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Agriculture Overview

Agriculture Overview

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BOARD OF INVESTMENT GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN PAKISTAN AGRICULTURE SECTOR

I O B

CONTENTS

Sector Overview...................................................................4 Budget 2006-07 Highlights for Agriculture Sector...................5 Agri - Exports.......................................................................6 Investment Policy for Corporate Agriculture Farming..............7 Sector over the Last Five Years ...........................................................................................8 Agriculture...........................................................................9 Crop Situation..................................................................................................................9 Major Crops...............................................................................................................10 Minor Crops...............................................................................................................12 Other Minor Crops.....................................................................................................12 Farm Inputs....................................................................................................................13 a) Fertilizer:................................................................................................................13 b) Improved Seed.......................................................................................................13 c) Irrigation: ..............................................................................................................13 d) Agricultural Credit:................................................................................................14 Forestry.............................................................................16 Livestock and Poultry..........................................................17 Livestock........................................................................................................................17 Poultry: ........................................................................................................................................18 Initiatives for Poultry Industry...................................................................................18 Fisheries............................................................................20 Investment Opportunities....................................................21 Summer Vegetables ..............................................................................................21 Alove Vera Processing...................................................................................................21 Seed Processing Unit.....................................................................................................22 .......................................23 Annexure............................................................................ 26 A.D.I..............................................................................................................................34 Seed Farm Gidder..........................................................................................................34 Seed Farm Gidder..........................................................................................................34 Coconut farm.................................................................................................................34 Seed Farm......................................................................................................................34 Katvi Farm.....................................................................................................................34

Sariab Farm....................................................................................................................34 Model Farm....................................................................................................................34 Kalu Killa Farm.............................................................................................................34 Agriculture Research Sub Station..................................................................................34 Agriculture Research Fruit Experiment Station Wayaro Farm......................................34 District Lasbella..................................................................48 Tehsil Sonmiani..................................................................48 Tehsil Dureji.......................................................................48 District Khuzdar..................................................................48 Tehsil Khuzdar....................................................................48 Tehsil Karakh...................................................................... 48 District Chagai....................................................................48 Tehsil Dalbandin............................................................................................................48 District Pishin.....................................................................48 District kalat....................................................................... 48 Tehsil Surab.......................................................................48 Tehsil Mangchar.................................................................48 District Kila Abdullah..........................................................48 Tehisil Kila Abdullah.....................................................................................................48 District Awaran...................................................................48 Tehsil Awaran................................................................................................................48 District Loralai....................................................................48 District Gwadar...................................................................48 Tehsil Gwadar................................................................................................................48 Area in Acres.............................................................................................................49 Katvi Farm.....................................................................................................................49 Sariab Farm....................................................................................................................49 Model Farm....................................................................................................................49 Kalu Killa Farm.............................................................................................................49 Agriculture Research Sub Station..................................................................................49 Agriculture Research Fruit Experiment Station Wayaro Farm......................................49

Sector Overview
Agriculture is the single largest sector of the economy. It contributes 24 percent of the GDP, employs 48.4 percent of country’s workforce and is a major source of foreign exchange earnings. About 68% of the population lives in rural Pakistan and depends upon agriculture for sustenance. The average annual growth rate of agriculture during 1990s was 4.5%. The highest growth rate of 11.7 percent was achieved in 1995-96 mainly due to increase in cotton, gram, milk and meat production. The sector touched the lowest negative growth rate of 5.3 percent in 1992-93 mainly due to decrease in cotton and sugarcane production. The major crops as wheat, cotton, rice, sugarcane and maize account for 41% of value added and minor crops 10% in overall agriculture. Livestock has emerged as an important sub-sector of agriculture. It accounts for 37.5% of agriculture value added and about 9.4% of the GDP. Similarly, fisheries play an important role in national income through export earnings Government has identified agriculture as a priority area for addressing problems of unemployment, poverty alleviation and for fostering economic development. The agricultural policy focuses on sustainable food security, increasing productivity, commercial agriculture, imports substitution, income diversification and export orientation. In procurement of agricultural commodities, the role of private sector is being emphasized leading to public-private sector partnership. The institutional services as agricultural research and extension are geared to raise productivity and profitability of the farmers and address issues faced by the farming community at field level. The services in agricultural marketing are being renovated. It is planned to establish new markets in areas where marketing structure is weak. Attempt is being made to remove market imperfections and provide an enabling environment for farmers to market their produce at reasonable prices. A special focus is being made to establish a network of quality testing laboratories in public sector for grains, livestock diseases and products, fertilizer and agro-chemicals, residue testing and strengthening of plant and animal quarantine services. The performance of agriculture remained weak this year as it grew by only 2.5 percent, as against 6.7 percent of last year and the 4.2 percent target for the year, with major crops and forestry registering a negative growth of 3.6 percent and 5.7 percent, respectively. Agriculture, this year was subjected to adverse weather conditions. Major crops, accounting for 32.5 percent of agricultural value added, depicted a negative growth of 3.6 percent as against an impressive 17.8 percent growth of last year. Besides measuring from a high base of last year, major crops registered a decline primarily on account of a 13.0 percent less production of cotton (12.4 million bales as against 14.3 million bales last year) owing to adverse weather conditions. Sugarcane is another major crop which registered a negative growth of 6.2 percent (from 47.2 million tons to 44.3 million tons). Rice and maize, the two other major crops, however performed well with rice production increasing by 10.4 percent and maize production was up by 27.3 percent. Despite the impressive performance of these two crops, they failed to compensate the decline in production of cotton and sugarcane. Wheat production remained more or less at last year’s level with a marginal increase of 0.4 percent (21.7 million tons as against 21.6 million tons). Livestock with almost 50 percent contribution in agriculture has been the only saving grace as this sector grew by 8.0 percent, as against 2.3 percent of last year and hence took the overall agricultural growth to a positive side. Furthermore, during the current fiscal year (2005-06), the availability of water for Kharif 2005 (for the crops such as rice, sugarcane and cotton) has been 5.5 percent more than the normal supplies and 19.8 percent more than last year’s Kharif. Excessive winter rainfalls, (January – March 2005) along with melting of snow on mountains top were responsible for higher than normal availability of water during Kharif 2005. The water availability for Rabi season (for major crop such as wheat) was 17.3 percent less than the normal availability but 29.8 percent more than last year’s Rabi.

Budget 2006-07 Highlights for Agriculture Sector

A Program of Rs.7.8 billion is being introduced to increase the incomes of the farmers in 13,000 villages. The Program will start from 1000 villages in 2006-07. This will create jobs in rural areas. A Public-Private Partnership in dairy sector development with Rs.3.6 billion has been launched. This Company will set up 1200 Model Dairy Farms and will establish 2950 farms for raising livestock. This project will enhance rural incomes. The production of dairy products is now exempt from Sales Tax. The dairy and livestock equipments are exempt from custom duty and sales tax. The custom duty on the packaging material of dairy products has been reduced to 5 percent. This will help promote dairy sector in rural area. Drip irrigation and sprinklers technology are being introduced in agriculture with Rs.15.0 billion. Rs.7.0 billion is being spent in 2005-06 for lining of 15,000 canals. Rs.6.0 billion will be spent in 2006-07 for the same. As a result, the loss of canal water will be reduced by 25 percent. Rs.5.5 billion will be spent on katchi Canal in 2006-07. The government is constructing Katchi Canal with Rs.22 billion in Balochistan. This will bring revolution in agriculture in Balochistan. Rs.10 billion is allocated for the initial work on big dams in 2006-07. The government has provided Rs.5.0 billion subsidy on fertilizer in 2005-06. In 2006-07, Rs.12.3 billion subsidy will be provided to keep the price of fertilizer at affordable level for the farmers. To enhance the agricultural productivity the government is launching National Agricultural Research Program with Rs.2.5 billion. The machinery for agriculture, horticulture and Floriculture will be exempt from custom duty.

♦ ♦

Machinery for promoting fisheries will be exempt from custom duty. Custom duty is reduced from 60 percent to 30 percent on refrigerated vans. Exemption from custom duty on new and used agriculture tractors in CBU conditions.

Special incentive package in the shape of reduced tariff rates for poultry industry has been proposed.

All these measures will help enhance agricultural activities in the country. This will increase the incomes of the farmers.

Agri - Exports
Exports were targeted at $ 17 billion or 18.1 percent higher than last year. The exports of primary commodities were up by 22 percent; prominent among those are exports of rice (33.6%), fish and fish preparation (30.2%) and fruits (20.6%). Exports of textile manufactures grew by 19.2 percent; prominent among those are exports of bedwear (58.4%), readymade garments (31.0%), cotton yarn (29.4%), cotton cloth (16.5%) and towels (12.0%). It is encouraging to note that exports this year have been largely quantity driven and with firming up of the price of exportable, Pakistan’s exports may rise substantially in the medium terms. During the first nine months (July-March) of the current fiscal year, over 88 percent increases in exports are driven by quantity (quantity effect) and the remaining 12 percent are due to the increase in unit values of exports (price effect). Pakistan's exports are highly concentrated in few items namely, cotton, leather, rice, synthetic textiles and sports goods. These five categories of exports account for 74.5 percent of total exports during the first nine months of the year with Cotton manufacturers alone contributing 58.4 percent, followed by leather (6.1%), rice (6.9%) and synthetic textiles (1.2%). Pakistan’s exports are also highly concentrated in few countries. The seven countries, namely USA, Germany, Japan, UK, Hong Kong, Dubai and Saudi Arabia account for 50 percent of its exports. The United States is the single largest export market for Pakistan, accounting for 27 percent of its exports followed by the United Kingdom, Dubai, Germany and Hong Kong.

Investment Policy for Corporate Agriculture Farming
i. ii. iii. Only such local and foreign companies will be entitled to Corporate Agriculture Farming that are incorporated in Pakistan under the Companies Ordinance, 1984. There is no upper ceiling limit on land holding for CAF by amending relevant laws. The size of the proposed corporate farm may be left to be determined by the prospective investor. Agriculture Income Tax, regime applicable in provinces, on income from agriculture, would be applicable to Corporate Agriculture Farming.

iv.
v.

Tax relief in shape of Initial Depreciation Allowance @ 50 % of machinery cost is allowed to set –off provincial AIT. Labor laws may not be presently applicable to Corporate Agriculture Companies. Due to special circumstances of the agriculture sector however appropriate labor laws be developed for this sector within five year.

vi. vii.

Import of agriculture machinery and equipment is exempted from Custom duty and Sales Tax. Machinery items for wheat/ grain storage and cool chain are importable at Import duty @ 0 %.

viii.

Wherever possible, state land may either be sold or leased to the investors for 50 years, extendable for another 49 years. Preference in this respect will be given to cultivatable wastelands, which is otherwise fit for cultivation.

ix.

Transfer of land for CAF will be exempted from duty. 100% foreign equity is allowed. ( in the CAF ) No Government sanction required undertaking CAF except registration with BOI. Exemption of the dividends (of CAF companies) from tax.

x.
xi. xii.

The areas of Investment for Corporate Agriculture Farming (CAF)
i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. vii. Land development / reclamation of barren land, desert and hilly areas for agriculture purpose and crop farming. Reclamation of water Front Areas/ Creeks. Crops, Fruits, Vegetables, Flowers Farming / Integrated Agriculture (Cultivation and processing of crops). Processing of agriculture products. Modernization and development of irrigation facilities and water management. Plantation/ Forestry. Dairy, small ruminants (sheep, goat) and other livestock farming.

Sector over the Last Five Years
Factors Cropped Area Seed Distribution Water Availability Fertilizer off-take Supply of Agi. Credit Tube wells Production of Tractors Production of Major Crop Production of Fruit Production of Meat Milk Production Fish Production Total Forest Production Units Million Hectares 000 Tonnes Million Feet Acre 1999-00 22.74 146.76 133.28 2,823 37,667 541,839 35,038 106012 4,069 1,957 25,566 655 670 2000-01 22.04 193.8 134.77 2,964 44,489.4 545,569 32,553 98167 4,169 2,015 26,284 62 736 2001-02 22.12 191.57 134.63 2,928 52,446.3 680,473 24,311 99217 4,126 2,072 27,031 655 726 2002-03 21.85 170.02 134.48 3,020 58,918.7 762,902 27,101 106567 3,933 2,123 27,811 562 823 2003-04 22.94 178.77 134.78 3,222 73,560.0 941,752 36,059 10991 4,161 2,188 28,624 566 918 2004-05 22.51 218.12 135.68 3,693 108,733 954,842 44,095 4,138 2,271 29,472 580 912

000 Nutrient Tonnes Rs. in Million Numbers Numbers 000Tonnes 000Tonnes 000Tonnes 000Tonnes 000Tonnes 000Tonnes

Source: Ministry of Food, Agriculture & Livestock

Agriculture
Over the last five years agriculture growth has witnessed mixed trends. In the years (2002-03 to 2004-05), better availability of irrigation water had positive impact on overall agricultural growth and this sector exhibited modest to strong recovery.

Agriculture Growth (Percent)
Years 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 (P) P = Provisional Agriculture -2.2 -0.1 4.1 2.3 6.7 2.5 Major Crops -9.9 -2.5 6.9 1.9 17.8 -3.6 Minor Crops -3.2 -3.7 0.4 4.0 3.0 1.6

Source: Federal Bureau of Statistics

Crop Situation
There are two principal crop seasons in Pakistan, namely the "Kharif", the sowing season of which begins in April-June and harvesting during October-December; and the "Rabi", which begins in OctoberDecember and ends in April-May. Rice, sugarcane, cotton, maize, mong, mash, bajra and jowar are “Kharif" crops while wheat, gram, lentil (masoor), tobacco, rapeseed, barley and mustard are "Rabi" crops. Major crops, such as, wheat, rice, cotton and sugarcane account for 90.1 percent of the value added in the major crops. The value added in major crops accounts for 35.2 percent of the value added in overall agriculture. Thus, the four major crops (wheat, rice, cotton, and sugarcane), on average, contribute 31.7 percent to the value added in overall agriculture. The minor crops account for 12.3 percent of the value added in overall agriculture. Livestock contribute almost 50 percent to agriculture – much more than the combined contribution of major and minor crops (47.5%).

Production of Major Crops (000 Tons)
Years 2001-02 Cotton (000bales) Sugarcane Rice 3,882 (-19.2) 4,478 (15.3) 4,848 (8.3) 5,025 (3.6) 5,547 (10.4) Maize 1,664 (1.3) 1,737 (4.4) 1,897 (9.2) 2,797 (46.3) 3,560 (27.3) Wheat 18,226 (-4.2) 19,183 (5.2) 19,500 (1.6) 21,612 (10.8) 21,700 (0.4) Source: Economic

10,613 48,042 (-1.1) (10.2) 2002-03 10,211 52,056 (-3.8) (8.3) 2003-04 10,048 53,419 (-1.6) (2.6) 2004-05 14,265 47,244 (45.3) (-15.2) 2005-06(P) 12,417 44,312 (-13.0) (-6.2) P: Provisional. (July – March) Survey 2005-06 *: Figures in parentheses are growth rates

Major Crops
a) Cotton:
Cotton is not only an export-earning crop but also provides raw material to the local Textile Industries. It accounts for 8.6 percent of the value added in agriculture and about 1.9 percent to GDP. The area and production target for cotton crop during the current fiscal year were 3247 thousand hectares and 15.0 million bales, respectively. Area, Production and Yield of Cotton Year Area (000) Hectare 3116 2794 2989 3193 3096 % Change 6.5 -10.3 7.0 6.8 -3.0 Production (000)Bales 10613 10211 10048 14265 12417 % Change -1.1 -3.8 -1.6 42.0 13.0 Yield Kgs/Hec 579 622 572 760 682 % Change -7.2 7.4 -8.0 32.9 -10.3 Source: Economic

2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-6 (P)

P: Provisional. (July – March) Survey 2005-06

b) Rice:
Rice is an important food cash crop. It is also one of the main export items of the country. It accounts for 6.1 percent of the total value added in agriculture and 1.3 percent to GDP. Area and production target of rice for the year 2005-06 were set at 2533 thousand hectares and 5000 thousand tons, respectively. Area sown for rice is estimated at 2620 thousand hectares – 3.4 percent higher than the target and 4 percent higher than last year.

Area, Production and Yield of Rice
Year Area (000) Hectare 2114 2225 2461 2419 2620 % Change -11.1 5.2 10.6 2.3 4.0 Production (000)Bales 3882 4478 4848 5025 5547 % Change 19.2 15.3 8.3 3.6 10.4 Yield Kgs/Hec 1836 2013 1970 1995 2117 % Change -9.1 0.6 -2.1 1.2 6.1 Source: Economic

2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-6 (P)

P: Provisional. (July – March) Survey 2005-06

c) Sugarcane:
Sugarcane crop serves as a major raw material for production of white sugar and gur. Their share in value added of agriculture and GDP are 3.4 percent and 0.7 percent respectively. For 2005-06, the area under sugarcane crop was targeted at 955 thousand hectares as against 966 thousand of last year. Area, Production and Yield of Sugarcane Production % Change 4.1 10.0 -2.4 -11.8 -6.1 (000)Tons 48042 52056 53419 47244 44312 % Change 10.2 8.3 2.6 -15.2 -6.2

Year

Area (000) Hectare 1000 1100 1074 966 907

Yield Kgs/Hec 48042 47324 49738 48906 48856 % Change 5.9 -1.5 5.1 -3.8 -0.1 Source: Economic

2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-6 (P)

P: Provisional. (July – March) Survey 2005-06

d) Wheat:
Wheat is the main staple diet of the people of Pakistan. It contributes 13.7 percent to the value added in agriculture and 3.0 percent to GDP. Area and production target of wheat for the year 2005-06 were set at 8415 thousand hectares and 22.0 million tons, respectively. Area, Production and Yield of Wheat Year Area (000) Hectare 8058 8034 8216 8358 8303 % Change -1.5 -0.3 2.3 1.7 -0.7 Production (000)Tons 18226 19183 19500 21612 21700 % Change -4.2 5.2 1.6 10.8 0.4 Yield Kgs/Hec 2262 2388 2375 2586 2614 % Change -2.7 5.6 -0.5 8.9 1.1 Source: Economic

2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-6 (P)

P: Provisional. (July – March) Survey 2005-06

Minor Crops
a) Oilseeds
The major oilseed crops include cottonseed rapeseed/mustard, sunflower and canola etc. The total vailability of edible oils in 2004-05 was 2.764 million tons. Local production stood at 0.857 million tons which accounts for 31 percent of total availability while the remaining 69 percent was made available through imports. During 2005-06 (July to March) local production of edible oil is provisionally estimated at 0.809 million tons. During the same period 1.269 million tons of edible oil was imported and 0.216 million tons edible oil was recovered from imported oilseeds.

Area and Production of Major Oilseeds Crops
Crop 2004-05 Area (000 Acres) Cottonseed Rapeseed/Mustar d Sunflower Canola Total Oil P: Provisional. (July – March) Survey 2005-06 7979 601 780 288 Production (00Tons) Seed Oil 4770 203 569 144 536 64 205 52 857 2005-06 (P) Area (000 Acres) 7660 578 850 323 Production Seed 3980 188 595 162 Oil 478 59 214 58 809 Source: Economic

Other Minor Crops
The production of all the pulses namely masoor, mung and mash are down by 13.5 percent, 12.6 percent and 9.8 percent respectively during 2005-06. The main reason for decline in production of all these pulses as compared to last year has been the short fall of respective area of these crops, which declined by 17.8, 15.2 and 23.7 percent respectively.

Area and Production of Other Minor Crops
Crops 2004-05 Area (000 hectares) 48.8 245.4 45.2 110.5 122.3 38.4 Production (000 tons) 25.9 25.9 130.0 18.3 2024.9 90.4 2005-06(P) Area (000 hectares) 40.1 207.9 34.5 124.7 145.9 59.4 Production (000 tons) 22.4 113.6 16.5 1662.7 2275.9 121.9 % Change in production -13.5 -12.6 -9.8 -17.9 29.0 34.8 Source: Economic

Masoor Mung Mash Patato Onion Chilles

P: Provisional. (July – March) Survey 2005-06

Farm Inputs
a) Fertilizer:
Fertilizer is one of the basic inputs of agriculture and its timely availability is very crucial for agricultural production. The fertilizer off-take is increasing at a brisk pace and will increase further in the medium term. Production and Off-take of Fertilizer (000 N/tons) Year Domestic Production 2286 2315 2539 2718 2132 % Change -0.5 1.3 9.7 7.1 5.3 Imports % Change 8.1 22.4 -0.3 2.7 77.7 Total % Change 1.2 5.8 7.2 6.1 2982 Offtake 2929 3020 3222 3694 21.1 % Change -1.2 3.1 6.7 14.6 2982

2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06(P)

626 766 764 785 1002

2912 3081 3303 3503 3134

P: Provisional. (July – March)

Source: Economic Survey 2005-06

b) Improved Seed
Certified seed plays a pivotal role in boosting agricultural production both in market oriented and subsistence farming. Certified seed in Pakistan is limited to wheat, cotton, paddy as major crops besides maize, gram, pulses fodder and oilseeds as well as minor crops. The Federal Seed Certification & Registration Department regulates quality during the flow of seed from the breeder to the growers. The Department performs its functions through seventeen Seed Testing Laboratories and Field Offices, established in various ecological zones of the country.

c) Irrigation:
It is well-known that an efficient irrigation system is a pre-requisite for increasing agricultural production since water is a basic input for agriculture. It provides food security against the vagaries of nature and enables the cropping intensity to be increased. Despite the existence of good irrigation canal network in the world, Pakistan still suffers from wastage of a large amount of water in the irrigation process. Canal Head Withdrawals (Below Rim Station) Million Acre Feet (MAF) Provinces Punjab Sindh Baluchistan NWFP Total Kharif (Apr-Sep) 2004 30.33 25.65 2.18 0.96 59.12 Kharif (Apr-Sep) 2005 36.43 31.18 2.16 0.99 70.75 % Change 20.1 21.6 -0.9 3.1 19.8 Rabi (Oct-Mar) 2004-05 11.54 10.41 0.72 0.48 23.15 Rabi (Oct-Mar) 2005-06 16.40 12.13 0.89 0.64 30.06 % Change 42.1 16.5 23.6 33.3 29.8

Source: Economic Survey 2005-06

Government has given top priority to the development of water resources in order to uplift the agroeconomy on the national level which will be achieved by maximizing crop production, through progressively increasing surface water supplies and conserving them using the latest technologies available and protecting land and infrastructure from water logging, salinity, floods and soil erosion. The main objectives are overcoming the scarcity of water through augmentation and conservation means i.e. by construction of medium and large dams and by efficient utilization of irrigation water, restoring the productivity of agricultural land through control of water logging, salinity and floods. Upon completion, the above-mentioned projects will provide a quantum jump in agricultural growth, necessary to sustain an overall real GDP growth of 7-8 percent in the next few years. Higher agricultural growth would also help in alleviating poverty.

Water Sector Projects under Implementation
Projects Gomal Zam Dam Greater Thal Canal* Rainee Canal* Kachi Canal* Mirani Dam Sabakzi Dam Raising of Mangla Dam (30 ft) Satpara Dam Multipurpose Diamer Basha Dam Kurram Tangi Dan Location NWFP Punjab Sindh Balochistan Balochistan Balochistan AJ & K Skardu N.A NWFP NWFP & Cost(US $m) 214 500 229 538 98 17 1000 35 6500 290 Storage (MAF) 1.17 0.30 0.02 2.90 0.08 6.40 0.914 Area Under Irrigation ( Acres) 183086 1534000 412000 713000 33200 6680 15536 360000 Completion Date April, 2009 June, 2008 September, 2008 December, 2008 September, 2006 December, 2006 September, 2007 June, 2008 2015-16 June, 2009

Source: Economic Survey 2005-06 d) Agricultural Credit: Agricultural credit provides financial resources to the farming community particularly, for the purchase of primary inputs like fertilizer, seed, pesticides, machinery, equipment etc. Government considers it an important instrument for achieving higher production and attaches high priority to ensure its timely availability to the farmers. Credit requirements of the farming community have shown an increasing trend over the years.

Supply of Agriculture Credit by Institutions (Rs. In million)

Year

ZTBL

Commercial Banks

Cooperatives 5124.2 5273.7 5485.4 7653.0 7607.0 5641.3 4181.0

Domestic Private Bank 578.5 1421.0 2702.0 12407.0 7680.2 10980.0

Total Rs. Million 44789.4 52446.3 58918.7 73560.0 108733.0 73810.8 91161.0 % Change 12.8 17.1 12.3 24.8 23.5

2000-01 27610.2 12055 2001-02 29108.0 17486.1 2002-03 291270.2 22738.6 2003-04 29933 33248.0 2004-05 37409 51310.0 2004-05 25197.6 35391.7 (July-Mar) 2005-06 29027 46973.0 (July-Mar) Source: Economic Survey 2005-06

Forestry
Pakistan has 4.01 million hectares covered by forests, which is equivalent to about 5 percent of the total land area. Eighty-five percent of this is a public forest, which includes 40 percent coniferous and scrub forests on the northern hills and mountains. Pakistan being a forest deficient country is facing timber and fire wood shortage to the tune of about 29 million cubic meters. There is need to increase the area under tree cover not only to meet the material needs of the growing population but also to enhance the environmental and ecological services being provider by the forests. During the year 2005-06, forests have contributed 139 thousand cubic meters of timber and 305 thousand cubic meters of firewood as compared to 183 thousand cubic meters of timber and 336 thousand cubic meters of firewood in 2004-05. In order to motivate people to plant more trees and to highlight the importance of forest, tree planting campaigns are organized twice a year in spring and monsoon seasons. During spring and monsoon season year 2005, 97.657 million saplings (spring 67.003 million and monsoon 30.654 million were planted

Total Forest Area (million hectares)
Province Punjab NWFP Sindh Balochistan Total Source: Economic Survey 2005-06 Area 0.48 1.33 0.84 1.36 4.01

Livestock and Poultry
Livestock
Livestock sector contributes almost 50 percent to the value addition in the agriculture sector, and almost 11 percent to Pakistan’s GDP, which is higher than the contribution made by the crop sector (47.4% in agriculture and 10.3% in GDP). The role of livestock sector in the rural economy of Pakistan is very critical as 30-35 million rural population of the country are engaged for their livelihood. Within the livestock sector, milk is the largest and the single most important commodity. Despite decades of neglect, Pakistan is the fifth largest milk producer in the world. The total value of milk produced is higher than the value of two major crops, that is, wheat and cotton.

Livestock Population (Million No.’s)
Species Cattle Buffalo Sheep Goat Camel Horses Asses Mules E: Estimated Survey 2005-06 2001-02 22.8 24.0 24.4 50.9 0.8 0.3 3.9 0.2 2002-03 23.3 24.8 24.6 52.8 0.8 0.3 4.1 0.2 2003-04 23.8 25.5 24.7 54.7 0.7 0.3 4.2 0.3 2004-05 24.2 26.3 24.9 55.6 0.7 0.3 4.2 0.3 2005-06 (E) 25.5 28.4 25.5 61.9 0.7 0.3 4.3 0.3 Source: Economic

Production
Products Milk Beef Mutton Poultry Meat Wool Hair Boanes Fat Units (000 Tons) (000 Tons) (000 Tons) (000 Tons) (000 Tons) (000 Tons) (000 Tons) (000 Tons) 2001-02 27031.0 1034.0 683.0 355.0 39.4 19.3 339.4 126.5 27811.0 1060.0 702.0 370.0 39.7 19.9 347.6 129.7 2002-03 2003-04 28.624.0 1087.0 720.0 378.0 40.0 20.7 356.2 132.9 2004-05 29438.0 115.0 739.0 384.0 40.2 20.7 365.1 136.3 2005-06 (E) 31294.6 1174.4 782.1 462.5 40.7 23.2 384.0 143.5

Blood Eggs Hides Skin E: Estimated

(000 Tons) Million No’s Million No’s Million No’s

42.9 7679.0 7.9 39.3

44.0 7860.0 8.2 40.3

45.2 8102.0 8.4 42.4

45.2 8529 8.4 42.6

49.0 9057.0 9.1 45.2

Source: Economic Survey 2005-06

Poultry:
Production of Commercial Poultry and Poultry Products Production Day Old Chicks Layers Broilers Breeding Stock Poultry Meat Eggs E: Estimated Units Million No’s Million No’s Million No’s Million No’s (000 Tons) Million No’s 2004-05 372.0 22.7 292.1 6.8 384.0 4992.0 2005-06(E) 386.5 23.2 303.9 6.9 463.0 5107.0 Source: Economic Survey 2005-06

Initiatives for Poultry Industry

A new “Livestock Development Policy” has been approved by the Prime Minister in principle. It addresses legal framework and development strategies and action plan for farmers using livestock as supplementary source of income groups and development of small and medium enterprises (SME) and large businesses. The policy will bring radical changes in the current livestock production system and help in exploitation of potentials of livestock sector. Two private sector led companies namely “Livestock and Dairy Development Board” and “Pakistan Dairy Development Company” have been established to increase the pace of development in livestock sector. Board of Directors of these companies includes all stakeholders. Import of dairy and livestock machinery/equipment, not manufactured locally, is allowed duty free subject to certification by Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock. To provide access to credit to small holders, micro credit schemes have been initiated through commercial banks i.e. Zarai Taraqiati Bank . Punjab Cooperative Bank and Punjab Small Industries Corporation for distribution of loan. Government of Punjab has disbursed approx. Rs 2.0 billion under the budget 2004-05 for small and medium term projects. Federal Government is further working with stakeholders and other scheduled banks to facilitate credit to livestock farmers.

In order to organize dairy sector, cooperative milk production/collection system is encouraged and milk processors have reported 35 percent increase in milk collection than the previous year. Establishment of slaughterhouses and temporary quarantine station are encouraged is private sector. Six slaughterhouse and temporary quarantine stations have been established in the private sector. In the wake of Avian Influenza, 12 laboratories in different poultry concentrated areas have been established/equipped for surveillance’ diagnosis. A central laboratory at National Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad has been especially developed to address Avian Influenza surveillance and monitoring. So far during the last one year, it has analyzed more than 28000 samples from poultry and more than 700 samples from migratory birds. The Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock is constantly monitoring the situation on daily basis.

Fisheries
Fishery as a sub-sector of agriculture plays a significant role in the national economy and towards the food security of the country, as it reduces the pressure on demand for mutton, beef and poultry. It is also considered to be the principal source of livelihood for the communities inhabitating at the long coasts of Sindh and Balochistan as well as along the major rivers, lakes and dams. It contributes, on an average, about 0.3 percent to the total GDP and 1.3 percent to agricultural. It has been estimated that about 400 thousand fishermen and their families are dependant upon the fisheries for their livelihood. Marine Fisheries Department (MFD) is responsible for management, development and sustainable exploitation of the fisheries resources in exclusive economic zones. MFD provides intelligentsia to fisheries sector and as a result, the primitive small-scale fishery has developed to a modern fishery industry through use of sustainable methods. By implementing effective quality control measures, Pakistan is now exporting fish and fishery products to 61 countries including US, Japan and other important countries. The emphasis is to enhance production of fish and shellfish to reduce pest harvest losses to increase seafood export earnings, to improve quality control service and to upgrade the socio-economic conditions of the fishermen. Government of Pakistan is taking a number of steps to improve fisheries sector. Number of initiatives are being taken by Federal and Provincial Fisheries Department which inter alia include construction of coastal highways, strengthening of infrastructure, introduction of aquaculture in coastal area, improvement in freshwater fish culture facilities, strengthening of extension services, introduction of new fishing methodologies, development of value added products, enhancement of per capita consumption of fish, upgradation of socio-economic conditions of the fishermen’s community etc.

Investment Opportunities
Summer Vegetables
Vegetables are generally grown in two seasons i.e. summer and winter. Selection of summer vegetables is carried out depending upon their concentration in different areas of the Punjab. The feasibility is confined to the Punjab province only for three summer vegetables (bitter gourd, muskmelon and tinda gourd) which are found in Faisalabad, Rahim Yar Khan, Leiah, Khanawal, and Bahawalpur.

Cost of Seed In case of near to market the cost of seed was Rs984.85, Rs167.13 and Rs335.64 for
bitter gourd, tinda gourd and muskmelon, respectively. While in case of far from market, the cost of seed involved was Rs890.30, Rs171.44 and Rs361.08 for the respective vegetables. Costs involved in the purchase application of farmyard manure were Rs369.54, Rs111.98 and Rs182.71 for bitter gourd, tinda gourd and muskmelon, respectively on the basis of near to market, while in case of far from market the costs involved in applying the farmyard manure were Rs389.54, 249.28 and 98.68 for the respective vegetables

Fertilizer Cost The cost involved in applying fertilizer by near to market was Rs1830.88, Rs524.92
and Rs2569.82 for tinda gourd bitter gourd and muskmelon respectively. While in case of far from market the above cost was Rs2190.26, Rs594.24 and Rs2110.26 for these three vegetables. Sufficient and timely irrigating a crop improves the yield per acre of any crop.

Profitability
Gross income from the cultivation of summer vegetables was higher on farms near to market as compared to those far from the market. The net income per kg was Rs2.75, 1.27 and 0.73 for respective vegetables in case of farmers near to market, while in case of farmers far from the market the net income per kg was Rs2.33, 0.59 and 0.32 .

Suggestions:
Following recommendations are made for increasing the yield of summer vegetables: ♦ Summer vegetable cultivation needs proper amount of irrigation water at different stages ♦ Vgetable growers use the inorganic nutrients below the recommended level ♦ Vegetables are sensitive to diseases and insects attacks. Diagnosis of disease and insect attack at the right time is the foremost element in crop management practices

Alove Vera Processing
Aloe is one of the oldest healing plants known to mankind. It is even described in the bible for its healing properties. Hundreds of Scientific Research Papers describe the activities of Aloe Vera taken internally or applied externally to the skin or hair. These Research Papers include, but are not limited to the following nutritional uses: A natural cleaner, powerful in penetrating tissue, relieving pain associated with the joints and muscles, bactericidal, acts as a strong antibiotic, virucidale when in direct contact for long periods, fungicidal, anti-inflammatory, instrumental in increasing circulation to area, breaks down and digests dead tissue, and moisturizes tissues.

Target Market
The target market for the project would be Pharmaceutical and Cosmetic Industry.

PROJECT INVESTMENT
COST RUPEES

Capital Investment Working Capital Requirement Total Investment

43,305,500 1,889,986 45,195,486

RECOMMENDED PROJECT PARAMETERS Capacity Human Resource Location

3,600,000 Aloe Leaves per annum

50

Raiwind Road, Lahore

Financial Summary Project Cost IRR NPV (Rs.) Payback period

45,195,486

26.45%

14,559,388

4.66 years

Seed Processing Unit
(Wheat & Rice) Seeds are the foundation of human and animal life on earth-the foods we eat, the fiber we wear, and most of the products we use in our daily life, are created from a seed. There is no substitute for a quality seed as quality seed is essential for growing quality crops, which ultimately results in a better quality of life.

Capacity of the Project Total Project Cost Working Capital Man Power Required

5 ton Seed per hour Avg. 2000 tons per season (6 month) 8.79 million 8.9 million 17

Project Return IRR Pay Back Period Net Present Value 24.89 % 4.5 years Rs 28,884,419.00

Key Success Factors There are a number of factors which contribute towards the success of a project. In case of the project of Seed Processing Unit, some of the Key Success Factors are as follows:

The seed must be free from inert material, weed seed and seed of other varieties and crops; have safe moisture content; have high germination and vigor; and be relatively free of damage and disease. The seed must also be treated, bagged and labeled properly. The harvested seed must be dried to the level of safe moisture content. This is to reduce physiological activity and damage from storage fungi and insects. Generally, seed has contaminants of various kinds when it comes into the processing plant, especially if it has been harvested with an improperly adjusted combine or thresher or threshed directly on the ground. Cleaning can be done because seeds differ in length, width, thickness, density, shape, surface texture, color, affinity for liquids, and electrical conductivity, but the most commonly used characteristics are seed size and density. Cleaning increases the seed quality by improving physical purity and germination. That means that inert matter must be removed. After the seeds are treated, they are bagged, labeled and stored. Bagging and labeling should be done so that the content of the bag can be guaranteed to farmers purchasing the seed. Seeds should be stored under conditions, which maintain seed quality. The ambient conditions and the storage period will determine the type of storage that is required. Relative humidity and temperature are very important. High relative humidity and high temperature reduce the viability of seed. All seed plants should have an internal seed-quality control system. Laboratories to assess quality before and after processing and to monitor the efficiency of the different processing machines are essential.

Other Investment Opportunities in Agriculture Sector

♦ Cattle Farming & Meat Processing
Investment Areas: Target Investors:

(See Annex-I for Land Availability) Development of Infrastructure, machinery, tech. etc. Local, China, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Oman, OIC Countries, E.U.

♦ Dairy Farming
Investment Areas: Target Investors: Farms to be developed near major cities for local consumption and exports as well Local, China, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Oman, OIC Countries, E.U.

♦ Fisheries
Investment Areas: Target Investors: Technology, Trawlers to be developed Local investors and investors from OIC Countries, China

♦ Horticulture
Investment Areas: Target Investors: Fruit Processing & Packaging & Exports of Fruits, Dates Local, China, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Oman, OIC Countries Source: Pakistan Dairy Association

♦ Corporate Agriculture Farming ♦ Seed Production ♦ Cold Chains ♦ Agro Processing Industry

Annexure
ANNEXURE - I

Project Studies and Pre-Feasibilities Available
Project Capital Cost Cost Sector / Projects (mill. (mill Rs) Rs.) Agriculture Livestock & Fisheries Live stock Industry Abattoir (Slaughterhouse) 25-Animal Farm 50-Animal Farm Dairy Dairy 20.23 1.5 2.94 0.41 0.35 0.89 21.35 1.27 2.01 17.69 18.17 0.1 0.19 0.06 0.06 0.63 4.55 0.09 0.1 8.79 Working Capital (mill. Rs) Land (Sq. ft) Work Force Capacity IRR % Payback (Years)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

1.14 0.18 0.28 0.34 0.29 0.26 13.24 0.5 0.59 8.9 0.6

66000 370,262 32 acres 7830 10718 6510 871200 217801 217801 8 Kanals 10 Kanals 5 7 2 2 5 19 7 11 17 13

2750 animals/day 250 liters/day 552 liters/day 7500 birds / clock 8463 eggs 390 calves p.a 251.06 kg 4538 flowers 3028 flowers 2000 tons/ season 25000 Plants

52.79% 22.00% 30.00% 43.03% 34.69% 35.66%

3.13

5.5 3.94 6.84 4.26

Broiler Farm (7500Birds) Layer Farm (5000Birds) Calve Farm Fattening

Shrimp Farming Cut Flower Farm (Rose) Flower Shop Seed Processing (Wheat &Rice)

27.00% 68.00% 24.89% 190%

3.59 2.15 4.5

Greenhouse (Fresh 9.76 9.16 Cut Roses) Food Sea Food Industry Fresh Fruits & Vegetables Industry Frozen Foods Industry Kinnow Processing Milk Pasteurization Animal Processing Casing 18.87 13 3.34 21.4 3.8 10.29 2.29 16.12

11.27 2 1.05 4.12

6575 9000 1500 44000

34 5 19 44

80 tons 72000 Liters/day 500 hanks / shift 3 Tons / day

50.06%

2.04

31.17% 18.00%

6.69 2.55

Mango Processing

PUNJAB
LAND AVAILABILITY POSITION

ANNEXURE - II

Land in compact blocks of 500 acres and more has been reserved for corporate farming in districts Muzaffargarh, Rajanpur, Bahawalpur and D.G. Khan as under: District Muzaffargarh -do-doRajanpur -do-do-doBahawalpur D.G. Khan -do-do-doTotal: Tehsil Kot Adu -do-doRajanpur Patti Kalan Miran Khas -doRakh Machka Pacca -doRakh Kotla Hassan Rojhan Chak NO. 96/DB Yazman Shadan Lund Chak Ladan D.G. Khan Dalana Patti Tomi -doDalana Patti Bhuchery -doGazzi -do31,111 acres i) ii) 1,812 acres 1,412 acres 1,212 acres 2,500 acres 2,612 acres 500 acres 504 acres 1,036 acres Revenue Estate Sadiqabad Azizabad Mustafabad Asni 2 blocks of 500 acres 2 blocks of 500 acres i) 2,647 acres ii) 2,080 acres 1,296 acres Area available 23 blocks of 500 acres

In addition to this, 6.6 million acres of land is available in Cholistan of which 2 million acres is relatively plain but it can be developed only if canal water is made available. Sub-soil water is either saline or too inadequate for irrigation. There are also problems of infrastructure and other logistics. The Board of Revenue, Punjab has identified a compact block of 25,000 acres for corporate farming in Cholistan. The Irrigation Department has intimated that there is acute shortage of canal water suggesting the mode of overcoming the problem through development projects.

SINDH
LAND AVAILABILITY POSITION
Area Location Kind of land Availability of water Lease period proposed Annual lease rate proposed

2,000-00 acres (Sukkur Barrage) 1,584 Acres (Kotri Barrage) 1,472 Acres (Kotri Barrage)

Deh Pharyaro Taluka Nara

Cultivable

REVENUE DEPARTMENT Under ground water is kalarish at 100 ft. depth

30 years renewable by 20 years more

Rs. 1,000/- per acres plus 20% annual increase Rs.1,000/per acres plus 20% annual increase. Rs.1,000/per acres plus 20% annual increase.

B Nos. 1158 to 1256 Deh Ahmed Rajo No.3 Taluka Shaheed Fazil Rahu, Distt:Badin. B.Nos. 2173 to 2218 & 2287 to 2332. Deh Ahmed Rajo No. 6 Taluka Shaheed Fazil Rahu Distt. Badin.

Cultivable

Under ground water is kalarish

30 years renewable by 20 years more

Cultivable

Barrage water can be made from Girhari Distry which is at the distance of 5 miles.

30 years renewable by 20 years more

Total: 3,056-00 11,975 Acres Matiari Riverine Forest (Distance 25 K.M. from Hyderabad along National Highway near Matiari Town. Riverine forest situated in distt. Thatta (50 K.M. from Hyderabad and Thatta both). Cultivable FOREST DEPARTMENT Water lifting from River or through Tubewells Cultivable Lifting from Indus River or from Sapa Irrigation minor pass Can be leased out for longer period (To be negotiated) Can be leased out for longer period (To be negotiated) On agreed rate of joint venture.

9,792 Acres.

On agreed rate of joint venture.

Total: 21,767-00 3,018 Acres Cultivable AGRICULTURE DEPARTMENT Farm at Lodhhra in Distt. Water is available Shikarpur Permanent venture joint 1,00,000 per acres (Cost)

Grant total of available land. 29,841-00 Acres 1. Badin open Jail area 2. Nahersar, Mirpur Khas.

SIND H

NWFP

LAND AVAILABILITY POSITION
S.# Name of Seed Farm Govt. Seed Farm, Rakh Manghan Govt. Seed Farm, Rakh Zandani Govt. Seed Farm, Ratta Kulachi Govt. Seed Farm, Rakh Band Kural Govt. Seed Farm, Nar Hafiz Abad, Serai Naurang Govt. Barani Farm Govt. Seed Farm, Bahadur Khel Govt. Seed Farm, Jamra Location Total Area (Acres) 884 1,133 Cultivated area (acres) 673 757

1. 2.

D.I. Khan D.I. Khan

3. 4.

D.I. Khan D.I. Khan

500 994

450 500

5.

Bannu

62

60

6. 7. 8.

Hangu Karak Takht Bhai, Mardan Harichand, Charsadda Haripur

47 84 120

40 56 77

9.

Govt. Sugarcane Multiplication Farm Govt. Seed-Cum Demonstration Farm

75

65

10.

50

Under Development 2,678

Total:

3,949

32

BALOCHISTAN LAND AVAILABILITY POSITION Available State Land in Balochistan for CAF
S.No Location of Land District Lasbella Tehsil Sonmiani 1. Tehsil Dureji Tehsil Liari Tehsil Lakhara District Khuzdar 2. Tehsil Khuzdar Tehsil Karakh District Chagai 3. Tehsil Dalbandin Tehsil Nokundi Tehsil Taftan Tehsil Chagai District Pishin Tehsil Pishin District kalat 5. Tehsil Surab Tehsil Mangchar District Kila Abdullah 6. Tehisil Kila Abdullah 7. 8. District Awaran Tehsil Awaran District Loralai Tehsil Dukki District Gwadar Tehsil Gwadar 9. Tehsil pasni Tehsil Ormara 40,000 16,000 Construction of Shopping Malls, Offices/ Residential Plazas, 4-5 stars Hotels. Conventional Centers, Recreation Centers, Establishment of IT Parks, Industrial Estates, Fisheries Development. 20,577 27,922 9,866 682 Mines & Mineral Development, Dairy Farming, IT Parks Agriculture Farming, Dairy Farming Agriculture Farming, Dairy Farming 7,874 209,322 192,521 26,350 83,201 22,471 4,487 Agriculture Farming, Industrial Estate, IT parks, Marble Factory, Mines & Mines & Development (Granite, Copper, Ironore, Chromite) Agriculture Farming, Dairy Farming, IT Parks, Industrial Estate Agriculture Farming, IT Park 165,459 81,178 381,505 126,637 Dairy Farming, Agriculture Farming, Industrial Estate, IT Park, Conventional Centers Size of Plot/ Area in Acres Intended Use of Land

4.

Ostrich Farming, Agriculture Farming

33

Agriculture farms in Balochistan for Public Private Partnership S.No 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Name of Farm A.D.I Seed Farm Gidder Seed Farm Gidder Coconut farm Seed Farm Katvi Farm Sariab Farm Model Farm Kalu Killa Farm Agriculture Research Sub Station Agriculture Research Fruit Experiment Station Wayaro Farm Area in Acres 1,185 1,469 3,519 200 273 400 280 480 200 400 166 Location, District Khanpur, Naseerabad Surab, Kalat Gadahwa, Jhal Magsi Uthal, Lasbela Usta Mohammad, Naseerabad Katvi, Lorali Mastung, Mastung Gulu Shehar, Sibi Kalu Killa, Killa Siafullah Turbat, Turbat Wayaro, Lasbella

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ANNEXURE - III 1. HARNESSING THE CULTIVABLE WASTE LAND PROSPECTS
Pakistan has a total geographical area of 79.6 million hectares. Of this 9.1 million hectares land is cultivable waste. Cultivable waste is that cultivated farm area which is fit for cultivation but was not cropped. The reasons may be lack of water availability, lack of interest, financial resource constraints to buy proper equipment and inputs for cultivation of crops, remote areas from the villages/cities, etc. Cultivable waste area is almost half of the cultivated area. Hence development of this area is not only better for investment but also have potential to contribute to increase in agricultural production. About half of the cultivable waste area is in the province of Balochistan Province. Break up is as follows:

CULTIVABLE WASTE AREA (MILLION HECTARES)
Pakistan Punjab Sindh NWFP Balochistan 9.14 1.74 1.45 1.08 4.87

Cultivable waste land in Balochistan is mainly in the Kalat Division followed by Quetta, Nasirabad and Makran Divisions. In Punjab, cultivable waste area is mainly in the Divisions of D.G. Khan, Bahawalpur, Rawalpindi and Lahore. In Sindh, cultivable waste area is located in Hyderabad, Mirpur Khas, Sukkur and Larkana Divisions. In NWFP, cultivable waste area is located in D.I. Khan, Hazara and Kohat Divisions.

PRODUCTION ASPECTS
Pakistan's climate is conducive to grow a variety of crops, vegetables and fruits. Major crops produced are wheat, rice, cotton, sugarcane, maize, gram, onion, potato, rape and mustard seed, and sunflower. Major fruits produced include apple, dates, citrus, mango, grapes and guava. Once the cultivable waste lands are developed, there are bright prospects that production of all the above crops could be started. The requisite technology, manpower and inputs to produce the crops is already available in the country.

MARKETING ASPECTS
Pakistan is deficit in food production and approximately Rs. 84 billion (US$ 1.9 billion) is spent annually on import of wheat, edible oils, pulses, tea and other food products. Thus there is already available market for these products in Pakistan. There is also potential for exports particularly of cereals, vegetables and fruits.

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2. PROSPECTS

OFF-SEASON VEGETABLE PRODUCTION

Demand for off-season vegetables is tremendous and it has vast market in side the country and out side in-Middle East and Europe. Pakistan has technical know-how to produce off-season vegetables. Trained manpower is available and the required greenhouse structure/material is also available. It does not require very sophisticated greenhouses. Vegetables such as tomatoes, cucumbers and sweet pepper can be produced. This work can be started on a small piece of land near cities where it has market and can also be exported promptly. Temporary greenhouses can be built using polyethylene sheets and bamboo or iron bars, or pipes. Water supply is assured through tubewells. PRODUCTION ASPECTS Production technology is not so complicated. All fertilizers and inputs are available locally. Labor is cheap and readily available. Supervisory technical staff is also available. Training of staff can be provided and other technical assistance can be sought from National Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad. Land is available on reasonable rates which can be taken on lease or can be bought as per requirements. Off seasons vegetable production project can be started at small level in the beginning and expanded further as a when required. Initially it is suggested to start the project on 5 acres given the provision for expansion up to 25 acres.

MARKETING ASPECTS
Perishable vegetables will be marketed or exported immediately after harvest. However, short term transit storage will be required quite often which will be done at the farm in cold rooms. To encourage export of fresh vegetables, a scheme of 25 percent freight subsidy on export of fresh vegetables is in vogue. This scheme is operated by the Export Promotion Bureau, Government of Pakistan. The expected investors can also make use of this scheme and export to foreign markets as much as they could.

3. PROSPECTS

SUNFLOWER HYBRID SEED PRODUCTION

Pakistan is deficit in edible oil production. About 67 percent of total requirement is imported. Sunflower is an important oilseed grown in Pakistan. During 1997-98, sunflower was grown on 98 thousand hectares in 1997-98 and target for 1999-2000 is to grow sunflower at 162 thousand hectares. Sunflower hybrid seed had advantage upto 30 percent of yield production over open pollinated seed. This is why the farmers prefer to use hybrid seed and pay a high rice.

PRODUCTION ASPECTS
Pakistan has production technology and inbred lines to produce this seed. Oilseed Programme of National Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad will assist the investor to set up the production system also provide seed of inbred lines as per the requirements of seed company.

36

The seed can be produced in Sargodha, Bhalwal, D.G. Khan and Hyderabad districts on irrigated lands during autumn season. The crop is planted in the last week of July and first week of August and is harvested in the first and second week of November. After breaking of dormancy by storing it for 50 days, the seed is ready for sale in first week of January. A seed company can start its business by producing 50 or 100 tonnes of seed and gradually raise the level of production upto 200 tonnes and 500 tonnes. The seed company would require to establish a small infrastructure in Pakistan for seed processing, seed storage and seed marketing. Some core technical manpower would be needed for the supervision of seed production, storage and marketing. All seed could be produced on farmers field through contract farming or by acquiring land on lease and contracting out all the field operations.

MARKETING ASPECTS
A good seed crop can product 300 to 350 kg processed and treated seed per acre. The cost of production of one kg seed comes to about Rs. 150 to 170. It includes cost of seed production, transportation, processing, treating, packing, storage, overheads and marketing costs. The seed is sold to farmers for Rs. 250 to Rs. 300 per kg. In this way, the profit margin is Rs. 100 to Rs. 130 per kg of seed. The market for hybrid seed already exists in the country. The farmers growing sunflower prefer to use hybrid seed in order to get better productivity per unit and hence they are willing to pay more price for hybrid seed as compared to other seeds. Thus, there will be no marketing problem.

4. PROSPECTS

DEHYDRATION OF VEGETABLES

At present dehydrated vegetables have demand from army, Pakistan International Airlines, Railways and hotels. Some units with limited capacity for dehydration of onion, potatoes and cauliflower are operating in Pakistan. Some dehydrated vegetables like garlic powder has utility in certain pharmaceuticals. Apparent household demand for dehydrated vegetables is also limited. The general consumers have not yet been exposed to the product. Hence there exists a considerable suppressed demand for selected dehydrated vegetables like onion, garlic, potato, bitter gourd, cauliflower, etc. It is only matter of introducing the products to the consumers markets. It is important to record that exports of dehydrated vegetables will be commercially more profitable than processing for local market. Middle Eastern and European markets are to be explored for export potentials.

PRODUCTION ASPECTS
During 1997-98, the production of onion was at 1.1 million tonnes, potato at 1.4 million tonnes, garlic at 0.08 million tonnes and cauliflower at 0.2 million tonnes. These are mostly consumed in fresh form. The plant for dehydration of these vegetables could be established at vegetable growing areas like Peshawar, Lahore, Faisalabad, Sahiwal, Sargodha, Multan and Hyderabad. The main products would be hydrated vegetables and by-products processing wastes. The conversion ratio of the vegetables into dehydrated form is as follows: CONVERSION RATIO

37

Onion Raw material Finished products Waste 11

Potato 6 1

Garlic 5 1

Cauliflower 15 1

1 Vegetable peeling.

MARKETING
a) Domestic: Demand already exists with the defence forces, Pakistan International Airlines and hotels. Consumer demand will have to be created through marketing techniques. b) Export: There is a great demand for the export of dehydrated vegetables to the Middle Eastern and some Europe markets.

5. PROSPECTS

TOMATO PASTE PRODUCTION

Pakistan produces about 0.3 million tones of tomato annually. During the peak season tomato sells at low prices due to larger supplies resulting in less return to growers. About 10 to 20 percent of production is wasted due to defective marketing system and inadequate processing facilities. Sale price of tomato paste in local market indicated that this activity is financially viable if proper marketing arrangements are made. Presently a quite few companies including M/s Mitchell's Farms are producing tomato paste. The annual production capacity of all the companies together is also limited.

PRODUCTION ASPECTS
Tomato paste plant can be established in the main tomato growing areas of Hyderabad (Sindh province), Quetta (Balochistan province), Parachanar (NWF province), Faisalabad and Multan (Punjab province). The main raw material, viz.; tomato and other utilities required would easily become available in these areas. The main product would be tomato paste and by-product would be peels and seeds convertible into animal feed. The conversion ratio of tomato to tomato paste is 8:1.

MARKETING ASPECTS
Tomato is very popular vegetable. It is used in fresh form in almost all the recipes. Its price fluctuates very much. At the harvest season price is at the lowest while at the off-season prices rise to a very high level. The consumer generally look for a substitute. Tomato paste could serve as substitute. Apart from this, tomato paste needs to be introduced to consumers and market will have to be created through marketing techniques.

6.

SOLVENT OIL EXTRACTION FROM RICE BRAN 38

PROSPECTS
Production of Rice (paddy) is estimated to be about 6 million tonnes and based on about 10 percent recovery of rice bran, 0.6 million tonnes of rice bran is available. The oil contents in rice bran is 15 to 17 percent. The existing oil extraction capacity in Pakistan is limited and as such a large quantity or rice bran is either used in poultry feed or exported. The inedible oil extracted from rice bran is an important raw material in the manufacture of soap, washing powder, etc. Pakistan is importing tallow and during 1977-98, 62 thousand tonnes of tallow was imported at Rs. 1.4 billion for the manufacture of soap. This is an import substitution project and establishment of such unit will help save foreign exchange on the import of tallow.

PRODUCTION ASPECTS
Punjab and Sindh provinces are producing a large part of total rice produced in Pakistan. Rice bran, which is the main raw material, is easily available in these provinces. Other raw material will be Hexane (solvent). Main product would be crude oil while by-product will be rice bran meal.

Other related information is as under: • • • • • • Rice bran is available at very low price Project will operate 200 days during a year Consumption ratio of Hexane is 4 gallons per tonne of rice bran. The plant can also be used for oil extraction from oilseeds such as sunflower, soybean and cotton seed, etc. Bran of parboiled can produce edible grade oil

MARKETING ASPECTS
It is good and cheap substitute of tallow for manufacture of soap and washing powder. Animal tallow is imported to meet the domestic demand for the same. Hence market for the crude oil produced is readily available in Pakistan and can easily be sold to soap factories. Apart from this, the product can also be exported to foreign countries.

7.

PRODUCTION OF MUTTON THROUGH RAISING SHEEP AND GOATS

PROSPECTS
Pakistan has large livestock inventory i.e. cattle 21.1 million, buffaloes 21.4 million, sheep 23.8 million and goats 44.2 million and has great potential for enhanced production provided feed shortages are overcome; improved health coverage is made available; and price controls are removed. In order to save feed for better feeding the animals, a policy of enhancement of productivity per unit animal is being pursued. Therefore, apparently the number of animals are surplus to the requirement of the country. The marketing system is also obsolete. Steps are in hand to improve the marketing structure. Large areas of land in the districts of Bahawalpur, Bahawalnagar, Rahim Yar Khan, Larkana, Jacobabad, Shikarpur and Khairpur are under developed and not being utilized effectively. It is estimated that more than 10,000 acres of land is available for sheep and goat raising in these districts.

39

PRODUCTION ASPECTS
Large area of land in the districts of Bahawalpur, Bhawalnagar, Rahim Yar Khan, Larkana, Jacobabad, Shikarpur and Khairpur is still under developed and not being utilized effectively. It is estimated that more than 10,000 acres of land is available for sheep and goats raising in these districts. These areas have good potential for dairy products. Large area of land in the districts identified above is still under developed and is not being utilized effectively. It is estimated that more than 10,000 acres of land is available for sheep and goats raising in these districts. These areas have good potential powder and other dairy products.

MARKETING ASPECTS
In order to exploit livestock resources it is proposed to set up dairy units. The estimated cost for setting up dairy farms of 10,000 heads of sheep/goat is about Rs. 120 million capital cost (cost of land, shed, sheep/goat, etc.) and Rs. 5 million recurring cost (cost of grazing, concentrates, etc). Mutton is expensive than beef in Pakistan because consumers have a preference of mutton over beef. Hence a large market for mutton already exist in the country. However, there is also a need for proper and hygienic marketing of mutton. If this is done, the product will be readily salable. There are also bright prospects of export of mutton to Middle East where most of the meat comes from Australia. Pakistan, being an Islamic country, will be preferred by the Middle Eastern Islamic countries for import of mutton because of the way of slaughtering of animals.

8. PROSPECTS

FISHERIES SECTOR

Pakistan is blessed with rich fishery resources available in the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of Pakistan spread over an area of about 250,000 sq km. Pakistan has a coast line of about 1,100 km along the coast of Sindh and Balochistan provinces. Pakistan's total marine production is estimated at 0.4 million tonnes which can be further enhanced to a considerable extent. The total export from fishery sector during 1997 was US$ 172 million which needs to be further enhanced. Pakistan fishery being of diversified in nature has considerable opportunities for attractive foreign investment. The following specific areas are identified:

DEEP SEA FISHINGF OPERATION
There is wide scope for the exploitation of meso-palegic resources reported to be in abundance in Pakistan's water and their further processing/canning on board. Exploitation of tuna and tunalike species through tuna longliner has also prospects.

ACQUACULTURE SECTOR (SHRIMP CULTURE)
In Pakistan although preliminary experiment through pilot shrimp culture had started by public and private sector, but some faced many difficulties, but commercial viability of the operation has been proved. However, private sector is hesitant to make investment due to environmental and technical difficulties. The area earmarked for shrimp culture is located in the western side of the Indus deltic creek. It has been observed that the salinity in seawater and in sub-soil areas is increasing. In order to dilute the seawater during period of high evaporation, there is a need to have ample supply of fresh water. There is need to establish a hatchery for shrimp. It is economically not viable to base the industry on imported seeds due to high mortality in transportation and also high costs involved. Bangladesh, which also had no shrimp culture before 1970's, is now one of the

40

important country where shrimp aquaculture has got real boast in the past ten years. Their example can be followed.

PROCESSING OF FISH
The expansion in the processing of fish is probably the most important area which needs private sector's involvement. At present, a major part of the food fish is either consumed locally or salted dried for export. With the exception of local consumption and small quantity of frozen and chilled fish exported to European countries and Middle East, a bulk of the fish is salted, dried and exported to Sri Lanka at very low prices. Majority of the fish catch instead of being exported, is converted into fish meal. Important food fish species like tuna, sailfish, marlins, groupers, dolphinfish, catfish, sharks and various carangoids are not considered as good foodfishes, therefore, therefore, these are exported to Sri Lanka in dried form. There is ready market for these fish especially for fillets, steaks and in form of consumer packs in may be parts of the world. Private sector may invest in this processing sector. Processing for value added fish products such as breaded, fermented, ready to cook, semi cooked and smoked products are probably the most important. It may be added that value added products from Asia (especially South East Asian Countries) are readily accepted in Japanese, European and American markets. Pakistan can also penetrate in these markets with its value added products.

9. ANIMAL FEED PROSPECTS
Use of balanced feed after genetic capability of a breed is considered second most important factor to exploit potential yield of milk and meat. In view of the long felt need, the University of Agriculture Faisalabad set up a small feed mixing unit to supply feed to dairy farmers. The commercial feed gave very good results as compared to traditional feed, i.e. cotton seed cake. Encouraging results of this attempts by the University prompted private sector entrepreneurs to set up new cattle feed mills. Some of them could not compete with the traditional feed bacause of quality. However, the pilot unit set up by the University continue working.

PRODUCTION ASPECTS
The feed mill units are to be established near areas where dairy and livestock farming are already developed like Karachi, Lahore Sahiwal, Faisalabad and Gujranwala. The utilities required are already available in these locations. Raw material will be cotton seed cake, rape seed cake, rice bran, rice polish, wheat bran, maize oil cake, molasses, etc. Other raw material required include salt, bonemeal, urea, mineral supplements packing materials etc. These items are locally available in abundance. The main product will be cattle feed. Conversion ratio will be 1:1. Machinery for feed mills is locally available from Gujranwala. Machinery can also be imported.

MARKETING ASPECTS
What is mostly needed is to produce quality feed and put in efforts to introduce the same to the dairy farmers and common farmers who also happen to be small dairy farmers. The cost of milk production is going to be reduced if balanced feed is practiced by the dairy farmers. Replacement of traditional feed, however, is going to take place gradually. For this purpose, the farmers will have to be made aware of importance of highly nutritive and balanced animal feed. The market for feed thus will have to be created within the country and prospects are bright for its export.

41

10. PROSPECTS

FRUIT JUICE, PULP & PASTE PLANTS

In recent years there is growing consciousness of the necessity of fruit juices in the country as they are a source of vitamins and mineral which are essential for the health. Nutritive value of fresh fruits is better than the processed but due to their perishable nature regular supply of fresh fruits throughout the year is not posible. Supply of fruits particularly in off-seasons can only be regulated by processing them into various products. Pakistan is producing a variety of fruits which include apples, citrus, mangoes, banana, dates, apricot, guava, pears, fig, almond and peaches. Due to inadequate processing and storage facilities, large quantity of fresh fruits (10 to 15 percent) is spoiled in harvesting and marketing operations. These losses can be minimized by creating adequate processing facilities. The popular fruit juice could be of apple, mango/guava and citrus. The pulp and paste projects could be for mango, dates and bananas, etc.

PRODUCTION ASPECTS
Pakistan is producing large quantity of apples, citrus, mangoes. During 1997-98, citrus production was at 2.0 million tonnes, mango at 0.9 million tonnes, apples at 0.6 million tonnes and guava at 0.5 million tonnes. Citrus, mango and guava are mostly produced in Punjab province. Mango is also a major fruit in Sindh province. Apples are mostly (85 percent of total production) produced in Balochistan province. As such Citrus Juice Extraction plants could be established in Punjab. Mango/Guava Nectar Processing plants could also be set in Punjab and Sindh provinces where raw material will easily be available. The apple juice extraction plants could be established in Balochistan province where apple is produced and easily available. The main products could be straight fruit juices and fruit concentrates. By-products will be peel oil and procesing wastes convertible into animal feed and compost. Conversion ratio is expected to be 1.6 to 2.5:1.

MARKETING ASPECTS
Products and the by-products can find place in the domestic as well as foreign markets. It depends on the investors how marketing compaign is launched and products introduced in the local as well as foreign markets. It is, however, estimated that the main products could find a big market in the Middle East countries.

11.

PRODUCTION OF FURFURAL & ETHANOL FROM SUGARCANE BY PRODUCTS

PROSPECTS
Sugarcane is one of the Pakistan's major cash crop. It is produced on about 1 million hectares and production volume is 53 million tonnes. Total cane crushed in sugar mills was 41 million tonnes in 1997-98. Bagasse is the fibrous residue of the juice extraction process. It amounts to 25-30 percent of the cane weight and appears to be the most economic source of furfural presently available. Furfural is used primarily as a solvent and as a source of furfural alcohol for making foundry core binder resins. Key intermediates made from petroleum and natural gas liquids used in nylon and urethane fibre production have taken furfural's previously most important market.

42

Furfural is also one of the important solvents used in petroleum refining and need special attention and consideration. The entire demand of furfural is met through imports. The major user for the furfural is Oil refining industry. With its expansion, the demand for furfural will be going up. The demand for acetic acid is also largely met through imports.

PRODUCTION ASPECTS
The project has the following main features: 1. New technology for Pakistan 2. Import substitution with potential for export 3. A value added project The plant will have to be imported and can conveniently be located near sugar mills, e.g. Mardan, Hyderabad, Faisalabad, Sargodha, Sahiwal and Bahwalpur. The main raw material will be sugarcane bagasse; its availability is ensured as most of the bagasse production is being consumed by the sugar mills for internal energy generation. Other raw materials required will be sulfuric acid. The main product will be furfural and by-products will be acetic acid, lightenls (methyl acetate). Conversion ration will be 12:1.

MARKETING ASPECTS
The production of furfural and acetic acid will provide substitution for import of these chemicals. Market for main as well as by-products is already available in Pakistan. The domestic demand is expected to increase with the expansion in the capacity of oil refineries as Pakistan is trying to discover more oil reserves. Since the main users will be industries and not the consumers, heavy advertisements will not be required in this case. In case there is slow demand in the country due to any reason, the furfural could be exported. In this connection, potential foreign markets for the products can be explored.

12. PROSPECTS

PRODUCTION OF PAPER BOARD

There are various types of paper boards like duplex board, flueting board, box board, card board, etc. Which are used for a wide range of purposes. Paper boards are mainly used as stationary items and for moulding boxes for packing cigarettes, garments, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals etc. Unlike straw board, production of paper board requires addition of long fibre wood pulp, ratio of which may vary depending upon quality of different types of paper board. Higher the ratio of coniferous wood pulp better the quality. Generally recommended ratio of pulp ranges from 5 to 20 percent. This can though be manufactured from other raw materials such as wheat straw, paddy straw, kahi grass but the proposed unit is based on sugarcane bagasse.

PRODUCTION ASPECTS 43

The activity envisages processing of sugar mill product (bagasse) and crop residues like wheat straw and paddy straw into value added products. The units can be located where the main raw material is abundantly available such as provinces of Punjab, Sindh and NWFP. Based on 25 percent recovery of bagasse from a quantity of 40 million tones of sugarcane which is being crushed by the mills, about 10 million tonnes of sugarcane bagasse is annually available. Of this quantity, about 55 percent is being burnt for internal generation of energy. In addition to this, millions of tonnes of wheat straw and paddy straw are being produced in the country. Therefore, supply of raw material will be ensured. Main raw material will be bagasse, wood pulp and waste paper. Other raw materials will be caustic soda, chlorine, china clay/soap stone, alum and rosin. Bagasse, wheat straw and kahi grass can be substituted with each other as major raw material with corresponding changes in longfibre wood pulp. All the raw materials are available in the country. Main product will be paper board. Conversion ratio is 2.2:1.

MARKETING ASPECTS
The production of paper board is being predominantly consumed for packing of cigarette case, match boxes, educational material, file covers, toiletries, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals etc. There is, therefore, a large market for the product in the country. Distribution channels will have to be employed to transport domestically produced paper board to the final consumers. Generally the distribution channels consist of producer, distributor, wholesaler, retailer and consumer.

44

ANNEXURE - IV

Agriculture Companies Food and Allied
Company Name 1. Mitchells Fruit Farms 2. Yummy Milk Products (Pvt) Ltd. 3. CDL Foods Ltd. ( Candia & Haleeb) 4. Nestle Milkpak Ltd. 5. Idara-e- Kissan (Halla) 6. Millac Foods Pvt. Ltd. 7. Fauji Corn flakes 8. Monnoo Dairies Pvt Ltd. 9. Noon Pakistan Ltd. 10. Pakistan Milk Food Manufacturers 11. Prime Dairies 12. Royal Dairies 13. Unilever Pakistan 14. Cadbury Pakistan Ltd. 15. Walls 16. Ismail Industries 17. National Foods 18. Rafhan Best Food 19. Shezan International 20. Quershi 21. Ahmed Foods 22. Pepsi cola 23. Coca-cola 24. Macca cola 25. Qibla cola 26. LU Biscuits 27. BP candies 28. McDonald 29. KFC 30. Subway Foreign Local ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü Quoted on Stock Exchange ü

ü

ü

ü

ü ü ü ü

Tobacco
1. Lakson Tobacco Company 2. Pakistan Tobacco Company Ltd. 3. Premier Tobacco Co. 4. Khyber Tobacco Co. 5. Souvenir Tobacco Co. 6. Sarhad Cigarette Ind. 7. Saleem Cigarette Ind. 8. United Tobacco Ind. 9. Bara Cigarette Ind. 10. Paramount Tobacco Co. 11. F.S. Tobacco Company 12. Frontier Tobacco Ind. 13. Imperial Cigarette Ind. ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü x x x x x x x x x x x

45

14. Universal Tobacco Co. 15. National Tobacco Co. 16. Delta Tobacco Co. 17. Eastend Tobacco Co. 18. International Cig. Ind. 19. Ambar Tobacco Co. 20. Abaseen Tobacco Co.

ü ü ü ü ü ü ü

x x x x x x x

Sugar
1. Al-Abbas Sugar 2. Baba Farid Sugar 3. Chashma Sugar 4. Cresent Sugar 5. Faran Sugar 6. Frontier Sugar 7. Habib Arkady 8. Habib sugar 9. Hamza Sugar 10. Haseeb Waqas 11. Husein Sugar 12. JDW Sugar 13. Kohinoor Sugar 14. Mehran Sugar 15. Mirza Sugar 16. Noon sugar 17. Premier Sugar 18. Sanghar Sugar 19. Shakarganj Sugar 20. ShahTaj Sugar 21. Tandlianwala 22. Bawany sugar ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü

N.B. The list given here indicative and not exhaustive. Any company not mentioned here may only due to non-availability/ accessibility of data.

46

List of Agriculture Companies Registered with Securities & Exchange Commission of Pakistan

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Gurmani Agro Farm and Live Stock (Pvt) Ltd. Distt: Muzaffargarh Iffat Agricultural Farms (Pvt) Ltd., Lahore Mitchels Fruit Farms Ltd., Lahore Be Be Jan Agro Farms Ltd., Faisalabad. Greenacres Farms (Pvt.) Ltd., Islamabad Prime Agriculture Farms (Pvt) Ltd., Islamabad Millenium Farming (Pvt) Ltd., Islamabad Corporate Agriculture Farms and Services (Pvt.) Ltd., Lahore Pir Jhando Farms (Pvt) Limited, Karachi. Red Rose Corporate Farming Company (Pvt.) Limited, Karachi

47

Available State Land in Balochistan for CAF
S.No 1. Location of Land District Lasbella Tehsil Sonmiani Tehsil Dureji Tehsil Liari Tehsil Lakhara Size of Plot/ Area in Acres 165,459 81,178 381,505 126,637 Intended Use of Land Dairy Farming, Agriculture Farming, Industrial Estate, IT Park, Conventional Centers

2.

District Khuzdar Tehsil Khuzdar Tehsil Karakh District Chagai

22,471 4,487

Agriculture Farming, IT Park

3. Tehsil Dalbandin Tehsil Nokundi Tehsil Taftan Tehsil Chagai District Pishin 4. 5. Tehsil Pishin District kalat Tehsil Surab Tehsil Mangchar District Kila Abdullah Tehisil Kila Abdullah District Awaran Tehsil Awaran District Loralai 8. Tehsil Dukki District Gwadar 9. Tehsil Gwadar Tehsil pasni Tehsil Ormara

209,322 192,521 26,350 83,201

Agriculture Farming, Industrial Estate, IT parks, Marble Factory, Mines & Mines & Development (Granite, Copper, Ironore, Chromite)

7,874 9,866 682 27,922 20,577 16,000 40,000

Agriculture Farming, Dairy Farming, IT Parks, Industrial Estate Agriculture Farming, Dairy Farming

6. 7.

Mines & Mineral Development, Dairy Farming, IT Parks Agriculture Farming, Dairy Farming Ostrich Farming, Agriculture Farming Construction of Shopping Malls, Offices/ Residential Plazas, 4-5 stars Hotels. Conventional Centers, Recreation Centers, Establishment of IT Parks, Industrial Estates, Fisheries Development.

48

Agriculture farms in Balochistan for Public Private Partnership S.No 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Name of Farm A.D.I Seed Farm Gidder Seed Farm Gidder Coconut farm Seed Farm Katvi Farm Sariab Farm Model Farm Kalu Killa Farm Agriculture Research Sub Station Agriculture Research Fruit Experiment Station Wayaro Farm Area in Acres 1,185 1,469 3,519 200 273 400 280 480 200 400 166 Location, District Khanpur, Naseerabad Surab, Kalat Gadahwa, Jhal Magsi Uthal, Lasbela Usta Mohammad, Naseerabad Katvi, Lorali Mastung, Mastung Gulu Shehar, Sibi Kalu Killa, Killa Siafullah Turbat, Turbat Wayaro, Lasbella

49

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