Sikkim Manipal University DDE Master in Business Administration (MBA) – Semester IV MI0040-Technology Management- 4 Credits Book ID: B1326

Model Question Paper – Answers Keys Time: 2 hours Total Marks: 140

Section A – 1 Mark Questions Answer all questions. Each question carries 1 mark 50 * 1= 50 Marks

1. Roadmaps help to plan on a longer term and also help to improve the _______________ and ownership of plans. a. Communication b. Product c. Technique d. Management 2. The process technology of 3 micrometer is called as _______________. a. Application node b. Micrometer node c. Process node d. Technology node 3. The features of the chip are measured in _______________. a. Micrometers b. Macro meters c. Nanometres d. Decimals 4. ______________ can be defined as the level of planned production capacity that has determined the extent to which specialisation has been applied in the sub-division of the component tasks and facilities of a unified operation. a. Development b. Scale c. Forecasting d. Management 5. The acquisition of technology depends on the ______________ environment. a. Cultural

Political 6. Process b. Accessible technology strategy d. The adoption perspective is most often used to describe the_____________process. Research and development funding c. Which of the following tasks are associated with project absorption phase except? . Comprehensive b. Communication 11. Method b. a. The___________ of forecasting is important when one is making a decision to acquire a technology. Global d. Planning 7.b. Absorption c. Higher level of performance b. Local 12. Business c. a. Probability d. Identify your targets d. Users c. it needs to be absorbed and updated in accordance with the_____________ requirements. Policy d. Annual b. Diffusion d. Inbound logistics 10. a. Characteristics c. Identify one of the different meanings of quality. a. Installing the ________________ in any of the company has leaders and teams with ability and commitment. Decision c. Project life cycle d. Innovation culture b. Human resource management c. Technology forecasting is usually done at the early stage of the ____________. Project management plan updates 9. a. Time 8. Once a technology is imported from another country. a.

Automation technology b. b. Wave-shaped d. Technology Diffusion 14. The key to success of a project is ___________. Planning d. a. Macro-level Strategy c. TAAS activities have resulted in stimulating and speeding up the R&D work in _____________. a. Linear 17. d. The legal support systems that instantaneously solve and offer solutions to the recurring organisational problems is _____________. a. Micro-level Strategy b. c. R&D centre undertakes R&D as per the requirements of the companies in their larger interest. Selecting b. Absorption of technology b. Establishment b. Dissolution c. a. and sets up expertise of common nature which is usually expensive and it is termed as _________. Dissipation d. Technological Dependence d. Integrating 16. The formulation of a technology policy begins with the ___________ of a vision for the country. In-house R&D . Adjournment 18. The growth pattern followed by most of the technologies is ______________. a. Technology Package c. Analyse and unpackage technology Investigate product Optimize technology Indigenisation of raw material 13. Implementing c.a. C-shaped b. Automation decisions 15. Groundbreaking circuit d. S-shaped c. USB connector c. a.

Research and development 21. a. Symbolic 25. Scientific b. Systematic d. a. Application d. a. HOGEN RE c. The intermediate mode in transfer process is also known as______________. a. In-house R&D c. System management b. The organisations can choose to be a technological leader or follower in a _________________________. a. A skilled follower balances the inconsistent demands of line management and ________________________. These imaginary designs play an important role in modelling the choice of________________________ representation constituted by the world a. Dissemination model c. PEM d. Superior technology 24. Process management . Distributed Energy Systems has developed the _________ hydrogen generator. Significant c. Bar-zakay model d. In-house R&D 20. Semi-active mode 23. Scientific technology c. To meet the growing demand for electrolysers for hydrogen-based renewable energy systems. Determinants in Technology Development the supply factors include ___________. Semi-passive mode c. Fund allocation b. Specific technology b. Co-operative R&D 19. Transient b. Beherman and wallender model b. Knowledge utilization model 22. Passive mode b. The model based on project management approach is______________. Project management c. Active mode d.d. a. Significant technology d.

Company logo 32. Testing b. Management b. Marketing b. Expansion d. _______________ is a continuing process with assistance from both inside and outside the organisation.d. a. and are protected in India under ___________________. Power generation 31. a. Product generation c. Sustainable Development Organisation d. Development 27. Business analysis . Account holder b. Copyright c. Public policy is a key element for motivating the cooperative efforts of all relevant ______________________ in the innovation process. Patent d. Developer 28. Sustainable Defence Organisation b. Production management 26. a. Sustainable Development Orientation c. Expansion c. The first process of ___________________ management is to determine which projects to carry forward. Expansion of SDO with respect to environmental regulation is: a. Idea generation d. Sustainable Demand orientation 30. Stakeholder c. Production d. Prevention c. a. Computer programs and software are covered under intellectual works. For many organisations. a. Innovation processes can be stretched to any extent through __________________ . The fifth phase of technological innovation process is____________________. Trademark b. Development of technology 29. Shareholder d. a. Tool generation b.

Product and Marketing Mix Development c. to get an image of the knowledge in the organisation is __________________. a. Brainstorming d. Chain drive 37. Backward chaining b. creative individuals from inside and outside the organisation group together and share ideas. Chain reaction c. Heuristics d. Forward chaining d. Problematic c.c. Social or cultural environment b. Market Testing d. Inventory 38. Experience-based techniques for problem solving. learning. Semantics c. a. Scientific environment c. Testing 36. a. Natural environment . a. Commercialisation 35. Diplomatic 34. One of the main methods of reasoning when using inference rules and can be described logically as repeated application of the antecedent is ________________. Innovation c. R&D 33. One of the key factors for effective knowledge management is. Formal task d. Screening b. Business analysis b. A key research method used to generate ideas is _____________ where open-minded. a. and discovery is called _____________. a. Expert task b. The process related to the market research that attempts to evaluate the feasibility of the product ideas is_________________. While speaking of problems related with the use of technology ___________________ is the first thing we have to consider. Professionals b. Screening d.

Formalisation b. Implementation c. Opinion polls technique d. Semi-precious stones d. a. Knowledge 42. Software d. . Extrapolation technique c. Semi-permeable membranes 40. Basic research c. unless it is carried out in an intelligent way by combining ________________________ and solar energy. a research is done for increasing our understanding of the nature laws. demonstration and operating training. The operational skills required for the acquisition of technology are ______________. Finance 43. In ____________ phase of technology-based innovation process.d. Applied research b. Decentralisation d. a. Coordination b. Only the top layer management has the power of decision making. Semi-permanent connection b. Which of the following technique involves the opinion of different experts? a. Span of control 41. Plant-commissioning c. Information technology consists of both hardware and _______________. Implementation of technology 45. Desalination of sea water is another way to get fresh water. Management d. Software environment 39. Delphi technique b. Semi-persistent scheduling c. Development of technology d. Exponential extrapolation 44. Innovation of _________ kind entails change that is created on established technical and production capability and that is applied to existing business and customers. a. a. and all the departments and division are controlled by the top-level management in _____________________ organisational structure. Centralisation c. Knowledge b. a.

the company reduces a conceivably large number of ideas down to few options? a. c. Which of the following technology includes certain type of instructions that have to be carried out in a systematic way to achieve the objectives of the particular task? a. Medical technology c. Assistive technology b. Following are the issues in preparation of EIA report. Information technology d. Human resource management d. Each question carries 2 marks 25 * 2 = 50 Marks . a. Inbound logistics b. electronic suggestion scheme and __________________. A well-managed technology diffusion system enables an organisation to plan its technology development projects in a more meaningful manner as well as transfer the _____________more successfully. b. Properties of the base d. Idea generation b. Business analysis c. Architectural Market place Revolutionary Regular 46. except: a. In which of the stages of new product development process. Instructional technology Section-B Answer all questions. a. Concept development and testing d.a. d. Determine the environmental impact c. Two types of innovation tools controlling the innovation process are. Technology guidelines c. Management system c. Aggregation 50. Research and development funding 47. Market testing 48. Products 49. Technology tools d. Direct impacts b. Technologies b.

Understanding of the inbuilt dangers of customisation.3 c. (ii) A technology policy is defined as the relations between the expressed purpose and the results that are required in practice. Connectors. Backward d. a. Connectors. (ii)–True b. System building and company image . (i)–True. State True or False: a. (ii)–True b. (ii) The applications of the new technology are very slow in the introduction phase.3. USB 3. Ports. (i)–True. Identify the critical less-substantial activities involved in the implementation process. 2. (i)–False. (i)–False. Consider the following statements: (i) Many ideas are gradually reduced to one commercial product for introduction into the market during introduction phase. (ii)–False d. (ii)–False c.4 52. Forward 53.51. Introducing matured policies before tuning the system to meet the decided requirements. 4. 3.3 d.2. 1.2 b. Understanding of the organisation. (i)–False. (i)–True. Consider the following statements: (i) Policy instrument is defined as a comprehensive statement created by the highest policy making body. (i)–False. (ii)–False c. State True or False: a. (ii)–False d. Forward b. 1. 2. (ii)–True 55. Which of the following refers to the terms ‘altering change’ and ‘direct impact’? a. Dematerialisation and organisational change b.0 _________ are expected to be __________-compatible with the existing USB plugs. Backward c. (ii)–True 54. a. Ports. 1. 2. Determining the complete approval of the difficulty. (i)–True.

Three other famous models which include bridging agencies__________________ and______________________ a. such as number of projects in the planning. Active.c. The technology commercialisation capabilities of firms participated as the role of a mediator in the relationship between ___________ and _________________. (ii)–False c. 57. Production costs and R&D. In-house R&D. (i)–False. a. Semi-active. R&D and innovation performance. (ii) A conventional approach should be taken to any new data compilation efforts by recognising compromise between costs and potential benefits and considering resource and regulatory issues. Co-operative R&D. In semi-passive mode. Dissemination model. semi-passive d. Micro-level Strategy. (i)–False. qualitative model d. (ii)–True b. (ii)–True . the technology transfer activity is in the middle of the other two modes that is ______________and ______________. b. R&D Collaboration. Corporate research and product lifetimes. problem solver b. Schlieradnorand wad model c. (i)–True. a. appropriability model 60. Organisational change and system building 56. Pricing Strategy and Research Societies. passive c. Semi-passive. Consider the following statements: (i) Process measures captures the activities that contribute to these business results. (ii)–False d. c. c. b. Production costs and R&D. d. Linking Business and Technology Strategy. (i)–True. 58. active 59. Contract Research and Research Societies. Dematerialisation and company image d. Technology Strategy. Technology Strategy and Linking Business and Technology Strategy. State True or False: a. Bar-zakay model. Passive. Research and diffusion model. semi-active b. or percent of sales from new products. d. Knowledge utilization model. time to market. Corporate research and In-house R&D. Macro-level Strategy. Which of the following are the types of technology strategies and their needs? a.

What steps will you take to manage the technology needs of the company? a. and describes the funding resources. The appropriability model. 62. Wad Model 65. the knowledge utilisation model b. Ask your subordinates to take up the task and intimate the high level management to research on the new technology required. 63. a. . (i)–False. (ii)–True c. the appropriability model d. (i)–False. (ii)–False b. (i)–True. Carry out research and Develop research infrastructure. Identify the statement which relates to the term ‘validate results’. b.61. c. Hire technology assistance and Invest to acquire technology. State True or False: a. Assume that you are a product technology manager of a company. Consider the following statements: (i) Technology acquisition is the process by which a company sells the rights to use and exploit a technology. (ii)–False d. Fill the following blanks: 1. This involves the creation of a unique statement that defines the role of accessible technology in the organisation and how it supports the organisation's overall vision of accessible technology objectives. The knowledge utilisation model. 2. Go for innovation. ________________model helps in reduction of the complexity in the process of technology transfer to a process with ordered stages. d. d. (ii)–True 64. Which of the following statement represents the expenses and budget of an accessible strategy? a. It defines the success metrics and clarifies the details of vision statement. The dissemination model. a. This involves the clarification that is done in regard to the expenses. In this phase. Look for new ventures. c. (ii) Technology acquisition depends on the policy environment. It defines the responsibilities of the team members in the project. the forecasting activities that are planned and resources are allocated. Innovate within the company and seek government help. (i)–True. _______________model emphasises the promotion of the use of the findings of the research. Develop infrastructure. b. The Bar-Zakay model. the dissemination model c.

c. c. (ii)–False c. 67. This includes giving the finished product to customer. foreign collaboration agreements should be of longer durations. d. (i)–True. It can be viewed as "overhead" but many of the organisations used them to develop the competitive advantage. It is the main reason behind the need of planning and forecasting.b. d. (ii)–False b. (i)–True. Its goal is to create the value that is more than the cost of providing the product or service and generates the profit margin. (i)–False. (i)–True. State True or False: a. This includes the customer satisfaction with the results of technology forecasting. b. it is not possible to go. Consider the following statements: (i) The market driven companies listen to the customers and they focus at production decisions like quantities. packaging and stylish quality. It plays an important role in making the outsourcing decisions. (i)–True. It is the fifth phase in the technology forecasting process and the purpose of this is to validate results. (ii)–False d. (ii) The budgeting plan is prepared by considering the previous year's expenditures. (ii)–False d. Identifies the limit beyond which. Which of the following statement represents the Delphi technique? a. (i)–False. a thorough analysis is done in order to make sure the relevance of technology forecasting. (i)–False. Which of the following statement refers to outbound logistics? a. 66. (ii)–True 69. State True or False: a. 68. c. (ii)–True . To define market needs for new technologies. d. (ii)–True c. After the expected outputs have been identified along with the objectives of the future. Involves the comparisons of expert projections of future technical developments. (ii)–True b. (ii) In case of fast changing technologies such as electronics. This depends mainly on the needs and the formulated objectives. b. Consider the following statements: (i) An information base for modern available technologies on global basis should be set up. (i)–False.

(i)–True. (i)–False. selects channels for its marketing message. (ii)–True 73. (i)–False. Consider the following statements: (i) It is impractical to copy illegally a streamed game. It includes finding solutions to all the problems of defining the technology. State True or False: a. State True or False: . (ii) Transferor and transferee have similar objectives is one of the planning stage issues. (i)–True. (ii)–True 74. (ii)–False c. Which of the following statement refers to commercialisation? a. d. and begins development of a promotional programme. (ii)–True b. Which of the following refers to electrocardiography and 4G technology? a. (ii) OLED displays are used to provide an IP-based integrated system. Consider the following statements: (i) R&D projects in corporate research create and extend the lifetimes of corporate products that avoid technological obsolescence of businesses. (ii)–False d. Automated systems and database 72. (ii)–False d. (ii)–False c. It views the diffusion process as part of a total innovation process. Consider the following statements: (i) Operating environment issues includes the poor physical infrastructure. (i)–False. b.70. Database and restore RAM chips b. It links customer demand with technical opportunities and out of this emerges a design concept for evaluation. mechanisms for transfer of technology and expanding and managing the technology life cycle. The marketing department develops a description of the attributes of the new technology. State True or False: a. (ii) In any new product line. organising trials. (ii)–True b. 71. initial production costs are usually much higher than later production costs. (i)–True. (i)–False. (i)–True. c. Streamlined multimedia and restore Ram chips c. Automated systems and streamlined multidata d.

they were not enthused because they had to learn new skills to master new technologies. Application of TF. In this context. He selected two employees who showed an inclination towards learning new things and sent them for training to ABC software company. (ii) In ____________ phase. Prepare project. At ABC the two employees of XYZ received technical know-how with respect to the usage . Their products commanded a good brand value in the market.5. (Descriptive questions to be answered in not more than 200 words) 10 Marks x 4 = 40 Marks Sl. (5 Marks) Refer unit 7. After considering all the opinions and suggestions. section 1.3 Marks (10 Marks) b) 77 a) (10 Marks) b) Read the following case study thoroughly and answer the following questions: This case study deals with technology diffusion. (ii)–False (i)–False. When he discussed this matter with company’s employees. section 7. (ii)–True (i)–False. No. application of TF c. 9. (5 Marks) Refer unit 1.6 Discuss the process of technology –based innovation process with suitable examples. the forecasting activities that are planned and resources are allocated. One of the employee also said that the new technologies will add to the company’s costs. (ii)–False (i)–True. identification of needs Section-C Answer all the following questions. They also though that new technologies may make them redundant. section 11. (5 marks) Refer unit 9. GM took a decision.a.5 Discuss the stages involved in technology life cycle with suitable examples. XYZ is a small software development company. sections 9. Fill the following blanks with respect to technology forecasting phases: (i) _____________is the first phase in technology forecasting process.3 Explain the various dimensions of technology transfer and features of technology package. a. d. (i)–True. prepare project d. the company’s General Manager (GM) decided to buy new technologies and introduce them in the company. c. Validate results. Identification of needs. So the company decided to expand its business by offering new products based on cutting-edge software technologies. define objectives b. (5 marks) Refer Unit 11. They were comfortable with old skills and showed their reluctance towards new skills. established in 1970. Their market value was Rs. b.200 crores by the year 1995. 76 a) Questions Explain about the impact of technological changes on the society. (ii)–True 75.

The completion of the new project increased the XYZ’s profit to Rs. the new project was successfully completed in a record time. (5 marks) (10 Marks) b) Why was the GM eager to introduce new technologies or software in the company? (5 marks) 79 c) d) List out the advantages of using new technologies in XYZ (10 Marks) company. The GM felt happy that all the employees had no difficulty working on the new software. (5 marks) .(5 marks) If you were the GM of XYZ company. the two employees returned to their company and conducted a workshop for one week on the usage of new software. selection and implementation of new technologies (unit 6) Why do you think the employees showed reluctance towards 78 a) adopting new technologies or learning new skills. Now the employees started using the new software without any difficulty. The credit for successful diffusion of technology in the company and resulting profitability goes to the insight and leadership qualities of the GM. Since all the employees were trained to work on the new software. This workshop helped the employees of XYZ to shed their inhibition towards new technologies and the usage of software. the company bagged a project that especially required the assistance of the new software being introduced. 500 crores. The good leadership qualities exhibited by the GM led to the introduction of new software and its acceptance in the company. which type of technologies you would prefer keeping in mind the company’s interests. After completing their training. To answer the questions for this case you should know the concepts of diffusion (unit 5). For any doubts or clarifications.of new software. In the year of 1996. they could freely consult the two employees who had received training at ABC company.

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