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Cover design: Jim Manis; art work: Henry Fuseli. Hamlet and the Ghost, 1789. Plate XLIV from Volume II of Boydell’s Shakespeare Prints; the illustration in Boydell is based on the original painting of 1789. The text accompanying the engraving: “Hamlet. Act I. Scene IV. A platform before the Castle of Elsineur. Hamlet, Horatio, Marcellus, and the Ghost. Painted by H. Fuseli, R. A. Engraved by R. Thew.”
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DRAMATIS PERSONAE CLAUDIUS: king of Denmark. (KING CLAUDIUS:) HAMLET: son to the late, and nephew to the present king.
(written about 1602)
POLONIUS: lord chamberlain. (LORD POLONIUS:) HORATIO: friend to Hamlet. LAERTES: son to Polonius. LUCIANUS: nephew to the king. VOLTIMAND, CORNELIUS, ROSENCRANTZ, GUILDENSTERN & OSRIC: courtiers. A Gentleman, (Gentlemen:) A Priest. (First Priest:) MARCELLUS & BERNARDO: officers. FRANCISCO: a soldier.
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REYNALDO: servant to Polonius.
(Ghost:) HAMLET ACT I SCENE I: Elsinore. Act I. Messengers. (QUEEN GERTRUDE:) OPHELIA: daughter to Polonius. Officers. A platform before the castle. Lords. Soldiers. grave-diggers. Enter to him BERNARDO. get thee to bed. (First Ambassador:) GERTRUDE: queen of Denmark. answer me: stand. SCENE: Denmark.Hamlet. Ladies. and mother to Hamlet. and unfold yourself. (Lord:) (First Sailor:) (Messenger:) Ghost of Hamlet’s Father. and other Attendants. And I am sick at heart. (First Player:) (Player King:) (Player Queen:) Two Clowns. English Ambassadors. BERNARDO: Long live the king! FRANCISCO: Bernardo? BERNARDO: He. (PRINCE FORTINBRAS:) A Captain. BERNARDO: ’Tis now struck twelve.] BERNARDO: Who’s there? FRANCISCO: Nay. FRANCISCO: For this relief much thanks: ’tis bitter cold. FRANCISCO: You come most carefully upon your hour. (First Clown:) (Second Clown:) FORTINBRAS: prince of Norway. Sailors. BERNARDO: Have you had quiet guard? 4 . [FRANCISCO at his post. Francisco. scene i Players.
[Exit. good night. honest soldier: Bernardo has my place. twice seen of us: Therefore I have entreated him along With us to watch the minutes of this night.] MARCELLUS: BERNARDO: Holla! Bernardo! Say. And will not let belief take hold of him Touching this dreaded sight. HORATIO: Well. 5 O. tush. good Marcellus. MARCELLUS: And liegemen to the Dane. ho! Who’s there? [Enter HORATIO and MARCELLUS. . farewell. The rivals of my watch. That if again this apparition come. Stand. MARCELLUS: What.Hamlet. Act I. Horatio: welcome. ‘twill not appear.] HORATIO: Friends to this ground. BERNARDO: Welcome. scene i FRANCISCO: Not a mouse stirring. is Horatio there? HORATIO: A piece of him. BERNARDO: Well. That are so fortified against our story What we have two nights seen. If you do meet Horatio and Marcellus. sit we down. bid them make haste. He may approve our eyes and speak to it. What. has this thing appear’d again to-night? BERNARDO: I have seen nothing. And let us hear Bernardo speak of this. FRANCISCO: Give you good night. MARCELLUS: Horatio says ’tis but our fantasy. And let us once again assail your ears. HORATIO: Tush. MARCELLUS: Who hath relieved you? FRANCISCO: Give you good night. FRANCISCO: I think I hear them. BERNARDO: Sit down awhile.
speak! . Marcellus and myself. Horatio! you tremble and look pale: Is not this something more than fantasy? What think you on’t? HORATIO: Before my God. So frown’d he once.] MARCELLUS: Peace. Horatio. HORATIO: As thou art to thyself: Such was the very armor he had on When he the ambitious Norway combated. it stalks away! HORATIO: Stay! speak. speak! I charge thee. in an angry parle. When yond same star that’s westward from the pole Had made his course to illume that part of heaven Where now it burns. MARCELLUS: Is it not like the king? BERNARDO: It would be spoke to. speak! [Exit Ghost. Together with that fair and warlike form In which the majesty of buried Denmark Did sometimes march? by heaven I charge thee. where it comes again! BERNARDO: In the same figure. and will not answer. like the king that’s dead. BERNARDO: How now. scene i BERNARDO: Last night of all. Act I.] MARCELLUS: ’Tis gone. ’Tis strange. He smote the sledded Polacks on the ice. BERNARDO: See.Hamlet. MARCELLUS: Thou art a scholar. The bell then beating one. break thee off. Horatio. HORATIO: Most like: it harrows me with fear and wonder. 6 HORATIO: What art thou that usurp’st this time of night. Horatio. speak to it. when. BERNARDO: Looks it not like the king? mark it. MARCELLUS: It is offended. look. I might not this believe Without the sensible and true avouch Of mine own eyes.— [Enter Ghost. MARCELLUS: Question it.
Hath in the skirts of Norway here and there Shark’d up a list of lawless resolutes. and jump at this dead hour. Thereto prick’d on by a most emulate pride. all those his lands Which he stood seized of. But in the gross and scope of my opinion. those foresaid lands So by his father lost: and this. BERNARDO: I think it be no other but e’en so: Well may it sort that this portentous figure Comes armed through our watch. Was. the whisper goes so. Dared to the combat. scene i MARCELLUS: Thus twice before. and tell me. Why this same strict and most observant watch So nightly toils the subject of the land. so like the king That was and is the question of these wars. Why such impress of shipwrights. with his life. Whose image even but now appear’d to us. Act I. Had he been vanquisher. by strong hand And terms compulsatory. that this sweaty haste Doth make the night joint-laborer with the day: Who is’t that can inform me? HORATIO: That can I. And carriage of the article design’d.Hamlet. And why such daily cast of brazen cannon. young Fortinbras. MARCELLUS: Good now. who by a seal’d compact. This bodes some strange eruption to our state. Did forfeit. The source of this our watch and the chief head Of this post-haste and romage in the land. sit down. Is the main motive of our preparations. I take it. a moiety competent Was gaged by our king. to the conqueror: Against the which. which had return’d To the inheritance of Fortinbras. sir. Our last king. which is no other— As it doth well appear unto our state— But to recover of us. in which our valiant Hamlet— For so this side of our known world esteem’d him— 7 Did slay this Fortinbras. he that knows. At least. . What might be toward. And foreign mart for implements of war. Now. Of unimproved mettle hot and full. His fell to Hamlet. by Fortinbras of Norway. by the same covenant. as you know. Well ratified by law and heraldry. HORATIO: In what particular thought to work I know not. With martial stalk hath he gone by our watch. For food and diet. whose sore task Does not divide the Sunday from the week. as. to some enterprise That hath a stomach in’t.
BERNARDO: HORATIO: MARCELLUS: ’Tis gone! [Exit Ghost. invulnerable. And our vain blows malicious mockery. or use of voice. when the cock crew. Disasters in the sun. A little ere the mightiest Julius fell. Act I. being so majestical. In the most high and palmy state of Rome. To offer it the show of violence. where it comes again! [Re-enter Ghost. behold! lo. though it blast me.] We do it wrong. For it is. they say. MARCELLUS: Shall I strike at it with my partisan? HORATIO: Do. That may to thee do ease and grace to me. illusion! If thou hast any sound. BERNARDO: It was about to speak. Have heaven and earth together demonstrated Unto our climatures and countrymen. For which. Speak to me: If there be any good thing to be done. speak! Or if thou hast uphoarded in thy life Extorted treasure in the womb of earth. Marcellus. O. happily.Hamlet. As harbingers preceding still the fates And prologue to the omen coming on.— But soft. you spirits oft walk in death.] I’ll cross it. The graves stood tenantless and the sheeted dead Did squeak and gibber in the Roman streets: As stars with trains of fire and dews of blood. ’Tis here! ’Tis here! . and the moist star Upon whose influence Neptune’s empire stands Was sick almost to doomsday with eclipse: And even the like precurse of fierce events. Speak to me: [Cock crows. foreknowing may avoid. as the air. Stay. if it will not stand.] 8 If thou art privy to thy country’s fate. Which. scene i HORATIO: A mote it is to trouble the mind’s eye. and speak! Stop it. Speak of it: stay.
POLONIUS. will speak to him. The extravagant and erring spirit hies To his confine: and of the truth herein This present object made probation. and I this morning know Where we shall find him most conveniently. now our queen. that is the trumpet to the morn. The nights are wholesome. Therefore our sometime sister. as ‘twere with a defeated joy. In equal scale weighing delight and dole. then no planets strike. The imperial jointress to this warlike state. So hallow’d and so gracious is the time. look. The bird of dawning singeth all night long: And then. I pray. Have we. This spirit.] SCENE II: A room of state in the castle. Act I. Walks o’er the dew of yon high eastward hill: Break we our watch up. No fairy takes. I have heard. MARCELLUS: It faded on the crowing of the cock. With mirth in funeral and with dirge in marriage. HAMLET.— With an auspicious and a dropping eye. VOLTIMAND. in russet mantle clad. they say. upon my life. scene ii HORATIO: And then it started like a guilty thing Upon a fearful summons. for. [Exeunt. and that it us befitted To bear our hearts in grief and our whole kingdom To be contracted in one brow of woe. Do you consent we shall acquaint him with it.— . 9 As needful in our loves. LAERTES. dumb to us. fitting our duty? MARCELLUS: Let’s do’t. But. Together with remembrance of ourselves. Whether in sea or fire. Some say that ever ‘gainst that season comes Wherein our Saviour’s birth is celebrated. QUEEN GERTRUDE. in earth or air. and by my advice. Yet so far hath discretion fought with nature That we with wisest sorrow think on him. HORATIO: So have I heard and do in part believe it. at his warning. nor witch hath power to charm. and Attendants. CORNELIUS. Doth with his lofty and shrill-sounding throat Awake the god of day. Lords. the morn.] KING CLAUDIUS: Though yet of Hamlet our dear brother’s death The memory be green.Hamlet. The cock. no spirit dares stir abroad. Let us impart what we have seen to-night Unto young Hamlet. [Enter KING CLAUDIUS. and.
[Exeunt VOLTIMAND and CORNELIUS. From whence though willingly I came to Denmark. not thy asking? The head is not more native to the heart. Laertes? You cannot speak of reason to the Dane. Colleagued with the dream of his advantage. that duty done. Farewell. Now follows. And loose your voice: what wouldst thou beg. impotent and bed-rid. Laertes. To our most valiant brother. uncle of young Fortinbras. For all. good Cornelius. in that the levies. Your leave and favor to return to France. with all bonds of law.Hamlet. our thanks. Laertes? LAERTES: My dread lord.— Who. Giving to you no further personal power To business with the king. KING CLAUDIUS: We doubt it nothing: heartily farewell. Act I. The hand more instrumental to the mouth. Yet now. Voltimand.] And now. Laertes. more than the scope Of these delated articles allow. Than is the throne of Denmark to thy father. scene ii Taken to wife: nor have we herein barr’d Your better wisdoms. and you. He hath not fail’d to pester us with message. 10 CORNELIUS & VOLTIMAND: In that and all things will we show our duty. what is’t. which have freely gone With this affair along. The lists and full proportions. What wouldst thou have.—to suppress His further gait herein. Or thinking by our late dear brother’s death Our state to be disjoint and out of frame. Now for ourself and for this time of meeting: Thus much the business is: we have here writ To Norway. are all made Out of his subject: and we here dispatch You. and let your haste commend your duty. So much for him. To show my duty in your coronation. For bearers of this greeting to old Norway. That shall not be my offer. I must confess. Importing the surrender of those lands Lost by his father. what’s the news with you? You told us of some suit. scarcely hears Of this his nephew’s purpose. young Fortinbras. My thoughts and wishes bend again toward France And bow them to your gracious leave and pardon. Holding a weak supposal of our worth. KING CLAUDIUS: Have you your father’s leave? What . that you know.
That can denote me truly: these indeed seem. For they are actions that a man might play: But I have that within which passeth show. ’tis unmanly grief. Nor the dejected ‘havior of the visage. Act I. nor the fruitful river in the eye. KING CLAUDIUS: How is it that the clouds still hang on you? HAMLET: Not so. I am too much i’ the sun. and the survivor bound In filial obligation for some term To do obsequious sorrow: but to persever In obstinate condolement is a course Of impious stubbornness. Together with all forms. shapes of grief. good mother.— HAMLET: [Aside] A little more than kin. madam. KING CLAUDIUS: Take thy fair hour. These but the trappings and the suits of woe. and my son. wrung from me my slow leave By laborsome petition. lost his. It shows a will most incorrect to heaven. Hamlet. and less than kind. And thy best graces spend it at thy will! But now. time be thine. Do not for ever with thy vailed lids Seek for thy noble father in the dust: Thou know’st ’tis common. Passing through nature to eternity. I know not ‘seems. you must know. scene ii says Polonius? LORD POLONIUS: He hath. my lord. 11 HAMLET: Ay. . QUEEN GERTRUDE: Good Hamlet. Nor windy suspiration of forced breath. all that lives must die. cast thy nighted color off. and at last Upon his will I seal’d my hard consent: I do beseech you. Nor customary suits of solemn black. it is common. To give these mourning duties to your father: But. HAMLET: Seems. give him leave to go. your father lost a father.’ ’Tis not alone my inky cloak. KING CLAUDIUS: ’Tis sweet and commendable in your nature. my lord. And let thine eye look like a friend on Denmark. Laertes. QUEEN GERTRUDE: Why seems it so particular with thee? If it be.Hamlet. my cousin Hamlet. madam! nay it is. moods. No. That father lost.
and think of us As of a father: for let the world take note. Our chiefest courtier. things rank and gross in nature Possess it merely. not two: So excellent a king. But the great cannon to the clouds shall tell. that was. Re-speaking earthly thunder. From the first corse till he that died to-day. cousin. madam.’ We pray you. [Exeunt all but HAMLET. that this too too solid flesh would melt Thaw and resolve itself into a dew! Or that the Everlasting had not fix’d His canon ‘gainst self-slaughter! O God! God! How weary. Why should we in our peevish opposition Take it to heart? Fie! ’tis a fault to heaven. and who still hath cried. to this. and our son. Come away. To reason most absurd: whose common theme Is death of fathers. stay with us. not so much. a mind impatient. For your intent In going back to school in Wittenberg. Heaven and earth! . stale. in the cheer and comfort of our eye. QUEEN GERTRUDE: Let not thy mother lose her prayers. throw to earth This unprevailing woe. And the king’s rouse the heavens all bruit again. bend you to remain Here. Madam. go not to Wittenberg.Hamlet.] HAMLET: O. Hyperion to a satyr. This gentle and unforced accord of Hamlet Sits smiling to my heart: in grace whereof. flat and unprofitable. ’tis a loving and a fair reply: Be as ourself in Denmark. An understanding simple and unschool’d: For what we know must be and is as common As any the most vulgar thing to sense. scene ii A heart unfortified. And with no less nobility of love Than that which dearest father bears his son. Hamlet: I pray thee. Do I impart toward you. A fault against the dead. ‘This must be so. That grows to seed. KING CLAUDIUS: Why. It is most retrograde to our desire: And we beseech you. come. a fault to nature. That it should come to this! But two months dead: nay. Act I. No jocund health that Denmark drinks to-day. Seem to me all the uses of this world! Fie on’t! ah fie! ’tis an unweeded garden. You are the most immediate to our throne. 12 HAMLET: I shall in all my best obey you. so loving to my mother That he might not beteem the winds of heaven Visit her face too roughly.
But what is your affair in Elsinore? We’ll teach you to drink deep ere you depart. that wants discourse of reason. . Like Niobe. it follow’d hard upon. my lord. my lord. to post With such dexterity to incestuous sheets! It is not nor it cannot come to good: But break. Act I. Horatio? Marcellus? MARCELLUS: My good lord— HAMLET: I am very glad to see you. she would hang on him. my heart. I’ll change that name with you: And what make you from Wittenberg. thy name is woman!— A little month. HORATIO: The same. HORATIO: Indeed. or ere those shoes were old With which she follow’d my poor father’s body. HAMLET: I would not hear your enemy say so.] HAMLET: Sir. fellow-student. She married. good my lord. but no more like my father Than I to Hercules: within a month: Ere yet the salt of most unrighteous tears Had left the flushing in her galled eyes. [Enter HORATIO. To make it truster of your own report Against yourself: I know you are no truant. As if increase of appetite had grown By what it fed on: and yet. I think it was to see my mother’s wedding. thrift. within a month— Let me not think on’t—Frailty. Good even. scene ii Must I remember? why. even she— O. Nor shall you do mine ear that violence. HORATIO: Hail to your lordship! HAMLET: I am glad to see you well: Horatio. my good friend. MARCELLUS. HORATIO: My lord. O. God! a beast. in faith. most wicked speed. make you from Wittenberg? HORATIO: A truant disposition. Horatio! the funeral baked meats 13 HAMLET: I pray thee.Hamlet. sir. I came to see your father’s funeral. all tears:—why she. Would have mourn’d longer—married with my uncle. But what. HAMLET: Thrift. do not mock me. for I must hold my tongue. My father’s brother. and your poor servant ever. and BERNARDO.—or I do forget myself.
Armed at point exactly. Upon the witness of these gentlemen.Hamlet. 14 MARCELLUS: My lord. HAMLET: But where was this? HORATIO: Season your admiration for awhile With an attent ear. HAMLET: He was a man. distilled Almost to jelly with the act of fear. Been thus encounter’d. This to me In dreadful secrecy impart they did. my lord? HAMLET: In my mind’s eye. upon the platform where we watch’d. Horatio. In the dead vast and middle of the night. both in time. and with solemn march Goes slow and stately by them: thrice he walk’d By their oppress’d and fear-surprised eyes. Appears before them. Act I. And I with them the third night kept the watch. Within his truncheon’s length. Where. let me hear. scene ii Did coldly furnish forth the marriage tables. A figure like your father. HAMLET: The king my father! HORATIO: Two nights together had these gentlemen. Horatio! My father!—methinks I see my father. as they had deliver’d. HAMLET: For God’s love. I did. he was a goodly king. HORATIO: Where. HORATIO: My lord. HAMLET: Saw? who? HORATIO: My lord. HAMLET: Did you not speak to it? HORATIO: My lord. The apparition comes: I knew your father. HORATIO: I saw him once. These hands are not more like. Stand dumb and speak not to him. Form of the thing. I shall not look upon his like again. . on their watch. take him for all in all. whilst they. This marvel to you. I think I saw him yesternight. cap-a-pe. the king your father. Would I had met my dearest foe in heaven Or ever I had seen that day. Marcellus and Bernardo. till I may deliver. each word made true and good.
look’d he frowningly? HORATIO: A countenance more in sorrow than in anger. HAMLET: Then saw you not his face? 15 . HAMLET: I would I had been there. HAMLET: From top to toe? HAMLET: And fix’d his eyes upon you? HORATIO: Most constantly. MARCELLUS & BERNARDO: Longer. very like. HAMLET: Very like. MARCELLUS & BERNARDO: My lord. HORATIO: Not when I saw’t. ’tis true. Act I. my lord. HAMLET: What. yes. from head to foot. Hold you the watch to-night? MARCELLUS & BERNARDO: We do. Stay’d it long? HORATIO: While one with moderate haste might tell a hundred. say you? MARCELLUS & BERNARDO: Arm’d. he wore his beaver up. my lord. And we did think it writ down in our duty To let you know of it. HAMLET: Pale or red? HORATIO: Nay. scene ii But answer made it none: yet once methought It lifted up its head and did address Itself to motion. HORATIO: It would have much amazed you. And at the sound it shrunk in haste away. But even then the morning cock crew loud. very pale. longer. like as it would speak. HORATIO: As I do live. HAMLET: Indeed.Hamlet. indeed. sirs. HAMLET: Arm’d. but this troubles me. HORATIO: O. my honor’d lord. my lord. HAMLET: ’Tis very strange. And vanish’d from our sight.
‘twixt eleven and twelve. as the winds give benefit And convoy is assistant. HAMLET: I will watch to-night. my soul: foul deeds will rise. sweet. So.] SCENE III: A room in Polonius’ house. Perchance ‘twill walk again. [Exeunt all but HAMLET.] 16 LAERTES: For Hamlet and the trifling of his favor. No more. [Exit. to men’s eyes. as I have seen it in his life. Give it an understanding. Hold it a fashion and a toy in blood. Let it be tenable in your silence still. But let me hear from you. And whatsoever else shall hap to-night. A violet in the youth of primy nature. The perfume and suppliance of a minute. I’ll visit you. I pray you all. not lasting. not permanent. [Enter LAERTES and OPHELIA. as mine to you: farewell. A sable silver’d. do not sleep.Hamlet. If you have hitherto conceal’d this sight. fare you well: Upon the platform. but no tongue: I will requite your loves. LAERTES: My necessaries are embark’d: farewell: And. sister. Act I. though hell itself should gape And bid me hold my peace.] HAMLET: If it assume my noble father’s person. Though all the earth o’erwhelm them. OPHELIA: No more but so? . scene iii HAMLET: His beard was grizzled—no? HORATIO: It was. I doubt some foul play: would the night were come! Till then sit still. OPHELIA: Do you doubt that? HAMLET: Your loves. Forward. I’ll speak to it. All: Our duty to your honor. HORATIO: I warrant it will. My father’s spirit in arms! all is not well.
as some ungracious pastors do. like a puff ’d and reckless libertine. Himself the primrose path of dalliance treads. as unvalued persons do. Laertes! aboard.Hamlet. which is no further Than the main voice of Denmark goes withal. Occasion smiles upon a second leave. as this temple waxes. And keep you in the rear of your affection. but. And in the morn and liquid dew of youth Contagious blastments are most imminent. though none else near. Too oft before their buttons be disclosed. crescent. Or lose your heart. good my brother. And now no soil nor cautel doth besmirch The virtue of his will: but you must fear. For he himself is subject to his birth: He may not. does not grow alone In thews and bulk. my dear sister. Carve for himself. OPHELIA: I shall the effect of this good lesson keep. Out of the shot and danger of desire. Fear it. And recks not his own rede. But. or your chaste treasure open To his unmaster’d importunity.] A double blessing is a double grace. Be wary then. The inward service of the mind and soul Grows wide withal. Then weigh what loss your honor may sustain. The chariest maid is prodigal enough. LORD POLONIUS: Yet here. Perhaps he loves you now. And therefore must his choice be circumscribed Unto the voice and yielding of that body Whereof he is the head. for on his choice depends The safety and health of this whole state. Then if he says he loves you. As watchman to my heart. fear it. I stay too long: but here my father comes. Show me the steep and thorny way to heaven. Do not. Act I. aboard. Ophelia. LAERTES: O. It fits your wisdom so far to believe it As he in his particular act and place May give his saying deed. his will is not his own. Whiles. 17 If she unmask her beauty to the moon: Virtue itself ‘scapes not calumnious strokes: The canker galls the infants of the spring. fear me not. If with too credent ear you list his songs. For nature. scene iii LAERTES: Think it no more. [Enter POLONIUS. for shame! . His greatness weigh’d. best safety lies in fear: Youth to itself rebels.
Beware Of entrance to a quarrel. And you yourself shall keep the key of it. And you are stay’d for. Be thou familiar. This above all: to thine ownself be true. Those friends thou hast. be hath said to you? OPHELIA: So please you. but being in. Farewell: my blessing season this in thee! 18 LAERTES: Most humbly do I take my leave. Take each man’s censure. unfledged comrade. Act I. You do not understand yourself so clearly . something touching the Lord Hamlet. as so ’tis put on me. my blessing with thee! And these few precepts in thy memory See thou character. And that in way of caution. Grapple them to thy soul with hoops of steel. [Exit.Hamlet. go. For the apparel oft proclaims the man. Ophelia. not gaudy. scene iii The wind sits in the shoulder of your sail. LORD POLONIUS: Marry. but reserve thy judgment. Thou canst not then be false to any man. and you yourself Have of your audience been most free and bounteous: If it be so. But not express’d in fancy. There.] LORD POLONIUS: What is’t. my lord. Neither a borrower nor a lender be. And they in France of the best rank and station Are of a most select and generous chief in that. but few thy voice. Give every man thy ear. but by no means vulgar. and remember well What I have said to you. And it must follow. But do not dull thy palm with entertainment Of each new-hatch’d. Nor any unproportioned thought his act. LAERTES: Farewell. Give thy thoughts no tongue. LORD POLONIUS: The time invites you. For loan oft loses both itself and friend. OPHELIA: ’Tis in my memory lock’d. LAERTES: Farewell. well bethought: ’Tis told me. I must tell you. Ophelia. and their adoption tried. And borrowing dulls the edge of husbandry. rich. Bear’t that the opposed may beware of thee. your servants tend. he hath very oft of late Given private time to you. as the night the day. Costly thy habit as thy purse can buy.
[Exeunt. for they are brokers. LORD POLONIUS: Marry. From this time Be somewhat scanter of your maiden presence. Ophelia.] . You must not take for fire. from this time forth. he hath importuned me with love In honorable fashion. LORD POLONIUS: Ay. as you call them? OPHELIA: I do not know. that he is young And with a larger tether may he walk Than may be given you: in few. Running it thus—you’ll tender me a fool. Do you believe his tenders. Look to’t. scene iii As it behoves my daughter and your honor. The better to beguile. Or—not to crack the wind of the poor phrase. daughter. This is for all: I would not. OPHELIA: He hath. fashion you may call it. Tender yourself more dearly. Unsifted in such perilous circumstance. I do know. Not of that dye which their investments show. my lord. I charge you: come your ways. springes to catch woodcocks. With almost all the holy vows of heaven. LORD POLONIUS: Affection! pooh! you speak like a green girl. What is between you? give me up the truth. go to. Breathing like sanctified and pious bawds. For Lord Hamlet. Which are not sterling. OPHELIA: I shall obey. OPHELIA: My lord. Do not believe his vows. Believe so much in him. Have you so slander any moment leisure. As to give words or talk with the Lord Hamlet. I’ll teach you: think yourself a baby. what I should think. of late made many tenders Of his affection to me. how prodigal the soul Lends the tongue vows: these blazes. my lord. my lord. That you have ta’en these tenders for true pay. OPHELIA: And hath given countenance to his speech.Hamlet. But mere implorators of unholy suits. my lord. Set your entreatments at a higher rate Than a command to parley. as it is a-making. Giving more light than heat. go to. extinct in both. 19 LORD POLONIUS: Ay. When the blood burns. Even in their promise. Act I. in plain terms.
Being nature’s livery. it is a custom More honor’d in the breach than the observance. HORATIO: Is it a custom? HAMLET: No. that these men. HAMLET: What hour now? HORATIO: I think it lacks of twelve. as he drains his draughts of Rhenish down. the stamp of one defect. I say. So. Since nature cannot choose his origin— By the o’ergrowth of some complexion. HORATIO.] What does this mean.Hamlet. and the swaggering up-spring reels. Or by some habit that too much o’er-leavens The form of plausive manners. Oft breaking down the pales and forts of reason. 20 HAMLET: Ay. HORATIO: It is a nipping and an eager air. and ordnance shot off. and with swinish phrase Soil our addition. and MARCELLUS. As. That for some vicious mole of nature in them. it is very cold. oft it chances in particular men. As infinite as man may undergo— Shall in the general censure take corruption From that particular fault: the dram of eale Doth all the noble substance of a doubt . [A flourish of trumpets. [Enter HAMLET. is’t: But to my mind. Act I. though perform’d at height. though I am native here And to the manner born. marry. it is struck. The kettle-drum and trumpet thus bray out The triumph of his pledge. in their birth—wherein they are not guilty. and indeed it takes From our achievements. scene iv SCENE IV: The platform. This heavy-headed revel east and west Makes us traduced and tax’d of other nations: They clepe us drunkards. The pith and marrow of our attribute. HORATIO: Indeed? I heard it not: then it draws near the season Wherein the spirit held his wont to walk. within. or fortune’s star. And. my lord? HAMLET: The king doth wake to-night and takes his rouse.— Their virtues else—be they as pure as grace. Carrying. Keeps wassail.] HAMLET: The air bites shrewdly.
Act I. HORATIO: Do not. but tell Why thy canonized bones. with what courteous action It waves you to a more removed ground: But do not go with it. Hath oped his ponderous and marble jaws. To cast thee up again. answer me! Let me not burst in ignorance. royal Dane: O. Or to the dreadful summit of the cliff That beetles o’er his base into the sea. what should be the fear? I do not set my life in a pin’s fee. Bring with thee airs from heaven or blasts from hell. HORATIO: What if it tempt you toward the flood. my lord. my lord. MARCELLUS: Look. Wherein we saw thee quietly inurn’d. what can it do to that. it comes! HORATIO: It beckons you to go away with it. As if it some impartment did desire To you alone. my lord. scene iv To his own scandal. Be thy intents wicked or charitable. and we fools of nature So horridly to shake our disposition With thoughts beyond the reaches of our souls? Say. HAMLET: It will not speak.] HAMLET: Angels and ministers of grace defend us! Be thou a spirit of health or goblin damn’d. HORATIO: [Enter Ghost. then I will follow it. Thou comest in such a questionable shape That I will speak to thee: I’ll call thee Hamlet.] 21 Look. And for my soul. father. That thou. Making night hideous. Have burst their cerements. again in complete steel Revisit’st thus the glimpses of the moon.Hamlet. HAMLET: Why. dead corse. King. Which might deprive your sovereignty of reason And draw you into madness? think of it: The very place puts toys of desperation. Being a thing immortal as itself? It waves me forth again: I’ll follow it. . why the sepulchre. What may this mean. why is this? wherefore? what should we do? [Ghost beckons HAMLET. HORATIO: No. And there assume some other horrible form. by no means. hearsed in death.
HAMLET: Hold off your hands. Unhand me. When I to sulphurous and tormenting flames Must render up myself. let’s follow him. To what issue will this come? 22 Ghost: Mark me. gentlemen. MARCELLUS: Something is rotten in the state of Denmark. but lend thy serious hearing To what I shall unfold. It waves me still. MARCELLUS: [Exeunt. into every brain That looks so many fathoms to the sea And hears it roar beneath.] Nay. SCENE V: Another part of the platform. you shall not go. HORATIO: Have after. By heaven. scene v Without more motive. MARCELLUS: Let’s follow. [Enter GHOST and HAMLET. ’tis not fit thus to obey him. [Exeunt Ghost and HAMLET. Ghost: My hour is almost come. Still am I call’d. my lord. I’ll follow thee. HAMLET: Where wilt thou lead me? speak. HAMLET: I will.] HORATIO: Be ruled. HORATIO: Heaven will direct it. away! Go on. poor ghost! Ghost: Pity me not.] HORATIO: He waxes desperate with imagination. HAMLET: Alas. MARCELLUS: You shall not go. I’ll make a ghost of him that lets me! I say. I’ll go no further. And makes each petty artery in this body As hardy as the Nemean lion’s nerve. HAMLET: Go on.Hamlet. HAMLET: My fate cries out. . Act I. I’ll follow thee.
Act I. with wings as swift As meditation or the thoughts of love. HAMLET: Haste me to know’t. Doom’d for a certain term to walk the night. start from their spheres. Ghost: I find thee apt. like stars.— O wicked wit and gifts. list! If thou didst ever thy dear father love— HAMLET: O God! Ghost: Revenge his foul and most unnatural murder. list. O. Till the foul crimes done in my days of nature Are burnt and purged away. so the whole ear of Denmark Is by a forged process of my death Rankly abused: but know. Thy knotted and combined locks to part And each particular hair to stand on end. when thou shalt hear. freeze thy young blood. I am bound to hear. as in the best it is. that adulterate beast. The serpent that did sting thy father’s life Now wears his crown. what a falling-off was there! . HAMLET: Murder! 23 Ghost: Ay.Hamlet. scene v HAMLET: Speak. And duller shouldst thou be than the fat weed That roots itself in ease on Lethe wharf. I could a tale unfold whose lightest word Would harrow up thy soul. May sweep to my revenge. Wouldst thou not stir in this. sleeping in my orchard. with traitorous gifts. that have the power So to seduce!—won to his shameful lust The will of my most seeming-virtuous queen: O Hamlet. Ghost: Murder most foul. Now. With witchcraft of his wit. But this most foul. List. that incestuous. that I. Hamlet. And for the day confined to fast in fires. hear: ’Tis given out that. HAMLET: What? Ghost: I am thy father’s spirit. A serpent stung me. But that I am forbid To tell the secrets of my prison-house. thou noble youth. Like quills upon the fretful porpentine: But this eternal blazon must not be To ears of flesh and blood. strange and unnatural. Make thy two eyes. HAMLET: My uncle! O my prophetic soul! Ghost: So art thou to revenge.
bear it not. howsoever thou pursuest this act. All my smooth body. And a most instant tetter bark’d about. Act I. Brief let me be. And you. my sinews. grow not instant old. as it never will be moved. whose effect Holds such an enmity with blood of man That swift as quicksilver it courses through The natural gates and alleys of the body. And in the porches of my ears did pour The leperous distilment. hold. No reckoning made. with vile and loathsome crust. and to decline Upon a wretch whose natural gifts were poor To those of mine! But virtue. To prick and sting her. of queen. Sleeping within my orchard.Hamlet. And prey on garbage. unanel’d. Thus was I. Taint not thy mind. by a brother’s hand 24 Of life. And with a sudden vigor doth posset And curd. from the table of my memory . Though lewdness court it in a shape of heaven. Remember thee! Yea. Fare thee well at once! The glow-worm shows the matin to be near. adieu! Hamlet. [Exit. horrible! most horrible! If thou hast nature in thee. my heart. thou poor ghost. But.] HAMLET: O all you host of heaven! O earth! what else? And shall I couple hell? O. though to a radiant angel link’d. like eager droppings into milk. disappointed. scene v From me. With juice of cursed hebenon in a vial. of crown. while memory holds a seat In this distracted globe. But bear me stiffly up. Let not the royal bed of Denmark be A couch for luxury and damned incest. whose love was of that dignity That it went hand in hand even with the vow I made to her in marriage. fie! Hold. horrible! O. sleeping. soft! methinks I scent the morning air. remember me. nor let thy soul contrive Against thy mother aught: leave her to heaven And to those thorns that in her bosom lodge. Will sate itself in a celestial bed. Unhousel’d. And ‘gins to pale his uneffectual fire: Adieu. Remember thee! Ay. My custom always of the afternoon. But. at once dispatch’d: Cut off even in the blossoms of my sin. So lust. Upon my secure hour thy uncle stole. The thin and wholesome blood: so did it mine. but sent to my account With all my imperfections on my head: O. Most lazar-like.
ho. my lord. wonderful! HORATIO: Good my lord. That one may smile. HAMLET: How say you. HAMLET: There’s ne’er a villain dwelling in all Denmark But he’s an arrant knave. tell it. come. smiling. What news. ho.’ I have sworn ‘t.Hamlet. damned villain! My tables. [Enter HORATIO and MARCELLUS. and smile. would heart of man once think it? But you’ll be secret? HORATIO & MARCELLUS: Ay. my lord. my lord. Act I.— MARCELLUS: [Within] HORATIO: [Within] HAMLET: So be it! HORATIO: [Within] Hillo. there you are. bird. you’ll reveal it. uncle.] So. scene v I’ll wipe away all trivial fond records. And thy commandment all alone shall live Within the book and volume of my brain. my lord. my lord! 25 Lord Hamlet. MARCELLUS: Nor I. all pressures past. Now to my word. by heaven! O most pernicious woman! O villain. my noble lord? HORATIO: HAMLET: O. It is ‘Adieu. by heaven.—meet it is I set it down. then. adieu! remember me. villain.] MARCELLUS: How is’t. . Unmix’d with baser matter: yes. All saws of books. That youth and observation copied there. boy! come. ho. HORATIO: Not I. and be a villain. by heaven. MARCELLUS & HORATIO: [Within] My lord. my lord? HAMLET: No. all forms. ho.— Heaven secure him! HAMLET: Hillo. At least I’m sure it may be so in Denmark: [Writing.
boy! say’st thou so? art thou there. HAMLET: I’m sorry they offend you. good friends. ha. HAMLET: Upon my sword. my lord. Act I. MARCELLUS: Nay. HAMLET: Yes. as your business and desire shall point you. my lord. I hold it fit that we shake hands and part: You. HAMLET: HORATIO: My lord. truepenny? Come on—you hear this fellow in the cellarage— Consent to swear. my lord. HAMLET: Never make known what you have seen to-night. Look you. scholars and soldiers. we will not. but swear’t. HAMLET: Why. but there is. HORATIO: These are but wild and whirling words.Hamlet. ‘faith heartily. Nor I. For every man has business and desire. my lord. upon my sword. In faith. HORATIO: There’s no offence. O’ermaster ‘t as you may. And much offence too. And now. in faith. right. And so. my lord. HORATIO & MARCELLUS: My lord. heartily. . my lord? we will. Touching this vision here. HAMLET: Indeed. Horatio. not I. Yes. Ghost: [Beneath] Swear. already. that let me tell you: For your desire to know what is between us. without more circumstance at all. by Saint Patrick. HORATIO: 26 Propose the oath. my lord. and for mine own poor part. It is an honest ghost. Give me one poor request. I’ll go pray. HORATIO: What is’t. you are i’ the right. As you are friends. come from the grave To tell us this. indeed. HAMLET: Ah. scene v HORATIO: There needs no ghost. MARCELLUS: We have sworn. Such as it is.
gentlemen. And still your fingers on your lips. HAMLET: Well said. so help you mercy. But come. [Exeunt. HAMLET: Hic et ubique? then we’ll shift our ground. Than are dreamt of in your philosophy. gentlemen. I pray. How strange or odd soe’er I bear myself.’ Or such ambiguous giving out. rest. well.’ or ‘There be. we know. The time is out of joint: O cursed spite. as before. let’s go together. That you. an if we would. Come hither. There are more things in heaven and earth. Ghost: [Beneath] Swear. Or by pronouncing of some doubtful phrase. 27 With arms encumber’d thus. With all my love I do commend me to you: And what so poor a man as Hamlet is May do. HAMLET: Rest. at such times seeing me. come. Here. perturbed spirit! [They swear. Swear by my sword.’ Or ‘If we list to speak. And lay your hands again upon my sword: Never to speak of this that you have heard. but this is wondrous strange! HAMLET: And therefore as a stranger give it welcome. Swear. old mole! canst work i’ the earth so fast? A worthy pioner! Once more remove.] So. Swear by my sword. So grace and mercy at your most need help you. good friends.’ or ‘We could. That ever I was born to set it right! Nay. never shall. Let us go in together. never. Act I. As ‘Well. HORATIO: O day and night. or this headshake. scene v HAMLET: Never to speak of this that you have seen.] . Ghost: [Beneath] Swear. to express his love and friending to you. shall not lack. an if they might. to note That you know aught of me: this not to do. Horatio.Hamlet. Ghost: [Beneath] Swear. As I perchance hereafter shall think meet To put an antic disposition on. God willing.
very well said. REYNALDO: I will. [Enter POLONIUS and REYNALDO.] LORD POLONIUS: Give him this money and these notes. LORD POLONIUS: ‘Faith. take heed of that. sir. I did intend it. my lord. none so rank As may dishonor him. swearing. Take you. quarrelling. some distant knowledge of him. very well. Inquire me first what Danskers are in Paris. no. As thus. scene i ACT II SCENE I: A room in POLONIUS’ house. well said. REYNALDO: As gaming. he’s very wild. Reynaldo. to make inquire Of his behavior. sir. LORD POLONIUS: Ay. Before you visit him. as you may season it in the charge You must not put another scandal on him. as ‘twere.Hamlet. and where they keep. and finding By this encompassment and drift of question That they do know my son. at what expense. Drabbing: you may go so far. But. and who. marry. or drinking. LORD POLONIUS: You shall do marvellous wisely. LORD POLONIUS: Marry. Addicted so and so:’ and there put on him What forgeries you please. And in part him: ‘ do you mark this. but’ you may say ‘not well: But. what means. ‘I know his father and his friends. wild and usual slips As are companions noted and most known To youth and liberty. my lord. Act II. come you more nearer Than your particular demands will touch it: . fencing. What company. Reynaldo? REYNALDO: Ay. that would dishonor him. REYNALDO: My lord. And how. my lord. 28 LORD POLONIUS: ‘And in part him. if ’t be he I mean. good Reynaldo. REYNALDO: My lord. Look you. such wanton.
LORD POLONIUS: And then. REYNALDO: But. my lord.’ and ‘gentleman. my good lord. and. there o’ertook in’s rouse. You have me. him you would sound. marry. As ‘twere a thing a little soil’d i’ the working. scene i That he is open to incontinency. I saw him yesterday. I have. There was a’ gaming. ‘Good sir. That’s not my meaning: but breathe his faults so quaintly That they may seem the taints of liberty.’ ay. as you say. Or then. Your party in converse. Your bait of falsehood takes this carp of truth: And thus do we of wisdom and of reach. 29 LORD POLONIUS: Wherefore should you do this? REYNALDO: I would know that.’ or so.’ Videlicet. ‘I saw him enter such a house of sale. with such. And I believe.’ at ‘friend or so. I was about to say something: where did I leave? REYNALDO: At ‘closes in the consequence. does he this—he does—what was I about to say? By the mass. sir. A savageness in unreclaimed blood.Hamlet. or t’ other day. or ‘friend. See you now. The flash and outbreak of a fiery mind. With windlasses and with assays of bias. LORD POLONIUS: Marry. or so forth. Of general assault. sir.’ or ‘gentleman. Act II. it is a fetch of wit: You laying these slight sullies on my son. Having ever seen in the prenominate crimes The youth you breathe of guilty. or such. a brothel.’ According to the phrase or the addition Of man and country. be assured He closes with you in this consequence. There falling out at tennis:’ or perchance. my lord.’ LORD POLONIUS: At ‘closes in the consequence. Mark you. He closes thus: ‘I know the gentleman. Ay. here’s my drift. or then.— REYNALDO: Very good. Shall you my son. have you not? REYNALDO: My lord. By indirections find directions out: So by my former lecture and advice. .
with his head over his shoulder turn’d. my lord. At last. Lord Hamlet. REYNALDO: Good my lord! LORD POLONIUS: Observe his inclination in yourself. bended their light on me. And. I have been so affrighted! LORD POLONIUS: With what. his stockings foul’d. i’ the name of God? OPHELIA: My lord. And. a little shaking of mine arm And thrice his head thus waving up and down. 30 Well. my lord. and down-gyved to his ancle. Ophelia! what’s the matter? OPHELIA: O. my lord. Pale as his shirt. Ungarter’d.—he comes before me. his knees knocking each other. LORD POLONIUS: What said he? OPHELIA: He took me by the wrist and held me hard. as I was sewing in my closet. Act II. LORD POLONIUS: And let him ply his music. scene i LORD POLONIUS: God be wi’ you.] [Enter OPHELIA. he lets me go: And. I do fear it. And with a look so piteous in purport As if he had been loosed out of hell To speak of horrors. REYNALDO: I shall. But truly. He falls to such perusal of my face As he would draw it. with his doublet all unbraced. For out o’ doors he went without their helps. with his other hand thus o’er his brow. He seem’d to find his way without his eyes. Then goes he to the length of all his arm. Long stay’d he so. LORD POLONIUS: Mad for thy love? OPHELIA: My lord.Hamlet. . my lord. I do not know. No hat upon his head. REYNALDO: LORD POLONIUS: Farewell! [Exit REYNALDO. He raised a sigh so piteous and profound As it did seem to shatter all his bulk And end his being: that done. fare you well.] How now. to the last.
ROSENCRANTZ.Hamlet. being of so young days brought up with him. This is the very ecstasy of love. [ Enter KING CLAUDIUS. he hath much talk’d of you. it is as proper to our age To cast beyond ourselves in our opinions As it is common for the younger sort To lack discretion. What it should be. What. The need we have to use you did provoke Our hasty sending. open’d. so call it. might move More grief to hide than hate to utter love. That you vouchsafe your rest here in our court Some little time: so by your companies To draw him on to pleasures. scene ii LORD POLONIUS: Come. And meant to wreck thee. afflicts him thus. beshrew my jealousy! By heaven. have you given him any hard words of late? OPHELIA: No. Sith nor the exterior nor the inward man Resembles that it was. I am sorry that with better heed and judgment I had not quoted him: I fear’d he did but trifle. go with me: I will go seek the king. and to gather. dear Rosencrantz and Guildenstern! Moreover that we much did long to see you. LORD POLONIUS: That hath made him mad. and Attendants. That. lies within our remedy. [Exeunt. Come. being kept close. 31 . GUILDENSTERN. as you did command. Something have you heard Of Hamlet’s transformation. I did repel his fetters and denied His access to me. but. which. go we to the king: This must be known. that thus hath put him So much from the understanding of himself. So much as from occasion you may glean. And sith so neighbor’d to his youth and havior. QUEEN GERTRUDE: Good gentlemen. More than his father’s death. my good lord. That. I cannot dream of: I entreat you both. but. Whose violent property fordoes itself And leads the will to desperate undertakings As oft as any passion under heaven That does afflict our natures. I am sorry. to us unknown.] KING CLAUDIUS: Welcome. QUEEN GERTRUDE.] SCENE II: A room in the castle. Whether aught. Act II.
] LORD POLONIUS: The ambassadors from Norway. that I have found The very cause of Hamlet’s lunacy. Go. Rosencrantz and gentle Guildenstern. GUILDENSTERN: But we both obey. GUILDENSTERN.Hamlet. Act II. QUEEN GERTRUDE: Thanks. some of you. I hold my duty. 32 GUILDENSTERN: Heavens make our presence and our practices Pleasant and helpful to him! QUEEN GERTRUDE: Ay. Your visitation shall receive such thanks As fits a king’s remembrance. If it will please you To show us so much gentry and good will As to expend your time with us awhile. amen! [Exeunt ROSENCRANTZ. Guildenstern and gentle Rosencrantz: And I beseech you instantly to visit My too much changed son. Both to my God and to my gracious king: And I do think.] [Enter POLONIUS. and some Attendants. as I hold my soul. ROSENCRANTZ: Both your majesties Might. . or else this brain of mine Hunts not the trail of policy so sure As it hath used to do. For the supply and profit of our hope. LORD POLONIUS: Have I. KING CLAUDIUS: Thou still hast been the father of good news. And bring these gentlemen where Hamlet is. in the full bent To lay our service freely at your feet. To be commanded. scene ii And sure I am two men there are not living To whom he more adheres. And here give up ourselves. Are joyfully return’d. by the sovereign power you have of us. my good lord. Put your dread pleasures more into command Than to entreaty. KING CLAUDIUS: Thanks. my lord? I assure my good liege.
he sent out to suppress His nephew’s levies.Hamlet. we shall sift him. what from our brother Norway? VOLTIMAND: Most fair return of greetings and desires. KING CLAUDIUS: Well. [ Re-enter POLONIUS. And his commission to employ those soldiers. Voltimand. Act II. in brief.] He tells me. at night we’ll feast together: . obeys. against the Polack: With an entreaty. Whereon old Norway. KING CLAUDIUS: It likes us well. sends out arrests On Fortinbras.] That it might please you to give quiet pass Through your dominions for this enterprise. My news shall be the fruit to that great feast. Receives rebuke from Norway. my good friends! Say. Answer. [Exit POLONIUS. which to him appear’d 33 To be a preparation ‘gainst the Polack. Gives him three thousand crowns in annual fee. he hath found The head and source of all your son’s distemper. So levied as before. age and impotence Was falsely borne in hand. [Giving a paper. overcome with joy. scene ii KING CLAUDIUS: O. QUEEN GERTRUDE: I doubt it is no other but the main. which he. KING CLAUDIUS: Thyself do grace to them.] Welcome. and our o’erhasty marriage. And at our more consider’d time well read. LORD POLONIUS: Give first admittance to the ambassadors. Meantime we thank you for your well-took labor: Go to your rest. and in fine Makes vow before his uncle never more To give the assay of arms against your majesty. But. On such regards of safety and allowance As therein are set down. and think upon this business. my dear Gertrude. herein further shown. better look’d into. with VOLTIMAND and CORNELIUS. that do I long to hear. he truly found It was against your highness: whereat grieved. His father’s death. speak of that. and bring them in. That so his sickness. Upon our first.
in her duty and obedience. &c. And tediousness the limbs and outward flourishes. What is’t but to be nothing else but mad? But let that go. for I will use no art. I will be faithful. mark. ’tis true: ’tis true ’tis pity. 34 LORD POLONIUS: Madam. to expostulate What majesty should be. [Reads. QUEEN GERTRUDE: More matter. Mad let us grant him. the most beautified Ophelia. My liege. ‘beautified’ is a vile phrase: but you shall hear. Doubt that the sun doth move. Hath given me this: now gather. I swear I use no art at all. Doubt truth to be a liar. for.’ QUEEN GERTRUDE: Came this from Hamlet to her? LORD POLONIUS: Good madam. stay awhile. and surmise. Or rather say. Perpend. then: and now remains That we find out the cause of this effect. ‘O dear Ophelia. to define true madness. and time is time.] ‘In her excellent white bosom.] LORD POLONIUS: This business is well ended. Thus: [Reads. I will be brief: your noble son is mad: Mad call I it. and madam. I am ill at these numbers. . Were nothing but to waste night. the cause of this defect. I have a daughter—have while she is mine— Who.] ‘Doubt thou the stars are fire. these. But never doubt I love. since brevity is the soul of wit. Act II. with less art. night night. scene ii Most welcome home! [Exeunt VOLTIMAND and CORNELIUS. That he is mad. day and time. But farewell it. Why day is day. what duty is.] ‘To the celestial and my soul’s idol.Hamlet. For this effect defective comes by cause: Thus it remains.’— That’s an ill phrase. [Reads. and the remainder thus. And pity ’tis ’tis true: a foolish figure. a vile phrase. Therefore.
in obedience. very likely.’ This. Or my dear majesty your queen here. Thence to a lightness. repulsed—a short tale to make— Fell into a sadness. KING CLAUDIUS: Do you think ’tis this? What do you think of me? KING CLAUDIUS: As of a man faithful and honorable. and. hath my daughter shown me. And more above. HAMLET. by means and place. LORD POLONIUS: [Pointing to his head and shoulder. out of thy star. What might you think? No. thence into a weakness. LORD POLONIUS: Hath there been such a time—I’d fain know that— That I have positively said “Tis so. believe it.’ When it proved otherwise? KING CLAUDIUS: Not that I know. Act II. hath his solicitings. scene ii I have not art to reckon my groans: but that I love thee best.Hamlet. That she should lock herself from his resort. LORD POLONIUS: I would fain prove so. All given to mine ear. I went round to work. If I had play’d the desk or table-book. This must not be:’ and then I precepts gave her. I must tell you that. Into the madness wherein now he raves. she took the fruits of my advice. Which done. 35 QUEEN GERTRUDE: It may be. Adieu. Or look’d upon this love with idle sight. O most best. whilst this machine is to him. receive no tokens. then into a fast. KING CLAUDIUS: Received his love? LORD POLONIUS: But how hath she And my young mistress thus I did bespeak: ‘Lord Hamlet is a prince. And he. think. Admit no messengers.] Take this from this. As they fell out by time. Before my daughter told me—what might you. But what might you think. ‘Thine evermore most dear lady. mute and dumb. And all we mourn for. Or given my heart a winking. if this be otherwise: . When I had seen this hot love on the wing— As I perceived it. by this declension. Thence to a watch.
Hamlet. LORD POLONIUS: That’s very true. to be honest. scene ii If circumstances lead me. sir. KING CLAUDIUS: We will try it. though it were hid indeed Within the centre. being a god kissing carrion. both away: I’ll board him presently. QUEEN GERTRUDE: But.] [Enter HAMLET.—Have you a daughter? 36 LORD POLONIUS: You know. LORD POLONIUS: Do you know me. I will find Where truth is hid. my lord! HAMLET: Ay. LORD POLONIUS: At such a time I’ll loose my daughter to him: Be you and I behind an arras then. Act II. my lord? HAMLET: Excellent well. HAMLET: Then I would you were so honest a man. KING CLAUDIUS: How may we try it further? [Exeunt KING CLAUDIUS. I do beseech you. and Attendants. where sadly the poor wretch comes reading. is to be one man picked out of ten thousand. my lord. QUEEN GERTRUDE. as this world goes. Mark the encounter: if he love her not And be not from his reason fall’n thereon.] O. give me leave: How does my good Lord Hamlet? HAMLET: Well. HAMLET: For if the sun breed maggots in a dead dog. sometimes he walks four hours together Here in the lobby. LORD POLONIUS: Away. . LORD POLONIUS: Not I. Let me be no assistant for a state. look. God-a-mercy. my lord. LORD POLONIUS: Honest. you are a fishmonger. reading. But keep a farm and carters. QUEEN GERTRUDE: So he does indeed.
except my life. though I most powerfully and potently believe. he said I was a fishmonger: he is far gone. my lord? HAMLET: Between who? LORD POLONIUS: I mean. LORD POLONIUS: What is the matter. for yourself. HAMLET: You cannot. sir. look to ‘t. What do you read. I’ll speak to him again. the matter that you read. my lord? HAMLET: Words. HAMLET: Slanders. far gone: and truly in my youth I suffered much extremity for love. yet I hold it not honesty to have it thus set 37 down. my lord? HAMLET: Into my grave. I will most humbly take my leave of you. LORD POLONIUS: Indeed. except my life. my lord. [Aside. my lord. that is out o’ the air. Will you walk out of the air.Hamlet. take from me any thing that I will more willingly part withal: except my life. LORD POLONIUS: Fare you well. should be old as I am. LORD POLONIUS: [Aside] Though this be madness. very near this. and suddenly contrive the means of meeting between him and my daughter. that their faces are wrinkled. yet there is method in ‘t. if like a crab you could go backward. Friend. I will leave him. HAMLET: These tedious old fools! . their eyes purging thick amber and plum-tree gum and that they have a plentiful lack of wit. scene ii LORD POLONIUS: I have. sir. words. which reason and sanity could not so prosperously be delivered of. together with most weak hams: all which. LORD POLONIUS: [Aside] How say you by that? Still harping on my daughter: yet he knew me not at first.—My honorable lord. my lord. HAMLET: Let her not walk i’ the sun: conception is a blessing: but not as your daughter may conceive. Act II. words. sir.] How pregnant sometimes his replies are! a happiness that often madness hits on. sir: for the satirical rogue says here that old men have grey beards.
ROSENCRANTZ: [To POLONIUS] God save you. Rosencrantz! Good lads.] GUILDENSTERN: My honored lord! ROSENCRANTZ: My most dear lord! HAMLET: My excellent good friends! How dost thou. Guildenstern? Ah. sir! [Exit POLONIUS. GUILDENSTERN: ‘Faith. my lord. ROSENCRANTZ: We think not so. ROSENCRANTZ: Then is the world one. On fortune’s cap we are not the very button. that she sends you to prison hither? GUILDENSTERN: Prison. Denmark being one o’ the worst. how do ye both? ROSENCRANTZ: As the indifferent children of the earth. deserved at the hands of fortune. my good friends. wards and dungeons. in that we are not over-happy. my lord! HAMLET: Denmark’s a prison. GUILDENSTERN: Happy. . HAMLET: Then is doomsday near: but your news is not true. her privates we. HAMLET: In the secret parts of fortune? O. scene ii [Enter ROSENCRANTZ and GUILDENSTERN. she is a strumpet. there he is. What’s the news? ROSENCRANTZ: None. then. my lord. but thinking makes it so: to me it is a prison. Act II. in which there are many confines.] LORD POLONIUS: You go to seek the Lord Hamlet. Let me question more in particular: what have you. or in the middle of her favors? 38 HAMLET: Why. most true. ’tis none to you. ROSENCRANTZ: Neither. my lord. HAMLET: Then you live about her waist. HAMLET: Nor the soles of her shoe? HAMLET: A goodly one. but that the world’s grown honest. for there is nothing either good or bad.Hamlet.
and by what more dear a better proposer could charge you withal. nay. what make you at Elsinore? 39 ROSENCRANTZ: To visit you. GUILDENSTERN: What should we say. any thing. your ambition makes it one. my thanks are too dear a halfpenny. HAMLET: O God. I am most dreadfully attended. deal justly with me: come. by my fay. for the very substance of the ambitious is merely the shadow of a dream. but I thank you: and sure. But let me conjure you. GUILDENSTERN: Which dreams indeed are ambition. no other occasion. Shall we to the court? for. ’tis too narrow for your mind. my lord? HAMLET: Why. my lord. and our monarchs and outstretched heroes the beggars’ shadows. my lord? HAMLET: That you must teach me. by the obligation of our ever-preserved love. by the rights of our fellowship. were it not that I have bad dreams. whether you were sent for. speak. scene ii ROSENCRANTZ: Why then. HAMLET: No such matter: I will not sort you with the rest of my servants. but to the purpose. ROSENCRANTZ: Truly. HAMLET: Beggar that I am. and there is a kind of confession in your looks which your modesties have not craft enough to color: I know the good king and queen have sent for you. ROSENCRANTZ & GUILDENSTERN: We’ll wait upon you. I am even poor in thanks. I cannot reason. or no? ROSENCRANTZ: [Aside to GUILDENSTERN] What say you? . You were sent for. and I hold ambition of so airy and light a quality that it is but a shadow’s shadow. be even and direct with me. for. dear friends. in the beaten way of friendship. But. HAMLET: Then are our beggars bodies. ROSENCRANTZ: To what end. I could be bounded in a nut shell and count myself a king of infinite space. Were you not sent for? Is it your own inclining? Is it a free visitation? Come. come. HAMLET: A dream itself is but a shadow.Hamlet. to speak to you like an honest man. Act II. by the consonancy of our youth.
HAMLET: I will tell you why. the clown shall make those laugh whose lungs are tickled o’ the sere. or the blank verse shall halt for’t. I have of late—but wherefore I know not— lost all my mirth. so shall my anticipation prevent your discovery. What a piece of work is a man! how noble in reason! how infinite in faculty! in form and moving how express and admirable! in action how like an angel! in apprehension how like a god! the beauty of the world! the paragon of animals! And yet. hold not off. HAMLET: Do they hold the same estimation they did when I was in the city? are they so followed? ROSENCRANTZ: No. why. and indeed it goes so heavily with my disposition that this goodly frame. the humorous man shall end his part in peace. then. seems to me a sterile promontory. his majesty shall have tribute of me. GUILDENSTERN: My lord. and hither are they coming. this majestical roof fretted with golden fire. HAMLET: He that plays the king shall be welcome. my lord. Act II. the lover shall not sigh gratis.—If you love me. when I said ‘man delights not me’? 40 ROSENCRANTZ: To think. HAMLET: Why did you laugh then. ROSENCRANTZ: I think their inhibition comes by the means of the late innovation. are they not. though by your smiling you seem to say so. nor woman neither. was better both ways. What players are they? ROSENCRANTZ: Even those you were wont to take delight in. if you delight not in man. the tragedians of the city. forgone all custom of exercises. to me. I have an eye of you. . and the lady shall say her mind freely. both in reputation and profit. it appears no other thing to me than a foul and pestilent congregation of vapors. and your secrecy to the king and queen moult no feather. ROSENCRANTZ: My lord. we were sent for. HAMLET: How chances it they travel? their residence. to offer you service. this brave o’erhanging firmament. there was no such stuff in my thoughts. look you. the adventurous knight shall use his foil and target.Hamlet. what lenten entertainment the players shall receive from you: we coted them on the way. the air. scene ii HAMLET: [Aside] Nay. indeed. this most excellent canopy. the earth. what is this quintessence of dust? man delights not me: no.
and so berattle the common stages—so they call them—that many wearing rapiers are afraid of goose-quills and dare scarce come thither. that they do. 41 HAMLET: I am but mad north-north-west: when the wind is southerly I know a hawk from a handsaw. for a while. their endeavor keeps in the wonted pace: but there is. and are most tyrannically clapped for’t: these are now the fashion. little eyases. which. you are welcome to Elsinore. [Flourish of trumpets within. sir. You are welcome: but my uncle-father and aunt-mother are deceived. there is something in this more than natural.Hamlet. I tell you. scene ii HAMLET: How comes it? do they grow rusty? ROSENCRANTZ: Nay. there has been much to do on both sides. ‘Sblood. if philosophy could find it out. no money bid for argument. unless the poet and the player went to cuffs in the question. for mine uncle is king of Denmark. my dear lord? GUILDENSTERN: O. come then: the appurtenance of welcome is fashion and ceremony: let me comply with you in this garb. that cry out on the top of question. are they children? who maintains ‘em? how are they escoted? Will they pursue the quality no longer than they can sing? will they not say afterwards. HAMLET: Gentlemen.] GUILDENSTERN: There are the players. HAMLET: What. lest my extent to the players. should more appear like entertainment than yours. forty. Act II. . and those that would make mows at him while my father lived. must show fairly outward. to make them exclaim against their own succession? ROSENCRANTZ: ‘Faith. GUILDENSTERN: In what. Your hands. and the nation holds it no sin to tarre them to controversy: there was. if their means are no better—their writers do them wrong. there has been much throwing about of brains. give twenty. Hercules and his load too. an hundred ducats a-piece for his picture in little. HAMLET: Is’t possible? HAMLET: Do the boys carry it away? ROSENCRANTZ: Ay. fifty. an aery of children. HAMLET: It is not very strange. if they should grow themselves to common players—as it is most like. my lord.
judge of Israel. scene individable.’ LORD POLONIUS: [Aside] Still on my daughter. tragical-comical-historical-pastoral. ROSENCRANTZ: Happily he’s the second time come to them. LORD POLONIUS: The best actors in the world. that follows not. The which he loved passing well. ‘One fair daughter and no more. these are the only men. You say right.— 42 . nor Plautus too light.Hamlet. for they say an old man is twice a child. or poem unlimited: Seneca cannot be too heavy. HAMLET: O Jephthah. my lord? HAMLET: Why. my lord. HAMLET: My lord. gentlemen! HAMLET: Hark you.— LORD POLONIUS: What follows. Guildenstern. historical-pastoral. HAMLET: I will prophesy he comes to tell me of the players. sir: o’ Monday morning. what a treasure hadst thou! LORD POLONIUS: What a treasure had he. my lord? HAMLET: Then came each actor on his ass. history. pastoral-comical. LORD POLONIUS: Upon mine honor. mark it. ’twas so indeed. pastoral. my lord. either for tragedy. tragical-historical. I have news to tell you. LORD POLONIUS: My lord. comedy. buz! HAMLET: Am I not i’ the right.— LORD POLONIUS: The actors are come hither. old Jephthah? LORD POLONIUS: If you call me Jephthah. and you too: at each ear a hearer: that great baby you see there is not yet out of his swaddling-clouts. When Roscius was an actor in Rome. For the law of writ and the liberty. HAMLET: Nay. Act II. HAMLET: Buz. I have news to tell you.] LORD POLONIUS: Well be with you. then. I have a daughter that I love passing well. scene ii [Enter POLONIUS.
you are all welcome. ’twas caviare to the general: but it was—as I received it. my young lady and mistress! By’r lady. And thus o’er-sized with coagulate gore. Masters.’— the first row of the pious chanson will show you more. Black as his purpose. not above once.] You are welcome. he whose sable arms. like apiece of uncurrent gold.’ and then. the hellish Pyrrhus Old grandsire Priam seeks. but called it an honest method. be not cracked within the ring. O. I am glad to see thee well. where my abridgement comes. as most like it was. come. did the night resemble When he lay couched in the ominous horse. sons. ‘As by lot. you know. nor no matter in the phrase that might indict the author of affectation. Act II. set down with as much modesty as cunning. masters. and by very much more handsome than fine. Hath now this dread and black complexion smear’d With heraldry more dismal. one said there were no sallets in the lines to make the matter savory. horridly trick’d With blood of fathers. Welcome. pleased not the million. begin at this line: let me see. Pray God. Baked and impasted with the parching streets.Hamlet. my lord? HAMLET: I heard thee speak me a speech once. welcome. give us a taste of your quality. We’ll e’en to’t like French falconers. With eyes like carbuncles. daughters. well digested in the scenes.’—it is not so: —it begins with Pyrrhus:— ‘The rugged Pyrrhus. God wot. I remember. and thereabout of it especially. . if it was. as wholesome as sweet. head to foot Now is he total gules. your voice. proceed you. for the play. whose judg43 ments in such matters cried in the top of mine—an excellent play. where he speaks of Priam’s slaughter: if it live in your memory. I remember. mothers. for look. fly at any thing we see: we’ll have a speech straight: come. my old friend! thy face is valenced since I saw thee last: comest thou to beard me in Denmark? What. That lend a tyrannous and damned light To their lord’s murder: roasted in wrath and fire. [Enter four or five Players. a passionate speech. and others. scene ii HAMLET: Why. your ladyship is nearer to heaven than when I saw you last. ‘It came to pass. but it was never acted. One speech in it I chiefly loved: ’twas Aeneas’ tale to Dido. let me see— ‘The rugged Pyrrhus. all. or. by the altitude of a chopine. good friends. like the Hyrcanian beast.’ So. First Player: What speech.
Out. and with a hideous crash Takes prisoner Pyrrhus’ ear: for. threatening the flames With bisson rheum. Pyrrhus at Priam drives. in the alarm of fear caught up. anon the dreadful thunder Doth rend the region. say on: he’s for a jig or a tale of bawdry. ‘Gainst Fortune’s state would treason have pronounced: . or he sleeps: say on: come to Hecuba. Break all the spokes and fellies from her wheel. Fortune! All you gods. But. with flaming top Stoops to his base. thou strumpet. Aroused vengeance sets him new a-work. Which was declining on the milky head Of reverend Priam. A blanket. The bold winds speechless and the orb below As hush as death. O. as we often see. Pyrrhus stood. Did nothing. who had seen the mobled queen—’ HAMLET: ‘The mobled queen?’ LORD POLONIUS: That’s good. But with the whiff and wind of his fell sword The unnerved father falls. Then senseless Ilium. First Player: ‘Anon he finds him Striking too short at Greeks. About her lank and all o’er-teemed loins. And never did the Cyclops’ hammers fall On Mars’s armor forged for proof eterne With less remorse than Pyrrhus’ bleeding sword 44 Now falls on Priam. after Pyrrhus’ pause. First Player: ‘Run barefoot up and down. lies where it falls. well spoken. A silence in the heavens. his antique sword. First Player: ‘But who. the rack stand still. with tongue in venom steep’d. with good accent and good discretion. Who this had seen. against some storm. Repugnant to command: unequal match’d. and for a robe.Hamlet. Prithee. lo! his sword. my lord. scene ii LORD POLONIUS: ‘Fore God. in rage strikes wide. As low as to the fiends!’ LORD POLONIUS: This is too long. And like a neutral to his will and matter. ‘mobled queen’ is good. Act II. HAMLET: It shall to the barber’s. Rebellious to his arm. seem’d i’ the air to stick: So. with your beard. Seeming to feel this blow. And bowl the round nave down the hill of heaven. as a painted tyrant. In general synod ‘take away her power. a clout upon that head Where late the diadem stood. so. out.
old friend. HAMLET: We’ll ha’t to-morrow night. I’ll leave you till night: you are welcome to Elsinore. which I would set down and insert in’t. HAMLET: God’s bodykins. Would have made milch the burning eyes of heaven. man. Take them in. whether he has not turned his color and has tears in’s eyes. I will use them according to their desert. let them be well used. no more. for they are the abstract and brief chronicles of the time: after your death you were better have a bad epitaph than their ill report while you live. LORD POLONIUS: Come. You could. for a need. And passion in the gods. could you not? First Player: Ay. [Exit POLONIUS with all the Players but the First. HAMLET: Very well. The instant burst of clamor that she made. study a speech of some dozen or sixteen lines. sirs. so.] Dost thou hear me. and who should ‘scape whipping? Use them after your own honor and dignity: the less they deserve. the more merit is in your bounty. Follow that lord. God be wi’ ye. will you see the players well bestowed? Do you hear. much better: use every man after his desert. Pray you. Unless things mortal move them not at all. scene ii But if the gods themselves did see her then When she saw Pyrrhus make malicious sport In mincing with his sword her husband’s limbs. friends: we’ll hear a play to-morrow.Hamlet. Act II. can you play the Murder of Gonzago? First Player: Ay.’ LORD POLONIUS: Look. my lord. ROSENCRANTZ: Good my lord! HAMLET: Ay. HAMLET: ’Tis well: I’ll have thee speak out the rest soon.] My good friends. my lord. and look you mock him not. 45 . Good my lord. [Exit First Player. LORD POLONIUS: My lord. HAMLET: Follow him.
Confound the ignorant. the son of a dear father murder’d. my brain! I have heard That guilty creatures sitting at a play Have by the very cunning of the scene Been struck so to the soul that presently They have proclaim’d their malefactions. what an ass am I! This is most brave. kindless villain! O.Hamlet. not for a king. in a dream of passion. . That I. Must. like a whore. will speak With most miraculous organ. scene ii [Exeunt ROSENCRANTZ and GUILDENSTERN. A dull and muddy-mettled rascal. A scullion! Fie upon’t! foh! About. no. That he should weep for her? What would he do. like a very drab. unpack my heart with words. Act II. Tears in his eyes. though it have no tongue.] Now I am alone. and amaze indeed The very faculties of eyes and ears. bawdy villain! Remorseless. lecherous. or ere this I should have fatted all the region kites With this slave’s offal: bloody. and his whole function suiting With forms to his conceit? and all for nothing! For Hecuba! What’s Hecuba to him. O. and blows it in my face? Tweaks me by the nose? gives me the lie i’ the throat. vengeance! Why. But in a fiction. Upon whose property and most dear life A damn’d defeat was made. or he to Hecuba. Am I a coward? Who calls me villain? breaks my pate across? 46 Plucks off my beard. treacherous. unpregnant of my cause. distraction in’s aspect. Prompted to my revenge by heaven and hell. I’ll tent him to the quick: if he but blench. Could force his soul so to his own conceit That from her working all his visage wann’d. I should take it: for it cannot be But I am pigeon-liver’d and lack gall To make oppression bitter. And can say nothing. what a rogue and peasant slave am I! Is it not monstrous that this player here. Yet I. Like John-a-dreams. I’ll have these players Play something like the murder of my father Before mine uncle: I’ll observe his looks. Make mad the guilty and appal the free. And fall a-cursing. For murder. A broken voice. Had he the motive and the cue for passion That I have? He would drown the stage with tears And cleave the general ear with horrid speech. As deep as to the lungs? who does me this? Ha! ‘Swounds. peak.
But from what cause he will by no means speak.] GUILDENSTERN: Nor do we find him forward to be sounded.Hamlet. The spirit that I have seen May be the devil: and the devil hath power To assume a pleasing shape. P O LO N I U S . and perhaps Out of my weakness and my melancholy. QUEEN GERTRUDE. 47 ROSENCRANTZ: Niggard of question. QUEEN GERTRUDE: Did he receive you well? ROSENCRANTZ: Most like a gentleman. LORD POLONIUS: ’Tis most true: And he beseech’d me to entreat your majesties . And.] KING CLAUDIUS: And can you. Most free in his reply. As he is very potent with such spirits. with a crafty madness. yea. that certain players We o’er-raught on the way: of these we told him. But. it so fell out. QUEEN GERTRUDE: To any pastime? Did you assay him? ROSENCRANTZ: Madam. And there did seem in him a kind of joy To hear of it: they are about the court. by no drift of circumstance. ACT III SCENE I: A room in the castle. Grating so harshly all his days of quiet With turbulent and dangerous lunacy? ROSENCRANTZ: He does confess he feels himself distracted. O PH E L I A . but. When we would bring him on to some confession Of his true state. as I think. of our demands. a n d GUILDENSTERN . keeps aloof. Act III. Abuses me to damn me: I’ll have grounds More relative than this: the play ‘s the thing Wherein I’ll catch the conscience of the king. they have already order This night to play before him. [ Enter KING CLAUDIUS. scene i I know my course. [Exit. GUILDENSTERN: But with much forcing of his disposition. R O S E N C R A N T Z . Get from him why he puts on this confusion.
[To OPHELIA. We may of their encounter frankly judge.] Will bring him to his wonted way again. And for your part. We will bestow ourselves. OPHELIA: Madam. KING CLAUDIUS: [Aside] O. scene i To hear and see the matter.— ’Tis too much proved—that with devotion’s visage And pious action we do sugar o’er The devil himself. Ophelia. leave us too. To both your honors. Act III. unseen. walk you here. QUEEN GERTRUDE: I shall obey you. I do wish That your good beauties be the happy cause Of Hamlet’s wildness: so shall I hope your virtues 48 Read on this book.] LORD POLONIUS: Ophelia.] KING CLAUDIUS: Sweet Gertrude. and it doth much content me To hear him so inclined. Good gentlemen. as he is behaved. And drive his purpose on to these delights.Hamlet. [Exit QUEEN GERTRUDE. [Exeunt ROSENCRANTZ and GUILDENSTERN. That show of such an exercise may color Your loneliness. If ‘t be the affliction of his love or no That thus he suffers for. may here Affront Ophelia: Her father and myself. give him a further edge. That he. And gather by him. Is not more ugly to the thing that helps it Than is my deed to my most painted word: O heavy burthen! . For we have closely sent for Hamlet hither. Will so bestow ourselves that. KING CLAUDIUS: With all my heart. as ‘twere by accident. ’tis too true! How smart a lash that speech doth give my conscience! The harlot’s cheek. lawful espials. my lord. seeing. so please you. beautied with plastering art. Gracious. We are oft to blame in this. I wish it may. ROSENCRANTZ: We shall.
No more. . That I have longed long to re-deliver. Must give us pause: there’s the respect That makes calamity of so long life. For who would bear the whips and scorns of time. well. well. When he himself might his quietus make 49 With a bare bodkin? who would fardels bear. To sleep: perchance to dream: ay. The insolence of office and the spurns That patient merit of the unworthy takes. Act III. puzzles the will And makes us rather bear those ills we have Than fly to others that we know not of? Thus conscience does make cowards of us all. And enterprises of great pith and moment With this regard their currents turn awry. And thus the native hue of resolution Is sicklied o’er with the pale cast of thought. No. not I. there’s the rub. I have remembrances of yours. For in that sleep of death what dreams may come When we have shuffled off this mortal coil. well. To die.Hamlet. I pray you. But that the dread of something after death. [Exeunt KING CLAUDIUS and POLONIUS.] HAMLET: To be. The pangs of despised love. And by opposing end them? To die: to sleep. to sleep. Or to take arms against a sea of troubles. the proud man’s contumely. and by a sleep to say we end The heart-ache and the thousand natural shocks That flesh is heir to. in thy orisons Be all my sins remember’d. The oppressor’s wrong. OPHELIA: Good my lord. And lose the name of action. HAMLET: I never gave you aught. ’tis a consummation Devoutly to be wish’d. the law’s delay. How does your honor for this many a day? HAMLET: I humbly thank you. The undiscover’d country from whose bourn No traveller returns. my lord.] [Enter HAMLET. or not to be: that is the question: Whether ’tis nobler in the mind to suffer The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune.—Soft you now! The fair Ophelia! Nymph. OPHELIA: My lord. now receive them. scene i LORD POLONIUS: I hear him coming: let’s withdraw. To grunt and sweat under a weary life.
OPHELIA: O. all. you made me believe so. for the power of beauty will sooner transform honesty from what it is to a bawd than the force of honesty can translate beauty into his likeness: this was sometime a paradox. but now the time gives it proof. HAMLET: Let the doors be shut upon him. have better commerce than with honesty? HAMLET: Ay. you sweet heavens! HAMLET: If thou dost marry. And. OPHELIA: I was the more deceived. for to the noble mind Rich gifts wax poor when givers prove unkind. I did love you once. my lord. that he may play the fool no where but in’s own house. Farewell. Take these again. imagination to give them shape. with more offences at my beck than I have thoughts to put them in. your honesty should admit no discourse to your beauty. Act III.Hamlet. words of so sweet breath composed As made the things more rich: their perfume lost. for virtue cannot so inoculate our old stock but we shall relish of it: I loved you not. ha! are you honest? OPHELIA: My lord? HAMLET: Are you fair? OPHELIA: What means your lordship? HAMLET: That if you be honest and fair. HAMLET: Ha. HAMLET: You should not have believed me. revengeful. Where’s your father? OPHELIA: At home. with them. but yet I could accuse me of such things that it were better my mother had not borne me: I am very proud. 50 OPHELIA: Indeed. I’ll give thee this plague for thy dowry: be thou as chaste as ice. my lord. OPHELIA: Could beauty. Go thy ways to a nunnery. or time to act them in. believe none of us. ambitious. What should such fellows as I do crawling between earth and heaven? We are arrant knaves. There. HAMLET: Get thee to a nunnery: why wouldst thou be a breeder of sinners? I am myself indifferent honest. scene i OPHELIA: My honor’d lord. truly. my lord. help him. you know right well you did. thou . my lord. as pure as snow.
Ophelia! You need not tell us what Lord Hamlet said. The expectancy and rose of the fair state. see what I see! [Re-enter KING CLAUDIUS and POLONIUS. O’er which his melancholy sits on brood. all but one. God has given you one face. it hath made me mad. To a nunnery. OPHELIA: O heavenly powers. tongue.] OPHELIA: O. Was not like madness. Get thee to a nunnery. eye. To a nunnery. shall live. My lord. you amble. what a noble mind is here o’erthrown! The courtier’s. if thou wilt needs marry. and nick-name God’s creatures. do as you please. woe is me. Like sweet bells jangled. and quickly too. I’ll no more on’t. out of tune and harsh. and make your wantonness your ignorance. The observed of all observers. though it lack’d form a little. And I do doubt the hatch and the disclose Will be some danger: which for to prevent. Farewell. scholar’s. go. for wise men know well enough what monsters you make of them. That suck’d the honey of his music vows. go. of ladies most deject and wretched. 51 That unmatch’d form and feature of blown youth Blasted with ecstasy: O. scene i shalt not escape calumny. Go to. . Act III. I have in quick determination Thus set it down: he shall with speed to England. sword.] KING CLAUDIUS: Love! his affections do not that way tend. go: farewell. How now. [Exit. Now see that noble and most sovereign reason. quite. marry a fool. Nor what he spake. quite down! And I. soldier’s. What think you on’t? LORD POLONIUS: It shall do well: but yet do I believe The origin and commencement of his grief Sprung from neglected love. and you make yourselves another: you jig. For the demand of our neglected tribute Haply the seas and countries different With variable objects shall expel This something-settled matter in his heart. There’s something in his soul. To have seen what I have seen. the rest shall keep as they are. The glass of fashion and the mould of form. restore him! HAMLET: I have heard of your paintings too. Whereon his brains still beating puts him thus From fashion of himself. I say. We heard it all. Or. and you lisp. we will have no more marriages: those that are married already.Hamlet. well enough.
not to speak it profanely. who for the most part are capable of noth- . neither having the accent of Christians nor the gait of Christian. it offends me to the soul to hear a robustious periwig-pated fellow tear a passion to tatters. there be players that I have seen play.] ing but inexplicable dumbshows and noise: I would have such a fellow whipped for o’erdoing Termagant. thus. KING CLAUDIUS: It shall be so: Madness in great ones must not unwatch’d go. whose end. to split the ears of the groundlings. Nor do not saw the air too much with your hand. and that highly. to very rags. Now this overdone. If she find him not. tempest. and the very age and body of the time his form and pressure. as I may say. so please you. the whirlwind of passion. HAMLET: Be not too tame neither. [Enter HAMLET and Players. or confine him where Your wisdom best shall think. And I’ll be placed. or come tardy off. after the play Let his queen mother all alone entreat him To show his grief: let her be round with him. O. it out-herods Herod: pray you. have so strutted and bellowed that I have thought some of nature’s journeymen had made men and not made them well. sir. with this special o’erstep not the modesty of nature: for any thing so overdone is from the purpose of playing. to show virtue her own feature. scorn her own image. scene ii But. that. in the ear Of all their conference. To England send him. both at the first and now. First Player: I warrant your honor. but use all gently. you must acquire and beget a temperance that may give it smoothness. and. nor man.] HAMLET: Speak the speech. cannot but make the judicious grieve. Act III. I had as lief the town-crier spoke my lines. to hold. but let your own discretion be your tutor: suit the action to the word.Hamlet. though it make the unskilful laugh. pagan. for in the very torrent. First Player: I hope we have reformed that indifferently with us. as ‘twere. and heard others praise. if you hold it fit. the word to the action. avoid it. the mirror up to nature. trippingly on the tongue: but if you mouth it. [Exeunt. as many of your players do. 52 SCENE II: A hall in the castle. as I pronounced it to you. I pray you. was and is. O. they imitated humanity so abominably. the censure of the which one must in your allowance o’erweigh a whole theatre of others.
and shows a most pitiful ambition in the fool that uses it. [Exeunt Players. For what advancement may I hope from thee That no revenue hast but thy good spirits.— HAMLET: Nay. that suffers nothing. . [Exit POLONIUS. thou art e’en as just a man As e’er my conversation coped withal. ay. and GUILDENSTERN. Dost thou hear? Since my dear soul was mistress of her choice And could of men distinguish. scene ii HAMLET: O. some necessary question of the play be then to be considered: that’s villanous. Go. my lord! I will the king hear this piece of work? LORD POLONIUS: And the queen too. Give me that man That is not passion’s slave. for thou hast been As one. A man that fortune’s buffets and rewards Hast ta’en with equal thanks: and blest are those Whose blood and judgment are so well commingled. let the candied tongue lick absurd pomp. my lord. for there be of them that will themselves laugh. at your service.] [Enter POLONIUS.] How now.] HAMLET: What ho! Horatio! 53 [Enter HORATIO. and I will wear him In my heart’s core. though. to set on some quantity of barren spectators to laugh too. And crook the pregnant hinges of the knee Where thrift may follow fawning. make you ready.] Will you two help to hasten them? ROSENCRANTZ & GUILDENSTERN: We will. That they are not a pipe for fortune’s finger To sound what stop she please. ROSENCRANTZ. HAMLET: Bid the players make haste. and that presently. HAMLET: Horatio. in the mean time. And let those that play your clowns speak no more than is set down for them. HORATIO: O. in my heart of heart. her election Hath seal’d thee for herself. To feed and clothe thee? Why should the poor be flatter’d? No. do not think I flatter. Act III. in suffering all. reform it altogether.Hamlet. [Exeunt ROSENCRANTZ and GUILDENSTERN. sweet lord. my dear lord.] HORATIO: Here.
and others. HAMLET: No. my lord. . HORATIO: Well. my dear Hamlet. scene ii As I do thee. Enter KING CLAUDIUS.— There is a play to-night before the king. I will pay the theft. KING CLAUDIUS: I have nothing with this answer. these words are not mine. [Danish march.] KING CLAUDIUS: How fares our cousin Hamlet? 54 HAMLET: Excellent. One scene of it comes near the circumstance Which I have told thee of my father’s death: I prithee. QUEEN GERTRUDE: Come hither. nor mine now. HAMLET: They are coming to the play. of the chameleon’s dish: I eat the air. And my imaginations are as foul As Vulcan’s stithy. my lord. Act III. A flourish. they stay upon your patience. And after we will both our judgments join In censure of his seeming. when thou seest that act afoot. you say? LORD POLONIUS: That did I. my lord: If he steal aught the whilst this play is playing. OPHELIA. Give him heedful note.] My lord.—Something too much of this. you played once i’ the university.Hamlet. promise-crammed: you cannot feed capons so. HAMLET: It was a brute part of him to kill so capital a calf there. ROSENCRANTZ. Hamlet. [To POLONIUS. i’ faith. GUILDENSTERN. It is a damned ghost that we have seen. For I mine eyes will rivet to his face. and was accounted a good actor. Be the players ready? ROSENCRANTZ: Ay. Brutus killed me. QUEEN GERTRUDE. Even with the very comment of thy soul Observe mine uncle: if his occulted guilt Do not itself unkennel in one speech. HAMLET: What did you enact? LORD POLONIUS: I did enact Julius Caesar: I was killed i’ the Capitol. I must be idle: Get you a place. And ‘scape detecting. POLONIUS.
O heavens! die two months ago.Hamlet. LORD POLONIUS: [To KING CLAUDIUS] O. He takes her up. the Queen embracing him. and declines his head upon her neck: lays him down upon a bank of flowers: she. good mother. and makes show of protestation unto him. my head upon your lap? OPHELIA: Ay. HAMLET: So long? Nay then. O. ho! do you mark that? HAMLET: Lady.’ . my lord. HAMLET: O God. What should a man do but be merry? for. and he her. She kneels. whose epitaph is ‘For. your only jig-maker. shall I lie in your lap? [Lying down at OPHELIA’s feet. my lord. my lord. for I’ll have a suit of sables. [Hautboys play. leaves him. seeing him asleep. Anon comes in a fellow. the hobbyhorse is forgot.] OPHELIA: You are merry. scene ii sit by me. he must build churches. how cheerfully my mother looks. my lord? HAMLET: Nothing. my lord. look you. and my father died within these two hours. and not forgotten yet? Then there’s hope a great man’s memory may outlive his life half a year: but. The dumb-show enters. HAMLET: Do you think I meant country matters? OPHELIA: I think nothing. HAMLET: I mean. 55 [Enter a King and a Queen very lovingly. for. my lord. with the hobby-horse. O. let the devil wear black. by’r lady. OPHELIA: No. HAMLET: Who. HAMLET: No. I? OPHELIA: Ay. my lord. Act III.] HAMLET: That’s a fair thought to lie between maids’ legs. here’s metal more attractive. OPHELIA: Nay. or else shall he suffer not thinking on. OPHELIA: What is. then. takes off his crown. ’tis twice two months.
So far from cheer and from your former state. and pours poison in the King’s ears. my lord? HAMLET: As woman’s love. Yet. with some two or three Mutes. woe is me. OPHELIA: You are naught. [Enter Prologue.] HAMLET: Is this a prologue.] OPHELIA: Belike this show imports the argument of the play. finds the King dead. my lord. and for our tragedy. but in the end accepts his love. . Act III. you are so sick of late.] HAMLET: We shall know by this fellow: the players cannot keep counsel.] Prologue: For us. and makes passionate action.Hamlet. The dead body is carried away. 56 Player King: Full thirty times hath Phoebus’ cart gone round Neptune’s salt wash and Tellus’ orbed ground. scene ii kisses it. or any show that you’ll show him: be not you ashamed to show. they’ll tell all. or the posy of a ring? OPHELIA: ’Tis brief. it means mischief. Here stooping to your clemency. he’ll not shame to tell you what it means. OPHELIA: Will he tell us what this show meant? HAMLET: Ay. HAMLET: Marry. this is miching mallecho. The Poisoner. The Queen returns. [Enter two Players. comes in again. you are naught: I’ll mark the play. Player Queen: So many journeys may the sun and moon Make us again count o’er ere love be done! But. And thirty dozen moons with borrow’d sheen About the world have times twelve thirties been. The Poisoner wooes the Queen with gifts: she seems loath and unwilling awhile. That I distrust you. [Exit. OPHELIA: What means this. We beg your hearing patiently. Since love our hearts and Hymen did our hands Unite commutual in most sacred bands. King and Queen.] [Exeunt. and exit. though I distrust. seeming to lament with her.
When second husband kisses me in bed. and shortly too. The violence of either grief or joy Their own enactures with themselves destroy: Where joy most revels. or in extremity. Our wills and fates do so contrary run That our devices still are overthrown. orderly to end where I begun. The poor advanced makes friends of enemies. Honor’d. Player King: I do believe you think what now you speak. And as my love is sized. And hitherto doth love on fortune tend. Of violent birth. grief doth most lament. Now. when they mellow be. . Player King: ‘Faith. beloved.Hamlet. their ends none of our own: So think thou wilt no second husband wed. Which now. unshaken. This world is not for aye. on slender accident. My operant powers their functions leave to do: And thou shalt live in this fair world behind. For who not needs shall never lack a friend. Where little fears grow great. doth the purpose lose. 57 Purpose is but the slave to memory. my fear is so: Where love is great. and haply one as kind For husband shalt thou— Player Queen: O. the littlest doubts are fear. but none of love: A second time I kill my husband dead. But what we do determine oft we break. Directly seasons him his enemy. what my love is. you mark his favorite flies. The passion ending. In neither aught. The great man down. joy grieves. For ’tis a question left us yet to prove. But. Our thoughts are ours. Whether love lead fortune. Most necessary ’tis that we forget To pay ourselves what to ourselves is debt: What to ourselves in passion we propose. I must leave thee. But fall. wormwood. great love grows there. confound the rest! Such love must needs be treason in my breast: In second husband let me be accurst! None wed the second but who kill’d the first. HAMLET: [Aside] Wormwood. Player Queen: The instances that second marriage move Are base respects of thrift. like fruit unripe. love. my lord. but poor validity. sticks on the tree. Grief joys. And who in want a hollow friend doth try. scene ii Discomfort you. or else fortune love. proof hath made you know. Act III. it nothing must: For women’s fear and love holds quantity. nor ’tis not strange That even our loves should with our fortunes change.
HAMLET: O. scene ii But die thy thoughts when thy first lord is dead. Sweet. . [Enter LUCIANUS. but she’ll keep her word. Baptista: you shall see anon. And never come mischance between us twain! [Exit. ’tis a knavish piece of work: but what o’ that? your majesty and we that have free souls. KING CLAUDIUS: What do you call the play? HAMLET: The Mouse-trap.] QUEEN GERTRUDE: The lady protests too much. OPHELIA: You are as good as a chorus. Player Queen: Nor earth to me give food. his wife. ever I be wife! HAMLET: If she should break it now! Player King: ’Tis deeply sworn. My spirits grow dull. it touches us not: let the galled jade wince. nephew to the king. leave me here awhile. Marry. nor heaven light! Sport and repose lock from me day and night! To desperation turn my trust and hope! An anchor’s cheer in prison be my scope! Each opposite that blanks the face of joy Meet what I would have well and it destroy! Both here and hence pursue me lasting strife. and fain I would beguile The tedious day with sleep. they do but jest. This play is the image of a murder done in Vienna: Gonzago is the duke’s name. HAMLET: I could interpret between you and your love.] Player Queen: Sleep rock thy brain. how like you this play? 58 This is one Lucianus. Act III. my lord. methinks. [Sleeps. once a widow. our withers are unwrung. if I could see the puppets dallying. poison in jest. no. If. no offence i’ the world. how? Tropically.Hamlet. KING CLAUDIUS: Have you heard the argument? Is there no offence in ‘t? HAMLET: No.] HAMLET: Madam.
my lord. Confederate season.’ LUCIANUS: Thoughts black. you are keen. I. frighted with false fire! QUEEN GERTRUDE: How fares my lord? LORD POLONIUS: Give o’er the play. For some must watch. HAMLET: A whole one. Act III. HAMLET: So you must take your husbands. sir. and worse. On wholesome life usurp immediately. lights.] HAMLET: Why. OPHELIA: The king rises. scene ii OPHELIA: You are keen. thrice infected. drugs fit. hands apt.] HAMLET: He poisons him i’ the garden for’s estate. and begin. of midnight weeds collected. KING CLAUDIUS: Give me some light: away! All: Lights. leave thy damnable faces. murderer. O Damon dear.Hamlet. and a forest of feathers— if the rest of my fortunes turn Turk with me—with two Provincial roses on my razed shoes. OPHELIA: Still better. and now reigns here A very. Would not this. while some must sleep: So runs the world away. get me a fellowship in a cry of players. and time agreeing. This realm dismantled was Of Jove himself. pox. and writ in choice Italian: you shall see anon how the murderer gets the love of Gonzago’s wife. lights! [Exeunt all but HAMLET and HORATIO. The hart ungalled play. let the stricken deer go weep. His name’s Gonzago: the story is extant. else no creature seeing. . Thy natural magic and dire property. 59 HAMLET: What. very—pajock. With Hecate’s ban thrice blasted. [Pours the poison into the sleeper’s ears. For thou dost know. Thou mixture rank. Come: ‘the croaking raven doth bellow for revenge. Begin. HAMLET: It would cost you a groaning to take off my edge. sir? HORATIO: Half a share.
for me to put him to his purgation would perhaps plunge him into far more choler. HAMLET: With drink. your mother.— HAMLET: Ay. some music! [Re-enter ROSENCRANTZ and GUILDENSTERN. this courtesy is not of the right breed. GUILDENSTERN: The king. a whole history. your pardon and my return shall be the end of my business. HAMLET: Your wisdom should show itself more richer to signify this to his doctor. scene ii HORATIO: You might have rhymed. what of him? 60 GUILDENSTERN: Nay. sir. sir: pronounce.Hamlet. sir? GUILDENSTERN: No. HAMLET: I am tame. Didst perceive? HORATIO: Very well. in most great affliction of spirit. hath sent me to you. Come. some music! come. belike. GUILDENSTERN: Good my lord. rather with choler. vouchsafe me a word with you. GUILDENSTERN: Good my lord. Act III. I cannot. he likes it not.] GUILDENSTERN: Is in his retirement marvellous distempered. for. HAMLET: Sir. HAMLET: O good Horatio. I’ll take the ghost’s word for a thousand pound. my lord. I will do your mother’s commandment: if not. put your discourse into some frame and start not so wildly from my affair. my lord. GUILDENSTERN: The queen. Why then. HAMLET: Ah. ha! Come. HAMLET: You are welcome. perdy. . the recorders! For if the king like not the comedy. good my lord. HAMLET: Sir. sir. HAMLET: Upon the talk of the poisoning? HORATIO: I did very well note him. If it shall please you to make me a wholesome answer.
[Re-enter Players with recorders. 61 HAMLET: Sir. . such answer as I can make. if my duty be too bold. HAMLET: O wonderful son. scene ii GUILDENSTERN: What. ‘While the grass grows. HAMLET: So I do still. ROSENCRANTZ: Good my lord. my lord? HAMLET: Make you a wholesome answer. my lord. ere you go to bed.’—the proverb is something musty. or. HAMLET: I pray you. sir. the recorders! let me see one. bar the door upon your own liberty. but sir. that can so astonish a mother! But is there no sequel at the heels of this mother’s admiration? Impart. my wit’s diseased: but. I lack advancement. what is your cause of distemper? You do. HAMLET: I do beseech you. Act III. but to the matter: my mother. I cannot. were she ten times our mother. you once did love me. I cannot.— ROSENCRANTZ: Then thus she says. GUILDENSTERN: Believe me. as you say. if you deny your griefs to your friend. ROSENCRANTZ: She desires to speak with you in her closet. surely. you say. my mother: therefore no more. your behavior hath struck her into amazement and admiration. when you have the voice of the king himself for your succession in Denmark? HAMLET: Ay. HAMLET: I do not well understand that. you shall command. Have you any further trade with us? ROSENCRANTZ: My lord.Hamlet. as if you would drive me into a toil? GUILDENSTERN: O. HAMLET: We shall obey. To withdraw with you:— why do you go about to recover the wind of me.] O. my love is too unmannerly. Will you play upon this pipe? GUILDENSTERN: My lord. rather. by these pickers and stealers. ROSENCRANTZ: How can that be.
these are the stops. excellent voice. in this little organ. GUILDENSTERN: But these cannot I command to any utterance of harmony. friends. you would pluck out the heart of my mystery. Look you. HAMLET: Methinks it is like a weasel. my lord. LORD POLONIUS: I will say so. ‘Sblood. LORD POLONIUS: My lord. HAMLET: Or like a whale? LORD POLONIUS: Very like a whale. HAMLET: By and by is easily said.] God bless you. Act III. HAMLET: Why. They fool me to the top of my bent. HAMLET: ’Tis as easy as lying: govern these ventages with your lingers and thumb. though you can fret me. [Enter POLONIUS. and ’tis like a camel. do you think I am easier to be played on than a pipe? Call me what instrument you will. I have not the skill. you would sound me from my lowest note to the top of my compass: and there is much music. [Exit POLONIUS. I will come by and by. you would seem to know my stops.] HAMLET: Do you see yonder cloud that’s almost in shape of a camel? LORD POLONIUS: By the mass. scene ii GUILDENSTERN: I know no touch of it. yet you cannot play upon me. LORD POLONIUS: It is backed like a weasel. yet cannot you make it speak. indeed. the queen would speak with you. sir! Leave me.] . look you now. and presently. how unworthy a thing you make of me! You would play upon me. 62 [Exeunt all but HAMLET. HAMLET: Then I will come to my mother by and by. give it breath with your mouth. and it will discourse most eloquent music.Hamlet.
And do such bitter business as the day Would quake to look on. SCENE III: A room in the castle. but. scene iii Tis now the very witching time of night. Which now goes too free-footed. not unnatural: I will speak daggers to her. but with a general groan. when it falls. let not ever The soul of Nero enter this firm bosom: Let me be cruel. ROSENCRANTZ: The single and peculiar life is bound. To keep itself from noyance. O heart. to this speedy voyage. and GUILDENSTERN . doth draw What’s near it with it: it is a massy wheel. [ Enter KING CLAUDIUS. but much more That spirit upon whose weal depend and rest The lives of many. To give them seals never. which.Hamlet. Never alone Did the king sigh. To whose huge spokes ten thousand lesser things Are mortised and adjoin’d. I your commission will forthwith dispatch. consent! [Exit. Therefore prepare you. KING CLAUDIUS: Arm you. For we will fetters put upon this fear. With all the strength and armor of the mind. Act III. like a gulf. GUILDENSTERN: We will ourselves provide: Most holy and religious fear it is To keep those many many bodies safe That live and feed upon your majesty. My tongue and soul in this be hypocrites. I pray you. Attends the boisterous ruin. And he to England shall along with you: The terms of our estate may not endure Hazard so dangerous as doth hourly grow 63 . When churchyards yawn and hell itself breathes out Contagion to this world: now could I drink hot blood. ROSENCRANTZ. How in my words soever she be shent.] KING CLAUDIUS: I like him not. The cease of majesty Dies not alone. petty consequence. Each small annexment. Soft! now to my mother. but use none. lose not thy nature. nor stands it safe with us To let his madness range. my soul.] Out of his lunacies. Fix’d on the summit of the highest mount.
Though inclination be as sharp as will: My stronger guilt defeats my strong intent. I stand in pause where I shall first begin. dear my lord. since I am still possess’d Of those effects for which I did the murder. Even to the teeth and forehead of our faults.Hamlet. Act III. ’Tis meet that some more audience than a mother. my liege: I’ll call upon you ere you go to bed. Is there not rain enough in the sweet heavens To wash it white as snow? Whereto serves mercy But to confront the visage of offence? And what’s in prayer but this two-fold force. struggling to be free. and warrant she’ll tax him home: And. my offence is rank it smells to heaven. There is no shuffling. Pray can I not. there the action lies In his true nature. And oft ’tis seen the wicked prize itself Buys out the law: but ’tis not so above.] LORD POLONIUS: My lord. Fare you well. To hear the process. he’s going to his mother’s closet: Behind the arras I’ll convey myself. mine own ambition and my queen. . My fault is past. and wisely was it said. But. of vantage. and we ourselves compell’d. O. To give in evidence. [Exeunt ROSENCRANTZ and GUILDENSTERN. A brother’s murder. My crown. And both neglect. 64 Thanks. May one be pardon’d and retain the offence? In the corrupted currents of this world Offence’s gilded hand may shove by justice. Or pardon’d being down? Then I’ll look up. that. What if this cursed hand Were thicker than itself with brother’s blood. To be forestalled ere we come to fall. And. like a man to double business bound. Since nature makes them partial.] [Enter POLONIUS. what form of prayer Can serve my turn? ‘Forgive me my foul murder’? That cannot be. It hath the primal eldest curse upon’t. What then? what rests? Try what repentance can: what can it not? Yet what can it when one can not repent? O wretched state! O bosom black as death! O limed soul. KING CLAUDIUS: [Exit POLONIUS.] O. should o’erhear The speech. as you said. scene iii ROSENCRANTZ & GUILDENSTERN : We will haste us. And tell you what I know.
Then trip him. 65 At gaming. or about some act That has no relish of salvation in’t. Or in the incestuous pleasure of his bed. Look you lay home to him: Tell him his pranks have been too broad to bear with.Hamlet. I. My mother stays: This physic but prolongs thy sickly days. whereto it goes. When he is fit and season’d for his passage? No! Up. or in his rage. sword. this is hire and salary.] HAMLET: Now might I do it pat.] LORD POLONIUS: He will come straight. And now I’ll do’t. and for that. And how his audit stands who knows save heaven? But in our circumstance and course of thought. my thoughts remain below: Words without thoughts never to heaven go. his sole son. mother! . Pray you.] [Enter HAMLET. mother. That would be scann’d: A villain kills my father. as flush as May. With all his crimes broad blown. and. heart with strings of steel. [Exit. full of bread. scene iv Art more engaged! Help. not revenge. And so he goes to heaven.] SCENE IV: The Queen’s closet. [Enter QUEEN MARGARET and POLONIUS. And that your grace hath screen’d and stood between Much heat and him. swearing. and know thou a more horrid hent: When he is drunk asleep. that his heels may kick at heaven. do this same villain send To heaven. be round with him. [Exit. O. Be soft as sinews of the newborn babe! All may be well. [Retires and kneels. I’ll sconce me even here. And that his soul may be as damn’d and black As hell. To take him in the purging of his soul.] KING CLAUDIUS: [Rising] My words fly up. ’Tis heavy with him: and am I then revenged. stubborn knees. HAMLET: [Within] Mother. He took my father grossly. And so am I revenged. Act III. now he is praying. angels! Make assay! Bow.
help. I’ll set those to you that can speak. your husband’s brother’s wife.] LORD POLONIUS: [Behind] O. you shall not budge. you answer with an idle tongue. Hamlet! HAMLET: What’s the matter now? And—would it were not so!—you are my mother.] [Enter HAMLET. I hear him coming.] QUEEN GERTRUDE: O me. come. what hast thou done? 66 QUEEN GERTRUDE: Have you forgot me? HAMLET: No.Hamlet. QUEEN GERTRUDE: Nay. come. I am slain! [Falls and dies. HAMLET: Mother. and sit you down. . help. how now. QUEEN GERTRUDE: What wilt thou do? thou wilt not murder me? Help. HAMLET: Come. you have my father much offended. QUEEN GERTRUDE: Why. QUEEN GERTRUDE: Come. for a ducat. [POLONIUS hides behind the arras. dead! [Makes a pass through the arras. go. Fear me not: withdraw.] HAMLET: Now. Act III. you question with a wicked tongue. then. what’s the matter? QUEEN GERTRUDE: Hamlet. mother. scene iv QUEEN GERTRUDE: I’ll warrant you. HAMLET: Go. help! HAMLET: [Drawing] How now! a rat? Dead. not so: You are the queen. thou hast thy father much offended. ho! LORD POLONIUS: [Behind] What. ho! help. You go not till I set you up a glass Where you may see the inmost part of you. by the rood.
and thunders in the index? HAMLET: Look here. takes off the rose From the fair forehead of an innocent love And sets a blister there. Calls virtue hypocrite. If it be made of penetrable stuff. Is thought-sick at the act. Act III. such a deed As from the body of contraction plucks The very soul. good mother. upon this picture. QUEEN GERTRUDE: As kill a king! HAMLET: Ay. QUEEN GERTRUDE: What have I done. intruding fool. Look you now. and sweet religion makes A rhapsody of words: heaven’s face doth glow: Yea. as against the doom. And let me wring your heart. the front of Jove himself. this solidity and compound mass. See. With tristful visage. Leave wringing of your hands: peace! sit you down. what a rash and bloody deed is this! HAMLET: A bloody deed! almost as bad. Thou find’st to be too busy is some danger. Hyperion’s curls. what a grace was seated on this brow. As kill a king. to threaten and command.Hamlet. The counterfeit presentment of two brothers. A combination and a form indeed. Where every god did seem to set his seal. and on this. That roars so loud. QUEEN GERTRUDE: Ay me. scene iv HAMLET: Is it the king? Nay. that thou darest wag thy tongue In noise so rude against me? . I know not: QUEEN GERTRUDE: O. what follows: 67 [Lifts up the array and discovers POLONIUS. lady. makes marriage-vows As false as dicers’ oaths: O. An eye like Mars. A station like the herald Mercury New-lighted on a heaven-kissing hill. what act.] Thou wretched. rash. and marry with his brother. ’twas my word. If damned custom have not brass’d it so That it is proof and bulwark against sense. for so I shall. farewell! I took thee for thy better: take thy fortune. To give the world assurance of a man: This was your husband. HAMLET: Such an act That blurs the grace and blush of modesty.
but to live In the rank sweat of an enseamed bed. like daggers. Since frost itself as actively doth burn And reason panders will. scene iv Here is your husband. You heavenly guards! What would your gracious figure? .Hamlet. and hover o’er me with your wings. for at your age The hey-day in the blood is tame. feeling without sight. Have you eyes? Could you on this fair mountain leave to feed. No more. honeying and making love Over the nasty sty. And put it in his pocket! QUEEN GERTRUDE: No more! HAMLET: A king of shreds and patches. And batten on this moor? Ha! have you eyes? You cannot call it love. smelling sans all. sweet Hamlet! HAMLET: A murderer and a villain. that sense Is apoplex’d. a vice of kings. And waits upon the judgment: and what judgment Would step from this to this? Sense. To serve in such a difference. Nor sense to ecstasy was ne’er so thrall’d But it reserved some quantity of choice. To flaming youth let virtue be as wax. If thou canst mutine in a matron’s bones. Act III. you have. speak no more: 68 Thou turn’st mine eyes into my very soul. That from a shelf the precious diadem stole. Stew’d in corruption. O shame! where is thy blush? Rebellious hell. And melt in her own fire: proclaim no shame When the compulsive ardor gives the charge. QUEEN GERTRUDE: O Hamlet.— [Enter Ghost.— QUEEN GERTRUDE: O. HAMLET: Nay. A cutpurse of the empire and the rule. speak to me no more. A slave that is not twentieth part the tithe Of your precedent lord. like a mildew’d ear. Ears without hands or eyes. it’s humble. Blasting his wholesome brother. sure. enter in mine ears.] Save me. for madness would not err. And there I see such black and grained spots As will not leave their tinct. but sure. These words. Or but a sickly part of one true sense Could not so mope. What devil was’t That thus hath cozen’d you at hoodman-blind? Eyes without feeling. Else could you not have motion.
lapsed in time and passion.] QUEEN GERTRUDE: This the very coinage of your brain: This bodiless creation ecstasy Is very cunning in. as the sleeping soldiers in the alarm. HAMLET: Ecstasy! . lady? His form and cause conjoin’d. And. step between her and her fighting soul: Conceit in weakest bodies strongest works: Speak to her. Upon the heat and flame of thy distemper Sprinkle cool patience. how pale he glares! 69 HAMLET: Why. like life in excrements. where he goes. he’s mad! HAMLET: Do you not come your tardy son to chide. look you there! look. Lest with this piteous action you convert My stern effects: then what I have to do Will want true color. But. QUEEN GERTRUDE: To whom do you speak this? HAMLET: Do you see nothing there? QUEEN GERTRUDE: Nothing at all. amazement on thy mother sits: O. HAMLET: How is it with you. That. Act III. how is’t with you. Do not look upon me. Hamlet. HAMLET: Nor did you nothing hear? QUEEN GERTRUDE: No. how it steals away! My father. QUEEN GERTRUDE: Alas. O gentle son. nothing but ourselves. say! Ghost: Do not forget: this visitation Is but to whet thy almost blunted purpose. yet all that is I see. on him! Look you. in his habit as he lived! Look. preaching to stones. lets go by The important acting of your dread command? O. Would make them capable. out at the portal! [Exit Ghost. Whereon do you look? HAMLET: On him. and stands on end. look.Hamlet. tears perchance for blood. Starts up. even now. Your bedded hair. That you do bend your eye on vacancy And with the incorporal air do hold discourse? Forth at your eyes your spirits wildly peep. scene iv QUEEN GERTRUDE: Alas.
. mining all within. for a pair of reechy kisses. curb and woo for leave to do him good. by no means. . . good night. For in the fatness of these pursy times Virtue itself of vice must pardon beg. and will answer well The death I gave him. QUEEN GERTRUDE: O Hamlet. And let him. HAMLET: O. avoid what is to come. Pinch wanton on your cheek. again. For use almost can change the stamp of nature. for love of grace. To make them ranker. who all sense doth eat.] I do repent: but heaven hath pleased it so. only to be kind: Thus bad begins and worse remains behind. . good lady. I’ll blessing beg of you. or throw him out With wondrous potency. I will bestow him. Mother. Of habits devil. And makes as healthful music: it is not madness That I have utter’d: bring me to the test. throw away the worser part of it. thou hast cleft my heart in twain. that I bid you do: Let the bloat king tempt you again to bed. And that shall lend a kind of easiness To the next abstinence: the next more easy. as yours. Infects unseen. That to the use of actions fair and good 70 He likewise gives a frock or livery. [Pointing to POLONIUS. QUEEN GERTRUDE: What shall I do? HAMLET: Not this. And either . Act III. That not your trespass. which madness Would gambol from. And do not spread the compost on the weeds. Confess yourself to heaven. So.Hamlet. Whilst rank corruption. call you his mouse. That monster. And I the matter will re-word. good night: And when you are desirous to be bless’d. Lay not that mattering unction to your soul. I must be cruel. if you have it not. doth temperately keep time. Good night: but go not to mine uncle’s bed. Assume a virtue. Repent what’s past. but my madness speaks: It will but skin and film the ulcerous place. To punish me with this and this with me. And live the purer with the other half. Once more. Refrain to-night. Forgive me this my virtue. Yea. That aptly is put on. is angel yet in this. One word more. For this same lord. That I must be their scourge and minister. custom. scene iv My pulse. the devil.
That I essentially am not in madness. like the famous ape. that’s but a queen. For who. if words be made of breath. Let it work. HAMLET dragging in POLONIUS. But mad in craft. Mother. Unpeg the basket on the house’s top. a gib. 71 . Such dear concernings hide? who would do so? No. Indeed this counsellor Is now most still. Whom I will trust as I will adders fang’d. And marshal me to knavery. To try conclusions. ’tis most sweet. Good night. Make you to ravel all this matter out. And break your own neck down. most secret and most grave. to draw toward an end with you. ‘Twere good you let him know. Alack. fair. And breath of life. Let the birds fly. For ’tis the sport to have the engineer Hoist with his own petard: and ‘t shall go hard But I will delve one yard below their mines. They bear the mandate. Who was in life a foolish prating knave. they must sweep my way. I have no life to breathe What thou hast said to me. mother. in the basket creep. This man shall set me packing: I’ll lug the guts into the neighbor room. in despite of sense and secrecy. Come. sir. good night. sober.Hamlet. HAMLET: I must to England. scene iv Or paddling in your neck with his damn’d fingers. When in one line two crafts directly meet. wise. you know that? QUEEN GERTRUDE: I had forgot: ’tis so concluded on. Act III. QUEEN GERTRUDE: Be thou assured. from a bat.] HAMLET: There’s letters seal’d: and my two schoolfellows. [Exeunt severally. And blow them at the moon: O. and. Would from a paddock.
like some ore Among a mineral of metals base. KING CLAUDIUS: O Gertrude. Whips out his rapier.] .] Ah. how shall this bloody deed be answer’d? It will be laid to us. Guildenstern! [Re-enter ROSENCRANTZ and GUILDENSTERN. Shows itself pure. To you yourself. come away! The sun no sooner shall the mountains touch. like the owner of a foul disease. a rat!’ And. my good lord. QUEEN GERTRUDE. Both countenance and excuse. let it feed Even on the pith of Life. had we been there: His liberty is full of threats to all. Where is your son? QUEEN GERTRUDE: Bestow this place on us a little while. he weeps for what is done.Hamlet. kills 72 The unseen good old man. But we will ship him hence: and this vile deed We must. what have I seen to-night! KING CLAUDIUS: What. ROSENCRANTZ. Alas. and GUILDENSTERN . to every one. [ Enter KING CLAUDIUS. KING CLAUDIUS: O heavy deed! It had been so with us. whose providence Should have kept short. ‘A rat.] KING CLAUDIUS: There’s matter in these sighs. Gertrude? How does Hamlet? QUEEN GERTRUDE: Mad as the sea and wind. scene i ACT IV SCENE I: A room in the castle. in this brainish apprehension. Ho. [Exeunt ROSENCRANTZ and GUILDENSTERN. cries. restrain’d and out of haunt. This mad young man: but so much was our love. Where is he gone? QUEEN GERTRUDE: To draw apart the body he hath kill’d: O’er whom his very madness. to us. with all our majesty and skill. when both contend Which is the mightier: in his lawless fit. these profound heaves: You must translate: ’tis fit we understand them. Act IV. Behind the arras hearing something stir. We would not understand what was most fit. But. To keep it from divulging.
my lord? SCENE II: Another room in the castle. As level as the cannon to his blank. And let them know. haste in this. [Enter ROSENCRANTZ and GUILDENSTERN. and bring the body Into the chapel. that we may take it thence And bear it to the chapel. [Exeunt ROSENCRANTZ and GUILDENSTERN. ROSENCRANTZ & GUILDENSTERN: [Within] Hamlet! Lord Hamlet! 73 HAMLET: Ay. [Enter HAMLET. to be demanded of a sponge! what replication should be made by the son of a king? ROSENCRANTZ: Take you me for a sponge. his rewards. But such officers do the king best service in the end: he keeps them. like an ape. in the corner . with the dead body? HAMLET: Compounded it with dust. here they come. whereto ’tis kin. I pray you. HAMLET: Do not believe it. speak fair. ROSENCRANTZ: Tell us where ’tis. come away! My soul is full of discord and dismay. ROSENCRANTZ: Believe what? HAMLET: That I can keep your counsel and not mine own. And what’s untimely done… Whose whisper o’er the world’s diameter. O. [Exeunt. go join you with some further aid: Hamlet in madness hath Polonius slain.] ROSENCRANTZ: What have you done. may miss our name. both what we mean to do. we’ll call up our wisest friends.] HAMLET: What noise? who calls on Hamlet? O. Act IV. Besides. And from his mother’s closet hath he dragg’d him: Go seek him out. Gertrude. Transports his poison’d shot.] Come. And hit the woundless air. that soaks up the king’s countenance. sir. my lord. his authorities.Hamlet.] HAMLET: Safely stowed. scene ii Friends both.
To bear all smooth and even. my lord! HAMLET: Of nothing: bring me to him. HAMLET: I am glad of it: a knavish speech sleeps in a foolish ear. sponge. [Enter ROSENCRANTZ. the offender’s scourge is weigh’d. it is but squeezing you. We cannot get from him. and go with us to the king. How dangerous is it that this man goes loose! Yet must not we put the strong law on him: He’s loved of the distracted multitude. to be last swallowed: when he needs what you have gleaned. And where tis so. Who like not in their judgment. and all after. Act IV. [Exeunt. my lord. first mouthed. ROSENCRANTZ: My lord.] KING CLAUDIUS: I have sent to seek him. and to find the body. but the king is not with the body. you shall be dry again. you must tell us where the body is.] How now! what hath befall’n? ROSENCRANTZ: Where the dead body is bestow’d. attended. and.] SCENE III: Another room in the castle. KING CLAUDIUS: 74 But where is he? . This sudden sending him away must seem Deliberate pause: diseases desperate grown By desperate appliance are relieved. HAMLET: The body is with the king. my lord. scene iii of his jaw. But never the offence. ROSENCRANTZ: I understand you not. Hide fox. but their eyes. [Enter KING CLAUDIUS.Hamlet. The king is a thing— GUILDENSTERN: A thing. Or not at all.
for thine especial safety. Your worm is your only emperor for diet: we fat all creatures else to fat us. if you find him not within this month.— Which we do tender. [Enter HAMLET and GUILDENSTERN. to know your pleasure. where’s Polonius? HAMLET: At supper. and we fat ourselves for maggots: your fat king and your lean beggar is but variable service. and the wind at help.] HAMLET: Not where he eats.] KING CLAUDIUS: Hamlet.Hamlet. scene iii ROSENCRANTZ: Without. 75 HAMLET: He will stay till ye come. but where he is eaten: a certain convocation of politic worms are e’en at him. you shall nose him as you go up the stairs into the lobby. KING CLAUDIUS: Alas. ROSENCRANTZ: Ho. and cat of the fish that hath fed of that worm. KING CLAUDIUS: Go seek him there. this deed. KING CLAUDIUS: Bring him before us. guarded. but to one table: that’s the end. The associates tend. alas! HAMLET: A man may fish with the worm that hath eat of a king. Guildenstern! bring in my lord. KING CLAUDIUS: What dost you mean by this? HAMLET: Nothing but to show you how a king may go a progress through the guts of a beggar. send hither to see: if your messenger find him not there. seek him i’ the other place yourself. as we dearly grieve For that which thou hast done. and every thing is bent .] KING CLAUDIUS: Now.—must send thee hence With fiery quickness: therefore prepare thyself. Hamlet. But indeed. The bark is ready. [Exeunt Attendants. two dishes. my lord. KING CLAUDIUS: Where is Polonius? HAMLET: In heaven. Act IV. KING CLAUDIUS: At supper! where? [To some Attendants.
which imports at full. For like the hectic in my blood he rages. But. If that his majesty would aught with us. marching. Hamlet. England. [Exeunt ROSENCRANTZ and GUILDENSTERN. come. . scene iv For England. and so. my joys were ne’er begun. Come. Act IV. KING CLAUDIUS: Thy loving father. captain. from me greet the Danish king. You know the rendezvous.] KING CLAUDIUS: HAMLET: KING CLAUDIUS: So is it. a Captain. and Soldiers. Do it. Fortinbras Craves the conveyance of a promised march Over his kingdom. tempt him with speed aboard.] KING CLAUDIUS: Follow him at foot. HAMLET: My mother: father and mother is man and wife. if thou knew’st our purposes. The present death of Hamlet. Hamlet. HAMLET: I see a cherub that sees them. for England! [Exit. Delay it not. And thou must cure me: till I know ’tis done. Since yet thy cicatrice looks raw and red After the Danish sword.] PRINCE FORTINBRAS: Go. I’ll have him hence to-night: Away! for every thing is seal’d and done That else leans on the affair: pray you. By letters congruing to that effect. [Exit. England. dear mother. make haste.Hamlet. Howe’er my haps. 76 SCENE IV: A plain in Denmark. and thy free awe Pays homage to us—thou mayst not coldly set Our sovereign process. [Enter FORTINBRAS.] And. man and wife is one flesh. Good. HAMLET: For England! Ay. We shall express our duty in his eye. my mother. if my love thou hold’st at aught— As my great power thereof may give thee sense. by his license. Tell him that. for England! Farewell.
77 [Exeunt all except HAMLET. Captain: Yes. and others. [Exit. should it be sold in fee.] HAMLET: Good sir. my lord? . I humbly thank you. PRINCE FORTINBRAS: Go softly on. and shows no cause without Why the man dies. [Exeunt FORTINBRAS and Soldiers. sir. Fortinbras. Captain: God be wi’ you. my lord. HAMLET: Why.] HAMLET: Who commands them.] How all occasions do inform against me. I pray you? We go to gain a little patch of ground That hath in it no profit but the name. HAMLET: How purposed. To pay five ducats. That inward breaks. then the Polack never will defend it. sir? ROSENCRANTZ: Captain: The nephews to old Norway. ROSENCRANTZ. Wilt please you go. Captain: Against some part of Poland.] [Enter HAMLET. Act IV.Hamlet. Captain: I will do’t. sir. GUILDENSTERN. HAMLET: Two thousand souls and twenty thousand ducats Will not debate the question of this straw: This is the imposthume of much wealth and peace. sir. and with no addition. Nor will it yield to Norway or the Pole A ranker rate. HAMLET: Goes it against the main of Poland. I would not farm it. HAMLET: I’ll be with you straight go a little before. five. sir. Or for some frontier? Captain: Truly to speak. it is already garrison’d. whose powers are these? Captain: They are of Norway. sir. scene iv And let him know so.
for a fantasy and trick of fame. Even for an egg-shell. Go to their graves like beds. and hems. Yet the unshaped use of it doth move The hearers to collection. Which is not tomb enough and continent To hide the slain? O. But greatly to find quarrel in a straw When honor’s at the stake. Excitements of my reason and my blood. Looking before and after. And let all sleep? while. gave us not That capability and god-like reason To fust in us unused. death and danger dare. QUEEN GERTRUDE: What would she have? Gentleman: She speaks much of her father. and a Gentleman. Whose spirit with divine ambition puff ’d Makes mouths at the invisible event. Now. hath but one part wisdom And ever three parts coward. a mother stain’d. A thought which. Examples gross as earth exhort me: Witness this army of such mass and charge Led by a delicate and tender prince. they aim at it. Act IV. whether it be Bestial oblivion. Gentleman: She is importunate. That carry but half sense: her speech is nothing. [Enter QUEEN GERTRUDE. indeed distract: Her mood will needs be pitied. fight for a plot Whereon the numbers cannot try the cause.Hamlet. from this time forth. That. no more. to my shame.] QUEEN GERTRUDE: I will not speak with her.’ Sith I have cause and will and strength and means To do’t. Spurns enviously at straws. scene v And spur my dull revenge! What is a man. speaks things in doubt. My thoughts be bloody. . If his chief good and market of his time Be but to sleep and feed? a beast. he that made us with such large discourse. I see 78 The imminent death of twenty thousand men.] SCENE V: Elsinore. quarter’d. HORATIO. Rightly to be great Is not to stir without great argument. That have a father kill’d. and beats her heart. Sure. How stand I then. A room in the castle. I do not know Why yet I live to say ‘This thing’s to do. or some craven scruple Of thinking too precisely on the event. or be nothing worth! [Exit. Exposing what is mortal and unsure To all that fortune. says she hears There’s tricks i’ the world.
mark.Hamlet. with OPHELIA.] QUEEN GERTRUDE: Alas. Ophelia. as sin’s true nature is. look here. Each toy seems prologue to some great amiss: So full of artless jealousy is guilt. for she may strew Dangerous conjectures in ill-breeding minds. mark. as her winks. QUEEN GERTRUDE: Nay. and nods. lady. Act IV. [Sings. Indeed would make one think there might be thought. what imports this song? OPHELIA: Say you? nay. At his head a grass-green turf. Ophelia! OPHELIA: [Sings.] To my sick soul. QUEEN GERTRUDE: Alas. At his heels a stone. scene v And botch the words up fit to their own thoughts. And his sandal shoon. pray you.] OPHELIA: Where is the beauteous majesty of Denmark? QUEEN GERTRUDE: How now. QUEEN GERTRUDE: Let her come in.— OPHELIA: Pray you. Though nothing sure. sweet lady. my lord. and gestures yield them. [Re-enter HORATIO.] White his shroud as the mountain snow. It spills itself in fearing to be spilt. Which. . HORATIO: ‘Twere good she were spoken with.— [Enter KING CLAUDIUS.] How should I your true love know 79 From another one? By his cockle hat and staff. He is dead and gone.] He is dead and gone. yet much unhappily. [Exit HORATIO. but. [Sings.
Hamlet. good night. Come. And dupp’d the chamber-door.] By Gis and by Saint Charity. sweet ladies. they are to blame. and fie for shame! Young men will do’t. [Exit. let’s have no words of this. but know not what we may be. to think they should lay him i’ the cold ground. scene v OPHELIA: [Sings.] Larded with sweet flowers Which bewept to the grave did go With true-love showers. God ‘ild you! They say the owl was a baker’s daughter.] To-morrow is Saint Valentine’s day. Then up he rose. ladies. My brother shall know of it: and so I thank you for your good counsel. . if they come to’t. good night. by yonder sun. I’ll make an end on’t: [Sings. All in the morning betime. but when they ask you what it means. You promised me to wed. We must be patient: but I cannot choose but weep. To be your Valentine. give her good watch. So would I ha’ done. Quoth she. And I a maid at your window. OPHELIA: Pray you. and donn’d his clothes. 80 KING CLAUDIUS: Pretty Ophelia! OPHELIA: Indeed. An thou hadst not come to my bed. Act IV. Let in the maid. Alack. that out a maid Never departed more. By cock. la. pretty lady? OPHELIA: Well. we know what we are. without an oath.] KING CLAUDIUS: Follow her close. before you tumbled me. God be at your table! KING CLAUDIUS: Conceit upon her father. my coach! Good night. say you this: [Sings. KING CLAUDIUS: How do you. I pray you. KING CLAUDIUS: How long hath she been thus? OPHELIA: I hope all will be well. Lord. good night.
custom not known. Eats not the flats with more impetuous haste Than young Laertes. your son gone. O’erbears your officers. and tongues. it springs All from her father’s death. or mere beasts: Last. The ratifiers and props of every word. O Gertrude. Like to a murdering-piece. Wherein necessity. and as much containing as all these. Her brother is in secret come from France.] KING CLAUDIUS: Where are my Switzers? Let them guard the door. in many places Gives me superfluous death. and he most violent author Of his own just remove: the people muddied. applaud it to the clouds: ‘Laertes shall be king. you false Danish dogs! KING CLAUDIUS: The doors are broke. Without the which we are pictures. O my dear Gertrude. and we have done but greenly. her father slain: Next. my lord: The ocean. And wants not buzzers to infect his ear With pestilent speeches of his father’s death. They cry ‘Choose we: Laertes shall be king:’ Caps. keeps himself in clouds. When sorrows come. overpeering of his list. For good Polonius’ death. what noise is this? 81 . Will nothing stick our person to arraign In ear and ear. Gertrude.Hamlet. as the world were now but to begin.] QUEEN GERTRUDE: Alack. Laertes king!’ QUEEN GERTRUDE: How cheerfully on the false trail they cry! O. they come not single spies But in battalions. Feeds on his wonder. scene v [Exit HORATIO. First. Antiquity forgot. In hugger-mugger to inter him: poor Ophelia Divided from herself and her fair judgment.] What is the matter? Gentleman: Save yourself. this is counter. this. [Enter another Gentleman. [Noise within. in a riotous head. hands. And. of matter beggar’d. Thick and unwholesome in their thoughts and whispers. Act IV. this is the poison of deep grief. The rabble call him lord. [A noise within.] O.
Let him go. LAERTES: How came he dead? I’ll not be juggled with: To hell. That treason can but peep to what it would. let’s come in. Acts little of his will. brands the harlot Even here. scene v [Enter LAERTES. O thou vile king. QUEEN GERTRUDE: [They retire without the door. between the chaste unsmirched brow Of my true mother. Act IV. give me leave.] KING CLAUDIUS: Let him demand his fill. Speak. KING CLAUDIUS: Dead. Laertes. Danes: We will. . Danes following. do not fear our person: There’s such divinity doth hedge a king. Tell me.Hamlet. KING CLAUDIUS: Who shall stay you? LAERTES: That drop of blood that’s calm proclaims me bastard. to the profoundest pit! I dare damnation. To this point I stand. That both the worlds I give to negligence. 82 LAERTES: My will. That thy rebellion looks so giant-like? Let him go. only I’ll be revenged Most thoroughly for my father. Laertes. Cries cuckold to my father. KING CLAUDIUS: What is the cause. Let come what comes. LAERTES: Where is my father? LAERTES: I pray you. Gertrude. LAERTES: I thank you: keep the door. man. They shall go far with little. Gertrude. we will. not all the world: And for my means. But not by him. I’ll husband them so well. Danes: No. to the blackest devil! Conscience and grace.] LAERTES: Where is this king? Sirs. Why thou art thus incensed. good Laertes. allegiance! vows. Give me my father! QUEEN GERTRUDE: Calmly. stand you all without. armed.
KING CLAUDIUS: Why. kind sister. That. It sends some precious instance of itself After the thing it loves. Danes: [Within] Let her come in. sweet Ophelia! O heavens! is’t possible. And like the kind life-rendering pelican. Burn out the sense and virtue of mine eye! By heaven. and didst persuade revenge. you will draw both friend and foe. O rose of May! Dear maid. hey nonny. That I am guiltless of your father’s death. that stole his master’s daughter. how the wheel becomes it! It is the false steward. and where ’tis fine. now you speak Like a good child and a true gentleman. dry up my brains! tears seven times salt. 83 LAERTES: To his good friends thus wide I’ll ope my arms.] . nonny. Hey non nonny. a young maid’s wits Should be as moral as an old man’s life? Nature is fine in love. O. thy madness shall be paid by weight. scene v KING CLAUDIUS: Good Laertes. is’t writ in your revenge. KING CLAUDIUS: Will you know them then? O heat. swoopstake. If you desire to know the certainty Of your dear father’s death. And in his grave rain’d many a tear:— Fare you well. It shall as level to your judgment pierce As day does to your eye. It could not move thus.] You must sing a-down a-down. And am most sensible in grief for it. my dove! LAERTES: Hadst thou thy wits. OPHELIA: [Sings.] They bore him barefaced on the bier. An you call him a-down-a. Repast them with my blood. Act IV. Winner and loser? LAERTES: None but his enemies.Hamlet. OPHELIA: [Sings. LAERTES: How now! what noise is that? [Re-enter OPHELIA. Till our scale turn the beam.
that’s for thoughts. and here’s some for me: we may call it herbgrace o’ Sundays: O you must wear your rue with a difference. he is gone. . scene v LAERTES: This nothing’s more than matter. Go but apart. and all that we can ours. Be you content to lend your patience to us. His beard was as white as snow. And we cast away moan: God ha’ mercy on his soul! And of all Christian souls. LAERTES: Thought and affliction. God be wi’ ye. pray. OPHELIA: There’s rosemary. passion. we will our kingdom give. Our crown. All flaxen was his poll: He is gone. no. Or you deny me right. that’s for remembrance. And we shall jointly labor with your soul To give it due content. And they shall hear and judge ‘twixt you and me: If by direct or by collateral hand They find us touch’d. To you in satisfaction. There’s a daisy: I would give you some violets. [Exit. OPHELIA: [Sings.] And will he not come again? And will he not come again? No. our life. Make choice of whom your wisest friends you will.] For bonny sweet Robin is all my joy. OPHELIA: There’s fennel for you. but if not. thoughts and remembrance fitted.Hamlet. but they withered all when my father died: they say he made a good end. I pray God. love. She turns to favor and to prettiness. Act IV. remember: and there is pansies. O God? KING CLAUDIUS: Laertes.] LAERTES: Do you see this. he is dead: 84 Go to thy death-bed: He never will come again. I must commune with your grief. and columbines: there’s rue for you. LAERTES: A document in madness.— [Sings. hell itself.
we put on a compelled valor. Let the king have the letters I have sent. 85 SCENE VI: Another room in the castle. His means of death. sword.] HORATIO: What are they that would speak with me? Servant: Sailors. his obscure funeral— No trophy. HORATIO: Let them come in. . an’t please him. Farewell. These good fellows will bring thee where I am. And where the offence is let the great axe fall. scene vi LAERTES: Let this be so.] [Enter Sailors. [Exit Servant. sir. and in the grapple I boarded them: on the instant they got clear of our ship. ‘He that thou knowest thine. Ere we were two days old at sea. sir.] I do not know from what part of the world I should be greeted.Hamlet. a pirate of very warlike appointment gave us chase. KING CLAUDIUS: So you shall. if your name be Horatio. when thou shalt have overlooked this. it comes from the ambassador that was bound for England. HORATIO: [Reads] ‘Horatio. I will make you way for these your letters.] First Sailor: God bless you. First Sailor: He shall. Act IV. That I must call’t in question. HAMLET. sir. if not from Lord Hamlet. yet are they much too light for the bore of the matter. HORATIO: Let him bless thee too. give these fellows some means to the king: they have letters for him. as ‘twere from heaven to earth. [Exeunt. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern hold their course for England: of them I have much to tell thee. No noble rite nor formal ostentation— Cry to be heard. I pray you. Finding ourselves too slow of sail. nor hatchment o’er his bones. [Enter HORATIO and a Servant. and repair thou to me with as much speed as thou wouldst fly death. I am to do a good turn for them. There’s a letter for you. I have words to speak in thine ear will make thee dumb. sir: they say they have letters for you. go with me. as I am let to know it is.’ Come. so I alone became their prisoner. They have dealt with me like thieves of mercy: but they knew what they did.
wisdom. so that my arrows. [Exeunt. and with a knowing ear. And that. LAERTES: And so have I a noble father lost. dipping all his faults in their affection. and for myself— My virtue or my plague. Whose worth. Too slightly timber’d for so loud a wind. Why to a public count I might not go. Act IV. The other motive. KING CLAUDIUS: Break not your sleeps for that: you must not think That we are made of stuff so flat and dull That we can let our beard be shook with danger And think it pastime. all things else. A sister driven into desperate terms. Stood challenger on mount of all the age For her perfections: but my revenge will come. Sith you have heard. like the spring that turneth wood to stone. Is the great love the general gender bear him. Convert his gyves to graces. Would have reverted to my bow again. Would. So crimeful and so capital in nature. if praises may go back again. You shortly shall hear more: I loved your father. KING CLAUDIUS: O. perhaps. be it either which— 86 She’s so conjunctive to my life and soul. as the star moves not but in his sphere. Who. As by your safety. LAERTES: It well appears: but tell me Why you proceeded not against these feats. That.] SCENE VII: Another room in the castle. Which may to you. and we love ourself. That he which hath your noble father slain Pursued my life. The queen his mother Lives almost by his looks. You mainly were stirr’d up. And you must put me in your heart for friend. I hope. that you may direct me To him from whom you brought them.] KING CLAUDIUS: Now must your conscience my acquaintance seal.Hamlet. for two special reasons.] . But yet to me they are strong. scene vii And do’t the speedier. And not where I had aim’d them. will teach you to imagine— [Enter a Messenger. seem much unsinew’d. [Enter KING CLAUDIUS and LAERTES. I could not but by her.
It warms the very sickness in my heart.’ Can you advise me? LAERTES: I’m lost in it. To-morrow shall I beg leave to see your kingly eyes: when I shall. they say. . KING CLAUDIUS: Leave us. my lord. my lord. now ripe in my device. he says ‘alone. But let him come. KING CLAUDIUS: To thine own peace. I will be ruled.] ‘High and mighty. he received them Of him that brought them. Act IV. I saw them not: They were given me by Claudio. and that he means No more to undertake it. You shall know I am set naked on your kingdom. from Hamlet: This to your majesty.] [Reads. [Exit Messenger. I will work him To an exploit. Under the which he shall not choose but fall: And for his death no wind of blame shall breathe. But even his mother shall uncharge the practice And call it accident. So you will not o’errule me to a peace. and no such thing? LAERTES: Know you the hand? 87 Laertes. recount the occasion of my sudden and more strange return.Hamlet. ‘Thus didest thou. first asking your pardon thereunto. ‘Naked! And in a postscript here. Laertes— As how should it be so? how otherwise?— Will you be ruled by me? LAERTES: Ay. you shall hear them. scene vii How now! what news? Messenger: Letters. my lord. KING CLAUDIUS: From Hamlet! who brought them? Messenger: Sailors. LAERTES: My lord.’ KING CLAUDIUS: If it be so. If he be now return’d. KING CLAUDIUS: ’Tis Hamlets character. my lord. ‘HAMLET. That I shall live and tell him to his teeth. this to the queen.’ What should this mean? Are all the rest come back? Or is it some abuse. As checking at his voyage.
Hamlet, Act IV, scene vii
The rather, if you could devise it so That I might be the organ. KING CLAUDIUS: It falls right. You have been talk’d of since your travel much, And that in Hamlet’s hearing, for a quality Wherein, they say, you shine: your sum of parts Did not together pluck such envy from him As did that one, and that, in my regard, Of the unworthiest siege. LAERTES: What part is that, my lord?
A Norman was’t?
KING CLAUDIUS: A Norman. LAERTES: Upon my life, Lamond. KING CLAUDIUS: The very same.
LAERTES: I know him well: he is the brooch indeed And gem of all the nation. KING CLAUDIUS: He made confession of you, And gave you such a masterly report For art and exercise in your defence And for your rapier most especially, That he cried out, ’twould be a sight indeed, If one could match you: the scrimers of their nation, He swore, had had neither motion, guard, nor eye, If you opposed them. Sir, this report of his Did Hamlet so envenom with his envy That he could nothing do but wish and beg Your sudden coming o’er, to play with him. Now, out of this,— LAERTES: What out of this, my lord?
KING CLAUDIUS: A very riband in the cap of youth, Yet needful too; for youth no less becomes The light and careless livery that it wears Than settled age his sables and his weeds, Importing health and graveness. Two months since, Here was a gentleman of Normandy:— I’ve seen myself, and served against, the French, And they can well on horseback: but this gallant Had witchcraft in’t; he grew unto his seat; And to such wondrous doing brought his horse, As he had been incorpsed and demi-natured With the brave beast: so far he topp’d my thought, That I, in forgery of shapes and tricks, Come short of what he did. 88
KING CLAUDIUS: Laertes, was your father dear to you?
Hamlet, Act IV, scene vii
Or are you like the painting of a sorrow, A face without a heart? LAERTES: Why ask you this?
KING CLAUDIUS: Not that I think you did not love your father; But that I know love is begun by time; And that I see, in passages of proof, Time qualifies the spark and fire of it. There lives within the very flame of love A kind of wick or snuff that will abate it; And nothing is at a like goodness still; For goodness, growing to a plurisy, Dies in his own too much: that we would do We should do when we would; for this ‘would’ changes And hath abatements and delays as many As there are tongues, are hands, are accidents; And then this ‘should’ is like a spendthrift sigh, That hurts by easing. But, to the quick o’ the ulcer:— Hamlet comes back: what would you undertake, To show yourself your father’s son in deed More than in words? LAERTES: To cut his throat i’ the church.
sanctuarize; Revenge should have no bounds. But, good Laertes, Will you do this, keep close within your chamber. Hamlet return’d shall know you are come home: We’ll put on those shall praise your excellence And set a double varnish on the fame The Frenchman gave you, bring you in fine together And wager on your heads: he, being remiss, Most generous and free from all contriving, Will not peruse the foils; so that, with ease, Or with a little shuffling, you may choose A sword unbated, and in a pass of practice Requite him for your father. LAERTES: I will do’t: And, for that purpose, I’ll anoint my sword. I bought an unction of a mountebank, So mortal that, but dip a knife in it, Where it draws blood no cataplasm so rare, Collected from all simples that have virtue Under the moon, can save the thing from death That is but scratch’d withal: I’ll touch my point With this contagion, that, if I gall him slightly, It may be death. KING CLAUDIUS: Let’s further think of this; Weigh what convenience both of time and means 89
KING CLAUDIUS: No place, indeed, should murder
Hamlet, Act IV, scene vii
May fit us to our shape: if this should fail, And that our drift look through our bad performance, ‘Twere better not assay’d: therefore this project Should have a back or second, that might hold, If this should blast in proof. Soft! let me see: We’ll make a solemn wager on your cunnings: I ha’t. When in your motion you are hot and dry— As make your bouts more violent to that end— And that he calls for drink, I’ll have prepared him A chalice for the nonce, whereon but sipping, If he by chance escape your venom’d stuck, Our purpose may hold there. [Enter QUEEN GERTRUDE.] How now, sweet queen! QUEEN GERTRUDE: One woe doth tread upon another’s heel, So fast they follow; your sister’s drown’d, Laertes. LAERTES: Drown’d! O, where? QUEEN GERTRUDE: There is a willow grows aslant a brook, That shows his hoar leaves in the glassy stream; There with fantastic garlands did she come 90
Of crow-flowers, nettles, daisies, and long purples That liberal shepherds give a grosser name, But our cold maids do dead men’s fingers call them: There, on the pendent boughs her coronet weeds Clambering to hang, an envious sliver broke; When down her weedy trophies and herself Fell in the weeping brook. Her clothes spread wide; And, mermaid-like, awhile they bore her up: Which time she chanted snatches of old tunes; As one incapable of her own distress, Or like a creature native and indued Unto that element: but long it could not be Till that her garments, heavy with their drink, Pull’d the poor wretch from her melodious lay To muddy death. LAERTES: Alas, then, she is drown’d?
QUEEN GERTRUDE: Drown’d, drown’d. LAERTES: Too much of water hast thou, poor Ophelia, And therefore I forbid my tears: but yet It is our trick; nature her custom holds, Let shame say what it will: when these are gone, The woman will be out. Adieu, my lord: I have a speech of fire, that fain would blaze, But that this folly douts it.
it argues an act: and an act hath three branches: it is. unless she drowned herself in her own defence? Second Clown: Why. he that is not guilty of his own death shortens not his own life. Come.’ it cannot be else. good: here stands the man.— First Clown: Give me leave. scene i [Exit. crowner’s quest law. my spade.] First Clown: Is she to be buried in Christian burial that wilfully seeks her own salvation? Second Clown: I tell thee she is: and therefore make her grave straight: the crowner hath sat on her. to do. she should have been buried out o’ Christian burial. Second Clown: Nay. Second Clown: But is this law? First Clown: Ay. Act V. [Exeunt. [Enter two Clowns. Here lies the water. will he. is’t. nill he. with spades. he drowns not himself: argal.] First Clown: It must be ‘se offendendo. and drown himself. it is. . For here lies the point: if I drown myself wittingly. and finds it Christian burial. but if the water come to him and drown him. goodman delver. to act. she drowned herself wittingly. if the man go to this water. he goes. more than their even Christian.] KING CLAUDIUS: Let’s follow. First Clown: How can that be.—mark you that. 91 ACT V SCENE I: A churchyard. There is no ancient gentleman but gardeners. but hear you. Therefore let’s follow. and grave-makers: they hold up Adam’s profession. good. Gertrude: How much I had to do to calm his rage! Now fear I this will give it start again. marry. Second Clown: Will you ha’ the truth on’t? If this had not been a gentlewoman. there thou say’st: and the more pity that great folk should have countenance in this world to drown or hang themselves. to perform: argal. &c. ’tis found so. First Clown: Why. ditchers.Hamlet.
and. First Clown: To’t. O. when I did love. art a heathen? How dost thou understand the Scripture? The Scripture says ‘Adam digged:’ could he dig without arms? I’ll put another question to thee: if thou answerest me not to the purpose. that he sings at grave-making? . To contract. I cannot tell. say ‘a grave-maker: ‘the houses that he makes last till doomsday. or a carpenter?’ 92 First Clown: Ay.] [He digs and sings. Second Clown: Marry. for your dull ass will not mend his pace with beating. Second Clown: Mass.Hamlet. the gallows may do well to thee. HAMLET: Has this fellow no feeling of his business. there was nothing meet. the time. but how does it well? it does well to those that do in: now thou dost ill to say the gallows is built stronger than the church: argal. Second Clown: ‘Who builds stronger than a mason.] In youth. Second Clown: Why. confess thyself— Second Clown: Go to. at a distance. Go. the shipwright. First Clown: What is he that builds stronger than either the mason. methought. ah. get thee to Yaughan: fetch me a stoup of liquor. First Clown: I like thy wit well. he had none. now I can tell.] First Clown: Cudgel thy brains no more about it. in good faith: the gallows does well. [Enter HAMLET and HORATIO. tell me that. my behove. come. or the carpenter? Second Clown: The gallows-maker. O. for that frame outlives a thousand tenants. for. First Clown: What. Methought it was very sweet. Act V. scene i Second Clown: Was he a gentleman? First Clown: He was the first that ever bore arms. To’t again. when you are asked this question next. and unyoke. a shipwright. did love. [Exit Second Clown.
] HAMLET: That skull had a tongue in it. his quillets.] But age. which this ass now o’er-reaches. good lord?’ This might be my lord such-a-one.] HAMLET: There’s another: why may not that be the skull of a lawyer? Where be his quiddities now. First Clown: [Sings. which could say ‘Good morrow. [Throws up a skull. a spade. his double vouchers. and a spade. HAMLET: ’Tis e’en so: the hand of little employment hath the daintier sense. when he meant to beg it. an we had the trick to see’t. chapless. that did the first murder! It might be the pate of a politician. For and a shrouding sheet: O. and will not tell him of his action of battery? Hum! This fellow might be in’s time a great buyer of land. Act V. his cases. with his statutes.Hamlet. but to play at loggats with ‘em? mine ache to think on’t. As if I had never been such. HAMLET: Why. And hath shipped me intil the land. might it not? 93 HORATIO: Ay. his fines. a pit of clay for to be made For such a guest is meet. and could sing once: how the knave jowls it to the ground. HAMLET: Or of a courtier. and his tricks? why does he suffer this rude knave now to knock him about the sconce with a dirty shovel. e’en so: and now my Lady Worm’s. Hath claw’d me in his clutch. as if it were Cain’s jaw-bone. [Throws up another skull. my lord. scene i HORATIO: Custom hath made it in him a property of easiness. his recoveries: is this the fine of his fines. to have his fine pate full of fine dirt? will his vouchers vouch him no more of his purchases. might it not? HORATIO: It might. his tenures. my lord. with his stealing steps.] A pick-axe. and the recovery of his recoveries. that praised my lord such-a-one’s horse. First Clown: [Sings. and double . and knocked about the mazzard with a sexton’s spade: here’s fine revolution. one that would circumvent God. his recognizances. sweet lord! How dost thou. Did these bones cost no more the breeding.
to be in’t and say it is thine: ’tis for the dead. HAMLET: How long is that since? HAMLET: Who is to be buried in’t? First Clown: One that was a woman. neither. than the length and breadth of a pair of indentures? The very conveyances of his lands will hardly lie in this box. First Clown: You lie out on’t. sir. By the Lord. Act V. HAMLET: I think it be thine. therefore thou liest. or equivocation will undo us. First Clown: For none. from me to you. he gaffs his kibe. How long hast thou been a grave-maker? First Clown: Of all the days i’ the year. First Clown: ’Tis a quick lie. rest her soul. I came to’t that day that our last king Hamlet overcame Fortinbras. the age is grown so picked that the toe of the peasant comes so near the heel of the courtier. sir. HAMLET: What man dost thou dig it for? First Clown: For no man. HAMLET: They are sheep and calves which seek out assurance in that. sir. I do not lie in’t. then? HORATIO: Ay. [Sings. 94 HAMLET: How absolute the knave is! we must speak by the card. for thou liest in’t. scene i ones too. ‘twill away gain. Horatio. sirrah? First Clown: Mine. sir. Whose grave’s this. a pit of clay for to be made For such a guest is meet. these three years I have taken a note of it. .Hamlet. and must the inheritor himself have no more.] O. not for the quick. my lord. but. HAMLET: Is not parchment made of sheepskins? HAMLET: What woman. HAMLET: ‘Thou dost lie in’t. I will speak to this fellow. my lord. and therefore it is not yours: for my part. she’s dead. sir. ha? HORATIO: Not a jot more. and of calf-skins too. and yet it is mine. indeed.
HAMLET: How strangely? HAMLET: How long will a man lie i’ the earth ere he rot? First Clown: I’ faith. HAMLET: Why? First Clown: ‘Twill. e’en with losing his wits. HAMLET: Why he more than another? First Clown: Why. it’s no great matter there. HAMLET: How came he mad? First Clown: Very strangely. marry. there the men are as mad as he. HAMLET: Whose was it? First Clown: A whoreson mad fellow’s it was: whose do you think it was? HAMLET: Nay. that will scarce hold the laying in—he will last you some eight year or nine year: a tanner will last you nine year.Hamlet. if he do not. HAMLET: This? . sir. First Clown: Faith. and sent into England. Act V. HAMLET: Ay. HAMLET: Upon what ground? First Clown: Why. why was he sent into England? First Clown: Why. he that is mad. scene i First Clown: Cannot you tell that? every fool can tell that: it was the very day that young Hamlet was born. This same skull. his hide is so tanned with his trade.a-days. 95 First Clown: A pestilence on him for a mad rogue! a’ poured a flagon of Rhenish on my head once. I know not. was Yorick’s skull. the king’s jester. they say. thirty years. Here’s a skull now. because he was mad: he shall recover his wits there. if he be not rotten before he die—as we have many pocky corses now. a not be seen in him there. that he will keep out water a great while. sir. man and boy. this skull has lain in the earth three and twenty years. or. and your water is a sore decayer of your whoreson dead body. here in Denmark: I have been sexton here.
make her laugh at that. tell me one thing. let her paint an inch thick. of most excellent fancy: he hath borne me on his back a thousand times. Horatio: a fellow of infinite jest. not a jot. &c. of earth we make loam. till he find it stopping a bung-hole? HORATIO: ‘Twere to consider too curiously.Hamlet. that were wont to set the table on a roar? Not one now. the Corpse of OPHELIA. but to follow him thither with modesty enough. and tell her.] HORATIO: E’en so. their trains. Horatio! Why may not imagination trace the noble dust of Alexander. and now.] . dead and turn’d to clay. Horatio. QUEEN GERTRUDE. in procession. my lord? HAMLET: Dost thou think Alexander looked o’ this fashion i’ the earth? HORATIO: E’en so. Alexander returneth into dust. and likelihood to lead it: as thus: Alexander died. which kept the world in awe. &c. [Enter Priest. might they not stop a beer-barrel? Imperious Caesar. HORATIO: What’s that. faith. my lord. Act V. [Takes the skull. HAMLET: And smelt so? pah! 96 [Puts down the skull. KING CLAUDIUS. LAERTES and Mourners following. scene i First Clown: E’en that. to mock your own grinning? quite chap-fallen? Now get you to my lady’s chamber. poor Yorick! I knew him. Here hung those lips that I have kissed I know not how oft. Should patch a wall to expel the winter flaw! But soft! but soft! aside: here comes the king. Alexander was buried. Where be your gibes now? Your gambols? your songs? your flashes of merriment. HAMLET: No. HAMLET: Let me see. Prithee. that that earth.] Alas. Might stop a hole to keep the wind away: O. the dust is earth. to consider so. how abhorred in my imagination it is! my gorge rims at it. HAMLET: To what base uses we may return. and why of that loam. whereto he was converted. to this favor she must come.
] I hoped thou shouldst have been my Hamlet’s wife. Till I have caught her once more in mine arms: . but that great command o’ersways the order. Couch we awhile. LAERTES: O. And not have strew’d thy grave. scene i The queen.] LAERTES: What ceremony else? HAMLET: That is Laertes. the courtiers: who is this they follow? And with such maimed rites? This doth betoken The corse they follow did with desperate hand Fordo its own life: ’twas of some estate. HAMLET: What. And.Hamlet. LAERTES: Lay her i’ the earth: And from her fair and unpolluted flesh May violets spring! I tell thee. She should in ground unsanctified have lodged Till the last trumpet: for charitable prayers. A ministering angel shall my sister be. When thou liest howling. sweet maid. flints and pebbles should be thrown on her. the fair Ophelia! QUEEN GERTRUDE: Sweets to the sweet: farewell! [Scattering flowers. treble woe Fall ten times treble on that cursed head. LAERTES: Must there no more be done? 97 First Priest: No more be done: We should profane the service of the dead To sing a requiem and such rest to her As to peace-parted souls. [Retiring with HORATIO. and mark. Her maiden strewments and the bringing home Of bell and burial. LAERTES: What ceremony else? First Priest: Her obsequies have been as far enlarged As we have warrantise: her death was doubtful. Whose wicked deed thy most ingenious sense Deprived thee of! Hold off the earth awhile. A very noble youth: mark. Shards. Act V. Yet here she is allow’d her virgin crants. I thought thy bride-bed to have deck’d. churlish priest.
] HAMLET: Thou pray’st not well. he is mad.] LAERTES: [Grappling with him. or the skyish head Of blue Olympus.] HAMLET: Why I will fight with him upon this theme Until my eyelids will no longer wag. show me what thou’lt do: Woo’t weep? woo’t fight? woo’t fast? woo’t tear thyself? Woo’t drink up eisel? eat a crocodile? I’ll do’t. and makes them stand Like wonder-wounded hearers? This is I. Dost thou come here to whine? To outface me with leaping in her grave? Be buried quick with her. What wilt thou do for her? KING CLAUDIUS: O.Hamlet. Act V. Hamlet! Good my lord. scene i [Leaps into the grave. forbear him. with all their quantity of love. I prithee.] Now pile your dust upon the quick and dead. To o’ertop old Pelion. HAMLET: [Advancing] What is he whose grief Bears such an emphasis? whose phrase of sorrow Conjures the wandering stars. HAMLET: ‘Swounds. be quiet. Hamlet the Dane. Laertes. [Leaps into the grave. and they come out of the grave. Till of this flat a mountain you have made. 98 The devil take thy soul! QUEEN GERTRUDE: All: Gentlemen. what theme? HAMLET: I loved Ophelia: forty thousand brothers Could not. QUEEN GERTRUDE: For love of God. [The Attendants part them. Make up my sum.— HORATIO: Hamlet. KING CLAUDIUS: Pluck them asunder. For. though I am not splenitive and rash. Which let thy wiseness fear: hold off thy hand. Yet have I something in me dangerous. QUEEN GERTRUDE: O my son. and so will I: . take thy fingers from my throat.
till our ground. good Horatio. The cat will mew and dog will have his day. Singeing his pate against the burning zone.— . That would not let me sleep: methought I lay Worse than the mutines in the bilboes. Make Ossa like a wart! Nay. if thou prate of mountains. scene ii And. This grave shall have a living monument: An hour of quiet shortly shall we see. sir: now shall you see the other. in patience our proceeding be.] KING CLAUDIUS: I pray you. You do remember all the circumstance? HORATIO: Remember it. [Exit. in my heart there was a kind of fighting.] SCENE II: A hall in the castle. His silence will sit drooping. set some watch over your son.Hamlet. I’ll rant as well as thou. Good Gertrude. sir.] [To LAERTES.] 99 Strengthen your patience in our last night’s speech. And praised be rashness for it.] HAMLET: So much for this. Anon. wait upon him. as patient as the female dove. [Exeunt. Till then. Let Hercules himself do what he may. an thou’lt mouth. When our deep plots do pall: and that should teach us There’s a divinity that shapes our ends. let us know. HAMLET: Hear you. What is the reason that you use me thus? I loved you ever: but it is no matter. QUEEN GERTRUDE: This is mere madness: And thus awhile the fit will work on him. Rashly. [Exit HORATIO. let them throw Millions of acres on us. Rough-hew them how we will. Act V. my lord? HAMLET: Sir. When that her golden couplets are disclosed. [Enter HAMLET and HORATIO. We’ll put the matter to the present push. Our indiscretion sometimes serves us well.
. had my desire. As love between them like the palm might flourish. making so bold. My head should be struck off. to unseal Their grand commission. Without debatement further. and in fine withdrew To mine own room again. He should the bearers put to sudden death. not to stay the grinding of the axe. Folded the writ up in form of the other. HAMLET: Being thus be-netted round with villanies. even in that was heaven ordinant. wrote it fair: I once did hold it. on the supervise. good my lord. But wilt thou hear me how I did proceed? HORATIO: I beseech you. HAMLET: Up from my cabin. And many such-like ‘As’es of great charge. Subscribed it. With. but. sir. scene ii HORATIO: That is most certain. I had my father’s signet in my purse. That.— Ere I could make a prologue to my brains. HORATIO: Is’t possible? Devised a new commission. as our statists do. That. My sea-gown scarf ’d about me. No. Finger’d their packet. 100 HAMLET: Why. HAMLET: An earnest conjuration from the king. placed it safely. My fears forgetting manners. in the dark Groped I to find out them. gave’t the impression. Which was the model of that Danish seal. A baseness to write fair and labor’d much How to forget that learning. Not shriving-time allow’d. more or less. no leisure bated. Horatio. where I found. As peace should stiff her wheaten garland wear And stand a comma ‘tween their amities. As England was his faithful tributary.Hamlet. HORATIO: How was this seal’d? HAMLET: Here’s the commission: read it at more leisure. on the view and knowing of these contents. Larded with many several sorts of reasons Importing Denmark’s health and England’s too. Act V.— O royal knavery!—an exact command. now It did me yeoman’s service: wilt thou know The effect of what I wrote? HORATIO: Ay. They had begun the play—I sat me down. ho! such bugs and goblins in my life.
my good lord. if your lordship were at leisure. HORATIO: [Enter OSRIC. That to Laertes I forgot myself. by the image of my cause. Act V. they did make love to this employment. HAMLET: Why. spacious in the possession of dirt. I should impart a thing to you from his majesty. Now. and what to this was sequent Thou know’st already. To let this canker of our nature come In further evil? HORATIO: It must be shortly known to him from England What is the issue of the business there. They are not near my conscience. as I say. stand me now upon— He that hath kill’d my king and whored my mother. OSRIC: Sweet lord. Thrown out his angle for my proper life. what a king is this! HAMLET: It will be short: the interim is mine. And with such cozenage—is’t not perfect conscience. sir. for ’tis a vice to know him.Hamlet. And a man’s life’s no more than to say ‘One.’ But I am very sorry. scene ii The changeling never known. . and his crib shall stand at the king’s mess: ’tis a chough.] OSRIC: Your lordship is right welcome back to Denmark. HAMLET: I humbly thank you. He hath much land. But. their defeat Does by their own insinuation grow: ’Tis dangerous when the baser nature comes Between the pass and fell incensed points Of mighty opposites. To quit him with this arm? and is’t not to be damn’d. think’st thee. HORATIO: Why. good Horatio. HORATIO: So Guildenstern and Rosencrantz go to’t. I see The portraiture of his: I’ll court his favors. HAMLET: Thy state is the more gracious. and fertile: let a beast be lord of beasts. Dost know this water-fly? HORATIO: No. 101 Peace! who comes here? HAMLET: Does it not. sure. For. the bravery of his grief did put me Into a towering passion. but. man. the next day Was our sea-fight. Popp’d in between the election and my hopes.
HAMLET: No. But. his majesty bade me signify to you that he has laid a great wager on your head: sir. the wind is northerly. though. indeed. his semblable is his mirror. an absolute gentleman. But. to divide him inventorially would dizzy the arithmetic of memory. OSRIC: It is indifferent cold. in good faith. HAMLET: What imports the nomination of this gentleman? OSRIC: Nay. for mine ease. nothing more. . my lord. to speak feelingly of him. with all diligence of spirit. of very soft society and great showing: indeed. believe me. my lord. ’tis for the head. Act V. for you shall find in him the continent of what part a gentleman would see. remember— [HAMLET moves him to put on his hat. I take him to be a soul of great article.—as ‘twere. OSRIC: Exceedingly. 102 OSRIC: Of Laertes? HORATIO: His purse is empty already. this is the matter. he is the card or calendar of gentry. as. in respect of his quick sail. and who else would trace him. HAMLET: The concernancy. OSRIC: I thank your lordship. his definement suffers no perdition in you.— I cannot tell how. Put your bonnet to his right use.— HAMLET: I beseech you. sir? why do we wrap the gentleman in our more rawer breath? OSRIC: Sir? HORATIO: Is’t not possible to understand in another tongue? You will do’t. my lord. scene ii HAMLET: I will receive it. HAMLET: But yet methinks it is very sultry and hot for my complexion. full of most excellent differences. good my lord. in the verity of extolment. his umbrage. it is very sultry. to make true diction of him. it is very hot. and yet but yaw neither. sir. here is newly come to court Laertes. and his infusion of such dearth and rareness. sir.] HAMLET: Sir. Sir. ’tis very cold. I know. believe me. all’s golden words are spent.Hamlet. really. OSRIC: Your lordship speaks most infallibly of him.
’tis the breathing time of day with me. if your lordship would vouchsafe the answer. hath wagered with him six Barbary horses: against the which he has imponed. in faith. sir. Act V.’ as you call it? OSRIC: The king. sir? OSRIC: You are not ignorant of what excellence Laertes is— HAMLET: I dare not confess that. that in a dozen passes between yourself and him. but. he shall not exceed you three hits: he hath laid on twelve for nine. it would not much approve me. hath laid. my lord. six French rapiers and poniards. OSRIC: The carriages. with their assigns. But. let the foils . sir. Well. the opposition of your person in trial. sir. OSRIC: I know you are not ignorant— HAMLET: I would you did. if we could carry cannon by our sides: I would it might be hangers till then. 103 and of very liberal conceit. in his meed he’s unfellowed. are the hangers. well. sir.Hamlet. that’s the French bet against the Danish. HAMLET: The phrase would be more german to the matter. and three liberal-conceited carriages. if you did. as girdle. Why is this ‘imponed. HAMLET: Sir. HAMLET: How if I answer ‘no’? OSRIC: I mean. as I take it. I will walk here in the hall: if it please his majesty. HAMLET: What’s his weapon? OSRIC: Rapier and dagger. yet. for his weapon. were to know himself. very responsive to the hilts. are very dear to fancy. sir. but in the imputation laid on him by them. lest I should compare with him in excellence. OSRIC: I mean. OSRIC: The king. to know a man well. in faith. their assigns. hangers. and so: three of the carriages. on: six Barbary horses against six French swords. most delicate carriages. and it would come to immediate trial. HAMLET: What call you the carriages? HORATIO: I knew you must be edified by the margent ere you had done. scene ii HAMLET: Of him. HAMLET: That’s two of his weapons: but. sir.
Lord: The queen desires you to use some gentle entertainment to Laertes before you fall to play. 104 the bubbles are out. now or whensoever. Thus has he—and many more of the same bevy that I know the dressy age dotes on—only got the tune of the time and outward habit of encounter.Hamlet. OSRIC: I commend my duty to your lordship. HORATIO: This lapwing runs away with the shell on his head. [Exit OSRIC. a kind of yesty collection. the gentleman willing. which carries them through and through the most fond and winnowed opinions. they follow the king’s pleasure: if his fitness speaks. sir. HAMLET: She well instructs me. [Enter a Lord. I will win for him an I can. scene ii be brought. Lord: The king and queen and all are coming down. my lord. OSRIC: Shall I re-deliver you e’en so? HAMLET: To this effect. yours. [Exit Lord. provided I be so able as now. HAMLET: I do not think so: since he went into France. and do but blow them to their trial. and the king hold his purpose. Act V. mine is ready. HAMLET: I am constant to my purpose. HAMLET: He did comply with his dug. before he sucked it. I will gain nothing but my shame and the odd hits.] HORATIO: You will lose this wager. there are no tongues else for’s turn. his majesty commended him to you by young Osric.] He does well to commend it himself.] Lord: My lord. I . if not. HAMLET: Yours. or that you will take longer time. who brings back to him that you attend him in the hall: he sends to know if your pleasure hold to play with Laertes. HAMLET: In happy time. after what flourish your nature will.
Hamlet. what is’t to leave betimes? [ Enter KING CLAUDIUS. LAERTES. scene ii have been in continual practice: I shall win at the odds. And hurt my brother. yet it will come: the readiness is all: since no man has aught of what he leaves. I have a voice and precedent of peace. obey it: I will forestall their repair hither. of known honor. That I have shot mine arrow o’er the house.] 105 HAMLET: Give me your pardon. What I have done. This presence knows. should stir me most To my revenge: but in my terms of honor I stand aloof. But till that time. Hamlet is of the faction that is wrong’d. and will no reconcilement. if it be not now. Who does it. but it is such a kind of gaingiving. Was’t Hamlet wrong’d Laertes? Never Hamlet: If Hamlet from himself be ta’en away. Whose motive. ’tis not to come. and take this hand from me.] KING CLAUDIUS: Come. Sir. good my lord. then? His madness: if’t be so. OSRIC. That might your nature. I here proclaim was madness. HAMLET: Not a whit. come. sir: I’ve done you wrong. Act V. QUEEN GERTRUDE. and say you are not fit. To keep my name ungored. how I am punish’d With sore distraction. &c . honor and exception Roughly awake. HORATIO: Nay. if it be not to come. HORATIO: If your mind dislike any thing.— HAMLET: It is but foolery. we defy augury: there’s a special providence in the fall of a sparrow. . Till by some elder masters. If it be now. And when he’s not himself does wrong Laertes. as you are a gentleman. Let my disclaiming from a purposed evil Free me so far in your most generous thoughts. Hamlet denies it. But thou wouldst not think how ill all’s here about my heart: but it is no matter. [KING CLAUDIUS puts LAERTES’ hand into HAMLET’s. in this audience. Hamlet. and Attendants with foils. But pardon’t. it will be now. in this case. His madness is poor Hamlet’s enemy. as would perhaps trouble a woman. Lords. Then Hamlet does it not. LAERTES: I am satisfied in nature. And you must needs have heard.
sir. Laertes: in mine ignorance Your skill shall. KING CLAUDIUS: I do not fear it. ‘Now the king dunks to Hamlet. KING CLAUDIUS: Set me the stoops of wine upon that table. scene ii I do receive your offer’d love like love. HAMLET: This likes me well.Hamlet. let me see another. 106 LAERTES: Come. the heavens to earth. Richer than that which four successive kings In Denmark’s crown have worn. And will this brother’s wager frankly play. like a star i’ the darkest night. sir. The trumpet to the cannoneer without. The cannons to the heavens. my lord Your grace hath laid the odds o’ the weaker side. LAERTES: Come. LAERTES: You mock me. we have therefore odds.] OSRIC: Ay. Act V.’ Come. These foils have all a length? [They prepare to play. Cousin Hamlet. HAMLET: I embrace it freely. If Hamlet give the first or second hit. Stick fiery off indeed. . I have seen you both: But since he is better’d. Give us the foils. begin: And you. by this hand. HAMLET: Come on. the judges. Come on. And in the cup an union shall he throw. HAMLET: I’ll be your foil. bear a wary eye. And let the kettle to the trumpet speak. And will not wrong it. Give me the cups. one for me. young Osric. Or quit in answer of the third exchange. HAMLET: No. Let all the battlements their ordnance fire: The king shall drink to Hamlet’s better breath. LAERTES: This is too heavy. KING CLAUDIUS: Give them the foils. my lord. You know the wager? HAMLET: Very well. my good lord.
. I do confess. this pearl is thine.] QUEEN GERTRUDE: I will. [Trumpets sound. madam. HAMLET: I dare not drink yet. I pray you. No. KING CLAUDIUS: [Aside] It is the poison’d cup: it is too late.] Another hit. let me wipe thy face. The queen carouses to thy fortune. a very palpable hit. [They play. Act V. take my napkin. I’ll hit him now. give me drink. LAERTES: [Aside] And yet ’tis almost ‘gainst my conscience. HAMLET: I’ll play this bout first.] HAMLET: LAERTES: HAMLET: One. KING CLAUDIUS: Our son shall win. set it by awhile. Hamlet. what say you? 107 LAERTES: My lord. QUEEN GERTRUDE: He’s fat. Hamlet. Here’s to thy health. OSRIC: A hit. Hamlet. and cannon shot off within. by and by. pardon me. Here. QUEEN GERTRUDE: Come. rub thy brows. Judgment. scene ii [They play. KING CLAUDIUS: I do not think’t. and scant of breath. LAERTES: A touch. LAERTES: Well. again. do not drink. HAMLET: Good madam! KING CLAUDIUS: Gertrude. Give him the cup. Come.Hamlet. my lord. a touch. KING CLAUDIUS: Stay.
they are incensed. HAMLET: How does the queen? KING CLAUDIUS: She swounds to see them bleed. my lord? OSRIC: How is’t. [QUEEN GERTRUDE falls. to thy work. then in scuffling. In thee there is not half an hour of life. come.] KING CLAUDIUS: Part them. Osric. again. Never to rise again: thy mother’s poison’d: I can no more: the king. LAERTES: It is here.— The drink. neither way. Act V.] OSRIC: Nothing. ho! HORATIO: They bleed on both sides. no.— O my dear Hamlet. No medicine in the world can do thee good. thou art slain. the drink! I am poison’d. here I lie.] HAMLET: O villany! Ho! let the door be lock’d: Treachery! Seek it out. they change rapiers. for the third. QUEEN GERTRUDE: No. The treacherous instrument is in thy hand.Hamlet. Hamlet: Hamlet. Laertes: you but dally. [Dies. LAERTES: Say you so? come on. LAERTES: Have at you now! [LAERTES wounds HAMLET. Unbated and envenom’d: the foul practice Hath turn’d itself on me lo. [They play. Laertes? LAERTES: Why.] OSRIC: Look to the queen there. the king’s to blame. How is it. venom. 108 I am justly kill’d with mine own treachery. scene ii HAMLET: Come. . I pray you. HAMLET: The point!—envenom’d too! Then. HAMLET: Nay. I am afeard you make a wanton of me. the drink. the drink. pass with your best violence. as a woodcock to mine own springe. and HAMLET wounds LAERTES.
noble Hamlet: Mine and my father’s death come not upon thee. I am but hurt. report me and my cause aright To the unsatisfied. Thou livest. HAMLET: As thou’rt a man. with conquest come from Poland. shall live behind me! If thou didst ever hold me in thy heart Absent thee from felicity awhile. And in this harsh world draw thy breath in pain. Nor thine on me. scene ii [Stabs KING CLAUDIUS.] HAMLET: Heaven make thee free of it! I follow thee. what a wounded name. Act V. Is thy union here? Follow my mother. friends. Horatio. [Dies. HAMLET: O. and shot within. That are but mutes or audience to this act. adieu! You that look pale and tremble at this chance.Hamlet. I’ll have’t.] All: Treason! treason! KING CLAUDIUS: O. thou incestuous. Wretched queen. Had I but time—as this fell sergeant. I die. yet defend me. murderous. Drink off this potion. death.] LAERTES: He is justly served. by heaven. I could tell you— But let it be. Exchange forgiveness with me. I am dead. [KING CLAUDIUS dies. HAMLET: Here. It is a poison temper’d by himself. damned Dane. To tell my story. Things standing thus unknown. [March afar off. I am dead. 109 Is strict in his arrest—O. Horatio. . O good Horatio. To the ambassadors of England gives This warlike volley.] What warlike noise is this? OSRIC: Young Fortinbras. Give me the cup: let go. HORATIO: Never believe it: I am more an antique Roman than a Dane: Here’s yet some liquor left. Horatio.
Act V. casual slaughters. So tell him. To tell him his commandment is fulfill’d. Are here arrived give order that these bodies High on a stage be placed to the view. and others. . PRINCE FORTINBRAS: This quarry cries on havoc. scene ii The potent poison quite o’er-crows my spirit: I cannot live to hear the news from England.Hamlet. Good night sweet prince: And flights of angels sing thee to thy rest! Why does the drum come hither? [March within.] [Enter FORTINBRAS. The rest is silence. more and less.] PRINCE FORTINBRAS: Where is this sight? HORATIO: What is it ye would see? If aught of woe or wonder. bloody. so jump upon this bloody question. with the occurrents. But I do prophesy the election lights On Fortinbras: he has my dying voice. in this upshot. That thou so many princes at a shot 110 So bloodily hast struck? First Ambassador: The sight is dismal. PRINCE FORTINBRAS: Let us haste to hear it. And our affairs from England come too late: The ears are senseless that should give us hearing.] HORATIO: Now cracks a noble heart. and you from England. But since. cease your search. [Dies. And call the noblest to the audience. What feast is toward in thine eternal cell. And. purposes mistook Fall’n on the inventors’ reads: all this can I Truly deliver. You from the Polack wars. Which have solicited. And let me speak to the yet unknowing world How these things came about: so shall you hear Of carnal. That Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are dead: Where should we have our thanks? HORATIO: Not from his mouth. Of deaths put on by cunning and forced cause. and unnatural acts. O proud death. Had it the ability of life to thank you: He never gave commandment for their death. Of accidental judgments. the English Ambassadors.
Which now to claim my vantage doth invite me. And from his mouth whose voice will draw on more. to the stage. with sorrow I embrace my fortune: I have some rights of memory in this kingdom. Act V. lest more mischance On plots and errors. Take up the bodies: such a sight as this Becomes the field. like a soldier. scene ii For me. PRINCE FORTINBRAS: Let four captains Bear Hamlet. bid the soldiers shoot. after which a peal of ordnance is shot off. HORATIO: Of that I shall have also cause to speak. for his passage. but here shows much amiss. For he was likely.] 111 . Go. happen. had he been put on. But let this same be presently perform’d. To have proved most royally: and. The soldiers’ music and the rites of war Speak loudly for him. Even while men’s minds are wild. Exeunt.Hamlet. [A dead march. bearing off the dead bodies.