!ar# o% Wisdo!,' a&ain* that he $ho is !ore eact and !ore capableo% teachin& the cases is $iser* in e(ery branch o% #no$led&e' andthat o% the sciences* also* that $hich is desirable on its o$n accontand %or the sa#e o% #no$in& it is !ore o% the natre o% Wisdo! thanthat $hich is desirable on accont o% its reslts* and the speriorscience is !ore o% the natre o% Wisdo! than the ancillary' %or the$ise !an !st not be ordered bt !st order* and he !st not obeyanother* bt the less $ise !st obey hi!. "2ch and so !any are the notions* then* $hich $e ha(e abot Wisdo!and the $ise. o$ o% these characteristics that o% #no$in& all thin&s!st belon& to hi! $ho has in the hi&hest de&ree ni(ersal #no$led&e'%or he #no$s in a sense all the instances that %all nder the ni(ersal.And these thin&s* the !ost ni(ersal* are on the $hole the hardest%or !en to #no$' %or they are %arthest %ro! the senses. And the !osteact o% the sciences are those $hich deal !ost $ith %irst principles'%or those $hich in(ol(e %e$er principles are !ore eact than those$hich in(ol(e additional principles* e.&. arith!etic than &eo!etry.Bt the science $hich in(esti&ates cases is also instrcti(e* ina hi&her de&ree* %or the people $ho instrct s are those $ho tellthe cases o% each thin&. And nderstandin& and #no$led&e prsed%or their o$n sa#e are %ond !ost in the #no$led&e o% that $hich is!ost #no$able +%or he $ho chooses to #no$ %or the sa#e o% #no$in&$ill choose !ost readily that $hich is !ost trly #no$led&e* and schis the #no$led&e o% that $hich is !ost #no$able,' and the %irst principlesand the cases are !ost #no$able' %or by reason o% these* and %ro!these* all other thin&s co!e to be #no$n* and not these by !eans o%the thin&s sbordinate to the!. And the science $hich #no$s to $hatend each thin& !st be done is the !ost athoritati(e o% the sciences*and !ore athoritati(e than any ancillary science' and this end isthe &ood o% that thin&* and in &eneral the spre!e &ood in the $holeo% natre. 8d&ed by all the tests $e ha(e !entioned* then* the na!ein 7estion %alls to the sa!e science' this !st be a science thatin(esti&ates the %irst principles and cases' %or the &ood* i.e. theend* is one o% the cases. "That it is not a science o% prodction is clear e(en %ro! the historyo% the earliest philosophers. )or it is o$in& to their $onder that!en both no$ be&in and at %irst be&an to philosophi3e' they $onderedori&inally at the ob(ios di%%iclties* then ad(anced little by littleand stated di%%iclties abot the &reater !atters* e.&. abot thepheno!ena o% the !oon and those o% the sn and o% the stars* and abotthe &enesis o% the ni(erse. And a !an $ho is p33led and $ondersthin#s hi!sel% i&norant +$hence e(en the lo(er o% !yth is in a sensea lo(er o% Wisdo!* %or the !yth is co!posed o% $onders,' there%oresince they philosophi3ed order to escape %ro! i&norance* e(identlythey $ere prsin& science in order to #no$* and not %or any tilitarianend. And this is con%ir!ed by the %acts' %or it $as $hen al!ost allthe necessities o% li%e and the thin&s that !a#e %or co!%ort and recreationhad been secred* that sch #no$led&e be&an to be so&ht. 5(identlythen $e do not see# it %or the sa#e o% any other ad(anta&e' bt asthe !an is %ree* $e say* $ho eists %or his o$n sa#e and not %or another/s*so $e prse this as the only %ree science* %or it alone eists %orits o$n sa#e.