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,yq;ifiar; NrHe;j
LBT egHfshy; $wg;gl;l
td;Kiw kw;Wk; ghugl;rk;
rhHe;j mDgtq;fs;
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,yq;ifiar; NrHe;j LBT egHfshy; $wg;gl;l
td;Kiw kw;Wk; ghugl;rk; rhHe;j mDgtq;fs;
Kjy; gjpg;G - khu;r; 2014
nfhOk;G> ,yq;if.
© ngz;fs; MjuT FO (Women's Support Group)
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#O cs;slf;fk;
ed;wpfs; ............................................................ 4
Kd;Diu .......................................................... 9
1 mwpKfk; .......................................................... 11
2 Kiwapay; ....................................................... 17
3 gjg;gpuNahfk; .................................................... 21
4 NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfs; jfty;fs; .............................23
5 ,yq;ifapy; kdpj cupikfs; #o;epiy ...................27
6 muR rhuh nraw;ghl;lhsHfspd; td;Kiw kw;Wk;
ghugl;rk; ........................................................... 33
m. czHT rhH td;Kiw ..................................... 33
i. Ngr;R%ykhd J\;gpuNahfk; ............................. 37
ii. fyhrhu tpOkpak;/ghy;epiy tpOkpa mKyhf;fy;
td;Kiw ...................................................40
M. cly;rhH td;Kiw ........................................ 41
,. ghypay; td;Kiw ..........................................43
<. neUf;fkhd Jizapd; td;Kiw ......................47
c. Ntiyj;jsj;jpy; ghugl;rk; ............................... 51
7 muR rhHe;j nraw;ghl;lhsHfspd; td;Kiw kw;Wk;
ghugl;rk; .......................................................... 56
[ ]
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8 epthuzj;jpw;fhd mZFk; trjp ............................ 60
9 gpujpgypj;jy;> vjpHnfhs;sy;> kw;Wk; vjpHj;J Nghuhly;
m. czHr;rptrg;gl;l gpujpgypg;G .............................. 63
M. nrayw;w gpujpgypg;G .......................................... 67
,. nraw;wpwd; kpf;f / nraw;ghl;L gpujpgypg;G ................70
10 ,yq;ifapy; LBT kf;fs; kPJ jhf;fj;ij
Vw;gLj;Jk; rl;lq;fs; ........................................... 75
m. gpupT 365V> Fw;wtpay; Nfhit (nkhj;j xOq;fPdk;) ... 75
M. gpupT 399> Fw;wtpay; Nfhit (Ms; khwhl;lj;jpd;
%yk; Vkhw;wy;) .............................................77
,. ehNlhbfs; rl;lk; 1842 .................................... 78
<. mbg;gil cupikfs; ....................................... 79
c. rHtNjr cld;gbf;iffs; ............................... 81
11 gupe;Jiufs; ..................................................... 83
tpguf;Nfhitfs; .................................................... 86
gjq;fspd; tpsf;fk;
Fwpg;Gjtpfs; .......................................................... 89
gpd;dpizg;G .........................................................94
gpd;dpizg;G m: mUQ;nrhy; tpsf;fj; njhFjp ................ 95
gpd;dpizg;G M: ghypay;G njhlHghd Mq;fpy kw;Wk;
rpq;fs Clf mwpf;iffspd; fhg;gfk; .... 103
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C E DAW : ngz;fSf;F vjpuhd midj;J
td;KiwfisAk; xopg;gjw;fhd rhrdk;
I G L H R C : rHtNjr Mz; kw;Wk; ngz;
Xupdr;NrHf;ifahsHfSf;fhd kdpj
cupikfs; Mizf;FO
L B T : ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsHfs;> ,ul;ilg;
ghYwtpdH kw;Wk; ghy; khw;wk; nra;jtHfs;
LG B T : ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsHfs;> Mz; Xupdr;
NrHf;ifahsHfs;> ,ul;ilg; ghYwtpdH
kw;Wk; ghy; khw;wk; nra;jtHfs;
L L R C : fw;w ghlq;fs; kw;Wk; ey;ypzf;f
Mizf;FO
N G O : mur rhHgw;w epWtdk;
W S G : ngz;fs; MjuT FO
mUk;gjq;fSf;fhd
tpsf;fk;

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,e;j Ma;tpid rhj;jpakhf;Ftjw;F mjpUg;jp> ek;gpf;if>
Cf;fk; kw;Wk; nefpo;r;rpj; jd;ik rhHe;j jkJ fijfis
tpUg;gj;Jld; gfpHe;J nfhz;l NeHfhzypy; fye;J nfhz;L
gjpyspj;j midtUf;Fk; ngz;fs; MjuT FO (WSG)
jkJ ed;wpfisj; njuptpj;Jf; nfhs;s tpUk;Gfpd;wJ.
,e;j fw;ifapy; gq;Fgw;wpa midj;J gq;FjhuHfSf;Fk;
ehk; ed;wpAilatHfshNthk;. ,e;j Ma;T KOtjpYk;
topfhl;ly; kw;Wk; Mjuit toq;fpa Mz; Xupdr;
NrHf;ifahsH kw;Wk; ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsH kdpj
cupikfSf;fhd rHtNjr Mizf;FOtpw;Fk; (IGLHRC)
WSG jkJ tpNrl ed;wpfisj; njuptpj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;wJ.
,Wjpahf> ,e;j Kaw;rp rhj;jpakhtjw;F cjtpa vkJ
epjpAjtpahsHfshd> ngz;fSf;fhd cyfshtpa epjpak;>
IGLHRC kw;Wk; njw;fhrpa kfspH epjpak; vd;gtw;Wf;Fk;
vkJ ed;wpawpjiyj; njuptpj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;Nwhk;.
[ ] ed;wpfs;!

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[ ]
ngz;fs; MjuT FOtpd; ];jhgf cWg;gpdUk;>
kpfTk; Kf;fpakhf ghypay; mikg;G> ghy;epiy
milahsk; kw;Wk; ghy;epiy ntspg;ghL vd;gtw;wpd;
mbg;gilapy; td;Kiw kw;Wk; ghugl;rkw;W
,Ug;gjw;fhd cupikia gupe;J NgRk; nraw;ghl;by;
MNyhrfuhfTk;> J}z;lyhfTk; ,Ue;j
Rdpyh mNgNrfutpw;F
(1952-2013)
,e;j fw;ifia rkHg;gpf;fpd;Nwhk;.

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[ ]
Kd;Diu
ghypay; mikg;G rhHe;j NtWghL ,d;wp cupikf;fhd
rkj;Jtj;ij vl;LtJ vd;gNj mbg;gil kdpj cupik
vd;gJ rhHe;j czHtpid cyfk; mile;J tUfpd;wJ.
mz;ikf;fhyj;jpy;> ghypay; mikg;G kw;Wk; ghy;epiy
milahsk; njhlHghd cupikfs;rhH tplaq;fspy;
kpfTk; Fwpg;gplj;jf;f khw;wq;fis rHtNjr kdpj
cupikfs; mikg;Gf;fs; mile;Js;sd. 2008Mk; Mz;L
gpNuupf;fg;gl;l LGBT cupikfs; njhlHghd jpUj;jj;jpy;
,Jtiu 94 ehLfs; ifnaOj;jpl;Ls;sd. LGBT
cupikfSf;F Mjuthd jpUj;jk; xd;wpid 2011Mk;
Mz;L kdpj cupikfs; - NguitahdJ epiwNtw;wpaJ
(njd;dhgpupf;fhtpdhy; gpNuupf;fg;gl;lJ). ghypay; mikg;G
kw;Wk; ghy;epiy milahsk; njhlHghd rHtNjr kdpj
cupikfs; rl;lj;jpd; gpuNahfk; Fwpj;j 29 Nfhl;ghLfis>
2006Mk; Mz;L ,e;NjhNd~pah> Nahf;afhHj;jhtpy;
itj;J> Nkup nuhgpd;rd;> m];kh n[`hq;fpH> gpy;
my;];ld;> nkd;gpul; nethf; kw;Wk; Nghy; `d;l; Mfpa
Kd;dzp kdpj cupikfs; MHtyHfs; ,ize;J
cUthf;fpdH. rHtNjr cld;gbf;if xd;wpw;F ,J
Mjhukhf mikAk; vd vjpHghHf;fg;gl;lJ.
jz;lid gakw;wjhfTk;> rpy re;jHg;gq;fspy; nghJ
kf;fspd; MjuTld; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLtJkhf LGBT
r%fj;jpd; kPjhd Fw;wr; nray; Kd;ndLg;ghdJ mbf;fb
Kd;ndLf;fg;gLk; td;Kiwahf ,Ug;gJ ,tw;wpy;
kpfTk; Kf;fpakhd mk;rkhf cs;sJ. cyfpd; gy
ghfq;fspYk; ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsHfs;> Mz; Xupdr;
NrHf;ifahsHfs;> ,ul;ilg; ghYwT egHfs; kw;Wk; ghy;
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khw;wk; nra;J nfhz;ltHfs; vjpHNehf;Fk; nfh^ukhd
td;Kiw kw;Wk; gyhj;fhuj;ij tpsf;fkhf Fwpg;gpLk;
mwpf;ifnahd;wpid 2011Mk; Mz;L etk;gH khjk; kdpj
cupikfs; caH];jhdpfH ntspapl;bUe;jhH.
,yq;ifapy; LBT egHfs; vjpHnfhs;Sk; td;Kiw
njhlHghd gz;GrhH Ma;tpid mz;ikapy; epiwT nra;j
,yq;if ngz;fs; MjuT FOthdJ> cly;rhH td;Kiw>
ghypay; td;Kiw> czHTrhH td;Kiw> neUf;fkhd
gq;fhsH td;Kiw kw;Wk; Ntiyj;js ghugrl;k; Fwpj;j
Kf;fpakhd rk;gt fw;iffis cs;slf;fpapUe;jJ. me;j
mwpf;if kpfTk; mjpHr;rpaspg;gjhf mike;jpUe;jJ.
Nkyjpfkhf> LGBT egHfspd; mbg;gil cupikfis
kPWk; mNjNtis> LGBT eltbf;iffis Fw;wkhf;Fk;
rl;lq;fs; kPjhd tpkHrdq;fisAk; ,e;j mwpf;if
cs;slf;fpAs;sJ.
LBT egHfs; vjpHnfhs;Sk; ghugl;rk; kw;Wk; td;Kiw
Fwpj;j Gupe;JzHtpid ,e;j mwpf;if ntspg;gLj;Jk;
vd ehd; ek;Gfpd;Nwd;. ,e;j Gupe;JzHthdJ mjw;F
,iae;j eltbf;ifahf khw Ntz;Lk;. ,e;j mwpf;ifapy;
cs;s gupe;Jiufs; ftdj;jpy; nfhs;sg;gl;L> kdpj
cupikfs; kw;Wk; mbg;gil fz;zpak; Fwpj;J ek;gpf;if
cs;stHfs; ,e;j epfo;r;rp epuiy Kd;ndLj;Jr; nry;y
Ntz;Lk;.
uhjpfh FkhuRthkp
ngz;fSf;F vjpuhd td;Kiw njhlHghd Kd;dhs; tpNrl J}jH.
mj;Jld;> rpWtHfs; kw;Wk; MAj Kuz;ghL njhlHghd nrayhsH
ehafj;jpd; tpNrl gpujpepjpahfTk; ,Ue;Js;shH.

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'vd;Dila FLk;gNk vd; kPJ mjpf ghugl;rk; fhl;Ltjhf
ehd; epidf;fpd;Nwd;. czHT uPjpahfTk;> thHj;ijfshYk;
mtHfs; vd;id ghugl;rj;jpw;F cs;shf;Ffpd;wdH. ehd;
ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsH vd;gjw;fhf mtHfs; vd;id
ntWg;gJld;> Mz; xUtiuj; jtpu NtW ahUlDk; ehd;
,Ug;gjid Vw;Wf; nfhs;s kWf;fpd;wdH. vd;Dila
ghypay; Njitia mtHfs; kiwf;fpd;wdH my;yJ
mjid Vw;Wf; nfhs;tjid jtpHf;fpd;wdH. mtHfs;
%ykhd gpur;rpidfs; njhlHfpd;wd."
ky;ypfh
1
> 40 taJfspd; Muk;gj;jpy;> jhd; ngz;ik
jd;ik mjpfk; nfhz;l ngz; Xupdr;NrHf;ifahsH vd
mwpKfg;gLj;Jfpd;whH
'vd;Dila fhjypapd; FLk;gj;jpdH mtUf;F gyte;jkhf
kUe;Jfis toq;fp Fzg;gLj;j Kaw;rpf;fpd;wdH. mtiu
Ntw;W ghypdr; NrHf;if cs;stuhf khw;Wtjw;F mtHfs;
fLikahf Kaw;rpf;fpd;wdH. ,uz;L Kiw kpd;rhu
mjpHr;rp itj;jpaKk; mtUf;F toq;fg;gl;Ls;sJ."
Nuh~;kp> 39 taJ> jhd; ngz; Xupdr;NrHf;ifahsH vd
mwpKfg;gLj;Jfpd;whH
1 mdhNkjaj; jd;ikiaAk;> ,ufrpaj; jd;ikiaAk; fhg;gjw;fhf midj;J
ngaHfSk; khw;wg;gl;Ls;sd.
[
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[ ]
#01 mwpKfk;
o:oo,
oð ætð Foot
Note oooOð
gæqa oa go
qæa ooaa
cqOag Dgaa.
ðð qæaa
ooaa ætgO:
ðO æoæOð
gaoa atæt.
geæe eæ
eeæg oc:oo
ooæð ato
aeæ qæa
ooaa ætgoO.
Dtoð Doað
Oooo ooæðð
oæaa. qæa
ooq:o oæ:çæ
oooo:O oc:o
oað oo Ooæ
ooæO.
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nfhOk;ig jiyikafkhff; nfhz;l mur rhHgw;w
epWtdkhd ngz;fs; MjuT FOthdJ (Women's
Support Group (WSG) 2010Mk; Mz;L Kjy; 2012Mk; Mz;L
tiu> ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsHfs;> ,ul;ilg; ghYwT
ngz;fs;> kw;Wk; ghy; khw;wk; mile;jtHfSf;fhd (LBT)
2

MjuitAk;> gupe;J NgriyAk; toq;fp> ,yq;ifapy;
mtHfs; vjpHNehf;Fk; Fwpg;gplj;jf;f td;Kiw kw;Wk;
ghugl;rk; rhHe;j mDgtq;fis Mtzg;gLj;jpAs;sJ.
ghypay; mikg;G> ghy;epiy milahsk; my;yJ
ghy;epiy ntspg;ghL vd;gjd; mbg;gilapy; Ntw;Wg;
ghypdr; NrHf;ifapy; MHtkpy;yhj ngz;fs; kw;Wk;
ghy; khw;wkile;j egHfSf;F vjpuhd td;Kiwia
milahsg;gLj;Jtjw;fhd Mrpa nraw;ghl;L Ma;T
vd ,e;j Kaw;rpf;F jiyg;gplg;gl;Ls;sJ. jkJ
ghypay; mikg;G> ghy;epiy milahsk; my;yJ
ghy;epiy ntspg;ghl;bd; mbg;gilapy; td;Kiw kw;Wk;
ghugl;rj;jpw;F cs;shFk; egHfspd; kdpj cupikfSf;fhf
NghuhLk; rHtNjr epWtdkhd> rHtNjr Mz; Xupdr;
NrHf;ifahsH kw;Wk; ngz; Xupdr;NrHf;ifahsH
kdpj cupikfs; Mizf;FOtpd; (IGLHRC) Ie;J
ehLfSf;fhd nraw;wpl;lj;jpd; xU mq;fkhf ,e;j Ma;T
Kd;ndLf;fg;gl;lJ.
WSGMdJ> 33 LBT egHfsplk; juuPjpahd Ma;T
NeHfhzy;fisAk;> rk;ge;jg;gl;l 54 gq;FjhuHfSld;
(v.fh> rl;lj;juzpfs;> itj;jpaHfs;> kdey epGzHfs;>
Clf gpujpepjpfs;> njhopy; toq;FdHfs;> kjj;
jiytHfs;> fy;tp epWtd gpujpepjpfs;> mur rhHgw;w
epWtdq;fs;> kw;Wk; mur CopaHfs;) gz;GrhH Ma;T
NeHfhzy;fisAk; elj;jpaJ. gpd;tUk; njhdpg;
nghUl;fspy; Nfs;tpfs; mikf;fg;gl;ld: czHTrhH
2 ,e;j Ma;tpd; Nehf;fj;jpw;fhd ghy; khw;wk; mile;j Mz;fs; kw;Wk; ngz;fs;
vd ,U jug;gpdiuAk; ehk; cs;slf;FNthk;. ‘LBT’ vd;w RUf;fj; njhluhdJ
ngz; Xupdr;NrHf;ifahsH> ,ul;ilg;ghYwT ngz;fs;> ghy;khw;wk; mile;j
ngz;fs; vd;gjid Fwpg;gjw;fhd gjkhFk;. ,e;j nghJthd gjkhdJ ngz;
Xupdr;NrHf;ifahsH> ,ul;ilg;ghYwT ngz;fs;> ghy;khw;wk; mile;j ngz;fs;
(MzpypUe;J ngz;)> kw;Wk; ghy;khw;wk; mile;j Mz;fs; (ngz;zpypUe;J Mz;)
vd;gtHfis cs;slf;Fk;.
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td;Kiw> cly;rhH td;Kiw> ghypay; td;Kiw>
neUf;fkhd Jizapd; td;Kiw> njhopyplj;jpy;
ghugl;rk;> mur td;Kiw> epthuzj;jpw;fhd mZFk;
trjp> kw;Wk; vjpHnfhs;Sk; nghwp Kiwfs;.
,yq;ifapy; xUNghJk; Mtzg;gLj;jg;glhj LBT kdpj
cupikfs; njhlHghd gy Kf;fpa tplaq;fis ,e;j
NeHfhzy;fs; ntspf;nfhzHe;jd.
,yq;ifapd; ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsHfs;>
,ul;ilg; ghYwT ngz;fs;> kw;Wk; ghy; khw;wk;
mile;jtHfs; MfpNahH jkJ ghypay; mikg;G>
ghy;epiy milahsk; my;yJ ghy;epiy
ntspg;ghL (SOGIE) fhuzkhf ngUk;ghYk;
czHTrhH td;Kiwf;F cs;shf;fg;gLfpd;wdH
vd;gNj ,e;j Ma;T fz;lwpe;j gpujhd KbthFk;.
tha;%ykw;w my;yJ mikjpahd jhf;Fjy;> fz;Zf;F
njupahjthW kiwj;J itj;jy;> czHTrhH Mjpf;fk;>
ghy;epiy tpOkpaj;ij fl;lhag;gLj;jy;> kj epe;jid>
me;juq;fj;ij Mf;fpukpj;jy;> r%fkakhjYf;fhd
fl;Lg;ghL> Gwf;fzpg;G> FLk;gk; kw;Wk; ez;gHfSf;F
,ilapyhd cwtpy; ghjpg;G kw;Wk; fl;Lg;gLj;Jk; elj;ij
cs;slq;fyhf VjhtJ xU czHTrhH td;Kiwf;F
NeHfhzg;gl;l 33 LBT egHfSk; cs;shfpAs;sdH.
FLk;g cWg;gpdHfNs czHTrhH td;Kiwapy;
<LgLk; gpujhd Fw;wkpiog;gtHfs; vd
NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfspy; mz;zsthf
midtUk; Fwpg;gpl;likNa fz;lwpag;gl;l
,uz;lhtJ KbthFk;. rpy re;jHg;gq;fspy;
FLk;g cWg;gpdHfspdhy; czHTrhH td;Kiwf;F
Mshfpaikia Fwpg;gpLtjw;F rpy NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfs;
jaf;fk; fhl;lhj NghjpYk;> td;Kiwia tpsf;fp
$wpa re;jHg;gq;fspYk; 'Fw;wkpioj;jtHfs;" vd;w
gjj;jpid mtHfSld; nghUj;jpg; ghHg;gjw;F (my;yJ
rk;ge;jg;gLj;Jtjw;F) mtHfs; jahuhf ,y;iy. ,e;j
jaf;fj;jpw;fhd fhuzq;fis fz;lwptjw;F ,e;j
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Ma;tpd; %yk; Kaw;rp nra;ag;gl;lJ. ,J KbTfspd;
kpfTk; Kf;fpakhd mk;rkhf khwpaJ.
,yq;ifg; ngz;fs; vOj;jwpT kw;Wk; fy;tp Nghd;w
mgptpUj;jp Fwpfhl;bfspy; caHepiyia vl;bAs;s
NghjpYk;> mit Mz; Mjpf;fk; kw;Wk; Ntw;Wghy;
Mz; Mjpf;f tpOkpaq;fs; vd;gd gyg;gLj;jg;gLk;
gioik tha;e;j fUj;Jf;fs; cila #oypy;
cs;thq;fg;gLk; tplakhf cs;sikia ,e;j Ma;T
KbTfs; ntspg;gLj;Jfpd;wd. ,e;j r%fj;jpy;> Ntw;Wg;
ghy; jpUkzk; tuNtw;fg;gLfpd;wJ> tpthfuj;J kw;Wk;
gpupe;J nry;yy; vd;gd tuNtw;fg;gLtjpy;iy> kw;Wk;
tho;f;ifj; Jiz td;KiwAk;> FLk;g td;KiwAk;
kiwf;fg;gLfpd;wJ. ,jd; mbg;gilapy; ngz;fspd;
Rje;jpuj;ij> tpNrlkhf ghypay; jd;dhl;rpia kw;Wk;
ghy;epiy khw;wj;ij ,e;j #oy; tuNtw;gjpy;iy
vd;gJld;> nghJ jsq;fspy; ngz;fs; ntspg;gLjy;
kw;Wk; mjw;fhd mZFk; trjpiaAk; fl;Lg;gLj;Jfpd;wJ.
ngz;fs; kPJ fl;Lg;ghl;il tpjpf;Fk; gpujhd ,lkhfTk;>
mtHfs; kPJ mjpf mlf;FKiw nrYj;Jk; mikg;ghfTk;
FLk;gj;jpd; jdpj;Jtk; cs;sJ. ,e;j #o;epiyfspd;
fhuzkhf jkf;F vJtpjkhd MjuTk; (cjhuzkhf>
jkJ ez;gHfs; kw;Wk; rf CopaHfsplk; mtHfshy;
cjtp Nfhu Kbahj epiy> kw;Wk; kj jiytHfs;
my;yJ nghyp]hH> kfspH cjtp Nritfs; Nghd;w
rKjha Nritfis ehl Kbahj epiy) fpilf;fhJ
vd;w czHit LBT egHfs; nfhz;Ls;sdH.
czHTrhH td;Kiwf;F mg;ghy;> NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfspy;
%d;wpy; ,uz;L gq;fpw;Fk; mjpfkhNdhH (33 Ngupy; 26
NgH) cly;rhH td;Kiw Fwpj;J njuptpj;jdH. %d;W
mk;rq;fspd; mbg;gilapy; czHTrhH td;KiwAld;
$ba mDgtq;fs; Fwpj;j jfty;fis ,e;j nraw;wpl;lk;
fz;lwpa Kaw;rpj;jJ:> mDgtq;fspy; ,Ue;J ntsptUtd:>
Xupdr; NrHf;if milahsj;ij cWjpg;gLj;jpa NghJ
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vjpHnfhz;l td;Kiw> ghy;epiyf;F Vw;w Kiwapy;
,zq;fp elf;fhikapdhy; gpwuhy; Vw;gl;l td;Kiw>
kw;Wk; Xupd cwT itj;jpUg;gjd; fhuzkhf Vw;gl;l
td;Kiw. ve;j eltbf;iffs; mtHfSf;F cly;rhH
td;Kiwahf mike;jd vd;gjid fz;lwpAk; tifapy;
Fwpg;gplj;jf;f Nfs;tpfs; NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfsplk;
tpdtg;gl;ld. miug;gq;fpw;Fk; mjpfkhNdhH (33
Ngupy; 18 NgH) ghypay; td;Kiwia vjpHnfhz;ljhf
NeHfhzypy; ,Ue;J fz;lwpag;gl;lJ. ,uz;L tifahd
td;KiwAk; (cly;rhH kw;Wk; ghypay;) mtHfSila
ghypay; mikg;G> ghy;epiy milahsk; my;yJ
ghy;epiy ntspg;ghL vd;gtw;Wld; njhlHGilajhf
cs;sJ. NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfspy; ngUk;ghd;ikahNdhH
(33 Ngupy; 31 NgH) jkJ kdeyk; kPjhd jhf;fk; Fwpj;J
Fwpg;gpl;ldH. td;Kiwia vjpHnfhz;l mDgtq;fs;
kw;Wk; NkYk; td;Kiw Vw;glyhk; vd vjpHghHg;Gf;fshy;
kd mOj;jk;> kdg;gak;> Nfhgk;> tpuf;jp> mr;rk; Nghd;w
kdey NfhshWfs; mtHfs; Rl;bf;fhl;ba kdey
jhf;fq;fspy; cs;slq;Ffpd;wd. r%fk;> ez;gHfs; kw;Wk;
FLk;gj;jpdhy; ntWf;fg;gLNthk; vd;w fhuzj;jpdhy;
NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfspy; %d;wpy; ,uz;L gq;fpdH (33 Ngupy;
20 NgH)> jkJ ghypay; mikg;ig ntspg;gLj;jhjpUf;f
jPHkhdpj;Js;sdH. jkf;Fj; jhNk jPq;F tpistpj;Jf;
nfhs;Sk; eltbf;iffspy; <Lgl;ljhf 20 NgH
njuptpj;jJld;> %d;wpy; xU gq;fpdH (33 Ngupy; 11 NgH)
jw;nfhiyf;F Kaw;rpj;jjhf njuptpj;jdH. tho;f;if
Jizfshf ,Ue;j ,uz;L ngz;fs; jw;nfhiy nra;J
nfhz;likAk; ,q;F Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ. ,jid WSG
mtjhdpj;Js;sJ.
3

3 fk;g`h khtl;lj;jpy; 2005Mk; Mz;L [_iy khjk;> jPgpfh kw;Wk; rhdpf;fh vd;w
15 tajhd ngz;fs; ,UtH> xUtiu xUtH fl;bg;gpbj;jthW uapypd; Kd;dhy;
gha;e;jdH. (22/07/2005 – yq;fhjPgtpy; ntspte;jJ):> 2002Mk; Mz;L Mf];l; khjk;>
khj;jis khtl;lj;ijr; NrHe;j 18 tajhd R[hdp kw;Wk; 16 tajhd mNdhkh
MfpNahH J}f;fpl;Lf; nfhz;ldH. 'vk;khy; ,ize;J tho KbahJ> ehk; xd;whf
rhfpd;Nwhk;" vd;w jw;nfhiyf; Fwpg;G mtHfs; mUfpy; ,Ue;Js;sJ (23/08/2002
jptapdtpy; te;jJ:> 2001Mk; Mz;L xf;NlhgH khjk;> Jzpnahd;wpy; iffs; fl;lg;gl;l
epiyapy;> 30 tajhd ee;jdp vd;gtUk;> 21 tajhd rhdpf;fh MfpNahupd; cly;fs;
fhyp khtl;lj;jpd; fiuNahukhf fz;nlLf;fg;gl;ld. nfhiy nra;ag;gl;l> ghypay;
ty;YWTf;F cl;gLj;jg;gl;l my;yJ J~;gpuNahfj;jpw;F cl;gLj;jg;gl;l Mjhuq;fs;
vJTk; ,y;iy. ,UtUk; jkf;fpilapy; gfpHe;J nfhz;l fhjy; fbjq;fs; nghyp];
tprhuizapd; NghJ fz;nlLf;fg;gl;ld (05/11/2001 yq;fhjPgtpy; ntspte;jJ).
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,d;iwa ,yq;if r%fj;jpd; gpupTfspy; epyTk; Mz;
Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsHfSf;F vjpuhd csg;ghq;Ffs;
kw;Wk; ek;gpf;iffs; Fwpj;j cs;Nehf;fk; kw;Wk; tbtq;fs;
njhlHgpy; Mokhd Gupe;JzHit gq;FjhuH NeHfhzy;
KbTfs; ntspg;gLj;jpd. kUj;Jtk;> kdeyk;> fy;tp>
kjk; kw;Wk; Clfk; cs;slq;fyhf gy;NtW njhopy;
JiwAld; $ba gpizg;Gf;fis fz;lwptjw;F ,e;j
NeHfhzy; Jiz Gupe;jJ. vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf> gy;NtW LBT
egHfSld;> tpNrlkhf ghy; khw;wk; mile;j egHfSld;
kdey njhopypy; cs;s xUtH> ,yq;if kdey
Jiwapy; cs;s gpur;rpidfs; Fwpj;Jk;> LBT egHfSld;
gzpahw;wf; $ba tpNrl gapw;rp ngw;w egHfspd;
gw;whf;Fiw Fwpj;Jk; mwpe;J itj;Js;shH. egHfSld;
gzpahw;Wtjw;F NkYk; rpfpr;irrhH cstpayhsHfs;
Njit vdTk; mtH mwpe;J itj;Js;sJld;> ghypay;
mikg;G kw;Wk; ghy;epiy milahsk; Fwpj;j tplaq;fspy;
nghJ kf;fSf;F fw;gpf;f Ntz;ba NjitiaAk;
mtH typAWj;Jfpd;whH. 'mtHfs; jPq;fpiof;ff; $ba
elj;ijfspy; <Lglhj tiu> ,e;j Fwpg;gpl;l topapy;
tho;tjw;fhd cupik mtHfSf;F cz;L
4
" vd mtH
njuptpj;jhH.
4 kdey epGzUldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if 14 [_iy 2011. [
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#02 Kiwapay;
vkJ epWtd tiyaikg;gpd; Clhf vkf;F mwpKfkhd
33 LBT
5
egHfsplk; gz;GrhH NeHfhzy;fis WSG
Kd;ndLj;jJ. ,e;j fw;iff;fhd gue;jstpyhd kf;fs;
njhifia miltjw;F ehk; vjpHghHj;jpUe;j NghjpYk;>
mjid epiwNtw;Wtjpy; rpf;fy; ,Ue;jJ. tiyaikg;gpw;F
ntspNa cs;s LBT egHfs; NeHfhz;gjw;F ,irT
njuptpf;fhjtHfshf ,Ue;jdH. LBT egHfSldhd
NeHfhzYf;F Nkyjpfkhf> 54 gq;FjhuHfisAk; ehk;
NeHfz;Nlhk;.
LBT kw;Wk; gq;FjhuHfsplkhd NeHfhzy;fspd; NghJk;
tpdhf;nfhj;Jf;fs; gad;gLj;jg;gl;ld. LBT NeHfhzy;fs;
fhy mtfhrj;jpy; ,uz;L kzpj;jpahyq;fshf
(ruhrupahf) ,Ue;jd. gq;FjhuHfs; NeHfhzy;fs;
nghJthf xU kzpj;jpahyk; tiu ePbj;jd. NeHfhzy;
nkhopahdJ> gq;Fgw;WdHfspd; nkhopg; gof;fj;jpw;F
Vw;g rpq;fsk; my;yJ Mq;fpykhf ,Ue;jJ. gjpyspj;j
jkpo; NgRk; egHfs;> Mq;fpyj;jpy; NeHfhzg;gLtjw;F
tpUg;Gld; ,Ue;jdH (jkpopy; NeHfhzg;gLtjw;fhd
gpupTk; cs;slfg;gl;bUe;jJ).
NeHfhzg;gLtjw;F Kd;dH> gjpyspj;jtHfs;
midtUf;Fk; Ma;tpd; Nehf;fq;fs; kw;Wk; Fwpf;Nfhs;fs;
tpsf;fg;gl;ld. mjd; gpd;dH NeHfhzYf;fhd ,irT
gbtj;jpy; ifnaOj;Jk; ngwg;gl;lJ. mdhNkja
jd;ik kw;Wk; ,ufrpaj; jd;ikia cWjp nra;tjw;F
Nkyjpfkhf> Ma;T nraw;wpl;lj;jpy; gq;Fgw;Wtjw;fhd
5 ,q;F ehk; ‘LBT’ vd Fwpg;gpl;lhYk;> gjpyspj;jtHfspy; rpyH jk;ik 'ngz; xupdr;
NrHf;ifahsH" ',UghYwT"> my;yJ 'ghy; khw;wk; nra;jtHfs;" vd jk;ik
milahsg;gLj;Jtjw;F tpUg;gk; mw;wtHfshf ,Ue;jdH. NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfspd;
jfty;fs; gFjpiag; ghHf;fTk;.
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jd;dhHtj;ijAk; ,irT gbtk; typAWj;jpaJ. ve;jnthU
Nfs;tpf;Fk; gjpyspf;fhJ jtpHj;jy; kw;Wk; NeHfhzypd;
NghJ my;yJ NeHfhzypw;F Kd;dH vJtpj fhuzKk;
,d;wp gjpyspf;fhJ kWg;G njuptpg;gjw;fhd njupTk;
gjpyspj;jtHfSf;F toq;fg;gl;lJ. NeHfhzg;gl;l %d;W
khjq;fspy; NeHfhziy jpUk;gg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;fhd
njupTk; mtHfSf;F toq;fg;gl;lJ. Nkw;Fwpg;gl;l
fhyg;gFjpapy; NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfspy; ,UtH jkJ
NeHfhziy jpUk;gg; ngw;Wf; nfhz;ldH (fhuzq;fs;
toq;fg;gltpy;iy).
td;Kiw njhlHghd Ma;Tf;F jhk; nghUj;jkhd egHfs;
,y;iy vd NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfspy; rpyH njuptpj;jdH.
Mr;rupakspf;Fk; tifapy;> NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfs; ghypay;
mikg;G rhHe;J td;Kiwia vjpHNehf;fpapUe;jikia
NeHfhzypd; %yk; fz;lwpaf; $bajhf ,Ue;jJ. jkJ
czHTrhH my;yJ cstpay;rhH td;Kiwf;F fhuzkhf
,Ue;j jkJ ngw;NwhHfs; my;yJ FLk;g cWg;gpdHfis
'Fw;wk; ,ioj;jtHfs;" vdf; Fwpg;gpLtjw;F
jaf;fk; nfhz;ltHfshf NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfs; rpyH
,Ue;jikiaAk; mtjhdpf;ff; $bajhftpUe;jJ.
,uz;L Ma;thsHfshy; Kd;ndLf;fg;gl;l gq;FjhuH
NeHfhzy;fs; rthy; kpf;fjhf mike;jpUe;jd.
NeHfhzg;gLtjw;fhd MHtk; mw;wtHfshf ,Ue;j
my;yJ Mz; Xupdr; NrHf;if csg;ghq;fpw;F vjpuhd
fUj;jpidf; nfhz;bUe;j rhj;jpakhd gq;Fgw;WdHfspdhy;
,uz;L Ma;thsHfSk; mr;RWj;jiy vjpHnfhz;ldH.
gq;FjhuHfis ahH NeHfhzy; Ntz;Lk; vd jPHkhdpg;gjpy;
(,e;j tplak; njhlHghd ngUk;ghyhNdhupd; elj;ijfs;
Gupe;J nfhs;sg;gltpy;iy)> Ma;thsHfspd; Njhw;wk;>
Nfl;fg;gLk; Nfs;tpfs;> jkJ ghy;epiy my;yJ ghypay;G
Fwpj;j MHtj;ij J}z;Lk; jd;ik vd;gd rhHe;J
je;jpNuhghaj;Jld; ehk; ele;J nfhs;s Ntz;bapUe;jJ.
,e;j cghaj;jpw;F Vw;g Ma;thsH njupe;njLf;fg;gl;ldH
vt;thwhapDk;> gq;FjhuHfs; NeHfhziy Kd;ndLj;j
,uz;L Ma;thsHfSk; nghUj;jkw;w rpy Nfs;tpfis
vjpHnfhz;ldH.
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'cq;fSf;F nfhLg;gdT toq;fg;gLfpd;wjh?
Mnkdpd;> ,e;j Ma;tpid Kd;ndLg;gjw;fhf
cq;fSf;F vt;tsT toq;fg;gLfpd;wJ."
',e;j Ma;Tf;F epjpAjtp toq;Fk; ehLfs;
vit?"
'Vd; cq;fSf;F ePz;l $e;jy;
cs;sJ?"'cq;fSf;F Mz; fhjyH
cs;shuh?"
NeHfhzy;fis Kd;ndLj;jik njhlHgpy; jkJ
mDgtq;fis gfpHe;J nfhs;SkhW ,uz;L
Ma;thsHfspw;Fk; mwpTWj;jy; toq;fg;gl;lJ.
gq;FjhuHfspd; csg;ghq;Ffis fsf;Fwpg;Gf;fspy;
tpsf;FkhW rpyuplk; Nfhug;gl;lJ.
gq;FjhuH tif: rl;lj;juzp
Ma;thsH gpupT: efuk;
'Ma;tpd; ngaH Fwpj;J mtH mwpe;J nfhz;lJk;> mtH
mjpf mf;fiw nfhz;lhH. mtUila ngaH kw;Wk;
,yf;fj;ij ehd; vt;thW mwpe;J nfhz;Nld; vd njupe;J
nfhs;s mtH tpUk;gpdhH. jhk; gjpT nra;ag;gLtJ
Fwpj;J mtH tpUg;gk; ,d;wp ,Ue;jhH. vdf;F Mz;
ez;gH cs;sduh vd mtH tpdtpdhH. ehd; ,y;iy vd;W
$wpaJk;> ,t;thwhd jiyg;Gf;fspy; njhlHe;J Ma;T
nra;J te;jhy;> ,J jhd; elf;Fk; vd;gjpy; Mr;rupakpy;iy
vd mtH $wpdhH. ,jd; fhuzkhfNt Mz; ez;gHfis
ngWtjw;fhd re;jHg;gj;ij ehd; ,oe;Js;sjhf $wpdhH.
Xupdr; NrHf;if vd;gJ vkJ r%fj;jpy; xope;Js;s xU
tplak; vdTk;> ,e;j Fg;igia ehk; ntspapy; nfhz;L
tuf; $lhJ vdTk; mtH $wpdhH. mJ kpfTk; Nkhrkhd
epiyia Vw;gLj;Jk; vd mtH Fwpg;gpl;lhH. Mz;
Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsuhf fztd; ,Ug;gNj ngUk;ghyhd
tpthfuj;J rk;gtq;fSf;F fhuzkhf ,Ug;gjhf mtH


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Rl;bf;fhl;bdhH. ,Wjpapy; NeHfhzg;gLtjw;F mtH
rk;kjk; njuptpj;jhH. vdpDk;> mtUila ngUk;ghyhd
fUj;Jf;fis gjpT nra;a Ntz;lhk; vd $wptpl;lhH".

gq;FjhuH tif: kUj;Jt Rfhjhuzk;
Ma;thsH gpupT: fpuhkk;
'mtUf;F vd;Dila fztiu njupAk; vd;gjhy;>
itj;jpaH vd;id fz;bj;jhH. jd;Dila ez;gupd;
kidtp ,t;thwhd Ma;tpid GuptJ Fwpj;J jhk;
kpFe;j ftiy nfhs;tjhf mtH $wpdhH. ,t;thwhd
Ma;Tfis vkJ fpuhkq;fSf;Fk; nfhz;L tUtjpdhy;
vkJ fyhrhuj;ij> Nkw;fj;ija fyhrhuk; rPuopg;gjhf
mtH njuptpj;jhH. Guhjd murhl;rp fhyj;jpYk; ,e;j
epiy (Xupdr; NrHf;if) fhzg;gl;ljhf ehd; mtUf;F
$wpNdd;. me;j fhyg;gFjpapy; ehd; trpf;ftpy;iy
vd;gjdhy; mjid cWjpahf $w KbahJ vd mtH
kWj;jhH."

gq;FjhuH tif: kUj;Jt Rfhjhuk;
Ma;thsH gpupT: fpuhkk;
'XNu ghy; ftHr;rpia ntspg;gLj;Jk; rpWtHfs; jkJ
ngw;NwhH kw;Wk; MrpupaHfspdhy; csts MNyhridf;fhf
mDg;gp itf;fg;gLtjhf me;j itj;jpaH Rl;bf;fhl;bdhH.
cstsj; JizahdJ mtHfis rupahd ghijf;F
,l;Lr; nry;Yk;. nfhs;if rhHe;J Xupdr; NrHf;iff;F
itj;jpaH ,irT ntspg;gLj;jpa NghjpYk;> gjptpy;
mjid Fwpg;gpLtjw;F mtH tpUg;gk; ntspapltpy;iy."
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#03 gjg;gpuNahfk;
gjg;gpuNahfk; rk;ge;jg;gl;l tplaq;fis fye;JiuahLk;
NghJ> 'ghypay; mikg;G"> 'ghy;epiy milahsk;">
'ghy;epiy ntspg;ghL" kw;Wk; 'Ntw;Wg;ghy; ,r;ir"
Nghd;w gjq;fis gpuNjr nkhopapy; (rpq;fsk; kw;Wk;
jkpo;) gad;gLj;JtJ rthy; kpf;fjhf ,Ue;jJ.
mNjNtis> 'ghypay; mikg;G" vd;w gjg; gad;ghl;il
gy re;jHg;gq;fspy; ehk; jtpHf;f NeHe;jJ. Vnddpy;>
,jw;fhd mHj;jj;ij ngUk;ghNyhdH mwpe;jpUf;ftpy;iy.
KiwrhH gjq;fspid xd;whf jtpHj;J> ngz;fs; my;yJ
Mz;fSld; my;yJ ,UtUlDk; ghypay; kw;Wk;
czHTrhH cwTfis nfhz;bUf;f tpUk;Gfpd;wduhd
vd vspa tifapy; mtHfsplk; tpdtg;gl;lJ.
ghy;epiy milahsk; vd;gJ rpq;fsj;jpy; \];jpup
GU~ rkh[ghta kj;j gjdk;T mdd;ajhta| vd
nkhopngaHf;fg;gLfpd;wJ. ,e;j KiwrhH tpsf;fkhdJ
NeHfhzypd; NghJ rpq;fs Ngr;Rtof;fpw;F khWghlhdjhf
,Ue;jJ. mjd; mHj;jk; Fwpj;j Nkyjpf tpsf;fk; ,d;wp
gad;gLj;jg;glf; $bajhf ,y;iy. ,jid tpsf;Ftjw;F>
rpy Ma;thsHfs; gjpyspg;gtHfsplk; jk;ikNa
cjhuzkhf vLj;Jf; nfhz;L> jk;ik ngz;zhf
fUJfpd;wduh my;yJ ,y;iyah vd;gjidAk;> ngz;
jd;ikaw;w/Mz; jd;ikahd/fl;Lly; Mil mzpe;j
jd;ikahdtHfshf Njhd;Wfpd;wduh vd tpdhTjy;.
,yq;ifia vLj;Jf; nfhz;lhy;> Nkw;fj;ijak; my;yhj
#o;epiyapy;> Ntw;Wg;ghy; ,r;ir ,y;yhj epiy
kw;Wk; ghy;epiy milahsq;fis fz;lwptJ vd;gJ
rpf;fyhdJ. 'Mzhf khwpatupd;" milahsk; vd;gJ
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rpwe;j cjhuzkhFk;. Nkw;fj;ija #o;epiyf;Fs;>
'Mzhf khwpatH" vd;gJ> capupay; uPjpahf ngz;zhfTk;>
ghy;epiy milahsKk;> ghy;epiy ntspg;ghLk; Mz;
jd;ikahdjhfTk; tpsf;fg;gLk;. mNjNtis> mtH vt;tpj
rj;jpu rpfpr;irf;Fk; cl;gLj;jg;glhky;> Mz; xUtuhfNt
jkJ tho;f;ifia Kd;ndLg;ghH. vt;thwhapDk;>
,yq;ifapy; ngz; xUtH Mzhf 'khWNtlk;" mzpe;j
ngz;fs; my;yJ 'Ms;khwhl;lk;" nra;Ak; ngz;fs;
vd;w mbg;gilapy; ngUk; vz;zpf;ifapy; gj;jpupif
nra;jpfs; ntspahfpAs;sd.
6
ghy; khw;wk; nra;jtHfs;
Nghd;w ghy;epiy milahsq;fspy; ghy;epiy ntspg;ghL
vd;gjid njspthf Fwpg;gpLtJ vd;gJ rpf;fyhdjhFk;.
vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf> WSG,dhy; Mtzg;gLj;jg;gl;l
rpy rk;gtq;fspy;> ehshe;j mbg;gilapy; ngz;fs;
vjpHNehf;ff; $ba gyhj;fhuq;fis jtpHg;gjw;F>
Mz; milahsk; nfhz;ltHfs; vd;w epiyia rpy
jdpegHfs; Kd;itj;jjhf $wpdH. ,tHfs; ,Nj
epiyapy; jkJ tho;f;ifiaj; njhlUk; NghJ> capupay;
uPjpahf ngz;fs; vd;w mtHfSila epiy Nfs;tpf;F
cl;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wJ. fle;j tUlj;jpy;> ghy;khw;wk;
njhlHgpy;> Fwpg;ghf kUj;Jt epGzHfs; kj;jpapy;
tpopg;GzHT mjpfupj;Js;sJ.
6 yq;fhjPg> '18 taJ Kjy; jk;ik ngz;zhf khWNtlk; Gide;jpUe;j Mz;" 31>
Mf];l; 2010:> yq;fhjPg> 'Mz; ,uhZt mjpfhupahf khWNtlk; Gide;jpUe;j ngz;>
ifNgrp %yk; Vw;gl;l fhjypdhy; ngz; xUtiu kzk; Gupe;jhH" 23> Mf];l;
2010:> jptapd> 'Mzhf khWNtlk; Gide;j ngz;" 17 Nk 2009:> yq;fhjPg> '20
tUlq;fshf jk;ik Mzhf khWNtlk; Gide;jpUe;j egH nghyp]; epiyaj;jpy;
ngz;zhf khwpdhH"> 3 [dtup 2009:> yq;fhjPg> '16 tajhd ehNlhbg; ngz;> Mzhf
khWNtlk;> nfhiyr; rk;gtj;jpy; re;Njf eguhf ifJ"> 11 Nk 2005:> yq;fhjPg>
'jk;Gs;s Nfhtpypy; ngz;zhf khwpa Mz;" 10 khHr; 2004:> yq;fhjPg> 'ngz;
,uhZt mjpfhupiag; Nghy khWNtlk; mzpe;j Mz; ,uhZt mjpfhupf;F Nghyp
milahs ml;il toq;fpaikf;fhf ngz; Nfhg;guy; xUtH ifJ"> 18 [dtup
2003:> rd;Nl yq;fhjPg> 'ngz;zhf khWNtlk; Gide;j Mz; Fwpj;j rk;gtk;" 20
[{iy 2003. Nkyjpf jfty;fSf;F> fhg;gfj;jpy; NrHf;fg;gl;l Clf mwpf;iffis
gpd;dpizg;G M,y; ghHf;fTk;.
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#04 NeHfhzg; gl; ltHfspd;
jfty;fs;
ghypay;G: WSG,dhy; Kd;ndLf;fg;gl;l NeHfhzypy;
fye;J nfhz;l 33 Ngupy;> 22 NgH jk;ik ngz; Xupdr;
NrHf;ifahsHfs; vd milahsg;gLj;jpf; nfhz;ldH.
,UtH ,ul;ilg; ghYwT ngz;fs; vd $wpdH. xUtH
jk;ik Ntw;Wg;ghypdr; NrHf;if nfhz;l Mz; vdTk;
njuptpj;jdH. vQ;rpapUe;j vl;L NgUk; jk;ik Mz;
Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsH> r%fj;jpy; ghy; kw;Wk; ghypay;G
rhHe;j Kj;jpiufis kPwp tho;gtH> ghypay; cwTfs;
itf;fhjtH> f;tpaH my;yJ cWjpahf $w Kbahj
epiyapy; cs;stH vd mwpKfg;gLj;jpf; nfhz;ldH.
rpyH jkf;F ngz;fspy; tpUg;gk; ,Ue;jjhfTk;> rpyH
jkJ ghypay;ig ntspg;gLj;Jk; MHtk; ,y;iy vdTk;
njuptpj;jdH.
ghy;epiy milahsk; my;yJ ntspg;ghL:
ghy;epiy milahsk; vd;gjd; mbg;gilapy;>
NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfspy; ,UtH Mz;fs; vdTk;>
MNzh my;yJ ngz;Nzh ,y;iy vdTk;> vdpDk;>
jk;ik 'muthzpfs;" my;yJ 'jpUeq;iffs;" vd
milahsg;gLj;j tpUk;Gtjhf %tUk;> 15 NgH jk;ik
ngz;fs;> kfspH kw;Wk;/my;yJ ngz;ik nfhz;ltHfs;
vdTk;> jk;ik kfspH vd mwpKfg;gLj;jpf; nfhz;l 13
NgH> Mz;jd;ik nfhz;l ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsH>
ngz;ik mw;w> igaidg; Nghd;w kw;Wk;/my;yJ
Mz;fspd; jd;ikfs; cs;sjhfTk; Fwpg;gpl;ldH.
taJ: NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfspy; 14 NgH 20-29 taJf;F
,ilg;gl;ltHfs;> 12 NgH 30–39 taJf;F ,ilg;gl;ltHfs;>
7 NgH 40 taJf;F mjpfkhdtHfs;.
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,dk;: ,dk; vd;gjd; mbg;gilapy;> rpq;fstH mjpf
vz;zpf;ifapy; (19 NgH) ,Ue;jdH. xd;gJ NgH fyg;G
,dkhfTk; (rpq;fsk;/gwq;fpaH my;yJ rpq;fsk;/jkpo;)>
%tH jk;ik gwq;fpaH vdTk;> ,UtH jkpoH vdTk;
mwpKfg;gLj;jpf; nfhz;ldH. NeHfhzg;gl;l jkpoHfspd;
vz;zpf;if kpfTk; Fiwthf ,Ue;jJ.
ek;gpf;if: NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfspy; mz;zsthf
miug;gq;fpdH (16) ngsj;j FLk;gq;fspy;
gpwe;jtHfs;. vdpDk;> 10 NgH khj;jpuNk jhk; ngsj;j
kjj;ij gpd;gw;Wtjhf njuptpj;jdH. mNjNghy>
NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfspy; fpwp];jt FLk;gq;fspy; gpwe;j
13 Ngupy;> vl;L NgH khj;jpuNk fpwp];jt kjj;ijg;
gpd;gw;Wfpd;wdH. VidNahH ,e;Jf;fs;> ehj;jpfHfs;>
,iw kWg;ghsHfs;> my;yJ jkJ kj milahsj;ij
ntspg;gLj;jhjtHfs;. K];yPk;fis NeHfhz;gjw;fhd
Kaw;rp ntw;wpaspf;ftpy;iy.
fy;tp: NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfspy; 14 NgH %d;whk; epiy
fy;tpia epiwT nra;Js;sJld;> vl;L NgH ,skhdp
fw;ifiaAk;> 11 NgH KJkhdp fw;ifiaAk; epiwT
nra;Js;sdH.
Ntiytha;g;G: gjpyspj;j 33 Ngupy;> 30 NgH KiwrhH
Jiwapy; gzpahw;Wfpd;wdH. tUlhe;j tUkhdj;jpd;
mbg;gilapy;> ehd;F NgH 3>000 mnkupf;f nlhyHfSf;F
FiwthfTk;> xd;gJ NgH 3>000-5000 mnkupf;f
nlhyHfSf;F ,ilg;gl;ljhfTk;> VO NgH 5>000-10>000
mnkupf;f nlhyHfSf;F ,ilg;gl;ljhfTk;> vl;L NgH
10>000 nlhyHfSf;F mjpfkhfTk; tUkhdk; ngWtjhf
njuptpj;jdH. ,UtH epue;ju tUkhdk; mw;wtHfs; vdj;
njuptpj;jdH.
gq;FjhuH NeHfhzy;fs;: NeHfhzg;gl;l 51
gq;FjhuHfspy;> mur epWtdq;fisr; NrHe;jtHfs; VO
NguhFk;. 11 NgH kdpj cupikfs; MHtyHfshFk;
(rl;lj;juzpfs; kw;Wk; ngz; cupikfs; nraw;ghl;lhsHfs;).
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VO NgH Nrit toq;FdHfshFk; (kdey kw;Wk; kUj;Jt
mjpfhupfs;). mj;Jld;> 26 NgH njhopy; GupgtHfs; kw;Wk;
Clf> kj kw;Wk; fy;tp epWtdq;fspd; gpujpepjpfshFk;.
fpilj;j fhy mtfhrkhdJ 30 tPjkhd NeHfhzy;fis
(16 NgH) khj;jpuNk gFg;gha;T nra;tjw;fhd re;jHg;gj;ij
mspj;jJ. ,e;j fl;Lg;ghlhdJ> ,e;j mj;jpahaj;jpd;
KbTiuapy; jhf;fj;ij Vw;gLj;jyhk;. vt;thwhapDk;>
gq;Fgw;WdHfs; epakdkhdJ midj;J Jiwfspy;
,Ue;Jk;> xt;nthU JiwapYk; xUtH vd;w mbg;gilapy;
(v.fh> fy;tpapayhsHfs;> njhopy; toq;FdH> Clfk;> kjk;)
Kd;ndLf;fg;gl;lJ. midj;J gq;FjhuH NeHfhzy;fSk;
Mq;fpyk; my;yJ rpq;fsj;jpy; Kd;ndLf;fg;gl;ld.
NeHfhzg;gl;l jkpoHfs; Mq;fpyj;jpy; gjpyspg;gjw;F
tpUg;G njuptpj;jpUe;jdH.
,yq;ifapy; xU ghypdr; NrHf;if njhlHghd
vjpHkiwahd r%f csg;ghq;Ffs; kw;Wk; ek;gpf;iffis
gq;FjhuH NeHfhzy;fs; ntspg;gLj;jpd. gupe;J Ngry;
%Nyhghaq;fs; kw;Wk; Nrit Nkk;ghl;bw;fhd gaDs;s
cs;Nehf;fq;fis ,it toq;fpd. xupdr; NrHf;if
vd;gJ ngUk;ghYk; rpWtHfis GzUk; nraw;ghlhf
ghHf;fg;gLk; epiy cs;sikia gq;FjhuHfspd; nghJthd
gjpy;fspy; ,Ue;J mwpe;J nfhs;sf; $bajhftpUe;jJ.
\jhk; ahH vd;gjid Xupdr; NrHf;ifapy; <Lgl;Ls;s
eguhy; njuptpf;f KbahJ (jkJ ghypay;G Fwpj;J
jpwe;j kdJld; ,Uf;f KbahJ)> Vnddpy;> mJ xU
mWtWg;ghd tplakhf ghHf;fg;gLfpd;wJ. vdNt> mJ
,ufrpakhf Kd;ndLf;fg;gLfpd;wJ (mjd; tpisthf)
mtHfs; (Mz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsHfs;) rpWtHfis
Nehf;fpr; nry;fpd;wdH" vd kUj;Jt epGzuhd itj;jpaH
yf;Uthd; njuptpf;fpd;whH.
7
vr;.I.tp/va;l;];/ghypay; uPjpahf guTk; Neha;fs;
vd;gtw;Wld; njhlHGila Xupdr; NrHf;if vd;gJ
cs;sikNa kw;iwa nghJthd gjpyhf cs;sJ.
'Mz;fSf;F ,ilapy; my;yJ ngz;fSf;F ,ilapy;
7 kUj;Jt epGzH> itj;jpaH yf;UthDldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO>
,yq;if> 2011 Mf];l; 13
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,t;thwhd tplaq;fs; Vw;gLkhapd;> kUe;J toq;fg;gl
Kbahj milahsk; fhzg;glhj Neha;fs; Vw;gLk;
vd;gjid 100 tPjk; cWjpahf flTs; jPHkhdpj;Js;shH.
,t;thwhd tplaq;fis mDkjpg;gtHfs; mtkhdk;
kw;Wk; mtJ}Wfshy; kuzj;ij vjpHnfhs;thHfs; vd
Fuhd; Nghjpf;fpd;wJ" vd K];yPk; nksytpahd (kjj;
jiytH) nkh`kl; njuptpf;fpd;whH
8
.
Xupdr; NrHf;if vd;gJ jw;Nghija fyhrhu kw;Wk; kj
$UzHTfSf;F nghUj;jkw;wJ vd;gNj %d;whtJ gjpyhf
cs;sJ. 'vkJ #oiyg; ghHj;Njhkhdhy; (rpq;fs kw;Wk;
jkpo; fyhrhuj;ij Fwpg;gpLfpd;whH) mJ nghUj;jkhdJ
vd $w KbahJ.
9
" vd ghlrhiy mjpguhd nkdpf;fh
njuptpf;fpd;whH. 'rhjhuz tho;it Kd;ndLf;f Kbahj
xU tifahd ghypay; my;yJ cstpay; FiwghL
cs;stHfshfNt LBT egHfs; ghHf;fg;gLfpd;wdH.
mtHfSf;F vJtpj njupTk; ,y;yhjjd; fhuzkhf>
mtHfs; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsHfshf nraw;gLfpd;wdH".
10
vt;thwhapDk;> fyhrhu Mjpf;fk; epiwe;j #oypy; ,e;j
fUj;jpy; xU mbg;gil cs;sJ. vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf>
ehl;bd; cj;jpNahfg;g+Htkhd kjkhd> ,yq;ifaH
ngUk;ghyhNdhH gpd;gw;Wk; ngsj;j kjj;jpy;> Xupdr;
NrHf;iff;F vjpuhf Gj;jH Nghjpj;Js;sikf;fhd
Mjhuq;fs; vJTk; ,y;iy.
11
gpf;Ffs; kw;Wk; gpf;Fzpfs;
jkJ ghypay; mq;fq;fshy; cly;rhH JisfSf;Fs;
CLUt KbahJ vd tpda (kj xOf;fj;jpw;fhd JwT
kl tpjpfs;) mwpTWj;Jfpd;wJ. Xupdr; NrHf;if kw;Wk;
Ntw;W ghypdr; NrHf;if eltbf;iffSf;F ,ilapyhd
NtWghLfs; vjidAk; mJ Rl;bf;fhl;ltpy;iy. ,e;j
tpjpahdJ kj cWjp nkhop vLj;Jf; nfhz;ltHfSf;F
khj;jpuNk nghUe;Jfpd;wJ.
8 K];yPk; nksytp nkh`kl;Lldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> 2011 Mf];l;
01.
9 ghlrhiy mjpgH nkdpf;fhTldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> 2011 [_d; 16.
10 kUj;Jt epWtd gpujpepjp Rjj;Jldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> 2012
Mf];l; 09.
11 ngy;yd;tpy Rjj;j NjuH kw;Wk; rprpy; N[. Jd;d htp://groundviews.org/2007/08/28/
homosexuality-buddhism-and-sri-lankan-society/
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#05 ,yq;ifapy; kdpj
cupikfs; #o;epiy
,yq;ifahdJ murpayikg;GrhH gy;fl;rp FbaurhFk;.
jw;NghJ [dhjpgjpahf mjpNkjF kfpe;j uh[gf;~
tpsq;Ffpd;whH. 2010Mk; Mz;L ,uz;lhtJ MW tUl
fhyg;gFjpf;fhf [dhjpgjpahf njupT nra;ag;gl;Ls;shH.
RkhH 30 tUlq;fshf ,yq;if ehlhdJ cs;ehl;L
Aj;jj;ij vjpHnfhz;bUe;jJ. ,jd; NghJ ,yq;if
murhq;fj;jpw;Fk;> ehl;bd; tlf;F kw;Wk; fpof;fpy; jdp
myF Nfhup Nghuhba jkpoPo tpLjiyg; GypfSf;Fk;
,ilapy; ePz;l fhyk; Nkhjy; ,lk;ngw;W te;jJ.
,e;j Nkhjypd; fhuzkhf 70>000,w;Fk; mjpfkhd
,yq;ifaHfs; capupoe;jJld;> Mapuf;fzf;fhNdhH
,lk;ngaHe;jdH.
12
2009Mk; Mz;L Nk khjj;jpy; jkpoPo
tpLjiyg; Gypfis ,yq;if ,uhZtk; Njhw;fbj;jJld;>
RkhH 40>000 jkpo; kf;fs; capupoe;jJld;> RkhH 60>000
jkpo; kf;fs; fhakile;j ,uj;jg; Nghuhl;lk; epiwTf;F
te;jJ. 2010Mk; Mz;L Nk khjk;> Njrpa nghWg;Gilik
nghwpKiw vd;w mbg;gilapy; [dhjpgjpapdhy; fw;w
ghlq;fs; kw;Wk; ey;ypzf;f Mizf;FO (LLRC)
epakpf;fg;gl;lJ. vt;thwhapDk;> ek;gfj; jd;ik vd;w
mbg;gilapy; rHtNjr juq;fis LLRC vl;ltpy;iy.
kpfTk; Kf;fpakhf cs;sf Kuz;ghl;bd; NghJ> ,lk;ngw;w
KiwrhHe;j kdpj cupikfs; kPwy; njhlHgpy; tprhuiz
nra;aj; jtwpaikf;fhf rHtNjrKk;> murhq;fq;fSf;F
,ilapyhd kdpj cupikfs; epWtdq;fSk; ,e;j
mikg;gpid FiwghLs;sjhf fUJfpd;wd.
13
kdpj
cupikfs; kPwy;fs; njhlHgpy; murpay; MHtj;jpd;
Mokhd FiwghL cs;sikNa LLRC Njhy;tpAw;wikf;F
fhuzkhFk;.
12 ghHf;f htp://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-south-asia-11393458
13 ghHf;f htp://www.ohchr.org/Documents/HRBodies/HRCouncil/RegularSession/
Session22/A-HRC-22-38_en.pdf kw;Wk; htp://www.hrw.org/news/2011/12/16/sri-lanka-
report-fails-advance-accountability
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ngz;fs; cs;slq;fyhf midj;J kf;fspdJk;
milahsq;fs; kw;Wk; cupikfis mq;fPup;fFk;> kjpf;Fk;
mikjpahd rKjhaj;ij fl;bnaOg;gtjpy; Aj;jj;jpd;
gpd;dUk;> ehL ,d;Wk; rthy;fis vjpHnfhz;L
tUfpd;wJ. rhjhuz kf;fs;> kdpj cupik fhg;ghsHfs;>
ClftpayhsHfs; kw;Wk; murpay;thjpfSf;F vjpuhf
Kd;ndLf;fg;gl;l rl;ltpNuhj nfhiyfs;> fhzhky;
Nghjy;fs;> gyte;jkhd ifJfs;> rpj;jputij kw;Wk;
ghy;epiy rhHe;j td;Kiw Nghd;w ghupa kdpj cupik
kPwy;fs; njhlHgpy; mwpf;iffs; gy fle;j fhyj;jpy;
ntspaplg;gl;L cs;sd. ghJfhg;G gilapdH kw;Wk;
murhq;fj;Jld; ,ize;j Jiz MAj FOf;fs; Nghd;wd
,e;j kdpj cupikfSf;F nghWg;Gf; $w Ntz;Lk; vd
mwpf;ifaplg;gl;Ls;sJ.
14
Fw;w tprhuizfs; Fiwe;j
mstpy; ,Ug;gJld;> mjw;fhd jz;lidfSk; kpfTk;
Fiwthdjhf cs;sd. tpNrlkhf> mur mjpfhupfs; Fw;wk;
Rkj;jg;gl;l re;jHg;gq;fspy; ,e;j epiyia mtjhdpf;ff;
$bajhfTs;sJ. jLj;J itj;jYf;F Kd;dH ePz;l
fhy tprhuiz> epahakhd tprhuiz kWf;fg;gly;>
ePjpj; Jiwapy; RahjPdj; jd;ik FiwT> Aj;jk; rhHe;j
Fw;wq;fSf;F Fiwe;jstpyhd ek;gfj;jd;ikahd
nraw;ghLfs;> rl;l xOq;fpd; epHthfg; gw;whf;Fiw>
kw;Wk; murpay; MHtk; FiwT Mfpatw;wpd; %yk;
ehl;by; jz;lid gak; mw;w xU epiy fhzg;gLtjid
,J gpujpgypf;fpd;wJ. fUj;J ntspg;ghl;Lr; Rje;jpuk;>
$l;lk; elj;Jtjw;fhd Rje;jpuk;> xd;W $Ltjw;fhd>
elkhLtjw;fhd Rje;jpuk; vd;gd cs;slq;fyhf
mbg;gil kdpj cupikfspy; fl;Lg;ghLfs; cs;sikia
mwpf;iffs; ntspg;gLj;Jfpd;wd.
15
xl;Lnkhj;jkhf> vjpHg;Gf;fs; njhlHgpyhd murhq;fj;jpd;
eltbf;iffs; kOg;gyhf my;yJ kWj;jyhfNt cs;sd.
vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf 2011Mk; Mz;L kw;Wk; mjidj;
njhlHe;j cldbahd fhyg;gFjpapy;> 2012Mk; Mz;L
14 If;fpa mnkupf;f ,uh[hq;fj; jpizf;fsj;jpd; (2011) kdpj cupikfs; mwpf;if>
,yq;if> (,izaj;jpy;) fpilf;Fkplk; htp://www.state.gov/j/drl/rls/hrrpt/2011/
sca/186475.htm (2012Mk; Mz;L xf;NlhgH khjk; 11Mk; jpfjp ghHf;fg;gl;lJ)
15 ghHf;f htp://www.ohchr.org/Documents/HRBodies/HRCouncil/RegularSession/
Session22/A-HRC-22-38_en.pdf
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khHr; khjk; If;fpa ehLfspd; kdpj cupikfs; Nguit
eilngw Vw;ghlfpapUe;j epiyapy;> ,yq;if kPjhd
If;fpa mnkupf;fhtpd; jPHkhdk; Kd;itf;fg;gltpUe;j
#oypy;> ,yq;ifapd; kdpj cupik MHtyHfs;
njhlHr;rpahd mr;RWj;jiy vjpHnfhz;lJld;>
mtHfsJ tho;f;ifAk; ,d;dy; epiwe;jjhf khwpaJ.
16

ngUk;ghyhd re;jHg;gq;fspy;> ClftpayhsHfs;> kdpj
cupik MHtyHfs; kw;Wk; murhq;fj;ij tpkHrpg;gtHfs;
'Gypfs;" (jkpoPo tpLjiyg; GypfSf;F MjuthdtHfs;)>
gaq;futhjpfs;> gpuptpidthjpfs; my;yJ JNuhfpffs;
vd Kj;jpiu Fj;jg;gLk; epiy fhzg;gl;lJ. ,e;j
gpujpgypg;Gfs; kdpj cupik MHtyHfspd; nraw;ghLfspy;
fLk; jhf;fj;ij Vw;gLj;jpd. murhq;fj;jpdhy; '$UzHT
17
"
kpf;fjhf mwpag;gl;l ,e;j tplaq;fs; njhlHgpy; jkJ
nraw;ghLfis Fiwj;Jf; nfhs;sf; $ba epiy
,tHfSf;F Vw;gl;lJ.
ClftpayhsHfs; jzpf;iffis vjpHnfhz;lJk;>
mbf;fb capH mr;RWj;jy;fis vjpHnfhz;lJk;
ngUkstpyhd kdpj cupikfs; mf;fiwfis
Njhw;Wtpj;jd.
18.
jLj;J itj;jy; njhlHgpy; ghHf;Fk;
NghJ> ngUk; vz;zpf;ifapyhd jkpo; kf;fs; Kiwahd
tprhuizfs; vJTk; ,d;wp jLj;J itf;fg;gl;Ls;sdH.
Nkyjpfkhf> ,df;FO rhHe;j juTfs; Nghjpastpy;
,y;iy. mjpfhupfshy; ,e;j jfty;fs; toq;fg;glhj
epiyapy;> mur rhHgw;w epWtdq;fshy; NtWgl;l
fzpg;gPLfisNa Kd;itf;ff; $bajhfTs;sJ.
16 ghHf;f \2012Mk; Mz;L khHr; 23Mk; jpfjp> Rdpy mNgNrfu> epky;fh ngHdhz;Nlh
kw;Wk; ghf;fpaNrhjp rutzKj;J MfpNahupd; ,ize;j mwpf;if> nfhOk;G> ,yq;if|
,izaj;jpy; fpilf;Fkplk;: htp://www.scribd.com/doc/86440203/joint-statement-
sunila-abeysekara-nimalka-fernando-and-dr-paikiasothy-saravanamutu
17 cjhuzkhf> NkhjYld; rk;ge;jg;gl;l my;yJ NkhjYf;Fg; gpd;duhd jkpo;
rpWghd;ikapdH kPjhd kdpj cupik kPwy;fs; \$UzHT| kpf;f tplaq;fshf
murhq;fj;jpdhy; fUjg;gLfpd;wJ.
18 mj njud (Truth First) khHr; 2012 (,izaj;jpy;) htp://www.adaderana.lk/
news.php?nid=17473&mode=beaut (2012Mk; Mz;L nrg;uk;gH khjk; 25Mk; jpfjp
ghHf;fg;gl;lJ)
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MAjk; jhq;fpa ngsj;j gpf;Ffspd; FOtpdhy; J}
z;lg;gLk; jPtputhj kj rfpg;gw;w jd;ik vd;gNj
ntWg;Gf;Fupa epfo;thf cs;sJ
19
. K];yPk;fs; kPjhd
rfpg;gw;w jd;ikia gutr; nra;tjw;F Ltpl;lH
(Twitter) kw;Wk; Ng];Gf; (Facebook) Nghd;w Gjpa
Clf tbtq;fs; gad;gLj;jg;gl;ld. ,e;j epfo;Tfs;
jw;NghJ kf;fs; kdjpy; fytuj;ij Vw;gLj;jf; $bajhf
cs;sd. 2011Mk; Mz;L Kd;ndLf;fg;gl;l rdj;njhif
fzf;nfLg;gpy; K];yPk;fspd; gpwg;G tPjj;jpy; Jupj
tsHr;rp fhzg;gLtjhfTk;> ,jw;fhd gpujpgypg;ghfNt
,e;j vjpHg;G eltbf;iffs; Kd;ndLf;fg;gLtjhfTk;
rpyH vjpHT$Wfpd;wdH. mtHfSila nraw;ghLfs;
ngUk;ghYk; rpWghd;ik FOf;fs; kw;Wk; kjq;fis ,yf;F
itj;jjhf Kd;ndLf;fg;gLfpd;w NghjpYk;> ngUk;ghd;ik
rpq;fs/ngsj;j gpurhuq;fis gug;Gtjw;F murhq;fj;jpdhy;
toq;fg;gLk; Mjuit mtHfs; mDgtpf;fpd;wdH.
K];yPk;fSf;F vjpuhd ntWg;G epiwe;j gpurhuq;fis
gug;Gk; nraw;ghlhf> rpq;fs kf;fs; njhifia
mjpfupf;Fk; tifapy; rpq;fs Mz;fs;> Ie;J ngz;fis
kzf;Fk; tifapy; ,yq;if rl;lk; jpUj;jg;gl Ntz;Lk;
vd;w Nfhupf;ifia mtHfs; Kd;ndLj;J tUfpd;wdH.
20

mjpfupj;j vz;zpf;ifapy; rpq;fstHfspy; fhzg;gLk; ,e;j
mr;RWj;Jk; kdepiyapd; fhuzkhf> midj;J tifahd
jd;dpr;irahd> epue;jukw;w FLk;gj; jpl;lkply; Kiwfs;
Nghd;w midj;J eltbf;iffisAk;> mtrpakhd
kUj;Jt Njitay;yhj re;jHg;gq;fspy; jLf;Fk; cj;juT
mur itj;jparhiyfSf;F murhq;fj;jpd; Clhf
toq;fg;gl;Ls;sjhf njuptpf;fg;gLfpd;wJ. fUj;jil>
ghypay; Rfhjhuk; kw;Wk; FLk;gj; jpl;lkply; Nghd;w
gpupTfspy; gzpahw;wp tUk; mur rhHgw;w epWtdq;fSf;F>
mtw;wpd; nraw;gLk; gug;gpid fl;Lg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;SkhW
murhq;fj;jpdhy; mwpTWj;jy; toq;fg;gl;Ls;sjhf mwpaf;
fpilf;fpd;wJ.
19 Nkyjpf jfty;fSf;F ghHf;f> htp://groundviews.org/2013/01/15/bodu-bala-sena-
and-buddhisms-militant-face-in-sri-lanka/ kw;Wk; htp://groundviews.org/2013/03/19/
bodu-bala-sena-a-threat-to-sri-lankas-future/ kw;Wk; htp://www.lankastandard.com/
2013/01/the-muslims-are-the-new-tamils/
20 Nkyjpf jfty;fSf;F ghHf;f> htp://dbsjeyaraj.com/dbsj/archives/15219
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nghyp]; Mizf;FO> kdpj cupikfs; Mizf;FO kw;Wk;
rl;l Mizf;FOtpd; Rje;jpukhdJ> murpayikg;gpd;
18MtJ jpUj;jj;jpd; %yk; fl;Lg;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,e;j
jpUj;jj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; Fwpj;j kf;fs; mikg;Gf;fspd;
epakdq;fs; toq;Fk; mjpfhuk; [dhjpgjpf;F
nrd;wile;Js;sJ. murpayikg;gpd; 17MtJ
jpUj;jj;jpw;F mika (kw;Wk; rl;lj;jpd; ,uz;lhtJ
gpupT) kdpj cupikfs; Mizf;FOtpd; cWg;gpdHfis
murpayikg;G Nguitapd; gupe;Jiuapd; mbg;gilapy;
[dhjpgjp epakpf;ff; $ba mjpfhuk; toq;fg;gl;bUe;jJ.
2010Mk; Mz;L nrg;uk;gH khjk; 09Mk; jpfjp eilKiwf;F
te;j murpayikg;gpd; 18MtJ jpUj;jj;jpd; fPo;> gpujkH>
ghuhSkd;w rghehafH> vjpHf;fl;rpj; jiytH> gpujkuhy;
gpNuupf;fg;gl;l ghuhSkd;w cWg;gpdH xUtH> kw;Wk;
vjpHf;fl;rpj; jiytupdhy; gpNuupf;fg;gl;l ghuhSkd;w
cWg;gpdH MfpNahiu cs;slf;fpa ghuhSkd;w
FO epakdj;jpw;F toptFj;jJ. kdpj cupikfs;
Mizf;FOtpd; epakdq;fSf;F jw;NghJ 'ghuhSkd;w
FOtpd; mtjhdpg;Gf;fis (mDkjpia my;y) [dhjpgjp
ngwy; Ntz;Lk;".
jz;lidf;F mQ;rhj nghJthd epiyAk;> ePjpapy;
Rje;jpuj; jd;ik ,d;ik vd;gd fhuzkhf LBT
egHfSk;> ghypay; mbg;gilapy; rpWghd;ikapdUk;
,yFtpy; ghjpg;Gf;F ,yf;fhff; $ba kw;Wk; fl;GyDf;F
cl;glhj nghJthd epiyia cUthf;fpAs;sd. Vida
gpujp$yq;fs; epiwe;j FOtpy; ,Ue;J ghypay; uPjpahf
Jz;bf;fg;gl;ltHfshf ,Ue;j NghjpYk;> ,yFtpy;
ghjpf;fg;glf; $baj; jd;ikapYk;> kiwe;jpUf;Fk;
jd;ikapYk; xd;W fye;jtHfshf cs;sdH. cjhuzkhf>
jkpo; kf;fs; kj;jpapy; ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsHfs;> Mz;
Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsHfs;> ,ul;ilg; ghYwT kw;Wk; ghy;
khw;wk; nra;Ak; FOf;fs; (LGBT) FiwthfNt cs;sd.
RUf;fkhf $Wtjhapd;> kdpj cupikfs; gpur;rpidfs;
vd;gJ> rpf;fyhd #o;epiyia cUthf;FtJld;> jkJ
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cupikfSf;fhf ghypay; uPjpahf rpWghd;ik FOf;fs;
jkJ cupikfisg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjpy; NkYk; rpf;fiy
Vw;gLj;Jfpd;wd
21
.
21 Vida njw;fhrpa ehLfisg; Nghd;Nw> ,yq;ifapy; cs;s murpay;thjpfSk;>
NtW nghJ kf;fSk; xNu ghy; cwTfis Nkw;fj;ija tho;f;if Kiw
vd;gjd; mbg;gilapYk;> jdpahH ,lq;fs; cs;slq;fyhf ,zf;fk; njuptpf;Fk;
guhakhdtHfSf;F ,ilapyhd ghypay; eltbf;iffis njhlHr;rpahd
Fw;wkhdjhf epahag;gLj;Jk; tifapy; mbf;fb kWf;fpd;wdH. cjhuzkhf> 2008Mk;
Mz;L Mf];l; khjk; vl;lhtJ Mrpa gRgpf; va;l;]; rHtNjr khehl;bid (ICAAP)
,yq;if murhq;fk; elj;jpaJ. ,e;j epfo;it elj;Jtjw;fhd Kaw;rpfis murhq;fk;
vLj;j epiyapy;> ghypay;> ghypay; Rfhjhuk; kw;Wk; ghypay; rpWghd;ikapdupd;
cupikfs; njhlHghd gy mkHTfs; ,e;j epfo;tpy; cs;slq;fpapUe;j epiyapy;>
khehl;bd; ,Wjpapy;> khehl;bd; gq;Fgw;WdHfSf;F MZiwfs; fpilf;fhik
njhlHghd Nfs;tpnahd;W gpujpepjpapdhy; vOg;gg;gl;l NghJ> gjpyspj;j Rfhjhu
mikr;rH> 'ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;if kw;Wk; Xupdr; NrHf;ifia gpurhuk; nra;tjw;fhf
ehd; ,tHfis mioj;J te;Js;Nsd; vd kf;fs; vz;Ztjw;F ,lkspf;f ehd;
tpUk;gtpy;iy. ,yq;ifapy; mofpa ngz;fSk;> fl;lofhd Mz;fSk; cs;sdH.
njw;fhrpahtpy; cs;s kf;fs; xNu tho;f;ifj; JizAld; rpwe;j ghypay; tho;f;ifia
Kd;ndLf;fpd;wdH. Nkw;fj;ija cyfkhdJ fhl;by; tho;e;J nfhz;bUe;j NghJ>
ehq;fs; ehfupfkhd tho;f;ifia Kd;ndLj;jtHfs;" vdj; njuptpj;jhH. ghHf;f>
ngHdhz;Nlh> vk;. (2008) 'ehNlhb Fuy;fs;"> `pkhy; njw;fhrpah> gFjp 21 (3)
(,izaj;jpy;) fpilf;Fkplk;: htp://www.himalmag.com/Vagrant-voices_nw2138.html
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#06 muR rhuh
nraw;ghl;lhsHfspdhy;
td;Kiw kw;Wk;
ghugl;rk;
m. czHT rhH td;Kiw
22
,e;j fw;iff;fhf NeHfhzg;gl;l midj;J LBT
egHfSk; jhk; czHTrhH td;Kiwia vjpHnfhz;ljhf
njuptpj;jdH. mwpKfg; gFjpapy; $wpaJ Nghy> MjuT
Kiwapd; gw;whf;Fiw fhuzkhfNt LBT egHfs; ,e;j
td;Kiwia vjpHnfhs;fpd;wdH. jpUkzkhFk; tiu
jkJ FLk;gj;jpdUld; trpg;gNj ,yq;ifaHfSf;F
gof;fkhfTs;sikahy; (rpy re;jHg;gq;fspy; jpUkzj;jpd;
gpd;dUk;)> ,e;j FLk;g mikg;Gf;fs;> Vw;fdNt czHTrhH
td;Kiwia vjpHnfhs;Sk; LBT egUf;F Nkyjpf
mOj;jj;ij toq;Fk;. ,jd; fhuzkhf Ntiytha;g;G
my;yJ fy;tp vd;gtw;iw fhuzkhf $wp ngz; Xupdr;
NrHf;ifahsHfs;> ,ul;ilg; ghYwT ngz;fs; kw;Wk;
ghy; khw;wk; mile;jtHfs; tPl;il tpl;L ntspNaWtJ
nghJthd tplakhf cs;sJ (,J njhlHghd Nkyjpf
22 czHTrhH td;Kiw vdg;gLtJ: kdey kw;Wk; cstpay; J~;gpuNahfq;fis
cl;nfhz;L khw;wq;fspd; NghJ gad;gLj;jg;gl;l gjk;. NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfs; rpyH
mjid td;Kiw vd nrhy;tjpy; nrsfupakhf czHe;jdH. czHT rhHe;J/
cstpay; rhHe;J/kdeyk; rhHe;J/Md;kPfk; rhHe;J mDgtpj;j elj;ijfs; kw;Wk;
nraw;ghLfNs ,e;j Ma;tpy; kpfTk; Kf;fpakhditahFk;. ,e;j Ma;tpy; czHTrhH
J~;gpuNahfj;jpy; cs;slq;Fk; nraw;ghLfs; my;yJ elj;ijfshtd: tha;%y
J~;gpuNahfk; (myl;rpaq;fs;> epe;jidfs;> rgpj;jy;> jho;j;jy; /jdpg;gl;l uPjpahf J}
w;Wk; fUj;Jf;fs;> rhjhuzkhf ,y;iy vd;w Fw;wr;rhl;Lf;fs;):> mr;RWj;jy; (jk;ik
my;yJ VidNahUf;F jPq;F tpistpj;jy;> jdpj;J tplg;gly;> ntspNawy;> jLj;J
itf;fg;gly;> VidNahUf;F ghypay; milahsj;ij ntspg;gLj;jy;> vd;gd):>
nraw;ghLfis fl;Lg;gLj;jy; (cjhuzkhf> FLk;gk; /ez;gHfs;/cwtpdHfSld;
goFtjid fl;Lg;gLj;jy;:> me;juq;fj;ij mgfupj;jy;> jdpg;gl;l Rje;jpuj;jpy;
jiyaply;):> nksdkhf tpNuhjpj;jy; (cjhuzkhf> gifia ntspg;gLj;Jk;
tha;%ykw;w elj;ijfs;> ghy;epiy milahsj;ijAk;> ghypay; ntspg;ghl;ilAk;
kWj;jy; kw;Wk;/my;yJ Vw;Wf; nfhs;shik):> Gwf;fzpg;G (cjhuzkhf> epjp
cjtpfis epWj;jy;> kdpj njhlHig kWj;jy;).
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jfty;fSf;F 'nraw;wpwdhd/nraw;ghl;lhsHfs;
gjpy;fs;" gFjpiag; ghHf;fTk;).
czHTrhH td;Kiw Vw;gLtjw;F gy;NtW J}z;ly;
fhuzpfs; cs;sd. vt;thwhapDk;> jdpegH xUtupd;
ghypay; mikg;G my;yJ ghy;epiy milahsk; fhzy;
my;yJ jdpegupd; cwT Fwpj;j jfty;fs; ntspahjy;
(egH xUtH jkJ ghypay;G my;yJ ghy;epiy
milahsj;ij ntspg;gLj;jy;) vd;gtw;wpd; fhuzkhf
nghJthf czHT rhH td;Kiw Vw;glyhk;.
rpy re;jHg;gq;fspy;> NeHfhzg;gl;ltH ngz;zhf
,Ug;gjhy;> Fw;wkpioj;jtH Fwpj;j egupd; ghypay;
mikg;G Fwpj;j mwpTilatuhf ,Ue;Js;shH.
czHT rhH td;Kiwia Kd;ndLg;gtHfs;
NtWgl;ltHfshtH. ngUk;ghYk;> gjpyspj;jtHfspd;
FLk;g cWg;gpdHfs; my;yJ gjpyspj;jtHfspd;
Jizapd; FLk;g cWg;gpdHfshf Fw;wk; ,iog;gtHfs;
cs;sdH. rpy rk;gtq;fspy;> Kd;dhs; Jiz>
jw;Nghija Jizapd; Kd;dhs; Jiz> my;yJ rf
Copauhy; td;Kiw Kd;ndLf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ntFrpy
gjpyspj;jtHfs; %d;whtJ egHfspdhy; td;Kiw
my;yJ td;Kiw mr;RWj;jiy vjpHnfhz;Ls;sdH.
gyhj;fhuk;> mtkhdk;> mjpfhuk; kw;Wk; fl;Lg;ghL
Mfpad LBT jdpegHfspd; mDgtq;fs; czHTrhH
td;KiwAld; nghUe;jpaitahFk;.
me;juq;fj; jd;ikapd; kPjhd Mjpf;fkhfNt ,e;j td;Kiw
ngUk;ghYk; mike;Js;sJ (3/4,w;Fk; mjpfkhdtHfs;
- gjpyspj;j 33 Ngupy; 26 NgH):> tha;%ykw;w my;yJ
nksd epe;ij kw;Wk; tpNuhjk; (miug;gq;fpw;Fk; mjpfk;
- gjpyspj;jtHfspy; 19 Nguhy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;lJ):> kw;Wk;
czHTrhH xLf;Fjy; (miug;gq;fpw;Fk; mjpfk; - 18
Nguhy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;lJ).
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njhiyNgrp miog;Gf;fs; kw;Wk; fbjq;fs;
fz;fhzpf;fg;gly; Nghd;w r%fakhjy; nraw;ghLfspy;
jil:> mtHfSila ghypay;G re;Njfj;jpw;fplkhd
NghJ tPl;bypUe;J ntspNawj; jil:> tPl;il tpl;L
ntspNaWk; NghJ ngz;fis ghJfhtyUld; mDg;Gjy;:>
jkJ ghypay; mikg;G my;yJ ghy;epiy milahsk;
fhuzkhf tPl;bw;Fs; milj;J itf;fg;gly; vd;gtw;iw
vjpHnfhz;ljhf miug;gq;fpdUf;Fk; mjpfkhNdhH
(gjpyspj;jtHfspy; 18 NgH) njuptpj;jdH. mz;zsthf
%d;wpy; xU gq;fpdH (13) jkJ xU ghy; cwit
epWj;JkhW tw;GWj;jg;gl;ljhf njuptpj;jdH. jkJ
ghypay; mikg;G my;yJ ghy;epiy milahsk; vd;gd
nksdkhd tpNuhjj;jpd; Clhf my;yJ kiwKfkhf
my;yJ ,uz;L tifapYk; vjpHnfhs;sg;gl;ljhf %d;wpy;
,uz;L gq;fpdH (13) fUjpdH (cjhuzkhf> mtHfs;
xNu miwapy; ,Ug;gtHfs; Nghy; ele;J nfhs;shky;>
njupahjtH Nghy; ele;J nfhs;sy;).
rfghbfspd;> MrpupaHfspd;> rf CopaHfspd;>
Nkw;ghHitahsHfspd;> ez;gHfspd; kw;Wk; mur
nraw;ghl;lhsHfspd; Ntz;Lnkd;w czHTrhH
J~;gpuNahfj;jpw;F Nkyjpfkhf> Ngr;R %yk; njhy;iy
nfhLj;jy; kw;Wk; fpz;lybj;jy; vd;gtw;iwAk; mjpfstpy;
vjpHnfhs;tjhf NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfs; njuptpj;jdH.
28 tajhd ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsuhd DKS vd;gtH>
jkJ ngz; JizAld; nfhOk;gpd; Gwefupy; trpj;J
tUfpd;whH. tzf;f];jyj;jpy; kw;NwhH JUtpg; ghHg;gij
gw;wp jkJ mDgtq;fis gfpHe;J nfhz;lhH. 'ehd;
Njthyaj;jpw;F nrd;W> epd;W nfhz;L rpe;jpg;Ngd;.
cq;fSf;Fj; njupAkh> ,tHfs; midtUk; vd;id
tpj;jpahrkhf ghHg;gH. ehq;fs; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsH
vd;gjid my;yJ ehq;fs; rhjhuzkhdtHfisg;
Nghd;wtHfs; my;y vd;gjid mtHfs; mwptH. ehq;fs;
Vd; ,q;F tUfpd;Nwhk; vd mtHfs; epr;rakhf vz;ZtH"
vd mtH njuptpj;jhH.
23
23 DKS cldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2010Mk; Mz;L nrg;uk;gH
18.
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jkJ Ke;ija Jizapd; ngw;NwhHfspdhy; jk; kPJ
Vw;gLj;jg;gl;l tha; %ykw;w myl;rpak; Fwpj;J
NeHfhzg;gl;l xUtH njuptpj;jhH. nfhOk;gpy; trpf;Fk;
39 tajhd rhe;jdp vd;gtH> ngz;ikj; jd;ik
nfhz;l ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsuhthH. jkJ kfspd;
tho;f;ifia 'tPzbg;gjhf" (mopg;gjhf) fUjpa jkJ
Kd;dhs; tho;f;ifj; Jizapd; FLk;gk; Fwpj;J mtH
fijj;jhH. jd;id mwpahjJ Nghy; mtHfs; ele;J
nfhz;ldH vd mtH gjpyspj;jhH. 'mJ vdf;F epiwaNt
epfo;e;Js;sJ. vd;id Vw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F mtHfs;
KOikahf vjpHj;jdH. ehd; mtHfSld; xU czT
tpUe;jpYk; fye;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;Nwd;"
24
nfhOk;gpd; GwefHg; gFjpapy; trpj;J tUk;> rpq;fs
ngsj;juhd 21 tajhd jk;kp> jdJ ghypay; mikg;ig
Fwpf;f ve;j gjj;ijAk; gad;gLj;j tpUk;gtpy;iy.
mjw;Fg; gjpyhf> ,uz;L Fzq;fSk; nfhz;l> 'eLtpy;"
,Ug;gtH vd mtH jd;id mwpKfg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;fpd;whH.
jhk; ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsH vd;gjid mwpe;J
nfhz;l jkJ rNfhjuH jk;ik vt;thW czHTrhHe;J
td;Kiw nra;jhH kw;Wk; jk;ik gaKWj;jpdhH vd
mtH Fwpg;gpl;lhH. 'vd;Dila ngz; JizAld; ehd;
cwitj; njhlHe;jhy;> jd;dplk; fijf;f khl;Nld; vd
mtH $wpdhH. ,J Fwpj;J ngw;Nwhuplk; $WtjhfTk;
mtH vd;id gaWKWj;jpdhH" vd jk;kp Fwpg;gpl;lhH.
25

nfhOk;gpd; GwefHg; gFjpapy; jkJ ngw;NwhUld; thOk;
36 tajhd rhkpyh> jd;id ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsuhf
mwpKfg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;tJld;> Mz;ikj; jd;ikAld;
Mil mzptjw;F tpUg;gk; nfhz;ltuhf cs;shH. jkJ
ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;if <Hg;G kw;Wk; ghy;epiy cWjp
nra;J nfhs;s Kbahj epiy vd;gtw;wpd; fhuzkhf>
jk;ik kdey itj;jpauplk; jkJ jha; mioj;Jr; nrd;w
rk;gtk; Fwpj;J mtH vk;Kld; gfpHe;J nfhz;lhH. 'vdJ
jiytypf;fhf itj;jpauplk; mioj;Jr; nry;tjhf
24 rhe;jdpAldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2010Mk; Mz;L etk;gH
17.
25 jk;kpAldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if 2011 [dtup 19.
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37
mk;kh $wpdhH. vdf;F vd;d jiytyp vd;W vdf;F
Mr;rupakhf ,Ue;jJ. ehd; mg;NghJ vJTk; $wtpy;iy.
mjd; gpd;dNu vd;id kdey itj;jpauplk; mioj;Jr;
nrd;wikia mwpe;J nfhz;Nld;."
26
i. Ngr;R%ykhd J\;gpuNahfk;
njhlHr;rpahd epe;jidfs;> jho;j;jf; $ba fUj;Jf;fs;
kw;Wk; ntWg;ghd Ngr;R vd;gtw;wpd; Clhf xUtiu
rpWik nra;jy; kw;Wk;> jho;j;Jk; tpNrl topfshd
Ngr;R%ykhd J~;gpuNahfk; vd;gJ midj;J
taJg; gpupTk; vjpHnfhs;Sk; gpujhd gpur;rpidahFk;.
FLk;g cWg;gpdHfspy; ,Ue;J maytHfs;> Kd;dhs;
JiztHfs;> njhopy; toq;FdHfs;> kw;Wk; rhj;jpakhd
Ntiytha;g;G toq;FNthH tiu Ngr;R%ykhd
J~;gpuNahfj;ij Kd;ndLg;gtHfshf cs;sdH.
47 tajhd Fkh> nfhOk;gpd; GwefHg; gFjpapy; trpf;fpd;whH.
jk;ik ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsH vdf; $Wk; mtH>
Mz;fspd; Milfis tpUk;gp mzpfpwhH. jhk; xU Mz;
Nghy; ele;J nfhs;tjhy; Vw;gLk; tha;%y epe;jidfs;
Fwpj;J mtH fijj;jhH. 'xU Kiw ngl;lhtpy;> xU
ngz; ez;gpAld;> $l;lj;jpy; jtw tplf; $lhJ vd if
gpbj;J gw;wpathW ele;J nrd;Nwd;. mg;NghJ xU egH>
jd;Dil ez;gid tpspj;J" kr;rhd;
27
> ePz;l ehshf ehd;
Mg;g
28
rhg;gpltpy;iy. ,d;W fpilf;Fk; vd epidf;fpNwd;
vd $wpdhH "vd Fkh jkJ mDgtq;fis gfpHe;J
nfhz;lhH.
29

jhDk;> jd;Dila fhjypAk; maytHfs; rpyuhy;
tha;%y J~;gpuNahfj;jpw;F cs;shd rk;gtk; xd;iw
rhe;jdpAk; gfpHe;J nfhz;lhH. 'ehd; ,e;j ngz;Zld;
cwtpy; ,Uf;fpd;Nwd;. xUehs; mtH tPl;Lf;Fr; nrd;Nwd;.
26 rhkpyhTldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2011 Mf];l; 8.
27 kr;rhq;; - ez;gH/NjhoH/rfhit miog;gjw;fhd Ngr;Rtop rpq;fsk;
28 Mg;g - ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsHfis Fwpg;gjhf gad;gLj;jg;gLk; nfhr;irahd
rpq;fs gjk;. fhiy czT my;yJ ,uTzTf;F gad;gLj;jg;gLk; Nfhg;ig
tbtpyhd muprp khtpdhy; nra;ag;gLk; czT tif.
29 FkhTldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2011 Nk 10.
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38
mg;NghJ ,uT ntFNeukhfptpl;lJ. gjpndhd;W my;yJ
gd;dpuz;L (es;spuT) kzp ,Uf;Fk;. ehk; mtUila
tPl;bw;Fs; nrd;Nwhk;. ehk; tPl;L Nfl;bid %baJk;>
tPjpapd; Kidapy; ,Ue;J Xb te;j rpyH Nfl;bid
Ntfkhfj; jl;bathW -Mg;g> Mg;g vd;W vk;ik Nehf;fp
rj;jkpl;ldH"
30
ghy;epiy ntspg;ghl;bd; fhuzkhd jkJ ghypay;
mikg;gpdhy; jk;ik 'RftPdk;" cw;wtHfshfTk;>
'Fzg;gLj;j Ntz;baHtfs;" vdTk; mtjhdpf;fg;gLtjhf>
,e;j nraw;wpl;lj;jpw;fhf NeHfhzg;gl;l rpyH njuptpj;jdH.
34 tajhd ];fpd;dH nfhOk;gpy; trpf;fpd;whH.
vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf> capupay; uPjpahf ngz;zhd mtH> jkJ
ghypay; mikg;ig ,uz;L nrhw;fspy; 'cWjpahd igad;"
vdj; njuptpf;fpd;whH. 'ahNuDk; vd;id tpj;jpahrkhf
ghHj;Jtpl;lhy;> mtHfs; ve;j ngaupy; miog;ghHfs; vd
cq;fSf;Fj; njupAk;. vd;id 'nghd;dah'
31
vd;gH my;yJ
,J Mzh my;yJ ngz;zh vdj; njupatpy;iy vd;gH"
32

vdj; njuptpj;jhH. mtuJ mk;kh mtiu gyte;jkhf kj
FUtplk; mioj;Jr; nrd;Ws;shH. ',yq;ifapy; cs;s
ngsj;jHfs; 90 tPjk; ,e;Jf;fshFk;. mtHfs; midtUk;
,e;j ,lj;jpw;Fr; nry;tH. mjpH~;lj;ij fzpg;gtHfs;
kw;Wk; N[hrpak; ghHg;gtHfs; gw;wp ePq;fs; mwptPHfs;.
mNj ,lj;jpy; %ypif kUe;J toq;Fk; ,lq;fSk;
cs;sd. fle;j khjKk; ehd; me;j ,lj;jpw;F mioj;Jr;
nry;yg;gl;Nld;."
33
,Wjpahf> jkJ rk;kjk; ,d;wpNa> jkJ ghypay; mikg;G
my;yJ ghy;epiy milahsk; vd;gJ ez;gHfs;>
FLk;gq;fs;> nghJkf;fs; (v.fh> Clfk; topahf)>
fy;tp epWtdq;fisr; NrHe;j NtW khztHfs;> rf
CopaHfs;> kw;Wk; mdhNkja egHfs; Nghd;NwhUf;F
30 rhe;jdpAldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2010 etk;gH 10.
31 ngz;ik FzkpFe;j Mz; xUtiu Fwpg;gjw;F gad;gLk; nfhr;irahd rpq;fs gjk;.
32 ];fpd;dUldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2011 xf;NlhgH 7.
33 ];fpd;dUldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2011 xf;NlhgH 7.
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39
njuptpj;jikapdhy;> Ntiytha;g;G> FLk;g cjtp>
tPlikg;G kw;Wk; NkYk; gy cjtpfis ngw Kbahj
gytPdkhd epiy Vw;gl;ljhf NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfspy;
gjpdhd;F NgH njuptpj;jdH.
jkf;F jPq;F Vw;gLj;jy; my;yJ jkJ md;Gf;FupatUf;F
jPq;F Vw;gLj;jy; vd tha;%y mr;RWj;jy; tpLf;fg;gl;ljhf
NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfspy; 21 NgH njuptpj;jdH.
ghjpf;fg;gl;ltHfSf;F my;yJ ghjpf;fg;gl;ltHfSf;F
neUf;fkhdtHfSf;F ,e;j tha;%y mr;RWj;jy;
tpLf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. tha;%y mr;RWj;jYld; miwjy;
kw;Wk; Fj;Jjy; Nghd;w cly;rhH td;Kiwfis
vjpHnfhz;ljhf 15 NgH njuptpj;jdH.
29 tajhd mD> ,ul;ilg; ghYwtpy; cs;s jkpo;
ngz;zhFk;. '(vdJ) ez;gHfis kylhf;fp tpLtjhf
njuptpg;gH. n`hf;fp kl;ilfshy; mbg;gjhfTk;> vkf;F jP
itg;gjhfTk;> Nghd;w tifahd td;Kiwfs; nra;tjhf
$WtH" vd jhk; vjpHnfhz;l mr;RWj;jy;fis gfpHe;J
nfhz;lhH.
34
jkJ fhjypapd; ngw;NwhH jk;ik ghHj;jNjh my;yJ
jk;kplk; vJTk; Neubahf $wpaNjh ,y;iy vd rhkpyh
njuptpj;jhH. 'Mdhy; vd;id re;jpj;jhy; mbg;gjhf
vd;Dila fhjypaplk; $wpAs;sdH" vd mtH Fwpg;gpl;lhH.
1999Mk; Mz;L [_iy khjk;> ngz; Xupdr;
NrHf;ifahsHfSf;fhd khehL xd;iw elj;Jtjw;fhd
cj;Njrk; Fwpj;J ngz;fs; MjuT FO mwptpj;j
NghJ> mjw;F fLikahd nghJ kf;fs; vjpHg;G
ntspaplg;gl;lJ. j Iyd;l; vdg;gLk; Mq;fpy nkhop
gj;jpupifapd; MrpupaUf;F Kftupaplg;gl;ljhf ,jw;fhd
vjpHg;G xd;W ntspahfpapUe;jJ. Fw;wk; Rkj;jg;gl;l
ghypay; ty;YwthsHfshy; khehl;by; fye;J nfhs;Sk;
ngz;fis ghypay; gyhj;fhuk; nra;a Ntz;Lk; vd
34 mDTldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2011 Nk 13.
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40
gupe;J Ngrg;gl;lJ. ,J Fwpj;J gj;jpupiff;F vjpuhf
Kiwg;ghL nra;j NghJ> ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;if vd;gjid
'kw;wtHfis nfhLikg;gLj;Jtjpy; kfpo;r;rp nfhs;Sk;
nray; kw;Wk; fhkr;nray;" vd tHzpj;J fz;bj;jJld;>
Fwpj;j gj;jpupiff;F Mjuthf ,yq;if gj;jpupif
Nguit fUj;J ntspapl;lJ.
35
ii. fyhrhu tpOkpak;/ghy;epiy tpOkpa
mKyhf;fy; td;Kiw
fyhrhu uPjpahf vjpHghHf;fg;gLk; ghy;epiy tpOkpaq;fspd;
mbg;gilapy; nraw;gLjy; kw;Wk; tho;jy; njhlHgpy; ngz;
Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsHfs; kw;Wk; ghy; khw;wk; nra;j egHfs;
vjpHnfhs;Sk; njhlHr;rpahd mOj;jq;fis NeHfhzg;gl;l
33 Ngupy; 12 NgH Rl;bf;fhl;bdH. jpUkzj;jpw;F
fl;lhag;gLj;jg;gly;> Fwpg;gpl;l Milfis mzptjw;F
gzpj;jy; kw;Wk; Fwpg;gpl;l rpif myq;fhuj;ij Ngzy;>
Nghd;w midj;J tifapYk; cstpay; kw;Wk; czHTrhH
td;Kiwia mtHfs; vjpHnfhs;fpd;wdH. fyhrhu
kw;Wk; ghy;epiy tpOkpa mKyhf;fy; vd;gjidAk;>
NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfs; td;Kiwahf fUJfpd;wdH. nghJ
kyry $lq;fis gad;gLj;Jk; NghJ mtHfsJ
ghy;epiy milahsk; Fwpj;Jk; mtHfsplk; tpdtg;gl;lJ.
mNjNtis> NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfspy; rpyH jkJ czHit
fl;lhag;gLj;jp ,ufrpakhf kiwj;Jf; nfhz;L> FLk;g
nfsutj;ij fhf;Fk; nghUl;L jkJ 'Xupdr; NrHf;if"
jd;ikia kiwj;Jf; nfhz;bUg;gjhfTk; njuptpj;jdH.
jkJ ghy;epiy ntspg;ghl;bd; fhuzkhf njhopy;
tha;g;G kw;Wk; gjtp caHT kWf;fg;gl;lik njhlHgpYk;
NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfspy; rpyH njuptpj;jdH. - 'NghjpasT
ngz;ikj; jd;ikahf ,y;iy"- mj;Jld;> Njrpa
milahs ml;il Njhw;wj;Jld; mtHfs; nghUj;jkhf
,y;iy vd;gjdhYk; Ntiytha;g;gpid ,oe;Js;sdH.
35 ngHdhz;Nlh. vk;.. ( 2 0 0 8 ) ‘ Va g r a n t v o i c e s ’ , H i m a l S o u t h A s i a , Vo l , 2 1 ( 3 ) ,
[ ,izak;] .fpilf;Fkplk; : h t t p : / / h i m a lma g. c o m / c o m p o n e n t / c o n t e n t /a
r t i c l e / 1 0 1 0 - v a g r a n t - v o i c e s . h t m l ( ngg;utup 2013 ghHf;fg;gl;lJ ).
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M. cly;rhH td;Kiw
kpfTk; Kf;fpakhd KbT xd;wpid NeHfhzy; gFg;gha;T
ntspg;gLj;jpaJ. Fwpg;ghf FLk;g kw;Wk; tPl;Lr; #oy;
Mfpad ,uz;L gpujhd (rk;ge;jg;gl;l) fhuzpfshf
mike;jd. jkf;F vjpuhd cly;rhH td;Kiwia LBT
kf;fs; vt;thW ghHf;fpd;wdH vd;gjid KjyhtJ
epHzapf;fpd;wJ. mj;Jld;> ,uz;lhtJ fhuzpahf
mtHfs; td;Kiwia mwpf;ifg;gLj;Jfpd;whHfsh my;yJ
,y;iyah vd;gjhFk;. (td;Kiwia mwpf;ifg;gLj;jy;
njhlHghd Nkyjpf jfty;fSf;F> epthuzj;jpw;fhd
mZFk; trjp vd;w gFjp 6 ghHf;fTk;).
jw;NghJ jkJ tho;tpy; vjpHnfhz;L tUk; cly;rhH
td;Kiw njhlHgpy; NeHfhzg;gl;l 33 Ngupy; 12 NgH
njuptpj;jdH.
36
NeHfhzg;gl;l 33 Ngupy; 26 NgH jhf;Fjy;
Fwpj;j fijfis gfpHe;J nfhz;ldH. ,e;j 26 Ngupy;
12 NgH Fiwe;jgl;r td;Kiw epfo;TfisAk;> 14 NgH
jPtpukhd tifapy; ghjpf;fg;gl;ltHfshfTk; ,Ue;jdH.
neUf;fkhd FLk;g cWg;gpdHfs;> %d;whk; egHfs;>
rfghbfs;> tho;f;ifj; Jiz> Kd;dhs; tho;f;ifj; Jiz>
kw;Wk; maytHfs; MfpNahH Fw;wk; ,iog;gtHfspy;
cs;slq;Ffpd;wdH. Fwpg;ghf> mwpf;ifg;gLj;jg;gl;l
,t;thwhd 12 rk;gtq;fs; tho;f;ifj; Jizapdhy;
Kd;ndLf;fg;gl;ljhFk;.
jkJ fhjypAld; ,uT tpLjp xd;wpy; eldkhba NghJ
Vw;gl;l rk;gtk; xd;iw DKS gfpHe;J nfhs;fpd;whH. 'ehk;
mq;F eldkhLk; NghJ nghJ kf;fs; vk;ik mtjhdpg;gH
vd ePq;fs; mwptPHfs;" mg;NghJ xUtH te;J vdJ
fhiy kpjpj;jhH my;yJ vdJ Njhis curpdhH. ehd;
epidf;fpNwd;> mtH mjid Ntz;Lnkd;Nw nra;jhH. Mz;
36 NeHfhzy;fspd; NghJ> jw;NghJ td;Kiwia mDgtpf;Fk; VNjDk;
NeHfhzg;gLgtHfs; ,Ug;gpd; my;yJ NeHfhzypd; gpd;dH kd mOj;jk; epiwe;j
czHit czUk; vtUk; ,Ug;gpd;> NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfis re;jpg;gjw;F ,ayf;
$ba rpfpr;ir toq;FdHfspd; ngaH kw;Wk; njhlHG ,yf;fj;ij toq;FkhW
NeHfhziy Kd;ndLf;Fk; Ma;thsHfSf;F WSG,dhy; mwpTWj;jg;gl;bUe;jJ.
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xUtiug; Nghy; Njhw;wkspf;Fk; xU ngz;Zld; ehd;
eldkhbaijf; fz;L mtH kfpo;tile;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;
vd ehd; epidf;fpd;Nwd;. mtH vd;Dld; rz;ilapl
Kaw;rpj;jhH vd ehd; epidf;fpd;Nwd;. Vnddpy;> ehDk;>
vdJ tho;f;ifj; JizAk; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsH Nghy
fhl;rpaspj;jikapdhyhFk;."
37
34 tajhd rhd;uh jk;ik xU ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsH/
dyke vd milahsg;gLj;JtJld;> Mz; jd;ik nfhz;l
ngz; vd tHzpf;fpd;whH. ,uT tpLjpnahd;wpy; ngz;
xUtUld; neUf;fkhf eldkhbaijf; fz;l FOtpdH>
me;j tpLjpapd; fhH jupg;gplj;jpy; itj;J jk;ik jhf;fpa
rk;gtk; njhlHgpy; mtH Fwpg;gpl;lhH. mtH $wpajhtJ:>
vdf;F epidtpy; ,Uf;fpd;J. ,UtH vd;Dila
Njhs;fisg; gw;wpf; nfhz;ldH. gpd;Gwkhf vd;id
Rtupy; itj;J js;spdH. vd;Dila tapw;wpy;
mbj;jdH. vdf;F Nfhgk; Vw;gl;L xUtUila
Kfj;jpy; mbj;jjhf vdf;F epidT. me;j egupd;
cjL fpope;J tpl;lJ. mjd; gpd;dNu mtHfs;
vd;id tpl;Lr; nry;y topNaw;gLj;jpaJ.
tht;> cq;fSf;Fj; njupAkh> mts; fPo;gbag;
Nghtjpy;iy vd;wdH. ehd; jpUk;g Nghuhlhky;
,Uf;fg; Nghtjpy;iy vd;gjid mwpe;j mtHfs;
Xbr; nrd;wdH. ehd; Kr;rf;fu tz;bapy; Vwpr;
nrd;Nwd;.
jhk; xU ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsH vd;gjid fz;lwpe;j
gpd;dH> 25 tajhf ,Uf;Fk; NghJ jkJ je;ijahH
jd;id vt;thW jhf;fpdH vd;w mDgtj;ij rhkpyh
gfpHe;J nfhz;lhH.
37 DKScldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2010 nrg;uk;gH 18.
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,. ghypay; td;Kiw
NeHfhzg;gl;l 33 Ngupy; 18 NgH VNjhnthU tifapy;
ghypay; td;Kiwia vjpHnfhz;Ls;sdH vd NeHfhzy;
juTfs; njuptpf;fpd;wd. ghypay; ty;YwT vd;gjpypUe;J
ghypay; jhf;Fjy; tiu ghypay; td;Kiwapy;
cs;slq;Ffpd;wd. FLk;g cWg;gpdHfs;> ez;gHfs;>
njhopy; toq;FdHfs; my;yJ rpNu~;l mjpfhupfs;>
njupahj egHfs; kw;Wk; rf CopaHfs; vd;NghNu ,e;j
Fw;wr; nray;fspy; <LgLgtHfshf cs;sdH.
jkJ cly; njhlHgpy; ghJfhg;gw;w epiyia czur;
nra;Ak; nrayhf ghypay; ty;YwT mr;RWj;jy;
mikfpd;wJ. mtHfSila mbg;gilahd cly;>
cs jd;khdk; vd;gtw;Wf;F ghjpg;G Vw;gLj;Jfpd;wJ.
vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf> 39 tajhd> ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsuhf
jk;ik milahsg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;Sk; Nuh~;kp nfhOk;gpd;
GwefHg; gFjpapy; trpf;fpd;whH. mtUk;> mtuJ tho;f;ifj;
JizAk; tlkj;jpa khfhzj;jpy; trpf;Fk; NghJ> mtHfs;
,UtUk; ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsHfs; vd;gjid
fz;lwpe;J> 'vk;Kld; el;Gld; ,Ue;j maytHfSk;
gyhj;fhukhf ty;YwT nra;tjhf kpul;bdH."
38
,e;j
mr;RWj;jy; eltbf;ifahf Kd;ndLf;fg;glhj NghjpYk;>
Nuh~;kpAk;> mtuJ fhjypAk; njhlHr;rpahd mr;rj;jpd;
kj;jpapNyNa tho;e;J te;Js;sdH. ,Wjpahf mtHfs;
ghJfhg;G fUjp nfhOk;Gf;F ,lk;ngaHe;Js;sdH.
ngz; xUtupd; Mz; fhjyd; xUtH> Fwpj;j ngz;zpd;
fle;j fhy ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;if mDgtq;fis
fhuzkhf fhl;b gyKiw gyte;jkhf ty;Ywtpy;
<Lgl;Ls;shH. 28 tajhd fpwp];b (ngz; jd;ikahd
ghy;epiy ntspghl;bidf; nfhz;l ,ul;ilg;ghYwT
nfhz;ltH vd jd;id milahsg;gLj;Jfpd;whH) vd;gtH>
jkJ Mz; ez;gH vt;thW jk;ik fl;lhag;gLj;jp
clYwtpy; <Lgl;lhH vd;gjid tpgupf;fpd;whH.
38 Nuh~;kpAldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2012 [dtup 6.
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44
'mtUf;F 24/7 clYwT Njit. mtH
vd;id ghypay; ty;YwT nra;fpd;whH
vd;w czHit ehd; mwpe;Njd;.
mtUld; clYwT nfhs;tjw;F vd;id
tw;GWj;jpdhH. ehd; KbahJ vd;W
$wpdhy;> cq;fSf;Fj; njupAkh vd;id
gyte;jg;gLj;jp tpl;L Vd; vdf; Nfl;ghH.
ehd; kWj;jhy;> 'eP ,g;NghJ vd;id
tpUk;gtpy;iy"> 'eP ,g;NghJ vd;id
fhjypf;ftpy;iy" vd;w fhuzq;fis
$WthH> 'vdf;F clYwT Njit" vd
$WthH. ehd; vd;Dila ngz; fhjypAld;
,Ug;gJ Nghd;W vz;zpf; nfhs;SkhWk;
mtH $WthH. ehd; cq;fSld; clYwT
nfhs;Ntd;. mjid mtH ghHf;f KbAk;.
my;yJ mJ Nghd;w tplaq;fisf;
$WthH"
39

jpUkzj;jpw;Fg; gpd;duhd ghypay; ty;Ywit Fw;wtpay;
jilfspy; ,Ue;J ,yq;ifr; rl;lk; tpyf;fpAs;sJ.
%d;whktuhy; Kd;ndLf;fg;gLk; ghypay; ty;Ywit tpl>
neUf;fkhdtuhy; Kd;ndLf;fg;gLk; ghypay; ty;YwT
vd;gJ ghuJ}uk; Fiwe;jjhf fUjg;gLfpd;wJ.
,e;j epiyapy;> fle;j fhyj;jpy; ngz;fSldhd
clYwT nfhs;Sk; fpwp];b Ruz;lYf;F
cs;shf;fg;gLfpd;whH. ,uz;L ngz;fis xd;whf itj;J
Mghrkhd fw;gidfisf; nfhz;l Mz; kdg;ghq;fpw;F
cl;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;shH. cly;rhH td;Kiwiag; Nghd;Nw>
,jidAk; kwe;J tpl KbahJ. Mz; Mjpf;f Ntw;Wg;
ghypdr; NrHf;if fUj;jpay; mtH kPJ Rkj;jg;gLtjhf
mwpayhk;. fpwp];bapd; mDgtq;fis gad;gLj;jp> jkJ
MirfisAk;> NjitfisAk; epiwNtw;wpf; nfhs;syhk;
vd mtH fUJfpd;whH.
39 fpwp];bAldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2011 ngg;utup 16.
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45
H vd;gtH 23 tajhd ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsH
MthH. jkJ ghy;epiy Mz; jd;ik tha;e;jJ vd
mtH Fwpg;gpLfpd;whH. ,uT tpLjpnahd;wpy; ,Ue;J
tPL jpUk;gpf; nfhz;bUe;j NghJ Njitaw;w ghypay;
njhLif Fwpj;j rk;gtj;ij mtH gfpHe;J nfhz;lhH.
,uT tpLjpnahd;wpy; (Amuseum)
nfhz;lhl;lj;jpid Kbj;Jf; nfhz;L
Kr;rf;fu tz;bapy; ehd; tPL Nehf;fpr;
nrd;W nfhz;bUe;Njd;. Kr;rf;fu
tz;bapd; rhujp vd;Dld; fijf;f
Muk;gpj;jhH.
40
ehd; xU Mizg; Nghd;w
Njhw;wk; nfhz;Ls;sikahy; nghJthf
vJTk; NeuhJ. vdpDk;> ,e;j re;jHg;gj;jpy;
ehd; xU ngz; vd;gjid ,e;j rhujp
fz;lwpe;J nfhz;lhH (mwpe;jpUf;fyhk;).
Mdhy;> ehd; ngz;iz Nghy Njhw;wk;
mspf;ftpy;iy vd;gjid cWjp
nra;fpd;Nwd;. mtH mr;r%l;Lk; tifapy;
ele;J nfhz;lhH. ehd; mtUf;F IE}W
&gha; toq;fpNdd;. vd;Dila tPL ,uT
tpLjpf;F mUfpy; cs;sJ. ele;J nry;Yk;
J}uk; jhd;.
41
vdNt> E}W &gha; my;yJ
mjw;F rkkhd msNt nrd;wpUf;Fk;. rpy
Ntis ehd; Mz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsH
vd mtH fUjpapUf;fyhk;. 'ky;yp fll;l
fd;dthj> vjf;nfhl njd;dk; (jk;gp
tha;f;F vLf;fpwhah> mg;NghJ jUfpNwd;)"
vdf; Nfl;lhH. ehd; mr;rj;Jld;> 'gd;rpa
muq; ad;d (IE}W &ghia vLj;Jf;
nfhz;L nry;)" vdf; $wpNdd;. mtH vd;
iffisg; gpbj;J ,Oj;jhH. ehd; iffis
tpLtpj;Jf; nfhz;L Xbtpl;Nld;.
42

40 nfhOk;gpy; cs;s gpugy ,uT tpLjp
41 mz;zsthf 5 mnkupf;f nlhyHfSf;F rkkhFk;.
42 Hcldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2011 ngg;utup 12.
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46
Mz; my;yJ ngz; vd;w ghy;epiy tiffspy; rhjhuzkhf
nghUe;jhjtHfs; vjpHnfhs;Sk; td;Kiwapy; ,yFtpy;
ghjpf;fg;gLk; jd;ikia ,e;j rk;gtk; tpsf;Ffpd;wJ.
mtUila epiyFiye;j ghy;epiy Njhw;wj;jpidj;
jtpu> jhk; ,d;ndhUtuhf czUjy; vd;w epiyahdJ -
nghJthf Mz; vd;w epiyahdJ vr; vd;gtuJ ghJfhg;G
rhHe;j czHtpdhy; Vw;gl;ljhFk; vr; vd;gtupd; ghy;epiy
milahsj;jpd; cWjpaw;w jd;ik vd;gjd; mbg;gilapy;>
cz;ikahf mtiu ghypay; uPjpahf J~;gpuNahfk;
nra;tjw;fhd re;jHg;gj;ij cUthf;Ftjw;fhd epfo;thf
,e;j rk;gtk; cs;sJ. Lf; Lf; rhujpapd; cz;ikahd
Nehf;fk; vd;gJ njsptw;wJ (mJ KOikahf tHj;jfk;
rhHe;jjh my;yJ ghypay; rhHe;jjh my;yJ ,uz;L
rhHe;jjh). Mdhy;> mtuJ elj;ijahdJ re;jHg;gk;
rhHe;jJ vd;gJ njspthdJ. 'Mz;" kw;Wk;; 'ngz;"
vDk; tFg;ghf;fq;fis cWjp nra;tjw;fhd tpOkpak;
vd;gJ r%fr; #o;epiyapy; ghy;epiy njsptpd;ikia
J~;gpuNahfj;jpw;F Jizahf nfhs;s gad;gLfpd;wJ
vd;gjid ,e;j epfo;T tpsf;Ffpd;wJ. jkJ ghy;epiy
vd;d vd;gjid mwpe;J itj;Js;stHfs; jk; kPjhd
Ruz;ly; Fwpj;j ghjpf;fg;gLk; jd;ikia ed;F mwpe;J
itj;jpUg;gH. jQ;rk; miljy; vd;w epiy rhHe;jjhf
mJ ,Uf;fpd;wJ vd;gNj cz;ikahf ,Ug;gpDk;> jg;gpr;
nry;tjw;fhd re;jHg;gk; mjpy; cs;sJ.
nfhOk;G GwefH gFjpapy; thOk; 32 tajhd> ngz;
Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsuhd ,e;jpuhzpAk; ,Nj Nghd;w
mDgtj;ij vjpHnfhz;lhH. Mz; jd;ik md;wpAk;
ngz; jd;ik vd ,uz;L mw;w ',ilg;gl;ltH" vd jkJ
ghy;epiy milahsj;ij ,e;jpuhzp tpsf;Ffpd;whH. jkJ
ghy;epiy milahsj;ij cWjpg;gLj;j ,ayhikahy;
ghypay; gyhj;fhuj;jpw;F cs;shd rk;gtk; xd;iw mtH
gfpHe;J nfhz;lhH.
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47
,e;jpuhzp: xUehs; Mz; xUtH te;J vd;Dila
khHgfq;fis frf;fpdhH. ehk; xU fhHdptYf;Fr;
nrd;wpUe;Njhk;. rpy Mz;fs; J}uj;jpy; ,Ue;J
vk;ik ghHj;J Nfyp nra;J nfhz;bUe;jdH.
ehk; mq;F epiwa ez;gHfs; ,Ue;Njhk; (,J
epfo;e;j NghJ). Mdhy; ehd; jpUk;gpg; ghHj;j
NghJ ahH Gupe;jJ vd;gjid vd;dhy; fz;lwpa
Kbatpy;iy. ehk; $l;lj;jpd; eLtpy; ,Ue;Njhk;.
NeHfz;ltH: ePq;fs; Njhw;wj;jpy; tpj;jpahrkhf
,Ug;gjdhy;jhd; ,J epfo;e;jJ
vd epidf;fpd;wPHfsh?
,e;jpuhzp : Mk;! mtHfshy; vk;ik Vw;Wf;
nfhs;s Kbatpy;iy. ehk; ~_f;fs;
kw;Wk; [Pd;]; mzpe;jpUg;Nghk;.
ehk; rpfnul; Gifg;Nghk;.
43

vr; vd;gtupd; rk;gtj;jpidg; Nghd;W> ,e;jpuhzpAk;
jkJ ghy;epiy milahsj;ij ngz; jd;ik nfhz;ltH
md;wpAk; Mz; jd;ik nfhz;ltH vd;gjid ntspg;gLj;j
,ayhikapd; fhuzkhfNt ghypay; gyhj;fhuj;ij
vjpHnfhz;Ls;shH. mtuJ ghy;epiy milahsj;ij
mwpe;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd;gjpYk; ghHf;f> mtHfis
$He;J fz;fhzpj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wdH vd;gjid
Gupar; nra;tjw;fhfNt ntspegHfs; mtiu ghypay;
gyhj;fhuk; nra;Js;sdH.
<. neUf;fkhd Jizapd; td;Kiw
czHTrhH> cly;rhH kw;Wk; ghypay;rhH td;Kiwahf
neUf;fkhd tho;f;ifj; Jizapd; td;Kiw (IPV)
mikfpd;wJ. ,yq;ifapy; Xupdr; NrHf;if kw;Wk; ghy;
khw;wk; njhlHgpy; fsq;fk; fhzg;gLfpd;w epiyapy;> LBT
cwtpy; neUf;fkhd tho;f;ifj; Jizapd; td;Kiw
43 ,e;jpuhzpAldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 28 Vg;uy; 2011.
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vd;gJ xopg;gjw;F kpfTk; fbdkhdjhFk;: xUtupd;
tho;f;ifj; Jiz vd;gJ J~;gpuNahfk; kpf;fjhf khWk;
NghJ> cjtpg; ngWtJ vd;gJ rpf;fyhdjhfptpLk;.
xU ,ul;ilg; ghYwT kpf;ftuhf ,Uf;Fk; NghJ>
vjpHg;ghiyr; NrHe;j gq;fhsuhy;> Fwpj;j egupd; Ke;ija
Xupdr; NrHf;if mDgtq;fs;> mtUf;F vjpuhf
gad;gLj;jg;glyhk;. NeHfhzg;gl;l 33 Ngupy; 26 NgH>
jkJ neUf;fkhd tho;f;ifj; Jizapdhy; cly;rhH
td;Kiwf;F cs;shdjhf njuptpj;jdH. ,e;j 26 Ngupy;
11 NgH jkJ neUf;fj;Jf;Fupa tho;f;ifj; Jizapdhy;
czHTrhH> cly;rhH kw;Wk;/my;yJ ghypay; rhH
td;Kiwia vjpHnfhz;ltHfs;.
rpyUf;F> neUf;fkhd Jizapd; td;Kiw vd;gJ xU
re;jHg;gj;jpy; khj;jpuNk epfo;e;Js;sJ. mjd; gpd;dH
Fwpj;j jdpegH tpyfp tuf; $bajhftpUe;Js;sJ. jk;ik
ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsH vd tptupf;Fk; 36 tajhd
rr;rpdp nfhOk;gpd; GwefHg; gFjpapy; trpf;fpd;whH. jkJ
xNughiyr; NrHe;j ghYwT fhjypaplk; ,Ue;J gpupe;J
nrd;wikahdJ> vt;thW mtH cly;rhH td;Kiwf;F
cl;gLj;jg;gl;L> miw xd;wpy; gy kzpj;jpahyq;fs;
jLj;J itf;fg;gLk; epiy Njhd;wpaJ vd;gJ Fwpj;j
mDgtq;fis mtH gfpHe;J nfhz;lhH.

ehd; xU miwapy; ,Ue;Njd;. mtH cs;Ns te;J fjit
%bdhH. mg;NghJ vd;dhy; ntspapy; nry;y KbahJ.
Vnddpy;> ehd; mtUld; fijg;gjpy;iy. vd;dhy;
ntspapy; nry;y Kbahj tifapy; mtH miwf; fjit
%bdhH. mtH vd;id fl;bypy; gpbj;J js;spdhH. mtH
,ay;G epiyapy; ,Uf;ftpy;iy. mtH Fbj;jpUe;jhH
vd ehd; epidf;fpd;Nwd;. vdNt> ehis fhiyapy;
fijf;fyhk; vd mtUf;Fj; njuptpj;Njd;. Mdhy;> mtH
mjid Vw;Wf; nfhs;stpy;iy.
44
44 rr;rpdpAldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2011 Vg;uy; 4.
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49
VidNahUf;F td;Kiw vd;gJ njhlHr;rpahdjhFk;.
cjhuzkhf> %d;W tUl cwTKiwapy; jhk; vjpHnfhz;l
cly;rhH kw;Wk; czHTrhH cupik njhlHgpy; rd;uh
mDgtq;fis gfpHe;J nfhz;lhH.
mtUf;F (ngz; Njhop) gpujhdkhf vd; kPJ kpfTk;
mjpf Mir. mj;Jld;> mtH cupik nfhz;lhLk;
czHT mjpfk;. ehd; vtiuAk; ghHg;gjid mtH
Vw;Wf; nfhs;tjpy;iy. ahUk; vd;idg; ghHj;jhy; vd;id
mbg;ghH. tPl;by; my;yJ gzpapy; Nkhrkhd ehshf
,Ug;gpd;> tPl;bw;F tUtjw;F ehd; Ie;J epkplq;fs;
jhkjpj;jhy;> mtH vd;id Fw;wk; $WtH. $r;rypLthH.
td;Kiw kpf;ftuhf khwptpLthH. vd; kPJ nghUl;fis
tpl;nlwpthH. efj;jhy; vd;id fPWthH. vd;id fbg;ghH.
mtUila jiy vd; %f;fpy; gl;L cile;jJ. vdpDk;>
ehd; me;j cwtpy; %d;wiu tUlq;fs; ,Ue;Njd;.
45
VidNahUf;F> J~;gpuNahfk; nra;gtupd; njhlHr;rpahd
Nghijg; nghUspd; fhuzkhf td;Kiw Vw;glyhk;.
nfhOk;gpd; GwefHg; gFjpapy; trpf;Fk; 59 tajhd
fkyh vd;w ngz;> Ntw;Wg; ghYwtpy; ,Ue;J> ngz;
Xupdr; NrHf;iff;F khwpajhf jkJ ghypay; mikg;ig
tpsf;Ffpd;whH. jkJ ,uz;lhtJ cwT Fwpj;J mtH
fijj;jhH. 'J~;gpuNahfk; kpf;fJ" vd mtH mjid
tpsf;fpdhH. 'vd;Dila Kl;lhs; jdj;jpdhy;> kf;fs; kPJ
md;G nrYj;Jtjpdhy; kJ ghtidia epWj;jptplyhk;
vd ehd; epidj;Njd;. Mdhy;> vd;dhy; kJ ghtidia
epWj;j Kbatpy;iy. vdpDk;> ehd; Kaw;rp nra;Njd;.
mtH mjpf td;Kiwahd kJ ghtidahsH. vd;id
khj;jpukpd;wp> jd;idAk; fhak; nra;J nfhs;s mtH
Kaw;rpj;jhH. mJ kpfTk; mghafukhdJ."
46

jhk; xU ,ul;ilg; ghYwT egH vd;gjid mwpe;J
nfhz;l Mz; xUtUldhd cwT Fwpj;j mDgtq;fis
fpwp];b gfpHe;J nfhz;lhH.
45 rhd;uhTldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2010 nrg;uk;gH 18.
46 fkyhTldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2011 Nk 31.
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50
xUehs; ehd; 'ngz;fspd; ,uT" (tpUe;jpd; ngaH)
vd;gjw;F ntspapy; nrd;W> tPl;Lf;F te;j NghJ>
'ahUld; eP gLj;jha;" vd;w Nfs;tpNa mtH Kjypy;
vOg;gpajhFk;. 'eP vd;d nrhy;y tUfpwha;" vd ehd;
Nfl;Nld;. 'epr;rakhf eP cd;Dila ez;gHfSld;
jhd; mq;Nf ,Ue;jpUg;gha;. ve;jnthU Mz;fSk;
mq;F te;jpUf;f KbahJ. mjdhy; jhd; Nfl;fpNwd;> eP
ahUld; gLj;jpUe;jha; vd" vd;whH. 'ahUkpy;iy" vd
ehd; $wpNdd;. mtH vd;id miwe;jhH. mJNt me;j
cwtpd; Kbthf ,Ue;jJ. vd;Dila Kfj;jpy; Ntfkhf
miwe;jhH. vd;id cijg;gjw;Fk; mtH Kaw;rpj;jhH.
47

jhf;FjYf;F cs;shFk; tho;f;ifj; Jizf;F epthuzk;
NfhUtjw;F> 2005Mk; Mz;bd; tPl;L td;Kiwia jLj;jy;
njhlHghd rl;lj;jpd; 23MtJ gpupT mDkjpaspf;fpd;w
NghjpYk;> NeHfhzg;gl;l vtUk; Nkw;Fwpg;gpl;l rk;gtq;fis
nghyp]; epiyaj;jpy; Kiwg;ghlhf Fwpg;gpltpy;iy. jhk;
xNu ghy; clYwtpy; <Lgl;bUe;jikapd; fhuzkhfTk;>
taJ te;NjhUld; (18 taJf;F Nky;) ,zf;fj;Jldhd
xNu ghy; clYwT vd;gJ Fw;wtpay; rl;lf;Nfhitapd;
365 V gpuptpd; fPo; Fw;wkhf fUjg;gLtjhYNk ,e;j
jaf;f epiy epyTfpd;wJ. Ntw;Wg; ghYwTfSf;F
,ilapyhd eltbf;iffs; cs;slq;fyhf gy;NtW
eltbf;iffisAk; cs;slf;Ffpd;w NghjpYk;> 365 V
gpupTld; nghUe;jpajhf tPl;L td;Kiwia jLg;gjw;fhd
rl;lk; guPl;rpf;fg;gltpy;iy. tuyhw;W uPjpahd Mz; Xupdr;
NrHf;ifahsHfs; kw;Wk; MZld; clYwT nfhs;Sk;
Mz;fisNa 365 V gpupT ,yf;F itj;Js;sJ. ngz;
Xupdr; NrHf;ifia Fw;wkhf;Ftjhf khw;wg;gLtjw;F ,e;j
rl;lj;jpd; nkhop gpuNahfkhdJ cs;sJ. ,jd; fhuzkhf
ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifapy; td;Kiw vjpHnfhs;gtHfs;
Kiwg;ghL nra;tjpy; my;yJ ghJfhg;G ngWtjpy;
jilia Vw;gLj;jpAs;sJ.
47 fpwp];bAldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2011 ngg;utup 16.
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c. Ntiyj;jsj;jpy; ghugl;rk;
,e;j Ma;tpd; Nehf;fj;jpw;fhf> ghugl;r eltbf;iffs;
td;Kiwf;F fhuzkhf mikAkhapd;> ghugl;rKk;
td;Kiwahf fUjg;gl;lJ. cjhuzkhf> gpd;tUk;
re;jHg;gq;fs;:
• ghugl;rk; rhHe;j eltbf;ifahdJ cly;rhH my;yJ
cstpay; jPq;fpid Vw;gLj;Jkhapd; my;yJ cly;rhH
td;Kiwapd; jPtpuj;ij mjpfupf;Fkhapd;>
• td;Kiwf;F fhuzkhd my;yJ topNaw;gLj;Jk;
#o;epiyf;F ghugl;rk; ,l;Lr; nry;Ykhapd;>
• td;Kiwapd; Fwpg;gplj;jf;f tiffSf;F ghugl;rk;
gq;fspf;Fkhapd; kw;Wk;/my;yJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;f
td;KiwahsHfSf;F miog;G tpLf;Fkhapd;>
• mur kw;Wk; jdpahH nraw;ghl;lhsHfshy;
td;Kiwf;fhd epahag;gLj;jyhf ghugl;rk;
khWkhapd;>
• td;Kiw epfOk; NghJ mur jug;G nrayw;W
,Ug;gjw;F ghugl;rk; fhuzkhf ,Ug;gpd;>
• td;Kiwahy; ghjpf;fg;gl;l LBT egHfs; epWtdq;fspy;
jtwhf elj;jg;gLtjw;F ghugl;rk; top tFf;Fkhapd;>
jkf;F vjpuhd ghugl;rj;jpd; fhuzkhf Ntiyj;jsj;jpy;
Vw;gl;l czHTrhH> cly;rhH kw;Wk; ghypay;rhH
J~;gpuNahf mDgtq;fs; Fwpj;J NeHfhzg;gl;l ehy;tH
njuptpj;jdH.
jkJ caujpfhupahy; jhk; vt;thW ghypay; gyhj;fhuj;jpw;F
cs;shf;fg;gl;Nld; vdTk;> jhk; gy Kiw kWj;j
re;jHg;gq;fspYk; Ntiy Neuq;fspy; caujpfhupapd;
miwf;Fs; jk;ik milj;J itj;jpUe;jik Fwpj;j
mDgtq;fisAk; fpwp];b gfpHe;J nfhz;lhH. jkJ
gzpg;ghsuhy;> jd;Dila ghypay; MHtk; Fwpj;J
caujpfhupf;F njuptpf;fg;gl;L> kw;nwhU ngz;Zld;
ghypay; nraw;ghl;by; <LgLkhWk;> jhk; mjid
fhzNtz;Lk; vdTk; mioj;j caujpfhupapd; nray;
Fwpj;J ,e;j epfo;T tpsf;Ffpd;wJ.
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jd;id ,d;ndhU ngz;zpw;F mwpKfg;gLj;JtjhfTk;>
me;j ngz;Zld; ehd; clYwT nfhs;tjid mtuhy;
ghHf;f KbAk; vd;w Nahridia mtH Kditj;jhH.
mJ kpfTk; mnrsfupakhf ,Ue;J. mjd; fhuzkhf
ehd; vdJ Ntiyia tpl;Lr; nry;y tpUk;gpNdd;. vdf;F
Mz;fis tpl> ngz;fspy; <Hg;G mjpfk; vd;gjid
njupe;J nfhz;l mtH> ,t;thwhd Nahridfis mbf;fb
$wp te;jhH. ehd; vg;NghJ mtiu ghHj;jhYk;> mq;fpUe;J
Xbtpl Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ Nghyj; Njhd;Wk;. fhuzk;>
mtH vd;id ghHf;Fk; tpjk; kpfTk; neUly; jUtjhf
,Ue;jJ. rpy re;jHg;gq;fspy;> mtUf;F vd;Dila
ifNgrp ,yf;fk; njupAk; vd;gjhy;> 'cd;Dila fhjyp
vg;gbapUf;fpd;whs;" my;yJ 'mtUila glj;ij ehd;
ghHf;f KbAkh" kw;Wk; 'cq;fSila me;juq;fg;
gFjpfs; vg;gb ,Uf;fpd;wd?" Nghd;w FWQ;nra;jpfis
mDg;GthH. vdf;F ngUk; neUf;fbahfTk;> kduPjpahf
jhf;fk; nrYj;JtjhfTk; me;j nray; ,Ue;jJ.
vdf;F cz;ikahf Ntiy nra;a gpbf;ftpy;iy.
KfhikahsUld; eP gLf;ftpy;iynad;why; cdf;F
gjtpAaHT fpilf;fhJ> vJTk; fpilf;fhJ> cdf;F
rk;gs caHT fpilf;fhJ vd rf CopaHfs; $WtH.
thbf;ifahsH Nrit Copauhf ehd; ePz;l fhyk; ,Ue;J
tpl;Nld;. ehd; ehiag; Nghy Ntiy nra;Ntd;> Mdhy;>
mtHfSld; gLf;fhikapdhy; vdf;F rk;gs caHT
fpilf;ftpy;iy. vd;Dila mYtyfj;jpy; ghJfhg;G
mjpfhupapy; ,Ue;J> Kfhikj;Jtk; tiu midtUf;Fk;
vd;Dila me;juq;f tho;f;ifia mwpe;J nfhs;Sk;
MHtk; ,Uf;fpd;wJ. ,J kpfTk; Nkhrkhd tplak;. ehd;
mtHfsplk; mij $w KbahJ my;yJ vd;Dila
fhjypia tho;f;ifj; Jizahf mwpKfg;gLj;j KbahJ.
Vnddpy;> ehDk; ,ize;J nfhs;syhkh> ghHf;fyhkh
vd mtHfs; Nfl;ghHfs;. mt;thwhd Nfs;tpfisNa
mtHfs; Nfl;ghHfs;.
Ntiyj;jsj;jpy; ghypay; gyhj;fhuk; Fwpj;j fpwp];bapd;
mDgtk; ngUk;ghyhd ngz;fSf;F nghJthdJ my;y.
,Ug;gpDk;> ,ul;ilg; ghYwT ngz;zhd xUtH> Fwpj;j


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[
]
re;jHg;gj;jpy; ngz; xUtUld; cwtpy; ,Ue;jhH vd
mJ gug;gg;gl;Ls;sJ vd;gNj cz;ikahFk;. NkYk;
gyhj;fhuj;jpw;F cs;shfhJ kw;Wk; J~;gpuNahfj;jpw;F
cs;shfhJ> KiwrhH epthuzj;ij mZFtjw;Fk;
mtUf;F rpf;fy; ,Ue;jJ. Vnddpy;> mtH Ntw;Wg;
ghYwT ngz; my;y. mj;Jld;> ngUk;ghyhd nghJ
kw;Wk; jdpahH ghypay; gyhj;fhuq;fs; ghypay; mikg;G
njhlHghdjhf gyhj;fhuq;fis cs;slf;fhikNa
,jw;fhd fhuzkhFk;.
jkJ ghy;epiy milahsj;ij 'eLtpy; cs;stH" vd
tptupf;Fk; ,e;jpuhzp> Mz;ikNah my;yJ ngz;ikNah
mw;wtuhf cs;sJld;> 32 tajhd mtH nfhOk;gpd;
GwefHg; gFjpapy; trpf;fpd;whH. CopaHfSf;fhd tPlikg;G
njhlHgpy; Ke;ija Ntiyj;jsj;jpy; vjpHnfhz;l
ghugl;rk; Fwpj;J mtH Fwpg;gpl;lhH. Mz;fs; kw;Wk;
ngz;fs; ,ize;J ehq;fs; gzpahw;wpNdhk;. Mdhy;>
cwq;Fjy;> Fspj;jy; kw;Wk; miwfis xJf;Fjy;
vd tUk;NghJ> Vida ngz;fspy; ,Ue;J vk;ik
Kfhikj;Jtk; xJf;Fk;. ehk; rhjhuzkhdtHfs; my;y
vd;gNj mtHfsJ fUj;J. vq;fSld; ,Ug;gjw;F
mtHfSf;F tpUg;gk; ,y;iy. Vnddpy;> mtHfSf;F
vk;kPJ tpUg;gk; ,y;iy. ekf;F jdpahd ,lq;fs;
toq;fg;gl;ld.
48

gy re;jHg;gq;fspy; jkJ FTM (ngz;zpypUe;J MZf;F)
epiyahdJ nghUj;jkhd Ntiytha;g;gpid ngWtjw;F
jilahf ,Ue;jjhf ];fpd;dH njuptpj;jhH.
48 ,e;jpuhzpAldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2011 Vg;uy; 28


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vd;Dila midj;J Mtzq;fspYk; vd;Dila ngaH
NtW (ngz;)> vd;Dila ghy;epiy NtW (Mz;). vdNt>
ehd; mtHfs; Kd;dhy; Ngha; epd;why; mtHfs; ghHf;Fk;
cUtk; NtW. ,jdhy; mtHfs; Nkhrkhd fhuzq;fisf;
$WtH. 'cq;fis vk;khy; Ntiyf;Fr; NrHf;f KbahJ"
my;yJ 'ehk; cq;fSf;F mwpaj; jUfpd;Nwhk;". ',t;thW
(,e;j Njhw;wj;jpy;) cd;dhy; Ntiy ngw KbahJ"
vd rpyH kpfTk; fLikahf njuptpg;gH. my;yJ 'Vd;
Mizg; Nghy cLj;jpapUf;fpd;wha;" vdf; Nfl;gH.
my;yJ 'cd;dhy; Vd; rhjhuzkhf ,Uf;f KbahJ?"
vdf; Nfl;gH.
49
,uz;L jdpg;gl;l rk;gtq;fspy; jkJ Nkw;ghHitahsHfshy;
ghugl;rk; kw;Wk; ghypay; gyhj;fhuj;jpw;F
cl;gLj;jg;gl;lik njhlHghd mDgtq;fis rhkpyh
gfpHe;J nfhs;fpd;whH.
xU re;jHg;gj;jpy;> mtuJ Nkw;ghHitahsHfspy; xUtH
(mz;zsthf 59 taJ)> ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsuhd
jkJ kidtpAld; clYwT nfhs;SkhW NfhupAs;shH.
'mtuJ kidtpAld; clYwT nfhs;SkhW mtH
vd;id mioj;jhH. tajhd ngz;zpd; gpd;dhy;
nry;Yk; egH ehdpy;iy vd ehd; $wpNdd;. mj;Jld;>
xt;nthUtUila MiriaAk; g+Hj;jp nra;Ak;
ngz; ehdpy;iy vdTk; $wpNdd;."
50
Ntiyapl
gupkhw;wj;ij toq;FtjhfTk; mtH njuptpj;Js;shH.
Fwpj;j re;jHg;gj;jpy; rhkpyh nfhOk;Gf;F ntspNa
njhopy; Gupe;J te;jJld;> nfhOk;Gf;F ,lkhw;wk;
NfhupapUe;Js;shH. ,e;j tpz;zg;gj;jpw;F ghypay; rhH
cjtpfis mtuJ Nkw;ghHitahsH NfhupAs;shH. ,e;j
re;jHg;gj;jpy; ghypay; gyhj;fhuk; vd;gJ ,lkhw;wk;
kWf;fg;gly; kw;Wk; gjtp caHT kWf;fg;gly; vd;gjd;
mbg;gilapy;> mtuJ Nkw;ghHitahsuJ ghypay;
Mirfis epiwNtw;w kWj;jjhy; Vw;gl;Ls;sJ.
49 ];fpd;dUldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2011 xf;NlhgH 7.
50 rkpyhTldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2011 Mf];l; 8.
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jkJ Ntiyj;jsj;jpy; cs;s NtW xUtH
Nkw;ghHitahsH vt;thW jk; kPJ tha;%y J~;gpuNahfk;
Fwpj;j mDgtq;fisAk; rkpyh gfpHe;J nfhz;lhH.
'ntspg;gilahf" ahNuh vd;idg; gw;wp VNjhnthU
fijia $wp cs;sdH. vdNt> mtH vd;id mioj;J>
ehd;F my;yJ Ie;J NgH Kd;dpiyapy; jpl;bdhH. mtH
epe;jpf;Fk; rpy nrhw;fis gad;gLj;jpdhH. 'Mg;g" vd;w
nrhy;iyAk; mtH gad;gLj;jpdhH."
Ntiy jsj;jpy; eilngWk; ghypay; gyhj;fhuk; njhlHghd
ve;jnthU KiwrhH nfhs;iffisAk; murhq;f
mjpfhupfs; cs;thq;ftpy;iy. mNjNghd;W> fk;gdpfs;
Jiwf;Fk; KiwrhH nfhs;if vJTk; ,y;iy. vdpDk;>
epWtdq;fs; nfhs;iffis cUthf;fp> cs;thq;Fk;
epiyiaAk; fhzf; $bajhfTs;sJ. vdpDk;> mit
ghypay; mikg;G> ghy;epiy milahsk; my;yJ
ghy;epiy ntspg;ghL mbg;gilapyhd gyhj;fhuj;ij
jLf;Fk; gpupTfs; mjpy; ntspg;gilahf ,y;iy.
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mur mjpfhupfshy; td;Kiwia mDgtpj;jjhf 33
Ngupy; 13 NgH NeHfhzypd; NghJ njuptpj;jdH. ,tw;wpy;
gpujhdkhdit ghJfhg;G gilapdH kw;Wk; nghyp]huhy;
Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;Ls;sJ. Fwpg;gpl;l topfspy; ,yFtpy;
ghjpf;fg;glf; $batHfshf tpsq;Fk; ngz; Xupdr;
NrHf;ifahsHfs;> ,ul;ilg; ghYwtpy; <LgLk; ngz;fs;
kw;Wk; ghy; khw;wk; nra;jtHfs; MfpNahNu ,t;thW
mur mjpfhupfshy; td;Kiwf;F cs;shfpAs;sdH.
cjhuzkhf> Fwpj;j re;jHg;gq;fspy; td;Kiwfis
mwpf;ifg;gLj;JtJ rpwe;j njupT ,y;iy. Vnddpy;>
Xupdr; NrHf;iff;fhf my;yJ xupd ghy;epiy milahsk;
my;yJ ghy;epiy ntspg;ghl;bw;fhf jz;lidf;F
cs;shff; $ba rhj;jpaq;fs; rhHe;j mr;rk; ,jw;fhd
fhuzkhFk;.
flw;fiuNahuk; mike;Js;s tpLjpnahd;wpy; ,e;jpuhzpAk;
(Mz;ikj; jd;ikahd ghy;epiy ntspg;ghl;Lldhd>
ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsH) mtuJ ngz; fhjypAk;
(ngz;ikj; jd;ikahd ghy;epiy ntspg;ghLs;stH)
czT cl;nfhz;bUe;j re;jHg;gj;jpy; nghyp]hupdhy;
epfo;j;jg;gl;l rk;gtk; xd;wpid mtH tpgupj;jhH.
,e;jg; gFjpapy; re;jpf;Fk; N[hbfis (Ntw;Wg;ghYwT)
nghyp]hH mbf;fb Nrhjid nra;Ak; ,lkhFk;.
51

51 ,yq;ifapy; ngUk;ghyhd ,isQHfs; jkJ FLk;gq;fSld; trpf;fpd;w epiyapy;>
jpUkzj;jpw;F Kd;duhd clYwT (Ntw;Wg; ghYwT) vd;gJ Kfk; Rspf;Fk; tplakhf
ghHf;fg;gLfpd;wJ. ,jd; fhuzkhf jdpahd ,lq;fspy; re;jpg;gjw;fhd tha;g;G
,y;yhj ,isQHfs; flw;fiuapy; re;jpf;fpd;wdH. flw;fiu gFjpapy; GjHfshy;
#og;gl;Ls;s gFjpfspy; N[hbfs; (Ntw;Wg; ghYwT) kj;jpapy; $LtjidNa
‘GjHfSf;F mUfpy; ’ vd;w Fwpg;G tpsf;Ffpd;wJ.
[
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[
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#07 muR rhHe;j
nraw;ghl;lhsHfspd;
td;Kiw kw;Wk; ghugl;rk;
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,uT cztpw;Fg; gpd;dH> ehDk; vdJ ez;gpAk; ,uT
vl;L kzp tiu fijj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;J tpl;L> tpLjpia
tpl;L ntspNawpNdhk;. ehk; ntspNa te;j NghJ>
flw;fiuapy; ,Ue;j midtiuAk; nghyp]hH Nrhjid
nra;J nfhz;bUe;jdH. \GjHfSf;F mUfpy| cs;s
N[hbfisNa mtHfs; tpNrlkhf Nrhjid nra;J
nfhz;bUe;jdH. ehk; fiuNahukhf ,Ue;j tPjpapy; ele;J
nrd;W nfhz;bUe;Njhk;. ehk; tpLjpapy; ,Ue;J ntspNa
te;jikahy;> ,uz;L nghyp]; mjpfhupfs; vk;ik jLj;J
epWj;jp \vq;Nf nry;fpd;wPHfs;| vdf; Nfl;ldH. ,uTzit
vLj;Jf; nfhz;L tPL Nehf;fpr; nry;tjhf ehk; $wpNdhk;.
tpLjpapy; czT cl;nfhz;l gw;Wr;rPl;ilAk; mtHfSf;F
fhl;bNdhk;. ehk; flw;fiuapy; tPzhf nghOij fopg;gjhf
$wp> mtHfs; vk;ik Nkyjpf tprhuizf;fhf nghyp];
epiyaj;jpw;F mioj;Jr; nrd;wdH.
52

1842 Mk; Mz;L ehNlhbfs; rl;lj;jpd; fPo;> 'nghJ
,lj;jpy; tPzhf miye;J jpupgtHfs;" vd fUJgtHfis>
,e;jpuhzp vjpHnfhz;l #o;epiyiag; Nghd;w
re;jHg;gq;fspy; tprhuiz nra;tjw;fhd cupik nghyp_
]hUf;F cs;sJ. vdpDk;> ,e;j rl;lkhdJ tpNrlkhf>
nghyp]hupd; J~;gpuNahfq;fSf;F ,yFtpy; ghj;jpukhff;
$ba Fiwe;j r%f-nghUshjhu me;j];Jila Mz;
jd;ikapy; Njhw;wkspf;Fk; ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsHfs;
kw;Wk; ghy; khw;wk; nra;J nfhz;l egHfis ,yf;F
itg;gjhf mikfpd;wJ. ,t;thwhd nghyp]; Nrhjid
eltbf;iffspd; NghJ tprhuizf;fhf mioj;Jr;
nry;yg;gLgtHfs; nghJthf nghyp]; epiyaq;fspy;
jLj;J itf;fg;gLtH (,jd; NghJ cly;rhH kw;Wk;
ghypay; J~;gpuNahfj;jpw;F ,yf;fhf;fg;gLtH) my;yJ
,yQ;rk; ngw;Wf; nfhz;L mDg;gp itf;fg;gLtH
53
.
milahs ml;ilapy; cs;s Gifg;glk; kw;Wk; ngaH
vd;gtw;Wld; nghUe;jhj re;jHg;gq;fspy;> Mz; jd;ik
52 ,e;jpuhzpAldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2011 Vg;uy; 28.
53 ,yq;ifapy; ghy;tpidj; njhopyhsHfSf;F (ghy; khw;wk; nra;jtH) vjpuhd nghyp]
hH Nrhjid njhlHghd Nkyjpf jfty;fSf;F ghHf;f: epf;fy];> md;upah (2010)
lhd;]; nghd;dah lhd;];! ,yq;ifapy; ghy; khw;wk; nra;J nfhz;ltHfSf;F
vjpuhd nghyp]; J~;gpuNahfq;fs;> ngz;zpa Fw;wtpay; 2010 5: 195> ,izaj;jpy;
fpilf;Fkplk;: htp://fcx.sagepub.com/content/5/2/195
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kw;Wk; ngz; jd;ik Nghd;w vz;zf;fUf;fspy;> ghJfhg;Gr;
rhtbfspy; ghJfhg;G gilapduhy; epe;jpf;ff; $ba
Nfs;tpfs; vOg;gg;gl;L> Vw;gLk; jhf;fk; Fwpj;Jk; ghy;
khw;wk; nra;J nfhz;l egHfs; kw;Wk; Mz; jd;ikahd
Njhw;wj;ijf; nfhz;l ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsHfs;
njuptpf;fpd;wdH.
nfhOk;gpy; mike;Js;s ,uhZt ghJfhg;Gr; rhtbapy;
jd;id xU Mz; vd;W fUjpa rk;gtk; xd;iw rhd;uh
gfpHe;J nfhz;lhH.
vd;id Nrhjidr; nra;Ak; gyH> vd;Dila milahs
ml;iliag; ghHj;J tpl;L> Vd; vdf;F ngz; xUtupd;
ngaH ,lg;gl;Ls;sJ vd Nfl;gH. \Mk;> Vnddpy;> ehd;
xU ngz;| vd mtHfSf;F ehd; gjpyspg;Ngd;. NtW
rpyH \ePq;fs; kp];]h my;yJ Nruh? (Mzh my;yJ
ngz;zh)?| vdf; Nfl;ghHfs;. \ehd; Mzh my;yJ ngz;zh
vd;gjid vd;Dila milahs ml;il $Wk;. mjid
Kjypy; ghUq;fs;| vd ehd; mtHfSf;F gjpyspg;Ngd;.
mJ vdf;F kpFe;j vupr;riy Vw;gLj;Jk;. Muk;gk; KjNy
Neubahf gjypg;gjw;Nf ehd; Kaw;rpg;Ngd;
54
.
xNu ghy; JizfSld; tUkhdj;ij gfpHe;J
nfhs;Sjy; vd;gjd; mbg;gilapy; Xa;t+jpa jpl;lq;fs;
kw;Wk; tq;fp fld;fs; Nghd;w mur Nritfisg; ngw;Wf;
nfhs;Sk; Kaw;rpfs; Njhy;tpaile;jik Fwpj;Jk; rpy
NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfs; jkJ mDgtq;fisg; gfpHe;J
nfhz;ldH. epWtdkag;gLj;jg;gl;l mur ghugl;rk; vd
,e;j Gwf;fzpg;gpid mtHfs; Fwpg;gpLfpd;wdH.
kd ey kw;Wk; itj;jpa epGzHfs; cs;slq;fyhf
mur Jiw Nrit toq;FdHfshy; vjpHnfhs;sg;gl;l
td;Kiwfis NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfspy; 7 NgH gfpHe;J
nfhz;ldH. ngw;Nwhupdhy; \Fzkhf;Ftjw;F| gyte;jkhf
kj epWtdq;fs;> itj;jparhiyfs;> kUj;Jt Nritfs;
kw;Wk; kdey NritfSf;F mioj;Jr; nry;yg;gl;l
54 rhd;uhTldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2010 nrg;uk;gk; 18.
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re;jHg;gq;fspy; rpy td;Kiwfs; epfo;e;Js;sd
55
. jkJ
fhjypapd; ngw;NwhH> jkJ fhjypia \Fzkhf;Ftjw;F|vd
mioj;Jr; nrd;W kpd;dpaf;f mjpHr;rp itj;jpak;
toq;fpajhf NeHfhzg;gl;l xUtH njuptpj;jhH.
56

55 NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfs; vt;thW gyte;jkhf kj kw;Wk; kUj;Jt epWtdq;fSf;F
mioj;Jr; nry;yg;gl;ldH vd;gJ Fwpj;J Nkyjpf jfty;fSf;F 10 kw;Wk; 11Mk;
gf;fspy; KiwNa cs;s rhkpyh kw;Wk; ];fpd;dUldhd NeHfhzy;fisg; ghHf;fTk;.
56 Nuh];kpAldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2012 [dtup 6.
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60
'vd;dhy; nghyp]; epiyaj;jpw;Fr; nry;y
KbahJ vd vdf;Fj; njupAk;. ehd; mtHfsplk;
vd;d nrhy;tJ? - ehd; rpy ngz;fSld;
eldkhbaikf;fhf mtHfs; vd;id mbj;jdH
vd;gJ cq;fSf;Fj; njupAkh? mJ vd;id
NkYk; Jauj;jpw;F ,l;Lr; nry;Yk;. ehd; jdpahf
,Ue;Njd;. vdNt> ehd; Kr;rf;fu tz;b xd;wpy;
Vwp tPl;bw;Fr; nrd;W tpl;Nld;."
57
- rhd;uh> 34 taJ> ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsH
epthuzj;jpw;fhd mZFk; trjpapd;ik vd;gNj
NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfs; vjpHNehf;fpa gpujhd rpf;fyhf
cs;sJ. NkNy> Fwpg;gpl;lthW> FLk;g cWg;gpdHfshy;
mtHfs; td;Kiwf;F cs;shFk; NghJ> FLk;g
cWg;gpdHfis 'Fw;wk; ,ioj;jtHfs;" vd;gjd;
mbg;gilapy; ghHg;gjpy; rpf;fiyf; nfhz;bUe;jdH.
mj;Jld;> ,e;j td;Kiwia nghyp]; my;yJ NtW
epWtdq;fspy; mwpf;ifg;gLj;JtjpYk; jaf;fk;
nfhz;bUe;jdH. tpNrlkhf> tPl;by; gpuj;jpNafkhd
,lj;jpy; ,e;j rk;gtk; eilngWk; NghJ ,e;j epiy
mjpfkhf fhzg;gl;lJ. tPl;by; eilngWk; td;Kiwia
nghyp]; epiyaj;jpy; mwpf;ifg;gLj;jpdhy;> jkJ FLk;g
cWg;gpdH rl;lj;jpd; Kd;dhy; epWj;jg;gLthH vd;gjd;
fhuzkhfTk; jaf;fk; fhl;bajhf NeHfhzg;gl;l
rpyH njuptpj;jdH. mNjNtis> Njitaw;w tpsk;guk;
my;yJ FLk;g cWg;gpdiu mtkhdj;jpw;Fk;>
rpf;fYf;Fk; cs;shf;Fk; mr;RWj;jiy Vw;gLj;Jtjpy;
NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfSf;F MHtk; ,y;iy.
57 rhd;uhTldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2010 nrg;uk;gH 18.
[
]
#08 epthuzj;jpw;fhd mZFk;
trjp
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tPjpapy;> rKjha $l;lq;fspy;> nghJ Nghf;Ftuj;jpy;>
my;yJ Ntiyj;jsj;jpy; Nghd;w nghJ jsj;jpy;
td;Kiwapy; ghjpf;fg;gl;ltHfshf mtHfs; ,Ue;jpUg;gpd;>
ghy;epiy cWjpnra;ag;glhj epiy my;yJ ghypay;
mikg;G vd;gtw;wpw;fhf ,yf;F itf;fg;gl;bUg;gpd;> jkJ
LBT vd;w epiy ntspg;gLk; vd;w mr;rj;jpy; td;Kiwia
mwpf;ifg;gLj;Jtjpy; mtHfs; jaf;fk; fhl;lyhk;.
58

,Ug;gpDk;> nghJ kw;Wk; jdpahH jsq;fs; vd
,uz;L epiyfspYk; epfOk; cly;rhH td;KiwahdJ>
mwpf;ifg;gLj;jg;glhjjhf kw;Wk; Mtzg;gLj;jg;glhjjhf
cs;sikia NeHfhzy; juTfs; ntspg;gLj;jpd.
mj;Jld;> cly;rhH td;Kiwf;F cs;shd LBT egHfSf;F
epthuzk;> ,og;gPL my;yJ cs;sf td;Kiw epfo;r;rpfs;
my;yJ cjtpf; FOf;fs; Nghd;w td;Kiwia
vjpHNehf;fpa ngz;fSld; gzpahw;Wk; kdey Nrit
toq;FNthupd cstsj; Jiz toq;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.
LBT egHfspd; nghJthd ,aYik kw;Wk; Fiwfis
gjptpLtjw;fhd kdr;rhHG vd;gtw;Wld; mLj;jLj;jjhf
itj;Jg; ghHf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. Vnddpy;> mtHfSila
ghypay;G my;yJ ghy;epiy milahsk; vd;gtw;Wld;
njhlHGglhjjhf Fw;wk; mikfpd;w re;jHg;gq;fspYk;>
tpNrl mf;fiw nrYj;j Ntz;ba epiyAs;sJ. 18
taJf;F Nkw;gl;Nlhupd; ,zf;fj;Jldhd xNu ghy;
NrHf;if eltbf;iffis Fw;wkhf;Fk; Fw;wtpay;
Nfhitr; rl;l eilKiwfSk; LGBT jdpegHfis
,yFtpy; ghjpf;fg;glf; $batHfshf khw;wptpLfpd;wJ.
mtHfis ifJ nra;tjw;fhf kw;Wk; njhy;iy
nra;tjw;F VJtjhf Fw;wtpay; Nfhitapd; 365 V kw;Wk;
ehNlhbfs; rl;lk; vd;gd gad;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wd. Xupdr;
NrHf;ifahsHfs;> ,ul;ilg; ghYwtpy; <LgLgtHfs;>
my;yJ ghy; khw;wk; nra;jtHfSf;F vjpuhf mr;RWj;jy;
Vw;gLj;Jk; kw;Wk; td;Kiwia gpuNahfpf;Fk; epWtdkhf
nghyp]; vd;gjid LBT rKjhak; ghHf;fpd;wJ.
58 gy;NtW fhuzq;fSf;F jhk; ntspg;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wik njhlHgpy; NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfs;
mQ;rpdH: jkJ ghypay; mikg;gpid FLk;gj;jpdH mwpe;J nfhs;tH vd rpyH
mQ;rpdH. nghyp]hH gyhj;fhuj;jpw;F kw;Wk; / my;yJ Fw;wtpay; Nfhit gpupT 365
V ,d; fPo; jhk; ifJ nra;ag;glyhk; vd VidNahUk; mQ;rpdH.
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Nkyjpfkhf> ,yq;ifapy; cs;s ePjpkd;w KiwahdJ
nghJthf ghjpf;fg;gl;ltHfSf;F Mjuthdjhf ,y;iy.
mj;Jld; ePjpkd;w tprhuizfs; nghJ kf;fSf;F
ghHitaplf; $bajhf ,Ug;gjdhy;> jkJ ghypay;
mikg;G my;yJ ghy;epiy milahsj;ij nghJ
kf;fSf;F mwpahJ itj;Jf; nfhs;s tpUk;GgtHfSf;F
VJthdjhf ,y;iy. NkYk;> kdpj cupikfs;
Mizf;FO> nghyp]; Mizf;FO> nghJ Nritfs;
Mizf;FO kw;Wk; ePjp Nritfs; Mizf;FO
vd;gdtw;wpd; epakdq;fis [dhjpgjp toq;Ftjdhy;>
mtw;wpd; nraw;ghL Fwpj;j RahjPdj; jd;ik Fwpj;Jk;
ek;gpf;if nfhs;s Kbatpy;iy.
,e;j #o;epiyapy;> murhq;f mjpfhupfsplkpUe;J
td;Kiwf;fhf epthuzk; ngWtjw;fhd rhj;jpak; vd;gJ
re;Njfj;jpw;fplkhdJ vd LBT egHfs; njuptpf;fpd;wdH.
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#09 vjpHtpidaspj;jy;>
vjpHnfhs;sy; kw;Wk;
vjpHj;J Nghuhly;
ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsHfs;> ,ul;ilg; ghYwT
ngz;fs; kw;Wk; ghy; khw;wk; nra;j egHfs; td;Kiwf;F
vt;thW vjpHtpidaspf;;fpd;whHfs; vd;gjidAk; ,e;j
Ma;T guprPyid nra;jJ. ghugl;r epiyik my;yJ
td;Kiw eilngWk; ,lj;ij tpl;L ntspNaWtJ my;yJ
Gwf;fzpg;gNj rpf;fyhd #o;epiyia vjpHnfhs;tjw;fhd
rpwe;j top vd NeHfhzg;gl;l rpy LBT egHfs;
njuptpj;jdH. VidNahH gpur;rpidf;F vjpuhf NghuhLjy;
vd;gjid Fwpg;gpl;ldH. ,e;j Ma;tpd; Nehf;fj;jpw;fhf>
%d;W Kf;fpakhd gjpy;fis ehk; tbtikj;Njhk;.
mit> nghUj;jkhd tifapy; NeHfhzg;gl;l egHfshy;
gad;gLj;jg;gl;ld. mitahtd: 1) czHr;rptag;gl;l
gpujpgypg;G> 2) nrayw;w gpujpgypg;G> kw;Wk; 3) nraw;wpwd;
kpf;f/MHtyH gpujpgypg;G
m. czHr;rptag;gl;l gpujpgypg;G
jhk; vjpHnfhz;l td;Kiw kw;Wk; ghugl;rj;jpd;
fhuzkhf NeHfhzg;gl;l midtUk; mjpHr;rpaspf;Fk;>
ePbj;j czHTrhH tpisTfis vjpHnfhz;Ls;sdH.
,UtH khj;jpuk; ,e;j td;Kiwfs; jkJ kdeyj;jpy;
vjpHkiwahd jhf;fj;ij Vw;gLj;jpajhf njuptpj;jdH.
kd mOj;jk;> kdg;gak;> kw;Wk; Nfhgk;> tpuf;jp
kw;Wk; mr;rk; Nghd;w czHTfis vjpHnfhz;ljhf
mtHfs; njuptpj;jdH. mtHfs; ngUk;ghYk; 'kpfTk;
kdKile;J"(khah) czHit> 'kdeyk; ghjpg;G"
(Nuh~;kp) kw;Wk; mo Ntz;Lk;> Rtupy; jiyia Nkhjpf;
nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;> tpuf;jpAzHT (rhe;jdp) mtHfs;
nfhz;bUe;jdH. jhk; mbf;fb 'kd mOj;jk; kpf;f
jhf;Fjy;fis" vjpHnfhz;ljhf fpwp];b njuptpj;jhH.
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itj;jpaH $wpa 've;jnthU khj;jpiufis" cl;nfhz;L>
'ep[j;ij czuhj" 'kaf;fk; epiwe;jtuhf" ,Ue;jjhfTk;
mtH njuptpf;fpd;whH. jhk; 'csNeha; rhHe;j mwpFwpfis"
vjpHnfhz;ljhf khah njuptpf;fpd;whH. Kf;fpakhf
vf;~pkh xU euk;G vjpHtpidahf vd;w epiyia mtH
Fwpg;gpLfpd;whH. jkJ ngw;Nwhupdhy; ntspNaw;wg;gl;l
epiyapy; ,e;j epiy Vw;gl;ljhf mtH $Wfpd;whH.
59
r%fk;> ez;gHfs; kw;Wk; FLk;gj;jpdhy; epuhfupf;fg;gLNthk;
vd;w gaj;jpy; NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfspy; 20 NgH jkJ
ghypay; mikg;gpid kiwg;gjw;F njupT nra;jjhf
njuptpj;jdH. ,jd; %yk; td;Kiwapd; jPtpuj; jd;ik
Fiwe;jjhf> td;Kiw Fiwe;jjhf> my;yJ td;Kiw
cs;sfg;gLj;jg;gl;ljhf NkYk; 18 NgH njuptpj;jdH.
jhk; vjpHnfhz;l td;KiwfSf;F jhNk fhuzk;
vd NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfspy; %d;wpy; ,uz;L gq;fpdH
njuptpj;jdH. jkJ ghy;epiy milahsk; kw;Wk;
ghypay; mikg;G vd;gtw;wpd; fhuzkhf jk;ikj; jhNk
ntWg;gtHfshfTk;> jk;ikj; jhNk fhag;gLj;jpf;
nfhs;Sk; fj;jpahy; ntl;bf; nfhs;sy; my;yJ clypy;
jPf;fhak; Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhs;sy; vd;w czHTfisAk;
nfhz;bUf;fpd;wdH. nghJthf ahiuAk; mbg;gJ
my;yJ jpl;Ltjpy; vdf;F tpUg;gk; ,y;iy. vdNt>
vd;Dila Jd;gj;ij fl;Lg;gLj;Jtjw;F> ehd; vd;id
fj;jpahy; ntl;bf; nfhs;Ntd;. vd;Dila Jd;g
czHTfspy; ,Ue;J epthuzk; ngWtjw;F typia
Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhs;fpd;Nwd; vd n[dp $Wfpd;whH.
60

28 tajhd n[dp tlkj;jpa khfhzj;jpy; tsHe;jtH.
jw;NghJ nfhOk;gpd; GwefHg; gFjpapy; trpf;fpd;whH.
mtH> jk;ik xU 'ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsH" vd
milahsg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;fpd;whH.
jkf;F jw;nfhiy nra;J nfhs;Sk; vz;zk; Vw;gl;ljhf
my;yJ gpur;rpidfis vjpHnfhs;Sk; nghwpKiwahf
tho;tpd; VNjhnthU fl;lj;jpy; jw;nfhiy nra;J nfhs;s
59 khahTldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if. 2011 [dtup 22.>
Nuh~;kpAldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; juT FO> ,yq;if 2012 [dtup 6.>
rhe;jdpAldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2010 etk;gH 17.
60 n[dpAldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2011.
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Kaw;rpj;jjhf NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfspy; gjpndhU NgH
njuptpj;jdH.
61
typia ,dpNkYk; jhq;fpf; nfhs;s
KbahJ vd;gjdhy;> ehd; xU Kiw me;j Kaw;rpia
vLj;Njd;. ehd; tho;f;if Fwpj;J kpFe;j Vkhw;wkile;J
tpl;Nld;. mjpypUe;J ntsptUtjw;F ePz;l ehl;fs;
Njitahf ,Ue;jJ vd rhkpyh njuptpj;jhH.
62
NgUe;J
Fz;Lj; jhf;Fjypy; capupog;gJ Nghd;w fw;gidfspy;
];fpd;dH %o;fpapUe;Js;shH.
63
kJ> rpful; kw;Wk; Nghijg; nghUs; Nghd;wtw;wpd;
gad;ghLk;> ,uT tpLjpfSf;Fr; nry;tjidAk; rpf;fy;
epiyia vjpHnfhs;sy; nghwpaikg;ghf gad;gLj;jpajhf
Fwpg;gpl;l vz;zpf;ifapyhd gjpyspj;jtHfs; (5)
njuptpj;jdH. fle;j fhyq;fspy; jhk; fLikahf kdeyk;
ghjpf;fg;gl;bUe;j NghJ 15-20 rpful; ngf;fl;Lf;fis
Cjpj; js;spajhf Nuh~;kp Fwpg;gpl;lhH. ',ilNtis
,d;wp ehd; rpful; Gifj;Njd;. mjd; gpwF vdf;F cly;
eyk; Fd;wpaJ."
64
kdeyj;ij ghjpf;Fk; kw;WnkhU tplakhf
Ntiytha;g;gpy; ghugl;rkhf fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. jkJ
ghy;epiy milahsj;jpd; fhuzkhf Ntiytha;g;G
re;jHg;gq;fs; epuhfupf;fg;gl;likapdhy; ];fpd;dH ngUk;
kd mOj;jj;jpw;F cs;shfpAs;shH. 'vd; tho;f;if;Fj;
Njitahd gzj;ij <l;l Ntz;Lk; vd;gNj vd;
tpUg;gk;. ehd; gpr;ir Nfl;ftpy;iy. vdf;F ,e;j jpwd;
61 2011Mk; Mz;L cyf Rfhjhu ];jhgdj;jpdhy; Kd;ndLf;fg;gl;l fw;iff;F mika>
,yq;ifapy; ,lk;ngWk; jw;nfhiy tPjq;fs;> Mz;fs; kw;Wk; ngz;fs; vd ,U
jug;gpdupYk; ghHf;Fk; NghJ> cyfstpy; ,uz;lhtJ ,lj;jpy; cs;sJ. ghHf;f>
cyf Rfhjhu ];jhgdk; (2011) ehL> tUlk; kw;Wk; ghy; mbg;gilapy; jyh 100>000
egHfSf;fhd jw;nfhiy tPjq;fs;. (,izaj;jpy;) fpilf;Fkplk;: htp://www.who.
int/mental_health/preventon/suicide_rates/en/ (2012Mk; Mz;L xf;NlhgH 11Mk; jpfjp
ghHf;fg;gl;lJ). ,yq;ifapy; jw;nfhiy vd;gJ ,dpAk; Fw;wr; nray; my;y. 1998
tiu mjw;F fLikahd jz;lid mspf;fg;gl;L te;jik Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ. ghHf;f>
cyf Rfhjhu ];jhgdk; (2004) jw;nfhiy jLg;G: ,Uspy; ,Ue;J voy;; (,izaj;jpy;)
fpilf;Fkplk;: htp://www.searo.who.int/en/Secton1174/Secton1199/Secton1567/
Secton1824_8089.htm (2012Mk; Mz;L xf;NlhgH 11Mk; jpfjp ghHf;fg;gl;lJ).
62 rhkpyhTldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2011 Mf];l; 8.
63 ,yq;if murhq;fj;jpw;Fk;> jkpoPo tpLjiyg; GypfSf;Fk; ,ilapyhd Nkhjy;
,lk;ngw;w fhyg;gFjpapy;> jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Gypfshy; nghJ kf;fs; gazpf;Fk;
NgUe;Jfis ,yf;F itj;J elj;jg;gl;l Fz;Lj; jhf;Fjiy Fwpf;fpwJ.
];fpd;dUldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> 2011 xf;NlhgH 7.
64 Nuh~;kpAldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2012 [dtup 6.
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,Uf;fpd;wJ. mjw;fhf Ntiy nra;J gzk; ngWtjw;F
vdf;F trjpaspAq;fs;. mt;tsTjhd;."
65
jkJ ghypay; mikg;G my;yJ ghy;epiy
milahsj;ij ez;gHfSf;F ntspg;gLj;Jtjdhy;
jhk; epuhfupf;fg;gLfpd;Nwhk; vd;w czHNt
NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfSf;F ,Ue;jJ. 'jpBnud> midtUk;
vd;id elj;jpa tpjj;jpy;> vdf;F tpj;jpahrk; njupe;jJ.
$whj NghJ> ehd; rhjhuzkhdtuhf njupe;Njd;.
,Ug;gpd;> vd;id ,izj;Jf; nfhs;tjw;F mtHfs;
kWj;Jtpl;ldH"
66
vd mtH $wpdhH.
mD vd;gtH ,ul;ilg; ghYwT ngz;zhFk;. jkJ ez;gp
mr;rk; nfhz;likapdhy; kpFe;j ftiy nfhz;ljhf mtH
njuptpj;jhH. 'vdf;F NfhgKk;> tpuf;jpAk; Vw;gl;lJ. jkJ
tho;f;ifia tho Kaw;rpf;Fk;> jkf;F tpUk;gpatHfis
tpUk;GgtHfis Vd; tho tpl kWf;fpd;whHfs; vd;gjid
vd;dhy; Gupe;J nfhs;s Kbatpy;iy." vd mtH
njuptpj;jhH.
67
mbf;fb kd mOj;jj;ij vjpHnfhz;ljhfTk;> jkJ cWjp
nra;ag;glhj ghypay; my;yJ ghy;epiy milahsj;ij
vjpHnfhs;sr; nra;tjw;fhd Nghuhl;lj;jpy; Fw;wTzHit
vjpHnfhz;ljhfTk;> NeHfhzg;gl;l 31 NgH njuptpj;jdH.
vt;thwhapDk;> ePbj;Jr; nry;Yk; r%f kw;Wk; cstpay;
tpisTfspd; kj;jpapy;> ez;gHfs;> gq;fhsHfs;> FLk;g
cWg;gpdHfs;> LGBT epWtdq;fs;> kjj; jiytHfs; kw;Wk;
Ntiyj;js rf CopaHfspd; Mjutpd; %yk; Vw;glf; $ba
NeHepiyahd czHTfs; njhlHgpYk; ngUk;ghd;ikahd
NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfs; fUj;J ntspapl;ldH.
jHrp> 46 tajhd ngz; kzpahFk; . ,tH nfhOk; gpy; trpf; fpwhH.
jk;ik VjhtJ xU tiff;Fs; Fwpg;gpLtjpy; mtUf;F
cld;ghL ,y;iy. 'ngz;fSld; cwq;Ftjpy;"MHtk;
65 ];fpd;dUldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> 2011 xf;NlhgH 7.
66 DKS cldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> 2010 nrg;uk;gH 18.
67 mDTldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> 2011 Nk 13.
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67
cs;stH vd njuptpf;f tpUk;Gfpd;whH. jhk; ghypay;
mikg;ig ePz;l fhyj;jpw;F kiwj;J itj;jpUf;f
Kbatpy;iy vd mtH njuptpf;fpd;whH. 'Mdhy; mJ
Fwpj;J jtwhf czuhjtHfis re;jpj;j NghJ> vdf;F
kpFe;j trjpahf ,Ue;jJ. ehd; kfpo;r;rpahfTk;>
nrsfupakhfTk; czHe;Njd;." vd mtH njuptpj;jhH.
68
,NjNghd;w mDgtk; xd;iw ,e;jpuhzpAk; gfpHe;J
nfhz;lhH. 'vd;idg; Gupe;J nfhs;Sk; egHfs; vd;
tPl;by; ,y;yhj NghjpYk;> vd;idg; Gupe;J nfhz;l
ez;gHfis ehd; re;jpj;Njd;. mtHfs; tpUe;Jfis
xOq;F nra;jdH. midtUk; vd;Dld; fijj;jdH.
ahUk; vd;id myl;rpakhf ghHj;J rpupf;ftpy;iy. ehd;
Vd; fhjzp ,d;wp ,Uf;fpd;Nwd; vd vd;dplk; ahUk;
Nfl;ftpy;iy. ehd; mq;F kpFe;j nrsfupakhf ,Ue;Njd;.
r%fk; vd;idg; gw;wp vd;d rpe;jpf;fpd;wJ vd vdf;F
mf;fiwapy;iy. vd;id Vw;Wf; nfhs;Sk; mjpfkhNdhH
cs;sdH. vdNt> ehd; ey;y czHitg; ngw;Nwd;."
69
NtWgl;l %yq;fspy; ,Ue;J Mjutpidg; ngWtjhfTk;>
gy topfspy; Mjuitg; ngWk; czHitf;
nfhz;Ls;sjhfTk; NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfspy; gyH njuptpj;j
NghjpYk;> NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfspy; %d;wpy; xU gq;fpdH
khj;jpuNk jhk; ngUikAld; cs;sjhfTk;> rf;jpAld;
cs;sjhfTk; njuptpj;jdH.
M. nrayw;w gpujpgypg;G
ehk; fijj;jtHfspy; ngUk;ghd;ikahdtHfs;> td;Kiw>
ghugl;rk; my;yJ J~;gpuNahfj;jpw;F tha;%yk; my;yJ
cly;uPjpahf gpujpgypg;G nra;gtHfshf ,y;iy. ve;j
tifahd vjpHg;G eltbf;ifiaAk; Kd;ndLf;ftpy;iy
vd NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfspy; 25 NgH njuptpj;jdH.
td;Kiwapd; NghJk;> mjd; gpd;dUk; gf;fthjk;
mile;jJ Nghy; ,Ue;jjhy;> gjpy; eltbf;if
vLf;fhjpUf;f jPHkhdpj;jjhf mtHfs; Fwpg;gpl;ldH.\
68 jH~pAldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2010 xf;NlhgH 30.
69 ,e;jpuhzpAldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2011 Vg;uy; 28.
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68

xU Kiw ehd; gzpahw;Wk; ,lj;jpy;> ,uz;L
igad;fSld; thf;Fthjk; Vw;gl;lJ. mjd; gpd;dH
ehd; kjpa czT cl;nfhz;bUe;j NghJ> midtuJ
Kd;dpiyapYk; \M`h| ,d;W Mg;g ghid cile;J
tpl;lJ" vdj; njuptpj;jdH. mJ vdf;Fr; nrhy;ytpy;iy
vd;gJ Nghy; ehd; mikjpahf ,Ue;Njd;." vd ,e;jpuhzp
Fwpg;gpl;lhH.
70
rpyH Ra fl;Lg;ghl;il gpuNahfpj;jdH. tpNrlkhf
FLk;gk; kw;Wk; cwtpdHfsplNk ,t;thwhd mZFKiw
ifahsg;gl;lJ. 'mJ me;j tifapy; ey;yJ (rpupf;fpwhH).
mtw;iw gw;wp rpe;jpf;fhJ ,Uf;f ehd; Kaw;rpf;fpNwd;.
,aYkhd tiuapy; mjid jtpHf;f ghHf;fpd;Nwd;. NtW
vd;d nra;tJ" vd ];fpd;dH njuptpf;fpd;whH.
71

rhj;jpakhd xU ghy; ,r;ir kWg;G nraw;ghLfs; kw;Wk;/
my;yJ jkJ ghypay; mikg;G my;yJ ghy;epiy
milahsk; vd;gtw;wpd; fhuzkhf jk; kPJ J~;gpuNahfk;
Nkw;nfhs;sg;glyhk; vd;w mr;rj;jpd; fhuzkhf
ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsHfs; nghJ ,lq;fSf;Fr;
nry;tjid jtpHj;Jf; nfhs;tjid vkJ NeHfhzy;fs;
ntspg;gLj;jpd. 'Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsHfs;> jpUeq;iffs;
thOk; ,lq;fs; Xupdghy; ,r;iria vjpHf;Fk;
rthYf;Fila ,lq;fshFk;. ,j;jifa #oypy; jq;fs;
tho;f;ifia elj;JtJk; jq;fis Nghd;wtHfSld;
xd;W NrHe;J FOf;fs; mikg;gJk; fbdkhdJ vd
epGzHfs; $Wfpd;wdH."
72

25 tajhd mdp~;fh> nfhOk;gpy; trpf;fpd;whH. mj;Jld;>
\,ul;ilg;ghYwT my;yJ ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsH>
Mdhy; 80 tPjk; ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsH| vdj;
njuptpf;fpd;whH. mtuJ ghy;epiy milahsk; ngz;ik
jd;ik tha;e;jJ. mtUk;> mtUila fhjypAk; vt;thW
Ntz;Lk; vd;Nw nghJ jsq;fis jtpHf;fpd;whHfs;
vd;gJ Fwpj;J mDgtq;fis mtH gfpHe;J nfhz;lhH:
70 ,e;jpuhzpAldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2011 Vg;uy; 28.
71 ];fpd;dUldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2011 xf;NlhgH 7..
72 ,q;uk;> NfhHld; gpud;l;> Md;-Nkup ngsjpnyl;Nl> Nahyd;lh nul;lH (Eds) (1997).
Queers in Space: rKjhaq;fs;/nghJ ,lq;fs;/Xa;T ,lq;fs;, Bay mr;rfk;>
If;fpa mnkupf;fh.
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69
ehk; vq;Nf nry;fpd;Nwhk; vd;gjpy;> ehk; kpFe;j mf;fiwahf
cs;Nshk;. ehq;fs; nry;y Ntz;ba ,lk; vJ vd;gjid
ehk; mwpNthk;. rpwpa FspHghd ,lq;fs; my;yJ ehk;
tPl;bNyNa cztUe;JNthk;. ez;gHfspd; tPl;bw;Fr;
nry;Nthk;. ehk; nghJ ,lq;fSf;Fr; nry;tjpy;iy.
73
ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsHfs;> ,ul;ilg; ghYwT
ngz;fs; kw;Wk; jpUeq;iffs; td;Kiwapy; ,Ue;J
jk;ik ghJfhj;Jf; nfhs;tjw;fhd ftrq;fis
epHzapg;gjpy; r%f-nghUshjhu gpd;Gyk; Kf;fpakhd
gq;fpid tfpf;fpd;wJ. ghJfhg;gw;w #oYf;Fr; nry;yhJ>
\ghJfhg;ghd #oiy| epjp trjp %yk; ngwyhk; vd;w ghq;F
LBT kf;fsplk; cs;sJ vd;gjid Ma;T ntspg;gLj;jpaJ.
jhk; nry;Yk; ,lq;fis \Njb> njupT nra;tjhf| khah
njuptpf;fpd;whH. 'ehd; rpy eltbf;iffis Fiwj;Jf;
nfhz;Nld;> efuj;jpd; rpy gFjpfSf;Fr; nry;tjid
jtpHj;Jf; nfhz;Nld;. ehd; tPjpfspy; ele;J nry;y
khl;Nld;. vy;yh ,lj;jpw;Fk; fhupNyNa nry;Ntd;.
ehd; nghJ Nghf;Ftuj;ij gad;gLj;Jtjpy;iy. uapy;
tz;bapYk; nry;tjpy;iy."
74

Xupd ghy; ,r;irf;F vjpuhd fUj;Jf;fis Fiwg;gjw;fhd
topahf jkJ Ntiyj;jsj;jpy; NeHfhzg;gLgtHfSk;
mtHfsJ ,ufrpaj; jd;ikia ghJfhf;f Ntz;Lk;. 40
tajhd Nrhkh nfhOk;gpy; gpwe;jtH. Mdhy; jw;NghJ jkJ
fhjypAld; ntspehl;by; trpf;fpd;whH. jd;id ngz;ikj;
jd;ik nfhz;ltuhf tHzpf;Fk; mtH> ngz; Xupdr;
NrHf;ifahsH vd ghypay; mikg;ig Fwpg;gpLfpd;whH.
mtuJ jw;Nghija Ntiyj;jsj;jpy;> jkJ tho;f;ifj;
Jizapd; ghy;epiy ntspg;gLj;jhJ ,Ug;gjpy; mtH
mtjhdkhf ,Uf;fpd;whH. Ntiyj;jsj;jpy; mjid
kiwg;gjw;F (vd;Dila ghypay; mikg;G) fLikahd
Kaw;rp nra;Ntd;. vd;Dila tho;f;ifj; Jiz Fwpj;J
fijg;Ngd;. Mdhy; mtuJ 'ghy;epiyia Fwpg;gpl
khl;Nld;" vd mtH njuptpf;fpd;whH.
75

73 mdp~;fhTldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2010 xf;NlhgH 7.
74 khahTldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2011 [dtup 22.
75 NrhkhTldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2011.
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70
,. nraw;wpwd; kpf;f/nraw;ghl;L gpujpgypg;G
,e;j tifapy; cs;s gjpy;fspy; xUtupd; FLk;gk;>
efuk;> gpuhe;jpak; my;yJ ehl;il tpl;Lr; nry;Yjy;:>
Neupilahf ele;J nfhs;sy; my;yJ rhjhuzkhd
ghy;epiy tfpghfq;fis gpd;gw;wy;:> LGBT rKjha my;yJ
FOf;fspd; Clhf cjtp ngwy;:> tPl;Lf;F ntspNa
kdij Njw;Wk; nraw;ghLfspy; <Lgly; (tpisahly;>
clw;gapw;rp epiyak; my;yJ thrpfrhiyf;Fr; nry;yy;
kw;Wk; tPl;bw;F ntspNa Neuj;ij nrytply;):> kw;Wk;
cly;uPjpahf kw;Wk; tha;%ykhf vjpHj;J Nghuhly;
vd;gd cs;slq;Ffpd;wd.
76
ghugl;rk; kw;Wk; td;Kiwia vjpHnfhz;ljd;
tpisthf jkJ FLk;gk;> efuk;> my;yJ ehl;bid
tpl;L ntspNawpajhf my;yJ ntspNaWk; tpUg;Gld;
cs;sjhf NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfspy; MW NgH njuptpj;jdH.
vd;Dila tho;f;ifia Kd;ndLj;Jr; nry;tJ fbdkhf
cs;sJ. RtL vJTk; ,y;yhJ ntspNawpr; nrd;W tpl
Ntz;Lk; vd ehd; fUJk; re;jHg;gq;fSk; cs;sd.
ehl;il tpl;Lr; nry;yy; my;yJ rpy re;jHg;gq;fspy;
,we;J Nghf NjhZk; vd fpwp];b Fwpg;gpLfpd;whH.
77

ntspNaw Ntz;Lk; vd;w tpUg;gj;ij njuptpj;j
midtuhYk; mjid epiwNtw;w Kbatpy;iy. mjw;F
gy;NtW fhuzq;fs; gq;fspj;jd. epjpg; gw;whf;Fiw
vd;gNj gpujhdkhd tplakhf ,Ue;jJ. VidNahH
FLk;g kl;l td;Kiw my;yJ ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;if
vd;gjid toikf;F khwhd tplak; vd fUjp jtwhf
elj;jpa tPPl;L cupikahsHfspd; %ykhd td;Kiwapy;
,Ue;J jg;gpg;gjw;fhf jkJ ngw;Nwuhupd; tPl;il my;yJ
Fj;jif tPl;il tpl;L ntspNawpajhf njuptpj;jdH.
76 ghy;epiy kw;Wk;/my;yJ ghypay; mikg;Gld; njhlHGila tpOkpaq;fis gpd;gw;Wk;
tifapy; nghJ ,lq;fspy; Njhw;wk; mspj;jiy Fwpf;Fk; tifapNyNa ,e;j gjk;
,q;F gad;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ.
77 fpwp];bAldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2011 ngg;utup 16.
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71
jkJ ehshe;j tho;f;ifapy; td;Kiw> J~;gpuNahfk;>
kw;Wk; jtwhf elj;Jtjid jtpHg;gjw;F> ngz;
Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsHfs; kw;Wk; ghy; khw;wk; nra;j
NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfs; VO NgH gpd;gw;wpa Mr;rupakhd
kw;Wk; gaDs;s cghakhf NtWgl;l tbtq;fspy;
fhl;rpaspj;jy; vd;gJ fhzg;gLfpd;wJ.
\Mz; jd;ikahd| cil my;yJ Mil mzpAk;
tifahdJ ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsHfs; vd;gjid
ntspg;gLj;Jtjhf ,Ue;jJ. Mz; Mjpf;fk; epiwe;j
nghJ jsj;jpy; mJ ghJfhg;ig mspg;gjhfTk; ,Ue;jJ.
cjhuzkhf> ,uT Neuq;fspy; Nkhl;lhH irf;fps;
nrYj;Jk; NghJ> ghJfhg;G fhuzq;fSf;fhf Mz;
xUtiu Nghy nry;tjw;F tpUk;gpajhf NeHfhzg;gl;l
ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsH xUtH> njuptpj;jhH.
78
rhjhuzkhd ghy;epiy tfpghfq;fisg; (Mz; jd;ik>
Mzhf my;yJ ngz; jd;ikAld; gpwe;jy;> ngz;zhf
gpwe;jhy;) gpd;gw;Wk; Kiwia NeHfhzg;gl;l rpyH njupT
nra;j epiyapy;> VidNahH> jkJ Ra milahsj;jpy;
(ghy;)khw;w tfpghfj;ij my;yJ r% f uPjpahf \jtwhf
czHe;J nfhs;sg;gl;l| tfpghfj;ij (Mz; jd;ik>
ngz;zhf gpwe;j NghjpYk;> kw;Wk; ngz; jd;ik>
Mzhf gpwe;j NghjpYk;) gpd;gw;wpdH.
79
cjhuzkhf>
jtwhf czHe;J nfhs;sg;gl;likahy;| jhk; vg;NghJNk
Mizg; NghyNt ele;J nfhz;ljhf H njuptpj;jhH.
mJ mtUf;F kpfTk; nrsfupakhf ,Ue;jjhf mtH
Fwpg;gpl;lhH. 'nghJ fopg;gplq;fSf;Fr; nrd;why; -
78 ,e;jpuhzpAldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 28 Vg;uy; 2011.
79 Uj; Ugpd;];nla;d; (1995)> Mil mzpAk; tifia gFg;gha;T nra;tjw;F
FwpaPLfSk;> milahsq;fSk; gaDs;sJ vd Fwpg;gpLfpd;whH. \milahsk;|
vd;gJ jdpg;gl;l> njspthd fUj;Jf;fis ntspg;gLj;JtJld;> \FwpaPLfs;| gy
mHj;jq;fisf; nfhz;lit vd mtH tpsf;Ffpd;whH (g. 7). njupe;J itj;Js;s
urpfHfshy; milahsq;fSk;> FwpaPLfSk; mq;fPfupf;fg;gl;L> tpsf;fkspf;fg;gl;lhy;
khj;jpuNk myq;fhu tbtikg;G kw;Wk; MilazpAk; tiffs; njhlHghlYf;fhd
gaDs;s tiffshf mikAk;. ,jidr; nra;aj; jtWfpd;wik> jwthd
gpujpepjpj;Jtk; my;yJ jtwhd mHj;jg;gLj;jYf;F top tFf;Fk;. cjhuzkhf>
,yq;ifapy;> \ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsH| mNj ngaupy;> mt;thW ,Ug;gJld;
nghUj;jkhd Milia mzpAk; NghJ> r%f jsj;jpy; milahsg;gLj;jg;glyhk;.
,jw;F khwhf> ,yq;ifapd; fpuhkg;Gwq;fspy; ,tHfs; \igad;| my;yJ \igaidg;
Nghy Njhd;w Kaw;rpf;Fk; Mz;| vd;w tifapNyNa jtwhf mwpag;gLthH.
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72
xt;nthU KiwAk; kyry $lj;jpw;Fr; nry;Yk; NghJ>
ky;yp ky;yp ntujpyh mdpj; vf;f| (jk;gp> gpioahf
te;Jtpl;BHfs;> mLj;jjw;Fr; nry;yTk;)> vdr; nrhy;YtH.
ehd;> mllh jtwp te;Jtpl;Nld;> vd;W $wptpl;L Mz;fs;
fopg;gplj;jpw;Fr; nry;Ntd;. Vnddpy;> midtUk; ehd;
Mz; vd epidf;fpd;whHfs;.
80
khahitg; nghWj;jtiuapy;> ngz;ikj; jd;ik
nfhz;ltuhf nry;tNj rpwe;j cghakhf cs;sJ. nghJ
kf;fshy; tpj;jpahrkhf ghHf;fg;gLtjid jtpHg;gjw;F
,t;thW Kaw;rp nra;J ghHj;Js;shH. ,yq;ifapy; trpf;Fk;
khahTf;F 37 tajhfpd;wJ. ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsuhf
jd;id mwpKfg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;Sk; khah> Mz;ikj;
jd;ik nfhz;ltH vdTk; jd;id tpgupf;fpd;whH. 'ehd;
vd;Dila ghy;epiy Njhw;wj;ij khw;wpNdd;. vd;Dila
jiy Kbia tsHj;Njd;. rpwJ gUkdhfTk; khwpNdd;.
mg;NghJ ehd; NkYk; ngz;ikj; jd;ik nfhz;ltuhf
Njhd;wpNdd;. nrhd;dhy;> ePq;fs; ek;g khl;BHfs;. ehd;
mg;gbNa $l;lj;jpy; fye;J kiwe;J tpl;Nld;. vtUk;
vd; kPJ ftdk; nrYj;jtpy;iy. vd;dhy; tq;fpf;Fr;
nry;y KbAk;. ve;jnthU epWtdj;jpw;Fk; nry;y
KbAk;. Kd;dH ehd; nrd;w NghJ vd;id tpj;jpahrkhf
ghHj;j ,lq;fSf;F vy;yhk; vt;tpj jaf;fKk; ,d;wp
,g;NghJ vd;dhy; Nghf KbAk;. mJ kfpo;r;rpahdJ.
mNj re;jHg;gj;jpy;> ehdy;yhj xUtuhf ,Ug;gjpy;
vdf;F ntWg;Gk; ,Ue;jJ. ehd; fhl;rpaspf;Fk; Njhw;wk;
vd;Dilajy;y vd;w czHT vdf;F ,Ue;jJ."
81

MjuT FOf; fs; > jdpegHfs; my; yJ epWtdq; fsplk; MWjy;
my;yJ topfhl;liy Nfhupajhf NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfpy;
20 NgH njuptpj;jdH. mJ kfpo;r;rpahdJ> cq;fSf;Fj;
njupAkh> ,e;j MjuT FOf;fs; (ngz;fs; MjuT FOit
Fwpg;gpLfpd;whH)> cq;fSf;F gj;J kpy;ypad; Ntiyfs;
,Ue;jhYk;> mtHfSld; ,ljijg; gfpHe;J nfhz;L>
mtHfSld; mkHe;J czT cl;nfhs;Sk; me;j MjuT
NghJkhdJ| vd khah njuptpf;fpd;whH.
82

80 H cldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2011 ngg;utup 12.
81 khahTldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2011 [dtup 22.
82 Ibid.
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73
capupay; uPjpahd FLk;gj;jpy; jq;fpapUg;gjpYk; ghHf;f>
jhk; \njupT nra;j FLk;gj;jpy;| (jkJ ez;gHfspy;
jq;fpAs;s) cWjpahd Mjuit vjpHghHj;jpUe;jjhf
rhe;jdp njuptpj;jhH.
83
ghly; Nfl;ly;> jpiug;glq;fs; ghHj;jy;> kw;Wk;
thrpfrhiyf;Fr; nry;Yjy; Nghd;w tPl;Lf;F ntspNa
Kd;ndLf;ff; $ba eltbf;iffs; kdjstpy; J}z;liy
toq;ff; $ba nraw;ghLfspdhy;> td;Kiw> J~;gpuNahfk;
kw;Wk; jtwhd elj;jypy; ,Ue;J MWjy; ngw;wjhf
NeHfhzg;gl;ltHfspy; gjpndhU NgH njuptpj;jdH.
clw;gapw;rp nra;jy; kw;Wk; eilg;gapw;rp nra;jy; Nghd;w
cly;rhHe;j eltbf;iffspy; rpyH <Lgl;ldH.
ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsHfs; kw;Wk; ghy; khw;wk;
mile;j kf;fSf;F> tha;%y epe;jid vd;gNj>
vjpHj;J Nghuhl Ntz;ba kw;Wk; ifahs Ntz;ba
ghugl;rk; kw;Wk; td;Kiwahf ,Ue;jJ. ,aYkhd
re;jHg;gq;fspy; ngw;NwhHfis vjpHj;J thjhLtNj>
czHTrhH njhy;iyia vjpHnfhs;tjw;fhd xNu top
vd NeHfhzg;gl;l 33 Ngupy; 22 NgH njuptpj;jdH.
36 tajhd n`hl;n`l; ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsuhthH.
nfhOk;gpy; trpf;Fk; ,tH Mz; jd;ik nfhz;l Xupdr;
NrHf;ifg; ngz; vd jd;id tHzpf;fpd;whH.
vdf;F jpUkzk; nra;J itf;f vd; jha; tpUk;gpdhH"....
mtuJ ez;gHfspd; gps;isfisNa jkf;Fg; nghUj;jkhd
fztH vd mtH vdf;F njhlHe;J mwpKfg;gLj;jpdhH.
\ePq;fs; ,e;j Kaw;rpia iftpl Ntz;Lk;. vdf;F
Mz;fspy; tpUg;gk; ,y;iy. ngz;fspy; jhd; tpUg;gk;|
vd ehd; mtuplk; $wpNdd;. vd mtH njuptpf;fpd;whH.
84
,Ndhf;fhTk; ,t;thwhd gjpiyNa njuptpj;jhH. 29
tajhd ,Ndhf;fh> jk;ik Mz; jd;ik nfhz;l Xupdr;
NrHf;ifg; ngz; vdj; njuptpf;fpd;whH. mtH nfhOk;gpy;
83 rhe;jdpAldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2010 etk;gH 17.
84 n`hl;n`l; (Hothead)cldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2010
nrg;uk;gH 18.
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trpf;fpd;whH. jhd; xU ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsH
vd njupe;j gpd;dH> jkJ jha; vOg;gpa Nfs;tpfSf;F
mtH vt;thW gjpyspj;jhH vd tpsf;fpdhH. \mtUila
KjyhtJ Nfs;tp Neubahf|. ghypay; elj;ij".
rhHe;jjhf ,Ue;jJ. \eP vt;thW ,d;ndhU ngz;Zld;
clYwT nfhs;tha;| vd mtH Nfl;lhH. my;yJ \eP
,d;ndhU ngz;Zld; clYwT nfhz;lhah> mJ ngz;
Xupdr; NrHf;ifahFk; vd cdf;Fj; njupAkh?| vdf;
Nfl;lhH. ehd; $wpNdd;. Mkhk;> ehd; cwT nfhz;Nld;.
ePq;fs; mt;thW ,y;iy vd;gjid njupe;J nfhs;sth
MZld; clYwT nfhz;BHfs; vdf; Nfl;Nld;" vd
jkJ mDgtj;ijg; gfpHe;J nfhz;lhH.
85
Ntiyj;jsj;jpy; ghypay; uPjpahf njhy;iyf;F cs;shd
fpwp];b> Fw;wkpioj;jtiu vjpHj;J epd;wikahy;
njhy;iyahdJ tha;%y J~;gpuNahfj;Jld;
epd;wjhfTk;> cly;rhH J~;gpuNahfkhf khwtpy;iy
vdTk; Fwpg;gpl;lhH. \vd;Dila Nkyjpfhup VNjDk;
nra;a Kaw;rpj;jhy;> njhopy; jpizf;fsj;jpw;Fr;
nry;Ntd; vd ehd; mtUf;F vr;rupj;Njd;. vd;id njhl
Kaw;rpj;jhy; fd;dj;jpy; miwNtd; vdf; $wpNdd;.
midtUk; Kd;dhYk; miwNtd; vdf; $wpNdd;| vd
fpwp];b me;j rk;gtj;ij tpgupf;fpd;whH.
86
20 tajhd eNahkp> jkJ ngw;NwhUld; nfhOk;gpy;
trpf;fpd;whH. jkJ czHit ntspg;gLj;Jtjw;fhd
jdpahd gjg;gpuNahfj;ij Fwpg;gpl mtH tpUk;gtpy;iy.
jk; kPJ tha; %y J~;gpuNahfj;ij gpuNahfpf;Fk;
%d;whk; egHfis mlf;Ftjw;F Mq;fpy nkhopiag;
gad;gLj;jp> mtHfisj; jpl;Ltjhf mtH Fwpg;gpl;lhH.
'ehd; mtHfSld; Mq;fpyj;jpy; NgRNtd;. mJ
mtHfSf;F rq;flj;ij Vw;gLj;Jk; vd vdf;Fj; njupAk;.
rpwpJ Neuj;jpw;Fg; gpd;dH> mtHfs; thia %bf; nfhz;L
nrd;WtpLtH."
87
85 ,Ndhf;fhTldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2010 xf;NlhgH 14.
86 fpwp];bAldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2011 ngg;utup 16.
87 eNahkpAldhd NeHfhzy;> ngz;fs; MjuT FO> ,yq;if> 2011 nrg;uk;gH 22.
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#10 ,yq;ifapy; LBT kf;fs;
kPJ jhf;fj;ij
Vw;gLj; Jk; rl;lq;fs;
m. gpupT 365A - Fw;wtpay; Nfhit - nkhj;j
xOq;fPdk;
18 tajile;NjhHfspd; ,zf;fj;Jldhd xNu ghy; ghypay;
cwTfspid Fw;wkhf;Ftjw;F ,yq;if Fw;wtpay;
rl;lj;jpd; gpupT 365 V,d; 1995Mk; Mz;L jpUj;jr; rl;l
,yf;fk; 22 gad;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wJ.
88
,yq;if Fw;wtpay;
rl;lf;Nfhitapd; 1995Mk; Mz;L jpUj;jj;jpw;F Kd;dH>
Mz;fSf;F ,ilapyhd ghYwit khj;jpuk; Fw;wkhf;Fk;
tifapy; gpupT 365 V mike;jpUe;jJ. ,e;jg; gpuptpid
ghy;epiy eLepiyahdJ kw;Wk; ghugl;rkw;wjhf
miktjw;F> \egHfSf;F ,ilapyhd eltbf;if| vd
thrpf;fg;gLtjhf khw;wpaikf;fg;gl;lJ. ,e;j jpUj;jj;jpd;
fPo; ngz;fSf;F ,ilapyhd clYwTk; jtwhdJ vd;;w
fUj;J epiy cUthf;fg;gl;lJ.
89
ghupa mehfuPfkhd Kiwapy; elj;jy; vd;gJ
tiuaWf;fg;gltpy;iy. tiuaiw ,d;ikapd; fhuzkhf
,e;j gpupTf;fhd gpuNahfj;jpy; Ntw;Wg;ghYwTk;
88 mjpy; cs;sjhtJ: 've;jnthU egUk;> nghJ ,lj;jpy; my;yJ jdpahH ,lj;jpy;>
<Lgl;lhy; my;yJ gq;fspj;jhy;> ghy;tpidj; njhopy; Gupe;jhy; my;yJ ve;jnthU
egiuahtJ ghy;tpidj; njhopypy; <LgLj;j Kaw;rpj;jhy;> NtnwhU egUld;
KOJk; xOq;fPdkhd eltbf;ifapy; <Lgl;lhy;> Fw;wk; nra;jtuhf fUjg;gLthH.
,uz;L tUlq;fs; tiuahd fhyg;gFjpf;F> rpiwj;jz;lid my;yJ mguhjk;
my;yJ ,uz;Lk; tpjpf;fg;gLk;. gjpndl;L taJf;F Nkw;gl;ltuhy; Fw;wk;
Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLkhapd;> gjpdhW taJf;F Fiwe;jtHfSld; rk;ge;jg;gl;ljhf ,Uf;Fk;
NghJ fLikahd rpiwj;jz;lid tpjpf;fg;glyhk;. gj;J tUlq;fSf;F Fiwahj
kw;Wk; ,UgJ tUlq;fSf;F mjpfupf;fhj rpiwj; jz;lidAld;> ghjpf;fg;gl;l egupd;
fhaq;fSf;fhd nryT cs;slq;fyhf ePjpkd;wj;jhy; epHzapf;fg;gLk; mguhjKk;
tpjpf;fg;gLk;."
89 Nkyjpf jfty;fSf;Fg; ghHf;f: jk;igah> it. (2004)> xOf;f(kpd;ik) gpui[fs;:
ghypay;Gk;> ,yq;if Fw;wtpay; NfhitAk;. V. N[. fdfuj;dh (Mrp.)> ePyd;
jpUr;nry;tk; epidT khehl;L fl;Liufs; (g 107-141)> nfhOk;G>
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cs;slq;Fkh vd;gJ njsptw;wjhf cs;sJ. murpay;
kw;Wk; NtW nghJ jiytHfs; LGBT rKjhak; njhlHgpy;
njhlHr;rpahf tpNuhjkhd fUj;Jf;fis Kd;itj;J
tUfpd;w epiyapy;> \ghupa mehfuPfkhd Kiwapy;
elj;jy;| vd;gJ nghJ rpe;jidapy; xNu ghy; cwTld;
rk;ge;jg;gl;ljhf cs;s epiyapy; fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. gpupT
365 V vd;gJ ePjpkd;wj;jpy; mg+Htkhf gad;gLj;jg;gLfpd;w
epiyapy;> ,t;thwhd fLikahd kjpg;G rhHe;j
gpupthdJ> ghypay; uPjpahf rpWghd;ikapdHfis>
nghyp]; J~;gpuNahfk; kw;Wk; VidNahupy; ,Ue;J
tpyf;fp itg;gjw;F topaikj;J nfhLf;fpd;wJ.
mtHfSila tho;f;ifj; njupTfspy; khj;jpuky;y>
ghypay; cupikfisr; rhHe;j nraw;ghLfspYk;
ghjpg;ig Vw;gLj;Jfpd;wJ.
90
FLk;g cWg;gpdHfs; Nghd;w
VidNahUf;F vjpuhf mr;RWj;jiy tpLg;gjw;F jdpahH
gpui[fs; mjidg; gad;gLj;Jfpd;w re;jHg;gq;fSk;
cs;sd.
91
Xupdr;NrHf;if ghypay; eltbf;ifia Fw;wkhf;Ftjhy;>
midj;J ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsHfs;> ,UghYwT
ngz;fs;> kw;Wk; ghy; khw;w egHfis \jPatHfs;|
kw;Wk; Fw;wthspfs; vd Kj;jpiu Fj;Jtjw;F nghyp];
kw;Wk; Xupdr; NrHf;iff;F vjpuhdtHfSf;F top
tFf;fpd;wJ. Ntw;Wg; ghy; ftHr;rp mw;wtHfs; vd;W
ghHf;fg;gly; kw;Wk; milahsg;gLj;jg;gly; vd;gd
LBT kf;fs;> mtHfsJ FLk;gq;fs;> ez;gHfs; kw;Wk;
90 \xOq;fPdkhf ele;J nfhz;l ,UtUf;F mguhjk;| nla;yp kpuH> 16> 2012> ,yq;if>
,izaj;jpy; fpilf;Fkplk;: htp://www.dailymirror.lk/news/23546-two-men-fned-
for-gross-indecency-.html \Nfhl;il Gifapuj epiya nghJ kyry $lj;jpy;
Xupdr; NrHf;if eltbf;ifapy; <Lgl;lik njhlHgpy; elj;jg;gl;l tprhuizapy;
Fw;wthspfshf ep&gpf;fg;gl;L ,uz;L Mz;fSf;F nfhOk;G ePjpkd;wj;jpy; jyh
& 1>500 mguhjk; tpjpf;fg;gl;lJ. tha; %ykhd clYwtpy; <Lgl;Lf; nfhz;bUe;j
NghJ 40 kw;Wk; 50 taijAila ,tHfs; ,UtUk; Nfhl;il nghyp]huhy; ifJ
nra;ag;gl;Ls;sdH. mtHfspy; xUtH mur epWtd CopaH vd milahsk;
fhzg;gl;Ls;shH. nfhOk;G Nfhl;il ePjthd; fdp~;f tpN[ul;d Kd;dpiyapy;
rkHg;gpf;fg;gl;l Fw;wg; gpNuuizapy;> Fw;wtpay; Nfhitapd; 365 V gpuptpd; fPo;
re;NjfegHfs; jz;lidf;Fupa Fw;wk; Gupe;Js;sjhf mur jug;G rl;lj;juzpfs;
Fwpg;gpl;bUe;jdH. nghJ kyry $lj;jpy; xOq;fPdkhd Kiwapy; mtHfs; ele;J
nfhz;ljhf nghyp]hH njuptpj;jdH. re;NjfegHfs; rhHgpy; M[uhd rl;lj;juzp>
jkJ jug;gpdH Fw;wj;ij Vw;Wf; nfhs;tjhf njuptpj;jhH.|
91 Nkyjpf jfty;fSf;F ghHf;f: jk;igah> it. (2003). Mz;fshy; cUthf;fg;gl;l
rl;lKk;> ngz;fspd; czHTfSk;: ,yq;if rl;lj;Jld; ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsH
xUtupd; Nghuhl;lk;> tupffs; 2(1) Nk 2003.
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r%fk; KOtjpYk; ,Ue;J KOtJkhf xJq;fp ,Uf;Fk;
mr;rk; Vw;gLfpd;wJ. gyhj;fhuk;> mr;RWj;jy;> rl;ltpNuhj
ifjp kw;Wk; jLj;J itj;jy;> cly;rhH kw;Wk; ghypay;
njhy;iy kw;Wk; tk;gpf;fpOj;jy;> rpj;jputij> ghypay;
ty;YwT> murpdhYk;> jdp egHfs; cs;slq;fyhf
muR rhuh JiwfspdhYk; ghypay; mikg;G> ghy;epiy
milahsk; my;yJ ghy;epiy ntspg;ghL vd;gjd;
mbg;gilapy; nfhiy cs;slq;fyhf gy;NtW kdpj
cupik kPwy;fSf;F cs;shff; $ba epiyf;F LBT
egHfis js;sp tpLfpd;wJ.
M. gpupT 399 - Fw;wtpay; Nfhit -
Ms;khwhl;lj;jpd; %yk; Vkhw;wy;
,yq;if Fw;wtpay; Nfhitapd; gpupT 399,d;>
'Ms;khwhl;lj;jpd; %yk; Vkhw;wy;' vd;w gjkhdJ ghy;
khw;w egHfs; njhlHgpy; mjpfk; gad;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wJ.
92

ePjpkd;wj;jpw;F nfhz;L tug;gl;l \Ms;khwhl;lk;|
kw;Wk; \jtwhd gpujpepjpj;Jtk;| njhlHgpy; gy
rk;gtq;fs; cs;sd. ,jd; NghJ ngz;fs; \khWNtlk;|
mzpe;jtHfshf ntspg;gLj;jg;gl;lJld;> Mz;fspd;
\cz;ikahd ghypay; milahsk;| nghJ kf;fSf;F
ntspaplg;gl;lJ. mNjNtis> \kf;fis jtwhf
ek;gr; nra;jikf;fhf| ghy;khw;w ngz;fSk; ifJ
nra;ag;gl;ldH.
93
92 mjpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sjhtJ: ' \Ms;khwhl;lj;jpdhy; Vkhw;Wk;| egH vdg;gLtH> NtW
XUtiug; Nghy; ebj;J Vkhw;Wthuhapd;> my;yJ njupe;Nj NtnwhUtUf;Fg; gjpyhf
,Ug;ghuhapd;> my;yJ jk;ikj; jtpu NtW xUtUtuhf gpujpepjpj;Jtk; nra;thuhapd;.
tpsf;fk; - cz;ikapy; cs;s my;yJ fw;gid egiug; Nghy; Ms;khwhl;lk;
nra;Ak; NghJ Fw;wk; Kd;ndLf;fg;gLk;. ,e;j Fw;wk; Gupe;jik cWjp nra;ag;gLk;
egHfs;> ahuhapDk; %d;W tUl rpiwj;jz;lid my;yJ mguhjk; my;yJ ,uz;Lk;
tpjpf;fg;glyhk;."
93 yq;fhjPg ghHf;fTk;> \18 taJ Kjy; ngz;zhf khWNtlkzpe;jpUe;j Mz;|> 31
Mf];l; 2010:> yq;fhjPg> \Mz; ,uhZt mjpfhup Nghy khWNtlkzpe;jpUe;j ngz;>
ifNgrp %yk; Vw;gl;l fhjiyj; njhlHe;J ngz; xUtiu kze;jhH|> 23 Mf];l;
2010:> jptapd> \Mizg; Nghy Ntlkzpe;j ngz;|> 17 Nk 2009:> yq;fhjPg> \20
tUlq;fshf Mizg; Nghy Ntlkzpe;jpUe;j egH nghyp]; epiyaj;jpy; itj;J
ngz;zhf khwpdhH|> 3 [dtup 2009:> yq;fhjPg> \16 tajhd ehNlhbg; ngz;> Mizg;
Nghy Ntlkzpe;jpUe;j NghJ> nfhiyr; rk;gtk; xd;W njhlHgpy; re;Njfeguhf ifJ
nra;ag;gl;lhH|> 11 Nk 2005:> yq;fhjPg> \jk;Gs;s Nfhtpypy; itj;J ngz;zhf khwpa
Mz;|> 10 khHr; 2004:> yq;fhjPg> ngz; ,uhZt mjpfhupiag; Nghy Ntlkzpe;jpUe;j
Mz; ,uhZt mjpfhupfSf;F Nghyp milahs ml;ilia toq;fpa ngz; Nfhg;guy;
ifJ|> 18 [dtup 2003:> QhapW yq;fhjPg> \ngz;izg; Nghy Ntlkzpe;jpUe;j Mz;|>
20 [_iy 2003.
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,. ehNlhbfs; rl;lk; 1842
nghJ ,lj;jpy; miye;J jpuptjhf fUjg;gLk; nghJ
kf;fis jLj;J itg;gjw;F njhlHe;J mjpfhupfSf;F
mjpfhuk; toq;Ftjhf ,yq;if 1842Mk; Mz;L
ehNlhbfs; rl;lk; mike;Js;sJ.
94

ehNlhb vd;gtH ahH vd;gjid jPHkhdpg;gjw;fhd>
rpwg;Gj; jd;ikia nghyp]hH nfhz;Ls;sJld;> mjd;
mbg;gilapy; rl;lj;ijAk; mKy;gLj;Jfpd;wdH. ,J
ngUk;ghYk; ehNlhbfs; rl;lj;jpd; jtwhd gad;ghL
kw;Wk; jtwhd gpuNahfj;jpw;F top tFf;fpd;wJ. ,jd;
fhuzkhf Ntw;Wg;ghy; ,r;ir mw;w ngz;fs;> ghy; khw;wk;
nra;j Mz;fs; kw;Wk; jpU eq;iffs;> rKjhaj;jpy;
tpj;jpahrkhf njuptjdhy; jtwhd tifapy; jLj;J
itg;gjw;F fhuzkhfpd;wJ.
95
Fiwe;j r%f-nghUshjhu
me;j];ij cila ghy; khw;wk; nra;J nfhz;ltHfis
,yf;F itg;gjw;fhfNt tpNrlkhf ehNlhbfs; rl;lk;
gad;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wJ. ,jd; fhuzkhf ,tHfNs nghyp]
hupd; J~;gpuNahfj;jpdhy; ,yFtpy; ghjpf;fg;gLgtHfshf
cs;sdH.
96
mtHfs; ghypay; njhopyhspfs; vd
fUjg;gLtjw;F mtHfs; MilazpAk; tpjNk (capupay;
rhHe;j ghy;epiyf;F tpj;jpahrkhf) fhuzkhf mikfpd;wJ.
ghypay; njhopyhspfspw;F njhy;iyaspj;jy;> ifJ
nra;jy; kw;Wk; Fw;wk; Rkj;jy; vd;gd ehNlhbfs;
rl;lj;jpd; fPo; epahag;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wd.
97
94 mjpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sjhtJ: gpupT 3 (1) (M) Fwpg;gJ vd;dntd;why; \nghJ tPjpapy;
my;yJ neLQ;rhiyapy; my;yJ ve;jnthU nghJ tpLjpapYk; miye;J jpupAk;
kw;Wk; mgupkpjkhd my;yJ jtwhd elj;ijia ntspg;gLj;Jk; xt;nthU ghy;tpidj;
njhopyhspAk;> tPzhd kw;Wk; xOq;fw;w egH vd fUjg;gl;L> rpiwj;jz;lid vd;gJ
KjyhtJ jz;lidahfTk;> f^opa my;yJ f^opakw;w njhopypy; 14 ehl;fSf;F
mjpfupf;fhj tifapYk;> my;yJ mguhjk; tpjpf;fg;gly;.| gpupT 3 (1) (2) Fwpg;gpLtJ
vd;dntd;why;> \gpbthue;J ,d;wp mtHfis ifJ nra;a KbAk;|.
95 er;rp vd;w rpq;fs gjkhdJ> MZf;fhd clk;ig> ngz;fSf;fhd Fzq;fisAk;
nfhz;ltHfis jkJ gpujhd Mz; jd;ikahd Fzq;fis iftpl;ltHfis er;rp
rKjhak; vd Fwpg;gpLtjhy; Vw;gl;ljhFk;. mj;Jld;> mtHfs; Mz;fs; kPjhd
ghypay; <Hg;G nfhz;ltHfshf ,Ug;gH. (kpy;yH kw;Wk; epf;fy];> 2012: 555).
96 Nkyjpf jfty;fSf;F thrpf;f: epf;fy]; V. (2010) lhd;]; nghd;dah lhd];
ngz;ikj; jd;ik Fw;wtpay; Vg;uy; 2010> gFjp 5> ,y. 2 htp://fcx.sagepub.com/
content/5/2/195
97 epf;fy]; V. (2010) lhd;]; nghd;dah lhd;]; ngz;ikj; jd;ik Fw;wtpay; Vg;uy;
2010> gFjp 5> ,y. 2 htp://fcx.sagepub.com/content/5/2/195
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79
24 kzpj;jpahyq;fspy; Fw;wk; Gupe;jtiu (gpbthue;J
,d;wp ifJ nra;ag;gl;ltH) ePjthd; Kd;dpiyapy;
M[HgLj;j Ntz;Lk; vd rl;lk; njuptpf;fpd;wJ. ,e;jf;
fhyg;gFjpia 48 kzpj;jpahyq;fshf khw;Wk; tifapy;
2013Mk; Mz;L [dtup khjk;> ,e;j Fw;wtpay; rl;lf;
Nfhit khw;wpaikf;fg;gl;lJ. vt;thwhapDk;> Fw;wk;
Gupe;jtH nts;spf;fpoik ifJ nra;ag;gLtuhapd;> 48
kzpj;jpahyq;fs; jLj;J itf;fg;gLthH. Vnddpy;> thu
,Wjp ehl;fspy; ePjthd; flik Guptjpy;iy. Fw;wk;
Rkj;jg;gl;ltHfs; ,uT Neuj;jpy; ifJ nra;ag;gl;L> nghyp];
epiyaq;fspy; ,uT Neuj;jpy; jLj;J itf;fg;gLgtHfs;>
ghjpf;fg;gl;ljhf kw;Wk; J~;gpuNahfj;jpw;F cs;shdjhf
mwpf;iffs; njuptpf;fpd;wd.
98

<. mbg;gil cupikfs;
,yq;if murpay; ahg;gpd; %d;whtJ mj;jpahaj;jpy;
,yq;if gpui[fspd; mbg;gil cupikfs;
tpsf;fg;gl;Ls;sd.
99
ghypay; mikg;G my;yJ ghy;epiy
milahsk; vd;gjd; njhlHgpyhd ghJfhg;gpid
murpayikg;G ntspg;gilahf cj;juthjg;gLj;Jtjhf
,y;iy. ghugl;rkpd;ik kw;Wk; midj;J egHfSf;Fkhd
rkj;Jtj;jpid milahsg;gLj;Jtjw;fhd gpupTfspd; fPo;
,e;j cj;juthjq;fs; mikAk; vd ehk; tpthjpf;fyhk;.
gpwg;gpd; NghJ Mz; my;yJ ngz;gjid jPHkhdpg;gjw;F
gad;gLj;jg;gLk; capupay; tifg;ghL vd;gjidj; jtpu
NtW vjidAk; Fwpg;gjhf \ghy;| vd;gJ cs;sjhf
ve;jnthU rhj;jpag;ghl;bidAk; murpay; ahg;G
toq;ftpy;iy.
vt;thwhapDk;> ghugl;rk; vd;gjid cs;slf;Fk;
gpupthdJ> \mt;thwhd ve;jnthU jsj;jpd;| mbg;gilapy;
Kd;ndLf;fg;gLk; NtWghLfis jLf;fpd;wJ. ghypay;
mikg;G kw;Wk; ghy;epiy milahsk; vd;gjd;
98 Ibid.
99 ,dk;> kjk;> nkhop> rhjp> ghy;> murpay; fUj;J> gpwe;j ,lk; my;yJ NtW
mt;thwhd mbg;gilfspy; ve;jnthU gpui[Ak; ghugl;rj;jpw;F cs;shf KbahJ
vd mNj mj;jpahaj;ijr; NrHe;j cWg;Giu 12MdJ> Fwpg;gpLfpd;wJ.
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80
mbg;gilapy; ghugl;rj;ij jLg;gjid cs;slf;Fk;
tifapy;> rHtNjr kdpj cupikfs; rl;lj;jpw;F
,izahdjhf mika Ntz;Lk;. ,Ug;gpDk;> ,J
gapw;rpapy; ,y;iy. eilKiwapy; cs;s rl;lj;ijg;
ghHf;Fk; NghJ xupdr; NrHf;if eltbf;ifia Fw;wkhf
ghHf;Fk; tifapNyNa cs;sJ.
ghypay; mikg;G kw;Wk; ghy;epiy milahsk; vd;gJ
njhlHghd tpNrl ghugl;rkpd;ik njhlHgpy; murpay;
ahg;gpy; gw;whf;Fiw epyTfpd;wik> ghy;epiyapy;
rpWghd;ikahf cs;stHfspy; ngUk; jhf;fj;ij
Vw;gLj;Jfpd;wJ. kpfTk; Kf;fpakhf cupikfs;>
ghJfhg;G kw;Wk; rl;l cj;juthjq;fisg; ngWtjpy;
kpjkhd jhf;fj;ij mit Vw;gLj;Jfpd;wd. epiwNtw;W
my;yJ epHthf nraw;ghl;bdhy;> murpay; uPjpahf
cj;juthjg;gLj;j cupikfs; njhlHgpy; mr;RWj;jiy
vjpHnfhz;ltHfSf;F epthuzq;fs; fpilf;Fk; vd
,yq;if murpayikg;gpd; gpupT 17 Fwpf;fpd;wJ.
ePjpkd;wj;jpd; Clhf ,og;gPL ngWjy;> el;l<L my;yJ
fhg;gPL ngWjy;> kPs ,izjy; kw;Wk; Ntiytha;g;gpy;
gjtp caHT ngwy; vd;gd ,e;j epthuzq;fspy;
cs;slq;Ffpd;wJ. mbg;gil cupikfs; tpz;zg;gijg;
gad;gLj;jp caH ePjpkd;wk; cs;slq;fyhf>
ePjpkd;wq;fspy; ,J njhlHgpy; gy tof;Ffs;
njhLf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. caH ePjpkd;wj;jplkpUe;J ePjpiag;
ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F tpUg;gKs;s ,yq;ifaHfSf;fhd
MWjyhd nghwpKiwahf mJ cs;sJ. vt;thwhapDk;>
ghypay; mikg;G my;yJ ghy;epiy milahsk; vd;gjd;
mbg;gilapy; ghugl;rj;ij vjpHnfhs;Sk; jdpegHfs;
mZff; $bajhf ntF mupjhfNt rl;lk; epthuzq;fis
toq;Ffpd;wJ.
kdpj cupikfs; kPwy;fspd; Kiwg;ghLfs; kPjhd
tprhuizfis ,yq;if Njrpa kdpj cupikfs;
Mizf;FO Kd;ndLf;fpd;wJ. epthuz eltbf;if
vLg;gjw;fhd kpfTk; Kf;fpakhd nghwpKiwahf ,J
cs;sJ. \mbg;gil cupikfs;| rhHe;jjhf khj;jpuNk
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81
[
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kdpj cupikfs; Mizf;FOr; rl;lk; nraw;gLtjw;F>
eilKiwapy; cs;s rl;lk; topaikg;gjhf Mokhd
Ma;Tfspd; %yk; mwpe;J nfhs;sf; $bajhfTs;sJ.
murpayikg;gpy; Fwpg;gpl;l tifapNyNa mjd;
nraw;ghLfs; mikfpd;wd. rHtNjr rl;lj;jpd; fPo;
kdpj cupikfis kjpj;jy;> ghJfhj;jy; kw;Wk;
g+Hj;jp nra;jYf;fhd ,yq;ifapd; mHg;gzpg;Gld;
Kuz;ghlhdjhf ghypay; mikg;G kw;Wk; ghy;epiy
milahsk; rhHe;j ghugl;rj;ij ,J Vw;gLj;Jfpd;wJ.
100

rHtNjr kdpj cupikfs; tpOkpaq;fs; kw;Wk;
juq;fSf;F ,irthdjhf Njrpa rl;lq;fs; kw;Wk;
epHthfr; nraw;ghLfis cWjp nra;tjw;F murhq;fk;
vLf;f Ntz;ba eltbf;iffs; njhlHgpy; gupe;Jiufis
Kd;itg;gjw;F Njrpa kdpj cupikfs; Mizf;FOtpw;F
kdpj cupikfs; Mizf;FO rl;lk; mjpfhukspf;fpd;wJ.

101
vt;thwhapDk;> ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsHfs;>
,ul;ilg;ghYwT ngz;fs;> ghy; khw;wk; nra;j egHfs;>
NtW ghy;epiyrhH rpWghd;ikapdupy; jhf;fj;ij
nrYj;Jk; ghugl;rkhd rl;lq;fs; njhlHgpy; kdpj
cupikfs; Mizf;FO ve;jnthU eltbf;iffisAk;
vLj;jjhf njupatpy;iy.
c. rHtNjr cld;gbf;iffs;
If;fpa ehLfs; kdpj cupikfs; cld;gbf;iffs;
gytw;iwAk;> ngUk;ghyhd tpUg;Gf;Fupa
newpKiwfisAk; ,yq;if Vw;GWjp nra;Js;sJ.
102

ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsHfs;> ,ul;ilg;ghYwT
100 ghHf;f rl;lk; kw;Wk; r%f epjpak; (2010) ,yq;if> kdpj cupikfs; Mizf;FOtpd;
mopTk;> jlk; khwYk;> Mrpahtpy; Njrpa kdpj cupikfs; Mizf;FOtpd;
nraw;ghLk;> cUthf;fKk; njhlHghd ANNI mwpf;if> rl;l kw;Wk; r%f epjpak;:
nfhOk;G.
101 gpupT 10 (<) kdpj cupikfs; Mizf;FO> ,yq;if rl;lk; ,y 21> 1996.
102. midj;J tifahd ,d ghugl;rj;ijAk; xopg;gjw;fhd rHtNjr rhrdk;:
nghUshjhu kw;Wk; r%f cupikfs; njhlHghd rHtNjr rhrdk;:> rptpy; kw;Wk;
murpay; cupikfs; njhlHghd rHtNjr rhrdk;:> ngz;fSf;F vjpuhd midj;J
tifahd ghugl;rq;fisAk; xopg;gjw;fhd rhrdk;:> rpj;jputij kw;Wk; NtW F&u
kdpjNeakw;w my;yJ jho;j;Jk; tifapy; elj;jy; my;yJ jz;lidf;F vjpuhd
rhrdk;:> rpWtH cupikfs; njhlHghd rhrdk;:> rpWtHfis tpw;gid nra;jy;>
rpWtH ghy;tpidj; njhopy; kw;Wk; rpWtH Mghrj; jpiug;glk; njhlHghd rpWtH
cupikfSf;fhd rhrdj;jpd; tpUg;Gf;Fupa newpKiw:> kw;Wk;> midj;J Gyk;ngaH
njhopyhsHfs; kw;Wk; mtHfsJ FLk;gq;fspd; cupikfisg; ghJfhg;gjw;fhd
rHtNjr rhrdk;.
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82
ngz;fs;> ghy; khw;wk; nra;j egHfs;> NtW ghy;epiyrhH
rpWghd;ikapdupd; cupikfs; ghJfhg;gJ njhlHgpy;
rHtNjr kdpj cupikfSf;F ,irthf jkJ Njrpa
rl;lq;fs; kw;Wk; nfhs;iffis ,yq;if jpUj;jpaikf;f
Ntz;Lk;.
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83
CEDAW FOtpd; 48MtJ mkHtpidj; njhlHe;J> 2011Mk;
Mz;L ngg;utup khjk; ,yq;if murhq;f mwpf;ifapd;
kPsha;tpd; NghJ rkHg;gpf;fg;gl;l CEDAW FOtpd; epiwT
mtjhdpg;Gf;fis eilKiwg;gLj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. xNu
ghy; guhakhdtHfSf;F ,ilapyhd ,zf;fj;Jldhd
ghypay; clYwit Fw;wkw;wjhf;fp> rhrdj;jpd; fPo;
ghugl;rkpd;ik vd;w flikia epiwNtw;WkhW> ,yq;if
murhq;fj;jplk; CEDAW FOtpd; epiwT mtjhdpg;Gf;fs;
typAWj;Jfpd;wd.
jdpegHfspd; ghypay; mikg;G kw;Wk; ghy;epiy
milahsk; vd;gjd; mbg;gilapy; mtHfspw;F vjpuhd
td;Kiwahd eltbf;iffs; kw;Wk; nraw;ghLfs;
njhlHgpYk;> ghugl;rkhd rl;lk; njhlHgpYk;> kdpj
cupikfSf;fhd If;fpa ehLfspd; caH];jhdpfupd;
KbTiufisAk;> gupe;JiufisAk; eilKiwg;gLj;jy;.
nghJ kw;Wk; jdpahH ,lq;fspy;> ,zf;fj;Jldhd xNu
ghiyr; NrHe;j guhakhdtHfSf;F ,ilapyhd ghYwit
Fw;wkhdjhf;Fk; gpupT 365 V Fw;wtpay; Nfhitia
jpUj;jy;.
,yq;ifapy; Ntw;W ghy; ,r;ir ,y;yhj ngz;fs;>
ghy; khw;wk; nra;jtHfs; kw;Wk; jpUeq;iffs;
r%fj;ijr; NrHe;jtHfSf;F vjpuhf jd;dpr;irahf
gad;gLj;JtjpypUe;J ehNlhbr; rl;lj;ij jtpHg;gjw;F
eltbf;if vLj;jy;.
ghy; khw;wk; nra;j egHfSf;F vjpuhf Fw;wtpay;
Nfhitapd; gpupT 399,id (Ms;khwhl;lj;jpd; %yk;
Vkhw;Wjy;) jd;dpr;irahf gad;gLj;JtjpypUe;J nghyp]
hiu jLg;gjw;F eltbf;if vLj;jy;.
#11 gupe;Jiufs;
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84
ghugl;rj;ij ifahSk; murpay; ahg;gpd; cWg;Giu 12
(2),id jpUj;Jjy;. ghugl;rj;jpw;fhd jil nra;ag;gl;l
jsq;fspw;F ,ilapy; ghypay; mikg;G kw;Wk; ghy;epiy
milahsj;ij mJ ntspg;gilahf cs;slf;f Ntz;Lk;.
murpay; ahg;gpy; cj;juthjk; mspf;Fk; tifapy;
me;juq;fj;jpw;fhd cupikia ghJfhf;Fk;
eltbf;iffis cs;thq;fy;. ,e;jpah Nghd;w
Vida ehl;L murpayikg;Gf;fisg; Nghd;w vkJ
murpayikg;gpy; me;juq;fk; vd;gJ mbg;gil cupik
my;y. jkJ tpUg;gj;jpw;F vjpuhf egHfs; njhlHr;rpahf
'xJf;fg;gLfpd;wdH". mj;Jld;> mtHfSf;fhd epthuzk;
vJTk; ,y;iy. me;juq;fj;jpw;fhd cupikia kPWtjw;F
,izaj;jsk; cjTfpd;wJ.
103
ghugl;rkw;w Nfhl;ghLfis kjpf;Fk;> ghypay; mikg;G>
ghy;epiy milahsk; kw;Wk; ghy;epiy ntspg;ghL vd;gjd;
mbg;gilapy; njhy;iyfis ftdj;jpy; nfhs;tjw;F
ntspg;gilahf ftdk; nrYj;Jtjw;Fk;> Ntiyj;jsj;jpy;
ghypay; njhy;iy njhlHghd jdpahd nfhs;iffis
tpUj;jp nra;jy; kw;Wk; eilKiwg;gLj;jYf;F mur
Jiw kw;Wk; jdpahH Jiwia Cf;Ftpj;jy;.
ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsHfs;> ,ul;ilg; ghYwT
ngz;fs;> ghy; khw;wk; nra;J nfhz;ltHfs; vjpHNehf;Fk;
$UzHT kpf;f gpur;rpidfis jPHg;gjw;fhd nfhs;iffis
tpUj;jp nra;tjw;Fk;> eilKiwg;gLj;Jtjw;Fk; ngz;
Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsHfs;> ,ul;ilg; ghYwT ngz;fs;>
ghy; khw;wk; nra;J nfhz;ltHfs; kw;Wk; NtW ghypay;
rpWghd;ik FOf;fSf;fhf gzpahw;Wk; epWtdq;fSld;
,ize;J gzpahw;wy;.
103 me;juq;fj;jpw;fhd murpayikg;G cupik ,y;iy vd;gjw;F mg;ghy;> Njrpa
ghJfhg;G vd;gjd; mbg;gilapy; fz;fhzpg;G nraw;ghLfis cs;thq;Fk; muR>
jdpg;gl;l tho;f;ifapy; CLUTtjw;F njhopy;El;gj;ij gad;gLj;Jfpd;wJ.
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85
nfhs;if mgptpUj;jpapy; cjTtjw;fhd topfhl;bahf
Nahf;ahfhHj;jh Nfhl;ghLfisg; ghHf;fTk;.
104
Njrpa kdpj cupikfs; Mizf;FOf;F tsq;fis
toq;fy;. ,jd; %yk; gaDWjp kpf;f tifapy;> td;Kiw>
ghugl;rk;> kw;Wk; LGBT egHfis Fw;wkakhf;fy;
vd;gtw;iw vt;thW milahsk; fhz;gJ vd;gJ
njhlHgpy; Mrpa gRgpf; kd;wpd; ePjpgjpfs; MNyhrid
Nguitapd; gupe;Jiufis nraw;wpwd; kpf;f tifapy;
eilKiwg;gLj;j KbAk;.
KOikahd ghypay; fy;tpf;fhd topfhl;bfSf;F
,iae;j tifapy; ghlrhiyfspy; ghypay; fy;tpia
eilKiwg;gLj;jy;.
104 (2007) ghypay; mikg;G kw;Wk; ghy;epiy milahsj;Jld; njhlHGila rHtNjr
kdpj cupikfs; rl;l gpuNahfk; njhlHghd Nahf;ahfHj;jh Nfhl;ghLfs;. (LBGT
egHfspd; kdpj cupik kPwy;fs; kw;Wk; ghypay;GfSf;F ,ilapyhd neUf;fbfis
milahsk; fhz;gjw;F rHtNjr kdpj cupikfs; rl;lj;ij gpuNahfpg;gjw;F
Kaw;rpf;Fk; ghypay; mikg;G kw;Wk; ghy;epiy milahsj;Jld; njhlHGila
Nfhl;ghLfspd; njhFjpNa Nahf;ahfHj;jh Nfhl;ghLfshFk;). 2006Mk; Mz;L
,e;NjhNd~pahtpd;> Nahf;ahfhHj;jhtpy; eilngw;w rHtNjr ePjpgjpfs; Mizf;FO>
kdpj cupikfSf;fhd rHtNjr Nrit epGzHfspd; $l;lj;jpd; NghJ ,e;j
Nfhl;ghLfs;cUthf;fg;gl;ld.
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86
tpguf;Nfhit 1: fpwp];b
fz;bapy; gpwe;j 28 tajhd fpwp];b> jw;NghJ nfhOk;gpy;
jkJ fhjypAld; trpf;fpd;whH. ,d uPjpahf rpq;fstuhd
mtH> Nwhkd; fj;Njhypf;f FLk;gj;jpy; gpwe;jtH. vdpDk;>
kpfTk; mupjhfNt jhk; Njthyaj;jpw;F nry;tjhfTk;>
jkf;fhd topapy; kj mD];lhdq;fis Kd;ndLg;gjhfTk;>
mtH $Wfpd;whH. nfhOk;gpy; cs;s jdpahH epWtdk;
xd;wpy; thbf;ifahsH Nrit gpujpepjpahf mtH gzp
Gupfpd;whH. jkJ ghy;epiy milahsk; Fwpj;j mtuJ
fUj;jhf ,Ug;gJ 75 tPjk; ngz;ik kw;Wk; 25 tPjk;
Mz;gps;is jd;ik nfhz;l ngz; vd;gjhFk;. jd;Dila
ghypay; mikg;ig tpsf;Ftjw;F> mtH ve;jnthU
tpNrl gjj;ijAk; gad;gLj;j tpUk;gtpy;iy. vdpDk;>
MNzhL ,Ug;gjpYk; ghHf;f> ngz;NzhL ,Ug;gjpy; jhk;
100 tPjk; kfpo;r;rpAWtjhf mtH $Wfpd;whH.
ehd;F tUlq;fSf;F Kd;dH> fpwp];bf;F 24 tajhf ,Ue;j
NghJ> jkJ clYwT gq;fhsHfshf Mz;fspYk; ghHf;f>
ngz;fis nfhz;bUg;gjid tpUk;Gtjhf mtH jkJ
rNfhjudplk; $wpAs;shH. Muk;gj;jpy; rNfhjud; mjid
Vw;Wf; nfhs;shj NghjpYk;> mtUila tpUg;gj;jpw;F
,Wjpapy; MjuT njuptpj;Js;shH. fpwp];bapd; ngw;NwhH>
mtUf;F jpUkzk; nra;J itf;f Kaw;rpj;j NghJ>
jkJ nrhe;j njuptpid Kd;ndLf;FkhWk; rNfhjud;
cWjpaspj;Js;shH. 21 tajhf ,Uf;Fk; NghJ jkJ
mj;ijapd; tPl;bw;F fpwp];b te;Js;shH. mq;F vjpHghuhj
gpujpgypg;Gf;fis mtH vjpHnfhz;Ls;shH. fpwp];bapd;
njupTfSf;F Mjuthf ,Ug;gjpYk; ghHf;f> jkJ
ghypay; Njitfis epiwNtw;wpf; nfhs;tjw;F mtuJ
mj;ij Kaw;rpj;Js;shH. ,e;j rk;gtk; ,lk;ngw;W rpy
tUlq;fspd; gpd;dH> fpwp];bf;F Mz; fhjyDf;Fg;
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tpguf;Nfhitfs;
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87
gjpyhf> ngz; fhjyp cs;sikia mtUila khkh
fz;lwpe;Js;shH. fpwp];bf;F fl;lhag;gLj;jp Mghrj;
jpiug;glq;fis fhl;l Kaw;rpj;j mtUila khkh>
Ng];Gf; (Facebook) r%f tiyj;jsj;jpy; fpwp];bapd;
gf;fj;jpy; mehfupfkhd fUj;Jf;fisAk; ,l;Ls;shH.
cly;rhH> ghypay; rhH kw;Wk; czHTrhH
J~;gpuNahfj;jpw;F mg;ghy;> jkJ Kd;dhs; Mz;
fhjypdhYk; czHTrhH kw;Wk; ghypay; rhH
J~;gpuNahfq;fis fpwp];b vjpHnfhz;Ls;shH.
fpwp];bapd; ngz;fSldhd fle;j fhy cwit
fz;lwpe;j> Mz; fhjyd; fpwp];bia njhlHr;rpahf
clYwT nfhs;tjw;F fl;lhag;gLj;jpaJld;>
jpzpj;jy;> js;Sjy;> kw;Wk; njhz;ilia newpj;jy;
vd gy tiffspYk; njhy;iyg;gLj;jpAs;shH. mtuJ
Ntiyj;jsj;jpy;> mtUila CEO, me;juq;f cly;
cWg;G vt;thW ,Uf;fpd;wJ vdTk;> fpwp];bAk;> ngz;
fhjypAk; clYwT nfhs;Sk; NghJ jhd; Neupy; te;J
ghHf;f KbAkh Nghd;w mehfupfkhd FWQ;nra;jpfs;
%yk; njhlHr;rpahf mtUf;F njhy;iy Vw;gLj;jp
te;Js;shH. ,e;j cly;rhH> ghypay;rhH kw;Wk;
czHTrhH J~;gpuNahfj;jpd; tpisthf> jk;ikj; jhNk
fhag;gLj;jpf; nfhs;Sk; epiyf;F fpwp];b js;sg;gl;lhH.
jk;ik ntl;bf; nfhs;sy;> rpful;bdhy; jPf;fhak;
Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhs;sy; vd;gtw;wpy; <Lgl;lhH. kpfTk;
ghuJ}ukhd re;jHg;gq;fspy;> jw;nfhiy nra;J nfhs;Sk;
vz;zj;ij nfhz;ltuhfTk; mtH ,Ue;Js;shH.
mj;ijAldhd J~;gpuNahfk; rhHe;j mDgtq;fisj;
njhlHe;J jk;ik ntspegUf;F ntspg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;Sk;
ek;gpf;if mw;wtuhfTk; mtH ,Uf;fpd;whH.
tpguf;Nfhit 2: rhkpyh
36 tajhd rhkpyh> nfhOk;gpd; GwefHg; gFjpapy; jkJ
ngw;NwhHfSld; jdpahf tho;e;J tUfpd;whH. ,duPjpahf
rpq;fstuhd mtH> ngsj;j kjj;ij gpd;gw;WgtH. jkJ
,uz;lhk; epiy fy;tpia epiwT nra;Js;shH. mur
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ghJfhg;G gilapy; gzpGupAk; mtH> khjhe;jk; 300
mnkupf;f nlhyHfis tiu tUkhdk; ngWfpd;whH.
rhkpyh jk;ik xU ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsH
vdTk;> Mz; jd;ik nfhz;l ngz; vdTk; jk;ik
mwpKfg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;fpd;whH. 22 tajhd NghJ jhk; xU
ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsH vd mtH fz;lwpe;Js;shH.
ngz; xUtUld; XU tUlkhf mtH rpwe;j cwit
Ngzp te;Js;shH. xU tUlj;jpd; gpd;dH clYwthf
mJ khwpAs;sJ. jkJ ghypay; mikg;gpid rpy njupT
nra;ag;gl;l ez;gHfSf;Fk;> 25 tajhd NghJ jkJ
mjpfhupf;Fk; mtH ntspg;gLj;jpAs;shH. rhkpyhit
iftpl;Lr; nrd;w> mtUila Kd;dhs; fhjyp tPl;L
Kd;wypy; ,Ue;J fytuk; Vw;gLj;jpaikiaj; njhlHe;J
mtuJ ghypay; mikg;Gk;> ghypay; clYwT Fwpj;j
nra;jpfSk; ntspg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,e;j epfo;thy; mtuJ
FLk;gk; ngupJk; kdKile;J NghdJ. rhkpyhit mtuJ
je;ij mbj;Js;shH. jiytypf;F kUe;J vLf;fr;
nry;tjhf $wp> kdey itj;jpauplk; rhkpyhtpd; jha;>
mtiu mioj;Jr; nrd;Ws;shH. Nkyjpfkhf> 20 tajhd
NghJ neUf;fkhd tho;f;ifj; Jizapdhy; mtH
td;Kiwia vjpHnfhz;Ls;shH. Ntiyj;jsj;jpYk;
mtH ghugl;rk; kw;Wk; ghypay; njhy;iyfis
vjpHnfhz;Ls;shH. vdpDk;> rl;lj;jpdhy; jkf;F ghJfhg;G
fpilf;Fk; vd;w ek;gpf;ifapd;ikahy;> ,e;j rk;gtq;fis
mtH Kiwg;ghL nra;atpy;iy. tpisahl;L mzpapd;
njupTfspy; ,tUf;fhd re;jHg;gq;fs; kWf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
,uz;L jlitfs; jkJ kidtpapd; kw;Wk; fhjypapd;
ghypay; Mirfis epiwNtw;wpf; nfhs;tjw;F rpNu~;l
mjpfhupfspdhy; mZfg;gl;Ls;shH. rpNu~;l CopaH
xUtH mtiu clYwT nfhs;tjw;fhf mioj;Js;shH.
jkJ rpNu~;l mjpfhupfspd; epe;jidfisAk; mtH
Ntiyj;jsj;jpy; vjpHnfhz;Ls;shH. jkJ ngz; Xupdr;
NrHf;if ez;gpfs;> LBT epWtdk; kw;Wk; gzpapy; jkf;F
Mjuthd rf CopaH kPJ rhkpyh ek;gpf;if itj;Js;shH.

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Fwpg;Gjtpfs;
ma;~{uh> mnud;> n[dp nthy;~;> V];. igf;> nuh];
thHl; kw;Wk; n[f; (2011) ghy;epiy Nfs;tpfs;: ghy;khw;w
nky;NgHd ghy;epiy nraw;wpl;lj;jpd; ,ize;j
nraw;wpl;lk;> Mz; kw;Wk; ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsHfs;
n`y;j; tpf;Nlhupah nuapd;Ngh tiyaikg;G> nky;NgHd;>
mT];jpNuypah
mj njud (l;Uj; ngH];l;) khHr; 2012 (,izaj;jpy;)
fpilf;Fkplk;: htp://www.adaderana.lk/news.php?nid=17
473&mode=beaut (2012 nrg;uk;gH 25Mk; jpfp ghHf;fg;gl;lJ)
BBC nra;jpfs; (2012) Nfs;tp> gjpy;> Aj;jj;jpw;Fg; gpd;duhd
,yq;if> 13> etk;gH 2012. ,izaj;jpy; fpilf;Fkplk;:
htp://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-south-asia-11393458
g];bad;];> jup~h (2013) rpq;fs ,dj;ijg; ngUf;Ftjw;F
rpq;fs Mz; xUtH Ie;J ngz;fis kzf;Fk; tifapy;
rl;lk; khw;wg;gly; Ntz;Lk; vd;fpwJ nghJ gyNrdh>
23 [dtup 2013> www.dbsjeyaraj.com fpilf;Fkplk;: htp://
dbsjeyaraj.com/dbsj/archives/15219
ngy;yd;tpy Rjj;j NjNuh kw;Wk; Jd;d> rP. N[.>
(2007) Xupdr; NrHf;if> ngsj;jk; kw;Wk; ,yq;if
r%fk;> Groundviews, 28 Mf];l; 2007: nfhOk;G
(,izaj;jpy;) fpilf;Fkplk;: htp://groundviews.org/
2007/08/28/homosexuality-buddhism-and-sri-lankan-
society/
GU]; - N[hd;]; <.> kw;Wk; ,l;lhnghuh`p vy;.> (2011)
mur mDruizaspf;fg;gl;l xU ghypd ,r;ir kWg;G:
,zf;fk; fz;l guhakhdtHfSf;F ,ilapy; xU ghy;
ghypay; elj;ijia Fw;wkhf;Fk; rl;lq;fs; njhlHghd
cyfshtpa Ma;T> ILGA mwpf;if> rHtNjr ngz; Xupdr;
[
]
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NrHf;if> Mz; Xupdr; NrHf;if> ,ul;ilg; ghYwT> ghy;
khw;wk; kw;Wk; ,ul;ilg; ghy; epWtdk;.
nfhyk;gNf> jpDf; (2013) nghJ gyNrdh: ,yq;ifapd;
vjpHfhyj;jpw;fhd mr;RWj;jy;> Groundviews, 19 khHr;
2013> nfhOk;G> ,yq;if. ,izaj;jpy; fpilf;Fkplk;:
http://groundviews.org/2013/03/19/bodu-bala-sena-a-
threat-to-sri-lankas-future/
nla;yp kpuH> xOq;fPdkhf ele;J nfhz;l ,UtUf;F
mguhjk;> 16 etk;gH 2012> ,yq;if> ,izaj;jpy;
fpilf;Fkplk;: htp://www.dailymirror.lk/news/23546-two-
men-fned-for-gross-indecency-.html
ngHdhz;Nlh vk;. (2008) \ehNlhb Fuy;fs;|> `pkhy;
njw;fhrpah> gFjp 21 (3)> ,izaj;jpy; fpilf;Fkplk;:
htp://www.himalmag.com/Vagrant-voices_nw2138.html
FzNrfu> jpruhdp (2013) K];yPk;fNs Gjpa jkpoHfs;>
yq;fh ];lhd;lHl;> 21 [dtup 2013> nfhOk;G> ,yq;if.
,izaj;jpy; fpilf;Fkplk;: htp://www.lankastandard.
com/2013/01/the-muslims-are-the-new-tamils/
kdpj cupikfs; fz;fhzpg;gfk; (2011) ,yq;if:
ek;gfj;jd;ikia fhf;fj; jtwpa mwpf;iffs;> 16 brk;gH
2011> epa+NahHf;> ,izaj;jpy; fpilf;Fkplk;: htp://www.
hrw.org/news/2011/12/16/sri-lanka-report-fails-advance-
accountability
kdpj cupikfs; fz;fhzpg;gfk; (2008) ,e;j Ntw;Wf;fpuf
guk;giur; nrhj;J: gpupj;jhdpa fhydpj;Jtj;jpd;
'nrhNlhkp" rl;lq;fspd; %yq;fs;.
www. hrw. org/si tes/defaul t/fi l es/reports/l gbt1208_
webwcover.pdf
kdpj cupikfs; Mizf;FO> ,yq;if rl;l ,y 21>
1996Mk; Mz;L
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,q;uk;> NfhHld; gpud;l;> Md;-Nkup ngsjpnyl;Nl> Nahyd;lh
nul;lH (Eds) (1997). Queers in Space: rKjhaq;fs; / nghJ
,lq;fs;/Xa;T jsq;fs;> Bay mr;rfk;> If;fpa mnkupf;fh.
rl;l kw;Wk; r%f epjpak; (2010) ,yq;if> kdpj cupikfs;
Mizf;FOtpd; mopTk;> jlk; khwYk;> Mrpahtpy;
Njrpa kdpj cupikfs; Mizf;FOtpd; nraw;ghLk;>
cUthf;fKk; njhlHghd ANNI mwpf;if> rl;l kw;Wk;
r%f epjpak;: nfhOk;G.
kpy;yH> N[ kw;Wk; epf;fy];> V (2012) ,yq;ifapy;
ghy; khw;wk; nra;jtHfspd; milahsk;> ghypay;G
kw;Wk; tHj;jf ghypay; nraw;ghL. ghypay;Gfs;> rpwg;G
gpupT> 15 (5/6) g.554 - 569> Sage gpuruk;> ,izaj;jpy;
fpilf;Fkplk;: DOI: 10.1177/1363460712446120
epf;fy];> md;upah (2010) lhd;]; nghd;dah> lhd;];!>
,yq;ifapy; ghy; khw;wk; nra;j ghy;tpidj;
njhopyhsHfSf;F vjpuhd nghyp]; J~;gpuNahfq;fs;>
ngz;zpa Fw;wtpay; 2010 5:195> Sage gpuRuq;fs;>
,izaj;jpy; fpilf;Fkplk;: htp://fcx.sagepub.com/
content/5/2/195
rd;Nl yPlH> \Mz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsHfis iftpl
Ntz;lhk;|> 6 [_d; 2010.
&gpd;];nla;d;> &j; (1995) Mil FwpaPLfs;: mnkupf;f
fyhrhuj;jpy; mHj;jq;fSk;> nra;jpfSk;. Nghy;lH.
Westview mr;rfk;.
,uhftd;> RNud; (2013) nghJ gyNrdh kw;Wk; ,yq;ifapy;
ngsj;j ,uhZt kak;> Groundviews, 15 [dtup
2013> nfhOk;G> ,yq;if. ,izaj;jpy; fpilf;Fkplk;:
http://groundviews.org/2013/01/15/bodu-bala-sena-and-
buddhisms-militant-face-in-sri-lanka/
gpupT 10 (<) kdpj cupikfs; Mizf;FO ,yq;if rl;l
,y 21> 1996.
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gpupT 365 V> ,yq;if Fw;wtpay; Nfhit (jpUj;jk;) rl;l
,y. 22> 1995> 31 xf;NlhgH 1995.
gpupT 399> Ms; khwhl;lj;jpd; %yk; Vkhw;wy;> ,yq;if
Fw;wtpay; Nfhit 1883.
jk;igah> it. (2004) xOf;f (kpd;ik) gpui[fs;:
,yq;ifapy; ghypay;G kw;Wk; Fw;wtpay; Nfhit. V.
N[. fdful;d ()> ePyd; jpUr;nry;tk; epidT khehl;L
fl;Liufs; (gf;. 107-141) nfhOk;G> ICES
jk;igah> it. (2003 Nk). Mz;fshy; cUthf;fl;l
rl;lKk;> ngz;fspd; czHTfSk;: ,yq;if rl;lj;Jld;
ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsupd; Nghuhl;lk;> tupfs; 2 (1)
2003.
If;fpa mnkupf;f ,uh[hq;fj; jpizf;fsk; (2011)
kdpj cupikfs; mwpf;if> ,yq;if> ,izaj;jpy;
fpilf;Fkplk;: htp://www.state.gov/j/drl/rls/hrrpt/2011/
sca/186475.htm
UNOHCHR (2013) , ,yq;ifapy; ey;ypzf;fk; kw;Wk;
nghWg;Gilikia Nkk;gLj;JtJ njhlHgpy; ,yq;if
murhq;fj;jpw;F MNyhrid kw;Wk; njhopy;El;g
cjtp Fwpj;j kdpj cupikfSf;fhd If;fpa ehLfs;
caH];jhdpfH mYtyfj;jpd; mwpf;if> kdpj cupikfs;
Nguit> 22tJ mkHT> If;fpa ehLfs; nghJ Nguit> 11
ngg;utup 2013> ,izaj;jpy; fpilf;Fkplk;:
http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/HRBodies/HRCouncil/
RegularSession/Session22/A-HRC-22-38_en.pdf
ehNlhbfs; rl;lk; ,y. 20> 1942.
cyf Rfhjhu ];jhgdk; (2004) jw;nfhiy jtpHg;G:
,UspypUe;J voy;> ,izaj;jpy; fpilf;Fkplk;:
http://www.searo.who.int/en/Section1174/Section1199/
Secton1567/Secton1824_8089.htm
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cyf Rfhjhu ];jhgdk; (2011) ehL> tUlk; kw;Wk;
ghy; mbg;gilapy; jyh 100>000 NgUf;F jw;nfhiy
tPjq;fs;. (,izaj;jpy;) fpilf;Fkplk;: htp://www.who.
int/mental_health/preventon/suicide_rates/en/
___________ (2012) Rdpyh mNgNrfu> epky;fh ngHdhz;Nlh
kw;Wk; ghf;fpaNrhjp rutzKj;J> ,ize;j mwpf;if>
23 khHr; 2012> nfhOk;G> ,yq;if. ,izaj;jpy;
fpilf;Fkplk;: htp://www.scribd.com/doc/86440203/
joint-statement-sunila-abeysekara-nimalka-fernando-and-
dr-paikiasothy-saravanamutu
(2007) ghypay; mikg;G kw;Wk; ghy;epiy milahsj;Jld;
njhlHGila rHtNjr kdpj cupikfs; rl;l gpuNahfk;
njhlHghd Nahf;ahHj;j Nfhl;ghLfs;
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gpd;dpizg;G
[ ]
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gpd;dpizg;G m:
Mg;g (Aappa): rpq;fs nkhopapy; xupdr; NrHf;if ngz;fis
Fwpg;gjw;fhd Nrupg;Gw (jho;thd nkhopg;gpuNahfk;)
,ul;ilg; ghYwT: xNu ghy; kw;Wk; vjpHg;ghiyr; NrHe;j
vd ,U ghypdUlDk; czHT uPjpahf kw;Wk;/my;yJ
cly;uPjpahf ftHr;rp nfhz;ltHfs;.
Mz; jd;ik nfhz;l ngz; (Butch): Mz; jd;ik
nfhz;l ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsH. Mz; jd;ikahd
elj;ijfs;> Mz;fs; mzpAk; Milfs;> Mz;fisg;
Nghd;w rpifayq;fhuk; vd;gjd; Clhf mtuJ
Mz; jd;ik ntspg;gLk;. jkJ ngz; cly; Fwpj;j
nrsfupaj;Jld; jk;ik ngz; vd milahsg;gLj;jpf;
nfhs;thH.
Cisgender: cisgender vdg;gLtJ> jkJ ghy;epiy
my;yJ ghypid gpwg;gpd; NghjhdjhfNt Fwpf;Fk;
egH. cjhuzkhf> cq;fSila gpwg;Gr; rhd;wpjopy;
cq;fSila ghy; \ngz;| vdf; Fwpf;fg;gl;bUg;gpd;>
ePq;fs; cq;fis \ngz;kzp| vd milahsg;gLj;JtJ
(ghy;khw;w egUf;F vjpuhdJ).
ngz; jd;ikahdtH (Femme): mofpa ngz; Xupdr;
NrHf;ifahsH. mtuJ ngz; jd;ikahdJ xg;gid
nra;J nfhs;sy;> FjpAau ghjzpfs; kw;Wk; Milfs;
%yk; ntspg;gLj;jg;glyhk; my;yJ ntspg;gLj;jg;glj;
Njitapy;iy. nkd;ikahf NgRgtuhf>
,dpikahdtuhf kw;Wk; mlf;fkhdtuhf> my;yJ
Gj;jp $HikahdJ> Jbg;ghdtuhf ,Uf;fyhk;. jkJ
ngz; cly; Fwpj;j nrsfupaj;Jld; jk;ik ngz; vd
milahsg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;thH
Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsH: xNu ghiyr; NrHe;j egUld;
czHT uPjpahf kw;Wk;/my;yJ clypay; uPjpahf
ftug;gLk; egH. nghJthf ,e;j gjkhdJ Mz;fisf;
Fwpg;gjw;Nf gad;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wJ.
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ghy;epiy: ngz;ik kw;Wk; Mz;ik vd rpy Fwpg;gpl;l
elj;ijfs;> rpwg;gpay;Gfs; kw;Wk; tfpghfq;fs;
vd;gjd; mbg;gilapy; r%f uPjpahf fl;likf;fg;gl;l
fUj;jhf;fk;> my;yJ r%f tFg;ghf;fkhFk;. ,Ug;gpDk;>
gy;NtW fyhrhuj;jpw;F Vw;g ngz;ik/ngz; kw;Wk;
Mz;ik/Mz; elj;ijfspd; cs;slf;fk; vd;gJ
NtWglyhk;. tho;f;ifapd; midj;J kl;lq;fspYk;
Mz; my;yJ ngz; xUtH vt;thW ele;J nfhs;s
Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ njhlHghf nghJthf mit xU njhFjp
fl;Lg;ghLfs; kw;Wk; tpjpfis mKyhf;Ffpd;wd.
ghy;epiy ,ul;ilg; gz;G: Mz;ik kw;Wk; ngz;ik vd;w
,uz;L jdpj;j tiffspy; ghy; kw;Wk; ghy;epiyiy
tFg;ghf;fk; nra;jy;. ,uz;L tFg;ghf;fj;jpw;Fs;Sk;
nghUe;jjhj gy egHfis ntspNaw;Wk; tifapy;
ngUk;ghyhd r%fq;fs; kf;fis ,e;j ,uz;L
jdpj;Jtkhd tiffSf;Fs;Sk; gpupf;fpd;wd.
ghy;epiy milahsk;: ghy;epiy njhlHgpy; xt;nthU
egupdJk; Mokhf czug;gl;l cs;sf kw;Wk;
gpuj;jpNafkhd mDgj;ij Fwpf;fpd;wJ. clypd;
jdpg;gl;l czHT (Rje;jpukhf njupT nra;ag;gl;l>
cly; Njhw;wg;ghl;il khw;Wjy; my;yJ kUj;Jt>
rj;jpu rpfpr;ir my;yJ NtW topfspyhd nraw;ghL)
kw;Wk; Mil> NgRjy; kw;Wk; gof;fq;fs; cs;slq;fyhf
ghy;epiyapd; NtWgl;l ntspghLfs; cs;slq;fyhf
gpwg;gpd; NghJ epHzapf;fg;gl;l ghypid Fwpf;fyhk;
my;yJ Fwpf;fhJ ,Uf;fyhk;.
ghy;epiy ntspg;ghL: xUtupd; ghy;epiyapd; ntspaf
fhl;rpg;gLj;jy;. nghJthf \Mz;ik|> \ngz;ik| my;yJ
ghy;epiy NtWghl;L Mil> Njhw;wg;ghL> gof;fq;fs;>
NgRk; Kiwfs; kw;Wk; elj;ijfs; vd;gtw;wpd; Clhf
ntspg;gLj;jg;gLk;. ghy;epiy ntspg;ghL vd;gJ
fl;lhakhf> ghypay; mikg;G my;yJ ghy;epiy
milahsk; vd;gjid Fwpf;f Ntz;bajpy;iy.
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Ntw;Wghy; ,r;ir: midj;J kf;fSk; ,uz;L
ghy;epiyfSf;Fs; (v.fh: Mz; my;yJ ngz;)
cs;slq;Ffpd;wdH vd;gjid Fwpf;Fk; ghHit.
Mz;fs; kw;Wk; ngz;fs; gpd;gw;w Ntz;ba Fwpg;gpl;l
tfpghfq;fs;> kw;Wk; Ntw;Wg; ghy; ,r;ir vd;gJ
(vjpHg;ghypdH my;yJ vjpHg;ghy;epiy egH kPjhd
<Hg;G) khj;jpuNk \,ay;ghd| ghypay;G.
Ntw;Wg;ghy; ,r;ir ,ay;G: ghypay; MHtk;> neUf;fk;
kw;Wk; FLk;g tho;f;ifapy; Ntw;Wg; ghy; ,r;ir ,ay;G
vd;gJ khj;jpuNk \,ay;ghd| kw;Wk; Vw;Wf; nfhs;sf;
$ba ntspg;ghL vd;w ek;gpf;ifia Fwpf;fpd;wJ.
Ntw;W ghypdr; NrHf;if: egH xUtH ghypay; uPjpahf>
czHT uPjpahf kw;Wk; / my;yJ md;G uPjpahf
vjpHg;ghy; kPjhd ftHr;rp.
Xupdr;NrHf;if: egH xUtH ghypay; uPjpahf> czHT
uPjpahf kw;Wk; / my;yJ md;G uPjpahf xNu ghy;
kPjhd ftHr;rp.
XU ghypd ,r;ir kWg;G: Xupdr; NrHf;if kPjhd
gFj;jwptw;w gak;> ntWg;G my;yJ jg;ngz;zk;.
,ul;ilg; ghYWg;Gf;fSld; gpwe;jtH: Mz; my;yJ
ngz;Zf;fhdJ vd Fwpf;fg;gLk;> ntspg;Gw gpwg;Gwg;G
my;yJ cs;sf ,dg;ngUf;f KiwfSld; gpwe;j egH.
Mz; kw;Wk; ngz; vd ,UghypdUf;Fkhd capupay;
rpwg;gpay;Gfisf; nfhz;ltHfis Fwpf;fg; gad;gLk;.
FNuhkNrhk;> N`hHNkhd;fs; kw;Wk; gpwg;GWg;Gf;fs;
Nghd;w Mz; my;yJ ngz; jd;ikia Fwpf;Fk; cly;
NtWghLfs; rhHe;j epiyikfis ,J Fwpf;Fk;.
gpwg;gpd; NghJ my;yJ tho;f;ifapd; gpw;fhyj;jpy;
mtjhdpf;ff; $bajhf ,e;j NtWghLfs; cUthFk;.
,e;j gjkhdJ> \,Ughypd clyp| vd;w gjj;jpw;Fg;
gjpyhf \,ul;ilg; ghYwg;Gf;fSld; gpwe;jtH| vd;w
gjk; gad;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wJ. kupahijaw;w kw;Wk; /
my;yJ fz;zpakw;w tplakhf ,J fUjg;gLfpd;wJ.
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98
LGBTIQ: ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsH> Mz; Xupdr;
NrHf;ifahsH> ,ul;ilg; ghYwT egH> ghy;khw;wk;
nra;jtH> ,ul;ilg; ghYWg;Gf;fSld; gpwe;jtH>
Nfs;tpf;Fl;gLj;jg;gl;ltH kw;Wk; r%fj;jpy; ghy; kw;Wk;
ghypay;G rhHe;j tiuKiwfis kPwp tho;gtH vd;Nghiu
Fwpg;gjw;fhd RUf;fg; ngauhFk; (mz;ikf;fhykhf
milahs tiffs; kw;Wk; FwpaPLfspy; mjpfupj;Jr;
nry;Yk; vz;zpf;if fhuzkhf ngz; Xupdr;
NrHf;ifahsH> Mz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsH> ,ul;ilg;
ghYwT egH> ,ul;il MHtk; nfhz;ltH> Ntw;W
ghypdr; NrHf;ifAs;stH> Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsH>
ghy;khw;wk; nra;jtH> ghy;khwpa r%fj;jpy; ghy;
kw;Wk; ghypay;G rhHe;j tiuKiwfis kPwp
tho;gtH> Nfs;tpf;Fl;gLj;jg;gl;ltH kw;Wk; ,ul;ilg;
ghYWg;Gf;fSld; gpwe;jtH vd;Nghiu Fwpf;Fk;
tifapy; LGBBHHTTQQI vd gad;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wJ.).
ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsH: NtW ngz;fs; kPJ
czHTrhHe;J kw;Wk;/my;yJ cly;rhH <Hg;G
nfhz;ltH.
Ntw;Wg;ghy; ,r;ir mw;w ngz;fs;/Mz;fs;:
NtWg;ghypay;G kw;Wk; Ntw;Wg;ghy; tbt fl;likg;Gf;F
ntspNa tho;tjw;F njupT nfhz;Ls;s ngz;fs;
my;yJ Mz;fis Fwpf;fg; gad;gLk; gjk;.
nghd;dah: rpq;fs nkhopapy; gad;gLj;jg;gLk; fz;zpakw;w
Ngr;R tof;F gjk;. Mz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsH my;yJ
Mz; jd;ikaw;w egiu Fwpf;f gad;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wJ.
mJ gy;tifahd mHj;jq;fisf; nfhz;ljhFk;.
mj;Jld;> ,yq;ifapd; epHzapf;fg;gl;l Mz;ikf;fhd
juq;fis vl;Ltjw;F jtWk; Mz;fis fPo;j;jukhf
Fwpf;f gad;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wJ. elj;ijf; nfl;l
ngz;zpd; fztd;> jkJ FLk;gj;ij guhkupf;f
,ayhj Mz;> Mz; jd;ikaw;w Mz;> Mz; kPjhd
ghypay; MHtj;ij ntspg;gLj;Jk; Mz;. (kpy;yH
kw;Wk; epf;fy];> 2012:557).
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99
FtpaH - r%fj;jpy; ghy; kw;Wk; ghypay;G rhHe;j
tiuKiwfis kPwp tho;gtH: fl;likf;fg;gl;l
ghy;epiy kw;Wk;/my;yJ ghypay; tpOkpaq;fis kPwpa
egHfs;. Ntw;Wg;ghy; ,r;ir my;yJ Ntw;Wg;ghypay;G
tpOkpaq;fSf;F ntspNa thOk; Ntw;Wg;ghy; egHfs;
kw;Wk; LGBTI,idAk; ,e;j gjg;gpuNahfk; Fwpf;Fk;.
ghy;: Mz;fs; my;yJ ngz;fs; vd cly;fspd; capupay;
rhHe;j tFg;ghf;fk;. gpwg;gpy;> capupay; rpwg;gpay;Gfspd;
gpizg;ghf r%f uPjpahf fl;likf;fg;gl;l Gupe;JzHtpd;
mbg;gilapy; epHzapf;fg;gl;l ghy; mbg;gilahd
Mz; my;yJ ngz;. FNuhkNrhk;fs;> N`hHNkhd;fs;>
cs;sf ,dg;ngUf;f mq;fq;fs; kw;Wk; gpwg;GWg;Gf;fs;
vd;gd ,jpy; cs;slq;Fk;.
ghypay; mikg;G: NtW ghy;epiyiar; NrHe;j my;yJ
xNu ghy;epiyiar; rhHe;j my;yJ xU ghy;epiyf;Fk;
mjpfkhd jdpegHfSld;> xt;nthU egupdJk; Kd;
fz;lwpag;gl;l czHtrhH> <Hg;GrhH> kw;Wk; ghypay;
<Hg;G kw;Wk; neUf;fkhd kw;Wk; ghypay; cwTfs;
rhHe;j ,aYikia Fwpf;fpd;wJ.
ghy; khw;wk;: jhk; gpwg;gpy; Fwpf;fg;gl;l ghYld; toikahf
njhlHGgl;ll ,ay;GfSf;F NtWghlhd ghypay;
milahsk;> ntspg;ghL my;yJ elj;ijia nfhz;l
kf;fis Fwpf;Fk; gjk;. ghy; khwpatHfs;> ghy; khw;W
cil mzpgtHfs;> ghy; khw;wk; nra;J nfhz;ltHfs;>
fyg;G> kw;Wk; ghy;epiy cWjp nra;a KbahjtHfs;
cs;slq;fpatHfisAk; Fwpf;Fk;. ghy; khw;wk;
nra;jtHfs;> Ntw;Wg; ghYwT egHfshf> ngz; Xupdr;
NrHf;ifahsHfshf> Mz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsHfshf
my;yJ ,ul;ilg; ghYwT egHfshf ,Uf;fyhk;.
Nkw;fj;ija ehLfspy; gad;gLj;jg;gLk; \ghy; khw;wk;|
vd;w gjkhdJ gy ehLfspy; NtWgl;l mHj;jq;fis
ntspg;gLj;Jtjhf cs;sJ. ghy;epiy milahsj;jpy;
gy;Ntwhd kw;Wk; NtWgl;l ntspg;ghLfis Fwpg;gjhf
my;yJ ghypay; tpUg;gk;> neUf;fk; kw;Wk; ghy;epiy
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100
cWjpgLj;jg;glhj jd;ik vd;gtw;Wf;F ,ilapyhd
ntspg;ghLfis Fwpg;gjhfTk; ,e;jg; gjk; ,y;iy.
cjhuzkhf> Neghsj;jpy; nkl;b];> ghfp];jhdpy;
~dhd];> MH[d;Bdhtpy; bunt];b vd;gd Mz;
jd;ikaw;w egHfis Fwpg;gjw;F> rj;jpu rpfpr;ir
%yk; cliy khw;Wk; my;yJ ngz;zhf khWk;
,ay;G vd;gtw;iw Fwpf;fg; gad;gLfpd;wJ. ngz;
jd;ikahd Mz;fSld; ghYwT nfhs;Sk; egHfis
Fwpf;Fk; tifapy; `p[;uh vd;w gjk; ,e;jpahtpy; Mz;
cWg;ig ntl;ba egHfSf;Fg; gpuNahfpf;fg;gLfpd;wJ.
vdpDk;> ,J Mz; xupdr; NrHf;ifahsHfis Fwpg;gJ
my;y. gy;NtW fyhrhuq;fspy; \%d;whtJ ghy;epiy|
my;yJ \NtW ghy;epiy| vd;gJ nghJthf ghy;khw;wk;
vd;gjid Fwpg;gjw;fhfNt gad;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wJ.
,yq;ifapy;> ehr;rp vd;gJ ghy;khw;wk; nra;jtHfs;>
xupdr; NrHfifahsHfs; vd ,U jug;gpdiuAk;
Fwpf;fpd;wJ. ngz; jd;ik nfhz;l ghy;epiy
tplag;gug;ig mit cs;slf;Fk;. Mdhy;> mtHfsJ
\Mz;ik| rhHe;j gpujhd cz;ikfis jtpHg;gjhf
mit ,y;iy. mj;Jld;> Mz;fs; kPjhd mtHfsJ
tplhj ghypay; MHtj;ij tpsf;Ffpd;wd. (kpy;yH
kw;Wk; epf;fy];> 2012:55).
buhd;;]; trans: ghy;epiy milahs gpuptpw;Fs;
cs;slq;Fk; midj;J milahsq;fis cs;slf;Fk;
gpujhd gjkhf ,J gad;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wJ. ghy; kw;Wk;
ghy;epiyapd; gy mDgtq;fis ,J Fwpf;fyhk;.
khw;wk;> ghy; khw;wk;> ghy;epiy khw;wk;> ghy;epiy
Fwpj;j tiuKiwfis kPwpatH.
ghy;khw;w Mz; (ngz;zpypUe;J MZf;F khwpatH):
Mz; my;yJ Mz;jd;ik nfhz;l egiu Fwpf;Fk;.
Mdhy;> gpwg;gpy; ngz;zhf ,Ue;J> ngz;zhf
tsHf;fg;gl;ltH. ghy;khw;w Mz; vdTk; mwpag;gLk;.
FTM my;yJ F2M (ngz;zpypUe;J Mz;).
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101
ghy;khw;w ngz; (MzpypUe;J ngz;Zf;F khwpatH):
ngz; my;yJ ngz; jd;ik nfhz;l egiu
Fwpf;Fk;. Mdhy;> gpwg;gpy; Mzhf ,Ue;J> Mzhf
tsHf;fg;gl;ltH. ghy;khw;w Mz; vdTk; mwpag;gLk;.
MTF my;yJ M2F (MzpypUe;J ngz;).
ghy;khw;wk; nra;jtHfSf;nfjpuhd msTf;F kPwpa mr;rk;/
ntWg;G: ghy; khw;w kf;fSf;F vjpuhd jg;ngz;zk;
my;yJ kPjhd gak;. my;yJ ghy;khw;w egH vd;w vz;zk;.
td;Kiw> gyhj;fhuk; kw;Wk; ghugl;rk; vd;gdtw;Wld;>
midtUk; Mz; my;yJ ngz;zhf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;
vd;w nghJthd vz;zg;ghl;il Fwpf;Fk; epiy
vd;gtwiw ,J nfhz;bUf;Fk;. tplaq;fs; nraw;gLk;
tpjj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; ,J epfOk;. cjhuzkhf>
Mz; my;yJ ngz; fopg;giwfis gad;gLj;Jtjw;F
fl;lhag;gLj;jg;gly;. my;yJ gbtq;fis g+Hj;jp
nra;Ak; NghJ njhlHr;rpahf \Mz;| my;yJ \ngz;|
fl;lj;ij njupT nra;jy;. xU ghypd ,r;ir kWg;Gk;
,NjNghd;W ,Uf;Fk;. Mdhy;> Ntw;Wg;ghy; ,r;irf;F
cs;slq;fhj egHfis Fwpg;gjhf mikAk;.
ghy; khw;wk; mile;jtH: gpwg;gpd; NghJ epHzapf;fg;gl;l
xUtupd; ghy;epiy milahsj;jpw;F NtWgl;l tifapy;
cs;s egiu Fwpf;Fk;. jkJ ghy;epiy milahsj;ij
cWjp nra;tjw;F> nghJthf N`hHNkhd;fs; my;yJ
rj;jpurpfpr;irapd; %yk; jkJ cliy khw;Wtjw;F
tpUk;GgtHfshf ghy; khw;w egHfs; miktH.
khw;w fhyk;: Mil tbtk;> Gjpa ngaH njupT kw;Wk;
kf;fs; rupahd ngaHnrhy;iy gad;gLj;JkhW $wy;
Nghd;w khw;wq;fis cs;slf;fpaJ. N`hHNkhd;
rpfpr;ir> cstsj;Jiz> kw;Wk;/my;yJ rj;jpu
rpfpr;ir Nghd;w kUj;Jt guhkupg;Gf;fis ,J
cs;slf;fyhk;.
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102
ghy; khw;W cil mzpgtH: nghJthf Mzhf ,Uf;Fk;
xU egH> vjpHg;ghypdH mzpAk; Milfis mzpjy;.
ghy; khw;W cil mzpgtH vd;gtH> Mz; Xupdr;
NrHf;ifahsH> ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsH> ,ul;ilg;
ghYwT egH> Ntw;Wg;ghYwT egH> ghy;epiy rhHe;j
tiuKiwfis kPwpatH> my;yJ NtW egHfis
cs;slf;Fk;.
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103
gpd;dpizg;G M: ghypay;G njhlHghd Mq;fpy kw;Wk; rpq;fs
Clf mwpf;iffspd; fhg;gfk; (1999-2013)
105
(+) rhjfkhf vOjg;gl;l fl;Lfiufis Fwpf;fpwJ.
njhdpg;nghUs; jpfjp gj;jpupif /
Clfk;
tpsf;fk;
Mq;fpy Clfk; (1999 - 2013)
xU ghypd
,r;ir kWg;G
Fwpj;J
Nf ];lhH
ept;]; (Gay
Star News)
Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsHfis
jpl;lkpl;L ,yf;F itf;Fk;
,yq;if (Sri Lanka begins
systematc targetng of gays)
htp://www.gaystarnews.
com/artcle/sri-lanka-begins-
E2%80%98systematc-
targetng%E2%80%99-gays070913
nghJthdJ 20.11.2012 nla;yp kpuH ghy;tpidj; njhopiy
rl;lg+Htkhf;fy; - khfhzrig
cWg;gpdH (Legalize Prosttuton –
Provincial Councillor)
htp://www.dailymirror.lk/
news/23626-legalize-prosttuton-
provincial-councillor.html
Xupdr; NrHf;if 16.11.2012 nla;yp kpuH nghJ ,lj;jpy; xOq;fPdkhf
ele;J nfhz;l ,uz;L
Mz;fSf;F mguhjk; (Two Men
Fined for Gross Indecency)
htp://www.dailymirror.lk/
news/23546-two-men-fned-for-
gross-indecency-.html
Xupdr; NrHf;if 14.10.2012 nla;yp kpuH ENfnfhilapy; rl;ltpNuhj
Xupdr; NrHf;if ,lk;
Rw;wptisg;G (Alleged Gay Brothel
Raided in Nugegoda)
htp://www.dailymirror.lk/
news/22679-alleged-gay-brothel-
raided-in-nugegoda.html
105 ,J mauhj ciog;gpd; %yk; jpul;lg;gl;l gl;bayhFk;. 1999Mk; Mz;L Kjy;> Mq;fpy
kw;Wk; rpq;fs Clfq;fspy; ntspte;j ghypay;G rhHe;j gj;jpupif JZf;Ffis ngz;fs;
MjuT FO> ,yq;if Nrfupj;Js;sJ. jkpo; Clf mwpf;iffs; ghHitaplg;gltpy;iy. jkpopy;
gupr;rakhd CopaH ,d;ikNa ,jw;fhd fhuzkhFk;. Nfhupf;ifapd; mbg;gilapy; ,e;j Clf
mwpf;iffs; rpytw;wpd; gpujpfis ngw;Wf; nfhs;s KbAk;.
[
]
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104
njhdpg;nghUs; jpfjp gj;jpupif /
Clfk;
tpsf;fk;
nghJthdJ 29.01.2012 rd;Nl
ilk;];
ehshe;jk; ghypay; gyhj;fhuk;
nra;ag;gLk; 3-5 rpWtHfs; (3 – 5
children raped daily)
htp://www.sundaytmes.
lk/120129/News/nws_12.html
nghJthdJ 29.06.2011 BBC njw;fhrpa ,yq;if
gs;spthapy;fs; ‘Mghrj;
jpiug;gl ngz;fis’ kd;dpj;jy;
(South Asia Sri Lanka mosques
exonerate 'pornography girls')
htp://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-
south-asia-9901?print=true#story_
contnues_1
nghJthdJ 19.02.2012 yf;gpk
nra;jpfs;
“kdpj cupikfs; jpl;lk;. rpwe;j
Kaw;rp> Mdhy;..” (“Human Rights
Acton Plan. Nice Try But,....”)
htp://www.lakbimanews.lk/index.
php?opton=com_content&view=ar
tcle&id=3953:human-rights-acton-
plan--nice-try-but&catd=35:news-
features&Itemid=37
Xupdr; NrHf;if 26.06.2007 LGBT Asylum
News
htp://www.youtube.
com/atch?v=WCiPgrozz-
E&feature=player_embedded
Xupdr; NrHf;if 27.10.2011 LGBT Asylum
News
htp://madikazemi.blogspot.
com/2011/10/sri-lankan-gay-man-
granted-asylum-in.html
Xupdr; NrHf;if 18.01.2012 LGBT Asylum
News
htp://madikazemi.blogspot.
com/2012/01/video-persecuton-
of-gay-people-in-sri.html
Xupdr; NrHf;if 26.11.2011 LGBT Asylum
News
htp://madikazemi.blogspot.
com/2011/11/video-sri-lankan-gay-
actvist-speaks.html
nghJthdJ (+) 09.11.2011 nla;yp kpuH “Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsH
cupikfs; njhlHgpy; ehk; vq;F
,Uf;fpd;Nwhk; ” (“Where do we
stand on Gay Rights”)
htp://www.dailymirror.lk/
opinion/14644-where-do-we-stand-
on-gay-rights.html
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105
njhdpg;nghUs; jpfjp gj;jpupif /
Clfk;
tpsf;fk;
nghJthdJ 04. 11.2011 nla;yp kpuH “nfk&dpd; mr;RWj;jy; -
,yq;if vd;d nrhy;fpd;wJ”
(“Cameron’s Threat – What Sri
Lanka has to Say”) (gpujp ngw;Wf;
nfhs;syhk; - Scanned copy
available)
nghJthdJ 03.11.2011 nla;yp kpuH “nfk&dpd; cjtp epWj;jg;gl;l
gl;baypy; Xupdr; NrHf;iff;fhd
vjpuhd ehLfspy; ,yq;if” (“Sri
Lanka among ant-gay natons of
Cameron’s Aid cut list”)
htp://www.dailymirror.lk/
news/14463-sl-among-ant-gay-
natons-on-camerons-aid-cut-list.
html#comments
nghJthdJ 30.10.2011 j fhHbad; “Xupdr; NrHf;ifia jilnra;Ak;
ehLfs; cjtpia ,of;Fk;
mghak; - vr;rupf;Fk; Nltpl;
nfk&d;” (“Countries that ban
homosexuality risk losing aid, warns
David Cameron”)
htp://www.guardian.co.uk/
politcs/2011/oct/30/ban-
homosexuality-lose-aid-cameron
xU ghypd
,r;ir kWg;G
22.09.2011 www.lankasri.
com
“,yq;ifapy; mjpfupj;Js;s XU
ghypdr; NrHf;if” (“Number
of Homosexuals increased in Sri
Lanka”)
htp://eng.lankasri.com/view.php?2
2BmSac3CA34e4Y5203lOKdd3Oln2
0T5Y3e4SMMca3mB52
xU ghypd
,r;ir kWg;G
21.09.2011 www.
adaderana.lk
,yq;ifapy; mjpfupf;Fk; Xupdr;
NrHf;if (“Sri Lanka faces increase
in Homosexuals”)
htp://www.adaderana.lk/
news.php?nid=15105&utm_
e=twiterfeed&utm_
medium=twiter
xU ghypd
,r;ir kWg;G
21.09.2011 www.philstar.
com
“Xupdr; NrHf;if mjpfupg;ig
vjpHnfhs;Sk; ,yq;if” (“Sri
Lanka faces Homosexuals Increase”)
htp://www.philstar.com/Artcle.as
px?artcleId=729496&publicatonSu
bCategoryId=200
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106
njhdpg;nghUs; jpfjp gj;jpupif /
Clfk;
tpsf;fk;
xU ghypd
,r;ir kWg;G
14.09.2011 www.
lankaenews.
com
“ghy;tpidj; njhopy; kw;Wk;
xupdr; NrHf;if gl;baypy;
Kd;dpiyapy; ,yq;if” (“Sri
Lanka in top slot on Prosttuton
and Homosexuality”)
htp://www.lankaenews.com/
English/news.php?id=12247
xU ghypd
,r;ir kWg;G
14.09.2011 www.
lankapuvath.lk
Ma;T: 40>000 ghy;tpidj;
njhopyhsHfs;> 35>000 Xupdr;
NrHf;ifahsHfs; kw;Wk;
vz;zpylq;fh ngz; Xupdr;
NrHf;ifahsHfs; “Survey:40,000
prosttutes, 35,000 Homosexuals
and unaccounted Lesbians”
htp://www.lankapuvath.lk/index.
php/home/behind-the-curtain/
behind-the-curtain-2/18389-
survey-40000-prosttutes-35000-
homosexuals-a-unaccounted-
lesbians-
nghJthdJ (-) 11.09.2011 j rd;Nl
ilk;];
“Xupdr; NrHf;if cupikfSf;F
tPl;Nlh mspj;j MR” (“MR
vetoes Gay Rights”)
htp://www.sundaytmes.
lk/110911/Columns/cafe.html
ehNlhbfs; 04.08.2011 j nla;yp
kpuH
“miye;J jpupe;j ngz; ifJ”
(“Loitering Woman Remanded”)
htp://print.dailymirror.lk/news/
news/52088.html
FTM 05.04.2011 j Iyd;l; “Mzhf ebj;j ngz; ifJ”
(“Woman posing as man arrested”)
htp://www.island.lk/index.
php?page_cat=artcle-
ails&page=artcle-details&code_
ttle=22479
,ul;ilg;
ghYWg;Gf;f-
Sld; gpwe;jtH
25.08.2011 Lanka
Newspapers.
com
“,yq;ifapy; 500,w;Fk;
Nkw;gl;l ngz; Foe;ijfs; Mz;
cWg;GfSld; gpwg;G” (“Over 500
female births with male organs in
Sri Lanka”)
htp://www.lankanewspapers.com/
news/2011/8/70079.html
n
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107
njhdpg;nghUs; jpfjp gj;jpupif /
Clfk;
tpsf;fk;
nghJthdJ (+) 15.05.2011 j rd;Nl
yPlH
“ghypay; cupikfs;
nraw;ghl;lhsupd; tho;f;ifg;
gazk;> cNgf;~h” (“The Life
Journey of a Sexual Rights Actvist,
Upeksha”)
htp://www.thesundayleader.
lk/2011/05/15/the-life-journey-of-
a-sexual-rights-actvist-upeksha/
nghJthdJ (+) 08.05.2011 j rd;Nl
yPlH
“vd;Dila fij” NrHkd;
me;Njhdp B Nuh]; (“My Story”
by Sherman Anthony de Rose)
htp://www. thesundayleader.
lk/2011/05/08/my-story/
xU ghypd
,r;ir kWg;G
29.07.2010 j nla;yp
kpuH
‘,aw;iff;F vjpuhd miy” -
MrpupaH jiyaq;fk; - rk;gpf;f
ypadhur;rp (“A Tide Against the
Natural” - Editorial – Writen by
Champika Liyanaarachchi)
(gpujp fpilf;Fk;)
,izaj;jsj;jpYk;
ntspahfpapUe;jJ: htp://www.
dailymirror.lk/print/index.php/
editorial/106-editorial/16941.html
nghJthdJ (+) 25.06.2010 j nla;yp
kpuH
,yq;ifapy; Xupdr;
NrHf;ifahsHfSld;
fye;Jiuahly; (“Lanka for
dialogue with gays”)
(nra;jpf; Fwpg;gpy; rhjfkhd
kw;Wk; ghjfkhd fUj;Jf;fis
fhzyhk;)
htp://www.dailymirror.lk/index.
php/news/4626-lanka-for-dialogue-
with-gays.html
gpu[hTupik (+) 16.06.2010 nfl;]; I
(Cat’s Eye)
gpu[htupik> Xupdr;NrHf;if
kw;Wk; rk re;jHg;gq;fs;
(Citzenship, Homosexuality and
Equal Opportunites)
htp://catseyesrilanka.wordpress.
com/2010/06/16/citzenship-
homosexuality-and-equal-
opportunites/
n
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108
njhdpg;nghUs; jpfjp gj;jpupif /
Clfk;
tpsf;fk;
FTM 23.08.2010 j nlay;
kpuH
(,izag;
gjpg;G)
“cz;ik ,q;Nf cs;sJ” -
%yk;> khj;jiw fpU~hd; [Ptf;f
[aUf; (“The Truth Is In There..” –
by Matara Krishan Jeewaka Jayaruk)
htp://print.dailymirror.lk/news/
front-page-news/19277.html
23 tajhd ngz; xUtH>
jd;Dila fztH xU ngz;
vd jpBnud fz;lwpfpd;whH.
mjid nghyp]; epiyaj;jpy;
Kiwg;ghL nra;fpd;whH.
08.12.2010 j nla;yp
kpuH
(,izag;
gjpg;G)
“Mzhf ebj;j ngz;> gpizapy;
tpLjiy” - %yk;> khj;jiw
fpU~hd; [Ptf;f [aUf;
(“Woman posing as a Man Released
on Bail” – by Matara Krishan
Jeewaka Jayaruk)
htp://print.dailymirror.lk/news/
news/29338.html
Fw;wk; Rkj;jg;gl;ltupd;
ghy;epiyahdJ> fhtypy;
,Ue;j NghJ ePjpkd;w kUj;Jt
mjpfhupapdhy; guprPyidf;F
cl;gLj;jg;gl;L> mtH kPjhd
Fw;wr;rhl;L mbg;gilaw;wJ
vdf; $wg;gl;L gpizapy;
tpLtpf;fg;gl;lhH vd;gjd;
njhlHr;rpahd mwpf;if.
Nkyjpf tprhuizfs; ngg;utup
khjk; 15Mk; jpfjp tiu
xj;jpitf;fg;gl;Ls;sd.
rl;l
(+)
11.07.2010 j rd;Nl
Iyd;l;
“gpu[hTupik> ngUik kw;Wk;
jg;ngz;zk;” - nfl;]; I gFjp
(“Citzenship, Pride and Prejudice” -
Cat’s Eye Column)
htp://www.island.lk/index.
php?page_cat=artcle-
ails&page=artcle-details&code_
ttle=1777
xNu ghYwT kw;Wk;
gpu[hTupikfs; Fwpj;j rhjfkhd
fl;Liu. ,izag; gjpg;gpYk;
ntspahfpapUe;jJ.
n
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109
njhdpg;nghUs; jpfjp gj;jpupif /
Clfk;
tpsf;fk;
ghypay;G/MTF
(+)
06.06.2010 j rd;Nl
yPlH
(,izag;
gjpg;G)
“Xupdr; NrHf;if Mz;fis
iftpl Ntz;lhk;” %yk;> udp
nkh`kl; (“Don’t Abandon the
Gay Men” by Ranee Mohamed)
fUiz rhHe;j fl;Liu. Ntw;Wg;
ghypdH Milfis mzpgtH
kPjhd> MSM vd jk;ik
milahsg;gLj;Jgtupd; kPjhd
td;Kiwia tpsf;Ffpd;wJ.
PRIDE (+) 09.07.2010 Ground Views ,yq;ifapy; PRIDE nfhz;lhl;lk;
(Celebratng PRIDE in Sri Lanka)
htp://www.groundviews.
org/2010/07/09/celebratng-pride-
in-sri-lanka/
nghJthdJ (+) 07.072010 ,yq;ifapy; ngz;
Xupdr;NrHf;if> Mz;
Xupdr; NrHf;if> ,ul;ilg;
ghYwT> ghy;khw;wk;>
,ul;ilg; ghYWg;Gf;fSld;
gpwe;jtH kw;Wk;
Nfs;tpf;Fl;gLj;jg;gLgtiu
nfhz;lhly; (Celebratng Lesbian,
Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Intersex
and Questoning in Sri Lanka)
htp://www.groundviews.
org/2010/07/07/celebratng-a-
lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-
inquiring-and-queer-sri-lanka/
xU ghypd
,r;ir kWg;G
03.08.2010 xU ghypd ,r;ir kWg;G Mrpupa
jiyaq;fk;: cj;jpNahfg;g+Ht
kWg;G my;yJ epahakhd
ek;gpf;if? (A Homophobic
Editorial: Professional Negligence or
genuine belief?)
htp://www.groundviews.
org/2010/08/03/a-homophobic-
editorial-professional-negligence-
or-genuine-belief/
n
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110
njhdpg;nghUs; jpfjp gj;jpupif /
Clfk;
tpsf;fk;
nghJthdJ (+) 03.02.2009 j rd;Nl
ilk;];
“ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;if
jw;nfhiyfs;> ngz; Xupdr;
NrHf;if ftiyfs;: ,tHfs;
tpyf;fg;gl;ltHfsh” (“Lesbian
suicides, lesbian woes: Are these
people pariahs?”)
htp://sundaytmes.lk/030209/
plus/13.html (scroll down to second
artcle)
rl;l (+) khHr; 2008 Himal South
Asia
ehNlhbfs; Fuy;fs; (Vagrant
Voices)
htp://www.himalmag.com/
Vagrant-voices_nw2138.html
rl;l (+) 28.12.2008 j rd;Nl
yPlH
(,izag;
gjpg;G)
“Mz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsHfSk;
kf;fNs” – Mrpupaj; jiyaq;fk;
(“Gays are People Too” – Editorial)
SOGI njhlHghd I.eh
gpufldq;fis cs;thq;Ftjid
,yq;if jtpHj;jik njhlHghd
cz;ik Fwpj;j gpujpgypg;G.
nghJthdJ (+) 21.07.2008 gpq;f; ept;]; “Mf;Fjy; my;yJ
mopj;jy; khehl;by> Mz;
Xupdr;NrHf;ifahsHfis
mutizf;FkhW gp~g; miog;G”
(“Bishop calls on church to embrace
gays at make or break conference”)
htp://www.pinknews.co.uk/news/
artcles/2005-8427.html
rl;l (+) 08.03.2008 nla;yp kpuH “,yq;iff;F ghypay; cupikfs;
mf;fiwfs; Njit” %yk;- kupdp
ngHdhz;Nlh
(“Sri Lanka wantng in ‘Sexual
Rights’ Concerns” by Marini
Fernando.)
2008Mk; Mz;L> khHr;
gjpg;gpy;> ‘ehNlbfs; Fuy;’
vd `pkhy; nrsj; Mrpahtpy;
ntspahfpapUe;jJ. LGBT
rKjhaj;jpw;fhd ,yq;ifapd;
rl;l epiyik Fwpj;j rhjfkhd
mwpf;iffs;.
n
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111
njhdpg;nghUs; jpfjp gj;jpupif /
Clfk;
tpsf;fk;
nghJthdJ 15.08.1999 j rd;Nl
yPlH
ge;Jy [aNrfutpd; eilg;gaz
gFjp - ‘ny];-gP-Md;]plkpUe;J
ghJfhf;Fk; fU’
(The Streetwalk Column by Bandula
Jayasekera – “Karu will save us from
Less-Be-Anns”)
,yq;ifapd; KjyhtJ ngz;
Xupdr; NrHf;if FOthdJ
njw;fhrpa ngz; Xupdr;
NrHf;ifahsH khehl;bid
nfhOk;gpy; elj;Jtjw;F
jpl;lkpLtJ njhlHghd>
Ke;ija gj;jpupif nra;jpf;fhd
gpujpgypg;ghd XU ghypd ,r;ir
kWg;G fl;Liu. 'njhlHr;rpahd
Gifj;jy;> ngz;fSf;F
my;y" vd ngz; Xupdr;
NrHf;ifahsHfis ,e;j fl;Liu
Fwpg;gJld;> tPjp jilfs;
mikf;f Ntz;Lk; vdTk;> ,e;j
ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsHfs;
ngz; ghlrhiyfs; cs;sg;
gFjpf;F nry;y KbahjthW
jLj;J> vkJ gps;isfis
ghJfhf;f Ntz;Lk; vd
Fwpg;gpl;lJ. [dhjpgjp ghJfhg;G
gpuptpd; gzpg;ghsUk;> nghyp];
rpNu~;l mj;jpal;rfUkhd
egH> mtHfs; Fwpj;J ghHj;Jf;
nfhs;thH vd;w vr;rupf;ifAld;
me;j fl;Liu epiwtile;jJ.
(gpujp fpilf;Fk;)
nghJthdJ 16.08.1999 j rd;Nl
yPlH
mr;RWj;Jk; njhiyNgrp
miog;Gfspdhy; ntspNaWk;
ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsHfs; -
%yk; - mke;j ngNuuh (Lesbians
on the run afer threatening
calls, by Amantha Perera) (gpujp
fpilf;Fk;)
n
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112
njhdpg;nghUs; jpfjp gj;jpupif /
Clfk;
tpsf;fk;
nghJthdJ 20.08.1999 j rd;Nl
Iyd;l;
MrpupaUf;fhd fbjk; -
‘nfhOk;gpy; ngz; Xupdr;
NrHf;ifahsH khehL?” -
vOjpatH gp. my];
(Leters to the Editor - ttled
“Lesbian Conference in Colombo?”
writen by P.Alles)
(gpujp fpilf;Fk;)
nfhOk;gpy; cj;Njrpf;fg;gl;l
ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsH
khehl;bw;F vjpuhd xU ghypd
,r;ir kWg;G fbjk;. 'ngz;
Xupdr; NrHf;if vd;gJ>
vd;idg; nghWj;j tiuapy;>
,aw;iff;F khwhd> fsq;fk;
tpistpf;Fk;> kjk; rhuhj>
Fw;wr; nray; MFk;. ,t;thwhd
Fw;wj;ij GupgtHfis
fz;zpakhd r%fj;jpy;
itj;jpUf;f KbahJ. mtHfs;
r%f uPjpahf xJf;fg;gl;L>
elj;jg;gly; Ntz;Lk;" vd me;j
fbjj;jpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sJ.
'Fwpj;j khehl;il elj;Jtjw;F
me;j ngz; Xupdr;
NrHf;ifahsHfSf;F Njitahd
mDkjp fpilf;Fkhapd;> ghypay;
gyhj;fhuk; nra;jikf;fhf
ifJ nra;ag;gl;Ls;s egHfis
Fwpj;j ,lj;jpw;F nghyp]
hupdhy; Vtp> Fwpj;j ngz; Xupdr;
NrHf;ifahsHfs; cz;ikahd
MHtj;ijAk;> re;Njh~j;ijAk;
mDgtpf;fl;Lk;." vd me;j
fbjk; epiwtilfpd;wJ.
njhlHghd fl;Liu cs;s
IGLHRC ,iza Kftup:
htp://iglhrc.org/cgi-bin/
iowa/artcle/takeacton/
globalactonalerts/769.html)
n
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113
njhdpg;nghUs; jpfjp gj;jpupif /
Clfk;
tpsf;fk;
rpq;fs Clf mwpf;iffs; (2001 - 2013)
xU ghypd
,r;ir kWg;G
25.09.2013 nej; vg;.vk;.
(thndhyp)
gYk;fy thndhyp ciuahly;
epfo;r;rp: ‘Xupdr; NrHf;ifAk;> mur
rhHgw;w epWtdKk;’
(Balumgala Radio Talk Show
Programme: “Homosex and NGO”)
htps://www.youtube.com/
watch?feature=player_
embedded&v=5cUTT9UjFe0
XU ghypdr; NrHf;iff;F
vjpuhf fUj;J njuptpf;Fk;
kjj; jiytHfSldhd
(ngsj;jk;> fpwp];jtk;> ,e;J
kw;Wk; ,];yhk;) NeHfhzy;
%yk; XU ghypdr; NrHf;iff;F
vjpuhd gpurhuk; njhlHfpd;wJ.
rpy mur rhHgw;w epWtdq;fs;
XU ghypdr; NrHf;iff;F
Mjuthf ,Ug;gjhfTk; ,e;j
ciuahlypy; Fwpg;gplg;gLfpd;wJ.
xU ghypdr; NrHf;if vd;gJ
,dg;ngUf;fj;jpw;F topNfhyhJ
vdTk;> mJ mjPj Mir rhHe;jJ
khj;jpuk; vd;Wk;> xUtiu ghypay;
gyhj;fhuk; nra;tjw;fhd> nfhiy
nra;tjw;fhd MHtj;jpw;F epfuhdJ
vdTk; epfo;r;rp njhFg;ghsHfs;
thjq;fis Kd;itf;fpd;wdH. XU
ghypdr; NrHf;if vd;gJ kdeyg;
gpur;rpidahf Fwpg;gplg;gLfpd;wJ.
ghy;tpid Neha;fis gug;Gk;
tplakhfTk;> Neha; gug;Gk;
tplakhfTk; ghHf;fg;gLfpd;wJ.
ngz;fs; epWtdq;fs; kPjhd
jhf;Fjy;fisAk;> Xupdr;
NrHf;iff;F vjpuhd rl;lq;fis
xopg;gjw;F nraw;gl;L rpy
mur rhHgw;w epWtdq;fs;
,yq;ifapy; nraw;gLfpd;wik
Fwpj;Jk; fye;Jiuahlg;gLfpd;wJ.
mtHfs; epWj;j Ntz;Lk; vdTk;>
ngw;NwhH jkJ gps;isfis
ghJfhf;f Ntz;Lk; vdTk;> Xupdr;
NrHf;iff;F vjpuhd rl;lk; Fwpj;J
rl;lj;juzpfs; fUj;J njuptpf;f
Ntz;Lk; vdTk; mJ NkYk;
njhlHe;J nry;fpd;wJ.
n
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114
njhdpg;nghUs; jpfjp gj;jpupif /
Clfk;
tpsf;fk;
rhjfkhd (+) 14.09.2013 tpfy;g “nfhjpf;Fk; ghidapypUe;J
neUg;gpw;F” (Clf;) (“From the
frying pan to the fre (media)”) -
htp://www.vikalpa.org/?p=17678
“Xupdr; NrHf;if jpUkzk;”
njhlHghd nej; vg;.vk;,d;
ciuahly; epfo;r;rpf;F rhjfkhd
epfo;r;rp.
XusT
rhjfkhd
07.09.2013 yf;gpk “rpWtH J~;gpuNahfk;> va;l;];
kw;Wk; Xupdr; NrHf;if vd;gd
Vw;Wf; nfhs;s Kbahjd”
(2013Mk; Mz;L Mf];l; khjk;
19Mk; jpfjp gYk;fy thndhyp
ciuahly; epfo;r;rpf;fhd
gjpyspg;gjw;fhd cupik).
htps://www.facebook.com/photo.
php?fid=707944952555117&set=a
.163900603626224.39614.1472039
48629223&type=1&theater
(gj;jpupiff;F mika> r%f-
fyhrhu fhuzq;fspdhy;>
fbjj;jpy; vOjg;gl;l midj;J
tplaq;fisAk; gpuRupf;f
Kbahikahy; yf;gpk gj;jpupif
fbjj;jpid njhFj;J
ntspapl;bUe;jJ. jpUj;jg;glhj
fbjj;ij ,q;F thrpf;fyhk;:
htp://www.vikalpa.org/?p=17589)
rhjfkhd (+) 09.09.2013 tpfy;g 'Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsHfs;:"
(“Homosexuals”) - htp://www.
vikalpa.org/?p=17589
'Xupdr; NrHf;if jpUkzk;"
njhlHghd nej; vg;.vk;,d;
ciuahly; epfo;r;rpf;F rhjfkhd
epfo;r;rp.
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115
njhdpg;nghUs; jpfjp gj;jpupif /
Clfk;
tpsf;fk;
xU ghypd
,r;ir kWg;G
19.08.2013 nej; vg;.vk;
(thndhyp)
gYk;fy thndhyp ciuahly;
epfo;r;rp “Xupdr; NrHf;if
jpUkzk; ” (Balumgala Radio Talk
Show Programme on “Homosexual
Marriage”)
htp://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=vkhwORxsa5E#t=505
17 tajhd ghy;khw;wk;
nra;J nfhz;l ,isQUld;
3 khjq;fs; gofpa ,ufrpa
thndhyp Clftpayhsupd;
Xupdr; NrHf;if njhlHghd
gpurhuk;. ,ufrpakhf midj;J
njhiyNgrp ciuahly;fSk;
gjpT nra;ag;gl;L> Xupdr;
NrHf;if njhlHghd fUj;Jf;fs;
Kd;itf;fg;gl;ld.
xU ghypd
,r;ir kWg;G
06.11.2011 www.rivira.lk gpupj;jhdpa cjtpf;fhf
Fw;wkw;wjhf;Fk; Nltpl;
nfk&dpd; fUj;J njhlHghd
nghJ egHfspd; fUj;Jf;fs;;
(Views of ‘public’ persons regarding
David Cameron’s statement on
decriminalizaton as a conditon
for Britsh Aid.) (gpujp fpilf;Fk;>
Mq;fpy nkhopngaHg;Gk; cz;L)
xU ghypd
,r;ir kWg;G
06.11.2011 www.rivira.lk gpupj;jhdpa cjtpf;fhd
epge;jidahf Fw;wkw;wjhf;fy;
njhlHghd Nltpl; nfk&dpd;
fUj;J rhHghd MrpupaH
jiyaq;fk; (Editorial regarding
David Cameron’s statement on
decriminalizaton as a conditon
for Britsh Aid.) (gpujp fpilf;Fk;>
Mq;fpy nkhopngaHg;Gk; cz;L)
ghy; khw;wk;
(FTM)
29.10.2011 yq;fhjPg “Mzhf khWNtlk; mzpe;j
,sk; ngz; nghyp]; fhtypy;’
(“Young woman disguised as a man
remanded”) (gpujp fpilf;Fk;)
n
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njhdpg;nghUs; jpfjp gj;jpupif /
Clfk;
tpsf;fk;
(+) 30.09.2011 www.
samabima.
info
,yq;ifapy; Xupdr;
NrHf;ifahsHfs; cs;sduh?
(Are there homosexuals in Sri
Lanka?)
MZiw vd;w gjj;ij
$Wtjw;F ehk; Vd; ntl;fk;
nfhs;fpd;Nwhk;? (uptputpdhy;
vOjg;gl;l XU ghypd ,r;ir
kWg;G fl;LiufSf;fhd gjpyhf
,e;j fl;Liu vOjg;gl;lJ)
htp://www.samabima.info/?p=826
xU ghypd
,r;ir kWg;G
25. 09.2011 www.rivira.lk Xupdr; NrHf;if njhlHghd
Fw;wr;rhl;Lfis Kd;itg;gjd;
%yk; ,uhZtj;jpd; kjpg;ig
Fiwf;f Kaw;rpf;Fk; mur
rhHgw;w epWtdk; (vjpuhdJ)
(An NGO Atempt to Discredit the
Army by Levelling Accusatons of
Homosexuality (Against It))
htp://www.rivira.lk/2011/09/25/
vimarshana.htm (gpujp fpilf;Fk;>
Mq;fpy nkhopngaHg;Gk; cz;L)
xU ghypd
,r;ir kWg;G
18.09.2011 www.rivira.lk ,ufrpakhf fhshd; Nghy;
tsUk; Xupdr; NrHf;if
fyhrhuj;jpd; kiwKf mk;rk;
(“The Unseen Aspect of the
Secretly Mushrooming Gay
Culture”)
htp://www.rivira.lk/2011/09/18/
vimarshana.htm
(gpujp fpilf;Fk;> Mq;fpy
nkhopngaHg;Gk; cz;L)
xU ghypd
,r;ir kWg;G
18.09.2011 www.rivira.lk “Xupdr; NrHf;if epWtdq;fs;
njhlHgpy;: uptpu nra;jpiaj;
njhlHe;J [dhjpgjpapd; tpNrl
cj;juT” (“On Homosexual
Organizatons: A special order from
the President following the Rivira
news story”)
htp://www.rivira.lk/2011/09/18/
puwath9.htm
(gpujp fpilf;Fk;> Mq;fpy
nkhopngaHg;Gk; cz;L)
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njhdpg;nghUs; jpfjp gj;jpupif /
Clfk;
tpsf;fk;
xU ghypd
,r;ir kWg;G
18.09.2011 www.rivira.lk “Xupdr; NrHf;if epiyaq;fs;
njhlHgpy; Fuy; vOg;Gk; ehL”
(“The country raises a voice about
Homosexual Centres”)
htp://www.rivira.lk/2011/09/18/
vishesha1.htm
xU ghypd
,r;ir kWg;G
14.09.2011 www.
dinamina.lk
“,yq;ifapy; 35>000 Mz;
Xupdr;NrH;f;ifahsHfs; - Njrpa
STD/AIDS fl;Lg;ghl;Lg; gpupT”
(“35,000 Male Homosexuals in Sri
Lanka – Natonal STD/AIDS Control
Unit”)
htp://www.dinamina.lk/
epaper/art.asp?id=2011/09/14/
pg09_4&pt=p&h
xU ghypd
,r;ir kWg;G
11.09.2011 uptpu “24 Xupdr; NrHf;if epiyaq;fs;
jpwf;fg;gl;Ls;sd”
(“24 Homosexual Centres have
opened!”)
,Nj fl;Liu 10.09.2011Mk;
Mz;L uptpu ,iza jsj;jpy;
ntspahdJ.
(gpujp fpilf;Fk;> Mq;fpy
nkhopngaHg;Gk; cz;L)
xU ghypd
,r;ir kWg;G
11.09.2011 www.rivira.lk Gifg;glj;Jld; rpwpa fl;Liu.
htp://www.rivira.lk/2011/09/11/
puwath15.htm
(Mq;fpy nkhopngaHg;G cz;L)
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118
njhdpg;nghUs; jpfjp gj;jpupif /
Clfk;
tpsf;fk;
xU ghypd
,r;ir kWg;G
10.09.2011 uptpu uptpu xU ghypd ,r;ir kWg;G>
Xupdr; NrHf;iff;F vjpuhd
gpurhuk; (Rivira homophobic, smear
campaign on homosexuality)
htp://www.puvathlanka.com/
NEWS/img/rivira/samalingika/
samalinga.html
(2011Mk; Mz;L nrg;uk;gH
khjk; 27Mk; jpfjp ,e;j jsk;
mfw;wg;gl;lJ)
kpfTk; jPtpukhd xU ghypd
,r;ir kWg;G fl;Liu. Mz;
Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsH vd;w
Ntlj;jpy; FOtpw;Fs; nry;Yk;
MrpupaH> ,e;j fl;Liuia
vOjpAs;shH. ,J Fwpj;J
ngw;NwhUf;F vr;rupf;if
tpLg;gJk;> mtHfs; jkJ
gps;isfis NehapypUe;J
fhg;gjw;F Kaw;rpf;Fk;
Nehf;FlDk; vOjg;gl;Ls;sJ)
(Mq;fpy nkhopngaHg;G cz;L)
rij gpbg;ghd
(Butch)
28.05.2011 jptapd khztHfs; ifJ (“Students
arrested.......”)
rpW jpUl;Lr; rk;gtq;fspy;
njhlHGgl;l 17 taJ
khztUk;> NkYk; ,uz;L
,sk; khztHfSk; ifJ.
,e;j FOtpd; jiytH
rpNu~;l khztpahFk;. mtH
Mz;fis Nghy rpifayq;fhuk;
nra;jpUe;jhH.
(gpujp fpilf;Fk;)
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njhdpg;nghUs; jpfjp gj;jpupif /
Clfk;
tpsf;fk;
,ul;ilg;
ghYwg;Gf;f-
Sld; gpwj;jy;
25.08.2011 yq;fhjPg “rj;jpu rpfpr;irf;Fg; gpd;dH 2
rpWtHfSf;F Gjpa tho;f;if”
(“New lives for 2 children afer
operaton”)
,ul;ilg; ghYWg;G rup
nra;jy; rj;;jpu rpfpr;irf;F
cl;gLj;jg;gl;l 8 taJ rpWtH
Fwpj;j nra;jp fl;Liu. Fwpj;j
rpWtiu Gw Njhw;wj;jpy;
ngz; vd tpsf;fpdhYk;>
mtuJ ghypay; mq;fq;fis
epHzapg;gJ rpf;fyhdJ vd
Nyb up[;Nt itj;jparhiyapd;
gzpg;ghsH Fwpg;gpl;lhH. ,e;j
rj;jpu rpfpr;irapd; %yk; mtH
KOikahf ngz; MdhH.
mtuJ fUj;Jf;F mika
,yq;ifapy; ,t;thwhd 500
rk;gtq;fs; cs;sd. (gpujp
fpilf;Fk;)
MTF 30.05.2011 yq;fhjPg “ngz;zhf khWNtlkzpe;j
,uz;L gps;isfspd; je;ij
ifJ” (“Father of two, disguised
as a woman arrested”)
Nkhl;lhH irf;fps; nrYj;jp
nrd;w ngz; xUtH ifJ. mtH
ngz; cil mzpe;jpUe;jhH.
tprhuizapd; gpd;dH> mtH
,uz;L gps;isfspd; je;ij
vd njupa te;jJ. mtuplk; ,J
Fwpj;J Nfl;l NghJ> khiy
Neuq;fspy; ,t;thW nry;tJ
jkf;F kfpo;itj; jUtjhf
Fwpg;gpl;Ls;shH (tpisahl;lhf
,ij nra;Js;shH). Fwpj;j
gFjpapy; ,lk;ngw;w rpW
jpUl;Lr; rk;gtq;fspYk;
(ngz;fspd; jq;f eiffs;)
mtH rk;ge;jg;gl;Ls;sik
tprhuizapy; njupa te;Js;sJ.
(gpujp fpilf;Fk;)
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njhdpg;nghUs; jpfjp gj;jpupif /
Clfk;
tpsf;fk;
nghJthdJ 08.05.2011 ,upjh yf;gpk Xupdr; NrHf;if vd;gJ vd;d>
mjid Fzg;gLj;jyhk; kw;Wk;
vt;thW Fzg;gLj;jyhk; vd;gJ
njhlHghd tptuz fl;Liu (3
khjq;fspy; ) (Feature artcle about
how homosexuality ought to be /
can be cured and can be cured (in 3
months!))
ngz; Xupdr;
NrHf;if
14.03.2010 yq;fhjPg fpRfpR gFjp - Mz;fs; gyk;
ngw;w ngz;fs; (Gossip Column –
Kellan Kollan Bala Ganivi)
Njrpa ngz;fs; tiyge;jhl;l
mzp Fwpj;j jfty; - ,e;j
mzpapy; cs;s jkJ
gps;isfis Mz;fsplk;
,Ue;jy;y> ngz;fsplk; ,Ue;J
vt;thW fhg;ghw;WtJ vd;gJ
Fwpj;j nra;jp. (gpujp fpilf;Fk;)
nghJthdJ 02.05.2010 rd;Nl
jptapd
“Pudding Boarding, Sardine
Boarding saha Chamari Boarding”
%yk; kpj;uh =
fUzhehaf;f
ngz;fs; tpLjpfs; njhlHghd
fl;Liu. ngz; Xupdr;
NrHf;iff;F cfe;jjhf
ngz;fs; tpLjpfs; vt;thW
cs;sd vd;gJ Fwpj;j xU
ge;jpAk; cz;L. jhkjpg;gjw;F
Kd;dH Muk;gj;jpNyNa fps;sp
vwpa Ntz;Lk; vd MrpupaH
Fwpg;gpLfpd;whH. 80fs;> 90fSld;
xg;gpLk; NghJ ngz;fs;
tpLjpfspy; xupdr; NrHf;if
rk;gtk; vd;gJ Fiwe;Js;sJ.
r%fk; tpopg;GzHTld;
,Uf;fpd;wikNa ,jw;fhd
fhuzkhFk;. Vnddpy;> ehk;
vkJ gps;isfs; Fwpj;J
mtjhdj;Jld; ,Ug;gJld;>
mt;thwhd ,aw;iff;F khwhd
elj;ijfs; ,lk;ngwhJ ghHj;Jf;
nfhs;fpd;Nwhk;. (gpujp fpilf;Fk;)
n
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njhdpg;nghUs; jpfjp gj;jpupif /
Clfk;
tpsf;fk;
nghJthdJ /
MTF
09.05.2010 rd;Nl
jptapd
“Mz;fSf;F tpLjpfspy; jil”
%yk; kpj;uh = fUzhehaf;f
(“Boardingwala Thahanam Gedi
Kana Ilandhari” by Mithra Shri
Karunanayaka)
Mz;fs; tpLjpfs; njhlHghd
fl;Liu. ngz; jd;ikahd
Mz;fSf;F miwfis
thliff;F tpLk; Mz; Xupdr;
NrHf;if cupikahsH Fwpj;j
gj;jpAk; cs;slq;fpAs;sJ. (gpujp
fpilf;Fk;)
MTF 21.08.2010 yq;fhjPg 18 taJ Kjy; ngz;zhf
Ntlk; jupj;j Mz;> 27 tajpy;
,lk;ngw;w tPjpr; rz;ilapy;
cz;ik ntspahdJ. (Boy
disguised as girl since age 18
– ‘discovered’ at age 27 due a
street fght that broke out.) (gpujp
fpilf;Fk;)
MTF 31.08.2010 yq;fhjPg 18 taJ Kjy; ngz;zhf Ntlk;
jupj;j Mz; (“Boy Disguised as
Girl Since the Age of 18”)
thupanghytpy; tPjpr; rz;ilapy;
<Lgl;l 27 taJ egH cl;gl
rpy ,isQHfs; nghyp]
huhy; ifJ nra;ag;gl;ldH.
Nkyjpf tprhuizf;fhf mtH
ePjpkd;w kUj;Jt mjpfhupaplk;
xg;gilf;fg;gl;lhH.
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njhdpg;nghUs; jpfjp gj;jpupif /
Clfk;
tpsf;fk;
FTM 23.08.2010 yq;fhjPg “Mzhf Ntlk; Gide;j ngz;>
njhiyNgrp %yk; Vw;gl;l
fhjyhy; ngz; xUtiu
jpUkzk; nra;jhH” (“Woman
disguised as a Male Army Ofcer
married to a Woman following
mobile phone love afair ”) (gpujp
fpilf;Fk;)
30 tajhd ngz;> Mz;
,uhZt mjpfhupiag; Nghy;
Ntlk; Gide;J> ngz;
xUtUld; njhiyNgrp %yk;
fhjy; Gupe;Js;shH. Fw;wk;
Rkj;jg;gl;ltH 2009Mk;
Mz;L etk;gH khjk; 29Mk;
jpfjp Fwpj;j ngz;iz
kzk; nra;Js;shH. jpUkzk;
nra;tjw;F Kd;dH> ,uhZt
mjpfhupAld; ngz; xUtH
,Ug;gJ Nghd;w Gifg;glq;fis
fhz;gpj;J> Fwpj;j ,uhZt
mjpfhup jhk; vd $wpAs;shH.
mz;ikapy; ,lk;ngw;w rk;gtk;
xd;wpy;> kJ mUe;jptpl;L
,utpy; tPL jpUk;gpa NghJ>
mtH Mz; my;y> ngz;
vd;gJ ntspg;gilahdJ.
Fw;wk; Rkj;jg;gl;ltH Vw;fdNt
jpUkzkhdtH vd;Wk;> ,uz;L
gps;isfspd; jha; vd;gJ
nghyp]; tprhuizapy; njupa
te;Js;sJ.
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njhdpg;nghUs; jpfjp gj;jpupif /
Clfk;
tpsf;fk;
ghy;epiy 17.08.2010 jptapd “nghUj;jkw;w Mil
fhuzkhf Mz;fs; thHby;
mDkjpf;fg;gl;lhH” (“Admited
to the Male Ward due to
indistnguishable clothing”)
gyg;gpl;batpy; ,lk;ngw;w
epfo;T. mtH Mizg; Nghyj;
Njhw;wkspj;jhYk;> mtH
cz;ikapy; xU ngz;. mtH
Mizg; Nghy ele;J nfhs;sNt
tpUk;gpdhH. Mizg; Nghd;w
rpifayq;fhuk;> fhw;rl;il>
BNrHl; mzpa tpUk;gpdhH.
ehd;F kfs;fs; cs;s Fwpj;j
ngz; fhg;GWjp epWtdk; xd;wpy;
gzpGuptJld;> Nkhl;lhH irf;fps;
xd;Wk; mtUf;F cs;sJ.
Nkhl;lhH irf;fspy; mtH tPL
Nehf;fpr; nrd;W nfhz;bUe;j
NghJ tpgj;J xd;iw
vjpHnfhz;lhH. ,e;j tpgj;ij
fz;l mUfpy; ,Ue;jtHfs;>
mtiu itj;jparhiyf;F
vLj;Jr; nrd;W> Mz;fs; gpuptpy;
mDkjpj;Js;sdH. mtuJ
fhaq;fSf;F kUe;jpLk; NgNj>
mtH xU ngz; vd;gjid
jhjpaH fz;lwpe;Js;sdH.
cldbahf mtiu ngz;fs;
gpupTf;F khw;wpAs;sdH.
ngz;fSf;fhd Milia mtH
mzpe;jpUe;jhy; ,e;j jtW
epfo;e;jpUf;fhJ vd jhjpaH
njuptpj;jdH.
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njhdpg;nghUs; jpfjp gj;jpupif /
Clfk;
tpsf;fk;
,ul;il
jw;nfhiy /
re;Njfkhd
kuzk;
24.08.2009 yq;fhjPg nfhOk;gpy; tPl;Lg;
gzpg;ngz;fshf ,Ue;j
ngUe;Njhl;lg;Gwj;ijr; NrHe;j
,uz;L ,sk; ngz;fspd;
kHkkhd kuzk; (Case of
suspicious death of two young
girls from tea estate working as
domestcs in Colombo)
ngUe;Njhl;lg;Gwj;jpy; xd;whf
tsHe;J> tWik fhuzkhf
nfhOk;Gf;F tPl;L Ntiy
nra;tjw;fhf te;j ,uz;L
ngz;fs; (ngaH khw;wg;gl;L)>
vy;yh ,utpYk; jdpj;jpUf;f
Kbahikahy; jw;nfhiy nra;J
nfhz;l rk;gtk; njhlHghd
tptuzf; fl;Liu.
28.08.2009 jptapd 2009Mk; Mz;L Mf];l; khjk;
15Mk; jpfjp ngsj;jhNyhf;f
khtj;ijapy; mike;Js;s
fhy;thapy; fz;nlLf;fg;gl;l
,uz;L ,sk; ngz;fspd; (14
kw;Wk; 13 taJ) kHkkhd
kuzk; Fwpj;j nra;jp fl;Liu.
,UtUk; ngUe;Njhl;lg;Gwj;ijr;
NrHe;jtHfs; vd;gJld;>
nfhOk;gpy; mUfUNf
mike;Js;s ,uz;L tPLfspy;
tPl;Lg;gzpg;ngz;fshf Ntiy
nra;J te;jtHfs;. mtHfspd;
ngaH: ,yl;Rkp Rkjp (14)>
kJutPud; [Ptuhzp (13). ,e;j
kuzk; Fwpj;J ngw;NwhH
re;Njfk; ntspapl;Ls;sdH.
15.09.2009 yq;fhjPg NkNy Fwpg;gpl;l
rk;gtk; njhlHghd
nra;jp fl;Liu. njhopy;
toq;fpathfs; tprhuizf;F
cl;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sdH. Nkyjpf
tprhuizfs; njhlHfpd;wJ.
n
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njhdpg;nghUs; jpfjp gj;jpupif /
Clfk;
tpsf;fk;
jw;nfhiy 23.07.2009 yq;fhjPg ghlrhiy khztH
jiytHfspdhy; jkJ ifNgrp
gwpf;fg;gl;likiaj; njhlHe;J
nfhOk;gpd; ghlrhiy khztp
xUtH jw;nfhiy (Case of school
girl in Colombo school commitng
suicide as a result of her mobile
phone been confscated by school
prefects.)
ghlrhiy kyry $lj;jpy;
fOj;Jg; gl;bapy; RUf;fpl;L
jw;nfhiy Kaw;rp Fwpj;j nra;jp
fl;Liu.
27.07.2009 yq;fhjPg itj;jparhiyapy; ngz;
xUtupd; kuzk; Fwpj;j nra;jp
fl;Liu.
27.07.2009 yq;fhjPg kuzk; njhlHghd khtl;l
ePjthdpd; tprhuiz Fwpj;j
nra;jp fl;Liu.
29.07.2009 yq;fhjPg ghlrhiy mjpguplk; ,Ue;J
mwpf;ifia NfhUk; fy;tp
mikr;R Fwpj;j nra;jp fl;Liu.
29.07.2009 jptapd ePjpkd;wj;jpw;F miof;fg;gl;l
rhl;rpaq;fs; Fwpj;j nra;jp
fl;Liu.
02.08.2009 uhta capupoe;j khztp Fwpj;J guTk;
tje;jpfs; njhlHghd tptuzf;
fl;Liu. mjpy; gpd;tUk;
tje;jpfs; cs;slq;fpapUe;jd:
mtH jtwhd elj;ij nfhz;l
khztp> ifg;gw;wg;gl;l
ifNgrpapy; Mghrj;
jpiug;glq;fs; ,Ue;jd>
capupoe;j khztp Mghrj;
jpiug;glq;fspy;> Gifg;glq;fspy;
,Ue;jhH> mtH ,ay;Gf;F khwhd
tho;f;ifia Kd;ndLj;jhH>
mtUf;F fy;tpapy; MHtk;
,y;iy.
02.08.2009 yf;gpk njhlH fl;Liufs;
25.08.2009 yq;fhjPg
03.09.2009 yq;fhjPg
16.09.2009 jptapd
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njhdpg;nghUs; jpfjp gj;jpupif /
Clfk;
tpsf;fk;
flj;jy; 30.06.2009 jptapd “ngz; rpWkpia gyhj;fhuk; nra;j
ngz; ifJ” (“Woman who abused
girl child arrested”)
20 taJ ngz;zhy; flj;jg;gl;L>
J~;gpuNahfj;Jf;F cl;gLj;jg;gl;l
14 taJ rpWkp Fwpj;j rk;gtk;.
fl;Lehaf;ftpy; 20 taJ
ngz;zhy; ghypay; uPjpahf
J~;gpuNahfj;jpw;F ,yf;fhd
ngz; Fwpj;j nra;jp fl;Liu.
nghyp]; jpizf;fsj;jpd; ngz;fs;
kw;Wk; rpWtH gzpafj;jpw;F ,e;j
rk;gtk; Kiwg;ghL nra;ag;gl;lJ.
Fwpj;j 20 taJ ngz;> 14 taJ
rpWkpapd; rNfhjupapd; ez;gpahthH.
Fwpj;j ez;gpapd; je;ijapd;
kuzr; rlq;fpd; NghJ> 20 taJ
ngz; mtuJ tPl;by; ,uT
jq;fpapUe;Js;shH. mjd; gpd;dH
14 taJ rpWkpia mq;fpUe;J
mDuhjGuj;jpw;F flj;jpr;
nrd;Ws;shH. mq;F NahfHl;
njhopw;rhiyapy; mtH njhopy;
Gupe;Js;shH.
02.07.2009 yf;gpk “rpWkpia J~;gpuNahfk; nra;j
ngz; nghyp]; fhtypy;” (“Woman
who abused young girl in Remand”)
20 taJ ngz;zpdhy; ghypay;
J~;gpuNahfj;jpw;F cs;shf;fg;gl;l
14 taJ rpWkp. Fwpj;j rpWkpapd;
je;ijapd; kuzr; rlq;fpd;
NghJ> 20 taJ ngz; rpWkpia
re;jpj;Js;shH. rpy ehl;fSf;F
,UtUk; xNu miwapy;
jq;fpapUe;Js;sdH. xU ehs;
Fwpj;j rpWkp ghlrhiy nry;tjhf
$wptpl;L> 20 taJ ngz;Zld;
mDuhjGuj;jpw;Fr; nrd;Ws;shH.
xU khj fhyk; mtHfs;
,ufrpakhf mDuhjGuj;jpy;
trpj;Js;sdH. tprhuizapd;
NghJ Fwpj;j 20 taJ ngz;
jkJ ez;gpfSld;> ngz;
Xupdr; NrHf;if eltbf;iffspy;
<Lgl;lik fz;lwpag;gl;Ls;sJ.
mjw;F Kd;dH mtUf;F Mz;
fhjyH ,Ue;Js;shH. Mz;
fhjyuhy; Vkhw;wg;gl;likNa> ngz;
Xupdr; NrHf;if kPjhd MHtj;ij
mjpfupf;fr; nra;Js;sJ. ,t;thwhd
rk;gtk; ,jw;F Kd;dH ngz;fs;
kw;Wk; rpWtH gzpafj;jpy; gjpT
nra;ag;gltpy;iy.
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njhdpg;nghUs; jpfjp gj;jpupif /
Clfk;
tpsf;fk;
FTM 17.05.2009 rd;Nl
jptapd
“Mz;fspd; Mil mzpe;j
ngz;> Mzhf khWNtlkzpe;j
ngz;” %yk; kpj;uh =
fUzhehaf;f (“Women dressed
as Men (aka Tom Boys) Women
disguised as Men” by Mithra Shri
Karunanayeka.)
Mz; Njhw;wk; nfhz;l ngz;
Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsHfs; Fwpj;j
xU ghypd ,r;ir kWg;G
fl;Liu. ,jid xU kd
my;yJ csNeha; vd MrpupaH
Fwpg;gpLfpd;whH. jhk; xU khDl
Ma;thsH vdTk;> ,t;thwhd
rpy Mz; Njhw;wk; nfhz;l
ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;ifahsHfspd;
tho;f;ifia Ma;T nra;jjhfTk;
Fwpg;gpLfpd;whH. njhlHr;rpahd
Gifg;gof;fk; nfhz;ltHfNshL
,tHfis mtH xg;gpl;Lg;
ghHf;fpd;whH. ,sk; tajpy;
Mz; jd;ikahd ,ay;Gfis
ntspg;gLj;Jk; jkJ ngz;
gps;isfs; njhlHgpy; kpFe;j
mtjhdj;Jld; ,Uf;FkhW
mtH ngw;NwhUf;F MNyhrid
toq;Ffpd;whH. Kis tpLtjw;F
Kd;dH Muk;gj;jpNyNa fps;sp
vwptJ gaDs;sJ vd mtH
$Wfpd;whH.
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njhdpg;nghUs; jpfjp gj;jpupif /
Clfk;
tpsf;fk;
FTM 03.01.2009 yq;fhjPg “20 tUlq;fshf Mizg; Nghy;
khWNtlk; Gide;jpUe;j egH>
nghyp]; epiyaj;jpy; itj;J
ngz;zhf khwpdhH” (“Person who
had disguised himself as a man for
20 years becomes a woman at the
police staton”)
20 tUlq;fshf Mizg; Nghy
khWNtlk; Gide;jpUe;j ngz;
Fwpj;j nra;jp fl;Lfiu. rpW
jpUl;Lr; nray;fSf;fhf mtH
ifJ nra;ag;gl;L tprhuiz
nra;ag;gl;l NghNj> mtH
ngz; vd fz;lwpag;gl;Ls;sJ.
mtuJ Mz; cilfs;
fisag;gl;L> cldbahf
ngz;zhf khw;wg;gl;Ls;shH.
mtUf;F vJtpjkhd ghypay;
gpur;rpidfs; ,y;iynad;gJk;>
ngz;zhf gpwe;jtH vd;gJk;
tprhuizfspd; %yk; mwpaf;
fpilj;Js;sJ.
tpsk;guk; 28.12.2008 yf;gpk “Xupdr; NrHf;iff;F
mbikahjy;” (gpujp fpilf;Fk;)
(“Addicton to Homosexuality”)
ePq;fs; Xupdr; NrHf;iff;F
mbikahdtuh? vjpHg;ghy;
kPJ cq;fSf;F ftHr;rp
,y;iyah? ,jd; fhuzkhf
ePq;fs; ,d;dYWfpd;wPHfsh?
,jpy; ,Ue;J tpLgl ePq;fs;
tpUk;Gfpd;wPHfsh? Xupdr;
NrHf;ifia KOikahf
Fzg;gLj;jyhk;. ,jidg;
Guptjw;F ehl;bNyNa jpwd;
tha;e;j xNu rpfpr;ir epiyak;
vkNj. gjpT nra;ag;gl;l
itj;jpaHfs; kw;Wk; kdNeha;
itj;jpaHfshy; midj;J
kUe;JfSk; toq;fg;gLk;. =
nrj; fpspdpf; 0718 303030’
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njhdpg;nghUs; jpfjp gj;jpupif /
Clfk;
tpsf;fk;
nghJthdJ 05.09.2005 rd;Nl yf;gpk ‘,izaj;js ghtidahy;
mjpfupj;Js;s ,ay;Gf;F
khwhd elj;ijfs;’ (‘Increase
in Unnatural Acts due to Internet
Usage’)
‘,ay;Gf;F khwhd elj;ijapy; ’
<Lgl;lik njhlHgpy; ifJ
nra;ag;gLk; egHfspd;
vz;zpf;if mjpfupj;Jr;
nry;tJ Fwpj;j nra;jp fl;Liu.
,uz;L Mz;fs;> ,uz;L
ngz;fs;> my;yJ Mz;fSf;F
,ilapy;> ngz;fSf;F
,ilapy;> kpUfq;fSf;F
,ilapyhd ,ay;Gf;F khwhd
ghypay; eltbf;iffSk;
,jpy; cs;slq;Ffpd;wd.
gpd;tUk; nghUl;fspd;
gad;ghLk; rpy rk;gtq;fspy;
Fwpg;gplg;gl;bUe;jd: fj;jpfs;>
NtW $wpa MAjq;fs;> gyif
fl;ilfs;> Jg;ghf;fpfs;>
gp];ly;> up56 nkrpd; fd;
Jg;ghf;fpfs;> ntb kUe;Jfs;.
1995 kw;Wk; 2003,w;F ,ilg;gl;l
fhyg;gFjpapy; 11 NgH
,we;Js;sdH. 23 NgH ngUk;
fhaq;fSf;F cs;shfpAs;sdH.
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njhdpg;nghUs; jpfjp gj;jpupif /
Clfk;
tpsf;fk;
,ul;il
jw;nfhiy
22.07.2005 yq;fhjPg fk;g`htpy; ,uz;L ghlrhiy
khztHfspd; ,ul;il
jw;nfhiy:
jPgpfh gpupajHrdp my;tp]; (15)>
kw;Wk; rhdpf;fh rj;Juq;fp
ngHdhz;Nlh (15).
,UtUk; jk;ik fl;bg; gpbj;Jf;
nfhz;L uapypd; Kd;dhy;
gha;e;Js;sdH. mtHfs; ,wf;Fk;
NghJ> rhdpf;fhtpd; cilia
jPgpfh mzpe;jpUe;jhH. mtHfs;
ghlrhiy rPUil ,UtuJ
ghjzpfs;> igfs; vd;gd
uapy; jz;lthsk; mUNf
itf;fg;gl;bUe;jd. ghlrhiy
epiwtile;jTld; ,UtUk;
rhdpf;fhtpd; tPl;bw;Fr; nrd;W>
Milfis khw;wpAs;sdH.
jPgpfhtpw;F mzpa Mil
,d;ikahy;> jPgpfhtpd; Milia
mzpe;jpUe;Js;shH. Vd; ,e;j
rk;gtk; ,lk;ngw;wJ vd;gJ
njhlHghf njupatpy;iy
vd ,uz;L rpWtHfspdJk;
ngw;NwhHfs; njuptpf;fpd;wdH.
24.07.2005 rd;Nl yf;gpk njhlH tptuzf; fl;Liu
FTM 11.05.2005 yq;fhjPg 16 tajhd ehNlhb my;yJ
Fwj;jpg; ngz;> Mzhf
Ntlkzpe;J> kuz tof;fpy;
re;Njf eguhf ifJ
nra;ag;gl;Ls;shH.
jw;nfhiy 19.05.2005 yq;fhjPg xNu fpuhkj;ijr; NrHe;j
,uz;L ez;gpfs; eQ;Rz;L
jw;nfhiy. xUtUf;F 24 taJ.
kw;iwatUf;F 20 taJ.
MTF 10.03.2004 yq;fhjPg “jk;Gs;s tpfhiuapy; ngz;zhf
khwpa Mz;” (“Boy becomes Girl
at Dambulla Temple”)
ghypay; gyhj;fhuj;jpw;fhf
ifJ nra;ag;gl;l Mz;.
mtH xU ngz; vd;gJk;>
,uz;L tUlq;fshf Mzhf
khWNtlk; mzpe;Js;shH
vdTk; tprhuizapy; njupa
te;jJ. 18 tajhd Fwpj;j egH
ed;dlj;ij ,uhZtj;jpduplk;
xg;gilf;fg;gl;lhH.
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njhdpg;nghUs; jpfjp gj;jpupif /
Clfk;
tpsf;fk;
ghypay;G (+) 12.12.2004 uhta WSG,dhy; vOjg;gl;l ghypay;
cupikfs; njhlHghd KOg; gf;f
rhjfkhd tptuzf; fl;Liu.
MTF 18.01.2003 yq;fhjPg ngz; ,uhZt mjpfhupahf
khWNtlk; mzpe;j Mz;
,uhZt mjpfhupf;F Nghyp
milahs ml;il toq;fpa
ngz; Nfhg;guy; ifJ (Female
Corporal arrested on charges of
giving fake ID to male army ofcer
disguised as a female army ofcer).
ngz; ,uhZt mjpfhupahf
Ntlk; mzpe;j Mz; xUtH>
ngz; ,uhZt Nfhg;guYld;
nfhz;l el;gpd; fhuzkhf
Nghypahf ngz; ,uhZt
mjpfhupf;fhd milahs
ml;iliag; ngw;Ws;shH. ,e;j
ngz; ,uhZt mjpfhup> Mz;
,uhZt mjpfhup xUtUld;
cwT nfhz;bUe;jikAk;>
mtuJ tPl;by; kidtpahf
trpj;J te;jikAk; tprhuizapd;
%yk; fz;lwpag;gl;Ls;sJ. fpuhk
Gj;jhz;L nfhz;lhl;lq;fspYk;
mtH fye;J nfhz;Ls;shH.
(c-k;: ngz; irf;fpNshl;lk;>
ney; ely;).
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njhdpg;nghUs; jpfjp gj;jpupif /
Clfk;
tpsf;fk;
MTF 20.07.2003 rd;Nl
yq;fhjPg
ngz;zhf khWNtlk; Gide;j
Mz; (Case of man disguised as
woman).
n`Nuhapd; Nghijg; nghUs;
tpahghuk; njhlHgpy; Nuh`pdp/
epkhy; ifJ. nghyp];
epiyaj;jpy; gupNrhjidapd;
NghJ> mtH cz;ikahf ngz;
my;y vd;gJ fz;lwpag;gl;lJ.
cldbahf mtUf;F Mz;fspd;
Mil toq;fg;gl;lJ. mtuJ
fij: rpW taJ Kjy;
tpj;jpahrkhf czHe;j mtH>
ghypay; mt];ijfis
vjpHnfhz;Ls;shH.
mtprhtisiar; NrHe;j mtH>
14 tajpy; jkJ ez;gupd;
cjtpAld; nfhOk;G te;J>
jkJ rNfhjupapd; ngaupy;
(Nuh`pdp) ngz;zhf Ntlk;
Gide;J ,Ue;Js;shH. gzk;
<l;Ltjw;fhf mtH Mz; ghypay;
njhopyhsuhf ,Ue;jJld;>
n`Nuhapd; gof;fj;jpw;Fk;
mbikahfpAs;shH. Kd;nghU
re;jHg;gj;jpy; mtH ifJ
nra;ag;gl;L> Nghijg; nghUs;
gad;ghL> tpepNahfj;jpw;F
ehd;fiu tUlq;fs; rpiwj;
jz;lid tpjpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
me;j re;jHg;gj;jpy; mtH
ngz;fs; rpiwr;rhiyapy;
,Ue;Js;shH. Fwpg;gpl;l
fhyj;jpy; jkJ khWNtlj;ij
mtH rpwg;ghf NgzpAs;shH.
jw;NghJ mtuJ cz;ikahd
ghy;epiyia fz;lwpa kUj;Jt
gupNrhjidf;F cl;gLj;j
nghyp]hH jpl;lkpl;Ls;sdH.
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njhdpg;nghUs; jpfjp gj;jpupif /
Clfk;
tpsf;fk;
MTF 31.05.2003 yq;fhjPg mtuJ ghy; khw;wk; kw;Wk; Njrpa
milahs ml;ilapy; ghy;
khw;wj;jpw;fhd Kaw;rp Fwpj;j
tptuzf; fl;Liu.
08.06.2003 rd;Nl yf;gpk MTF njhlHghd tptuzf; fij
itj;jpaH. Rgh~; nekpe;j
rkurpq;f> itj;jpaH. jpUkjp.
Rgh~pdp nekpe;jp rkurpq;fthf
khwpa fij.
rpW tajpy;> mtH nfhOk;gpy;
cs;@H ghlrhiyapy; fw;whH.
nfhOk;G gy;fiyf;fofj;jpd;
kUj;Jt gPlj;jpw;F mDkjp
ngw;whH. vbd;gNuh Nwhay;
kUj;Jt FOtpd; cWg;gpduhf
khwpdhH. kUj;Jt fw;wJ jkJ
mjpH~;lk; vd mtH $Wfpd;whH.
kfg;NgW> kfspH Neha;
njhlHghd tpNrl itj;jpauhf
mtH khwpdhH (gJis nghJ
itj;jparhiyapd; itj;jpaH).
xf;];NghHl; gy;fiyf;fofj;jpYk;
mtH fw;whH. If;fpa
,uhr;rpaj;jpy; ghy; khw;w rj;jpu
rpfpr;iria vjpHnfhz;Ls;shH.
,jid ,yq;if murhq;fj;Jf;F
mwptpj;J> jkJ milahs
ml;ilapYk; ghy; khw;wk; nra;J
nfhz;lhH. ,e;j fl;Liuapd; xU
Gwj;jpy;> Vd; ghy; khw;wq;fs;
,lk;ngWfpd;wd vd;gJ
Fwpj;j mbg;gilj; jfty;fs;
toq;fg;gl;Ls;sd. itj;jpaH.
MH.vd;.gp. uh[gf;~tpdhy;
(kfg;Ngw;W> kfspH Neha; epGzH>
ngUe;Njhl;lj; Jiw) ,e;j gFjp
vOjg;gl;bUe;jJ.
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njhdpg;nghUs; jpfjp gj;jpupif /
Clfk;
tpsf;fk;
,ul;il
jw;nfhiy
23.08.2002 jptapd ,uz;L ,sk; ngz;fspd;
,ul;il jw;nfhiy (Double
Suicide of two young
girls): R[hdp `e;jgq;nfhl
(18)> gjpdpnfhy;y> khj;jis.
kw;Wk; ,lk;nfju jhuf;f
(mNdhkh) (16)> kpuprty;y>
khj;jis.
MW khjq;fSf;F Kd;dH>
R[hdp Mz; xUtiu kze;jhH.
jpUkzj;jpd; NghJ jkf;F
neUf;fkhf mtH tuNt
,y;iy vd fztH $Wfpd;whH.
Mf];l; khjk; ,uz;lhk; jpfjp
,U ngz;fSk; tPl;il tpl;L
ntspNawpAs;sdH. ,wg;gH
Njhl;lj;jpy; Nriyiag;
gad;gLj;jp mtHfs; J}f;fpl;Lf;
nfhz;ldH. ‘ek;khy; xd;whf
tho Kbahj NghJ> ehk; xd;whf
,wf;fpd;Nwhk;’ vd;w Fwpg;G
mtHfs; J}f;fpl;l ,lj;jpw;F
mUfpy; ,Ue;Js;sJ.
23.08.2002 yq;fhjPg mNj nra;jp. vdpDk;>
jw;nfhiy Fwpg;G Fwpj;Jk;
vJTk; njuptpf;fg;gltpy;iy.
ngaUk; rw;W tpj;jpahrkhf
Fwpg;gplg;gl;bUe;jJ. Rdpjh
`d;jgq;nfhl 20 taJ>
mNdhkh 16 taJ.
nghJthdJ
(+)
28.04.2002 jpdfu cupikfs; fl;likg;Gf;Fs;
ngz; Xupdr; NrHf;if kw;Wk;
Mz; Xupdr; NrHf;if Fwpj;j
KOg;gf;f rhjfkhd fl;Liu.
(Very positve full page artcle on
Lesbianism and Homosexuality
within a Rights Framework.)
WSG, IGLHRC, COJ vd;gd
Fwpg;gplg;gl;bUe;jd. jpU. Rdpy;
fhkpdpahy; vOjg;gl;lJ.
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njhdpg;nghUs; jpfjp gj;jpupif /
Clfk;
tpsf;fk;
MTF 26.03.2001 yq;fhjPg “ngz; gps;isiag;
ngw;wikahy; tpl;Lr; nrd;w
je;ijia NjLtjw;fhf Mzhf
khWNtlk; mzpe;j ngz;”
(“Woman disguised herself as a
Man in order to search for her
father who had lef her and her
family before she had been given
birth to”)
fynfjuiar; NrHe;j rk;gtk;
(FUehfy; khtl;lk;) - 23
tajpy;> jhk; ,Jtiu
re;jpj;jpuhj je;ijia Njbr;
nry;tjw;F mtH tpUg;gj;ij
ntspapl;Ls;shH. ,e;j
tpUg;gj;ij jkJ jhahUf;F
mtUf;F njuptpj;j NghJ> ,e;j
NjlYf;F Mz; Ntlkzpe;J
nry;y Ntz;Lk; vd jha;
$wpAs;shH. mjd;gpd;dH
jkJ gpwe;j ,lj;ij tpl;L
ntspNawpa mtH> Glit
njhopw;rhiyapy; Ntiyf;Fr;
NrHe;Js;shH. ,jd;NghJ
,uz;L ngz;fSld; miwia
gfpHe;J nfhz;Ls;shH. nkJthf
jkJ clyikg;ig Mizg;
Nghd;wjhf khw;Wtjw;F Kaw;rp
nra;Js;shH. mj;Jld;> Mizg;
Nghd;W Mil mzpaTk;
Muk;gpj;Js;shH. jkJ tPl;bw;F
jpUk;gpa mtH> jhk; xU Mz;
vdTk; ghypay; rpf;fy;fis
vjpHnfhs;tjhfTk; jkJ jhaplk;
$wpAs;shH. md;W Kjy;
Mz;fSld; NrHe;J Rw;WtJk;>
fpupf;nfl; tpisahLtJk;>
rpful; Gifg;gJk; vd mtH
Neuj;ij flj;jpAs;shH. mjidj;
njhlHe;J jkJ je;ijia
Njl Muk;gpj;Js;shH. kj
epWtdk; xd;wpy; guhkupg;gtH
xUtiu re;jpj;J mtUld;
,ize;J tho Muk;gpj;Js;sJ.
,jd; NghJ ngz;fs; nra;a
Kbahj gy tplaq;fis mtH
nra;Js;shH.
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njhdpg;nghUs; jpfjp gj;jpupif /
Clfk;
tpsf;fk;
jkJ ngz; milahsj;ij
kiwf;f KbahJ> jd;
ez;gDf;F ntspg;gLj;jpAs;shH.
mj;Jld;> ,jid ahUf;Fk;
njuptpf;f Ntz;lhk; vdTk;
cWjp nkhop ngw;Wf;
nfhz;Ls;shH. ntspg;gLj;jpdhy;
jw;nfhiy nra;J nfhs;tjhfTk;
mr;RWj;jpAs;shH. ,e;j
nra;jpia mwpe;J nfhz;l
mtuJ jhahH> jkJ kfid
Mz; Xupdr; NrHf;if MHtk;
nfhz;l Fwpj;j egH flj;jpr;
nrd;Ws;sjhf nghyp];
epiyaj;jpy; Kiwg;ghL
nra;Js;shH. mjidj; njhlHe;J
nghyp]hH Fwpj;j ,UtiuAk;
nghyp]; epiyaj;jpw;F mioj;J
tprhuiz nra;Js;sdH. ,jd;
NghJ> Fwpj;j ngz; ghypay;
gyhj;fhuj;jpw;F cl;gl;likia
mwpe;J nfhz;Ls;sdH.
jw;nfhiy /
g+lfkhd kuzk;
05.11.2001 yq;fhjPg 21 kw;Wk; 30 tajhd ,uz;L
,sk; ngz;fspd; kHkkhd
kuzk;. tptuzf; fl;Liu.
rpW Jzpnahd;wpdhy; iffs;
fl;lg;gl;l epiyapy; ee;jdp
(30)> kw;Wk; rhdpf;fhtpd; (21)
cly;fs; fhyp khtl;lk;>
njhlq;Jt flw;fiuapy;
fz;nlLf;fg;gl;lJ. mtHfsJ
FLk;gj;jpdUf;Fk;> nghyp]
hUf;Fk; mJ Gupahj Gjpuhf
cs;sJ. nfhiy nra;ag;gl;l>
ghypay; gyhj;fhuk; nra;ag;gl;l
my;yJ ghypay; J~;gpuNahfk;
nra;ag;gl;l mwpFwpfs;
vJTk; ,y;iy. xf;NlhgH
16Mk; jpfjp> jhk; ,UtUk;
khj;jiwf;Fr; Rw;Wyh nry;tjhf
jkJ tPl;by; $wptpl;L
mtHfs; Gwg;gl;Ls;sdH.
ehd;F ehl;fSf;F mtHfs;
Fwpj;j vJtpj jfty;fSf;F
ngw;NwhUf;F fpilf;fhikahy;>
nghyp]; epiyaj;jpy; Kiwg;ghL
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FTM 28.01.2001 rd;Nl yf;gpk “Mzhf khWNtlk; Gide;j
ngz;> xU ngz;Zld; xd;wiu
tUlq;fs; tho;e;Js;shH”
25 tajhd Njtpe;j> 13
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04.02.2001 rd;Nl yf;gpk njhlHr;rpahd> KOg; gf;f
tptuz nra;jpf; fl;Liu 11.02.2001 rd;Nl yf;gpk

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