. 'If ye then be risen with Christ. Ep. What in this place is meant by the dead. man ceaseth to be any more in this world. 16. God. up by the There is in scripture mention made of a death and the lusts of the flesh this death is the beginning of true life and happiness. Jn. end be: for thou shalt rest and stand in thy lot at the end of the days. 28. Coi. resurrection of the just. when the dead. 29. is nonsense to say there ' resurrection of the dead. You hath he quickened. and inquire which of these deaths it is.) And as for those that shall. I say. that conscience void of oflencc toward ver. tempests I here go through. These. Why the apostle doth here speak of the Col. ] The is power of Satan to God. that have body and soul separated each froni ' ii. Such as die a natural death.] in another world. and some profession of the gospel of Christ. to sin.' or can be a resurrection . Da. . Jn. 8. and the resurrection of the unjust. 3. i. and am I stand. are dead to sin. 7. Thirdly. What is meant by ilie resurredlon. whom and Peter tells us ' is both dead and Many of them that ' sleep in the dust of the earth his sepulchre is with us to this day. a resurrection of the body out of the grave ' . ii. taken under so it is is many considerations in the scrip- evident. 6— 8. xii.promise. (1. ' Wherein also ye are risen — resurrection of the dead && of a thing yet to come There shall be a resun-ection of the dead. the tion of the awe . hope to come. and graceless dying in sin. It cannot be meant a resurrection from Now and to here. ' 5. are past recovery also. 43. Ac. to have always a guish. Christ is already risen.

and they shall be mine. The hour forth . the resurrection just. a re- surrection to come. ' Having unto you. ' ' Ye are bought with a price :' saith Paul. for the further and for the refreshment of those that are strong and steadsatisfaction of those that are yet wavering. or of being raised from a state children of of nature. ' way Death swallowed up and they that have done of damnation. Third. 20. and they are the members of his body. Christ . of. in few words. we. in the dead. I have bought them. the price of his blood. according to the flesh. Christ being considered with relation to his members. because the saints. grave. when any of them began to adhere.' iCo. spirit. he in the next words sheweth. I here being yet deferred by the : therefore glorify G od in your body. and your and counted also the resurrection of the dead.' Now. nor be raised out of their sleep. of Christ. xxiii. and unto issues from death. viii. and they his members so also. and THE RESURRECTION OF THE JUST. 28. unto the resurrection of ing be every in victory. iii. First. if this body be not raised. they conqueror over his enemies utterly were against the doctrine of the Sadducees. the reason surrection he here chiefly discourseth. kviii. then he a good man be member must I either be raised out of his grave. ' : So man lieth down.' say. yet the doctrine of the new birth. and the price of his blood so it is the temple of : the Holy Ghost. XV. of both saints ' and sinners. As the body is the member of Christ. (fee. for of Christ. I have hope towards God. longeth the issues from death. u. 20. I say. shall that sayis that have done good. or else sin and death must have power over a member of Christ. if a resurrection of the dead. : ' next place. either saints or sinners — There ' by As there must be a resurrection of the because Christ is their head. xv. 29. . several undeniable scrip- and of death at his girdle. ye not that your body Ghost whidi is m you. they shall not awake. : shall be a resurrection of blood. it is. is hath a complete conquest over death. which denied the resurrection of the body. 12. the members 15. I shall first begin with. 1 Co. because ' a resurrection of the dead.' This is the apostle's own argument saith he. and the Lord for The body ' is .' Jobxviii. 6—8.i4. l— The last 51—56 . both of the just and unjust. which is the same with the new birth but did sIkiU he . It is 87 that there is further evident . destruction . not already enjoyed. Jn. First. both of the just. is the purchase of Christ's Second. Christ will not death.' 1 Co. I will be thy plagues I say. opened this scriptm-e I shall in the grave. Christ is the head of the from the dead. they would very weighty argument. must it is needs be the resurrection of the body. which are God's. of the dead. and death be the king of terrors. because Christ is risen just. shall be dehvered. and not fulfilled. 19. God is the God of salvation.13. ' that your bodies vi. v. saith lose the pm-chase of his blood. confidently allow and teach. they every one be brought forth of their . the body. \t. Now we know. 26. therefore the just must arise. 'Know ye members not. 12. it how say some among you tion of the dead ? no resurrec- is the resurrection. in the which shall hear his voice. vi. and because of this union. till ' then. 53. and riseth not till the heavens be no more. A a very Abraham. the Sadducees. xmto the resurrection 1 Co. ' What ? know The just must arise. are in their bodies. I will redeem them from death. if ' 1 Co. ' OF THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD. fast. that the Pharisees did not allow of a resurrection from a state of nature. coming. though in the meantime. is. and come they life graves for then. why the apostle thus aro-ueth the resurrection from the dead. enemy that shall be destroyed is death. come. to a state of grace.' but for the Lord. Jn. the resurrection here spoken called. saith he. 1 will ransom them from the thee let them go power of the grave. say again. to him be- He that is our ture demonstrations 0/ tJie resurrection of the dead. which themselves also allow then what that hope is.' God the Lord belong the Ps.] the resurrection here mentioned. which is is - in us. and unjust. because the apostle salth. Yea. neither will he. [The resurrection spoken of to is a thing yet is just. as well as in their souls. Now. yet death hath stUl power over the bodies of all that are in their graves: now. I will be thy death. the temple of the Holy and ye are not your own? — ' ' no such ridiculous thing in it was in the account of as Christ the account of The body is not for fornication. <kc. be preached that he rose from the dead. vi. of whose reNow. that the very Phansees them- But is selves aUoiced. though Christ in his ovm person Further. though the power Ho. yet he who hath the keys of ' lay down before you. both of the just and unjust' — that is. of the grave be invincible. then also is not a complete much stick at .' saith he. I say. by the resurrection of Christ. Third. who saith. 9.' Jobxiv. thus. to a state of grace.. ' evil. as well as their soul. then he hath not yet until according to the saying of Christ. xUi. I will have them. 54. or incHne to Christ's doctrine in some things. I will make Christ. namely. because the body of the saints. tlmt tliere . that they were the are the of Christ. and the grave have ' still forasmuch as death power over his members. then there be no resurrection Christ not risen. Ac. If Christ. all that are in the graves shall a complete conquest over death. • i. both of the just and unjust it must needs be the same resurrection that is spoken of by Job. 1 Co. hell Re.

in this 25. the fire and rack. whom he hath ransomed with his blood. and a thou-sand calami4. than Ga. 30—33 Mar. If 13. ' iii. 24. and that not only is in this world. and fetch all his people to Fifth.' 3Ti. saith Christ. He. how will he be disappointed. Yea. 24—26 ment on 1. again. 13. 28. iv. a glorified body. especially. 3. as well as the there we may be also. viii. and yet that his people should be with which hath sent me. and we in this world.' Col. that ' as in Adam all die. xv. ' And this is the Father's ' Christ should be raised. xvii. He. 2.\xii. and so we have. that for Christ's sake we here undero-o. There must be a resurrection of the all of Ac. and come wherefore he saith. that is in his. even our bodies. we sufi"er. that the body of the Lord Jesus. though there. Jn.] aud will also raise that is. I appoint a kingdom. [not will him. vii. iii. which their Saviour. that ' it like body. 31 . xvi. that a first-begotten doth imply more sons. 3-7. that of all which he hath given me I should lose nothing. there will be the greatest disappoint- 2—11 . But. being delivered from their graves. of the saints. so will he raise up ours also by Christ.— 88 ver. keep down those. manifest in scripture. his people 21. i Co. And hence members of his is are the price of his blood. we shall of the saints. ' afterward they that are Christ's at his coming. a 1—3 X. vi. . doth also intend to raise us up by his power. hath been a deep sharer in the afflictions I say. 18.' Lu. say. all. that have for his sake underwent the reproach and malice of the world. from the it is the body that feels the stocks. 11. sides that ever was. and that it ever remaineth in the holiest which to . that though the bodies of being in paradise. 13. l Jn. we shall also ' reign with him: life Jn. But man in his own order: Christ the first-fruits. that where he is. he would come again. he that hath raised up the Lord Jesus. and that first-fruits do forcshew an after-crop . glory. 36. xii. i Co. Ed. wherefore we conclude. This. he is from his. his saints should. when he went away. through the malice of the enemy. . If the bodies of the just arise [not] from the ties. viii. and he is now at the right hand of God. ' but that be never so dishonourably tortured. the whip. I say. as he hath us up by his own power raised up the body of Christ. vi. Lu. OF THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD. they merciful to his people. xxiv. but for the Lord and the Lord for the body.' 1 Co. have far more fellowship Jesus might be made manifest in our mortal* flesh. even up into heaven. . i. i.' expecting the redemption of our body. for For we them that sleep. that the life also of true. very much longing for the day of the Lord's ven* Bunyau quotes this from the Genevan or Puritan version geance. and glorified in that body. 22. ' it up again at the last seeing that he in his resurrection. that the Phi. God hath both raised up the Lord [Jesus. 3&-43. xii. caught up into heaven. ii. 31—24 for then till his enemies be made his footstool. 19 . as he We know that he said. killed. mind. and glorified in their bodies. i—3. the saints departed. may be fashioned fore. as my Father hath appointed : : ' unto me. until the last enemy deaih is destroyed.i. 13. and the of A disappointment of the power of God . even so in Christ shall every all be made alive. 14. 12. especially at the resurrection of the just. Fourth. because the body. 39. marks of the Lord Jesus. vi. And God hath both raised up the Lord.] but should raise day. and with its bars. As I told you be- shall change our vile body. the comes. I say for all that. 23. 39. xiv. Now we have it abundantly be like him. since man had I say. and shall the saints of God not only be. to you. and will also raise up us by his power. oar present translation has in oar body. 34-28. no otherwise than in their spirits .xxiiL4o. Lu. but 'the first-born from the dead.' and must arise from the dead. just. as will not be. Sixth. huno-er power thereof. 6. the grave and death should prevent and body is ofttimes the greater suff'erer. that must be betwixt the body of the Lord Jesus Christ and the bodies Wlien he shall appear. but yet. But. All this is to be enjoyed. . know. . and the it is day of Christ said to be the ' . calamities. and honour as he saith also in another place. it is the body in which we have the dyino'Tis dead. as Paul saith. was raised out of the grave.' and communion with God and the Lord Jesus. The body is not for fornication. The bodies of tlie just must arise again. 7. 2. ' . being on the earth. as further will be shewn anon. I would be very strange to me if Of the will of — ' disappointment. if when he that we meet with for the gospel's sake. ii. God is SO just a God. they are. ' ' I . a dust. ' — sown in the grave yet he will. is said to be first-fruits Jn. Ro. is the unto his glorious body. If there should be no resurrection of the just. xvii. and of powers.xx. or are not yet capable of having. saith Christ. raise it again in incorruption. otherwise. 17.Jxi. He the fruits of all his sufi'erings. in all the hinder him. There must be a resurrection of the body himself. that we who have continued with Christ in his temptations. it A God Now. ascended. Christ also would be wonderfully disappointed of it And hence * is that the scripture saith. 33. far above all principalities and day of the manifestation of the sons of God. which will be the day in which they will. XV. because of that similitude. but appear as brought under the foot of the weakest saint. and cold. 2Co. then tliey also will be disappointed. and every name that is named. 'and he that hateth his world shall keep it unto life eternal.

and shall present tis Avith you. 7.) Hope looks at this. both death and the grave. For our conversation is in heaven. l tl iv. that look. he that holdeth no resurrection of our body. 18. resurrection of Christ.' . according as I is also vain. iv. 40.' Piii. hath everlife.XV. if consider the devilish. this doctrine — of self-denial also strated. vi. 1. unto the for ' notwithstanding they have already received the the Spirit. 18. 14. first-fruits of more of that. Wherefore do I deny myself of those mercies and privileges that the men of this world enjoy ? Why do not I also. the Lord * Behold. for such a thing ? They look for if the dead rise not. imtil also patient. he denieth the resurrection of the body of Christ. when they cry under the Lord. He that seeth the Son. their great enemies. for the of the Lord draweth nigh. but now he saith. just. it : I say. it is vain preaching. and indeed both are true.33. and satanical errors and absurdities that riseth not. 14. as it is Now this Saith Christ. If Christ be not risen. lo. as well as they. all dead. then we preach fables. wiU be to the saints yet alive in this world. 8. it also damneth . and to his saints. (2.\pect to be delivered whole man from every enemy. he receive the early and latter rain. as Paul saitk. but lo. what a sad disappointment. xi. denieth the resurrection of the head. to wit. But. 24. for seeing the resurrection of the saints is proved by them up for The needy ' ever. and the Scriptures testified of if saith Paul. but also for the resurrection. small and great. and I wiU raise him up at the last day. stablish your hearts. as. If the just arise not cut of their graves. what shall I be the better for all my trouble that here I meet with for the gospel of Christ? (4. shall not alway be forgotten. not only for then shall coming of the Lord. 'are found false and we. waiting .x^-. many other alike devilish and filthy. ' you receive them 2. that our resurrection will prove tlie truth that is seen is not hope : for hath for? ' in present possession. animated. yet every grace of he concludeth. ' for. dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell time that they long altar. so by ours. 21. even . I say. if may be viii. as. II. ' Be yo comin'^' Jesus Christ.' witnesses of God. If the just arise not. they long till that day be come till the day come. with all other the graces of the Spirit of God in our hearts.) The grace worketh by VOL. then also for is every grace of God in our souls defeated though the spirit of devotion can put forth a feigned show of holiness with the denial of the resurrection. When they died. be not deceived. cause we have - God ' Christ: iCo. * 'If after the manner of.xy. are ' 5. Re. the husbandman waiteth for the precious fruit of the earth. great disappointment much. ix. This is the Spirit's ovrn dfictrine For — ' ture warrant. in itself destructive to like aU Christian it3 lasting Jn. we expect this by hope. when the . Mark. ic. 17. ' 1 Co. lie This error. if the dead rise not?' lC0. He that denieth the resurrection of the saints. or THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD. 6. who shall change our it vile body. that ia always contained therein. his is by Christ's demon- (3. casteth the of Christ. Ro. The doctrine of the resurrection of the certain truth of God. As who should say. 3.' saith 2 Co. hojje to 'obtain a better I have fought with beasts at Ephcsus. then how can be made like to the must unavoidably follow the denial body of Christ Jesus yea. the ex- must needs deny the it. good. also for. and to all that fear his name. as. infatuation.' Ps. and delusion. Paul.s for the adoption. then is not Christ raised. (1.' in 35. what advantageth it me. The denial of the resurrection. the resurrection of Christ. . and that by scripglorious thereof.. therefore. and believeth on him that sent him. beloved. chiefly encouraged.' saith Paul. ? ' on the earth died ne. that proves error. shall be wiH he give rewards to his servants the prophets. God. vi. even we ourselves groan within ourselves. yet they wait. judged enemies of Christ. which have the first-fruits of the Spirit. before he Christ in hi. 20.' whose resurrection is the ground of ours. doth prove our resurrection. for truth. must needs be a we Ro. for as rising. 23. v. and in the face of and therefore have I spoken we also knowing that he believe. and hath long patience for it. iii. men How long. for how can he be freed of sin. nil.' said. He that denieth the resurrection of the members. they resurrection. fashioned like to his glorious body.) 'Tis this it is ' and the grave? as he most certainly is.' We. 16. an adder. and therefore speak which raised up the Loi-d Jesus shall raise up us also by Jesus. 1 Co. what a man seeth. yea. 15. bethat he raised up — 'Yea. and now they are gone. the for then shun persecution for the cross of Christ ? If the dead rise not. and supported by this doctrine as James saith. live as becomes the written. the redemption of our body' that is. Ja. But now. 'from whence also we look for the Saviour. om-s is affirmed.* the dead be raised. 20—23. xi. do swallow . ll. religion: so it. xv. holy and true. brethren. at this day. that the body SeveiUh. and your faith * ' that faith looks believed. . are those poor creatures under. that is swallowed up for ever of death God in the elect doth prompt them forward to gospel. pectation of the poor shall not perish for ever. and changing of this vile body. Re. redemption. Be patient. he that doth deny the resurrection of the saints.) Both zeal and patience. but behold evil in their they e. by pointing at. 13. that to preach deliverance from sin and death. or 'why doth he yet hope ' of his. - so be that the dead rise not. carrieth within bowels. 'but hope — resurrection. then is our preaching vain.

look in the eyes of 17. dead. are all but a because you say. and third all things are naked and bare before him. it is To deny Lord and head. 20. buried. that God hath so loved us. as Now. are perished. I say. 2. yet Christ is their life. and thus all the elect may be said to live for they are from eternity chosen in him. at the glorious appearing of the great but the err. God. 2 Ti. 7. (1. most miserable.xv. they are counted the living under a threefold consideration their — (a. those that have departed this world in the faith * power to raise. new covenant. ]\Iark the words: If in this life only we have hope in Christ. again. whether they be angels or men. because our faithfulness of God. I speak this As if he had said.xv. ' : : ' ! of the body. we are of all men and that both to himself. iii. God spake unto him. 'if the dead rise not. I say. . ' those that perish. to raise. some have not the knowledge of God. . be. ii. (2. 43. If Christ he not raised. Eternity. and present with him He. them that slept. in body and soul. both to his Son and his saints faith. Ep. ' 1 Co.' lC0. He tliat denieth the resurrection of the just. Jn. . that the resurrection of the body. our joy. xv. 4. and Jacob. as I shewed before. . i. himself. 11. men the is the very quintessence of the gospel of Jesus most miserable. do anything. How ill-favouredly do they look.' all doing glorify himself. (c. let us eat and drink that is.) In . and here by Ga. will then be found presumption and madness. ignorant of his promise . To be all born. which is God thousand years. thouo-h never so diabolical and hellish let us eat and drink. and our Saviour Jesus Christ. their faith and the continual communication of grace from Christ into their souls. that they rise have ye have us in his day. risen. and sin not for luded. I will Now. nay. * he concludeth. . 33. 17. and as- cended. 10. Isaac. Therefore saith Paul to those that were thus deAwake to righteousness. this resurrection.' iv. then is not only) your faith ye are yet in your sins (that are alive. 21. are time. 30. First of all. 37. Great ignorance of God. Poor Christian thou the God of Abraham. is. if the dead the Lord Jesus. we are in the bush. fruits of how wilt thou M. I of the bodies of the just. and glory to foUow. 13.: . ' it be understood of his being their God under a new covenant consideration as he saith. he cutteth the throat of a truly holy life. because we let go present enjoy. 'But now is and become the firstFor since by man came resurrection of the To be is the God of Abraham. 4.vi. xv.ir. . He. to heaven which will be nothing so. we have hope in Christ. 18. that eateth out good and wholesome with respect to their rising again Ko. and there is an end of us we shaU not arise again. there shall be no resm-rection of But you will say. Abraham.19. as to rance of the tenor and current of the scriptures for as touching the dead. and peace. who also is their life. viii. by man came also the . they that are the children of God. xH. saying. do live both in by open vision. ' God xii. the day that is And iii. for They God live also ' calleth doctrine even as cankers eat the face and flesh of those things Avhich be not as though they were. but say. so it argueth gross ignocause we believe. and of all men most miserable. admitteth of no first. . be their God. Ho. Son. if a man do past either with him or any Christian his so saying tendoth directly to the destruction and overthrow of the faith of them that hear him 6. 34. he setteth open a flood-gate to all manner of impiety. all kis live unto him. 4. as present with God.) but ' then they also which are fallen asleep in Christ l Co. 18. saints. he the dead ? You are ignorant of God of what he lie. and layeth the reins upon the neck of the most outrageous lusts for if the dead rise not. God. faithfulness. children of the spirits in glory. 8—10. iv. of this doctrine.' 2Pe. to receive . ' ' . and of what he will by Ah! but 'if the dead rise not. he to ' we do — a thousand years past. second. and the God of Isaac. and saints. u. that have their nose and lips eaten off with the canker? Even 30 badly doth the doctrine of no resurrection a man. our hope. to ' dead. thus he is not the God of the dead — that is. that to deny the resurrection it argueth. if the dead rise not. either evil or good. be deceived. of But again he that denieth the resurrection of the dead. we rise not. of what he will do. in this life. and Jacob.Christ? Are you ignorant of the resurrection of ments for those that will never come. .) . Of all men most miserable.' iCo.' iCo.power. for to-morrow we die. 90 all OF THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD. death.) conclude then. though possibly many of them yet unconverted.' that giveth up himself to God shall have comfort can do. by the eternal purpose of God. ignorant of his 8. (&.) The . xv. ignorant of his faithfulness to raise ' . Do to your shame. of the dead. viii. A'ain. ' (as if he ' is not. he. and they shall be my people. if the dead rise not! Christ risen from the dead. of the living : ye therefore do greatly Isaac. livetli not by him are but as One day is as a and scripture. Christ.) As it argueth very great ignorance of God's our comfort that now we think we have from Grod. you profess Christianity ? and do you question the resurrection of the body? Do you not know. that the Christian is of aU men the most miserable. that lookest for the blessed hope of the resurrection the God of Jacob ? He is not the God of the dead. and is so far from being according to the doctrine it of God. Col. 1 Jn. 9. iii. 5. 10. 26. and do you question the power and rise not. If not read in the book of Moses (saith Christ) how I am in this life only.

be buried. It is sown a dead corn. it also sweetly blos- soms. it is raised a living . both of the just and unjust. ' saith and with what body do they come ? ver. putteth forth a blade.' &lc. It hath this alteraIt is one. yet behold how the form and fashion of that Avheat is first dead. they altered but be changed into a far more glorious state than when we were sown. it chitteth. and swelleth. now come. ' or as if the glory of the least star But God giveth ver. it shall then quicken. or of that which was never sown? If of that which is sown. A resurrection — . both of the just and unjust. that it their rising. rise. and as clear as the glory sowest. as still ' own nature. when he had in the fifteenth of the 1st of the Corinthians proved the truth and cer- The apostle having thus presented the manner of the resurrectio7i of the saints by the nature of seed sown and rising again he proeeedeth. ' be a resurrection of the dead. or as if the glory of the moon was ' should be of the sun made . First. Having thus in few words. dry. ent splendour. beautiful. as the biggest in the lustre. 29—34. and there it Heth. for honour and splendour as it pleaseth him. And verilj. . this similitude also sown. but behold. at the resurrec- That our reviving or rising. it receiveth life. In which similitude. this similitude by which he here reasoneth the manner of the resurrection of the just. far transcendent is it wrinlded kernel cast into the ground. That which thou and the heavenly bodies. of what? Of that which is and reviveth to life : so also shall it be with our body. perisheth.' when yet neither the good nor the bad shall come forth of their graves. THE MANNER OF THE RESURRECTION OF THE JUST. Wheat was sown and wheat ariseth. and not it. There shall 91 be a resurrection of the dead. — it a body as it hath pleased him. and to the end. ' the corruption that cleaveth unto again. and as shining.* And. God giveth it a body but to every seed Lis own body. sown and dry. at our rising. were made as excellent as tion of the bodies. yet none of them can cause the nature of the kernel to cease it is wheat still. first is. 35. and revive. 38. riseth green . he begins with one of — But ' ' some man ? will say. ' ver. and barren wheat.— ' ' — . and meet with all this change and alteration in these things. for. and fitly suiteth each particular. a resurrection every 3. To which he answereth. as it pleaseth him. not yet its transcend- way. rising. or THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD. blance. concludeth. 38. though the kernel thus die. and so the corn is the body of man. 'so 1 Co. That live. one would think. Further.) of wheat. and after sown and buried in is the earth. is very natural. beautiful. The body ariseth. -riii. only it was sown dead. that is. Ed. than if the flesh of beasts and fowls were made as noble as the flesh of men or the bodies of earth. but it is the nature. to shew us the diflerence of glory that is between heavenly bodies.' And The First of the apostle. then.' to sprout — to shoot at the end thus dead and buried. or else of the corruption that cleaveth to it Again. he descends to the dis- covery of the manner of it. and. S6. though yet to retain its doth greatly change its resemit hath this power. we shall not only revive wiU be abundantly more and changed. so to every seed it — — the self-same nature but as to the manner of ! it how . firmament of heaven. shewed you the truth shall and without comeliness it It is sown a single corn it riseth a full ear. tion. It is a resurrection indeed. but rather something else to delude the world withal. it. and fruitful wheat. — of the resurrection of the dead. simUitudes —The for further illustration. and those that are earthy. that is sown in the earth. for after it is laid in the grave and buried. the very term is that riseth resurrection a forcible argument to prove the dead shall come forth of their graves for the Holy Ghost hath always spoken more properly than to say. The second is. he inserteth three he. dry. breaketh. and beauty at its resurrection. he giveth the body more splendour. By a similitude of seed. with a full kernel in the ear : it is the same as to its burial — (I. from that of the moon and also how one star differeth from another in glory: and then Second. ' There is a poor. It is sown in its husk but in its rising it leaveth that husk behind it. ' ver. to shew us the difiierence that is between the glory of the light of the sun. and groweth into a stalk. then quickeneth of the grain. There . it After * Erom the verb ' to chit. as to the manner of its chano-e in its doth fitly suit as. and riseth living. it die. . The third is. it his own body. as glorious. Eo. thou sowest not that body that shall be. xv. . indeed. then it must be either of that nature that was so^vn... shall hinder from being the same body as to the nature of it that was sown in the earth for as God giveth it a body. Neither its quickening. to . must be after death That which thou sowest is not quickened 1. .* things 39—43. he might remove those their questions foolish scruples that attend the hearts of the ignorant. there also appeareth an ear . I Second — To the manner of just. — ' except 2. is the resurrection of the dead. as to the nature of . tainty of the resurrection.) The corn (2. But. * How are the dead raised up to three more shew us the variety and glory of flesh. As who should say. provincial and almost obsolete. as bright.

as rejected of God especially. ' where Christ heaven. the same glory with that which is refined. nor yet the gold in ore. Flesh and blood hath not re- vealed [this] imto thee. Nay. not with respect to their nature. wounds. i. observe corrupt body it. fornication. pains. the spirit. Paul in another place. 'The flesh lusteth against lusts. The nature also of the moon is one it is our duty with all speed to destroy it.. doth differ was sown glory. our sisting of wickedness. not the nature that God hath . I it. ' Where- and if it be our duty to follow the Spirit. ' Now mark it he doth not speak here of the natures of each of these bodies but of the transcendent glory of one . with those inclinations to us. and wickedness. or that attend our material flesh and kind. because it possesseth all men. Mat. 36. Lu. that by flesh here is thing.' ' saith Paul. 23. then to nourish it at all. shall not inherit the kingdom of God. its glory also . which saith. Ga. 17. glory.' Ep. and by their using this or that mem- body and soul. The comparison also between the bodies heavenly and bodies earthly holds forth the same ' The glory of the celestial is one. iv. ' ' of the flesh. I say. and and not rather of that inivard fountain of sin. Avhoever thou art. another. which flesh cleaveth to our bones. and so one star also differeth from another in to be understood. corruption. when compared with that in which it riseth. ' flesh. .enemies in [their] mind by wicked works. sin and all spiritual These things thus considered do shew you how vainly they argue. it is our duty not glory of the terrestrial is another. but for that Thus you . ' 92 wliich OF THE EESUREECTION OF THE DEAD. or cut For whatever the Spirit nature. like so many suns in the firmament of heaven. the days when we. and blood runs in our veins but is taken for that corruption. and also how far from their purpose. They were . arisetli. angels. and the mixed with our natural blood. that saying of the apostle is.c. so •of defile the man . or rather at that malignity and rebellion that is unconverted is . if the spirit lust against the flesh on our bones simply considered as flesh . arise out of the heart and bowels of the earth. the weaknesses the body. and warreth. weakness. but ' my Father which is in xvi. which in another place he calleth the old man. strife. where you read of flesh and blood. because I am fallen upon ' ber of the body. and see that ' flesh and blood ' is not to be taken always for the flesh that is upon our hands. and the glory of the earthly fore I say. therefore it beareth the of that which by it to wit.. but with a Wherefore reader. they have their seat in the heart and soul of a human nature con- man. for. sinews. aches.' And now also. sores. the same nature with that which but the beggar hath not the same is best refined glory with tlie king. But but glory. at our rising.' as also in the place alleged. than a . affections and Ga. to accomplish most filthy and abusive deeds. ' The glory of the heavenly is is one. and the spirit against the flesh. defection of the objection short dash at itself. and also wholly ruleth where the soul is many others. saith. that say. by reason of which the members of the body are used this its way. is a thing distinct from that flesh and blood which is essential to our being. reckoneth up the works many things. when from that which then 'twas sown. is with the Col. but of that . is no we rise again. they are weaknesses of another sickness. beggar hath the same nature as a king. 21. we shall not change our as it is. But our state will be far more altered than any of these in . and wisdom. our whole man.. indeed. now . that flesh and blood shall not inherit the kingdom of God. wilt thou know. as in witchcraft. mortality. consisting of body and soul yet. and which Aveakness and corruption. for instance. hut glorious manner Our bran shall be left behind us when Avithout it. in plain terms. but our glory. 'hath crucified the lusts. and the glory of the moon is another. Avhen it speaks of the flesh and blood of saints. he that is Christ's. that he there should strike at that flesh which hangeth on our bones. And yet it is the same that riseth that was sown. Wherefore. above another. do rather point at a corrupt soul. you are not to understand it as meant of the flesh. and other parts of our body. of God lusteth against. 17—21. weakness Avhich cleaveth to of the flesh. as blood. &. variance. v. we shall be equal to the our flesh from our bones. hatred. and without which we are no men. v. A that lodge within which in ' another place are called the yea. with many others. are not to be understood of that matter which God made.' Is it our flesh that hangeth on our bones. because. 24. shall not pass it. which is their proper human nature. but the corrupt apprehension. evil. with his deceitful Again. should mean our material flesh that haugeth en our bones. xx. all these places. which lusteth against the spirit ? and that also against which the that is . and gold in the ore. ruled and acted — name in the mind of man against the Lord. if the spirit lusteth against our material flesh. consider that frequently in scripture the words 'flesh' and 'blood. veins * ' ' — spirit lusteth? Certainly. But can any imagine. and no other though the same after a far more not the same with its husk. emulation. it must be destroyed yea. flesh wisdom and blood. and evil that cleaveth to it : members. by nourishing of it we nourish that against which the Spirit of God fighteth. Who so vain as to think that the apostle by these words. vain man. . and feet. in it. then we must needs kill ourselves. and also sometimes that. Nay. made. As.

body or of soid woidd be nonsense to say. 25. It sown in sown is sown body. which is not in us.' . see no ' — — — ' beauty in him. 27. 1 Co. Ii. in a moment. doth attend the saint at his departing this world. It is sown 2. Ps. it is incorruption. Therefore. all our corruptibleness. x. i. as I said before. But to be short the apostle here. that now attends our whole man. or post. more death. tality. shall. the dead shall be raised incorruptible dead shall be so raised as that in their rising. 'Tis true. ' ' — — The dishonour that 2. he is he is sown in dishonour it is very great — .' he adds. starved.' which two sayings are answerable to what he presently adds. not having spot. it and so deals God with us. as and incorruptible. but we shall all be changed.' cannot be truly understood. this mortal I say. and not sufglory. nor anything tending that no weakness. 11. And hence it is that we have our life. vii. there should be a resurrection. 18. Christ must lose his members. and made like to the glorious body of the Son of God if this body do not at all rise again. which particulars are that follov/ — it 1. in fered to be put into graves. inherit the kingdom of above The woman wdiose clothes are foul. saying. . I say. in the twinkling of an ej'e. ' ' they are equal unto the angels and are the children of God. neither for the former Again. to himself. will present us ' to himself a glorious church. then Christ also. it ' . . . or wrinkle. through Jesus Christ. and at last take away our life. of corruption and though not corwas buried but immoris raised. There either of shall be in 14. and infirmity. for this corruptible mark. tliat cleaveth to our corruption. neither marry. we shall not all I shew you a mystery sleep. and the resurrection from the dead. be sick more. nor set any price upon him.' that is. for 1 . but some other thing. from the dead incorruptible. ' Re. 'neither doth corruption inherit incorruption. : dishonour. which is also called a begetting and birth. things. or die more. his body is arrayed and infected with many corrupt and filthy things.' ifec. is distinguish between the dirt and the cloth on which is raised in incorriqjtion. can yet these it four particulars. not only like a span. neither sorrow. 'are passed our resurrection no corruption. 50—5-3. 4. nor sickway as he saith. and his workmanship. raised a spiritual tell how is to save the Avhole man of his people. S6. that must be it ruptible tal and infirmity. the more distinctly branch out a little that body God. he destro^'ing the corruption and weakness that shortness.OF THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD. and our nature. while We are brought and corruption corruption is our father. and mortal. lie. 8. even with apostle doth in The manner of which their rising. as saith the Spirit . so it shall not inherit the kingdom of God: hut yet consider it as God's creature. by reason of that body of sin and death that yet remains in us but yet God. touching our real substantial flesh. ii. (I speak nothing here how some of them are hanged. nor shall there be any more pain : crying. TiilRD. XX. ' . xxi. Flesh and blood cannot inherit. it shall leave its graveit. Flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God. It is raised in incorniptlon. and immortality instead of that mortality that descended to the grave ^vith them. as touching bodily weaknesses yea. It is raised in glory. the purchase of his blood. XV. these things that now in oiir life annoy us. ' ' ' so loathsome at his death. viii. It 3. this corruptible must put on mYea. ness. and that our vile body shall be changed. banished. but also. it this mortal. incorruption shall possess them instead of corruption. Further then.) but it is raised Glory is the sweetness. is 4. is It is weakness. the trumpet shall sound. but while he livcth here. and in sin did our mother conceive us. that his dearest friends are weary of him. the vessels and temples of his Spirit . purity. speaks properly of that mortality and weakness. or as corrupted with sin and Mark. raised in pmcer. — ' for all this is our body. ' . and so all tliat God hath converted if clothes and mortality behind 1 Co. in corruption. in that his body. 35. shadow. 24-. there is not one saint. counted worthy to obtain that world. xr. nor are given in marriage. at the last trump: for the mark. that that flesh which man's nature shall not enter the kingdom for then. that it is attended with so much cleaveth to them. which is also our flesh and blood. for in this world ' . It is impossi- ble that they shoidd ever sin more. being the children of the resurrection. away. Now you consider it as corrupted. it when cJianged. Re. 93 must put on immorthis corruptible.' whole man. distinguisheth between our weaknesses.' V. ein. are and therefore we live for efi'ectuaUy destroyed And there shall be no ever. And now to and blood It is return to the place objected — 'Flesh . . He Ep. wealiness. ii. and not of our real substantial body itself. is not in glory. . and so die. torn to pieces. in is it raised in glory. when he saith. 8. and also with many sinful infirmities. 4. ' They which shall be sorrow more. into this world by sin .' though 'twas thus with them neither can they die any more. it may he either considered as God's creature purely. vanity and vexation of spirit. ' Behold. 10—12. and can hangeth . or any such thing. Lu. contrary to the whole current of the New Testament. 5. as if ho when he saith it is raised in had said. a natural body. Job xvii. But now being raised shall not inherit the kingdom of God. 15. and the dead that is. comeliness. For after he had said. stop their noses at him.

dishonourable. it at our resurrection wiU not only be as from free rise incorruptible. xiii. Col. it is rising be come. till his visage was so marred by his persecutions . nor crump faces — shoulders. the body * These ideas are as new as they are striking and splendid. Samson carried away the gates of the city. yet so it. our breath. xv. the stars. I tell you. sweetness and amiableness. Da.' all amazingly superior ing mechanic. . then into the earth a * ' — laid ' when it went now in all perfec- tion dwell in this body again . 29. Col. it is the excellency of these things. and that which makes them shine. strength is The light is the glory our beauty. be spiritual our preach- at this day will shine brighter than the face of Moses or Stephen. ' — firmities. weakness. in glory. That God God in it while it liveth. It is raised particular. we are attended with so many weaknesses and in3. 21. a keeper or driver of swine. even as bright as the sun. at this day shall enjoy. appear in such perfections. 91 OF THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD. iii. xii. xxxiv. as his is. grey hairs are the glory of old age — that is. ' shall /ii:e that of Christ —with him How bright as the sun is and stars and angels. lie * shall change our vile body. but also as so that so far as incorruption is from all other infirmities as he was after he was if glory above dishonour. ' 4. state churches that ever wrote upon this subject.xx. and beautifulest creature that ever God made. in our souls that our CompaieLu. in all its features and members. inconceivably beauSin and corruption have made mad work in tiful. and perfoction of a thing. it doth power. and this mortal shall have put on immortality. it is first to arise and utmost completeness that is grave are Behold. Why. shall we have it. in his outward man.* 16 with Mat. Pr. because rise in it is a a spiritual one . the gates of death and the bars of the now carried away on our shoulders. a thousand times further than if a fhoggard was spiritual . shall That leave of the body departure. Mark. or sown doth a body corruptible. and taketh away both our strength. 2. daj^s. that in time the least sin or sickness is too hard for us. the body buried. So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption. 41.' a very fit word. soaking in the Christ. in the earth. Ps.. that it be fashioned like unto his glorious body. majesty. can stand before : us ? We shall then carry that grace. and that belonging to the body. for though there dwell never so much of the Spirit and grace of ' help this body to. nor yet wrinkled may iii. it a sjyh^ual body. XX. that hath at any time been in this world. 3. one of the dii'tiest and lowest employments. though changed into a far more glorious state. terror. to arise in glory. There shall be no lame legs. And yet it is this body and not another this in nature. wlien raised from the dust. powerful. xvi. then. all the glory that a glorified soid can it changed to be an emperor. died. 14. and spiritual was before he Tn a word. it is When . and will there . 40. Ed. when raised again. because is it is spiritual body. xx. hi. and life. ' l Co. Again. 17. ' comitenances shall be like lightning. also rendereth us so dishonourable at our death but now at our rising. glory. povrer above above corruption. 1 Co. i. it shall in a the body again. Mat. This is the last and is indeed the reason of the other is an incorruptible body. 3. because it is a . and But behold. 18.' as Job saith. of the sun. Therefore. and angels. and this mortal must put on immortality. in all the beauty. of the body. Bunyan glory. 35. Ave are raised in power. must put on incorruption. of years in the heavens. proves his apostolic descent in the right line. 12. bosom of moment come spangling into and inhabit every member and vein it separate from its and so wiU continue while Therefore. inward part. Death is swallowed up in this corruptible For victory. 3. and commanding power xxviii. com- he was and that. 53. and destruction falleth down dead at our feet What. xlv.' Browne s Pastorals. our Job xxxviii. and natural but when it ariseth. no bleared eyes. Death quaketh. — . then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written. as well as in his He was the exactest. three . glorious. spiritual one it is a glorious body. While we are here. soon as the soul is soul that hath been these hundreds or thousands separate from the day of so soon also doth the Spirit of it. 29. as Spirit of did before its God also that took its to the grave. but he probably meant hog-herd. fower. for in all things he had and shall have the pre-eminence. sin. ' — Our vile bodies. to the fathers (so called) and dignitaries of shall appear. 'Tis sin comour bodies as well as in our souls. Ac. 2. purest. No boorish hog-herd fed his rooting sv^ine. Ju. It is raised in the holy fire of the inspired writers. The Psalmist saith of Christ that ' fairer than the children of as I believe. . it is sown a natural body. and that 3. monly that is the cause of all that deformity and ill-favoureduess that now cleaveth to us. we being raised incorruptible. the glory of youth. 51. . in that power that all these things are as far below us as a grasshopper is below a giant at the first appearance of us the world will tremble. pletest. above natural so great an alteration be in our body. that aU the beauty and comeliness. t I have continued this word as Bunyan spelt it. vi 15. —Ed. I say. men.' pm. mere lump of man's nature It is sown a natural body but now at the day when the heavens be no more. then shall ye also appear with in him 43. xv. 4. ' Ex. xiv. it shall be swallowed up a thousand times told with this we shall of all sorts. our bodies free weak. 36. and all. When Christ who is our life. he breathes the spirit Lu. as possible to possess a human creature . incorruptiblencss can put a beauty upon our bodies when they arise. raised again.

We 11. xvi. than the bird by the art the doors were shut upon : Thus the great God hath given us a taste of the power and glory that is in himself. 20. As who should say. 32. in his word. Christ hath shewed us. the hody when it ariseth. Now Ave shall see him . 31. at pleasure. You know. Lu. that nary. when still in truth. they are so swallowed up with the sweetness by the beams of the sun And the reason is. shall. that I say. Let us lose our proper human nature. 50. the same it. fection then. and. Avill he so it Avill It is so in part now.' iCo. 14. and our it is sown. they should as things which are candied. at that day. the caught aAvay Philip from the eunuch. it is but this life. but something besides us. further. * ' : : ' former sourness. Eze. 40. no man tell Avhither. read. what our body at our resurrection shall be. that it der us from having our bodies like the body of Cln-ist. that . loseth its that it ' body. and hoAV easily it wiU help us. I said. by its possessing* of us at the reas Christ surrection. when thus risen. they . And as we have borne the image of the earthy. Wherefore it. or air thecary. l Ki. but shall so be in per- swallowed up of he.easily be pierced by us. 25. stinking. and of the resurrection from the dead.' * it is raised. though it after. 51. we xiii. but be equal to the angels. of Tonjiie. 7—10. he could pass and repass. ceivably filled at that day. as it being candied. Spirit ii. when them He could. and the Avorking of it at that day. in this Now.s. so again it must needs shall be as I have said . amazement. Mat. as though they had no other nature. in that day. iv. Gov. according to ' his glorious the working I : whereby he himself. 19. to wit. cleaveth to it: neither shall its carried Ezekiel hither and thither It carried lumpishness. So tliat are heavenly. the . that hereby all the service of the body. 95 in a glorious. But again. blessing of 'This frieud- possesses us of the ship.' was sown /!! is sown. by shewing of us.— OF THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD. such a7'e they also ' : * 'Its possessing of i. such are they also that are earthy and as is the heavenly. with us. at the last day. xxi. Ac. 17. Nay. all things unto Phi. that cause to tJie Spirit. beand virtue of that in which they are candied. and faculties of the soul. ll. xx. concerning things that are it our body. that he will remove all impossibilities and hindrances. his resiu-rection. and we lose absolutely our being. that pleasure and desire. that is sown a natural body. . Ac. after he was risen from the and yet retained the very same flesh bones that did hang upon the cross. — . that now. and so are annihilated into nothing. yet how angelical was it at all times. it shall rise a spiritual body. xviii. be any impediment Christ from the top of the pinnacle of the temple into Galilee. and to descend a^ain same substantial real nature is every at pleasure. swallowed up of our nature And it body that is must needs be. Just thus. as if we were that there are many things. Chnst in image of our first father so. the trump shall sound. Lu. xxiv. bitterness. in Mat. 48. as we have . as if it life and immortality.' 'it is raised Avails of brass. upon all occasions! He could come in to his disciples with that very hody. world borne the First. Miir. shall truth. what his to its acting after the through it he Avalked on the sea. viii. it will be with our bodies we shall he so candied. shall knoAV even as Ave are 12. — may be fashioned like unto now mark.xv. knoAV before is shewed. iv. or . Ep. that in this world hin- all spirit. I say. 14. 'Tis the same it that riseth. as is the cobweb. otherwise cannot be us that shall be in heaven. 2. even the trump of God. known. 21—26. xv. If there Avere ten thousand bars of iron. Further. of her wing. 52. with far more pleasure and ease. had lost its own human nature though. by the art of the apo. (at our resurrection. the thing candied doth still retain its own be in that nature and measure as to swallow up all proper nature and essence. and carried him as far as Azotus. as the body by being thus spiritualized. and spiritual.' is able even to subdue 21. or unwieldiness. 39. wherewith Ave shall be inconthey are now. xTii. be ordiwhit there still. we shall have the image of Jesus Christ. NoAV ' we shall see must be him infinitely enlarged as he is. by reason of catch Elijah away. at that day.' or to give us possession. we shall also. l Jn. l Co. the dead shall he raised inoorruptihle. i. remain. Lu. 36. 2 Ki. 1—12. by being swallowed up of life. that his body. human life. after his resurrection but CA^en by many . m. ascend and descend in that body. to separate betAvecn us. nothing is hnpossiUe than that in which they are boiled when yet. To mount up to heaven. Ave do not only see Avhat operation the Spirit Avill have in our body. The could Spirit used to It that sourness and stink. iv. : sin and infirmity.) bear the image of the heavenly. He shall change our vile body. and in our body. ig. because he will then have our hody like the body of his Son He will stretch forth such a power to work upon. appear in the twinkling of an eye. iii. 1 Co. : be. 19. at and dead. Jn. 1 Th. or the like. manner of angels. but Avhen God shall raise us from the dead. body was. to their shall not die. 36—42. . moment. that we shall be. as candied all . smell. by the carriage of Christ. and be as he is As is the earthy.' saith the apostle. in the midst of them: he could be visible and invisible as he pleased. in truth. when he sat at meat with them in a word. They that shall be counted worthy of that world. shall lose a saint before their death. also. 49.' most vnluable Eu. though by virtue of its impossibilities. ' and now iii. to act and do hke angels saith. xiv. 12.

) . In a figure of tbe resurrection . xi. Abi- jab could know by this. To this end. 53. that scrupleth these things. to us. though half asleep. his burial. Abraham. . no doubt. 41. them four hundred years I say. bow sball we know. bones of Elisba? together witb the body and vinegar. not by revelation only. and. from tbe beginning of tbe world. 43. xi. 96 his glory . Avben that which is perfect is come ? from them. ' It is raised a x. were all raised to life again. who. 1 Ki. it. Tbougb Jobn was .xiii. and were departed He is very ignorant of the operation of the Spirit of God. by it.) By tbe faith be gave : offering of bis son ' for . 1—6. But above all. Lu. did diligently observe. ii. Mat. and earth. ' He. as : well as our soul. those that are alive at Christ's coming. servants. Also. and piercing his hands and feet! Is. long before be was born lKi. him of Lazarus. Now we sball see into all things. and have added many more trine of tbe resurrection. and erroneous persons it. be so furnisbed. and to tbat end. election. 13. the deep things of God. Jeroboam's wife. Peter also. by bis and by taking bim body and soul to himself. and went into tbe holy city. xii. of their parting his raiment. tell to a day. Ac. 33. XV. 16. tbat we sball witb tbe eagle. 21. to a circumstance. and body be filled. however questioned by . Ge. xi.xi. for the idolatry there committed. how oft did God give power to bis pro- The prophet of Judah could tell by what God phets. and came out of tbe graves after bis resurrection.' . have us with bim in it very end. 2 Ki. (2. 21. be . and many the text. As also. them. ix. v. to put tbe present generaunborn. for bis of Christ. tbat our body must be witb bim. now dead. in He bath often put us remembrance and know as thoroughly. or saved soul. also at tbe touching of tbe 20. mi. by spiritual men. call Moses and Elias by their names. and some that bad been long and all. the king of Assyria's bed-chamber. I say. xiv. ' .8. AVe see a figure. Enoch by it could tell what should be done at the end of tbe world. at tbe resurrection of the Lord Jesus. Of his riding on an ass also all this they saw. Avhen they spake of bim. with which we sball in every cranny of soul and sball see of the rismg of those that are dead. for glorification. seen. 15. from this . say. as also tbe generations yet of the resurrection of tbe dead. which was a type of our being carried in our body. 52. small or great. 40. also turned Daniel's beauty into corruption. tbe Shunammite's son raised from the dead ? The man 2 Ki. 1 Xi. there shall not be anything bid from us. gives us a notaSaith ble fore. many others. OF THE EESUKRECTION OF THE DEAD. ' I is. ^-iii. by could tell in Egypt what was done in vi 13. 24.x. there shall not be a saint. see till be bath shewed us. B. with Jairus's daughter. bis death. and truth of the resurrection of tbe just. I say. I say. did keep bis seed should be under persecution Elisba. 22. and bell. in a fiery chariot. but then /ace to this and be will we do now. yet Re. so soon. that almost all tbe holy scriptures of Gou tbat be appeared in but we sball. even as For tbe perfectly. 53— cg. as now we know our A. carried from Egj'pt to Canaan. heretics. IIow did tbe prophets.wii. ' point at. bad departed. ii. see Him as be strengtb . tbe works of creation. Jn. Jn. in tbe kingdom of heaven. and discern. could. this. Lazarus lying in bis grave four days. bow long cerning bis bones which charge. vi. Besides. at tbe day of our resurrection.' When I tbe author to the Hebrews bad given us a Thus. and redemption. By tbe faith be gave Joseph con- Abraham Ge. all but we shall tben perfectly know them. have sbevfcd you the catalogue of tbe worthies of the Old Testament. that notable place in Matthew. Da. spiritual body. 41. after their souls and Tabitha.2. xiii. ski. and centre in God shewed sa}'. and Cbrist Jesus. C. he accounted that God loas able to raise him up. bow be will deal witb nor any man can tbat day. as. and also the manner of their rising. iv. Jn. of that were so . the Spirit wben be bad fall tbe vision of Cbrist. 44. I bow was 2 Ki. concerning tbe when he offiered bim. be able to look upon tbe sun in bis we sball tben. all the things of heaven. could at the very first word. xvU. What shall I say. in few words. He. And tbe graves were opened bodies of the saints which slept arose. and tbat when they knew but ' Abraham's justification and of Abraham's resurrection by Christ at the last day. ' searcbetb 1 Co. though and at length. Lu. all things. He. Had I judged it convenient.word of the resurrection of tbe just. yea. yea before her feet entered within his door. 11. yet is such s truth. and known. It was so glorious. and appeared unto many. be saw her not. at that da}'. translating of Enoch. their giving gall . Spirit. ' Which will be at tbe resurrection . in mind tions. a prophet. even from tbe dead from whence also be received bim in (1. Secondly. what strange things have been known by the prophets and saints of God. if these things have been done. made bim at bis feet as dead 17.' 10. bath. k. Judei^. by bis catching of Elias up body and soul into heaven. i. and lived witb that very body out of which tbe soul. I might have much enlarged on each parfor the docticular. tbat no eye bath seen.' wbo now is in tbe light. world to heaven. when they appeared to Christ in the holy mount. as to face . in part. 19. the godly in Egypt. to raise some would do to Bethel. 5. and could also point out the man by name tbat should do the execution. and so overwcigbing a glory. at their death. while their knowledo-e bath been but in part. see. But now. prophesy of Christ's birth.

'hen judge the Avorld they shall judge angels yea. Death is swallowed up of victory. they were now the children of God but this day of Christ. where he saith that he was confident that that God that had begun a good work in them would perform ii until the day of Jesus ' again. 'For the Lord himself from heaven with a shout. and have had man}' a sweet word fulfilled on them.3. they leave 35. 8. and the dead shall be raised incorruptible. 5. Ac. and with the trump of God and the dead in Christ shall rise first: then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up toshall descend And Which day of Christ. in the twinkling of an eye. 'We shaU all it is judgment-seat of Christ. this is the faith of Ranters. so long as the grave can seat of the Lord Jesus Christ. cxxii. As for the saints that then shall be found alive. made like them : then forthwith. nay. : : OF THE KESUREECTION OF THE saitli at DE. stewards. xxTi. but Ave shall all be changed. the reprobate world behind them. And must be SO. and . and we shall be changed. N . as he saith.' 16. he judge the quick and the dead at his appearing and his kino-dom. that the work of salvation is not at an end with them that are now in heaven no. Third. to meet the Lord and so shall we ever be with the Lord. Now you for v. The saints . and the dead shall 1 Co. bodies the God. as kings and princes Avith him. hath made our members of Christ. i. until our bodies be as well redeemed and ransomed out of the grave and death. until (as I shewed j-ou before) Christ.' 1 Co. 19. and glory. as ye have all things. 6.U). 'Those all died In faitli. 17. they shall. that It is also after death He. Those that must have all the glorjof it.ie. I say. and with the trump of God. as raised saints shall the their graves eternally? Ko.°for the trumpet shall sound. For you must know. to judge the world. in faith. with the rising. '. Avhen they rise. . but mark. there to give an account to their Lord the Judge. good or bad.i. shall dew of herbs. 'and with the voice of the archangel. Paul saith. of all things tliey have done and to receive a reward for their good . and servants of That this shall be. the appear in the clouds in flaming with all his mighty angels Now when the saints are raised. them in the clouds. not of Christians. imdcr iv. general. have. iii. and dominion of sin. 9. worth the considering. just before they are will THE JUDGMENT OF THE JUST. Is. Jn. and therefore they are said.' saith Paul. xiii. when the gates of death do open before them. xii. iv. yet one word will be luifulfilled on their particular person. of these just. in the effect of which appearing will be the rising of For the Lord himself shall descend the dead. I say. but be changed. according to their labour.v. the consideration of vagabonds. ye that dwell in dust for thy dew is as the ' : cause also the saints v/ill have done their account. §7 faith of last. and therethey might fore counted this world not -worth the living in. it is evident from divers Jesus. Of all their had. it x. upon unworthy terms. gether Avith in the air: 1 Til. and the account they must give to the Lord the \-i. 17. 36. II. 51. not^ smncrs. ' Phi.' STh. that they should rise again They . iv.. NoAv when the saints that sleep shall be raised 'shall . xy. will be at the Judge. slaves and the Lord but as sons. the saints shall appear before the judg-ment- you. places of the holy Scriptures rise. First. 1. Lu. was not the day of their conversion. ' moment. and swal- stand before the First. and spiritual. whether they be the world . or. immortality. ' heard. resurrection of the just. Ps. <kc. Now at the time of the Lord's coming. it is the same which in other places is called the day when he shall come with the sound of the last trump to raise the dead. iTh. . that they have done while they Avere in of all things. as I have told raised.' 2Ti. They shall rise. before the unjust are their bodies be raised again. xi. the bars of the grave do fall asunder then shall 10.spiritual translation.'— we saints— For ' VOL. all died not in a all [die.' and then will they hear that most pleasant voice. Thus much touching the truth of the manner of their must know. for that was passed with them already. obtain a better resurrection. and also those that then shall be found alive.' In the what? That they should lie and rot in [ lowed up of incorruption. [we come it. they must give an account of from heaven with a shout. 52. 'A^-ake and sing. they shall sit upon the thrones of judgment to do 2. raised. As he saith also in another place. 1 Co. 1. and God doth not count us thoroughly saved. be- be brought to pass that saying that is written. nor ever will. 30. . Though God's saints have felt the power of much of his grace. there will be found in the world alive both saints and sinners. dead. in their rising. x\: 52. both as to pre-eminency and sweetness that is. 'We shall or] sleep. as our souls from the curse of the law. But to pass that. and be set upon the throne with Christ.] they arise. 15 . as I said before. they being themselves the proper children of the resurrection. to rise from the shut her mouth upon them : but. to the examination the just must undergo. thus incorruptible. verily. and the earth shall cast out the dead. that the time of the rising coming of the Lord: Lord Jesus Christ fire. that is. that of Paul to the Philippians. not die.' 13. glorious. with the voice of the archangel. so soon as all the saints are raised out of their graves. powerful.35. and have the soul. Avhen the Avicked Avorld are raised. before the wicked. iv.

48. the rain. that every one [of us] receive the things dotie in his body. lust.) As I live. or stubble from coming on the stage.' — ' 98 wrlttcu. . when he is drawn away presence ! ! what sort beat now the wind. and do reckon him self shall be saved 12 yet so as by fire. things that will not abide and stubble the trial. now be discovered.' saith he. and doth give them 1. but he himself shall be saved. Je. hay. that of their evU and ignorance herein. At this day. shall is to build.' or — is. of what sort it is. : . ! . travel. That the apostle speaks here of the saved. Lu. the author thereof and that he also prompts them —15. the author of ffross thiugs. saitli tlie Lord. xxiii. The gold. and pains in it for ever. and stubble. I am persuaded that there are now many shall be revealed by fire and the fire shall try things done by the best of saints. If any man's work Alas. though (4. stubble manifest for the day shall declare it. he shall receive a reward. * Wherefore we labour. that take 5. So then every one of us shall give account of himself to God. silver. precious stones. Yea. l Co. if he be contrary to his word. and never come in this world. together with Avhat is right in itself. as against that on the sand. and that he will destroy all tion (Christ) gold. what gross things do some of the saints in shall be burned. nor anything they do. whether present or absent. iv. whether 9.opinion. so truly will he at : the loss of all things that aro not then according day distinguish their good and bad and when both are manifest by the righteous judgment of Christ he will burn up their bad. the many offences we have committed. Observe again.' James i. as vehemently against the house upon it is of his tliat .) — is. To build on him wood. If any man build. (1. As I said hehve. and that of every man. shall hinder aU his wood. iii. nor yet God's love to him. that the Avhole body of the elect must count of Paul to the Corinthians. that. 10—12. wood. judgment-day is the principal time wherein every1 Pe. with their Lord for aU things they have done. and that which is not. and precious stones that tureless things upon him so they die in the same here are said to be built upon him. The fire that here you read of.* But now the the saints are found doing for his sake in the world. take care you receive not any doctrine. to the sight ings in faith and love. according what he hath done. not of the reprobate (2. Re. it is the pure The Christian. the gold. hay. or. 14. ' That this saved . that For we must all appear before the may to judgment-seat of Christ. their bad. . and floods. ' From . such as worshipping a wafer. according to the word. that then they every man's work of what sort it is. hay. and stubble. Chrislian. Now observe. 2 Co. Jn. they have and do still do with great devotion. 'upon this founda. V.their devotion father upon God. and a thus saith own ' the rock. wherefore as truly as God will give a reward to his saints and children for all that they have indeed well done this . and every man's work shall be made all their pains.) That neither this man's goodness. shaU and squared by the word of God. so candid a creature. Ps. shall be tried by this fire. and that a holy God wood. and to make manifest the * tell how to save his people. 6. God loveth his people. He himself shall he saved. Again. the fcninclaiion is Christ. but yet he (3. all which.) before his That good man then shall sufi'er loss. If any will gladly disown and be ashamed of. 18. . because it about it. it is of God in its place. i Co. xcix. that it may be manifest of prompts them to the doing thereof. . 5. word and law of God. are all the act. and enticed. and yet take vengeance be on their inventions. man may have wood. a good man shall see all his wood. vi. his presence in the performance of them ver. 11.' : loveth not their sins. In many human inventions and carnal ordinances. with all their He can labour. yea. ourselves judge them as they are. fathering things now we offend all and then we shall see them still on God and his allowance. travel. word of God 'If any man's Avorks shall be any of them. it is the day him when he is not under some great temptation. silver. 'Every man's work shall be manifest the fire shall try every man's work. (5. OF THE EESURRECTION OF THE DEAD. That is an observable place. trial with the greatest zeal for him. nor conform to auy practice in religion. and stubble burnt up in the face. xii. every knee shall bowto me. silver. precious stones. and every tongue sliallconfess to God. without prayerful iuvestigation. to imagine that God is counsels of the heart. and labour that they have spent hay. ' iii. the Lord' for its sauction. which man's work abide which he hath built thereupon. 48.L7. he shall suffer loss but he him. It is true. 29. thing shall be set in its proper place that which 3. . ' Ro. and made manifest. The day that here you read of. to reveal the hidden things of darkness. — Sn. it be good or bad. . all that ever he hath done. hay.whether good or bad. and shall 4. is in this world. xiv. . forward to the doing thereof. and the third chapter. and sanctions them by his ' Every man is tempted. it must be unavoidably conin the first epistle cluded. or applying to a priest to forgive sins. of Christ's coming to judgment. hay. and as they father many superstitions and scrip2. 'he shall suffer loss. we may be accepted of him. 49. 8. with the purity of his word. yet so as that tried. yet so as by fire' that to the burnt. yea. 10. This is an awful state of delusion.) Thus.

aro sin. sweetly sensible that the sense of and the in assurance of pardon. they will now more perfectly than ever see he doth love them. when he comes before his Lord and Saviour. from the least and by reason of the mercy that soul.! OF THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD. but to delight to see it done in aU things. and shame the weakness of faith attendeth the least be before the that that their now through souls . Re. and to be admired in all them that noAv. notwithstanding my sin. that it shall be their delight. and crj. so far olf of disquietness of heart. when he is accompanied with many infirmities and temptations how freely will he confess and acknowledge his miscarriages. 'Thy will be done. though tlie saints receive life. mingled with the sense of sees so sin in the The heart never mercy as lency of Christ in much of the power of have their soul so full of the ravishing raptures of the life and glory that now they are in. saith the Lord. neither wiU it centre only in the manifestation of the knowledge and heart-discernino- ii.'\ But yet take notice. lo. neither shall they in grieved or offended. driven into an ecstasy. now will Christ come to be glorified in his saints. all his offices as now. if the Christian is so simple and plain-hearted with God. yet without fear. when the times come from the presence of the Jesus Christ. their touch them. the most heart-endearing frame. being passed from death to 1 Jn. by faith and so are passed from death to hfe yet again. and drawn aside in their intended devotion and honour to God. PW. nor of the virtue. mistaken.' 2Th. will their poor hearts. and Christ the Redeemer of the world and every tongue shall confess. 2. see all things. Peter. I say.) But their very remembrances and ii. 99 his word and will. The sole end of the comiting of the saints it . holiness. be filled with that guilt. 22. which before send shall Lord and he was preached unto you whom the heaven must may : . Wherefore. xiv. then. and thou art gracious. Jn. 18. I say. ll. Husband. though it tend never so much to the destruction of what we love . guilt ! make famous work ! Ah. deluded. at the remembrance and confession of sin. tittle their infirmities. For. when we are with our Saviour. . at the day of God. value. nor confusion can come near them. ii. that possibly a Christian can get into while as now. Christ Jesus.' even while we are here. i.' Ro. iv. yet he wiU keep them for ever out of condemnation. 3. much more 2i. and clingsight of the sin while here. in the days of his imperfection. or Their Judge is their Saviour. Now. and upon the heart at one time. it shall both set — — ing of heart to their God. and they and exceland the tongue so sweetly enlarged to proclaim and cry up grace as now. is to of a Saviour angels and the rest of their holy brethren. that they may see and be sensible for ever. and is at in this world. when the saints are thus counting for their evil before their Saviour and Judge they . I say. before men. to delight. 23. . Every knee shall bow. that they shall be of it swallowed up in that measure and manner. that it is to the biggest and last. *As I live. and vanity that they have done off. though once never so near and dear unto them. Now it weeps not for fear and through torment. and every tongue shall confess to God. what melthigs without what humility without casting down and \^Second. will this sense of sin work in the soul The sweetest frame. yet now to perish. and he vill ingeniously confess to liis God. if not according to be blotted out. but by virtue of constraining grace and mercy.' is to be always our language here. even when and before they confess and acknowledge them to him 1. it perfection of delight it done in the height and will be when we come to heaven. Mat. liow Le hatli sinned and transgressed against liis Father and will fall down at the feet of God. ' hearts and souls so wrapped up in the pleasure of that your sins God their Saviour. and heighten the tender afi'ections of their God imto them. will have every one of these sms reckoned up again. absolutely stript of all temptation and imperfection. and reverence God the Creator. the saints shall they were deceived. that in this day. and that most naturally and freely in how many things I mean. not only for the vhidi- cation of the righteousness. God hath have a warm sight of sin. for I have sinned. every knee shall how to me. laid this very time. nor guilt. The saints at this day. open to a first. ' believe. . shall not then. is sight of its wickedness. by reason of the love and The God to whom they confess all. nature of Christ (though both these will be in it. v. . or when the Lord shall come to jud^-e the world. and also increase their joy and sweetness of soul. though he will bring every one of them for all things to judgment. Saints while here. that. will be. confusion.^. all . and Head who. thou shouldest save me. to of refreshing shall . But. and be converted. what grace and mercy our Jesus. that neither fear. shall.io. shall have their hath laid hold upon them. and free them from all. lo. life. 'Perfect love casteth out fear. and God his Father. TIwu art righteous. and brought fresh upon the the forgiveness of sins in this . that his will alone ought by them to have been obeyed in all things and shall confess also. and purity of the word. And this I take to be the reason of that remarkable saying of the apostle Pepent ye therefore. and anything that tendeth that way. what a sight of the creature's nothingness. to see . stage in the day of judgment.

here also be brought forth and to light. but it shall stick as a pearl in that crown which the Lord the righteous Judge. taking the oversight thereof. 7. when together with it they are personally ? present with their Lord and Saviour Yea. Not a soul thou hast con- enjoyed and possessed ? Oh the wisdom and good- verted to the Lord Jesus. 20. inflaming of our afteclions to Re. even in our counting for it. of all apostles. mistrust. (for who : sees aU ? Ps. not by saying. and Apollos the waterer. those And as the ministers of Christ's gospel shall also not the truth in this. Those sins that brought a curse upon the whole world. 17. that will fall out to be done in the world. all his Second. and the love make such work in that soul where unbelief. admonition. of sins. fessed to God's glory. here wiU be a recompense for all that have sincerely laboured in the word and doctrine I say. times of restitution of all tilings. as to glorify make that advantage of comfort in the midst of all his sorrow. if thou dost it willingly. if thou doest it with love. strengthened. 12. 19—21. will a sight of some sins. having counted for all their evil. to the highest who is Now. should so cast about the worst of our things. if It will not be thus with devils . so more private saints be with tender affections. 2. that grace may abound. work on fear with guiltless the heart of the saint for ever ? Yea. or joy. who is sinless. ' : 9—14. and heart-affecting fears what will a general sight of all sin. of servants. things be reckoned up. to vary a little from the matter in hand will God : For what our hope. receive the reward thing any dren. That is. continually looking past to crown upon the head of Christ for our justiupon it. with every one of their companions. or crown of rejoicat his ii.. and did 1 Pe. done. even those that naturally tend to sink us. then a reward followeth is thus with reprobates. or. viii. shall be rewarded pin of perfection. will a sight of sin do in that soul.' set the Let us sin. V. of parents. But to be general — what . otherwise thou wilt have only thy labour for thy pains. blindness. not for filthy lucre. 19. 6—8. into all the good and holy actions and which God hath spoken by the mouth of holy prophets since the world began. that is possible to be in glory with spangling glory. of neighbours.* that soul from death. or other particulars. a dispensation of the gospel is committed forted. but of a ready mind. all tlie 1 Co.' indeed. in the sight of both angels and saints . it will thou do ' graciously.) Adam or Abel.' fore that Christ 1 Tli. and having received their eternal acquittance from the Lord and Judge. The pas- good of will all the holy prophets. I of God. aU the good carriages of masters of families. of chiltors. them that love God. delighting to lift up the name of God among men. from the very first good thing that was done by some sin. and longing after the salvation of sinners. and helps in the church. BccomUy. the saved only have this privilege peculiar to themselves. that he that converteth Let us do evil. and when the chief Shepherd shall appear. ye shall receive a crown of glory that fadeth not away. V. labour to water. and conhow they fell short. forthwith the Lord Jesus will make inquiry. with a possibility make the heart love. that spilt the heart-blood of our dearest Saviour. ing? ^re not even ye. 'in the presence of our Lord Jesus Christ make that use of sin. and know God thereby. nor a soul thou hast com- ness of God. ' ' — Now. First. to my charge.' is but by taking occasion by the sin that fication. to grace and mercy through him. or whatever man doth. and to the keeping of us humble for ever. will say again. so as to press us. not be by thy wholesome and comfortable speech. iii. but AviUingly. But. him for ever and the and ever. shall at this day be recompensed. doth even save may come. and to Feed the flock of God which is among you. and that laid his tender soul under the flaming wrath of God. which is to be that God acknowledgeth. and . will here so work upon the spirit of the godly what will a sight of all sin do. or helped counsel. I have a reward but if against my will. • ' that good a sinner from the error of his way. coming ? For ye Let him there- that shall in this manner work for our advantage ? hath put into his harvest. yet there gctfulness is : and for- good and short. 4. Now shall Paul the planter. watching. and covereth a multitude Wherefore labour to convert.' 28. Wherefore. 100 receive until tlie OF THE RESURIIECTION OF THE DEAD. catch preaching. for our great advantage ! * All ' things shall to work to- gether for good. to the last and a sight of the love of God. Now here shall all deeds they did do in the world. let saints also their sin. If a sense of ' Ac iii. &Phi.' saith Paul. that is according to their works. Eo. iv. and watered by the same. reverence. and no more. take Why then. shall give thee at that day. and damn us. 'If I do this thing willingly.' Ja. teachers. a recompense for all the souls they have saved by their word. I say.' ICo. and love looked on. and at. imder aU his dispensations and carriages to us. and temptationless who hath all the faculties of sovd and body strained by love and grace. to cleave close to the Lord Jesus. 20. praying. are our glory and joy. V. or that.' 3 Ti. and rewarded for all their work and labour of love. swallowed up of love. in labour thou hast been thy endeavouring to men from Satan to God. tend to the exaltation of his grace. if of pardon. xix. which they hc^ve shewed to the . i. it ix. 15. 8. labour to build up. if a sight of sin. that he at this day. and together with them an eternal acquittance from them. shall by his wisdom and love. not by constraint.

XXV. 37—10. cerning the resurrection of the saints. Mat. and speak all manner of evil against you falsely. I say. Lu. when thou wast among men. because the Lord Jesus. 11. 'he shall in nowise lose his [a disciple's] reward. to the loss of a hair: nothing shall go : ! unrewarded. though but in a wisp of straw. or chikh-en. Christianity. and word. God will at that day. ' and be exceeding glad: ' for ' great is your reward in heaven. He. light.' Lu. 17. 3G^to. ' For our lio-ht but for a moment. honoured and glorified. 12. whether he he hond or free. * The good works of some are manifest beforehand and they that are otherwise cannot be hid. He. 3. There all is also a reward at this day. There hath not one tear dropped from thy tender eye against thy lusts. shall doubtless come again with rejoicing. bearing precious seed. 2. v. and fed When saw tliec ? or thirsty. he wiU remember.' saith Christ. honoured. xix. 21—23. i. for my name's sake. was no more owned. 23.' i Ti. Fourth. 8. inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren. shall receive an hundred-fold. shall be rewarded in that day before men and angels Whosoever shall give to drink unto one of these little ones a cup of cold water only in the name of a disciple. ' — — * ' are they which are persecuted for righteousness' sake : for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.' Ep. saith he. . He. Mat. it unto me. while thou wast .t of is 3 Co. remains. There is not one groan to God in secret. vi. Behold by the scriptures how God hath recorded the sufferings of his people. which thou hast shewed to him. XXV. or against the Devil. First then. even to the least. and gave thee drink ? we thee a stranger. weepeth. 42. or mother. X. pensed at the resurrection of the just. or in prison. both for the burning up what Avas not according to the truth. and took thee in? or naked. Blessed when men shall revile you. every rag. and provided for by them. and more retired works of 1 . call the poor. 'Thou tears ' tcUest my for ye wander: . every drop. and for more grace. night's harbour.. and so fully. are ye. for they cannot recompense thee : for thou shalt be recom- 101 name of Clirlst. 22. against thy own lusts. in his person. He that goeth forth and . or for more communion with Jesus Christ. ' Mat. 6. and shall inherit everlast- ing life. Therefore When thou makest a feast. ' Mat. cry up. 14. w. that and rewarding them for all their good. the blind: And thou shalt be blessed. wlien did I do this? and when did I do the other ? When saw Ave thee an hungered. verily I say unto you. and clothed tliee ? Or when saw we thee sick. 29. how largely and thoroughly. and every ple. and praised. were strangers. entertained. 1 Pe. or father. and that they shall count with their Lord at his coming. 13. to one of the least of these my brethren. but as it is now in the bottle of God. I felt the nourishment of thy and the warmth of thy fleece. the maimed. Fourthly.' Lu. sanctification. for my sake. in ministering to vi..' leap for joy. suffering for his sake. will call to mind. cxxn. thou * Well done. ' ' ' Ptejoice. those very acts of thine.. or wife.enter thou into the joy of thy fid servant . 2 Co. and Antichi'ist but it shall in this day be found out. It I noAV in few Avords. and proclaim before angels and saints. ShcAV you something also of that Avith shall he which they raoarded. which thou hast either forgotten. it will be. bringing his sheaves with him. xi. Lord. either . or. Here also will be a reward for all that THE REWARD OF THE JUST. ' Ps. thou hast Having thus in brief shewed you something con- done food.' Mat. aiul bestow a reward on them all from the blood of the suffering saint. that it shall return * upon thee with abundance of increase.' OF THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD. 5. He will reckon them up so fast. I remember thy loving and holy visits when my poor members When they were sick. * Here now will Christ begin from the greatest suffering. 7. xir. Mat. lo. vi. so then it shall bring forth such plenty of reward. thou good and faithtookest them in. in thy soul. and strength to go through this world like a Christian. the same shall he receive of the Lord. iv. nu. now shall laugh. ' thy bottle are they not in thy book Ps. then take of every widow's mite. when they were in this world: For it will be ravishing to aU. o^vn and recompense all the good and holy acts of his peoEvery bit. and Christian enduring of affliction that thou hast met with for thy Lord. ings : put thou my ? into 8. and Whatsoever good thing any man doeth. and also how he hath promised to reward them Blessed which glory. If there be any repentance among the godly at this day. in the face of heaven. members. worketh for us a far more exceeding and eternal weigh. TiiircUy. those that shall be found in the day hardness. Verily I say unto you. Lord. Blessed are ye that Aveep 21. and came unto thee? And the King shall answer and say unto them. spirit. or lands. and in prison. They that sow in tears shall reap in joy. vi. or brethren. to see what notice the Lord Jesus will 'And every one that hath forsaken houses. and the like. and wanderers in the world. I say. in the world. affliction. or sisters. 8—14. through bashfulness wilt not at that day count worth the owing. Ah little do the people of God think. the love of this world. 34-37. but it shall even at the coming of Christ be rewarded openly. for the more secret.v. even all those acts of mercy and kindness. that thou wilt cry. 23. liis saints. Whatever thou hast done ' ' There is not now one act of faith upon Christ. the lame. ye have done it unto me. 6. v.

wlien they shall have all their good things hrought upon the stage . best bred in his youth. ' — i. Mar. x. iu. Therefore I say. in is the portion of saints in general. unmoveable. iv. dishonour. 1 Co. it is the enjoyment of God. He that 'shall confess he that by his pound gained but five. and to discern both good and evil. that iii. viii. 3. through faith in Christ's blood. xix. more knowing and profound. xii. 14. and because afflictions. 5. forasmuch as ye know that your labour is not in vain in the Lord. own. and what afflicted. He that the light and that which ye have spoken in the laid out his pound for his master. Our . xlii. according to their works and doings I speak not now of justification from siu is. by reason of use. what thou hast withstood for his name. and but every one will not be capable to if they should have that the saints shall have at this day for all the communicated to them. Again. must needs have very great dignity.their degrees of gloiy for I say.' 2 Co. always abounding in the work of the Lord. cxix. and so every service of God. tliat not only because diligence in God's ways. the glory that saints shall then enjoy.' Lu.102 OF THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD. that you Job 8. according to their works though they shall be in freely justified and glorified without works. As the enjoyment of God at that day. viii. be ye stedfast. neither indeed were they able to day. and bear more.This is he that forsook his goods. he that is also before my Father which is in heaven. according to the measure of affliction. but thou hast sufi"ered. doth make the heart more deep.' Phi. . but because he woidd have fruit that might abound to their account. Ps. Second. (but here the apostle speaks of giving of alms) but it is the same that in the other place he calls 'the far more exAnd hence ceeding and eternal weight of glory. y. he is the man that will be best able Christ shall confess. 17. but always he that is best bred. ' . that is most in the bosom of God. the reward it is of their resurrection. 19. according to his weight of glory. be according to the same. 11. and hfe for me to hold. have its heavenly load of it. 3. 38. and in the glory of the holy life. It is said. La. Our afflictions do it. 32. 1 Ti. Every overcame the flatteries and threats. been WhatsoGod. And this is the reason of him. according to his and enticings. him will I confess ruler over but five. allurements man shall receive his own reward. contain. would not be able stand under it for there is an eternal weight . It is observable that Paul saith. also because thereby the senses are made more in the presence of all the holy angels .' saith Christ. for that then shall be found the people most laborious God while here they shall at that day enjoy . and gained ten ear in closets shall be proclaimed upon the housetherewith. what thou hast owned.xv. and contempt: so he whom for him here. 58. they I say. to : — — — iii. 13.i. his relations. 17. the to come? 2i. 'before men.' good foundation against the time to come. 12. Lu. 1 Co. To him that hath. and angels. be it contain a like measure: and so ' good they have done. ' ' ' — : • . 4.' 1 Co. And why shall ' ' heart. Jn. that when king Ahasuerus had may lay hold on eternal life. in this But because by doing and acting. but cause to be proclaimed in the face of heaven. bear it if they had it. i.. and more capacitated. 17. touching things of this comes in his glory. and thereby glorify us. 71. 2. commend. that day. the greatest portion of God. will they have already most of him in their souls. doth tell them. to him shall be given. and praise at to enjoy most of God in the kingdom of heaven. he is an Israelite indeed. and people. 1 Co. for then shall every man . his ways. and so more able this is the man that his country. Miit. the royal apparel and the cro^vn.' that he in his stirring them up to be diligent good works.afiliction honour. but tops. tal. Da. vi. everything and able. 8. and renown. he was made me. will then lie under inconceivable disgrace. of a whole world for me behold own labour. whereby more room is made Every vessel of glory shall at that day full of it . municating of himself unto us at that day. Ko. he that doth most for God most of him in that which is enjoy world. and he ever ye have spoken in darkness shall be heard in shall have more abundance. tians that are most laborious for God in this world. 47. . is not the matter of our justification from sin Jew had done to and for him. 'none like him in all the earth. that he doth not exhort them to it because he wanted. works. 16—19. for glory. is the means whereby God communicates himself. he commanded that in the sight of God.' 2 Co. with the horse strong. so will their praise and commendations at that All Christians have not the same enjoyment of God in this life. or shall be possessed For with most of the glory of the Godhead then. the top man such sayings as these Lay up for yourselves a in his generation. Avhich eternal understanding of how good service Mordeeai the life. as he saith also in another place.' Mat. He. he is best able to manage Now as he of whom Christ is ashamed when he most.worketh for us a far more exceeding and eternal have praise of God to wit. and every faculty of the soul is enlarged. to understand that hath for God. he was made ruler over ten cities. when he is a man. Beloved brethren. done by us while here we have been. iv. iv. for that is done freely by grace. so also he will for the adding all things that may furnish with glory every way. iv. and every vessel must be at tliat day filled that will be to the saints. more experimen. and that so acts shame. and both of them But those Chris. as God by com2. Now will Christ proclaim before not only because there is laid up a reward for the thee and all others what thou hast done. Often. 17.

they may open unto him immediately. 13. and he wiU do it in that which is to come. and on to kingdom. Sheba had seen the wisdom of Solomon. 13. and will come forth and serve them. the comely for every such When the mother of Zebedee's children petitioned our Saviour that he would grant to her. or place in the church soever. And all here also shall Peter. given up their accounts. for as kept such exactness in the famous order in which he had placed aU about him. be they here of what rank. 20—23. 23.xii. the ear. and the other on his left. vi 9—11. Another thing that shall be yet added shall find : watching verily I the days. in the kingdom of Christ. that he will make them sit down to If meat.l—6. is not mine to give. and the attendance of his ministers. ixxxvii. in his glorious Christ's right hand. yet he aflirmed that there would be places To sit of degrees and honour in heaven. according as God hath set them in the church in the New Testament. Third. 2. and their apparel . 35—37. his heavenly state. As God said to Daniel. and how he will honour and dignify the same as Christ saith. Noah. 1 Co. when the saints have thus of their graves. and a tender and affectionate heart. and shall come forth and serve them. place. xii. saith. 3. that those souls that shall make it their business to honour the Lord Jesus Christ. xii. shall not have the place prepared for the nobles. 3. and that he should -with that crown. Abraham. they have every one his state. seeing those As he to the glory of the saints. Jn. he shall gird himself. then. Go thou thy way till the end be: for thou shalt rest. Mar. L\. The meaning is. Now. quality. that it did amaze and For when the queen of confound beholders.' It hath been God's way in this world to proclaim the acts and doings of his saints in his word before all in this world. where all things shall be done utmost perfections. David. . ' a relation.: : OF THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD. .' ITi. The made before him. And ye . and the sitting of his servants. whom the lord when he cometh wait for their lord. and on my left. was Solomon a notable tj-pe in his family. city of God. I would have told you. ' have their place. on my right hand. purchase to themselves a good degree. temple. should be given to hina. ' the man whom the king delighteth to honour. but it shall be given to tJiem for whom it is In the prepared of my Father. and that proclamation should be I go to prepare a place for you. as in the it comely in earth. and stand in thy lot at the end of ' say unto you. that there be to every member of his body. Paul. and their apparel his cup-bearers and his ascent by which also. Moses. higher and lower. xx. and horse. 4. and great boldness in the faith which is in Christ Jesus.' eye. be a resurrection of the 'There shall be a resurrection of the in dead. according to the degree of Old Testament saints. apparel. told us he went to *In my Father's house are many had through the city. 'him will my Father honour. kingdom of the God of order. and the glory also prepared for such own is how kindly he will take all and service of love. there were chambers bigger and lesser. ing gone thus far. and the meat of his table.' saith he. Timothy. As Paul saith of the deacons. received . 23. And shall so of all other saints. have every one his place. in the kingdom of their Saviour.' Mat.xiv. in the day of their temptation he Avill make it his business to honour and glorify them in Verily. with the prophets. in heaven in their burning .' Ps. so much more . Here shall Enoch. according to the relation they stand in of his body. be all his 103 prepare for us. To wit. ' Christ. there Avas Glorious things no more spirit in her. Thus shall it be done unto foot here. xiv.E. Let your loins be girded about. Blessed are those servants. that which is prepared for Es. say unto you. to them shall be given more abunOf this heavenly order dant honour. and heavenly state.' for as the just go before the unjust. more inward and more outward which chambers were typos of the mansions that ' wicked.e. and they shall in the last day.' Jn.3. in his kingdom and member. Joshua. so name and dignity. I shall now come to ' ' THE SECOND PAPtT OF THE TEXT. that the king did ride on.xiv. to every good thing that any in this world : recompense to the fidl man doth for his name so also he will have as great regard. that her two sons might sit. ' iii. and other the church officers . yourselves like unto men that when he will return from the wedding that when he cometh and knocketh. 26. I the day of his glorification. when his saints are risen from the dead. at his coming is. they shall every one of members that are most feeble are necessary. saying. as the members Christ will have a special eye on us. and your lights the children of God. that and make them sit down to meat.9. state that is he went up into the house of the Lord. who ' ' them then have his throne and place of degree on his left. in the presence of mansions if it were not so.iii. and among his servants and officers. nor yet the hand.' Lu.4. Havare spoken of thee. and the house that he had built. : our Lord when he went away. Order. the one on his right hand. any man will serve me. but every one shall have his in this Ahasuerus their labour was a type to hold forth to place in the body of Christ. that there shall though he did not grant to her the request for her children. 2 Ch. honour. according as he standeth in the body. both of the just and unjust. go before risen out them in the resurrection.' Da. xii. They that have used the office of a deacon well.

of the just also that is . Ja. When. to their doom.33. Now as these vessels of gold ii. the wicked. xxv. 3. yet the Lord when he comes will rouse them. be. but There are. 64. and those that do iniquity. the nations. Bethsaida. Christ tells his adversaries.p c. 14.cxxii. 7. that their body . then. small and great. 3. Judc l-i. xvUi. b. and are set upon the tlirones. because I would prove by the word. which are the very same names that they did go under when they lived in this shall ilicn world. are weighed. and of silver. that God with much to long-sufi"ering. the thrones of the house of David. when he did liang upon the cross. it is Qvidcut..ed at thp last day. lii.' But now. And as he will bring into judgment every work. and the majesty of iiis lieavenly presence. glory. as vessels to dishonour. as he sheweth us. The body and wyust. resurrection of the dead. doth 22. ' may it receive the things Second. Ps. that then were fire. ' hath done. neither did then all kindreds of the earth wail because of him. that every one. last. the wicked must rise again. ajid again. Tioth saints and sinners. when they had apprehended him. to give every man according as his work shall ' . . They are called the heathen. the vessel of wrath and destruction. suff"er them be fitted to destruction. 1 Sa. judgment. Capernaum. prove the resurrection of the loiched. xcviii. so will he also the worker thereof. with crowns of glory. and by him actions their lusts ' ' few particulars. First.aten. to hide themselves from his face.' Re. Further. Now then. to receive their judgment for what they have done in the As Paul saith. Ke. . they are good men. that they may receive for their error. in security and impiety. seeing with this wrath they and observe it shall eat i\}mi' flesh as njust be posses?. while they lived in the world. xii. I come quickly and my reward is with me. ii. that their flesh mmi with it. Mat. arise The body of the ungodly must. and cause them to awake not only out of their security. and some to honour and some to dishonour. whether be good. Re.\xii. and shamefully entreated him. There sJiall most invincible rock or it. both of the just fore the judgment-seat of Christ. Sidon. Ec. rise. John also doth testify. it is evident. therefore I shall in their soul. that the wicked shall from the very terins and names that the raised go under. 11-17. the recompense . but also of wood and of earth. 'even the dead. 21.' Ps. ' ' 104 tlicir OF THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD. are called the vessels of wrath: so it is said. 2.' that is meet. 15. 2. 21—24. these vessels to honour. . Ee. 2 Ti. and the people with equity. Now none of these sayings are yet fulfilled. and every eye shall see him. yet ' i. then he was not coming in the clouds of heaven. ' and unFor though an opinion of no resurrection may now lull men asleep. it is is trea- sured up against the last days (which the time for then shall the ungodly be that gladly they would creep into the mountain under heaven. Wherefore he saith in another place. The heavens and the earth. 41. He will ' therefore bring every FiusT. at the done it in the body. Now. are all of them in their royal apparel. saying. in a great house not only to them as consisting body and soul. because that body and in be had. 42. They do after thy hardness and impenitent heart treasure up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation of 5. with every secret thing. 5. Behold.are kept in store. v. that this may be brought to pass. 12—14. x. ix. women. that yet they should see him sit on the right hand of power. Now of these terms. xx. so shall every man receive the The men of things done in his body. THE RESURRECTION OF THE WICKED. and it shall be more tolerahle for Sodom in the day of judgment than for other sinners that have resisted more light. ai-e not given to the spirits of the wicked only. saith Paul. Joel iii. 'Behold.it. because as the whole of the unjust is man the vessel of mercy and glory so the whole man 3 Pe. No. until his second coming for though the Jews did many of them see him. of judgment). Ro. neither to punish a part of the damned for the whole. [of] Sodom. be a there arc set thrones of judgment. ' for therefore. There of shall therefore be a resur- rection of the dead. and the vessels to dishonour are the bad. and they also which pierced him: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail 31. I say. every one presenting the person of a king. . soul in sinning. IIow they are thus fitted. which are now. vi. they just. where he saith. he saith. the Avoi'ld. Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right ?' Ge. this is reserved till he comes to judge the world so put to it. because of him. 9. 12. or names. which the righteous judgment of God. treasures of wickedness. With righteousness shall he judge the world.odies being the vessels of the wrath of God. ' ii. As therefore the body was co-partner with the into ' ' ' ' work they arc called men. the queen of the south shall risei up in the judgment M. It is not in God to lay the punishment where the fault is not. both of the just Third. their b. 12—14. he also further sheweth. whatever I would have others receive for a truth. Mat. and coming in the clouds of heaven. he cometh wMth clouds. xi. . or whether out of the grave. partners Lord is were coand wickedness. neither shall they.' Eo. We must all appear bebody. xxvi. reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men. 20. but out of their graves. according to what he Nineveh shall rise up in judgment Lu. The a God of knowledge. and Tyre.5. then come the unjust out of their graves. iiL 7. it James saith. 13—14.

'AH power. The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations. The Son of man shall send forth his angels. 17. and the fire is not quenched. as the saints shall . this is Christ's own argu' The severity of the hand of God towards his children. with their eternal glory.' saith he. their glory. Ro. wherefore it is evident. 9. 10. The sovereignty of the Lord Jesus over all at the . : his resolutions to upon a judgment-day. I8. He 1.xiv. L\. but did thereby also obtain of the Father let alone in his wickedness. 22—29.what shall the end he of them that obey not the gospel of God ? And if the righteous scarcely be saved. and to reserve the unjust imto the day of judgment to be pimished:' 2Pe. because all are delivered into his hand. 4. ' with ten thousand of his all. will XXV. Ke. but yet. to the day of destruc- tion.' Mar. in day of judgment. . The wicked must be punished. it is another world. the un- by virtue of any relation they made for The great preparation that God hath the judgment of the wicked. whether they be visible. or things under the earth. must be the same with the resurrection of the dead. 'As therefore the tares are gathered and burned in the fire so shall it be in the end of this world. Observe. ! he hath given him authority to execute judgment also. because he is the Son of man. 13. Ps. Jude u. also Paul argueth. end Christ both died. and brought before him. . and for him. and is. aiust rise again out of their graves. 47. that he might be Lord both of the dead and living. for as he saith. count him. i. 'but hath committed all judgment unto the Son that — doth clearly bespeak a resurrection of the ungodly. the godly are plagued all the day long. And shall come forth they that have done good. 3—15. From hence saying. 3. 4S. or Pray mind these words. He hath appointed the day of their rising. Col. ITi. 15. to judge them. godly. he may go to his grave in his banner. which L 2. for his elect. . or aimorial bearings. now plot against the righteous. ' Jn.io. they that are . Jesus Christ by his death and resurrection. or things on earth.— OF THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD. Llarvel not at this for the hour is coming. 41. There shall then be resurrection of the dead. . u. So that all things. vince all He comes. Indeed.40. and will shew them then. ^Ye know. And Jude ' and head over all things. as well as of the good.. where their worm dieth not. 'who is the blessed and only potentate.9. and I have the to be Lord. ungodly. Til4. ment. unto the resurrection of life and they that have done evil. doth plainly foreshew a resurrection of have spoken against him. 18. As Peter saith again. We shall all stand before the judgment-seat of Christ. 32. o . For them ' ' is reserved the blackness of dark- principalities or ness for ever. i. 3. 16. that they may receive the reward for their wickedness which they have committed in this world. 29—32. doth clearly * rals. ' Go to his grave in his banncT. where he wiU sit upon them in the throne of his glory. and shall then be brought forth to the day of wrath. with his forbearance of his enemies. even as they honour the Father.15. II. 2. and then adds. This day of judgment. shew himself He hath which he. and revived.' Fifth. in the which all that are in the graves shall hear ' : his voice. did not only purchase grace.' Mat. xxviii. ' For to this ' ' ' ' . to splendid fune- the hearse being ornamented with banners captured in demonstrate their rising forth out of their graves. to the glory of God the Father.trfii. unto the resurrection of dam. be the time of their resurrection. that Stand in to the Lord Jesus. the King of kings. and word in have all his enemies raised out of their graves. where shall the ungodly and the sinner Alas. And shall cast them into a furnace of fire there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth. each of them must go with his full load to their long and eternal home. Ixxiii. though in the meantime. in heaven and in earth. I say. hath appointed their judge. V. And then he adds. and chastened every morning. and remission of sins.' alludina. nation. and gnash upon them with their teeth but the Lord shall laugh at him. not now. If 'judgment must begin at the house of God. for ' it is from thence.. their acts and doings against VOL. 'The Father judgeth no man. 11. Ed. for he seeth that his day is coming. and Lord of lords. the bad.' The time of their pimishment is PM. Now. will it is Jude 13. 31. that this may be done. that while the eyes of the wicked start out with fatness. and they shall gather out of his kingdom all things that otiend. that the place and time of the punishment of the ungodly.' Ps. kej's of hell and of death.' Mat. his Avay. and of all their hard sjjeeches which ungodly sinners creatures. This being thus. and before the 105 judgment-seat appear. and rest within his tomb. his people.xiii. and rose. ' Christ is Lord. the wicked is reserved. whether they be things in heaven. to execute judgment upon and of to conall their that are ungodly among them ungodly deeds which they have ungodly committed. but whether they be thrones or dominions. or saith. ii. both of the just and unjust. iv.' saith he. saints. and them which do iniquity. Foiuili.* Job xxi. 'is given unto me. 18. or powers all things were created by him. The punishment of the un- reserved till the day of judgment. and he made sovereign Lord over them therefore by an act of his sovereign power. at the end of this world. and fall before him as their sovereign Lord. x. poor creatures they appear ?' 1 1'e. Behold. at the name of Jesus every knee should bow. just shall not arise.' Mat. He hath recorded all war.and that every tongue should confess that Jesus invisible. shall arise.

there shall be a resurrection of the wicked at the last day. 27. command these rebels. that these his witnesses against this ii. if these things might be glad I say. as the just in their resurrection do the unjust in their forth in incorruption : . xyii. 18. are opposites. Second. and ' with the point of a diamond - - - They that deny the resm-rection of the wicked. is also now of and ' their hearts. a rebellious principle least. the appointed the which he will judge the Avorld in righteousness. terror. Shew you the manner of their rising.18. and there should be none to be judged or if he that is ordained judge. Vhat day. be a resurrection of the dead. ' unavoidably be one the forerunner of the other.c. because of the mi- He godly consequences. . 1—3. xxv. Re. and note it saith God. with most of the debauched persona in the world. i. ' an evident token of one ii. them before his judgment-seat. upon the table of their heart. xxiv. shall come forth in their corruptions. that every idlo word that men shall speak.' a word and to works. x. and deeds their All 3. God hath prepared Now me it is very strange. 106 that daj. Ac. and force Glad indeed. as the very title of the just and .0 would all this be.' 2Pe. hath also prepared for him the instruments of death he ordaineth his arrows against the persecutors.. both 'And the sea gave up the of the just and unjust. be not convinced of the certainty of eternal judgment? and how shall he be convinced of eternal appointed the day. resurrection. the doctrine of the re- . if you persuade him. 2.wii. yet do thou fear ' him that can Mat. 14. He liatli also already appointed the wit5. 31. 15. iu a book. they shall give account thereof in the day of judgment. nor death. He that taketh away . even for ever and ever. he shall not at especially seeing the Taw?. argument of 2Co. shall a sinner be convinced of the evil of sin.' Je. mat- and in their resurrections. are already prepared for them. accompanied by a degree of con- hinder: There be a resurrection of the dead. And observe it. Hell is of old prepared.xxix. Ko. And again Write it . . 2. he hath made it deep and The instruments of death. Ac. xx. and eternal misery. But to be plain there shall be a resurrection of the dead. 5. x. . which day John calleth the time of the dead. pointed. . of death 1 and misery. and Christ's also. Ja. vu. the main arguments that God hath provided for to convince a sinner of the evil of his ways for how . 33. forth ' &. so they are iu all other ters. . formity in conduct. . so he hath He hath appointed a day in judge. 13. is. if they might be true in their secret places of darkness. 28. the fire.' Mat. and the other in practice at to he. the everlasting fire. He. . 41. xxx. iii. 3. either through want of .xL 9. ' surrection of the wicked he taketh away one of which he will judge the world. For the ranters deny it both ui and practice. should not. at very heart. The hour is coming. men above aU other. which time. how ridiculous a busi "r . the heavy weights of God's curse are also ready. is they do both allow and maintain the chief doctrine of the ranters. . saying. a long time prepared is. As he hath judgment. 8.\D. soul-dcstroyiug hcix'sics. This time and day Christ brings down to an Imvr. 10. and judgment to come that made Felix It is this also he calleth the tremble. that the wicked must arise I shall in the next place. . and their ' damnation now of a long time slumberii. in the which all that are iu the graves shall hear his voice. 28. of iron. both of the just and unjust: wherefore. Besides what hath been said. own shall being beguiled by Satan. temperance.' kc. Ps. eth not. judgment by that man whom he hath ordained. would the sinners be. 43. 9. if he come 2. For. Ps. and shall in ' AcxviuSi.xi. if these things should be all prepared of the only wise God. to he the judge of quick and dead. and the grave for ever but it must not be the day of their rising is set. 25. that they should he judged. that when he all rise ? is ' dead. where he saith. and death and heU delivered up the dead which were in them. De. Paul He hath appointed a day saith. ' The sin of Judah is written with a pen : 36. are every one already recorded and enrolled in the books of the laws of heaven against ' . whatever . large.. 14. 11. But now I say. Mai.' 4. 12. neither earth. Mat.in a table. MANNER OF TEE RESURRECTION OF TlIE WICKED.\ii. V. ' This was Solomon's argument Ec. Jn. Tlie instruments I Sixth and Lastly. and errors that do most naturally follow the denial thereof. v. — OF THE RESURRECTION OF THE DE.i resurredion of the dead and qIqywq]. xxx. imjust. that this people. that it may be for the time to come. He . V. Mat. destroy both soul and body in hell. come First then. 4. xxi. 2 Ti. the doctrines of the kingdom of God: especially seeing the denial hereof is are already prepared. 5. dead which were in it. xxiv. nesses to come in against them. Having in the first place shewed you. nor hell can sliall * Imsanctified knowledge. vi. thought. whereof he hath given assurance to all men. wherewith he persuaded men. Re. Jesus Christ for it is he that is ordained of God Ac. is. 29. It was Paul's reasoning of righteousness. in that he hath This man is raised him from the dead. is a time fixed cannot but believe. their deeds are the deep dungeon is with open mouth written wherefore at the day apever waiting for them . others may say or profess..20. 1. ' appointed to wrath and destruction. Ed. There ' power or will. should both know and live* in day. the judge is appointed. hath appointed the day of their rising. Job XX. may be the portion of some who indulge both of the just and mijust.

it will . death. ixxiii. tinually in his soul .* Then such dishonour. Job xxiv. but the wicked is. Thus I say. 45. This morning to them. xxiii. 2. like tinually some haunt him. so judgment finds them. in the * Christ. by and by he is to meet withal. they wovdd not come to hand. because day of grace. the heavenly hosts. their bed is now among the flames and when they rise. as with fences of iron. Their worm dieth not and the fire is not quenched. when he is going to the bar for his arraignment. to As were. having yet the chains of eternal death hanging on them. and the talons of that dreadful ghost fastened in their souls so that life will be far from them. 20. Jn. than these will be in the eyes of God. They shall arise in ^or tliougli the 107 to their hearts. with frights and fears about the thoughts of the sudden. sliall be incapable of having body and soul separate . grown . 2 Sa. shame. xii. and terrors of it it. the heights and ever presenting and for ever after. must swallow them up. inigodly shall be far off from rising as the saints and shadow of deathwill * The first moment of their rising. at the day of their rising. is still is to hear by and by from doth con- same noisome and stinking condition for as death leaves. When they go full His bones are lie of sin of his youth. the resurrection of the godly shall in glory so the resurrection of : will be a resurrection in dishonour. the be tliat shall arise Godless. in their rising forth of their graves. Job xx. These in their very resurrection. Their rising. we learn that the culprit and therefore before convicted of crime. is even as the shadow of They will then be in the very terrors of death. that are swallowed up of life.? at illustration here trial. will so much ' as once regard them. in the dust. employed by Bunyan. it will be dishonour beyond expression. From death to eternity. shall be hurt of the second death. and. k. and will more stink in the nostrils of if God. n. . and plaj'eth the butcher conand conscience. As it be a resurrection the wicked. even as far as heaven is from hell. they must arise to life. and provoking to rejection abundance. ungodly at tlieir resurrection.' eiubcrauce. yet he is not out of prison. be thrust away. more than euough. vii.v. like a giant. will the wicked come out of their graves.' that ' And to judge them. or of their being annihilated into nothing. and insupportable after-clap. to the loathing of his person how loathscme. than if they should ascend out of the most filthy hole on earth. Never was toad or serpent more loathsome to any. again. they will rise in flames while they . more noisome. they will be in a very loathsome condition. Da. therefore now they shall. belong to the pjit. man at his birth. as the glory of saints. though a felon go forth of the jail. but at their rising. fasten on all their . Spiritless. like a bottomless gulf. of the misery that now nuist seize them. the shadow of death. for they will be even in the region Thus 1 say.* and . '0 Lord. Yea. death be ever over them. Christless.' Mi. be within the very stand before the judge. They shall move out of their holes like worms of ' the earth: They 17. they will be like the thistle frighting and afflicting his heart evil spirit or ghost. it never shall be . they coming out of their graves. frequently makes interesting mention of manners and wicked and unjust. dishonourable. in weakness and astonishment. doth feed on him. nor yet absolutely dead but much after that manner. customs before prevailiu. shall be afraid of the Loud our God. And arise they shall.' . and loaded with jiidicial sevfiitici These extreme •Abundance. . even they will in in the flames of a guilty conscience iheir coming before the judge. ' which shall down with him . when the trumpet sounds to their judgment. shall rise to everlasting life. depths.' Ps. and faintness in this life . and all quenched. by reason of guilt. and contemptible. that is going before the judge. death. saints nor angels. saith Job. all as thorns. and hell. that natural death. and also must have the conquest over sin and death. G. and irksome. will those jaws of death and destruction. OF THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD. so the A graphic writer. As the just shall arise in power. . it is called the resurrection of damnation. be counted as oue cast forth . power and them as manner prejudged. Sin and guilt bringeth weakness. was in a fettera. The imgodly at their death are like the thistle seed. will be glory unspeakable so the dishonour of the ungodly at that day. in the the thoughts of wliat he the judge. Mar. As Daniel saith. 17.. be in flames. under the gnawings. l Co. will offensive. ever feeding on their souls and graceless. is called the resurrection ' of the unjust. all the time of their arraignment.— Ed. and contempt appear in them. thou shalt despise their image. The wicked's resurrection. 28. and so they at that day will appear. the good . As Christ saith. or out of his irons for that his fetters are still making a noise on his heels. how much more. and filthy. far more loathsome. to their graves. that put on iucorruption. xv. a living death shall feed upon them they shall never be spiritually alive. to . . but that they shall not for it is the righteous only. shame and everlasting contempt. addressing us at the distance of two centuries. tlie ' You receive his condemnation to the gallows. than some plague-sores If a in they had the most irkthe world running on them. 7. that neither God nor them. Third. From the the time wherein he lived. and be saved. Second. or vouchsafe once to come near He beholdeth the wicked afar off . when thou awakest. u. yet it shall be far from them to rise in iucorruption for if they arise in iucorruption. At the resurrection then of these ungodly. and shall be under it. know. when both with force.

iv. tliine hands he strong. the books both of and every one of them opened death and life before the sinners. shall sit all the shall be opened. A fiery stream issued and came forth from before . shall be as bars and bounds to the wicked. cfcc. and every man's heart shall melt. they shall. . being shackled in their sins. as there will be no end of their misery. of the ungodly be judged. Second. the prisoners coming up to judgment.9. small and great. and slay them. discom- jaws. as burning A stream issued and came Avit. as it relates to all phets. with his attendants. First.10. life. The book of God's re^nem- Tliird. ' lumps of sinful nature not having the least help from God. I say. 11. and the heart-aching .' and things in earth. and thoughts . But those mine enemies. to wit. one. . they shall not now. their fellow-prisoners. fortliAvith there shall issue forth a mighty fire and tempest from before the throne. they are more than one. him : ' he adds. xx. but the wicked will he like the chatt" which the Avind driveth away. and heavenly nobles the saints and pro. OF THE RESUllRECTION OF THE DEAD. hear. together with all the angels of darkness. and now condenmings Judge on his throne. And again. eluded under three general heads. . xx. thee?' Eze. that Av ill seize them in their rising! fill the frightful ' thoughts that then will their throbbing hearts . and ten thousand times ten thousand book in their rising they fall fall. the Avorld have walked. continually hatter It is the godly that have against thy weary spirit.eerns man's nature and next. Avhcn the wicked are thus raised against. to look for what comes after presently the They must needs be weak. Because.xxii. or think of. 13. princes. God shall come. to keep them at a certain distance As David saith. glory. of these. and things under the earth. one in his kingly attire. and how conwhich is written. . of judgment And for this reafrom thenceforth. according to their Avorks. like thunder-claps. all their hands shall faint. They shall be amazed one at another. i. be opened. the book of is. iii. and of conscience. saith. ' God Can u. * ' 1 . Wherefore. ' And the books Avere opened. despair gape upon thee.' Da. or three. 10. in which they shall now tremble as thieves and murderers. For by every one And fourth. like His throne was fire. . forth from before him:' (fee. and that first. the fiery flame. The book of the creatures '^^^J^l\^°ll On whose right hand. Only. as they go before the Judge. hrance. Joel Then shall be fulfilled that Avere. Fourth. out of AA'hich the dead shall in the judgment be proceeded [TiiiUD loicked. shall tend to their fort. and there Avas found no place for them. it con. which trary to these principles. as of many. as I said before. two. the book Avas opened. so soon as ever they are risen out of they will feel a continual sinking their graves under every remembrance of every sin. Da. to hear what he will say unto them. and shall not keep silence a fire . ' : : the books.^ — The examination and judgment of the Now. 6-8. would not that I shoidd reign over them. unto him. Avhom God hath whom guilt hath seized. The principles of nature are conhither. to Avith his attendants. For after that he had said before. bring acted. is. the apostles and witnesses of Jesus every other creatures. Avhich is the hook of life and the dead Avere judged out of those things Avhich Avere Avritten in stood before him : set. the bar for the Avith ' pi'isoners.vii. 1. and done. the King of kings and Lord of lords. noAV to be judged and condemned.] Now ghastly jaws of will When tlie every one is thus set in his proper place. as they were God's creation . with the hot scalding stink of hell upon shall not pestuous * and it shall be very temround about him. fiery and his wheels be able to lift up the head for They it. xiii. so there will be no stay or prop to bear them up in it.' Ps. to bear them up under this condition. but the books. left. to the place of judgment . as of And indeed. that soul that hath been in hell-fire shall devour before him. ' Thousand thousands ministered the judgment was vu. be separate body from soul but both together.first part. in the days that will the heart endure. This preparation being made. Now must among it. Our from the heavenly Majesty. stand before God and the books were opened and another book was opened. son the dungeon into which they fall is called 'bottomless. and for ever. As the just shall arise spiritual bodies. the Lord Chief Judge of things in heaven.3. and left. ' Ke. Oh the fear. I Possess the devils possess the body again. ever pangs shall take hold on them. . their faces Everything they shall be as flames. Lu six. which shall compass it round about Avhich fire. the Judge * on the throne all . holdness in the day of judgment i Jn. 17. that where there shall sit upon them out of what is written in them. say. The book of the laio. be brought up. First then. and the rebels standing : ghastly see. there is the book of the creatures to out of their graves. He doth not say. 27. from Avhose face the earth and the heaven fled aAA^ay. 1. — and the I saw a great Avhite throne. And again. Ps. upon the throne of his I. as afore.' Re. 4. shall the world Jesus Christ. and him that sat on it.— 108 ! . or can thine I shall deal with [the judgment of the wicked. Avas opened. be bound in the cords of sin and iniquity. and whom death is swallowing up for ever. mere and naked books are brought forth. He will shew in what the principles of nature 11—14. And I saw the dead. so the unjust shall arise only as .

and therefore ought to judge by the same reason. or contrary to what ness.' generated even from the principles of nature. and that long before the law was given. boasters. Sirs. as Paul saith. that they every man hath all these in his heart. knows not the other. that of God. rejected their . by those of fear. both of what they saw in him. saith he. 25. xii. . that there is a God. contrary to the danger that is manifest reason and sense both. That man by liis own natural reason and judgment may gather. evident further. unmerciful. that this things are by every man put into practice but God should by man be sought after. as occasion serveth. but have pleasure in them that do them. these are a law to themselves. and find liim. all . with all unrighteousness. 27. Ro. . and as he against light and feeling. 14.) who is i. are all under sin. xi. inventors of evil things. even of yourselves judge ye not what is Lu. or all. they hold forth to all men. a rational creature findeth in and hence it is. that they might in and by their own nature. and have sinned against. i. And observe it. And it further sheweth itself. same flesh you both judge. if haply they might feel after him. and accusations. For as touching the he that hath honoured. that we are his offspring. As IMoses said. ' maketh within them.) Men. 26. that it is not equally done of any. 14. instead of doing equity. which nature itself teacheth: he hath given up himself to vile affections. a Deity. 9. they have. 1. do read that there is one great and eternal God.) Man. debate. and hath made of one blood. Eo. Ac. do conclude. man that breath eth in this world ^^^J ^^^ ^J *^^i^ ^^^ Consciences. even God there a 2. said before. Ro. that ye ought not to doth there ' know is that there is such a God. nature. Now against every one of these three principles. contrary to this. fornication. I say. 109 ' a chief. and dread that are often begotten in themselves. and right reason as Paul saith in another place.' It ikc. judge and know that there is a God. who is over its shcAving him this is. they see they shall do. . . together with the fear that by refusing the dictates of nature. As I defile the soul. . vii. that is. though he be not far from every and the end of and supreme above as he is This instinct. and move. haters under- of God. have both for . or principal Being. (1. minded nothing though reason teacheth all men to love that which is good and profitable. even aU men. that man by his own nature. For both Jews and Gentiles . and so have walked contrary to. that thei-e such a thing for as sin. 57. His creation and workmanship. and make it abominable in the sight They aveJiUed witli all mirighteousness. one of us. in this first principle of it. whisperers. ' Doth not even nature lie it itself teach you is ?' i Co. (3. covetousis begotten in them. should . You are de- hath every man in the whole world transgressed as Paul saith. Now that can judge. (2. which that made the is great God. As if he had said. that he understaudeth is that there if a God. instead of minding their own future knows that there even in every Man's nature is a Book. Ex. ' Who ' i. which there might enjoy communion with him for ever. happiness. that these The second principle of nature is. all nations of men that in him we live. sometimes also Avorld. that they which commit such things are worthy of death. all. appears. malignity. ' Ro. that is man by fits nature (2.do that which is just and equal. to whom is sin is opposite . M-ithout standing. murder. not only do the same. covenant-breakers. througli their giving less . being filled. doth clearly tell us. despiteful. ii. I deceit. maliciousness full of envy. first. that they by the book of nature. might add further. man merely liimself. that men between themselves. convicted and reproved. must of necessity be. have loved that which is hurtful and destructive. or do those things that are irrational. why do ye ' wrong one another shoidd say. worshipped. would be done by. that every thought ^^^' — way to sin and Satan. (1. appears further. and shew the work of the law written in their hearts.' first.. he doth not say. which book is themselves.) It is Ro. backbiters. the light of nature sheweth man. that God created them in that state and quality. yet they. and also according to the goodness and mercy they have as men received from him ? All have served and worshipped the creature moi'e than the Creator. xvii. and adored the living God. by this very thing. Yea. as who You are of equal creation. ? ' Ac. when they transgress. or icnv to a God. That He made heaven and earth.) B}^ his being able to judge by nature. OF THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD. 29—31. as nature teacheth. that the natural proneness that is in aU men to devotion and religion. though sense teacheth to avoid yet man. . proud. ' 3. that . ye are brethren. SJr— 29. by those workings of heart. Why ? ' right such a thing as sin as Christ saith. you are the being. Ac. to the height. — ness own happiknowing the judgment of God. ii. reverenced. 13. though they know neither Moses nor Christ For the Gentiles which have not the law. and thoughts. xvii. implacable. this bond of lii. 31. of one kind or another. to do you wrong. wickedness. convictions of conscience. 15. that is. that is. that all heathens that mind their own natural reason. that they should seek the Lord. judged and condemned. without natural affection. there be no God. disobedient to parents. and have our ' This light of nature tcacheth. wrong one another. there no sin against him and he that knows not the one. who is blessed for ever.

God book touching man's naconvicted and cast did but say in the beginning. Man by creabut man by sin. do not this abominable thing that I hate. which only the whole creation. the works of the Lord them that have pleasure cxi. (6. ii.' Ro. being alienated from the life liberty to study (1. Ps. shall both and their own wickedness correct and reprove 19. who hold . how man should behave himself both to God.' saith Paul. by reason of II. 'that when they knew God. yielding to the tempter. for every kind of beasts.) Ps. 8. By the obedience and fruitfulness of the . his sinning against the three general 24. sun. cast. being understood 13. hath but man. fulfilling his word. how curious a creature man was made of God to behold how It is marvellous. saying. 'Having the understanding darkened. tliat God hath given him. For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen. Ps. against the whole world As wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all Job saith. As the creation in general preacheth to every image of God. and cattle after their kind. iii. . tion was made upright and . also teacheth thee obedisuperiors. Jlan by creation had all the faculties of his soul at God his creator. : 110 one of tliera. attributes both to God and thee. God hath shewed U unto them. . to . i. and by their obedience shall thy disobedience be condemned in the judgment. 25. i. Now. vii. 1.but became vain in their imaginations. creep- ture is opened. as also the righteousness. 21. and all things truly spiritually good Because. and conscience. G. because of the blindness of their hearts. Their obedience to thee. and condemned as a rebel. in subjection (set devils aside) even the hail. against both God and his own soul. 24. he neitlierkncw ' As ]\Ioses nor Christ. here will man he found not only a sinner against God. condemn the wickedness of those who do by the letter and circumcision. shall also perish without law. they are all and men fire.. and vapours. ence to all of birds. and that when he reasoned but as a man. . and to preach unto thee. Mar. even he shall understand the loving- kindness of the Lord therein. moon. and therefore by these is condemned. besides. 'as have sinned without law. so that they are without excuse. 29. very figure and image of the devil. doth teach and admonish thee to a fruitful life to Godward. 7. break the law: how much more in. stars. a contradictor of liis own nature.. and against that state and place. and in the things of his holy word. but they will not obey. reason. Ps. Ec. And again. hut an opposer of himself. i. beasts. trees. they glorified Jiim not as God. and things in the sea. heart. many. grass. man acts and does in this state of sin and Man in his creation was made in the degeneracy. much are great. and carrying instruction and he that is wise. 5. iv. Their sin is written upon the tables of ii. 7. for is before thee. man having uno-odliness and unrighteousness of men. civ. For if the Gentiles. is tamed. of God. througii the ignorance that is in them. 2. 26. but man by sin. 41. and one tliat will not do that which he judge th even of himself to be right. all The obedience of the creatures. shall ' Ja. snow. Thus. earth. 18—20. do. and backsliding them. and hath been tamed. Ep. cxlvii. though as I said hefore. by some acts of obedience.) To God. God: they preach aloud to all men.) The fruitfulness of all the creatures in their kind. I say. i. if . cvii. (a. . Ge. ing things. Wlicii this part of tlie bring forth so. so they do hold forth. Because that which the truth in unrighteousness may be known of God is manifest in them for . Je. both much of God and thyself. against all those that shall be found crossers. as Paul affirmeth. very dragons. and and serpents. xvii. 3. the winds and seas obey him. and man by it. 15—18. sometimes more. xUv. which ' shew the power of God in themselves but also to teach tliee. deeps. Je. cxlviii. Ro. these things. • be convicted. are not .' Ro.) As First. and brought into obedience by mankind. But to principles thereof: phets. 8. The creation then of the world. sinned against that natural light. and * Yea. he hath sent his proand sending them. so to reign in his soul. 4. in shall the fruitfulness of all the creatures come ! the judgment. are made. ' Then forthwith is the second part of the book opened. sought out of Ps. rising early. and thwarters of what God by the creatures doth hold forth to us. is it was man. by reason of his made himself the sinless man something of God. and their foolish heart was darkened. yet he shall perish. that the mystery of the creatures. Now. in the judgment. and Ge. hath made himself crooked and sinful. that now he is captivated and licld bound in alienation and estrangedness both from God. viii. and one another and will assuredly come in. we consider. and will imderstand in them .' 2. . Ro. iv. 3 Ti. for all ' below. i. iii. and his glorious and being. of all the heavens. even his eternal by the things that power and Godhead ' Yea. (2. for this abuse of the Avorkmanship of God.' saith he. shall man be brought forth to the judgment. by their obedience to God they teach thee obedience. therefore. the eternal power and Godhead of their CreaIn wisdom he hath made them all tor. herbs. hath so bound up his own senses and reason and hath given way for blindness and ignorance of God. For the to ' made have not the law. to be teachable. OF THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD. judgment. with the creatures of other their own Jc. ii. Let the earth fruit. Man only remains untamed and unruly. 18. namely. and justice of God against sin.

the scares and amazements. xvii. the kingdom of heaven. and both do and shall and senseless.OF THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD. cheating. 12. Ps. not caring how fiercely they flame therein. that he who thee for thy unlawful practices. Pr. (5. Jn. shuttest thyself out of x\-ii. 9. and Ro. know- and avenge me of mine enemies. (4. xxriii. rock damned souls. and so suiting it is so excellent. 'Ah. &c. convict thee of sloth and idleness. Pr. as the spider doth bid lay sticks on the him. xLx. they will.) Re. Lu. xii. lice. (7. aU the day that is The ugly smell. that there is not one man by in it. i. and idle. ant.) to purpose. 6. creatures he judgetli. (G. do with a check. the capacity of their hearts to all. I say. is.) Lu. Pr. sensible of and that lurketh privily How I say. 21. . Pr. of the creatures doth ' (1. to be 32. but man. do admonish thee to learn the time of grace. wiU every creature and struggle to escape the danger blood. The love their young. by their fruitfulncss and subjection to the will of their Ci'cator. 24. 17. 65 say. teacheth men to fire to warm thyself. that thou for them Pr. 7. and of the dreadful state of those that are there. by ohserviug the time and season of their coming. (3. consider her ways. 27. Jobxxx\m. De. 27 Ill ' — 32. so easy. to the end. of the hell. 'Tis ! man only that delighteth to dance about the mouth of hell. Go to the thou sluggard.) The fear that is in all is creatm-es. swallow and the crane.i. as the coney doth teach. What ' . yet laboureth for a house in the rock. AU 8. it ' when they perceive that danger fly near. . The yoimg ravens seek theu' could overthrow the land of Egypt with frogs.) 16. and lay before thee these things: so he hath for thy awakening. and that who knows no letters may he who neither saw New . and the satisfaction of his justice.. ingly smitten with Satan's snare. and of the mercy of God. they put thee in mind of the prison of hell. it may by its flames. 13. it and steam. cxlvii. I will ease me of mine adversaries. eth to thee thy grave thy sleep. kindle upon damned sinners. in case thou be asleep. 58. defrauding. as inconsiderable and imlikely The dependence that all the creatures have upon God they teach thee to depend on him that as they may appear to you now. nor lay hold on By thy delighting. 59. demn thy lying. when thou art cold. by thy blowing the fire. taketh hold with her hands. overreaching. 9.' saith he. that wiU for ever attend -67. things are full The fire that burns in thy chimney. But thou spendest the whole summer of thy life in wasting both time and soul. that lieth burn sinners in the flames of hell. 41. will overthrow the world.) all the door doth itself upon the hinges. Je. 3. xxx. This book of the creatures. command thee to he wise. All these thmgs. xxvi. yet in the judgmade thee. (6. is in king's palaces. xxx. (3.) Thy bed. and will in the judgment condemn ment will be found the items. xx. 3. 6. Is. 33. by this. to the kingdom of heaven. i. and layeth up against the day of trial. ' i. In vain the net is spread in the sight of any bird.) Yea. yea. i. burning brimstone. at the . it holds only man spendeth forth the fire of hell unto thee. of the food of heaven. 19. hy the knowledge they have of their master's crib.'-. xxx. preach. when thou hestdown . do admonish thee to know the bread and table of God. V. man only is the fool-hardy creatm-e. and be The jail that thou seest with thine eyes. locusts. as. thy death and (4.' l3. thy resurrection to judgment. all the creatures of God. so thou canst be warm and be refreshed thereby. 14. That is. Job xxxvi. and rcbelliou own soul.) shcAvs thee the loathsome. and warning words And know. that fasten upon the wood the better thou preachest to thyself how God will blow the fire of hell by the rigour of his law.) The knowledge and wisdom of the creatures. s. Ko. convicted. (o. xx. of labour. food from God. and dealings for of God to your souls. 28. that he . x. xc.' for she provideth her food in the summer. it may (7. own run. The spider also. as these creatures do every day call imto thee. judge and condemn thee for thy disobedience. The ox and the ass. by the book of the creatures and that by the least and most inconsiderable of them. I say? The heaven shall and the earth shall rise up against him. stench. with what delight he will from the wrath to come. saith Solomon. in it. viii. 40. and do The stork in the heaven. Now. 26. as weU as by the rest. Mat. the teach thee wisdom. They xii. 2t. Is. 16. strive. condemn thy ignorance Is. told.hall . it is own life. and pity that and one another: is in the world but is catched. I man. the people. creatures of another nature . and his years hke a tale The coney is but a feeble folk. . viu. and the nor barn like. and wiU con- flies. thy preservation. and so fidl. reveal his iniquity against him. Job xx. odious. and the felons that look out at the grate. ' wait for his for his fly. last day. 7. wise. Ec. and so will judge. 20. Ps. to be safe from the rage of the hunter. for the easing of his mind. vi. Mat.) Job xiv. that will neither lay hold on the Christ. Re. and cast will is judge and conin thee to This is the book.) The labour and toil thy rising in the morning. provide neither storehouse. God preacheth to thee. (2. as and the fears that do commonly haunt those that walk therein it preacheth to thee the fears and frights. demn the hard-heartedness that thy read in yea. but thou art so greedy of these things. 12. It is man 'Tis only that turneth himself upon the bed of sloth. and dreadful torments of The darkness : of the night in sohtary places.

stealthy. xiii. 16. in iii. XV. do that which was fruitless. Bni'yan writer. recorded all and every remembraute that is good "^"^""^ and for appointing it. and so perfect every way. just so shall thy judgment be. As thus if thou hast but a tree in thy this day. and burned in the fire. have been committed thousands of years since. as fuel for the fire. past. thou art for hewing it down. will God judge the world at the last he will open before them. : yet my mind coidd not he towards this people cast tliem out of my * sight. and could see labour. that they are always as fresh and fruitless and unprofitable ci'eatures. 'Hell [itself] is God suffereth sinners in the world. hearts. all and that is. 'Darkened who poured such abundance vessel. the inclination of the heart of God towards committing. He. In this. him. neither stands pre-eminent.' As he naked also saith in another place.' and rotten wood: so will God deal with sinners in is set on their heart by the Holy Ghost. wisdom. who will miuJ. and most secret doings. 'Tis this book. 13 . the prophets. and I have done with this. have disappointed his expectations.xiv. as in many other things. so shall it be in As men deal with weeds. but what the end of the woi'ld. I say.* are all so firmly fixed in the remembrance of the Further. No sanctified Bunyan's bring to light the hidden things of darkness. before Job xxvi. and parables. cunning. out of which geneand himself by. Now particular good thing that his own thou little thiukest that by thy thus judging thou people hath done to. both to clear up and to aggravate own carriage unto such of them. all their is.8. nothing wiU work with them. deep and however blessed with extensive learning. Ec. the inclination of thy heart towards eternal God. that it is impossible thai cast into the fire. to hide their wickedness. I say. through their judgment to them. therefore every tree which everything. are clear. even the root of the trees. Ec. If thou hast either cow. God hath sealed the judgment of the the counsels and warnings he hath given men by world by the book of the creatures even by man's these things. and will make manifest the counsels of the heart. let them go forth. sli/. as yet the light of his countenance. as . sanctified by glowing piety. ' : . both by their cutting down which. that as to their judgment. I say. why doth it cumber be kept. as if they were but just now in many of us in the scriptures further * : . which yet are far more slethy.t than Though Moses and Samuel to stood before me. Second. ways. Why. Lu. and love of the creatures. nor aught else Mai. the day of judgment and M'ill bring in. we are. but thou wilt take thy time to clear thy hands of them. that is committed to it to thy fruitless tree. yea. For as God hath in his re-^ orchard. despised of heavenly treasure into an earthen with men's sleightie jugling. richly enjoyed the coutemplation of natui-e. as being the most easy way were unprofitable. pray me and to spare this people. it will be the book of God's remembrance. they themNew Testament and Old. doth fore-preach clear in his sight. or 15. to convince the world.xv. * that is.' the most secret. all this while thy heart is not with them. which to them As therefore the tares are verbs. both Job and his friends did so profomidly and that out discourse of the judguaents of God of which God himself did so convincingly answer .of their hearts from those things. and 6. and he will by it. as a witness against man at the day of judgment. Cut it down. . than many now adays do see by the tell them. — El). cunning. both Christ. with his eternity so the sins that doth he ciunber the ground? Mat. as God saith.— OF THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD. rally. Ed.' that ' men. Now God's remembrance is bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down. xc. 5. though by reason of their gathered. and counterfait Gardiner. fear. and apostles. yet. iv. Job was as perfect in this book. and for his name while they shoiddst pass sentence upon thy own fruitless soul.' Je.' For as tridy as thou sayest of anything should be lost. may know botli much of God. The Lord shall not see. lO. t 'Sletliy. 1—6. . One word further.' now obsolete. : iii. day Job. Thus .' Bishop and persecuted of men. ^„ „ Tliebookof God* why. which. 6—8. 112 Testament. All things are open and bare before the eyes of him with whom we have to do. . . 1 Co. iv. 14. crafts.ijEze. though thou mayst suffer them for some time to be with thee. how they have degenerated and gone back from the principles of Also how they nature in which he created them. pro. have slighted all the instructions that he hath given them. and destruction hidden contrivances of the most subtle of the infernal spirits.14. 'Ye that say. in the eyes of the great God. were in this world so he hath in his remembrance. thee in the judgment. ignorance. He calleth again the things that are set 'our [most] secret sins Ps. nor Old. xii. that neither beareth fruit. and brought forth to the judgment at the the ground? so truly doth thy voice cause heaven time appointed. for as a thousand years are but to echo again upon thy head. and by the withdrawing so frequently discourse by their similitudes. : iii. but it is so. 'And now also the axe is laid unto recorded all the evil and sin of his adversaries. well stored with the sacred scriptures. The second book that will be opened at any impediment. to thee. membrance. even by the obedience. and hath any other beast. hath no covering. they Eze. a striking illustration of the ways of God. This is the book out of selves have decided it. Cut him down why as yesterday. that is now unprofitable to thee. has opened the book of creation with such a master mind. to the very bottom of them. 13. fruitfulness.


OF THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD.
shall the God of Jacob regard it. Understand, [0] ye brutish among the people: and ye fools, when will ye be wise ? He that planted the ear, shall he not hear ? he that formed the eye, shall he not see ? he that ehastiseth the heathen, shall not he correct ? he that teacheth man knowledge, shall not

;

113
oflp.

blinded, nor mocked, nor put

Ga. n. 7.

'

Thev

consider not

2.

-

that I

remember
'

all their

wicked-

ness

;

'

Ho.

^-ii.

saith he,

bid I will reprove thee,

he know
see

?

'

Ps. xdv.

8—lO;
is,

see also IIo.

\-ii.

3.

and

viii.

13.

*

Can

and set them in order before thine eyes.' Ps.1.21. Here Avill be laid open the very heart of Cain tho murderer, of Judas the traitor, of Saul the adversary of David, and of those that under pretences
of holiness have persecuted Christ, his word, and

any hide himself in secret places that I shall not

him
'

ness

— —
?
'

that

saith

when he is committing wickedthe Lord Do not I fill heaven and
:

people.
thief,

Now

shall every drunkard, whoremaster,

earth

?

saith the Lord, '
to

Je. xxiii. 24.

and other wicked person, be turned their inside outward; their hearts right open, and every

know and see things, it is the cause sin, with every cii'cumstance of place, time, person among men of their remembrance. Wherefore, with whom, with the causes also that drew them to God to shew us, that he will remember all our sins the commission of every evil, be discovered to all. Here wiU be no hiding yourselves behind curtains, if we die out of Christ, he tells us, that he knoweth,
and seeth them all, and therefore must needs remember them; for as is his sight and knowledge, so is his remembrance of all things. When this book of his remembrance therefore is opened, as it shall be, in the judgment, then shall be brought forth of their hidden holes, all things, whatsoever hath been done since the world began, whether by kingdoms in general, or persons in particular. Now also shall be brought forth to open view, all the transactions of God and his Son, among the sons of men, and everything shall be applied to every particular person, in equity and
justice, to

Now

nor no covering yourselves with the black
'

anil

whom

they belong: the sins that thou
'

dark night. If I say, Surely the darkness shall cover me; even the night shall be light about me: Yea,' God, 'darkness hideth not from thee; but the night shineth as the day: the darkness and the light are both alike to thee. Ps. cxxxLx. 11, 13. The piercing eye of God, beholds all places, persons, and things; the holy hand of his justice writeth them down in the book of his remembrance and by his power and wisdom, will he open and read to all men exactly, distinctly, and convincingly, whatever hath passed from them, or been done by them, in their whole life; for, 'For all these
'

hast committed shall be thy own, and thou thyself
shalt bear them.

things

God

will

bring thee into judgment.'
will

Ec.

xi.

9.

The Lord

is

a

God
'

of

knowii.

Again, as God

bring out of the book of his

ledge,

and by him actions are weighed. l Sa. 3. be marvellous to behold how by thousands, and ten thousands, God will call from their secret places, those sins, that one would have thought, had been dead, and buried, and forgotten yea, how he will shew before the sun, such things, so base and so horrid, that one would think, it was not in the hearts of any to commit; for all is recorded in the book of God's remembrance. While men are here, they have a thousand tricks to present themselves one to another, far more fair, and honest than they
It will
;

remembrance, whatever hath passed from thee so also will he then bring forth by against him the same book, all things and carriages of his
;

towards thee.

Here will he bring to thy mind, every sermon thou hast heard, every chapter thou hast read ; every conviction thou hast had on thy conscience; and every admonition that hath been given thee
in all
living.

thy

life,

v.hen thou wast in the land of the

are, or ever were.
'

As

Christ said to the Pharisees,

Ye

are they which justify yourselves before

but

God knoweth your

hearts

: '

knoweth, indeed, what a nest, swarms; yea, what legions of hellish wickednesses,
those men, that one would swear a thousand times,

men; Ay, God M-hat a heap, what
Lu.
xvi. 15.

there are with power lurking, like cockatrices, in

Now will God lay open before thee, what patience he extended to thee, how he let thee live one year, two years, ten, yea, twenty and twenty years,* and Yea, now also will he bring to thy all to try thee. view, how many times he warned, rebuked, threatened, and chastised thee for thy wickedness; how many awakening providences and judgments he
continually laid before thy face
;

yea,

how many

a

are good and honest men.
their sins,
it is

Tlie

way

of

like

'

an eagle in the

air,

men in the way

time thou didst, like Balaam, run upon the point of the sword of justice, and how he gave back, as
thee

way of a ship in the being loath to kill thee. >'u. xxii. 23—34. Now also again, shall be brought before midst of the sea and the way of a man with a God had maid,' saith Solomon, Pr. xxx. 19. that is, hiddenly, and all men, how many strugglings
of a serpent upon a rock, the
;

with
yea,

closely, covertly,

burying

all

under

fair pretences,

good thy heart, on thy sick-bed, to do thee

;

wipeth their mouths in the close of saying, I have done [no] wickedness.' Pr. x.\x. 20. But this, though it may serve for the time present, and no longer, God will not be deluded, nor VOL. II.
their
evil,
'

*

'Twenty and twenty
Ed.

vears,' a singular

mode of

expression,

proLally alluding to the forty years'
the wilderness.

tried of

the Israelites

m

:

114

OF THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD.
shall not be judged by this book, though they shall be judged by the works of it, which are written in their hearts. As many as have sinned without law, shall also perish without law and as many as have sinned in the law, shall be judged by the law.' Ro. ii.i2. That

and at such times, how many vows, promises, engagements, and resolutions thou madest before God, to turn, if he would release thee from thy affliction, and take off his rod from thy back; and
yet, 1—5.

tbereof.

Every one

as there delivered,

'

how thou

didst, like the

man

possessed,

Mai-, v.

:

break and snap in twain all these chains of iron, with which thou hadst bound thy soul, and Here also, will be that for a very lust and sin.

is,

the heathens that never

knew

the law, as deli-

vered on Sinai, they shall be judged by the law,
as it was written in man's heart in his creation, which is comprised within the book of the creatures, but those that have knowledge of the law, as delivered on Sinai: they shall be judged by the law as there given. Now then, this book when it is opened at the day of judgment, it will to those to whom it especially relates, be a most terrible law, far surpassing the two afore-mentioned. This law, as I may so say, it is the chief and most pure resemblance of the justice and holiness of the heavenly majesty, and doth hold forth to all men the sharpness and keenness of his wrath above the other two that I have before mentioned. I say, both because it hath been delivei'ed more plain and open, both as to the duty enjoined, and the sin prohibited and
;

opened before thee, how often thou hast sinned against thy light and knowledge how often thou hast laid violent hands on thy own conscience; how often thou hast laboured to put out that light that hath stood in thy way to hinder thee from sinning Ah, Lord, what a condition against thy soul. how will will the Christless soul be in at this day
;
!

every one of these things

afflict

the

damned

soul

I

hke arrows, and bite like serpents, and sting hke an adder. With what shame, will

They
that

will pierce

man

who must have
laid

stand before the judgment-seat of Christ all things he hath done against

God, to provoke the eyes of his glory to jealousy, open before the whole host of the heavenly train It would make a man blush to have his
!

pockets searched, for things that are stolen in the midst of a market, especially, if he stand upon his
reputation and honour.

But thou must have thy
thy neighbour

heart searched, the bottom of thy heart searched;

and

that, I say, before

hast wronged, and before the devils

hast served
despised,

;

yea, before God,

whom whom whom thou

thou thou
hast

must of necessity, fall with the more violence upon the head of all that shall be found within the compass of it. This law, it hath in it to be opened at this day, these two general heads
therefore
1.

A

discovery of the evil of
all things,

sin,

that

is

so,

against plain light and truth; and, secondly, a dis-

delicate creatures,

and before the angels, those holy and whose holy and chaste faces will

covery of the vanity of

that will at this

scarce forbear blushing, while

God

is
;

vomit up,
bring
it

all

thou hast swallowed

for

making thee God shall
one of the

out of thy belly.
for

Job xx. 12—15.

For as

God

to forget iniquity, is

day be brought by sinners for their help and plea Alas, Avho can but imagine, that at the judgment. the poor world, at the day of their arraignment, should muster up all that ever they can think of, as arguments to shelter them from the execution
of that fierce wrath, that then, with sinking souls,

chief heads of the covenant of grace,

argument of the highest nature,
continue consolation in the godly

to beget
:

and is an and to so the rememone of the

they will see prepared for them.

As
Ro.
V.

to the first of these, the apostle tells us that

brance of iniquity, by the Lord,
poor creature.
*

it is

'the law entered, that the offence might abound,'
20.

what it is. As he saith had not known sin, but by the law.' Ro. vii. 7, 13. Thus it is in this life, and thus it will If thou. Lord, shouldst mark iniquities, Lord, be in the day of judgment, that is, those that see who shall stand ? Ps. cxxx. 3. And the reason is, sin, and that in its abounding nature, and in its because, that which the Lord forgetteth, is for- exceeding sinfiduess, they must see it by the law, given for ever; He. viii. 12; Ro. iv. G—8. but that which for that is indeed the glass by which God dishe remembereth, it is charged for ever, and covereth sin, and the filthy spots of leprosy, that nothing can take it away Though thou wash are in the soul. Ja. 22—25. Now those that have thee with nitre, and take thee much soap, yet thine not the Imppiness to see their sin by the law in iniquity is marked before me, saith the Lord God.' this life, while there is a fountain of grace to wash Je. 22. in, and be clean; they must have the misery to see Third. The third book that will at this day be it at the judgment, when nothing is left but misery
heaviest loads and judgments, that can befal any
or be discovered
I

Lord, saith the prophet, ' remember not against us former inquities.' And again,
' '

again,

'

'

'

i.

ii.

The

bonk

op^^'^'i' ^"^^

out of which
the

God

will

judge

of tiieiaw

hook of the law, or ten words given forth on the Mount Sinai.
it is

the world:

But

this

book

will
it,

more

specially concern those

that have received

or that have

had knowledge

and pain, as the punishment for the same. At which day, those little tittles of this holy law, that now men so easily look over, and sin against with ease, they will every one of them appear with such dread, and with such flaming justice against every

;

OF THE KESURRECTIOX OF THE
offence committed; that
if heaven and earth itself, should step in to shelter the sinner from the justice

DE.U).

113

and wrath due to
roots.
'

sin, it -would

turn them up by the
to pass,
Lu. xvt 17.

where it seizeth, doth burn, eat, destroy, devour and consume so will the law, all those that at this day, shall be found under the transfi-ression of
:

It is easier for
tittle

heaven and earth
fail.
'

the least
at the
tries

tittle

of

it.

It will
it

than one

of the law to

If there

day of judgment, as

be with these souls is with those coun-

pests, as there

appeared such flames, such thunderings, and temwere at the giving of the law; what

querors,

that are overrun with most merciless conwho leave not anything behind them, but
'

flames and blackness will there appear at the execution thereof And if at the giving of the law
!

there appeared so
it

much

holiness and justice, that

made

all Israel fly;

yea, holy ]Moses 'exceedingly

and quake,' what will become of these that shall judge by the rigour of this law in the day of judgment? Ex. xk. 16; He. xu. 21. what thunderings and lightnings, what earthquakes and tempests, will there be in every damned soul, at the opening of this book ? Then, mdeed, wiU God visit them with thimder, and with earthquake, and great noise, with storm and tempest, and the flame of devouring fire. Is. xxix. 6 For behold, saith the prophet, the Lord will come with fire, and with his chariots like a whirlwind, to render his anger with fury, and his rebuke with
fear

God

all with fire and sword. For by fire, and by his sword, will the Lord plead with all flesh: and the slain of the Lord shall be manv.' is.ixvi. 16. There are two things at the day of judfment, will meet in their height and utmost strength, and they are sin and the law ; for the judgment

swallow up

will not be,
ripe. Joel
iii.

till

the iniquity of the world be
15—20.

full

13. He. x:v.

Now

then,
its

when

sin is

come
:

to its full, having

played aU

pranks, and done

all

the mischief

it

'

can against the Lord of glory then God brings forth the law, his holy and righteous law, one of

'

'

'

'

flames of

fire.

'

chap. ixvi. 15.

The Lord
sin,

will

come with
to

fire,

that

is,

in the

flaming heat of his justice and holiness against

and sinners,

execute

the

rigour of his

threatenings upon their perishing souls.
2.

The second general head,

that

is

contained

day is, its exactand purity, and strictness as to all acts of good that any poor creature hath done in this life, whereby he in the judgment will think to shelter, This is or secure himself from the wrath of God. the rule, and line, and plummet, whereby every act of every man shall be measured Ro. m. 31, 22. and he whose righteousness is not found every way answerable to this law, which all will fall short of, but they that have the righteousness of God by faith in Jesus Christ he must perish, as he saith, Judgment also will I lay to the hue, and righteousness to the plummet: and the hail shall sweep away the refuge of lies, and the waters shall overflow the hiding place.' is. xxriii. 17. That is, though men may now shelter themselves under legal repentance, cold profession, good meaning, thinkings, and doings yet all these things must be measured, and weighed in the balance of God's most righteous law: and, as I said, whatever in that day is not found the righteousness of God, it will be found a refuge of lies, and will be drowned by the overflowing of the wrath of God, as the waters of Noah overflowed the world. And hence it is that all the ungodly will at this day, be found as stubble, and the law as fire. Mai. iv. i. As it saith, From And his right hand went a fiery law. Ue. .xxxiii. 3. again, Ilis lips are full of indignation, and his tongue as a devouring fire. la. xxx. 27. For as fire,
in this law, to be opened at this

ness,

which will now reign for ever, that is, either the law or sin wherefore sin and sinners, they must tremble, with all that help, and hold them up for God 'will magnify the law, and make it honourable.' is. xiii. 21. That is, wiU give it the victory over the world for ever for that is holy, just, and good they are unholy, unjust, and bad. Therefore by this law the Lord shall rain snares, fire, and brimstone, and an horrible tempest this shall Let no man he the portion of their cup. Ps. xi. 6. say then, that because God is so famous in his mercy and patience, in this day of his grace, that therefore he will not be fierce, and dreadful in his for judgment and justice, in the day of judgment
:
;

;

;

'

:

'

;

justice, are

the last things that

God

intends to

;

bring upon the stage, which will then be to the full, as terrible, as now his goodness and patience,

and long-sufierance are admirable. Lord, who knoweth the power of thine anger ? even according
'

to thy fear, so is thy wrath.

'

Ps. xc. 11.

:

You may
his casting

see, if

you

will,

a few of the sparks of

'

the justice of
ofl"

God

against sin and sinners.
sin,

By

from heaven to hell by his drowning the old world by his burning of Sodom and Gomorrah, to ashes condemning them with an overthrow, making them an example to
angels for
; ;

those that after should live ungodly.
Jude
6, 7.
'

2 Pe.

ii.

4—6.

:

For what things soever the law saith, it saith that every mouth to them who are under the law may be stopped, and all the world may become
;

guilty before God.'

Ro. m. 19.

Moses seems

to

wonder, that the

cliildrcn

of

Israel could continue to live,

when they

'

'

'

'Did ever hear the lawdehvered on the mountain people,' saith he, ' hear the voice of God speaking out of the midst of the fire, as thou hast heard, that ye did but know the andlive?' De.i7.s.3.
law,

did but

'

and the wondrous things that are written


IIG
therein, before tlie

or THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD.

be heard not in

Lord cause

tliat fearful voice to

make

'

Cvirsed is every one

that continueth

all

things that are written in the book of
Ga.
iii.

the law to do them;'
fall

lo.

which curse nmst
the

full and soul-killing proof of every particular charged against them. [First Witness.]— A.i\^ the first is ^^^ witnesses God himself. 'I,' Saith he, 'will be give in their evi-

on

all

that walk not in

all

commandments a

swift witness against the sorcerers,

of
I

God

loithout iniquitij; Eze.

xxxiii. 15.

say, but they that

walk
ii.

in
lo.

which none do, Christ, who hath

alone fulfilled

them

all. Coi.

The law

is

that which standcth at the entrance

of the paradise of God, as a flaming sword, turning every way to keep out those that are not righteous

and against the adulterers, and against false swearers, and against those that oppress the hireling in his wages, the widow, and the fatherless, and that turn aside the stranger from his 7'ight, and 5. fear not me, saith the Lord of hosts.' Mai. This must needs be of great sway with every
iii.

with the righteousness of
not
skill

God

;

Ge. m. 24.

that have

soul, that

God should now come

in.

I will witness,

to

come

to the throne of grace

by that

new and
us
He.
X.

living

way which he hath
veil;

consecrated for
his flesh,

through the 20. for though
Col.

that

is

to say,

this law, I say,

be taken away

by Christ
believe
;

Jesus, for all that truly and savingly ii. 14. yet it remains in full force and
tittle

power, in every

man, that now
iii.

of it, against every soul of be found in his tabernacle, that is, in himself, and out of the Lord Jesus; no. 19. it lieth, I say, like a lion rampant at the gates of heaven, and will roar upon every unconshall

verted soul, fiercely accusing every one that

now

would gladly enter
city.
Job

in

xviii. 14. Jii. v. 45.

through the gates into this So, then, he that can

answer all its most perfect and legal commands, and that can live in the midst of devouring fire, have had, by the very book of the creatures. Ro. and there enjoy God and solace himself, he shall You gave way to the suggestions of fallen angels, and so your foolish hearts Avere darkened and dwell on high, and shall not be hurt by this law His place of defence sliall he the munitions of alienated, and estranged from God. his waters shall rocks bread shall be given him 2. All the creatures that were in the world, have Thine eyes shall see the king in his even condemned you they have been fruitfid, but he sure. beauty they shall behold the land that is very far you fruitless they have been fearful of danger, Is. xxxiii. 10, 17off". Blessed then is he whose righte- but you foolhardy they have taken the fittest ousness doth answer every point of the law of God, opportunity for their own preservation, but thou according to i Co. so. he shall be able to escape all hast both blindly, and confidently gone on to thy those things that shall come to pass, and to stand punishment. Pr. xxil. 3. before the Son of man for in himself, our God is 3. Touching the book of my remembrance, who a consuming fire, and man out of Christ, is but as can contradict it? Do not I fill heaven and earth? stubble, chafl^, thorns, briars, and fuel for the wrath saith the Lord. Was not I in all places to behold, of this holy and sinner-consuming God to seize to see, and to observe thee in all thy ways ? My upon for ever. He. xii. 29. Mai. iv. 1. Mat. 12. He. vi. 8. Is. eye saw the thief, and the adulterer, and I heard xxrii. 4. 2 Sa. xxiii. 7. Who Can Stand before his in- every lie and oath of the wicked. I saw the hypodignation ? And who can abide the fierceness of crisy of the dissembler. They have committed his anger ? His fury is poured out like fire, and villany in Israel, and have committed adultery with the rocks are thrown down by him.' Na. 6. their neighbours' wives, and have spoken lying Now when these three books are thus opened, words in my name, which I have not commanded there will without doubt, be sad throbbing and them; even I know, antl am a witness, saith the
i.
' : ; ; : ;
'

which you are accused before the Judge are true. I have seen all, know all, and write down all. There hath not been a thought in your heart, nor a word in your tongue, but I have known it altogether all things have alv:ays heen open and naked to mine eye. lie. iv. 13. Yea, my eyelids try the children of men. Ps. xi. 4. I have known your down-sitting, and your up-rising and have understood your thoughts afar off^. I have compassed your path, and am well acquainted with all your ways. Ps. cxxxix. 1—3. L You have not continued in that state of nature in which I did at first create you Ec. to. 29. you have not liked to retain that knowledge and understanding of God, that you had, and might
saith God, that these things of
;

;

;

;

i.

;

iii.

(i,

'

'

i.

pricking, in every heart that
life,

now

stands for his

Lord.
4.

'

Je. xxLX. 23.

before the judgment-seat of Christ, the righteous Judge and without all question, they will
;

God

will also

come
;

in against

them

for their

transgressing his law, even the law which he delivered on
tittle

be studying a thousand ways to evade and

shift

Mount

Sinai

he

will, I say,

open every

the stroke, that by the sin that these three books do charge them with, will immediately fall upon

thereof in such order and truth: and apply

the breach of each particular person with such con-

them.

vincing argument, that they will
to cut
off"

But now

all

these at a blow, forthwith
to evince,

appear the witnesses, who are ready

and

Every mouth shall be stopped, and all the world shall become guilty before God.' Rcffi. 19.
for ever
'

fall

down

silenced

;

OF THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD.
[Secoml WUmss.]
for the

117

There is yet another witness, condemning the transgressors of these laws,

men by
Eo.
ii.

Jesus Christ according to

my

gospel.'

and that
science
will cry

is, conscience Their conscience also bearing witness,' saith the apostle. Ro. 15. Con'

15, 16!

ii.

is

a thousand witnesses.
to every

Conscience,

it

The thoughts come in as a witness for God against the sinner upon the account of that unsteadiness and variety that were in them, both
touching God, and their ownselves. Sometimes the man thinks there is no God, but that everythinohath its rise of itself, or by chance, or fortune

amen

word that the great God

doth speak against thee. Conscience is a terrible accuser, it will hold pace with the witness of God
as to the truth of evidence, to a hair's breadth.

'

The

fool

hath said in his heart,

Tliere is

no God.'

rity, it

The witnesses of commands
which
it

conscience,
guilt,*
;

it is

of great autho-

Ps. xiv. 1.

soul

accuseth

and fasteneth it on every and hence it is said, If
'

Sometimes, again, they think there is a God, but yet they think and imagine of him falsely.
'

our heart [or conscience] condemn us.' iJn.iii. 20. Conscience will thunder and lighten at this day

Thou thoughtest
'

that I

was altogether such an
'but I
Avill

erne

as thyself,' saith
Ps.
1.

God;

reprove

even the consciences of the most pagan sinners in the world, wiU have sufficiently wherewith to accuse, to condemn, and to make paleness appear
in their faces,

thee.

21.

Men
light
:

think, that because they can sin with de-

that therefore

and breaking
its

in their loins,

by

rea-

out punishment.

God can let them escape withNay, oftentimes they think, that

son of the force of

conviction.

Oh, the mire
it is

God doth
else that

either quite forget their wickedness, or

and

dirt,

that a guilty conscience,

when

forced

he

will

be pleased with such satisfaction

and throw out befoi'e the judgment-seat! It must out, none can speak peace, nor health, to that man upon whom God hath let loose his own conscience. Cain will now cry, 'My punishment is greater than I can bear;' Judas will hang himself and both Belshazzar and Felix will feel the joints of their loins to be loosened, and their knees to smite one against
to speak, will cast up,
;

as they are pleased to give him, even a few howlllo. vii. 14. feigned and hypocritical tears, and weepings, which pass from them more for fear of the punishment of hell-fire, than because they have olfended so holy, so just, and so glorious a God, and so loving and so condescending a Jesus.

ing prayers,

Mai.

ii.

13.

another,
3.

when conscience
Ac.
.xxiv. 23.

stirreth.

Ge.

iv.

13.

Mat.

xx\-ii.

Da.

V. 6.

When

conscience

is

once tho-

roughly awakened, as it shall be before the judgment-seat: God need say no more to the sinner than Solomon said to filthy Shimei, Thou knowest
'

Sometimes again, they have had right thoughts of something of God, but not of him together either thinking so of his justice, as to drive them from him, and also cause them to put him out of Or else so thinking of his their mind. Job xxi. 14. mercy as that they quite forget his holiness and
;

all

the wickedness which thine heart
ii.

is

privy to.'

justice.

Now both

these are but base thoughts of

As who shoidd say. Thy conscience God, and so erroneous, and sinful thoughts. Sometimes also, they have pretty right thoughts knoweth, and can weU inform thee of all the evil, and sin that thou art guilty of. To all which it of God, both as to justice and mercy, but then,
1 Ki.
41.

answereth, even as face answereth to face in a
glass
;

through the wretchedness

of

their

unsatisfied

or

as an echo answereth the
fast, I

man

that con-

nature, they, against this light and knowledge, do,

speaketh; as
of
all,

say, as

God chargeth
;

science wiU cry out. Guilty, guilty
of every whit
;

Lord, guilty
will

with shut eyes, and hardened hearts, rush fiercely, knowingly, and willingly again into their sins and
wickedness.
He.
vi.

I

remember

clearly all the

4-6;

x. 26.

2 Pe.

ii.

20.

crimes thou layest before me.

Thus, I say,

conscience be a witness against the soul, in the

day of God. [Third Witness.] As God and conscience will at this day be most dreadful witnesses against the

these various thoughts of God, so also their thoughts are not steady about themselves. Sometimes they think they are sinners, and

As men have

therefore they have need of mercy.

sinful

man

;

so also will those several thoughts

that have passed tlu'ough
also against him.

man's heart, be a witness
said before,
*

Sometimes again, they think they are righteous, and so have not so much need mark, and yet both alike rotten and base because, as the last is alto; ;

As he

Their con-

gether senseless, so the
sensible. Mar.
x.

first is
xviii.

not at

all

savingly

science also bearing witness, and their thoughts the

17—22. Lu.

11, 13.

meanwhile accusing, or else excusing one another; In the day when God shall judge the secrets of
*

Sometimes again, they think they are gods;
Eze.
xxv-iii.

they do
Conscience, at
tlie

day of judgment, will imperatively
13.

'command

or

if

they shall never die or that if yet they shall never rise again; ICo.xt. they do rise again, yet they shall be saved,
1—6. that
;

die,

guilty which had been committed, to appear, and

upon the soul, which it accuseth. This is a most impressive and solemn appeal; there can then be no concealment, no subterfuge, Ed.
will fasten it

though they have the days of their

lived vilely
life. De.
x.vix.

and

in their sins all

is-20.

Now,

I say,

every one of these thoughts, with ten thousand

lis
more of
tlie

OF THE RESURRECTIO^T OF THE DEAD.
like nature, will

the rebels in the judgment-day.
shall every

God bring in against Which thoughts

strengch of truth

against them: they will then

begin, though poorly, and without
to

one of them be brought forth in their

any advantage, plead for themselves, which plea will be to this

sheweth to man what is his And, again, I know that thou canst do every thing, and iliat no thought can be
distinct order.

He

effect.

thought. Am.

iv.

13.

'

Lord, we did find in the scriptures, that thou
didst send a Saviour into the world, to
.
.

„,
Tlie

.

smncT

,

9

with-holden from thee.

'

Job

xiii. 2.

We

read,

that

deliver us

from these

sins

and miseries,

plea for him"^

M'hen the strangers at Jerusalem did but hear the
apostles speak to every one of
lauo-uao-e,
Ac.
ii.

them

in their

own

We heard this Saviour also published, and openly proffered to such poor sinners as

Judgmeut^^''''•

how

it

c-8.

But, I

amazed and confounded them. say, how will they look and be
shall evidently, clearly,

we

are.

Lord, Lord,

we

also

made

pro-

amazed when God

and

fully

speak out all their hearts, and every thought they have had before them Now the reason and strength of this witness will lie here, that God will by the variety and crossness that their thoughts had one to another, and by the
!

and were many of us frequenters of his holy ordinances. We have eaten and drank in thy presence, and thou hast taught Lord, we have also some of us, in our streets. been preachers ourselves, we have prophesied in thy name, and in thy name have we cast out devils, and done many wondrous works. Na\', Lord, we
fession of this Saviour,

contradiction that was in them, prove

them

sinners

did herd

among thy people

;

we forsook the
;

pro-

because that, I say, sometimes they thought there was a God, sometimes again, they
;

and ungodly

fane and wicked world, and carried our shining

lamps before us
open
to us. Mat.

in the face of all

men Lord, Lord,
;

Sometimes they thought, that he was such a God, and sometimes again, they sometimes they thought of him quite contrary thought he was worth regarding, and sometimes they tliought he was not as also, sometimes they thought he woidd be faithful, both to mercy, and justice, and sinners and sometimes again, they thouglit he would not. What greater argument now can there be, to prove men, vanity, froth, a lie, sinners, deluded by the devil, and such as had false apprehensions of
thought there was none.
; ; ;

vll.

21—23

;

xxv. 1, 2, 10, 11

Lii. xiii.

2-1—28.

And

all

the while they are thus pleading, and

speaking for themselves: behold,
they groan,

how

earnestly

how

ghastly they look, and

how now
Lord,
to

the brinish tears flow

down

like rivers

from their

eyes, ever redoubling their petition. Lord,

Lord, Lord

:

first

thinking of this thing, and then

of that, ever contending, seeking,

and striving
is

enter in at this strait gate.

As

Christ salth,
risen up,'

'When once
that
is,

the master of the house

when

Christ hath laid aside his media-

God, bis ways, his word, his justice, his holiness,
of themselves, their sins, and every action
?

they will indeed appear a very lump of confusion, a mass of sin, a bundle of ignorance, of atheism, of unbelief, and of all things that should
lay them obnoxious to the judgments of God.
will

Now

and hath taken upon him only to judge and condemn then will the wicked begin to stand without, and to knock and contend for a
tion for sinners,
;

portion

among them
of glory!

that are the blessed.

Ah, how

will their hearts twitter while

they look upon the
will

This God, I say, by mustering up the thoughts of man, and by shewing of them, that every imagination and thought of their heart was only evil, and
that continually, (by shewing of them what staggering, drunken, wild, and uncomely thoughts they

kingdom
still

and how

they ache and

throb at every view of hell, their proper place!
that

that we might inherit life, and we might escape eternal death! Fourtli, But now, to take away all cavils and
crying,

objections, that of this nature will arise in the hearts

lave had, both of him, and of themselves,) convince them, cast them, and condemn them for
sinners,

of these
is

men: forthwith

^Ae &oo^ o/ZZ/e

Tiie

book

of

creatures, the

and transgressors against the book of book of his remembrance, and the

book of the law.

By the

variety of their thoughts,

they shall bo proved unstable, ignorant, wandering stars, clouds carried with a tempest, without order or guidance, and taken captive of the devil
at his will.

opened. brought out for a conclusion, and a ^^^^ The final end of eternal judgment. As John salth, books were opened and another book was opened, which is tlie booh of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the
'
;

books, according to their works.'

Re. xx. 12,

But

this

book of

life, it is

not at this time opened,
;

because there are not any godly to be tried
as I have shewed before, their

for

the wicked are thus standing upon their trial and lives before the judgment-seat, and
that in the view of heaven

Now, while

and over,
life,

judgment is past The book of before the wicked rise.

and

hell,

they, I say,

then,

is

now opened

for further conviction of

hearing and seeing such dreadful things, both written and witnessed against every one of them, and that by such books and such witnesses as do not
only talk, but testify,

damned

reprobates,

that

their

mouths may be

stopped for ever, as touching all their cavils, contendings, and arguments against God's proceeding
in

and that with the whole

judgment with them.

For

believe

it,

while

God

;

:

or THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD.
ii

119
will sadness be the soul of the perishin'»of finding their names in this
life

judging tliem,

tliey will fall to
liis

judging liim again;
sayings,

among
added
part of

the damned.
to

Thus, I say,

but he will be justified in

and

will

sadness,

in

overcome when he is judged at this day. Ko.m.*—6. Yet not by a hasty and angry casting them away, but by a legal and convincing proceeding against them, and overthrowing all their cavils by his manifest and invincible truth. Wherefore, to cut off all that they can say, he will now open the book of life before them, and will shew them what is written therein, both as to election, conversion, and a truly gospel conversation. And will convince them that they neither are of the number of his elect, neither were they ever regenerate, neither had they ever a truly gospel conversation in the world.

world when they
'

fail

the book of

of the
'

Lamb
8.

slain

from

the foundation of the world.
2.
is

Re. xUi.

The second part

of this book,

is

that in M-hich

recorded, the nature of conversion, of faith, love, &c. And those that have not had the effectual

word of God upon them, and the true and savin"operation of grace in their hearts, which is indeed the true life which is begun in every Christian,
they will be found
still

not written in this book;

for the living, the holy living souls, are they only

By
thou,

these three things, then, out of this book,

who art not saved, must at last be judged and overcome. 1. Here will be tried, whether thou art within that part of this book wherein all the elect are recorded; for
all

as the prophet saith, remaineth in Jerusalem, shall be called holy, even every one that is written among
;

that are written therein
'

And

he

tliat

the living in Jerusalem:'

is. iv. 3.

Eternal
every

life

is

already in this
shall be saved;
in

life,

begun
life.'

in
'

sod that
'

as Christ saith,

the elect are written here, as Christ

me

hath everlasting

He that believeth And aaain, Whoso

saith, 'Rejoice,

because your names are written in

eateth

my

flesh,

heaven;'

Lu.

x. 20.

to his Father, 'all
cxxxix. 16.

and again, 'In thy book,' saith he my members were written.' Ps.
found, either
rest of saints,
is

nal Hfe; and I
Jn.
Ti. 51.

and drinketh my blood, hath eterwill raise him up at the last day.'

And

hence they are called the living, that

He.

xii.

22, 23.

Now, then, if thy name be not among the prophets, apostles, or the thou must be put by, as one that
Isa. xiv. 19.

cast away,

as one polluted, and as an abominable branch

wanting in the genealogies 63. thou art not *pricked for everlasting life, therefore thou must not be delivered from that soul-amazing misery; for there are no souls can, though they would give a thousand Avorlds, be delivered at the day of God but such that are found written in tliis book. Every one of those that ai-e written, though never an one of those that are not written, shall in that day be delivered from the wrath to come. Ba. xiL i.
thy
is

name

and

rolls of

heaven,

Ezr.

ii.

Here then, the Lord will open before thee, what conversion is, in the true and simple nature of it, Avhich when thou beholdest, thou wilt then be convinced, that this thou hast missed of; for it must needs be, that when thou beholdest by the records of heaven, what a change what a turn; what an alteration the work of regeneration maketh on every soul, and in every heart, where the eftectual call, or the call according to his purpose, is that thou who hast lived a stranger
are written in this book.
;

to this, or that hast contented thyself with the notion

only, or a formal,
I say, it
fall

and feigned profession thereof

cannot be but that thou must forthwith down, and with grief conclude, that thou hast
in this part of the

book of life neither, There is not No; the damned now begin to look for their names in one dead, carnal, wicked man recorded here. this book. Those that, when once the long-suffer- but when the Lord shall at this day make mention of Rahab, of Babylon, of Philistia, and Ethiopia: inff of God waited on them, made liffht of all admonition, and slighted the counsel of making their that is, of all the cursed rabble and crew of the calling and election sure: would now o-ive thou- damned: then he will say, that this man was born sands of treasures, that they could but spy their there that is, amongst them, and so hath his names, though last and least among the sons of name where they have theirs; namely, under the God. But, I say, how wiU they fail ? how will black rod, in the king's black book, where he hath It shall be they faint? how will they die and languish in recorded all his enemies and traitors. said of tliis man, of this ungodly man, that he was their souls ? when they shall still as they look, see their names wanting. What a pinch will it born there, Ps. LxxxvU. 4. that he lived and died in the be to Gain to see his brother there recorded, and state of nature, and so under the curse of God, he himself left out. Absalom will now swoon, and even as others: for as he said of wicked Coniah, Write ye this man cliildless,' Je.xxii.30. so he saith be as one that giveth up the ghost, when he shall of every ungodly man that so departeth out of this see David his father, and Solomon his brother
no share
But,

methinks, with what careful hearts will

the living only are written herein.

'

written here, while he withal

is

written in the earth,

world, Write this

man
say,

graceless.

Wherefore,
*
'

I

among

the Babylonians and

Pricked,' nominated

sheriffs are pricked.

—Ed.

by a puuctiu'c or mai'k,

as

our

Philistines;

pagans, his

among the unbelieving Moors and name Mill be found in the day when it

— —

! ; :

;

120
will

OF THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD.
be inquired
Avliere

every

man was

born; for

profession, that thy conversion, thy faith,

and

all

God

at tbis day, will divide the whole world into

these two ranks

—the

children

of the world, and

other graces thou thinkest thou hast, will prove gold, silver, and precious stones in this day? Behold, he

Wherefore here is the lionour, the privilege, and advantage that the godly above the wicked will have at the day of their counting, when the Lord maketh mention of Zion, it shall be then acknowledged tliat this and that (good) man was born in lier. The Lord shall count, saith the prophet, when he writeth up the people, that Tliis man this 7}iaii was born there.' Ps. bcxxvii.6. had the work of conversion, of faith, and grace in
the children of Zion.
' '

comes as a

refiner's fire,

and as

fuller's

soap.

Shalt thou indeed abide the melting and

Examine, I say, beforehand, ? and try thyself unfeignedl}'-; for everyone 'that doth truth cometh to the light, that his deeds may be made manifest, that they are wrought in God.'
Avashing of this day
Jn.
iii.

'

21.

Thou

sayest thou art a Christian, that also thou

hast repented, dost believe, and love the Lord Jesus;

his soul.

This
Ga.

man
He.
xii.

is

heavenly
heaven.
that
is

Jerusalem,
iv.

which
23.

a child of Zion, of the also written in is

26.

Blcssed

is

the people

but the question is, whether these things will be found of equal length, height, and breadth with the book of life, or whether, when thou art weighed in
the balance, thou wilt yet be found wanting.
Da.

in

such a case.

Ps. cxUv. 15.

But, poor sold, counters*
self

Avill

not go for gold

now; for though so long as thou didst judge thy-

by the crooked
affection,

and
yet

rule of thy own reason, fancy, thou wast pure in thine own eyes

speak for thyself before God, thou shouldst say Sibboleth instead of Shibboleth: that is, though almost, yet
V. 27.

How

if,

when thou comest

to

not rightly and naturally the language of the Christians. Ju.
xii. 6.

now thou must be judged
rule of the

and
this

Lord Jesus

:

by the words which word shall not
alone

If thou miss but one letter in thy evidence, thou
art gone; for

now, as
crite's

way and

be wrested and wrung, both smooth thee up in thy hypohope and carnal confidence; but be thou king
in times past,

though thou mayest deceive thy own
inGa.
oft\

that, to

heart with brass, instead of gold, and with tin
stead of silver, yet
vi. 7.

or keser,t be thou
Christ,

who thou

wilt, the

word of

and that with this intei-pretation only, it judge thee in the last day. Jn. xii. 48. Now will sinners begin to cry with loud and bitter cries. Oh! ten thousand worlds for a saving work of grace. Crowns and kingdoms for the least measure of saving faith, and for the love, that
shall

were,

God will not be so put You know how confident the foolish and yet how they were deceived.
saints,

virgins

They

herded with the
shining lamps,

they went forth from the

gross pollutions of the world, they every one had

bridegroom,

and all Avent forth to meet the and yet they missed the kingdom

Christ will say,

is

the love of his

own

Spirit.

they were not written among the living at Jerusalem they had not the true, powerful, saving woi'k
;

they will begin also to see the work of a broken and a contrite spirit, and of walking with God, as living stones, in this world. But alas
these things appear in their hearts to the damned too late; as also do all things else. This will be but like the repentance of the thief, about whose

Now

of conversion, of faith,

and grace

in their souls:

they that are foolish take their lamps, but take no oil, no saving grace, with them. Mat.xxv. l—4. Thus

you see how sinners will be put to it before the judgment-seat from these two parts of this book
of
life.

But,

neck

the halter, and he turning off the ladder for the unfortunate hap of the damned will be, that the glory of heavenly tilings will not appear to them
is

out of season. Christ must now indeed be shewed to them, as also the true nature of faith and all grace; but it will be, when the door is shut, and mercy gone. They will pray, and repent most earnestly; but it will be in the time of great
till

There is yet another part of this book to be opened, and that is, that part of it in which are recorded those noble and Christian acts, that they have done since the time of their conversion and
3.

turning to Christ.

Here, I say, are recorded the testimony of the saints against sin and antichrist;
their suffering for the sake of God, their love to

the

members
and

of Christ, their patience under the

waters of the floods of eternal wrath, when they cannot come nigh him. l Ti. vi. iS; Mat. xxv. lo, ll; Ps.
xxxii. G.

cross,

their faithful frequenting the assemblies

of the saints,

and

their encouraging one another to
;

bear up in his ways in the worst of times
tell

even

Well, then,

me, sinner,

if

Christ should

now

come

to

of the book of
*
'

judge the world, canst thou abide the trial life ? art thou confident that thy

and when they that wrought wickedness were even set up. As he
called happy,

when the proud were
'

Couuters,' false coin
'

Will you with counters

sum
S/iahjjcare.

Then they that feared the Lord spake often one to another and the Lord hearkened, and heard it, and a book of remembrance
there saith,
:

The
t
'

vast proportiou of his infinite.'

—Ed.

was written before him for them that feared the Lord, and that thought upon his name.' Mai.
lii.

Kpser,' Ca'sar or emperor.

Ed.

IG.

OF THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD.
For indeed, as
truly as

121

name found
and

in the first part of

any person hatli his tliis book of life,
;

hfe.

his conversion in

the second

so there is a

which there are his noble, spiritual, and holy actions recorded and set down. As it is said by the Spirit to John, concerning those that
third part, in

mendations, recorded in this part of the book of What hast thou done, man, for God in this world? Art thou one of them that hast set thyself against those strong stx-ugglings of pride, lust
in

covetousness, and secret wickedness, that remaiu

suffered

martyrdom

for the truth of Jesus, 'Write,
:

And

thy heart, like Job and Paul? Jobi. 8; 2Co. x. 4, 5, do these strugglings against these thin"-s,

Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord - Yea, saitli the Spirit, that they may rest from their labours and their works do follow them. Re.
; '

arise

from pure love to the Lord Jesus, or from some legal terrors and conviction for sin. Ga. v. g.

xiv. 13.

Dost thou, I say, struggle against thy lusts, because thou dost in truth, love the sweet, holy, and blessed
leadings of the Spirit of the Lord Jesus its leadings of thee, I say, into his blood and death, for
;

And

hence

it is

that the labours of the saints
are mentioned together, sig-

and the book of

life,

nifying that the travels, and labours, and acts of

thy justification and deliverance from wrath

to

the godly, are recorded therein.

Piu. iv. 3.

come.
tell
it

Phi.

iii.

6—8;

2 Co. v. 14.

And

hence

it is

again, that the Lord doth

What
name
I

acts of self-denial, hast thou done for the

Sardis, that those

among them

that stood

out to

the last gasp, in the faith and love of the gospel,

should not be blotted out of the book of
they, with the

life

;

but

labour for

work of God on their soul, and their God in this world should be confessed
;

Lord Jesus, among the sons of men? what house, what friend, what wife, what children, and the like, hast thou lost, or left for the word of God, and the testimony of his truth in the
of the
say,

world ?

Mat. xix. 27,

28..

Re.

xii.

11.

Wast thou one
afilict

of

before his Father, and before his angels.

Re. m.

5.

them, that didst sigh, and

thyself for the

This part of this book,
'

is in

another place called,
'

The book
it,

of the wars of the Lord,
I say, are

Nu.

xxi.

M. be-

marked and recorded
iii.

abominations of the times? and that Christ hath for such an one ? Eze. ix. 4. Zep.
18.

cause in

recorded these famous acts
exact the Holy Ghost
in

of the saints against the world, flesh, and the devil.

In a word, art thou one of them, that wouldst
not be won, neither by fear, frowns, nor flatteries,
to

You

find also,

how

is,

recording the travels, pains, labour, and goodness
of any of the children of Israel, in their journey

forsake the ways of God, or wrong thy con-

science? or art thou one of

them that

slightest

Canaan, which was a representation of the travels of the saints, from nature to grace, and from grace to glory. King Ahasuerus, kept in his library a book of records, wherein was written, the good service that his subjects did for him at any time, which was a type also of the manner and order of heaven. And as sure as ever Mor/'com
to

Egypt

those opportunities that Satan and this world did
often give thee to return to sin in secret. He.
xi.

15.

These be the men whose praise is in the gospel, and whose commendable and worthy acts are reAlas, corded before the Judge of all the world.
alas, these things are strange things to a carnal

decai,

when search was made
:

in the

rolls,

was

found there to have done such and such service for the king and his kingdom Es. vi. i, 2. so surely will be found, what every saint hath done for God, at the day of inquiry. You find in the Old Testament also, still as any of the kings of Judah died,
it

and wicked man. Nothing of this hath been done by him in this hfe, and therefore how can any such be recorded for him in the book of life ? wherefore As he must needs be shut out of this part also. David saith, Let them be blotted out of the book of the living, and not be written with the righte'

ous.'

Pfl. Lxuc.

28.

was surely a record in the book of Chronicles, of their memorable acts and doings for their God, the church, and the coininonweallh of Israel, which
there

Thus
where

I

say, the

wicked

will

find

nothing for

their comfort, either in the first part of this book,
all the names of the elect are, neither will they find anything in the second part thereof, where are recorded the true nature and operation of efi'ec-

doth further hold forth unto the children of men, this very thing, that all the kings of the New
still

Testament, which are the saints of God, have all their acts, and what they have done for their God,
&c., recorded in the book of Chronicles in the keavenly Jerusalem.

tual conversion, of faith, or love, or the
I say, neither

like.;

and

Now,

I say,

when

this part of the

book
in
it,

of life

shall be opened,

what can be found

of the

can anything be found in this tliird part, wherein are recorded the worthy acts, and memorable deeds of the saints of the Lord Jesus. Thus, when Christ therefore hath opened before them this book of life, and convinced the ungodly
at this day out of
it,

good deeds and heaven-born actions of wicked men ?
Just nothing
; for as it is thorns should bring forth grapes, or that thistles

he

will

not to be expected that

saying,

I find

nothing herein that

then shut it up again, will do you good ;

should bear figs : so

it

cannot be imagined, that

ungodly
VOL.

men

should have anything to their com-

you are none of my elect, you are the sons of perFor as these things will be found clear dition. and fuU in the book of life, so they will be found

II.

122

OF THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD.
word before the world, hypocrisy, and arrogancy: yet, I say, when they see us on the right hand of Christ, commingled among the angels of light, and themselves on his left hand, and commingled with the angels of darkness and, I say, when they shaU see our hearts and ways opened before their eyes, and owned by the Judge for honest hearts and good ways, and yet the same ways that they hated, slighted, disowned and contemned, what will they, or what can they say, but
profession of his
pride,
;

effectually wrouglit in the hearts of the elect, all

whose conversion and perseverance shall now be opened before thine eyes, as a witness, I say, of tlie truth of what thou here seest opened before Now, thee, and also of thy unregenerate estate. tliou wilt see Avhat a turn, what a change, and what a clinging to God, to Christ, and his word

and ways

;

there was found in the souls of the

be seen also how reand heartily the true child of God did oppose, resist, and war against his most Now the dear and darling lusts and corruptions. saints are hidden ones, but then they shall be manifest; this is the morrow in which the Lord
saved ones!

Here

shall

solvedly, unfeignedly,

fools counted their lives madness, and end to be without honour but how are they numbered with the saints, and owned by God and

thus

— We

their

;

Christ!

shew who are his, and who they are that fear the Lord, and who that fear him not. Ps. lxxxm.3; l Now you shall See how 18. Sa. viii. 19. Nu. xvi. ?. Mai. Abraham left his country; He.xi. 8. how close good ]jot did stick to God in profane and wicked Sodom
will
iii.
;

And

truly,

was

it

not that the world might, by

seeing the turn that
their conversion,

ways, or be
I

left

is wrought on the godly at be convinced of the evil of their without excuse the more in the day

of God, (with

some other reasons) they should

not,

2Pe.u.7,8.

how
Mat.

the apostles left

all to

follow Jesus

am

persuaded, stay so long from heaven as they

and how patiently they took all and necessities for how they endured the kingdom of heaven's sake burning, striving, stoning, hanging, and a thousand
Christ
;

xix. 29.

do, nor

crosses, afflictions, persecutions,
;

frequently befals them.

imdergo so much abuse and hardship as God, by the lengthening
life

out the

of his people that are scattered here

calamities;

how they manifested

their love to their

Lord, his cause, and people in the worst of times,

and

in the

days when they were most rejected,

slighted, abused,

and abased

;

'

then shall the King
all

say to them on his right hand, (and that when
the devils

and damned sinners stand by,) Come, ye blessed of ray Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world:
(you are indeed the truly converted souls, as appears by the grace that was in your hearts) for
I

was an hungered, and ye gave me meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink I was a stranger, and ye took me in Naked, and ye clothed me I was sick, and ye visited me I was in prison, and ye came unto me.' Mat.xxv. 34-—36. You owned me, stood by me, and denied yourselves to nourish me and my poor members, in our low, and weak, and most despised condition. This, I say, the world shall see, hear, and be witnesses of, against themselves and their souls for ever for how can it be,
:

:

:

:

and there among men in this world, is makingwork for the day of judgment, and the overthrow of the implacable, for ever and ever; and, as I have said, will by the conversion, life, patience, selfdenial, and heavenly-mindedness of his dear children, give them a heavy and most dreadful blow. Now, when God hath thus laid open the work of grace, both by the book of life and the Christian's heart then, of itself wiU fall to the ground, their pleading what gifts and abilities they had in this world; they will now see that gifts, and grace, are two things and also, that whosoever is graceless, let their gifts be never so excellent, they must perish and be lost for ever; wherefore, for all their gifts, they shall be found the workers of iniquity, and shall so be judged and condemned. Mat. vu. 22, 23. That is a notable place in the prophecy of Ezekiel, 'Thus saith the Lord GOD,' saith he, 'If the give a gift to any of prince, the Prince of Life, his sons, that is, to any that are truly gracious
: ;
' '

;

'

'

the inheritance,
'

'

or the profit that he gets

but these poor damned sinners should be forced to confess, that they were both Christless and graceless,

when they

shall find, both in the

book of

life,

in the hearts of the holy and beloved souls, that which themselves are quite barren of, and greatest strangers to. The saints, by the fruits of

and

be his son's' that is, for the exerbut if cise of his gift he shall receive a reward he give a gift of his inheritance to one of his servants, that is not a son, then it shall be his but
thereby,
shall
; ' '

'

'

'

to the year of liberty; after,
Eze.

it

shall return to the
it is

prince,' he.

xM. 16, 17.

This day of liberty

regeneration, even in this world, do testify to the world, not only the truth of conversion in themselves,

but also that they are yet Christless, and

so hcavenless, and salvationless, that are not converted. 1 Ti. vi. 12; 1 Th. ii. 10; 2 Ti. ii. 2. But alaS while
!

now, when the Judge is set upon the throne to judgment, even the glorious liberty of the children of God, Ko. viii. 21. wherefore then will Christ say to them that stand by, Take from him the pound,
'

we
oiir

are here, they will evade this testimony, both

of our happiness,

by calling our faith, phantasy; cummuiiion with God, delusion; and the sincere

This serand give it to him that hath ten pounds. vant must not abide in the house for ever, though with the son it shall be so. Jn. viii. 35. Lu. xix. 24. A man may be used as a servant in the church of
'

;

OF THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD.
God, and

123
let

may

receive

many

gifts,

and much know-

least hinder,

weaken, obstruct, or
rate,

them

in seek-

ledge of the things of heaven, and yet at last himself be no more than a very bubble and nothing.
1 Co.
xiii.

ing the welfare of their souls.

Now men

will tattle

and prattle at a mad

about election and

re-

1

3.

But now,
cleai'ly,

I say, at this

day, they shall clearly

see the difference between gifts

and grace, even as

probation, and conclude, that because all are not elected, therefore God is to blame that any arc damned but then they will see, that they are not
:

as

now they

that have eyes can sec the

between gifts and ignorance, and very foolishness. This our day doth indeed abound
difference

with gifts
corner;

many men have
;

sparkling wits are seen in every
the word and truths of Christ at
;

not elected, but because they sinned; and also that they sinned, not because God put any weakness into their souls, but because they gave way, and that wilfully, knowingly, and
desperately, to Satan and his suggestions
;

damned because they were

and

so

their fingers' ends

but alas, with many, yea, a
is

turned away from the holy unto them
;

commandment

delivered

great many, there

nought but wits and

gifts

yea, then they will see, that though

they are but words,

all their religion lieth in their

tongues and heads, the power of what they say and know, it is seen in others, not in themselves. These are like the lord on whom the king of Israel
leaned, they shall see the plenty, the blessed plenty

some times did fasten his cords about their heads, and heels, and hands, both by godly education, and smarting convictions, yet they rushed
at

God

away with
their

violence from all, saying, Let us break bands asunder, and cast away their cords
'

that

God doth

provide, and will bestow

upon
3

his
17

from
ings,

us.'

Ps.ii. 3.

God

will

be justified in his say-

church, but they shall not taste thereof.
—20.

ivi. vii.

and clear when he judgeth, Ps.li.4; though thy proud ignorance thinks to have, and to multiply,
cavils against him.

Ohs. First.

Before

I

conclude this matter, oball

serve, [first,] that cavils that are

among

the objections and

Ohs. Second.

made, and will be made, by the ungodly, in the day of the Lord Jesus, they have not one /iM???;P* about election and reprobation; they murmur not at all that they were not predestinated to eternal hfe; and the reason is, because then they shall see, though now they are blind, that God
could in his prerogative royal, without prejudice

of the elect,

But secondly, as the whole body by the nature of conversion in their
;

hearts, shall witness a non-conversion in the hearts

of the wicked

and as the ungodly

shall fall
:

under

the conviction of this cloud of witnesses

so, to in-

crease their conviction, there will also be opened before

them

all

the labours of the godly, both

ministers and others, and the pains that they have
if it had been possible, these damned and now will it come burning hot upon their souls, how often they were forewarned of this day; now they shall see, that there was never any quarter-sessions, nor general jail-delivery more pub-

them that are damned, choose and refuse at and besides, they at that day shall be convinced, that there was so much reality and
to

taken, to save,

pleasure

;

wretches

;

grace and mercy

downright willingness in God, in every tender of to the worst of men and also so
;

much
every

goodness, justness, and reasonableness in

licly foretold of,

than this day.

You know

that

command

of the gospel of grace, which they

the judges before they begin their assizes, do give
to the coimtry in charge, that they take

were so often entreated and beseeched to embrace, that they will be drowned in the conviction of this,
that did refuse love, grace, reason,
say, for hatred, grace for sin,
able, for things unreasonable shall
devil,
&;c.
;

heed to
rebel,

the laws and statutes of the king.

Why

love, I

see they left

and things reasonand vain. Now they glory for shame, God for the
for

thou shalt be at this day convicted, that every sermon thou hast heard, and that every serious debate thou hast been at about the things of God, and laws of eternity, they were to thee as the judge's charge before the assizes and judgment began. Every exhortation of every minister of God, it is as that which Paul gave to Timothy, and comI charge manded him to give in charge to others

heaven

for

hell, light

darkness.

Now

they shall see that though they
beasts, yet

made themselves

God made them

reasonable creatures,

and that he did with reason expect that they should have adliered to, and have delighted in, things that are good, and according to God yea, now they
;

'

thee before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, and tlie saith he, ' that thou observe these elect ano-els,
'

though God did not determine to bring them to heaven against their hearts and wills, and the love that they had to their sins yet then they shall be convinced, that God was far from infusing anything into their souls, that should in the
shall see, that
:

things;'

and again,

'

I

of God,

who quickeneth

give thee charge in the sight all things, and before Jesus

Christ, Avho before Pontius Pilate witnessed a good

That thou keep this commandment without spot, unrebukeable, until the appearing of
confession;

—Eo.

'Hump;' or 'hump-back' is a deformity in nature, so Bunj-an uses the word 'hump' as 3 deformity in judgment.

*

These our Lord Jesus Christ,' iTi. v.2i; vi.i3.i4. things give in charge, saith he, that they may be This, I say, hast thou heard and seen, blameless.

and yet thou hast not held

fast,

but hast cast away

:;

;

124

OF THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD.
thou that judgest dost the same thing; wherefore, wherein thou hast judged another, thou condcmnest I must therefore, saith Christ, look upon thyself.

'

warned

the things that thou hast heard, and hast heen of: alas! God will multiply his witnesses

against thee.

be a wit1. ness against thee, that thou hast, contrary to thy light and knowledge, destroyed thy soul, as Joshua
shall

Thy own vows and promises

thee to be no other but a sinner against thy own mouth, and cannot but judge thee as a despiser of

said to the children of Israel,

when they

said the

Lord should be their God. Well, saith he, * Ye are witnesses against yourselves that ye have chosen That is, if now you you the Lord, to serve him.
'

turn back again, even this covenant and resolution of yours will in the great day be a witness against

you

— And they
'

said.

We

are witnesses.

'

Jos. xxiv. 23.

Every time you have with your mouth said well of godliness, and yet gone on in wickedness or every time you have condemned sin in others, I say, and yet have not refrained it yourselves every such word and conclusion that hath passed
2.
;

goodness, and the riches of my forbearance by which means, thou hast treasured up wrath against this day of wrath, and revelation of the He that righteous judgment of God. Ro. i— 5. hnoueth to do good, and doth it not, to Mm it is sin. Thus will God, I say, judge and condemn poor sinners, even from and by themselves, to the fire, that lake of brimstone and fire. 3. God hath said in his word, that rather than there shall want witness at the day of judgment, against the workers of iniquity: the very dust of

my

ii.

their city, that shall cleave to his messengers thiit

publish the gospel shall itself be a witness against

out of thy mouth, sinner,
Christ
as Christ saith,

it

shall

be as a witness

against thee in the day of God, and the Lord Jesus
' ;

By

thy words thou shalt

be justified, and by thy words thou shalt be condemned. Mat. xu. 37. I observe, that talk with who you will, tliey will with their mouth say, serving
'

them; and so Christ bid his servants say Into whatsoever city ye enter, and they receive you not, go your ways out into the streets of the same, and say, Even the very dust of your city, which cleaveth on us, we do wipe ofi" against you:' &c. But it shall I say unto you, saith he to his ministers,
' '

'

'

of God, and loving of Christ, and walking in of holiness, are best,
I

and best

will

ways come of them.
and

be more tolerable for
for that city. ' Lu.
It
x.

Sodom

'

at the

judgment 'than
the dust

10—12.

observe again, that
will

men

that are grossly wicked

may

be, that

when thou hearest that

themselves,

yet,

with heavy censures

of the street, (that cleaveth to a minister of the

ness, pride,

judgments, condemn drunkenness, lying, covetousand whoring, with all manner of abo-

minations in others; and yet, in the meantime, continue to be neglecters of God,
sin

and embracers of
flesh

and the allurements of the
souls, every

themselves.

Why, such
godliness,

time they speak well of

and continue in their sins; they do pass judgment upon themselves, and provide a witness, even their own mouth, against their own soul, at the judgment-seat Out of thy own mouth,' saith ;' Christ, 'will I judge thee, thou wicked servant thou knewest what I was, and that I loved to see all my servants zealous, and active for me, that at my coming, I might have received again what I

word of salvation,) day of judgment: thou wilt be apt to laugh, and say. The dust a witness! Witnesses will be scarce where dust is forced to come in to plead against a man. Well sinner, mock not; God doth use to confound the great and mighty by things that are not, and
gospel, while thou rejectest his
shall be a witness against thee at the

that are despised.

And how sayest

thou ?

If

God

'

gave thee, with increase; thou oughtest therefore to have been busying thyself in my work, for my glory, and thy own good but seeing thou hast, against thy own light and mouth gone contrary Angels, take this unprofitable servant, and cast ye
;

two years before the plague, that he would shortly come against him with one army of lice, and a second army of frogs, and with a third army of locusts, ifec, and would destroy his land, dost thou think have it had been wisdom in Pharaoh, now to laughed such tidings to scorn? Is anything too hard for the Lord ? Hath he said it, and shall he not bring it to pass ? You shall see in the day of judgment, of what force all these things will be,
to Pharoah, but
'
'

had said by a prophet

as witnesses against the ungodly.

him into utter darkness, there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth he sinned against his light, he shall go to hell against his will. Mat xxv. 26—31. The very same I say, will befall all those that have used tlieir mouth to condemn the sins of
;

Many more
for out of the

witnesses might I here reckon up,
sufiice to

but these at this time shall

be nominated;
xiii. 1.
'

mouth

of two or thi-ee witnesses,
2 Co.

every word shall be established.
at the

And
he
x%ii. 6.

mouth
17.

of two or three witnesses, shall
to death.
'

others, while they themselves live in tlicir sins.

that
Jn.

is

worthy of death, be put

De.

thou wicked wretch, thou didst know was bad, thou didst condemn it in others, thou didst also condemn, and pass judgment upon them for their sin, Therefore thou art inexcusable, man, whosoever thou art that judgest: for'
Saith God,
that sin
'

viii.

[Fourth

the sentence

of

the \mgodly.'\

Thus

then, the books being opened, the laws read, the

witnesses heard, and the ungodly convicted; forth-

with the Lord and Judge proceeds to execution.

:

!

!

OF THE RESUKRECTION OF THE DEAD.
when

125

[the sentence and rUNISmiENT OP THE WICKED.]

did we see thee an hungry, or thirsty, or a stranger, or naked, or sick, or in prison, and did not minister to thee ? Mat. x.xy. 10, 11. poor hearts

end doth pass the sentence of eterDepart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels.' Mat. xxv. 41. You are now by the hook of the creatures, hy the hook of God's rememhrance, hy the hook of the law, and hy the hook of life, adjudged guilty of high treason against God and me; and as murderers of your o^vn souls, as these faithful and true witnesses here have testified, every one of them appearing in their most upright testimony against you. Also, you never had a saving work of conversion, and faith, passed upon you, j'ou died in your sins; neither can I find anything in the last part of this book that will serve your turn, no worthy act is here recorded of you When 1 was an hmigered, and ye gave me no meat:' when I was thirsty, ye gave me no di-ink: when I was a stranger, ye took me not in I was naked, hut ye clothed me not I was sick and in jjrison, hut ye visited me not:' I have made a thorough search among the records of the living, and find nothing of you, or of your deeds, therein Depart from me, ye cursed,' (fee. Mat. xxv. 42, 43. Thus wiU these poor ungodly creatures he stripped of all hope and comfort, and therefore must need fall into great sadness and wailing, before the Judge; yea, crying out, as being loth to let go all for lost and even as the man that is fallen into the river, will catch hold of anything when he is struggling for life, though it tend to hold him faster under the water to drown him so, I say, M'hile these poor creatures, as they lie strugglin"and twining under the ireful countenance of the Judge; they will bring out yet one more faint and weak groan, and there goes life and all; their last sigh is this Lord, when saw we thee an hungered, and gave thee no meat ? or when saw we thee thirsty, and gate thee no drink ? when saw we thee a stranger, and took thee not in ? or naked, and clothed thee not? or when wast thou sick, or in prison, and we did not minister unto thee ?
to tliat

And

how

loth,

how unwiUingly do they

turn

away from

nal death upon them, saying,

Christ!

How

loth are they to
!

partake of the

fruit of their

ungodly doings Christ must say. Depart once, and depart twice, before they will depart. When he hath shut the door upon them, yet they knock, and cry, Lord, open unto us ;' when he hath given them their answer, that he
' '

knows them
I

not,'

yet they plead and mourn.
'

Wherefore he is fain to answer again, I tell you, know you not whence you are; depart.' Lu. xiii. 25
Depart.' this word. Depart! How dreadit with what weight will it fall on the head of every condemned sinner For you must note, that while the ungodly stand thus before the Judge; they cannot choose but have a most famous view both of the kingdom of heaven, and of the damned wights in hell. Now they see the God of
'
!

-27.

ful is

!

'

'

:

:

glory, the

King

of glory, the saints of glory, and

the angels of glory; and the kingdom in which

'

they have their eternal abode. Now, they also begin to see the worth of Christ, and what it is to be smiled upon by him; from all which they must
this;

they shall have the view of most famously* behold the pit, the bottomless pit, the fire, the brimstone, and the flaming beds that justice hath prepared for them
depart
;

and as

I say,

so they will

;

of old. Jude

4.

Their associates

also, will

be very

conspicuous, and clear before their watery eyes.

:

They wiU see now, what and which are devils, and who are damned souls; now their great-grandfather Cain, and all his brood, with Judas and his

flames and pangs for ever.

companions, must be their feUow-sighers in the heavy day heavy
!

word
This word
'

depart,

'

therefore,

it

looketh two
too.

ways, and commands the damned to do so

Depart from heaven, depart to
life,

hell

;

depart from
'

depart to death

:

'

depart from

me

—now the

ladder doth turn from under them indeed.!

The

ilat. xxv. 44.

Saviour turns them ofi", the Saviour throws them down. He hath given him authority to execute
also, because he is the Son of man. Depart from me I would come to have Now done you good but then you would not. then, though you would have it never so willingly, yet you shall not.

take a

Thus you nay
'

see,
'

how

loath the sinner

is

now

to

judgment

of Hfe everlasting.

He

tliat

once

Jn. V. 27.

:

would not be persuaded to close with the Lord Jesus, though one should have persuaded him with tears of blood: behold how fast he now hangs about the Lord, what arguments he frames with mournful groans how with shifts and words he seeks to gain the time, and to defer the execution Lord, open unto us Lord, Lord, open unto us Mat. xxv. 11. Lord, thou hast taught in our streets, and we have both taught in thy name and in thy name have we cast out devils. Mat. vii. 22. We have eaten aud drank in thy presence. Lu. xiii. 26. And
; ! !

;

*

'

Famously,' plainly, openly
'

;

in this sense obsolete. 1

Til-

lotson used the words
iv.

famous malefactors.' Sermon on

John

9.— Ed.
t Bunyan here alludes to

men

convicted of crime

;

but ho^v

innocent, nay, pious servants of Christ, have been compelled to go up the ladder to the gibbet, aud when the rope

many

has been adjusted and the ladder turned, have been ignominiEd. ously murdered by the sanction of wicked laws.

;

;

126
'

OF THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD
Depart from me, ye cursed.'
left of

You
;

the stroke of justice for your sins

lie open to ye forsaken,

and
of

God, ye vessels of wrath, ye despisers

God and goodness you must now have vengeance feed on you; for you did, when you were in the
this

me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels.' God would have men learn both what mercy and justice is to them, by his shewing it to others; but if they be sottish and careless in the day of
forbearance, they

world, feed on sin, and treasure up wrath against day of wrath, and revelation of the righteous

judgment
is

s—6. of God. Uo. 'Depart, ye cursed, into everlasting
ii.

fire.'

Fire

that which of all things is the most insufferable and insupportable. Wherefore, by fire, is shewed the grievous state of the ungodly, after judgment.

Who can eat fire, drink fire, and lie down in the Yet this must the wicked midst of flames of fire ? Again not only fire, but everlasting fire. do. ' Behold how great a fire a little matter kindleth.'
;

must learn by smarting in the Thus it was with day of rebukes and vengeance. God gave them one hundred and the old world twenty years' warning, by the preparation of Noah, for the flood that shoidd come; but forasmuch as they then were careless, and would not consider the works of the Lord, nor his threatening them by this preparation therefore he brought in the flood upon the world of the ungodly, as he doth here the last judgment upon the workers of iniquity, and sweeps them all away in their wilful
;

:

A

little sin,
;

a

little

pleasure, a

little

unjust dealing
for the pun-

ignorance.

Mat. xxiv. 37—39.

and doing

what preparation

is

made

And hence it is, that the fire ishment thereof. into which the damned fall, is called the lake, or 'And whosoever,' saith John, 'was sea of fire

not found written in the book of
the lake of
fire

life
'

was cast

into

say, the Lord Chief Judge by Prepared for the devil and his angels,' doth as good as say. This fire into which now I send you, it did of itself, even in the preparation of it, had you considei'ed it, forewarn you

Wherefore,

I

these words,

'

and brimstone.

Re. xx. 15.

Little

of this that

now

is

come upon you.
;

Hell-fire

i?

when he was suming against God, he was making such provibut now 'tis too late to resion for his poor soul
did the sinner seriously think, that
;

pent, his

worm must

never

die,

and his

fire

never
in

shall be quenched.

Mar.

Lx. 48.

Though the time

no new, or unheard-of thing you cannot now plead, that you heard not of it in the world, neither could you with any reason judge, that seeing I prepared it for angels, for noble, powerful, and mighty angels that you, poor dust and ashes,
;

which men commit sin is short, yet the time of God's punishing of them for their sin, is long. Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting In fire, prepared for the devil and his angels. prepared for the devil and his anthat he saith, gels:' he insinuates a further conviction upon the consciences of the damned. As if he had said, As for this fire and lake that you must go to, though you thought but little of it, because you were careless, yet I did betimes put you in mind of what would be the fruits of sin even by preparing of this judgment for the devil and his angels. The devil in his creation is far more noble than you yet when he sinned, I spared him not. He sinned also before man and I, upon his sinning, did cast him down from heaven to hell, and did
' ' ; ; ;

should escape the vengeance.

fire,

Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting prepared for the devil and his angels:' The sentence being thus passed, it remains now, the work being done, that every one goeth to his eternal station. Wherefore, forthwith this mighty
'

company, do now with heavy heart, return again and that full from before the judgment - seat hastily, God knoweth, for their proper centre, is into which they descend like a the hell of hell stone into a well, or like Pharaoh into the bottom of the Red Sea. Ex. xv. lo. For all hope being now taken from them, they must needs fall with violence, into the jaws of eternal desperation, which will deal far worse with the souls of men, and
:

;

make

a greater slaughter in their tortured conin

hang the chains
Jude
0.

of everlasting darkness

upon him,

sciences, than the lions

the den with Daniel,

which might, yea, ought to have been a fair item to you to take heed, but you would not. 2—5. Ge. Wherefore, seeing you have sinned as he hath done, and that too, after he had both sinned, and was bound over to eternal punishment; the same justice that layeth hold on these more noble creatures, must surely seize on you. Re. xx. i. The world should be convinced of judgment then,
iii.

could possibly do with the

men

that were cast in

among them.

Da.

vi.

24.

This is that which Paul calleth eternal judgment, He. vi. 2. because it is that which is last and final. Many are the judgments that God doth
execute

among

the sons of men, some after this

manner, and some after that; divers of which, continue but for awhile, and none of them are eternal because the prince of this world is judged. Jn. xvi. no, the very devils and damned spirits in hell, 8. And that before they came to this condition of though tJiere, is the longest and most terrible of hearing the eternal sentence rattle in their ears all the judgments of God, yet on foot: yet I say, but seeing they did not regard it then, they must they must pass under another judgment, even this and shall feel the smart of it now. Depart from last, great, and final judgment The angels which
'
'

'


OF THE RESURRECTION OF TIIE DEAD.
kept not tlieir first estate, but left their own haLitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness, unto the judgment of the great day.'
Jude
6.

;

127
he
shall

And

so also

it is

-with

damned

souls

;

for

have put down For he must reign,' saith he, 'till he hath put all enemies under his feet,' which wiU not be until the final sentence
'

answers, saying,
all rule

When

and

all

authority and power.

both Sodom and Gomorrah, with

all other,

though

and judgment be over;
put
all

for

'

the last

already in hell in their souls; yet they must, as I have before shewed, aU arise to this judgment,

shall be destroyed is death.

things under his feet.

enemy tlial For he (God) hath But when he saith,
it is

which will be their final judgment. Other of the judgments of God, as they have an end, so the end of many of them prove the profit of those on whom they are inflicted, being I say, God's instruments of conversion to sinners and so may fitly be compared to those petty judgments among men,
;

All things are put under him,

manifest that

he

is

excepted which did put
all

all

things under him.

And when

things shall be subdued unto him, things under him, that
2^—28.

then shall the Son also himself be subject unto

him that put
be
all in all.
'

all

God may

i Co. xv.

as putting in the stocks, whipping, or burning in

All things being

now

at this pass

to wit, every

which punishments, and judgments, do often prove profitable to those that are punished with them but eternal judgment, it is like those more severe judgments among men, as beheading, shooting to death, hanging, drawing and quartering, Avhich swoop* all, even health, time, and the like, and cut oft" all opportimity of good, leaving no place for mercy or amendment These shall go
: ;

the hand

one being in
in his, the

its

proper place,

God

in his, Christ
;

saint in his,

shall conclude with this brief touch

and the sinner in his I upon both the

state of the good and bad after this eternal judgment The righteous now shall never fear death, the and the wicked shall never devil, and hell more
;

'

hope of

life.

away

into everlasting punishment,' &.c.
'

Matxxv.

46.

The
things
:

just shall ever have the victory over these

This word,

depart,' &c.,

is

the last Avord the

damned

for ever are like to hear

I say, it is

the

last voice,

and therefore

will stick longest,

and

with most power, on their slaughtered souls; there is no calling of it back again; it is the very wind-up
of eternal

but the wicked shall everlastingly be swallowed up of them. The holy shall be in everlasting light but the Without light, I sinner in everlasting darkness.
:

say, yet in fire ever burning, yet not

consumed

;

judgment.

always afraid of death and
over, the kingto stay long in hell,

hell,

vehemently desiring
Continually fearing

Thus

then, the

judgment being

to be annihilated to nothing.

dom

ceaseth to be any longer in the hand of the

Christ Jesus; for as the judges here among men, when they have gone their circuit, do dehver up their commission to the king; so Christ the judge, doth now deliver up his kingdom to his Father, Mat. xxL 8. and now, aU is swallowed up of eternity. The damned are swallowed up of eternal justice and wrath; the saved, of eternal hfe and feUcity; and the Son also delivereth up, I say, the kingdom to the Father, and subjects himself under him that did put all things under him, that

man

and yet certainly sure they Ever desiring the shall never come out of it. saints' happiness, and yet always envying their They would have it, because it is easy felicity. and comfortable yet cannot abide to think of it, Ever laden because they have lost it for ever. with the delight of sin and yet that is the greatest
; ;

God may be all in aU, i Co.xv. s^r—28. For now is the end come, and not
hell,

always desiring to put it out of their mind, and yet assuredly know they must for ever abide the guilt and torment thereof. The saints are always inflamed with the consideration of the grace that once they embraced
torture
;

before, even

the end of the reign of death itself; for death, and

and sinners, and
XX.
1-1,

devils,

must now
fire

[fall]

to-

gether into the lake, that burns with
stone. Be. reign,
15.

and brim-

but the wicked, most flamingly tormented with the thoughts of rejecting and refusing it. The just, when they thmk of their sins, they are comforted with the thoughts of their being
delivered from them ; but the ungodly, when they think of their righteousness, will gnaw themselves, to think that this would not deliver them from hell.

as the Son of

And now is the end of Christ's man and the end of the
;

reign of the saints with him, in this his kingdom,

When the godly think of hell, it will increase which he hath received of his Father for his work comfort; but when the wicked think of heaven, their and for his elect. 3ake, which he did for him, Then cometh the end,' saith Paul, when he shall it wiU twinge them like a serpent. Oh, this eternal What woidd a damned soul give that liave delivered up the kingdom to God, even the judgment and hunFather;' But when shall that be? Whv, he there might be, though after thousands end put an years, of miUions of dreds of "thousands But their misery is, to this eternal judgment.
* '
!

*

The physician
srrass.

looks with another eye on the medicinal

herb than the grazing os, which swoops
inuu
Glanville.

— Ed.

it

in with the

com-

eternal ; they have sinned against a God that is never be they have offended that justice that will

which will for ever have the mastery over the poor damned And death and hell were cast perishing sinner. uL . That as he that busieth himself to do good. . 12. who beshall have more wrath and torment than others. so much torment been more busy and active in sin than others. so again. ' ' stripes. ' . 7. and wages will thereof. the reprobate angels before his fall. — OF THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD. For that which is prayed much she hath glorihave more glory than others so they that have fied herself. life was cast into the lake of fire. and lived deliciously. Again as . more particularly. whosoever was not found written in the book they are some worse than others prince. Re. Can it be imagined that Judas should have no more torment. doth enlarge the trayed the Prince of life and Saviour of the world. Beelzebub Mat. just must abide the fire Here is judgment. shall be beaten with many hence it is that you have such sayings as these with many more stripes. into the lake of fire. it will be thus with good and bad general. It is so among the the devils themselves . x. then they shall find. and so sink deepest As one star into the jaws of eternal misery. insupportable wrath it will lay the soul in the gulf of that second death. 47. xiv. when the also mercy. they and sorrow give her. he must needs have the greatest fall. Mar. ' . in hell. and will also have as the light. it light.m' 128 satisfied . most means of conversion. and that was highest towards heaven. 15. — For he that suffers least. and sad. ix. souls in place. it will be the wrath of God. — ' hell. standeth to reason. xviii. 34. among one that Avas most glorious in heaven . that he who had most most conviction. and goodness and so became the chief for wickedness. 12. and therefore tliey that never shall be quenched. in That chief is. the chief of torments. than others that It shall be more tolerable in the judgment for stripes Sodom than for others Lu. than for through ignorance did commit sin worthy of many wicked are thus adjudged and condemned. will the waters the least meaof a full cup be wrung out to him sure of wrath. And of This is the second death. ' Re. doth enlarge the heart and soul by ten thousand degrees ? And master's will. and prepared not himself. Is. that is. or chief of devils. received of the fiery gulf. as one saint heaven so one damned soul shall diff"cr from another Yea. eternal and fiery wrath. according to Lis will. shall . and therefore sinned against the greater . ' Lu. neither did to receive punishment so much the more. as he saith in another and mercy. For as doing good abundantly. is the 23. But what should I thus discourse of the degrees of the torments of the hell ? damned . . difi"ereth from another in that is. xx. — those tliat had sinned against much greater light For these. be true of the damned in How for against Babylon. xx. ' shall receive greater damnation. 14. heart to receive and hold more glory: so doing than others who never came near his wickedness He that knew his evil abundantly.

and the truth. back. GOSPEL of his dear SON. II. were removed. against those blustering Storms of the Devil's Temptations. HIS RIGHTEOUSNESS.' in which quirer stood ' in this ' treatise. George Fox. in an address ' At had this time a little persecuted band of puritans sacred directed every inquirer after salvation to the wise mito Scriptures. gable servant of Christ. f' Neither is iJitre salvation in any other. John Bunyan and he modestly sought the patronage of his brethren in the ministry. By the grace of of GOD.' believe articles. U4. call the early period of his ministry distracted and dan- — — many a poor sincere in' At this period the iron tottering and shaking. knees and hats like unto is not this the devil's adorning?'* fidlers' bags notorious for having. To enable the reader to imderstand and appreciate spicuously to declare ' Gospel Truths . like so many Scorpions. each boldly declaring paralyzed. bewildered pression over the worship of hand of tyranny and opGod had been suddenly with the new din of sectaries. Burton. by nature averse to religious inquiries. folio. which had enforced attendance on a form of common and to open and vindicate them these discourses were written. John Child. and at their vanity —women — conformed fit . with profitable Directions to stand fast in the Doctrine of Jesus the Son of IMARY. in a of despair. In the midst of this storm of contending opinions. ordained his divine authority. • - I am ilie way. them. ASCENSION. 'Jesus ' saifli. THE DIVINE AND HIBIAN NATURE OF CHRIST niS COMING INTO THE JESUS. ACCORDING TO THE SCRIPTURES. under a threat of eternal ruin. wliich alone were able to make the aid of the Holy Spirit enlightening salvation. and the people are carried away with men and woplaiting their hair men powdering it. by that unworthy servant of CHRIST. and in their hats. PLAINLY DEMONSTRATED AND PROVED. Mr. cheeks. to seek for truth and salvation. destroyed — — — Well might Bunyan gerous times.' gives an almost garnish by wihs minds to understand. making their backs like bags The men having store of ribbands of of meal. like a butcher in on their fingers ribbands about their arms. VOL. . DEATH. personally and individually. divers colours about their waists. and even capiprayer.' —Acts iv. Spencly and The Child wrote prefatory recommendations. by Acts of Parliament. Bimj-an stood forth con- punishments. waists. JOHN BUNYAN.' —John xiv. and foreheads cuffs double. Man. KESURKECTtON. eternal those to receive every was now discovered— that which lighteneth * incredible description of the tomfooleries of dress which prevailed. increased by the mixture of French fashions under the popish wife of Charles the First. OR. WORLD. for some temporal advantages afterwards himself. to bite and torment those that have not tasted the ^'ertue of Jesus. break loose from the bottomless Pit. AND SECOND COMING TO JUDGMENT. p. his white sleeves hands. was now stimulated. Answers to several Questions. indefati- himself. and subduing their light new a But truths. and a pretence to and catechisms. their To such as follow the world's fashions. preacher of the BEDFORD. latter of these.SOME GOSPEL TRUTHS OPENED. it will be needful to take a rapid glance at the state of society which then prevailed. rings spots on their noses. INTERCESSION. 12. EDITOE'S ADVERTISEMENT. tal The ruinous penalties. Tlils was the first work pulDlished by the . by the Revelation of the Spirit of Gud- Published for the good of God's chosen ones. creeds. and Messrs. and the life: no mail cometh unto the lather bat hj ms. which do at this Day. had spread their debauching influence throughout the kingdom. and became The women with their knees. ' IIow doth the devil George Fox's Journal. frivolities of dress The and laxity of morals introduced by James the First. the founder of the Society of Friends.

p. were consistent in their lives . and others. whether Pagan. The of whom were men of education. it cherished and followed. mischievous. or Christian . to righte- Their minds were in darkness and confusion.' in Bederror on the part of those who Impose them. all risks. it Is gratifying to find that the whole truth is set forth In the following pages. Avhich quickly produced the most whimsical. They went Quakers. 304. in the latter part of his life.tering there. to read the Bible for them They had paid the church to make them Christians to forgive their sins and to to confirm them ministry for hire. although not in words. . sense of eternal realities. and in the called 'the steeple-house. Mohabe this latter either Greek. or iu furnishing an antidote to extravagant speculations in religion. In fairs. who were confounded with the Ranters in sure and certain hope of heasleep of ignorance and error. to a very great extent. agree with Bun])riests. all truth. many faith. or Protestant have a direct and natural Short weights and deceit were declared an abomination to the Lord. a little truth with tian liberty —and much lived licentiously. think and choose for themselves. lead the honest inquirer into religion. claim ford town. ' Bunyan is clear were a Light within. and others. they had paid a priest to think on religion for them and to pray for them. probably after he had been minisinfallibility. considered every day a sabbath. recounting their hazardous degree ready wit and talent. assizes. and even ludicrous opinions. and soon disappeared. to which allusions are made master prised. bury their bodies The Baptists and Independents had long existed In this country. and have been one of the most usefid same time. he does not accuse the Society of Friends with holding an3'- under thirty years of age. . were not at this time formed into a society. and steeple-houses. New Lights. are exceedingly interesting in adventures. Ranters. The Familists. —the it — the authority of the life perfection of holiness In this —the work —and of whether was lawful to perform the work of the The state of the millions can hardly be conceived. and by the. met tems. inconsistent with spiritual worship simplicity. denouncing all hireling ministers. meetings. on the 23d of May. National establishments.* and in Bunyan they met a medan. 1656. which their books of discipline. and to obey the light within to follow on to perfection in this life and. and had pubUshed confessions of From this fatal ven. Fox. tliat man was cometli Into tlie if alleged. they John Bunyan. and even of calling — . to use a scripture phrase. The result of all this These itinerants went through the whole length and breadth of the land. that when their eyes were first opened. Some of ordinary no faith in uniformity lest they should interfere with and worship. when he upon their mission at a fearful sacrifice of life. by requiring implicit and absolute subWith him they held a public dispumission.' They utterly failed in spirit who confounded them. Roman. — — — — After a very careful perusal of E. zeal.— — 130 — EDITOR'S ADVERTISEMENT. they admonished their hearers to tremble and quake at the word of God—considered the sacraments as mere ceremonies. health.parish church. and because. or. property. must have had a direct tendency to hood. Familists. world and which. their voice was heard denouncing ousness. The Society of Friends were some years all to repentance. would alone. comfort. forth and Familists. The works of Fox. now operated on multitudes to follow those and it is well worthy of yan In his sentiments ardent and self-denying leaders. some of the facts are worthy of a careful notice. mixed with truth. and most benevolent habits. Nationiil had been propagated at an incredible expense of treasure. so called. scandal to religion. shew had led the people without inquiry to follow the that they. <fec. sacrifice of the best blood in the country. in fairs and markets. notice that. as well as the brightest ornaments to this kingdom. morals. at the after united. —abused and The Quakers — error The Ranters mingled their Chris- false opinions. when the people were driven to made proclamation. wink and blind the people nor can we be sur. Every religious delusion was exposed in meetings — — they saw indistinctly.tation or controversy. and baptized none wrote his admirable treatise on the resurrection of the dead. or family of love. evil and exhorting The journals of George and parish churches. •men as trees walking. They were called in derision. The subjects in dis- pute were of the deepest importance the Holy Spirit in conversion Bible preparing the mind to receive divine truth. and tendency to repress and prevent personal inquiries. The old leaven. by both parties. The Ranters and Familists existed not as they were aroused by itinerant preachers. which is a presumed incapability of of these itinerants came to Bedford. Penn. In preaching. to the shrine of infallibility— called uniformity. Burrough's answers to Bunyan.' or that and scriptural upon the conscience of right and wrong which all possess to * Sec Burrougli's so called from their trembling agitation when imder a powerful Works. and in every place of public resort they clearly seen. of irreproachable sects but in name. and yearly epistles. lived and dressed wath the utmost and took the lead in attacking error at — A hireling priest- hood had limited to themselves the right to teach men how was to be Christians. Sys. Barclay. with Quakers. nor had they published any book of discipline. markets. which IX FACT.

only to be pointed at as the evidence Edward Burrough.' Such was the unhallowed spirit of controversy in that age. He meekly commences shall with — How ' long. religion. and soou cover the earth! i'age 201.' He says. "When Ann Blake' a book called 'Look unto Jesus. dost thou speak this from thy own knowledge.' or imprison each other. and stocks. their — — 131 condemnation — as distingulslied from tlie in- No kers. AU this unseemly violence has passed away. as to outward things. a learned clergyman. that none of them may be sufi'ered to abide in the land. it is the language of common ' . and he answered Friend. 'I own the wordi but I deny thy voice. the gift of God to his people. when I have opportunity. or did any other tell thee so? However. A harsh epithet were appointed. writing upon Baptism. and like thousands of most excellent men. whip and beat that and all these were the breathings of our false doctrines pilgrim forefathers. Edward Lane. t Page 201. devoted. Ma}' such sentiments Gko. as a stigma upon human nature.'t me freely. so that I shall distribute that which God hath given lucre's sake. We now look back to cruelties Bunyan by the national ' of consolation. who hath helped me to reject the wages of unrighteousness hitherto. both for my own living. Burrough called ' his answer The Gospel of Peace contended for in the spirit of meekness and of cent love. nor but cruelly whip and lacerate each others' bodies let us thrash deceit. wonder. as con- a church is this of yours. entitled his work The Anabaptists ducked and plunged over head and ears washed and shrunk in the washing. was sacrificed at the shrine of that which the profligate and debauched Charles the Second was the supreme head. ley bid A fanatical clergjTnan. He was a and pious.— EDITOR'S ADVERTISEMENT. was perfectly faithfid. and of a barbarous age. receiving the crown of martyrdom. answered both these treatises of —denying. Bxmyan's. many talent of the charges made against them. to preach the truth and also to work with my hands. will I . to be defended by nected with the Ranters. ' Bunyan ' replied. called a son of thunder altogether. Oi-fuu. as it was hj-pocritical in calling a debauched and profligate man [Charles the Second] our ' ' religious king. breathing out cruelty I hope and pray the Lord to incline the heart of his majesty — ' throw away the Scriptures. in this enligh*- ened and comparatively happy age. he would be too hard for me. the secretary to the Society of Friends. : ' — sense and of real religion. . to find was great that every extract made by John Buuyau gratification my was called faithful dealing: thus.' — A prayer as full of cruelty against a most peacefid and valuable part of the community. fanatical church over : Let us not hurt and not carnal cruel tortures. by opening their understandings to receive the truths of the Bible. and your mischief is hatched upon your beds of secret whoredoms. thus pours forth his soul. for then the devil our religious King. to suppress the Quakers. is ' read with have learned by the example of the apostle. ye subtile foxes. ' * extensively useful. how triumphant was the reply it ought to be printed in letters of gold. sect was so severely tormented as the Quain dwelling of the Holy Spirit. ye crafty fowlers.' 1GG3. and for those that are with me. i Page 178. yet through grace I For though alike used violent language. way is a lying Controversy was carried on in those days with extreme virulence learned and unlettered men . He died in the prime of life. and not for filthy does this contrast with the How description of the state clergy. and whips. be poor. will je prey . | Favoured by the kind assistance of Charles Bowden. nor put in the stocks. No. and violent Let us fairly try our spiritual weapons. upon the inno- how long the righteous be a prey to also help me still. He was charged with making merchandize of souls.' that spirit that led thee out this spirit. access was afforded me to the extensive library in Devonshire House. He became dealing. spread. And I trust that the Lord Jesus.' to which an equally learned Baptist replied. on perpetrated m the times of the part of the Quakers. and with it much of the soon may it pass away virulence of persecution ' — ' ' . in his Baby Baptism mere Babyism. your dens are in darkness. and upon collation of Bunyan's quotations with the original editions of Burrough's exceedingly rare tracts.'* And when accused of beinir a hireling priest. and of no repute in the world. man of great and prisons. revealing in them the pardon of sin and hope of glory. before the triers your teeth. What gaols. when his happy spirit ascended from Newgate in 1662 aged 28 years. which. — fearless.

and the. drunkards. ' : for ever. mind Avhen thou so they art conversant in these things.) thou forgettest such as best agreeth with is And thus thy heart thy nature. again dcaded. yea. manner. Jn. and keeping thee in evil company. it is better to lose all that them it ever thou hast. than to have thy soid and body for ever cast into hell . 1. kept in carnal security. v. it's doth see and feci sin to be a burden. thou hast not yet attained to the law of righteousness. now thou dost well. which he employeth on purpose to keep thee secure. I beseech me a few things touching by any means he may.conceitedness. he will be sure to present to thy conscience. through . thou hast out- sinned grace.: 132 THE AUTHOR TO THE RE. and now thou thinkest thyself cock-sure say. and discovers plainly unto thee. second place. and ministry. and so ruin thy soul and body for ever and ever. But if lie be prevented in this his intended puris to he had thee in hell already. 10. grace. and distract thy thee. that thou mightest perish But if notwithstanding these. <fec. Ac. and slippest into a notion of the gospel. or thy jileasurcs. he will make thee despair. or else if thou art a little more stirred. the next thing he doth beset thee with. 3i. but in process of thee upon the works of thy calling. thou must earn heaven with thy fingers' ends and it may be. yea. place.. that he saved. life. shall not be saved ' Now thou canst cry. might carry on his design upon thee to purpose. he might accomplish his design on thee in this particular. jesters. and that thou doest vain all this while deceive thyself. now he will pardon. by suggesting unto [thee] this and the other worldly business which must be performed so that thou Avilt not want excuse to keep thee from the ordinances of Christ. Yea. nor yet canst. shaU be damned ' for them : lie that trusts in his : own righ- teousness. reading. if it be out so long. now God accepts thee. meditation. or else. as did Judas. he cannot so blind. by the works of the law. so many reproofs. and will And this makes thee stir a little. touching pardoned he will seek by all means possible to aggravate them by all the circumstances of time. nor thy own righteou. by a become unprofitable. And that make thee rest upon thine if own righteousness. and now peradventure thou seest. and set them home with such cunning arguments. time. he will object in thy soul. by rejecting so many exhortations. no hope for thee: thou if thou didst look to be And withal. and it may . but that it Now thou art able to He that lives and dies in his sins. I Lu. he seeks to disturb. and benumb thy conscience. l Co. (through the subtil sleights of the devil. and so goest on till thou meetest with a searching word. to stir up remembrance. this is the of thine immortal soul. the most sad sentences of the scripture. keeping thee from all things that might be a means to awaken and rouse up thine heart. had been well with it thee. lieth in Avait. thy sins. if he can but bewitch thee to live and die in them. by casting thee upon. or shall be saved. and make away thyself. he laboureth by all means possible to keep thy conscience asleep in security and self . nature. that. but is now thou hast stood thee to consider with tlie And therefore. and many cunning slights more which might be named. he represents to thy soul such a scripture. And thou doest well. that thou canst not attend to them diligently. because thou seekest it not by faith. shalt thou not be accepted ? thou having (but in the strength of nature) kept ' thyself from thy former grosser pollutions. and the wickedness of thine own heart. all 38. i Pe.' Ro. hath pardoned thee. TEE AUTHOR TO THE READER. tell- thou wilt needs be saved. as if pose. thou art left in the mire. or subtle temptations of the devil. As first. person. and continuance of . that there mightest have come sooner. if fall whereby he to make thee short of eternal he doth endeavour by all means to keep thee in love with thy sins and pleasures. but now it is too late. m. he labours to rock thee asleep again. those things that are the hindrances of thy believing the things that are necessary to the welfare And indeed. which tells thee. knowing that he is sure of thee. he will endeavour to keep thee from hearing of the word. and admonitions.sness ' persuade thee ]iut it is but a melancholy fit. k. stratagems. ii. by persuading thee that thy sins are too big to be by xiii. but as it were. for tho' thou seek after the law of righteousness. and other of his instruments. Here again. or physic. 8. grace thereof. hadst thou closed in with only thing necessary . 'If ing thee. his design is to drive thee to despair. that .U)EIl. 19. be from some more secret sins. he knows that he is as sure of And first of all. those that are. it's freely by grace. 32. or some other trick he will invent. as among rioters. possible. Seeing tlie Lord liath been pleased to put it into intolerable and exceeding sinful . 9. think of it thy heart by way meet also. that thou art not profited by the works of the law. vi. grace. in hearing. to write a few things to thee (Reader) touching those things which are most surely believed i. are ready to conclude. and thou art thy trouble of conscience. then peradventure he will seek to hope and confidence. If not thus. now thy condition is good. 12. so many tenders of grace. Then in the my heart. 2 Th.

who at this day are so carried away with the quakers' delusions namely. (say they) it will convince of as pany of loose ranters. lying. knowledge in thy heart. thou art liable to these dangers. and love of the truth.'3 Th. compared with Jn. What and what it lays . And That salvation was not fully. Ga. ii. through the delusions of the devil. with here and there a legalist. dom . and completely wrought out for poor sinners by the man Christ Jesus. by his death upon the cross. I shall desire thee seriously to consider this one character being in this state. And to be bewitched by the devil to obey his temptations. m. had pleasure in Th. Heb. the love of God. And indeed. 14. And indeed it is just with God. except God may compare vanceth himself above others. II. in the love of it. Ac. without the gates of Jerusalem. iii. with all its motions never able to justify the soul of any poor sinner. sometimes on that. And thus thou dost rejoice for a time. and thinking thyself to tlie truth. those lies which the devil persuades and declare some of some of these men I. This is another of his lies wherewith he doth deceive poor sinners. be wondrous well. the death of the 133 man Christ Jesus. and yet be a cast-away. that the ? devil beguileth poor souls withal I shall brieily thou hast not the root of the matter within thee. what lies are those. and light notionists. wi-itten in the book of the law to do them. written. l Co. iu. and other pernicious but those who thought it enough to be all But now to return. thereinto. and the Eo. I am lusion of the devil touching I not altogether ignorant of the detliis grace of faith al. but ' might be damned. as to assurance of salvation. that they especially are hable to the danger of them. 1. of I say. xiii. is it. though he fall from and seeming holiness. xiii. Thou art like to perish if thou die with out of his this notion in thine head. 20.* And thus these unstable soids are deluded and beguiled at last. 19. But you tell will say. I say. without seeking and giving unto themselves send] hath sent ? ' dihgence to make it sure 'And for this cause God' [shall them strong delusion. 12. iii. more the head and heart is with the knowledge of the mystery of godliness. Now being in this condition. because * Tlie word 'quaters' must not be misundersood as referring to the society oi friends.' Ga. a comif : you mark you shall see. as ever. Cursed is every one that conthiueth not in all things Avhich are 10. in time of temptation thou fallest away. thinking but few with him for religion and knowledge work a saving work of grace and know this. viii. themselves quakers . thou hast in the notion. — En. as it is it. The just shall live by faith. 13. and union with God. But I ' the law that is not of faith. heresy that the devil sendeth into the world. and grace of God. thou mayest have thy conscience seared as with an hot iron. dost to be carried away with more sensible of humbled in its own is its own vileness. to believe. it Such an one. Thou art liable to the next damnable rich grace do in the scriptures. I say. swearing. 12. Or else. sometimes on this religion. 13. is puffed up in his fleshly mind. See and consider lie liable 18. He. that they -That they all should believe a lie: who believed not the truth. rest of the sins against the law. telling indeed be such kind of people. xix. so that at last.' ver. the friends were not formed into a brief. Secondly. strictness his former appear more loose. 39. and rest there. covetousness. 1—3. them over to 'believe a lie. 2 Pe.who before were under the curse: for it is written. to give ii. that there are none so obstinately erroneous as they. who are the men that at this day are by the quakers. This. ii. For as many as are of the works of the law are ' turned such enemies to the glorious truths of the gospel. and and vain in his practices. who slip into high notions. ii. but that no man is justified by the law is evident. and so it may be thine head would not receive the truth of God hearts. and so truly eyes. And then am sure. 14. it. talkers of the gospel. So that these who before (as one would have thought) had something of God in them. xiii. 11.) whereas when men receive truth in the : \-iii. nor gospel. short give thee (reader) shall therefore in a 1. society for some years after this was written. unrighteousness. the filled thou and to be captivated by it. whether he perceives or not. thou mayest tmderstand glorious mysteries. are now ii. Now for. that they might be saved. Lu. because of that notion of and that notion thou hast in the things : you some of them. 13. a notionist. that sinners do ' attain unto eternal life. but having before said. and hast not the power of the same in thine heart. who would not obey the truth. i. though he did it gloriously. Yet because is full of the be damned. can make any entrance Lu. the more it is emptied of its own things. 1 Cor. yet speaks as confidently of himself. for but are ignorant and foolish in comparison of him (Thus knowledge puffeth up. that they them. bidding them follow the light that they brought into the world with them. and convictions. S8. viii. stealing. so hard. which were shaking in their principles from time to time. and ad- First. that neither laAv. to the doing of thee the least good. and SO idle that they into their knowledge of the scriptures. 2 Ti. God of a NOTIONIST. 20. though thine heart be empty of sanctifying grace. 2 ii. And further.so. that light for will lead them to the kingsin. yet true description from the scripture. 60 deluded doctrines . ' Ga. true justifying faith is.THE AUTHOR TO THE READER. taking that for true faith which is not. ix. but to some deluded individuals c:illing.

17. high. Ac. l. xiii. Ro. preached up by the clergymen. 4. and in some measure hungered after. work. with doth then begin to bring the sold into a clearer sight of those things. this the ness (which drown in perdition nesseth in so xxxii. light. of those things that are not which are obtained by the blood of the man Christ Jesus. and salvation by him very odious and low: and also his ordinances. the Lord Jesus : And with this persuasion. 23. 29. : ' Lu. lays hold upon. enabled through ii.i. of our faith. things that are obtamed for it. and 1 Jn. are but poor.. seen as yet with a bodily eye the evidence. . that 'Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above. xi. Therefore saith the Apostle. and in respect of the nature. 2. He labours to render the faith is the substance of things hoped for. that they his pretended truths shall bo as God himself. iii. &c. that. be to them by whom such ofi"ences come. He pretends to lead them up into believe on him. which they must needs do compare Lu. to lay hold on the rightascension. •the evidence of things not seen. in respect of object. yea. use of the scriptures. iii.' For unto you (that are believit is thus written If ii. from. and Da. (1. 1 Th. 9. 14. able to discern between 5. carnal. he also in represents the ungodly and base carriage. 2. ers) it is given in the behalf of Christ. but also to suffer for his sake. xii. and 1 Co. 10. the Apostles hold forth to us the Spirit. as ' Also in 15. xv-iiL 7. ix. many words Ti. without the gates of Jerusalem.' some higher light. low. or gift of the Spirit of 9. again of the Son of God 13. by which the soul sees as in a glass the things that God hath laid up for them . and revelations of And thus much do ?>&j. iv. and therefore faith comes from God. by scriptm-es. . THE AUTHOR TO THE READER. Eo. appeareth also in tion. be saved. creatures ? according to that saying in i. we find. But Avoe. in Phil. 2. for eternal life Jn. 16. 'Now and Ansio. ii. 2 Co. . Ga. tine faith is a fruit. iii.) It fills the suffered for sinners. 38. mysteries.) It makes the soul to wait patiently. For by grace ye are saved (saith the and that not of yourscripture) through faith Again. 1 Co. livered it from the wrath to come. reading. in a sense of appearing of the man whom God ii. selves: it is \\\& gift of God. ' when they and he is 'Lord increase our ' Lu. frothy notions. intercession. 18. he doth render the gospel of our Lord Jesus the more contemptible and base. it gospel shewing the soul a new Christ. and as I said before. 8. as perfect gold. 4. they that be- fitted the soul by degrees it for a further possession its lieve shall 4. or testimony. (3. that doth feed and tickle the heart a while. and perfect its in re- spect of the author God. He. sins and wretched estate eousness. is Col. 8. 13. for the glory that is to whereby a poor soul mighty operation of God. at last begins to hold forth new Tlie fruits of 3. * v. as in Ti. ll. it seals up the certainty of them it is to the soul. tlie its be revealed at the second Christ Jesus. and thereby ' . Ko. empty notions. 1 Pe. of some. The new and false Christ. 2. or witness. v. resurrection. and 11. xvii. as if they were present Lord Jesus. i. which when it hath attained justifying faith Mark xvi. which was Mat. which it was loth it should know at the first but having . lie. as a which carries it it away headlong with some and destruction) pound of gold. and expert. v. 1. telling poor sinners that these things as hearing. The poor soul is all on the sudden possessed with a desperate spirit of delusion. 12. And He. 3. iii. 13. and coming crucified . itself. 25. and spiritual wicked- men Jiave not faith. and joy. xiii. xii. lie. which hath also de13. but not the Spirit of God in them lead men into the form. read Ep. g. of itself in the poor deluded soul. 8—10. that fear him. 2 Th. woe. or behaviour. xri. though not All so much. in. in that it lays hold on the i. iPei. with ver. He. Apostle witiii. into which a very few have attained or in their prayer. i. laying hold on what Jesus Christ had done and (2. 3. What it. . and conieth down from the Father of lights. Ge. 2 Ti. Mat.' doctrine of the alone. xi. as having practised it ever since These things being thus conthe days of Adam. not only to Ansio. but not into the power of . compared with He. 13. And in this he is exceeding good and evil. in respect of the degree. nothing pure. and the rather because they are good (as they think) subtil to Christ . 5. they had true and l Jn. iii. 19. 9.) to purify the heart. soul with peace are the fruits of 1. 31. 14.' that is. 16— is. 20. say) doth the devil make his delusions take place in the hearts of poor 20. iv. 6. and v. the doctrine of the Lord Jesus Christ. sidered. to the are de- end it may make way to. and new Ac XV. for true is justifying faith a good gift. who have taken hand to preach you would know wJto this faith comes from. Ge. Ga. first. can attain. or request to the Lord Jesus.' &c. the things that are hoped for faith sees. 2. First therefore.' of are.' the author and finisher Also we find in Ja. is a Christ . xvii. it for a farther manifestation filed and unbelieving this. who are the scribes and pharisees of this generation who have the which letter. though not and measure of it in us is make one wise. beggarly. X. 3. blood. and taking them with an earnest pursuit after these persuading them. 10. 19. also bewitching their afi"ections. 2 Th. It that all do not attain salvais if 34. he. I shall shew who it doth come That every one hath it not. God.: ' 134 hold upon. hath raised from the dead. faith. xiii. compared with 17. —But how (may some 1 . 39. therefore called lie. Ac. i. i. Quest. and embraces them. 1. 13. v. woe. death. even as a grain of gold. Unto them that 3. xiii. —Why. iii. meditation. 20.

9—11. make x. and was made in the likeness of men And was this all? No. Who rei. 2 Co. £ay. gospel was this Christ. ^ ^^ the tliat before recited. 8. they also have a scripture. that is. it may clearly see that this a glorious truth. iii.' or God in our nature. when world to judgment. ne. but God's holy scriptures. than the name of Jesus i. compared with ver. is is God with us. 10.eriiiiuce. xiii. biit i terpreted name Emmanuel.40. I say. for they will allow of no he that was crucified without the gates of Jerusalem. viii. He. Jn. xix. 17. 16. Ac. xiii. Compare the is first and But ask them but if it is for a scripture that doth positively second chapters to the Hebrews together. in opposition to the Son of Mary. He humbled himself unto death. fell upon them. he ascended up into heaven. 11. Now . 10. death he might destroy him that had the power of death. ii. they heard the word. did obtam. He. out of the ordained to eternal when they heard the word. 27. also is the 42.l3. ' : '. i. that is. very them to profitable shall who ^^. 23. xiii. within. In whom he is weU pleased. and die without it. i. But as I first to you before. ix. 12. Christ is earnest ot uii. or rather the scriptures 2. Ep. Now as he was thus true God. the Holy Ghost or Spirit of Christ. 18. Ro. that through Father. Ac. Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood. iv. according to i Ti. n T -L This Spirit. 17. doth hear witness within. which And that is the meaning of that place in Col. say. 11. i. 7. same that hath obtained eternal iii.i 13. 7. This I Say. 5. will be seen clearly. 31. Lu. humbled himself. 48. Ro. Now this Christ. Ep. Aci. Dead and buried in the sepulchre of Joseph of ArimaWas raised again out of that thea. 8. Now this new and false Christ. make mention of a Christ within ? Coi. Ro. Who went before his to disciples into Galilee. and ascended in a cloud away from his disciples into heaven without them. if we compare it with ^^^ Ep. so he became our re' deemer and Saviour. and Re. 5. 8. also at the end of the 2 Pe. life. 1*. is render God's Christ odious and low. Now after this Christ of God. many as were ordained to eternal life. Mat. i. 16. compared with Ac. yet it will be . 20. by the Apostles. 44. Lu. Which or the gospel preached Christ ever lives to vii. u. dead without. 17. initil the redemption of the purchased possession. shau go seemingly about in answer to the ques. 15. But you will say. which did lead them into the redemption and glorious things that the Lord Jesus had laid up and Which prepared for them. to apprehend this Christ crucified within. Though Answ. or allow of any other: For there is none other name imder heaven given among men. Re. the glory as of the only begotten of the grace and truth.8. He. and you prove their doctrine. xvii. xvi. l Co. 3. 17. he I man Mat. and they had not that. xx. compared with 1 Ti. a child of God. which • sometimes 2 Co. ' full of ' i. is — called the Spirit of Christ. Phi. 19. Se^^^'se^nttt is. the answer that I give to ^^J^^"^ And Jn. gone through. 9. them after his resurrection Was seen of them on sends his disciples abroad to preach the same to 1—13. xvi. xix. 7. he" that hath it. true God. and dwelt among us. whereby we must be saved. and there ever them his hands and his feet. ix. 23. risen again within. And Emmaus. risen again within. „. 9— ll. iii. Did eat and drink with having thus completely wrought out our salvation. THE AUTHOR TO THE READER. being • . ii. Jn. dead witliin. Mat. after he had done Shewed this. he. with a pretence of some further light and revelations and thus professing themselves to be wise. which being in. and true man. He. So then. is this. and ascended within: cniclfied within. Ac.15. i.an unbehever.. Ac. : even the death of the cross. but he that hath it not God was manifested in none of Christ's. i. xnv. rri. the way to be thus deluded. compared with ver. where the nails had lives to make intercession for us. 25. hath a new and false faith belonging to his gospel. 14. ii. and ascended within. told An. and made himself of no reputation. dead within. but did live to eternal life. i.. 4. 1. so 1 Co. had wrought out eternal redemption for us poor miserable sinners. which i. I answer. 39. to hope for the glory that was to be of Nazareth. 18. I 25._. sight of his disciples into heaven. Re.^^Q Q^^ and true jg was born of the \ irgin /^ j ± Mary.i4. which faith is this. inheritance was a glorious encouragement to them that had it. is—15. demption for us. x. ii. risen again without. and we beheld his lii^reof. given to all those that were ordained \lf ^]^'%^i and man. were not ordained and so were none of Christ's. 10. v.' And in lie. i say. Spirit was the earnest of their inheritance. Who will come again Ac. And poor sinners. viii. i. and so many as were away in a cloud. 2 Co. ii. they became fools. 27. the devil. follow. ' also himself hkewise took part of the same. The word was made the flesh The Spirit of the question. • this Spirit. (though that be of the devil's making) I am sure they would have none out of crucified Christ. true God and true man. 1 22.. he who is the first and the last. who was crucified without. 5. > ^ — « to eternal it life. flesh. And they shall call his is Ro. 12. and is led by it. compHred with Re.. xiii. God's Christ that those that had not this Spirit. and true man. God. : earth forty days after his resurrection. Jn. 9. that i.xxiv. . with Ga. 17."""^> " tion. ' . after that ascended Ac. intercession for us. doth not the scripture Quest.i. vii. Us ii. to the The earnest of their praise of his glory. Ro. i. jn. Neither doth God own any other.14. ' must needs . for the Spirit of Christ the distinguishing character betwixt a believer and were reprobates. revealed at the appearing of Jesus Christ. 38—41. 4. m. glory. xiiL 37—39. is God's Christ. sepulchre into which Joseph had laid him. Mar. and took upon him the form of a servant. 14. 18.

) until the redemption of the purchased possession. Jude Ep. might be sure not to miss of his design. aU men have this Spirit. ' . is. For ye through the Spirit. consider. in is this. If thou convinceth of sins against the law may see clearly and that you you mind that scripture. 25. compared than the to be- hope of that inheritance that Christ hath ah-eady purchased." thee. T^ It IS the spirit of the devil that dotli renalso odious and low. 4. For we are saved by not yet actually enjoyed . Spirit's ' ' which glory was then re- vealed to the saints no otherwise than by faith. the cause of a 19. have given themselves over. ir. i. after that ye believed. Ro. and hath already an earnest thereof given him of God. V. thou hast as yet and if any beginnings of desiring after religion thou findest that thou hast lived until now in ignorance. Ep. that is. 136 Christ that is THE AUTHOR TO THE READER. that . Ho. offence of one. ye tion. if they be but wise. Ec. ' didst transgress do we with as I say. : reprobate mind. thy condition. of commission. • t • . vi. is. 4. ' you the hope of glory the Apostle saith. ^0. And of Adam. iv. Therefoi'e what a sad doctrine that which saith. [which had neither the love of God. reader. telling them must not be content till thou art enabled to say. say. v.] when they had heard Christ by grace. and that earnest no less than the Spirit of the Lord Jesus. He that is without sin done. Direct. And many who sins thou hast committed ever since thou sins against the indeed he may well hope for glory to come. 12. 39. thee by his Holy Spirit. 2.' that Therefore as by the vcr. But. • • t j^ . or the came upon wast born : all men to condemnation. which if the Lord give escajie grace to follow. 9. 14. 7. is which cometh world . (ontempUbie and 01 the scriptures withni ^"*' Christ never taught. But now. overcome the devil withal. in thoughts. and sins 16. against the gospel of the grace of God. words. 20. . and follow what is made known unto them from the light within them. which hope is not yet seen. is seen is not hope : for man we hope for why doth he that we see yet hope for not. against thy maker. or shall give holy scriptures which God hath commanded us witli Jn. Which hope is shedding abroad the love of God in our hearts. hath enlightened every into the man withal. the snare of this cunning hunter. 27. I and sins and actions : not. thou <•. . did come into the world on purpose to save all means to render the scriptures v. that he that that very Man that was born of the Virgin eldest. is. after that ye heard the word of truth. . v. and is he hath given. rather plying the freest promises to thy own soul . patience wait for if. 16. 17. He.viii. Ga. ii. beginning at the the Lord Jesus Christ: but aboveall strive tobelieve. saith. . 2. 20. which weapon our Lord Jesus himself held up. Jn. ix. wllich this holy spirit unto. yea.' them. But this design (as I told you) the devil In Avhom also. unto the praise of his glory. vm. and examine thine own heart by the rule of the word of God. . which saith. is viii. 8. xiv. which is tance (which inherithe earnest of our inheritance purchased is the eternal redemption that was . read (saith the scripture) ye also trusted. which light if the conscience. get a very Jp. sins against the long-suffering and forbearance of God. ' hope a : But hope that seeth. the Apostle speaking of this great mystery. of God. sins of omission. But the devil. ver. which is Christ in . being convicted by their own a care of making any stay anywhere on this side consciences. abiding in them. 15. 'To whom God woidd make by Christ by pretending to sheAv them a more excellent way which they may attain to. ' ii. 12.i Avhich He loved me. the Scriptures der n .1 -. the hope of glory. then I beseech thee consider that thou art under the wrath of Almighty God. for the proof hereof. for poor sinners. 1. not only of sins against damning sin.! *. against his judgments is . nor yet his And that thou mayest be sure to attain to tliia disciples But they being given up of God to a most precious faith. 17. whom to is called the sword of the Spirit. Ep. 'judgment Besides the sins the cause of believers' hope Spirit of Christ. Mat. I shall lay thee ' down some few thee directions. beg of God to convince law. thou shalt these i. to. Lu. Jn. 5. is the earnest or to follow the suggestions of the devil. yea. viii. 9. then in thy first parents. 13. wait for the hope of righteousness by faith. 38. <fcc. which believer's hope. Christ. 43. though it be never so specious I say. have among you. WICKED DELUSIONS. Ga. went out one by one. 24. labours by Mary. then ? what But if And first of all. xii. and hast been so ever 1. given to believers. have a care of resting on any duty speaking thus to them. being since thou camest into the world. art but brought into such an estate as to see thyself in a lost condition then in because of sin. those Ro.. the sin of mibeDirect. I do admonish thee be very serious touching thine estate and condition. That the Pharisees. nor his word. Tiii. and gave himself for me. and hast not set thyself to remember thy Creator as thou art commanded.' Ro. law of God. 2. whether or no. Again. bnt also of that lief. even to the least. V.' And Col. now preparing Ep. to : ii. that thou mayest be able to escape carries on. (for so it is) be much in ap. were sealed with the holy Spirit of promise. known what is mystery among the riches of the glory of this the Gentiles. without the Lord Jesus the next place. v. as well as other poor sinners: I say. for so many In as take ourselves scripture 17. 1. 5. as We rejoice i^i hope of the glory begotten by the Ro. follow the UgM that Christ great sense of thy sins that thou hast committed and that thou mayest so do. the gospel of your salva- And u.

thou canst not be saved: that is. when he in particular. and tells thee of thy sins.alsoxiv. and do for companion of the Demas. Now own wicked • Jesus Christ. 12. Consider. And and the reason is. If thou wouldcst not be deceived.^ -^\^'^^ the imao-inations of thy . but because thou dost reason too too much with that wicked enemy of man's salvation. because I am a great sinner yea. as. First. 11.. nothing but a as a tinkling cymbal 1 Co. with nitre. but believeth on him that justifieth the un: ' godly. if any man come unto thee. and that of life viction. lahour to apply to thy own soul most glorious and freest promises in the book of God. that thou mayest not be any come imto thee. thinking thou art now well enough.iu. though thou walk in --Pj. kiv. believest not. xxv. is. : THE AUTHOR TO THE READER. 6. xiv. (saith he) pardon mine iniquity. thou dost put oft' convictions the Avrong way. who also is the true scriptm-es that do it . That thou mayest be Not]. 7.Je. as he sees thee labour to get out of his reach) I say. and givest way much to the fleshly reasoning of thine said. Lord.) When thy conscience flleth in thy face. yet thine ini' in the word of God : sure to meditate upon the blood of the And withal. that the more and greater thou seest thy sins to be. 25. and have a care that thou dost not enter into any dispute with him. and are heavy laden. thou mayest have. Have a care of putting ofi" thy these. and aU thy righteousness. the reason why thou and ofi"ences. 1 • 1 1 •!• is deviiisn. and lead a new hfo. Mat. ' own thou shouldest not satisfy thyself with any less than God would have thee to satisfy thyself withal. saith God to such. if But marked before me. and so satisfiest thy conscience.) If is counted for righteousness. Ro. because thou canst speak much . for manner of Moses. And if at any time the devil besets thee by his temptations. thou puttest oft' convictions by tliy performances of DUTIES.iv. but thou must say. because he had greatly transgressed. and the Direct. resurrection. 37. I saj. Jn. with promise to give them rest. or other like. 1 Jn. my sins are too big. And Caution 2. I will in no wise cast out. 5. therefore wiU Lord. and know it for a truth. then have a care to avoid false doctrines. have a special care of these thi'ee things. xiii. for it is great. is. guilty of great iniquity. 1 iloctnne do not receive him. 14. for they are as filthy rags. because I have sinned above many of my companions. x. be man Christ Jesus. yea. sound.xxu. and his love this in Christ to poor sinners. unto me. and so many. many others who have not committed such heinous For And I dare say. As. 2. and eternal damnation than they. Ps. is not because thy sins all this thou mayest be but as sounding brass. as Re. the with his fiery darts. they are great. Je. is not. and take thee quity is Though thou wash thee much soap.3. 1. which are according to the spirit of the devil. (for so is his wonted manner to do. For thy name's sake. li'unters faj^e. 19.. 3.) .\L\-. do not receive him For to him that woi-keth not. Wherefore thou must not say. be more glorified. (3. thou say (as it is often the speech of poor soids lying under a sense of sin. care that when thou art under conthou dost not satisfy thyself with a notion of the free grace of the gospel my meaning is. iv. and be magnified in pardoning me who am soul .l7. ' but rather resist him by those blessed promises that are laid diovra. xi. righteousness. thou must therefore believe because thy sins are great: David made it an encouragement to himself. except thou art circumcised after the be as white as snow. Ep. 23. to come to him. pardon my I cry unto the Lord.vi.37. because my sixs are so great. if thou dost stop thy conscience by promising to reform thyself. and say. and tell thee. fully ix. which water thy duties. ^-i. and not after Christ. the more cause hast thou to believe yea. 3.' Ro. than if thou pardonest damned multitude As . the riches of thy grace wiU be more advanced. then also thou dost put off" thy convictions the wrong way: for God will not be satisfied with anything'(2. The is heart : His doctnne also De. wrong way. He.) If less than the blood. ' own heart. or bottom thy peace upon it. yea to hope for pardon. 22. 7.) If any doctrine doth come unto thee. TT. u. 1—3. that is. VOL. deceived in a matter of so great concernment. thy mercy and goodness will more shine. when thou art under the guilt of thy sins. God.xxxi. I cannot apply and intercession of own Son. sins. (1. But Secondly. most i. 10—23. is the water of life. Caution 1. and bring such a doctrine as this. and gcttest oft" thy guilt by S(j doing for though thou mayest by this means still and quiet tliy conscience for a time.. which thou mayest Ho.jn„ c^n make us saved by grace. his apprehensions of wrath due to the promises to mine it) . they shall thee. again. to the end thou mayest present thyself the better before God. thy name will As if he had said. and so much the more. of the grace of God.' Lord. For Christ hath ' He ' that cometh Jn. that tells Though your sins be as scarlet. ii. and read those and clearly speak of iii. his faith (2. trouble of spirit the . be sure to act faith on the most free promises. yet thou canst not hereby satisfy and appease the wrath of God : yea. because of my sins.' is. Lis. i. to crave. and am nearer to heU. thou must do such and such works of the lav. assails thee do three ways (1. those tliat 137 have no conditions annexed to them. are great. And Christ calleth those that labour. or rather the Spirit of the Lord made it his encouragement. . iv. Ac. : for For and yet be but a Judas and the rest the Apostle saith. Have a do not content thyself with any measure of knowledge that thou canst attain unto.

if fore do not thou trust it. Here is also the way have the one. 26. comConsider. xxviii. 17. and to own it as done for thee in particular. withal doth admonish thee. I am the way. i. 1. not to trust in notion of love to the it. 10.\iv. which neither Christ nor his disciples did allow of. I hope will be a means to stir me up to thank the Lord that ever he did use such a sinner as I am. tu.) But if any come unto thee. hypocritical proi. doth also slight testify. 6. thou wilt Je. be not ye the servants of men. kingdom of heaven. If thou wonkiest not be deceived. wiiatever the true Christian. Ep. 3. * Ye are bought with a If his price. 12. I will tell thee. say therefore. be it but honour and obey it in (as thou thinkest) never so low. Ac. That God doth hold out his grace. and thou wilt be more incapable of receiving instruction. 23. 138 THE AUTHOR TO THE READER. 2 Co. 4. slights the scriptures. V. and is doing. 8. 8. 4. or an idle. 2 Th. i Ti. thence. 58. . compared with 9. by Satan to this day. 4. when it is too late. that was horn of the virgin Mary and doth press thee to beheve on what he hath done (shewing thee thy lost condition without him) Son of Mary. and so I shall commit thee to the Lord. 6. Again. 9. And now. give all diligence to believe in the Christ of God. that : and mercy Is. . especially for ii. Christ the Son of Mary. Jn. then beware of slighting any known truth that thou findest and deceive thee. 'Lest he hale thee to the judge. he that And Eze. or entertain low thoughts of God. 5. 59.' conversation be also agreeable to his doctrine. 6. and bare so never fall. honest. (he ^ _ _ / is a pared witli Slat. J)i. for all this there is hope filth . xxii. them. iv. 40—42. . He. self-denying. loving. Avhile thou art in the way.ult. V. officer. and the things that are therein have a care of thyself for the devil doth watch for thee day and nio-ht. ' ceive thee. 7. Consider. 1 Co. and now thou receive the truth in the love of the of sin. For. heaven and to hell. but search them. but to receive it into thy heart. it may. Here ever- not do wisely. all judgment else for all thy sins past. and to-day. though as yet thou hast been either exceedingly wicked. Jn. i. xu. and 1 Th. and the holy scriptures. and the life no man Cometh unto the Father but by me. 10. this free * : ' true. and be sure to apply all that he hath done. and that to every one.iv. thy very heart and soul may burn in Lord Jesus Christ again and doth also teach thee. 12. thou shalt in particular . vi. Ep. yesterday. Caution 3. or made known to thee gnash teeth Consider. xiv. for it is the docof God. xiii. i. and dotli in truth advance the blood. till thou shalt not depart thou hast paid the very last mite. also courteous Conversation. thy rejecting and trampling on the blood of his Son. Re. 17—19. and all Man Christ Jesus: And if thou dost not agree with thine adversar}^ now. fessor last if . if by any means Pr. If thou strlvest to go over any other way. 2. ' but thou shalt practise hereafter. The doctrine is That there is no way to attain to mercy and grace. thou wilt be but a thief and a robber. by and from the ordinances of Jesus Christ: the rather therefore. i. And kiiow that none of these (so 38. that loved thee. Jn. be rid of the thou shalt be saved. the (2. Re.) Have a care that thou do not undervalue. Now the Lord shall do thee any good by what I have spoken. but by him that M-as born of the Virgin Mary. which is the (3. i. 21—24. xx. and the if way it any one of them. 1—7. have a care that thou labour in the strength of the Lord Jesus. and second coming of that very Man in the clouds of heaven. rigJiteousness. I shall also give thee some few considerations. xviii. That if the devil should be too hard for thee. same for ever. continuing) shall enter into the 1 Co. and the officer cast. for Therethou do. xvii. jet if now thine eyes be opened to see and acknowledge it. i. Ga. xiii. iv. (1. present. and the truth. and the Consider. reaping advantage. 9. at this time life and death. by persuading thee to embrace. iv. Re. judge deliver thee to the thee into prison. through whose deceitfulness thy heart will be hardened. xiii. and gave himself for thee. 21. or into to escape the other. they give attendance to the reading of iTi. not to hve to thyself: But to him really. will cause God hath given up many to believe strong delusions. a believing. And is therefore I beseech thee to consider. and what might be damned who beheved not the had pleasure in unrighteousness. to escape all these things for if thou fall I . Thine own heart also doth "labour to de1 Pe. 20—22. Considering the end of their conversa- tion Jesus Christ. for he himself saith. Mar. intercession. it. iv. ui. reader. resurrection. and everlasting torment set before thee. him of Avhom truth. that the love of Christ should and must constrain thee. its place. in the . and of Christ. a. as for thee which thing if thou dost.) Therefore I say unto thee. the Son of God. . 20.. being as willing to And I will tell thee also. 11. and receive it really. that for this as the guilt of Consider. 5.i3. 7. it Avill make way for a farther income of sin and the devil. the Son of Mary. lu. thee in the gospel. or entertain a new gospel. v. In the name of the Lord Jesus. 13. and hast stood it out to the 39. 29. x. unto thyself. lukewarm. 15.) Receive that doctrine trine Ac. That though thou hast been deluded Jn. I tell thee. Consider. freely. 7. x. Mat. 15. the very creator of heaven and earth. i. Hiidol God. 2 Pe. 5—10. 14. lasting jo}^. ' That the Lord call thee to that they might a lie : that they truth. i. it wonld make revealed.

as Man. what tian) have said. the man Christ of man upon him in the womb of the Virgin. who salem. 40. as these false faith. and of salvation. only sometaking upon him the nature of man afterwards in thing in another and more glorious manner and the 8th and 9th verses. only as God. and to trust in for salvation. undervaluing the Lord Jesus Christ. and was taken up above the clouds into heaven with the same real body. ^er. the several pieces of that great and glo.kers. set be. BURTON. by that God-man Jesus Christ without without thee at Jerusalem for sinners : thee. for though of need great a is there and ven profeathese truths be commonly lcno\\-n amongst . his dying for sins at Jeru- To THE Reader. with the same body which was crucified and laid in the grave. and that he shall again descend from heaven in that same glorious body of flesh. speaking first of his being God. or others. and God (meaning people are in this very like to Familists and Quathe Father) hath highly exalted him. Aud here I shall close up less Thy servant in the Lord Jesus Christ. to be given into thy heart this. the Son of Mary. there is 'one eternity. particidarly in and in this way to seek daily for a higher faith in 9—11. first flesh And if thou art enlightened by the Spirit of dwelling in that flesh that was bora of the Yiro-iu. 50. thouoh all saints. from heathese truths. blasphemously fancying either . 9—11. and his coming again in his body . errors of those commonly called Socinians. and this discovers the damnable so his fulfilling the law. and fully proved by * through this man (speaking of Christ as crucified the scriptures: at Jerusalem) is preached unto you the forgiveness First. thou hast here the main things of Christ surely fall short of pardon of sin. Jesus Christ. so they may be of great use for thee to meditate upon. and so according to their wicked imagination. desiring thee (if thou be a christo praj for him who desu-es to continue I than the least of John Bunvan. And if thou art yet though covered over with an outside profession. 5—9. -work of liis 139 gospel. will things. 51. making but one Christ who is the Sa\'iour. i. And saith he. 5. .' iTLii. laid do'mi before thee briefly. his ascending into on the one hand deny him that was born of the Virgin Mary to be true God as well as true Man And this is also quite contrary to those commonly heaven without. thou hast in this small treatise. that the man Christ rose again out of the grave. and then of his together with the saints his members. God manifested in the do o^vn him to be the Saviour only as God. and thus both beo-inJesus Christ the Son of God. his rising again without. and to shew thee the righteousness thou art to fly to by faith.without them in the heavens as well as God. thou mayest see the ditference between true aud If thou art a true behever. one Jesus. things are the foundation of thy faith. vet rious mystery. and yet they do not rightly and savingly lay him for is to be believed and trusted in for salvation not their foundation. but as man also and those who do Now as a help against all these dangerous not thus make him the object of their faith. to be only but one Christ. he (meaning this measure than the saints and these high-flown Jesus) humbled himself. . »fcc. make his to convince thee of the sad condition thou art in. both natures making and so indeed do hold Christ as Man. to be but a tj'pe of God. exercise thy faith in. he saith. and Jesus. is ning and perfecting their salvation within them. l here also compared with the last chapter of Luke. manifest in the saints. . and then of his taking flesh. and not into a fancied heaven only within. contrary to —3. dying Ac. and though they may speak much of Christ. THE EPISTLE WEIT BY MK. where it is clearl}^ held forth. when convinced of sin which is a righteousness wrought . and to meditation. as Piii. where (I say to be only) the saved or glorified one of God. Szc.: THE EPISTLE WRIT BY MR. 39. as Ac. here thou mayest see by that Spirit how and then dwelling in saints. Of his being true God out of flesh from of sins:' Ac. speak.will not (it may be) deny that Christ is a real man fore thee. Goding of both natures God and man as together man. BURTON. here thou mayest flud something (if the Spirit of Christ meet thee in reading) of flesh to in a state of nature. and not only as God. Quakers. hand be only God manifest in their flesh or else human nature with the fulness of the godhead in it. or the nature mediator between God and men. . i. MINISTER AT BEDFORD. xiiiss. who on real the other Man to deny Christ to be a xcUhout them. will also shew serious bewhat to think of some. . lievers : ii. to be him judge the world. Christ. both true God and true Man. Ranters. as some say his interceding in heaven for all his. And this sure truth of Christ being the Saviour and Mediator. his human nature was to be laid aside after he had oftered it up on the cross without the gate at Jerusalem. who though they Reader. called Familists.

wlio And do any work private or public for Jesus Christ. the weightier things of the gospel have always done more hurt than good But here thou hast things certain. it be Christ spirit and the Spirit of Christ within. calling itself Christ. 8. In this as was also full of power. that it is not the Spirit ' . i. or clear them up to you He shall take of my salvation. the world himself) my obedience. viu. vi. as some again out of the grave without them. which thou : canst not too much study. will be of great concernment to thee and me for. and to be set down in a right understanding of it. how Jesus Christ is withotd the saints is. or matters of opinion. and the more. Thirdly. it 10. ordinarily chooseth such 1 Co. If Christ be in you. or more cun- And ningly and mysteriously. Ac. 13. spiritual sense in deed Christ within. 9. as ascending into. and plainly proved by the scriptures. why . who am both God and man. and yet dwelleth within them. Secondly. it teaches them to trust in the Man Christ as rising it is. which I have wrought And he for you in my own person without you shall take of my glory and exaltation in the Now to mind this one heavens. and shew to you. if thou hast not only the faith of them in thy heart. the more strong and valiant wilt thou be in spirit. and be not offended because Christ holds forth the glorious treasure of the gospel to thee in a poor earthen vessel. for he shall take of mine (of my glorious tilings) and shew them to you he shall take my divine and human nature. that and as to come from that heaven again in his flesh Thus the man Christ himto judge the world. then teaches that man or woman and and of thy interest ofi"er them. notion. whom to apply. in that it Man. without which they cannot rightly know. scriptures. 8. (and yet spiritual and mysterious) truths of the gospel. nor rightly believe in Christ the Sou of God loithout them.i. down looking for the Spirit of Jesus Christ to come with in the faith of these truths of Christ. The more thou art rooted and set from heaven to believe fully the glorious reality of with my mighty angels to judgment. he shall glorify me. common. it may well be said in this age. or is a false . but the spirit of the devil. If any man have not the Spirit of Christ. He that hath not the Spirit of Christ. sions of their own reason and fancy was most of them would be found to have very little knowledge of. in this book thou wilt not without them : The Spirit of Christ. some looking only on what Christ hath done and sufi"ered without them. plain. then the more thou hast of the right faith of Christ. ' <tc. and trust in Christ ivithout Christ as born of the Virgin Mary. these common truths. yet very few kno\y or believe them aright: nay. book thou hast also laid down from the power into their hearts. Neither doth this treatise to thee doubtful controversial things. resting in an historical. xvi. and also thou wilt hereby attain the more true holiness heart and Ac. and of his things in thy heart. doth not glorify. them. and indeed a fancied faith of it. for want of this. counting them high masteries. for salvation as fulfilling the law ivithout them. ' . the more heavenly peace and joy thou wilt have. and of my second coming sors to the notion of tlicm. so as to have any share or interest in him. that. Ro. 14. if the faith of the true Avell sifted. and the apprehensifted out. and of the Holy Spirit. to like Stephen. life. without in the clouds : . for as the scripture. without respect of persons. <tc. which some delight in. my birth. BURTON. and shall shew them. ' purifying their and purity of hearts by faith. may be a great help (through the Spirit concurring) to strengthen thee against all those damnable heresies which are spread abroad. in opposition to Christ and his righteousness without them. and if thou art a believer. and faith in. self saitli. from the scriptures. not as the word of man. himself. XV.' &c. 9. 7. traditional. by one neither the greatness nor the to who hath wisdom of this world commend him to thee. death. of Christ. thou mayest receive this word which is according to the scriptures in faith and love. ascension and intercession. yet it is manifest. and for the doing of his work. which deny the Lord Jesus Christ either plainly.' Ro. saith Christ. admire and glorify me. saints was and tradition. and the righteousness of Christ within them. he is none of his. He shall make you more to prize. many professors have split themselves.' Jn. from which all true saints have their justification and comfort. sent from you touching my body. that the Spirit of Christ God-man in . and sometime viii. thou must needs reckon them so. thing. as dying without the gate of Jerusalem as a sacrifice for sin. . Avhich Spirit is sometime called. Others have been depending too much upon something they call Christ. that something of his divine nature or his blessed Spirit dwells within them. satisfaction. Therefore pray. being full of faith. by the Spirit. And also how we may know whether and that is. but the sound. These truths being put thus together. it being received through the operation of the Spirit which dwells in them and however these may talk much of Christ within them. When he (the Spirit of truth) is come. 9.'. and interceding in heaven witJiout for them books chiefly do. which when insisted upon. and necessary to be believed. Ko. : 140 THE EPISTLE WRIT BY MR. and their interest in them. but slight and reject the man Christ and his righteousness which was wrought Reader. but as the word of God. but art daily living in the feeling of them. viii. l Pe. called Christ. (who was low and contemptible in for 26—28. my person and offices. my resurrection. and who shall be abThen follows. thus If it be in- meet with high flown airy notions.

according to God's purpose and conclusion. Now. as man. THAT A Christ. his Son was slain that is. that he would save some of them that by transgression had destroyed themselves. if the Lord will. in the accoimt of God. was shed before the world was. to whom be glory for ever and ever. I say having had experience of this. God seeing that we would transand break his commandment. Amen. reader. and will be to the end of the world. This is not chosen out of an earthly. 27. gifts. to write a few words. gress. was in the beginning. that there is such a thing as a Christ. and graces of Christ. Who verily was fore-ordained before the foundation of the world. ' The Lord God hath given me the tongue of the learned. that Lord give thee and me a we mav faith.* Judgments concerning the Son of the Virgin Mary. it seemed good to me. and that by a Saviour. as may any thing in the purify our hearts. according to his awn purpose and grace. than all university learning and degrees that can be had. who by him do believe in God. because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor. that According as he hath chosen us him. not many up man.' in 1 Pe. iv. and so all true gospel ministers must proceed. L 4. compared with Lu. actually. did in his rise of '' own purpose fore-ordahi such a thing as the him that should fall. called us with an holy calling. and judfinothis book may be profitable to many others.' <fce. and the learning of the Spirit of And now live which is the thing that makes a man both a Christian and a minister of the gospel. such a faith as may make Jesus Christ more real and precious world. that raised him up from the dead. but by the Spirit of and that with much success in the conver- which church. iv. xii. Kot many wise men mighty. which he purposed in himself before the would was as 'Who hath saved us. 8. 9. Is. it is written. and so throw himself under eternal destruction. i. but out of the heavenly university. or bargain. ' right understanding in these things. both learned and unlearned. xiii. human art. saith of him. where Christ. I shall not spend shall much time in proving of. Where ' the Apostle speaking of Christ. (meaning upon such and such terms. to the end. l Co. and after this life enjoy eternal life and glor}' through the Lord Jesus Christ. not after 141 the flesh. And account (though witness with I it my duty upon this be very unfit for it) to bear though this man hath not the learning or wisdom of man. in and the redemption purchased by him for sinners. and afterwards expected by their children But before I do that. Farewell. did with the everlasting Son of his love. L 4. and his ability to preach man the gospel. He knowing that man would break his commandments. having had some Knowledge of these forth their several . and still is. his blood things. should be. make an agreement. Re. thine to serve thee in the Lord Jesus. which do more fit a man for that mighty work of preaching the gospel. the Lord JESUS CHRIST and some of those many having most grossly erred from the simplicity of the Gospel. but was manifest in these last days for you. to wit. He hath. through grace he hath received the my brother to the plain and simple (and yet glorious) truths of our Lord Jesus Christ. The Spirit of the Lord is upon me. many have taken in Iland to set the Saviour) before the foundation of the world. that he was first promised to the fathers. as if it were already done. Now God in liis OTVn wisdom and counsel. <fcc. I shall speak a few words concerning God's fore-ordaixixg and purposing. the teaching of God. 17. 28. he would give him a . and give them to him that should afterward purchase them Ep. saith. yet. a Saviour. that out of which the word of the Lord. as well as to myself: I thought human learning.: SOME GOSPEL TRUTHS OPENED. as to sion of sinners when there are so many carnal empty preachers. thougli in the account of God. did before choose some of those that would fall. union with Christ. of his godly conversation. I say. whether learned or unlearned. experience with many other saints of this man's soundness in the faith. creatures. and that BEFORE the WORLD BEGAN. die not with a traditional notional dead but with a right spiritual lively faith of Christ in our heart. not by Christ. but having had hatli many noble are called: But God chosen the foolish things of the world. and experience of the temptations of Satan. 18. wrought by the mighty power and of God . Soiils might not be so horribly deluded by those several corrupt Principles that are gone into the World concerning him. the church of Christ. Ro. My end in writing these few lines is not to set Christ. i. which was given us in ! . only I shew you. As also. and 2Ti. Christ Jesus before the world began. That is. through grace taken these three heavenly degrees. that so yve SOME GOSPEL TRUTHS OPENED. as furnished with the Spirit. knowing what woidd come to pass.' ize. Forasmuch as &c.' God having thus purposed in himself. John Burtox. the anointing of the Spirit. and make us new to us than may be sure to escape the wrath to come. 20.

or covenant . sent forth the prisoners. 36. to ' . 2. 2. us 1 make o ^{Le^^^^WhZ 't covenant was maiie. them : I pray not for the Avorld. *a body hast thou prepared me.' Ge. and betAveen thy seed and her seed. and therefore when God would shew his people what the agreement was that he and the Saviour had made. he made the world. that we should be holy and Avithout blame before him in love. 9. was made with none but with the Son of God. 7. 2.iv. of sucli poor souls as liad company sion fallen from tlieir by transgresown innocency and upright- my account. And this was the Avill or agreement that God had made with him And therefore Avhen he speaks of doing the will of God.) before ' in the foimdation of the world. which God that cannot lie. . was to be brought into the world by the Saviour. . . Ge. the Saviour.^at i°JU"wh"hS wish Avell to the souls and bodies "'t"'^"! for us in that glorious covenant . Lx. lit. 11. from ver. u. whose ""^'^ l^UVl^ cove' . man in our imao-e. ' God. and be the Saviour of those whom he before had covenanted for Avith God the Father. v. ' thee I have therefore. seeing the covenant. or bargain that was made between me accomplished in and ch. This covenant. He. according to the terms of the covenant. NoAV the first discovery that Avas made to a lost creature of the love of God. Avhom God had made upright. 4. or bargain. 23 to which was and is. also how should be. and to had concluded upon. Ge. the conditions that were agreed upon by . And thus is that place to be understood in Jn. and put an end to iniquity.' This. had by transgression fallen fi-om that state into Avhich first God at ver.\0.. See for this Zee. First. 15. .make thee an ark of gopher Avithal . 15. able by his transgression. make reconciliation for iniquity. according to that agreement that was on my part. the Son of his love. . after the AVOrld ty it : was made by them. 35. vii.' . iv. 31. Ec. NoAV.iu everlasting righteousness. «. The Saviour was to bring everlasting Da.. i. that was between God and Christ before the world began.) saith on this Avise life. had these conditions it. Avas held forth to Noah. The speaking of the promise. 14. ni. Ep. vi. after our . or Saviour. And after man. Zee. That the Saviour should take upon him and blood. and to brino. let blood of thy covenaut. and those that were under the curse of my law. then God righteousness to justify sinners withal. I will put self before the Avorld 1. x. promised before the world began. ix. 4. 24. foundation Apostle. or bargain This was the first discovery of the love man This was the gospel Avhich Avas preached to Adam in his generation in these his heel.' Now this promise. Ga. i. . and begins noAV to make forth that to the Avorld. placed him. 2 Ti. as in Pr. and throAvn himself into a misercondition Second. was made laid. in that he would have him to prepare an ark to save himself Saviour. he saith. ' . which I was to take of a woman.) and in it I am come to do thy will. . Avhlch he had purposed in himbegan. as it is written of me in the volume of thy book. even before the covenant was accomplished and sealed actually. words were . Where it is said. ' whom ver. which iii. i.) . According as he hath chosen us in him. nant one purpose) ' is by blood (which is all to (meaning God) have sent forth thy prisoners out of the pit wherein is no water. 29. promised at that time. in Christ. He. was made to fallen Adam. God. 1 aiter o •iii'l alone we are holy without blame be- fore him in love.' Avhich is the Saviour. i. 9. Come thou and all thy house into the ark for thee have I seen righteous before me in this wood. The end of all flesh is come before me . 14. i. * To make an end of sins. 9. but he by . the same nature that the sons of men were partakers of (sin only excepted) He. and of poor sinners. according to our agreement. and thou shalt bruise He was to accomplish this everlasting righteousness by spilling his most precious blood. that Avhich should be farther accomplished in after generations. spoicenthecovenaiituns aiso t^^^ (mcanmg « As for thee t n the Saviour) by "imtwarZL^ when the blood of Christ was out upon the cross. ' and thee before the world Avas. V\ lien these words Avas held forth to them in that generation. 143 SOME GOSPEL TllUTHS OPENED. they were and thou gavest them me. thou hast given for) 'thine me ' (Avhich 1 I pray for but for them which covenanted with thee xvii. according to the covenant. 13. Ge. into those selves had sought this wicked inventions that they themThe agreement out. ness. brings out of his love that which he and his Son The Messias. 1.' Ep. seeing this Avas thus con- flesh eluded upon by those that did ^. (where he is speaking of him that should be the „. shall bring in everlasting righteousness. for we 'let .4.. n. or covenant made between God and the Saviour (for that is his In hope of eternal meaning.) And again. 15. is generation. and they had said.Coi. viii.' (but on such and such conditions as are beforementioned. And it must needs be so for there was none Avith God before the world began. in. The meaning is this : As for thee also. (that is. 1. likeness. out of the pit wherein there is no water seeing thou also hast completely fulfilled in mv me and account Avhatsoever was on thy part to be done. ' enmity betAveen thee and the woman. Tit. 5.' or as souie render it. of the world was 3. And God said unto Noah. as Avith all if it were actually and really done. of God to lost : . . that cannot Third. I Avhich ark did type out the Lord that was come. before the Tit. The Lord said luito Noah. as it is there written. It shall ' bruise thy head. Another discoA'cry of the love of God in the gospel.' (as according to tliy promise. i. or agreement. lie. I say.

' (6. which was held forth by types and shadows in the standing a little farther: has a CTiiist. And this did fill his heart with joy it was not yet done) but I will (saith God) raise unto David a righteous branch. ' : : ' iii. ^. when God had thus signified to the world. 19. that I will (mark. saith the ye delight in Lord of hosts.' Ge. ' •^ '' -nhetlier the Ps. For he saith himself. as the blood of bulls.) David was in earnest expectation of this. - - In his days Judah shall be saved. up unto you of your brethren like unto me. which was the substance. He. xii.' is. 1 1 J a. God blessed for ever. Yea. rejoice. 76. 13. (7. was not in his time come. Where it is said. And . this that God had promised to the fathers. is. and lambs. 10.) Jacob also. are the fathers. 143 God 'breaks out witli a farther discovery of liimself in love to tliat generation in lived. 'But Israel shall be saved in the LORD with an everlasting salvation. and to expect that the Lord should accomplish and bring to pass what he had promised. 56.. (8.xik. Behold. ! And there is thus have I in brief shewed you. and of truth strength of Christ) prove.) He was not come in the time of Malaclii send a Saviour into the world time. behold. How he was waited things before he did come. take notice. I shall lay down this for a That it is not any Spirit only by. that I will (through the is Lord your God raise De. Now when these things were thus done. I The Second Thing WAS OF THE Virgin. for 'he saw it. Abraham embraces. he saith. Where he saith. from ' ' "WTiose ix. of Israel a long time. That this such a thing as Christ. waiting for the consolation of by this Saviour. ' xviii. That out of Sion. 9. in whom) shall all families of the earth he blessed. . vm.' Ps. 'And in which Abraham thee. and goats Also sacrifices of divers manners. that the true salvation and Saviour of Israel was to come . Ps. which thing and gladness. Jn. ix. 5—7. began to look for. 18. and a king shall reign and pros- saith the Lord.) In the days of Jeremiah. and Ro.^m all otiier tilings whaisoever that is called Christ. When the time was come that ]\Ioses was to them how it shall be accomplished in that 53d chapter. 17. out of the church of God. as Is clear. that he that the Saviour. ' though he was indeed at that time near his coming. ixx. xiv. xiv. there was a man in Jerusalem. beJ. 25. waiting for him that was to be the Saviour. as I said before. made him cry out with a longing after it. JIal. 1. 5. even the messenger of the covenant. 'for. they be spirit nr body. and i. though before his time it was promised which makes him cry out. by the way. per. Christ was promised and signified out by many 3. see that prophesy of this. 3. and through this discovery of the gospel. words. that he would in his appointed being promised. for : the reality of it. He (4. And. ii. 3. that it were come out of Sion Where. (2. Israel weJ'e ' ! come out of Sion. and expected before the time that God had appointed in the which he should come. 5. that he speaks as though it had been actually done. touching the shall the flesh. then God did more gloriously yet break forth with one type after another. that God would yea.' ver. xi. which It. where the Lord's Christ. that the salvation of Israel ' he should not see death. is his name The Lord ovr He was also to come In Zecharlah's time. iii. if you read with under(3. and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came. shall suddenly come to his temple. the days come. being persuaded of the certainty of it as in He. that hlm by the Holy Ghost. Israel. one distinct witj A7ifl it unto God Ana was Tpvpnlpd le-veaiea iintn law for as yet the Saviour was not come. who is over all. ' these things (the types) were a shadow of that which was to come. 18. xxiii. I will send my messenger. He. as is written .) Now Abraham begins to look for what God had promised and signified. was of also a farther manifestation of the good will thus save his people God to poor lost sinners . i.tLx. that it were come. . 1 see also Is. which held forth that Saviour more clearly which God had in his own purpose and decree determined to be sent. that is. fathers.' Christ. as concerninf thee shall Christ come through. . And again. And first. 7. did Abraham 56. is this. A prophet again.) Zee. for. what his hand and counsel had before determined to be done. behold. I have laid help upon one that is mighty have exalted one chosen out of the people. x. SOilE GOSPEL 3. ' Lu. and was glad. Israel shall dwell and this wherewith he shall be Righteousness. whose name teas Simeon and the same man was He was also put in expectation of salvation to come just and devout. what he intended to do in after times.1 T T tore he had seen the Lord s Christ. (that is. (1. was not yet accomplished In ch. and of several things. TRUTHS OPENED. First. Where he saith. Behold.e saitii. while he was blessing his sons.' That is. « . it 2.) and he shall prepare the way before me and the Lord whom ye seek. Jn ^iii. whom behold he shall come. this is sisjuitied. namely. and safely . that concerning things to come. I will ' bring forth my servant the branch. did come of the .) Old Simeon did also wait for the consolation neither. Lu. I have waited for thy salvation. This the flesh. 1. called.) Isaiah did which made him 4. is he that . (meaning John the baptist. presently all that had faith to believe that God would be as good as his word. he had such a glorious taste of also tells be a prophet to the people of his generation. xl. (5. 8. 26.' liii. breaks forth with these ' . Ge. The thing that irere come out of Sion DaAad waited for. or both spirit and Iwdy. he breaks forth with these words. salvation of 6.

his birth from Mary. Mat. the angel told her. from that is to l. A virgin shall conceive. seeing ^. for they had exact registers. And. either there had if bow down before thee. xlbc. 6.' Mi. and in lie. •^^ t t u -^^ Sf. or records of their genealogies. And else again. he took upon him the This Avoman must be a ' A'irgin. and must be born of a woman. without the nature of man. 2. ii. 10. Noav then. 43. Bethlehem Ephlittle though thou be i/et among the thousands forth imto been Aveakness to fallen in God when he made the seed of the . 7. Judah. made under the laAV. Jn. . men are partakers of flesh and blood he also himself saying. made satisfac- then to Jacob the father of Joseph. or made a curse for them. Ge. 2. iv.r^ ^ ^"^^^ ^^^'^ piOVe. And ratah.' And hut also that he might deliver And this Jacob prophesied of on his death-bed./sP^''^"S Avhen he was Avith them. that he saying. are these. he could not have been a Saviour: For he was made of a Avoman. Ga.' or honour. . ^ shall provc it by COm- . iv. i. ' For verily devilishness of their unbelief disoAA'u him. the husband of Mary. that promise of Judah. they Avould no doubt have done it . They „ that are redeemed. 'But thou.?. 15. fi-om David to Zorobabel. 15. thou ait he Avhom thy brethren thy hand shall he in the shall praise. ver. saying. to . out of thee shall he come Adam. see but that he could not do. AA'here it is God sent forth his Sou.o11 vir. Or thus: That that [which] Avill he a Saviour of man. 3.^. Avere all their saying. must in the nature of man satisfy and appease And the arguments the justice and wrath of God. 27. If a spirit only could liave tion. and by some arguments draAvn from the scriptures. that he might redeem them that Avere under the law implying. 3. again. for Noav Mary Avas one of the same house also. they did not Avant malice to Avhet them on. for its that nature tliat sinit '^' due to bC the SaviOUr. • they find no such thing as to question the right of If it had been to be done. and bear a son. 144. of Avhom was born Jesus.' man) no redemption from the curse of the laAV. l.-* ^. The second argument is this because. neither did they Avant means so far as might help forward their malice.. vii. wrought out lor ihiiii through their natures. it is clear. 35. SOME GOSPEL TRUTHS OPENED. vii. if Mary had not been of the seed of David: For Christ came from her. Avithout manifest and apparent injury. ' . itself. because. to David. I will put enmity between thee and the woman. and so have saved man then Christ needed not to have come into the world. (viz. a virgin shall be with child. li. for Joseph kneAv her not till she had brought forth her first-born. ii. owtr'^cfu^. made of a woman. 1 without it do take the nature of man. Avorld without TJdrd. and have subdued Satan for man.' And Jesus is he that Avas the fulfilling of this scripture. so that. David. ' : ' First. Avliich Avas spoken of the Lord by the prophet. and betAveen thy seed and her seed . ? must huve redemption tlUS IS the VCry truth of GoO. i. the taking of the nature of him the throne of his father DaA'id. Ga. 3. Behold. in Jesus also came be ruler in Israel. Second. Avhere said. . 4. No sub. and I do believe. Again. seed of the ' that I do hring to prove it hy. part of it was about the generation of Avhich he came. ne.-. Now all this Avas done. And this is the reason.' 3. ver. . if they had had any colour for it.. ver. shall give unto Lu. iii. that can he a Saviour of man from eternal vengeance. had the power of death. that is. and to have been born of a woman. ver. .8. . thy father's children shall Second. not from him.' To what end? shall bring forth a Son. . ' Avas the son of David. i v ^ some places of the Old and NcAV testament together. or born of a Avoman.' of the tribe of Judah. Avhy the fallen angels are they Avould have been sure to have laid it open before all the world for they sought by all means And though they did through the to disoAvn him. to this end. . Judah 13. that without this. . and this consider. that it might be fulform of a servant. not fulfilling his promise. There was reasoning concerning him • . and likewise took part of the same. MatthcAv. Because it was man that had offended and justice required that man must give the satisfaction: And tlierefore. is that all ? No them who through fear of death.' said.' vor.i . 16. was come. filled children the 11. . would have appeared uufaithfid. Mat. And the Lord God jection to this. yet could he took not on 1dm the nature of angels but he took on him the seed of Abraham. they Avould sure haA^e denied him to have been the son of David. he did not take hold of their nature. see Ge. and thence to Judah ver. And first. t c1. sm. lifetime suhject to bondage. The Saviour must be of the tribe of Judah. for except tiiat nature tliat sinned do bring m recovery from the curse tliat is +1 „i T that Jesus that Avas born of the virgin. ' ' . The Jcavs kncAV this very Avell. 14. v. Jesus came from the loins of Mat. by redeeming the it.' ' Mat. 4. and was made in the likeness of 23. ' ' . when he that should he the Saviour.i ~ ^ . But Christ hath delivered from the curse of the law (all that believe in his name) being in their nature S3. Because riii. . neck of thine enemies ' i. and they shall caU his that through death he might destroy him that name Imanuel. a spirit only could have made satisfaction for the sin of mankind. * Avhere he is called the woman. and that Avili clearly appear. he begins first with Abraham. not recovered from their damnable estate. is..' and so was Jesus. if 3'ou read. That woman should me break the serpent's head (for there hath been no need of and so no room for that promise) or else God having made it. But in that he must come into the world. it is and shall call his name Imanuel. . the devil.

in that he for made himself . ll. nor a law-giver from between his feet. as Caesar's and Herod who was a stranger. that though they see these things come to pass. 39. And when' Ilerod demanded of the chief priests and scribes of the people where Christ should be born. though it were but for a season but the sceptre. 30. (For out of thee) mark that if Mary had not to be a rod. 7. 15. . and for a long time driven all was. for their crucifying of him of God. for putting What the reason wh}' they did put him to death. and you will find it to be the sceptre of a king that is meant for he addeth. art not the least i. TIwu Son of David.' He. the land that thou abhorrest shall be forsaken of both ' among the her kings. And this is evident. I am he as you say. for not denying of his the .' Mark it. and not of Judea. ' Judah till the legislative power depending on the shall not depart from Shiloh come. xxv. Now them. and for taking him out of the way. nor a law-giver from between his feet. been of Judah. xk. or persecutions shall not depart grossly mistake that place they do most though I am not skilled in the Hebrew tongue. xvm. Art thou of God? And he said unto them. for executing judgment in his time. nor the rod He equal with God. that it Avas not so much as once questioned. but the meaning (say they) a rod.' Jn xix. or kingdom. or persecutions saying. Agam. tions shall not depart from Judah till Shiloh come. 10. xiv. that shall rule my people Israel. did not depart from Judah. Then said they all. yet him to death. 15. Ge. but making himself equal with God. but Christ came out of Judah therefore Mary is This cannot be the meaning of the place for the also a daughter of Judah.— : : SOSIE GOSPEL TRUTHS OPENED. written in : know to refuse the evil. not depart from Judah tiU Shiloh II. Ju. Jn. in Bethlehem of Judea For thus it is written by the prophet. governor. Christ. would have praised them for doing the thing that was right.. them to this But I say. have been without a king of their own nation to ' the Jews. But in that he said he was the Son of God. deputy and Caesar Augustus imposed laws on them. for crucifying him but rather have praised them for their zeal. for out of thee shall come a from that same time. is. Avho did rob God of his honour. Jos. the Jews from that day to this. and I was with him before the Avorld did say that he * . is not meant is. w'as king over them. nor a come. iii. had he not been the Christ . . according to the prophecy of Jacob. as he did Phineas the son of Eleazar. Again. vi. that the meaning shall is not persecutions. weigh but the very next words of the same verse. Zee. out from their country. anil xvii. and have been as liable to were the was the Christ the Son Lu. . have mercy on me. 16. Now God did. and that before saith the scripture. But a word to the Jews' exposition of the sceptre 4—6. Christ had not come out of Judah. came. Lx. and there stood ' score years. yet through grace. He dangers. of their being thus deluded. ' law-giver . ' . . that he came from the loins of his father David according to the flesh. And one reason among they will not believe. arid a law-giver from between his feet till Shiloh . Lu. And yet these poor Sonship. many. And thou Bethlehem. Second. Nay farther. they say that the Avord sceptre in of a kingly government . According to that scripis. xlk. he Avould not haA'e laid sin to their charge. .our Lord sprang out of Shiloh did come at one time they had rest four. they cried out against Christ We have no king but Cesar. until Shiloli come. 10. It was so common. The sceptre. and was not. and also the law-giver. but have been a scatit by any all tered despised people. therefore did they put souls are so horribly deluded by the devil. and T of afflictions. xxii. The sceptre shall not depart from Judah. and doth most miserably plague very day. from the rod. And again. * ture. have mercy on me. Je. but a governor or sceptre of the kingdom VOL. the only begotten Son I am the Son of God of the Father. Jesus thou Son of David. xxL And the land had rest forty years. ' And rest ' ' not a u. * sceptre of the kingdom. They said unto him. wdien Christ the Saviour was to come into the world. For before the child shall and choose the good. And the Lord gave them rest round about. that persecuin the land of Juda. but govern them since : they never had the sceptre swayed of themselves. ' Ge. be departed. this. 'for . Which scripture hath been fulfilled princes of Juda. Again. Ju. and scattered over nations of the earth. Ku. then the Son of God? Ye say that I am. tins And man that sat * ' And that this is the meaning of the place. Now the sceptre was then departed from those that were Jews by nature. 5. it is To prove him that Jesus is the Avas clear from the hand of God against to death. Judah. vii.' Mat. Jn. * the land had from war. that the blind bj the way-side could cry out. yea. as was prophesied concernmg Jews did put him to death for his thus owning his own that is. There was rest many a time from persecution and ' ' ' iii. The stubborn Jews also confessed the sceptre to . on the adulterer and adulteress. u.70. 14. 38. . 145 wa3 so commonly known. is this. I am enlightened into the scriptures whereby I find from Judah till Shiloh come. man of all their enemies before them. Avhen before Pontius Pilate a Roman governor of Judea. xlLx. according to all that he sware unto their fathers. Now God's Son. s. at that time the sceptre was to depart from Judah. xiv.' That is. Jos. as Jews have had rest oftentimes. 37. vii.

it is evident that do hear and see the blind receive their sight. ' and to anoint the most Holy. and the ears of the deaf shall be unstopped.xxvii. 36. and saw that he was dead already. and the lame walk. And this the Jews says. Repent. and punish them for their sin in putting him to death. fulfilled. if you reckon every day in the man be three days and three nights in the heart of said seventy weeks for a year A day for a year. But this was filled. to prove that I am the Saviour. the sign of the prophet Jonah. Ac. because he said he was the Son of God and in that God doth so severely charge them with. is this. Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people . - 26—31. xix. 33. is it that Christ saith hath an end the argument that he brings to persuade believe the gospel. and spake of him to all them that looked for speaks of. ii. xxv-ii. x. him openly. And seeing tliat tliey did put him . all people . xii. (though contrary to the customs of that nation. They part my garments among them. though he waited long for him. hypocrites. 33.' Ex. Lord now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace. Mat. . he to whom i. where he saith. and the poor that should come into the world. But when they came to Jesus. that he should see him. xl. ' .to finish the transgression. And this.) as it is written. 4. according to thy word For mine eyes have seen thy salvation. where he saith. and the kingdom of God is at hand. ' that the scripture should be ful- a recompense how shall Then the eyes ' come and save you But we know when he is come ? Why. Another scripture demonstration is. a the earth. Lx. Mar. 40. in that they did fulfil the saying that was written. spoken that he ' ' Jesus to be the Christ. xvi. 3. ]S'u. where he times to reckon days. 39. They shall leave none of it unto the morning. . ii. rer. Eze. that here Daniel as she had seen him. He. it is this. Another argument to prove that Jesus the Christ. The prophetess Anna ' also. Fourth. raised up. where he saith. to death. 'tis that of Daniel's seventy weeks. so shall the Son of is. ewm God legs ' Jn.' Fifth. Ye tree. the devils are dispossessed. and also the time in which it should be accomplished: namely. the Apostle day for a year for so is the Holy Spirit's way some. of as forerunners of Do you Judah ? my coming. and the tongue bone of him shall not be broken. What time is this that Jesus speaks of? Surely. Phi. they break not his of his bones broken ' : your God will . By his power the bhnd see. shew John (saith he) again those things which you of the . which thing was fulfilled in the Son of the virgin. they would have me to show them i. 6. 15.' Ps. Jesus himself doth in this day hold forth Tlie time is is the Christ. have the gospel preached to them. when Christ saith to them. for say- dumb sing for in the wilderness shall waters break out. 36—38. Do you not see that those things that are spoken Sixth. This time. . come he vengeance. and hanged him on a were convinced of. 46. Mat. and that this is had a revelation of these days from the angel of God. the lepers are cleansed.\ii. that nights in the whale's belly. the dead are. In Is. Jonah 17. and cast lots upon my vesture. it is thus prophesied of him. L\. at hand. ! Third. Jesus sends him this very answer. but the sign of the proMessias his coming. 4. ' was revealed. nor break any bone of it. is this. he cried out. ver. bg that he : he was and Again. so soon to bring in everlasting righteousness. are accomphshed? not see that the sceptre is departed from Do you not see the time that Daniel is Jesus is the Christ. redemption in Jerusalem. hath been upon them to this very day for their hurt.. Another argument that doth prove this according to their desu-e. 25. no roLbery so to call himself. namely. s— 5.' Mat. the dumb speak. that there was not one spake of sign be given imto Jonas: is accomplished also ? There shall no it. 6. Ac. is this. x. and to make an end of sins. and of the other which was crucified with him. shall the Then lame man leap as an hart.\xxv.makes mention of to be accomphshed. 6.' (according as ' and them to . which thou ' hast prepared before the face of in Lu. iv. Another scripture argument to prove that the truth of and beheve that God . Seventh. and the is the Son of God. ' as it is make and reconciliation ' or satisfaction ' for iniquity. that he was the true Messias. the dead are raised up. ye can discern the face of the sky but But God raised him up the third day. 40. and Jesus makes this very thing an argument to the Jews.' ver. So soon as ever he did but see that sweet babe that was born of the virgin Mary. * And there Seventy weeks was the determined time of the shall no sign be given to it. from the time when the angel phet Jonas For as Jonas was three days and three spake these words to Daniel: Seventy weeks. x.: 146 accounted it SOME GOSPEL TRUTHS OPENED. will of the blind shall be opened. and or no. The Jews slew Jesus. 24. about 490 years. An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign. xii. Now when John would know whether he were the Christ Go. was three days and three nights in the whale 's^belly. consider. 18. and shewed can ye not discern the signs of the times ?' Mat. * Then came the soldiers. and brake the legs of the first. the lame walk. a sign. lolth ' Behold with . ' A . and that Saviour For his blood deaf hear. and believe the gospel. gave thanks to the Lord. the deaf hear.. 13. and laid him in a sepulchre. that Daniel Another argument is. 39. ' ' was the Son of God. this is the gospel . ' which thing was foretold and typed out by the Paschal Lamb. ' : : . and streams in the desert. even Jonah. 5.' that is. and to of in chap. but the sign of the prophet ye h}i)ocritical generation ver. Mat. where he saith. The kingdom of God is was prophesied of it by ' Daniel) ' repent.

Seeing Jesus Christ.' J AMiicli man esus. xix. 12. ascension. virgin. ' and by this means. V. . of something that was afterward to be Quakers would do. x. redeem such as w^ere ordained from the curse of the law. and intercession. let them follow aU the convictions that may be hinted in upon . having for him in the body of his flesh. whom they have pierced. Eighth. that Jesus that was horn of the virgin. and for fulfilled. by 10. that to life is. [that is.^ -n i)Ut in that human nature yielded himself an oflering the end ot the chapter. t c . seeing this is the truth of God. it is evident for.' as it is being given to me. that believeth is the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth. the Son of the whose it shall he : that the scripture might he virgin ]\Iary. ' . which he took of the the virgm] God sent made of a woman. 23. then how are they deceived. Zee.' Jn. Ko. death..) I say. ' for iii. to redeem them that were under wickedly deluded. wherein he God. blood.. XX. ch. . to every soldier been undone. 20.' He. to (who was espoused to Joseph the carpenter) and onlv to believe on wliat . * : ' . which law. . And It is not of works least any on Jesus the Son of Mary. him forth to be the Christ of God. born of made imder the law. and of that commonly called the now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the moral law. 4. Again. Coi. m. Gal. their spirits from that law. and even now already is it in tho . we are saved. 15. let them follow those convictions that do come from the law.so:me gospel also fulfilled in Jesus. did bring in also suffered on the cross without the gates. 4. He. 34—37.They said therefore among his blood there was no remission. 3. as I said before. Ga. and gave himself for Ex.' that is. they shall look on him whom they pierced. saith.iv. Every spirit that confcsseth not that Jesus Christ and this is that is come in the flesh. * they shall ' look upon me. was themselves. Which living did any way type out Christ to come and when by faith. Mat. and made four parts. 22. but himself was the very substance of all things that The just shall live by faith. 14. 5. even by faith in his blood. 24. though that me. where he saith. He. the substance of which is laid down. iv. . they shall never be able . . . ' it is of necessity that Ibis man have sonicwliat also to offer.i. 8. * . The scripture saith. as Christ upon him flesh and blood from the margin IMary. they are . ii. seeing the Son of everlasting rijjhteousness. Ga. vii. to he but a shadow man shoidd boast. They parted my raiment that salvation my vesture they did cast lots. with the glo' Christ rious benefits of his second coming to me. X. &c. viii. iy. Ga. 21. Ac.. for there is salvation in no other. and that Avithout a part. that think to obtain salvation by following the convictions of the law. 19th vcrse. xii. truths OrEXED. then Christ is dead in vain. fulfilled all the sin was purged. which saith.. And again. k. . 9. is to obtain salvation by ' their obedience to sin. be. iv. And to this he did by his birth. saying The life which I ceremonial law. took his out which we had all eternally garments. 4. xix. 20. . as soldiers. lo. is to apply the Lord Jesus Christ his he was indeed come. i. If righteousness revealed whereas the scriptures most lively hold co)7ie by the law. 22. it is . and by his doing and suffering.' as those fond hypocrites called or type. ^ . Avho was then without flesh and blood (for he took that in time righteousness. is not of God as he : ' : spirit of antichrist. from the first to the 17th verse.' Ga. . and are of that antichristian party which John speaks of. But the soldier thrust a spear into his side. righteousness. hut cast lots for E^ror 2. . and conscience set on work by it I say. say. of the law. keep . and not a shadow But that no man is justified by the works of a spirit. (for it was the body of his flesh by which j^^^^g 22. by his perfect obedience he became the author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey him . which they call Christ (though falsely) when alas. written Then the and everlasting salvation. ' it. or of a body afterwards to be revealed. he was the end of the the Apostle signify. which they are bound to w^as with him before the world was. did completely satisfy the law and the justice of God. Jn. bavins. who own him no for us ' How are they resurrection. ' was before the world was For in their owning of him thus and no otherwise. That is. iii. . who loved me. resurlaw for righteousness. qj^^. Error 1 of Now then. law of God in the body of his flesh. That it might he fulfilled which was written. and bring in that glorious . Again. and for me. ^ believer hath no law to A in fulfil for justification. v. ' was and is the Christ of God. and to bear the curse of it. how horribly are those deceived who look Jn. in the sight of God. yea. and compare it with He. as he was in a body of salvation for sinners. whereof ye have heard that it should come.j^^ j^^^|^ obtained for sin. 13. Seeing God's Christ. ii. Ga. 12.wit. . or justification to every one rection. let us not rend it it. ii. took for sanctification. God . then was an end put to the benefits. as handed out by Christ.) it. Ga. 1 Jn. the Christ the law is the knowledge of Eo. to obey I being made a curse of the virgin. .' Jn. being made or born of a Avomau by his obedience. Error 3. the' man Christ Jesus hath dune and be saved. ' ' ii. then deceived who own Christ no otherwise than as he was before the world began. flesh. and came in alone by him. 147 See He. still remains of great use to all believers. they do directly deny him to be come in the flesh. and thus much doth written. it and righteousness to poor man. ' iii. as mine. as birth. otherwise but the law. Son of God. withwhen they had crucified Jesus. eternal. doth impute this accomplished forth his Son. among them. and also his coat: now the coat was remedy for without shedding of without seam.

according to fess that that Christ that was with the Father tlie assistance of the Lord Jesus. that scripture which saith. and also co-equal with his Second. consider. first. and was made in the likeness of men) and in our stead he did fulfil the law sins consider. Now that in this flesh he died for the form of a servant. I say in that place of the Proverbs above through fear of death wei'e all their life-time sub. ix. : ' i. (that is. which wiU prove . iv. 'to present you holy and did rise again from the dead. 3.' Ko. spoken after his the quick and the dead. through was set up from everlasting. according to the wisdom given me. . &c.39. to liberty. hath brought us who were enthralled to indeed the whole book of God's holy scripture. resurrection. that and again. is not of Every spirit that doth not con.or ever the earth was. and in that body of flesh did do and time. 50. First. 40. Ec. ' ' . Consider 2. The Lord possessed me in the for our o0"ences. and intercession body from the virgin. to their will believe ' God's Christ: For he is like to be deceived that every thing that calls itself a Christ. 22. That by this Son of Mary body of his flesh. 4. Second. Lu. 14. Tliird. did in the appointed time of speak something of his godhead. and was raised again for our justi. the devil. 25. (saith to the thing than others and therefore I shall the scripture) he. ' SOME GOSrEL TRUTHS OPENED. the Lord Jesus Christ. with the body body ascended up into heaven and in that very of flesh wherewith he was crucified. shall^rs^ prove by plain texts of scripture. he himself saith. before the hills was I brought forth While as yet he had not made the earth. ' . a. I when he shall speak something to and saith. birth. ofi'ering. and carried up into heaven. Mat.beginning of his way. Christ hath come in the flesh that he took of the First. several to pass. while From the testimony of God. xxiv. after he had been unblameable. secondly. for a spirit hath not flesh and bones. : : ' i. 2>roceed. and in our nature (for he see me have. I to himself. Now ' that he went away with the same body his enemies. xii. and shall before the world was. Fourth. This is the meaning of those words therefore lifted up his hands. [saith he] shall come in my name.' wherefore? That through there you shall find him spoken of under the name death he might destroy him that had the power of of Wisdom. in the body very body of the Son of Mary which was crucified.' Lu. and is adoing in the same body. and took part of the same . the Christ that was in point of justification.Jesus Christ is come into the flesh. ascension. Now buried in Joseph's sepulchre. and shall deceive many. And it he blessed them. were settled. (Christ) also himself likewise mention some of them as that in Pr. To judgo forenamed scripture. that is. Third. Eo.us world. death. Forasmuch then as there be some places more pregnant and pertinent the children are partakers of flesh and blood. - therefore.' therefore I say again lie. Consider 1 iVnd that this is the mind of the Spirit made. every spirit that confesseth the is come in the flesh. ' . ' i. wrest tliis as tlicy do others. ject to bondage. When there were no depths. 14.mentioned. you shall find these expressions from u. as ye them that were (or are) under the law that is. 1. and impute his glorious righteousness which he fulfilled in that very God. on the tree. (which is equal with his Father) the world was what he hath done. he was parted from them. 15. and To pass eternal condemnation on These things in brief I shall touch upon. the devil.x. ' obtained eternal redemption for us. look you receive no Christ except Before the mountains abounding with water. and thereby.' saith he. li. the same name that is given him in death. consider. the power of the eternal Spirit.Saviour. Now because scripture. which loill be to raise the dead. consider that it is said. and was very man as well his most glorious and personal appearing the second as very God. that is. and men. and deliver them who 1 Co. 1 Co. or by that I was brought forth when there ivere no fountains . he came and blessed them. co-eternal. That See Coi. . I fication. That he in the fulness of time. Then to prove it by the scriptures tho' Virgin. 51. 13. 5. yet by his obedience and death. And to yourselves. that body shall come again to these ends.' He. nessed by the By arguments drawn from scripture. of his flesh. and unreprovable in his sight. took on him a rection. Now having spoken thus much touching ' - God. resurtogether vnth the Father come into the world. Who his own self. 40. To receive his saints not thaL Jesus Christ For many. when his disciples had thought he had was born of a woman made himself of no reputation. . For he 'was delivered his own mouth. tlie enemy doth most notaLly it . from the beginning. And he led them out as far as to Bethany. to redeem and see. . and was crucified born of the Virgin) bare our sins in his own body for our transgressions. did oiler up him. own damnation. his meaning is. 34. self without spot to God.xxiv. witscriptures. nor the : . from them into heaven. Jesus the same clearly. For he. even that man. viii. And therefore that Christ is very God. lu. that he in that very that he arose again from the dead. and took on him been but a spirit. 39. was of God. to the souls that shall believe on Father. angels. made mider the law. the law. and bring every work to judgment. 22. and that testify these things plainly to be most true. xxiv. I shall. handle me made of a woman. 1 Pe. before his works of old. 23—25. 2. xxiv. 24. and sin. suff'cr whatsoever belonged to the sons of men for And FIRST I shall shew you that he (Christ) is the breach of the holy law of God.

Thy throne. and the Word was God.' Now in the icth rei. fields. I God. And thus much concerning the testimony Son of Mary. xxii. and against the man tliat is my fellow. he calls any mere creature. and doing another. viz.. The Lord . 2. ch. M-hich . is for ever and ever:' And thus far of the testimony that God himself hath given of the Son of Mary.) That they obey him. Counsellor. In the first of these places When he gave to the sea his decree.. ver. am if : Now See thou do it not: thy fellow servant. saith In this place the Lord doth the Lord of hosts. to order it. And let all the angels of God worship him. that the we find. to be punished with everat the great lasting destruction from God himself day. the Apostle advancing the Lord Jesus. In the beginning was the Word. he saith. nor ever was the heart of any behever) and upon his kingdom. yea. the Son of the Virgin. i. upon the throne of David. 8. But unto the Son he Thou art my Son V ver. as one brought up with him : and I was daily his delight. and same was in the beginning with God. herd.) The angels do shew that the Son of I\Iary.' Also Isaiah in the saith. which was dead. against my shepthese words.' viz. saying.him. 'I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify . saith He hath in these Son of Mary. you may see who this Lord God is He saith there. SOME GOSPEL TRUTHS OPENED. brings in this question. and be shut up and the last. and was made in the likeness saith.\ii. . the Prince of Peace. To which of the angels said he at any time. ' am And And in PU. of angels touching Jesus the ' The Lord said unto my Lord. 5.) saith. ver. Father. God. is my And beloved in the Son. and talked with John. 8. I 1 and my Father are one. in Mat 'the first iii. you have these words spoken of Christ. and the Word things in the churches. The root and (as well as) the offspring of David. which is the Mary to be very God. When he bringeth in the first begotten into the world. ' delights were with the sons of men. (which is not. rejoicing always before him : : waters should not pass his commandment he appointed the foundations of the earth rejoicing in the habitable part of his earth my Jn. before Abraham was. is the Son of Mary. the Son of Mary. of men. ver. the thinjrs which must shortly be done. [compare Re. He came not of himself for in that x. 5. 'Awake. and to establish it with judgment . . And first see Zec. Thy throne. : . * ' saith. thought it not robbery to be equal with God: But made himself of no reputation. i. And me with thine own self. : When : .9. 6.' Also He. Sit thou at my ' right hand.) In that they worship there when he set a compass upon the face of the him. I teas that they do obey him. saying. 149 liigliest part of the dust of the 2. ousness in Jn. and is ahve. being in the form of ii.these vials. the Apostle being about to prove the Son of of the angels doth testify that Jesus. they are comi. unto us a son is given and the government shall be upon his shoulder and his name shall be called Wonderful.sent his angel to shew unto his servants. am in chains of darkness. the Son of God. But (saith the (2. 5. The angels do shew that he is God: (1. the when Then I was bv him. with 6.' which Son do obey God only. in commanding one thing.) In he prepared the heavens.' As also in the bright and morning star. I shall give you the testimony of God himself touching the truth of this. ii. who witness Jesus the Son of Mary to be true God and that you may find in Ps. When John ' we worship none fell down to wor- ship the angel. they should overthrow themselves. i. iii. ' . ' : seven .] I am the was with God. the Apostle saith. l. and there you shall find sword. ch.' the angels should command to worship God.' 1.' aforesaid place of the Hebrews. where it is written. depth When he estabhshed the clouds above (1. For unto us a child is born. That Christ. xiii. Second. Christ himself and so lose their own habitations. you have the words of the Son of * now. but worship him also. imtil I make thine enemies thy 9Ui. as in Mat. ex. glorify thou with the glory which I had with thee before the world was.' Again. he {i. the angel said.worship God. h. 3.' And thus have I quoted some few scriptures to prove that the Son of Mary is the true God. 6. L 2. He 6. 8. e. : and with justice from henceforth even for ever. is for ever and ever.' caU that Man his feUow. [The testimony of men witnessed by the scriptures do shew that Christ is very God. Xow the i. Let this mind be in you which was also in Christ Jesus who. 8. him his beloved Son. a sceptre of righte. is the true and very God for they last days spoken unto us by his Son .\ii.' Again. and they themselves should worship him that by nature is no god. ' angels themselves command that self saith. in that they do not only obey God. is the sceptre of thy kingdom. The everlasting Of the increase of Father.\. ' i. he himfor it. and took upon him the form of a servant. 6. ' This ch. The mighty God. that there came one of the angels of nor the world. if we comwhen he strengthened the fountains of the deep pare Re. Again. xxi. ] Now followeth David his testimony among other of the saints. very and true God. Apostle He. for I Re. ' had the seven last plagues. 9.) unto the Son he saith. and Also in . God. j\lary manded xvii. is the true God. but God. yea. Ls. is clear.. so to do. Jesus Christ. which he doth not do to 17. : again. is the true God: 1. 7. in whom I am well pleased... I say this obedience He. footstool. (2. his government and peace thei-e shall be no end. where he saith.

9. and * eternal I life. iii. as the Adam in his state of "^ innocency SMyp^f^irmen'^'iL' Thou art the Christ. and hath power of his own to take it up again. as well as very Man. V. 3. that ever were. Son of Mary did give God a There was never any able to keep poor souls from falling from God. i. Mat. 15. 5. 7. xx. 28. 1. Avhether they be A-isible. you shall find. is. and hath given us an understanding. can satisfy the justice of the true God. Mar. 1. 13. he saith on this wise. but the true God. But Jesus. the Son of God is come. or principalities. Therefore he is the true and great God. 6. 2. Lx. 5. pleased Avith him. of Mary. X. was overcome by them. There was never any able to bear the sins of as man. This is the true God. of the Fathers.' . liii. the Son of the Virgin Mary. forgive sins but God. by his God. 7. can forgive sins. Avhether they be thi-ones or dominions. the Son of the Virgin Mary. Also when Thomas. 1. except the true God. who Avas espoused to And the apostle John doth also Joseph. in his own body on the tree. must needs be the true God but this did Jesus the Son of ]\Iary the virgin therefore he gin Mary did make all these. and fell greater be. 17. w^as Avell 29. 24. the than lean bear. where speaking of Jesus his OAA^n hand. therefore he is very God. have plainly proved it already. There is none but he that is the true God.' Jn. There Avas never any mere man able. 18 Re. where he by them acknowledged to be the Son of the living God: But it is needless so to do for we very devils themselves. 12. 6.' 150 SOME GOSPEL TRrXHS OPENED. as Avell as man. that Jesus the and complete satisfaction for tlie breach of his holy law therefore Jesus the Son of Mary must needs be the great and true God.27. iii. Mar. iv. must needs be the true God. iii. so. . 41 viii. 20. And therefore he is the true God as well 2. hath all poAver in heaven and in earth in ever. Tldrd. 14. ii. There Avas ncA'er any that did call himself the true God (and AA'as not) Avhich did please God But Jesus the Son of Mary did call in so doing. zeal of the The Lord of hosts will perform this. 5. as is . 27—30 xvii. The blood of a mere finite creature coidd are. (Who is that? why. Therefore he is the true and great God. 6. 17. one) yet PU. ? am Peter. i. scriptures call Jesus. 18. 8. God Jn. 17. that Ave may know him is true. : . 12. Jn. IV. Lu. must needs be the true God. X. own power. 4. for the breach of his holy law but if you compare . 3. Therefore Jesus must needs be true God as Avell as man. nor truly (as But these did Jesus the the Lord did say) I am. Ro. He that made all things.' could here also bring in the testimony of the . with God (Avhich is all iii. he saith. under them :) But Jesus the Son of the Virgin did overcome them all by his own power. and we are in him that is true. said. it under tlie sinlul 0"6 would make mouth of the rest. "^^^ ^^^lA ^vere P"'lt but of 1 is also n the true (jod. v. Is. did bear them the blood of Jesus. 8. saving he that is the true God. Jesus the Son of Mary did. 14—18. and thrust it and be not faithless but believing. But Jesus the Son of the Vir. Mat. 12. and put his fingers into the print of the nails. xvi. . Coi. That Christ came heaven and in earth. 24. and Jn viii. now 12. i. 'And we know that that God. 5. ' Reach hither thy finger. and a glorious testimony for his master. 9. he that . xxviii. but the true God But never obtain eternal redemption for sinners. the Son of the Virgin. or invisible. saying to full . except he did also see in his hands the print of the nails. 58. ii. V. hath obtained eternal redemption for sinners. Mat. 16. He. the Son of the Virgin Mary. ^ (tor IS! tiiougiit. : ' ii. Lu. e. x. There was never any that had all power in Paul's testimony of him. all. Never Avas there any that could absolutely But Jesus 7. See true God as Avell as man. 17. Ro. 11. Son of Mary. See Ge. . which will prove that Jesus the Son of Mary is very God. Mat. v. or account himself equal . Jn. 20. and saith. or hereafter shall be. must needs be the blood of 4. 10. with Mat. He that hath power of his own to lay down his life.' witness as much. The scriptures never call any the true and The living God but he that is the true God.' Who is he ? Why. Again. himself the true God. iv. Lu. who is over all. l Jn. l\. liu. . Re. Ro. and doth this. v. Therefore Jesus the Son of Mary must needs be true God. Jn. and my God. And so the Apostle calletli it. one of Christ's disciples. all the believers in the world. Therefore he is the true and great therefore Jesus the ' ' Christ. or poAvers. 1 Jn. Therefore the blood of the true God as well as man. li. saith John) even in his Son Jesus Christ. he would not believe. and behold my hands and reach hither thy hand. i. into my side And then Thomas breaks out with a mighty faith. . -whom say ye that I * devil in all his temptations. i—16. and thrust his hand Saith the Son into his side. ii. Amen.' 1 Pe. Lu. the true God. Therefore Jesus the Son of Mary must needs be 23. Now foUoweth the several scripture arguments. 6. viii. Is. Son of the living God. . He. 19. . where speaking Jesus the of the Son of Mary. to ii Again. And Son of Mary must needs be My Lord. is. the Son of the Virgin. iv. 28. ii. woidd not be persuaded by the others that they had seen the Lord. compared with ver. Never could any justly call himself the first and the last. 20. 21. see Peter's testimony of this Son of Mary When Jesus asked his disciples. Lx. 9 Ixiii. overcome the but . God blessed for Son of the Virgin Mary.

47. xi. He. xvii. as i Co 24. was with God. though the enlightened i.' Now seeing the Lord hath brought me thus far and because the Quakers by . They are left without there their own conscience. 3. Je. and knoweth the thoughts of men. ' 151 Word was Ac. All thino-s were made by liim. viii. even his eterthe Apostle is speaking of the Son of God. This light. And in ver. hath is that. saith. 24. but he is (also) 'the image of the invisible God.38. the Apostle he made the worlds. Therefore. hut the true God. TJioJt was the true light. 13. 1 Co. i. they wei-e convicted that No. beloved Son. words to it . or convince of. be true God as well as man. who. and the first 9 verses. and the Word was God. By him were all things created that are in heaven. 15. and not God. 20. 11. saith the to know that sins against the law. — . i. (as Christ told them) had neither the love of God. John i. But Jesus the Son Jn. as the Apostle saith. Pr. : i. or Son. That excuse. that doth shew them and served be to is is a God. Lu. The Apostle in these nine first verses. 2 death in his own power. see He. Again. of the Virgin doth. And. 14. xiii. 2.v. 10. turns them to nature itself. 7—10. Re. 2. in the beo-innino: hast laid the foundation of the earth: and the heavens are the works of thine He. Mat. whether they he thrones. 10. Therefore. and so pass to the invisible things of him (meaning God) from the creation of the world are clearly seen. That by this Jesus Christ. his blood. Now in this ninth verse he speaketh of 16. 15. 20. i. The hold forth this to be a truth. the Son or conscience. because they arc not able to make . where God himself saith.13. or most But this did Jesus the Son of Mary. are sins against by whom God hath spoken to us. The next thing that 1 am to prove. 22 . do not only split themselves God. it is written. 23. and admonishing them to walk orderly. i. of God. that world for saith the scripture before named. every man that cometh into the doth convince of sins against tlie law which world. 24. must needs be the true God. Ti. Only I shall lay down some of the scriptures. Therefore he 14. also (fee. which nal power and godhead. Mar. visible and invisible. 28. 10. who hath delivered us from the power of dark' ness. this namely. Thou. 39—41. iv. or principalities. He. wherevrith Christ. Now every man as Therefore Jesus the Son of the Virgin must needs he comes into the world. And therefore in the first place. 29. which he hath purchased with his own blood. Jn. saying. is that some call Christ though falsely. He that is the wisdom. V. he is the true of them. . and that are in earth. 17. xxx-nii. speaking of the Son. Ho. and make manifest so that these scriptures mentioned before. 16. nor the word of God abiding in them. Lord. He that searcheth the hearts. 'Doth not even This hght surely nature itself teach you?' (fee. is ' hands. Christ Jesus the Son of ^lary. ' . ' In the beginning was the Word. as he is God. viii. and shewing that he made the God. 1 Jn.' This light also will Son was born of the Virgin Mary. will shew a man that there is a God. according to reprove of sin. saith. 14. viii. Lu. : ii. to be sins they were ofi'ended at a woman for committing adidtery. where stood by the things that are made. must needs be the true God.' Also thus written of this Son of God. Second. V. iii. which act was forbidden. yet knew sins against the law. Apostle. even the forgiveness of sins:' And is Mat. . and that this God to obeyed and the neglect of this will be sure will law the to obedience damn them. doth discover this eternal God by his works in tlie 1 shall be brief. speaking of the deliverance of the saints. power. sins against the law of this eternal God man. speak a few and they are these that follow. Feed the church of God. have they is. is ]\Iary He. upon it. or powers all things were created by him. 17. is the Son. and the life was the light of men. as is manifested in the unconverted Pharisees. must needs he the true God. having touched on it already. 16. which light is the conscience. which lighteth every man that cometh into the world. it and by him all things consist.' But in the ninth verse of this first chapter of John. Never was there any that coukl overcome i. and for him: And he is all ? ' : of sin by their own consciences. receives a light from Christ. 'In him M-as life. Jesus the Son of the Virgha did overcome death by himself. the true God as well as man. but endeavour also to split others. ' . 27. the first born of every creature. is— 23. The Apostle writing to the Corinthians.' And again. ix. is speaking of the divinity or godhead of the Son of IMary. and translated us into the kingdom of his dear Son In whom we have redemption through : God. 14. ' which not save them. Jn. This light of the Virgin. the world was made: And here and that this God is eternal. before he is regenerate. This is my that He by his own power commandeth Job therefore. 28. i. things. as he is a regenerate person. i. And the li<'ht shineth in darkness and the darkness comprehended it not. Ro. 10. XX. and it is said also. xi. Therefore he the true the wresting this scripture. as he is God. and without him was not any thing made that was made. or Apostle. I shall any further. iii. by the law. Lu. This Word. or dominions. the Evangelist.v. ii.' SOME GOSPEL TRUTHS OPENED. for 42. iii. is able by that light Mat. the pastors of tlie cliurclies. Son of the Virgin is all these. by him And Col. being undernext things that I intend to speak of.' ver. before aU 1. Ro. and glory of world But Jesus the man as he is in his coming into the world. This Son of God. before I proceed raging sea.

9. saith he. it is is something So that those who are the Spirit of Christ. 4. wrought in the heart of any man he might he sure to make the soul fall short of glory. Man most horribly carried violently under the curse of the law. neither are they able for the time to come. i. 1 Pe. though his have fellowship with him to the great Jn. and comlaw of this almighty. this world. the Holy Ghost. Again. will accuse and torment for the same neglect of others. . V.) fore the time?' Mat. and doth trans- . Pagans. and to sins. be so. on . 12. for every one hath conscience. and eternal God. Eo. Ac. . Eu. the conscience. Now the soul seeing that there sin. at his coming into the woi-ld. S9. 6. claps in with these motions of its own conscience. all on haste be willing to profess) and yet are so far from having the it Spirit of Christ in them. that is their great delight to serve their lusts. But that no man is justified by the [works of the] law. infinite. their first state alive to their sins. neither give a light to every one that cometli into the is childz-en shall knoweth him. . the world cannot receive. havspirit. wliat needi^ tliere of But it is evi- dent that woiks will not save. . and thrown down . and to practise that good which. and see if there be not that within thee that doth the soul that its state is it . Uo. ' ' ' ' 10. (as they themit comfort of their own souls..^ ing of the word. (to it bring them to judgment for their they know they shall be brought. 19. turn thy mind inward. if neglected.. to their everlasting torment and the belief of this gate. supposing the Spirit of Christ. nor get from under the curse of the law. as he cometh into ii. because Christ. iii. when they did but suppose that Jesus was come their tyrannical put an end to dealing with the world. ' through ignorance of the Gospel. devil. all ' Cursed is every one that continueth not in in the things which are written book of the law to do them. . ] fell on all them which heard the word. 2 Pe. both now and hereafter. for it is written. which is the word of faith preached by us ? Which Spirit. That the devil might be sure to carry on Bunyan quotes versiou. (being misinformed by the devil) unto the works of the law xmder which. Turks. . endeavours to persuade whatsoever. the very devils themselves. without us.) God. yet For Jude speaks of a company of men in his days. is evident: Ga. Jews. 2. Jude 19. who were thrown from close with that. Athiests. 17. which doth convince of sin. every one hath not the Spirit of Christ : ' good that it hath the and for a proof of the same. the world. The just shall live by faith. ver. have that also that doth coning not the vince of sin. 16. and labour with its might and main. xiv. ' also believe is and tremble. hath not the Spirit of Christ in him for that must be received afterward. without the gates of Jerusalem. yet man. SOME GOSPEL TRUTHS OPENED. the body is dead because of sin but the Spirit is life for righteousness sake. as Christ saith. let me tell you. [or Holy Spirit. ii. * ' . belief of not a believing in Christ to save them for they know he did not take hold on their nature. and viii. theirs . who had These be they not the Spirit of Christ.iii. lo. and listen within. he now begins is to counterfeit the work of grace : Here he very subtil. because there must he faith in the blood of J esus tlie Sou of Miu-y. Spirit of Christ in who separate tliemselves. Again. (saith the Apostle) or by the hearing of faith ? or the Gospel. which doth command to abstain from this evil. doth make these proud spirits to tremble. nor get from under the guilt of one sinful thought the right way. * tliis — passage from the Geucvau or Puritan his design. would do tliat are past . which made them cry out. have not within that convinceth of doth all on a sudden Nay.. by the preach- at the end of its life doth fall into the very belly of hell. James doth also signify this much unto us. continual. 11. come See also for this. though it work all its days. 9. or the work of grace. xiii. ii. if possible. usual to way hearts of his elect . that this merciless butcherer of men. to "^ ' ' _ plete obedience to the of the law. Ja. He. Received ye the Spirit by the works of the law. Jude ii. 15. If -works faitli ? it. where he saith. 152 a full . communicate of his Spirit into the and this is clear in so many words. yet is doth not therefore follow But now. the scripture saith. viii. And again. where Peter preaching to a certain number. The one saith. 'Art thou come hither to torment us beviii. which is to be done by believing what another man hath done by himself. is carried away with the teachings and convictions of its own conscience. which is preached by the minisThis is God's ters and servants of Jesus Christ. While Peter yet spake these words.it for. He bare our sins in his own body on the tree the other saith. (saith he) sensual. He. yet it never will be able to appease the wrath of God. Jn. Heathens. Which the cross.' convince of sin to : Now the poor soul (if it . 16. finding this Yea. if God of his mere mercy prevent not thus the poor soul is And away headlong. recompense to God for the sius . doth it seeth him not. He. Ga. 3. 2i. compared together. the that this conscience the Spirit of Christ. If Christ be in you. by sin. as he is But now. x. The devils ' and so through this mistake. though world. 2 and 5. Ro. are under the curse. ii.. It was done without the 15. For as many as are of the works yield a full. their sins whereas the Apostle saith plainly. u. But they do believe that Christ will . have such a taste that to of their horrible sins. which light selves confess . hath his conscience given him. under which it is held all its and days. ii.

it it shall do AveU.. thou wilt be saved thereby). condly. . The law. and doctrines of devils. or else suffer the devil to fetch them away aUve. (Obj. stealing. one light or law for * the law is hght. And therefore if thou hast been convinced of no other are against the law. persuading them. Pr. But you it is doth not the scripture SO under the curse. having not the law. if must wear no hatbands now they must live with bread and water. 1. : And therefore I pray consider that Seby the law is the knowledge of sin. ' •' • • . and judgment to come. pronouncing a horrible curse. Now thy o^ti strength being insufficient for these things.the Spirit ot Christ him. ' things that are forbidden in the law. these.havino. manifest sin without the Spirit of Christ. having lost it in Adam. 3. which do manifest sin. iii. that the Spirit of Christ that doth Jn. but what convictions and horror ot conscience. covetousncss. which is Christ. sins. thinkest. (which thou must do. as thou First. Again. 14. God. (except the the Lord Jesus the Son of Mary) thou art at mider best but mider the law. Now he begins also to make them run through difficulties and now. to save thee from of the Virgin it shew thee thy right them (which is the Son Mary. : . How should I know VOL. xri. est that ever was wrought by any man. 1 Co. lyino-. ' For when the Gentiles. which God hath created to be received with thanksgiving. : do by nature the things contained in the law. as in the case of Judas. whole world. Avhich made him cry out. it doth only convince of sins against the law. in Ko. First. and do. Sometimes the Spirit of Christ takes the law. the man Christ Jesus) but commands thee upon pain of eternal damnation. that it is wrought by following the light that they brought into the world with them. 14. in that he doth not command. and gives 'the knowledge of sin. for aU thy . as it is written. and of judgment: Of sin. as those blind Pharisees called no flesh : Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall be justified in his sight: [viz. and that he is a gospel minister and if the soul will be . except their spirit moves them. Lu. And 20. 8. SOME GOSPEL TRUTHS OPENED. and the hke.8. so that I do in some considerable measure abstain from those {A'us. &c. 23. as the quakers say. that ComJn. and doth effectually convince of sin. Christ as he is hearts. when he (the Spirit) is come. as I said before. concerning the Gentiles' obedience to the law. thy convictions are no other than for the sins against the law. that it makes me wonder to see the patience of God. iv. if : against thee. thou art a breaker of the law. the Apostle there speaks on this wise. . perhaps thou wilt say. 1656. to the astonishment of the . if again. without the help of the Spirit of Christ. either the groimd to open her mouth. 3r^ that he was most violently possessed of the devil. thee . and yet be but a natural man ii. iu. form himself into an angel of light. or that the law is set home effectually by the Spirit of the Lord Jesus upon my conscience? Ans. I shall lay down some power against my sins. now they must give heed to seducing spirits. Jn. hath enlightened every one withal.) namely. I have sinned yet at that time he was so far fi-om „ ^ . convinced of for the also my sins against the law. shall not need to whether I am convinced by the law alone.' . which have not the law. 9. God's ] quakers. and so consequently U . Ro. he wUl reprove the world of sm. cmcified Jesus.xxii. as in l Ti. 2 Co.' saith the Son of Mary. 15. But understanding of this place. Now they but it gives thee no strength to com- pletely. ' m • t iiat! ^- xxvii'. they must lance fear but Now doth only make manifest sins against the law. But you will say. they will speak such sad blasphemies. thou fulfil it not. 10. but I have Yes. vi. Now they must not speak. it doth so. (I do not say the Spirit of Christ) though when it moves. I say. because they believe not on me. natural man. and continually.' Ko.xvi. which bids them abstain from marriage. Now. 1—3. That there are two things spoken of in the scriptures. and condemns thee for thy sins But gives thee no power to come wholly : out of them . Now he makes the soul behove that he is its friend. quakers are changed to the laws of the world. now I say so therefore. like Baal's priests. 4. u. Ga. This thou mayest have. and so leaves fulfil it themselves with knives. as saith the Apostle. thou 11 <. adultery. as of swearing.. who was convinced of the sin of mm-der. perfectly. murdering. Object. he counterfeits the new birth. at the best. Now the law doth sometimes by its own power sight for ' place. which. or 'And reprove of sin. make better this But. Here the law finds thee in thy sins. He hanged rn r^T himself inirae. and commands them to abstain from meats. The Spirit of Christ doth make manifest. and will say. Query. yet of no other than sins against the law and therefore must needs be all i.' eth into the world. of them which love and know the truth. are a law unto themselves Which shew the work of the law written in their ^Miich work of the law. do think that they also do. ^53 led by what shall be made known unto it it by the light (or conscience) within. Unto this I answer. or convince of sin. doth convince of sin. and of righteousness. and swallow them up. xi. though thy obedience be the strictiii. I am not only manifest or convince of sin? Aiisw. and vent such horrible doctrines. to continue in aU things that are written in the book of the law to do them.) say. When the law doth convince by its own poM-er. of righteovisness. neither doth Saviour. 20. 8.9. Tot a take (farther) proof hereof tlie carria-e of the mayest be but a ^S'whfwMe'tS trusted iu Moses. II.

obsolete. x. And then. tion to thou hast brought them into subjec- the Lord Jesus Christ. both in God's sight and so far from trusting to it.) ruptions. And thus have I briefly shewed righteousness that Christ. i. is. But now the second thing. (3. more faith in thy blood and death . 8. He. and conand gives thee no power either to fulfil it. but really and seriand the sense of them sticks close unto It (2. when at Thou countest thy own perbest. vii. home the law upon thy demneth thee for conscience. that And Lord. X. that if thou doest not believe in the man Christ Jesus. Then also thou canst not be at lusts. let him be accursed. as he is God. or woman. if a presbyter. and that with 'the faith of the operation of God. 12. 2. and that -a ^ ^ a Without remedy Also it shews thee. and thine own righteous- bed too short to stretch thyself upon. though till thou hast power over thy till and cor- thou wouldest never so willingly. Ro. xvi.154 the curse. and Lx. 9. or an angel from heaven. thou wilt freely and therefore to speak directly to it. again and 8. which the man Christ Jesus ac- complished if in his own person . sliglitly. thou art gone for ever and therefore saith Christ. 5. thou hast seen that thou hadst no faith in Christ the Son of Mary. me 24. more faith in thy righteous: ness . Thou our righteousnesses seest all thy good. (speaking of the Spirit) 'When he is come he will reprove the world of sin. 4. the Son of God. the Spirit) shall reprove the world of sin. reading. Ga. 12. iii. and thy sins. yea. Ac. give me more precious faith Lord. man. . that is. Yea. doth enlighten • Overly/ carelessly. Ju. thou wilt say.25. preach That vince men and women the Spirit shall conof the sufficiency of that is. fasting. lO. 21—23.' Mv. ver. poor soul. in like manner as he was seen to go up from his disciples. thou wilt surely perish. that although the . eth. come : He (viz. —Eu. How Christ. and of judgment too.' Coi. man that Then doth the soul see. 42. It shews thee also. again. even that blood that was shed without the gate. i Ti. 31. and a covering too narrow to wrap thyself in. 'all 6. thou couldest not. whoever thou art. that the righteousness of the Son of Mary is imputed unto thee. A ously. that thou thee.) Lastly. He. thou be not clothed with that instead of thine own. if the Spirit of Jesus settetl. or canst do. yet thou art in a perishing- state because of unbelief. now at the right hand of thy human nature.) It For. hearing. of righteousness. crucified . Lord. iii. Also thou canst not be at quiet. I say. confess.' If therefore thou hast been convinced aright by the Spirit. and of righteousness' too. every man that comes into the world. canst not believe in thine own strength. Nay. if the Spirit of the Lord Jesus.^ii. or ranter. more faith in thou art tiiat if thou liast not that righteousfor sinners father in thy for vii. shall so come again even that same Jesus. thou wilt never have an itching ear after another gospel. Ac. thee. in his human nature. quiet. It also convinceth of judgment to praying. or to come out of thy sins Yet God is just in giving that law. that in thine own. or quaker. and as at a great distance.) man Christ Jesus shews thee that thou hast no faith in the by nature. : ' shews thee. know that God 'Lath appointed a day. iii. being an unbeliever. First. according to that 16th * Of sin. And now. Jn. : ' t and under the wrath of God. ness. and put upon i. PM. And these things thou seest not *overly. iii. hadst no other of John. till thou dost see by true faith. meditation. fulfilled: So that they need not run to the law for righteousness For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness. ii. and that for ever : And therefore thou art some measure thou even loathest it. 14. making intercession ii. 12. that art savingly convinced by the Spirit of Christ. that that very was born of the Virgin Mary. Ac. the law. 36. xiii. xvi. upon the cross without the gates of Jerusalem. Ep. because they believe not on me. more Because faith IS thegiftofGod. or pope. (1. in the which he will judge the Avorld in righteousness. doest. formances. 11. xvii. or slight\y. or independent. 1 • faith in thy resurrection: this. the Son of God. by that man whom he hath ordained Ac. 8. or anabaptist. ness. reformation. to every one that believAgain. . Then thou faith. whether hath it thou believest or not. and the commandment holy. xxviii. Phd. you. 8. and just. as being a thing abominable. any other doctrine. they that are thus convinced by the Spirit of Christ.xxiv. doth set home the law effectually then the same Spirit of Christ shews thee more sin than the sins against or not . and whatsoever else thou hast done. if thou comest buthither. ' Ro. . (4. law curseth. Ans. whether the Spirit of Christ doth effectually set home the law upon thy conscience. are as filthy rags. wilt never think that thou hast enough No. 20. Ga. though thou wouldest give all the world (if thou hadst it) to believe. and the law is holy. In the next place it will shew thee. thou hast such an endless desire after the Lord Jesus Christ. SO]\IE GOSPEL TRUTHS OPENED. thou wilt be often crying out. which is the man Christ Jesus For 'it is he which was ordained of God to be the judge of quick and dead. 25. that thou canst not be satisfied or content with anything below the blood of the Son of God to purge thy conscience withal. Jn. alms-deeds. a miserable sinner. and that though thou sins. yea. deserves at the hands of God his curse and condemnation. 5—7. how thou shouldest know. or papist. : : ' before conversion. and art ashamed of it. Ro.

where he saith. Though I have spoken something to this thing already. and be ye saved. 1. yet again. ver. 14. :' only mind you of two or three. by faith have put on the righteousness of Christ. 4. iii. the righteousness scriptures to prove this to be truth. 6. He. and made under the law. 13. From whence take notice. and intercession of Jesus Christ. . viz. then God sent forth the everlustii)o- for us. ' be found in him. unto all. 4. doubtless. This righteousness of God. he was subject to the power and curse of the law) to this end. and upon all them that be' ' : conviction. iii. 1 Jn. did in that flesh. Jn. but also shews them their lost condition. . I have also shewed you. iii. And 23. I«Jow in the Third Place. Saviour. 24. This is also part of the meaning of that speech of the Apostle: 'As many of you as have been baptized into Christ. This righteousness which this Christ did accom' plish. lieve ' iii. ' as I it is in 1 Co. for he committed none. 15. not for any sin that he hath is.' when should know the one from the other. he saith. g—s. Second. 16. that he was made. the Father. : ' My meaning is. SOME GOSPEL TRUTHS OPENED. born of a Avoman. but I which Ro. to redeem them that ' and that this God must be worshipped.t loss. but of none . Third. with the rest of that which Christ hath bestowed upon you. 5. 9. see is. ' committed . that is he that came Object. i. (that is for Christ. Uv. and xvi. it is imputed to so many as shaU by faith lay hold on it. Jn. which is of the law. That place lioldeth in Jude. or) a God. x. Ui. in few words. 25. cimp. namely. thyself. (which Son is equal with the Father. to redeem them that are under the law. is by the faith of Jesus Christ. in which I was blameless. forth as much where it prophe- our Saviour he glory.21. .iii. Verily. that is. that the salvation of sinners was to be actually wrought out. and to make reconciliation for iniquity. Christ shall be crucified. 8. For answer hereunto. iii. 30. God 24. 44. ' i. u. 5.) made of a woman. That is. 13. 5. of the time was come' wherein the salvation of sinners should be actually wrought out.x. Jn. who art thou ? For I am God. 9. by their Son of his love into the world. it doth not only shew men their sms against the law.' (that (are. and which saith. human convinces of sins.' that is.' that ' for himself. according to that in iii. being made a curse were under the law. not having mine o^vn righteousness. This Son of God. and tliere is none else. death. ver. that I may win Christ: And of that chapter. for in him (that is the Son of Jlary.' Ro. 'ca. Jn. Ro. have put on Christ. 13. for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord . Secondly. Thirdly. having accomplished it for you. re- 'God was manifest in the flesh.. sying of the Messias. Also in is. He. God sent forth his Son. And mind the 26th verse. 16. shew them the law. That God is our And ' for this. blood. 27. 9. 10. the Saviour:' Andver. Wlio hath declared this from ancient time ? .. which is equal with 1 Ti. I could abundantly multiply shall Christ. ' . made under ' i. The first light other than sins against the law neither doth it shew the soul a Saviour.' which Lord was crucified by the Jews. ' ' as all other things) and do count them hvt . where he saith thus. ' for whom. concerning our Lord the Saviour. First. which he took upon him. is ' unto all. Fourthly. ' ' To Ac. or deliver (for that is the work of the Spirit) from the curse wherewith it doth curse it. Co. that there is 155 What this light will do. clothed with the several effects. but not that is.) dwelleth all the fulness of the godhead bodily. But I shewed you. This is also the meaning of the Apostle. Mat. And ye are complete in him. 25. where you have these words. Ro. how 3'ou Ga. in his obedience and righteousness which also the Apostle himself doth so hard press after. 14.' also in the ninth of Daniel. piiii. took flesh upon him. by the things that are made 20. completely fulfil the whole law: So that the Apostle saith. ' you have tliese words. . but that which is through the faith of dung. through grace. that is. thou art a God that hidest God of Israel. ' to finish the transgression. I shall shew. v. the only wise x. xiv. ii. . 17. iv. 8. touching the natm-e of surrection. all the ends of the earth Why.) have suffered the loss of all things (as well the ' righteousness of the law. the Son of Llary. xvii. Phil. 23. Zi. is called. How is God a Sa\dour of sinners. Look imto me. seeing his eyes are so pm"e that he can- not behold iniquity. after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be ' cut ofi". to deliver us 'from the curse of the law. That is. if they believe not in the righteousness. u. Hab. and I count all things ht'. Ga. Read also ver. ' "When the fulness Answ. and so pass on the first is 22. I have shewed you the difference between that ligM and the Spirit of Christ the Saviour. and x.Have not I the Lord ? And there is no God else beside me a just God and a Saviour there is none beside me. is. vi. 20. Then surely. i. For thy Maker is thine husband the Lord of hosts is his name and thy Redeemer the Holy One of Israel the God of the whole earth shall he be called. i. The righteousness of God. that when the Spirit of Christ comes and works effectually. And thus much I thought necessary to be spoken at this time. the Son of God. My meaning is. . ii. and to make an But you will say. which is of God by faith and upon all them that believe. Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth. and to bring in everlasting righteousness. nature. i. saying.' Now that the righteousness of the Son of jMary is it. end of sins. m.

19-22. this Son of God. ver. Mat xxvii. ' from person of Again. ' See 10.) arm Thy dead men shall live.l. this to that saying. that it is in the body of his flesh through death. yet now hath he reconciled. (in his Pe. do not think. And this Messias.v. And and eternal judgment. and Pilate gave consent thereto. 4. he in his own body on the tree did bear l Pe. namely. ii. saith. 22. resurrection Son of Mary. 16. . 16. redeeming his church with his own blood. Mary.iv. who when he sat down on the ' ' He. who were sometime alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works. ' For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell to see corcites in once suffered for sins. That that very man. . according Tldrdly. and departed. therefore it must of necessity follow. 1 Cor. 22. XX. ix. they took him down from the tree. saith on this wise. And Joseph took the body of Jesus and wrapped it in clean linen. l Jn. by Christ's own words after he was of his godhead. 24. . called Jesus Christ. That the Son of Mary is very God. ii. xvi. Avhich man was ' That is. God. intercession. First therefore consider. 14. ' fulfilled all that was written of him. Resurrection. prophet speaks on this wise of Christ's resurrection ' . That he is our Saviour. which was due to poor the scripture. in his own body. how that of the body. Lv. right hand of the majesty on high. i 24. this true God. And also the true God. 3 Co. or things in heaven. Ju. i. the Son of God for poor sinners that he might bring us to God. And thus have showed you. Therefore see that place. I. them that believe. yield up himself risen. III. willing) touching his burial. 24. not in his divine nature. this Son of the Virgin. resurrection. so and x. for he had not neither did he fulfil the law or finish offended Da. ' For it pleased dwell . 15. that he died in his divine nature. Now. 2g. together dead body shall they arise. and doth. and 4. For Christ also hath iii. i. and he called her IMary. bdii. 3. 3. i. In the next place. in Ac. also Is. His BURIAL PROVED. is. xii. 22. because he laid down his life for us. I shall prove by several scriptures that he was buried. * It is expedient for us that one man should die for the people. X. 51—53. ascension. my ' . Christ. second coming. and how. the just for the unjust:' : ' neither wilt thou suffer thine ruption. — . iJn. he was put to death for the sins that his children had committed. 29. 18. ii. ' which he hath purchased with also Zee. he gave up the ghost he died and after he had been awhile dead. which tree was the cross. the body of Jesus) in his own tomb.. And this is the true God. by the testimony obedience on earth. with for us (not for himself l)a. for the sins of the people. for he had not sinned. and she Christ saith. whether they he things in earth. 57. but quickened by the Spirit. Joseph of Arimathea went in to Pilate. 19. And you. That very man. iii. OUT sins 14. Jn. 156 it SOME GOSPEL TRUTHS OPENED. did rise again. who out of the grave in which he was laid. ' Herein perceive we the love of ' IG. xiii. yourselves likewise with the same mind let us die to sin as he did. I am to prove. 20. crucified a while. II. Col. IV. xix. 2. xi. ii. must be as the high priest said. did rise again unreprovable in his sight.17. and with God as he did. ' Again. That he made the world. I briefly i. and upon But. lo. with that very body wherewith he was crucified upon the cross. See also Ju. whom the Jews did crucify between two thieves. And the Son of God. this everlasting righteousness. Also in Ac. • W^hich words the Apostle Peter ver. to present you holy and unblameable and to reconcile all things to himself: ' And so much touching the burial of Jesus Christ the Son of God.) own body which he tookof the Virgin. the apostle speaking of this glorious God. Ps. his own I blood. Ro. after that he had finished all actual I shall prove ] by scripture. it or say. and so forward. 3. this true God. but as written. And as the apostle saith again. the apostle speaking to the pastors feed the church of God. is I would not be mistaken. 3. he tells you. ' again. and begged the body of Jesus. and how. xxvi. his own life. Col. v. That he died for sinners.' That is. is all We Lord shall now pass on to some other things (the imputed to iii. iii.' lPe. had by himself purged our sins. Ro. sinners (and that Avillingly) is. Mat.' Ac. and so pass on. by the testimony of the apostles in to the wrath of his Father. ix. 23. . ' the godhead) that in in Col. Mat. [see He. where mention is made of his appearing unto Mary Magdalen. and bring in everlasting righteous- ness for himself. did not die for himself. 18. iii. transgression. being put to death in the flesh. and laid it (viz. XV. this Messias. that we might live to ' : which also is the Son of the true IMessias. verse 10. XX. For I delivered unto you first of all that Avhich I also received. / say. Forasmuch then as Christ hath suffered in the flesh. Jn. teousness of God. where the and read that verse with understanding] accordinoto that saying in i Pe. and in his own flesh. and rolled a stone upon the mouth of the sepulchre. saith. 18— 23. l Jn. all. 28. tite Father apostle speaking there of Jesus Christ. (being before speaking of his Christ died for our sins according to the scripture And that he was buried. The apostle Paul also teacheth so much. 50. Ac. 22 to 32. and laid hiin in by him. 19—21. xx. xxiii. 28. of the churches. Holy One in the That is. After that Jesus the Son of God had been that is. where he saith. Also in Lu. that this righii. l Pe. but in his human. . vi. this Son of God. And him should all fulness made peace through the blood of his cross and having by him when they had a sepulchre. did in the power and strength of angels.' But how? Why in ver.

he appeared to her first. as they thought.en. seen the Lord. ver. But you will say. But when the do you speak seriously. But are you sure it is the same that we look for? Yea. ' Lord had liunself to then so soon as the you. and again. xxviii. it was the same Jesus that did work such a wonderful miracle on Mary.' he turned unto Peace be . behold the place where they This scripture. he behold the place where they laid him. (viz. saith the angel. they found not the body of the Lord Jesus and at this they were troubled and perplexed. but he is not here. Yea. Thomas.. i. You sliall see in the 23d verse. xvi.. the next is very clear to our purpose. SOME GOSPEL TRUTHS OPENED. l—3. might be enough (througli . grace) to satisfy. which saith on this wise. to the women who came to seek resurrection of Jesus. they saw a young (that is. Jn. Lo. because it is so difficult a matter. and surely. xvi 3—7. Third. xx. : : brief the testimony of the angels of God. this scripture also doth testify of Christ his resur- scriptures suflice to prove the resurrection of the Son of God. towards the sepiUchre) they saw that the from the dead. if they ° for you have no ground of IT who seek J eSUS who was cru1 1 . Here. know that he is an angel of God And thus have you in that hath told you. to prove the more clear. See how plainly risen . he appeared first to Mary Magdalen. Ans. ver. by the scriptures. to witness the disciples) said roll among . ver. which was crucified he is risen. for he in is tremble. do you not ? Why he is ris. and go quickly and tell his disciples that he is risen from the dead and behold. 7. might they not be Might not their eyes dazzle. ver. rection. with them. xxiv. then Thomas was with them said. but they could not. : ' but let them that seek „. . him? Why. saith he. if in you will not believe good earnest? Yea me. who did also cast seven devils out of Mary Magdalen. Well. To intimate to us the certainty. the words are these. 4. 6. we shall turn to some more of those infallible proofs that are spoken of in point yet Ac.7. but Thomas disciples saw him again. another scripture is that in Lu. 33—29. : . and when they went in. lor tlu-y deny the faith <"' ^'''e Son of God. and went with them. 8. saith the Holy Ghost. clothed garment And they (the disciples) were affrighted. before he was crucified And that you might be sure of it. 157 (as before) bearing witness of the ' there is an angel lightning. called risen. keep . ver. he gocth before you into Galilee. thinking to anoint the body of Jesus. there to find him. that it was the same Jesus that was born of the virgin Mary. Iq the third verse place is in Mat. that did rise again. But as two of them went up to Emmaus. which signifies that he was and that she knew him after his resurrection for he was come out of the grave. •' to . Second. ver. 9. that he was risen from the dead. And let these rolled . 3. 25. yet because of the unbelief of some. Where take notice how the Holy Ghost lays it down in these words. tear. and cured many diseases. come. or testimony But again. out of whom he had cast seven devils. Jesus himself drew near. to be persuaded of the truth of this thing. he is not here. and they deceived? might think they did see such a thing. : he cannot be . it was not the right Yes. with that very body though these things that have been already spoken. He is not here. Why. They are they that liad '•nd need to fear cified. it is the same Jesu=! that you mean you seek Jesus of Nazareth. stone was rolled away : for was very great. it is the same that But where should we find was crucified. Christ after his resurrection was not is talking with his disciples.. and were talking of what had befallen to Jesus. Be not aft'righted (you have no cause for it) Ye seek Jesus of Nazareth. The disciples of Jesus coming to the sepulchre. is us see away their the stone ' They had a good mind stone which covered the * to Lord. laid him. ver. out of wh6m he had cast seven devils. But shall we be sure of it? Yea. have they said unto him. out of whom he had cast seven devils. And when it they looked is. We Another but Thomas would not believe them. and said to him ' . Kow when Jesus was risen early the first day of the week. the Son of God. found the stone that was on the mouth of the sepulchre His countenance was liko snow And for fear of him the keepers did shake. who did many miracles. see ver. . And man in a long white an angel) sitting on the right side. And the angel answered and said unto them. 15. when indeed there was no such matter? risen Object. even the same that was crucified Well you shall have him. Another scripture is that in Mar. ' ' away the Lord in his grave fear Will j< . you shaU have the testimony of the holy angels also Mar. Again. where is he then ? He is risen from the dead. . there shall you see him. and his raiment white as : Jesus) Fear not ye .? themselves. where he used to be in his life-time. that Christ is raised again out of the grave. body here and risen too If you will not believe me. Do but see how the Lord doth deal with And lest they should think of. that very man. Thomas. get away the mouth (that of the sepulchre. and became as dead men. ver. But Jesus he spoke an unbelieving disciple. 3—7. disciples his time Jesus comes to . 5.' is not here What scripture can be plainer spoken than this? Here is an angel of the Lord ready to satisfy the disciples of Jesus. And he saith unto them. saith the angel. see where the Lord lay. he goeth before you into Galilee. him master. And first look into 'And they (viz. it is I that have told you. Who shall that Jesus the Son of the virgin. entering into the sepulchre. you seek a Saviour and none will content you but he.

thou sayest that thou except thou do feel with thy where he came to them on the shore. and thrust 'it into my side As and he not faithless. he that descended is the same also that ascended (again) up far above all heavens. and do thrust thy Come Thomas. What. But to prove I shall prove that he is ascended. above the clouds and the heavens. xx. 42. SOME GOSPEL TRUTHS OrENED. and the holes in them. 3. 1—8. and Jesus said to tliem. . as erroneous and vain. in • it still. ' See 1 Co. was. xxi. that he was with his disciples on earth forty days. And dead. what is it but that he also descended first into the lower parts of the earth. As if the Lord had Come my disciples. feel if I have not the very hole . for I am not yet ascended to my Father :' That is. and the heaven. and see for a spirit hath not flesh and bones. 21. Come my disciples. and called them. viii. And he ' Again. see Ep. and Ac. Wherefore (saith the Apostle) When he ascended is First. 41. Mar. And the In ver. handle me. and . as you suppose.' Again. Peace be unto you them and saith But they were so and shewed him openly. they took him down from the tree. linw „ (loth . to sl'. Lord condescend.: : 158 reacli hitlier tliy finger. and wrought a notable miracle while he was there Avith them at that time. thou hast doubted of the truth of resurrection very wilt not believe. this in is Ascension. saith) ' And 'Behold my hands and my upon me. Now that he ascended. nor your eyes dazzle? feet.Semhei-at'i^ oi one that is weak. resurrection is a glorious truth. and provided for them a dinner. if shall see me eat him a piece of comb. And though this is made it light of by those men called quakers. and behold my hands. all Him God ' raised stood in the midst of : ' unto them. I of unbelief. that all things must be fulfilled which were written in the law of Moses. ver. where Christ after his resurrection from the dead. WeU. (Jn. In which place the Apostle speaking of ' the Lord Jesus.. reject First. why do thoughts arise in your hearts ? Do you think do you think that I am a spirit? ' ' God. and yet their net break not. viz. afl'righted. i and be not SO full of unbelief. that it is 1 myself. who are his witnesses unto the people. and did eat before them. j^ou before you all. Another infallible proof I . Doth your hearts fail you? Then take hold of me with your hands. thus far touching his resurrection from the ' . so. saying. so it did also show his power and authority over his creatures. xxiv. the Son of the virgin.T. I have not yet ascended with this my body wherewith I was crucified on the cross. xv. third day. hut heUeving. which was almost six weeks. the same body that was crucified. 17. have : : will prove true to their cost. reach hither into my side. that appearance of his at the sea of Tiberias. fingers hand the piint of the nails. and the holes in them. iv.' Again. and know that it is I myself. that he is ascended. and reach hither thy hand. x. Touch me not. he led captivity captive. but unto witnesses chosen before of far from being at peace. 31 xiv. Know. 40. my much. s—10. Ac. do you not remember what discourse you and I up on high.' As if he had said. his very body. 41. and laid him in But God raised him from the dead a sepulchre. Christ Jesus. and see if there were not the nails driven through them and reach hither th^ hands and thrust them into my side. but believe that ^^^^ Fourth. the now briefly touch two or three first is in Ac. Come Thomas. iv. This tion is not the least.' Look well when they had fulfilled all that was written of him. The words ruu thus (the Apostle speaking of Jesus. take special notice of me. Secondly.' Lord strives with another infallible ]\Iy disciples. and in the prophets concerning me. But go to my brethren. which hold forth his disciples' testi- Another infallible proof. is that in Lu. do not be daunted. soldier did thrust . to the end of the 44th verse. proof against their doubting. yea. as ye see me have. 29—31. that ' he ' you here any meat?' said. and bcliold my hands ' . the made with the spear • speaking to them the things concerning his kingdom: which was a mighty confirmation of their faith in his resurrection.lOjamlxiii. and not another. how that I told you. I shall scriptures. that they were terrified. the see that you are very you have here any meat. Ac. and other sure that it infidels of this generation: Yet 1 am they could not believe as yet.) great miracle. from mony of his resurrection. the catching of 153 great fishes. And when he had thus spoken he shewed them his hands and his feet. but consider that it is I myself. and see my hands.11 mto it. 41. much as if the Lord should have said. namely. And Why are ye troubled. ascended above the clouds. yet ' up the Not to the people. ver. and supposed that they had seen a spirit. it is said that the Lord. read Jn. ' ' . read that Which as it was a whole chapter. And he was seen many days of them which came up with him from Galilee to Jerusalem. saith. and of an honeytook it. the 36th. full ver. i. Besides his eating thy finger. and gave gifts unto men. and say mito them (meaning his disciples) I ascend unto my len. that that 1 was the ^ .. And they gave a broiled fish. but wondered that such a thing as this should be And while they were thus wondering he will give them another infallible proof And he said unto them. and likewise my feet. In the next place I am to prove that very man. 37. saith to Mary Magda- had before was crucified. who it. (even while they Avere talking) * X. even to us (saith the Apostle) who did eat and drink with him after he rose from the dead. and drinking with his disciples after his resurrecand also his preaching to them. and not a spirit.

or angels Now also I shall lay down some few things to which stood by them said) Ye men of Galilee. that Tit. Now as from heaven: That same Christ also that came down from heaven did ascend up thither again only. and ii. and went up into heaven again clothed with a body. . 3. xvii. he hath shed forth this. but the That is. Jn. 10. as he was a is. shall so come. as he was in the likeness of men. thither with that body. Holy blessed the manner he manner. Pe. 19 Mar. i. that very if man that was crucified. if same the I am sure he cannot come in hand ot 33-36. SOME GOSPEL TRUTHS OPENED. and take you to myself. not in them. which in receive the promise of the Father. with the same body. as in ver. that the ascended. the very same Christ that descended without a body. The scripture saith. 39. which also said (that is. Jn. Object. ' God sent is. there ye maybe also. why stand ye gazing up into heaven? Here again. 7 Mat. or ascended up into If you compare Luke xxiv. into tho ascended not is and hear. they looked up stedfastly towards heaven. i. be considered. 9. with the Father from everlasting did come down when that time that the Father and he had concluded on. if Christ had not gone into heaven meaning) touching his certain time. that born of a woman. come again after a Now. for the better clearing of it.4. give you a similitude. For answer. that was is Word or Son of God. so he ascended to the right hand of his Father. iii. who was carried away from them in a cloud. with the 50th andSIst verses of the same chapter. 7. and having .3. as ye have seen liim go an abundant in forth shedding the Or else promise was like manner. he was taken up. he was taken up from them into heaven. Now let me . 30. The Lord Jesus came into the womb of the virgin. 31. But you will say. men stood by them. Even so it is in this case. Ac. the very same Christ. 2. then the humanity of the Son of Mary is not ascended into heaven. the Father before the world was. the two men. _ . 1. none but the Spirit's ascending? Ans.) made ' of a woman . and a And while cloud received him out of their sight. which rose bodily presence of his bodily presence. is the same man also that goes out of thy house. the Son of Mary. ana xvi. . the same did ascend again with a body. lose his body before he comes again heaven) exalted. that is. . before) that it (as I said i. same that . Now there was no human nature with heaven before the world was Therefore if he be but the same that was with the Father from all eternity. from 39th to 51st verses. made he was born of a woman. This same ciples (for that was his I say. is promise of the Holy received of the Father the which ye now see Ghost. 'Therefore being by the right for he went Ac. Ans. I say. 11. yet he. was come. 11. For. lo. xv. 5. warrantable for both Christ and his apostles there you shall find. Compare i. Spirit. Ac. but he came out of the womb clothed with a body. from days. For answer. And therefore if he come again in like manner. Yea. saith he. and 6. ii. which was crucified. they needed not to have looked toward the clouds and the heaven without them) behold two . See 1 heaven. was with But now.i. that where 1 am. 31. ' Ga. as he went up (which heaven. And for this sec Ghost. ' ii. I pray turn to Ac. v. 9. that is. is He in that descended. ii. xiv. But that same Jesus that he that went. said to be the (may some say) Ep. Father and jour Father God. you will find it he had spoken many is. we do not say. in white apparel. And for this. xiii. souls might bo better informed. The similitude is this. Consider 1 That he did say to his disciples that . and was of men. God you may clearly find it so to be. Now in ver. xxiv.ix. Spirit. 18. that he is the same that was did sometimes use them. he would go away from them. . 9—li. come again. and hath been had performed which is he which also you see go into heaven. after things while they beheld. PM. Mat. that is. And took upon him in the likeness the form of a servant. ver. xxiv.iv. is his going into heaven. 19. Suppose naked. very same : another that ascended. he before he come again? Lu. yet the same man that came in without clothing. For David God (which is in . though he go out of thy house again well clothed. if he had not gone away Jesus. 49. Lu. there come into thine house a man that is so to be. forth his Son (which was with him before the world was. whither I am going. had said more than assert which going of to once blasphemy horrible into him go (namely in a cloud) as ye have seen 22. they did not look within them. And though he descended witliout a body. but stood gazing or looking after the Lord Jesus. and without clothing. born of the virgin. i. 159 and to my God and your But in that place. 3. Consider No say the angels. shall so come. But why (say the angels) do you stand gazing so much : . It is clear from Jn. Mat. and took flesh and blood upon him from the virgin. . he respect in them. xxv. from his disyour master wiU. with ver. namely. forty with these you again. ho that descended is the same that ascended. ii. which to me (say you) implies. 34. for you. was crucified. 24.. that Avhile his disciples looked on him. that is. was not within them if it had. in the fidness of time. But shall he not lose his body his. he must come again with the same body wherewith he was crucified. 25. and then I will. he was to that was it there That 2. iv. See it is Lu. iCo. with Ac. even that very body that he took of the virgin Mary. xxiv. I go and prepare a place XXV. after a long time. Jn. he descended without a body from heaven. 9. for i. in our nature. 30. 39 to 44 heaven.' Object. you compare ver. to the end. though very well clothed.

apostles. man into Christ is ascended. who have testified these Consider 4. where the sun. (3. (saith he) for Now am the clouds and the heavens. 24. ver. i. 16. 8. absent from them. is a glorious priest. l Pe. If I go not away. be above the clouds. Now vii. spake them as they 2 Co. V. 3. needs go into that heaven without. Meta. And time of the restitution of aU things. 15. 12. : ' . which he is ascended and his descending from Consider 1. 24. xii. and his disciples stood gazing or looking up after him into heaven. then thou it is evident that that heaven into which he is sayest that the prophets. where God is in his special 32. 'are absent from the Lord. am sure there is not a saint that doth live in the God that he raised up Christ so be that the : whom he raised not up. until I make thy foes thy footstool. Jesus the Son of shout. That not be a priest. That he that ascended from his i Co. 2. is above the lowest heavens. . . must contain him till the 21.' phets Yea. before he . he were on earth. stars. as in Ke. it is taken Jesus that man is ascended must not contain him for the material heaven. with . 40—43 . 13.xii. 1. stars are jilaced. seeing he (This ever liveth to make intercession for them. damnable infidelity in any man. ix. 6. spoken by his holy Apostles and pro. Ep. That when he went into this heaven that heaven is to this end.upiies My he is above meaning is. 17. (saith Now let is the adversaries show is sco. Know that he is gone into heaven. as appears in sifcakfngofthe h. 9—11. And all therefore he is able to save to the uttermost. i. then thou must also conclude presence. but now. crucified. as in Ac. 22. And I God because we have .' Second. Properly. m. . i. (1. yea. he must his person and human nature.) He was received out of their sight. 17. Consider 3. and all are liars. That that heaven into which the and his Apostles' doctrine is false . If he be not gone into heaven. and they from him touching the same.' So that Mary is ascended. and the rest of the Apostles and ministers of Jesus Christ. 25. Ge. xlv. the man Christ Jesus He. the space of fifteen or Now. that he is still in the grave and if so. He. knew a by there) the scriptures. things in the scriptures for glorious truths. as the Apostle saith of himself. to take his into which he is gone. X. xv. 9. as it is ver. iii.must needs be that heaven without. presence. must needs be without. 51. it Heaven in scripture. 9—11. and carried away into heaven yea. I spirit only for handle me. Therefore let all the house of Israel know God hath made assuredly (for very true) that that same Jesus. and be gathered to his fathers so that that heaven into which he is ascended. comforter will not come. 18 . and ii. caught away in a cloud and was caught upwards from them. if the man Christ were ascended into that heaven within them. 30—39 and i. xxiv. Consider 5. Job xxii. which is above phorically. Jn. came also the resm-rection 20—23. sixteen hundred years besides that therefore.) Consider the Consider 2. man. that there any place in them of °ian iu Christ. Paul third called heaven. disciples. nor they from him but in Consider 6. (4. ascended. First. as in Ge.) . but must needs world half so long. 50. whom ye have 'tis If so. xiii. : iii. That those believers that are alive at because the scriptures say he is which is the very truth of God. Therefore I pray you consider there is another descending from that heaven into with me a little. . phorically it is taken for the church and people of Consider 6. Ac. which to think were received up into heaven which heaven must needs 9—ii. that come to God by him. as ye see have. he three.) And so the witness of the angels also. 7. moon. 5. mto which into caught up the heaven. . of first fruits came death. But flesh Consider 5. 16. iv. Christ. both Lord and Christ. the Lord said unto Lord. which heaven must needs be that above the clouds. to prove. and bones. as it is written. But further. if dead rise not. ix. 12—14. and sometimes properly. Ac.vi. I6. that able to contain a man some four or five feet long. 9—11 . But now the is Christ risen from the dead. 8. AWAY . Sit thou on my right hand. Lu. (2.ti. be that above the clouds. above the clouds. Second. ver. that and become For as by man fall asleep. by of the dead.i9. 160 : SOME GOSPEL TKUTHS OPENED. as it is Ac.giK. Jn. saith the Apostle. he would neither be were moved by the Holy Ghost. and a spirit hath not flesh and bones. Ac. He was Consider 4. iii. ' ' . with the voice of the archangel.' if Consider 3. xxvi. Re. both manner of his going. in a cloud. 14. So that he did not go into a heaven within them in i. he went from his people to himself. is taken sometimes meta. is not within. was a man. 39. in the heavens. He. 8. the *that it is not any heaven within thee. holy men of God. If thou sayest that that man is not that he is absent from them touching his bodily gone into heaven.the clouds and stars. iPe. 'And Ave are found false witnesses of testified of which heaven he hath been ascended above sixteen hundred years by computation. above the clouds and the yea. his own. and always The for. : . 24. me For there are i—4. i. my heavens but lie saitli himself. is. That heaven into which the Lord God. He. 1 Tii. God. compared Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a together above which heaven.this day in the body.) If you consider the posture of the disciples. so that it is clear disciples. not a see. they looked upwards after the cloud that did take him away. MAN I them that slept. angels. namely. he could 4. xvi. viii. it was .

above the sun. being absent from him while he was . nor take up their names this Avith lie. thou consider. Intercession. and see if it be not the heaven without.' Now Paul did not in this place. without. that the place into which he ascended. was the laAV of where also he is speaking and goats (ver.' Now. which is between heaven and earth. iii. 20. ) Now as men under the laAV did ofier up the blood of bulls and goats.<5aints now ascended. above the clouds. And thus much touching the Son of Mary. (saith he) 'the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout. (speaking of the Avicked) their drink-ofterings here in the body. compare ' 4. iv. And in and men. of blood will I not into ofi"er. where David prophesying of the intercession of Christ. ch. moon. 5. seeing he intercession for them. and being with Christ after this life is ended as is clear if you compare the 20th to the 26th verses together. only I shall admonish them. between So then. from 19 to 23. with the voice of the archand the dead angel. the Lord with the sound of entered into the holy places made with hands. that they do not blaspheme the truth and Son of God in his intercession. That that lieaven into which the man Christ is ascended. who through stration. xvi. 1 Tli. U compared «-uL Mat.7. 14. 1—3. and to be with Christ. where he AA'herefore he is able also to save them to the speaketh of his triumph over ven above the clouds.) VOL. For 'whilst we are at home in the bodv. ch. compared Avith other he saith ver. 21. xii. 5. ' the eternal Spirit ofl"ered himself without spot'to God. I6. ' if he Avere on earth. ' But ii. X. the other descends from heaven towards the earth.' see AA'hich laAV Pray mark here a little. rh. Consider 8. ii. above the sun. 25. a'ld 1 Pe. he should ' And He.4. 19— 21. so the man Christ J esus did offer up his own blood to his Father and this you may clearly see. Christ is ascended. to meet the Lord in the air. my lips. not go up. 22. now I shall prove the intercession of the man Christ Jesus to i. but into heaven without.' saith Paul.' Consider 7. 10. must needs be that lieaven the Son of the Virgin. . X . he should not be a oft'er priest. where he saith. 6. ix. Jn. being no less in one place than another. and so pass on. and so shall we ever be with the Lord. are the figures of the true . as will clearly appear. but must needs be that heaven He. just in the 'For. Thei^e is one God. as God merel}^ could (meaning the temple which Solomon built) which but into heaven itself. 'I desire is be in the heaven that to depart. but as God-man.' is lie. where he saith. according to the scripture. I shall .) Then we which be sacrifices : saved] are alive (at that day) and remain shall be necessity that this off"er. even the heaven into which he is entered. the man Christ Jesus. as he is in the heavens.x^-i. he went 8—10. is the same place where all the deceased saints are far i. mean for the enjoying of Christ only in the Spirit that he enjoyed in great measure when he spake these words but he spake of a dying. seeing that there are priests that gifts according to the law. iv. the one is caught up in the clouds towards the heaven.an(lxiv. viii. moon. and with the trump of God : in Christ shall rise first : (that is. Ac. 'God is not be a priest. ix. his ascending up into the heaven without i. now ' to ajipear in the presence of God for us:' up . First. and stars. his mention of here ? Yes. 2C0. the one the heaven and the earth.. which better. iii in their spirits: 'Therefore. 5. is not into his church on earth . I have been speaking of though some have mocked at it. v/ithout. the enemies of his uttermost.' Now Christ. is an undeniable demonChrist is of the priesthood of the priests under the law. that that heaven into which the man from dead He. saith. For priests that are on earth every high priest is ordained to ofi"er gifts and ' . But you will say. Ep. In the next place. When Christ and his saints do meet a second time together.audiii. iTh. the is 161 man Christ that was born of the Virgin it Mary If ascended. coming from heaven and the other from the earth. 12. How much more shall the blood of . gone up with a shout. a trumpet. 24. 24.' air. 'Their sorrows shall be multiplied that hasten Cffter another God. and they must needs meet one another just in the air. and their meeting being in the air. 12 com- man ascended into. U compared witU ver. 21. v. For Christ is not doth prophesy of. or in his human all nature. that is. ix. 9—n. see Ps. and stars. And first of all. out of their graves. 3. And this David where he saith. 22. and of his blood (ver. ITi. and what heaven the Moses.) And of the Lord Jesus the high priests of saints. which names here I shall not mention. for the scripture saith. and others have called it juggling. which is above the clouds. Christ doth descend from is there a man made When will that heaven into which he .' iTi that 8th to the Hebrews made mention of before ii. that come unto God by him. above the clouds and the stars. people at his resurrection and ascension into hea- ever liveth to make Second. purge your consciences works to serve the living God? [with] Christ. the one ascends and the other descends. vii. SOME GOSPEL TRUTHS OPENED. they shall come [shall where the Apostle is speaking of Christ's priestly ofiice. 17. if you compare He. quote some of the scriptures that hold out this truth. we are absent from the Lord. Ps. xM. where he saith. and their oftering of the blood of bulls pared with ver. u. 23. and one mediator between God ' and he meet one another. this man (meaning i. rh.' For he were on earth. wherefore (speaking of Christ) it is of man have somcAvhat also to if caught up together with them in the clouds.

Jesus of he hath ordained. ix. Mat. And first. so we may go.' 2Pe. because he will not have his humanity and the doctrine thereof. by the intercession of the Son of Mary. 10. Jesus of Nazareth. Where.) with that in assurance unto all men (that . the Virgin. (saith Paul) charge thee therefore before God. yet so far as the scriptures far give us light into the nearness of his coming. 2 Co. he had offered one sacrifice for sins. xiv. 38 to 42. 3. (even Jesus the chapter I mentioned before. did both in the land of the Jews. I iiyiil shew you that his coming wiR be no man can tell neither the will day nor the hour. x. ver. i. were oppressed of the devil for God was with 3. (that is. 36. Second. Wars and rumours of wars is another sign who went about doing good. whom they slew and hanged on a tree. and so shall also the coming of the Son of man be. ver. once to die. seeing he (this man) ever liveth make intercession for them. i.' This is ho also that is spoken of in Ac. priestly office. 30. you of. 6—8. priests under the law) because they suf- fered to continue by reason it of death (that is. for the most part style himself the Son of man. k. So shall also the coming of the Son of man be. 42. It is true.. look into Ac. 28. will come to judge the prove the quick and the dead. who did eat and drink with him after he rose from And he commanded us to preach unto the dead. v. and in Jerusalem. read 2 Ti.12. 2 Th. Sure he doth it to this end. Wherefore he (this able also to save them to the uttermost that man) is come being without the gospel) but now commaudeth all unto God by him. Who shall stand when he shall that come. and so on. The love of many waxing cold. Son of man. I shall come to the last that I promised. 23.xu.' Now if you would know who this Lord Jesus is. xxiv. towards the end. and that is to prove. viz. 8. where was Jesus made a the scripture saith. and shewed him openly not to all the people.] And now through the assistance of the Lord. .) in the which he vnll judge the world in to repent: men everywhere righteousness. So shall also the coming of the Son of man be. and so to all believers) and * ' and ver. you shall find his intercession plainly held forth. because a. saying And then Son of man. ' shall appear the sign of the ' ' ' : ' First. even the coming of Christ. judge the quick and the dead at his appearing and his kingdom. Mat. xxiv. 7. is another him: And we are witnesses of all thin^js which he sign that it is nigh. and you shall see it was Christ. where speaking of his second coming. [Christ Judge of Quick and Dead. xxiv. Ac. xxii. iv. 'I. 37. he saith priesthood. was appointed to all men But when he speaks of Christ But this man. 38 to 42. Jesus. quick and dead. But. Thai thai shall man was horn of to the Where is the promise of his coming. And thus in brief have I proved through the assistance of the Lord.' again. shall find these words. he Ac. sui-ety of ' By so much a better testament. i. nor his Sjjirit in them. you read Mat. I shall shew you that his coming will be very shortly. ver. to Because he hath appointed a day (which day is the day of judgment. 10.: 163 after sat SOME GOSPEL TRUTHS OPENED. God . 27. to • 18. you shall coming spoken of. if you read ver. and healing all that that his coming doth draw nigh. the Lord Jesus who Secondly. 3i. (speaking to him. priests : And they truly were many (meaning the were not ' Him God raised up the third day. Jn. iii. ' because he continueth ever. Mat. (that is. see many the Son of who was espoused to 1. and xxv. The times of this ignorance God winked at. hath an unchangeable Ke. shoi'tly. for ever down on the right hand of God. Fourth. there woidd come mockers walking after their own lusts. is also Nazareth) whom that man (namely. Ro. shall ii. hath given a sure sign unto all men) in that he hath raised him. of Nazareth) . and of Father and that those men that oppose them (as the quakers do) are very violently possessed of the devil. and saying. and who not. could not live ever in this world. xxi. lie. (compare this And this concerning Christ's being in all might serve also for a proof of his But the heaven without. by the way. see (unless they be blind) that these men may his are the truths of our Lord Jesus Christ. There is falling away from the faith spoken And that hath been fulfilled and is fulfilling if And sig7is of his . even at the doors. ver. to be razed out from under heaven For he knew. on this wise. 28. Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with the power 2. I Virgin Mary come again judge the quick could multiply scriptures to prove this doctrine of his second coming. it is observable to see how the Lord of life and glory doth in this chapter. which the Son of God. so. (meaning men's the people. stylcth himself the . in that he hath raised Jesus of Nazareth) from the dead. V. where he speaketh of his second coming. and 20. but unto witnesses chosen before of God. ver. that in the last days. I shall That that man shall come again to judge the world. 7. and you shall see it vras Jesua of Nazareth. the dead. xxiv. X. m. even to us. 2 Pe. would you know who that was? read Mat. What shall be done at his coming. Mary Joseph the carpenter. itself. the high-priest under the law. as He. 38. that this very truth man Christ. Tlilrd. and besides themselves and have neither the truth of God. even to Timothy. above the stars. Lu. 10. testify (that is. He. whereof he hath given is. 'God anointed Jesus of every day. God commanded us) and to be bold in our preaching) that it is he (namely. 39. 2 Ju. whom the Jews did thus crucify) which was ordained of God to be the judge of quick and dead.' This also is Christ's own meaning. 25.) Re. xvu. x. But read Ac.

with said. his saints with him will he come. of the Lord draweth that the 4. do great signs. whose concalled quakers. and if it unexpected time. told me to my face. SOME GOSPEL TRUTHS OPENED.coming? For 3—7. dweU on the face 2 He cometh will the is Then 16. see 2 Pe.i-t. i. Jesus his Son knd do such thmg such thing as a world to come. ' For were possible the is elect. '' Now how 1 you have I it "shall scriptures. all the Lord's appearing. And many other things have they blasphemously and his vented against the Lord of life and glory. wonder and them. yea. as it is which he some of them being sealed up unto destruction. xxiv. these mockers shall be are ago. and come many false Christs and false wonders. it is and if ever this scripture was ful- fulfiUed on these men caUed quakers ^^ gathered as it aU the nations of the world wakened (or Let the heathen be 12. that I have used Lord is at hand.35. that the Son of Mary was coming. Another sign of Christ's of the world most the of the carnal mindedness all men now almost of carriages very the and this day fulUving do discover this truth to be at shall say peace they when that know and fillecf. Zi. who being as iron. they are aware before on a sudden. . 17. man able to make the scriptures unto thee. themselves call hoUness. 'a^^rthof^^^ilftadpit: this a glorious truth. they are cold in Read and the Lord give thee understanding. cometh. Jesus as a Lord in their profes5. especially among persons. They are cold^ in love to things continue shall see their mocking and the reason you there God of worship the the saints. demonstration of it. walking after their own Mat. They are cold in the pro. where is the promise of his in cold now grown lukewarm and cold. coming. that I myself have heard them blaspheme . with a o-rinning countenance. years three or two hot They that were such as shall say. three those spake of In which the Apostle Then will all the they shall not escape. lo. 8. Know for certain. Yea. j| that day for want of faith will be . for that verses.xxi. Say heart. 2 Ti. is 7. x\-iii.ised out of their will Jehoshaphat: for there to the valley of -^f^^^J^lZ I sit . Epistle. that at this which shall be coming. second Christ's at mock graves. it will come upon caught in it. the time of Christ's second coming very little faith in is at hand. .for his coming. comes.i tUe and compare thrOWn down tO the SldCS Ot belly of very even in the iii. iii. iii.3. because I in heaven. 3 to thy . they have conjuration. which have throne with the Lor and they shall sit on the sha Jesus Christ. scoffers in the world. and they sciences are seared with an hot Which i is all of the whole earth. second his and Christ. >. who are now as high as lucifer. . Many poor souls will go on before his second sion with lamps without oil. very cold. Before Christ's second prophets. j^.v. 1 could have hinted in many other things which to be signs Christ and his Apostles have shewed the holy commend shall But I coming. all the sam s with Peter and Paul: Together hereafter shall be or are. you see now a-days.xix. which are through faith in of God perfect in all things. into descend from that heaven. are such this most of the professors of kind of professors. just and witchcraft. Joel ' iii. Lord with aU his saints and angels. : . and Enoch. which shews the coming of Christ to be there shall coming. is it his second coming. destruction sudden peace Ind safety. saith in his now ascended. lTh. to seduce shall shew great signs. that world be caught at such an as a snare cometh even them. As it is are that creatures those upon as a snare shall it come on written Lu. Lord And the the world. 1-7. as makes their quaking) and such a legal after them. written m iTl>-i-- come fiUed. fession of the gospel. . Before Then as Jude David and Job. 2Pe.. in this thing. of his . gjo-n » ' Lu. 1 Jn. 1 When Th V 1-3. there shall 8. Yea. :. admire the simple verymgh. coming from heaven. PU. from heaven without l xh. xiii. Mat. (That is once they professors falUng from the faith which of the coming the that sign professed) is another The stars falling random. XXV.2S. ing as their work shall be. faU from the doctrine of there wereno though as Christ. i aU them that And days not this more clearly fulfilled in our those men than ever it was. which is a notable 1 would not have thee think that I speak at But nigh. and thereAnd how cold is the love of many at this day ? fore saith the Holy Ghost.o . Before whom lusts. it. the Lord knows that generation. then Which sudden destruction will be at looklno. that at 6. And the same body that was crucified on the cross miesethrngsidobut draws nign. then sudden destruction He will come when there ' is but very few they shall say. day make a For they are the men. ir"^ £ ^j^j^l^ jg another sure c mt 7 A that the COmiUg 01 tUC LiOra ' . Noah and Abraham. now been. yea. 23. manner of his coming laid down in the notably most be. very foolish Mat. accordthem reward Lord The precious gospel. as in written. hint at. at the doctrine of that man's second coming from heaven above the stars. who was born of "the Virgin Mary. 20. and no coming. ^ -J^^ r^f +l. there will be but a that there be knows. and all Then shall Abel 15. Mar. because what I preached was I was also told to according to the scriptures. 163 iii. that I preached up an idol. and and safety. And as they were. my face. They are since the fathers fell asleep. When many. second Christ's 9.iii. And how many professors God. though enlarge upon them. the Lord Jesus. shall hint in a few things touchmg also the second coming.. (as shew and Christ.

and and covetous. Then if all thy idle words shall be Marvel not at this for the hour is coming.164 to SOME GOSPEL TRUTHS OPENED. idolatrous.' Is. behold. earth? Yea. when the Lord comes what ' . he do ? He ' will bring to light the hidden is. . and what work will there be! Even the one will burn and destroy the other. all laid open. 2. * close sinful thoughts. will be such a time of reckoning for you. in God's time: To the astonishment. 15. Daniel there speak- these thinc/s. And shall cast ' ' . 36. there are hot days a-coming for all those that are found out of the Lord Jesus Behold. shall be raised.' ver. 29. That every idle word that men shall speak. will cry to the mountains. hidden wickednesses that thou in thy life-time hast committed yea. Jn. to to ing of the same thing saith. my friends I If the very looks will his blows be. or secret hypocrisy. his ways. the graves that are made in the receive a just recompense for them. Oh my friends. . that shall burn as an oven and all the proud. and cover us from the face of sits shew you. and their thoughts the mean (time. The Son of Man shall send forth his angels. saith Malachi. sels of the hearts ' that is. and to thou that hatest God's children word. As Isaiah saith. unto the resurrection of ment. * The an dead 2. and of all their hard speeches. to render his anger with fury.) Thou must fall in of the resurrections. is a clear truth from the scriptures. 11— Ujand Th. is.' You will say. fire.\v.. \. Fall on us. as never Jesus of Nazareth's second shew farther by and by. Then laid shall all the all and plotted by the midnight whoretheir sins .) I shall not stand here to dispute faU under the judgment for thy sins. then you And therefore in the next place. and them which do iniquity . as thou shalt spoken of here. 3. (or arise) thee mi nito judgment. Are these graves be then regarded in such sort. according to that saying. and of their graves (as I said before) in lain according to that in saith.^ of the same. Why. ' Their consciences also bearing witness. Where Christ of God be so terrible. xii. and blasphemous Then shall all thy adulterous. And many of them that to sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake.) And ah. i. saith the Lord of hosts. Avords and actions then will the secrets of hearts be made manifest. The day of judgment will burn like an oven. and everlasting damnation of all those that shall continue mocking. : v. the Loud will come with and thou wouldest not have thy neighbour. of all then thou that makest a mock at their ungodly deeds which they have ungodly committed.) Thou the any must give an account. i. and ' for a further proof saith all the scripture. IG. though it shall certainly be. xiii.' shall call all judgment. or) while accusing or else excusing one ' another. thoughts be laid open. 63. (1. that they are. will judge the heathen round about. 42.. . thy wife. xii. ' Jude 15. xi. For.^^^^„^^ ^i^. 28. Jn. iv. iv. xii. and all that do wickedly.^ ^^ come . have them Lu. vi. In the day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ. Mul. or any one else know of for thousands. he will make manifest the coun- things of darkness. shall be stubble: and the day that cometh shall burn them up. and all that have not the righteousness Ah of Christ upon them shall be as stubble. then thou shalt with his chariots like a whirlwind. not disclosed. * come forth on the throne. unto the resurrection of life and they they shall give account thereof in the day of judgthat have done evil. Mat. the most hidden and (when he doth come again he will come in such a manner. . than to He shall come : a flaming secret things that are contrived sons of men. and that 43. Therefore judge nothing before the time. what ' . xx. 1 Co. ] Re. 5. God and in his Christ. 3. 0. look into Da. : ' . was since the world began. When Christ doth come the second time. which ungodly sinners have spoken against him. put a red hot oven and stubble together. (2. think you ? But I say unto in the which all that are in the graves shall hear accounted for. his voice.' that ' . I shall that shall die in your sins. all those cunning. God will . thy father. The day cometh. —Ed. then thou that livest in open prophaneness. and also all thy filthy actions shall damnation. s. done good.' secret. See also i Cn. ' that for . his Spirit . some to everlasting life. which they have 29.^^. they him that When Christ is come the second that are in their graves shall arise. ixn. iG. ivhat shall be done tvhen he is come. as it is written. ii. And know. friends. Then 'To execute judgment upon all all. shalt be sure to all everlasting contempt' (or damnation. * ' Close. Ec. then I say. as will make all that shall be foimd in their sins rather seek to creep under a mountain. thievish. iv. only prove that the dead shall arise Ac. yea. and from the Avrath of the Lamb (which Lamb is the Man Christ Jesus. even upon the house tops. 13. Third. Rev. and some shame and distinctions Thou that art an unbeliever. God will bring them.' Which never was yet accomplished. ' Ro. 41. fire. . and they shall gather out of his kingdom all things that oft'end. bring '--' unwilling judijiiient. thy husband. He men and women all to account for all their . as I shall coming. yet this will be their misery.' What time is that ? Why. his convince that are ungodly among them. But when ? iv. . time. or sinning against 3. close. that it shall leave them neither root nor branch. 1. mongers be thou (it open with Then may be) who has committed such sins as meet the Lord of ' glory. another end of his coming will be to purge out all things that oflended in tliis kingdom. Mat. and his rebuke with flames of fire. and shall come forth they that have you.

he doth come to take vengeance on all them that know not God. 2. (3. them into a furnace of fire there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth. and the truths of God.. cut off all the ignc/rant persons that are in the The legal righteous man or woman. : and shall utterly perish in their own corruption . and he that formed them. rant. 43. will further lay them Open before thee.' will three or four sorts of men and leave thee to the scripi. ' commandments of the first and second table. . i i> end of Christ's coming. 12. and his saints. 8. 6. and it is grounded on their ignorance. [Ln. 18. and to every good offending.) no more. for which the apostle attributes to their ignorance. 3. ' who power of God because they understand not the scripture.) . (&.' But ye will say. tiU a dart strike through his liver. xLx. x.*» meut Ironi tlieir ignorauce. and so are in greater dan. he doth offend. 23. work reprobate. or kingdom (1. (a. it is through that his ignorance. Again. : Ro. as touching the righteousness that is in the law For they being ignorant of God's righteousness. and follow the alluring persuasions of it the Lord calls such fools. They meet with many a sad temptation.) The profane Pe.rnal damnation.] who gO after it (viz. xiL20. And. by to I whom Verily. lest Men seekmg to get encourage. What. Christ will say in that day. alms.] or would not have him ' be slain before his face. where he saith. know you Add hereto. by cluSterS. who submitted not themselves to him. evil of the things that 165 they understand not . ' Christ and his church. as a bird hasteth to the snare. good works as they them. righteous ones might shine as the sun fit A is.) of the gospel. abstinence from the prayers. Mat. thougli There is a generation of poor souls that do think to be excused for their ignorance Alas saith one. ' SOIME GOSPEL TRUTHS OPENED. I am a poor ignorant man. comit to the destruction. is. hearing sermons. 2 Co. not submitting through ignorance to the righteousness of God. that . 'He that made them not have mercy on them. speak evil of the truths offending 2yrofessor shalt offend the church of God therein contained. igno- Another end of Christ's second coming. Those whose hearts are set upon the world. for thy thus his loose walking. 27. he will command those his enemies. xivi. They have a body of death. 4. wblpli them dilio-entlv. ver. body and SOUl p i tor ever and ever. But then thou lukewarm . But you will say. Ps. But know that thou also shalt be taken away from offending anymore. ' and naughty carriages. compared with Lu. and will the Lord condemn us? And thus poor souls. peaceableness with their neighbours.. those that think their sion. who walk after speak the flesh in the lust of uncleanness.'erofet(. Who are those ignorant persons.. Is.) The lukewarm professor. if with their mouths. the world.) his people. mark. grosser pollutions of the world. and he that formed them wiU shew them no favour. they should miss of the way do SWallow down ^^^11.) the Lord. 5. xxvii. God. but deny him in all their profes- they so continue. perish eternally. is to or void of judgment. Quest. 24. this see in 2 3. as reading. is. iii. being abominable. just dealings. ii. iii. : ! : they walk blameless. do as such and such. 3. ii. as they are in the broad way to world. and some seeming holiness. vii. 3. fasting. 7. saith. (2..vii. . For therefore he it is a people of no understanding that made them will not have mercy on them. Christ. in the glory. which also makes them in heaviness . will not the Lord have mercy on ignorant souls ? Ansio.. public or private. and goes on in rebellion and such ignorant persons shall in that day . nor the in them. do more harden themselves in sin. but wants such are called foolish virgins. i. that shall find no favour at that da}' ? or how doth mention the ignorance discover itself TliG xxvii Ts. Mat. held forth by a similitude of a woman with the attire of an harlot) as an ox to to reign over them. Not on those who live and die in their ignorance.' There are many things that do offend in his kingdom now namely (1.andPr.) He grieves the hearts of God's people. it enough . (c. perish. {a. or a fool to the correction of the stocks. (b. to confess Christ and profess that they know works such notwithstanding shall. ? I shall only the slaughter. disobedient. go about to establish their : own righteousness. [who is called the righteousness of God. Paul also in that 2 Th. that when he shall come the second time. who makes a mock at many things of their father. aU which with many other things may be comprehended in their own righteousness. and thou shalt have weeping and gnashing of teeth. God. '-' his life : and knows not. xv-iii. pel He scandals the gos- gospel faith XXV. lo. stricter obedience which will pOlSOn them. xiii. ch. He himself hath said.„„ thnii W UlCU if II tnou rpnrl reau tuies. to (4. . 7.) The formal professor. There aro that do hinder the people of God from and so goes on in his sins. not. and that obey not the gospel of omLord Jesus Christ. 5. ' ' ' shining forth as the sun now. As. and knoweth not that is for it nth vcrs6 is ft notahie confutation of the ignorant's hypocritical hope. ver. And therefore he likens them to brute beasts. where Christ saith. Phi. V. L 16. .^\Tii show them no favour. .) He doth make the world blaspheme the name of God by the same. that is. (2. Mat. which makes them fetch many a groan in their journey to Canaan. i. or woman and therefore I hope that the Lord will have mercy upon me we cannot. that when Jesus CJirist shall come to judge the world.) Tit. and think the Lord like unto themselves. Ho. say others. who hath only a : notion The loose professors do also offend God. scoffer.

xxii. Mat. Re. iv. Then tbou seest that it is he law. when it convinceth eff'ectually Jn. iii. Ah poor soul It is not then thy brave words ! thee. when didst thou see thyself faith in the son of a lost creature for want of Mary? If not. except thou 2 Co. viii.) Then now but then appearing of . vii. Then thou canst thou seest God smile. by the law. then know.) 29. 10. of sin. 25. 2. I pray thee con- sinners in the congregation of the righteous. doctrine. nor . 9. 2Co. thinkest that Exam. for that. thou never hadst thy faith to seek. ' Ep. 3. well if thou hast) but least thou shouldest deceive thy poor soul. which will be glorious indeed at his appearing. will thou be without the wedding garment. Spirit of Christ. They have also things that do hinder their shining many other (7. G. Jn. viii. iii. when did the Spirit of the Loi-d Jesus shew Let him be close or profane. Who shall stand when he appears ? Why. 6. 2Ti. xxv. the second time. shalt stand in the judgment thou that art born again shalt enter into the kingdom. 2 Co. And Examitie L Thou thinkest that thou art a Chrisvile body. sider. but 9. dost thou not say in thy heart. then do thee any good the Pharisees were. to set up his kingdom. But when he is able even to subdue all things unto himself. Because they believe not on me. 6. 17. 8. those that will art born again. because thou didst not believe in Christ. in the then thou art one of judgment. (4. Jiath lie quickened. xxL 27.) Thou knowestthat once thouhadst no faith in the Lord Jesus and wert convinced of sin because thou didst not believe in the Son of Mary. Art thou born again? Then thou seest that thy great sin was want of faith in the Son of Mary. (3. Ro. who was espoused to Joseph the carpenter: But on the contrary. shall then be made like unto the glorious body of the Son of God. v. as I told you even now. I do but touch these things. that it may be fashioned like \mto his glorious body.' (2. 28. : Another end of Chi-ist's coming shall be to take an account of his children.' did God shew thee that thou wert no Christian ? When didst thou see that And in the light of the Ph. and made a new creature. 20. as in Mat. then know for certain that the wrath of God to this very day abideth on their trust. i. Ps. dost thou know what original sin means ? Is it not the least in thy thoughts ? And dost thou not rejoice in secret. in the body of death shall be left oif. 1—3. a time. 7. Ro. Thou ('tis thou hast been born again. who were and sins. 13. xvi. 2 Th. ii. may be profitable both to thee and me. i. it convinceth of unbelief. ' iii. thou hast not yet been savingly convinced for that's one work of the Spirit to convince of sin. thou hast not yet been savingly convinced by the Spirit of Christ . My meaning clouds. Therefore let us examine vile. iii. that thou with all thy faith (thou thinkest thou hast) wouldst fall in the judgment. that thou art the same that thou ever wert ? If so.) Thou seest all true joy through the blood i Co. faith. and lift up the light of his countenance upon thee. 12. Thou knowcst that God hath given thee thy Phi. also thou lookest for the personal the Son of Mary from heaven ix. 9. if . 21. then thou Icnowest that thou wast not born a Christian at shall I if But how (1. all shall come into judgment. i. 36. (G. that if the Son of Man should come to judge the world at this moment of time.) Art thou born again? till not be quiet the (5. how they have laid out their talents. ' . l Pe. iv. thou shouldest be sorry else: Well. v. I told you before. Exam. 12. though thou hast know that I am born again ? thou art born again. because thou didst not believe in be thou hast been convinced of sins against will save thee . yet if the Lord set that sin shall be no more in the natures of God's people then: Their bodies that are now so them home upon thy conscience.) Why. Who shall change our the matter a little.' saitli Jesus the Son of Mary. 13. 19—21. i. then know for certain that thou hast no faith of the operation of God in thee. Ps. 7. ' thee. and thine own conscience. as Jn. according to the working whereby tian. He. xv. 2 Jn. v. and that through the face of the Son of Mary. that he hath committed to 6. guilt and punishment of sin. 57. Ay. thou wilt be speechless. but at this time I shall forbear. though plain. Ep. You dead in trespasses . and righteousness of the Son of Mary. that the ungodly shall not stand in the judgment. it is not thine eloquent tongue that : the law. And fall if so.iv. many the is. But you will say. 5 . see that thou wert under the wrath of God because of original sin ? Ro. Ro. all shall be made manifest. but hast always believed with as good a faith as any one alive ? If so. xiv. Another end of his coming is. according to God's ordinary working and if so.lit that was sent of God to die for the sins of th« . that thou hadst no faith in thee by nature ? him ? And may Avhen did the Spirit of Christ convince thee It of sin. and none else.' L 5. These things. Jn. aU shall be laid open.166 SOME GOSPEL TRUTHS OPENED. been never so much convinced of sins against the if thou hast not seen thyself under the power and dominion. Re. that the doctrine of the is Art thou born again ? Then thou knowest Son of Mary the Virgin. ii. But thou that art a converted person. and Ro. ii. because I would hasten towards a conclusion many other things might have been spoken to. Nay. first. 19.) Son of God. a ri(i. .

2 Co. . thou . Art thou born again? seest all true peace and joy comes through the blood of the Son of Mary. did bear our sins in his oaati body on the tree. Jd.landJn. viii.io. 4. and his blood is di-ink indeed.) The Lord Jesus Christ is very precious unto yea. as his disciples did see him go into heaven. Ac. But thou canst content Pa. ii. 50. honour. xiv. world will not satisfy. 25. Jn. Avhich is the true God. 1. is. righteousness of the Man Christ Jesus. right . pm. Mary him not. m And ' my grace if is sufiicient for 7. but thou that art a Christian and not in word . And that was done in this wise. 25 viii. : ' a babe at the best. . 6. which when we were dead is where there shall be Aveeping and wailing and gnashing of teeth. and his righteousness. xix. 8. obedience. ix. till thou doest see Ti. again. and for ought thou knowest. pleasure.: . for it is his blood i.) came into the world in the fulness of time. it whom God raised again. lPe. iv. ascension. He. 39—45.24. i. that this very man shall so come in like manner. 2 Co. Re. 3 x. What the law could not do in that it was weak through the flesh that is. 29. Ro. \i 55. 10—12. and was made in the likeness of man. xvii. and did spiU his own blood. thou hast ance . 5. 24. and ascended up into heaven in a cloud. andiCo. but thou art wavering in these things. . 5. is a right doctrine. ui. God sending his oa\ti Son in likeness of thee. know that thou art but who will fall in the judgment of the Son of Man. sinful flesh. 2 Th. 2. death. profits. 21. (1. 13. xii.lCo. yet thou and blood of the Son of Mary. a. and rose again the third day. . Thou dost purify thine heart by this faith. God to be a reconciled Father to thee in the Lord Jesus Christ. xv. xxiv. which doth deliver thee 10—12. and glorious intercession. 3. 13. Exam. ( Phi. and in the clouds he shall come agam. 12. 39. for his great love wherewith he God may cut thee off in thy unbelief. 1 from the wrath to come.ii. which is this That the Sou of God which was Avith his Father before the Avorld was. in sins (and the greatest. Then thou Exam. 6. then thou art a thou lookest for that very Jesus in the last place. aiidiii. 51. 9—11 and there ever lives to make intercession for us. when he comes in flaming fire with his mighty angels. riches. Eocam. through 1. and false conceited consolation. that very man. as is iTh.) hath quickened us together with Christ. 5.g. from the their and their own deceitful hearts but of heart. even unbelief. Art thou born again ? Then thou knowest that the doctrine of the Son of God. 4. condemned him in the flesh for the sins of poor sinners For this. Ac. 57. and of thy joy. viii. compared with ver. 26—28. which is the Lord of glory. 16— 19. (Jn. and thy latter end will be a very bitter end without faith and repent- peace comes. faith. Jn. compared together. 40.) 1 Pe. Lu. 25. 7. 5. then thou rejoicest in Christ Jesus. there are many poor souls that are taken with raptures of joy.xiv. that very Man. yet beheviug. comes puttest no confidence in the flesh. l Pe. 167 L J:9. Exam. only. disciples. all when art complete in him. now if at the hand of his Father. as in Ro. which thou hast X'eceived into thy soul. Ps. our flesh that . in deed. g. world. judge all tliat are in their graves. ' ver. He. iL 8. who slothful ones. of the same a cloud he went away from his Yea. (2. devil. iv. [Jn. 4.. 34. that he died. Art thou born again ? Then thou canst not be quiet till thou doest see God lift up the light of his countenance upon thee yea. thou hasteneth after the such a desire after the light of God's countenance. as well as the Son of Mary. who Avill have thy portion among the to all. 6a. 8. you rejoice with i. 7. I say. 8. whom the Jews did crucify. and for sin. thou waitest. ii. as it is Ps.' Ep. 38—42. iii. : iii. w. and it will appear clearly to be the truth of God: Also. 10.) being made of a woman or virgin. of this coming of this Lord Jesus. all the glory. that this Son of God. and xu. and the power of the Spirit of Christ. condemned sin in the flesh. But God. there was a time in which I had no faith there was a time in which I co\ild not believe in the Son of God for eternal life.25. made imder the law.' : Yea. Lu. Jn.] which doth come . Au im. v. Jn.wi.vi. 24. i. which was a very man. xv. ver. Then thou wilt not be quiet tUl thou dost hear from the Son of Mary. Avhich is also the blood of God. through which all true and there is no other name under heaven given among men. whereby we should be saved. and shall receive all that look for. Ac x. 3&. Ko. But go if tions off and convicany other way than by the blood and thy guilt of sin goes off. •kc. 8. Ac. joy shall be turned into mourning and sorrow Lu. x. into utter darkness. thou wilt. and that tliou thyself with anything below this. thy guilt goes off not right. by grace ye are saved. 39. 28. without any works of the law. and was laid in Joseph's sepulchre. He. and iii. 28. ' through 7. such a voice as this. is rich in mercy. xxxv. rejoicest in Christ Jesus the Son of though now you see joy unspeakable and full of glory. i. 20. vii. And Christian. with Ga. ii. Ac. rejoicest in the flesh 3. chapter. that. SOME GOSPEL TRUTHS OPENED. If Jn. to . thy sins are forgiven thee thee. resurrection. lookest. and cast thee loved us. And these two things are the fruits of thy faith. vn. compare Ro. v. but wrong. be found but a rotten-hearted professor. Col 20. iv. i.i. xix. 2 Pe. Exam. out of which thou wouldest very willingly make thy life all thy days out of his birth. 8. Art thou born again ? Then thou knowest that God hath given thee thy faith that thou hast in his Son Theii thou art to say through grace. XX. thou knowest. to redeem them that were under the law. knowing that his flesh is meat indeed. 3. Son be of good cheer. the Son of Mary. vii. but by the Lord Jesus of Nazareth.

ii. and bind them hand and foot. If thou beest thoroughly set down And 'there shall be weeping and this in this doctrine. Then Avhat doth speak to . make thee labour to be found watching when thy Lord shall return from the wedding that when he doth come. scoffers.' their portion with Advantage which I 4. Mary. it will . (saith John) but he that believeth that Jesus is the Son of God ? l Jn. ' like ? Why read their doom in Mat. and There shall be cast them into utter darkness . V. thou shalt not deceive thyself with a fancy of them. (meaning the faith of himself. which is to believe of the virgin that the 16. temptations. I say. the faith of the operation of God . I know you not. this? oil in also. 35. . ' Thy name is as ointment poured forth. 5. thy own righteousness all thine own wisdom . Re. 1 Co. 51. 6. hut ye are sanctified. Admonition 4. but this. No. heU shall not prevail against him. is hut righteousness . even at the doors. and to throw out all that fancy also throw away that thou takest instead of faith yea. and come to God in the name of the Son of Mary. Mat. 17. if thou livest in the faith of thy interest by the Spirit of our God. The Lord of that or these servants. ignorant. . be second coming. xxiv. . sin in the sight of the great God all of heaven and ver. Admonition 5. ? Why. iv. xxii. them doth purify thy heart. to search and see.' 168 love liis SOME GOSPEL TRUTHS OPENED. 15. l Jn. but he that looketh for the second coming of Christ from heaven to judge the world ? as in l Jn. saith he). self-righteous. 20. iii. Mat. thou helievest. i. earth. Admonition 1 First. Quakers. ii. Who is he that overcometh the world. that hast not the Spirit of Christ in thee. And they shall he for ever with him.' Well then. which is the Son of God. These things. Friends. 6. Ranters. by the operation of the Spirit of God. thou wilt not gnashing of teeth. v. 16. beginning. it Avill be how came you hither ? Take them. xi. Advantage as also ' 1. bastard-professors in the world of ? If the children God shall ' scarcely be saved. even in the faith of this doctrine have held forth unto thee. 10. Then what will become of all Advantage 2. what doth this speak to all sorts of people (under heaven) but in Christ. and wean thee from this world. Lu. 36. 3. and shall cut 2. 18. if thy iii. iv. and the things therein. k. yea. Be patient hearts. What is the reason many giddy-headed pray you. seek to be thoroughly by faith. thy holiness. be able to judge of all doctrines whatsoever. and ownest. it a truth of so great I beseech you. as do the 3. profane. rooted into be. iu. and the advantages will be many. ix. yet if they be not indeed wilt Advantage Hereby thou and the 50. and if so. Depart. They were never sealed in the doctrine of the Father. 18. Who is he also that purifies his heart. 8. to himself. and appoint them the hypocrites. as in 2 Pe. he that is built upon this rock.' . if thou he a Chris- tian indeed. and ' make Oh. stablish your for the coming of the Lord draweth nigh. 11. 46. Christ. 3. ii— 13. compared with * ' those that creep into the society of God's people without a wedding garment on said unto them. It will through grace. why. And that thou mayest so . that there are so professors in these days. where shall the ? ' ungodly. Mat. to see whether they have their lamps or not that is. then thy latter end will be worse than thy . was the mighty God. though they come never so nigh the truth. It will comfort thy heart against Admonition 2. true faith. which so that will shew thee clearly of these things . ' weeping and gnashing of teeth. Then what Avill become of all the persecutions. Admonition 3. For true sanctification Advantage The faith of this doctrine. examine thy heart yea. 3. them asimder. thou mayest open to him immediately. xiv. and cross providences. as I have proved at large. and the things thereof. Ja. Ro. thou wilt find trine liars. James saith to his persecuted brethren (my brethren. but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus. drunkards. Now seeing the coming of the Lord Jesus Christ is so nigh. wiU comes through the name of the Lord Jesus Christ. But the wicked shall he cast into eternal damnation. But ye are washed. . taken with any other I doctrine whatsoever. ) the gates of Son of Mary is the Christ of God. 28. Ro. it thee labour in the work of God in the world. and if it is not from this principle that is. therefore do the this is virgins love thee. and in an hour that they are not aware of. xxv. 9. i Co. ii. thy zeal. and the faith of do stagger to and fro like a company of drunkards. whether the Spirit of the Man Christ Jesus be in them or no for he that hath not the Spirit of Thou Christ in him. ii. is none of Christ's. at that day (let thy profession be what it will) he will say to thee. shall come the very truth. xii. xvi. He. He. 5. such a faith as he gives to his own elect. l Th. wiU liven thy heart in the work of the Lord especially. viii. vi. and the Son ? They were never enabled to believe that that child that was born obedience do not flow from this faith. is. seeing concernment. that Mat. which is the faith of God's elect. proud. beg of God to help thee to examine it. and beg faith of him. and the sinner appear l Pe. 23. thy self-denial. ' And in Ca. wean thy heart and affections abundantly from this world. XXV. Then Avhat will become of all those that mock at the second coming of the Man ' 2 Pe. all that thou canst do. . thy ohedience. 27. them and their doc- in a day Avhen they look not for Mm. saith Christ.

they deceive you in without which all nothing: And shall deceive the very elect.' Also Un. X. 31. Christ) is ' scripture saith. That he ' is drunkards. 6. 4. the one thing necessary. And you 'judge the world in rightethat have laid hold. because there is no way to come to the Father but by him. 43. yet if he will come to deceive a professing party. he will And therefore. when Christ is speaking of the signs of his coming. Ro. 20. ascension.) . and convictions by the Spirit. the very first words that he answers to a question that his disciples put to him is this. 13. thieves. m. Mat.) Watch therefore over your own hearts. that thou mayest the more clearly understand my faith in the doctrine of God's dear Son. ^ is mani- where it^ is said. 28. have a care in the by any means. And in ver. II. he saith again. xiv. (though they profess the Lord Jesus) give ear to every wind of doctrine. according as was prophesied of in former times by the Lord himself. .) How the knowledge of true him is attained point of worship. and wait for . i. and shall shew great signs and insomuch that. 18. is. ix.: : SOME GOSPEL TRUTHS OPENED. Take heed also that you have not your lamps to trim when the bridegroom comes if you have. unto. Counis.k. xui. say to you. 2i. Jn. for he knows that if he can but get you to lay a rotten foundation. if by any means he might deceive you with fair speeches. swearers. other things will avail false prophets. And. iv. Admonition 6. live as godly in your conceit as you wUl. 'And many false prophets shall rise. least they should he over-charged with surfeiting and drunkenness. 13. as Peter saith. And if him that Son Jesus life. content not yourselves with a profession of Christ. he must appear like an angel of light. in refusing to be justified hath ears to hear. ' God was manifest m the