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Figure 10.50 For Prob. 10.1.

Chapter 10, Solution 1. We first determine the input impedance. 1H ⎯⎯ → jω L = j1x10 = j10

1F

⎯⎯ →

1

jω C

−1

=

1 = − j 0.1 j10 x1

**⎛ 1 1 1⎞ Zin = 1+ ⎜ + + ⎟ = 1.0101− j0.1 = 1.015 < −5.653o ⎝ j10 − j 0.1 1⎠ I= 2 < 0o = 1.9704 < 5.653o 1.015 < −5.653o
**

i(t) = 1.9704 cos(10t + 5.653o ) A = 1.9704cos(10t+5.65˚) A

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

Chapter 10, Problem 2. Solve for V o in Fig. 10.51, using nodal analysis.

Figure 10.51 For Prob. 10.2.

Chapter 10, Solution 2. Consider the circuit shown below. 2 Vo –j5 j4

+ 4∠0o V- _

At the main node, 4 − Vo V V = o + o ⎯⎯ → 40 = Vo (10 + j ) 2 − j5 j 4 40 Vo = = 3.98 < 5.71o A 10 − j

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

Chapter 10, Problem 3. Determine v o in the circuit of Fig. 10.52.

Figure 10.52 For Prob. 10.3. Chapter 10, Solution 3. ω= 4 2 cos(4t ) ⎯ ⎯→ 2∠0°

**16 sin(4 t ) ⎯ ⎯→ 16∠ - 90° = -j16 jωL = j8 1 1 1 12 F ⎯ ⎯→ = = - j3 jωC j (4)(1 12) The circuit is shown below.
**

4Ω -j3 Ω Vo j8 Ω 6Ω

2H ⎯ ⎯→

-j16 V

+ −

1Ω

2∠0° A

Applying nodal analysis, - j16 − Vo Vo Vo +2= + 4 − j3 1 6 + j8

⎛ - j16 1 1 ⎞ ⎟V + 2 = ⎜1 + + 4 − j3 ⎝ 4 − j3 6 + j8 ⎠ o Vo = Therefore, 3.92 − j2.56 4.682∠ - 33.15° = = 3.835∠ - 35.02° 1.22 + j0.04 1.2207 ∠1.88°

v o ( t ) = 3.835 cos(4t – 35.02°) V

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

Chapter 10.53 For Prob.53. Determine i1 in the circuit of Fig. without the prior written permission of the publisher. Solution 4. = 3 I1 2000 V1 -j500 50∠0o V + _ j500 + – 30I1 At node 1. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. 50 − V1 30I1 − V1 V + = 1 − j500 2000 j 500 50 − V1 But I1 = 2000 50 − V1 + j 4 x30( I1 = 50 − V1 =0 2000 50 − V1 ) + j 4V1 − j 4V1 = 0 2000 → V1 = 50 i1(t) = 0 A PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Inc. 10. All rights reserved.5 x103 = j 500 1 1 = − j 500 jω C j10 x2 x10 −6 Consider the circuit as shown below.4. 10. Figure 10. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. you are using it without permission. If you are a student using this Manual. Problem 4. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. No part of this Manual may be displayed.Chapter 10. 0.5H 2µ F ⎯⎯ → ⎯⎯ → jω L = j 0. .

If you are a student using this Manual. 10. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.5. Find io in the circuit of Fig.Chapter 10. All rights reserved. without the prior written permission of the publisher. Inc.54. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. No part of this Manual may be displayed. . Figure 10. 10.54 For Prob. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. you are using it without permission. Problem 5.

08 14.08Vo = 25 Vo = 25 + j2 25.398∠4.8784 mA 2000 2000 = 12. without the prior written permission of the publisher.57° 1. No part of this Manual may be displayed. Inc.2666 + j1.25H 2µ F ⎯⎯ → ⎯⎯ → 1 jω L = j 0.25 x4 x103 = j1000 jω C = 1 = − j125 j 4 x10 x2 x10 −6 3 Consider the circuit as shown below.06˚) mA. Io = 25 − Vo 25 − 0. Vo − 25 Vo − 0 Vo − 10I o =0 + + 2000 j1000 − j125 Vo − 25 − j2Vo + j16Vo − j160I o = 0 (1 + j14)Vo − j160I o = 25 But Io = (25–Vo)/2000 (1 + j14)Vo − j2 + j0.08∠4.367 + j0.398cos(4x103t + 4. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. All rights reserved.115∠58.37° = 1 + j14. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.06° io = 12. . Io 2000 Vo -j125 25∠0o V + _ j1000 + – 10Io At node Vo. If you are a student using this Manual. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.Chapter 10. you are using it without permission.7768∠ − 81.7567 = = 12. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. 0.94° Now to solve for io. Solution 5.

or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. Figure 10. Using nodal analysis we get: Vo Vo − 4Vx 20 −3+ = 0 where Vx = Vo 20 20 + j10 20 + j10 Combining these we get: Vo Vo 4Vo − −3+ = 0 → (1 + j0.5 − 3)Vo = 60 + j30 20 20 + j10 20 + j10 Vo = 60 + j30 20(3) or Vx = = 29.5 − 2 + j0. No part of this Manual may be displayed. 10. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.55.5 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. If you are a student using this Manual. − 2 + j0. without the prior written permission of the publisher. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.Chapter 10. .6. 10. Inc. Determine V x in Fig.11∠–166˚ V. All rights reserved. Let Vo be the voltage across the current source. Chapter 10. you are using it without permission. Problem 6.55 For Prob. Solution 6.

without the prior written permission of the publisher. If you are a student using this Manual.Chapter 10. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.04 + j0.0233 ⎯ ⎯→ 115. At the main node.56 For Prob.058 − 5. Figure 10. Solution 7. Problem 7.91 − j31. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed.7.08∠ − 154 o V 0. Chapter 10. Use nodal analysis to find V in the circuit of Fig. 10.1885 − j4.196 − j3 = 40 + j20 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. .7805 = 124. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. 10. 120∠ − 15 o − V V V = 6∠30 o + + 40 + j20 − j30 50 ⎛ 1 j 1⎞ V⎜ ⎜ 40 + j20 + 30 + 50 ⎟ ⎟ ⎝ ⎠ V= − 3. Inc. you are using it without permission.56.

Let i s = 6 cos(200t + 15°) A. Use nodal analysis to find current io in the circuit of Fig. ω = 200. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. Problem 8. you are using it without permission. Figure 10. No part of this Manual may be displayed. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. 10. without the prior written permission of the publisher.8.57.57 For Prob.1 = j20 1 1 = = − j100 jωC j200x 50x10 − 6 The frequency-domain version of the circuit is shown below. Solution 8. If you are a student using this Manual. 10. Chapter 10. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. . 100mH 50µF ⎯ ⎯→ ⎯ ⎯→ jωL = j200x 0. All rights reserved. Inc. 0.1 Vo 40 Ω V1 Io V2 6∠15 o 20 Ω + Vo - -j100 Ω j20 Ω PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.Chapter 10.

3 + j161.63 − j127.At node 1. without the prior written permission of the publisher. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.7955 + j1. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. .025V2 or At node 2.276∠ − 82.5529 = (−0.01) − 0. All rights reserved. you are using it without permission.1V1 = 1 + + 1 20 − j100 40 5.025 + j 0.025⎤⎛ V1 ⎞ ⎛ (5. V V1 V − V2 6∠15 o + 0. ⎯ ⎯→ 0 = 3V1 + (1 − j2)V2 (2) ⎡(−0. (1) V1 − V2 V = 0. Inc.276 cos(200t − 82.5529) ⎞ ⎜ ⎟ ⎢ ⎟ ⎜ ⎜ ⎟ ⎟=⎜ 3 (1 − j2) ⎥ 0 ⎠ ⎣ ⎦⎝ V2 ⎠ ⎝ or AV = B Using MATLAB. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.23. V = inv(A)*B leads to V1 = −70. V2 = −110.01)V1 − 0.025 + j0. No part of this Manual may be displayed. i o ( t ) = 7.17 o ) A PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.09 V − V2 Io = 1 = 7.7955 + j1.17 o 40 Thus.1V1 + 2 40 j20 From (1) and (2). If you are a student using this Manual.

If you are a student using this Manual. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. No part of this Manual may be displayed. Figure 10. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Inc.58.58 For Prob. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. 10. 10. All rights reserved. Use nodal analysis to find v o in the circuit of Fig. Problem 9. you are using it without permission. .9.Chapter 10. without the prior written permission of the publisher.

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. 10 cos(10 3 t ) ⎯ ⎯→ 10 ∠0°. No part of this Manual may be displayed.154 cos(103 t + 70.j20 20 30 + j10 (-4 + j) V1 = (0. V1 − V2 V V2 V1 . without the prior written permission of the publisher.26° 30 + j10 3 + j 0.6 + j0. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.8) V2 0. where I o = has been substituted.6 − j26. = (4) 1 + 20 . All rights reserved.26°) V PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. . If you are a student using this Manual.8 V1 = V2 (2) -4+ j Substituting (2) into (1) (2 + j)(0.2 v o ( t ) = 6.6 + j0. you are using it without permission. ω = 10 3 10 mH ⎯ ⎯→ 50 µF ⎯ ⎯→ Consider the circuit shown below.j20 10 = (2 + j) V1 − jV2 (1) At node 2.6 − j26.2 Vo = Therefore. 30 3 170 V2 = ⋅ = 6. 20 Ω V1 Io jωL = j10 1 1 = = .8) 10 = V2 − jV2 -4+ j 170 or V2 = 0. Solution 9. 10 − V1 V1 V1 − V2 = + 20 20 .6 + j0.Chapter 10. Inc.154∠70.j20 3 jωC j (10 )(50 × 10 -6 ) -j20 Ω V2 j10 Ω + 10∠0° V + − 20 Ω 4 Io 30 Ω Vo − At node 1.

10.6 + j893. No part of this Manual may be displayed. 10.5 = 8951. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.10.0005 − j0. you are using it without permission. 1 1 = = − j250 jωC j2000x 2x10 − 6 ω = 2000 Consider the frequency-domain equivalent circuit below. V1 − V2 V = 0.43o) kV PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Chapter 10. without the prior written permission of the publisher. Solution 10.43o vo (t) = 8. . Use nodal analysis to find v o in the circuit of Fig. Problem 10. 50 mH 2µF ⎯ ⎯→ ⎯ ⎯→ jωL = j2000x50 x10 − 3 = j100. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.004)V2 (2) Solving (1) and (2) gives Vo = V2 = −535. If you are a student using this Manual. Let ω = 2 krad/s.004)V1 + (0. Figure 10.1V1 + 2 − j250 4000 ⎯ ⎯→ 0 = (0. V1 -j250 V2 36<0o 2k Ω j100 0. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.951 sin(2000t +93.59 For Prob.004V2 (1) At node 2. All rights reserved.Chapter 10.00025 + j0. 36 = V1 V V − V2 + 1 + 1 2000 j100 − j250 ⎯ ⎯→ 36 = (0.59.1 − j0. Inc.006)V1 − j0.1V1 4k Ω At node 1.1∠93.

reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. Inc. you are using it without permission. 10. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.Chapter 10. Consider the circuit as shown below.11. without the prior written permission of the publisher.60 and determine I o . Apply nodal analysis to the circuit in Fig. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. All rights reserved. Figure 10. Chapter 10. If you are a student using this Manual. . Problem 11.60 For Prob. Solution 11. 10. Io –j5 Ω 2Ω 2Ω V1 V2 j8 Ω 2Io 4∠0 V o + _ PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. No part of this Manual may be displayed.

8000i >> V=inv(Y)*I V= 4.5+j0.5∠86.-0.01086 – j0.5000 + 0.075i)] Y= 1.5V2 + j0. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. V2 − V1 V2 − 4 V2 − 0 + + =0 − j5 2 j8 –0.5V2 − 2I o = 2 But.075)V2 = j0.(-0.8 = –j0.89˚ mA.0.8i] I= 2.0000 + 1.6 At node 2.5 + j0.5+0.4000i 0. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.2V2 + j0.4)V2 = 2 + j1. >> Y=[1. No part of this Manual may be displayed. If you are a student using this Manual.2V2 + j0.9992 + 0.(0. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. Io = (4–V2)/(–j5) = –j0.1992 = 199.9050i Io = –j0. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.0543i 4. All rights reserved. you are using it without permission.8597 + 0.8 Now the first node equation becomes. we get.8 = 0.5000 -0.4i).6000i 0 + 0.4V2 – j1.5+0.6i). V1 – 0. .8 Using MATLAB to solve this.5V1 + (0.6 = 2 or V1 + (–0.01086 + j0.9955 + 0.5000 + 0.0750i >> I=[(2+1.0000 -0.5. V1 − 4 V − V2 =0 − 2I o + 1 2 2 V1 − 0.At node 1. Inc. without the prior written permission of the publisher.

2 Io V1 10 Ω V2 Io 20∠0° A 20 Ω -j20 Ω j10 Ω PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. without the prior written permission of the publisher. find io in the circuit of Fig. Chapter 10. If you are a student using this Manual. 10.j20 3 jωC j (10 )(50 × 10 -6 ) The frequency-domain equivalent circuit is shown below.12. By nodal analysis. Problem 12. 20 sin(1000t ) ⎯ ⎯→ 20 ∠0°. Figure 10. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Inc.Chapter 10. No part of this Manual may be displayed. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. you are using it without permission. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.61 For Prob. 10. Solution 12. . ω = 1000 ⎯→ 10 mH ⎯ 50 µF ⎯ ⎯→ jωL = j10 1 1 = = . All rights reserved.61.

116. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.5 V2 40 = = 35. . No part of this Manual may be displayed. or Substituting (2) into (1).5) V2 V2 = 400 1 + j0.74 ∠ . 400 = (3 + j4. All rights reserved. Inc. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. 20 = 2 I o + V1 V1 − V2 + . i o ( t ) = 35.At node 1. without the prior written permission of the publisher.6° j10 j (1 + j0. you are using it without permission.j20 j10 j2 V1 = (-3 + j2) V2 V1 = (1 + j1.5) V2 − (2 + j4) V2 = (1 + j0.5) V2 (2) At node 2. If you are a student using this Manual.5) Io = Therefore. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. 20 10 where Io = V2 j10 2V2 V1 V1 − V2 20 = + + j10 20 10 400 = 3V1 − (2 + j4) V2 (1) V V 2V2 V1 − V2 + = 2 + 2 j10 10 .6°) A PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.74 sin(1000t – 116.

If you are a student using this Manual. .62 using any method of your choice. –j2 Ω + 40∠30º V + − 18 Ω j6 Ω Vx − 3Ω 50∠0º V + − Vx − 40∠30° Vx Vx − 50 + + =0 − j2 3 18 + j6 which leads to Vx = 29. 10. 10. Chapter 10. Nodal analysis is the best approach to use on this problem.88˚ A. All rights reserved. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.13. No part of this Manual may be displayed. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. We can make our work easier by doing a source transformation on the right hand side of the circuit. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. Determine V x in the circuit of Fig. Figure 10. without the prior written permission of the publisher. you are using it without permission.Chapter 10.62 For Prob. Inc. Solution 13.36∠62. Problem 13. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.

you are using it without permission.5 .5 V2 = 173.j5. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. V2 V2 V2 − V1 + + = 20∠30° j2 .5 1 + j2.5 = j3 (200∠30°) = 600∠120° 200 ∠30° .5 ⎤⎡ V1 ⎤ ⎡ . © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Figure 10.(1 + j2. . without the prior written permission of the publisher. No part of this Manual may be displayed.5 200∠30° ∆1 V1 = = 28.5 = 20. Chapter 10.14.74∠ .5 V1 = 173.18∠124.j5 j4 .63 For Prob. 10.93∠135.5 ⎥ .5 j2.2 + j100 At node 2.200 ∠30°⎤ ⎢ ⎥=⎢ ⎢ j2.5 = 20 − j5.15.38° (1) (2) ∆1 = ∆2 = .7° j2.200∠30° = (200 ∠30°)(1 + j5) = 1020∠108.j5.200 ∠30° j2.63 using nodal analysis. All rights reserved. At node 1.5 . If you are a student using this Manual.5 j2.Chapter 10.38° ∆ ∆2 V2 = = 49.2 + j100 Equations (1) and (2) can be cast into matrix form as ⎡1 + j2.5 V2 + j2. Calculate the voltage at nodes 1 and 2 in the circuit of Fig.5⎥ ⎣ ⎦⎣ V2 ⎦ ⎣ 200 ∠30° ⎦ ∆= 1 + j2.j5.5 j2. Problem 14.j5. 0 − V1 0 − V1 V2 − V1 + + = 20∠30° .j2 10 j4 .08° ∆ PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.5) V1 − j2. 10. Inc. Solution 14.

10. All rights reserved. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. No part of this Manual may be displayed. without the prior written permission of the publisher. If you are a student using this Manual. you are using it without permission. .15. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.64 using nodal analysis. Inc.Chapter 10. Figure 10. Problem 15. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Solve for the current I in the circuit of Fig.64 For Prob. 10.

.j2 j . © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. No part of this Manual may be displayed. j5 = 0.5∠90°)(15.5 (1 − j) V1 0. All rights reserved. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.j2 5 V2 = V1 0. = j 4 V where I = 1 .5° . you are using it without permission.25 − j j40 (1 − j) V1 = -10 − j20 − 1 − j4 160 j40 ( 2 ∠ . V1 − V2 V2 .5°) .Chapter 10. We apply nodal analysis to the circuit shown below. V V − V2 .5 − j0. Solution 15.j2 I = 7.25 − j 5 + 2I + Substituting (2) into (1).906∠43.5 − j10 − (1) (2) I= V1 = (0. 5A 2Ω V1 I jΩ V2 -j20 V + − -j2 Ω 2I 4Ω At node 1. without the prior written permission of the publisher.81∠313. If you are a student using this Manual.45°) V1 = -10 − j20 + − 17 17 V1 = 15. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.5 − j10 = (0.j20 − V1 = 5+ 1 + 1 2 . Inc.49° A PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.5) V1 + j V2 At node 2.81∠313.

10. V1 j4 Ω + Vx – V2 2∠0o A 5Ω –j3 Ω 3∠45o A PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. If you are a student using this Manual. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. Consider the circuit as shown in the figure below. 10. All rights reserved. you are using it without permission.Chapter 10. Inc. Solution 16. No part of this Manual may be displayed. Figure 10. Problem 16. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.65.65 For Prob. without the prior written permission of the publisher. . Use nodal analysis to find V x in the circuit shown in Fig.16. Chapter 10.

2500i 0 + 0.2000 . or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.1210i >> V=inv(Y)*I V= 5.0833i >> I=[2.5.1210 + 2.08333V2 = 2. V − 0 V1 − V2 −2+ 1 + =0 5 j4 (0.0.2 − j0.2500i 0 + 0.776 = 5.0000 2.25 ⎢ j0.121 In matrix form.6145 .25 ⎣ (1) (2) j0.08333⎦ ⎣V2 ⎦ ⎣2. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.0.121 + j2. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.25i).121⎥ ⎦ Solving this using MATLAB. V2 − V1 V2 − 0 + − 3∠45° = 0 j4 − j3 j0.4190i 9. All rights reserved.2793 .25i. we get.335 + j3.25V2 = 2 At node 2.25 ⎤ ⎡ V1 ⎤ ⎡ 2 ⎤ =⎢ ⎢ ⎥ ⎥ j0.25)V1 + j0. No part of this Manual may be displayed. (1) and (2) become ⎡0.0.25V1 + j0.0.(2.749∠138.94˚ V.25i. .At node 1. you are using it without permission. without the prior written permission of the publisher.2500i 0 + 0. >> Y=[(0. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.08333i] Y= 0.121i)] I= 2. Inc.9. If you are a student using this Manual.121+2.1955i Vs = V1 – V2 = –4.2 − j0.121 + j2.2-0.

17. By nodal analysis. 10. j4 Ω 100∠20° V + − 1Ω Io 2Ω V2 -j2 Ω V1 3Ω PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Chapter 10. obtain current I o in the circuit of Fig. Problem 17. without the prior written permission of the publisher. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed.66 For Prob. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. If you are a student using this Manual. you are using it without permission. Solution 17. . Consider the circuit below. 10. Inc. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.Chapter 10. Figure 10.66.

0. you are using it without permission. 100∠20° − V1 V1 V1 − V2 = + j4 3 2 V1 100 ∠20° = (3 + j10) − j2 V2 3 (1) At node 2.5 (3 + j) ⎤⎡ V1 ⎤ ⎢ ⎥ ⎢100∠20°⎥ = ⎢1 + j10 3 .13. Inc.74 ∠ .5 1.12° A V1 = PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.5 0. If you are a student using this Manual. without the prior written permission of the publisher.5 + j78.25∠-162.3333 − j 9 I o = 9. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. All rights reserved.35° ∆ V1 − V2 ∆ 1 − ∆ 2 .5 + j0. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.5 100∠20° = -26.5 V1 + (1. 100∠20° − V2 V1 − V2 V2 + = 1 2 .At node 1.0.j2 100 ∠20° = -0.5 100∠20° .5 1 + j10 3 .6. ⎡100∠20°⎤ ⎡ .31 = = Io = 2 2∆ 0.j2 = -55.5 = 0.5 1 + j10 3 100∠20° ∆1 = 64.17 ∠ .j2 ⎥ ⎣ ⎦ ⎣ ⎦⎣ V2 ⎦ ∆= .1667 − j4. .08° ∆ ∆2 V2 = = 81.28.j2 100∠20° 1. No part of this Manual may be displayed.5) V2 (2) From (1) and (2).2 ∆1 = ∆2 = .45 − j286.0.5 + j0.5 + j0.95 − j364. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Solution 18. All rights reserved. If you are a student using this Manual. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. Problem 18. .18. without the prior written permission of the publisher.Chapter 10. 10. 10.67 below. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. you are using it without permission. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. Use nodal analysis to obtain V o in the circuit of Fig. Inc. Figure 10. Consider the circuit shown below. No part of this Manual may be displayed. Chapter 10.67 For Prob. V1 + 4∠45° A 2Ω Vx − 8Ω j6 Ω V2 4Ω j5 Ω + 2 Vx -j Ω -j2 Ω Vo − PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.

you are using it without permission. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.6 − j8 V2 = V2 = V2 4 + j5 − j2 4 + j3 25 10∠233.j 4 + j5 − j2 (104 − j3) V1 = (12 + j41) V2 12 + j41 V1 = V 104 − j3 2 (2) Substituting (2) into (1). or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. .17° Vo = 5. V1 V1 − V2 + 2 8 + j6 200 ∠45° = (29 − j3) V1 − (4 − j3) V2 (1) 4∠45° = At node 2.j2 .j2 .21∠89.17° 200∠45° = (29 − j3) where Vx = V1 . + 2Vx = 2 + 8 + j6 .At node 1.21∠89. No part of this Manual may be displayed.13° 200∠45° Vo = ⋅ 25 14. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.21∠89. V1 − V2 V V2 . If you are a student using this Manual. (12 + j41) V − (4 − j3) V2 104 − j3 2 200 ∠45° = (14.63∠189° V Vo = PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Inc. All rights reserved. without the prior written permission of the publisher.17°) V2 200∠45° V2 = 14.

No part of this Manual may be displayed. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Obtain V o in Fig. you are using it without permission. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.19.68 For Prob.Chapter 10. All rights reserved.68 using nodal analysis. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. 10. 10. Figure 10. Problem 19. . Inc. If you are a student using this Manual. without the prior written permission of the publisher.

We have a supernode as shown in the circuit below.Chapter 10. V1 = 12 ∠0° + V2 V2 = V1 − 12 or Substituting (4) into (3). 0 = 1.682∠50.2 Vo -j4 Ω At the supernode.2V1 + j (V1 − 12) j12 V1 = = Vo 1. j2 Ω V1 + 2Ω Vo − Notice that Vo = V1 .j4 2 j2 0 = (2 − j2) V1 + (1 + j) V2 + (-1 + j2) V3 At node 3.2V1 + j V2 But at the supernode. Inc. . If you are a student using this Manual. No part of this Manual may be displayed. V2 4Ω V3 0.81° Vo = 7.19° V Vo = (1) (2) (3) (4) PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.8 − j2) V1 + V2 + (-1 + j2) V3 = 0 Subtracting (2) from (1).562∠39. you are using it without permission. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. All rights reserved. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. 0 = 1. V3 − V2 V2 V1 V1 − V3 = + + 4 . Solution 19. without the prior written permission of the publisher.2 + j 12∠90° 1. V1 − V3 V3 − V2 0. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.2V1 + = j2 4 (0.

Inc. Solution 20. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. without the prior written permission of the publisher. 10. 10. Refer to Fig. you are using it without permission.20. R + Vm∠0° + − jωL Vo − 1 jωC Let 1 = Z = jωL || jωC L C jωL + 1 jωC jωL jωL Z 1 − ω2 LC V Vm = Vm = Vo = jωL R (1 − ω2 LC) + jωL m R+Z R+ 1 − ω2 LC ⎛ ⎞ ωL Vm ωL ⎜90° − tan -1 ⎟ ∠ Vo = R (1 − ω2 LC) ⎠ R 2 (1 − ω2 LC) 2 + ω2 L2 ⎝ = jωL 1 − ω2 LC If Vo = A∠φ . The circuit is converted to its frequency-domain equivalent circuit as shown below. Chapter 10.Chapter 10. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. No part of this Manual may be displayed.69.69 For Prob. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. If v s (t ) = Vm sin ωt and vo (t ) = A sin (ωt + φ ) derive the expressions for A and φ Figure 10. . If you are a student using this Manual. Problem 20. then ωL Vm A= R 2 (1 − ω 2 LC) 2 + ω 2 L2 φ = 90° − tan -1 and ωL R (1 − ω 2 LC) PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10. find V o /V i for ω = 0. (a) Vo = Vi 1 jωC R + jωL + 1 jωC = 1 1 − ω LC + jωRC 2 At ω = 0 . Solution 21. 10.70. ω → ∞. 10. Vo 1 = = 1 Vi 1 Vo = 0 Vi Vo = Vi 1 jRC ⋅ 1 LC = -j L R C (b) Vo = Vi jωL R + jωL + 1 jωC − ω2 LC = 1 − ω2 LC + jωRC At ω = 0 . and ω 2 = 1 / LC . © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. No part of this Manual may be displayed. At ω = 1 LC . If you are a student using this Manual. Inc. All rights reserved. Problem 21. . or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. For each of the circuits in Fig. Vo = 0 Vi Vo 1 = = 1 Vi 1 Vo = Vi −1 jRC ⋅ 1 LC = j L R C PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. As ω → ∞ . you are using it without permission.21. At ω = 1 LC . reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. As ω → ∞ .70 For Prob.Chapter 10. Figure 10. without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Chapter 10.71. Solution 22. If you are a student using this Manual. Chapter 10. Consider the circuit in the frequency domain as shown below. Problem 22. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Figure 10. R1 R2 Vs + − 1 jωC + Vo − jωL Let Z = (R 2 + jωL) || 1 jωC 1 (R + jωL) R 2 + jωL jωC 2 Z= = 1 1 + jωR 2 − ω2 LC R 2 + jωL + jωC R 2 + jωL Vo 1 − ω2 LC + jωR 2 C Z = = R 2 + jωL Vs Z + R 1 R1 + 1 − ω2 LC + jωR 2 C Vo R 2 + jωL = 2 Vs R 1 + R 2 − ω LCR 1 + jω (L + R 1 R 2 C) PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. without the prior written permission of the publisher. 10. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. No part of this Manual may be displayed. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. determine V o /V s . you are using it without permission.22. Inc. 10.71 For Prob. . For the circuit in Fig. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10. Problem 23. . © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. V − Vs V + + jωCV = 0 1 R jωL + jω C V+ jωRCV − ω2LC + 1 + jωRCV = Vs ⎛ 1 − ω2LC + jωRC + jωRC − jω3RLC2 ⎞ ⎜ ⎟ V = Vs 2 ⎟ ⎜ 1 − ω LC ⎝ ⎠ V= (1 − ω2 LC)Vs 1 − ω2LC + jωRC(2 − ω2LC) PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. All rights reserved.72. Inc. 10. without the prior written permission of the publisher.72 For Prob.Chapter 10. Figure 10. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. you are using it without permission. Solution 23.23. 10. If you are a student using this Manual. No part of this Manual may be displayed. Using nodal analysis obtain V in the circuit of Fig.

4 = (2 − j 5) I1 + j 5 I1 For mesh 2. 2Ω + 4∠0 V o + _ I1 j4 Ω –j5 Ω I2 Vo – For mesh 1. Use mesh analysis to find V o in the circuit of Prob. Solution 24. Inc. 1 4 = (2 − j 5) I 2 + j 5I 2 5 ⎯⎯ → I2 = 1 0.1 + j PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.71o V 0. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. All rights reserved. you are using it without permission. No part of this Manual may be displayed. .2.Chapter 10.1 + j ⎯⎯ → I1 = 1 I2 5 (1) (2) Vo = j 4 I 2 = j4 = 3. Consider the circuit as shown below. Chapter 10. without the prior written permission of the publisher. 0 = j 5I 1 + ( j 4 − j 5) I 2 Substituting (2) into (1). Problem 24.98 < 5. If you are a student using this Manual. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. 10.

Chapter 10, Problem 25.

Solve for io in Fig. 10.73 using mesh analysis.

Figure 10.73 For Prob. 10.25.

Chapter 10, Solution 25.

ω= 2 10 cos(2t ) ⎯ ⎯→ 10∠0°

6 sin(2t ) ⎯ ⎯→ 6 ∠ - 90° = -j6 jωL = j4 1 1 0.25 F ⎯ ⎯→ = = - j2 jωC j (2)(1 4) The circuit is shown below. 2H ⎯ ⎯→

4Ω Io 10∠0° V

+ −

j4 Ω

I1

-j2 Ω

I2

+ −

6∠-90° V

For loop 1,

- 10 + (4 − j2) I 1 + j2 I 2 = 0 5 = (2 − j) I 1 + j I 2 (1)

For loop 2,

j2 I 1 + ( j4 − j2) I 2 + (- j6) = 0 I1 + I 2 = 3

**(2) In matrix form (1) and (2) become ⎡ 2 − j j ⎤ ⎡ I 1 ⎤ ⎡ 5⎤ ⎢ 1 1 ⎥ ⎢ I ⎥ = ⎢ 3⎥ ⎣ ⎦⎣ 2 ⎦ ⎣ ⎦ ∆ = 2 (1 − j) ,
**

I o = I1 − I 2 = ∆ 1 = 5 − j3 , ∆ 2 = 1 − j3

Therefore,

∆1 − ∆ 2 4 = = 1 + j = 1.414 ∠45° 2 (1 − j) ∆ i o ( t ) = 1.4142 cos(2t + 45°) A

Chapter 10, Problem 26. Use mesh analysis to find current io in the circuit of Fig. 10.74.

Figure 10.74 For Prob. 10.26. Chapter 10, Solution 26.

0.4H 1µ F

⎯⎯ → ⎯⎯ →

**jω L = j103 x0.4 = j400 1 jωC
**

=

**1 = − j1000 j10 x10−6
**

3

20sin103 t = 20 cos(103 t − 90o ) ⎯⎯ → 20 < −90 = − j 20 The circuit becomes that shown below. 2 kΩ –j1000 Io 10∠0o + _ I1 j400 I2 + _ –j20

For loop 1, −10 + (12000 + j 400) I1 − j 400 I 2 = 0 ⎯⎯ → 1 = (200 + j 40) I1 − j 40 I 2 (1) For loop 2, − j 20 + ( j 400 − j1000) I 2 − j 400 I1 = 0 ⎯⎯ → −12 = 40 I1 + 60 I 2 (2) In matrix form, (1) and (2) become ⎡ 1 ⎤ ⎡ 200 + j 40 − j 40 ⎤ ⎡ I1 ⎤ ⎢ ⎥ ⎢ −12 ⎥ = ⎢ 40 60 ⎥ ⎣ ⎦ ⎣ ⎦ ⎣ I2 ⎦ Solving this leads to I1 =0.0025-j0.0075, I2 = -0.035+j0.005 I o = I1 − I 2 = 0.0375 − j 0.0125 = 39.5 < −18.43 mA

io = 39.5cos(103 t − 18.43o ) mA

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

71° A ∆ PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.Chapter 10. find I 1 and I 2 in the circuit of Fig. without the prior written permission of the publisher. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.j2 I 1 − (4 − j2) I 2 (2) From (1) and (2). Inc. .9928∠37.698∠95.40 ∠30° + ( j10 − j20) I 1 + j20 I 2 = 0 4 ∠30° = .j5 + 8∠120° = 4. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. For mesh 1.24° A ∆ ∆2 = 0.27° I1 = I2 = ∆1 = 4.44 ∠154. All rights reserved. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.j j2 ⎤⎡ I 1 ⎤ ⎢ 5 ⎥ = ⎢ .472∠116. 10.(4 − j2) ⎥⎢ I ⎥ ⎦⎣ 2 ⎦ ⎣ ⎦ ⎣ ∆ = -2 + 4 j = 4.j I 1 + j2 I 2 (1) For mesh 2. Solution 27.j2 . Using mesh analysis. 10. you are using it without permission. 50 ∠0° + (40 − j20) I 2 + j20 I 1 = 0 5 = . No part of this Manual may be displayed. Figure 10. Problem 27.75 For Prob.56° ∆ 1 = -(4 ∠30°)(4 − j2) − j10 = 21. ⎡ 4∠30°⎤ ⎡ . If you are a student using this Manual.27. Chapter 10. .75.8° ∆ 2 = .01∠211.

. Inc.28.76. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Let v1 = 10 cos 4t V and v 2 = 20 cos(4t − 30°) V. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.Chapter 10.76 For Prob. determine the mesh currents i1 and i2 . No part of this Manual may be displayed. All rights reserved. you are using it without permission. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. Problem 28. If you are a student using this Manual. 10. In the circuit of Fig. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 10. Figure 10. without the prior written permission of the publisher.

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.75)I 2 From (1) and (2).75 − 1 + j0.07 o .75 ⎠⎝ I 2 ⎠ Solving this leads to I1 = 2.741cos(4t–41. All rights reserved. i2(t) = 4.07˚)A.741∠ − 41. V2 = 20∠ − 30 o 10 = (2 + j3. where 1H ⎯ ⎯→ jωL = j4. 1F ⎯ ⎯→ V1 = 10∠0 o . reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.114cos(4t+92˚)A.25 2 + j3. If you are a student using this Manual. 1 1 = = − j0. we obtain 10 ⎛ ⎞ ⎛ 2 + j3. Solution 28. 1 V2 = 20∠ − 30 o . Hence.25 + + V1 - I1 1 I2 V2 - V1 = 10∠0 o .25 jωC j1x 4 The frequency-domain version of the circuit is shown below.25)I 2 (1) (2) − 20∠ − 30 o = −(1 − j0.Chapter 10. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. No part of this Manual may be displayed.32 + j10 ⎟ ⎟=⎜ ⎜ ⎟⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ − 1 + j0. you are using it without permission.114∠92 o . Inc. without the prior written permission of the publisher. i1(t) = 2. I 2 = 4. Applying mesh analysis. j4 j4 1 -j0.25)I1 + (2 + j3.25 ⎞⎛ I1 ⎞ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ − 17.75)I1 − (1 − j0. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.

10.08∠46.79∠37. Solution 29.96°) = 175∠ . you are using it without permission.(2 + j) I 1 + (5 − j3) I 2 (2) From (1) and (2).29.j3 ⎥⎢ I ⎥ ⎣ ⎦ ⎣ ⎦⎣ 2 ⎦ ∆ = 37 + j6 = 37. Inc.831∠ .30. No part of this Manual may be displayed. Figure 10.Chapter 10.96° ∆ 2 = (30 ∠20°)(2.35° A ∆ PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.21° ∆ 1 = (30 ∠20°)(5.17° A ∆ ∆2 = 1.48∠9. Problem 29. without the prior written permission of the publisher. find I 1 and I 2 in the circuit depicted in Fig. (5 + j3 − j6) I 2 − (2 + j) I 1 = 0 0 = . . (5 + j5) I 1 − (2 + j) I 2 − 30 ∠20° = 0 30 ∠20° = (5 + j5) I 1 − (2 + j) I 2 (1) For mesh 2. For mesh 1.56°) = 67.77 For Prob. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. 10. By using mesh analysis. Chapter 10. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.56° I1 = I2 = ∆1 = 4. If you are a student using this Manual. 10.(2 + j) ⎤⎡ I 1 ⎤ ⎢ 0 ⎥ = ⎢ .356 ∠26.(2 + j) 5 .67∠–20. ⎡30∠20°⎤ ⎡ 5 + j5 . All rights reserved.77.

10.78. you are using it without permission. 300mH 200mH 400mH 50 µ F ⎯⎯ → ⎯⎯ → ⎯⎯ → ⎯⎯ → jω L = j100 x300 x10 −3 = j30 jω L = j100 x200 x10 −3 = j20 jω L = j100 x400 x10 −3 = j40 1 jω C = 1 = − j200 j100 x50 x10−6 The circuit becomes that shown below. v s 2 = 80 cos 100t V. Inc. Problem 30. All rights reserved. Use mesh analysis to find vo in the circuit of Fig. Solution 30. Chapter 10. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. . © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.Chapter 10. If you are a student using this Manual. without the prior written permission of the publisher.30. 10. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. No part of this Manual may be displayed.78 For Prob. Let v s1 = 120 cos(100t + 90°) V. j40 20 Ω j20 + 120∠90o + _ 10 Ω I1 j30 –j200 I2 vo + _ 80∠0o I3` PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Figure 10.

0000 >> I=inv(Z)*V I= 2.1946i 0.5894 + 1.0000i 0 -3. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.0.68 + j31.0557 + 3.0000 -13.(1-18i)] Z= 2.0000 0 0 +20.0000i >> V=[12i.-13.-3i. . without the prior written permission of the publisher.93˚ V.0.0000i 0 -8. All rights reserved.93˚ vo = 56. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.For mesh 1.0000 + 3.5651i 0.0000i 1.26cos(100t + 33. 80 + j200I 2 + (10 − j180)I 3 = 0 → −8 = j20I 2 + (1 − j18)I 3 (3) We put (1) to (3) in matrix form. you are using it without permission.4 = 56.20i.9612i Vo = –j200(I2 – I3) = –j200(–0.0000i 0 .-8] V= 0 +12.157+j0.26∠33.2334) = 46. No part of this Manual may be displayed.0.-3.3. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. >> Z=[(2+3i). 0 ⎤ ⎡ I1 ⎤ ⎡ j12⎤ ⎡2 + j3 − j3 ⎢ − 3 − 13 ⎢ ⎥ ⎢ ⎥ 20 ⎥ ⎢ ⎥ ⎢I 2 ⎥ = ⎢ 0 ⎥ ⎢ j20 1 − j18⎥ ⎣ − 8⎥ ⎦ ⎣ 0 ⎦⎢ ⎣I3 ⎥ ⎦ ⎢ (1) (2) This is an excellent candidate for MATLAB. −120 < 90o + (20 + j30) I1 − j 30 I 2 = 0 ⎯⎯ → j120 = (20 + j 30) I1 − j 30 I 2 For mesh 2.0000 -18. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.4324 + 2.0000 20. − j 30 I1 + ( j 30 + j 40 − j 200) I 2 + j 200 I 3 = 0 ⎯⎯ → 0 = −3I1 − 13I 2 + 20 I 3 For mesh 3. Inc. If you are a student using this Manual.20.

If you are a student using this Manual.31. 10. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. Inc. without the prior written permission of the publisher. 10.Chapter 10.79 For Prob. Figure 10. . Use mesh analysis to determine current I o in the circuit of Fig. No part of this Manual may be displayed. you are using it without permission. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Problem 31. All rights reserved.79 below. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.

30° = -2 (1 − j2) I 1 + (1 + j2) I 2 From (1) and (4).30° + (20 − j40) I 3 + j40 I 2 = 0 . 2 I 3 = I 2 − 2 I1 Substituting this equation into (3).30°⎥ ⎢ .6 ∠ .2 (1 − j2) 1 + j2⎥⎢ I ⎥ ⎣ ⎦ ⎣ ⎦⎣ 2 ⎦ ∆= 8 − j4 .2 + j4 1 + j2 8 − j4 10∠120° = -4. Consider the network shown below.44° A ∆ (2) (3) (4) ∆2 = Io = I2 = PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. No part of this Manual may be displayed. 80 Ω Io j60 Ω 20 Ω 100∠120° V + − I1 -j40 Ω I2 -j40 Ω I3 + − 60∠-30° V For loop 1.30° = j4 I 2 + 2 (1 − j2) I 3 From (2). If you are a student using this Manual. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. Inc.2 + j4 . j40 I 1 + ( j60 − j80) I 2 + j40 I 3 = 0 0 = 2 I1 − I 2 + 2 I 3 For loop 3.6∠ .30° ∆2 = 2.j4 = 32 + j20 = 37. . .44° .74∠32° .Chapter 10. 60∠ .928 + j82. .25∠93. without the prior written permission of the publisher. you are using it without permission.6∠ .100∠120° + (80 − j40) I1 + j40 I 2 = 0 10 ∠20° = 4 (2 − j) I 1 + j4 I 2 (1) For loop 2.6∠ .179∠61.11 = 82. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. ⎡ 10∠120° ⎤ ⎡ 4 (2 − j) j4 ⎤⎡ I 1 ⎤ = ⎢ . Solution 31. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10.j2 . All rights reserved.485∠15° A Vo = . (2 + j4) I 1 − 8∠ . If you are a student using this Manual. Solution 32. No part of this Manual may be displayed.30° − 2 2 ∠15°) I o = 8.30° − I 1 ) = 0 4 ∠ .Chapter 10. Determine V o and I o in the circuit of Fig.30° − I 1 ) or Io = I 1 = 2 2 ∠15° 3 Vo 3 = (2)(4∠ .j2 I o = j3 (4 ∠ .80 For Prob. Problem 32.30° = (1 − j) I 1 (2 + j4) I 1 − 2 (4∠ .j2 I o = 5.30°) + 3 Vo = 0 Vo = 2 (4∠ .657∠-75° V 3 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Inc. without the prior written permission of the publisher.30° − I 1 ) . where Hence. 10.32. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. .80 using mesh analysis. you are using it without permission. Figure 10. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. j4 Ω + 4∠-30° V 2Ω Vo I1 + Io 3 Vo I2 -j2 Ω − For mesh 1.30° + 6 (4 ∠ . reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. 10. Consider the circuit below.

you are using it without permission.49° A ∆ .j10 ⎤ ⎢8 + j2 4 − j⎥⎢ I ⎥ = ⎢ j5 ⎥ ⎦ ⎣ ⎦⎣ 2 ⎦ ⎣ ∆ 1 = -5 + j40 . (8 + j2) I 1 − (.4 + j) I 2 = j5 Putting (1) and (5) in matrix form.j10 For the supermesh.3 − j5 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 10. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. ∆ = -3 − j5 .Chapter 10. I4 = 5 Substituting (3) and (4) into (2). ( j − j2) I 2 + j2 I 1 + 4 I 3 − j I 4 = 0 Also.15 using mesh analysis.906∠43. Compute I in Prob. No part of this Manual may be displayed. without the prior written permission of the publisher. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. . 5A I4 2Ω I -j20 V + − jΩ I1 -j2 Ω I2 2I I3 4Ω For mesh 1. Inc. All rights reserved. j20 + (2 − j2) I 1 + j2 I 2 = 0 (1 − j) I 1 + j I 2 = . Solution 33. Chapter 10. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. Consider the circuit shown below. ⎡ 1− j j ⎤⎡ I 1 ⎤ ⎡ . If you are a student using this Manual. I 3 − I 2 = 2 I = 2 (I 1 − I 2 ) (1) (2) I 3 = 2 I1 − I 2 (3) (4) (5) For mesh 4. ∆ 2 = -15 + j85 ∆ − ∆ 2 10 − j45 I = I1 − I 2 = 1 = = 7. Problem 33.

Use mesh analysis to find I o in Fig.10). Chapter 10.465∠38. you are using it without permission. 10.48° A PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Inc.j40 + (18 + j2) I 1 − (8 − j2) I 2 − (10 + j4) I 3 = 0 For the supermesh. The circuit is shown below. Solution 34. Problem 34. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. . I2 = I3 − 3 (1) (2) (3) Adding (1) and (2) and incorporating (3). . All rights reserved.j40 + 5 (I 3 − 3) + (20 + j15) I 3 = 0 3 + j8 I3 = = 1. . If you are a student using this Manual.28 (for Example 10. Io 5Ω I2 3A 20 Ω 8Ω 40∠90° V + − -j2 Ω 10 Ω I1 j4 Ω I3 j15 Ω For mesh 1. (13 − j2) I 2 + (30 + j19) I 3 − (18 + j2) I 1 = 0 Also. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. without the prior written permission of the publisher. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.465∠38.Chapter 10. No part of this Manual may be displayed.48° 5 + j3 I o = I 3 = 1.

Chapter 10. 4Ω I3 8Ω 1Ω -j3 Ω j2 Ω 10 Ω 20 V + − I1 -j4 A I2 -j5 Ω For the supermesh. Consider the circuit shown below.10) using mesh analysis.55° = = ∆ 167 − j69 180.Chapter 10.30 (for Practice Prob. you are using it without permission. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.(9 − j3) 13 − j ⎥⎢ I ⎥ = ⎢ j32 ⎥ ⎦ ⎣ ⎦⎣ 3 ⎦ ⎣ ∆ = 167 − j69 . ⎡ 19 − j8 .(9 − j3) I 2 + (13 − j) I 3 = j32 From (4) and (5). All rights reserved. . Solution 35.1° A PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.(9 − j3) ⎤⎡ I 2 ⎤ ⎡ 20 − j32 ⎤ ⎢ . 10.22. I 1 = I 2 + j4 (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) For mesh 3. I2 = ∆ 2 = 324 − j148 ∆ 2 324 − j148 356. Calculate I o in Fig. (19 − j8) I 2 − (9 − j3) I 3 = 20 − j32 Substituting (2) into (3).2∠ . Inc.24. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. . (13 − j) I 3 − 8 I 1 − (1 − j3) I 2 = 0 Substituting (2) into (1). reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. If you are a student using this Manual.20 + 8 I 1 + (11 − j8) I 2 − (9 − j3) I 3 = 0 Also. .69∠ . Problem 35.971∠-2. without the prior written permission of the publisher. No part of this Manual may be displayed.45° I 2 = 1. 10.

or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. I 1 = 4 ∠90° = j4 and I 3 = -2 For mesh 2.64 4 − j3 Thus.Chapter 10. you are using it without permission.81 For Prob.52 − j0.16 + j8 I2 = = -3. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. If you are a student using this Manual. Solution 36. Chapter 10. Figure 10. Vo = 2 (I 1 − I 2 ) = (2)(3. Consider the circuit below. Compute V o in the circuit of Fig.28 Vo = 11.36. 10. j4 Ω + 4∠90° A I1 2Ω Vo I2 + − -j3 Ω 12∠0° V − 2Ω I3 2Ω 2∠0° A Clearly.04 + j9.52 + j4. without the prior written permission of the publisher. .648∠52.81 using mesh analysis. 10. (4 − j3) I 2 − 2 I 1 − 2 I 3 + 12 = 0 (4 − j3) I 2 − j8 + 4 + 12 = 0 .64) = 7. Problem 36. All rights reserved.82° V PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. No part of this Manual may be displayed. Inc.

. 10. If you are a student using this Manual.37. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. you are using it without permission. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. Problem 37.Chapter 10. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. without the prior written permission of the publisher.82 For Prob. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed. Figure 10. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.82. 10. Inc. and I 3 in the circuit of Fig. Use mesh analysis to find currents I 1 . I 2 .

Chapter 10.38∠ − 96. ZI y − ZI z = −120∠30 o = −103. we obtain ⎛ . without the prior written permission of the publisher.2. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.92 + j60 For mesh z.9167 + j1. If you are a student using this Manual.4116 = 2.954 ⎟ ⎜ .1066 ⎟ ⎝ ⎠ I1 = I x = −0. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.92 + j60 ⎟ ⎜ ⎜ (−80 + j35) (−80 + j35) (240 − j105) ⎟⎜ I ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ 0 ⎝ ⎠⎝ z ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎯ ⎯→ AI = B Using MATLAB. Inc. you are using it without permission.181 + j0. No part of this Manual may be displayed.63o A PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.38∠23. All rights reserved.2641 − j2.815 − j1.366 = 2.954 = 2.37 o A I 2 = I y − I x = −1.2641 − j2. .181 .0.0. I1 + 120∠ − 90 o V - Ix Z I2 Iy Iz Z=80-j35 Ω 120∠ − 30 V + o Z I3 For mesh x.63o A I 3 = − I y = 2. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.j0.38∠143.366 ⎞ ⎜ ⎟ I = inv(A) * B = ⎜ . ZI x − ZI z = − j120 (1) (2) (3) For mesh y. Solution 37. − ZI x − ZI y + 3ZI z = 0 Putting (1) to (3) together leads to the following matrix equation: − j120 0 (−80 + j35) ⎞⎛ I x ⎞ ⎛ ⎛ (80 − j35) ⎞ ⎜ ⎟⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ 0 (80 − j35) (−80 + j35) ⎟⎜ I y ⎟ = ⎜ − 103.

10. 10. Using mesh analysis. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. without the prior written permission of the publisher.38. . you are using it without permission. All rights reserved. obtain I o in the circuit shown in Fig. If you are a student using this Manual. Problem 38. Inc. Figure 10. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.83.Chapter 10. No part of this Manual may be displayed. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.83 For Prob. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.

without the prior written permission of the publisher. Io I1 j2 Ω I2 -j4 Ω 2∠0° A 2Ω + − 10∠90° V 1Ω I3 4∠0° A I4 1Ω A Clearly. If you are a student using this Manual. ⎡1 − j2 j2 ⎤⎡ I 2 ⎤ ⎡ 2 − j5⎤ ⎢ j2 1 − j⎥⎢ I ⎥ = ⎢ 2 + j6⎥ ⎦ ⎣ ⎦⎣ 4 ⎦ ⎣ ∆ = 3 − j3 . Solution 38.Chapter 10. I3 = I4 − 4 Substituting (4) into (3) gives j2 I 2 + (1 − j) I 4 = 2 (1 + j3) From (2) and (5). All rights reserved. .∆ 1 . I1 = 2 (1) (2) For mesh 2.(9 − j11) 1 = = (-10 + j) ∆ 3 − j3 3 I o = 3. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Consider the circuit below. No part of this Manual may be displayed.35∠174. Inc. you are using it without permission. (2 − j4) I 2 − 2 I 1 + j4 I 4 + 10 ∠90° = 0 Substitute (1) into (2) to get (1 − j2) I 2 + j2 I 4 = 2 − j5 For the supermesh.3° A PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. Io = -I2 = ∆ 1 = 9 − j11 (3) (4) (5) . (1 + j2) I 3 − j2 I 1 + (1 − j4) I 4 + j4 I 2 = 0 j4 I 2 + (1 + j2) I 3 + (1 − j4) I 4 = j4 At node A.

Chapter 10, Problem 39.

Find I 1 , I 2 , I 3 , and I x in the circuit of Fig. 10.84.

Figure 10.84 For Prob. 10.39. Chapter 10, Solution 39.

For mesh 1, (28 − j15)I1 − 8I 2 + j15I 3 = 12∠64 o For mesh 2, − 8I1 + (8 − j9)I 2 − j16I 3 = 0 For mesh 3, j15I1 − j16I 2 + (10 + j)I 3 = 0 In matrix form, (1) to (3) can be cast as j15 ⎞⎛ I1 ⎞ ⎛ 12∠64 o ⎞ −8 ⎛ (28 − j15) ⎜ ⎟ ⎟⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎜ ⎟ 8 ( 8 j 9 ) j 16 I 0 = − − − ⎟⎜ 2 ⎟ ⎜ ⎜ ⎟ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ j15 − j16 (10 + j) ⎠⎝ I 3 ⎠ ⎜ 0 ⎟ ⎝ ⎝ ⎠ Using MATLAB, I = inv(A)*B I1 = −0.128 + j0.3593 = 0.3814∠109.6 o A I 2 = −0.1946 + j0.2841 = 0.3443∠124.4 o A I 3 = 0.0718 − j0.1265 = 0.1455∠ − 60.42 o A I x = I1 − I 2 = 0.0666 + j0.0752 = 0.1005∠48.5 o A

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

(1) (2) (3)

or

AI = B

Chapter 10, Problem 40.

Find io in the circuit shown in Fig. 10.85 using superposition.

Figure 10.85 For Prob. 10.40.

Chapter 10, Solution 40. Let i O = i O1 + i O 2 , where i O1 is due to the dc source and i O 2 is due to the ac source. For i O1 , consider the circuit in Fig. (a). 4Ω iO1 2Ω

+ −

8V

(a)

**Clearly, i O1 = 8 2 = 4 A For i O 2 , consider the circuit in Fig. (b).
**

4Ω IO2 10∠0° V

+ −

2Ω

j4 Ω

(b)

**If we transform the voltage source, we have the circuit in Fig. (c), where 4 || 2 = 4 3 Ω .
**

IO2 2.5∠0° A 4Ω 2Ω j4 Ω

(c)

By the current division principle, 43 I O2 = (2.5∠0°) 4 3 + j4 I O 2 = 0.25 − j0.75 = 0.79∠ - 71.56° Thus, i O 2 = 0.79 cos(4t − 71.56°) A Therefore, i O = i O1 + i O 2 = 4 + 0.79 cos(4t – 71.56°) A

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

you are using it without permission.86. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. No part of this Manual may be displayed. 10. Inc. Figure 10. Find v o for the circuit in Fig. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.Chapter 10. .41. assuming that v s = 6 cos 2t + 4 sin 4t V. without the prior written permission of the publisher. Problem 41. 10.86 For Prob. All rights reserved. If you are a student using this Manual. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

To find v1. Inc.578 sin(4t + 26.Chapter 10.243cos(2t + 45˚) + 3. If you are a student using this Manual.6 = 3. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.578 < 26. -j2 + 6∠0o + _ 2Ω V1 – 1/ 4F ⎯⎯ → 1 jω C = 1 = − j2 j 2 x1/ 4 2 (6) = 3 + j 3 = 4.56o ) vo = 4. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. . v1 = 4. without the prior written permission of the publisher. We apply superposition principle. All rights reserved. Hence.56˚) V.2426cos(2t + 45o ) To get v2. consider the circuit below –j V1 = + 4∠0o + _ 2Ω V2 – 1/ 4F ⎯⎯ → 1 jω C = 1 = − j1 j 4 x1/ 4 V2 = 2 (4) = 3. We let vo = v1 + v2 where v1 and v2 are due to the sources 6cos2t and 4sin4t respectively.578sin(4t + 25. Solution 41. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. consider the circuit below.56o 2− j v2 = 3. No part of this Manual may be displayed.2426 < 45o 2 − j2 Thus. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. you are using it without permission.2 + j11.

10. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. To get I1. Inc. I1 j10 Ω 60 Ω 20∠0 V o + _ 50 Ω –j40 Ω Let Z1 = -j40//60 = 18.9231 + j9. All rights reserved.615 Transforming the voltage source to a current source leads to the circuit below. without the prior written permission of the publisher. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. you are using it without permission. Z2 = j10//50=1.87.4615 –j27. 10.Chapter 10. . reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. Solution 42. I1 Z2 –j2 Z1 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Solve for I o in the circuit of Fig.87 For Prob. If you are a student using this Manual. No part of this Manual may be displayed. Let I o = I1 + I 2 where I1 and I2 are due to 20<0o and 30<45o sources respectively.6927. we use the circuit below.42. Figure 10. Problem 42. Chapter 10.

Inc. I2 Z2 Z1 0.3626 Z1 + Z 2 To get I2. If you are a student using this Manual. we obtain the circuit below. . All rights reserved.5275 − j 0. Z2 I1 = (− j 2) = 0. No part of this Manual may be displayed.5∠45o Using current division. j10 Ω I2 60 Ω 50 Ω –j40 Ω + _ 30∠45o V After transforming the voltage source. without the prior written permission of the publisher.5 < 45o ) = −0. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. I o = I1 + I 2 = 0. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. − Z1 I2 = (0. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.0509 = 0.6217 + j 0. you are using it without permission.0942 + j 0.Using current division.3077 Z1 + Z 2 Hence.109 < 30o A PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. we use the circuit below.

Figure 10. 10. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. No part of this Manual may be displayed. without the prior written permission of the publisher. Inc. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.88.88 For Prob. If you are a student using this Manual. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. find i x in the circuit of Fig. Problem 43. . All rights reserved. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.Chapter 10. Using the superposition principle. you are using it without permission. 10.43.

j40 ∠10° (5∠10°) = 3 + j8 − j4 3 + j4 Therefore.902 cos(2t – 129. .60° 10 ∠ .129.Chapter 10. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. where I 1 is due to the voltage source and I 2 is due to the current source.51∠ .60° = 3 + j8 − j4 3 + j4 For I 2 .13° i x = 9. Let I x = I 1 + I 2 . -j4 Ω 3Ω I1 + − j8 Ω (a) I1 = 10∠-60° V 10∠ . -j4 Ω 3Ω I2 5∠10° A j8 Ω (b) I2 = . All rights reserved. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.j8 . reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.60° 4H ⎯ ⎯→ jωL = j8 1 1 1 F ⎯ ⎯→ = = -j4 8 jωC j (2)(1 / 8) For I 1 .17°) A I x = I1 + I 2 = PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.60° − j40∠10°) 3 + j4 49.902∠ . If you are a student using this Manual. No part of this Manual may be displayed. you are using it without permission.76. consider the circuit in Fig. (a). Inc.17° 5∠53. ω= 2 5 cos(2t + 10°) ⎯ ⎯→ 5∠10° 10 cos(2t − 60°) ⎯ ⎯→ 10 ∠ . without the prior written permission of the publisher. (b). consider the circuit in Fig. Solution 43.04° Ix = = 9. 1 (10∠ .

89. Use the superposition principle to obtain v x in the circuit of Fig. If you are a student using this Manual. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. All rights reserved. Figure 10. 10. Problem 44. No part of this Manual may be displayed. you are using it without permission. Let v s = 50 sin 2t V and i s = 12 cos(6t + 10°) A.89 For Prob. without the prior written permission of the publisher. Inc. 10. . PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.Chapter 10.44. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

where v1 and v2 are due to the current source and voltage source respectively.52 o 16 + 20 + j10 36 + j10 Thus. 20 Ω j10 16 Ω + V2 - + Vs - Using voltage division. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. you are using it without permission.52 o ) V . If you are a student using this Manual. No part of this Manual may be displayed. ⎯ ⎯→ v 2 = 21. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.5 o ) V V1 = I s Z = (12∠10 o )(12.5 o 36 + j30 ⎯ ⎯→ v1 = 147. 5 H ⎯ ⎯→ jωL = j30 The frequency-domain circuit is shown below. Let v x = v1 + v 2 .52 o ) V PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.8 + j3. 20 Ω j30 16 Ω Is + V1 - Let Z = 16 //(20 + j30) = 16(20 + j30) = 11. All rights reserved.31∠16.5 o For v2 .31∠16.41∠ − 15. For v1 .497 = 12.7∠26. 5 H ⎯ ⎯→ jωL = j10 The frequency-domain circuit is shown below.41sin(2t − 15.Chapter 10.7 cos(6 t + 26. Inc.7 cos(6 t + 26.5 o ) = 147. ω = 6 . Solution 44. 16(50∠0 o ) 16 V2 = Vs = = 21. ω = 2 . without the prior written permission of the publisher. v x = 147.41sin( 2 t − 15. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.5 o ) + 21.

Figure 10. No part of this Manual may be displayed. 10.90 For Prob.90. Problem 45. 10. without the prior written permission of the publisher. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. Use superposition to find i (t ) in the circuit of Fig. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. If you are a student using this Manual. you are using it without permission. . All rights reserved. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.45. Inc.Chapter 10. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.47˚)+299. where i1 and i2 are due to 16cos(10t +30o) and 6sin4t sources respectively. To find i1 . If you are a student using this Manual.Chapter 10. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.1cos(10t+21.6o ) A Thus. Inc. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. All rights reserved. you are using it without permission.2995 sin(4t + 176. without the prior written permission of the publisher.2 i1 = 0. consider the circuit below. No part of this Manual may be displayed.7911cos(10t + 21. i = i1 + i2 = 0.47o ) + 0. Solution 45. . Let i = i1 + i2 .2995 sin(4t + 176.7911 20 + j 3 i1 = 0. consider the circuit below.2 6 < 0o I2 = − = 0.5sin(4t+176. I1 20 Ω 16<30o V + _ jX X = ω L = 10 x300 x10 −3 = 3 16 < 30o I1 = = 0.47o ) A To find i2 .6o ) A = 791. I2 20 Ω + _ jX 6∠0o V X = ω L = 4 x300 x10 −3 = 1.7911cos(10t + 21.6˚) mA PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.2995 < 176.6o 20 + j1.

and v 3 are respectively due to the 10-V dc source. Figure 10.46.Chapter 10. Inc. and the ac voltage source. Problem 46. you are using it without permission. If you are a student using this Manual. 10. v1 = 10 V For v 2 . where v1 . without the prior written permission of the publisher. ω= 2 2H ⎯ ⎯→ jωL = j4 1 1 1 F ⎯ ⎯→ = = . Chapter 10. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. Solution 46. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. 10. Solve for vo (t ) in the circuit of Fig.91 using the superposition principle.j6 12 jωC j (2)(1 / 12) + 6Ω -j6 Ω V2 4∠0° A (b) PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. (a). Hence. consider the circuit in Fig. For v1 consider the circuit in Fig. the ac current source.91 For Prob. v 2 . 6Ω + 1/12 F v1 + − 2H 10 V − (a) The capacitor is open to dc. Let v o = v1 + v 2 + v 3 . while the inductor is a short circuit. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed. j4 Ω − . (b).

For v 3 . or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.56° 1 + j0. you are using it without permission. V V V ⎛1 j j ⎞ 4 = 2 + 2 + 2 = ⎜ + − ⎟ V2 6 . 12 − V3 V3 V3 = + 6 .Applying nodal analysis.26.73∠ .j6 j4 ⎝ 6 6 4 ⎠ V2 = 24 = 21.j4 12 jωC j (3)(1 / 12) 6Ω + 12∠0° V + − j6 Ω -j4 Ω (c) V3 − At the non-reference node. ω=3 2H ⎯ ⎯→ jωL = j6 1 1 1 F ⎯ ⎯→ = = .56°) + 10. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.5 v 2 = 21. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. without the prior written permission of the publisher. (c).56° 1 − j0.73 cos(3t – 26. No part of this Manual may be displayed.45 sin(2t + 26.56°) V Therefore. .56°) V Hence.56°) V PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. All rights reserved. consider the circuit in Fig. Inc.45 sin( 2 t + 26. v o = 10 + 21.73 cos(3t − 26.j4 j6 12 V3 = = 10. If you are a student using this Manual.5 Hence.45∠26. v 3 = 10.

Chapter 10, Problem 47.

Determine io in the circuit of Fig. 10.92, using the superposition principle.

Figure 10.92 For Prob. 10.47.

Chapter 10, Solution 47.

Let i o = i1 + i 2 + i 3 , where i1 , i 2 , and i 3 are respectively due to the 24-V dc source, the ac voltage source, and the ac current source. For i1 , consider the circuit in Fig. (a).

1Ω 1/6 F 24 V

− +

2H i1 4Ω

2Ω

**Since the capacitor is an open circuit to dc, 24 i1 = =4A 4+2 For i 2 , consider the circuit in Fig. (b). ω=1 2H ⎯ ⎯→ jωL = j2 1 1 F ⎯ ⎯→ = - j6 6 jωC
**

1Ω -j6 Ω j2 Ω I2 10∠-30° V

+ −

I1

2Ω

I2

4Ω

(b)

For mesh 1,

- 10 ∠ - 30° + (3 − j6) I 1 − 2 I 2 = 0 10 ∠ - 30° = 3 (1 − 2 j) I 1 − 2 I 2

(1)

For mesh 2,

0 = -2 I 1 + (6 + j2) I 2 I 1 = (3 + j) I 2

(2)

**Substituting (2) into (1) 10 ∠ - 30° = 13 − j15 I 2 I 2 = 0.504 ∠19.1° Hence,
**

i 2 = 0.504 sin( t + 19.1°) A

**For i 3 , consider the circuit in Fig. (c). ω=3 2H ⎯ ⎯→ jωL = j6 1 1 1 F ⎯ ⎯→ = = - j2 6 jωC j (3)(1 / 6)
**

1Ω -j2 Ω j6 Ω I3 2Ω 2∠0° A 4Ω

(c)

2 || (1 − j2) =

2 (1 − j2) 3 − j2

**Using current division, 2 (1 − j2) ⋅ (2∠0°) 2 (1 − j2) 3 − j2 = I3 = 2 (1 − j2) 13 + j3 4 + j6 + 3 − j2
**

I 3 = 0.3352 ∠ - 76.43°

Hence

i 3 = 0.3352 cos(3t − 76.43°) A i o = 4 + 0.504 sin(t + 19.1°) + 0.3352 cos(3t – 76.43°) A

Therefore,

10. without the prior written permission of the publisher.j25 jωC j (2000)(20 × 10 -6 ) 80 || (60 + 100) = 160 3 50 30 = I= 160 3 + j80 − j25 32 + j33 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.48. and i O3 is due to the ac current source. All rights reserved.93 For Prob. Inc.93 using superposition. . or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. Chapter 10. ω = 2000 50 cos(2000t ) ⎯ ⎯→ 50∠0° 40 mH ⎯ ⎯→ 20 µF ⎯ ⎯→ jωL = j (2000)(40 × 10 -3 ) = j80 1 1 = = . consider the circuit in Fig. For i O1 . Solution 48.Chapter 10. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. Problem 48. where i O1 is due to the ac voltage source. 10. Figure 10. you are using it without permission. Let i O = i O1 + i O 2 + i O 3 . (a). © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. i O 2 is due to the dc voltage source. If you are a student using this Manual. No part of this Manual may be displayed. Find io in the circuit of Fig.

i O1 = 0.80 I -1 10∠180° = I= 80 + 160 3 46∠45.217 cos(2000 t + 134.9° I O1 = 0. 1 1 = = . © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. i O2 = 24 = 0. ω = 4000 2 cos(4000t ) ⎯ ⎯→ 2∠0° 40 mH ⎯ ⎯→ jωL = j (4000)(40 × 10 -3 ) = j160 20 µF ⎯ ⎯→ For mesh 1. consider the circuit in Fig. (c). All rights reserved. If you are a student using this Manual.217 ∠134.1 A 80 + 60 + 100 For i O3 . or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. I O1 = .Using current division. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. Inc. .j12. without the prior written permission of the publisher.5 jωC j (4000)(20 × 10 -6 ) PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. (b).1°) A For i O 2 .1° Hence. you are using it without permission. No part of this Manual may be displayed. consider the circuit in Fig.

Problem 49.125 12 + j54.1°) – 1.38° i O 3 = -1.38°) A Chapter 10. .1 + 0. you are using it without permission. i O = 0.1782 sin(4000t + 7. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.25 I O 3 = .1782∠7.1782 ∠7. without the prior written permission of the publisher.I 3 = -1. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. No part of this Manual may be displayed.1782 sin( 4000t + 7.217 cos(2000t + 134. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. (80 + j160 − j12. 240 I 3 − 60 I 1 − 80 I 2 = 0 Simplifying and substituting (1) into this equation yields I 2 = 3 I 3 − 1. Inc. All rights reserved.38°) A Hence. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual.5 (3) Substituting (3) into (2) yields (16 + j44.I1 = 2 (1) For mesh 2. Therefore.38° 16 + j44.25) I 3 = 12 + j54.75) I 2 − 8 I 3 = j32 (2) For mesh 3.125 I3 = = 1.5) I 2 − j160 I 1 − 80 I 3 = 0 Simplifying and substituting (1) into this equation yields (8 + j14.

Chapter 10. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.49. Problem 50.472∠56. 8 sin( 200t + 30°) ⎯ ⎯→ 8∠30°. you are using it without permission.94 For Prob. No part of this Manual may be displayed.56°) A Chapter 10. . without the prior written permission of the publisher. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. 10. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.Using source transformation. the circuit becomes that shown in the figure below. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. find i in the circuit of Fig. ω = 200 5 mH ⎯ ⎯→ 1 mF ⎯ ⎯→ jωL = j (200)(5 × 10 -3 ) = j 1 1 = = . Inc.472 sin(200t + 56.j5 jωC j (200)(1 × 10 -3 ) After transforming the current source.56° 5 + 3 + j − j5 8 − j4 i = 4. 10. 5Ω 3Ω I jΩ -j5 Ω 40∠30° V + − I= 40 ∠30° 40 ∠30° = = 4. All rights reserved.94. If you are a student using this Manual. Solution 49. Figure 10.

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 10. Chapter 10. . reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.Use source transformation to find vo in the circuit of Fig. without the prior written permission of the publisher. Inc. you are using it without permission. Solution 50. No part of this Manual may be displayed.95. All rights reserved. If you are a student using this Manual. Figure 10. 10.50.95 For Prob. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.

All rights reserved.25∠0°) Z = Z j40 Ω + Vs + − 80 Ω Vo − (b) By voltage division. Vs = (0.j25) Vo = = 3. . Chapter 10. Inc.j100 2 − j5 . or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. Problem 51. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.j25 Vs = ⋅ j 100 Z + 80 + j40 2 − j5 + 80 + j40 2 − j5 8 (. we get the circuit in Fig.2 × 10 -6 ) 0.6° 36 − j42 v o = 3.(b).6°) V Therefore. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.4 mH ⎯ ⎯→ 0.25∠0° 20 Ω -j50 Ω 80 Ω Vo − (a) Let and Z = 20 || .40. you are using it without permission.5 cos(10 5 t ) ⎯ ⎯→ 5∠0°. the current source is transformed to obtain the circuit in Fig.615 cos(105 t – 40.j25 2 − j5 With these. Vo = 80 80 . No part of this Manual may be displayed.615∠ .2 µF ⎯ ⎯→ After transforming the voltage source.j50 5 jωC j (10 )(0. If you are a student using this Manual.4 × 10 -3 ) = j40 1 1 = = . reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. j40 Ω + 0. without the prior written permission of the publisher. (a). ω = 10 5 jωL = j (10 5 )(0.j 50 = .

you are using it without permission.231 − j 3. Chapter 10.615 + 18.6923 60 − j 40 V2 = Z 2 x0.1093 < 30o A = 109. Io Z2 Z1 V1 + _ + _ V2 Applying KVL to the loop gives −V1 + I o ( Z1 + Z 2 ) + V2 = 0 ⎯⎯ → Io = V1 − V2 Z1 + Z 2 Io = 19.5∠45o j10 x50 = 1. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Problem 52.42.263 Let Z1 = j10 // 50 = Transforming the current sources to voltage sources leads to the circuit below.Use source transformation to find I o in the circuit of Prob. –j2 j10 50 -j40 60 0. Inc.5 < 45o = 16. 10.615 50 + j10 V1 = − j 2 Z1 = 19.3∠30˚ mA 1. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. If you are a student using this Manual. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. No part of this Manual may be displayed.315 − 3. without the prior written permission of the publisher.6923 Chapter 10. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.9231 + j 9. Solution 51.846 − 16.316 + j 3.231 − j 3. All rights reserved. Transforming the voltage sources into current sources.4615 − j 27. we have the circuit as shown below.9231 + j 9.4615 − j 27. .263 = 0.846 − j 40 x60 Let Z 2 = − j 40 // 60 = = 18.

8 8 + j4 Vs = I s Z s = (6 − j12)(2.4 + j1. without the prior written permission of the publisher. We transform the voltage source to a current source. 10. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.Use the method of source transformation to find I x in the circuit of Fig. you are using it without permission. .96 For Prob. 10. If you are a student using this Manual. (a).96. 60∠0° Is = = 6 − j12 2 + j4 The new circuit is shown in Fig.52.8) = 36 − j18 = 18 (2 − j) Z s = 6 || (2 + j4) = PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Chapter 10. Solution 52. Inc.4 + j1. -j2 Ω Ix 2Ω Is = 6 – j12 A j4 Ω (a) 6Ω 4Ω -j3 Ω 5∠90° A Let 6 (2 + j4) = 2. All rights reserved. Figure 10. No part of this Manual may be displayed.

2 Z o + 4 − j3 I x = 5 + j1. we transform the voltage source in Fig.2 (12 − j) Vs 18 (2 − j) = = 15.2 (12 − j) With these. without the prior written permission of the publisher. Inc.4 − j0.517 − j1. No part of this Manual may be displayed. All rights reserved.2 = 0.4 − j0. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. We obtain the circuit in Fig. we transform the current source on the left hand side of the circuit to a voltage source.35° A j5 A PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. We obtain the circuit in Fig.With these. Ix Io Zo 4Ω -j3 Ω (c) Using current division. . you are using it without permission.4 − j3. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. (b).2 (I o + j5) = (15. If you are a student using this Manual. (b) to a current source.238∠17.517 − j6. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.207) Ix = 6. (c).5625 = 5. Zo 2.207 Io = Z o 0. Zs -j2 Ω Ix Vs + − 4Ω -j3 Ω (b) j5 A Let Z o = Z s − j2 = 2.

reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.Chapter 10. Figure 10. you are using it without permission.97. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Inc. Problem 53. Chapter 10. We transform the voltage source to a current source to obtain the circuit in Fig.97 For Prob. (a).53. If you are a student using this Manual. 10.8 + j1. No part of this Manual may be displayed.6 4 + j2 Vs = (5∠0°) Z s = (5)(0. without the prior written permission of the publisher. -j3 Ω j4 Ω + 5∠0° A 4Ω j2 Ω 2Ω Vo − (a) Let j8 = 0.6) = 4 + j8 Z s = 4 || j2 = -j2 Ω PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Use the concept of source transformation to find V o in the circuit of Fig. All rights reserved.8 + j1. . 10. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. Solution 53.

(d). the current source is transformed so that the circuit becomes that shown in Fig.8 − j1. (b) to obtain the circuit in Fig.0769 + j4. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.5714 + j4 − j2 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.8571 − j0.6 − j2. Using current division.5714) = j5. If you are a student using this Manual. No part of this Manual may be displayed. All rights reserved. (c). Let j4 Ω + Ix Zx 2Ω -j2 Ω Vo − (c) Let Z y = 2 || Z x = 1.4 V 4 + j8 = −3.8571 − j0.8 − j1.0769 + j4.4 With these.529 – j5. without the prior written permission of the publisher. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.With these.j2 Vy = = (3.7143 With these.8 − j1.883) V Z y + j4 − j2 0.6154) ⋅ (0. Inc.8 = 0.6154 Ix = s = Z s 0. Zs -j3 Ω j4 Ω + Vs + − 2Ω -j2 Ω Vo − (b) Z x = Z s − j3 = 0. we transform the voltage source in Fig. we transform the current source to obtain the circuit in Fig.5714 2. you are using it without permission. .4 Vy = I x Z y = (−3.7143) .j2 ( j5.8571 − j0. Zy j4 Ω + Vy + − -j2 Ω Vo − (d) Vo = . (b). © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

86 + j105.91 + j31.8055 53. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. without the prior written permission of the publisher.91 − j31. If you are a student using this Manual. Rework Prob.912 V + - Applying KVL gives -115.24 − j 22.95-j74.059 50 − j 30 We convert the current source to voltage source and obtain the circuit below. Chapter 10.058 + (53.7817 + j1. Problem 54.8055) = 124.059)I -134.97 = −4. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.059 ⎯ ⎯→ V = Vs − (40 + j20)I But − Vs + (40 + j20)I + V = 0 V = 115.24 − j 2. .912 = 0 or I = − 250.06∠ − 154 o V which agrees with the result in Prob. 10. 50 //( − j 30) = 40 Ω j20 Ω 13.7.059 Ω + Vs =115.7 using source transformation.24 – j22. 10. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.91 –j31. 50 x(− j 30) = 13.06V - + I V 134.05 − (40 + j20)(−4. No part of this Manual may be displayed.95 + j74.Chapter 10.7817 + j1.24-j2. you are using it without permission. Inc. Solution 54. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. All rights reserved.

consider the circuit in Fig.36∠-63. (a) To find Z th . without the prior written permission of the publisher. Figure 10. Z N = Z th = 10 + j20 || (. If you are a student using this Manual.Chapter 10.55. you are using it without permission.98 For Prob.43° Ω To find Vth . Solution 55.98. All rights reserved. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. (a). Chapter 10. No part of this Manual may be displayed. j20 Ω 10 Ω Zth -j10 Ω (a) ( j20)(. Find the Thevenin and Norton equivalent circuits at terminals a-b for each of the circuits in Fig. 10. .j10) = 10 + j20 Ω 10 Ω + 50∠30° V + − -j10 Ω Vth − (b) PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.j10) j20 − j10 = 10 − j20 = 22. Inc. 10. (b). or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. consider the circuit in Fig. Problem 55.

4° A Z th 22. -j5 Ω Io 4∠0° A 8Ω j10 Ω + Vth − (d) By current division. All rights reserved. (d). © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.92 ∠58° = = 3.36 ∠ . If you are a student using this Manual.92∠58° V 8 + j5 IN = Vth 33.j10 (50∠30°) = -50∠30° V j20 − j10 Vth . you are using it without permission.Vth = .392∠32° A 10 ∠26° Z th PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. consider the circuit in Fig. -j5 Ω Zth 8Ω j10 Ω (c) Z N = Z th = j10 || (8 − j5) = ( j10)(8 − j5) = 10∠26° Ω j10 + 8 − j5 To obtain Vth . Inc. consider the circuit in Fig. without the prior written permission of the publisher. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.50 ∠30° = = 2.236∠273. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. No part of this Manual may be displayed.43° IN = (b) To find Z th . 8 32 (4∠0°) = Io = 8 + j10 − j5 8 + j5 Vth = j10 I o = j320 = 33. .63. (c).

I N = 2∠0° A Vth = Z th I th = (7.j2) = 6 + = 6 − j4 j4 − j2 = 7. No part of this Manual may be displayed. (a) To find Z th .69° V PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. .211∠ . or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. without the prior written permission of the publisher. obtain Thevenin and Norton equivalent circuits at terminals a-b. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. consider the circuit in Fig.56. we obtain. 10. j4 Ω 6Ω -j2 Ω (a) ( j4)(.69° Ω Zth By placing short circuit at terminals a-b. All rights reserved. Solution 56.211∠-33.33. Inc.99 For Prob. Problem 56. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. 10.j2) Z N = Z th = 6 + j4 || (.69°) (2∠0°) = 14.Chapter 10. you are using it without permission. Chapter 10. For each of the circuits in Fig. If you are a student using this Manual. (a).422∠-33.99. Figure 10.

reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.47°) (3.47° Ω To find Vth and I N . j10 Ω Zth 30 Ω 60 Ω -j5 Ω (b) 30 || 60 = 20 Z N = Z th = .(b) To find Z th .j5 || (20 + j10) = (.43°) = 19. Inc.578∠18.j5)(20 + j10) 20 + j5 = 5. (c). you are using it without permission. j10 Ω a IN 4∠45° A 20 Ω -j5 Ω (c) IN = 20 2 (4∠45°) = (2 − j)(4∠45°) 20 + j10 5 = 3. we transform the voltage source and combine the 30 Ω and 60 Ω resistors. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.43° A b Vth = Z th I N = (5.578∠18. All rights reserved.77. consider the circuit in Fig.423∠ . The result is shown in Fig. . If you are a student using this Manual. without the prior written permission of the publisher.423∠-77. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. (b).4∠-59° V PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. No part of this Manual may be displayed.

without the prior written permission of the publisher. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.100. Find the Thevenin and Norton equivalent circuits for the circuit shown in Fig. No part of this Manual may be displayed. Inc. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.100 For Prob. Problem 57. All rights reserved. Figure 10. you are using it without permission. If you are a student using this Manual.Chapter 10. .57. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. 10. 10.

633∠ . To find Z th . 5Ω -j10 Ω 2Ω + 60∠120° V + − j20 Ω Vth − (b) Vth = j20 j4 (60 ∠120°) = (60∠120°) 5 − j10 + j20 1 + j2 = 107.33.63∠-33. (a). © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. . If you are a student using this Manual.Chapter 10.7° A Z th 21. No part of this Manual may be displayed.961∠-179.3∠146. without the prior written permission of the publisher. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.7° IN = PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 5Ω -j10 Ω 2Ω Zth j20 Ω (a) Z N = Z th = 2 + j20 || (5 − j10) = 2 + ( j20)(5 − j10) 5 + j10 = 18 − j12 = 21. consider the circuit in Fig. Inc. (b).3∠146. Solution 57. consider the circuit in Fig. you are using it without permission.56° = = 4.56° V Vth 107.7° Ω To find Vth . All rights reserved.

101. Io 8Ω 5∠45° A -j6 Ω (b) Io = 8 − j6 4 − j3 (5∠45°) = (5∠45°) 8 − j6 + j10 4 + j2 ( j10)(4 − j3)(5∠45°) = 55. find the Thevenin equivalent circuit at terminals a-b.Chapter 10. Inc. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. 8Ω -j6 Ω j10 Ω Zth (a) ( j10)(8 − j6) Z th = j10 || (8 − j6) = = 5 (2 + j) 8 + j4 = 11.9∠71. No part of this Manual may be displayed. (a) to find Z th . 10.58. (b) to find Vth . Figure 10. .56° V (2)(2 + j) j10 Ω Vth + Vth = j10 I o = PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. you are using it without permission. Consider the circuit in Fig.56° Ω Consider the circuit in Fig. without the prior written permission of the publisher. Solution 58. For the circuit depicted in Fig. Problem 58. Chapter 10.101 For Prob. 10. If you are a student using this Manual. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. All rights reserved.18∠26. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.

without the prior written permission of the publisher.102. Insert a 1-A current source at the output as shown below. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. If you are a student using this Manual. you are using it without permission. Calculate the output impedance of the circuit shown in Fig. Inc. 10. Problem 59. Solution 59. All rights reserved. . No part of this Manual may be displayed.2 Vo v1 j 40 (− j 2) = j 2 But vo = −1 0.102 For Prob. -j2 Ω 10 Ω V1 + – Vo j40 Ω + Vin 1A – 0. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. Chapter 10.Chapter 10. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. 10.2 + 1 = ⎯⎯ → V1 = −16 + j 40 Vin = V1 – Vo + 10 = –6 + j38 = 1xZin Zin = –6 + j38 Ω.2vo + 1 = V1 j 40 j 2 x0.59. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Figure 10.

All rights reserved.333 Ω To find Vth . Problem 60. without the prior written permission of the publisher. Find the Thevenin equivalent of the circuit in Fig. 10 Ω V1 -j4 Ω V2 b + 20∠0° V + − j5 Ω 4∠0° A 4Ω Vth − (b) PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Inc. 10 Ω -j4 Ω a j5 Ω 4Ω Zth (a) Z th = 4 || (. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. 10. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. consider the circuit in Fig. If you are a student using this Manual.j4 + 10 || j5) = 4 || (.103 For Prob. No part of this Manual may be displayed.60. (a) To find Z th .Chapter 10. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. .j4 + 2 + j4) Z th = 4 || 2 = 1. Chapter 10. 10. (a).103 as seen from: (b) terminals c-d (a) terminals a-b Figure 10. Solution 60. (b). you are using it without permission. consider the circuit in Fig.

5) V1 − j2.j4 (1 + j0. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.667 – j4 Ω 6 4Ω To find Vth . All rights reserved. . If you are a student using this Manual.5 − j3 Therefore. Zth c 10 Ω -j4 Ω d j5 Ω (c) ⎛ j10 ⎞ ⎟ Z th = .we will make use of the result in part (a). or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.j4 4 V1 = (1 − j) V2 + j16 (2) Substituting (2) into (1) leads to 28 − j16 = (1. (c).333 = (8 3 ) (3 + j2) V1 = (1 − j) V2 + j16 = j16 + (8 3) (5 − j) Vth = V1 − V2 = 16 3 + j8 = 9.At node 1.333 1. Vth = V2 = 9. Inc.j4 Z th = .j4 || (4 + 10 || j5) = . V2 = 8 + j5.5 V2 = 20 (1) At node 2. 4+ V1 − V2 V2 = . No part of this Manual may be displayed. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. 20 − V1 V1 V1 − V2 = + 10 j5 .614∠56.j4 || (6 + j4) = (6 + j4) = 2.5 − j3) V2 28 − j16 V2 = = 8 + j5. without the prior written permission of the publisher.31° V PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.615∠33. you are using it without permission.69° V (b) To find Z th .j4 || ⎜ 4 + 2 + j⎠ ⎝ . consider the circuit in Fig.

104. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. you are using it without permission. Figure 10. without the prior written permission of the publisher. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.61. Inc. Problem 61.Chapter 10. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. 10. All rights reserved. 10. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Find the Thevenin equivalent at terminals a-b of the circuit in Fig.104 For Prob. If you are a student using this Manual. No part of this Manual may be displayed. .

5Ix VTh – b 2 + 1. 4Ω Ix -j3 Ω 1. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.Chapter 10. Inc. To find VTh. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.5Ix 1A Vo 1+1. . Solution 61. without the prior written permission of the publisher.5Ix = Ix But Vo = –j3Ix = j12 Ix = –4 VTh = Vo + 6Ix = j12 − 24 V To find ZTh. consider the circuit shown below.5 Ix = Ix −Vo + Ix(4 − j 3) = 0 ZTh = Ix = -2 ⎯⎯ → Vo = −8 + j6 Vo = −8 + j 6 Ω 1 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. you are using it without permission. consider the circuit below Vo Ix + 2∠0 A o 4Ω a -j3 Ω 1. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. No part of this Manual may be displayed. All rights reserved. If you are a student using this Manual.

. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.105 For Prob. 10. you are using it without permission. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. Problem 62. Inc. All rights reserved.62.Chapter 10. If you are a student using this Manual. Using Thevenin’s theorem. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. Figure 10. find vo in the circuit of Fig. No part of this Manual may be displayed. 10. without the prior written permission of the publisher.105.

75 + j0. No part of this Manual may be displayed.229 = 2. I x = (0. ω = 1 2H ⎯ ⎯→ 1 F ⎯ ⎯→ 4 1 F ⎯ ⎯→ 8 jωL = j2 1 = .j8 jωC To find Z th .j8 j2 3 8 where I o = .j4 j2 Thus.j4 4 j2 Vx = 0.5) Vx − j I x = -0. . Solution 62. 4 . 12 cos( t ) ⎯ ⎯→ 12∠0°.Vx 4 At node 2. All rights reserved. without the prior written permission of the publisher.j4 jωC 1 = . © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.Chapter 10.29∠ .4 + j0. Inc. First. consider the circuit in Fig. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.5246 − j2. you are using it without permission.24° Ω Ix PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. If you are a student using this Manual. 3 Io Io 4Ω Vx 1 j2 Ω 2 -j8 Ω Ix -j4 Ω + − 1V (a) At node 1. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. we transform the circuit to the frequency domain. Vx 2 Vx 1 − Vx − = .103.8 I x + 3Io = 1 1 − Vx + . (a).1 + j0. Vx Vx 1 − Vx + + 3Io = .425 Z th = 1 = -0.

073∠ . © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.3 cos(t – 163.j24 ∆2 = 3. Vo = 2 (2)(3. All rights reserved. .8°) Vth = 2 + Z th 1.073∠ .3° 2. you are using it without permission. without the prior written permission of the publisher.56.146∠ . Inc.j3⎥ ⎢ V ⎥ ⎣ ⎦ ⎣ ⎦⎣ 2⎦ ∆ = -5 + j6 .8° ∆ Thus.219. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.219. Vth = V2 = where I o = 12 − V1 4 ∆ 2 = .8° Vo = = 2.163.219.3°) V Therefore. V1 − V2 V + 3Io = 2 j2 . V V − V2 12 − V1 = 3Io + 1 + 1 . PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.5° v o = 2. consider the circuit in Fig.j8 72 = (6 + j4) V1 − j3 V2 (2) From (1) and (2).j4 j2 24 = (2 + j) V1 − j2 V2 (1) At node 2.3∠ .4754 − j2.j2⎤ ⎡ V1 ⎤ ⎢ 72 ⎥ = ⎢ 6 + j4 . If you are a student using this Manual. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. (b).673∠ . 3 Io Io 4Ω V1 1 j2 Ω V2 2 + Vth − 12∠0° V + − -j4 Ω -j8 Ω (b) At node 1. No part of this Manual may be displayed. ⎡ 24⎤ ⎡ 2 + j . 4 .229 6.To find Vth .

Figure 10. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.63. All rights reserved. 10. Obtain the Norton equivalent of the circuit depicted in Fig. without the prior written permission of the publisher. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.Chapter 10.106 at terminals a-b. Inc. No part of this Manual may be displayed. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. 10. Problem 63. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. If you are a student using this Manual. .106 For Prob. you are using it without permission.

657 cos(200t + 75°) A Z N = 1 kΩ PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. If you are a student using this Manual. . -j kΩ ZN j2 kΩ 2 kΩ (a) Z N = . without the prior written permission of the publisher. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.j + 1 + j = 1 kΩ We find I N using the circuit in Fig. Solution 63. (b). -j kΩ 4∠30° A j2 kΩ 2 kΩ IN (b) j2 || 2 = 1 + j By the current division principle. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.657 ∠75° 1+ j − j Therefore.j + 2 || j2 = . © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. 4 cos(200t + 30°) ⎯ ⎯→ 4∠30°. No part of this Manual may be displayed. (a).j kΩ jωC j (200)(5 × 10 -6 ) Z N is found using the circuit in Fig. 1+ j IN = (4 ∠30°) = 5.Chapter 10. ω = 200 10 H ⎯ ⎯→ 5 µF ⎯ ⎯→ jωL = j (200)(10) = j2 kΩ 1 1 = = . i N = 5. Inc. you are using it without permission. All rights reserved. Transform the circuit to the frequency domain.

you are using it without permission. 10.64. without the prior written permission of the publisher. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. Problem 64. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed. For the circuit shown in Fig.107.107 For Prob.Chapter 10. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. 10. find the Norton equivalent circuit at terminals a-b. If you are a student using this Manual. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. Figure 10. . Inc.

Z N is obtained from the circuit in Fig. without the prior written permission of the publisher. Solution 64. you are using it without permission.8∠60° IN = I2 – I1 = 3∠60° A PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. If you are a student using this Manual. consider the circuit in Fig. .Chapter 10.72∠63. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. All rights reserved. 60 Ω ZN 40 Ω j80 Ω (a) Z N = (60 + 40) || ( j80 − j30) = 100 || j50 = Z N = 20 + j40 = 44. Inc. No part of this Manual may be displayed. 100 I 1 − 60 I s = 0 I 1 = 1. (b). or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. ( j80 − j30) I 2 − j80 I s = 0 I 2 = 4. (a).8∠60° For mesh 2.43° Ω To find I N . -j30 Ω (100)( j50) 100 + j50 60 Ω 3∠60° A Is j80 Ω IN I1 40 Ω I2 -j30 Ω (b) I s = 3∠60° For mesh 1.

10. consider the circuit in Fig. All rights reserved. (a). Problem 65. 2Ω ZN -j2 Ω -j Ω (a) Z N = . ω = 2 4H ⎯ ⎯→ 1 F ⎯ ⎯→ 4 1 F ⎯ ⎯→ 2 jωL = j (2)(4) = j8 1 1 = = .j (2 − j2) 1 = (2 − j10) 2 − j3 13 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.Chapter 10. 10. . 5 cos(2 t ) ⎯ ⎯→ 5∠0°.65. Chapter 10. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.j2 jωC j (2)(1 / 4) 1 1 = = -j jωC j (2)(1 / 2) To find Z N . If you are a student using this Manual.j || (2 − j2) = . Inc. Figure 10. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Solution 65. without the prior written permission of the publisher. Compute io in Fig. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.108 using Norton’s theorem. No part of this Manual may be displayed. you are using it without permission.108 For Prob.

No part of this Manual may be displayed. without the prior written permission of the publisher.To find I N . you are using it without permission.47° Therefore. i o = 542 cos(2t – 77.47°) mA PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. If you are a student using this Manual. Inc. Io IN (c) Using current division. (b). . 2Ω 5∠0° V + − -j2 Ω (b) IN = 5∠0° = j5 -j IN -j Ω The Norton equivalent of the circuit is shown in Fig. consider the circuit in Fig.5294 = 0542∠ . (c). Io = ZN (1 13)(2 − j10)( j5) 50 + j10 IN = = (1 13)(2 − j10) + j8 2 + j94 Z N + j8 ZN j8 Ω I o = 0. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. All rights reserved.1176 − j0. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.77.

10 + j10 1+ = x ⎯ ⎯→ Vx = 10 − j10 j5 21 + j2 Z N = Z th = Vx 14. Chapter 10. 10. (a).67∠129. .142 ∠135° = = 0. consider the circuit in Fig. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.44° ω = 10 0. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Take ω = 10 rad/s. Problem 66.095∠5. Figure 10. j5 10 − j10 19 Vx V .109 For Prob. Inc. jωL = j (10)(0.j10 jωC j (10)(10 × 10 -3 ) To find Z th . obtain Thevenin and Norton equivalent circuits for the network depicted in Fig. Solution 66. 10. All rights reserved. If you are a student using this Manual.56° Ω 1 21.5 H ⎯ ⎯→ Vx j5 Ω 2 Vo 1A where Vo = 10Vx 10 − j10 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.109. No part of this Manual may be displayed. you are using it without permission. At terminals a-b.5) = j5 1 1 10 mF ⎯ ⎯→ = = .Chapter 10. without the prior written permission of the publisher. -j10 Ω + 10 Ω Vo − (a) 1 + 2 Vo = Vx Vx + .66.

96° A Z th 0.To find Vth and I N .8723 .j2) + j5 (2 Vo ) − 12 = 0 Vo = (10)(. Inc. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.10 + j105 Vth = 29. No part of this Manual may be displayed. without the prior written permission of the publisher.79∠3. consider the circuit in Fig.j2 − I ) Thus.56° IN = PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.73 + j1.10 + j105 Vth = j5 (I + 2 Vo ) = j5 (−19I − j40) = − j95 I + 200 Vth = − j95 (188 + j20) + 200 = 29. .67∠129. -j10 Ω + -j2 A 10 Ω Vo − (b) I j5 Ω 2 Vo 12∠0° V − + + Vth − where (10 − j10 + j5) I − (10)(. If you are a student using this Manual.6° = = 44.6° V Vth 29. All rights reserved. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.79∠3. (10 − j105) I = -188 − j20 188 + j20 I= . (b). © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. you are using it without permission.46∠–125.

Chapter 10.67.76° I N = Th = = 0. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.110.945∠ − 69.110 For Prob.079Ω 23 − j5 20 + j6 Vb = (8 + j6) (60∠45 o ) = 12.08Ω 20 + j6 VTh = Va − Vb = 1.64 = 4. Figure 10.069 + j26.945∠ − 69.243 + j1.44. 23 − j5 10(13 − j5) 12(8 + j6) + = 11. Problem 67.78 + j21. Solution 67. V 4.76 o V.711 − j4. Find the Thevenin and Norton equivalent circuits at terminals a-b in the circuit of Fig.48° PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. No part of this Manual may be displayed. 10.4378∠ − 75. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. you are using it without permission. 10. Inc.295∠5. All rights reserved.24 o A Z Th 11. Z N = Z Th = 10 //(13 − j5) + 12 //(8 + j6) = Va = 10 (60∠45 o ) = 13. If you are a student using this Manual. Chapter 10. without the prior written permission of the publisher. . reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.

Io + o 4Ω a + + -j2 j10 4Io b Vo 6<0 - Vo/3 j10(− j2) = − j2. without the prior written permission of the publisher. you are using it without permission.111. 10.5) = − j10I o 1 − 6 + 4I o + Vo = 0 3 j10 //(− j2) = (1) (2) PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.68. Solution 68. If you are a student using this Manual. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Inc. Problem 68. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.111 For Prob. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. 10. .5 j10 − j2 Vo = 4I o x (− j2.Chapter 10. Find the Thevenin equivalent at terminals a-b in the circuit of Fig. No part of this Manual may be displayed. All rights reserved. Chapter 10. 1H ⎯ ⎯→ jωL = j10x1 = j10 1 1 1 F ⎯ ⎯→ = = − j2 1 20 jω C j10 x 20 We obtain VTh using the circuit below. Figure 10.

reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.19 o 4 − j10 / 3 v Th = 11.4 V Z Th = o = 1.333 + j0. Inc. If you are a student using this Manual.2293 − j1.477Ω 1 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Io 4Ω a + + -j2 j10 4Io Vo 1<0o Vo/3 1 4I o + Vo = 0 3 ⎯ ⎯→ V Io = − o 12 1 + 4I o = Vo Vo + − j2 j10 Combining the two equations leads to Vo = 1 = 1.19 o ) To find RTh. as shown below. No part of this Manual may be displayed.2293 − 1.4766 0. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. you are using it without permission. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.52 sin(10 t − 50. . without the prior written permission of the publisher. All rights reserved.Combining (1) and (2) gives Io = 6 .52∠ − 50. 4 − j10 / 3 VTh = Vo = − j10I o = − j60 = 11. we insert a 1-A source at terminals a-b.

If you are a student using this Manual. Chapter 10.69. Problem 69.j Vm = Vm ∠ . For the differentiator shown in Fig. 10. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.Chapter 10. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.112 For Prob. No part of this Manual may be displayed. Find vo (t ) when v s (t) = V m sin ωt and ω = 1/RC.Z f -R = = = -jωRC Vs Zi 1 jωC When Vs = Vm and ω = 1 RC . obtain V o /V s .Vm cos(ωt) PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. . or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. Solution 69.112. All rights reserved. without the prior written permission of the publisher. Figure 10.j ⋅ ⋅ RC ⋅ Vm = . Inc. 10. you are using it without permission.90° RC Therefore. 1 Vo = . This is an inverting op amp so that Vo . v o ( t ) = Vm sin(ωt − 90°) = .

j100 kΩ . without the prior written permission of the publisher. Solution 70. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.5k ) = Thus. 10. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. you are using it without permission. j4 4∠90° = = 0. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.Z f = Vs Zi where Z i = 50 kΩ and Z f = 100k || (.113 For Prob.1∠91.Chapter 10. Chapter 10. The circuit in Fig. Inc.j2.43° 40 − j 40.70. 10.5 kΩ 10 nF ⎯ 4 jωC j (4 × 10 )(10 × 10 -9 ) Vo .j2. Calculate vo (t ) if v s = 2 cos 4 × 10 4 t V. This may also be regarded as an inverting amplifier.113 is an integrator with a feedback resistor.1 cos(4x104 t + 91.43° v o ( t ) = 0. All rights reserved. Problem 70.43°) V PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Figure 10. No part of this Manual may be displayed. ω = 4 × 10 4 1 1 ⎯→ = = . 2 cos(4 × 10 4 t ) ⎯ ⎯→ 2 ∠0°. 40 − j Vo = Therefore.1.01∠ . . Vo j2 = Vs 40 − j . If you are a student using this Manual. If Vs = 2 ∠0° .

All rights reserved. Find vo in the op amp circuit of Fig. . without the prior written permission of the publisher.9° = = 48∠29. Inc.928 + j4 + 2400 − j4157 4800∠ − 59.43° vo(t) = 48cos(2t + 29. 10. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.Chapter 10.5x10 − 6 At the inverting terminal. Solution 71. 5µF ⎯ ⎯→ ⎯ ⎯→ 8∠30 o 1 1 = = − j1MΩ jωC j2x 0. you are using it without permission. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.53o 1 − j100 100∠ − 89. Vo − 8∠30 o Vo − 8∠30 o 8∠30 o + = − j1000k 10k 2k ⎯ ⎯→ Vo (1 − j100) = 8∠30 + 800∠ − 60° + 4000 ∠ − 60° 6. Chapter 10. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.114 For Prob.53o) V Vo = PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 10. If you are a student using this Manual. No part of this Manual may be displayed. 8 cos(2t + 30 o ) 0. Figure 10.71.114. Problem 71.

5 Io = Therefore. If you are a student using this Manual. Figure 10.Chapter 10. Vo 4 − Vo = 50 .78∠ .115 if v s = 4 cos10 4 t V. Inc. Compute io (t ) in the op amp circuit in Fig. you are using it without permission.5) i o ( t ) = 35. ω = 10 4 1 1 ⎯→ = = . 50 kΩ Vo + − Vo Io 100 kΩ 4∠0° V + − -j100 kΩ At the noninverting node.78 cos(104 t – 26. 4 cos(10 4 t ) ⎯ ⎯→ 4 ∠0°. 10. Solution 72. without the prior written permission of the publisher. Chapter 10. Problem 72. Vo 4 = mA = 35.j100 ⎯ ⎯→ Vo = 4 1 + j0.72. No part of this Manual may be displayed. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.56° µA 100k (100)(1 + j0.115 For Prob.26.j100 kΩ 1 nF ⎯ 4 jωC j (10 )(10 -9 ) Consider the circuit as shown below. All rights reserved. . 10. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.56°) µA PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.

If you are a student using this Manual.Chapter 10. V2 = Vo 1 1 = = -j20 kΩ 3 jωC1 j (5 × 10 )(10 × 10 -9 ) 1 1 ⎯→ = = -j10 kΩ C 2 = 20 nF ⎯ 3 jωC 2 j (5 × 10 )(20 × 10 -9 ) ⎯→ C1 = 10 nF ⎯ PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.116 when R1 = 10 k Ω. Solution 73. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Figure 10. 10. Inc. Chapter 10. and ω = 5000 rad/s. C1 = 10 nF.116 For Prob. All rights reserved. . If the input impedance is defined as Z in =V s /I s find the input impedance of the op amp circuit in Fig. without the prior written permission of the publisher. As a voltage follower. Problem 73. R2 = 20 k Ω. you are using it without permission. No part of this Manual may be displayed. 10. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.73. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.

or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. V1 − Vo Vo − 0 = 20 . No part of this Manual may be displayed. . If you are a student using this Manual. without the prior written permission of the publisher.j20 20 2 Vs = (3 + j)V1 − (1 + j)Vo (1) At node 2. Vs − V1 V1 − Vo V1 − Vo = + 10 . you are using it without permission. All rights reserved. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. -j20 kΩ Is 10 kΩ V1 VS + − 20 kΩ V2 + − Io Vo -j10 kΩ Zin At node 1.21∠–45° kΩ Z in = PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.j10 V1 = (1 + j2)Vo (2) Substituting (2) into (1) gives 2 Vs = j6Vo or 1 Vo = -j Vs 3 ⎛2 1⎞ V1 = (1 + j2)Vo = ⎜ − j ⎟ Vs ⎝3 3⎠ Is = Is Vs Vs − V1 (1 3)(1 + j) Vs = 10k 10k 1+ j = 30k Vs 30k = = 15 (1 − j) k Is 1 + j Z in = 21. Inc.Consider the circuit in the frequency domain as shown below.

Inc. R 2C2 ⎛ C ⎞ ⎛ 1 + j R 2 C 2 R 1C1 ⎞ ⎟ A v = –⎜ 1 ⎟ ⎜ 1+ j ⎠ ⎝ C2 ⎠ ⎝ ⎛C ⎞⎛ ⎞ 1+ j ⎟ A v = –⎜ 1 ⎟ ⎜ ⎝ C 2 ⎠ ⎝ 1 + j R 1C1 R 2 C 2 ⎠ At ω = PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. . you are using it without permission. Av = – R2 R1 C1 C2 As ω → ∞ .Zf jωC 2 Av = o = =− = −⎜ ⎟ ⎜ 1 + jω R C ⎟ ⎟⎜ ⎜C ⎟ 1 Vs Zi 1 1 ⎠ ⎝ 2⎠⎝ R1 + jωC1 At ω = 0 . without the prior written permission of the publisher. No part of this Manual may be displayed.117. Problem 74. ω = 1 / R1C1 .74. Chapter 10.Chapter 10. ω → ∞. Zi = R1 + 1 . reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. Solution 74. All rights reserved.117 For Prob. jωC1 R2 + Zf = R 2 + 1 jωC 2 1 ⎛ C1 ⎞ ⎛ 1 + jωR 2 C 2 ⎞ V . 10. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. 10. If you are a student using this Manual. Figure 10. Find A v at ω = 0. Evaluate the voltage gain A v = V o /V s in the op amp circuit of Fig. Av = – At ω = 1 . R 1 C1 1 . and ω = 1 / R2 C 2 .

10. All rights reserved. R3 = 20 k Ω . R4 = 40 k Ω . . without the prior written permission of the publisher. 10. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. In the op amp circuit of Fig.118 For Prob.75. R1 = R2 = 100 k Ω . or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. No part of this Manual may be displayed. Figure 10.118. Problem 75.Chapter 10. Inc. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. If you are a student using this Manual. and ω = 2000 rad/s. find the closed-loop gain and phase shift of the output voltage with respect to the input voltage if C1 = C 2 = 1 nF. you are using it without permission.

2V1 + (1+j0.6667)Vo (4) PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.2V2 – Vo = j2 At node 2. All rights reserved. V1 = (0. At node 1. ω = 2 × 10 3 ⎯→ C1 = C 2 = 1 nF ⎯ 1 1 = = -j500 kΩ 3 jωC1 j (2 × 10 )(1 × 10 -9 ) Consider the circuit shown below. No part of this Manual may be displayed. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.Chapter 10. you are using it without permission. 100 kΩ -j500 kΩ V1 VS + − -j500 kΩ V2 + − 40 kΩ 100 kΩ 20 kΩ + Vo − Let Vs = 10V. If you are a student using this Manual. . [(V1–10)/(–j500k)] + [(V1–Vo)/105] + [(V1–V2)/(–j500k)] = 0 or (1+j0. Inc.2)V2 = 0 or V1 = (1–j5)V2 But V2 = V R3 Vo = o R3 + R4 3 (1) (2) (3) From (2) and (3). reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.3333–j1. Solution 75. [(V2–V1)/(–j5)] + (V2–0) = 0 or –j0.4)V1 – j0. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. without the prior written permission of the publisher.

>> Y=[1+0.0000 1.2000i -1.0] I= 0 + 2.0.69˚) = 1.4167 + 2.2i.8˚)(1.4167 -1.0000i 0 0 >> V=inv(Y)*I V= -0.0000 + 0.1.Substituting (3) and (4) into (1). No part of this Manual may be displayed. the answer checks.2500 + 0. Checking with MATLAB.6997∠–78.89˚ = 1 – j1.4i.3333–j1.12499∠180˚.0000i (this last term is vo) and.0000i 0 0 -3. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.-1.0.0000 >> I=[2i.0000 + 5.0.4)(0.06667Vo – Vo = j2 (1.6601) = –1. If you are a student using this Manual.2499 = 1.-1+5i.-3.6667)Vo – j0. you are using it without permission. All rights reserved.5334)Vo – j0.-0. Vo/Vs = 0.5334 Thus.0000 1.0000 -1. Vo = j2/(–j1.2499∠180˚ V Since Vs = 10.077∠21. Inc.4000i 0 .0. (1+j0. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. . without the prior written permission of the publisher.06667Vo – Vo = j2 and. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.1] Y= 1. (1–j1.8306∠–56.0833i -0.

119 For Prob. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. Determine V o and I o in the op amp circuit of Fig. All rights reserved. If you are a student using this Manual. Problem 76. . No part of this Manual may be displayed. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.Chapter 10.119. 10. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.76. Figure 10. without the prior written permission of the publisher. you are using it without permission. Inc. 10.

Let the voltage between the -jk Ω capacitor and the 10k Ω resistor be V1.6)V1 + j0. you are using it without permission.34 o V 6. Answer checks.6 + j5 + j6)Vo = (4+j5)Vo 2∠30° Vo = = 0.1.0000i >> I=[1.6000i 1.0000 -1.2909 .6000i 0 + 0.0000 . No part of this Manual may be displayed.0000i 0 >> V=inv(Y)*I V= 0. Inc.0.7321 + 1. 2∠30 o − V1 V1 − Vo V1 − Vo = + − j4k 10k 20k 2∠30 o = (1 − j0.35˚V.3123∠–21. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.-1-0. All rights reserved. If you are a student using this Manual. .7321+j1 Also.6i.0. without the prior written permission of the publisher.8593 + 1.6)(1 + j5)Vo + j0.403∠51.6Vo = (1 + 3 − j0.3410i 0.5i] Y= 1.5. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.6i.0] I= 1.0.0000 .7321+1i.34° >> Y=[1-0. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Solution 76. V1 − Vo V = o 10k − j2k ⎯ ⎯→ (1) ⎯ ⎯→ V1 = (1 + j5)Vo (2) Solving (2) into (1) yields 2∠30° = (1 − j0.3124∠ − 21.6Vo = 1.1137i = Vo = 0.Chapter 10.

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. If you are a student using this Manual. Compute the closed-loop gain V o /V s for the op amp circuit of Fig. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. . Inc. without the prior written permission of the publisher.77. 10. Problem 77.Chapter 10. you are using it without permission. 10.120 For Prob. Figure 10. All rights reserved. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. No part of this Manual may be displayed. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.120.

0 − V1 V1 − Vo = + jωC 2 (V1 − Vo ) R3 R2 ⎛ R3 ⎞ V1 = (Vo − V1 ) ⎜ + jωC 2 R 3 ⎟ ⎝R2 ⎠ ⎛ ⎞ 1 ⎟ V1 Vo = ⎜1 + ⎝ (R 3 R 2 ) + jωC 2 R 3 ⎠ (2) From (1) and (2). Solution 77. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. without the prior written permission of the publisher. you are using it without permission. Vs − V1 = jωC V1 R1 Vs = (1 + jωR 1C1 ) V1 (1) At node 2. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Vo = ⎛ ⎞ Vs R2 ⎜1 + ⎟ 1 + jωR 1C1 ⎝ R 3 + jωC 2 R 2 R 3 ⎠ Vo R 2 + R 3 + jωC 2 R 2 R 3 = Vs (1 + jωR 1C 1 ) ( R 3 + jωC 2 R 2 R 3 ) PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. . R3 2 R1 1 VS + − V1 V1 C1 C2 − + R2 + Vo − At node 1. All rights reserved. Inc. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. Consider the circuit below. If you are a student using this Manual.Chapter 10. No part of this Manual may be displayed.

or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. . © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.121 below. Determine vo (t ) in the op amp circuit in Fig.Chapter 10. Inc. Figure 10.78. No part of this Manual may be displayed. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 10. 10. you are using it without permission.121 For Prob. If you are a student using this Manual. All rights reserved. Problem 78. without the prior written permission of the publisher.

25 µF ⎯ jωC j (400)(0. 1 V1 = ⋅ (1 − j0. . 2 sin(400t ) ⎯ ⎯→ 2∠0°.5) V2 (1) At node 2. V V − V2 V1 − Vo 2 − V1 = 1 + 1 + 10 .945∠ − 9.5) Vo 3 Substituting (3) and (4) into (1) gives 1 4 1⎞ ⎛ 4 = (3 + j6) ⋅ ⋅ (1 − j0. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. 20 kΩ 10 kΩ V 1 -j5 kΩ V + − V 2∠0° V + − 40 kΩ -j10 kΩ 10 kΩ 20 kΩ At node 1.5 × 10 -6 ) 1 1 ⎯→ = = .5 µF ⎯ jωC j (400)(0. ω = 400 1 1 ⎯→ = = .j10 . v o ( t ) = 3.j10 kΩ 0.j5 kΩ 0. No part of this Manual may be displayed.945 sin(400t – 9. (2) (3) But 20 1 Vo = Vo 20 + 40 3 From (2) and (3). If you are a student using this Manual.46°) V V2 = (4) PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. you are using it without permission.j5 20 4 = (3 + j6) V1 − j4 V2 − Vo V1 − V2 V2 = 10 − j5 V1 = (1 − j0. without the prior written permission of the publisher.25 × 10 -6 ) Consider the circuit as shown below. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.Chapter 10.5) Vo − j Vo − Vo = ⎜1 + j ⎟ Vo 3 3 6⎠ ⎝ 24 Vo = = 3. All rights reserved. Inc. Solution 78. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.46° 6+ j Therefore.

79. All rights reserved. obtain vo (t ) . Problem 79. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.122 For Prob. without the prior written permission of the publisher. 10.122. you are using it without permission. .Chapter 10. Inc. 10. If you are a student using this Manual. Figure 10. No part of this Manual may be displayed. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. For the op amp circuit in Fig. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.

20 kΩ -j10 kΩ 10 kΩ + − 40 kΩ V1 -j5 kΩ Vs = 5∠0° V − + − + + Vo − Since each stage is an inverter.(20)(-j10) ⎞ ⎟ 5∠0° ⎟⎜ Vo = ⎜ ⎝ 10 ⎠⎝ 20 − j10 ⎠ Vo = 16 (2 + j) = 35. v o ( t ) = 35.Chapter 10.78∠26.j5 kΩ 0.Zf V to each stage.1 × 10 -6 ) 1 1 ⎯→ = = . © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.20 || (.j8 ⎞⎛ .j10 kΩ 0. All rights reserved.j10) Vs 10 (1) V1 = (2) From (1) and (2). No part of this Manual may be displayed.78 cos(1000t + 26. ω = 1000 1 1 ⎯→ = = .1 µF ⎯ jωC j (1000)(0.j5 . Solution 79. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.2 µF ⎯ jωC j (1000)(0. we apply Vo = .56°) V PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 5 cos(1000 t ) ⎯ ⎯→ 5∠0°. Zi i Vo = and . Inc. you are using it without permission. . If you are a student using this Manual. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. without the prior written permission of the publisher.2 × 10 -6 ) Consider the circuit shown below.40 V1 .56° Therefore. ⎛ .

31° 1+ j 5 v o ( t ) = 3. 10. No part of this Manual may be displayed.922 ∠ . you are using it without permission.123 For Prob. Solution 80. 4 cos(1000t − 60°) ⎯ ⎯→ 4∠ . ω = 1000 1 1 ⎯→ = = . Chapter 10.31°) V PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.80.Chapter 10. Figure 10. 10. If you are a student using this Manual.1 µF ⎯ jωC j (1000)(0. .922 cos(1000t – 71.60°. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.2 µF ⎯ jωC j (1000)(0.60°) + 50 o ⎠⎝ 10 ⎠ ⎝ . without the prior written permission of the publisher. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. All rights reserved. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.1 × 10 -6 ) 1 1 ⎯→ = = .60°) + ⋅ Vo 2 2 5 (1 + j 5) Vo = 4∠ .j5 ⎞ ⎟ Vo = ⎜ V ⎟⎜ ⋅ (4∠ .71. Obtain vo (t ) for the op amp circuit in Fig.60° Vo = Therefore.j5 kΩ 0.j10 = -j 2 -j ⋅ ( j2) ⋅ (4∠ .60° = 3.2 × 10 -6 ) The two stages are inverters so that ⎛ 20 20 ⎞⎛ . 4∠ . Problem 80.j10 kΩ 0. Inc.123 if v s = 4 cos(1000t − 60°) V.

Figure 10. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. . Problem 81. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Assume ω = 1 rad/s. No part of this Manual may be displayed.124. If you are a student using this Manual. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. without the prior written permission of the publisher. All rights reserved. 10. 10. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. you are using it without permission. Use PSpice to determine V o in the circuit of Fig.124 For Prob. Inc.81.Chapter 10.

1 1 − j2 ⎯⎯ → C= = = 0.592E-01 1.Chapter 10. you are using it without permission. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.127E+01 -1. we obtain the following from the output file.27∠128. without the prior written permission of the publisher. Inc. When the circuit is simulated. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. We need to get the capacitance and inductance corresponding to –j2 Ω and j4 Ω. If you are a student using this Manual. All rights reserved. we obtain Vo = 11. .1o V. Solution 81.5F ω X c 1x 2 X j4 ⎯⎯ → L = L = 4H ω The schematic is shown below. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.281E+02 From this. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. No part of this Manual may be displayed. FREQ VM(5) VP(5) 1.

or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. 10.019 E+01 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.19 using PSpice. Start Freq = 0.Chapter 10.684∠50. Solve Prob. The schematic is shown below. and End Freq = 0. we set Total Pts = 1. No part of this Manual may be displayed.684 E+00 Vo = 7. Inc. If you are a student using this Manual. Chapter 10. . We insert PRINT to print Vo in the output file. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. For AC Sweep. Problem 82. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. All rights reserved.1592. without the prior written permission of the publisher.592 E-01 which means that VM($N_0001) 7. Solution 82. After simulation.1592. you are using it without permission. we print out the output file which includes: FREQ 1.19o V VP($N_0001) 5.

or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. The frequency is f = ω / 2π = 1000 = 159.125 For Prob.15 2π When the circuit is saved and simulated. 10.592E+02 vo = 6. Let i s = 2 cos(10 3 t ) A. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.125. without the prior written permission of the publisher. Solution 83. Inc. . VM(1) 6.611cos(1000t – 159. we obtain from the output file FREQ 1. you are using it without permission.2o) V PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.Chapter 10. No part of this Manual may be displayed.83. Chapter 10. All rights reserved.611E+00 VP(1) -1. Problem 83. If you are a student using this Manual. Figure 10. 10. Use PSpice to find vo (t ) in the circuit of Fig. The schematic is shown below.592E+02 Thus.

Obtain V o in the circuit of Fig. and End Freq = 0. you are using it without permission. 10. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.4o V 1. without the prior written permission of the publisher. After simulation.664∠-146.84. Solution 84. Chapter 10.Chapter 10. In AC Sweep box.126 using PSpice. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. No part of this Manual may be displayed. The schematic is shown below.1592. Problem 84.664 E+00 -1.1592.126 For Prob. we set Total Pts = 1. If you are a student using this Manual. Inc. Vo = 1.592 E-01 E+02 Namely. Figure 10.646 VM($N_0003) PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. All rights reserved. We set PRINT to print Vo in the output file. . we obtain the output file which includes: FREQ VP($N_0003) 1. 10. Start Freq = 0.

If you are a student using this Manual.Chapter 10. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Inc. you are using it without permission.127 For Prob. All rights reserved. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Figure 10. 10. Chapter 10. . Solution 85.85. 10. No part of this Manual may be displayed. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. The schematic is shown below. without the prior written permission of the publisher. We let ω = 1 rad/s so that L=1H and C=1F. Use PSpice to find V o in the circuit of Fig. Problem 85.127. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.

No part of this Manual may be displayed.6724 + 0.0000i >> I=[0.37˚ mV Checking using MATLAB and nodal analysis we get. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.1.-0.5000 0 + 1.0.0.1i.437E+01 From this.9260 + 0.38˚.5000 0 -0.471E-01 1.0. Inc.2887i -0.5000 0 -0.0.25.-1. you are using it without permission. All rights reserved. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.1110 .4471∠14.-2] I= 0 0 2 -2 >> V=inv(Y)*I V= 0.When the circuit is saved and simulated.5.-1.1110i = Vo = 0. 0.3775i 1.2500 -1. .0.2500 -0.4331 + 0.0000i 0 0. >> Y=[1.0.1.2500 -1.1∠14.25.5.1.0000 1. we obtain from the output file FREQ VM($N_0001) VP($N_0001) 1. If you are a student using this Manual. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.5669i PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. answer checks. without the prior written permission of the publisher.25.2.1i. we conclude that Vo = 447.2500 1.-0.592E-01 4.25.5.0.5-1i] Y= 1.0000i 0 0 0 + 1.5000 .1.-0.

128. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. If you are a student using this Manual. Figure 10.86. V 2 . reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. Problem 86. . No part of this Manual may be displayed.Chapter 10. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.128 For Prob. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. without the prior written permission of the publisher. and V 3 in the network of Fig. Use PSpice to find V 1 . Inc. you are using it without permission. All rights reserved. 10. 10.

Solution 86.592 E-01 E+01 2. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. we set Total Pts = 1. Inc. If you are a student using this Manual.1592.4o V PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.000 E+01 3. Assume that w = 1.367 E+02 -8. . into the output file. you are using it without permission. we obtain the output file which includes: FREQ VP($N_0002) 1. After saving and simulating the circuit. 2. All rights reserved. and V3.254 V1 = 60∠30o V V2 = 236.83o V V3 = 108. without the prior written permission of the publisher.082 E+02 1.483 VM($N_0003) 6. The schematic is shown below.Chapter 10. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. and End Freq = 0. and 3 to print V1. VM($N_0001) 1.000 VM($N_0002) FREQ VP($N_0001) 1.2∠125.1592.592 E-01 E+01 FREQ VP($N_0003) 1. Start Freq = 0.592 E-01 E+02 Therefore. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.7∠-84. We insert three pseudocomponent PRINTs at nodes 1. V2. No part of this Manual may be displayed.

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. you are using it without permission. No part of this Manual may be displayed. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Inc. Determine V 1 . If you are a student using this Manual.Chapter 10. Figure 10.87. without the prior written permission of the publisher. and V 3 in the circuit of Fig. Problem 87. 10. 10.129 using PSpice. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. V 2 . All rights reserved. .129 For Prob.

. the output file includes: FREQ VP($N_0004) 1. without the prior written permission of the publisher. 2. you are using it without permission.Chapter 10. VM($N_0003) 2.172 E+00 -1. After simulation. End Freq = 0.592 E-01 E+02 5. We set Total Pts = 1. If you are a student using this Manual. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. All rights reserved. Solution 87. We insert three PRINTs at nodes 1.592 E-01 E+02 FREQ VP($N_0001) 1.1592.6o V V3 = 2. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. The schematic is shown below.91∠169.386 VM($N_0001) 1.696 VM($N_0004) FREQ VP($N_0003) 1. and 3.1592 in the AC Sweep box.524 V1 = 15. Start Freq = 0.27∠-152. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. Inc. No part of this Manual may be displayed.172∠-138.592 E-01 E+02 Therefore.591 E+01 1.6o V V2 = 5.270 E+00 -1.4o V PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.

130 For Prob. No part of this Manual may be displayed. without the prior written permission of the publisher.130 below. Figure 10.88. 10. 10. Inc. All rights reserved. Problem 88. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. . If you are a student using this Manual. Use PSpice to find vo and io in the circuit of Fig.Chapter 10. you are using it without permission.

you are using it without permission. Inc.96∠12.8912∠-88.261 VM($N_0002) FREQ (V_PRINT2) 6. We insert IPRINT and PRINT to print Io and Vo in the output file. . we set Total Pts = 1. Solution 88.7o )A PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.6o)V.7o A vo = 34. If you are a student using this Manual. No part of this Manual may be displayed.6366 in the AC Sweep box. Io = 0. IM(V_PRINT2) 8. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.6366.8912cos(4t .366 E-01 -8. The schematic is shown below.Chapter 10.6o V.6366. the output file includes: FREQ VP($N_0002) 6. Since w = 4. After simulation. and End Freq = 0.912 E-01 IP Vo = 34.96 cos(4t + 12. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. without the prior written permission of the publisher.366 E-01 E+01 3.870 E+01 Therefore. Start Freq = 0. All rights reserved. io = 0. f = w/2π = 0.88.496 E+01 1.

131 is called an inductance simulator. 10. If you are a student using this Manual. The op amp circuit in Fig. 10. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.Chapter 10. Problem 89. . Inc. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.89. All rights reserved. Show that the input impedance is given by Ζin = where Vin = jωLeq Ι in Leq = R1R3 R4 C R2 Figure 10. you are using it without permission.131 For Prob. without the prior written permission of the publisher. No part of this Manual may be displayed. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.

Chapter 10. V2 − Vin Vin − V4 = R3 1 jωC Vin − V2 . or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. without the prior written permission of the publisher. . Solution 89. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. . you are using it without permission. I in = Vin − V4 R2 = V R4 jωCR 3 R 1 R 4 in Vin jωCR 1R 3 R 4 = = jωL eq I in R2 L eq = R 1R 3 R 4C R2 Z in = where PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 0 − Vin Vin − V2 = R1 R2 R2 . © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Consider the circuit below. No part of this Manual may be displayed.Vin + V4 = jωCR 3 (2) From (1) and (2).R2 V jωCR 3 R 1 in Thus. If you are a student using this Manual.Vin + V2 = V R 1 in (1) At node 3. Inc. All rights reserved. R1 Vin 1 R2 2 R3 Vin 3 C 4 R4 Iin − + − + + − Vin At node 1.Vin + V4 = .

. without the prior written permission of the publisher. If you are a student using this Manual.132 shows a Wien-bridge network. All rights reserved. you are using it without permission. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Inc. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. Problem 90.Chapter 10.90. 10. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. No part of this Manual may be displayed. Figure 10. Figure 10. and that the necessary 2 gain is A v =V o /V i = 3 at that frequency. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Show that the frequency at which the phase 1 shift between the input and output signals is zero is f = π RC .132 For Prob.

Chapter 10. This happens when Vi 1 2πRC Vo 1 R2 Av = = − Vi 3 R 1 + R 2 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. 1 − ω2 R 2 C 2 = 0 1 ω= = 2πf RC or At this frequency. 1 R = jωC 1 + jωRC 1 1 + jωRC Z3 = R + = jωC jωC Consider the circuit shown below. All rights reserved. Let Z 4 = R || Z3 Vi + − R1 + Vo Z4 R2 Vo = R2 Z4 Vi − V R1 + R 2 i Z3 + Z 4 R Vo R2 1 + jωC − = R 1 + jωRC R 1 + R 2 Vi + 1 + jωC jωC = jωRC R2 − 2 jωRC + (1 + jωRC) R1 + R 2 Vo R2 jωRC = − 2 2 2 Vi 1 − ω R C + j3ωRC R 1 + R 2 For Vo and Vi to be in phase. No part of this Manual may be displayed. . If you are a student using this Manual. without the prior written permission of the publisher. you are using it without permission. Solution 90. Inc. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. f= Vo must be purely real.

or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. No part of this Manual may be displayed. 10. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.91. without the prior written permission of the publisher.133 For Prob. Consider the oscillator in Fig. . PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. (a) Determine the oscillation frequency. Problem 91. If you are a student using this Manual. Inc. All rights reserved. you are using it without permission. (b) Obtain the minimum value of R for which oscillation takes place.Chapter 10. Figure 10. 10. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.133.

without the prior written permission of the publisher.4 × 10 -3 )(2 × 10 -9 ) f o = 180 kHz (b) At oscillation. V2 = voltage at the noninverting terminal of the op amp Vo = output voltage of the op amp (a) Let Z p = 10 kΩ = R o Z s = R + jωL + As in Section 10. 2 ωo ⎯→ ωo = LC − 1 = 0 ⎯ 1 LC 1 fo = 1 2π LC = 2π (0. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. Inc. ωo CR o Ro V2 = = Vo ωo C (R + R o ) R + R o This must be compensated for by Vo 80 = 1+ =5 Av = V2 20 Ro 1 = R + Ro 5 ⎯ ⎯→ R = 4R o = 40 kΩ PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. All rights reserved.9. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. If you are a student using this Manual. No part of this Manual may be displayed.Chapter 10. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. . Solution 91. Zp V2 = = Vo Z s + Z p 1 jωC Ro R + R o + jωL − j ωC ωCR o V2 = Vo ωC (R + R o ) + j (ω2 LC − 1) For this to be purely real. you are using it without permission.

without the prior written permission of the publisher. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. (a) Calculate the minimum value of Ro that will cause oscillation to occur. Figure 10. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. All rights reserved. (b) Find the frequency of oscillation. No part of this Manual may be displayed.92.Chapter 10. Inc. Problem 92. you are using it without permission.134 uses an ideal op amp. The oscillator circuit in Fig.134 For Prob. If you are a student using this Manual. . 10. 10.

If you are a student using this Manual. R 1 = ⎯ ⎯→ R o = 10R = 100 kΩ R + R o 11 (b) 2π (10 × 10 -6 )(2 × 10 -9 ) f o = 1.125 MHz fo = 1 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Solution 92. you are using it without permission. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. Inc. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.9. ωRL V2 ωL + jR (ω2 LC − 1) = = ωRL Vo Z s + Z p Ro + ωL + jR (ω2 LC − 1) V2 ωRL = Vo ωRL + ωR o L + jR o R (ω2 LC − 1) Zp For this to be purely real. 2 LC = 1 ⎯ ωo ⎯→ f o = 1 2π LC (a) At ω = ωo .Chapter 10. ωo RL V2 R = = Vo ωo RL + ωo R o L R + R o This must be compensated for by Vo Rf 1000k Av = = 1+ = 1+ = 11 V2 Ro 100k Hence. No part of this Manual may be displayed. Let V2 = voltage at the noninverting terminal of the op amp Vo = output voltage of the op amp Zs = R o Z p = jωL || ωRL 1 1 = || R = 1 1 ωL + jR (ω2 LC − 1) jωC + jωC + jωL R As in Section 10. All rights reserved. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. . without the prior written permission of the publisher.

93.Chapter 10. Show that the oscillation frequency is 1 fo = 2π LCT where CT = C1C 2 / (C1 + C 2 ) . reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. Problem 93. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Inc.135 shows a Colpitts oscillator. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual.135 A Colpitts oscillator. 10. for Prob. you are using it without permission. without the prior written permission of the publisher. No part of this Manual may be displayed. .) PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. (Hint: Set the imaginary part of the impedance in the feedback circuit equal to zero. Figure 10. All rights reserved. Assume Ri >> X C 2 Figure 10.

Chapter 10, Solution 93.

As shown below, the impedance of the feedback is

jωL

1 jωC2

1 jωC1

ZT

ZT =

⎛ 1 1 ⎞ ⎟ || ⎜ jωL + jωC1 ⎝ jωC 2 ⎠

-j ⎛ -j ⎞ 1 ⎜ jωL + ⎟ − ωLC 2 ωC1 ⎝ ωC 2 ⎠ ω = ZT = -j -j j (C1 + C 2 − ω2 LC1C 2 ) + jωL + ωC1 ωC 2 In order for Z T to be real, the imaginary term must be zero; i.e.

2 C 1 + C 2 − ωo LC1C 2 = 0

2 ωo =

C1 + C 2 1 = LC1C 2 LC T

fo =

1 2π LC T

Chapter 10, Problem 94. Design a Colpitts oscillator that will operate at 50 kHz. Chapter 10, Solution 94. If we select C1 = C 2 = 20 nF C1 C 2 C1 CT = = = 10 nF C1 + C 2 2 Since f o = 1 2π LC T L= ,

1 1 = = 10.13 mH 2 2 (2πf ) C T (4π )(2500 × 10 6 )(10 × 10 -9 ) 1 1 = = 159 Ω ωC 2 (2π )(50 × 10 3 )(20 × 10 -9 )

Xc =

**We may select R i = 20 kΩ and R f ≥ R i , say R f = 20 kΩ . Thus,
**

C1 = C 2 = 20 nF,

L = 10.13 mH

R f = R i = 20 kΩ

Chapter 10, Problem 95. Figure 10.136 shows a Hartley oscillator. Show that the frequency of oscillation is 1 fo = 2π C (L1 + L2 )

Figure 10.136 A Hartley oscillator; For Prob. 10.95. Chapter 10, Solution 95. First, we find the feedback impedance. C ZT L2 L1

**⎛ 1 ⎞ ⎟ Z T = jωL1 || ⎜ jωL 2 + jωC ⎠ ⎝
**

⎛ j ⎞ ⎟ jωL1 ⎜ jωL 2 − ⎝ ω2 L1C (1 − ωL 2 ) ωC ⎠ ZT = = j j (ω2 C (L1 + L 2 ) − 1) jωL1 + jωL 2 − ωC In order for Z T to be real, the imaginary term must be zero; i.e.

2 ωo C (L1 + L 2 ) − 1 = 0 1 ω o = 2π f o = C ( L1 + L 2 )

fo =

1 2π C (L 1 + L 2 )

10. No part of this Manual may be displayed. Refer to the oscillator in Fig.137. If you are a student using this Manual. (c) Obtain the relationship between R1 and R2 in order for oscillation to occur. .137 For Prob. (a) Show that V2 1 = Vo 3 + j (ωL / R − R / ωL ) (b) Determine the oscillation frequency f o . Problem 96. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. Inc. 10.96. without the prior written permission of the publisher. Figure 10. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. All rights reserved. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.Chapter 10. you are using it without permission.

(a) Consider the feedback portion of the circuit. All rights reserved. as shown below. jωL V1 R V2 Vo + − R V2 = jωL V R + jωL 1 ⎯ ⎯→ V1 = R + jωL V2 jωL (1) Applying KCL at node 1. . Solution 96. without the prior written permission of the publisher. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.Chapter 10. If you are a student using this Manual. you are using it without permission. No part of this Manual may be displayed. ⎛ R + jωL ⎞⎛ j2ωRL − ω2 L2 ⎞ ⎟V ⎟⎜1 + Vo = ⎜ R (R + jωL) ⎠ 2 ⎝ jωL ⎠⎝ Vo R 2 + jωRL + j2ωRL − ω2 L2 = V2 jωRL V2 = Vo 1 R − ω2 L2 3+ jωRL 2 V2 1 = Vo 3 + j (ωL R − R ωL ) PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Inc. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. Vo − V1 V1 V1 = + jωL R R + jωL ⎛1 ⎞ 1 ⎟ Vo − V1 = jωL V1 ⎜ + ⎝ R R + jωL ⎠ ⎛ j2ωRL − ω2 L2 ⎞ ⎟ Vo = V1 ⎜1 + R (R + jωL) ⎠ ⎝ (2) From (1) and (2).

No part of this Manual may be displayed. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. If you are a student using this Manual. Inc. All rights reserved. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. . Vo ωo L R − =0 R ωo L R2 ωo L = ωo L ωo = 2πf o = fo = R 2π L R L (c) When ω = ωo V2 1 = Vo 3 This must be compensated for by A v = 3 . you are using it without permission. without the prior written permission of the publisher.(b) Since the ratio V2 must be real. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. But R2 Av = 1+ =3 R1 R 2 = 2 R1 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.

by Melih Inci

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