GeekSquad Troubleshooting Guide | Computer Virus | Bios

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CIA TECHNICAL HANDBOOK TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. Mission Objectives 2. Level 1 - Pre-Operations (Pre-Op) 3. Check-In 3.1 In-Store Forms 4. Level 2 – Diagnostics 4.1 PC Doctor 4.2 DFT 4 . 3 Vi r u s S c a n 5. Contact Client 6. Repair 6 . 1 M o t h e r b o a r d / P o w e r- r e l a t e d s e r v i c e 6.2 BIOS Errors 6.3 STOP / SU Errors 6.4 Common Operating System Errors 6.5 Windows Registry 6.6 Operating System Service Checklist 6 . 6 . 1 S y s t e m Tu n e - u p a n d O p t i m i z a t i o n 6 . 7 Vi r u s R e m o v a l 6.8 Spyware Removal 6.9 Winsock2 and Dial-Up Networking (DUN) 6.10 Operating System Repair 6.10.1 Soft Install Windows 98/SE/ME 6.10.2 Clean Install 98/SE/ME 6.10.3 Format Installation of Windows 98/SE/ME 6.10.4 Windows 2000/XP Repair Methods 6.11 Common File Extensions for Data Backup 6.12 Generic / Quick Fixes 7. Post-Op 8. Check-Out

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MISSION OBJECTIVES
• • • • • • • Understand new ways to check in clients and manage their expectations Understand new diagnostic processes and tools Tr o u b l e s h o o t a n d e r a d i c a t e v i r u s e s e f f e c t i v e l y Understand what Adware/Spyware are and how to eradicate them L e a r n n e w, b a s i c , a n d l o w l e v e l t r o u b l e s h o o t i n g p r o c e d u r e s Learn more effective ways of resolving advanced operating system issues, NOT just restoring Resolve advanced Winsock/Dial-up Networking issues

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2.0 - LEVEL 1 – PRE-OPERATIONS (PRE-OP)
The following are steps that take only a moment andA be performed on every computer before it is checked into tech bench or at the begining of an on-site service call • • • • • • • • R e p l i c a t e c l i e n t ’s i s s u e ( s ) Open the computer case: Check for dust Check for distended capacitors Check for unseated cards and unconnected cables Check fans for proper operation Perform visual software inspection for viruses and spyware Check for rogue processes and startup applications

Check For Dust The following are problems that can and will be caused by dust: • Static Electricity • Heat • Fan malfunction • System board shorts

Ty p i c a l l y, y o u c a n u s e s o m e t y p e o f p r e s s u r e d a i r t a n k ( l i k e t h e o n e u s e d i n M o b i l e I n s t a l l ) t o effectively clean out computers. Because of the chemical residue that may accumulate on the system board, canned air is not recommended for performing this. Get authorization from the client for a System Cleaning before performing this task. Distended Capacitors A D i s t e n d e d C a p a c i t o r i s a n i m m e d i a t e s e r v i c e d i s q u a l i f i e r. W h e n a d i s t e n d e d c a p a c i t o r i s f o u n d , y o u c a n d e e m t h e c o m p u t e r to h a v e a d e f e c t i v e s y s t e m b o a r d . L o o k f o r e i t h e r a b u l g e o n t h e t o p s i d e o f t h e c a p a c i t o r o r a n a c i d - l i k e m a r k o n t h e t o p o r t h e b o t t o m o f t h e c a p a c i t o r.

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3.0 - COMPUTER CHECK-IN
* P e r f o r m t h e i n i t i a l d i a g n o s i s f o r t h e p r o d u c t b e f o r e c r e a t i n g a S TA R S e r v i c e O r d e r For all computers, administer the following: Perform the Non-Negotiables • Require the client to sign disclaimer form. • Each computer is granted a five minute consultation. These five minutes should be used for “quick fixes” and the initial diagnostic. All steps of C.A.R.E. should be administered at this time as well. • If the computer is able to be repaired in less than five minutes, perform repairs and s e n d c l i e n t o n t h e i r w a y. • If computer is not able to be repaired during initial consultation phase, inform the client that a full, in-depth diagnosis must be performed to determine the nature and extent of the problem(s). • I f t h e c l i e n t ’s e q u i p m e n t i s n o t c o v e r e d b y a w a r r a n t y o r P S P, i n f o r m c l i e n t t h a t a $ 5 9 diagnostic fee is necessary to perform the diagnostic procedures to determine the problem. • I n f o r m c l i e n t o f a n t i c i pa t e d t o t a l c o s t o f s e r v i c e a n d a l s o i n f o r m t h e m t h a t t h e $59 diagnostic fee is non-refundable and does not apply towards the cost of the repairs. • If product is covered under by a warranty or PSP the $59 diagnostic fee is waived. • C r e a t e S TA R t a g a t t h i s t i m e w i t h d e t a i l e d n o t e s . • C o l l e c t $ 5 9 D i a g n o s t i c F e e t h r o u g h P. O . S . a n d a t t a c h c o p y o f r e c e i p t t o s i g n e d S TA R Ta g . • Inform client that they will be receiving a phone call with a quote for total cost of repairs within given time frame During the initial consolation phase a thorough examination of both hardware and software pieces should be performed to make a very knowledgeable and accurate rough estimate for total cost of repairs. E x a m i n a t i o n p o i n t s t o c o n s i d e r, b u t n o t l i m i t e d t o : • Open case to check for dust • Proper operation of all fans • Unseated cards and cables • Distended capacitors • S p y w a r e a n d o r Vi r u s e s • Low system resources • Amount of memory • Any other applicable examinations that the technician feels necessary

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3.1 - IN-STORE FORMS
I n - S t o r e Ta c t i c a l A n a l y s i s ( f r o n t )

Data collection points include • C l i e n t ’s p e r s o n a l : n a m e , a d d r es s , p h o n e , c o m p u t e r h a b i t s • C l i e n t ’s c o m p u t e r i n f o r m a t i o n : O S v e r s i o n , C P U , R A M , H D • P r e -O p c h e c kl i t s Customer feedback information • Debriefing and Recommendations: recommendations of what should/might be done to computer

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Ta c t i c a l C a s e R e p o r t

• • • • •

Te c h n i c i a n ’s n o t e s e c t i o n Te c h n i c i a n w i l l d o c u m e n t A L L w o r k p e r f o r m e d a n d t h e r e s u l t s h e r e This will be shown to the client when they pick their machine up A d d i t i o n a l n o t e s a b o u t t h e c l i e n t ’s c o m p u t e r Payment due

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4.0 - LEVEL 2 DIAGNOSTICS
• • • • Run Run Run Run PC Doctor DFT virus scan spyware scan (reference section 6.8 for instructions)

D o c u m e n t A L L L e v e l 2 d i a g n o s t i c f in d i n g s . T h e r e a r e a p p r o p r i a t e s e c t i o n s o n t h e “ I n - S t o r e Ta c t i c a l A n a l y s i s ” f o r m f o r a l l o f t h e L e v e l 1 a n d L e v e l 2 D i a g n o s t i c t e s t s u n d e r t h e s e c t i o n labeled “System Diagnosis”. I f p o s s i b l e h a r d d r i v e f a i l u r e i s p r e s e n t , I M M E D I AT E LY S T O P w o r k i n g o n t h e c l i e n t ’s m a c h i n e and contact them with findings/solutions. Once your Level 2 diagnostics are completed, stop working on the machine and contact the client for approval.

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4.1 - PC-DOCTOR DIAGNOSTICS
• • • • • Start the PC into any version of Microsoft® Windows® Close all programs, INCLUDING anti-virus programs Insert the PC-Doctor CD into the CD-ROM Connect Parallel loop back Adaptor (program will not run without it) Select one of the install options from the Options menu • • • • • • • Install Quick Install and Run Create self-booting disk Run PC-Doctor from CD Uninstall

Example (running within OS) Select Diagnostics from the menu

The program will ask you to select the tests to be run and then prompt you to this screen to confirm (this will also give you any special instructions for each test) • • • Te s t i n g w i l l c o m m e n c e a n d r e c o r d p a r a m e t e r s a n d s t a t u s Note: Some tests (mouse, graphics, keyboard) will require interaction. Once again this will be noted as special instructions before the testing starts. Once testing is completed the results will be posted to view applicable issues. The details tab will also drill down into more information about each test.

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4.2 - Hard Drive Sector Scan - DFT (Drive Fitness Test)
C h o o s e ATA o r S C S I s u p p o r t • • • • If running the test from a CD, choose Abort (A) when a message appears attempting to access the floppy drive for a log file. This message will not appear when running DFT from a floppy Agree to the license agreement Ve r i f y t h a t a l l h a r d d r i v e s a p p e a r Run tests in ‘Advanced’ mode

This software package runs only one Hard Drive at a time. Start testing one of the drives.

If the hard drive tests complete successfully the results screen will display with a green background. If the background color is red, the hard drive has failed a test. Proceed to match up the error code from t h e l i s t t h a t c a n b e f o u n d o n p a g e 3 2 o f t h e f o l l o w i n g P D F. M o s t o f t h e t i m e w h e n t h i s t e s t f a i l s t h e hard drive needs to be replaced. h t t p : / / w w w. h g s t . c o m / h d d / s u p p o r t / d f t 3 2 _ u s e r g u i d e . p d f

REPLACE HD (Usually these codes mean HD replacement is necessary) -----------------------------------------------------------------0x42 Drive temperature problem 0 x 7 0 C o r r u p t S e c t o r [ A g e n e r a l h a r d d i s k p r o b l e m w a s d e t e c t e d . Yo u c a n r u n t h e “ E r a s e D i s k ” u t i l i t y. I f a subsequent test fails again, the drive is defective and should be replaced. 0 x 7 2 D e v i c e S . M . A . R . T. E r r o r 0x73 Device damaged by shock 0 x 7 4 S . M . A . R . T. S e l f - t e s t f a i l e d [ A n e r r o r w a s d e t e c t e d d u r i n g S . M . A . R . T. s e l f - t e s t . Yo u c a n r u n t h e “ E r a s e D i s k ” u t i l i t y o f D F T. I F a s u b s e q u e n t t e s t f a i l s a g a i n , t h e d r i v e i s d e f e c t i v e a n d s h o u l d b e replaced. 0x75 Defective Hard Disk Drive Component OTHER ERROR CODES ----------------0x00 No Error 0 x 1 0 Te s t a b o r t e d b y u s e r 0x20 Selected drive not present 0 x 2 1 ATA M a s t e r d e v i c e n o t p r e s e n t 0x22 Device protected 0x23 Format Degraded 0x30 Out of Memory 0x31 Wrong Parameter 0x33 Function cannot be executed on this device 0 x 4 0 S y s t e m i n t e r r u p t s t h e c u r r e n t o p e r a t i o n [ s m a r t d r v. e x e c a n c a u s e t h i s e r r o r ] 0x41 Bad Cable 0x43 Pending SCSI request 0 x 4 4 S y s t e m Vi b r a t i o n 0x45 Low System Performance 0x71 Device not ready

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4.3 - Virus Scan (McAfee Command Line)
Windows 95/98/SE/ME F o l l o w t h e s e i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r s c a n ni n g f o r v i r u s e s . • • • • Boot from MRI or boot disk Go to CD drive and type in the following command: smartdrv Go to C drive (C:\) Precede to delete all temp/temp Internet/restore files

Note: If Win ME, perform the following command * It may be easier to remove temp/restore files from within Windows

Go to CD drive and type in the following commands:

The scan will commence

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4.3 - Windows NT / 2000 / XP - (NTFS) E a c h o f t h e s e o p e r a t i n g s y s t e m s h a v e t h e a b i l i t y t o r u n o n t h e N e w Te c h n o l o g y F i l e S y s t e m s (N T F S ) w h i c h c a n n o t b e a c c e s s e d f r o m a s t a n d a r d b o o t d i s k . Yo u f i r s t n e e d t o b o o t i n t o W i n d o w s Safe Mode. Then follow these instructions: • • • Open the run command Ty p e ‘ c m d ’ o r ‘ c o m m a n d ’ – C o m m a n d P r o m p t w i l l o p e n Go to CD drive and type in the following commands:

W h e n r u n n i n g a s c a n w i t h i n W i n d o w s N T / 2 k / X P y o u m a y g e t a n e r r o r. C l i c k ‘ I g n o r e ’ a n d continue the scan process. This will not damage any files.

NOTE: If a virus is found, first, contact the client and approve (if not previously approved) the cost for removing a virus. • • T h i s i s a s o f t w a r e i s s u e a n d i t i s n o t c o v e r e d u n d e r a n y w a r r a n t y o r P S P. This is also a great time to up-sell the installation of new anti-virus software if n e c e s s a r y.

Commonly Used Switches: • /adl = all drives local • /all = all files • / r e p o r t c : \ < f i l e n a m e > = c re a t e a r e p o r t f i l e • /append = appends report • /clean = clean • /? = help • scanpm /? = help

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5.0 - CONTACTING CLIENT
After the full diagnostic suite is completed, contact client with findings, appropriate solutions, and total cost of said solutions. It is very important that all repairs that are n e c e s s a r y t o b e m a d e a r e n o t e d o n Ta c t i c a l C a s e R e p o r t f o r m s o t h a t t h e p h o n e c a l l a n d approval amount is accurate. After making contact with the client and they approve/disapprove the cost, make sure that t h e c o n v e r s a t i o n t i m e , d a t e a n d a p p r o v a l s / d i s a p p r o v a l s a r e d o c u m e n t e d o n t h e Ta c t i c a l Case Report form. It is to your benefit to get the name of person approving/disapproving the repairs if it is not the client. If client approves/disapproves part of the service, but not all o f i t , m a k e s u r e t h a t t h e r e a r e n o t e s o n t h e Ta c t i c a l C a s e R e p o r t f o r m t h a t r e f l e c t t h i s . A l s o , i f t h e r e a r e a n y p a r t s t h a t c l i e n t n e e d s t o p a y f o r t h i s s h o u l d b e n o t e d o n t h e Ta c t i c a l C a s e Report form. I f c l i e n t i s n o t a v a i l a b l e , l e a v e a me s s a g e i n f o r m i n g t h e m t h a t t h e y s h o u l d c o n t a c t t h e t e c h bench at the appropriate number and that you are looking for an approval for the estimate. After getting approval perform necessary repairs and continue with service.

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6.1 - Motherboard / Power-Related Service Diagnostics
NO T E : P r e - O p s h o u l d h a v e a l r e a d y t a k e n p l a c e If the system does not boot: • U s e p o w e r s u p p l y t e s t e r t o v e r i f y t h a t i t i s p u s h i n g o u t p o w e r.

Te s t p o w e r s u p p l y a n d C M O S b a t t e r y w i t h a v o l t m e t e r.

• •

Power Supply - (DC: +/- 5, +/- 12) CMOS – (+/-3V)

NOTE: Settings will need to be entered in the BIOS afterwards If power supply is functioning: • Check all cables • Pull/Reseat all cards, memory and processor • I f t h a t d o e s n ’t w o r k , i t i s p r o ba b l y a b a d m o t h e r b o a r d If power supply is not functioning: • Tr y a d i f f e r e n t p o w e r s u p p l y • Pull all cards except video card and one stick of RAM • If the computer turns on, use process of elimination to find out which card is preventing the computer from powering on. • Tr y a t e s t s w i t c h o r j u m p m o t h e r b o a r d Lookup Beep Codes if you hear any: R e f e r e n c e : h t t p : / / w w w. c o m p u t e r h o p e . c o m / b e e p . h t m

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6.2 - BIOS Errors Keyboard Errors: • Check for stuck keys • Try different keyboard otherwise it is probably a defective port • Try another keyboard type (USB/PS2) Checksum Error: • Reboot system • If it recurs verify settings in BIOS (system clock) • If it recurs pull battery and power cable for 30 seconds • If it recurs replace CMOS battery • If it recurs re-flash CMOS using jumper on motherboard • If it recurs it is a defective motherboard No • • • • • • • • Hard Drive Recognized: Check all cables See if the Hard Drive is even spinning Volt-test the power cable to the hard drive Check IDE settings in the BIOS (Auto) Try different IDE cable and power cable Try other IDE channel (Secondary) Try client’s Hard Drive in test computer Try different Hard Drive in client’s computer

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6.3 - STOP Errors / SU Errors
STOP ERRORS STOP errors messages are software crashes or hardware malfunctions that cause the operating system to halt normal usage. • A r e s i m i l a r t o S U e r r o r s , a l t h o u g h t h e y d o n ’t a l w a y s h a p p e n w h e n i n s t a l l i n g / r e i n s t a l l i n g t h e o p e r a t i n g s y s te m . A g a i n , r e f e r e n c e t h e M i c r o s o f t K n o w l e d g e B a s e f o r details on why the error is occurring. • Also, search by STOP error number (i.e. 0x0000000). Check Google.com (or Google Groups) using the SU error code to find the fix workaround. SU ERRORS • Usually appear when trying to install a new copy of Windows or when performing a Soft Install of Windows. There is a fix or workaround for all SU errors. • When an SU error is encountered, reference the Microsoft Knowledge Base article Q129971 for detail on why this error is occurring. • Also, check Google.com (or Google Groups), using the SU error code to find the fix or workaround. E R R O R S U 0 3 5 0 W I N D O W S 9 x I N S TA L L AT I O N I S S U E • Error SU0350 - Setup was unable to display the Nondisclosure Agreement. Setup will now close. • This is a common error message seen when performing a soft installation of Windows 9x Operating Systems • Boot to a Command Prompt with proper boot disk. • At the command prompt, type the following line, and then press ENTER: • C o p y c : \ w i n d o w s \ l i c e n s e . t x t c :\ w i n d o w s \ h e l p • W h e n y o u a r e p r o m p t e d t o o v e r w r i t e t h e f i l e , p r e s s Y, a n d t h e n p r e s s E N T E R . • Restart the computer and resume installation

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6.4 - COMMON OPERATING SYSTEM ERRORS AND FIXES
N o O p e r a t i n g S y s t e m F o u n d / I n v a l i d S y s t e m D i s k / U n m o u n t a b l e _ B o o t _ Vo l u m e Ve r i f y t h e r e i s n o f l o p p y o r C D i s i n t h e d r i v e Run DFT (if not run already) and if DFT passes: * Do NOT run the following if Dynamic Drive Overlay (DDO) is being used [e.g. GoBack, MaxBLAST] Windows 9X / ME • Boot off of a boot disk, at the prompt:

If this does not resolve the problem proceed to a “Soft Install” of Windows. Windows XP • • B o o t o f f t h e c l i e n t ’s O R I G I N A L W i n d o w s X P C D Run the recovery console, command prompt run the commands: * If the admin password is not available or working, boot off a Win2k CD • • C:\>chkdsk /r C:\>fixboot

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6.5 - WINDOWS REGISTRY
The Windows Registry is a central hierarchical database used to store information necessary to c o n f i g u r e t h e s y s t e m f o r o n e o r m o r e u s e r s , a p p l i c a t i o n s a n d h a r d w a r e d e v i c e s . WA R N I N G N O T E : I t i s p o s s i b l e t o p e r m a n e n t l y c o r r u p t W i n d o w s b y c h a n g i n g t h e R e g i s t r y. A n y c h a n g e s y o u m a k e s h o u l d b e d on e w i t h c a u t i o n . B y b a c k i n g u p b e f o r e m o d i f i c a t i o n , y o u v i r t u a l l y e l i m i n a t e t h e p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s a s t e r. M a n y r e g i s t r y p r o b l e m s c a n b e r e m e d i e d by soft installing the operating system or installing certain updates (i.e. Windows Service Packs and/or Internet Explorer Updates). T h e R e g i s t r y i s e d i t e d w i t h a t o o l f o u n d i n y o u r W i n d o w s f o l d e r. T h a t t o o l i s t h e R e g i s t r y E d i t o r. I t ’s c a l l e d R e g e d i t . e x e a n d i s i n c l u d e d w i t h W i n d o w s f o r t h e p u r p o s e o f v i e w i n g a n d e d i t i n g t h e R e g i s t r y. EXPORTING REGISTRY KEYS (BACKUP) Find and highlight the key you want to modify or delete. On the File menu, click Export. In t h e S a v e i n b o x , s e l e c t a l o c a t i o n w h e r e y o u w a n t t o s a v e t h e R e g i s t r a t i o n E n t r i e s ( . r e g ) , in t h e F i l e n a m e b o x , t y p e a f i l e n a m e , a n d t h e n c l i c k S a v e . Yo u m a y n o w m o d i f y o r d e l e t e t h e ex p o r t e d k e y. I f y o u f i n d t h i s w a s n o t h e l p f u l o r a p a r t o f Windows has become unstable, simply Double Click the exported Registration Entry (.reg) a n d s e l e c t “ Ye s ” w h e n p r o m p t e d , t o r e s t o r e t h e k e y t o i t s o r i g i n a l s t a t e . E N U M E R AT O R K E Y The Enumerator key contains subkeys for the specific hardware components your computer uses. Removing individual keys will completely remove the device from the operating system. Windows 9X / ME • Location = HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Enum Windows 2000 / XP • Location = HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\ControlSet001\Enum Choose next level down = type of device Right click on the device you would like to modify and click permissions Select Allow Full Control Export (Backup) the Key and Modify as needed RUN KEYS P r o g r am s i n t h e R u n k e y s s t a r t a u t o m a t i c a l l y e a c h t i m e t h a t a u s e r l o g s o n t o t h e O S Locations: • H K E Y _ C U R R E N T _ U S E R \ S o f t w a r e \ M i c r o s o f t \ W i n d o w s \ C u r r e n t Ve r s i o n \ R u n • H K E Y _ L O C A L _ M A C H I N E \ S O F T WA R E \ M i c r o s o f t \ W i n d o w s \ C u r r e n t Ve r s i o n \ R u n Programs that should not be starting up with Windows can be deleted. EXEFile KEY Location: • HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\exefile\shell\open\command A virus may corrupt this key resulting in EXE files being opened by the virus. The value in this string should only beor files. “%1” %* -clear out additional words, characters,

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6.6 - OPERATING SYSTEM SERVICE CHECKLIST
NOTE: Assume that Pre-Op has been preformed • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • A t t e m p t b o o t t o n o r m a l W i n d ow s R e p l i c a t e c l i e n t ’s i s s u e If cannot boot to normal Windows, boot to Safe Mode Check Device Manger for redundant, conflicted or unknown/uninstalled devices. (Windows 9x/ME only) Remove all redundant devices (ALL entries must be removed for the device) (Windows 9x/ME only) Remove all conflicted devices and unknown/uninstalled devices Check startup configuration with MSCONFIG Uncheck autoexec.bat and config.sys in Windows 9x Operating Systems Remove startup programs that are unnecessary for the function of the OS or peripherals. (Always leave Antivirus and Software Firewalls enabled) Reboot system and enter Normal mode Reinstall any drivers for removed devices D e l e t e a l l Te m p f i l e s a n d Te m p o r a r y I n t e r n e t F i l e s S e e S y s t e m Tu n e - U p p o r t i o n o f t h e S y s t e m Tu n e - U p a n d O p t i m i z a t i o n f o r e x a c t d e t a i l s Run Windows Update Install OS service packs and Internet Explorer updates Install all Critical Updates and selected other Updates Install DirectX updates

Proceed to Post-Op procedures

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6.6.1 - SYSTEM TUNE-UP AND OPTIMIZATION
* This is a procedure that should be applied to ALL machines ( m i n u s m a c h i n e s t h a t h a v e h a r d w ar e o r o t h e r i s s u e s t h a t p r e v e n t b a s i c O S f u n c t i o n a l i t y ) *This procedure will be applied in conjunction with other services – it may end up being applied at different stages within said services Tu n e - u p • Clean ALL of the temporary files on ALL accounts o M a k e s u r e t h a t y o u r e b o ot t h e m a c h i n e o n c e i n t o N o r m a l M o d e (in case temp files remain that need to be executed) o Common temp file locations: C : \ D o c u m e n t s a n d S e t t i n g s \ % u s e r % \ L o c a l S e t t i n g s \ Te m p C : \ D o c u m e n t s a n d S e t t i n g s \ % u s e r % \ L o c a l S e t t i n g s \ Te m p o r a r y I n t e r n e t F i l e s C:\Documents and Settings\%user%\Local Settings\History C:\Documents and Settings\%user%\Cookies C : \ W i n d o w s \ Te m p C : \ W i n d o w s \ Te m p o r a r y I n t e r n e t F i l e s C:\Windows\Cookies Any c:\temp dir E v e n t h o u g h C o o k i e s / T I F / H i s t o r y w e r e c l e a n e d , u s e I E ’s “ D e l e t e C o o k i e s ” , “ D e l e t e F i l e s ” , a n d “Clear History” options too. R e m e m b e r t h a t s o m e . d a t ’s ( s p e c i fi c a l l y i n d e x . d a t ) l o c a t e d w i t h i n t h e s e f o l d e r s m a y n o t b e able to be deleted using conventional deletion methods

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6.7 - VIRUS REMOVAL
NOTE: For scanning instructions please reference section 4.3. Add the </clean> and </append> switches to the command line. This will clean the viruses and append your virus.txt log file Example of new command: • scanpm /adl /all /clean /append /report c:\virus.txt NOTE: If the virus has an official clean tool (Symantec Fix Utility) DO NOT attempt to clean u s i n g t h i s c o m m a n d l i n e m e t h o d , u s e t h e F i x U t i l i t y. Yo u m a y t h e n r u n a c o m m a n d l i n e v i r u s s c a n t o b e s u r e t h e v i r u s w a s e r a d ic a t e d .

V I R U S E R A D I C AT I O N A LT E R N AT I V E S U s e f i x / r e m o v a l t o o l s l o c a t e d o n M R I \ . \ Vi r u s R e m o v a l To o l s • If tool is not available/out-dated for specific virus you may download Symantec removal t o o l s a t h t t p : / / w w w. s y m a n t e c . c o m Secondary Drive: • A hard drive may also be mounted as a secondary drive in a system that has an active virus scanning software. Then run a manual scan of the secondary drive to remove viruses. Do note that using this method, a virus software may quarantine required operating system files. This would require a repair or Soft Install of the operating s y s t e m b e f o r e t h e c o m p u t e r w i l l f u n c t i o n p r o p e r l y. D o n o t p e r f o r m t h i s o p e r a t i o n w h e n r e m o v i n g t h e K L E Z v i r u s , u s e th e S y m a n t e c F i x U t i l i t y. P l e a s e a l s o n o t e t h a t t h i s m e t h o d takes more manual Agent time as opposed to typing commands and letting the software take care of the rest.

Scanning and eradicating with NTFS • Safe Mode with networking required for online scan/eradication Online • House Call at http://housecall.trendmicro.com/ Local • BartPE (where available)

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VIRUS RESEARCH S e e M c A f e e ’s Vi r u s I n f o r m a t i o n L i s t w e b s i t e f o r a d v a n c e d m a n u a l v i r u s r e m o v a l i n s t r u c t i o n s . http://vil.mcafee.com Other excellent virus information websites: h t t p : / / w w w. s y m a n t e c . c o m h t t p : / / w w w. v i r u s l i s t . c o m NOTE: In Windows ME and Windows XP remember to disable the Restore function to prevent the Restore directory from re-infecting the system. Remember to enable afterwards. If a c l i e n t d o e s n o t w a n t v i r u s e s r e m o v e d f r o m t h e i r s y s t e m y o u M U S T m a k e a n o t a t i o n o f this denial of service in the service order notes. Also, if the client does not want us to install new virus software, note that we do not cover virus re-infection if the computer leaves the store without proper virus protection. Notate this in the service order as well.

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6.8 - ADWARE/SPYWARE REMOVAL
T h i s p r o c e d u r e i s t o b e u s e d a s a g u i d e f o r r e m o v i n g a d w a r e / s p y w a r e . T h e r e a r e m a n y, m a n y w a y s o f r e m o v i n g a d w a r e / s p y w a r e, b u t t h i s i s a p r o v e n w a y o f e r a d i c a t i n g a l a r g e p e r c e n t a g e of most adware/spyware applications. If the client requests that ANY adware/spyware application, file, etc be left on the machine our service cannot and will not carry a warranty Boot the machine once into Normal Mode [in case temp files remain that need to be executed] C l i e n t m a y p r o v i d e v i t a l i n f o r m a t i o n t h a t t e l l s y o u f l a t - o u t t h a t t h e r e ’s s p y w a r e . S o m e o f t h e s e could be but are not limited to: • Internet slow • To n s o f p o p - u p s • Homepage hijackings Some keys signs to look for: • KaZaA • To o l b a r s w i t h i n I n t e r n e t E x p l o r e r • Machine is extremely slow to boot Common running processes • Hbinst.exe • Save.exe • Msbb.exe • A S T. e x e • CMESys.exe C e r t a i n a p p l i c a t i o n s ( e . g . K a Z a A , We a t h e r B u g , W i l d Ta n g e n t ) w i l l p r o b a b l y n o t w o r k a f t e r y o u clean the machine. • Yo u M U S T i n f o r m t h e c l i e n t o f t h i s b e f o r e p r o c e e d i n g Boot into Safe Mode [with networking if applicable] • M o s t s p y w a r e r e m o v a l a p p l i c at i o n s c a n b e i n s t a l l e d a n d u p d a t e d w i t h i n S a f e M o d e . I f n o t (or no CD-ROM support), install/update via Normal Mode, then return to Safe Mode for cleaning. • D e l e t e A L L t e m p f i l e s o n A L L a c c o u n t s ( s e e Tu n e - u p p o r t i o n o f S y s t e m Tu n e - u p a n d Optimization for exact details). DO NOT remove adware/spyware applications via Add/ Remove Programs right now • In Windows XP/ME – Disable the System Restore function SPYBOT SEARCH & DESTROY • Install SpyBot-S&D with all of the default settings selected. • A p p l y a l l u p d a t e s m a n u a l l y f r o m M R I . D o n ’t f o r g e t t o c h a n g e t h e p a t h o f i n s t a l l a t i o n f o r t h e u p d a t e s ( U s u a l l y < C : \ P r o g ra m F i l e s \ S p y B o t - S e a r c h & D e s t r o y \ > ) . • Launch “SpyBot-S&D (advanced mode)”. If Internet is available, apply web updates via S p y B o t S & D . M a n u a l u p d a t e s a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e a t h t t p : / / w w w. s a f e r- n e t w o r k i n g . o r g Yo u m a y h a v e t o c h a n g e t h e m i r r o r s i t e a s D D o S a t t a c k s a r e f r e q u e n t . • SpyBot S&D will automatically restart. • If you’re not in the main scan page, get there, and then “Check for problems”. Record how many instances of spyware were found for your notes. • The scan will take a few minutes or could even “freeze” for some time (e.g. c2.lop). This is normal so just let it finish • While SpyBot is running, perform a system optimization (see Optimization portion of S y s t e m Tu n e - u p a n d O p t i m i z a t i o n f o r e x a c t d e t a i l s ) . • When SpyBot-S&D finishes, “Select all items” and “Fix selected problems”. If “Select all items” is not available, go to Settings -> Settings -> then enable “Show expert buttons in results list” (option is at the bottom); then return to SpyBot-S&D tab and continue cleaning. Depending on infestation level, “Network fixes” may need to be applied; it will

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automatically notify you of this, simply click “OK”. During the fixing of problems the application may appear to freeze. This is normal so just let it finish Usually SpyBot will be able to fix most problems on the first attempt I f i t a s k s t o b e r u n a t n e x t s t a r t u p , c a n c e l t h i s . I f N e w. n e t w a s i n s t a l l e d a s e c o n d s c a n i s n e c e s s a r y. R e b o o t i n t o S a f e M o d e a n d s c a n a g a i n . O t h e r p r o b l e m s c a n a c t u a l l y b e r e m o v e d o n a s e c o n d s c a n w i t ho u t a r e b o o t . Continue cleaning with SpyBot-S&D until the machine is “clean” per its findings Some problems can NOT be removed by SpyBot-S&D (e.g. variants of i-lookup, VX2. BetterInternet, etc).These will have to be “skipped” at this point and cleaned with other tools

A D - AWA R E • I n s t a l l A d - Aw a r e w i t h a l l o f t h e d e f a u l t s e t t i n g s s e l e c t e d • Apply all updates manually from MRI. Extract the .zip – usually <C:\Program Files\ L a v a s o f t \ A d - a w a r e 6 > . Yo u c a n a c t u a l l y s t a r t t h e i n s t a l l a t i o n a n d s c a n n i n g w i t h t h i s a p p l i c a t i o n d u r i n g t h e l a t t e r s t a g e s o f S p y B o t - S & D t o s a v e t i m e . H o w e v e r, b e c a r e f u l n o t to “cross-clean” infections found by both applications otherwise you’ll be chasing a nonexisting infection • L a u n c h A d - Aw a r e . I f I n t e r n e t i s a v a i l a b l e , a p p l y w e b u p d a t e s v i a A d - Aw a r e . M a n u a l u p d a t e s a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e a t ht t p : / / w w w. l a v a s o f t u s a . c o m / s u p p o r t / d o w n l o a d / . • After updates are applied, Click “Start”. Be sure to select “Customize” and enable the following: • “Scan within archives” • “Scan my IE Favorites for banned URLs” • “Scan my Hosts files” – then click “Proceed” • Record how many instances of spyware were found for your notes. The scan will take a few minutes or could even “freeze” for some time at various locations. This is normal so just let it finish. • W h e n A d - Aw a r e f i n i s h e s , “ S e l e c t a l l o b j e c t s ” ( r i g h t - c l i c k i n r e s u l t s t o g e t t h i s o p t i o n ) , click “Next”, then “OK”. During the quarantine process the application may appear to freeze. This is normal so just let it finish. Usually it will be able to fix most problems on the first attempt. • If it asks to be run at next startup, cancel this. Other problems can actually be removed o n a s e c o n d s c a n w i t h o u t a r e bo o t . C o n t i n u e c l e a n i n g w i t h A d - Aw a r e u n t i l t h e m a c h i n e i s “ c l e a n ” p e r i t s f i n d i n g s . S o m e p r o b l e m s c a n N O T b e r e m o v e d b y A d - Aw a r e ( e . g . variants of i-lookup, VX2.BetterInternet, etc). These will have to be “skipped” at this point and cleaned with other tools D e p e n d i n g o n t h e l e v e l o f i n f e s t a t i on , o t h e r s p y w a r e r e m o v a l a p p l i c a t i o n s m a y n e e d t o b e used • SpySweeper is a great tool. Not only for cleaning, but as a prevention tool – so attach it! Once both above programs show the machine being “clean” move onto a deeper cleaning. This “ C l e a n ” m a y m e a n t h a t 9 9 % o f t h e in f e s t a t i o n w a s c l e a n e d . M i s c e l l a n e o u s e n t r i e s l i k e V X 2 . B e t t e r I n t e r n e t , C o o l W W W S e a r c h , l oo k 2 m e , i - l o o k u p m a y s t i l l e x i s t a n d p o s s i b l y c a n n o t b e cleaned by either program. A D D I T I O N A L R E M O VA L T O O L S T h e r e a r e a f e w a d d i t i o n a l a d w a r e / s p y w a r e r e m o v a l t o o l s t h a t w i l l c o m e i n h a n d y. T h e y c a n b e l o c a t e d o n t h e M R I C D i n t h e f o l d e r : \ . \ S p y w a r e \ M i s c R e m o v a l To o l s . B e f o r e y o u u s e a n y o f th e s e t o o l s , p l e a s e r e a d t h e d o c u m e n t a t i o n f o r e a c h a p p l i c a t i o n . CWShredder U t i l i t y s p e c i f i c a l l y d e s i g n e d t o r e m o v e C o o l W W W S e a r c h . ( S p y B o t / A d - Aw a r e s o m e t i m e s c a n ’t re m o v e d a l l o f t h e p a r t s o f t h i s h i j a c k – t h i s d o e s )

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• •

I f t h e e r r o r “ ‘ A r e q u i r e d d l l , M S V B V M 6 0 . D L L , w a s n o t f o u n d ” a p p e a r s , a p p l y “ Vi s u a l B a s i c 6 . 0 S P 5 R u n Ti m e F i l e s ” . L o c a t e d o n t h e M R I \ . \ W i n d o w s To o l s . I f C W S w a s o n t h e m a c h i n e a n d i t i n f e c t e d a n y o f t h e f o l l o w i n g , t h e s p e c i f i c . e x e ’s will have to be replaced: w m p l a y e r. e x e , m s c o n f i g . e x e , c o n t r o l . e x e , r u n d l l 3 2 , n o t e p a d . e x e R e p l a c e m e n t . e x e ’s l o c a t e d o n t h e M R I \ . \ S p y w a r e \ C W S h r e d d e r \ A d d i t i o n a l C W S f i x e s I f y o u t w e a k m s c o n f i g a n d h av e n o t r e b o o t e d t h e m a c h i n e , C W S h r e d d e r w i l l s a y t h a t i t found the CWS.Msconfig This does not matter; System Configuration Utility will not prompt on next reboot

Hijackthis Utility that assists in detecting and removing various hijacking entries WA R N I N G – R e a d A L L d o c u m e n t a t i o n a b o u t t h i s a p p l i c a t i o n b e f o r e u s i n g i t If run from a CD, backups of files you delete will NOT be made; copy the application to the desktop if needed. KaZaABegone Utility designed to fully removed KaZaA and all of its remnants • G o o d t o r u n t h i s e v e n i f K a Z aA w a s n e v e r i n s t a l l e d a s i t f i n d s o t h e r s p y w a r e applications associated with KaZaA WA R N I N G – T h i s u t i l i t y w i l l d e l e t e t h e “ M y S h a r e d F o l d e r ” f o l d e r t h a t c o n t a i n s t h e c l i e n t ’s d a t a t h a t w a s d o w n l o a d e d v i a K a Z a A . Yo u M U S T i n f o r m t h e c l i e n t t h a t t h i s will be deleted BEFORE you run this utility If client wishes for KaZaA or content downloaded via KaZaA to remain on the machine, o u r s e r v i c e c a n n o t a n d w i l l n o t c a r r y a w a r r a n t y. D o c u m e n t t h i s i n y o u r n o t e s .

FixMsg117 U t i l i t y d e s i g n t o c u r e m s g 1 1 7 . d l l (Z e s t y F i n d ) i s s u e s • Good to use this “just in case” ZestyFind is on the machine Hard to tell if this hijacker is actually on the machine until it redirects you • Depending on the level of infestation, other fixes may need to be applied It will notify you of this; usually winsock2 related KillMsg118 U t i l i t y d e s i g n t o c u r e m s g 1 1 8 . d l l is s u e s • If the machine is “locking”/pausing for a long time a on the “Loading your personal s e t t i n g s … ” d i s p l a y, r u n t h e f o l l o w i n g r e g i s t r y e n t r y t o s h o w t h e f i l e t h a t i s p o s s i b l y causing this • L o c a t e d o n M R I \ . \ W i n d o w s To o l s \ R e g i s t r y E n t r i e s E n a b l e - S h o w Ve r b o s e S e c u r i t y S t a t u s M e s s a g e s . r e g D i s a b l e - U n d o S h o w Ve r b o s e S e c u r i t y S t a t u s M e s s a g e s . r e g BHODemon Breaks down Browser Helper Objects (BHO) for further troubleshooting CoolWWWSearch.SmartKiller (v1.v2) MiniRemoval U t i l i t y s p e c i f i c a l l y d e s i g n e d t o r e m o v e v a r i a n t s o f C o o l W W W S e a r c h . Yo u w i l l k n o w t h a t t h e machine has this variant as most major adware/spyware removal tools will start, and then shutdown. Most major adware/spyware web sites will be inaccessible. If the machine has a n y o f t h e b e l o w v a r i a n t s , t h i s r e m o v a l m u s t b e r u n F I R S T t o a l l o w S p y B o t a n d A d - Aw a r e t o run. • Va r i a n t 2 6 : C W S . S m a r t s e a r c h - C o u n t e r- c o u n t e r- a c t i o n s • CWS.Smartsearch.2, CWS.Smartsearch.3, and CWS.Smartsearch.4

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If you have multiple user accounts on the machine you must clean all accounts using the instructions above. Manual Cleaning After you “clean” the machine using all of the applicable applications, there will still be miscellaneous files/folders/icons that exist on the machine that are related to adware/ spyware • A f t e r t h e m a i n [ S p y B o t , A d - Aw a r e ] a n d m i s c e l l a n e o u s [ C W S h r e d d e r, H i j a c k t h i s , K a Z a A B e g o n e , e t c ] a p p l i c a t i o ns a r e r u n , t h e m a c h i n e i s p r o b a b l y t e c h n i c a l l y “ c l e a n ” o D o y o u w a n t y o u r c l i e n t s t o s ee t h e m e s s l e f t b e h i n d – n o ! o This could freak them out and cause a “recall” on you – fix it the first time! • o o Clean the Favorites folders C:\Documents and Settings\%user%\Favorites C:\Windows\Favorites

Do NOT delete all favorites – look for unusual entries • Adult Links • Gambling • Casino When these are created there are usually a few main folders and they all have the same modified date Sometimes the Favorites are so infected you have to remove all of them; more effective than g o i n g t h r o u g h h u n d r e d s o f s h o r t c u t s . Ta l k t o y o u r c l i e n t i f t h i s h a p p e n s . R e m o v e a l l s p y w a r e / a d w a r e e n t r i e s f r o m t h e A d d / R e m o v e P r o g r a m s L i s t. I f i t c a n ’t b e removed, manually remove it • O p e n R e g i s t r y E d i t o r t o t h e f o ll o w i n g k e y : [ H K E Y _ L O C A L _ M A C H I N E \ S O F T WA R E \ M i c r o s o f t \ W i n d o w s \ C u r r e n t Ve r s i o n \ U n i n s t a l l ] This key is where the Add/Remove Program list is store. Some of the entries are plainly label and others are going to be in hexadecimal. For the hexadecimal entries you’ll have to look in the right pane for the name corresponding to the entry in the Add/Remove Programs list that you want to remove. After the Add/Remove Programs List is clean, reboot into Normal Mode Clean the [C:\Program Files] folder by removing the miscellaneous spyware/adware files/ folders. Be sure to only delete files/folders that you know are related to adware/spyware. If you recognize any installer that is used to install adware/spyware [most are in the root directory], delete them. • O n l y d e l e t e e x e c u t a b l e s t h a t yo u k n o w a r e a d w a r e / s p y w a r e Clean [C:\WINDOWS\Downloaded Program Files] – may have already been done with Hijackthis • D o n ’t f o r g e t t o r e m i n d t h e c l i e n t t h a t t h e y ’ l l w i l l h a v e t o d o w n l o a d F l a s h [ o r o t h e r similar] plug-ins if you deleted them Delete the miscellaneous spyware/adware icons/shortcuts on the desktop and start menus A f t e r A L L o f t h i s y o u h a v e f i n a l l y c l e a n e d t h e m a c h i n e s o n o w i t ’s t i m e f o r t e s t i n g . (Re)Boot into Normal Mode and test Internet Explorer by visiting commonly used sites. It is also helpful to visit sites that use: Flash, SSL, ActiveX, or other similar technologies are good for testing. This will help prevent callbacks and recalls. • h t t p : / / w w w. g o o g l e . c o m • h t t p : / / w w w. c o m c a s t . c o m • http://mail.geeksquad.com/sts • h t t p : / / w i n d o w s u p d a t e . m i c r o s of t . c o m

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If y o u c a n ’t g e t t o w e b s i t e s , b u t y o u g e t a n I P a d d r e s s , D N S , a n d c a n p i n g , w i n s o c k 2 probably needs to be repaired. For instructions on how to do this please see the winsock2/ DUN procedures. Te s t r a n d o m p r o g r a m s t h a t m a y h a v e b e e n i n f e c t e d [ W M P, m s c o n f i g , c o n t r o l . e x e , e t c ] a n d preform this testing on ALL user accounts. R e b o o t t h e m a c h i n e a f e w t i m e s , t e s t a g a i n . Te s t i n g s h o u l d o n l y t a k e a f e w m i n u t e s a n d w i l l help prevent recalls – so do it!! If a t a n y t i m e d u r i n g y o u r t e s t i n g s p y w a r e / a d w a r e a p p e a r s ( e . g . I E ’s r e d i r e c t i n g y o u , r a n d o m not normal pop-ups, etc), you may have to start the removal process all over again Uninstall ALL spyware/adware applications used to performed the cleaning Delete the Lavasoft folder in the Start Menu and [C:\program files] Sometimes SpyBot will be here too; remove it if found Clean the [%temp%] directory one more time; Hijackthis/other junk may be here In W i n d o w s X P / M E – r e e n a b l e S y s t e m R e s t o r e Reboot the machine a few more times just for good measure B e s u r e t h a t y o u d o c u m e n t t h r o u g h o u t y o u r r e m o v a l p r o c e d u r e s – i t ’s e a s y t o j o t d o w n a f e w notes while you’re doing the scans/cleaning instead of compiling it all at the end and missing vital points. D o c u m e n t a t i o n i s n o t o n l y f o r t h e c l i e n t , b u t i t ’s f o r t h e e n t i r e G e e k S q u a d – s o d o i t w e l l ! E D U C AT E , E D U C AT E , a n d R E - E D U C AT E t h e c l i e n t – y o u ’ d b e a m a z e d h o w m u c h t h i s h e l p s ! !

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6.9 - WINSOCK2 / DIAL-UP NETWORKING (DUN)
*If you are experiencing difficulty connecting to the internet or can connect to the internet but cannot access web pages, Winsock is damaged and must be reset to a working state. If t h e s e s t e p s a r e f o l l o w e d i n t h e c o r r e c t o r d e r, m a n y i s s u e s t h a t a r e c a u s e d b y W i n s o c k b e i n g broken will be fixed. *These issues may include a slow internet connection, the ability to connect to the internet but not browse web sites, the ability to ping a web site by IP address but not by name. Windows 98/SE/ME Remove TCP/IP in the network stack • Start -> Settings -> Control Panel -> Networking • Remove all TCP/IP settings in the box -> click “OK” • DO NOT Reboot Remove Dial-Up Networking • Start -> Settings -> Control Panel -> Add/Remove Programs -> Windows Setup • Click on Communications • Uncheck Dial-Up Networking -> click “OK” • DO NOT Reboot Remove the Winsock2 registry key • Start -> Run -> type regedit -> click “OK” • Search for Winsock2 and delete all instances (should be two folders) • Exit Windows Registry • Reboot Reinstall Dial-Up Networking • Start -> Settings -> Control Panel -> Add/Remove Programs -> Windows Setup • Click on Communications • Check Dial-Up Networking -> click “OK” • Reboot WINDOWS 2000 Remove the Winsock2 registry key • Start -> Run -> type regedit – click “OK” • Follow the path HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services • Delete: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\winsock2 Uninstall TCP/IP • Start -> Settings -> Network and Dial-Up connections • Right-click Local Area Connection -> Properties • Uncheck TCP/IP -> Click Uninstall • Reboot Re-install TCP/IP • Start -> Settings -> Network and Dial-Up connections • Right-click Local Area Connection -> Properties • Click Install -> highlight Protocol -> click “Add” • Install TCP/IP • Reboot

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Windows XP Remove the Winsock and Winsock2 registry keys • Start -> Run -> type regedit -> click “OK” • Follow the path HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services • Delete: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Winsock HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\WinSock2 Make sure all files are shown • S t a r t , M y C o m p u t e r - > To o l s - > F o l d e r O p t i o n s … - > Vi e w • Enable <Show hidden files and folders> Re-install TCP/IP • Start -> Control Panel -> Network Connections • Right-click the connect you wish to repair -> Properties • Click “Install…” -> highlight Protocol -> click “Add…” • Click “Have Disk…” -> click “Browse…” -> point to the <c:\windows\inf folder> * “Windows” folder may be named “Winnt” • Click “Open” -> click “OK” • Highlight “Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)” -> click “OK” * Installation will pause for a few seconds -> when finished, close all open Windows N o t e : I n X P, i t i s n o t u s u a l l y n e c e s s a r y t o r e b o o t a f t e r r e - i n s t a l l i n g T C P / I P. Tr y t o o p e n I n t e r n e t Explorer and see if you can browse. If you still cannot browse after completing the above steps, re b o o t . A f t e r r e b o o t i n g y o u s h o u l d b e a b l e t o b r o w s e w e b s i t e s .

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6.10.1 - SOFT INSTALL OF W INDOWS 98/SE/ME
Any Internet Explorer upgrades should be uninstalled using add/remove programs before a soft i n s t a l l o f W i n d o w s 9 8 / M E i s pe r f o r m e d . Boot from Windows boot disk to a DOS prompt. * Tr y p e r f o r m i n g a S o f t I n s t a l l u s i n g t h e i r C A B S f i r s t A. Delete current CAB files and go to the C: drive.

B.

C r e a t e a n e w C A B S d i r e c t o r y, a n d c o p y c a b f i l e s f r o m t h e c l i e n t ’s o p e r a t i n g s y s t e m C D t o t h e n e w “ c a b s ” d i r e c t o r y.

C. D.

The process for ME is exactly the same except on the CD the folder that contains the cab files is D:\win9x instead of D:\win98 After the copy is complete switch back to the C: drive and run Windows 98/ME installation by typing “setup”.

E.

Run a Windows install as you normally would. Make sure when it is completed that all programs and devices are working properly and that the post-op procedure is performed.

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6.10.2 - CLEAN/PARALLEL INSTALL OF WINDOWS 98/SE/ME
Client MUST BE NOTIFIED before a Clean/Parallel Install is done to any Operating System. N o d a t a w i l l b e l o s t . H o w e v e r, t h e C L I E N T m u s t r e i n s t a l l A L L o f t h e i r p r o g r a m s f o r t h e i r d a t a to work, or have us install their software at an additional fee. A system restore must be done from the Restore CDs if the computer is an OEM computer that did not come with program disks. All data would be lost in this case. (see format install of Windows 98/ME) A Clean/Parallel Install of Windows is very similar to a Soft Install of Windows. The main difference is that you rename the entire Windows directory and then create the new folders f o r t h e c a b s . Yo u r u n t h e s e t u p e x a c t l y t h e s a m e w a y a s y o u d o i n a s o f t i n s t a l l . Boot from Windows boot disk to DOS prompt. A. Rename current Windows directory to winold

B.

Create new Windows directory and copy cabs from Windows 98/ME disk

C.

The process for ME is exactly the same except on the CD the folder that contains the cab files is D:\win9x instead of D:\win98 After the copy is complete switch back to the C: drive and run Windows 98/ME installation by typing “setup”.

D.

Yo u m a y n e e d t o r e i n s t a l l s o m e d r i v e r s a f t e r a C l e a n / P a r a l l e l I n s t a l l o f W i n d o w s . D o w n l o a d the proper drivers from the internet. • C o m p u t e r M a n u f a c t u r e r ’s w e b s i t e • D e v i c e M a n u f a c t u r e r ’s w e b s i t e • w w w. d r i v e r g u i d e . c o m ( U s e r n a m e : d r i v e r s P a s s w o r d : a l l ) • w w w. g o o g l e . c o m / g r o u p s . g o o g l e . c o m Look for model numbers on device Printed Circuit Board (PCB) and major Integrated Circuits (IC) for search criteria. A f t e r a C l e a n / P a r a l l e l I n s t a l l , v e r i f y t h a t t h e i n i t i a l p r o b l e m h a s b e e n r e s o l v e d a n d c a n ’t b e recreated. I f t h e p r o b l e m c a n ’t b e r e c r e a t e d , p r o c e e d a n d c o m p l e t e p o s t - o p p r o c e d u r e s . If the problem still occurs, try updates (Windows, Internet Explorer), then proceed to a Format Install of Windows (contact the client before proceeding).

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6.10.3 - FORMAT INSTALL OF WINDOWS 98/SE/ME
A F o r m a t I n s t a l l o f W i n d o w s 9 8 / M E D E L E T E S A L L D ATA O N T H E H A R D D R I V E . T h e c l i e n t m u s t k n o w t h a t A L L D ATA W I L L B E D E L E T E D F R O M T H E D R I V E . A l l p r o g r a m s w i l l h a v e t o b e reinstalled by the client, or we can install them for an additional fee. A Format Install of Windows 98/ME should only be used as a last resort after all other options have been tried. Boot from Windows boot disk to DOS prompt. A. Format C: drive a:\>format c: B. After format completes create new Windows directory and copy cabs from Windows 98/ME disk

C. D.

The process for ME is exactly the same except on the CD the folder that contains the cab files is D:\win9x instead of D:\win98 After the copy is complete switch back to the C: drive and run Windows 98/ME installation by typing “setup”.

Yo u w i l l n e e d t o r e i n s t a l l s o m e d r i v e r s a f t e r a F o r m a t I n s t a l l o f W i n d o w s . D o w n l o a d t h e p r o p e r d r i v e r s f r o m t h e i n t e r n e t , o r u s e d r i v e r d i s k s t h a t c a m e w i t h t h e c o m p u t e r. • C o m p u t e r M a n u f a c t u r e r ’s w e b s i t e • D e v i c e M a n u f a c t u r e r ’s w e b s i t e • w w w. d r i v e r g u i d e . c o m ( U s e r n a m e : d r i v e r s P a s s w o r d : a l l ) • w w w. g o o g l e . c o m / g r o u p s . g o o g l e . c o m Look for model numbers on device Printed Circuit Board (PCB) and major Integrated Circuits (IC) for search criteria. M a k e s u r e W i n d o w s , p r o g r a m s , a n d d e v i c e s a r e w o r k i n g p r o p e r l y. P r o c e e d w i t h p o s t - o p procedure.

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6.10.4 - WINDOWS 2000 & XP REPAIR METHODS
• • • Soft Installs (Repair Installation) Clean/Parallel Installs Format and Installs

There are three ways you can attempt to resolve more severe technical issues that require at least a partial reinstallation of the operating system. The best practice is to do the least i n t r u s i v e f i x p o s s i b l e ( d o n ’t a m p u t a t e a n a r m t o f i x a b r o k e n f i n g e r n a i l ) . T h e G e e k S q u a d always tries to leave a computer “the way it used to be”, because clients are used to the w a y t h e y d o t h i n g s . T h e y l i k e t o h a v e t h e s o l i t a i r e i c o n i n t h e u p p e r r i g h t c o r n e r, a n d t h e a d o r a b l e p u p p y w a l l p a p e r. Ty p i c a l l y, w h e n y o u n e e d t o r e i n s t a l l t h e O S , y o u w i l l f i n d t h a t c l i e n t s h a v e t h e i r r e s t o r e C D b u r i e d i n a c l o s e t s o m e w h e r e . I f y o u ’ r e l u c k y, t h e y h a v e a n a c t u a l X P o r 2 0 0 0 C D . M o r e r e c e n t l y, s o m e m a n u f a c t u r e r s h a v e s t o p p e d g i v i n g o u t C D s a n d are either putting the OS and restore information on a hidden hard drive partition, or putting images on the hard drive that can be burned to CDs. There is a potential for data corruption when performing any sort of install, especially when there is file system or partition corruption. It is very important to back up data before attempting any re-installation, as c a t a s t r o p h e c a n s t r i k e a t a n y t i m e . D o n ’t g e t c a u g h t i n t h e h e a d l i g h t s o f a n e m p t y d i r e c t o r y tree, inform the client of potential risks, and suggest backing up any important data files “just in case”. Below are the best ways to perform each type of installation. O E M S O F T WA R E D I S C S O F T I N S TA L L A soft installation is the least intrusive way to repair an OS with corrupt files and/or missing or damaged portions of the OS. Once you’re done with a soft install, very little has c h a n g e d c o s m e t i c a l l y, l e a v i n g t h e c l i e n t h a p p y a s a c l a m . E v e n t h o u g h t h e s o f t i n s t a l l l e a v e s things visibly untouched, there is always a chance for massive data corruption, usually when a corrupt file system is involved - so inform client of any potential risks before starting work. OEM XP and Win2k cds give you two options for installation – a repair install (soft install), o r a c l e a n i n s t a l l . To a t t e m p t a S o f t i n s t a l l ( o r r e p a i r i n s t a l l a t i o n ) : 1.) 2.) 3.) 4.) S e l e c t t h e f i r s t m e n u o p t i o n : “ To s e t u p W i n d o w s X P n o w, P r e s s E n t e r ” . Setup will search for previous installations on the drive. If an installation is found, it will give you the option to either repair the installation that was found, or to install a fresh copy of the Operating System. S e l e c t t h e r e p a i r o p t i o n “ To r e p a i r t h e s e l e c t e d W i n d o w s X P i n s t a l l a t i o n , p r e s s R ” . S e t u p w i l l t h e n g o t h r o u g h a se r i e s o f c h e c k s a n d w i l l b e g i n r e p a i r i n g a n y c o r r u p t or missing system files, and will continue through setup as if it was a standard installation.

C L E A N / PA R A L L E L I N S TA L L S o m e t i m e s a s o f t i n s t a l l d o e s n o t r e s o l v e t h e i s s u e y o u a r e t r y i n g t o r e p a i r. A c l e a n / p a r a l l e l i n s t a l l i s n e c e s s a r y w h e n t h e r e i s e x t r e m e O S c o r r u p t i o n , c o r r u p t r e g i s t r y, e t c . A c l e a n o r parallel install is installing a fresh copy of windows on the system in a different directory than the current copy of windows. The advantage to doing this rather than formatting is that a l t h o u g h y o u a r e “ s t a r t i n g f r o m s c r a t c h ” w i t h w i n d o w s , t h e c l i e n t ’s d a t a i s n o t l o s t . B e s u r e to inform the client that ALL applications and peripherals will need to be reinstalled (that m e a n s Wo r d , Q u i c k e n , S c r a b b l e , e t c … ) a f t e r t h e w i n d o w s r e i n s t a l l a t i o n h a s f i n i s h e d . T h e c l i e n t ’s d a t a S H O U L D n o t b e l o s t , ho w e v e r b e s u r e t o w a r n t h e m o f t h e r i s k o f d a t a l o s s , and strongly suggest backing up all important data before proceeding with the installation.

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Although data should not be lost, information like e-mail and quicken data may need to be imported after the respective programs are reinstalled. 1.) I f p o s s i b l e , r e n a m e t h e c l i e n t ’s W i n d o w s , P r o g r a m F i l e s , a n d D o c u m e n t s a n d S e t t i n g s directory before proceeding with the installation. This will reduce the risk of data loss during the reinstall. B o o t t o t h e O E M W i n 2 k o r W i n d o w s X P C D a n d s e l e c t “ To s e t u p W i n d o w s X P n o w, Press Enter”. Select the option to install a fresh copy of Windows. Setup will prompt you for the new installation location. If you were not able to rename the current windows directory before starting the clean install, change the installation directory from “Windows” to “Windows2” or “WinXP”. This will be your new windows directory Proceed through install as normal.

2.) 3.) 4.) 5.)

6.)

F O R M AT A N D I N S TA L L AT I O N A f o r m a t a n d i n s t a l l i s t h e m o s t i n tr u s i v e f i x p o s s i b l e , a n d s h o u l d o n l y b e u s e d i n e x t r e m e c a s e s o f p a r t i t i o n o r f i l e s y s t e m c o r r u p t i o n . T h i s m e t h o d c a u s e s a l l d a t a o n t h e c l i e n t ’s h a r d drive to be erased and a clean and fresh copy of windows to be installed. This is a *LAST RESORT*. When performing a format and install, there are 3 things you must do before proceeding with the work. 1.) 2.) 3.) Inform the client that all of their data is going to be lost, and why it is necessary to t a k e s u c h h a r s h a c t i o n t o r e s ol v e t h e i r p r o b l e m ( p a r t i t i o n t a b l e i s c o r r u p t , e t c . . . ) Inform the client that they will not have any of their data after you format the system Inform the client that their data will be gone when you are done. This means e-mails, bookmarks, photos, documents, quicken data. Gone, never going to see it again. Reiterate this point over and over until you are sure the client understands.

To p e r f o r m a f o r m a t a n d i n s t a l l : 1.) 2.) 3.) 4.) B o o t t o t h e O E M C D . S e l e c t t h e o p t i o n “ To s e t u p W i n d o w s X P n o w, P r e s s E n t e r ” . Setup will find the previous installation and will ask if you want to repair it or “continue installing a fresh copy of Windows XP without repairing” Press ESC. D e l e t e t h e c u r r e n t p a r t i t i o n a n d f o l l o w s e t u p ’s i n s t r u c t i o n s t o c r e a t e a n d f o r m a t a n e w one. BEFORE you do delete the partition, it is crucial that you explain to the client t h a t A L L o f t h e i r d a t a i s g o i n g t o b e e r a s e d . Te l l t h e m t h i s a t l e a s t 3 t i m e s b e f o r e f o r m a t t i n g t h e d r i v e . E x p l a i n t o t h e m w h a t d a t a i s - m o s t p e o p l e d o n ’t k n o w t h a t t h e i r data is “all of their MP3 files”, or “all of their pictures from the lake cabin”. Only after the client understands and agrees to losing all of their data, continue deleting the partition and recreating a new one.

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5.)

Setup will walk you through the rest of the install. After the installation is complete, it is your responsibility to install all needed drivers and to make sure everything is w o r k i n g a s i t s h o u l d b e . Yo u s h o u l d m a k e s u r e t h e y c a n g e t o n l i n e a n d c h e c k t h e i r e mail. This does not mean you have to reinstall all the applications that were installed before. Reinstalling applications and importing data is an additional service and should b e b i l l e d a c c o r d i n g l y.

NOTE: It would be wise to note any errors you run across during installation and research the cause and possible effect of said errors. It is also important to make sure that the OS is totally patched and the newest service packs are installed. S O F T I N S TA L L W I T H R E C O V E R C D S o m e r e c o v e r y C D s g i v e y o u t h e o p t i o n f o r a d e s t r u c t i v e r e p a i r o r a n o n - d e s t r u c t i v e r e p a i r. I f y o u e n c o u n t e r a m a c h i n e t h a t w as s h i p p e d w i t h W 2 K o r X P a n d i t c a m e w i t h r e c o v e r y C D s , it is wise to investigate what options are available for that specific recovery disc. After you have examined your options, inform the client of your recommendation. If a non-destructive r e p a i r o p t i o n e x i s t s , r e a d t h r o u g h a n y w a r n i n g s t h a t t h e r e c o v e r y C D ’s d i s p l a y s a n d m a k e sure to relay that information to the client in words they can understand. Once you have educated the client and they understand what is going to happen to their s y s t e m ( a n d w h y i t i s n e c e s s a r y ) , r u n t h e n o n - d e s t r u c t i v e r e p a i r. T h e s t e p s t o p e r f o r m t h i s operation will vary from machine to machine and you should read everything VERY carefully before proceeding. If the only option that the recovery CD has to offer is a destructive install, a soft install is not possible. At this point, you should stop, look at all available options, and present the least intrusive option to resolve the problem to the client. It is up to them to decide how they want to proceed from there. F O R M AT A N D I N S TA L L W I T H R E C O V E R C D This is the standard recovery option for most PCs. Restore CDs are very straightforward and g e n e r a l l y f o r m a t a n d r e - i m a g e t h e c l i e n t ’s h a r d d r i v e , r e t u r n i n g i t t o t h e s t a t e t h e s y s t e m was in when it came off the shelf. It is crucial to stress the importance of informing the client about what formatting really means and making sure that the client understands the r e s u l t b e f o r e d o i n g a n y w o r k t h a t co u l d p o s s i b l y r e s u l t i n d a t a l o s s . A g a i n , t h i s s h o u l d b e a L A S T R E S O R T. NOTE: Not only is it very important to explain risks and reasons for your suggestions to clients in all situations, it is also extremely important to document EVERYTHING in the notes!

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6.11 - COMMON FILE EXTENSIONS FOR DATA BACK-UP
The following is a list of programs that are commonly backed up and the relevant files and typical locations. This is not all inclusive so it is important to consult the client as to any specific needs they may have. ‘My Documents’ directory • Usually best to back up everything in this directory • Some common extensions found here: * . d o c - M S Wo r d d o c u m e n t s *.xls – MS Excel spreadsheet *.jpg – image files ‘Favorites’ directory • Win 2K/XP – C:\ Documents and Settings\%user%\Favorites • Win 9x/ME – C:\Windows\Favorites Microsoft Outlook • *.pst – Outlook data file
Win 2k/XP: C:\Documents and Settings\%user%\Local Settings\Application Data\Microsoft\Outlook Win 9x/ME: C:\Windows\Profiles\%user%\Local Settings\Application Data\Microsoft\Outlook

Microsoft Outlook Express • *.dbx - Outlook Express data file (most commonly)
Win 2k/XP: C:\Documents and Settings\% u s e r % \ L o c a l S e t t i n g s \ A p p l i c a t i o n D a t a \ I d e n t i t i e s \ { % } \ M i c r o s o f t \ O u t l o o k E x p r e s s Win 9x/ME: C:\Windows\Application Data \ I d e n t i t i e s \ { % } \ M i c r o s o f t \ O u t l o o k E x p r e s s

• •

*.wab – Windows Address Book Win 2K/XP – C:\Documents and Settings\%user%\Application Data\Microsoft\Address Book Win 9x/ME - C:\Windows\Application Data\Microsoft\Address Book * . c s v – C o m m a S e p a r a t e d Va l u e s A more reliable way to export/back-up address book entries To E x p o r t : F i l e > E x p o r t > A d d r e s s B o o k > Te x t F i l e > E x p o r t To I m p o r t : F i l e > I m p o r t > O t h e r A d d r e s s B o o k > Te x t F i l e > I m p o r t

Quicken • *.qdf - Quicken data file Stores all transactional data for the account Ty p i c a l l o c a t i o n - C : \ P r o g r a m F i l e s \ Q u i c k e n W \ B a c k u p I f t h e d a t a h a s n o t b e e n b a c k e d u p r e c e n t l y, t h e e n t i r e Q u i c k e n W d i r e c t o r y s h o u l d b e c o p i e d QuickBooks • *.qbb - QuickBooks company file S t o r e s a l l c o m p a n y - s p e c i f i c i nf o r m a t i o n Ty p i c a l l o c a t i o n – C : \ P r o g r a m F i l e s \ I n t u i t \ Q u i c k B o o k s Microsoft Money • *.mny Stores all transactional data for the account Ty p i c a l l o c a t i o n – C : \ P r o g r a m F i l e s \ M i c r o s o f t M o n e y

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6.12 - GENERIC/QUICK FIXES
These are some speedy fixes that are often used. M i c r o s o f t Wo r d w i l l n o t o p e n • Enable “Show hidden files and folders” • Normal.dot is probably corrupt and needs to be placed. • S i m p l y s e a r c h f o r n o r m a l . d o t a n d d e l e t e ; Wo r d w i l l r e c r e a t e t h i s f i l e n e x t t i m e i t ’s opened • C : \ D o c u m e n t s a n d S e t t i n g s \ % u s e r % \ A p p l i c a t i o n D a t a \ M i c r o s o f t \ Te m p l a t e s • C : \ P r o g r a m F i l e s \ M i c r o s o f t O f f i c e \ Te m p l a t e s • Yo u m u s t i n f o r m t h e c l i e n t t h a t t h e i r c u s t o m i z a t i o n s w i l l b e l o s t P a g i n g f i l e i s s e t t o 0 M B a n d w o n ’t s t a y s e t w h e n y o u m a n u a l l y t r y t o s e t i t • Apply the Intel Application Accelerator v2.3; if applicable • Located on the MRI \.\Intel C a n ’t a c c e s s a n y w e b s i t e s , b u t y o u g e t a n I P, D N S , a n d c a n p i n g • Winsock2 may need to be repaired; see winsock2/DUN fixes • Yo u c a n p e r f o r m t h i s m a n u a l l y o r t h e r e a r e a f e w t o o l s o n t h e M R I • \.\Spyware\Winsock2 Utilities Windows 2000/XP Only U s e r a c c o u n t s a r e t a k i n g a l o n g t i m e t o l o a d / p a u s i n g a t t h e “ L o a d i n g Yo u r P e r s o n a l S e t t i n g s . . . “ message – use this .reg to show you what file is possibly causing this • A p p l y S h o w Ve r b o s e S e c u r i t y S t a t u s M e s s a g e s . r e g • L o c a t e d o n t h e M R I \ . \ W i n d o w s To o l s \ R e g i s t r y E n t r i e s • D o n ’t f o r g e t t o a p p l y t h e u n d o t o r e t u r n t h e m a c h i n e b a c k t o d i s p l a y i n g t h e d e f a u l t message Outlook Express 6 not allowing attachments • I f S e r v i c e P a c k 1 w a s i n s t a l l ed , “ D o n o t a l l o w a t t a c h m e n t s t o b e s a v e d o r o p e n e d t h a t could potentially be a virus” was automatically enabled; simply uncheck this option Yo u • • • • • • c a n ’t a c c e s s t h e f o l l o w i n g s i t e s : Secured Sockets Layer (SSL) ActiveX is working partially/not at all Windows Update is not working properly (web site displays an ActiveX error) A O L v e r s i o n s g r e a t e r t h a n 7 . 0 ( s p e c i f i c a l l y 9 . 0 O p t i m i z e d ) w o n ’t a c c e s s m o s t s i t e s , specifically SSL Apply the Cryptographic service and ActiveX fixes v3.bat L o c a t e d o n t h e M R I \ . \ W i n d o w s To o l s \ B a t c h F i l e s

I f n e t w o r k s h a r e s a r e t a k i n g a l o n g t i m e t o d i s p l a y, t r y t h i s t w e a k • W h e n a p p l i e d t h i s t e l l s t h e c o m p u t e r n o t t o l o o k a t t h e s h a r e s f o l d e r, t h e r e f o r e s p e e d i n g up your sharing • Apply Speed up file.print sharing tweak.reg • L o c a t e d o n t h e M R I \ . \ W i n d o w s To o l s \ R e g i s t r y E n t r i e s There is a folder on the MRI with a few helpful links to various web sites • \.\Helpful Links

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7.0 - Post-Operations (Post-Op)
After completing any type of computer service, post-op each system to verify that all of the following items are properly functioning. This is done to catch any issues that may still be occurring. By taking less than 5 minutes you may save a client the inconvenience of having to bring their computer back for what could have been an easy fix. • • • • • • • • • • Reboot the system a minimum of three times Wa t c h f o r s h u t d o w n p r o b l e m s Te s t a l l F l o p p y a n d C D d r i v e s Te s t s o u n d , m o d e m / N I C , a n d vi d e o ( i . e . h i g h e r t h a n 1 6 - b i t 8 0 0 x 6 0 0 ) Check Device Manager in Normal Mode Check for multiple extraneous devices in Safe Mode Device Manager (Win9x only) Make sure Windows recognizes all the RAM in the system L o a d w e b p a g e s ( t r y t o u s e c l i e n t ’s a c c o u n t i f p o s s i b l e ) Open a sampling of applications on the desktop that the client likely uses ( e . g . M i c r o s o f t Wo r d , M i c r o s o f t E x c e l , Q u i c k B o o k s , Q u i c k e n , e t c . ) Te s t t h e i r m a j o r a p p l i c a t i o n s w h e t h e r y o u w o r k e d o n t h e m o r n o t .

This has turned up many little issues in the past that may have become potential recalls. A s a t i s f i e d c l i e n t m e a n s a p o t e n t i a l re p e a t c l i e n t ! • Educate, educate, and re-educate the client on what was done with their system!

Check-Out • • • • • • • • • • • P u l l u p c l i e n t ’s s e r v i c e o r d e r t h r o u g h S TA R Ve r i f y p r o d u c t i s c o m p l e t e G e t p r o d u c t , p a p e r w o r k , a n d al l p a r t s Explain in detail what was wrong and what service was performed Make sure the client is fully aware of EVERYTHING you did to their machine Make recommendations as to how to prevent it from happening again C l o s e s e r v i c e o r d e r i n S TA R P r o c e s s p a y m e n t t h r o u g h P. O . S . Parts and Labor G e t c l i e n t ’s s i g n a t u r e o n c l o s e d s e r v i c e o r d e r L a s t l y, t h a n k t h e c l i e n t f o r t h ei r b u s i n e s s !

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8.0 - COMPUTER CHECK-OUT
When the client returns to pick up their serviced product, perform the following: 1. 2. 3. 4. a. b. c. Greet the client. U s e S TA R t o i d e n t i f y t h e u n i t ; u s e t h e S e r v i c e O r d e r n u m b e r o r t h e c l i e n t ’s p h o n e n u m b e r a n d l a s t n a m e t o p u l l u p t h e i r S e r v i c e O r d e r. S h o w t h e c l i e n t t h e Ta c t i c a l C a s e R e p o r t f o r m ( o n r e v e r s e s i d e o f I n - S t o r e Ta c t i c a l Analysis form) and explain any applicable instructions regarding the product C l o s e t h e S e r v i c e O r d e r i n S TA R t o p r i n t o u t c o p i e s o f t h e S e r v i c e O r d e r. R i n g o u t t h e b a l a n c e d u e i n P. O . S . e v e n o f t h e r e i s a $ 0 b a l a n c e d u e . C o l l e c t p a y m e n t a s applicable. It is extremely important that all services and hardware pieces are processed t h r o u g h P. O . S . a s t o p r e v e n t s h r i n k a n d t o n o t m i s s o u t o n a n y l a b o r c h a r g e s . Have the client sign a copy of the Service Order; technician should sign it as well. Keep signed copy for the store file. Give the unsigned copy of the Service Order and the unit to the client.

If repairs were completed and verified using the full diagnostic suite and the post-op was performed and noted then there is no reason to power on the computer and show the client t h a t i t i s f u n c t i o n i n g a p p r o p r i a t e l y. I f c l i e n t r e q u e s t s t o h a v e u n i t p o w e r e d u p a t t h a t t i m e p o w e r u p t h e m a c h i n e a n d d e m o n s tr a t e p r o p e r o p e r a t i o n .

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