Keren Horn Reading Guide – Week 4 Is sprawl good or bad? Definitions: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.

Urban Sprawl Monocentric city model Rent gradient Density gradient Tiebout sorting Amenity Zoning Fiscal externality Peer externality Edge city Spatial mismatch Urban growth boundary

Urban Economics 212G

Reading Questions: 1. Explain the approach of urban economics to sprawl in contrast to the approach of the local public finance literature (as described by the authors) to the issue of sprawl. 2. Describe the information presented in Figure 2, Figure 3 and Figure 4. How do the authors incorporate these figures into their argument? 3. Describe the theoretical relationship between the advent of the automobile (and lower transportation costs more broadly) and sprawl. 4. Explain how rising incomes could lead to decreasing city densities. 5. Describe the ‘pull’ and ‘push’ factors that shape residential preferences. 6. Describe the theoretical relationship between sprawl and segregation. Is there empirical evidence to support this theory? 7. What is the “spatial mismatch hypothesis”? 8. What the three potential externalities which developers may fail to internalize do the authors discuss. 9. What is congestion charging? What two concerns do the authors express with regard to the implementation of congestion charges?

14. What two factors do the authors point to in order to in order to explain why the relationship between sprawl and pollution may not be straightforward? 11. . Describe the author’s theory as to how mass transit could lead to increased sprawl. Describe the trade-off explained by the author between policies aimed at raising the price of living at the urban fringe and potential segregating impacts. Describe one reason the authors provide for why the rapid urbanization of land may not be an issue we should be concerned about? 12. What do the authors mean when they reference “categorical equity” concerns arising in sprawling metropolitan areas? 13.Keren Horn Urban Economics 212G 10.

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