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Structure and Function of Plants Review and Foldable

Fold your sheet in half along the crease line.

Cut flaps on folds by cutting the first layer only.

Structures

Functions

Open your foldable and label it like this.

Fill in your foldable with the notes provided. Structure will go on one side and function will go on the other. Adaptations to the environment will go on the back.

Flowers

Structure

Function

Anther
Pollen

-produces pollen
-haploid male gametes (sex cells)

Stigma & Style

-Sticky top of style where pollen lands. The Style transports it to the ovary. ----------Female organ which produces female gametes

Ovary

Adaptation to Environment
1. Bright colors and sweet nectar to attract pollinators. 2. Development of Fruit for seed dispersal.

Leaves

Structure

Function

Upper Epidermis -contains cuticle prevents wate loss Palisade Layer -Light reactions of Spongy Layer photosynthesis. Lower Epidermis -Calvin cycle (stores CO2)

-Lets CO2 in and O2 and wate out (stomata)

Adaptation to Environment 1. Thick cuticle in dry climates. 2. Few stomata to prevent water loss.

3. Reduced surface area to prevent water loss. (Cactus)

Stems

Structure

Function

Xylem

-vascular tissue (tubes) that carry water from the roots to the leaves for photosynthesis and to other parts of the plant.
-Vascular tissue (tubes) that carry sugar from the leaves to other parts of the plant.

Phloem

Adaptation to the Environment


1. Stiff cell walls for trunks and branches. Dead Xylem becomes the wood on the inside of tree trunks. 2. Can be modified to store food. Ex. Tubers (potatoes) and Bulbs

Roots

Structure

Function

Epidermis and root cap

-protection and absorption of water and minerals. -increase surface area for absorption - tip of root that is growing into the soil (area of mitosis).

Root hairs

Root tips (apical meristem)

Adaptation to the Environment 1.Can be modified to store starch and sugar. (Carrots, Beets, Turnips) 2. In dry climates root systems can be extremely long to reach water.