INFLORESCENCE

2 primary types : (a) Racemous inflorescences
Where the main axis does not terminate in a flower but continues to grow and give off flowers laterally in acropetal succession, the lower flowers (outer) are older than the upper (inner)

(b) Cymose inflorescences
Flowers develop in basiopetal succession where the terminal is the oldest and the lateral ones younger.

Racemous inflorescences

With main axis elongated (a-e), main axis shorten (f-g) and main axis fattern (h)
Racem : unbranced main axis ending in single flower Spike : flowers without stalk Spikelet : with very small spikes with one or few flowers gramine (florest) e.g:

Catkin : spike with long and pendulous axis which bear nisexual flowers only Spadix : spike with fleshy axis which enclosed by one or more large bright colour bracts=sphates eg:aroid Corymb : short main axis where the lower flowers with much longer stalks (pedicels) Umbel : primary axis tips bear a group of flowers are seen to spread out from common point, if branched=compound umbel, unbranced=simple Head or Capitulum : main axis is supressed and flat and the florets aree also without stalk

Cymose inflorescences

Uniparous: the main axis ends in a flower and produces only one lateral branch at a time ending in flower. Two form of uniporous seen: helicoids (lateral axes develop successively on the same side and forming a sort of helix) and scorpoid (lateral branched develop on alternate sides, in zig-zag form). Biporous Multiporous - special types Catathium Verticillaster Hypanthoium

Female catkin from a variety of black mulberry (Morus nigra). Mulberry flowers are produced in a catkin, with male and female catkins on different trees. Male flowers have four stamens while female flowers consist of single pistil tightly envelepod by four inconspicuous sepals. Each carpel or pistil consists of a forked stigma, a short style and a spherical ovary. Each ovary (carpel) becomes a drupelet and the ripened cluster of drupelets (syncarp) is called a multiple fruit. In the aggregate fruit of a blackberry, all the drupelets of the cluster come from a single flower. Seedless, parthenocarpic fruits may be produced without pollination by male trees.

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