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to our presentation! Imagine, you do have 365 sunny days a year! You do enter a different world with many great possibilities where:
The past meets the future!!!!
About Egypt‘s history:
The regularity and richness of the annual Nile River flood, coupled with semiisolation provided by deserts to the east and west, allowed for the development of one of the world's great civilizations. - Ca. 3200 B.C.: A unified kingdom arose and a series of dynasties ruled in Egypt for the next three millennia - 341 B.C.: The last native dynasty fell to the Persians, who in turn were replaced by the Greeks, Romans, and Byzantines. - In the 7th century it was the Arabs who introduced Islam and the Arabic language and who ruled for the next six centuries. - About 1250 A local military caste, the Mamluks took control and continued to govern after the conquest of Egypt by the Ottoman Turks in 1517. - 1869: Following the completion of the Suez Canal, Egypt became an important world transportation hub, but also fell heavily into debt. - 1882: Ostensibly to protect its investments, Britain seized control of Egypt's government, but nominal allegiance to the Ottoman Empire continued until 1914. - 1922: Partially independent from the UK, Egypt acquired full sovereignty following World War II. - 1971: The completion of the Aswan High Dam and the resultant Lake Nasser have altered the time-honored place of the Nile River in the agriculture and ecology of Egypt. The government has struggled to ready the economy for the new millennium through economic reform and massive investment in communications and physical infrastructure.
Location:Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula Area:total: 1,001,450 sq km land: 995,450 sq km water: 6,000 sq km Area -slightly more than three times the size of comparative:New Mexico Landtotal: 2,665 km boundaries:border countries: Gaza Strip 11 km, Israel 266 km, Libya 1,115 km, Sudan 1,273 km Coastline:2,450 km Climate:desert; hot, dry summers with moderate winters Terrain:vast desert plateau interrupted by Nile valley and delta
Naturalpetroleum, natural gas, iron ore, resources:phosphates, manganese, limestone, gypsum, talc, asbestos, lead, zinc Land use:arable land: 2.87% permanent crops: 0.48% other: 96.65% (2001) Irrigated33,000 sq km (1998 est.) land: Naturalperiodic droughts; frequent earthquakes, hazards:flash floods, landslides; hot, driving windstorm called khamsin occurs in spring; dust storms, sandstorms Environmentparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, -Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, internationalDesertification, Endangered Species, agreements:Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: none of the
Population:77,505,756 (July 2005 est.) Age0-14 years: 33% structure:15-64 years: 62.6% 65 years and over: 4.4% (2005 est.) Median age:total: 23.68 years male: 23.31 years female: 24.05 years (2005 est.) Population1.78% (2005 est.) growth rate: Birth rate:23.32 births/1,000 population (2005 est.) Death rate:5.26 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.) Lifetotal population: 71 years expectancymale: 68.5 years at birth:female: 73.62 years (2005 est.) Total fertility2.88 children born/woman (2005 est.) rate: EthnicEastern Hermitic stock (Egyptians,
Religions:Muslim (mostly Sunni) 94%, Coptic Christian and other 6% Languages:Arabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes Literacy:definition: age 15 and over can read and write total population: 57.7% male: 68.3% female: 46.9% (2003 est.)
Hurghada, known in Egypt as Ghardaga, was at one time just a simple fishing village. But now, with it's crystal clear water, untouched reefs and a multitude of ship wrecks, it has become one of the best Egyptian tourist destinations. With more than 20 km of hotels along the beach, Hurghada can satisfy the needs of every visitor, from scuba diving to windsurfing to desert safaris.
One can choose from the finest 5 Star Hotels to simple Guest Houses, and everything in-between. Hurghada is world renowned as a center for some of the world's best Diving. Within a couple of hours from your hotel you can be amongst a group of islands that are the home to Dive Sites guaranteed to astound even the most experienced divers.
Luxor is the biggest open-air museum of the world filled with impressive monuments of an ancient civilization. Under the name „Waset“, Luxor was the capital of Egypt in the New Empire (1567 – 1085 a.Chr.) Homer called it „City of the 100 gates“ as Theben. The youngest name of the city „Al Uqsur“ means „City of the palaces“. Today the temple, graves and palaces are located inbetween markets and luxurious hotels; as witnesses for the wish of being immortal, built for eternity, out of sandstone and granite. Nowhere in Egypt the witnesses of the shiny past are so many as here: huge halls of columns, colourful grave paintings, temple reliefs and masterpieces of the sculpture arts. Divided through the River Nile in two parts the city center of Luxor with the temple of Amun is located in the East. In the West streets are leading through the prolific land to the empire of the pharaos who found the last resting place in the Valley of the Kings. But not only graves also temples were built for the dead rulers and great godnesses of the country at the Nile. The temple of Amun of Karnak became the biggest and most powerful sanctuary of Egypt.
Temple of Karnak Karnak shows one of the most imposing architectural bows to a godness. It started modest during the 12. Dynasty with the Temple of Amun. Every pharao added another work to the one of his predecessor. Like this within the period of 2,000 years an extensive Godness district was built; a collection of temples, plants of gates and colonnades with the Holy Lake. The fabulous halls of columns, the great pylons at the entrance and the huge pharao statues are impressive examples of the power of the pharaos and their non-comparable art of construction of their former architects. On the way to the Valley of the Kings you will pass by the Memnon colosses. These statues were once guarding the death temple of Amenophes IIII which is not existing anymore. The valley of the Kings The valley of the kings, mysterious and unreal, is imbed in the mountains of Theben. 64 graves were discovered until now. The most famous grave is the one of Tut Anch Amun who died in the age of 19 years with his terrific gold treasure. The wives and children of the pharaos were burried in the Valley of the Queens. The grave of Nefertari, the favourite wife of Ramses II is decorated with shiny colours, the great royal wife appears in front of the godnesses who welcome her as one of theirs in the eternity.
Cairo, known in Egypt as El Quaira, has ever since a very special charme. Already in the stories of 1001 nights it has been described with full admiration. The Cairo of today is fascinating everyone: the very special call at the prayertimes, calm-keeping drivers in the daily traffice chaos, the talkative people who are always ready for a small-talk... A few days in this city open you the door to a completely different world. Time is relative – „Es sabr gamil“ = „patience is nice“ – in Cairo you understand the meaning of this proverb quickly. Palaces, Mosques, flower grounds between gardens and canals give the medieval city its special charme. No other city has so many buildings from the heyday of the islamic architecture. Cairo is „the gate to the orient“, mediator between Islam and Christianity. While magnificant streets and Boulevards lead through the center, you will feel the oriental atmosphere in the old town streets. Also the old Cairo is full of life: very small streets and lanes, the Khan El Khalily Bazar, shops with a wide range of souvenirs, crowded coffeeshops and absolutely different smells lead you to another world.
The Egyptian museum Even if it‘s unfortunately much too small the Egyptian museum is the richest treasure vault of Egypt and gives the best overview about the history and culture of the country. With more than 150,000 pieces the collection which was established in 1858 is one of the biggest museums of the world. It‘s recommended to have a look at the treasure of Tut Anchum at first with the famous golden mask, the golden sarcopharg and the hall of mummies where Ramses II and 10 other great pharaos and queens found their for the time being last resting place. The Pyramids of Gizeh Round about half hour away from the inner city of Cairo you will find Gizeh: The Pyramids rise majestic above Cairo. The Greeks and Romans counted them as one of the 7 Wonders of the World of the former times. Until today they are fascinating through their size and technical precision at their errection. The step pyramid, a masterpiece of the architect Imhotep, dominates the huge Saqqara-cementry in the desert. The ruins of the former metropolis Memphis in the shadow of the datepalm groves of Mit Rahina appear restarined compared to this. Small villages and green fields along the watering canals on the way to Saqqara and further to Dahsur are the timeless companions on the journey to the pharaonic past.
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