Summary of Article

Creating and Maintaining Safe and Responsive Schools for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer ouths! "ntroduction to the Special "ssue By Todd #$ Savage and G$ Tho%as Schanding &r$ This article focuses on the impact that schools have on students. In particular, the focus is on the way that “schools recreate as well as enforce the heterosexist, sexist, homophobic, and transphobic characteristics of the larger culture”, which makes students who identify as L !T" particularly vulnerable. This article is also focused on the importance of school personnel and their role in maintaining safe and responsive schools for L !T" youth. To elaborate, heterosexism is a system of advantage based on sexual orientation. Those who identify as heterosexual are at the top of the social hierarchy in this system while access to power and privilege is restricted for those who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or #ueer. $exism is another system of advantage, though based on gender. It is said that men who are the beneficiaries of this system, whereas women and others who do not conform to the gender expectations and roles in today%s society do not have the same access to the privileges that being born male and identifying as such, automatically affords. &omophobia is defined as the discrimination carried out by those who identify as heterosexuals, toward those who identify as L !T". 'inally, transphobia is the discrimination inflicted upon trans(identified persons by those people who fit traditional gender identities.

This article also refers to other articles that focus on bullying and discrimination of L !T" youth. )ost say that educational professionals have obligations to advocate for and intervene on behalf of L !T" students. &owever, they also say that school climate has a huge impact on students% academic achievement and feelings of safety and security. This article speaks greatly to the topic of L !TT" and bullying in schools. It outlines the various forms of discrimination that students may experience. *s a +,-, I am very interested in this topic as again I feel that I am very uninformed about this sub.ect, and I did not reali/e the pervasiveness of the issue of bullying in relation to L !TT" youth. I had no idea that there were different classifications of discrimination that this community may experience, and I think that it is my duty as a +,- to expand my knowledge on this sub.ect. )y role in advocacy will be to advocate for awareness within the schools, both with students and educators and support staff. It is important that not only students reali/e the impact of their words and actions, but that teachers do as well. *lso, the inactions of teachers are important to consider as well, as ignoring a problem does not make it go away, and can have more serious conse#uences in the future.