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Cudia Petition for Mandamus (SC)

Cudia Petition for Mandamus (SC)

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Filed Monday, March 24
Filed Monday, March 24

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03/27/2014

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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES

SUPREME COURT
Manila

FIRST CLASS CADET ALDRIN JEFF P. CUDIA of the Philippine Militar A!a"e# repre$ente" % hi$ father RENATO P. CUDIA &ho al$o a!t$ on hi$ o&n %ehalf an" BERTENI CATALU'A CAUSIN() Petitioners, FILIPINA P. CUDIA) in %ehalf of CADET FIRST CLASS ALDRIN JEFF P. CUDIA an" on her o&n %ehalf) Intervenor-Petitioner. - versus THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE PHILIPPINE MILITAR. ACADEM. /PMA0) THE HONOR COMMITTEE /HC0 OF *1+2 OF THE PMA an" HC MEMBERS) an" the CADET RE3IE4 AND APPEALS BOARD /CRAB0) Respondents. x-------------------------------------x (.R. No. *++,-*

PETITION-IN-INTERVENTION (for Certiorari and Mandamus)
INTERVENOR-PETITIONER FILIPINA P C!"IA# re$resented %& t'e Pu%(i) Attorne&*s Offi)e# +it' LEA3E OF COURT) most res$e)tfu((& fi(es t'e instant Petition-inIntervention# and states,

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PREFATORY STATEMENT
T'is Petition-in-Intervention see-s, (a) to )'a((en.e t'e P'i(i$$ine Mi(itar& A)adem&*s de)ision to dismiss CA"ET FIR/T CLA// AL"RIN 0EFF P C!"IA (Cadet Cudia) from t'e A)adem& and de$rive 'im of 'is ri.'t to %e a $art of t'e Mar)' 12# 3415 PMA .raduation rites# for 'avin. %een rendered +it' .rave a%use of dis)retion amountin. to (a)- or ex)ess of 6urisdi)tion7 and# (%) to )ommand t'e P'i(i$$ine Mi(itar& A)adem& (PMA) to )onfer u$on Cadet Cudia 'is ri.'ts and %enefits as a (a+fu((&-entit(ed .raduate of t'e A)adem& T'is is not intended to )ast dis'onor to t'e Armed For)es of t'e P'i(i$$ines and t'e P'i(i$$ine Mi(itar& A)adem& and ot'er senior offi)ia(s7 nor to ma(i.n t'e institution Petitioners 'erein are forever mindfu( and res$e)tfu( of t'e P'i(i$$ine Mi(itar& A)adem&# t'e Armed For)es of t'e P'i(i$$ines and its senior offi)ia(s# %ein. former en(isted $ersonne( of t'e AFP t'emse(ves T'e& )ome %efore t'is 8onora%(e Court on(& for t'e $ur$ose of .ivin. 6usti)e and $reservin. t'e 'onor and di.nit& of Cadet First C(ass A(drin 0eff Cudia and see-in. redress for t'e %ase(ess $ronoun)ement of 'is .ui(t %& t'e 8onor Committee# +'i)' is tantamount to de$rivation and a%use of 'is 'uman ri.'ts to (ife# 'onor# di.nit&# edu)ation and $ro$ert& T'is (e.a( redress is %ein. avai(ed of +it' t'e firm %e(ief t'at t'e (e.a( $ro)esses and a )adet*s %asi) ri.'ts as em%odied %& t'e 8onor Code itse(f +ere disre.arded %& t'e ver& institution mandated to res$e)t and im$(ement it From t'e ver& %e.innin.# Cadet Cudia*s )ase seemed to 'ave %een $re-6ud.ed %& t'e $re(iminar& investi.ation team (it )annot %ut es)a$e t'e $etitioners* mind t'at Cadet First C(ass Noe( Ra.uindin# t'e Nav& se)ond in ran-# +as $art of t'e said team) T'e %iased $ro)eedin.s a.ainst 'im seem to 'ave $ersisted unti( 'is )onvi)tion %& t'e 8onor Committee and t'e Cadet Revie+ and A$$ea(s 9oard 8e +as -e$t in t'e dar- as to t'e )'ar.e and de)ision a.ainst 'im# more so t'e (e.a( %ases for t'e same

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:'i(e mindfu( of t'e $rin)i$(e of 'ierar)'& of )ourts# t'e 'erein Intervenor-Petitioner 6oins t'e $etitioners as t'e& see- re)ourse %efore t'is 8onora%(e Court# under t'e mant(e of t'e a))e$ted ex)e$tion to t'e .enera( ru(e ; for s$e)ia(# im$ortant and )om$e((in. reasons (UNICAN v. NEA, G.R. No. 187107, 31 Jan ar! "01"# In $enator $antia%o, et a& v. $enator G in%ona, et a&. (G.R. No. 13'(77, 18 Nove)*er 1++8#, it +as $ronoun)ed, <In t'e re.u(ar )ourse# t'e re.iona( tria( )ourts and t'is Court 'ave )on)urrent 6urisdi)tion to 'ear and de)ide $etitions for , o -arranto (as +e(( as .ertiorari# $ro'i%ition and )anda) s)# and a %asi) deferen)e to t'e 'ierar)'& of )ourts im$e(s a fi(in. of su)' $etitions in t'e (o+er tri%una(s Ho&e5er) for $pe!ial an" i#portant rea$on$ or for e6!eptional an" !o#pellin7 !ir!8#$tan!e$) as in t'e $resent )ase# thi$ Co8rt ha$ allo&e" e6!eption$ to thi$ "o!trine. In fa)t# ori.ina( $etitions for .ertiorari# $ro'i%ition# )anda) s and , o -arranto assai(in. a)ts of (e.is(ative offi)ers (i-e t'e /enate President and t'e /$ea-er of t'e 8ouse 'ave %een re)o.ni=ed as ex)e$tions to t'is ru(e > T'e instant )ase is no ordinar& )ase see-in. not on(& for honor an" "i7nit %8t al$o for JUSTICE It does not on(& invo(ve a $erson*s %asi) )ivi( and )onstitutiona( ri.'ts# %ut revea(s a vio(ation and .ross disre.ard of t'e same %& t'e $remiere and on(& trainin. s)'oo( for t'e mi(itar& in t'e P'i(i$$ines It revea(s an affront a.ainst t'e fundamenta( ri.'ts of ever& $erson )ommitted %& an institution $rimari(& tas-ed +it' $rote)tin. t'e same It )on)erns an undenia%(& ex)e$tiona( student +'o )ou(d ver& +e(( %e a va(ua%(e mem%er of t'e P'i(i$$ine Armed For)es C(ear(&# it 6ust %ears too mu)' +ei.'t on 'o+ t'e future of t'e P'i(i$$ines* defense for)es and t'e )ountr&*s nationa( se)urit& is s'a$ed# t'at immediate re)ourse to t'e 8i.'est Court of t'e (and ; t'e u(timate defender of our )onstitutiona( ri.'ts and %u(+ar- a.ainst o$$ression ; %e)omes im$erative

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:e )ome %efore t'is 8onora%(e Court as a (ast re)ourse# for t'e $etitioners* efforts to see- redress from t'e Armed For)es of t'e P'i(i$$ines and t'e President 'ad %een in vain T'us# it is most res$e)tfu((& im$(ored of t'is 8onora%(e Court to .ive due )ourse to t'e instant )ase# %ein. of un?uestiona%(e NATIONAL INTERE/T T'e $ertinent $rovisions of t'e Ru(es of Court re?uirin. t'e $a&ment of do)-et fees for t'e $ur$ose of fi(in. t'is $etition not+it'standin.# t'e $etitioner is exem$ted from t'e a$$(i)ation t'ereof $ursuant to /e)tion 12-"# C'a$ter @# Tit(e III# 9oo- IV of E O No 3A3# as amended %& Re$u%(i) A)t No A542 (Exem$tin. C(ients of PAO from Pa&ment of "o)-et and Ot'er Fees)# /u$reme Court Reso(ution dated 13 0une 344B on A M No 4B-@-1@-/C# and OCA Cir)u(ar No 131-344B dated 11 "e)em%er 344B

TIMELINESS
Fo((o+in. t'e $ro)eedin.s )ondu)ted %& t'e PMA 8onor Committee a.ainst Cadet Cudia for a((e.ed vio(ation of t'e 8onor Code# Cadet Cudia# t'ru )ounse(# fi(ed an A$$ea( Memorandum1 %efore t'e PMA Cadet Revie+ and A$$ea(s 9oard (CRA9) on 11 Mar)' 3415 On even date# Cadet Cudia (earned of t'e fa)t t'at 'is name +as not in)(uded %& t'e PMA in t'e To$ 14 of t'e $i/&a* 0i-a o1 "01' as +e(( as in t'e ro(( of .raduates
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Eventua((&# t'e PMA $us'ed t'rou.' +it' its )ommen)ement exer)ises on 12 Mar)' 3415# indeed ex)(udin. Cadet Cudia from its ro(( of .raduates 2 T'is effe)tive(& denied 'is a$$ea( %efore t'e CRA9 Nota%(&# it
2.
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A copy of which is attached hereto as Annex “A”. Rule 129:

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SEC. 2. Judicial notice, when discretionary. – A court may take judicial notice of matters which are of public knowledge, or are capable of unquestionable demonstration, or ought to be known to judges because of their judicial functions.

+as .ra)ed %& t'e $resen)e of no (ess t'an 8is Ex)e((en)&# 9eni.no / A?uino III C On *1 Mar!h *1+2# or four (5) da&s after t'e PMA .raduation rites# t'e Cudia fami(& +as sur$rised (.iven t'e ear(ier indifferen)e of t'e 8onor Committee# t'e Cadet Revie+ and A$$ea(s 9oard and t'e P'i(i$$ine Mi(itar& A)adem& on 'is numerous re?uests for re)onsideration# for a$$ea( and for an o$$ortunit& to 'ave a))ess to and $resent eviden)e to $rove 'is defense) to 'ave re)eived noti)e of denia( of t'e a$$ea( of Cadet Cudia*s $arents fi(ed on 1D Fe%ruar& 3415 T'e said (etter of denia( dated 11 Mar)' 3415 from 9ri.adier Eenera( Rona(d N A(%ano# AFP# of t'e Offi)e of t'e Ad6utant Eenera(# Armed For)es of t'e P'i(i$$ines# si.nin. for t'e C'ief of /taff# .ave noti)e to t'e Cudia fami(& t'at t'e a$$ea( from t'e order den&in. t'e re?uest for reinvesti.ation (od.ed %efore t'e CRA9 +as denied 5 !nder Ru(e 2@ of t'e Ru(es of Court# a $etition for )ertiorari# $ro'i%ition andFor mandamus s'a(( %e fi(ed not (ater t'an sixt& (24) da&s from noti)e of t'e 6ud.ment# order or reso(ution# or from t'e denia( of t'e motion for re)onsideration# if one +as fi(ed Re)-onin. t'e $eriod from t'e re)ei$t of t'e (etter informin. Cadet Cudia of t'e denia( of 'is a$$ea( on 34 Mar)' 3415# t'e PMA )ommen)ement exer)ises 'e(d on 12 Mar)' 3415# and even from 11 Mar)' 3415 +'en Cadet Cudia (earned of t'e fa)t t'at 'e +as not amon. t'e PMA*s ro(( of .raduates# a $etition for )ertiorari and mandamus is time(& 8o+ever# .ivin. deferen)e to t'e ru(e a.ainst forum s'o$$in.#C and avai(in. of t'e remed& of Intervention under Ru(e 1A of t'e Ru(es of Court instead# t'e instant Petition-in-Intervention is %ein. fi(ed in a))ordan)e +it' /e)tion 3 t'ereof# +'i)' $rovides, </EC C 2i)e to intervene. 3 T'e motion to intervene ma& %e fi(ed at an& time %efore rendition of 6ud.ment %& t'e tria( )ourt A )o$& of t'e $(eadin.-in-intervention s'a(( %e
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!ection , "ule # of the "ules of $ourt.

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atta)'ed to t'e motion and served on t'e ori.ina( $arties >

PARTIES
@ Intervenor-Petitioner FILIPINA P. CUDIA# a resident of 9(o)- C# Lot 14# Mt Vie+ /u%division# Eatia+in# Ara&at# Pam$an.a# is t'e mot'er of Cadet First C(ass A(drin 0eff P Cudia /'e is an indi.ent +it'in t'e meanin. of Re$u%(i) A)t No A542# as s'e is $resent(& not .ainfu((& em$(o&ed# a(t'ou.' former(& a mem%er of t'e AFP en(isted +omen 2 Petitioner Renato P. C8"ia# t'e fat'er of Cadet Cudia# is (i-e+ise a resident of 9(o)- C# Lot 14# Mt Vie+ /u%division# Eatia+in# Ara&at# Pam$an.a 8e is (i-e+ise an indi.ent# not %ein. .ainfu((& em$(o&ed %ut a(so former(& a mem%er of t'e AFP en(isted men(/:AE) B Petitioner Berteni Catal89a Ca8$in7) +'o )an %e served +it' $ro)esses of t'is Court at !nit 1# No 3C2D Leon Euinto /t )orner 09 Roxas /t # Ma(ate# Mani(a# is amon. t'e $etitioners in t'e main $etition D T'e Philippine Militar A!a"e# /PMA0# 'eaded %& t'e Commandant and t'e /u$erintendent7 t'e Honor Co##ittee of *1+2# (ed %& 8onor Committee C'airman First C(ass Cadet Mi-e Ant'on& Mo.o(7 and t'e Ca"et Re5ie& an" Appeal$ Boar" /CRAB0 # are 'erein im$(eaded as res$ondents# 'avin. rendered t'e adverse de)isions a.ainst Cadet First C(ass A(drin 0eff P Cudia T'e& ma& %e served at t'e PMA# Fort Ere.orio "e( Pi(ar# Loa-an Road# 9a.iuo Cit& A Li-e+ise served +it' a )o$& of t'is Petition-inIntervention are,

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(a) Bri7a"ier (eneral Ronal" N. Al%ano) AFP # of t'e Offi)e of t'e Ad6utant Eenera(# Armed For)es of t'e P'i(i$$ines# +'o si.ned t'e (etter dated 11 Mar)' 3415# at Cam$ Emi(io A.uina(do# Gue=on Cit&7 (%) (eneral E##an8el T. Ba8ti$ta) AFP) the Chief of Staff) Ar#e" For!e$ of the Philippine$ # %ot' at Cam$ Emi(io A.uina(do# Gue=on Cit&7 and# ()) t'e Offi!e of the Soli!itor (eneral at 1C5 Amorso(o /treet# Le.as$i Vi((a.e# 133A Ma-ati Cit&

STATEMENT OF THE MATTERS IN3OL3ED
14 At t'e outset# t'e intervenor-$etitioner 'ere%& manifests t'at Cadet Cudia +as not furnis'ed of an& vita( (e.a( do)ument issued %& t'e res$ondents $ertainin. to 'is )ase %ased on t'e )(aim5 %& t'e PMA t'at t'ose are )onfidentia( materia(s 11 Cadet Cudia is a mem%er of t'e $i/&a* 0i-a C(ass 3415 and is su$$osed to .raduate and re)eive 'is a)ademi) 'onors as /a(utatorian of C(ass 3415# t'e P'i(i$$ine Nav& /a%er as t'e to$ Nav& )adet .raduate# and a )ommission as Ensi.n of t'e P'i(i$$ine Nav& On 1A Novem%er# 341C# Cadet Cudia +as issued a "e(in?uen)& Re$ort for t'e offense of < 4ate 1or t-o ("# )in tes in 5is En% '1" .&ass o6a 1' 1(007-18007 Nov "013># to +'i)' 'e .ave 'is ex$(anation statin. t'at < 9 r .&ass -as dis)issed a (&itt&e# *it &ate and I .a)e dire.t&! 1ro) 't5 period .&ass:.>@
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'etter of (ajor )eneral *scar +. 'ope,, A-+, dated 1. (arch 2.12 to +ublic Attorney /aisy +adolina0'imos, attached hereto as Annex “B”.
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Appeal (emorandum 1erified by $adet $udia 2Anne3 4A5 hereof6, p. 27 Please also see Annex !" o# the A$$eal %e&orandu&. -or easy reference, attached hereto as Annex “A-1” are scanned copies of the /elinquency "eport and 83planation of "eport.

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8e furt'er ex$(ained, a 9efore t'e end of t'e )(ass 'our# 1@448# 'is tea)'er# "r Moni)a Costa(es# instru)ted 'im and some ot'er )(assmates to +ait for 'er so s'e )an .ive t'eir se)tion .rade7 % And for t'e reason t'at ot'er )adets (1CL ARCANEEL# 1CL "IAH# 1CL MIRAN"A# and 1CL NARCI/O) +ere a(so $resent# and t'e instru)tor# "r Moni)a Costa(es# +as +it' t'em# t'e $etitioner used# in 'is ex$(anation# t'e +ord <.&ass>7 ) Considerin. furt'er t'at it +as u$on t'e instru)tion of "r Costa(es t'at t'e& +aited# t'e $etitioner a(so used t'e +ord <dis)issed>7 d Petitioner +aited for around 5@ se)onds to 1 minute C4 se)onds# t'at is +'& 'e used t'e $'rase <a &itt&e *it &ate> in 'is said ex$(anation 2 1C On 1A "e)em%er 341C# Cadet Cudia +as informed t'at 'e +as meted +it' a $ena(t& of 11 demerits and 1C tourin. 'ours 8e o%e&ed t'e instru)tion# %ut# %e(ievin. t'at 'e did not )ommit an& vio(ation# 'e a$$roa)'ed t'eir Ta)ti)a( Offi)er# Ma6or Romme( "ennis 8indan.# PAF# to see)(arifi)ation Ma6or 8indan. to(d 'im t'at t'e %asis of t'e $ena(t& +as t'e resu(t of 'is (Ma6or 8indan.) )onversation +it' "r Costa(es# +'o +as as-ed if s'e ever dismissed 'er )(ass (ate A))ordin. to Ma6or 8indan.# "r Costa(es ans+ered in t'e ne.ative Ma6or 8indan. (i-e+ise added t'at t'e& 'ave a $roto)o( to dismiss t'e )(ass 14-1@ minutes %efore 1@448 B

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9bid. 9bid, pp. 203.

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15 Cadet Cudia ex$(ained to Ma6or 8indan.# in addition to 'is $revious ex$(anation to 'is de(in?uen)& re$ort# t'at, ;$ir, I stron%&! *e&ieve t5at I a) not in .ontro& o1 t5e .ir. )stan.es, o r ' t5 period .&ass ended 1(00 and o r (t5 .&ass, -5i.5 is ENG'1", started 1(007 a&so. I))ediate&! a1ter 't5 period .&ass, I -ent to )! ne<t .&ass -it5o t an! intention o1 *ein% &ate $ir.=8 1@ Ma6or 8indan. instru)ted Cadet Cudia t'at sin)e t'e re$ort of 'is vio(ation +as in +ritin.# 'is a$$ea( s'ou(d a(so %e in +ritin. 8en)e# on t'at same da&# 'e made a (etter addressed to t'e /enior Ta)ti)a( Offi)er# Ma6or 9en6amin Leander# see-in. re)onsideration of t'e meted $unis'ment A In t'e said (etter# Cadet Cudia ex$(ained, <$ir, I stron%&! *e&ieve t5at I a) not in .ontro& o1 t5e .ir. )stan.es, o r ' t5 period .&ass ended 1(007 and o r (t5 period .&ass, -5i.5 is ENG'1", started 1(007 a&so. I))ediate&! a1ter 't5 period .&ass, I -ent to )! ne<t .&ass -it5o t an! intention o1 *ein% &ate $ir.>14 12 On B 0anuar& 3415# +'i(e Cadet Cudia +as +aitin. for t'e a)tion on 'is motion for re)onsideration# 'e +as informed t'at Ma6or 8indan. re$orted 'im for vio(ation of t'e 8onor Code 8e on(& (earned t'at 'is motion for re)onsideration +as denied +'en 'e in?uired +it' t'eir /enior Ta)ti)a( Offi)er# Ma6or Leander# on 35 0anuar& 3415 11

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9bid, p. 3. 9bid. 9bid. 9bid.

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T'e 8onor Re$ort si.ned %& Ma6or 8indan. states, <4!in% t5at is %ivin% state)ent t5at perverts t5e tr t5 in 5is -ritten appea&, statin% t5at 5is 't5 period .&ass ended at 1(007 t5at )ade 5i) &ate in t5e s ..eedin% .&ass.=1"

1D After re)eivin. a )o$& of t'is 8onor Re$ort# Cadet Cudia in?uired +it' t'e 8onor Committee C'airman# Cadet 1CL Mi-e Ant'on& Mo.o(# +'at Ma6or 8indan. meant in 'is re$ort Cadet 1CL Mo.o( ans+ered t'at Ma6or 8indan.*s re$ort +as %ased on 'is )onversation +it' t'eir instru)tors# )(assmates# and +'at 'e +rote in 'is re?uest for re)onsideration of meted $unis'ment addressed to Ma6or Leander 8e (Ma6or Leander) (i-e+ise added t'at Ma6or 8indan. +aited for 'im to ma-e a +ritten statement so 'e (Ma6or 8indan.) )an 'ave a %asis to fi(e an 'onor re$ort a.ainst 'im 1C 1A Considerin. t'at "r Costa(es# +'o )an s'ed (i.'t on t'e matter# +as on an emer.en)& (eave# Cadet Cudia ver%a((& re?uested t'at 'e %e .iven an extension of time to su%mit 'is ex$(anation T'is re?uest +as .ranted 15 34 On 1C 0anuar& 3415# "r Costa(es sent Cadet Cudia t'e fo((o+in. text messa.es# to +it, <G d p) .dt . dia. >a) *e&andres %ave )e */%ro nd na. $5e to&d )e it?s a report dated Nove)*er. @5en )aA 5indan% as/ )e, no ti)e re1erens > 45,3@,11 $m

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9bid, pp. 304. 9bid, p. 4. 9bid.

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<A&& t5e -5i&e I t5ot 5e -as re1errin% to dis)issa& d rin% &ast da! de.e)*r. pres )e t5e! -i& 1inis5 ear&! *e. its %rp -or/..B 45,3A,31 $m
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31 T'e fo((o+in. da&# Cadet Cudia and Cadet Ar)an.e( a$$roa)'ed "r Costa(es for furt'er detai(s "r Costa(es ex$(ained t'at +'en Ma6or 8indan. as-ed 'er# t'e& +ere not in t'e same time referen)e 12 33 Cadet Cudia su%se?uent(& su%mitted a (etter +'i)' ex$(ains 'is side +it' res$e)t to 'is 'onor re$ort# viC, <$ir, @e 5ad an 4E t5at da! (1' Nove)*er "013# in 9R'3" .&ass. @5en t5e 1irst *e&& ran% (1'((#, I stood p, revie-ed )! paper and s *)itted it to )! instr .tor, >s. Costa&es. A1ter -5i.5, I and Cadet 1.& Ar.an%e& as/ed 1or so)e , er! -it5 re%ards to t5e ded .tions o1 o r previo s 4E. 9 r instr .tor %&ad&! ans-ered o r , estion. $5e t5en to&d )e t5at s5e -i&& %ive )e t5e .op! o1 o r se.tion %rade, so I -aited at t5e 5a&&-a! o tside t5e ACA0( o11i.e, and t5en s5e .a)e o t o1 t5e roo) and %ave )e a .op! o1 t5e %rades. Cadet Ar.an%e&, Cadet Nar.iso and I i))ediate&! -ent to o r (t5 period C&ass -5i.5 is ENG'1".>1B T'ereafter# a $re(iminar& investi.ation team )om$osed of 8onor Committee mem%ers from Foxtrot Com$an& (t'ree First C(ass Cadets)# and t'e 8onor
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9bid7 $lease also see Annex A'2" o# the A$$eal %e&orandu&. 9bid. 9bid, pp. 40 .

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Committee C'airman forma(i=ed t'e a((e.ed 7onor Dio&ation )ase a.ainst Cadet Cudia 1D T'e senior mem%ers +ere, First C(ass Cadet Mi-e Ant'on& Mo.o( as C'airman# First C(ass Cadet 8asi.an and First C(ass Cadet Noe( Ra.uindin Nota%(&# 1CL Ra.uindin +as runnin. se)ond in t'e Nav&7 Cadet Cudia +as t'e first Moreover# Cadet First C(ass Mo.o( $revious(& )'ar.ed Cadet Cudia +it' 'onor vio(ations a((e.ed(& for )'eatin.# i e # )onnivin.# tutorin. 'is fe((o+ )adets on a diffi)u(t to$i)# %ut t'e same +as dismissed for (a)- of merit1A 35 T'e 8onor Committee +'i)' +ou(d 'ear Cadet Cudia*s )ase +as formed and )om$osed of nine (A) votin. mem%ers (1CL FANTIN ;C=, 1CL ARLEGUI ;7=, 1CL MARTAL ;E=, 1CL CABRIDO ;E=, 1CL AYADA ;C=, 1CL LAGURA ;7=, 2CL CARINO ;E=, 2CL MARTINEZ ;E=, and 2CL TARAYAO ;G=)# t'e 8onor Committee C'airman (1CL MOGOL) and t'e Presidin. Offi)er (1CL SALVACION <">) 34 3@ On 34 0anuar& 3415# t'e first ni.'t of 'is tria(# Cadet Cudia +as )a((ed and as-ed +'at 'is $(ea +as7 'e ans+ered# <I did not vio&ate t5e 5onor .ode and s!ste)> 31 It +as noted t'at durin. t'e $ro)eedin.s# t'ere +as a video re)order at t'e %a)- and a voi)e re)order in front 33 32 Immediate(& after t'e tria(# Cadet Cudia +as informed t'at if one (1) out of t'e nine (A) mem%ers votes <Not Eui(t&># 'e +i(( 'ave a verdi)t of a)?uitta( 3C In fa)t# t'e 8onor Code itse(f $rovides t'at,

1#

9bid, p. . Please see Annex (" hereo#, $. 1. 9bid7 Please also see Annex C" o# the A$$eal %e&orandu&. 9bid, p. . 9bid, p. %. 9bid, p. .

1:

2.

21

22

23

13

<(a# nani)o s vote (+ votes# o1 GUI42F de.ides t5at a .adet is 1o nd % i&t! o1 vio&atin% t5e 7onor Code.>35 3B It is note+ort'& t'at even %efore t'e verdi)t +as .iven# Cadet Cudia a(read& served nine (A) 'ours of t'e t'irteen (1C) tourin. 'our-$ena(t& +'i)' 'e sou.'t to %e re)onsidered 3@ 3D !$on %ein. informed %& t'e 8onor Committee C'airman (1CL Mo.o() of t'e <Eui(t&> verdi)t# Cadet Cudia immediate(& in?uired as to t'e .rounds or reason for t'e same 1CL Mo.o( ans+ered t'at it is )onfidentia( sin)e 'e (Cadet Cudia) +i(( sti(( a$$ea( t'e same 32 3A Cadet Cudia (ater (earned t'at initia((&# t'e vote of t'e 8onor Committee votin. mem%ers +as < 8 Guilty: 1 Not Guilty> +'i)' +ou(d 'ave resu(ted to a verdi)t of a)?uitta( and t'at t'e Presidin. Offi)er (1CL /a(va)ion) a(read& announ)ed t'is 3B 8o+ever# t'e 8onor Committee C'airman (1CL Mo.o() ordered t'e votin. mem%ers to .o to t'e se)ret room After t'eir <dis)ussion># t'e verdi)t %e)ame a unanimous vote of <Eui(t&> 3D T'is )an %e $roven %& t'e affidavit of Commander 0un6ie Ta%uada3A T'e said affidavit states t'at, <1 T'at after C"T 1CL C!"IA )onvi)ted for 'onor vio(ation# I )annot remem%er exa)t(& t'e date %ut sometime in t'e mornin. of 3C rd or 35t' of 0anuar& 3415# I +as in m& offi)e
24

A copy of which is attached hereto as Annex “C”. Appeal (emorandum 1erified by $adet $udia, p. . 9bid. 9bid. 9bid.

2

2%

2&

2#

Please see Annex E" o# the A$$eal %e&orandu&. -or easy reference, attached hereto as Annex “A-2”is an original copy of the said affida1it.
2:

14

fi((in. u$ forms for t'e rene+a( of m& $ass$ort# C"T 1CL LAE!RA entered and 'ad %usiness +it' m&se(f7 <3 :'en 'e +as a%out to (eave I )a((ed 'im# <L !"# $ li% &u' (ito#> and 'e a$$roa)'ed me and I (et 'im sit do+n in t'e )'air in front of m& ta%(e I to(d and as-ed 'im# <T l ! '! ' ( li "i Cu(i $)** 'o + '! ' '!y ,i- M !.t ! lo! o, & !. Bi" y % -> 8e re$(ied# <T l ! '! NOT GUILTY '! /ot0 %o " % 'y "i,#> and I as-ed 'im# <o$# + %it ' !i'! !uilty (i + 1 ! & y i" '! ' ! NOT GUILTY# +"20lto ' -> 8e re$(ied <C$i' &+0, %o "i,# + l0 1i' 1 .3u"ti4y %u'! + %it NOT GUILTY /ot0 %o# t ' .1,0""u,0 (i' %o "i, % y +i' !o %o# "i, > /o# I to(d 'im# <" y '! "y # & t li'o t & + it 1 ' & '> and 'e re$(ied <oo '! "i,> After t'at )onversation# I (et 'im .o > C4 "ue to t'e resu(ts of t'e votin.# on 33 0anuar& 3415# Cadet Cudia +as immediate(& $(a)ed in a 'o(din. )enter inside t'e A)adem&# in +'i)' 'e s'a(( remain unti( t'e a$$ea( is reso(ved C4 8e forma(i=ed 'is a$$ea( on 35 0anuar& 3415 via a :ritten A$$ea(C1 %efore t'e C'airman of t'e 8onor Committee T'e same is not a)ted u$on unti( date C3 C1 "urin. Cadet Cudia*s ear(& da&s in t'e 'o(din. area# +'i)' is a room in t'e Re.is 8a(( frontin. t'e PMA Erandstand# visitors in)(udin. 'is fami(& +ere a((o+ed inside and 'e +as $ermitted to attend 'is )(asses 9& 3D 0anuar& 3415# 'o+ever# as 'is fami(& )onstant(& fo((o+ed u$ t'e status of 'is )ase# visitors ; ex)e$t for Cadet Cudia*s $arents and sister# foster mot'er and t'e C'a$(ain ; +ere no (on.er a((o+ed inside /oon t'ereafter# even t'e
3.

Appeal (emorandum 1erified by $adet $udia, p. &. Please see Annex !" o# the A$$eal %e&orandu&. Appeal (emorandum 1erified by $adet $udia, p. &.

31

32

1

C'a$(ain and t'e foster mot'er +ere no (on.er $ermitted to see 'im C3 T'is +as %ut t'e start of Cadet Cudia*s ordea(

A(t'ou.' t'e intervenor-$etitioner no (on.er re)a((s t'e exa)t date# it +as durin. one of t'eir visits to Cadet Cudia in 'is 'o(din. area +'en s'e +as advised %& Ca$tain A((an Ferdinand 9 Cusi# a mem%er of t'e Cadet Revie+ and A$$ea(s 9oard (CRA9) to )onvin)e 'er son to resi.n and immediate(& (eave t'e A)adem&# even utterin. ;*a/a )a%pa/a)ata! pa !an, /a)i pa )asisisi dito=. CC On D Fe%ruar& 3415# a /$e)ia( Order of Indefinite Leave of A%sen)e +as issued a.ainst Cadet Cudia 9& virtue of su)' order# 'e is no (on.er entit(ed to $a& and a((o+an)es effe)tive 14 Fe%ruar& 3415 $endin. a$$rova( of 'is se$aration from t'e A)adem& 8e +as a(so %arred from future a$$ointment andFor admission as a )adet and is no (on.er $ermitted to ?ua(if& for an& entran)e re?uirements to t'e A)adem& CC C5 :it' 'is situation .ettin. +orse# Cadet Cudia su%mitted a (etter on 1C Fe%ruar& 3415 to t'e Offi)e of t'e Commandant of Cadets C5 T'is# too# 'as not %een res$onded to C@ C@ Frustrated +it' 'o+ Cadet Cudia +as %ein. de$rived of due $ro)ess and 'o+ 'is attem$ts to seere)onsideration of t'e verdi)t a.ainst 'im is %ein. i.nored# Annavee Cudia# Cadet Cudia*s sister and 'erein intervenor$etitioner*s dau.'ter# $osted 'er %rot'er*s $(i.'t in 'er fa)e%oo- $a.e on 1B Fe%ruar& 3415 C2

33

A copy of which is attached hereto as Annex “D”. Please see Annex C" o# the A$$eal %e&orandu&. Appeal (emorandum 1erified by $adet $udia 2Anne3 4A5 hereof6, p. &. A copy of which is hereto attached as Annex “E”.

34

3

3%

1%

C2 T'e next da&# t'e Cudia fami(& +ent to t'e AFP Eenera( 8ead?uarters to see- 'e($ on Cadet Cudia*s )ase T'at ni.'t# t'e matter )au.'t t'e attention of media CB /ti(( +it' no )(ear res$onse to a(( t'e )ommuni)ations t'at Cadet Cudia su%mitted# 'erein intervenor-$etitioner +it' $etitioner Renato Cudia# +it'out an& ot'er re)ourse# su%mitted a (etter dated 1D Fe%ruar& 3415CB to Ma6or Eenera( Os)ar Lo$e=# /u$erintendent# PMA# a )o$& of +'i)' +as furnis'ed t'e C'ief of /taff of t'e AFP and ot'er )on)erned offi)ers CD CD /ometime t'ereafter# t'e C'ief of /taff dire)ted t'e /u$erintendent to Revie+ t'e )ase of Cadet Cudia# +'o in turn# referred t'e matter to t'e Cadet Revie+ and A$$ea(s 9oard (CRA9) CA CA Cadet Cudia no+ %ein. more and more $erse)uted and o$$ressed# /$e)ia( Order No 1 +as issued on 31 Fe%ruar& 3415 dire)tin. a(( )adets to ostra)i=e 'im %& not ta(-in. to 'im and %& se$aratin. 'im from a(( a)tivitiesFfun)tions of t'e )adets Vio(ation of su)' order s'a(( %e a <)(ass 1> offense entai(in. 5@ demerits# A4 'ours tourin. and A4 'ours )onfinement 54 54 "es$ite a(( t'e fore.oin.# and sti(( %ent on $rovin. 'is inno)en)e of t'e )'ar.e a.ainst 'im# on 35 Fe%ruar& 3415# Cadet Cudia re?uested t'ru a 'and+ritten (etterre?uest51# for additiona( time or unti( 45 Mar)' 3415# to su%mit ne+ eviden)e to su$$ort 'is a$$ea( %efore t'e CRA97 and for )o$ies of t'e minutes of t'e 8onor Committee and a(( re(evant do)uments $ertainin. to 'is )ase as +e(( as a )o$& of t'e video foota.e and re)ordin.s of t'e 'earin. at t'e 8onor Committee
3&

Please see Annex )" o# the A$$eal %e&orandu&. Appeal (emorandum 1erified by $adet $udia, p. &. 9bid. Attached hereto as Annex “F”. Please see Annex A" o# the A$$eal %e&orandu&.

3#

3:

4.

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1&

T'e ver& next da&# or on 3@ Fe%ruar& 3415# Cadet Cudia and 'is fami(& en.a.ed t'e servi)es of t'e Pu%(i) Attorne&*s Offi)e (PAO) via its 9a.uio Cit& "istri)t Offi)e 51 Amon. t'e matters referred %& t'e Cudia fami(& to PAO-9a.uio "istri)t is Cadet Cudia*s inadvertent dis)over& of a sus$i)ious-(oo-in. re)order 'idden %eside t'e %ed in 'is room and ta$ed a.ainst t'e +a(( (a$$arent(& <voi)e re)ordin.>) 8e +as# )onse?uent(&# instru)ted %& t'e PAO9a.uio to .et t'e .ad.et# +'i)' +as (ater turned over to t'e Commission on 8uman Ri.'ts (C8R) Later in t'e da&# Cadet Cudia +as transferred to a different room !n(i-e %efore# 'e 'ad no more roommates 8e +as on so(itar& )onfinement 53 On 32 Fe%ruar& 3415# Cadet Cudia re)eived a (etter from t'e C'airman of t'e CRA9# 9ri.adier Eenera( Andre M Costa(es# 0r 53 informin. 'im t'at t'e 9oard +i(( )ontinue to revie+ t'e )ase and su%mit its re)ommendation $endin. a$$rova( of 'is re?uest for extension It is a(so stated t'erein t'at t'e 9oard )annot favora%(& )onsider 'is re?uest for )o$ies of t'e minutes of t'e 8onor Committee and ot'er re(evant do)uments as it a((e.ed(& is not t'e a$$ro$riate and aut'ori=ed %od& to a)t on said re?uest A(t'ou.' t'e (etter states t'at t'e re?uest for do)uments %e addressed to t'e Commandant# CCAFP# t'e C'airman ver%a((& )ommuni)ated to Cadet Cudia*s $arents t'at it is %etter for t'em to address t'e (etter to t'e /u$erintendent of t'e PMA 5C 8en)e# on 3B Fe%ruar& 3415# sti(( 'o$efu( t'at t'e PMA +ou(d 'ear 'im and .ive 'im an o$$ortunit& to defend 'imse(f# Cadet Cudia +rote a (etter addressed to t'e /u$erintendent reiteratin. 'is re?uests 55

42

A copy of which is attached hereto as Annex “G” Please see Annex A'1" o# the A$$eal %e&orandu&. A copy of which is attached hereto as Annex “H”

43

44

1#

9ri.adier Eenera( Costa(es (i-e+ise )ate.ori)a((& uttered to t'e Cudia fami(&# $arti)u(ar(& Annavee# <Iour %rot'er# 'e (iedJ> Costa(es +ou(d (ater %e)ome t'e 'ead of t'e CRA9 5C 9& 5 Mar)' 3415# +it' Cadet Cudia*s ear(ier re?uests for )o$ies of re(evant do)uments not 'avin. %een favora%(& a)ted u$on# and 'is su$$osed +itnesses# +'o are a(( )adets# 'avin. %een ordered %& t'e A)adem& not to )ommuni)ate +it' 'im# Cadet Cudia +as )onstrained to fi(e# t'ru t'e PAO# a Motion for Extension of Time to Fi(e A$$ea(5@# re?uestin. for an additiona( extension of 1@ da&s from 45 Mar)' 3415# or unti( 1A Mar)' 3415# to (od.e 'is a$$ea( and su%mit 'is eviden)e T'e do)uments and t'e statements of said +itnesses are t'e intended additiona( eviden)e for $ur$oses of revie+ %& t'e CRA9 55 T'e PAO (i-e+ise +rote a (etter to Eenera( Emmanue( 9autista# C'ief of /taff of t'e Armed For)es of t'e P'i(i$$ines# to see- for 'is immediate dire)tive to t'e PMA to ex$editious(& and favora%(& a)t on Cadet Cudia*s re?uests 52 Cadet Cudia*s fami(& (ater (earned from a $ress re(ease of /e)retar& Co(oma# %ut not via an& +ritten noti)e to Cadet Cudia or 'is fami(&# t'at 'e +as .iven unti( 1A Mar)' 3415 to a$$ea( 5@ On 14 Mar)' 3415# Annavee Cudia de)ided to see- t'e assistan)e of C'ief Pu%(i) Attorne& Persida V Rueda-A)osta 'erse(f# a+are of t'e (atter*s a)tive (eaders'i$ and utmost dedi)ation to 'e($ t'e need&# in t'e defense of 'er %rot'er T'e re?uest +as for+arded 5B to Att& 8enr& M Fran)is)o# in 'is )a$a)it& as t'e Re.iona( Pu%(i) Attorne&# PAO-CAR (Offi)er-in-C'ar.e) and )on)urrent Offi)er-inC'ar.e of t'e PAO-9a.uio Cit&# as t'e )ase is a(read& %ein. 'and(ed %& t'e PAO-9a.uio Cit& "istri)t Offi)e

4

Please see Annex A'1" o# the A$$eal %e&orandu&. A copy of which is attached hereto as Annex “I”. A copy of which is attached hereto as Annex “J”.

4%

4&

1:

52 On 11 Mar)' 3415# t'e Cudia fami(& (earned t'at Cadet Cudia +as not in)(uded %& t'e PMA in t'e To$ 14 of t'e /i-(a% "i+a of 3415 as +e(( as in t'e ro(( of .raduates Cadet Cudia a(so re)eived on even date# t'ru )ounse(# a (etter from Ma6or Eenera( Os)ar Lo$e=5D informin. 'im t'at 'is re?uests for extension and for do)uments are denied# +it' a furt'er information t'at t'e CRA9 'ad a(read& for+arded t'eir re)ommendation for 'is dismissa( to t'e Eenera( 8ead?uarters sometime in Fe%ruar&-Mar)' 3415 5B :it' su)' deve(o$ment on t'e no+ in)reasin.(& %e)omin. )e(e%rated and )onvo(uted )ase of Cadet Cudia# and mindfu( of t'e $ossi%(e im$(i)ation t'at t'is )ase 'as on nationa( interest# Att& Fran)is)o sou.'t t'e .uidan)e of t'e C'ief Pu%(i) Attorne& and t'e PAO-Centra( Offi)e# +it' t'e Cudia fami(& reiteratin. t'eir re?uest for t'e assistan)e of t'e C'ief Pu%(i) Attorne& 'erse(f 5A T'eir des$erate $(ea for 'e($ states, <Pea)e %e +it' &ou Kami $o na Ma.u(an. ni Cadet A(drin 0eff Cudia a& %uon. $uson. na.$a$a-um%a%a na 'umi'in.i $o n. tu(on. $ara sa amin. ana- na sana& a& da$at ma-asama sa Mar)' 12 3415 sa .raduation n. P'i(i$$ine Mi(itar& A)adem& C(ass 3415 A(am $o namin na si&a a& %i-tima n. ma(in. Pro)eso n. 8onor Committee +a(a na $o -amin. i%an. inaasa'an -undi an. atin. "ios at -a&o na -an&an. itina(a.a sa .an&an. /an.a& n. Eo%&erno na ma&roon ma(inis ma-a "i&os at ma-a masan. damdamin Nasa Puso $o at damdamin n .amin. anaan. 'an.arin. ma-a$a.(in.-od una sa "ios $an.a(a+a sa %a&an at sa -an&an. m.a ma'a( sa %u'a& sa tu+id at maran.a( na Pamamaraan !maasa $o -ami na ma%i%i.&an ni&o $o n. Pansin ito at ma-asama an .amin. sa na(a(a$it na $a.tata$os n. )(ass 3415 /i-(a% "i+a >
4#

Anne3 4;5 hereof. A copy of which is hereto attached as Annex “K”.

4:

2.

5D Conse?uent(&# t'e PAO and Cadet Cudia# o$tin. to .ive 'i.' re.ard and due res$e)t to t'e administrative ma)'iner& of t'e PMA# fi(ed an A$$ea( Memorandum @4 on 11 Mar)' 3415 %efore t'e CRA9 9ut on 13 Mar)' 3415# Renato Cudia and Annavee Cudia# no+ +it' t'e C'ief Pu%(i) Attorne&# $ro)eeded to Cam$ A?uina(do to see- a dia(o.ue and for t'e intervention of offi)ia(s from t'e Armed For)es of t'e P'i(i$$ines Renato and Annavee a(so tried to so(i)it t'e 'e($in. 'and of t'e President via a (etter dated 13 Mar)' 3415# viCG <:e +rite Iour Ex)e((en)& re.ardin. t'e )ase of Cadet 1CL AL"RIN 0EFF C!"IA# a )andidate for /a(utatorian# +'o +as not in)(uded in t'e (ist of .raduates of t'e P'i(i$$ine Mi(itar& A)adem& (PMA) C(ass of /i-(a%-"i+a 9at)' 3415 for a((e.ed vio(ation of t'e 8onor Code :e 'um%(& %e. for &our )om$assion and sense of 6usti)e to .rant our a$$ea( and re)onsider t'e de)ision of t'e 8onor Committee7 to a((o+ 'im to .raduate t'is )omin. Mar)' 12# 34157 and to re)eive 'is PMA "i$(oma and Trans)ri$t of Re)ords :e are atta)'in. a )o$& of t'e Memorandum of A$$ea( t'at Cadet C!"IA fi(ed +it' t'e PMA Cadet Revie+ and A$$ea(s 9oard Co$ies of t'e said memorandum +ere furnis'ed to, (1) T'e Commandant# Cadet Cor$ of t'e Armed For)es of t'e P'i(i$$ines7 (3) T'e /u$erintendent# PMA7 and (C) Offi)e of t'e C'ief of /taff# AFP >@1 5A T'e Cudia fami(& and t'e C'ief Pu%(i) Attorne& t'en +ent to 9a.uio Cit& on 1C Mar)' 3415 to 'ave a dia(o.ue +it' Ma6or Eenera( Os)ar Lo$e=

.

Anne3 4A5 hereof. A copy of which is hereto attached as Annex “L”.

1

21

At t'e PMA# t'e& )'an)ed u$on Cadet Cudia a(read& 'avin. a 'earin. %efore t'e CRA9 No suffi)ient $rior noti)e of t'e s)'edu(ed 'earin.# 'o+ever# +as .iven to Cadet Cudia or 'is )ounse(7 neit'er +as an& .iven to 'is fami(& @4 T'e next da&# t'e du%ious CRA9 'earin. )ontinued# +it' Cadet Cudia )om$(ete(& at a (oss on +'et'er 'e +as indeed %ein. .iven t'e o$$ortunit& to %e 'eard or +as 6ust mere(& %ein. .iven a s'am tria(7 fortunate(&# t'e C8R )ame out +it' its findin.s# via a do)ument denominated as <Pre&i)inar! Hindin%s o1 C7R Investi%ation reG Cadet C dia?s Case in t5e P5i&ippine >i&itar! A.ade)!=, after 'avin. )ondu)ted an inde$endent investi.ation of t'e $ro)eedin.s 'ad a.ainst Cadet Cudia /i.nifi)ant $ortions of t'e C8R findin.s in)(ude, <D T'ere +ere de(i%erate omissions of vita( $ortions of t'e tria( $ro)eedin. in t'e Minutes or trans)ri$t 8en)e t'e minutes of t'e $ro)eedin.s are not )om$(ete# not a))urate and not fait'fu( ref(e)tions of t'e entire $ro)esses t'at trans$ired durin. t'e forma( tria(7 xxx <14 As a resu(t of t'e D-1 vote# t'e Committee C'air (Cadet Mo.o() )a((ed t'e votin. mem%ers to C'am%er 11 T'e )'am%erin. is not in t'e +ritten $ro)edures 13 T'e D-1 vote +as intentiona((& omitted in t'e minutes of t'e $ro)eedin.s T'is a$$eared to %e de(i%erate# )onsiderin. t'at t'e Re)orders t'emse(ves admitted t'at t'ere +as an announ)ement %& t'e Presidin. Offi)er of t'e D-1 vote %ut t'e& fe(t t'at it s'ou(d not %e in)(uded in t'e minutes Li-e t'e votin. mem%ers# t'e re)orders t'en insisted t'at t'is +as %e)ause t'e D-1 vote is 6ust an initia( vote# +'i)' is )ontrar& to t'e

22

+ritten ru(es as to t'e res$onsi%i(it& to re)ord t'e entire $ro)eedin.s %efore t'e 8onor Committee 1C Li-e+ise# t'e resort to )'am%erin. +as de(i%erate(& ex)(uded from t'e minutes of t'e $ro)eedin.s 15 T'ere is no su)' t'in. as initia( votin. in t'e +ritten ru(es xxx <1A Li-e+ise# Cdt 3C1 0o)son testified t'at Cdt La.ura vo(untari(& admitted to 'er and Cdt Cudia of 'is Not Eui(t& vote and t'at 'e +as $ressured to )'an.e 'is vote 34 T'e 8onor Committee did not o%serve t'e san)tit& of t'e %a((ot ; t'e D-1 votin. And# +'en t'e Commission +as a%(e to e(i)it t'at t'ere +as rea((& an D-1 vote# t'e votin. mem%ers insisted t'at it +as 6ust an initia( vote T'e +ritten ru(e does not s$ea- of an& initia( votin. >@3

T'e C8R a(so noted Committee*s o+n ru(es

vio(ations

of

t'e

8onor

@1 T'at ni.'t# after da&s and ni.'ts of so(itar& )onfinement# Cadet Cudia +as .iven a taste of de)en)& and res$e)t +'en# u$on t'e re?uest of t'e C'ief Pu%(i) Attorne&# 'e +as transferred from t'e Re.is 8a(( to t'e offi)ers* ?uarters %eside t'e PMA station 'os$ita( @3 T'e next da&# in t'e (ate afternoon of 1@ Mar)' 3415# Cadet Cudia and 'is fami(& +ere summoned %& t'e President /ti(( 'o$in. to see some (i.'t# t'e& 'ad a dia(o.ue +it' 8is Ex)e((en)& 9eni.no / A?uino III T'e& +ere a%(e to voi)e out t'eir .rievan)es and t'eir $(ea for
2

A copy of which is hereto attached as Annex “M”.

23

mer)& from t'e President @C :it' no advise on t'e reso(ution of t'e issues (od.ed %& t'e fami(&# t'e PMA )ommen)ement exer)ises $us'ed t'rou.' on 12 Mar)' 3415# .ra)ed %& t'e President 'imse(f Cadet Cudia +as (eft %e'ind @C To date# t'e PMA refuses to )onfer u$on Cadet Cudia 'is %a))a(aureate de.ree7 t'e PMA refuses to re(ease to 'im 'is di$(oma# not even an 'onora%(e dismissa(7 &et# 'is trans)ri$t of re)ords sa&s <on indefinite (eave> @5 Cadet Cudia is no+ in (im%o

@5 On 34 Mar)' 3415# or four (5) da&s after t'e PMA .raduation rites# t'e Cudia fami(& +as sur$rised to re)eive a (etter from t'e Offi)e of t'e Ad6utant Eenera(# Armed For)es of t'e P'i(i$$ines# dated 11 Mar)' 3415 and si.ned %& 9ri.adier Eenera( Rona(d A(%ano# informin. t'em t'at t'e a)tion of CRA9 in den&in. Cadet Cudia*s a$$ea( is affirmed@@ @@ 8en)e# t'e instant Petition-in-Intervention

(ROUND FOR THE ALLO4ANCE OF THE PETITION
@2 T'e P'i(i$$ine Mi(itar& A)adem&# t'ru its /u$erintendent# )ommitted .rave a%use of dis)retion amountin. to (a)- or ex)ess of 6urisdi)tion in dismissin. First
3

A copy of which is hereto attached as Annex “N”. A copy of which is hereto attached as Annex “O”.

4

A copy of which is hereto attached as Annex “P”. 2-or ready reference, attached as Annex “P-1” hereof6

24

C(ass Cadet A(drin 0eff P Cudia from t'e A)adem& des$ite .(arin. vio(ations of 'is )onstitutiona( ri.'ts %& t'e PMA 8onor Committee and t'e PMA Cadet Revie+ and A$$ea(s 9oard# +'i)' e?ua((& de)ided Cadet Cudia*s )ase in .rave a%use of dis)retion amountin. to (a)- or ex)ess of 6urisdi)tion In so doin.# t'e A)adem& .ross(& misa$$re)iated eviden)e in arrivin. at its de)ision# so mu)' so t'at if t'is $a($a%(& erroneous ru(in. +'i)' is tantamount to .rave a%use of dis)retion +i(( not %e )orre)ted# it +ou(d )ause .rave in6usti)e and irre$ara%(e dama.e not on(& to Cadet Cudia %ut to 'is entire fami(& as +e((# in)(udin. t'e 'erein intervenor-$etitioner One of t'e .reatest and most s$e)ia( a)'ievements of an& mot'er is to see 'er )'i(dren su))eed and rea(i=e t'eir dreams For &ears# Cadet Cudia 'ad no ot'er vision t'an to %e)ome a mem%er of t'e P'i(i$$ine Armed For)es For &ears# 'e 'ad %een di(i.ent and dedi)ated in $ursuin. 'is edu)ation# so mu)' so t'at 'e %e)ame one of t'e outstandin. and ex)e$tiona( students in t'e A)adem& Comin. from a $oor and stru..(in. fami(&# 'is a)'ievements in s)'oo( %e)ame t'e fami(& treasure Pri)e(ess is t'e fami(&*s vision of Cadet Cudia %ein. on to$ of 'is )(ass and %ein. a reno+ned mi(itar& man In 6ust one sna$# 'is entire future )rum%(ed Not'in. )an %e more $ainfu( to a mot'er t'an to see 'er )'i(d un6ust(& defeated Ex$e)ted(&# a mot'er +ou(d never %ear to see 'er )'i(d %ein. %u((ied and for)ed into su%mission %& su)' a $o+erfu( institution Tru(&# Cadet Cudia +as un(a+fu((& stri$$ed of 'is future as a mi(itar& man and more im$ortant(&# +as un6ust(& de$rived of 'is ri.'t to edu)ation 8en)e# t'e de)ision %ein. sou.'t to %e revie+ed# if not )orre)ted# +i(( (eave Cadet Cudia and 'is fami(& forever &earnin. for 6usti)e ; an irre$ara%(e dama.e T'is .ives t'e 'erein intervenor-$etitioner t'e reso(ve to fi.'t for 'er son# as Cadet Cudia stands to (ive 'is (ife in t'e void# %ein. tota((& ro%%ed of 'is u(timate as$iration @B :'i(e Cadet Cudia (amenta%(& disa.rees +it' t'e findin. of t'e 8onor Committee# t'e Cadet Revie+ and A$$ea(s 9oard and t'e P'i(i$$ine Mi(itar& A)adem&# 'e o$ts not to avai( t'is $resent (e.a( remed& a.ainst t'e said i'"titutio'" out o4 "$00, ,0"105t '( to /oi( 'y i&1,0""io' o4 i'"u+o,(i' tio' t$ t & y 061o"0 $i& to 5ou,t & ,ti l (0"1it0 $i" !l ,i'! i''o50'50* Amidst a((

2

t'e $erse)ution and o$$ression# Cadet Cudia remains a true .ent(eman7 t'us# (eavin. 'erein intervenor-$etitioner# a(on. +it' t'e (atterLs 'us%and# $etitioner Renato P Cudia# fi.'tin. for 6usti)e to u$'o(d t'e 'uman ri.'ts and di.nit& of t'eir son Per notation on t'e trans)ri$t of re)ords @2 .iven to 'im after .raduation rites of 'is )o-)adets (ast 1A Mar)' 3415# Cadet Cudia is on indefinite (eave @D T'ere is no $(ain# s$eed& and ade?uate remed& in t'e ordinar& )ourse of (a+# as it is on(& no+ t'at t'e Cadet Revie+ and A$$ea(s 9oard denied Cadet Cudia*s a$$ea(# +'en it is o%vious(& too (ate for 'im to en6o& t'e $rivi(e.e of $arti)i$atin.# +it' 'onors# in t'e PMA )ommen)ement exer)ises Ear(ier# t'e 8onor Committee# t'e Cadet Revie+ and A$$ea(s 9oard and t'e P'i(i$$ine Mi(itar& A)adem& dis$(a&ed utter non)'a(an)e on Cadet Cudia*s numerous re?uests for re)onsideration# for a$$ea( and for an o$$ortunit& to 'ave a))ess to and $resent eviden)e to $rove 'is defense T'ere is reason to fear# t'erefore# t'at no immediate a)tion )an %e ex$e)ted from t'e P'i(i$$ine Mi(itar& A)adem& in time for Cadet Cudia*s immediate em$(o&ment or $er'a$s# 'is $ossi%(e $ursuan)e of 'i.'er edu)ation @A Not to %e missed is t'e Cudia fami(&*s insurmounta%(e efforts to see- re)onsideration of t'e 8onor Committee*s re)ommendation via t'e AFP offi)ia(s and t'e President# +'i)' +ere in vain C(ear(&# t'e& 'ave fu((& ex'austed t'e remedies avai(a%(e to t'em under t'e )ir)umstan)es and it is on(& t'rou.' t'is most revered Court t'at t'eir )on)erns ma& %e s$eedi(& addressed 24 A(t'ou.' t'is 8i.' Court is admitted(& not a trier of fa)ts# +e su%mit t'at it is nonet'e(ess em$o+ered to sett(e mixed ?uestions of fa)t and (a+# es$e)ia((& +'en )ertain si.nifi)ant fa)ts and eviden)e +ere over(oo-ed %& t'e ru(in. %od&# +it' .rave a%use of dis)retion amountin. to (a)- or in ex)ess of 6urisdi)tion ($ per&ines 2ransportation Co)pan! vers s P5i&ippine Nationa& Constr .tion Co)pan!, G.R. No. 18+(+8, "8 >ar.5 "007#

%

Anne3 4*5 hereof.

2%

ISSUES PRESENTED FOR RESOLUTION

I 4HETHER THE PHILIPPINE MILITAR. ACADEM.) THE HONOR COMMITTEE AND THE CADET RE3IE4 AND APPEALS BOARD COMMITTED (RA3E ABUSE OF DISCRETION IN DISMISSIN( CADET FIRST CLASS ALDRIN JEFF P. CUDIA FROM THE ACADEM. IN UTTER DISRE(ARD OF HIS RI(HT TO DUE PROCESS CONSIDERIN( THAT: A. De$pite repeate" re;8e$t$ for rele5ant "o!8#ent$ re7ar"in7 hi$ !a$e) Ca"et Fir$t Cla$$ Al"rin Jeff C8"ia &a$ "epri5e" of hi$ ri7ht to ha5e a!!e$$ to e5i"en!e &hi!h &o8l" ha5e pro5en hi$ "efen$e) &o8l" ha5e totall %elie" the !har7e a7ain$t hi#) an" #ore i#portantl ) &o8l" ha5e $ho&n the irre78larit in the Honor Co##ittee<$ hearin7 an" ren"ition of "e!i$ion Ca"et Fir$t Cla$$ Al"rin Jeff C8"ia &a$ 5a78el infor#e" of the "e!i$ion$ arri5e" at % the Honor Co##ittee) the Ca"et Re5ie& an" Appeal$ Boar" an" the Philippine Militar A!a"e# The Honor Co##ittee) the Ca"et Re5ie& an" Appeal$ Boar" an" the Philippine Militar A!a"e# ha5e affor"e" Ca"et Fir$t Cla$$ Al"rin Jeff C8"ia nothin7 %8t a $ha# trial

B.

C.

2&

D.

The Honor Co##ittee) the Ca"et Re5ie& an" Appeal$ Boar" an" the Philippine Militar A!a"e# 5iolate" their o&n r8le$ an" prin!iple$ a$ e#%o"ie" in the Honor Co"e The Honor Co##ittee) the Ca"et Re5ie& an" Appeal$ Boar" an" the Philippine Militar A!a"e# ) in "e!i"in7 Ca"et Fir$t Cla$$ Al"rin Jeff C8"ia<$ !a$e) 7ro$$l an" in %a" faith) #i$applie" the Honor Co"e $o a$ to "ef the +=>? Con$tit8tion) not&ith$tan"in7 the 8n;8e$tiona%le fa!t that the for#er $ho8l" iel" to the latter. II

E.

4HETHER THE PHILIPPINE MILITAR. ACADEM.) THE HONOR COMMITTEE AND THE CADET RE3IE4 AND APPEALS BOARD COMMITTED (RA3E ABUSE OF DISCRETION IN HOLDIN( THAT CADET FIRST CLASS ALDRIN JEFF P. CUDIA LIED) THEREB. 3IOLATIN( THE HONOR CODE III 4HETHER THE RESULT OF THE FACT@ FINDIN( IN3ESTI(ATION INDEPENDENTL. CONDUCTED B. THE COMMISSION ON HUMAN RI(HTS IS OF SUCH (REAT 4EI(HT AND PERSUASI3E NATURE THAT THIS HONORABLE COURT MA. HONOR) UPHOLD AND RESPECT

DISCUSSION
THE PHILIPPINE ACADEM.) THE MILITAR. HONOR

2#

COMMITTEE AND THE CADET RE3IE4 AND APPEALS BOARD COMMITTED (RA3E ABUSE OF DISCRETION IN DISMISSIN( CADET FIRST CLASS ALDRIN JEFF P. CUDIA FROM THE ACADEM. IN UTTER DISRE(ARD OF HIS RI(HT TO DUE PROCESS 21 <No $erson s'a(( %e de$rived of (ife# (i%ert&# or $ro$ert& +it'out due $ro)ess of (a+# nor s'a(( an& $erson %e denied t'e e?ua( $rote)tion of t'e (a+s> (1+87 Constit tion, Arti.&e III, $e.tion 1#. /o sa)red is t'is ri.'t t'at it is foremost in our )onstitutiona((&-ens'rined %i(( of ri.'ts It is tru(& 'eart%rea-in. t'at Cadet Cudia +as de$rived of t'is fundamenta( ri.'t %& an institution 'ai(ed as t'e $rote)tor of t'e $eo$(e (1+87 Constit tion, Arti.&e II, $e.tion 3# Coro((ar& t'ereto# Arti)(e 1A of t'e Ne+ Civi( )ode re?uires# ;Ever! person ) st, in t5e e<er.ise o1 5is ri%5ts and in t5e per1or)an.e o1 5is d ties, a.t -it5 A sti.e, %ive ever!one 5is d e, and o*serve 5onest! and %ood 1ait5.= 8". ;25o %5 pro.ed ra& r &es in ad)inistrative pro.eedin%s are &ess strin%ent and o1ten app&ied )ore &i*era&&!, ad)inistrative pro.eedin%s are 'ot 060&1t 4,o& + "i5 '( 4u'( &0't l 1,o50(u, l 1,i'5i1l0"# "u5$ " t$0 ,i!$t to (u0 1,o50"" i' i'/0"ti! tio'" '( $0 ,i'!". 25e ri%5t to s *stantive and pro.ed ra& d e pro.ess is app&i.a*&e to ad)inistrative pro.eedin%s= (P9" >onto!a vers s Po&i.e 0ire.tor Dari&&a, G.R. No. 1801'8, 18 0e.e)*er "008(7#. @e&&-sett&ed is t5e r &e t5at t5e essen.e o1 d e pro.ess is si)p&! ' o11o,tu'ity to +0 $0 ,( or, as app&ied to ad)inistrative pro.eedin%s, an opport nit! to e<p&ain one?s side or an opport nit! to see/ a re.onsideration o1 t5e a.tion or r &in% .o)p&ained o1. Unar% a*&!, t5is r &e, as it is stated, strips do-n ad)inistrative d e pro.ess to its )ost
&

$itations omitted.

2:

1 nda)enta& nat re and s 11i.ient&! A sti1ies 1reein% ad)inistrative pro.eedin%s 1ro) t5e ri%idit! o1 pro.ed ra& re, ire)ents. In parti. &ar, 5o-ever, d e pro.ess in ad)inistrative pro.eedin%s 5as a&so *een re.o%niCed to in.& de t5e 1o&&o-in%G (1# t5e ri%5t to a.t a& or .onstr .tive noti.e o1 t5e instit tion o1 pro.eedin%s -5i.5 )a! a11e.t a respondent?s &e%a& ri%5tsI ("# ,0 l o11o,tu'ity to +0 $0 ,( persona&&! or -it5 t5e assistan.e o1 .o nse&, to present -itnesses and eviden.e in one?s 1avor, and to de1end one?s ri%5tsI (3# a tri* na& vested -it5 .o)petent A risdi.tion and so .onstit ted as to a11ord a person .5ar%ed ad)inistrative&! ,0 "o' +l0 !u , 't00 o4 $o'0"ty " 20ll " i&1 ,ti lityI and ('# a 1indin% *! said tri* na& -5i.5 is "u11o,t0( +y "u+"t 'ti l 0/i(0'50 s *)itted 1or .onsideration d rin% t5e 5earin% or .ontained in t5e re.ords or )ade /no-n to t5e parties a11e.ted. (8 (I*id# 7en.e, even i1 ad)inistrative tri* na&s e<er.isin% , asiA di.ia& po-ers are not stri.t&! *o nd *! pro.ed ra& re, ire)ents, t$0y ,0 "till +ou'( +y l 2 '( 07uity to o+"0,/0 t$0 4u'( &0't l ,07ui,0&0't" o4 (u0 1,o50"". Noti.e to ena*&e t5e ot5er part! to *e 5eard and to present eviden.e is not a )ere te.5ni.a&it! or a trivia& )atter in an! ad)inistrative or A di.ia& pro.eedin%s. In t5e app&i.ation o1 t5e prin.ip&e o1 d e pro.ess, 2$ t i" "ou!$t to +0 " 40!u ,(0( i" not &a./ o1 previo s noti.e * t t$0 (0'i l o4 t$0 o11o,tu'ity to +0 $0 ,(.(+ (I*id#. 2C As ear(& as 1A54# t'e ri.'t to due $ro)ess in administrative )ases 'as %een re)o.ni=ed In t'e (andmar)ase of A'! Ti+ y# 0t l* /0,"u" T$0 Cou,t o4 I'(u"t,i l R0l tio'"# 0t l* (G.R. No. 4-'8'+8, "7 He*r ar! 1+'0#, t'e 8i.' Court 'as (aid do+n t'e $rimar& ri.'ts +'i)' must %e $rote)ted in administrative 'earin.s# to +it, <(1) T'e first of t'ese ri.'ts is t'e ri7ht to a hearin7# +'i)' in)(udes t'e ri7ht of the part intere$te" or affe!te" to pre$ent hi$ o&n !a$e an" $8%#it e5i"en!e in $8pport thereof In t'e

#

8mphasis ours. 8mphasis ours.

:

3.

(an.ua.e of C'ief 8u.'es# in >or%an v. U.$ # C45 ! / 1# @D / Ct BBC# AAA# D3 La+ ed 113A# Mt'e (i%ert& and $ro$ert& of t'e )iti=en s'a(( %e $rote)ted %& t'e rudimentar& re?uirements of fair $(a& (3) Not on(& must t'e $art& %e .iven an o$$ortunit& to $resent 'is )ase and to addu)e eviden)e tendin. to esta%(is' t'e ri.'ts +'i)' 'e asserts %ut the tri%8nal &u"t 5o'"i(0, the e5i"en!e pre$ente". (C'ief 0usti)e 8u.'es in Mor.an v ! / 3AD ! / 52D# @2 / Ct A42# D4 (a+ ed 13DD ) In t'e (an.ua.e of t'is )ourt in Ed-ards vs. >.Co!# 33 P'i( # @AD# Mt'e ri.'t to addu)e eviden)e# +it'out t'e )orres$ondin. dut& on t'e $art of t'e %oard to )onsider it# is vain /u)' ri.'t is )ons$i)uous(& futi(e if t'e $erson or $ersons to +'om t'e eviden)e is $resented )an t'rust it aside +it'out noti)e or )onsideration M (C) M:'i(e t'e dut& to de(i%erate does not im$ose t'e o%(i.ation to de)ide ri.'t# it "oe$ i#pl a ne!e$$it &hi!h !annot %e "i$re7ar"e") na#el ) that of ha5in7 $o#ethin7 to $8pport it is a nu((it&# a $(a)e +'en dire)t(& atta)'ed M (Ed+ards vs M)Co&# s pra ) T'is $rin)i$(e emanates from t'e more fundamenta( is )ontrar& to t'e vestin. of un(imited $o+er an&+'ere La+ is %ot' a .rant and a (imitation u$on $o+er (5) Not on(& must t'ere %e some eviden)e to su$$ort a findin. or )on)(usion (Cit& of Mani(a vs A.ustin# E R No 5@D55# $romu(.ated Novem%er 3A# 1ACB# NNNVI O E 1CC@)# %8t the e5i"en!e #8$t %e A$8%$tantial.A (:as'in.ton# Vir.inia and Mar&(and Coa)' Co v Nationa( La%or Re(ations 9oard# C41 ! / 153# 15B# @B / Ct

31

25D# 2@4# D1 La+ ed A2@ ) It means su)' re(evant eviden)e as a reasona%(e mind a))e$t as ade?uate to su$$ort a )on)(usion M (A$$a(a)'ian E(e)tri) Po+er v Nationa( La%or Re(ations 9oard# 5 Cir # AC F 3d AD@# ADA7 Nationa( La%or Re(ations 9oard v T'om$son Produ)ts# 2 Cir # AB F 3d 1C# 1@7 9a((ston/ti((+ater Knittin. Co v Nationa( La%or Re(ations 9oard# 3 Cir # AD F 3d B@D# B24 ) T'e statute $rovides t'at Mt'e ru(es of eviden)e $revai(in. in )ourts of (a+ and e?uit& s'a(( not %e )ontro((in. L T'e o%vious $ur$ose of t'is and simi(ar $rovisions is to free administrative %oards from t'e )om$u(sion of te)'ni)a( ru(es so t'at t'e mere admission of matter +'i)' +ou(d %e deemed in)om$etent in 6udi)ia( $ro)eedin.s +ou(d not inva(idate t'e administrative order (Interstate Commer)e Commission v 9aird# 1A5 ! / 3@# 55# 35 / Ct @2C# @2D# 5D La+ ed D247 Interstate Commer)e Commission v Louisvi((e and Nas'vi((e R Co # 33B ! / DD# AC CC / Ct 1D@# 1DB# @B La+ ed 5C17 !nited /tates v A%i(ene and /out'ern R& Co / Ct 334# 33@# B5 La+ ed 235 ) 9ut t'is assuran)e of a desira%(e f(exi%i(it& in administrative $ro)edure does not .o far as to 6ustif& orders +it'out a %asis in eviden)e 'avin. rationa( $ro%ative for)e Mere un)orro%orated 'earsa& or rumor does not )onstitute su%stantia( eviden)e (Conso(idated Edison Co v Nationa( La%or Re(ations 9oard# @A / Ct 342# DC La+ ed No 5# Adv O$ # $ 1C1 )M (@) The "e!i$ion #8$t %e ren"ere" on the e5i"en!e pre$ente" at the hearin7) or at lea$t !ontaine" in the re!or" an" "i$!lo$e" to the partie$ affe!te". (Interstate Commen)e Commission vs L O N R Co # 33B ! /

32

DD# CC / Ct 1D@# @B La+ ed 5C1 ) On(& %& )onfinin. t'e administrative tri%una( to t'e eviden)e dis)(osed to t'e $arties# )an t'e (atter %e $rote)ted in t'eir ri.'t to -no+ and meet t'e )ase a.ainst t'em It s'ou(d not# 'o+ever# detra)t from t'eir dut& a)tive(& to see t'at t'e (a+ is enfor)ed# and for t'at $ur$ose# to use t'e aut'ori=ed (e.a( met'ods of se)urin. eviden)e and informin. itse(f of fa)ts materia( and re(evant to t'e )ontrovers& 9oards of in?uir& ma& %e a$$ointed for t'e $ur$ose of investi.atin. and determinin. t'e fa)ts in an& .iven )ase# %ut t'eir re$ort and de)ision are on(& advisor& (/e)tion A# Common+ea(t' A)t No 14C ) T'e Court of Industria( Re(ations ma& refer an& industria( or a.ri)u(tura( dis$ute or an& matter under its )onsideration or advisement to a (o)a( %oard of in?uir&# a $rovin)ia( fis)a( a 6usti)e of t'e $ea)e or an& $u%(i) offi)ia( in an& $art of t'e P'i(i$$ines for investi.ation# re$ort and re)ommendation# and ma& de(e.ate to su)' %oard or $u%(i) offi)ia( su)' $o+ers and fun)tions as t'e said Court of Industria( Re(ations ma& deem ne)essar&# %ut su)' de(e.ation s'a(( not affe)t t'e exer)ise of t'e Court itse(f of an& of its $o+ers (/e)tion 14# i*id ) (2) T'e Court of Industria( Re(ations or an& of its 6ud.es# t'erefore# must a!t on it$ or hi$ o&n in"epen"ent !on$i"eration of t'e (a+ and fa)ts of t'e )ontrovers&# and not $i#pl a!!ept the 5ie&$ of a $8%or"inate in arrivin. at a de)ision It ma& %e t'at t'e vo(ume of +or- is su)' t'at it is (itera((& im$ossi%(e for t'e titu(ar 'eads of t'e Court of Industria( Re(ations $ersona((& to de)ide a(( )ontroversies )omin. %efore t'em In t'e !nited /tates t'e

33

diffi)u(t& is so(ved +it' t'e ena)tment of statutor& aut'orit& aut'ori=in. examiners or ot'er su%ordinates to render fina( de)ision# +it' t'e ri.'t to a$$ea( to %oard or )ommission# %ut in our )ase t'ere is no su)' statutor& aut'orit& (B) T'e Court of Industria( Re(ations s'ou(d# in a(( )ontroversia( ?uestions# render its de)ision in su)' a manner t'at the partie$ to the pro!ee"in7 !an Bno& the 5ario8$ i$$8e$ in5ol5e") an" the rea$on$ for the "e!i$ion ren"ere" T'e $erforman)e of t'is dut& is inse$ara%(e from t'e aut'orit& )onferred u$on it > 25 As +i(( %e suffi)ient(& revea(ed and meti)u(ous(& (aid out# t'e 8onor Committee# t'e Cadet Revie+ and A$$ea(s 9oard# and t'e P'i(i$$ine Mi(itar& A)adem& fe(( s'ort in o%servin. t'ese a(( too im$ortant safe.uards A. De$pite repeate" re;8e$t$ for rele5ant "o!8#ent$ re7ar"in7 hi$ !a$e) Ca"et Fir$t Cla$$ Al"rin Jeff C8"ia &a$ "epri5e" of hi$ ri7ht to ha5e a!!e$$ to e5i"en!e &hi!h &o8l" ha5e pro5en hi$ "efen$e) &o8l" ha5e totall %elie" the !har7e a7ain$t hi#) an" #ore i#portantl ) &o8l" ha5e $ho&n the irre78larit in the Honor Co##ittee<$ hearin7 an" ren"ition of "e!i$ion. /oon after t'e PMA-CRA9 +as )onstituted to revie+ Cadet Cudia*s a$$ea(# Cadet Cudia $ersona((& +rote a
% .

34

(etter-re?uest24 to t'e C'airman of t'e CRA9# 9Een Andre M Costa(es# 0r # statin.# amon. ot'ers, <3 Ma& I a(so res$e)tfu((& re?uest for )o$ies of t'e minutes of m& )ase )ondu)ted %& t'e 8onor Committee and a(( re(evant do)uments $ertainin. to m& )ase as +e(( as a )o$& of t'e video foota.e and re)ordin.s of t'e 'earin. A(( of t'ese +i(( a(so serve as additiona( eviden)e on m& %e'a(f > On 32 Fe%ruar& 3415# Cadet Cudia re)eived a (etter from t'e C'airman of t'e CRA9 +'i)' denied 'is re?uest# viC,
%%.
21

<T'e 9oard re.rets to inform &ou t'at &our re?uest to se)ure )o$ies of t'e minutes of t'e 8onor Committee and ot'er re(evant do)uments $ertainin. to &our )ase )an not %e favora%(& )onsidered sin)e t'e 9oard is neit'er t'e a$$ro$riate nor t'e aut'ori=ed %od& to ta-e a)tion on &our re?uest > Interestin.(&# des$ite t'e a$$arent (a)- of needed do)uments on Cadet Cudia*s $art# t'e CRA9 de)ided to )ontinue +it' t'e revie+ on 'is )ase On 3B Fe%ruar& 3415# Cadet Cudia +rote a (etter addressed to t'e /u$erintendent reiteratin. su)' re?uest 23
%&.

At t'is time# /$e)ia( Order No 1 +as a(read& issued as ear(& as 31 Fe%ruar& 3415 dire)tin. a(( )adets to ostra)i=e 'im %& not ta(-in. to 'im and %& se$aratin. 'im
%#.

%.

Please see Annex A" o# the A$$eal %e&orandu&. Anne3 4;5 hereof. Anne3 4<4 hereof.

%1

%2

3

from a(( a)tivitiesFfun)tions of t'e )adets 2C T'is (eft 'im +it'out an& o$$ortunit& to se)ure statements of su$$osed +itnesses# +'o are a(( )adets 2A T'e PAO# mindfu( of Cadet Cudia*s ri.'t to due $ro)ess# (i-e+ise +rote a (etter to Eenera( Emmanue( 9autista# C'ief of /taff of t'e Armed For)es of t'e P'i(i$$ines#25 statin.,

<In )onsideration of our )(ient*s ri.'ts to s$eed& tria( and due $ro)ess of (a+# and in t'e interest of su%stantia( 6usti)e# and in (i.'t of t'e im$endin. PMA .raduation on 12 Mar)' 3415# ma& +e res$e)tfu((& re?uest &ou to immediate(& dire)t t'e P'i(i$$ine Mi(itar& A)adem& to ex$editious(& and favora%(& a)t on Cadet Cudia*s re?uest so t'at +e )ou(d fi(e 'is said a$$ea(# to.et'er +it' t'e re?uested do)uments# %efore t'e PMA Cadet Revie+ and A$$ea(s 9oard > On 11 Mar)' 3415# Cadet Cudia re)eived a (etter from Ma6or Eenera( Os)ar Lo$e= 2@ informin. 'im# amon. ot'ers# t'at 'is re?uest for do)uments is denied# +it' t'e fo((o+in. rationa(e,
&..

<:it' re.ard to t'e re?uest of C"T 1CL C!"IA to se)ure )o$ies of t'e minutes of t'e 8onor Committee $ro)eedin.s# t'is Command res$e)ts t'e )onfidentia(it& and $resum$tion of re.u(arit& of a(( 8onor Committee $ro)eedin.s as $rovided in t'e $ertinent $rovisions of t'e 8onor Code and 8onor
%3

Anne3 4-4 hereof. Anne3 494 hereof. Anne3 4;5 hereof.

%4

%

3%

/&stem .overnin. t'e ru(es $ro)edure of Committee 'earin.s >

and

B1 T'e fore.oin. events s$ea- for t'emse(ves Cadet Cudia +as de$rived of 'is ri.'t to $resent eviden)e on 'is %e'a(f 8o+ )ou(d t'e PMA-CRA9 'ave arrived at its de)ision +'en a(( it ever $erused are t'e one-sided do)uments of t'e 8onor CommitteeP :it'out Cadet Cudia %ein. .iven t'e o$$ortunit& to examine t'e do)umentar& and video re)ordin.s durin. 'is 8onor Committee tria(# vita( eviden)e ne.atin. t'e re.u(arit& t'ereof and su$$ortin. 'is defense +ou(d 'ave %een sure(& over(oo-ed %& t'e CRA9 in its so-)a((ed <revie+> of t'e )ase :it'out Cadet Cudia %ein. .iven t'e o$$ortunit& to se)ure +itnesses in 'is defense (on a))ount of t'e ostra)ism order rendered %& t'e PMA a.ainst 'im)# t'e CRA9 sure(& )onsidered on(& %iased testimonies and eviden)e Nota%(&# t'e admission of Cadet First C(ass "a(ton 0o'n La.ura22 is a vita( information +'i)' )ou(d s'ed (i.'t to t'e )ase of Cadet Cudia7 'o+ever# 'e )annot o%tain a s+orn statement from said )adet %e)ause of t'e order to ostra)i=e 'im +'i)' )ou(d ma-e t'e said )adet (ia%(e if a((o+ed to ta(to 'im Cadet Cudia )annot a))ess or a$$roa)' t'e )adets +'o +ere $resent durin. 'is tria( and +'o +itnessed t'e said D-1 votin. resu(t as t'e& are su%6e)t to t'e same order to ostra)i=e
&2.

BC T'is $ra)ti)e of $ena(i=in. )adets +'o vio(ate t'e order to ostra)i=e is extreme(& unfair and runs afou( +it' t'e %asi) tenets of due $ro)ess# +'i)' )ertain(& is t'e %edro)- of t'e tria( of Cadet Cudia even +'en done under t'e aus$i)es of a )(osed or.ani=ation (i-e t'e Cor$s of Cadets of t'e Armed For)es of t'e P'i(i$$ines B5 Certain(& a$$(i)a%(e in t'is )ase is No' D &0" (G.R. No. 8+317, "+ >a! 1++0)# +'ere t'e Court a)tin. en *an.# )itin. t'e )ase of Gu8& ' N tio' l U'i/0,"ity (G.R. No. 88"88, 11 J &! /0,"u" 8i.'est /0,"u" 1+88# #

%%

A male cadet.

3&

$ronoun)ed t'at t'e im$osition of dis)i$(inar& san)tions re?uires o%servan)e of $ro)edura( due $ro)ess# t'us, <xxx xxx xxx T'ere are +it'a( #ini#8# $tan"ar"$ +'i)' must %e met to satisf& t'e demands of $ro)edura( due $ro)ess7 and t'ese are# t'at (1) the $t8"ent$ #8$t %e infor#e" in &ritin7 of the nat8re an" !a8$e of an a!!8$ation a7ain$t the#C (3) the ha5e the ri7ht to an$&er the !har7e$ a7ain$t the#) &ith the a$$i$tan!e of !o8n$el) if "e$ire"C (C) the $hall %e infor#e" of the e5i"en!e a7ain$t the#C (5) the $hall ha5e the ri7ht to a""8!e e5i"en!e in their o&n %ehalf7 and (@) the e5i"en!e #8$t %e "8l !on$i"ere" % the in5e$ti7atin7 !o##ittee or offi!ial "e$i7nate" % the $!hool a8thoritie$ to hear an" "e!i"e the !a$e > (em$'asis ours) B@ In fa)t# Cadet Cudia +as not even suffi)ient(& .iven t'e o$$ortunit& to see- )ounse( 8e +as not even as-ed if 'e +ou(d (i-e one 8is $arents and sister +ere on(& di(i.ent enou.' to see- )ounse( es$e)ia((& from t'e Pu%(i) Attorne&*s Offi)e 8en)e# Cadet Cudia +as on(& $ro$er(& re$resented +'en it +as a(read& nearin. 'is .raduation B2 As +i(( %e s'o+n furt'er# Cadet Cudia +as -e$t in t'e dar- as to t'e )'ar.e and de)ision a.ainst 'im 8e 'ad to )onstant(& see- )(arifi)ation and ?ueries 6ust to %e a$$rised of +'at 'e is )onfronted +it' BB On t'is .round a(one# t'e PMA de)ision to dismiss Cadet Cudia from t'e A)adem& +as a$$arent(& rendered in .rave a%use of dis)retion# +arrantin. its nu((ifi)ation B. Ca"et Fir$t Cla$$ Al"rin Jeff C8"ia &a$ 5a78el

3#

infor#e" of the "e!i$ion$ arri5e" at % the Honor Co##ittee) the Ca"et Re5ie& an" Appeal$ Boar" /CRAB0 an" the Philippine Militar A!a"e# . BD Note+ort'&# Cadet Cudia +as never furnis'ed an& +ritten de)isionFre)ommendation %& t'e 8onor Committee and t'e CRA9 A(( of a sudden# t'e Cudia fami(& re)eived a (etter from t'e Offi)e of t'e Ad6utant Eenera(# Armed For)es of t'e P'i(i$$ines# on 34 Mar)' 3415 or 5 da&s after t'e PMA )ommen)ement exer)ises $us'ed t'rou.' on 12 Mar)' 3415 :orse# t'ere remains no $roof t'at t'e CRA9 and t'e PMA )onsidered t'e eviden)e $resented %& Cadet Cudia It is un)ertain +'at eviden)e +ere ta-en into )onsideration %& t'e CRA9 and +'et'er t'e same is su%stantia( It is un)(ear +'et'er t'e ne+ eviden)e su%mitted %& Cadet Cudia +as ever ta-en into )onsideration In fa)t# t'e (etter fe(( s'ort in (a&in. do+n +it' s$e)ifi)it& t'e fa)tua( and (e.a( %ases used %& t'e CRA9 and even %& t'e Offi)e of t'e Ad6utant Eenera( in renderin. t'eir de)isions BA A)tua((&# from t'e ver& %e.innin.# Cadet Cudia re)eived not'in. %ut %e(ated information a%out# and va.ue 6ustifi)ations for# t'e de)isions a.ainst 'im7 'e +as a(+a&s -e$t in t'e darIt +as on 1A Novem%er 341C +'en Cadet Cudia +as issued a "e(in?uen)& Re$ort for 'is tardiness and +'en 'e first ex$(ained +'& 'e +as (ate 2B A mont' t'ereafter# or on 1A "e)em%er 341C# 'e +as sudden(& informed t'at 'e +as a+arded 11 demerits and 1C tourin. 'ours 8ad 'e not a$$roa)'ed t'eir Ta)ti)a( Offi)er# Ma6or 8indan.# to see)(arifi)ation# 'e +ou(d not 'ave %een informed t'at Ma6or 8indan. 'ad a(read& )onversed +it' "r Costa(es and t'at Ma6or 8indan. a(read& )on)(uded t'at 'e +as <(&in.> !$on Ma6or 8indan.*s instru)tion# 'e made a (etter addressed to
#..
%&

Appeal (emorandum 1erified by $adet $udia 2Anne3 4A5 hereof6, p. 2.

3:

t'e /enior Ta)ti)a( Offi)er# Ma6or 9en6amin Leander# see-in. re)onsideration of t'e meted $unis'ment 2D :'i(e +aitin. for an a)tion on 'is (etter# 'e +as informed on B 0anuar& 3415 t'at Ma6or 8indan. re$orted 'im for vio(ation of t'e 8onor Code 8e 'ad to in?uire +it' t'e 8onor Committee C'airman# Cadet 1CL Mo.o(# +'at Ma6or 8indan. meant in 'is re$ort Cadet 1CL Mo.o( ans+ered t'at Ma6or 8indan.*s re$ort +as %ased on 'is )onversation +it' t'eir instru)tors# )(assmates# and +'at 'e +rote in 'is re?uest for re)onsideration of meted $unis'ment addressed to t'eir /enior Ta)ti)a( Offi)er# Ma6or Leander 2A 8e on(& (earned t'at 'is motion for re)onsideration +as denied +'en 'e in?uired +it' Ma6or Leander on 35 0anuar& 3415 B4 8earin. %& t'e 8onor Committee ensued !$on %ein. informed %& t'e 8onor Committee C'airman (1CL Mo.o() of t'e <Eui(t&> verdi)t# Cadet Cudia immediate(& in?uired as to t'e .rounds or reason for t'e same 1CL Mo.o( ans+ered t'at it is CONFI"ENTIAL sin)e 'e (Cadet Cudia) +i(( sti(( a$$ea( t'e same B1
#1.

On 11 Mar)' 3415# t'e Cudia fami(& (earned t'at 'e +as not in)(uded %& t'e PMA in t'e To$ 14 as +e(( as in t'e ro(( of .raduates Ma6or Eenera( Os)ar Lo$e= B3 a(so informed 'im t'at t'e CRA9 'ad a(read& for+arded t'eir re)ommendation for 'is dismissa( to t'e Eenera( 8ead?uarters sometime in Fe%ruar&-Mar)' 3415 Even t'en# 'e re)eived no de)isionFre)ommendation on 'is )ase# ver%a((& or in +ritin.
#2.

DC T'e PMA )ommen)ement exer)ises $us'ed t'rou.' on 12 Mar)' 3415# a.ain +it' no +ritten de)ision %& t'e CRA9 or t'e PMA on 'is a$$ea(

%#

9bid, pp. 203. 9bid, p. 4. 9bid, p. 3. 9bid. Anne3 4;5 hereof.

%:

&.

&1

&2

4.

D5 :it' t'e fore.oin. fa)tua( %a)-dro$# does it not %e)ome o%vious t'at Cadet Cudia +as indeed de$rived of due $ro)essP C. The Honor Co##ittee) the Ca"et Re5ie& an" Appeal$ Boar" /CRAB0 an" the Philippine Militar A!a"e# ha5e affor"e" Ca"et Fir$t Cla$$ Al"rin Jeff C8"ia nothin7 %8t a $ha# trial. Com$oundin. 'is $erse)ution# Cadet Cudia +as .iven not'in. %ut a s'am tria( T'e affidavit of Commander 0un6ie Ta%uadaBC is en(i.'tenin. 8e re)a((ed Cadet First C(ass La.ura statin.# <C$i' &+0, %o "i,# + l0 1i' 1 . 3u"ti4y %u'! + %it NOT GUILTY /ot0 %o# t ' .1,0""u,0 (i' %o "i, % y +i' !o %o# "i, >
# .

Note+ort'& as +e((# Cadet First C(ass Noe( Ra.uindin# t'e Nav& se)ond in ran-# +as $art of t'e investi.atin. team D2 T'in.s did not sto$ t'ere On 1C Mar)' 3415# as t'e Cudia fami(& and t'e C'ief Pu%(i) Attorne& +ent to 9a.uio Cit& to 'ave a dia(o.ue +it' Ma6or Eenera( Os)ar Lo$e=# t'e& )'an)ed u$on Cadet Cudia a(read& 'avin. a 'earin. %efore t'e CRA9 No suffi)ient $rior noti)e of t'e s)'edu(ed 'earin.# 'o+ever# +as .iven to Cadet Cudia or 'is )ounse(7 neit'er +as an& .iven to 'is fami(& DB :orse# durin. one of t'eir visits to Cadet Cudia in 'is 'o(din. area# t'e intervenor-$etitioner +as advised to )onvin)e 'er son to resi.n and immediate(& (eave t'e A)adem&. C(ear(&# t'e PMA*s reso(ve is to dismiss Cadet Cudia no matter +'at T'e CRA9 )onferen)es +ere mere(& used to forma(i=e 'is dismissa(7 t'e PMA never rea((& intended to 'ear 'is side

&3

Please see Annex E" o# the A$$eal %e&orandu&.

41

9ri.adier Eenera( Costa(es (i-e+ise )ate.ori)a((& uttered to t'e Cudia fami(&# $arti)u(ar(& Annavee# <Iour %rot'er# 'e (iedJ> Costa(es (ater %e)ame t'e 'ead of t'e Cadet Revie+ and A$$ea(s 9oard

88. “The Supreme Court cannot permit such a sham trial and verdict and travesty of justice to stand unrectified” (Galman, et al. versus Sandiganbayan, et al., G. . !o. "#$"%, &# September &'($)

D. The Honor Co##ittee) the Ca"et Re5ie& an" Appeal$ Boar" /CRAB0 an" the Philippine Militar A!a"e# 5iolate" their o&n r8le$ an" prin!iple$ a$ e#%o"ie" in the Honor Co"e. In t'e )ase at %en)'# t'e de(i%erationFdis)ussion in t'e se)ret room of t'e 8onor Committee# +'i)' +as )a((ed %& t'e C'airman# after t'e votes of t'e mem%ers +ere a(read& )asted# and after t'e Presidin. Offi)er a(read& announ)ed its resu(t of <D E!ILTI,1 NOT E!ILTI> B5 +as not san)tioned %& t'e ru(es of t'e PMA
#:.

A4 No+'ere in t'e $ro)edures out(ined in t'e 8onor Code san)tion t'is $ro)edure done %& t'e 8onor Committee C'air Cadet First C(ass Mo.o( T'ere is not'in. in t'e Ru(es t'at +ou(d a((o+ t'e 8onor Committee C'air to order t'e )'am%erin. of a )adet +'o voted )ontrar& to t'e ma6orit& and su%6e)t 'im to re)onsider 'is vote in order to ref(e)t a unanimous vote A1 T'e $ro)edure ado$ted %& Cadet First C(ass Mo.o( is not on(& irre.u(ar %ut $uts into serious dou%t 'is
Appeal (emorandum 1erified by $adet $udia, p. .

&4

42

intentions a.ainst Cadet Cudia It must %e em$'asi=ed t'at Cadet First C(ass Mo.o( $revious(& )'ar.ed Cadet Cudia +it' 'onor vio(ations a((e.ed(& for )'eatin.# i e # )onnivin.# tutorin. 'is fe((o+ )adets on a diffi)u(t to$i)# %ut t'e same +as dismissed for (a)- of meritB@ A3 To re$eat# t'e $ro)ess of <)'am%erin.> t'e (one mem%er of t'e 8onor Committee (1CL La.ura) +'o .ave t'e vote of <NOT E!ILTI> is a )(ear deviation from t'e $ro)edures indi)ated in t'e 8onor Code# and )onse?uent(&# of Cadet Cudia*s ri.'t to due $ro)ess T'is %ein. so# t'e unanimous vote of <.ui(t&># and t'e eventua( .ui(t& verdi)t# +'i)' resu(ted from said se)ond de(i%eration s'ou(d %e )onsidered nu(( and void# for 'avin. %een rendered in .rave a%use of dis)retion AC T'e mani$u(ation )an %e $roven %& t'e affidavit of Commander 0un6ie Ta%uada t'at it %e)omes im$erative to restate t'e same# viC, <1 T'at after C"T 1CL C!"IA )onvi)ted for 'onor vio(ation# I )annot remem%er exa)t(& t'e date %ut sometime in t'e mornin. of 3Crd or 35t' of 0anuar& 3415# I +as in m& offi)e fi((in. u$ forms for t'e rene+a( of m& $ass$ort# C"T 1CL LAE!RA entered and 'ad %usiness +it' m& staff7 <3 :'en 'e +as a%out to (eave I )a((ed 'im# <L !"# $ li% &u' (ito#> and 'e a$$roa)'ed me and I (et 'im sit do+n in t'e )'air in front of m& ta%(e I to(d and as-ed 'im# <T l ! '! ' ( li "i Cu(i $)** 'o + '! ' '!y ,i- M !. t ! lo! o, & !.Bi" y % -> 8e re$(ied# <T l ! '! NOT GUILTY '! /ot0 %o " % 'y "i,#> and I as-ed 'im# <o$# + %it ' !i'! !uilty (i + 1 ! & y i" '! ' ! NOT GUILTY# +"20lto ' -> 8e re$(ied <C$i' &+0,
&

Anne3 4=5, p. 1.

43

%o "i,# + l0 1i' 1 .3u"ti4y %u'! + %it NOT GUILTY /ot0 %o# t ' . 1,0""u,0 (i' %o "i, % y +i' !o %o# "i, > /o# I to(d 'im# <" y '! "y # & t li'o t & + it 1 ' & '> and 'e re$(ied <oo '! "i,> After t'at )onversation# I (et 'im .o > A5 viCG T'e 8onor Code $ro)edure is ?uite un)om$(i)ated#

<FORMAL INVE/TIEATION xxx xxx xxx

After a t'orou.' dis)ussion and de(i%eration# t'e $residin. mem%er of t'e 9oard +i(( )a(( for t'e mem%ers to vote +'et'er t'e a))used is E!ILTI or NOT E!ILTI A !nanimous vote (A votes) of E!ILTI de)ides t'at a )adet is found .ui(t& of vio(atin. t'e 8onor Code T'e Presidin. Mem%er of t'e 8onor 9oard +i(( t'en inform t'e a))used )adet of t'e de)ison of t'e Court If t'e de)ision is, a
b.

Not .ui(t& ; t'e )ase is )(osed

Eui(t& ; t'e re$orted )adet*s Com$an& 8onor Committee Re$resentative +i(( inform 'im of 'is o$tions ($ara C) > (ID. 7onor 78 $!ste)#
&%

Anne3 4$4 hereof.

44

A %(atant de$arture from t'e aforesaid ru(es in Cadet Cudia*s )ase is undenia%(e A@ Even /$e)ia( Order No 1 orderin. t'e ostra)ism BB of Cadet Cudia is of dou%tfu( (e.a( va(idit&# as t'e 8onor Code une?uivo)a((& announ)ed, ;<<< <<< <<< E t *! -5o&e5earted&! dis)issin% t5e 5,u0l )et5od o1 ostra.iCin% 7onor Code vio&ators, P>A -i&& not 5ave to resort to ot5er 5 )i&iatin% )eans and s5a&& on&! 5ave t5e option to )a/e /no-n a)on% its a& )ni t5e na)es o1 t5ose -5o 5ave not sin.ere&! 1e&t re)orse 1or vio&atin% t5e 7onor Code= (ID. 25e 7onor $!ste), 0. Pena&t!# E. The Honor Co##ittee) the Ca"et Re5ie& an" Appeal$ Boar" /CRAB0 an" the Philippine Militar A!a"e# ) in "e!i"in7 Ca"et Fir$t Cla$$ Al"rin Jeff C8"ia<$ !a$e) to "ef the +=>? Con$tit8tion) not&ith$tan"in7 the 8n;8e$tiona%le fa!t that the for#er $ho8l" iel" to the latter. A2 :e see- not to )'a((en.e t'e 8onor Code +'i)' t'e P'i(i$$ine Mi(itar& A)adem& a%ides %& Its intent is indeed (auda%(e and is in (ine +it' t'e )onstitutiona( $rin)i$(e t'at <$u%(i) offi)e is a $u%(i) trust> (1+87 Constit tion, Arti.&e JI, $e.tion 1#. :e are one +it' t'e P'i(i$$ine Mi(itar& A)adem& in ad'erin. to t'e .overnment*s t'rust of $rodu)in. 'onest and dedi)ated $u%(i) servants of t'e 'i.'est sense of inte.rit& 8o+ever# t'e same s'ou(d not %e im$(emented at t'e ex$ense of due $ro)ess and fair $(a& After a((# 'o+ )an +e ex$e)t t'e Eovernment to %ui(d 'onest and .enuine $u%(i) servants out of our &out' if defian)e of our most sa)red )onstitutiona( and 'uman ri.'ts is (i-e+ise in)u()ated in t'emP

&&

Anne3 4-4 hereof.

4

AB It is too e(ementar& to state t'at ; K25e Constit tion is t5e *asi. &a- to -5i.5 a&& &a-s ) st .on1or)I no a.t s5a&& *e va&id i1 it .on1&i.ts -it5 t5e Constit tion.? In $a*io v. Gordon, t5e Co rt 5e&d t5at, Bt5e Constit tion is t5e 5i%5est &a- o1 t5e &and. It is t5e K*asi. and para)o nt &a- to -5i.5 a&& ot5er &a-s ) st .on1or).? In Att!. >a.a&inta& v. Co))ission on E&e.tions, t5e Co rt 5e&d t5at, K25e Constit tion is t5e 1 nda)enta& and para)o nt &a- o1 t5e nation to -5i.5 a&& ot5er &a-s ) st .on1or) and in a..ordan.e -it5 -5i.5 a&& private ri%5ts ) st *e deter)ined and a&& p *&i. a t5orit! ad)inistered. 4a-s t5at do not .on1or) to t5e Constit tion s5a&& *e stri./en do-n 1or *ein% n.onstit tiona&.? In >ani&a Prin.e 7ote& v. Govern)ent $ervi.e Ins ran.e $!ste), t5e Co rt 5e&d t5atG KUnder t5e do.trine o1 .onstit tiona& s pre)a.!, i4 l 2 or .ontra.t /iol t0" 'y 'o,& o4 t$0 5o'"titutio' t$ t l 2 or .ontra.t 2$0t$0, 1,o&ul! t0( +y t$0 l0!i"l ti/0 o, +y t$0 0605uti/0 +, '5$ or entered into *! private persons 1or private p rposes i" 'ull '( /oi( '( 2it$out 'y 4o,50 '( 04405t. 25 s, "i'50 t$0 Co'"titutio' i" t$0 4u'( &0't l# 1 , &ou't '( "u1,0&0 l 2 o4 t$0 ' tio'# it i" (00&0( 2,itt0' i' 0/0,y "t tut0 and .ontra.t.? = (2a-an% > &ti-P rpose Cooperative vers s 4a 2rinidad @ater 0istri.t, G.R. No. 188'71, "" >ar.5 "011# 8en)e# t'e 8onor Code and t'e 8onor /&stem )an never over$o+er our Constitution AD 9esides# unam%i.uous, t'e s$irit of t'e 8onor Code is

<T'e 8onor Code is t'e em%odiment of a s$irit of inte.rit& +'i)' %e.ins dee$ +it'in a $erson and )an %e

4%

o%served in t'e a)tions of t'e 'onora%(e man It o$erates in va(ues of trut'# 6usti)e# in5iola%ilit of other<$ per$on$ an" propertie$# and t'e )ommitment to su)' va(ues as universa( norm rat'er t'an a mere $rivate )ode T'ese va(ues are free(& )'osen %& t'e individua( +'o (ives %& t'e /$irit of t'e 8onor Code > (II. 25e 7onor Code, A. 25e $pirit o1 t5e 7onor Code# BD C(ear(&# t'e 8onor Code res$e)ts# rat'er t'an defies# a $erson*s in'erent 'uman ri.'ts AA Interestin.(&# t'e 8onor Code a(so $rovides, <T'e /$irit of t'e 8onor Code is a +a& for t'e )adets to interna(i=e 8onor in a su%stantive +a& Te!hni!al an" pro!e"8ral #i$7i5in7$ of the le7al $ $te#$ #a a5ert the tr8e e$$en!e of im$artin. t'e /$irit of t'e Code for t'e reason t'at it !an %e 8$e" to #aBe 8nla&f8l an atte#pt to 7et into the tr8th of #atter$ e$pe!iall &hen a !a"et !an %e !o#pelle" to $8rren"er "o&0 !i5il ri7ht$ an" li%ertie$ in order for t'e Code and /&stem to %e im$(emented 9& virtue of %ein. a )adet# a mem%er of t'e CCAFP %e)omes a su%6e)t of t'e 8onor Code and /&stem Cadets a)tions are %ound %& t'e existin. norms t'at are (o.i)a((& a$$(ied t'rou.' t'e Code and /&stem in order to rea(i=e t'e A)adem&*s mission to $rodu)e (eaders of )'ara)ter ; men of inte.rit& and 'onor > T'e fore.oin. admits of no ot'er inter$retation Puttin. t'e a%ove tenet different(&# te)'ni)a( and $ro)edura( devi)es
&#

Anne3 4$4 hereof.

4&

often used %& (e.a( $ra)titioners to de(a& or avert t'e s$eed& and un'am$ered reso(ution of )ases ma& not %e used %& t'e $arties invo(ved# es$e)ia((& )onsiderin. t'at a )adet )an %e )om$e((ed to surrender some of 'is )ivi( ri.'ts and (i%erties for t'e sa-e of t'e Code T'e <surrender of some )ivi( ri.'ts and (i%erties> sim$(& $ertain to +'at a )adet 'as to sa)rifi)e to $rove t'at 'e is a man of inte.rit& and 'onor# su)' as# t'e ri.'t to entertain vi)es and t'e ri.'t to free(& )'oose +'at 'e +ants to sa& or do 144 Even if t'e $'rase <a )adet )an %e )om$e((ed to surrender some )ivi( ri.'ts and (i%erties in order for t'e Code and /&stem to %e im$(emented> is ta-en in t'e )ontext of investi.ation# it )ertain(& does not )ontem$(ate a )adet surrenderin. 'is ri.'t to due $ro)ess T'e Code and t'e /&stem )ertain(& do not intend to ste$ on and trans.ress fundamenta( 'uman ri.'ts </ome )ivi( ri.'ts and (i%erties> +ou(d# at most# $ertain to 'is ri.'t to $riva)& or t'e ri.'t to remain si(ent Indeed# t'e 8onor Code itse(f a)-no+(ed.es t'at ;Ee.a se .adets ans-ers are a&-a!s tr t51 &, .adets are v &nera*&e to a* ses in , estionin% -5en re, ired to i)p&i.ate t5e)se&ves -5en t5ere is ot5er-ise ins 11i.ient, independent eviden.e to i)p&i.ate t5e)= (III. 25e Ho r 2enets o1 t5e 7onor Code, A. Hirst 2enetG @e do not 4IE, '. 911i.ia& L estion#. 141 As a matter of fa)t# t'e 8onor Code furt'er $rovides, ;25e 7onor $!ste) .orre&ates -it5 &e%a& pro.ed res o1 t5e state?s J sti.e $!ste) * t it does not de)ean its $pirit *! red .in% t5e Code to a s!ste)ati. &ist o1 e<terna&&! o*served r &es= (ID. 25e 7onor $!ste), A. H nda)enta& Prin.ip&es, 3#. T'e 8onor Code o%vious(& does not do a+a& +it' due $ro)ess 143 As to t'e PMA*s refusa( to re(ease re(evant do)uments to Cadet Cudia under t'e .uise of )onfidentia(it&# t'is revea(s &et anot'er misa$$(i)ation of t'e 8onor Code# for it mere(& $rovides, ;A .adet -5o *e.o)es part o1 an! investi%ation is s *Ae.t to t5e e<istin% re% &ations pertainin% to r &es o1 .on1identia&it! and t5ere1ore ) st a*ide to t5e .reed o1 se.re.!. Not5in% s5a&& *e dis.&osed -it5o t proper % idan.e 1ro) t5ose -it5 a t5orit!= (ID. 25e 7onor $!ste), 7onor Co))ittee, Cadet 9*server#. T'is $rovision#

4#

in no +a&# de$rives Cadet Cudia of 'is ri.'t to o%tain )o$ies and $eruse re(evant do)uments $ertainin. to 'is )ase

THE PHILIPPINE MILITAR. ACADEM.) THE HONOR COMMITTEE AND THE CADET RE3IE4 AND APPEALS BOARD /CRAB0 COMMITTED (RA3E ABUSE OF DISCRETION IN HOLDIN( THAT CADET FIRST CLASS ALDRIN JEFF P. CUDIA LIED) THEREB. 3IOLATIN( THE HONOR CODE. Eoin. no+ into t'e root of t'e instant )ontrovers&# it is +ort'& to $oint out# at t'is 6un)ture# t'at 'is trans)ri$t of re)ordsBA ref(e)ts not on(& 'is outstandin. a)ademi) $erforman)e as a PMA student (on t'e +'o(e# 'e .ot a%ove-avera.e .rades# some even ran.in. A@-AA)# %ut more im$ortant(&# 'e 'as $roven 'imse(f to %e of .ood )ondu)t# t'us,
1.3.

Condu)t Condu)t Condu)t Condu)t Condu)t Condu)t Condu)t Condu)t Condu)t Condu)t Condu)t 145 trut'
&:

I II III IV V VI VII VIII IN N NI

-

AB AB 144 144 144 144 144 AA 144 AA A2

8is $ro$ensit& to (ie is# t'erefore# far from t'e

Anne3 4*4 hereof.

4:

14@ In fa)t# 'e suffi)ient(& ne.ated t'e )'ar.e of <(&in.> (od.ed a.ainst 'im :'en 'e +as issued a de(in?uen)& re$ort# 'e ex$(ained, <9 r .&ass -as dis)issed a (&itt&e# *it &ate and I .a)e dire.t&! 1ro) 't5 period .&ass:.>D4
1.%.

9ut +'at a$$ears to 'ave )aused )onfusion in t'e minds of t'e res$ondents is a matter of semanti)s# viCG <Kno+in. t'e fa)t t'at in m& de(in?uen)& re$ort# it is stated t'at ENE513 )(ass started 1@448 and I am (ate for t+o minutes# it is (o.i)a( enou.' for I to inter$ret it as <I )ame 1@438 durin. t'at )(ass> T'is is t'e ex$(anation t'at )ame into m& mind t'at time (I A st .annot re.a&& t5e e<a.t -ords I sed in e<p&ainin% t5at de&in, en.! report, * t -5at I -ant to sa! is t5at I 5ave no intention to *e &ate#. In m& statements# I )onve& m& messa.e as <sin)e I +as not t'e on(& one (eft in t'at )(ass# and t'e instru)tor is +it' us# I used t'e term <CLA//># I used t'e +ord <"I/MI//E"> %e)ause I +as under instru)tion (to -ait 1or 5er to %ive t5e se.tion %rade# %& t'e instru)tor# Ms Costa(es T'e ot'er )adets (1CL MIRAN"A# 1CL ARCANEEL) sti(( 'ave ?ueries and %usiness +it' 'er t'at made me de)ide to use t'e +ord <CLA//># +'i(e t'e ot'ers +'o don*t 'ave ?ueries and %usiness +it' 'er (ex, 1CL NARCI/O and 1CL "IAH) +ere a(so around > (i*id# 14B 9esides# "r Costa(es* text messa.es to Cadet Cudia s'ed some (i.'t on 'is vio(ation /'e )(arified,

Appeal (emorandum 1erified by $adet $udia, p. 27 Please also see Annex !" o# the A$$eal %e&orandu&.
#.

.

<G d p) .dt . dia. >a) *e&andres %ave )e */%ro nd na. $5e to&d )e it?s a report dated Nove)*er. 9$0' & 3 $i'( '! "% &0# 'o ti&0 ,040,0'".D 45,3@,11 $m <All t$0 2$il0 I t$ot $0 2 " ,040,,i'! to (i"&i"" l (u,i'! l "t ( y (050&+,* pres )e t5e! -i& 1inis5 ear&! *e. its %rp -or/..B 45,3A,31 $m 14D
D1

Cadet Cudia furt'er ex$(ained# viC,

<$ir, @e 5ad an 4E t5at da! (1' Nove)*er "013# in 9R'3" .&ass. @5en t5e 1irst *e&& ran% (1'((#, I stood p, revie-ed )! paper and s *)itted it to )! instr .tor, >s. Costa&es. A1ter -5i.5, I and Cadet 1.& Ar.an%e& as/ed 1or so)e , er! -it5 re%ards to t5e ded .tions o1 o r previo s 4E. 9 r instr .tor %&ad&! ans-ered o r , estion. $5e t5en to&d )e t5at s5e -i&& %ive )e t5e .op! o1 o r se.tion %rade, so I -aited at t5e 5a&&-a! o tside t5e ACA0( o11i.e, and t5en s5e .a)e o t o1 t5e roo) and %ave )e a .op! o1 t5e %rades. Cadet Ar.an%e&, Cadet Nar.iso and I t5 i))ediate&! -ent to o r ( period C&ass -5i.5 is ENG'1".>D3 14A A))ordin. to Merriam :e%ster*s "i)tionar&# <"i$#i$$> is to $ermit or )ause to (eave# +'i(e < !la$$> is a %od& of students meetin. re.u(ar(& to stud& t'e same su%6e)t O%vious(&# t'e +ords <dismiss> and <)(ass> do not
9bid, p. 47 $lease also see Annex A'2" o# the A$$eal %e&orandu&. 9bid, p. .

#1

#2

1

'ave definite and $re)ise )onnotations# %ut are .eneri) terms 114 Even "r Costa(es re)o.ni=es t'e )onfusion# as s'e stated, ;I a%ree and .onsider t5at +05 u"0 C (0t Cu(i i" u'(0, &y i'"t,u5tio' to 2 it '( t$0 ot$0, 5 (0t" "till $ /0 +u"i'0"" 2it$ &0# it i" ,0 "o' +l0 0'ou!$ 4o, $i& to " y t$ t :Ou, 5l "" 2 " (i"&i""0( +it l t0; (dea&in% -it5 )atter o1 se.onds or a )in te parti. &ar&! '( se.onds to 1 )in te and 30 se.onds# And -it5 .on.ern to 9R'3" .&ass, I .an sa! it ended on ti)e (1(007#.>DC 111 Evident(&# Cadet Cudia*s ex$(anations are trut'fu( and +it' no intent to de)eive or mis(ead Even t'e 8onor Code a)-no+(ed.es t'at ;E<perien.e de)onstrates t5at 5 )an .o)) ni.ation is i)per1e.t at *est, and so)e a.tions are o1ten )isinterpreted= (III. 25e Ho r 2enets o1 t5e 7onor Code, A. Hirst 2enetG @e do not 4ie, 1. 9ra& and @ritten $tate)ents# 113 Moreover# Cadet Cudia res$e)tfu((& su%mits t'at t'e $ena(t& im$osed on 'im for a((e.ed vio(ation of t'e 8onor Code is +'at +e ma& des)ri%e as <un6ust and )rue(> $unis'ment It is un6ust and )rue( %e)ause it denies 'im 'is ri.'t to 'is su$$osed a+ards and ri.'t to .raduate +it' 'is %at)'mates des$ite t'e fa)t t'at 'e 'ad no a)ademi) defi)ien)ies or vio(ated t'e PMA*s e?uiva(ent of ru(es of )ondu)t and dis)i$(ine t'at )ivi(ian s)'oo(s 'ave ado$ted to maintain $ro$er de)orum and )ondu)t +it'in s)'oo( $remises 11C It is tru(& 'eart%rea-in. t'at +'at started as Cadet Cudia*s .ent(eman(& a)t of assumin. t'e res$onsi%i(it&
#3

Annex *" o# the A$$eal %e&orandu&.

2

of o%tainin. and .ivin. t'e se)tion .rades# eventua((& (ed to 'is dismissa( from t'e A)adem& 115 !nder t'e )ir)umstan)es# t'e $ena(t& of dismissa( is )ertain(& not )ommensurate to t'e fa)t t'at Cadet Cudia is a .raduatin. )adet# +it' 'onors# and +'at 'e a((e.ed(& )ommitted does not amount to an a)ademi) defi)ien)& or an intentiona( and f(a.rant vio(ation of PMA non-a)ademi) ru(es and re.u(ations 11@ In t'e )ase of No' ()ited s pra## t'e 8onora%(e /u$reme Court furt'er ex$(ained t'at t'e $ena(t& im$osed must %e $ro$ortionate to t'e offense# t'us, <Moreover# t'e $ena(t& im$osed must %e $ro$ortionate to t'e offense )ommitted As stated in Ma(a%anan# <=i>4 t$0 5o'501t o4 1,o1o,tio' lity +0t200' t$0 o440'"0 5o&&itt0( '( " '5tio' i&1o"0( i" 'ot 4ollo20(# ' 0l0&0't o4 ,+it, ,i'0"" i't,u(0" *> 112 T'e )ase of M 'u0lito I" +0lo# ?,* /0,"u" P0,10tu l @0l1 Coll0!0 o4 Ri8 l# I'5*# '( DECS (G.R. No. 1031'", 8 Nove)*er 1++3# is s?uare(& a$$(i)a%(e to t'e fa)ts of t'e instant )ase It +as 'e(d, <A student# Manue(ito Isa%e(o# 0r # fi(ed t'e instant $etition for )anda) s +it' t'e fo((o+in. $ra&er, :8EREFORE $etitioner $ra&s for a +rit of )anda) s addressed to t'e "e$artment of Edu)ation# Cu(ture and /$orts ("EC/) to im$(ement its order to re-admit 'im as a senior .raduatin. student of res$ondent Per$etua( 8e($ Co((e.e of Ri=a( (P8CR)# and for t'e (atter to re-admit 'im as a senior .raduatin. student for Mar)'# 1AA3

3

8e $ra&s for a tem$orar& mandator& restrainin. order to )om$e( 'is readmission as a senior .raduatin. student for Mar)' 1AA3 +'i(e 'is $etition is $endin. reso(ution 4e 7rante") in o8r re$ol8tion of *, J8ne +==*) the te#porar #an"ator relief pra e" for xxx xxx xxx

<Li-e an& ot'er ri.'t# 'o+ever# a)ademi) freedom 'as never %een meant to %e an una%rid.ed (i)ense It is a $rivi(e.e t'at assumes a )orre(ative dut& to exer)ise it res$onsi%(& An e?ua((& te((in. $re)e$t is a (on. re)o.ni=ed mandate# so +e(( ex$ressed in Arti)(e 1A of t'e Civi( Code# t'at ever& M$erson must# in t'e exer)ise of 'is ri.'ts and in t'e $erforman)e of 'is duties# a)t +it' 6usti)e# .ive ever&one 'is due# and o%serve 'onest& and .ood fait' M Anot'er o%servation In Non vs. 0a)es II# +e 'ave a(read& a%andoned our ear(ier ru(in. in A&. aC vs. P$EA, (t'at enro((ment of a student is a semesterto-semester )ontra)t# and t'at t'e s)'oo( ma& not %e )om$e((ed to rene+ t'e )ontra)t) %& re)o.ni=in. instead t'e ri.'t of a student to %e enro((ed for t'e entire $eriod in order to 5o&1l0t0 $i" 5ou,"0 :e 'ave a(so stressed t'at t'e )ontra)t %et+een t'e s)'oo( and t'e student# im%ued# as it is# 2it$ 1u+li5 i't0,0"t# is 'ot ' o,(i' ,y 5o't, 5t > 11B !(timate(&# Cadet Cudia +as de$rived of 'is ri.'t to edu)ation# t'e on(& means %& +'i)' 'e ma& 'ave a se)ure (ife and future Effe)tive(&# even 'is ri.'t to (ife +as some'o+ vio(ated

4

THE RESULT OF THE FACT@ FINDIN( IN3ESTI(ATION INDEPENDENTL. CONDUCTED B. THE COMMISSION ON HUMAN RI(HTS IS OF SUCH (REAT 4EI(HT AND PERSUASI3E NATURE THAT THIS HONORABLE COURT MA. HONOR) UPHOLD AND RESPECT. 11D Of nota%(e si.nifi)an)e is t'e resu(t of t'e inde$endent fa)t-findin. investi.ation )ondu)ted %& t'e Commission on 8uman Ri.'ts 11A 9ein. a )onstitutiona( %od&# it is mandated to investi.ate a(( forms of 'uman ri.'ts vio(ations invo(vin. )ivi( and $o(iti)a( ri.'ts (1+87 Constit tion, Arti.&e JIII, $e.tion 18#. Its $o+ers and aut'orit& extend not on(& to ordinar& )iti=ens# %ut to t'e Eovernment as +e(( (I*id#. /u)' is its s)o$e t'at it ma& investi.ate on 'uman ri.'ts vio(ations )ommitted %& t'e mi(itar& 6ust as it ma& investi.ate t'ose )ommitted %& ordinar& )ivi(ians 1"0. ;25e Co))ission on 7 )an Ri%5ts -as .reated *! t5e 1+87 Constit tion. It -as 1or)a&&! .onstit ted *! t5en President CoraCon A, ino via E<e. tive 9rder No. 183, iss ed on ( >a! 1+87, in t5e e<er.ise o1 5er &e%is&ative po-er at t5e ti)e. It s ..eeded, * t so s perseded as -e&&, t5e Presidentia& Co))ittee on 7 )an Ri%5ts= ($i)on, et a&. vers s C7R, et a&., G.R. No. 1001(0, ( Jan ar! 1++'#. ;25e Co))ission does 5ave &e%a& standin% to indorse, 1or appropriate a.tion, its 1indin%s and re.o))endations to an! appropriate a%en.! o1 %overn)ent= (i*id#. 131 On t'is note# it %e)omes o$$ortune to ?uote t'e initia( re)ommendations of t'e C8R# viCG

<32 In vie+ of t'e vio(ation of 'is ri.'t to due $ro)ess and disre.ard of t'eir +ritten $ro)esses# t'e fo((o+in. are stron.(& re)ommended, a For t'e PMA and t'e 8onor Committee to res$e)t and u$'o(d t'e D Eui(t& ; 1 Not .ui(t& vote7 % For t'e PMA and t'e 8onor Committee to offi)ia((& $ronoun)e Cdt Cudia as Not Eui(t& of t'e )'ar.e fi(ed a.ainst 'im %efore t'e 8onor Committee7 ) For t'e PMA to restore Cadet Cudia*s ri.'ts and entit(ements as a fu((f(ed.e .raduatin. )adet and a((o+ 'im to .raduate on /unda&# 12 Mar)' 34157
d. For t'e PMA to fu((& )oo$erate +it'

t'e C8R in t'e investi.ation of Cudia*s )ase >D5 133 /ad(& enou.'# t'e PMA turned a %(ind e&e on t'e C8R*s re)ommendation T'e C8R is a )onstitutiona( %od& mandated %& t'e 1ADB Constitution to investi.ate a(( forms of 'uman ri.'ts vio(ations invo(vin. )ivi( and $o(iti)a( ri.'ts# and to )ondu)t investi.ative monitorin. of e)onomi)# so)ia( and )u(tura( ri.'ts )onditions# $arti)u(ar(& of vu(nera%(e se)tors of so)iet& 13C It is not too (ate# t'ou.'# for t'is 8onora%(e Court to 'ear +'at an inde$endent and un%iased fa)t-findin. %od& 'as to sa& on t'e )ase of 'erein intervenor-$etitioner*s son DUE TO THE BLATANT HUMAN RI(HTS 3IOLATIONS SUFFERED B.
#4

Anne3 4(4 hereof.

%

CADET FIRST CLASS ALDRIN JEFF CUDIA AND HIS FAMIL.) THE. MA. BE ENTITLED TO MORAL AND EEEMPLAR. DAMA(ES. 135 Arti)(e 1A of t'e Ne+ Civi( )ode re?uires# ;Ever! person ) st, in t5e e<er.ise o1 5is ri%5ts and in t5e per1or)an.e o1 5is d ties, a.t -it5 A sti.e, %ive ever!one 5is d e, and o*serve 5onest! and %ood 1ait5.= 13@ From t'e fore.oin. fa)ts# Cadet Cudia and 'is fami(& )(ear(& suffered menta( an.uis'# s(ee$(ess ni.'ts# serious anxiet&# %esmir)'ed re$utation# +ounded fee(in.s and mora( s'o)- due to t'e 'i.'(& un)onstitutiona( de)isions of t'e PMA# t'e 8onor Committee and t'e CRA9# its mem%ers 'avin. a)ted +it' %ad fait' T'is ma& entit(e t'em to mora( dama.es (Arti.&e ""17 and ""1+, Civi& Code# in t'e amount as ma& %e determined %& t'e sound dis)retion of t'e Court 132 In fa)t# t'e utter disre.ard of Cadet Cudia*s )onstitutiona( ri.'ts +arrants t'e $a&ment of exem$(ar& dama.es (Arti.&e """+, Civi& Code# to set an exam$(e and $revent simi(ar vio(ations and +anton disre.ard of a $erson*s )onstitutiona( ri.'ts 13B Indeed# t'e 8ONOR CO"E (i-e an& ot'er existin. )odes of )ondu)t# (a+s# statutes# ru(es and re.u(ations s'ou(d %e im$(emented# a$$(ied and u$'e(d +it' 0!/TICE# "!E PROCE//# 8!MAN RIE8T/ AN" EG!ITI It is not for mere 'onor %ut a(so for 0!/TICE# 8!MAN "IENITI and FAIRNE// ens'rined +it'in t'e am%it and tenets of t'e fundamenta( and su$reme (a+ of t'e (and- t'e 1ADB P'i(i$$ine Constitution It is e(ementar& t'at no one is a%ove t'e Constitution

PRA.ER

&

:8EREFORE# $remises )onsidered# it is most res$e)tfu((& $ra&ed of t'is 8onora%(e Court t'at t'e "e)ision t'e instant $etition %e ERANTE"# and t'at, A a :rit of Certiorari %e issued ANN!LLINE AN" /ETTINE A/I"E t'e de)isions of t'e PMA 8onor Committee# t'e PMA Cadet Revie+ and A$$ea(s 9oard and t'e P'i(i$$ine Mi(itar& A)adem& findin. Cadet First C(ass A(drin 0eff Cudia from t'e A)adem& .ui(t& of vio(atin. t'e 8onor Code and dismissin. 'im from t'e A)adem&7 and# a :rit of Mandamus %e issued )ommandin., a) T'e PMA# 8onor Committee and CRA9 to res$e)t and u$'o(d t'e D Eui(t& ; 1 Not Eui(t& vote7 %) T'e PMA# 8onor Committee and CRA9 to offi)ia((& $ronoun)e Cadet Cudia as Not Eui(t& of t'e )'ar.e fi(ed a.ainst 'im %efore t'e 8onor Committee7 )) T'e PMA to restore Cadet Cudia*s ri.'ts and entit(ements as a fu((-f(ed.ed .raduatin. )adet# in)(udin. 'is di$(oma and a+ards Ot'er re(iefs t'at are 6ust and e?uita%(e are (i-e+ise $ra&ed for Gue=on Cit& for Mani(a# 35 Mar)' 3415 "e$artment of 0usti)e PUBLIC ATTORNE.<S OFFICE "O0 A.en)ies 9(d. # NIA Road )orner East Avenue# "i(iman Gue=on Cit& Te( (43)A3A-A5-C2 Lo) 142F14B By:

9

PERSIDA 3. RUEDA@ACOSTA
C'ief Pu%(i) Attorne& Ro(( No C2C3B

#

I9P No 4B3C5 (Lifetime) MCLE Com$(ian)e No IV-4442@@4

"e$ut& C'ief Pu%(i) Attorne& For Visa&as and Mindanao Ro(( No CDD55 I9P No 4BAC4 (Lifetime) MCLE Com$(ian)e No IV -4442@@1

SIL3ESTRE A. MOSIN(

Pu%(i) Attorne& IV Ro(( No 5CDD2 I9P No 452CD (Lifetime) MCLE Com$(ian)e No IV-4442@B3

HO4ARD B. AREFA

MARLON E. BUAN Pu%(i) Attorne& IV Ro(( No 5B4B1 I9P No 4CA@A (Lifetime) MCLE Com$(ian)e No IV-44332BC RE3EL.N 3. RAMOS@DACPANO
Pu%(i) Attorne& IV Ro(( No 5AC45 I9P No 4ABD1 (Lifetime) MCLE Com$(ian)e No IV-4442@BC

Pu%(i) Attorne& IV Ro(( No 5D@2@@ I9P No 4A@CC (Lifetime) MCLE Com$(ian)e No IV-4442@4B7 2-34-1C

HENR. A. FRANCISCO

ANA LISA M. SORIANO
Pu%(i) Attorne& IV Ro(( No @4A@5 I9P No 4141@3 (Lifetime) MCLE Com$(ian)e No IV-4445BD17 C-4@-13

:

CARMELA A. ABLAFA
Pu%(i) Attorne& IV Ro(( No @C24A I9P No 42@A1 (Lifetime) MCLE Com$(ian)e No IV-4445BA@

MAR3IN R. OSIAS
Pu%(i) Attorne& IV Ro(( No 51255 I9P OR No DC5CDC7 1-3-1C MCLE Com$(ian)e No IV-4445BD47 C-4@-13

EEPLANATION (Pursuant to /e)tion 11# Ru(e 1C of t'e 1AAB Ru(es of Civi( Pro)edure) T'e fore.oin. Petition@in@Inter5ention is %ein. served %& re.istered mai(# $ersona( servi)e not %ein. $ra)ti)a%(e due to (a)- of messen.ers in t'e offi)e as +e(( as time )onstraints ANA LISA M. SORIANO
Co$& furnis'ed, Att& 9erteni Cata(una Causin. Renta Pe Causin. /a%arre Castro O Asso)iates !nit 1# 3C2D 09 Roxas /treet Corner Leon Euinto /treet# Ma(ate# 1445 Mani(a T'e Commandant O T'e /u$erintendent P'i(i$$ine Mi(itar& A)adem& Fort Eenera( Ere.orio 8 de( Pi(ar Loa-an Road# 3244 9a.uio Cit& Cadet Revie+ O A$$ea(s 9oard SCRA9T P'i(i$$ine Mi(itar& A)adem& Fort Eenera( Ere.orio 8 de( Pi(ar Loa-an Road# 3244 9a.uio Cit& Cadet First C(ass Mi-e Ant'on& Mo.o( 8onor Committee C'airman P'i(i$$ine Mi(itar& A)adem& Fort Eenera( Ere.orio 8 de( Pi(ar Loa-an Road# 3244 9a.uio Cit& 9ri.adier Eenera(# Rona(d N A(%ano# AFP Offi)e of t'e Ad6utant Eenera( Re. Re) Q RRRRR "ate RRRRRRRRR

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Armed For)es of t'e P'i(i$$ines Cam$ Emi(io A.uina(do Gue=on Cit& Eenera( Emmanue( T 9autista# AFP C'ief of /taff# Armed For)es of t'e P'i(i$$ines Cam$ Emi(io A.uina(do Gue=on Cit& Re. Re) Q RRRRR "ate RRRRRRRRR

En.&os res .onsistin% o1 MMMMM pa%es

VERIFICATION AND CERTIFICATION OF NON.FORUM S@OPPING

I# FILIPINA P C!"IA# of (e.a( a.e# unem$(o&ed# married and a resident of 9(o)- C# Lot 14# Mt Vie+ /u%division# Eatia+in# Ara&at# Pam$an.a# after %ein. s+orn to in a))ordan)e +it' (a+# do 'ere%& de$ose and state# t'at,

1

I am t'e $etitioner in t'e a%ove-entit(ed )ase7

3 I 'ave )aused t'e $re$aration of t'e fore.oin. $etition7 C I 'ave read and understood its and t'e Motion for Leave to Intervene*s )ontents# and t'e a((e.ations )ontained t'erein are true and )orre)t to t'e %est of m& -no+(ed.e andFor %ased on aut'enti) do)uments7 5 An ear(ier Petition for Certiorari# Pro'i%ition and Mandamus +as fi(ed %& m& 'us%and# Renato P Cudia and Att& 9erteni Cata(una Causin.# entit(ed Hirst C&ass Cadet A&drin Je11 P. C dia o1 t5e P5i&ippine >i&itar! A.ade)!, represented 5ere *! 5is 1at5er Renato P. C dia -5o a&so a.ts on 5is o-n *e5a&1, and Eerteni Cata& Na Ca sin% vers s 25e $ perintendent o1 t5e P5i&ippine >i&itar! A.ade)! OP>AP, 25e 7onor Co))ittee O7CP o1 "01' o1 t5e P>A and

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7C >e)*ers, and t5e Cadet Revie- and Appea&s Eoard OCRAEP and do)-eted as E R No 311C23 @ I 'ere%& )ertif& t'at (a) I 'ave not )ommen)ed an& ot'er a)tion or $ro)eedin. invo(vin. t'e same issues t'ereto +it' t'e /u$reme Court# t'e Court of A$$ea(s# or an& ot'er tri%una( or a.en)&7 (%) to t'e %est of m& -no+(ed.e# a$art from t'e fore.oin. )ase# no su)' a)tion or $ro)eedin. invo(vin. t'e same issues is $endin. %efore t'e /u$reme Court# t'e Court of A$$ea(s# or an& ot'er tri%una( or a.en)&7 ()) if t'ere is an& a)tion or $ro)eedin. invo(vin. t'e same issues $endin. %efore t'e /u$reme Court# t'e Court of A$$ea(s# or an& ot'er tri%una( or a.en)&# I +i(( state t'e status t'ereof7 and (d) s'ou(d I (earn 'ereafter t'at a simi(ar a)tion or $ro)eedin. invo(vin. t'e same issues is $endin. %efore t'e /u$reme Court# t'e Court of A$$ea(s# or an& ot'er tri%una( or a.en)&# +e +i(( re$ort t'e fa)t +it'in five (@) da&s t'erefrom to t'is 8onora%(e Court# and to t'e )ourt +'ere t'e ori.ina( $(eadin. 'as %een fi(ed IN 4ITNESS 4HEREOF# I 'ave 'ereunto set m& 'ands t'is 35t' da& of Mar)' 3415 in Gue=on Cit&# P'i(i$$ines

FILIPINA P. CUDIA Posta( Identit& Card No C41A3D57 issued %& t'e Posta( Administration of t'e P'i(i$$ines7 va(id unti( Fe%ruar& B# 3412

/!9/CRI9E" AN" /:ORN to %efore me t'is 35t' da& of Mar)' 3415# affiant ex'i%itin. 'er va(id identifi)ation )ard# t'e detai(s of +'i)' a$$ear %e(o+ 'er name# %earin. 'er $'oto.ra$' and si.nature# and affirmin. to t'e trut'fu(ness of t'e fore.oin.

ANA LISA M. SORIANO
Pu%(i) Attorne& IV (Pursuant to Re$u%(i) A)t No A542)

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