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Chapter 10
Chapter 10

Lesson 10.3

Quadratic Functions Standards 14.0 Students solve a quadratic equation by factoring or completing the square. 19.0
Quadratic Functions
Standards
14.0 Students solve a quadratic equation by factoring or completing the
square.
19.0 Students know the quadratic formula and are familiar with its proof
by completing the square.
20.0
Students use the quadratic formula to find the roots of a second-
degree polynomial and to solve quadratic equations.
21.0
Students graph quadratic functions and know that their roots are the
x-intercepts.
23.0
Students apply quadratic equations to physical problems, such as the
motion of an object under the force of gravity.
Lesson 10.3 Additional Items Involving Solutions to Equations Objectives: 1. Find the number and kind of
Lesson 10.3
Additional Items Involving
Solutions to Equations
Objectives:
1. Find the number and kind of solutions to a quadratic
equation by using the discriminant.
2. Find an unknown constant in quadratic equation so
that there is exactly one solution.
3. Find an equation from its solutions.

The Discriminant

The expression under the radical sign in the formula (b 2 – 4ac) is called the
The expression under the radical sign in the
formula (b 2 – 4ac) is called the discriminant.
The discriminant will take on a value that is
positive, 0, or negative.
The value of the discriminant indicates two distinct
real solutions, one real solution, or no real
solutions, respectively.
If the discriminant b² − 4ac is a) Positive: ►and a perfect square 2 real, rational
If the discriminant b² − 4ac is
a)
Positive:
►and a perfect square 2 real, rational solutions
►and is not a perfect square 2 real, irrational solutions
b)
Negative: The roots are 2 imaginary/complex
c)
Zero: 1 real, rational
Example 1: Find the discriminant and find the nature of the roots.
Example 1: Find the discriminant and find the
nature of the roots.
4 x 2   25  20x a = 4, b = -20, c =
4 x
2  
25
20x
a = 4, b = -20, c = 25
b 2 – 4ac = (-20) 2 - 4(4)(25) = 400-400 = 0
zero
Hence, there is one real, rational root
Example 2: Find the discriminant and find the nature of the roots.
Example 2: Find the discriminant and find the
nature of the roots.
3x 2   2 5x a= 3, b = -5, c = 2 ( 
3x
2  
2
5x
a= 3, b = -5, c = 2
(
5)
2
4(3)( 2)
25
24
1
b 2 – 4ac =
positive
Hence, two real rational roots
Example 3 Use the discriminant to determine the number and type of solutions for the following
Example 3
Use the discriminant to determine the number and
type of solutions for the following equation.
5 – 4x + 12x 2 = 0
a = 12, b = –4, and c = 5
b 2 – 4ac = (–4) 2 – 4(12)(5)
= 16 – 240
= –224 (negative)
Hence, there are 2 complex solutions.
Example 4: Determine k so that the equation has exactly one real, rational solution.
Example 4: Determine k so that the equation
has exactly one real, rational solution.
k x 2  40 x  25 a= k, b = -40, c = -25
k
x
2
40
x 
25
a= k, b = -40, c = -25
40 )
2
4(k )( 25)
1600
100 k
b 2 – 4ac = (
100
k  
1600
k   16
Example 5: Find an equation that has the following solutions.
Example 5: Find an equation that has the following
solutions.
y= 2, y = -2, y = 4 y-2 = 0 y+2 = 0 y -
y= 2, y = -2, y = 4
y-2 = 0
y+2 = 0
y - 4 = 0
(y-2) (y+2) (y – 4) = 0
(y 2 – 4) (y – 4) = 0
y 3 – 4y 2 – 4y + 16 = 0
Homework Problem Set 10.3 TB pp. 622-623 (Multiples of 4 numbers 4, 8, …, 52)
Homework
Problem Set 10.3
TB pp. 622-623
(Multiples of 4 numbers 4, 8, …, 52)