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NHD Bibliography

NHD Bibliography

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Published by Ifeoma Ezen
NHD Bibliography 5
NHD Bibliography 5

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Published by: Ifeoma Ezen on Mar 23, 2014
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Annotated Bibliography Primary Sources: "10 Cover-ups That Just Made Things Worse." HowStuffWorks. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Feb.

2014. This website contained an image of the Tuskgee Syphilis Experiment and the working conditions and we used it on our website. "Autopsies, 1940." Autopsies, 1940. National Archives, n.d. Web. 14 Nov. 2013. This outlines general information and procedures for performing autopsies on participants in the Tuskegee Syphilis Study and helped us understand the motives for the experiment Biddle, Susan. Washington Post Photo of Survivor Herman Shaw and Bill Clinton. N.d. Photograph. An Apology for Tuskegee. Snarly, 18 Apr. 2013. Web. 14 Jan. 2014. This is a picture of Bill Clinton with a survivor of the study named Herman Shaw and we plan to use this on our aftermath page. Certificate for Participants in the Tuskegee Syphilis Study. Digital image. Docs Teach. The National Archives, n.d. Web. 14 Nov. 2013. This item provides an example of the certificate provided to each participant in the Tuskegee Syphilis Study after 25 years of participation and we plan to use this as a picture on our website. "Clinton apologizes to syphilis experiment victim." Image. AP/Wide World Photos. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 14 Nov. 2013. This is a primary picture of one of the victims of the Tuskegee experiment who was at the public apology to the victim form Clinton and we plan to use this picture in our website. Heller, Jean. "Syphilis Victims in U.S. Study Went Untreated for 40 Years." The New York Times [Washington] 25 July 1972: n. pag. Urological Sciences Research Foundation. Web. 28 Feb. 2014. This is a primary article that was released right after the study was leaked and we used this for background information for our website. "Human experiments: First, do harm." Nature.com. Nature Publishing Group, n.d. Web. 4 Feb. 2014.

This website contained an image of a man holding up a penicillin sign and we plan to use this as a picture on our website to show how there was a cure for syphilis at the time yet the men in the study were denied it. "Inside the National Archives at Atlanta." - Page 6. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Nov. 2013. This site shows many pictures of the victim and how they got treatment during the research and we plan to use these as pictures on our website. Joint NAREL/Tuskegee radon study team.. N.d. NAREL, Tuskegee, Alabama. United States Environment Protection Agency. Web. 14 Jan. 2018. This is a photo of a multiracial study group years after the University was built and shows that racial tensions have improved in Tuskegee. "NUS Singapore University | College Degree Courses In Singapore - Home." NUS Singapore University | College Degree Courses In Singapore - Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Feb. 2014. This website contained an article that explained the effects of the stud y on African Americans and it helped guide us in our background info. "Opsec News." Opsec News. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Feb. 2014. This website contained an image of a man getting injected during the Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment and we used it on our website. Park, Young. The dark side: immigrants, racism, and the American way. Bloomington,Ind.: I universe Com, 2012. Print. This book contained a lot of facts on the Tuskegee Syphilis study and analyzed the effects and gave background information. "Presidential Apology - USPHS Syphilis Study at Tuskegee." YouTube. YouTube, 15 Mar. 2010. Web. 23 Mar. 2014. This website contained a video of President Bill Clinton apologizing for the actions done to the African-American community over the course of the study and also contained a clip of Herman Shaw, a survivor, expressing his feelings about what happened. We used these parts in our website. Report on Tuskegee Syphilis Study, 1969 - 1969. Rep. no. 281643. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Nov. 2013. This report was prepared for presentation at a medical society meeting. It provides us a brief overview of the history of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study.

"Search & Browse." Tuskegee Syphilis Study Pictures: Dr. David Albritton, Nurse Eunice Rivers and Dr. Walter Edmondson. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Feb. 2014. The website contained an image of the Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment and the people involved and we used this image in our website. "Sociological Images." Sociological Images RSS. W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., n.d. Web. 14 Nov. 2013. This website holds a picture of a letter sent out to men/victims of the experiment that told them they were getting free treatment and we used this picture in our website. "The Tuskegee Syphilis Study and the Black Panther Party |." Alondra Nelson Blog. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Feb. 2014. This contained an image of news articles releasing news of the Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment. Tuskegee Syphilis Study Pictures: Blood test and unidentified subject.. 1932. National Archives, Atlanta, Georgia . Minority Health and Health Equity Archive. Web. 13 Dec. 2013. This was a picture of a man that was having his blood test it and it gave us proof and vision of how the conditions were like. Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment. N.d. Photograph. Generational Trauma: Former Chief Reflects on Family History of Illness. Senior Airman Jarad A. Denton, 17 Sept. 2012. Web. 14 Jan. 2014. This was a picture of a man having his blood tested and gave us a vision of how things were. Tuskegee Syphilis Study Pictures: Blood test and unidentified subject. 1932. National Archives, Atlanta, Georgia . Minority Health and Health Equity Archive. Web. 13 Dec. 2013. This was a picture showing the places where people would get "treated" and how variable it was. We plan to use this on our project as it gives us a vision of the conditions. Wallacemediausa. “Tuskegee Syphilis study apology from President Bill Clinton” Youtube. Web. 2 February 2014.

This was actual footage of Clinton’s apology and this gave us insight on how formal and public the apology was. William Bouie, Unidentified subject, and Dr. David Albritton. N.d. National Archive, Atlanta Georgia. Minority Health and Health Equity Archive. Web. 21 Dec. 2013. This is a picture of a man who is a part of the experimental group being "treated" and we plan to use this on our website as it gives us a vision of how the conditions were like. ":: YMJ :: Yonsei Medical JournalN.p., n.d. Web. 4 Feb. 2014. This website contained an image of the subjects in the Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment and we used this as an image on our website to show who was involved.

Secondary Sources: Bassey Ephraim. Personal Interview. 29 Dec 2013. This is an interview conducted with a black man, who is also regitered RN, that was able to tell us more about the medical impact of the study. “Brandt, Allan M. Racism and research: The case of the Tuskegee Syphilis study” 1978. The Hastings Center Report 8(6): 21-29. Web. 10 Nov. 2013. This article gives a deep analysis of the Tuskegee Syphilis experiment and discusses the origins of the experiment and the racism behind it. Engs, Ruth Clifford. "Health Care Reform: Need To Know." American History. ABCCLIO, 2013.Web. 14 Nov. 2013. This is background information about syphilis, and this tells us how during that time period they going through many health reforms and the actions they took to prevent the STD from spreading. "Gallery Categories." Photo Galleries. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Mar. 2014 This was a website that contained a gallery of pictures of the people involved in the study and we used this for the many pictures on our site, especially the slideshow. Gray, Fred D. The Tuskegee Syphilis Study: The Real Story and beyond. Montgomery, AL: Black Belt, 1998. Print. This books talks gives the history of the Tuskegee Syphillis Experiment and describes the events that revolved around it and provided us background information.

"Inside the National Archives at Atlanta." - Page 6. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Nov. 2013. This site shows many pictures of the victim and how they got treatment during the research and gave us background information and images for our website. "President apologizes at White House for error in Tuskegee case." Jet 2 June 1997: 4+. General OneFile. Web. 13 Sept. 2013. This article relates more to the responsibilities aspect of the project because this is detailing about Bill Clinton’s formal apology for the incident. "Timeline of the Study and Related Events." Examining Tuskegee:. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Mar. 2014 This secondary source contains a timeline of events that helped guide us in understanding what was happening at the time and aided us in creating a timeline for our timeline page. Thomas, Amanda. "Tuskegee Syphilis Study's Impact Debated - SFGate." Featured Articles From The SFGate. N.p., 16 Mar. 2008. Web. 14 Nov. 2013. This website discusses the impact of the Tuskegee Syphillis Experiment on black people and gave us information for our conclusion and aftermath section. "The Tuskegee Timeline." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 24 Sept. 2013. Web. 14 Nov. 2013. This is a timeline of important events of what happened during the experiment from when it started to when acts were passed to prevent this from happening again and overall gave us background information. "Tuskegee experiment." American History. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 14 Nov. 2013. This article gave us a brief summary about the Tuskegee Medical Experiment and also Clinton apology letter to all who lost their lives in the experiment. "Tuskegee Syphilis Study." DUJS Online. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Feb. 2014. This website contained an image of the subjects of the Tuskegee Syphilis experiment that we used in our website. "Tuskegee Syphilis Study." Tuskegee Syphilis. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Feb. 2014. This website contained a cartoon reenacting a part of the study that we used in our website. Samuels, Allison. "Brutal Case Studies; A new book documents a true ethics horror story." Newsweek 12 Feb. 2007: 49. General OneFile. Web. 13 Sept. 2013.

This article talks about several other cases, like Tuskegee, in which African American persons were unknowingly exploited for medical research and gave us more knowledge on human experimentation. "U.S. Public Health Service Syphilis Study at Tuskegee." Centers of Disease Control and Prevention. USA.gov, 15 June 2011. Web. 13 Sept. 2013. This article gives us a very detailed timeline and plenty of information about several of the victims and how they were affected. "United States Presidents." The Presidents of the United States. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Mar. 2014. This website contained an image of Bill Clinton and we used it in the aftermath section of our website. Uschan, Michael V. The Tuskegee Experiments: Forty Years of Medical Racism. Detroit: Lucent, 2006. Print. 14 Oct. 2013. This book was a major source of information. It was very detailed and ranged from the effects of the disease to dissenting doctors in the experiments. Jones, James H. Bad Blood: The Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment. New York: Free, 1993. Print. 19 Dec. 2013. This book gave us more insight on the influence that race had on this subject. Reverby, Susan. Examining Tuskegee: The Infamous Syphilis Study and Its Legacy. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 2009. Print. 17 Sept. 2013. This book paints the doctors in a less villainizing light and gives a more objective perspective on what happened. "Week 5 Readings." Week 5 Readings. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Feb. 2014. This website contained a cartoon that was reenacting a part of the study that we used on our website.

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