Philippine Normal University College of Education Department of Early Childhood Education ECEd 6: Science, Health and Nature Experiences

Lesson Plan in Science

Demonstration Method

“Reflections: How to Make a Kaleidoscope”

Grade 1

Presented by: Emnace, Rubelyn P. Malana, Davie Luh Marie M. Sison, Amapola T. Viado, Danesa C.

Presented to: Prof. Joyce Leviste October 16, 2008

I. Objectives After 40 minutes, the students should be able to:

• • • •

identify a kaleidoscope; state how the kaleidoscope works; follow instructions given by the teacher and; tell the importance of the sense of sight.

II. Subject Matter TOPIC: Reflection made by kaleidoscope CONCEPT: • Light that comes from colors and images reflected on mirror can create multiple images and patterns. • The steps in making a kaleidoscope are: 1. Prepare the materials needed in making the kaleidoscope. 2. Get the three (3) mirrors and arrange them in triangular form. Tape them in place. 3. Now, get the transparency sheet. Trace the tube on the transparency. There should be two circles on the transparency. Cut the two (2) circles. Have an adult to assist you. Set this aside. 4. Get the tube. From one edge of the tube, cut at least 1 ½ inch using the cutter. Have an adult to assist you. 5. Get the cut-out transparencies. Put the other transparency on the “ring” we have just made using hot glue. Have an adult to assist you. 6. Put the beads in the “dish”. 7. Seal the “dish” with another transparency. 8. Prepare the tube. Place the mirrors inside the tube. Put crumpled newspaper beside the mirror so it will stay in place. 9. Place the finished “dish” on the tube using hot glue. Have an adult to assist you. 10. Now, let’s make a viewing hole of the kaleidoscope. Trace the tube on another cardboard. Cut it out. On the center of cutout, cut a small hole. Place the viewing hole on the other side of the tube. 11. You can decorate the kaleidoscope by wrapping it up with colorful papers or putting stickers on it.

SKILLS:

Observing, Predicting, Measuring ATTITUDE: Open-mindedness, Curiosity, Critical Thinking INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS: cartolina pentel pen mirror For the Kaleidoscope: Tube, mirror, scratch paper/newspaper, sticky tape, hot glue, transparency, beads, colored papers, wrapper, cutter, scissors, and sandpaper, ruler REFERENCES: • www.hpedsb.on.ca/tyend/wow/4EC_Seeing_things_again_agai n.PDF • www.expertvillage.com/video/78333_make-kaleidoscopeglass.htm • http://time4learning.com/science.shtml

III. Procedure: Teacher’s Activity A. Preparation 1. Prayer “Good morning children!”

Student’s Activity “Good morning teacher!”

(Students will stand, bow their “To start our new day, let us heads and pray.) first talk to Jesus and thank him for all his blessings. Let us all stand up, bow our heads and pray.” Dear God, thank you for this Dear God, thank you for this wonderful day that we have, that wonderful day that we have, we are a part of your creation. that we are a part of your Thank you for my family, creation. Thank you for my classmates and teachers, for family, classmates and keeping us in your loving and teachers, for keeping us in your caring heart. In Jesus’ name, we loving and caring heart. In pray. Amen. Jesus’ name, we pray. Amen. 2. Motivation “Now class, to waken up our day I will teach you a new song called The Color Song! Teacher will sing first then you will follow afterwards. Red is for apple Yellow for bananas Violet is for the grapes Orange is for carrots Green for the leaves And Blue for the sky Black is for my shoe White is for my teeth “Okay, I think you’re ready to sing with me!” Red is for apple Yellow for bananas Violet is for the grapes Orange is for carrots. Red is for apple Yellow for bananas Violet is for the grapes Orange is for carrots.

Green for the leaves And Blue for the sky Black is for my shoes White is for my teeth. “Let’s sing it faster!” “What are the colors mentioned in the song?” “What is the color of apple?” “What is the color of the sky?” “What is the color of your teeth?” “Very good.” 3. Statement of the Aim “What sense do you use to see different things?” “Correct.” “Today, you will see things in a completely different way! B. Explanation of Concept, Theory or Process “I have here a mirror with me. This also helps us see things around us. Do you know that it makes patterns out of images and colors? There is a thing that we call kaleidoscope. A kaleidoscope helps us see colors and image patterns differently. So, what is a kaleidoscope anyway? A kaleidoscope is composed of mirrors that reflect the real

Green for the leaves And Blue for the sky Black is for my shoes White is for my teeth. (Students will sing it faster.) “Red, yellow, violet, orange, green, blue, black, white” “Red!” “Blue!” “White!”

“We use our sense of sight to see the different things around us.”

images, creating beautiful and colorful patterns. The real secret of the kaleidoscope is the use of mirrors. Mirrors reflect or imitate the images, how they look like exactly. Today, to understand kaleidoscope on how they work, you will see how to make one!” C. Demonstration of the Correct Process, Concept or Theory 1. Objective “Today, you will learn how to make a kaleidoscope and see how it works.” 2. Title of the Activity “The title of our activity is “Making a Kaleidoscope”. I will show you how to make one.” 3. Identification of Materials “Now, the materials that I will use are on the table. What are the things that you can see on the table?" “Very good students!” 4. Giving of Standards “Now, what should you when the teacher demonstrating in front?” do is “We should listen attentively.” “We should sit properly.” “Don’t do unnecessary movements.” “Tube, mirror, scratch paper/newspaper, sticky tape, hot glue, transparency, beads, colored papers, wrapper, cutter, scissors, and sandpaper, ruler.”

5. Demonstration Proper “Okay, I think you’re ready to listen and watch how to make a kaleidoscope. Now, here’s how:

1. Prepare needed in kaleidoscope.

the materials making the

2. Get the three (3) mirrors and arrange them in triangular form. Tape them in place. 3. Now, get the transparency sheet. Trace the tube on the transparency. There should be two circles on the transparency. Cut the two (2) circles. Have an adult to assist you. Set this aside. 4. Get the tube. From one edge of the tube, cut at least 1 ½ inch using the cutter. Have an adult to assist you. 5. Get the cut-out transparencies. Put the other transparency on the “ring” we have just made using hot glue. Have an adult to assist you. 6. Put the beads in the “dish”. 7. Seal the “dish” with another transparency. 8. Prepare the tube. Place the mirrors inside the tube. Put crumpled newspaper beside the mirror so it will stay in place. 9. Place the finished “dish” on the tube using hot glue. Have an adult to assist you. 10. Now, let’s make a viewing hole of the kaleidoscope. Trace the tube on another cardboard. Cut it out. On the center of

cut-out, cut a small hole. Place the viewing hole on the other side of the tube. 11. You can decorate the kaleidoscope by wrapping it up with colorful papers or putting stickers on it. “Now, we have our very own kaleidoscope!” I will pass this around so you can see what’s inside.” D. Discussion of the Observation “Now that you have seen the kaleidoscope, tell me what are the things that you saw inside? “What colors did you see?” “What do you think is happening to the light inside the kaleidoscope?” “Very good. You saw different colors because the light reflected on the mirror. You saw different patterns inside because we had placed the mirrors inside in a triangular form.” E. Proving the Concept, Theory or Process “Now that you have learned about reflections, we are going to have a game. The title of our game is “Mirror, Mirror, Who’s the Fairest of Them All?” “Our game goes like this. There will be a “Doer” and a “Mirror”.

(Students will have the chance to hold and see the kaleidoscope and return it to teacher.) “I see different patterns, images and colors.” “We saw red, blue, yellow, black, green, orange and violet“ “It is reflecting to the mirrors inside the kaleidoscope.”

“Yes, teacher!” (Students will find a partner and

Those who will act as a “Doer” will have to follow my instructions. The “Mirror” will have to quickly follow what the “Doer” is doing. Do you understand?” “Now you need to find a partner and decide who will need to be the “Doer” and who will be the “Mirror”.” “Are you ready?” • Jump up and down. • Sit down. • Make a happy face. • Make a sad face. • Stand up and shake you body. • Face to the right and walk in place. • Raise your right hand and laugh. • Face to the left and do the otso-otso dance. • Do the Spaghetti Dance slowly. • Do the Papaya Dance.

decide who will be the “Doer” and the “Mirror”.) “Yes, teacher!” (Students will do the actions instructed by the teacher.)

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