Capitolul 5

$

(),&,(1

&8/7,9

5,, &(5($/(/25 Ì1 (;3/2$7$

,,

,1',9,'8$/( ù, $62&,$7,9( 

(ILFLHQ D FXOWLY

ULL JUkXOXL vQ H[SORDWD LL

LQGLYLGXDOH úL DVRFLDWLYH

5H]XOWDWHOH GLQ SURGXF LH DWkW GLQ H[SORDWD LLOH LQGLYLGXDOH FX VXSUDIH H PLFL FkW úL G
H[SORDWD LLOH DVRFLDWLYH FX VXSUDIH H PDUL HYLGHQ LD]

din punct de vedere economic-SHQWUX

in

VLWXD LL GHRVHELW GH LPSRUWDQWH FDUH SOHGHD]

FXOWLYDUHD JUkXOXL úL SRUXPEXOXL SH VXSUDIH H PDUL ÌQ DFHVWH

FRQGL LL VH SRW DVLJXUD WHKQRORJLL FRPSOHWH VH SRW RE LQH SURGXF LL PDUL FX FRVWXUL UHGXVH úL GHFL FX
HILFLHQ

HFRQRPLF

FRUHVSXQ] WRDUH

6WXGLXO HILFLHQ HL FHORU GRX

FXOWXUL HVWH HIHFWXDW vQ -XG*DOD L &RPXQD &RVPHúWL $FHDVW

ORFDOLWDWH GLVSXQH GH FRQGL LL IRDUWH EXQH SHQWUX DJULFXOWXU
SHQWUX DSURDSH WRDWH ]RQHOH GH úHV XQGH VH FXOWLY

úL SRDWH IL FRQVLGHUDW

UHSUH]HQWDWLY

JUkX úL SRUXPE úL PDL DOHV XQGH VXQW VXSUDIH H

DPHQDMDWH SHQWUX LULJD LH
3UHGRPLQ

VROXULOH GLQ JUXSD FHUQR]LRPXULORU LDU SH 9DOHD 6LUHWXOXL VXQW VXSUDIH H PLFL FX

soluri aluvionare.
3H SODWRXO GLQWUH &RVPHúWL úL 7HFXFL XQGH WHUHQXO HVWH FRPSOHW SODQ IXQF LRQHD]
EXQH VLVWHPXO GH LULJD LL FDUH FXSULQGH  KD GLQ WHULWRULXO FRPXQHL DGLF
ÌQ FDGUXO &RPXQHL &RVPHúWL VXQW  DVRFLD LL FDUH GLVSXQ GH

206 ha; 773 ha).S-D

vQ FRQGL LL

GLQ WRWDO

1155 ha (17 ha; 21 ha; 138 ha;

OXDW vQ VWXGLX FRPSDUDWLY DVRFLD LD FX VXSUDID D FHD PDL PDUH  KD

42 ori mai mare dHFkW mare. OD DVRFLD LH WDEHOXO . de mecanizare.FDUH HVWH IRDUWH ELQH RUJDQL]DW $VRFLD LD  úL H[SORDWD LLOH LQGLYLGXDOH SUH]LQW  LQGLVFXWDELO DSURYL]LRQDUH úL GH DSOLFDUH vQ SUDFWLF F oQGL LL PXOW VXSHULRDUH D úWLLQ HL DJURQRPLFH ID GH RUJDQL] GH H[SORDWD LLOH LQGLYLGXDOH $VWIHO vQ FHL GRL DQL VWXGLD L SURGXF LD GH JUkX D IRVW PXOW VXSHULRDU în anul 1997 de 2. are.

 OD SURGXF WRULL LQGLYLGXDOL LDU vQ  GH  RUL PDL /D SURGXF LD GH  NJ JUkX KD vQ  V D vQUHJLVWUDW R UDW - 1997 grâul s-a valorificat cu 750 lei/ kg). /D DFHVW QLYHO GH SURGXF LH V-D UHDOL]DW valorificare. R HILFLHQ HFRQRPLF D SURILWXOXL GH  vQ EXQ  vQ SRILGD SUH XOXL GH ÌQ H[SORDWD LLOH LQGLYLGXDOH SURGXF LD PHGLH D IRVW GRDU  NJ JUkXKD OD DFHVW QLYHO LQGLFDWRULL GH ED] FDUH H[SULP HILFLHQ D HFRQRPLF ILLQG QHJDWLYL vQ  ILJ .

 Consumul de energie la ha vQ H[SORDWD LLOH LQGLYLGXDOH HVWH PDL UHGXV UHYHQLQG  NZKW ID GH QXPDL  NZKW OD DVRFLD LH $ UH]XOWDW QXPDL  UDQGDPHQWXO HQHUJHWLF ID DVRFLD LH ILJ.

 GH  OD .

Tabelul 5. 1 2 Specificarea 3URGXF LD PHGLH SpRUXO GH SURGXF LH 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Rata profitului 13 Productivitatea muncii 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 8 9 10 11 12 Cheltuieli materiale &KHOWXLHOL FX IRU D GH PXQF Alte cheltuieli (indirecte) 727$/ FKHOWXLHOL GH SURGXF LH &RVWXO GH SURGXF LH Profitul pe kg Profitul pe ha 3UH XO SH NJ 9DORDUHD SURGXF LHL GH ERDEH &RQVXPXO GH FDUEXUDQ L PRWRULQ .1 . crt.QGLFDWRULL HFRQRPLFL úL HQHUJHWLFL UHDOL]D L OD FXOWXUD JUkXOXL vQ &RPXQD &RVPHúWL -XGH XO *DOD L Nr.

Consumul de energie la ha Consumul de energie pe t (QHUJLD RE LQXW OD SURGXF LD ERDEH %LODQ XO HQHUJHWLF HQHUJLH QHW .

232.000.000.00 438.319.336.20 23.000.83 4.d.75 .00 3.00 28.00 5.00 -16.00 23.00 3.00 5.168.00 3.000.00 31.000.75 63.000.099.00 1.00 3.438.00 1.760.102.29 1998 ([SORDWD LL LQGLYLGXDOH 2.00 1.622.85 78.20 13.181.14 13.50 20.00 4.00 9.62 6.120.25 21.524.048.00 2.00 238.00 2.00 -5.837.00 23.70 3.20 9.60 ([SORDWD LL LQGLYLGXDOH 3.00 -167.640.00 3.00 3.00 218.00 2.00 256.00 857.04 7.000.00 75.000.066.00 14.00 165.580.00 5.000.666.507.88 76.002.00 228.00 66.00 624.00 5.00 195.60 5.000.000.00 562.00 691.154.00 1.00 8.00 1.000.00 747.159.00 5.603. Mj Mj Mcal.880. Randamentul energetic Consumul de energie la ha Consumul de energie pe t Consumul de energie pe ha Consumul de energie pe t Profitul pe kg Profitul pe ha Pre XO SH NJ 9DORDUHD SURGXF LHL ERDEH Rata profitului UM kg/ha kg/ha % lei/ha lei/ha lei/ha lei/ha lei/kg lei/kg lei/ha lei/kg lei/ha % zile-om/ha ore-om/t.980.800.00 180.000.836.00 693.300.80 8.22 6&81.376.000.00 750.880.200.00 1.00 100.00 5. ore mecaniz.00 3.000.00 5.5($ 6.000.00 2.00 5.00 900.400.00 4.460.00 805. obt.782.00 215.00 150.00 25.098.000.159.560.800.200.088.00 30.95 15.00 1.00 3.00 -17./en.00 41.00 39.760.498.000.300.78 4.797.00 917.432.80 9.700.00 5.000.000.00 1.600.94 3. lei/kg lei/ha lei/kg lei/ha % 1997 6&81.000.00 900.710.627.50 11.00 283.000.00 11.00 66.00 4.00 750.5($ 7.13 16.000.000.00 4.055.00 3.75 2.950.00 365.00 -0.000.00 3.00 100.40 3.500.00 800. cons.00 860.00 3.438.00 2./t l/ha l/t kWh kWh kWh/ha kWh/ha en.619.800.260.00 128.800.00 800.00 2.37 2. Mcal.400.000.c.00 1.00 7.527.00 242.472.00 3.00 535.00 -440.00 90.293.00 300.000.300.50 11.22 19.

QGLFDWRULL HFRQRPLFL úL HQHUJHWLFL UHDOL]D L OD FXOWXUD JUkXOXL .5.2 4 "4¢4 5 7 4 4 "4¢"4¢8 4 "4¢4 5 8 $VRFLD LD 8QLUHD   ([SORDWD LL LQGLYLGXDOH   SUH XO GH  OHLNJ ' ' ' ' ' ¢'""'¢"( ' ' ' ' ¢'""'¢"0) 3URILW OHLKD &KHOWXLHOL OHLKD ' ' ' ¢'""'¢"'¢1 ' ' ' ¢'""'¢"' 2 ' ' ' ¢'""'¢"' 3  ¥¨  ¨¦¤¢     © § ¥ £¡ UM kg/ha Specificare  !!"!!"!  ! !!""! ! ! !!""!! ! ! !!""! ! ! !!""!! ! ! !!""! ! ! !!""!! ! ! !!""! ! ! !!""!! ! ! ! ! ! !""! # # $ $ Fig.$VRFLD LD 8QLUHD   ([SORDWD LL LQGLYLGXDOH   4 4 "4¢4 5 4 4 "4¢"46 a X` X W ¢¤YV U a "hB g"CdI c¤H0B b f E Tf e @ T RQ I 4 "4¢4 5 6 a X` X W ¢¤YV U T RQ I B I G E D B 0I CSH¢FPHF¢C@A9 4 4 "4¢"4¢7 Fig.5.1    3URILW OHLKD &KHOWXLHOL OHLKD % % & & &RP &RVPHúWL -XG *DOD L .

În RomâniD SURGXF LD PHGLH HVWH UHGXV  LDU vQ PDMRULWDWHD H[SORDWD LLORU VH RE LQ SURGXF LL PLFL úL FXOWXUD GHYLQH QHUHQWDELO  VDX FKLDU GDF SURGXF LD HVWH FHYD PDL PDUH  -4000 kg grâu/ KD.

VH RE LQH XQ SURILW UHGXV ÌQ DQXO WHKQRORJLFH úL  DX VSHFLDOLúWLL UHXúLW V DVRFLD LHL RE LQ  vPSUHXQ NJ KD FX PHPEULL PHGLD SH HL DX DVRFLD LH.

vQ LQWHQVLILFDW WLPS FH DFWLYLW LOH SURGXF WRULL LQGLYLGXDOL DX RE LQXW  NJ KD /D DVRFLD LH SURILWXO SH NJ D FUHVFXW SURGXF LD ILLQG PDL PDUH SURILWXO D DMX  PLOOHLKD.

D FUHVFXW úL UDWD SURILWXOXL OD KD FHHD FH GH IDSW DU WUHEXL V ns aproape de XUP UHDVF ILHFDUH SURGXF WRU SHQWUX D RE LQH XQ SURILW FkW PDL PDUH WUHEXLH LQYHVWLW XQ FDSLWDO PDL PDUH ÌQ H[SORDWD L ile individuale. nu s-D SURILWXOXL D IRVW WRW QHJDWLY -0. )D GH DQXO V-D I FXW WRWXúL XQ SURJUHV vQ VHQVXO F ÌQ HFRQRPLD GH SLD SURGXF LL PDL vQWUH LQWHUHVXO QD LRQDO SHQWUX XQ SURGXVXO QX DGXFH SURILW VH UHQXQ HVWH FKLDU SkLQHD )LHFDUH SURGXF WRU XUP UHúWH VDX WUHEXLH V RE LQH SLHUGHULOH DX DSURSLDW FKHOWXLHOLOH QX PDL H[LVWD R FRUHODUH R OHJ WXU SURGXV úL HFRQRPLFLWDWHD DFHVWXLD 'DF Rezultatele acesteL GHS úLW SUDJXO GH UHQWDELOLWDWH UDWD XUP UHDVF OD HO în cazul nostru SURILWXO GRFWULQH HFRQRPLFH DX DS UXW LPHGLDW $JULFXOWRULL Y ]kQG F PDUL F SUH XULOH QX QXPDL F VWDJQHD] . nici cu 3200 kg/ha.60%).

AVRFLD LD 8QLUHD H[HFXW OD WLPS úL vQ EXQH FRQGL LL WRDWH OXFU ULOH QHFHVDUH vQFHSkQG FX DUDWXO«. legumicole sau furajere. DU FUHúWH VXSUDID D V RFXSH -ar mai putea reduce în favoarea ÌQ FRPXQD DQDOL]DW  FRQIRUP OXFU ULORU GH ]RQDUH D SURGXF LHL D QRWHORU GH ERQLWDUH DOH WHUHQXULORU JUkXO WUHEXLH V RFXSH vQ MXU GH  GLQ DUDELO 3HQWUX D RE LQH SURGXF LL PDUL . GDX vQDSRL F QLPHQL FXPS U  QX VXQW VXEYHQ LRQD L LQHILFLHQ D DS UkQG PDL PXOW FKLDU GLQ DQLL  VXSUDIH HOH FXOWLYDWH FX JUkX OD  ÌQ QX SRW QX OH -1998 au redus SH vQWUHDJD FRPXQ  SHULFOLWkQG VHFXULWDWHD DOLPHQWDU  DUD QRDVWU  SHQWUX D VH DVLJXUD FRQVXPXO QHFHVDU GH SkLQH DU WUHEXL FD JUkXO V 22- GLQ DUDELO 'DF SURGXF LD PHGLH culturilor tehnice.

s-a VHP QDW GXS PRPHQWXO RSWLP GHRDUHFH V-D vQWkU]LDW UHFROWDUHD SODQWHL SUHPHUJ WRDUH SRUXPEXO úL eliberarea terenului de coceni. s-au aplicat GRX XG UL vQ DVRODPHQW JUkXO D XUPDW GXS SRUXPE IORDUHD-VRDUHOXL úL SH VXSUDIH H PLFL vQ PRQRFXOWXU  UHFROWDUHD V-a executat la timp.s-au tratat bolile foliare. folosind tractoarele proprii (unele chiar noi). La cultura grâului s-DX IRORVLW vQ WRWDOLWDWH VHPLQ H FX YDORDUH ELRORJLF ULGLFDW  V-au aplicat FDQWLW L FRUHVSXQ] WRDUH GH D]RW úL IRVIRU 132O5 80). ÌQ H[SORDWD LLOH PLFL QXPDL R SDUWH GLQ VHPLQ H DX DYXW FDOLWDWH FHUWLILFDW  V-a arat târziu. s-DX DGPLQLVWUDW SX LQH vQJU ú PLQWH vQ PHGLH -70 NJ 1KD úL  kg P2O5KD.

. VDX XQLL DX GDW vQJU ú PLQWH DO LL« QX V-DX FRPE WXW EROLOH FULSWRJDPLFH QX V-a LULJDW UHFROWDUHD D IRVW FX GLILFXOW L FX SLHUGHUL PDUL vQWkU]LHUL F Q-DX J VLW FRPELQH VDX FRVW IRDUWH PXOW SHQWUX XQ DJULFXOWRU FDUH RE ine 2500-3000 kg grâu/ha. Restul SHQWUX VDODUL]DUHD VSHFLDOLúWLORU SHQWUX FRQVWLWXLUHD IRQGXOXL GH DSURYL]LRQDUH GLQ WLPS FX FDUEXUDQ L VHPLQ H H I U D DSHOD OD FUHGLWH GH OD E QFL OD FDUH DU WUHEXL V 'XS QXPDL F SO WHDVF tc. GREkQ]L H[DJHUDW GH PDUL FXP VH YHGH PLFXO SURGXF WRU LQGLYLGXDO OD SURGXF LLOH PLFL SH FDUH OH UHDOL]HD]  QX QX FkúWLJ  GDU vúL SURGXFH úL SDJXE  . 3HQWUX SRVHVRULL GH S PkQW PHPEULL DL DVRFLD LHL DYDQWDMHOH DX IRVW LQGLVFXWDELO PDL PDUL 'H SLOG  SHQWUX FHL FDUH V DX vQVFULV vQ DVRFLD LH FX S PkQW úL I U EUD H GH PXQF - SURGXF LH $VWIHO OD  NJKD RPXO D SULPLW  NJ JUkX I U V GH GH  UHSUH]LQW FKHOWXLHOLOH GH SURGXF LH úL FRPLVLRQXO IDF VDX V DVRFLD LH V -a dat 30% din -l coste ceva.

$SRL DVRFLD LD HVWH SUHIHUDW úL SURGXVH XQLIRUPH OD FRQWUDFWH GH DFKL]L LRQDUH GH SURGXVH – GHFL FHL FH GRUHVF V -úL YkQG (ILFLHQ D FXOWLY 5. - YLQGH FDQWLW L PDUL SURGXVHOH DX úDQVH PDL PDUL SULQ DVRFLD LH ULL SRUXPEXOXL vQ H[SORDWD LL LQGLYLGXDOH úL DVRFLDWLYH În WDEHOXO  VXQW SUH]HQWD L LQGLFDWRULL HFRQRPLFL úL HQHUJHWLFL SHQWUX FXOWXUD SRUXPEXOXL vQ &RP &RVPHúWL /D DFHDVW RE LQkQG vQ DQLL FXOWXU GH GLIHUHQ HOH GH SURGXF LH VXQW PDL UHGXVH FRPSDUDWLY FX JUkXO.2.

 DVRFLD LD FHUFHWDUH  úL .

cât s-D RE LQXW vQ H[SORDWD LLOH LQGLYLGXDOH $VRFLD LD D RE LQXW XQ SURILW GH  OHLKD QHW VXSHULRU FHOXL GLQ H[SORDWD LLOH LQGLYLGXDOH  OHLKD.).3. SURGXF LL FX  PDL PDUL GHFkW SURGXF WRULL individuali (fig. 5. ÌQ DQXO  DVRFLD LD D RE LQXW PD[LPXP GH SURGXF LH –8400 kg porumb/ha –ID GH  kg/ha.

5. UDWD SURILWXOXL GH DVHPHQHD D IRVW PDL PDUH OD DVRFLD LH  ID GH SURGXF WRULL LQGLYLGXDOL cheltuielile reduse care s-au f FXW    NJ SRUXPEKD HVWH R SURGXF LH -fig.).4. - EXQ  .

H[SORDWD LL V-D FRQVXPDW PDL SX LQ DVRFLD LHL vL UHYLQH XQ FRQVXP PDL UHGXV SH WRQD GH ERDEH HQHUJLD QHW HQHUJLH HVWH FX PXOW PDL PDUH FXP HVWH úL QRUPDO OD R SURGXF LH PDL PDUH. SHQWUX ÌQ H[SORDWD LLOH LQGLYLGXDOH QX V D LULJDW GHFkW SH VXSUDIH H UHGXVH GDU V vQJU ú PLQWHOH FX D]RW ILLQGF -au folosit intens WR L úWLX F DFHVWHD FRQWULEXLH PXOW OD FUHúWHUHD SURGXF LHL 'XS LQYHVWLJD LLOH I FXWH FX DMXWRUXO VSHFLDOLúWLORU úL D RDPHQLORU V ÌQ SULYLQ D LQGLFDWRULORU HQHUJHWLFL GHúL vQ -au folosit cca 100 kg N/ha.

 LDU UDQGDPHQWXO HQHUJHWLF H PDL PDUH ILJ .

 ÌQ DQXO  FX WRDWH HIRUWXULOH GHSXVH SURGXF LD GH SRUXPE D IRVW PDL VF ]XW  GDWRULW FRQGL LLORU QDWXUDOH PDL SX LQ IDYRUDELOH WHPSHUDWXUL ULGLFDWH úL SUHOXQJLWH XPLGLWDWH DWPRVIHULF UHGXV  YkQWXUL LQWHQVH úL FDOGH.

 /D SURGXF LLOH GH SRUXPE RE LQXWH FRVWXULOH DX FUHVFXW ID -  NJKD OD DVRFLD LH úL  NJKD vQ H[SORDWD LL - GH DQXO  ÌQ FRQGL LLOH FUHúWHULL FRVWXULORU vQ SURSRU LH PDL PDUH GHFkW SUH XO.

 UHGXFHULL SURGXF LHL úL FUHúWHULL FKHOWXLHOLORU D VF ]XW úL SURILWXO OD KHFWDU UDWD DFHVWXLD D VF ]XW GH OD  DVRFLD LH úL GH OD  OD  OD  vQ vQ H[SORDWD LL.

CosmHúWL individuale!? úL UDQGDPHQWXO HQHUJHWLF VXQW GLIHUHQ H PDUL GH SURGXF LH vQWUH DVRFLD LH úL H[SORDWD LLOH ÌQ SULPXO UkQG FXP DP PDL VSXV DVRFLD LD GLVSXQH GH WUDFWRDUH úL PDúLQL DJULFROH SURSULL DUH GRL LQJLQHUL FX PDUH H[SHULHQ VH DU  PDL PXO L WHKQLFLHQL PHFDQLFL EXQL úL DEVROXW WRDWH VXSUDIH HOH vQ WRDPQ  0HPEULL DVRFLD LHL FDUH DX SRUXPE úL PDMRULWDWHD DX. $X VF ]XW GH DVHPHQHD HQHUJLD QHW De ce în Com.

 VXQW PRELOL]D L REOLJD L VWLPXOD L SULQ SURGXF LLOH FDUH VH RE LQ.

V UHFROWH]H OD WLPS SRUXPEXO úL V Pentru membrii care nu diVSXQ SODW .

VDX EUD H GH PXQF GRUHúWH DQJDMDWXO.

 GLQ DIDU DVRFLD LD HOLEHUH]H WHUHQXO GH FRFHQL GH EUD H GH PXQF  VH DQJDMHD] VH J VHVF RDPHQL LPHGLDW SHQWUX F DYkQG WRW WLPSXO EDQL SUHJ WL L FHLODO L PHPEUL FRQWUD - SODWD VH IDFH ]LOQLF VDX FkQG SHQWUX DVWIHO GH OXFU UL .

1 Specificarea 3URGXF LD PHGLH 2 6SRUXO GH SURGXF LH 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Cheltuieli materiale Rata profitului 13 Productivitatea muncii 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 8 9 10 11 12 &KHOWXLHOL FX IRU D GH PXQF Alte cheltuieli (indirecte) 727$/ FKHOWXLHOL GH SURGXF LH &RVWXO GH SURGXF LH Profitul pe kg Profitul pe ha 3UH XO SH NJ 9DORDUHD SURGXF LHL GH ERDEH &RQVXPXO GH FDUEXUDQ L PRWRULQ .2 .Tabelul 5.QGLFDWRULL HFRQRPLFL úL HQHUJHWLFL UHDOL]D L OD FXOWXUD SRUXPEXOXL vQ &RPXQD &RVPHúWL -XGH XO *DOD L Nr. crt.

Consumul de energie la ha Consumul de energie pe t (QHUJLD RE LQXW OD SURGXF LD ERDEH %LODQ XO HQHUJHWLF HQHUJLH QHW .

00 40.00 700.00 709.00 31.00 6.00 198.00 723.000.00 44.00 2.63 3.304. Mj Mj Mcal.00 2.212.00 21.41 26.00 944.00 4.666.00 3.00 571.075.360.00 100.00 303./t l/ha l/t kWh kWh kWh/ha kWh/ha en.00 224.00 489.16 19.00 20.600.900.63 20.03 11.000.00 1.00 752.400.00 2.00 554.00 30.00 600.500.40 9.70 27.00 600.686.400.099.00 564.00 2.000.00 21.00 14.50 8.780.00 700.24 26.000.00 81.00 181.00 6.d.333.300.00 583.881.00 402.400.326.313.00 100.980.00 298. Randamentul energetic Consumul de energie la ha Consumul de energie pe t Consumul de energie pe ha Consumul de energie pe t Profitul pe kg Profitul pe ha Pre XO SH NJ 9DORDUHD SURGXF LHL ERDEH Rata profitului UM kg/ha kg/ha % lei/ha lei/ha lei/ha lei/ha lei/kg lei/kg lei/ha lei/kg lei/ha % zile-om/ha ore-om/t.400.c.000.00 930.87 43.00 460.095.00 124.00 98.00 2.00 4.18 2.000.535.516.00 500.500.00 600.000.00 111.00 2.00 398.00 519.912.000.84 6&81.45 1998 ([SORDWD LL LQGLYLGXDOH 4.43 12.200.00 2.080.00 3.000.00 2.00 609.70 ([SORDWD LL LQGLYLGXDOH 4.000.00 500.00 16.378.00 1. ore mecaniz.87 1.65 .432.000.03 3.00 3.00 2.00 1.5($ 7.530.00 31.00 600.005.00 356./en.474.700.00 376.09 71.600.50 2.312.700.400.040.00 9.650. obt.30 20.333.14 3.00 32.00 5.000.681.90 36.00 2.00 4.00 6. cons. lei/kg lei/ha lei/kg lei/ha % 1997 6&81.350.5($ 8.900.00 211.00 22.00 5.00 38.00 18.00 36.60 5.400.740.00 876.041.00 56.00 2.00 246.00 4.00 4.000.571.00 178.57 3.13 68.00 1.900.738.711.603.800.820.00 796.000.85 25.600.00 708. Mcal.554.604.848.064.600.722.70 2.000.00 686.19 19.769.00 1.366.51 5.00 6.000.00 3.00 8.00 42.00 756.024.90 33.00 179.360.

$VRFLD LD IRORVHúWH V PkQ KLEULG WUDWDW  .QGLYLGXDOLL vQ PDMRULWDWH IRORVHVF V PkQ D GLQ UHFROWD ORU GLQ DQXO SUHFHGHQW 8QLL R PDL WUDWHD]  DO LL QX LDU VHP QDWXO VH vQWkU]LH SkQ /D DVRFLD LH VH LULJ vQWUHDJD VXSUDID OD MXP WDWHD OXL PDL  LQGLYLGXDOLL IRORVHVF IRDUWH SX LQ LULJD LD /D DVRFLD LH SUDúLOHOH PDQXDOH VH H[HFXW H[HFXW OD PRPHQWXO RSWLP I U DPkQDUH FHO FDUH QX úL - OXFUDUHD SH WHUHQXO UHSDUWL]DW HVWH vQORFXLW FX DO LL FH VXQW SO WL L REOLJDW GH DFHVWD ) U RUGLQH úL GLVFLSOLQ SHUIHFW QX VH SRDWH IDFH SURGXF LH PDUH PDL DOHV vQ DJULFXOWXU  XQGH LQWHUYLQ DWkW GH PXO L IDFWRUL ÌQ H[SORDWD LLOH LQGLYLGXDOH QX WR L RDPHQLL H[HFXW SUDúLOHOH PDQXDOH OD WLPS úL GH DFHVWH OXFU UL GHSLQGH IRDUWH PXOW QLYHOXO SURGXF LHL $VRFLD LD HVWH R H[SHULHQ DJULFXOWRUL úL GH IRUXULOH DJULFROH GHRVHELW GH LPSRUWDQW úL PHULW úL GRUHúWH QHDJULFROH GDF VH V ILH OXDW VSRULUHD SURGXF LHL venituri mari pentru agricultori.0LFLL SURSULHWDUL GLQ DIDUD DVRFLD LHL SUHOXQJHVF PXOW FXOHVXO SRUXPEXOXL YLQ SORLOH IULJXO úL QX PDL DU WHUHQXO FHD PDL PDUH SDUWH D WHUHQXOXL VH DU VF GHUH D SURGXF LHL )RDUWH PXOW WHUHQ VH DU SULP YDUD DFHVWD ILLQG SULPXO IDFWRU GH FX FDLL VDX FKLDU FX XQ FDO úL SOXJXO GH YLH OD  -16 cm adâncime.       $VRFLDWLD 8QLUHD ([SORDWDWLL LQGLYLGXDOH )LJ 3URGXF LD PHGLH SH DQLL  úL  NJKD.

vQ FRQVLGHUD LH GH DJULFROH úL .

SRUXPEXOXL &RP &RVPHúWL -XG *DOD L )LJ &RQVXPXO GH HQHUJLH úL HQHUJLD RE LQXW N:KKD.

OD FXOWXUD q¨d j h h i h h q¨d jqh¨d h iqh¨d h ™ ™q¨d ™ ™ ™ v H"h{ 0| h0s o Sp 0m HF0w z p } o o { o oq q p z y x p o s v u Ftrdp •rp 0H¢k oq o n m l ™q¦e ™ ™ ™ ™q¦f ™ ™ ™ ™qg ™ ™ ™ &RP &RVPHúWL -XG *DOD L OHL.

)LJ .QGLFDWRULL HFRQRPLFL UHDOL]D L OD FXOWXUD SRUXPEXOXL LQGLYLGXDOH $VRFLDWLD 8QLUHD ([SORDWDWLL i i i i i ririqp ˜ ‰ ‰ ˆ … x € € ‚ – ”’ H0"‡—H†… HCg „ F•“‘ ˜0H‡†H†… 0„ hy Cƒ hHw ‰ ‰ ˆ … x € € „ ‚ € y x  ‰ ‰ ˆ … x € € ‚ – ”’ H0"‡—H†… HCg „ F•“‘  ‰ ‰ ˆ … x € € „ ‚ € y x 0H‡†H†… 0„ hy Cƒ hHw i i i i riri"s i i i i riri"t i i i i i riru i i i i riri v .

Indicatorii economici úL HQHUJHWLFL UHDOL]D L OD FXOWXUD JUkXOXL &RP &RVPHúWL -XG *DOD L      Fig.5.2       $VRFLD LD 8QLUHD   ([SORDWD LL LQGLYLGXDOH .5.1  &KHOWXLHOL OHLKD  3URILW OHLKD       $VRFLD LD 8QLUHD   ([SORDWD LL LQGLYLGXDOH    Ž  ‹ Š 0‹ "Œ‰ ˆ ‡ †… „ € „ ƒ ‚  €  0„ CSH¢FPHh"CA~  Ž  ‹ Š 0‹ "Œ‰ ˆ Ž "h€ g"c„ C¤F¢€  ’ ‚ ‡’ ‘ ‡ †… „ Fig.